EMF Exposures and Hearing

16 May 2012

Here are 39 studies on low-level EMF exposures and hearing, tinnitus, ear damage and the ‘microwave auditory effect’. Other EMF-related bibliographies (e.g. Infertility and reproduction, depression, headaches, breast cancer, wildlife, autism): http://www.scribd.com/collections/3440803/Electrosmog-Bibiographies And other collections, articles: http://www.scribd.com/EMFsafety/shelf

1. Al-Dousary SH. (2007). Mobile phone induced sensorineural hearing loss. Saudi Med J. 28(8):1283-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17676220

2. Cain CA, Rissmann WJ. (1978). Mammalian auditory responses to 3.0 GHz microwave pulses. IEEE
Trans Biomed Eng BME 25: 288–293. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp? arnumber=4122828

3. Elder and C. K. Chou (2003). Auditory System Response to Radio Frequency Energy.
Bioelectromagnetics Supplement 6:S162–S173 http://test.beperkdestraling.org/Studies%20en %20Rapporten/Tinnitus/Auditory%20Response%20to%20Pulsed%20radiofrequency %20energy.pdf Elder, J.A. and D. F. Cahill (ed.) (1984). "Biological Effects of Radiofrequency Radiation." EPA Report No. EPA-600/8-83-026F. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C. 27711. by pulsed microwaves, IEEE Press, Biological effects of Electromagnetic Radiation; Edited by Johm M.Osepchuk. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/185/4147/256

4.

5. Foster KR, Finch. ED. (1974). Microwave hearing: evidence for thermoacoustic auditory stimulation

6. Frey AH, Coren E. (1979). Holographic assessment of a hypothesized microwave hearing mechanism.
Science. 206(4415):232–234. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/482939

7. Frey AH, Messenger R Jr. (1973). Human perception of illumination with pulsed ultrahigh-frequency
electromagnetic energy. Science. 181(4097):356-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4719908

8. Frey AH. (1961). Auditory system response to radio frequency energy. Aerosp Med 32:1140-42
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13895080

9. Frey AH. (1962). Human auditory system response to modulated electromagnetic energy. J AppI
Physiol 17:689-692 http://jap.physiology.org/content/17/4/689.abstract

10. Frey AH. 1963. Some effects on human subjects of ultra-high-frequency radiation. Am J Med Electron
2: 28–31. [No abstract] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13959628 Web of Science® Times Cited: 15 http://www.emhdf.com/frey.htm

11. Garcia Callejo FJ, Garcia Callejo F, Pena Santamaria J, Alonso Castaneira I, Sebastian Gil E, Marco
Algarra J.(2005). [Hearing level and intensive use of mobile phones] Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 56(5):187-191. [Article in Spanish] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15960120

12. Guy AW, Chou CK, Lin JC, Christensen D. (1975). Microwave-induced acoustic effects on
mammalian auditory systems and physical materials. Annals New York Academy of Science 247: 194–218. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1975.tb35996.x/abstract

13. Hardell L, Hansson Mild K, Sandström M, Carlberg M, Hallquist A, Påhlson A. (2003). Vestibular
schwannoma, tinnitus and cellular telephones. Neuroepidemiology 22(2):124-9 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12629278

14. Hutter HP, Moshammer H, Wallner P, Cartellieri M, Denk-Linnert DM, Katzinger M, Ehrenberger K,
Kundi M. (2010). Tinnitus and mobile phone use, Occup Environ Med. 67(12):804-8 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20573849?dopt=Abstract

15. Ingalls CE. (1967). Sensation of hearing in electromagnetic fields. NY State J Med 67: 2992–2997. [No
abstract] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5234687

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EMF Exposures and Hearing

16 May 2012

16. Kaprana AE, Chimona TS, Papadakis CE, Velegrakis SG, Vardiambasis IO, Adamidis G, Velegrakis
GA. (2011). Auditory brainstem response changes during exposure to GSM-900 radiation: an experimental study. Audiol Neurootol. 16(4):270-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21079392

17. Kerekhanjanarong V, Supiyaphun P, Naratricoon J, Laungpitackchumpon P. (2005). The effect of
mobile phone to audiologic system. J Med Assoc Thai. Sep;88 Suppl 4:S231-234. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16623034

