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Learning Four Pillars of

destiny

Ancient Chinese teaching For Advanced

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By Janet Shin 2 www.fourpillarskorea.com copyrights © all rights reserved by Janet Shin

By Janet Shin

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Four pillars Contents

Advanced

  • 1. How to read saju and its structure 4-31

  • 2. Harmony

32-37

  • 3. Hidden letters

38-42

  • 4. Root/Seed/Flower/Fruit

43-44

  • 5. Branches

45-49

  • 6. 12 Stages of Life

50-61

  • 7. Gods and Devils

62-64

  • 8. Ten celestial stems and their relationships

-Upper version

65-74

9. Void

75-76

  • 10. Saju and health

77-83

  • 11. Summary

84-86

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Chapter 1 How to understand Saju structure

To comprehend saju structure is an important step to foresee ones sociality, environment, field of action, wealth and honor or success and failure. The major philosophy of saju, which came from orient is different from western philosophy. When ancient people studied the universe and the situation of human being, they tried to look everything under the concept of relationship.

Chapter 1 How to understand Saju structure To comprehend saju structure is an important step to

First of all, we figure out that the day stem denotes the owner of the saju. The month branch, which means season of the year when a person was born, rules whole environment of ones life. According to ancient books, these two major letters are written as a vassal and a king, respectively. The month branch is called a king and the day stem is called a vassal. Western readers often question that why the day stem is not a king as we defined it as a day master. There is no doubt that the day master is still a leading character in saju (destiny). They called the month branch Kingnot because it is a leading character but because it rules ones fate, while the day master is required to adapt itself to the environmental change (month branch). And they tried to infer whether the day master is well compatible with the month branch.

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Also, when they read the other elements in saju, energy balance and their relationship were more valued instead of just counting the number of each element. The energy and the way it reacts and flows within a person are what saju tells.

Now you also need to understand the concepts of substanceand applicable agentin saju. First of all, the four pillars (8 letters) are Substanceof ones life. Among them the day master is a main substance, and the month branch is an applicable agent. Different from the day master and the month branch, if we compare stems and branches, in general, stems are more like applicable agents, while branches are substances.

Also, when they read the other elements in saju, energy balance and their relationship were more

It is not easy to grasp the exact meaning between Substance and Applicable

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agent, as they change their roles subject to situations. Accordingly it is confusing to clarify how they make differences. Substance is a mold of saju, so we call four pillars a substance. Among the 8 letters in saju, the day master is a main substance. In a different angle, substance is more like a fixed energy, while applicable agent is changeable energy. Since we learned that stems are pure and intangible energy from the heaven, we may translate stems applicable agents, while branches are mixed energy derived from heaven but more tangible. The way we read ones fate by saju is to clarify the day master as substance, then comprehend how it works under the environment of the month branch (applicable agent). To see whether the day master is compatible with the month branch.

The 8 letters in saju are substances, which are constructed as more of fixed energies. Then there arise changes by the generation and restriction activities among the 5 elements, when the saju meets applicable agents, such as stem activities, 10 year fortune cycle and coming years fortune. Based on this understanding, we may be able to define what favorable elements are and what unfavorable elements are.

There are 8 general classification of saju structure.

  • 1. Structure formed by Expression star in different yin-yang (Defiant god, which is called Sang gwan)

  • 2. Structure formed by Expression star in same yin-yang (Playing god, which is called Sik sin)

agent, as they change their roles subject to situations. Accordingly it is confusing to clarify how
  • 3. Structure formed by Money star in different yin-yang (Proper money god, which is called Jeong jae)

  • 4. Structure formed by Money star in same yin-yang (Expediential money god, which is called Pyeon jae)

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5. Structure formed by Career star in different yin-yang (Proper career god, which is called Jeong
  • 5. Structure formed by Career star in different yin-yang (Proper career god, which is called Jeong gwan)

  • 6. Structure formed by Career star in same yin-yang (Expediential career god, which is called Pyeon gwan)

5. Structure formed by Career star in different yin-yang (Proper career god, which is called Jeong
  • 7. Structure formed by Knowledge star in different yin-yang (Proper knowledge god, which is called Jeong in)

  • 8. Structure formed by Knowledge star in same yin-yang (Expediential knowledge god, which is called Pyeon in)

5. Structure formed by Career star in different yin-yang (Proper career god, which is called Jeong

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We dont include the structure formed by Friend stars.

Then how do we determine the structure? First of all, month branch is

a

major energy flow of ones fate, so we need to figure out the month branch first.

  • 1. Review the inclusion of the month branch. Among them, if any one element penetrates through a stem, it determines the structure of saju.

  • 2. If more than one element penetrate through stems, regular energy is the strongest. And it determines the structure of saju.

  • 3. If any friend stars penetrate through stems, do not count them as structure of Friend star.

  • 4. If no inclusion from month branch penetrates through stem, just consider the regular energy. It determines the structure.

  • 5. The structures need to be generated from healthy elements, so damaged elements cannot make a structure.

  • 6. In case month branch is clashed, its better to consider the other branches. The strength of branches are, month>time>day>year

When you figure the structure, below aspects need to be reviewed.

  • 1. The structures and favorable elements need to be strong and healthy as possible. This will enable the day master to achieve certain success in life path.

  • 2. The favorable elements need to be supported. If they are too strong, it requires other elements to restrain. The other elements to drain the energy of the strong element are needed.

  • 3. The unfavorable elements need to be restricted

Below summarized the meanings of the structure,

  • 1. The structure is ones environment and field of activity.

  • 2. The useful and applicable agents mean ones capability and competence.

  • 3. The favorable element is something that supports useful agent.

  • 4. The unfavorable element is something that bothers the process and creates troublesome gossips.

  • 5. If the structure is a body, the applicable useful agent is a mind. If the structure is a car, the applicable useful agent is a driver who drives the car. If the structure is a container, the applicable agent is its purpose

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and where it is used.

  • 6. If the structure is not strong and clear, ones occupation, career and social status in life path are not favorable.

  • 7. It is more welcomed when the favorable determining element for structure is positioned in month or year stem. When it is not connected with stem, the structure is not so prestigious.

  • 8. It is better to follow the strong structure or strong useful applicable agent as possible.

and where it is used. 6. If the structure is not strong and clear, one ‟

Four lucky star structures need either supports or drainage Sik-sin (expression star in same yin/yang) Money stars (both same and different yin/yang) Jeong-gwan (career star in different yin/yang) Jeong-in (knowledge star in different yin/yang)

Four unlucky star structures need restraints Sang-gwang (expression star in different yin/yang) Pyeon-gwan (career star in same in/yang)

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Pyeon-in (knowledge star in same yin/yang) Friend stars

Features of each structure 1. The Structure formed by Expression star in different yin-yang (Sang gwan structure)

When an expression star in month branch is different yin-yang from a day master, or any one element from inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is expression star of different yin-yang. The different yin-yang of expression star(sang gwan) hurts career star, so it is better not to have career star (proper career god-Jeong gwan) in the saju of this structure.

