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SUPPORT REACTIONS:

JOINTLOAD FORCE-XFORCE-YFORCE-ZMOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z


2
19
-1.1 1348.9
0
0
0
0.65
20
14.73
1550
3.9
4.89
0.01 35.42
21 -16.93 1147.7
-3.91 -4.89 -0.01 -34.13
22
14.73
1550
3.9
4.89
0.01 35.42
23 -16.93 1147.7
-3.91 -4.89 -0.01 -34.13
24
14.68
808.8
3.91
4.89
0.01 35.47
25 -16.97
406.5
-3.91 -4.89 -0.01 -34.08
26
14.68
808.8
3.91
4.89
0.01 35.47
27
14.68
808.8
3.91
4.89
0.01 35.47
3
19
-0.86 1348.9
0.68
0.59
0.01
0.55
20
28.07 1491.1
15.39 12.26
0.03 43.48
21 -29.79 1206.6 -14.03 -11.09 -0.02 -42.38
22
28.07 1491.1
15.39 12.26
0.03 43.48
23 -29.79 1206.6 -14.03 -11.09 -0.02 -42.38
24
28.09 749.93
15.48 12.22
0.03 43.46
25 -29.77 465.38 -13.94 -11.12 -0.02 -42.4
26
28.09 749.93
15.48 12.22
0.03 43.46
27
28.09 749.93
15.48 12.22
0.03 43.46
4
19
-0.01 1348.9
1.18
0.74
0
0.01
20
39.93 1368.5
2.73
4.14
0.02
50
21 -39.95 1329.3
-0.37 -2.66 -0.03 -49.98
22
39.93 1368.5
2.73
4.14
0.02
50
23 -39.95 1329.3
-0.37 -2.66 -0.03 -49.98
24
39.94 627.27
2.73
4.14
0.02
50
25 -39.95 588.05
-0.37 -2.67 -0.02 -49.99
26
39.94 627.27
2.73
4.14
0.02
50
27
39.94 627.27
2.73
4.14
0.02
50
5
19
0.82 1348.9
0.84
0.52
0 -0.51
20
28.72 1504.3
12.9
8.16
0.01 41.89
21 -27.08 1193.4 -11.23 -7.12 -0.01 -42.9
22
28.72 1504.3
12.9
8.16
0.01 41.89
23 -27.08 1193.4 -11.23 -7.12 -0.01 -42.9
24
28.73 763.11
12.9
8.16
0.01 41.88
25 -27.07
452.2 -11.23 -7.12 -0.01 -42.91
26
28.73 763.11
12.9
8.16
0.01 41.88
27
28.73 763.11
12.9
8.16
0.01 41.88
6
19
1.17 1348.9
0
0
0 -0.73
20
17.01
1550
3.91
4.89
0.01 34.06
21 -14.66 1147.7
-3.9 -4.88 -0.01 -35.51
22
17.01
1550
3.91
4.89
0.01 34.06
23 -14.66 1147.7
-3.9 -4.88 -0.01 -35.51
24
17.02
808.8
3.91
4.89
0.01 34.06
25 -14.66 406.51
-3.9 -4.89 -0.01 -35.52
26
17.02
808.8
3.91
4.89
0.01 34.06
27
17.02
808.8
3.91
4.89
0.01 34.06
7
19
0.83 1348.9
-0.83 -0.52
0 -0.51
20
29.76 1491.1
13.86 11.16
0.02 42.41
21
-28.1 1206.6 -15.53 -12.2 -0.02 -43.44
22
29.76 1491.1
13.86 11.16
0.02 42.41
23
-28.1 1206.6 -15.53 -12.2 -0.02 -43.44
24
29.76 749.94
13.86 11.16
0.02 42.41
25
-28.1 465.37 -15.53 -12.2 -0.02 -43.44
26
29.76 749.94
13.86 11.16
0.02 42.41
27
29.76 749.94
13.86 11.16
0.02 42.41

19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

0
39.94
-39.95
39.94
-39.95
39.94
-39.95
39.94
39.94
-0.85
27.05
-28.75
27.05
-28.75
27.06
-28.74
27.06
27.06

1348.9
1368.5
1329.3
1368.5
1329.3
627.28
588.05
627.28
627.28
1348.9
1504.3
1193.4
1504.3
1193.4
763.11
452.21
763.11
763.11

-1.18
0.37
-2.73
0.37
-2.73
0.37
-2.73
0.37
0.37
-0.69
11.4
-12.77
11.4
-12.77
11.32
-12.85
11.32
11.32

-0.74
2.67
-4.14
2.67
-4.14
2.67
-4.14
2.67
2.67
-0.59
7.04
-8.22
7.04
-8.22
7.08
-8.18
7.08
7.08

0
0.03
-0.02
0.03
-0.02
0.02
-0.02
0.02
0.02
-0.01
0.01
-0.02
0.01
-0.02
0.02
-0.02
0.02
0.02

0
49.99
-49.99
49.99
-49.99
49.99
-49.99
49.99
49.99
0.54
42.94
-41.85
42.94
-41.85
42.93
-41.87
42.93
42.93

OVERHEAD SERVICE RESERVOIR AT BHARATPUR, RAJASTHAN - 850KL CAPACITY .


