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1550

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406.5

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14.68

808.8

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28.07 1491.1

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28.07 1491.1

15.39 12.26

0.03 43.48

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28.09 749.93

15.48 12.22

0.03 43.46

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28.09 749.93

15.48 12.22

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39.94 627.27

2.73

4.14

0.02

50

25 -39.95 588.05

-0.37 -2.67 -0.02 -49.99

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39.94 627.27

2.73

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0.02

50

27

39.94 627.27

2.73

4.14

0.02

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28.72 1504.3

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28.72 1504.3

12.9

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0.01 41.88

25 -27.07

452.2 -11.23 -7.12 -0.01 -42.91

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28.73 763.11

12.9

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1550

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808.8

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29.76 1491.1

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29.76 1491.1

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29.76 749.94

13.86 11.16

0.02 42.41

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-28.1 465.37 -15.53 -12.2 -0.02 -43.44

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29.76 749.94

13.86 11.16

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29.76 749.94

13.86 11.16

0.02 42.41

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39.94

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39.94

39.94

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27.05

-28.75

27.05

-28.75

27.06

-28.74

27.06

27.06

1348.9

1368.5

1329.3

1368.5

1329.3

627.28

588.05

627.28

627.28

1348.9

1504.3

1193.4

1504.3

1193.4

763.11

452.21

763.11

763.11

-1.18

0.37

-2.73

0.37

-2.73

0.37

-2.73

0.37

0.37

-0.69

11.4

-12.77

11.4

-12.77

11.32

-12.85

11.32

11.32

-0.74

2.67

-4.14

2.67

-4.14

2.67

-4.14

2.67

2.67

-0.59

7.04

-8.22

7.04

-8.22

7.08

-8.18

7.08

7.08

0

0.03

-0.02

0.03

-0.02

0.02

-0.02

0.02

0.02

-0.01

0.01

-0.02

0.01

-0.02

0.02

-0.02

0.02

0.02

0

49.99

-49.99

49.99

-49.99

49.99

-49.99

49.99

49.99

0.54

42.94

-41.85

42.94

-41.85

42.93

-41.87

42.93

42.93

DESIGN OF ANNULAR RAFT

fck

fy

b

Dia of raft (Between Columns)

Radius of raft (Betwen cloumns), a

Dia. of columns, dcol

Depth of Water Table

Depth of Foundation

Total axial load

Add for self weight @ 10%

Total axial load

Safe bearing capacity (at 3m below NGL)

Area of foundation required

Circumference of column circle

Width of foundation

Hence, inner dia

outer dia

Area of annular raft

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

N/mm2

N/mm2

mm

m

m

mm

m

m

= 16019.32 kN

= 1601.93

= 17621.25 kN

=

60.00 kN/m2

=

323.06 m2

=

31.42 m

=

10.28 m

=

0.00 m

=

20.28 m

=

323.02 m2

Provide Ring Beam of width

Foundation will be designed for average pressure, P

Uplift Forces due to hydrostatic pressure

Total Pressure

The overhang "x" of raft slab

25

415

1000

10.00

5.00

600.00

1.50

3.00

=

=

=

=

=

Bending Moment =

Shear Force =

Depth required from BM, d =

Provide, D =

deff. =

Area of steel, Ast =

dia. of bar =

spacing =

Area provided =

percent provided =

54.55 kN/m2

700.00

54.55

10.00

64.55

4.72

< 60 - OK

mm

kN/m2

kN/m2

kN/m2

m

719.06 kNm

304.69 kN

711.60 mm

850.00 mm

790.00 mm

2672.30 mm2

20 mm

110 mm c/c

2855.99 mm2

0.34 %

Shear Force =

304.69 kN

Shear Stress, tau_v =

0.39 N/mm2

b = 0.8*f_ck/(6.89*p_t)