Successful scenario 1) When knowledge star is able to control Sang gwan.

Pyeon-in (knowledge star in same yin/yang) Friend stars Features of each structure 1. The Structure formed

2) When a day master is strong and proper money star drains the energy from Sang gwan.

Pyeon-in (knowledge star in same yin/yang) Friend stars Features of each structure 1. The Structure formed

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3) When there is a strong career star-Pyeon gwan, which is restrained by Sang gwan.

3) When there is a strong career star-Pyeon gwan, which is restrained by Sang gwan. 4)

4) When a day master is weak and also being drained by expression star, it is required to have a knowledge star accompanied by career star. The knowledge star will ultimately support the weak day master.

3) When there is a strong career star-Pyeon gwan, which is restrained by Sang gwan. 4)

Unsuccessful scenario 1) There are clashes among expression stars

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2) When there is proper career star but it is restrained by Sang gwan – defiant

2) When there is proper career star but it is restrained by Sang gwan defiant god

3) Expression star is well restrained by Knowledge
3) Expression
star
is
well
restrained
by
Knowledge

star,

but

the

knowledge star gets damaged by money star.

2) When there is proper career star but it is restrained by Sang gwan – defiant

4) Weak day master has expression star and it flows to money star. But the power of expression and money stars are too strong.

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5) Sang gwan is restraining the Pyeon gwan (Expediential career god) but knowledge star is also

5) Sang gwan is restraining the Pyeon gwan (Expediential career god) but knowledge star is also restraining the Sang gwan.

5) Sang gwan is restraining the Pyeon gwan (Expediential career god) but knowledge star is also

6) The Sang gwan structure is damaged by strong knowledge stars.

5) Sang gwan is restraining the Pyeon gwan (Expediential career god) but knowledge star is also

7) Weak day master has expression star and flows to money star, but

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there also is a Pyeon gwan (Expediential career god).

there also is a Pyeon gwan (Expediential career god). 2. The Structure formed by Expression star

2. The Structure formed by Expression star in same yin-yang (Sik sin structure)

When a month branch is an expression star (same yin-yang as day master), or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is an expression star. Expression star is related with eating, playing and talent. It requires a money star to circulate the energy through.

Successful scenario

1) When

a

strong

day

master

accompanied by money star.

has expression star

in

there also is a Pyeon gwan (Expediential career god). 2. The Structure formed by Expression star

its

structure

2) When a day master has strong career star, and it is restrained by an expression star.

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3) When an expression star is too strong, it requires a knowledge star to balance the

3) When an expression star is too strong, it requires a knowledge star to balance the power.

3) When an expression star is too strong, it requires a knowledge star to balance the

Unsuccessful scenario 1) When expression stars are clashed or penalized

3) When an expression star is too strong, it requires a knowledge star to balance the

2) When career stars are too strong but an expression star is too weak to restrain the career star

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3) When a useful expression star is damaged by knowledge stars 4) When an expression star

3) When a useful expression star is damaged by knowledge stars

3) When a useful expression star is damaged by knowledge stars 4) When an expression star

4) When an expression star is paired with others

3) When a useful expression star is damaged by knowledge stars 4) When an expression star

5) When a day master is not strong

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3. The Structure formed by Money star in different yin-yang (Jeong jae structure)

When a money star in month branch is different yin-yang from day master or

any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is money star of different yin-yang. The Jeong jae structure requires strong day master. But there shouldnt be too many different friend stars in saju.

Successful scenario 1) A Strong day master accompanied by strong money star, which in turn generates career stars.

3. The Structure formed by Money star in different yin-yang (Jeong jae structure) When a money

2) A

Strong day master accompanied

supported by expression stars.

3. The Structure formed by Money star in different yin-yang (Jeong jae structure) When a money

by weak money

star, which

is

3) A Strong day master accompanied by a weak money star. There is no

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expression star then the career star is able to control the strong day master.

expression star then the career star is able to control the strong day master. 4) A

4) A Weak day master accompanied by strong money star, but the weak day master is supported by a knowledge star. (The money and knowledge stars need to be positioned separately).

expression star then the career star is able to control the strong day master. 4) A

Unsuccessful scenario 1) When money stars are damaged

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2) When there are many friend stars for a weak money star 3) When a weak

2) When there are many friend stars for a weak money star

2) When there are many friend stars for a weak money star 3) When a weak

3) When a weak day master has strong money stars and also restrained by a career star

2) When there are many friend stars for a weak money star 3) When a weak

4) When

a money

damaged

star generates career star, but

the

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career

star

is

5) When a weak day master has strong expression and money stars 4. The Structure structure)

5) When a weak day master has strong expression and money stars

5) When a weak day master has strong expression and money stars 4. The Structure structure)

4. The Structure structure)

formed by Money star

in same yin-yang (Pyeon jae

It has similar properties and explanations to Jeong jae.

5. The Structure formed by Career star in different yin-yang (Jeong gwan structure)

When a career star in month branch is different yin-yang from a day master or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is a career star of different yin-yang. The Jeong gwan structure requires supports from money stars or drains to knowledge stars, rather than restriction by Sang gwan. A Day master is required to be strong in order to be well controlled by Jeong gwan. It needs to avoid from sang gwan. Healthy Jeong gwan structure makes a noble and high-ranking official.

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Successful scenario 1) A Strong day master has a career star generated by money star

Successful scenario 1) A Strong day master has a career star generated by money star 2)

2) A day master is weak and accompanied by strong career stars, and it circulates through knowledge stars to support the day master.

3) This knowledge restrict it. star should be
3) This knowledge
restrict it.
star should
be

placed where no money

star can

Successful scenario 1) A Strong day master has a career star generated by money star 2)

4) When Sang gwan is to damage the career star, the knowledge should

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be able to control Sang gwan

be able to control Sang gwan Unsuccessful scenario 1) Career stars are damaged or penalized 2)

Unsuccessful scenario 1) Career stars are damaged or penalized

be able to control Sang gwan Unsuccessful scenario 1) Career stars are damaged or penalized 2)

2) A career star is restrained by Sang gwan

be able to control Sang gwan Unsuccessful scenario 1) Career stars are damaged or penalized 2)

3) Both Jeong gwan and Pyeon gwan are mixed

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4) A Weak day master accompanied by strong career stars 5) There is a weak career

4) A Weak day master accompanied by strong career stars

4) A Weak day master accompanied by strong career stars 5) There is a weak career

5) There is a weak career star and no other supportive energy

4) A Weak day master accompanied by strong career stars 5) There is a weak career

6) Too many knowledge stars are draining a career star

4) A Weak day master accompanied by strong career stars 5) There is a weak career

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6. The Structure formed by Career star in same yin-yang (Pyeon gwan structure)

When a career star in month branch is same yin-yang as a day master or any

one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is career star of same yin-yang. The Pyeon gwan structure requires strong day master and it needs to be well controlled by expression stars. Sometimes Pyeon gwan structure shows stronger leadership and initiatives.