DESIGN OF ANNULAR RAFT
fck
fy
b
Dia of raft (Between Columns)
Radius of raft (Betwen cloumns), a
Dia. of columns, dcol
Depth of Water Table
Depth of Foundation
Total axial load
Add for self weight @ 10%
Total axial load
Safe bearing capacity (at 3m below NGL)
Area of foundation required
Circumference of column circle
Width of foundation
Hence, inner dia
outer dia
Area of annular raft

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

N/mm2
N/mm2
mm
m
m
mm
m
m

= 16019.32 kN
= 1601.93
= 17621.25 kN
=
60.00 kN/m2
=
323.06 m2
=
31.42 m
=
10.28 m
=
0.00 m
=
20.28 m
=
323.02 m2

Soil pressure below raft =


Provide Ring Beam of width
Foundation will be designed for average pressure, P
Uplift Forces due to hydrostatic pressure
Total Pressure
The overhang "x" of raft slab

25
415
1000
10.00
5.00
600.00
1.50
3.00

=
=
=
=
=

Bending Moment =
Shear Force =
Depth required from BM, d =
Provide, D =
deff. =
Area of steel, Ast =
dia. of bar =
spacing =

Area provided =
percent provided =

54.55 kN/m2
700.00
54.55
10.00
64.55
4.72

< 60 - OK

mm
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
m

719.06 kNm
304.69 kN
711.60 mm
850.00 mm
790.00 mm
2672.30 mm2
20 mm
110 mm c/c

2855.99 mm2
0.34 %

CHECK FOR SHEAR


Shear Force =
304.69 kN
Shear Stress, tau_v =
0.39 N/mm2
b = 0.8*f_ck/(6.89*p_t)
=
8.64
tau_c=(0.85*((0.8*fck)^0.5)*(((1+5b)^0.5)-1)/(6*b) =
0.414 N/mm2
SAFE
Area of distribution steel @0.15% =
dia. of bar =

1185.00 mm2
16 mm

spacing =

Area provided =

150 mm c/c

1340.41 mm2

CANTILEVER PORTION:
Cantilever length =
for cantilever length provide overall depth, D =
effective depth, d =
Moment at cantilever
Mu/bd^2
p_t required
Ast required

=
=
=
=

dia. of bar =
spacing =

Area provided =
percentage of reinforcement provided, p_t =
Shear Force =
Shear Stress, tau_v =

5.14 m
850 mm
790 mm
852.72 kNm
1.37
0.41%
3239 mm2/m
25 mm
150 mm c/c

3272 mm2
0.41 %
280.80 kN
0.36 N/mm2

b = 0.8*f_ck/(6.89*p_t)
=
7.01
tau_c=(0.85*((0.8*fck)^0.5)*(((1+5b)^0.5)-1)/(6*b) =
0.452 N/mm2
OK
8. DESIGN OF BOTTOM CIRCULAR BEAM, B3
Provide beam size as:
depth =
width =
Load on beam
Self Weight of beam
Total Load on beam
No. of columns supporting the beam
Mean diameter of ring beam
Mean radius of curved beam, R
2

cot
C1
C2
C3
m
w*R2*2
Max. (-ve ) B.M at support = Mo = C1*w*R2*2

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1000.00 mm
700.00 mm
509.91 kN/m
17.5
527.41
8
10.00
5.00
45
23
2.41
0.066
0.030
0.005
9.50
10356
683.48

kN/m
kN/m
m
m
0.79 rad
0.39 rad

0.17 rad
kNm
kNm

Max. (+ve ) B.M at support = Mc = C2*w*R2*2 =

310.67 kNm

Max. torsional moment = Mm = C3*w*R2*2 =


For M-25 concrete
st =

51.78 kNm

cbc
m = 280/3*cbc
kc=m*cbc/(m*cbc)+st
jc=1-k/3
Rc=(1/2)*cbc*j*k

=
=
=
=
=

2
150 N/mm
2
8.50 N/mm

10.98
0.38
0.87
1.42

dreqd =
b =
Dprovide =
effective depth, d =

829
700
1000
960

mm
mm
mm
mm

Max SF @ supports, F = w*R*


SF @ any point, F
At = m, F
BM @ max. torsional moment at ( = m), M

=
1036 kN
= w*R*(-m)
=
598 kN
= w*R*(*sin+*cot*cos-1)
=
-1.70 kNm
(hogging)
Torsional moment @ any point, (M)t = w*R[*cos-*cot
*sin-(-)]
at support, =
0.00
t
Mo =
0.00
at mid span, = =
23
Mot =
0.00
Combinations of BM & Torsional Moment :
(i) @ supports, Mo (hogging -ve)
683
Mot
0

(ii) @ mid span, Mc (sagging +ve)


(iii) @ point of max. torsion, M (hogging -ve)
Main and Longitudinal Reinforcement
(a) section at point of maxm torsion
T = (Mmax)t
M = M
Me1
where MT = T*(1+D/b)/1.7
Me1

