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EMF Exposures and Hearing

16 May 2012

Here are 39 studies on low-level EMF exposures and hearing, tinnitus, ear damage and the ‘microwave auditory effect’. Other EMF-related bibliographies (e.g. Infertility and reproduction, depression, headaches, breast cancer, wildlife, autism): And other collections, articles:

1. Al-Dousary SH. (2007). Mobile phone induced sensorineural hearing loss. Saudi Med J. 28(8):1283-6.

2. Cain CA, Rissmann WJ. (1978). Mammalian auditory responses to 3.0 GHz microwave pulses. IEEE
Trans Biomed Eng BME 25: 288–293. arnumber=4122828

3. Elder and C. K. Chou (2003). Auditory System Response to Radio Frequency Energy.
Bioelectromagnetics Supplement 6:S162–S173 %20Rapporten/Tinnitus/Auditory%20Response%20to%20Pulsed%20radiofrequency %20energy.pdf Elder, J.A. and D. F. Cahill (ed.) (1984). "Biological Effects of Radiofrequency Radiation." EPA Report No. EPA-600/8-83-026F. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. 27711. by pulsed microwaves, IEEE Press, Biological effects of Electromagnetic Radiation; Edited by Johm M.Osepchuk.


5. Foster KR, Finch. ED. (1974). Microwave hearing: evidence for thermoacoustic auditory stimulation

6. Frey AH, Coren E. (1979). Holographic assessment of a hypothesized microwave hearing mechanism.
Science. 206(4415):232–234.

7. Frey AH, Messenger R Jr. (1973). Human perception of illumination with pulsed ultrahigh-frequency
electromagnetic energy. Science. 181(4097):356-8.

8. Frey AH. (1961). Auditory system response to radio frequency energy. Aerosp Med 32:1140-42

9. Frey AH. (1962). Human auditory system response to modulated electromagnetic energy. J AppI
Physiol 17:689-692

10. Frey AH. 1963. Some effects on human subjects of ultra-high-frequency radiation. Am J Med Electron
2: 28–31. [No abstract] Web of Science® Times Cited: 15

11. Garcia Callejo FJ, Garcia Callejo F, Pena Santamaria J, Alonso Castaneira I, Sebastian Gil E, Marco
Algarra J.(2005). [Hearing level and intensive use of mobile phones] Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 56(5):187-191. [Article in Spanish]

12. Guy AW, Chou CK, Lin JC, Christensen D. (1975). Microwave-induced acoustic effects on
mammalian auditory systems and physical materials. Annals New York Academy of Science 247: 194–218.

13. Hardell L, Hansson Mild K, Sandström M, Carlberg M, Hallquist A, Påhlson A. (2003). Vestibular
schwannoma, tinnitus and cellular telephones. Neuroepidemiology 22(2):124-9

14. Hutter HP, Moshammer H, Wallner P, Cartellieri M, Denk-Linnert DM, Katzinger M, Ehrenberger K,
Kundi M. (2010). Tinnitus and mobile phone use, Occup Environ Med. 67(12):804-8

15. Ingalls CE. (1967). Sensation of hearing in electromagnetic fields. NY State J Med 67: 2992–2997. [No


EMF Exposures and Hearing

16 May 2012

16. Kaprana AE, Chimona TS, Papadakis CE, Velegrakis SG, Vardiambasis IO, Adamidis G, Velegrakis
GA. (2011). Auditory brainstem response changes during exposure to GSM-900 radiation: an experimental study. Audiol Neurootol. 16(4):270-6.

17. Kerekhanjanarong V, Supiyaphun P, Naratricoon J, Laungpitackchumpon P. (2005). The effect of
mobile phone to audiologic system. J Med Assoc Thai. Sep;88 Suppl 4:S231-234.

18. Landgrebe M, U Frick, S Hauser, G Hajak, B Langguth. (2009). Association of Tinnitus and
Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity: Hints for a Shared Pathophysiology? PLoS ONE.4.3.e5026

19. Langguth B, Kleinjung T, Landgrebe M. (2011). Severe tinnitus and depressive symptoms: a complex
interaction. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 145(3):519.

20. Langguth B, Landgrebe M, Kleinjung T, Sand GP, Hajak G. (2011). Tinnitus and depression. World J
Biol Psychiatry. [Epub ahead of print]

21. Lin J.C , (2002). Health Aspects of Wireless Communication: Auditory Perception of Microwaves –
Hearing Microwaves 6 (2), 9-12.

22. Lin JC, Meltzer RJ, Redding FK. (1979). Microwave-evoked brainstem potentials in cats. J Microw
Power. 14(3):291-6.

23. Lin JC, Wang Z. (2007). Hearing of microwave pulses by humans and animals: effects, mechanism,
and thresholds. Health Phys. 92(6):621-8.

24. Lin JC. (2001). Hearing microwaves: The microwave auditory phenomenon. IEEE Antennas
Propagation Mag 43: 166–168.

25. Lin, J.C., (1977a), On microwave-induced hearing sensation, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,

26. Lin, J.C., (1977b). Further studies on the microwave auditory effect, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory
Tech., 25:936-941 -

27. Meo SA, Al-Drees AM. (2005). Mobile phone related-hazards and subjective hearing and vision
symptoms in the Saudi population, Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 18(1):53-7

28. Meriç F, Daşdağ S, Vergili K (1998). Do radiofrequency radiation affect the auditory system of people
with occupational exposure? Environ Health Prev Med. 3(1):55-8.

29. Oktay MF, Dasdag S. (2006). Effects of intensive and moderate cellular phone use on hearing
function. Electromagn Biol Med. 25(1):13-21.

30. Oktay MF, Dasdag S, Akdere M, Cureoglu S, et al (2004). Occupational safety: effects of workplace
radiofrequencies on hearing function. Arch Med Res. 35(6):517-21.

31. Panda NK, Jain R, Bakshi J, Munjal S. (2010). Audiologic disturbances in long-term mobile phone
users. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 39(1):5-11.

32. Panda NK, Modi R, Munjal S, Virk RS. (2011). Auditory changes in mobile users: is evidence
forthcoming? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 144(4):581-5. Epub 2011 Feb 14.

33. Rissmann WJ, Cain CA. (1975). Microwave hearing in mammals. Proc Natl Elec Cong 30: 239–244. 34. Seaman RL, Lebovitz RM. (1989). Thresholds of cat cochlear nucleus neurons to microwave pulses.
Bioelectromagnetics 10: 147–160.


EMF Exposures and Hearing

16 May 2012

35. Sommer HC, von Gierke HE. (1964). Hearing sensations in electric fields. Aerospace Med 35: 834–

36. Sonia Sarkar , Ear today, gone tomorrow - November 29 , 2009

37. Taylor EM, Ashleman BT. (1974). Analysis of central nervous system involvement in the microwave
auditory effect. Brain Res 74: 201–208.

38. Tyazhelov V., R Tigranian, E Khizhnian & I Akoev (1979). Some pecularities of auditory sensations
evoked by pulsed microwave fields. Radio Sci 14(06S):259-263. view=article&uri=/journals/rs/RS014i06Sp00259.xml

39. Yitzhak NM, Ruppin R, Hareuveny R. (2009). Generalized model of the microwave auditory effect.
Phys Med Biol. 54(13):4037-49. Epub 2009 Jun 5.