FC BARCELONA HISTORY FC Barcelona has long been a favourite football club for many British followers.

Perhaps it has been because of their status as an ‗anti-Franco‘ club. Or perhaps fans have been attracted by the membership structure of the club that gives ordinary supporters a say in the election of presidents. Or it might even be because of its long standing reputation for playing open and attractive football, with some of the world‘s very best players pulling on the famous blue and claret shirts. Founded in 1899, when the Swiss-born Hans Gamper established a team made up of Swiss, English and Catalan players, the club quickly established itself as a focal point of the city and the region. Gamper is an integral part of the early history of the club – scoring103 goals between 1901 and 1903 and then becoming the president until his death in 1930. It was he who enabled the club to purchase their first ground in 1909, with a capacity of just 6,000 people. Gamper then oversaw the development of the Les Corts stadium, initially with room for 30,000 although it was later doubled in size. And, the year before his death, he was able to see his club become the first ever Spanish League champions. By this time, with in excess of 10,000 members, Barcelona was already attracting star footballers from overseas – the Uruguayan striker Hector Scarone being the first of many ‗big money‘ signings. Perhaps the most famous of Barcelona‘s players in this era, however, was the goalkeeper Ricardo Zamora. Zamora is remembered today for mainly two reasons. Firstly, he has given his name to the trophy awarded to the best goalkeeper in La Liga each season. And secondly, he was the first player to tread that dangerous transfer path from Barcelona to Real Madrid! During the 1950s and 60s, of course, Barca were somewhat overshadowed by the famous Real Madrid team of Puskas, Di Stefano et al, but they still managed to win the league four times in the fifties. The sixties, however, were a much more difficult time for the club, just winning the Spanish Cup in 1963 and 1968 and the Inter City Fairs‘ Cup – later to become the UEFA Cup – in 1966. Josep Lluís Núñez was elected club president in 1978, a post he was to keep until the end of the millennium. It was he who brought great financial stability and supreme overseas players to the Camp Nou. Players such as Diego Maradona, Bernd Schuster, Gary Lineker, Ronaldo, Gheorghe Hagi, Ronald Koeman, Michael Laudrup, Mark Hughes, Hristo Stoikov, Romário, Rivaldo and Luis Figo – not many defenders there, you‘ll notice – and managers such as César Luis Menotti, Terry Venables, Luis Aragonés, Bobby Robson and, most successfully, Cruyff himself, all brought continued success in the form of league titles in 1985, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1998 and 1999; Copa del Rey victories in 1978, 1981, 1983, 1988, 1990, 1997 and 1998; Spanish Supercups in 1983, 1991, 1992, 1994 and 1996; the UEFA Champions League in 1992 and runners up in 1994; the UEFA Cup in 1979, 1982, 1989 and 1997; and the European Super Cup in 1992 and 1997.

In 2003, however, a new, young and politically astute president, Joan Laporta, took the helm at Barcelona and, with his appointment of Frank Rijkaard as manager, the club enjoyed a time of great success. By signing some of the world‘s very best players – Ronaldinho, Deco, Eto‘o and Messi - and combining them with a strong Catalan influence from the likes of Puyol, Iniesta, Xavi and Valdés, Barca were able to not only win La Liga but also, in 2005-2006, the UEFA Champions League. Highlights of this exciting era were the Larsson inspired victory over Arsenal and an amazing evening in Madrid when, after as comprehensive a 3 – 0 away win as you could ever see, the Real Madrid fans rose in unison to acclaim the unbelievable Ronaldinho.

The history of Futbol Club Barcelona goes from the football club's founding in 1899 and up to current time. FC Barcelona, also known simply as "Barcelona" and familiarly as "Barça", is based inBarcelona, Catalonia, Spain. The team was founded in 1899 by a group of Swiss, English andSpanish footballers led by Joan Gamper. The club played amateur football until 1910 in various regional competitions. In 1910, the club participated in their first of many European competitions, and has since amassed ten UEFA trophies and a sextuple. In 1928, Barcelona co-founded La Liga, the top-tier in Spanish football, along with a string of other clubs. As of 2010, Barcelona has never been relegated from La Liga, a record they share with Athletic Bilbao and archrival Real Madrid. The history of Barcelona has often been political. Though it is a club created and run by foreigners, Barcelona gradually became a club associated with Catalan values. In Spain's transition to autocracyin 1925, Catalonia became increasingly hostile towards the central government in Madrid. The hostility enhanced FC Barcelona's image as a focal point for Catalonism, and when Francisco Franco banned the use of the Catalan language, the stadium of FC Barcelona became one of the few places the people could express their dissatisfaction. The Spanish transition to democracy in 1978 has not dampened the club's image of Catalan pride. In the 2000s–a period of sporting success in the club and an increased focus on Catalan players–club officials have openly called for Catalonia to become an independent state.

finished in 1957. including the original letters once again. However. a young Luis Suárez.[3] defeating Real Madrid 5–0 at the Bernabéu along the way. they became the first club to beat Real Madrid in a European Cup play-off.[32] The 1960s saw the emergence of Josep Fusté and Carles Rexach. Cruyff quickly won over the Barcelona fans when he told the European press that he chose Barcelona over Real Madrid because he could not play for a club associated with Francisco Franco. He further endeared himself when he named his son Jordi.Barcelona's first crest With Helenio Herrera as coach. who was bought for a world record £920. meant the club had little money to spend on new players. they lost 2–3 to Benfica in the final. The completion of the Camp Nou.[33][34] The 1973–74 season saw the arrival of a new Barcelona player Johan Cruyff. and two influential Hungarians recommended by Kubala. he helped the club win the 1973–74 season for the first time since 1960. Carles Rexach and Hugo Sotil. with coach Salvador Artigas.[36] Next to champions like Juan Manuel Asensi. Sándor Kocsis and Zoltán Czibor. the European Footballer of the Year in 1960. He was crowned European Footballer of the Year in 1973 during his first . With the end of Franco's dictatorship in 1974. the club changed its official name back to Futbol Club Barcelonaand reverted the crest to its original design.000 from Ajax.[35]Already an established player with Ajax. In 1961. with Real Madrid monopolising La Liga. Barcelona restored some pride by beating Real Madrid 1–0 in the 1968 Copa del Generalísimo final at the Bernabéu in front of Franco. a former republican pilot in the civil war. the team won another national double in 1959 and a La Liga and Fairs Cup double in 1960. after the local Catalan Saint George.[30][31][32] The 1960s were less successful for the club. and the club won the Copa del Generalísimo in 1963 and the Fairs Cup in 1966.