Successful scenario 1) A Strong day master accompanied by strong Pyeon gwan

6. The Structure formed by Career star in same yin-yang (Pyeon gwan structure) When a career

2) A strong Pyeon gwan is controlled by expression stars

6. The Structure formed by Career star in same yin-yang (Pyeon gwan structure) When a career

Unsuccessful scenario 1) A Weak day master

6. The Structure formed by Career star in same yin-yang (Pyeon gwan structure) When a career

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2) When strong Pyeon gwans do them.

not

have expression stars to control

3) When a knowledge star hurts an
3) When
a knowledge star hurts
an

strong Pyeon gwan.

expression star that is

to control

2) When strong Pyeon gwans do them. not have expression stars to control 3) When a

4) When there are strong money stars or strong knowledge stars.

2) When strong Pyeon gwans do them. not have expression stars to control 3) When a

5) When there are strong expression stars

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6) When career stars are clashed or penalized. 7. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in

6) When career stars are clashed or penalized.

6) When career stars are clashed or penalized. 7. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in

7. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in different yin-yang (Jeong-in structure)

When a knowledge star in month branch is different yin-yang from day master or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is a knowledge star of different yin-yang. The Jeong-in structure should not be damaged by money stars. A Weak day master can be supported by knowledge stars and if there is a career star, it will raise status of the day master higher.

Successful scenario 1) It is ok with a weak day master even with career stars

6) When career stars are clashed or penalized. 7. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in

2) When a day master is strong, it requires expression stars to drain the

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energy

energy 3) If a knowledge structure is too strong, it needs to be restrained by money

3) If a knowledge structure is too strong, it needs to be restrained by money stars

energy 3) If a knowledge structure is too strong, it needs to be restrained by money

Unsuccessful scenario 1) When a knowledge structure is damaged by money stars

energy 3) If a knowledge structure is too strong, it needs to be restrained by money

2) When a knowledge structure is clashed or penalized.

energy 3) If a knowledge structure is too strong, it needs to be restrained by money

3) When a day master is strong enough,

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which does not require more

supports from knowledge stars

supports from knowledge stars 8. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in same yin-yang (Pyeon in

8. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in same yin-yang (Pyeon in structure)

When a knowledge star in month branch is same yin-yang as a day master or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is knowledge star of same yin-yang. The strong Pyeon-in structure needs to be restrained by money stars. Even it is ok when the Pyeon-in are clashed or penalized. But still the Pyeon-in is helpful for a weak day master.

Successful scenario 1) When a strong Pyeon-in is restrained by money stars

supports from knowledge stars 8. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in same yin-yang (Pyeon in

2) When

a strong day master is accompanied

by strong Pyeon-in, it

requires expression stars to drain some energy.

supports from knowledge stars 8. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in same yin-yang (Pyeon in

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3) When a strong day master is accompanied by weak Pyeon-in, and it is supported by career star.

3) When a strong day master is accompanied by weak Pyeon-in, and it is supported by

Unsuccessful scenario 1) When a weak Pyeon-in is restrained by money star

3) When a strong day master is accompanied by weak Pyeon-in, and it is supported by

2) When a strong Pyeon-in supports strong day master

3) When a strong day master is accompanied by weak Pyeon-in, and it is supported by

3) When there is no other element to control the strong Pyeon-in.

How we define the class of fate

  • 1. Favorable elements are strong and unfavorable elements are weak It makes both rich and noble fate

  • 2. Unfavorable elements are strong but there is a useful applicable agent to control them One might have some challenges but is able to overcome difficulty.

  • 3. Favorable and unfavorable elements are mixed

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Ordinary peoples life

  • 4. Useful applicable agents are weak and unfavorable elements are strong One may run through lots of diversities in life and cannot overcome difficulties

The fate paths between rich and noble lives

When saju has a strong day master and strong money stars supported by expression star, it pursues wealth and it has talents to make money. When saju has a strong day master and strong career stars, it pursues noble lives and achieves high position in its career. Like this, saju structure

determines whether one achieves either rich or noble life. (Between money fortune cycle and career fortune cycle)

The meaning of strong day master

When a day master takes roots

in a

branch, we can say the day master is strong.

The agent that determines wealth A Weak day master may require friend stars to achieve money fortune. A Strong day master requires expression and money stars.

The agent that determines nobility A Weak day master may require knowledge stars to achieve noble fortune. A Strong day master requires money and career stars.

How to read successful or unsuccessful fate for each applicable and useful agents.

  • 1. When a friend star is an applicable useful agent People are firm, vigorous and patient. When a day master gets support from friend stars (ex, partners, friends, siblings) one may achieve fortune.

  • 2. When an expression is an applicable useful agent People are talented, smart, artistic and cultured. When a day master meets expression stars, one may build a stepping stone for success. One becomes intuitive and makes right decisions.

  • 3. When a money star is an applicable useful agent People are creditable and active. They also care others. When a day master meets money star fortune, it makes great wealth.

  • 4. When a career star is an applicable useful agent People want to keep

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their reputation and pursue respectful life. They value fidelity and show leadership. When a day master meets career star fortune, one is promoted to a higher position and its leadership is recognized by others.

  • 5. When a knowledge star is an applicable useful agent People are wise, calm and merciful. They keep trying to accumulate honor. When a day master meets knowledge star fortune, it achieves license, good scores at school and gains fame.

If saju has an applicable useful agent only in stem, it acquires good fortune when it meets the element in coming years branch. It is because the energy needs to connect between stems and branches. If a day master has an applicable useful agent only in the inclusions of branch, it acquires good fortune when it meets the element in coming years stem. This is due to the law of roots and penetrationsbetween stems and branches. If a day master has a healthy applicable useful agent both in stems and taking a root in branches, one may develop better fate constantly. Ordinary people usually have their favorable and unfavorable elements mixed in their saju, so we need to evaluate which is stronger or healthier when we read their life in details.

In case saju has great flow of energy,

  • 1. It needs to follow the strong energy flow.

  • 2. When it meets the strong energy in the coming years fortune, it achieves good fortune.

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Chapter 2

Harmony

Reading saju is to analyze the yinyang and 5 elements in saju. After defining a day master of saju, one may evaluate its relationship with other elements and read the condition of saju structure. It is a process like decoding the signs from heaven and earth from ones birth.