18. Landgrebe M, U Frick, S Hauser, G Hajak, B Langguth. (2009). Association of Tinnitus and
Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity: Hints for a Shared Pathophysiology? PLoS ONE.4.3.e5026 http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0005026

19. Langguth B, Kleinjung T, Landgrebe M. (2011). Severe tinnitus and depressive symptoms: a complex
interaction. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 145(3):519. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21876004 michael.landgrebe@medbo.de

20. Langguth B, Landgrebe M, Kleinjung T, Sand GP, Hajak G. (2011). Tinnitus and depression. World J
Biol Psychiatry. [Epub ahead of print] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21568629

21. Lin J.C , (2002). Health Aspects of Wireless Communication: Auditory Perception of Microwaves –
Hearing Microwaves 6 (2), 9-12. http://www.notafreemason.com/images/JamesCLinHealthAspects.pdf

22. Lin JC, Meltzer RJ, Redding FK. (1979). Microwave-evoked brainstem potentials in cats. J Microw
Power. 14(3):291-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/261592

23. Lin JC, Wang Z. (2007). Hearing of microwave pulses by humans and animals: effects, mechanism,
and thresholds. Health Phys. 92(6):621-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17495664

24. Lin JC. (2001). Hearing microwaves: The microwave auditory phenomenon. IEEE Antennas
Propagation Mag 43: 166–168. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=979546

25. Lin, J.C., (1977a), On microwave-induced hearing sensation, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,
25:605-613- http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=01129167

26. Lin, J.C., (1977b). Further studies on the microwave auditory effect, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory
Tech., 25:936-941 - http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1129245

27. Meo SA, Al-Drees AM. (2005). Mobile phone related-hazards and subjective hearing and vision
symptoms in the Saudi population, Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 18(1):53-7 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16052891

28. Meriç F, Daşdağ S, Vergili K (1998). Do radiofrequency radiation affect the auditory system of people
with occupational exposure? Environ Health Prev Med. 3(1):55-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2723273/?tool=pubmed

29. Oktay MF, Dasdag S. (2006). Effects of intensive and moderate cellular phone use on hearing
function. Electromagn Biol Med. 25(1):13-21. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16595330

30. Oktay MF, Dasdag S, Akdere M, Cureoglu S, et al (2004). Occupational safety: effects of workplace
radiofrequencies on hearing function. Arch Med Res. 35(6):517-21. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15631877

31. Panda NK, Jain R, Bakshi J, Munjal S. (2010). Audiologic disturbances in long-term mobile phone
users. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 39(1):5-11. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20122338

32. Panda NK, Modi R, Munjal S, Virk RS. (2011). Auditory changes in mobile users: is evidence
forthcoming? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 144(4):581-5. Epub 2011 Feb 14. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21493239

33. Rissmann WJ, Cain CA. (1975). Microwave hearing in mammals. Proc Natl Elec Cong 30: 239–244. 34. Seaman RL, Lebovitz RM. (1989). Thresholds of cat cochlear nucleus neurons to microwave pulses.
Bioelectromagnetics 10: 147–160. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bem.2250100204/abstract

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EMF Exposures and Hearing

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35. Sommer HC, von Gierke HE. (1964). Hearing sensations in electric fields. Aerospace Med 35: 834–
839. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14175790

36. Sonia Sarkar , Ear today, gone tomorrow - November 29 , 2009
http://www.telegraphindia.com/1091129/jsp/7days/story_11799365.jsp

37. Taylor EM, Ashleman BT. (1974). Analysis of central nervous system involvement in the microwave
auditory effect. Brain Res 74: 201–208. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0006899374905782

38. Tyazhelov V., R Tigranian, E Khizhnian & I Akoev (1979). Some pecularities of auditory sensations
evoked by pulsed microwave fields. Radio Sci 14(06S):259-263. http://europa.agu.org/? view=article&uri=/journals/rs/RS014i06Sp00259.xml http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/1979/RS014i06Sp00259.shtml

39. Yitzhak NM, Ruppin R, Hareuveny R. (2009). Generalized model of the microwave auditory effect.
Phys Med Biol. 54(13):4037-49. Epub 2009 Jun 5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19502702

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