both in a social and a sporting sense. And all around the world. including the assassination of president Josep Sunyol in 1936. a symbolism that has continued to be closely linked to the idiosyncrasy of the Club and its members to this day. Barça was the standard that represented Catalonia and the Catalan people's desire for freedom. With over one hundred years of history. to the point that it would come to be identified with the city as a whole. Barça is identified with caring causes. and most especially children through its sponsorship agreement with Unicef. But all these different moments have helped define the personality of a Club that. Within the context of Spain. and a period of social and sporting recovery materialised in the form of the Camp Nou. FC Barcelona has passed through moments of glory and pain. From Les Corts to the Camp Nou (1922-1957). but also in terms of society.[37]} HISTORY OF FC BARCELONA On November 29.000 for the first time. But due to material difficulties and the political troubles of the Spanish Civil War and post-war period. Over more than one hundred years of history. Barça was a club that had to distinguish itself from all the other football teams in Barcelona. due to its peculiar nature. Barça soon became the leading club in Catalonia. a symbol of their identity. the club was forced to overcome several adverse circumstances. for millions of people all around the world. is considered unique in the world. He could never have imagined the magnitude of what that initiative would eventually develop into. Throughout the most difficult of times. along with eleven other enthusiasts of 'foot-ball'. 1899. while he was still with Barcelona. he won his first while playing for Ajax in 1971). FC Barcelona has grown spectacularly in every area and has progressed into something much greater than a mere sports club. and these were the years of such legendary figures as Alcántara and Samitier. For a whole century. from the foundation of the club to the construction of Les Corts stadium. a game that was still largely unknown in this part of the world. Its membership reached 10. periods of brilliance and other less successful ones.season with Barcelona (his second Ballon d'or win. Cruyff received this prestigious award a third time (the first player to do so) in 1974. But the club survived. the very person who had propagated the slogan ‗sport and citizenship'. In the early years (1899-1922) . . coinciding with the arrival of the hugely influential Ladislau Kubala. politics and culture. Barça is seen as an open and democratic club. turning Barça‘s ‗more than a club‘ slogan into a reality. Barça has become. Hans Gamper founded Futbol Club Barcelona. while football developed into a mass phenomenon and turned professional. epic victories and humbling defeats. and also associated itself with the increasingly growing sense of Catalan national identity. there have naturally been many different periods. the club went through contrasting periods. and not just in a sporting sense.

with a game against Valladolid. as the first ever winners of the competition. From the 7th anniversary to the European Cup (1974-1992) the club saw the conversion of football clubs to democracy. Very few clubs anywhere in the world have won so many titles. the Club also has the honour of being the only one to have appeared in every single edition of European club competition since the tournaments were first created back in 1955. by its impressive honours list. Cruyff returned. In the 2009/10 season. where the club's greatest pride and joy remain the three European Cup titles won in Wembley (1992) Paris (2006).. Apart from winning Europe‘s top title. and the club displayed its finest potential during the celebrations of the club Centenary. thanks to Koeman‘s famous goal. Following on from Joan Gaspart (2000-2003). The grandeur of Futbol Club Barcelona is explained. and the start of new social expansion. Success on the field has helped the club expand its social role and heighten its media profile. a major success not just in a sporting sense but also in a social one. and the twentieth on club history. From Wembley to Abu Dhabi (1992-2009) was when the club‘s most recent developments occurred in between its three greatest achievements. A very clear sensation that was manifested for the first time ever in the words ‗Barça. whose crowning glory was the conquest of the European Cup at Wembley (1992). In the season 2008-09 the arrival of Josep Guardiola as first team coach brought new energy to the club and they recorded the most successful season in their entire history winning the six titles that will be forever burned into the memories of all Barça fans. having won that title a record four times In addition. and Leeds United. with an enormous and exemplary expedition of Barça supporters demonstrating to Europe the unity of the Barcelona and Catalan flags. The board presided by Agustí Montal brought a player to Barcelona who would change the history of the club. Barça suffered mediocre results but was consolidated as an entity. setting a new record of 99 points in the process. International Dominance. . The Intercontinental Cup is the only major football trophy that has never made its way into the club museum. and the celebrations went ahead that very same evening in the company of the fans at the Camp Nou. including four league titles. with a constantly increasing membership and the slow but steady recovery. Josep Lluís Núñez‘s long presidency came to an end. Guardiola‘s second in charge. Barça won that trophy outright in a match played between themselves. becoming champions of Europe. FC Barcelona also won three Fairs Cups (the tournament now known as the UEFA Cup) in 1958.938 members. The title was not decided until the very last day. Barcelona's many achievements in Europe include being considered 'King of the Cup Winners Cup'. of its identity. Rome (2009) and the FIFA Club World Cup in 2009. more than a club‘ proclaimed by president Narcís de Carreras. the June 2003 election brought Joan Laporta into office. Johan Cruyff. the Liga title was won for the second year in a row.From the construction of the Camp Nou to the 75th anniversary (1957-1974) . In 1971. the extension of the Camp Nou on occasion of the 1982 World Cup and the Cup Winners Cup triumph in Basle (1979). 1960 and 1966. the start of Josep Lluís Núñez‘s long presidency. reaching 172. the Champions League titles won in Paris and Rome and the FIFA Club World Cup. in the face of adversity. among many other factors. this time as coach. as the last. and created what would come to be known as the 'Dream Team' (1990-1994). and more successes on the pitch.