There are 4 heavenly stems and 4 terrestrial branches in ones saju, which are read through the yin and yang and the five elements of universe. Human beings are born imperfect considering the fact that saju has to compose 5 elements. Accordingly there must be both harmonious and disharmonious relation between the day master and other elements. To read this relationship is the core technique in practicing saju. If you are able to evaluate how a day master is related with other elements, harmoniously or disharmoniously, you are already a master to read othersfate. It would be a secondary work to figure out favorable or unfavorable elements, or to find out the applicable useful agent in saju. Also after this being clarified, there is no confusion about structure. It is still very difficult and complicated technique to read and clarify saju structure well, in practicing saju. You may be able to find your own ways to read ones fate, whether it is grasping the structure or comprehending the harmony, or else.

The major principle to comprehend harmonyin saju is to find neutralizing energy. Theoretically, from a day masters viewpoint, if its strong, there required a restricting element. If its weak, there required a supportive (generating) energy. So when the saju has this neutralizing elements, we may call it applicable useful agent.

In summary,

  • 1. Saju requires harmonythe most

  • 2. It requires neutralizing elements to harmonize the energy relationship.

  • 3. We need to review climate of saju to determine the neutralizing elements. For example, for a day master born in cold month branches, it needs to add warmth. On the other hand, for a day master born in hot

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month branches, it needs to add coldness.

Then, why Harmony? In orient, humans are considered a part of nature, so we read their fate by ones birth year, month, day and time. And it is of course required to have harmonized relationship and energy flow with heaven and earth. Other than the day master or day stem, the rest elements in the saju could constitute ones social and human relationship networks under the name of 5 stars or cycles. They are friend, expression, money, career and knowledge stars according to the 5 elements circulation.

Some people may have their saju with all five elements balanced, while others not. The fact that saju has only four pillars means human beings are not perfect as saju cant satisfy all five elements. A billionaire may not be happy with his love life or sometimes he is not healthy enough to enjoy his wealth. Most ordinary people pursue rich life but not all of them achieve what they want in their lifetime. An intelligent scholar usually falls in frustration for the lack of social recognition. People seem to thirst for what they dont have, instead of being satisfied with what they have.

The

4

stems and

4 branches

in

saju

are

not fossilized. Some letters are

enforced while others are weakened

as

time

goes

by. Some

letters are

revived when they meet certain energy in coming years while others are damaged.

The logic in reading our fate by saju cannot be testified through certain experiments. Yet still exists.

Wood is not just called wood. On the contrary, we have to understand that wood is generated by water, then it generates fire. Also it restricts earth and is restricted by metal, as seen by the five elements diagram. They should be understood by the relationship with others, so when the fire energy is strong, for example, we consider that wood might be exhausted as the wood energy is absorbed by the fire and the earth would become fertile by vital fire energy, and the metal can be damaged as the fire would melt it, and so on. When ancient people studied the universe and the situation of human beings,

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they tried to look everything under the concept of relationship. Now we may be able to see how this understanding was applied to saju. When we read the other elements in saju, energy balance and their relationship are more valued instead of just counting the number of each element. As many of us agree, money is such important factor to determine ones life successful or not in modern society. In reading the saju, if you found lots of money stars in your saju, would you consider that you have big money fortune and your life is happy?

The answer is no. There are only four pillars in a saju while you need to fill them with five elements. So there always is a lacking in our life. Each element has its own luck and influence to your life, for example, a friend star gives you strength, a knowledge star gives you wisdom, an expression star talents, a career star social recognition and power, etc. So having many money stars means you are lacking the other fortune. And it also suggests that in order to make money, your energy is exhausted. The oriental philosophy teaches us to look at the whole picture and understand the mechanism of relationship.

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Then, how to judge ? First, Harmony of the 5 elements 1. If one element sitting

Then, how to judge ?

First, Harmony of the 5 elements

  • 1. If one element sitting on a branch as a regular energy proper power and it has virtue.

  • 2. If an element comes only from inclusion, whether one or more than two, not as a regular energy still weak and it lacks virtue.

  • 3. If an element is sitting on more than two branches as regular energies

    • excessive power (Excessiveness is not better than lacking, as it is

cumbersome and disturb the other stars.

Second, Harmony of yin-yang

Yin and yang, coldness and warmth, brightness and darkness, etc. determine

the atmosphere of saju.

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Deepen your study of Harmony

The harmony of saju means it has all five elements properly constituted in saju. When we define favorable elements and unfavorable elements, the favorable elements need to be strong and unfavorable elements need to be weak. But before that, saju needs to have all five elements as possible. As written above, one regular element may bring proper fortune. If the element exists in more than two branches, it is called excessive and not favorable. If the element exists only in inclusions not as a regular energy, it is weak. You should be able to utilize this principle in practicing saju.

Lets see how we can judge with an actual example.

Time

Day

Month

Year

Male

Gye

Gi

Byeong

Im

 

Yu

Chuk

O

In

 

Metal

Earth

Fire

wood

 

-wood ; proper -fire ; proper -earth ; proper -metal ; proper -water ; insufficient

When it comes to the 5 elements harmony, this saju is well balanced. Wood is a career star and this person has career fortune. Fire is a knowledge star and he has good fortune with his mother, study and respect. Earth is a friend star and he has supportive friends and siblings. Metal is an expression star, and he doesnt have difficulty in determining what to do in his life. Water is a money star, which is weak so he is lacking money fortune or luck of his wife. Since he still has an appropriate expression star, he is making effort to earn money, but the outcome is not as much as he endeavors.

Then, what element will be damaged mostly in this saju ? It is Water, which has least power. There is gye water included in chuk of a day branch. During his age 31-45, he may have some difficulty whenever chuk is clashed or penalized. If he had extra water element in other branch inclusions, the damage could be lessened. Water element represents money, wife, outcome and health. If he had health

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problem for himself during this period, his wife would take good care of him. Actually, his relationship with his wife and his health were good, but he had financial problems. In this saju, the most powerful element is Byeong fire. Byeong fire in the month of o, requires im water to restrain its fire power. It is good that he has im water in year stem, but im water is too weak to influence byeong.

Lets go back to money star (water), which is positioned in the inclusions of Chuk. During his age 31-45, he tries to make money. But it couldnt be enough. How about year of gye-mi ? There was actually a clashing between chuk and mi, so he had financial loss in that year. He may acquire jeong fire from inclusion of mi, but still the loss of money is unavoidable. Other than this period(31-45), he may be able to meet girl friend and make money when chuk is clashed or penalized.

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Chapter 3

Hidden letters

Hidden letters are the hidden energy in saju. Weve learned the meaning of harmony in saju. But when I practiced saju in the field, I saw so many people with their saju of all four branch letters were clashed so it seemed like all 5 elements were damaged. If you are not an expert, you would be flustered in front of this client. Also when you say certain incidents related with clashes, such as divorce, and if the client answers he/she is not divorced, you would not be able to find further advice. The secret to explain this situation is hidden letters. When a certain element is damaged, or not positioned in the branch, even in the inclusion, the hidden letters can compensate some energy. In many cases, people have hidden letters to supplement missing or lacking energy in their saju.