=

8.64

tau_c=(0.85*((0.8*fck)^0.5)*(((1+5b)^0.5)-1)/(6*b) =

0.414 N/mm2

SAFE

Area of distribution steel @0.15% =

dia. of bar =

1185.00 mm2

16 mm

spacing =

Area provided =

150 mm c/c

1340.41 mm2

CANTILEVER PORTION:

Cantilever length =

for cantilever length provide overall depth, D =

effective depth, d =

Moment at cantilever

Mu/bd^2

p_t required

Ast required

=

=

=

=

dia. of bar =

spacing =

Area provided =

percentage of reinforcement provided, p_t =

Shear Force =

Shear Stress, tau_v =

5.14 m

850 mm

790 mm

852.72 kNm

1.37

0.41%

3239 mm2/m

25 mm

150 mm c/c

3272 mm2

0.41 %

280.80 kN

0.36 N/mm2

b = 0.8*f_ck/(6.89*p_t)

=

7.01

tau_c=(0.85*((0.8*fck)^0.5)*(((1+5b)^0.5)-1)/(6*b) =

0.452 N/mm2

OK

8. DESIGN OF BOTTOM CIRCULAR BEAM, B3

Provide beam size as:

depth =

width =

Load on beam

Self Weight of beam

Total Load on beam

No. of columns supporting the beam

Mean diameter of ring beam

Mean radius of curved beam, R

2

cot

C1

C2

C3

m

w*R2*2

Max. (-ve ) B.M at support = Mo = C1*w*R2*2

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

1000.00 mm

700.00 mm

509.91 kN/m

17.5

527.41

8

10.00

5.00

45

23

2.41

0.066

0.030

0.005

9.50

10356

683.48

kN/m

kN/m

m

m

0.79 rad

0.39 rad

0.17 rad

kNm

kNm

310.67 kNm

For M-25 concrete

st =

51.78 kNm

cbc

m = 280/3*cbc

kc=m*cbc/(m*cbc)+st

jc=1-k/3

Rc=(1/2)*cbc*j*k

=

=

=

=

=

2

150 N/mm

2

8.50 N/mm

10.98

0.38

0.87

1.42

dreqd =

b =

Dprovide =

effective depth, d =

829

700

1000

960

mm

mm

mm

mm

SF @ any point, F

At = m, F

BM @ max. torsional moment at ( = m), M

=

1036 kN

= w*R*(-m)

=

598 kN

= w*R*(*sin+*cot*cos-1)

=

-1.70 kNm

(hogging)

Torsional moment @ any point, (M)t = w*R[*cos-*cot

*sin-(-)]

at support, =

0.00

t

Mo =

0.00

at mid span, = =

23

Mot =

0.00

Combinations of BM & Torsional Moment :

(i) @ supports, Mo (hogging -ve)

683

Mot

0

(iii) @ point of max. torsion, M (hogging -ve)

Main and Longitudinal Reinforcement

(a) section at point of maxm torsion

T = (Mmax)t

M = M

Me1

where MT = T*(1+D/b)/1.7

Me1

311

-1.695

Mot

Mmt

0

51.78

=

51.78 kNm

=

1.695 kNm

= M + MT

=

73.97 kNm

=

75.66 kNm

2

Ast1 = Me1/(st*j*d) =

602 mm

As MT > M, Me2 = MT-M =

72.27 kNm

2

Ast2 = Me2/(st*j*d) =

575 mm

(a) section at max. hogging B.M @ support, Mo =

683 kNm

2

Ast = Mo/(st*j*d) =

5442 mm

Provide no. of bars =

12

dia. of bar used =

25

2

area of bar used =

491 mm

2

(Ash)Actual =

5888 mm

(c) section at max. sagging B.M. (mid span), Mc =

311 kNm

For +ve B.M, steel will be to the other face, where stress in steel can be taken as:

2

st =

190 N/mm

kc =

0.38

jc =

0.87

Rc =

1.42

2

Ast = Mc/(st*j*d) =

1953 mm

Provide no. of bars

dia. of bar used

area of bar used

(Ash)Actual

Transverse reinforcement:

(a) At point of max. torsional moment, Ffm

Ve = V + 1.6 T/b

where T =

Mmt

=

=

=

=

8

25

2

491 mm

2

3925 mm

598 kN

=

Ve =

52 kNm

598 kN

tve = Ve/bd =

0.89 N/mm2

100 As/bd =

0.81 %

From Table 61 of SP 16,

2

tc =

0.610 N/mm

As tve > tc, shear reinforcement is needed.

Asv = T*sv/(b1*d1*sv) + V*sv/(2.5*d1*sv)

b1 =

620 mm

d1 =

920 mm

Asv/sv =

2.339

Minimum. transverse reinforcement

Asv/sv = ((tve-tc)/ssv)b =

1.309

Using T12, 4-legged stirrups,

sv =

346 mm

spacing should not exceed x1 , (x1+y1)/4 and 300.

x1 = short dimension of stirrups =

652 mm

y1 = long dimension of stirrups =

952 mm

(x1+y1)/4 =

401 mm

(b) at the point of max. shear (supports)

At supports, Fo =

1036 kN

2

tv = Fo/bd =

1.54 N/mm

100 As/bd =

0.88

From Table 61 of SP 16,

tc =

0.620

As tve > tc, shear reinforcement is needed.

Vc =

416.64

Vs = Fo - Vc =

619

sv = svAsvd/Vs =

105

Provide T12, 4-legged stirrups @ 100mm c/c

(c) at mid span

shear force =

0

For Min Asv,

sv = (0.4b/fy)Asv =

844

Provide T12, 4-legged stirrups @ 200mm c/c

side face reinforcement:

Al (@0.1%) =

672

provide 4-T16 on each face.

%

N/mm2

kN

kN

mm

mm

mm2

unit wt. of water, w =

Uplift Pressure =

Area of base provided =

Total Uplift Force =

10.00 kN/cum

20 kN/sqm

323.02 sqm

6460.35 kN

Wt. of base = 4441.49 kN

Total Support Reactions = 16019.32 kN

Wt. of ring beam =

549.78 kN

21010.59 kN

> 6460.35kN, HENCE OK

REACTIONS AT COLUMN SUPPORTS FOR DEAD + LIVE LOAD COMBINATION

Node

Forces (kN)

Moments (kNm)

L/C

No.

Fx

Fy

Fz

Mx

My

Mz

50

22

1.17

2002.40

0.00

0.00

0.00

-0.91

51

22

-1.17

2002.42

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.91

52

22

0.00

2002.41

-1.17 -0.91

0.00

0.00

53

22

0.00

2002.41

1.17

0.91

0.00

0.00

54

22

0.83

2002.42

-0.83 -0.64

0.00

-0.64

55

22

0.83

2002.41

0.83

0.64

0.00

-0.64

56

22

-0.83

2002.43

-0.83 -0.64

0.00

0.64

57

22

-0.83

2002.42

0.83

0.64

0.00

0.64

CALCULATION OF STATIC BASE SHEAR:

Total wt. of structure, W

Zone Factor, Z

Z/2

Importance Factor, I

Response Reduction Factor, R

=

=

=

=

=

16019

0.16

0.08

1.5

5

kN

Co-efficient, Ah = (Z/2)*(I/R)*(Sa/g)

=

0.035

Design Base Shear, Vb' = Ah*W

=

566.69

Base Shear X-Dir,Vbx =

Base Shear Z-Dir,Vbz =

261.55

261.55

Scale Factor, Vb'/Vbz =

2.17

2.17

0.75

T = 0.075*h

Ht. of structure, h =

28.40 m

T =

0.923 sec

For medium soil site &

0.55 =< T =<4

Sa/g = 1.36/T

= 1.474

kN

kN

kN

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