is one of the most famous football clubs in the world. His style of play was fast and smart and the fans loved him. Since the 2006-2007 season.000 fans. Barca were told to lose a match to Madrid on purpose. FC Barcelona has a long running and notorious rivalry with Spain‘s other most famous club. its motto is ―El Barca es mes que un club‖ meaning Barca is more than a club. represented fascism. This rivalry stems from the opposing views of the two clubs during the Spanish Civil War. Other than the Intercontinental Cup. the club had over 70. In 2005. on the left arm of the shirts. Barcelona. It is also the only team to have taken part in European club competitions since 1955. During these times. Dutch scoring legend Johan Cruyff signed to Barcelona for a then record amount equivalent to just under £1million (a huge amount of money in those days). they went on to let Real Madrid win the game 11-1. the team play in one of the football world‘s most iconic stadium – Camp Nou. After he helped FC Barcelona beat Real Madrid 5-0 in their own stadium and winning the league. it was founded in 1899. accepted the logo of the main Catalan television channel and a fellow symbol of Catalonia. This refusal is a symbol of Catalonia‘s independence – even the mark of the kits manufacturer on the shirts is looked down upon. and Barcelona‘s goalkeeper was banned for life. FC Barcelona is also famous for refusing to allow until recently a sponsors logo to appear on their football jerseys unlike other clubs. . the capital of the strongly independent area of Catalonia. in the Catalonian city of Barcelona in Spain. FC Barcelona is paying UNICEF € 2 million per year to display the logo of this institution. Based. as their name suggests. the Catalan flag and language were banned by Franco. which opened in 1957 and holds an amazing 98. the culés.000 members. In protest to this. In 1973. Real Madrid.FC Barcelona – often known simply as Barca. so the football club became the only outlet for Catalan nationalism. the Spanish state of Castille and as Franco himself supported them. and has never been relegated from the Spanish First Division since its inception in 1928. and still is. Things came to a head when. and is one of only four clubs to have won the three major European trophies. most powerful club in the world. Well known for its passionate fans. The Madrid based club was a representative for Castillian Spanish. in 1941. the rivalry runs deep. making it the then. As Barcelona was. FC Barcelona has won all known football trophies.

those outside could see the backsides of the fans. . where. Stars of the Current Squad Lionel Messi. while seated in the highest parts of the football ground stands. he has won personal awards on both the national and clubs such as the Copa America Best Young Player. making him the only player to ever do so. but this did not go well with FC Barcelona. The Champion‘s League. a former kingdom that later merged to became a part of Spain. Club Rivalries Real Madrid Real Madrid and FC Barcelona have been rivalries ever since the dictatorship of Francisco Franco in 1939. Club Legends Joseph Samatier—Samatier was the very first Barca superstar. as oppose to FC Barcelona that continued to stick to its Catalonian roots. the European Super Cup and the World Cup for Clubs. and Real Madrid represents Castile. No other football club has ever achieved this.The Barcelona fans are often referred to as ―culés‖. Kubala played on both the Hungarian and Czechoslovakian national team. who wanted to separate from Spain. Rivaldo. Ladislao Kubala. Iniesta and Messi have reached new heights for one of the most famous football clubs. all gracing the hallowed turf of the Camp Nou. the home grown stars Xaví. Although it sounds derogatory. He has the most appearances out of any FC Barcelona player. political and cultural tensions in Spain. The current generation of home grown stars has already made history by winning all there is to win in the 2009 season: the Leage. backside. The two teams represent different cities.Kubala is considered to be one of the greatest players of all time. Both teams are dominant in the Spanish Premier League and compete every year is this rivalry that has became knows as the El Clásico. Migueli.Migueli is known for his great commitment to the team. Ronaldhino. FC Barcelona has overshadowed Espanyol through the years. FC Barcelona represents the Catalonians. Samatier played 21 times for Spain‘s National Team and scored two goals. Gary Lineker. Over the years the Esanyol has tried to unite with the rest of Spain. RCD Espanyol Espanyol and FC Barcelona are rivals due to the close proximity in which they play. His greatest performance was against Sporting Gijion when he scored seven goals in one game. the team still continues to rank from medium to high in La Liga. This is a derivative of the Catalan word ―cul‖ – which means. the name comes from the early 20 th century.Messi is Barcelona‘s up and coming superstar second striker. Even after the ground was restructured. the Spanish Super Cup. In 1995 Esanyol tried to make their name sound Catalonian. the nickname has stuck with the fans. Stoitchkov. Under the guidance of Pep Guardiolà. Barca has attracted the biggest names in football to come and play for them with legends such as Johan Cruyff. literally. Figo and Ronaldo. He played with the team during the Golden Era in the 1920‘s. in the city of Barcelona. Laudrup. One example of his loyalty to the team is when he played with a broken collar bone during the 1979 Winners Cup Final. Originally from Argentina. but despite that. the Spanish Cup.