The principle of hidden letters

1. By 6 branch clashes

  • Ja-O

  • Chuk-Mi

  • In-Sin

  • Myo-Yu

  • Jin-Sul

Its principle is based on yin-yang relationship. If a certain energy reaches its ultimate power, it brings the opposite power.

Ex 1) time

day

month

year

gap

in

in

If two inletters are placed next to each other, they pull sin metal

energy, which will be placed between month and day branches.

Ex 2) time

day

month

year

gap

There are two ofires in day and time branches and they bring ja

o

o

water to place between time and day branch.

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Ex 2) time

day

month

year

gap

ja If there already exist ja water in saju, two ofire can not bring ja

o

o

water. So there is no hidden letter in this saju. We may apply this for all 6 branch clashes.

  • 2. By in-between energy The 12 terrestrial branches are flowing from spring-summer-fall- winter and then to spring again. They are not just meaning the season as blocked letters, but circulating. The 10 stems, on the other hand, they are also moving in heaven but their movement is not in order. The 12 branches keep their sequence in exact timing of a year, of a month of a day and time, so there is a regularity in their movement. Owing to this regularity in flow of 12 branches-from ja to hae, if there are any missing letters between two, this letter is brought in.

Ja

Chuk

In

Myo

Jin

 

Sa

O

Mi

Sin

Yu

Sul

Hae

Ex 1) time

day

month

year

 
 

gap

in

ja

There missing a branch letter, chuk between in and ja of month and

year branch.

Ex 2) time

day

month

year

gap

hae

yu

Sul is brought in between the branch hae and yu.

  • 3. By trine combinations

Seasonal trine

Assembly trine

 

In-Myo-Jin

  • Hae-Myo-Mi

    • Wood trine

 
  • In-O-Sul

Sa-O-Mi

  • Fire trine

 

Sin-Yu-Sul

  • Sa-Yu-Chuk

    • Metal trine

 
  • Sin-Ja-Jin

Hae-Ja-Chuk

  • Water trine

 

Among three trine letters, if saju has only two letters, the last one

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letter is brought in.

Ex 1) time

day

month

year

gap

ja

sin

Among sin-ja-jin water trine, jin is missing in this saju and we need to

read this hidden letter between the period of month and year branches.

Ex 2) time

day

month

year

gap

yu

sul

In order to make sin-yu-sul metal (fall) trine, sin is brought in between

the month and year branches.

Ex 1) time

day

month

year

gap

In Sul is brought in to make a fire trine.

o

  • 4. Ja-sa inducing energy When saju has ja in time branch (when one was born in time 11pm- 1am), ja water brings sa fire energy. There are some controversies about this, but as practicing actual saju, I found many cases have ja-sa inducing energy.

  • 5. Lastly, there is hidden energy brought by numbers indicated by sound of the 5 elements.- Nap Eum The 10 heavenly stems are floating and circulating from gap to gye, while the 12 terrestrial branches are also circulating by certain rules. This affects the fate of human beings who are living in the universe and standing on earth. This circulation of stems and 12 branches makes 60 combinations and each of this 60 combinations has five elements energy respectively. There are five elements (wood, fire, earth, metal, water) in the universe, five mountains (big mountains located in four direction-east, west, south, north and center) in earth, five organs in human body, and five protruding (right and left cheekbones, chin, forehead and nose) in face. So everything in universe is constituted by 5 elements.

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Although this lesson is not about oriental philosophy itself, lets briefly learn how they figured numbers for universe. Heaven is like beginning, such as it is a stage of being nothing becomes being something, so it is one. Then the energy from heaven comes down to earth to make two. And human being created by heaven and earth is three. This way, Heaven one, Earth two, and Human three are initiated.

One plus Three makes Four, Two plus Three makes Five One plus Two plus Three makes Six.

 

The way they figured numbers by 5 elements, 10 branches are below.

stems and

12

 

5

no

5

no

5

no

5

no

5

no

elements

elements

elements

elements

elements

stem

Gap

 
  • 1 Byeong

 
  • 2 Gyeong

Mu

 
  • 3 Im

4

 

5

Eul

Jeong

Gi

Sin

Gye

branch

Ja O

 
  • 1 In Sin

 
  • 2 Jin Sul

 
  • 3 4

   

5

Chuk Mi

Myo Yu

Sa Hae

Nap

Wood

 

Metal

 

Water

 

Fire

 

Earth

 

eum

As you can find from above chart, the stem and branch combinations, for example, gap-ja and eul-chuk, has number-one assigned each, so they sum up(1+1) to make two. Two stands for metal so they make metal energy. Another example, byeong-in (2+2) makes four, so they make fire energy. Im-sul makes eight and after it is divided by five, it becomes three, which is water energy.

Here is a chart of Nap-eum.

Gap

Eul

Byeong

Jeong

Mu

Gi

Gyeong

Sin

Im

Gye

Ja

Chuk

In

Myo

Jin

Sa

O

Mi

Sin

Yu

metal

fire

wood

earth

metal

Gap

Eul

Byeong

Jeong

Mu

Gi

Gyeong

Sin

Im

Gye

Sul

Hae

Ja

Chuk

In

Myo

Jin

Sa

O

Mi

fire

water

earth

metal

wood

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Gap

Eul

Byeong

Jeong

Mu

Gi

Gyeong

Sin

Im

Gye

Sin

Yu

Sul

Hae

Ja

Chuk

In

Myo

Jin

Sa

water

earth

fire

wood

water

Gap

Eul

Byeong

Jeong

Mu

Gi

Gyeong

Sin

Im

Gye

O

Mi

Sin

Yu

Sul

Hae

Ja

Chuk

In

Myo

metal

fire

wood

earth

metal

Gap

Eul

Byeong

Jeong

Mu

Gi

Gyeong

Sin

Im

Gye

Jin

Sa

O

Mi

Sin

Yu

Sul

Hae

Ja

Chuk

fire

water

earth

metal

wood

Gap

Eul

Byeong

Jeong

Mu

Gi

Gyeong

Sin

Im

Gye

In

Myo

Jin

Sa

O

Mi

Sin

Yu

Sul

Hae

water

earth

fire

wood

water

Further thoughts about hidden letters

The place and space where we live is three dimensional. We do not live in a

flat universe. Saju is derived from ones birth year, month, day and time, even though it looks like two dimensional, when we plot the saju. The way we read saju is to analyze ones time flow to get the hints about how one was born, lives through and finishes its life. Although it looks like flat, when it is seen through the perspective of yin and yang, stems talk about one or two dimensional energy, branches are the mixed energy of stems, they are more about three dimensional. Consequently, it is not such preposterous to talk about those hidden letters. Saju masters should be able to read those hidden energy in saju to tell every nook and cranny of the life.

