Contents

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Title Blasphemy Engendered Inviolable Multitude Nexus Overbearing Redacted Work Out Zone Answers Page No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

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The Vocab Weekly

BLASPHEMY

Blasphemy Acts of blasphemy are quite common. In fact, you would find this word almost always in circulation. Why so? Simply because of its meaning: expressing disrespect for God or for something sacred. Well, this is quite common, isn’t it? We get innumerable cases in the headlines where people take offence to fun being made out of religious contexts or of god. All those instances are of Blasphemy. The dictionary definitions for Blasphemy are as follows: 1. a. A contemptuous or profane act, utterance, or writing concerning God or a sacred entity. (noun) b. The act of claiming for oneself the attributes and rights of God. (noun) 2. An irreverent or impious act, attitude, or utterance in regard to something considered inviolable or sacred. (noun)

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ENGENDERED

Engendered Origin of the word Engender: Engender, etymologically, descends from the Latin roots ‘en’ (meaning to) and ‘gener re’, (meaning to produce, also the root for generate). So basically it equates to: To generate or to produce. Produce what? One of the meanings of engender is to create or produce life, that is to procreate. And the same can be extended to any field which involves creation of something. As soon as something comes into existence, it is engendered. The dictionary definitions for Engendered are as follows: 1. To bring into existence; give rise to. (verb) 2. To procreate; propagate. (verb) Masters tip to learn Engendered: A famous quote from William Shakespeare: "Every cloud engenders not a storm".

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INVIOLABLE

Inviolable There are a few things in life that cannot be questioned or violated. These have to be accepted as it is. For example, the boundaries of a nation or the limits of the human body. These need to be respected. These boundaries or limits are INVIOLABLE. Just remember the word from the context provided above: that of nation boundaries. These cannot be violated at any cost. Or INVIOLABLE:CANNOT BE VIOLATED. The dictionary definitions for Inviolable are as follows: 1. Prohibiting violation; secure from destruction, violence, infringement, or desecration: an inviolable sanctuary; an inviolable promise. (adjective) 2. Incapable of being violated; incorruptible; unassailable: inviolable secrecy. (adjective)

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MULTITUDE

Multitude As we can guess easily, multitude comes from ‘multi’. The same ‘multi-‘ appears in a number of words, with the most common being multiply. That is exactly what this prefix does: it multiplies in numbers. Multitude refers to the state of being huge or great in numbers. It can also be used to refer to collective populations, for example: India consists of vast and never ending multitudes. Just a look at some multi-words: Meanings of the words above: Multipartite: Involving more than two parties Multifold: Many times doubled; manifold; numerous Multilingual: Using or knowing more than one language Multitasking: Perform more than one task at the same time; originally of computers, now also more generally Multilateral: Having many parts or sides The dictionary definitions for Multitude are as follows: 1. The condition or quality of being numerous. (noun) 2. A very great number. (noun) 3. The masses; the populace: the concerns of the multitude. (noun)

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NEXUS

Nexus Nexus: NEXUS can be formed with those NEXT to US So, NEXUS=NEXT to US A nexus is the means of connection between things linked together. It is tie of sorts. Te drug mafia and the police form one such nexus. Political parties form of nexus of their cadres. This whole laying of a linked network is a nexus. Another mnemonic you could use to learn nexus is the context of the Naxal fighters in India. Naxals have formed an extensive nexus of their cadres. The dictionary definitions for Nexus are as follows: 1. A means of connection; tie; link. (noun) 2. A connected series or group. (noun) 3. The core or center, as of a matter or situation. (noun)

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OVERBEARING

Overbearing In the given example, India is referred to as an OVERBEARING country for other South Asian countries, that is it manner is such that it dominates its smaller neighbors. This is what an overbearing personality does, it bears down on individuals through the force of one’s manner and personality. The dictionary definitions for Overbearing are as follows: 1. Domineering in manner; arrogant: an overbearing person. (adjective) 2. Overwhelming in power or significance; predominant. (adjective) The best thing about this paragraph is that it gives us quite a few words to chew on: 1. Guile: Craftiness or cunningness, using tricks to deceive people. 2. Hegemony: The dominance or leadership of one social group or nation over others 3. Entail: Have as a logical consequence

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REDACTED

Redacted The ‘Sarah Palin E-mail Controversy’ is sure being talked about and we would also have our share of the pie, vocabulary wise. In brief the situation is something like this: news agencies and so on went after Palin’s mails when she was the Alaska Governor, there was a legal battle to get them released, and now they are finally in the open. Though some of these e-mails have been redacted before they have been released, that is they have been ‘revised’. The dictionary definitions for Redacted are as follows: 1. To put into suitable literary form; revise; edit. 2. To draw up or frame (a statement, proclamation, etc.).

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Work Out Zone
Work Out 1: Match the following words with their respective meanings or synonyms. Word 1 Blasphemy 2 Engendered 3 Inviolable 4 Multitude 5 Nexus 6 Overbearing 7 Redacted Meaning or Synonym A Link B Sacrilege C Bred D Sacrosanct E Masses F Edited G Arrogant

Work Out 2: Did you really understand the word? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Blasphemy of church rules is appreciated. Species engender and grow. Constitutions are inviolable. Revolutions take place when multitudes gather. Criminals and politicians form a nexus. Bosses can be overbearing. Speeches are redacted. yes yes yes yes yes yes yes no no no no no no no

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Answers: Work Out Zone
Work Out 1 1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-E, 5-A, 6-G, 7-F Work Out 2 1-no, 2- yes, 3-yes, 4- yes, 5-yes, 6- yes, 7-yes

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