They have won titles on both the national and international level such as the Champions League and La Liga. who went on to become the top scorer for Barcelona with 356 goals. and 49 FC Barcelona won titles in the Spanish Premier League. Club History FC Barcelona was founded on November 29. The club‘s success continued into the fifties as they . Otto Kunzle. they were not able to have any kind of success on the Spanish level. Under Franco. Barcelona became the leading football club of Catalonia. This period of time is considered as one of Barcelona‘s Golden Eras. Enric Ducal. 48. In 1945. Bartomeu Terradas. The civil unrest in the country was the reason for Josep Suñol i Garriga. He also recruited Paulino Alcántara. which overshadowed the sports world. and on March 14th 1909 the team built a new stadium called Carrer Indústria. Carles Pujol. and going to final of the Copa Del Rey. 1934. Almost immediately after it‘s founding the club became one of the leading football teams in Spain. Josep Llobet. 1936 and 1938. Throughout the years the club has become the emblem for Catalan culture and pride as they proudly represent it on the soccer field. Barcelona‘s president at the time. Pere Cabot. They were under the coaching of Josep Samitier. 1931. and under him the team won eleven Campionat de Catalunya. From 1925 till 1939. during the mid 40s till the early sixties the team had became successful once again on the national level. 1932. Barcelona FC has established itself as one of the elite clubs in theSpanish Premier League having legendry players such as Ladislao Kubala and Johan Cruyff play for them. having the number of members drop a significant amount. The club‘s first players where Walter Wild. the leader of the Spain. so the team had to change its name and remove the Catalan flag from its shield.Club Overview FC Barcelona was founded on November 29th 1899 by Joan Gamper. 1899 by Swiss protestant Joan Gamper. This caused FC Barcelona to go through financial and social problems. six Copa del Reys and four Coupe de Pyrenées. Although they won the Campionat de Catalunya in 1930. including a civil war. winning the Copa Macaya in 1902. Otto Maier. Lluís d'Ossó. for the first time since 1929. getting killed by Francisco Franco‘s soldiers in Guadalajara. John Parsons and William Parsons. However. In 1917 Gamper appointed Jack Greenwell to be the manager of the organization. and Hungarian Ladislao Kubala was their lead midfielder. Currently under the presidency of Joan Laporta and coaching of Josep Guardiola. Spain was going through many political hardships. the Catalan language and symbols were banned.

Under them stars like Ronaldinho and Samuel Eto'o. Johan Cruyff was added to the team during the 73-74 season. During the 80s Nuñez successfully performed in his position. European Super Cup. Ronald Koeman and Michael Laudrup. in his final two seasons.Joan is the president of FC Barcelona. the club decided to build a new stadium in 1957 called Camp Nou. One of the things that they changed was their name from CF Barcelona to its original name Futbol Club Barcelona. Giovanni Silva De Oliveira. However that did not stop the FC Barcelona from continuing its streak of success as they won the Spanish Premier Leaguein 1960 and the Copa del Rey in 1963. He became the most successful manager wining a total of 8 trophies with the team. Nunez continued to add great talent to the squad. which resulted in him getting fired. and instantly became a superstar. Because of their success. He was elected to the president position in 2003 after promising to bring David Beckham to the . Club Management Joan Laporta. then the following year La Liga and the Champions League in a 2-1 final victory against Arsenal. In the process he acquired such superstars as Hristo Stoichkov. During the sixties the club had financial difficulties. The 70s was a time marked by changes and additions to the club. In 1988 Johan Cruijff. helped the club to reach success once again as they won La Liga in the 2004/05 season. the team went to the European Cup finals against Seville. Bernd Schuster replaced him as the superstar athlete on the team and under the management of Terry Venables. Vernables was replaced at the beginning of the 1987/88 season by Luis Aragonés for the rest of the season. Luis Enrique Martínez and Rivaldo emerged and the team won a Copa del Rey/La Liga double in 1998. and then a year later Louis van Gaal was brought in from Ajax. He helped recruit legendary soccer player Diego Armando Maradona to the team in 1982. became manager and assembled a team of star athletes. Cruijiff took the team to victories on both the national and international level including winning the UEFA Cup. However. Despite their success on the domestic level. signing England‘s top scorer Gary Lineker and goal keeper Andoni Zubizarreta to the team. getting the European Footballer of the Year during his first season with the team. and was not able to purchase any top players. and was heavily criticised and harassed by FC Barcelona fans. However. shortly after he left. and did not win any titles. the team failed to win in UEFA Champions League. Under van Gaal new superstar players such as Luís Figo.won five different trophies. Cruijff was replaced by Bobby Robson. and 1968. as the team continued its success. Josep Fusté and Carles Rexach became the superstar players of that decade for Barcelona. and La Liga. Luis Figo joining Real Madrid. two years without a trophy led to Rijkaard being replaced by Josep Guardiola in 2008. in order to house more fans. In 2003 Joan Laporta became the president and Frank Rijkaard became new manager of the organization. he got into a fall out with club president Nuñez. However. he only played with the team for a season. This led to the departure of Van Gaal and Nunez. Maradona helped Barcelona defeat arch rivals Real Madrid in the 1983 Copa Del Rey. Unfortunately.

Regardless of this. they have always attracted some of the best footballers in the world to the formidable Nou Camp . shows. In 2005/2006 they completed the double of La Liga champions and European Cup champions making them champions of both Spain and Europe. Josep Guardiola. The city has two UEFA 5-star rated football stadiums: FC Barcelona's Nou Camp and the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys. To this day the club is owned and presidents elected by the socis (club members) who numbered over 150. handball (FC Barcelona-Cifec) and ice hockey (FC Barcelona Sorli Discau) but it‘s the football team FC Barcelona that is most instantly recognised around the world.organization. as well as FC Barcelona donating a reputed $2m a year to the Unicef cause. In addition to hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics. Barcelona have long held onto their tradition of not allowing sponsors‘ logos on their famous shirts but in the summer of 2006 they announced a five year deal with the charity Unicef to wear their logo prominently displayed on the team jerseys. Barcelona have never been relegated from the Primera División and are also the inaugural winners of the La Liga title. As well as the football team which the club is based around they also fund other sports including basketball (Winterthur FCB). Barcelona hosted parts of the 1982 Football World Cup and has hosted the X FINA World Championship and Eurobasket. Laporta owned his own law firm. Barcelona have a reputation for playing attractive football stretching back throughout their history but they have often failed to live up to expectations in European competition as their relatively meagre haul of only two European Cups. Founder members of La Liga in 1928. .After one successful season coaching Barça B. English and Catalan footballers led by Joan Gamper. 000 in 2006 with 1782 pen yes (officially-registered supporters clubs) also established. Before getting involved with the team. Guardiola was promoted to first team coach in the summer of 2008 taking over from Frank Rijkaard. As a player Guardiola was an integral part of Barça's team in the 1990s winning six La Liga titles and the European Cup in 1992 HOME VISIT About FC Barcelona: FC Barcelona is one of the world‘s most well known football clubs and was founded in 1899 by a group of Swiss. both won in the past fifteen years.