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Chapter 4

Root, Seed, Flower and Fruit

Chapter 4 Root, Seed, Flower and Fruit The way a saju master reads fate by saju

The way a saju master reads fate by saju is to figure each pillar by 15 years. Someone insist that it should be by 20 years as people live longer nowadays, but many master still use 15 years time frame because once one reaches 60 years old, the fate should go back to be read by year pillar again then to

month, day

and

time

sequence.

It

is

based

on

the

60

stem-branch

combinations.

Here are more specifics, 0-15 years old are seen by a year pillar 16-30 years old are seen by a month pillar 31-45 years old are seen by a day pillar 46-60 years old are seen by a time pillar

The center of year pillar is 8 years old The center of month pillar is 23 years old The center of day pillar is 38 years old The center of time pillar is 53 years old

There is a saying in Korea that when people get old, they act like a kid. After we read fates from time pillar (till 60 years old), the fate goes back to year pillar.

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Chapter 5

Branches in depth Three places (Branch groups)

The 12 branches are classified by its activity starting season, middle season and ending season. So there are 4 letters from each season to constitute specific activities. 12 branches / 3 activities (start middle end) = 4 letters (or 4 seasons)

Assembly trine

 
  • Hae-Myo-Mi

Wood trine

  • O-

In-

Sul

Fire trine

  • Sa- Yu- Chuk

Metal trine

  • Sin-Ja-

Jin

Water trine

1. Four live letters (the letters in the beginning of each season) In, Sa, Sin, Hae The word Livehas two meanings Firstly, it means to start a season. In the season of spring (in-myo-jin), in means staring of spring, in summer (sa-o-mi), sa means starting of summer, in fall (sin-yu-sul), sin means starting of fall, in winter (hae-ja-chuk), hae means starting of winter.

Secondly, looking them in terms of qi-flow, they have vitality as they should prepare for a new season. Then how do we translate them in saju. They have free thoughts. In general, they understand objects quickly but easily get tired of them. And because of this characteristic, they do not like repetitive tasks. When they do dynamic and creative tasks, they are excited and feel more sense of accomplishment. They are quick in their communications. If someone restricts their thoughts or actions, they resist or they show extreme mentality. People with these 4 letters in their saju will move frequently, and they often want to change their home and office environment such as changing the furniture layout. In their work, if there is no satisfactory promotion or any new stimulus, they simply move or quit their

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jobs. They are free and they dream of changes. They like travelling. If they move, they move far away. If they move by the clashes of these 4 live letters, they move by obvious accidents, such as by some family members death, accidents or divorce, etc. They are all caused by the fierce characteristics of 4 live letters.

  • 2. Four flourish letters(letters in the middle of each season)- Ja, O, Myo, Yu

Ja is in the middle of winter season (flourish energy of water), O is flourish

energy of fire, yu is flourish energy of metal, and myo is flourish energy of wood. Also their inclusion letters are simpler than other branches. Like this they are simple, not complicated. They are realistic and self-oriented. They have good-postures in their face and body. And they are popular because of this characteristic. People who have many flourish letters in their saju are clear in their expression and usually confident in what they do. But on the other hand, they are not flexible because they are so firm in their own thoughts. Accordingly, they are creditable in relationship with others but it is also not easy to become friends.

  • 3. Four repository letters(letters in the end of each season)- Jin, Sul, Chuk, Mi

Jin, Sul, Chuk, Mi are the letters to bury things inside the grave. In other words, they are storing things inside the storage. It is like being in the grave, so they are stuffy and sometimes make certain energy powerless. The letters that become powerless by repository letters are as below.

Repository letters

Inclusions

Powerless stems

Mi

Jeong Eul Gi

Gap, Gye

Sul

Sin, Jeong, Mu

Byeong, Eul (Mu)

Chuk

Gye, Sin, Gi

Gyeong, Jeong, (Gi)

Jin

Eul, Gye, Mu

Im, Sin

Wood is a season of spring, Next fire is summer, Wood will be buried when it meets mi (mi is the last month of summer, which is the next month of spring). And when they apply this, they used yang stem as a criterion. Like this, the grave places, or four repository letters, bury something at the end of next season of their own representative season. So they also have

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some implication of retrospection, reflection, longing for past glories, or a feeling of knowing the imminent death. So if the saju with more than two of these letters are philosophical, meditative, reflective and religious. Four repository letters bury things inside and store them so its hard to know what their real inner desire is. Once they hide themselves, they do not contact with anyone and its not easy to get to know what they are doing after that.

If they move, the cause and process are different from others. People with repository letters in their saju, move far away. If there are clashes or penalties, they move so frequent. There is no specific cause of move with repository letters. It is not just for the education of kids or husbands company. It is more caused by helpless situations, such as bankruptcy, or changed landlord or sudden terminations of contracts, etc. There are lots of secrets and complicated stories in 4 repository letters. Usually they are shown by the non-repository letters positioned next.

4. Clashes and Penalties of repository letters

Other than the other letters, such as those in flourish and live places, the clashes among repository letters do not damage earth elements themselves. Thats why people call them friends conflictsHowever for those who utilize water element (favorable elements) and when the water, such as im or gye, takes root in jin earth (inclusion gye), the clash of jin and sul hurts water.

For example, gye day master uses earth as career star. If the saju has mu earth, which takes roots in jin earth, then the jin is clashed with sul earth. In this case, mu earth career star does not hurt by this clash. However for jeong day master, uses im water as career star, the clash between jin and sul, hurts its career star, when the im water takes root in jin earth.

The clashes among four live letters, in, sin, sa, hae, are the most fierce, while the clashes among four flourish letters, ja, o, myo, yu, are clear cut. There are either clear winning or clear losing. So if the flourish letters were favorable elements, the clash will definitely bring bad luck, in the meantime, if the flourish letters were unfavorable elements, the clash will bring good luck. In recap, the clashes and/or penalties of repository letters are not always bad,

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but we should be able to read them in specific five cycles.

Then how do we read saju when these live, flourish, repository letters are mixed in saju ? First we read them by each phase of life (root-seed-flower-fruit). If a live letter placed on year pillar, we may read that ones youth (0-15 years old) was very active, or if it is a knowledge star, one may study abroad, because ones knowledge (studying) involves travelling. If any of repository letters are placed in the time pillar, one becomes spiritual at the age of 45 years old and after. If a repository letter of knowledge star is clashed or penalized, ones mother may marry twice, or one may have more than two mothers, etc. which is showing complicated family affairs. If the repository letters are money stars, one resembles ones fathers personality and other characteristics, while if it is a knowledge star, one resembles ones mother in every perspectives. Usually people have full of stories in their life such as family affairs that one might want to hide. If the repository letters are friend stars or the friend star is taking root in the repository letters and they are clashed or penalized, one might have complicated stories with ones siblings. The repository letters are earth elements which do not have their own specific characteristic but are more influenced by adjacent elements.