311
-1.695

Mot
Mmt

0
51.78

=
51.78 kNm
=
1.695 kNm
= M + MT
=
73.97 kNm
=
75.66 kNm
2
Ast1 = Me1/(st*j*d) =
602 mm
As MT > M, Me2 = MT-M =
72.27 kNm
2
Ast2 = Me2/(st*j*d) =
575 mm
(a) section at max. hogging B.M @ support, Mo =
683 kNm
2
Ast = Mo/(st*j*d) =
5442 mm
Provide no. of bars =
12
dia. of bar used =
25
2
area of bar used =
491 mm
2
(Ash)Actual =
5888 mm
(c) section at max. sagging B.M. (mid span), Mc =
311 kNm
For +ve B.M, steel will be to the other face, where stress in steel can be taken as:
2
st =
190 N/mm
kc =
0.38
jc =
0.87
Rc =
1.42
2
Ast = Mc/(st*j*d) =
1953 mm
Provide no. of bars
dia. of bar used
area of bar used
(Ash)Actual
Transverse reinforcement:
(a) At point of max. torsional moment, Ffm
Ve = V + 1.6 T/b

where T =

Mmt

=
=
=
=

8
25
2
491 mm
2
3925 mm

598 kN

=
Ve =

52 kNm
598 kN

tve = Ve/bd =
0.89 N/mm2
100 As/bd =
0.81 %
From Table 61 of SP 16,
2
tc =
0.610 N/mm
As tve > tc, shear reinforcement is needed.
Asv = T*sv/(b1*d1*sv) + V*sv/(2.5*d1*sv)
b1 =
620 mm
d1 =
920 mm
Asv/sv =
2.339
Minimum. transverse reinforcement
Asv/sv = ((tve-tc)/ssv)b =
1.309
Using T12, 4-legged stirrups,
sv =
346 mm
spacing should not exceed x1 , (x1+y1)/4 and 300.
x1 = short dimension of stirrups =
652 mm
y1 = long dimension of stirrups =
952 mm
(x1+y1)/4 =
401 mm
(b) at the point of max. shear (supports)
At supports, Fo =
1036 kN
2
tv = Fo/bd =
1.54 N/mm
100 As/bd =
0.88
From Table 61 of SP 16,
tc =
0.620
As tve > tc, shear reinforcement is needed.
Vc =
416.64
Vs = Fo - Vc =
619
sv = svAsvd/Vs =
105
Provide T12, 4-legged stirrups @ 100mm c/c
(c) at mid span
shear force =
0
For Min Asv,
sv = (0.4b/fy)Asv =
844
Provide T12, 4-legged stirrups @ 200mm c/c
side face reinforcement:
Al (@0.1%) =
672
provide 4-T16 on each face.

%
N/mm2
kN
kN
mm

mm

mm2

CHECK FOR UPLIFT:


unit wt. of water, w =

Considering submerged soil of 2mtr depth


Uplift Pressure =
Area of base provided =
Total Uplift Force =

10.00 kN/cum

20 kN/sqm
323.02 sqm

6460.35 kN

On empty tank condition:


Wt. of base = 4441.49 kN
Total Support Reactions = 16019.32 kN
Wt. of ring beam =
549.78 kN
21010.59 kN
> 6460.35kN, HENCE OK

OVERHEAD SERVICE RESERVOIR AT BHARATPUR, RAJASTHAN - 850KL CAPACITY .


REACTIONS AT COLUMN SUPPORTS FOR DEAD + LIVE LOAD COMBINATION
Node
Forces (kN)
Moments (kNm)
L/C
No.
Fx
Fy
Fz
Mx
My
Mz
50
22
1.17
2002.40
0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.91
51
22
-1.17
2002.42
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.91
52
22
0.00
2002.41
-1.17 -0.91
0.00
0.00
53
22
0.00
2002.41
1.17
0.91
0.00
0.00
54
22
0.83
2002.42
-0.83 -0.64
0.00
-0.64
55
22
0.83
2002.41
0.83
0.64
0.00
-0.64
56
22
-0.83
2002.43
-0.83 -0.64
0.00
0.64
57
22
-0.83
2002.42
0.83
0.64
0.00
0.64
CALCULATION OF STATIC BASE SHEAR:
Total wt. of structure, W
Zone Factor, Z
Z/2
Importance Factor, I
Response Reduction Factor, R

=
=
=
=
=

16019
0.16
0.08
1.5
5

kN

Design Horizontal Seismic


Co-efficient, Ah = (Z/2)*(I/R)*(Sa/g)
=
0.035
Design Base Shear, Vb' = Ah*W
=
566.69
Base Shear X-Dir,Vbx =
Base Shear Z-Dir,Vbz =

261.55
261.55

Scale Factor, Vb'/Vbx =


Scale Factor, Vb'/Vbz =

2.17
2.17

0.75

T = 0.075*h
Ht. of structure, h =
28.40 m
T =
0.923 sec
For medium soil site &
0.55 =< T =<4
Sa/g = 1.36/T
= 1.474

kN
kN
kN

From STAAD taking a scale factor


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