3 Inter-Cities Fairs Cups.Gamper's advertisement in Los Deportes[3]On 22 October 1899. There are 18 La Liga Championships. rugby.9 million a year for the privilege. volleyball and women's football. wearing the emblem on their jerseys and paying $1. handball. Eleven players attended—Walter Wild (the first director of the club). former Swiss [football] champion. or the Barcelona Soccer Team. FC Barca was founded on 29 November 1899 by Joan Gamper. 2 European Super Cups. . Enric Ducal. 4 Coupe de Pyrenees. the Spanish tournament." In English these are "More than a club" and "Our Ground. than any other team with 24 victories." Despite a slump at the turn of the century. 4 EUFA Winner's Cups. The club motto is "Més que un club" and they refer to their stadium as "Camp Nou. They also have more wins in the Copa del Rey. hockey. figure skating. Carles Pujol. 2 Copa de Ligua. 1 Inter-City Fairs Cup Trophy Play-off. 1 Copa Barcelona.. icehockey. It is little wonder Barcelona has embraced the Barcelona Soccer Team and reveres it as a symbol of Catalonia Birth of FC Barcelona (1899–1922) Sports Notice: Our friend and companion Hans Gamper. being keen on organising some football games in the city asks anyone who feels enthusiastic enough about the sport to present themselves at the office of this newspaper any Tuesday or Friday evening between the hours of 9 and 11pm. a positive response resulted in a meeting at the Gimnasio Solé on 29 November. Joan Gamper placed an advertisement in Los Deportes declaring his wish to form a football club. baseball.Bartomeu Terradas. but was able to recover and by the mid 1940s resumed its championship ways. FC Barcelona went though tough times in the rise to the Spanish Civil War and its aftermath. 1 Mediteranean League. The rivalry with Madrid rises almost to the point where Barcelona can be considered the Catalonia national team. 7 Supercopa de Espana. Otto Kunzle. The Barcelona team has qualified every year for the European competition since it was founded in 1955. Otto Maier. 2 Copa Martina Rossi. 2 EUFA Champions League. who created the team colors of blue and claret from the Swiss canton in which he lived. 4 Copa de Oro Argentina.. but the jewel in the crown has always been association football. Barcelona lost its first ever match with some English expatriates 0-1. FC Barcelona has assembled a talented team and once again resumed winning ways. Pere Cabot. 1 Lligua Catalana. Among the many claims to fame of the Barca team are that it has more victories than any other Association Football team in the world. The club currently has a five-year deal with UNICEF. but within ten years began a string of Catalan and Spanish championships lasting decades. indoor football. Lluís d'Ossó. 2 Copa Latina. FC Barcelona is a sports club containing basketball. 22 Catalan Championships. 5 Copa Catalana and one Little World Cup.FC Barcelona's soccer team is almost a way of life in Barcelona.

he and van Gaal resigned. Aquitaine (Southern France).[8]Gamper launched a campaign to recruit more club members. theBasque Country.000 people. and Catalonia.[10] Jack Greenwell was recruited as the first full-time manager. a larger stadium with a seating capacity of 8. Figo had become a cult hero and was considered by Catalans to be one of their own. the club won its first trophy.000. One of his main achievements was ensuring Barça acquire its own stadium and thus generate a stable income. and participated in the first Copa del Rey. competing in the Campionat de Catalunya and the Copa del Rey. which consisted of the best teams of Languedoc. van Gaal served a second term. inaugurated the same year.[5]On 14 March 1909. he was given an extremely hostile reception. the club in financial difficulty after not winning a competition since the Campionat de Catalunya in 1905. In 1902. Gaspart did not inspire confidence off the field either and in 2003. and the club's fortunes began to improve on the field. and by 1922 the club had over 20. which was later expanded to 60. the club changed its official language from Castilian to Catalan and gradually evolved into an important symbol of Catalan identity. Midi. the club bounced back with the . The club to moved to the new Les Corts. and during subsequent visits to the Camp Nou. six Copas del Rey.[4][5] Exit Núñez. FC Barcelona won eleven Campionat de Catalunya. As well as club vice-captain. and four Pyrenees Cups.[3] FC Barcelona had a successful start in regional and national cups. For many fans. the team moved into the Camp de la Indústria. he spent 25 years in total at the helm.Josep Llobet. and William Parsons—and Foot-Ball Club Barcelona was born. At that time it was considered the finest competition open for participation. and the three years he was in charge. enter Laporta (2000–2010) The departures of Núñez and van Gaal were nothing compared to that of Luís Figo. losing 1–2 to Bizcaya in the final.[9] Les Corts had an initial capacity of 22. During the Gamper era. Club president on five separate occasions between 1908 and 1925. Upon his first return a piglet's head and a full bottle of whiskey were thrown at him from the crowd. Barça fans were distraught by Figo's decision to join arch-rivals Real Madrid. the Copa Macaya.[4] Gamper became club president in 1908. John Parsons.[6][7] During the same period. its first "golden age".000 members and was able to finance a new stadium.000. supporting the club had less to do with the game itself and more with being a part of the club's collective identity. saw the club decline and managers came and went.[40]After the disappointment of the Gaspart era. From 1910 to 1914 Barcelona participated in the Pyrenees Cup.[39] President Núñez was replaced by Joan Gaspart in 2000.