Time

day

month

year

Gyeong

Hae

In

Mi

Sul

The day master, Gyeong, feels knowledge star (mi) as his money star (in).

The repository letters are influenced by adjacent element.

Also

the

knowledge star acts as if his money star and the day master like it. He likes a

woman older than his age, or a woman like his mother, or mother behaves like his father, etc. His money star is a live letter (in), which means his wife is very active, also his expression star is a live place (hae), he may act for himself and he has his own free will in his thoughts and acts, etc.

Parents divorce is more likely to happen with clashes or penalties among live letters, while their living in happy marriage life is with flourish letters. The

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flourish letters mean happy and harmonious life, while repository letters mean complicated life stories. Although we apply each letter to each phase of life (root, seed, flower and fruit), major personality is determined by crucial letters in ones saju, which balances and directs ones life. A Career star in live letters means that one has dynamic career path, while in repository letter means one might select ones career path apart from what he or she studied at school. The fate cycle, whatever it is, takes long in repository letters. If knowledge star is in the live letters, one crams at the last minutes, if in repository letters, one studies only when he or she wants. One can be artistic or sensitive.

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Chapter 6

Twelve Stages of Life

During the course of circulation, the phases of Wood, Fire, Metal and Water progress through twelve distinct stages of alternating prevalence and feebleness. Any element will experience its highest radiance at Life Stage 4 and 5. The first Life Stage of Wood occurs in the month of November (Stage 1). Then it reaches Life Stage 5 in the month of February. This is the way how we evaluate the strength of stems when they meet 12 branches respectively and by classify them as 12 stages, saju master is able to evaluate birth, old age, sickness and death the four phases of life.

The 12 stage of life and its personality, traits and compatible professions

1

Birth

Jang

Happiness,

honesty,

kindness,

saeng

gentleness,

good

relationships,

長生

energetic, needs care

Others like and respect them.

A

quick learner

who is intelligent,

lives a long life and has many opportunities. Compatible professions helping or assisting others

2

Bathes

after

birth-

Mok yok

First time one ever washes his hair

Childhood

沐浴

Energetic, needs care Gradual growth and enjoys new activities. Easily influenced by others and needs inspiration to develop or mature. Compatible profession requires stable partners in business and personal relationships.

3

Youth, Getting dressed

Gwan

Energetic, needs guidance.

dae

Learning to be an adult, developing,

冠帶

maturing, desires fame and leadership. Uses intelligence to succeed.

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Preparing for success. Compatible profession Utilizes intelligence and verbal skills. For example, lawyer, accountant, teacher, sales, business person.

4

Graduation

Gun rok

Becoming an official, Upwardly

建祿

mobile, Be given official position Desires fame, management and leadership, intelligent, mature, honest and open-minded. Is an independent, self-made person, Potential for great wealth, success and fame. Compatible profession Business owner, executive, leadership or management

5

Prime

(prosperous)

Jae wang

Reaching the peak

 

years

帝王

Desires

fame,

ownership

 

and

leadership.

Great

probability

for

wealth

and

success.

Can

be

overconfident

 

and

questions

everything.

Adventurous

 

in

a

dangerous

way,

does

not

give

up

whether right

or wrong. This

is

the

peak, should be

cautious of

decline

and loss.

Needs

a

good

life

plan

in

order

to

retain

achievement

and

resources. Compatible professions Best to own and work at own company. Eg. The owner and cook of a restaurant

6

Declining (wane)

Shae

Enjoying the past glory Situation has reached the top and now turns. A nice person, patient, not a big planner. Needs a calm, steady life. It

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passive

and

doesnt

challenge

authority. Must

be

steady

and

consistent to accomplish goals. Compatible professions A steady, 9- 5 job. Find a position where responsibilities end when the work day is completed.

 
  • 7 Sick, disease

Byeong

Getting weak

The decline stage but more intense Compatible profession Gentle and peaceful work which is not high- pressured.

 
  • 8 Die, Death

Sa

Body dies Hastiness, a chronic worrier, creates a lot of problems and challenges in relationships. Preferable to marry later in life. Needs energy to achieve, as well as exercise and good nutrition to maintain health. Compatible profession Arts or literature. Not business management.

 
  • 9 Bury,

buried(grave,

Myo

In the grave, storing up

tomb)

Likes to collect things, saves money well, introverted and enjoys indoors. Is cautious, quiet and honest. Needs to be motivated to open up, then can achieve and be successful. Can be very lucky with money if open- minded. Compatible profession No particular profession is more suitable than another. Must open mind and attitudes to succeed.

10

Totally vanished, Void

Jeol,

Prepares for new life Emptiness, worry, impatience, hastiness and doesnt finish things. A

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poor planner who can be susceptible

to being cheated by others. Focus on

being calm,

careful and

serious or

many

problems

and

obstacles

will

surface.

Needs

support

for

achievement.

Compatible career worker

profession

-

Regular

11

Embryo (formed)

Tae

Beginning of new era New beginning. Interested in all things new. Possess a good sense of humor and enjoys helping people. Good luck surrounds him or her. Health is weak when young, but as they age, their health gets better. Likes to know details and reasons for things. Is optimistic about the future. Compatible profession A helper or assistant, especially in the arts.

12

Developing,

Raise,

Yang

New life develops

Nourish

Needs a lot of energy and strong

support from

family,

friends

and

environment. If he or she perseveres and works hard, they can be successful in career and family. They are honest and social people who are satisfied with their existing lifestyle.

These 12 stages of life explain the energy flow and its strength in the relationship of stem and branches but they also imply the eternal cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The logic behind this is to tell us about nothing is determined, so if one is experiencing difficulty in certain phase of life, it is not the final stage and there should not be conclusion in our life. Many people overcome certain adversity to change their lives after turning points. 1. Birth (Jang saeng or Saeng) It is a stage when an embryo starts new life after cutting its umbilical cord from its mother. It becomes perfect as a self and turns its life from darkness to brightness. So Jang saeng is seen as a lucky star to show its independency and frontier spirit.

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  • 2. Bathes after birth (Mok yok or Yok) Childhood. It is a stage when a baby is taking bathes to stand on by oneself. It is good as it cleans ones body to show oneself, but it also means that one has to face the world when one is not ready yet. While it needs care, it also denotes some obscene features as it looks like naked.

  • 3. Getting dressed (Gwan dae or Dae) Youth. It is a stage one is being educated and get dressed for social activities. It is being cultured and learns virtue in the society. It has dreams for the bright future and it shows vivacity, brightness and adventurous attitude.

  • 4. Graduation (Gun rok) This is a vigorous stage in ones life such as 30-40 years age. It works hard and still is energetic for social activities. It is seen as lucky star as it denotes initiatives, planning for better life. The personality shown by Gun-rok is self-confidence and responsibility.