won the FIFA World Player of the Year award. Barcelona won the 2009 FIFA Club World Cup. where the game between Barça and Real Madrid is known as El Clásico. but their inconsistency in the new year allowed Real Madrid to overtake them to become champions. A pre-season U. Barça were in first place for much of the season. Barcelona repeated their league and Supercup successes. The2007–08 season was unsuccessful.[53] and became the first team ever to accomplish the sextuple. Joan Laporta. former Dutch player Frank Rijkaard.[55][56] El Clásico There is often a fierce rivalry between the two strongest teams in a national league. and this is particularly the case in La Liga. From the start of national competitions the clubs were seen as representatives of two rival regions in Spain: Catalonia and Castile. The rivalry reflects what many regard as the political and cultural tensions felt between Catalans and the Castilians.[42] In the Champions League. seen by one author as a re-enactment of the Spanish Civil War.[66][67] Symbolising the Catalan people's . were officially banned. winning the competition for a record-breaking 25th time.combination of a new young president.[52] becoming the first European club to win both domestic and European Super Cups following a treble. and as Barça failed to emulate the success of previous yearsBarça B youth manager Josep Guardiola took over Rijkaard's duties at the conclusion of the season.[47]Barça beat Athletic Bilbao 4–1 in the 2009 Copa del Rey Final.[65]During the dictatorships of Primo de Rivera and especially of Francisco Franco (1939–1975).[45][46] In La Liga. All of the languages spoken in Spanish territory. except Spanish (Castilian) itself. Barça beat English club Arsenal 2–1 in the final.[54] Barcelona recorded two new records in Spanish football in 2010 as they retained the La Liga trophy with 99 points and winning the Spanish Super Cup trophy for a ninth time.S. A defeat by Real Madrid three days later ensured that Barcelona were La Liga champions for the 2008–09 season. On the field. Barça finished the season by beating last year's Champions League winners Manchester United 2–0 at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome to win their third Champions League title and complete the first ever treble won by a Spanish side. an influx of international players combined with home-grown Spanish players led to the club's return to success. Barça won La Liga and the Supercopa de España in 2004–05. In December 2009.[41].In the 2005–06 season. Trailing 1–0 to a 10-man Arsenal and with less than 15 minutes left. and the team's midfielder. they came back to win 2–1 for the club's first European Cup victory in 14 years.[44] Despite being the favourites and starting strongly. Barcelona finished the 2006–07 season without trophies. but were beaten by a late goal in the final against Brazilian side Internacional. all regional cultures were suppressed.[43] They took part in the 2006 FIFA Club World Cup. and a young new manager. tour and open feud between the player Samuel Eto'o and Rijkaard was later blamed for the lack of trophies. as well as of the two cities.[48][49][50] The team went on to win the 2009 Supercopa de España against Athletic Bilbao[51] and the 2009 UEFA Super Cup against Shakhtar Donetsk.Ronaldinho.

[71] The 1960s saw the rivalry reach the European stage when they met twice at the knock-out rounds of the European Cup. the number of supporters had surpassed 20. Les Corts could hold 60. Real Madrid was widely seen as the embodiment of the sovereign oppressive centralism and the fascist regime at management level and beyond (Santiago Bernabeu. According to Manuel Vázquez Montalbán. and was watched by more than 500 million people.000 spectators. After the Spanish Civil War the club started attracting more members and a larger number of spectators at matches.[69][70] However. and finally the northern stand in 1950. the best way for the Catalans to demonstrate their identity was by joining Barça. The capacity was about 10. and allowed them to express their dissidence.[72] Barcelona initially played in the Camp de la Indústria. which had an initial capacity of 20. and club officials deemed the facilities inadequate for a club with growing membership. After the last expansion. "Més que un club".[68]On the other hand. This led to several expansion projects: the grandstand in 1944. the former club president for whom the Merengues stadium is named.000 and by lending money to the club. It was less risky than joining a clandestine anti-Franco movement.[4] The latest European encounter between the clubs. fought with los nacionales). Barça was able to build the larger Camp de Les Corts.During the 1950s the rivalry was exacerbated further when there was a controversy surrounding the transfer of Alfredo di Stéfano. meaning 'More than a club' .[101] One of the stands displaying Barcelona's motto.000 spectators. Barça became 'More than a club' (Més que un club) for the Catalans. in 2002. who finally played for Real Madrid and was key to their subsequent success.[100] In 1922. during the Spanish Civil War. members of both clubs such as Josep Sunyol and Rafael Sánchez Guerra suffered at the hands of Franco supporters. was dubbed the "Match of The Century" by Spanish media. the southern stand in 1946.000.desire for freedom.

also known as Barça. is a sports club in Barcelona. and thousands of people paid the fee. Construction took three years and ended on 24 September 1957 with a final cost of 288 million pesetas.After the construction was complete there was no further room for expansion at Les Corts.[107] It has a current capacity of 98. Catalonia.787 making it the largest stadium in Europe.[101] The building of Camp Nou commenced on 28 March 1954.[104][105][106] In preparation for the 1992 Summer Games two tiers of seating were installed above the previous roofline. Founded in 1899 by a group of twelve. when the stadium was in need of redesign to meet UEFA criteria. who would later go on to score 196 goals in 256 matches.[101]In 1980. Back-to-back La Liga titles in 1948 and 1949 and the signing of in June 1950 of László Kubala. its motto is "Barça is more than a club" (El Barça és més que un club).000 Barça fans. The first stone of the future stadium was laid in place under the auspices of Governor Felipe Acedo Colunga and with the blessing of Archbishop of Barcelona Gregorio Modrego. This is due to the fact that Barça is seen as a symbol of Catalonia. drew larger crowds to the games. However. before a crowd of 60.[101][102][103] The club began to make plans for a new stadium. Its main stadium is the Camp Nou. Barça are also known for their relentless refusal to allow sponsor logos on their football shirts. Spain with sections in many different sports. led by Joan Gamper. Although its football team had been struggling from roughly 2000 through 2003. 336% over budget. Even their kit manufacturer. The idea was popular with supporters. it and long-standing rival Real Madrid remain the most representative teams of Spain. Later this became the centre of controversy when media in Madrid picked up reports that one of the stones was inscribed with the name of longtime Real Madrid chairman and Franco supporter Santiago Bernabéu. . the club raised money by offering supporters the opportunity to inscribe their name on the bricks for a small fee. Nike's swoosh was controversial. Barça has accepted a sponsor's logo on their basketball jerseys. and any offer of sponsorship of "intrusive nature" will be turned down. Barcelona.[108] Mrs Tete here is more information FC Barcelona. FC Barcelona fans are also called culés.

After these events. The political problems of the country affected the club. Otto Maier. who embraced Catalan nationalism so fervently that he changed his name to the Catalan Joan Gamper. Gamper changed the club's original name to the current Catalan version. in terms of sport titles and social mass.000. Otto Kunzle. none of them owned by the club. Besides dominating Spanish and Catalan championships. Carles Pujol. The Golden Years Legendary players like Alcantara. remove the catalan portion of the flag. only got worse after the start of the Spanish Civil War. Lluis d'Ossa. started in the late 1920s during the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera. The team did not have to wait much time for their first trophy. John Parsons. which had an initial capacity of 30.Early Years FC Barcelona was founded by Swiss businessman Hans Kamper. bringing the team to a Golden Age of expansion. Josep Llobet. and Samitier boosted the club's success with brilliant playing style. instead of the formal Spanish version Club de Futbol Barcelona. as shown by still holding the original Anglican version of its name Futbol Club Barcelona. . they won the first edition of the Spanish League in 1929. On March 14 of that year. eventually leading to the assassination of President Josep Suñol by soldiers of the nationalist side and the bombing of the club's headquarters. It was the first field owned by FC Barcelona. During these years the club experienced their first growth period. the club opened the doors of its stadium of Les Corts. By 1922. Eleven players attended this meeting: Gualteri Wild. the club was forced to change its name to Club de Futbol Barcelona.000. Pere Cabot. later known as the Campionat de Catalunya (Championship of Catalonia). later expanded to an impressive 60. The club's international nature has been a quality since the first days of its existence. the 6. Bartomeu Terradas. Zamora. Crisis and the Civil War The ongoing crisis. Enric Ducal. as in 1901 they won the Copa Macaya. and William Parsons. Until 1909 the team played in different stadiums. Everything started when he decided to put a message in a local newspaper asking for players to join him in a relatively unknown sport called football. and a president friendly to Franco's regime was appointed.000 seat stadium of Carrer Industria (Industry Street) opened its door.

as they only won three official titles during the 1960s. His electric style of play.000 members. During the first years after his arrival the team won almost every competition they played in. Dozens of titles were won by all teams. Even the record amount of £922. Cesar. making it the most powerful in the world. the style of football played. Basora. But even then the club did not stop growing.000 spectators. and its forwards. Camp Nou In 1957. During 1990-1994. notorious manager Louis Van Gaal came on board and Barcelona won twice Spanish League title and once Cup Winners' Cup.300 paid by FC Barcelona for him seemed nothing after defeating Real Madrid 0-5 in their own stadium and winning the league. In 1950 arrived one of the most important players for FC Barcelona. By the following year the club had 70. and titles being brought. and other sections seen as less important than the football team started to receive more attention. and Velasco won the First Division fifteen years after the first and only time. Ladislao Kubala. Johan Cruyff's Dream Team won four consecutive Leagues and for a first time the Champions League (1992) among other trophies. The second golden age (1988-1996) Josep Luis Nuñez became president of FC Barcelona in 1978. With political issues calming down. Unlike the decade of the 50's. the Camp Nou opened its doors to the public. It had a capacity for up to 90. could not appeal more to the fans. a few years after the inauguration. Unfortunately. financial problems started to fade as more people became members. titles became scarce. leading the club into an unprecedented period of social and economic growth. and Kubala himself are still remembered. gaining social and economic power every year. Dutch legend Johan Cruyff signed a contract with the club in 1973. Late 1990s with satisfactory results After the unsuccessful brief stay of Bobby Robson.Kubala By the second half of the 1940s the club began to recover from its problems. when Real Madrid "stole" Argentinian player Alfredo Di Stefano from FC Barcelona. Players like Cesar. Although their . fast and smart. Ramallets. which almost led the club to disband. already making it one of the biggest stadiums in the world.

great results at homeside. despite their controversial exit from the Champions League at the hands of Chelsea. FC Barcelona Honours. Barcelona have preserved a healthy lead over their arch-rivals Real Madrid and.1 Birmingham City Birmingham City F. Season 2003/2004 Barcelona made spectacular return to form finishing second after being at the bottom of the table.2 FC Barcelona FC Barcelona 4 . Barcelona failed to win again Champions League. have returned the club into a positive cycle. Still.C. Trophies & Awards  Champions League: 1 o 1991-92  FC Barcelona 1 .0 Sampdoria  Goal by Ronald Koeman (111') UEFA Cup: 4 o 1958   o  FC Barcelona 6 . the new style of management. and that of football superstar Ronaldinho and manager Frank Rijkaard among others. A third golden age appears to be beckoning. forcing him to resign in 2003. 0 .. Years of turmoil Joan Gaspart was elected as the successor of Josep Lluis Nuñez in 2000.0 London XI London XI 2 . not an easy task considering his achievements and a lot of pressure was put on the new board of directors. they remain on course for La Liga title.. Poor judgement when using the club's funds. During the 2004/5 season. With his arrival. the absence of any important victory. A temporary commission took over until current president Joan Laporta was elected in the same year. Due to heavy fan criticism after three seasons in 2000. Joan Gaspart's bad management led the club to a financial crisis. Van Gaal resigned. Revival Joan Laporta proved to be better choice. and underperforming players made the social pressure unbearable.0 FC Barcelona 1960   . Inherited massive financial debt is being cut down. and only two players remain from the original team that did not win a major title in five years.

1 Leeds United  European Super Cup: 2 o 1992  Werder Bremen 1 . 1991-92.4 FC Barcelona FC Barcelona 0 .o 1966   o 1971  Real Zaragoza 2 . 1967-68. 1982-83. 1912-13. 1927-28. 2004-05 Macaya Cup: 1 o 1901-02 Championship of Catalunya: 20   . 1941-42. 1951-52. 1997 Spanish League Cup: 2 o 1983. 1952-53. 1980-81. 1973-74. 1977-78.1 Standard de Liège o 1989  FC Barcelona 2 .0 Sampdoria  o 1997  FC Barcelona 1 .3 Fortuna Düsseldorf o 1982  FC Barcelona 2 . 1921-22. 1924-25. 1993-94.0 Borussia Dortmund  Borussia Dortmund 1 . 1989-90.1 Werder Bremen o 1997  FC Barcelona 2 .     Catalunya Cup: 5 o 1990-91. 1995. 1999-2000.1 FC Barcelona Cup Winners' Cup: 4 o 1979  FC Barcelona 4 . 1998-99 Spanish Super Cup: 5 o 1984. 1993.0 Paris Saint-Germain  Spanish First Division: 16 o 1928-29. 1952-53. 1962-63. 1950-51. 1997-98 1919-20. 1992-93. 1987-88. 1997-98. 1944-45. 1984-85. 1956-57. 1992. 1947-48. 1959-60. 1951-52. 1986 King's Cup: 24 o 1909-10.1 FC Barcelona  FC Barcelona 2 . 1948-49. 1970-71.1 Real Zaragoza FC Barcelona 2 . 1958-59. 1911-12. 1992-93. 2003-04. 1990-91. 1996-97. 1925-26.

2004      Teresa Herrera Trophy: 5 o 1948. 1926-27. 1993  Ramon de Carranza Trophy: 2 o 1961. 1971. 1952 Eva Duarte Cup: 3 o 1948. 1984. 1931-32. 1911. 1923-24. 1990. 1990. 1983. 1969. 1952. 1924-25.  Latin Cup: 2 o 1949. 1979. 1937-38 1908-09. 1910-11. 1962 Ciudad de Palma Trophy: 5 o 1969. 1980. 1999. 1953 Little World Cup: 1 o 1957 Joan Gamper Trophy: 30 o 1966. 2001. 1920-21. 1925-26. 1977. 1915-16. 1980. 1988. 1929-30. 1986. 1951. 1985. 1912. 1934-34. 2000. 1974. 1921-22. 1981 Cup of the Pyrenees: 4 o 1910. 1909-10. 1918-19. 1913 Mediterranean League: 1 o 1937    Symbols and kits through the course of history First club symbol was the same as the town symbol: . 1976.o 1904-05. 1992. 1998. 1991. 2003. 1973. 1967. 1995. 1930-31. 1972. 1975. 1968. 1953 Martini & Rossi Trohpy: 2 o 1952. 1935-36. 1912-13. 1997. 1927-28. 2002. 1974. 1976. 1919-20. 1996.

. The first kit From the start. flag of Catalunia Senyera (national flag with 4 red lines on the golden background) and blue-red colour combination which Gamper took over from Fc Basel.In 1906 the club organized competition to chose the first club symbol which has changed through the course of history only in the period of Franco's regime (the club was called Club de Futbol Barcelona which can be seen on the symbol as well). the players wore the famous blue and claret colours. The club symbol represents the Cross of Saint Jordi – the patron saint of Barcelona. half the shirt one colour and half the other with the sleeves the opposite colour and white shorts.

The exact date of foundation is the 29th November 1889.rugby. trying to attract as many football players as possible to join the club. In 1899 he put a note in a local newspaper. Josep Llobet. 1877. Bartomeu Terrados. Lluís d'Ossó. John Parsons and William Parsons) founded FC Barcelona. Carles Pujol. Otto Maier.In the late 90s' of the 19th cenutry Swiss business men Hans (Joan) Gamper and his ten friends (Gualteri Wild. He started his career in Fc Basel and was named club captain but then he moved first to France and in 1898 he went to Barcelona to visit his uncle. Who was Hans (Joan) Gamper? He was born in Winterthur.tennis and golf. Enric Ducal. Pere Cabot. Switzerland on November 22. and just one monthe later he and his friends assembled at the historic gathering at the Gimnas Sole.  Lyrics of the FC Barcelona's anthem . The meeting was successful and the club was established and Englishman Gualteri Wild became the first President with Gamper as the first captain of the club. Even as a young boy he showed great interest in sports especially for football. Otto Kunzle. He was the eldest son born to August and Rosine Emma Gamper.

Baaarça! . Barça. Blaugrana al vent un crit valent tenim un nom el sap tothom: Barça. Blue and claret blowing in the wind One valiant cry We‘ve got a name that everyone knows: Barça. Baaarça! Jugadors. That no one can ever break us. Barça. tots units fem força. We‘ve shouted many goals And we have shown. son molts gols que hem cridat i s'ha demostrat. we have shown. Barça. una bandera ens agermana. we all agree. Baaarça! In English The whole stadium loudly cheers We‘re the blue and claret supporters It matters not where we hail from Whether it's the south or the north Now we all agree. Barça. seguidors. ara estem d'acord. que mai ningu no ens podrà torcer.In Catalan Tot el camp és un clam som la gent blaugrana Tant se val d'on venim si del sud o del nord ara estem d'acord. Blaugrana al vent un crit valent tenim un nom el sap tothom: Barça. Baaarça! Players. Blue and claret blowing in the wind One valiant cry We‘ve got a name that everyone knows: Barça. We‘ve achieved much over the years. Supporters United we are strong. One flag unites us in brotherhood. Son molt anys plens d'afanys. i s'ha demostrat.

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