  • 5. Prime (prosperous) years (Jae wang or Wang) It is a matured stage in ones life. People achieve their dream in 40-50 years age. They see the fruits from their hard works. It is seen a lucky star and shows dignity and strength.

  • 6. Declining (Shae) It means declining stage after ones life hits the climax. It is like the life stage in 50-60 years age. People are getting old and weakened. It is rather seen unlucky star and it shows conservativeness and timidity.

  • 7. Disease (Byeong) It is a stage of peoples age 70 years or after as twilight years. It is seen as unlucky star because it implies a painful life. People get hurts easily with this star mentally and physically as they are weak.

  • 8. Death (Sa) It is a stage the body dies after it used up all the energy given by the nature. It is when the fate-watch stops working. It is seen unlucky star as money, reputation, health and love, everything is in vain. Its personality is mild but it easily gives up.

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9. Bury (Grave Myo) It means people go back to the place where they were born. They take rests for the next life in both body and soul. It may be seen peaceful but it is a stage of neither this world nor other world. There is only powerless energy like a ghost. It is seen unlucky. People with this star take what really matters and do not show their inner minds.

10. Totally vanished (Jeol) It is a stage to disconnect from this world and move to the other world. All the memories of agony and delusion are cleared after this stage. The soul becomes pure but still the next world is influenced by this world so it is nervous about everything. It shows anxiety and loneliness with unrest feeling.

11. Embryo (Tae) According to the eternal cycle of birth and death, the pure soul comes back to this world by certain law of universe. It is a stage when the embryo is implanted in womb. It is seen as lucky star because the lost soul is finding its body and time. Its personality is generous.

12. Developing (Yang) It is a stage for pregnancy. It feels warm and cozy like mothers womb. It shows both expectation and fear for the new world so it is seen as half lucky and half unlucky. Its personality is cautious and emotional.

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Saeng

Yok

Dae

Rok

Wang

Shae

Byeong

Sa

Myo

Jeol

Tae

Yang

Gap

hae

ja

chuk

in

myo

jin

sa

o

mi

sin

yu

sul

Eul

o

sa

jin

myo

in

chuk

ja

hae

sul

yu

sin

mi

Byeong

in

myo

jin

sa

o

mi

sin

yu

sul

hae

ja

chuk

Mu

Jeong

yu

sin

mi

o

sa

jin

myo

in

chuk

ja

hae

sul

Gi

Gyeong

sa

o

mi

sin

yu

sul

hae

ja

chuk

in

myo

jin

Sin

ja

hae

sul

yu

sin

mi

o

sa

jin

myo

in

chuk

Im

sin

yu

sul

hae

ja

chuk

in

myo

jin

sa

o

mi

Gye

myo

in

chuk

ja

hae

sul

yu

sin

mi

o

sa

jin

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Yang stems circulates in order in their relationship with branches, while yin stems circulates in retrogression. For example gap wood starts from hae water as its stage one (birth), when water generates wood, then peaks in myo

(prime years) and vanishes in sin metal. While Eul wood starts stage one (birth) in o fire then goes in retrogression to reach prime years in Inwood then vanishes in yu metal. It is because ancient people looked the law of universe for yin and yang oppositely.

  • 1. Saeng Year pillar luck of ancestors Month pillar luck of parents and siblings Day pillar harmonious marriage life, stable life Time pillar childrens success, happiness in latter life.

  • 2. Yok Year pillar lonely childhood, no luck of ancestors Month pillar no luck of parents, hardship in youth Day pillar troubled marriage life, unstable life Time pillar lonely latter life

  • 3. Dae Year pillar smart student in childhood Month pillar good scores in school examination, early success Day pillar harmonious marriage life, wealth and career success Time pillar childrens success, happiness in latter life

  • 4. Rok Year pillar early luck, ancestors heritage Month pillar parentsheritage, career fortune Day pillar healthy marriage life, wealth, respect Time pillar childrens success, reputation

  • 5. Wang Year pillar ancestors heritage Month pillar parentsheritage, wealth Day pillar happy marriage life, good business Time pillar bequest to children, fortunate life

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Shae Year pillar lack of ancestors luck Month pillar lack of parentsluck, hardship Day pillar unhealthy marriage life Time pillar lonely latter life

  • 6. Byeong Year pillar lack of ancestors luck, unhealthy childhood Month pillar lack of parentsluck, hardship in youth Day pillar - troubled marriage life, separation Time pillar less relationship with children, sickness

  • 7. Sa Year pillar misfortune in ancestors days, no luck in childhood Month pillar misfortune in parentsdays, no luck in youth Day pillar separation, sickness, divorce Time pillar no luck of children, painful latter life

  • 8. Myo Year pillar troubled childhood, misfortune in ancestors days Month pillar misfortune in parentsdays, less help from others Day pillar unhappy marriage life, confinement Time pillar no luck of children, sorrow, resentment

  • 9. Jeol Year pillar - troubled childhood, misfortune in ancestors days Month pillar misfortune in parentsdays, less help from others Day pillar separation, sickness, divorce Time pillar no luck of children, sorrow, resentment

    • 10. Tae Year pillar support from ancestors Month pillar support from parents, harmonious relationship Day pillar good marriage life Time pillar luck of children

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  • 11. Yang Year pillar support from ancestors Month pillar support from parents Time pillar harmonious marriage life Time pillar happy family relationship, harmonious latter life

How to read fate by the 12 stages of life

  • 1. From the day masters standpoint, year, month, day and time branches are figured for 12 stages of life respectively.

  • 2. Each pillar is figured for 12 stages of life.

  • 3. From the viewpoint of each stem, 4 branches are figured for 12 stages of life respectively.

  • 4. All the inclusions in each branch is figured.

While all branches are figured for 12 stages of life, month branch has biggest influence above all. When we balance dry, hot or wet, cold condition in saju, there usually requires byeong fire-warmth and gye water-coldness. Then when we balance the defects of generation and restriction cycle when power flow in saju is not balanced, there requires gap, jeong, mu, gyeong and im. It is necessary to understand the mechanism of 12 stages of life, as it is a tool to know the strength and stream of each stem and branch in reading saju.

The critical combinations of stems and branches in terms of 12 stages.

Gap-ja (2.yok) : Ja water is a knowledge star of gap wood. Mother is not helpful in Gap;s life, knowledge, academic background, licenses are not satisfactory. Gap may be a devoted son or daughter and need to care for his or her sick mother.

Gap-o (8.sa) : O fire is an expression star of gap wood. Gap is worried about what to do. Gap has difficulty in finding future career path. Woman may have trouble with her children, She becomes unhealthy after child birth. Gap-o in marriage palace denotes unhappy marriage life. Death of his or her siblings.

Gap-sin (10.jeol) : Sin metal is a career star for gap wood. Woman does not

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have a happy marriage. There can be divorce, or even she is not divorced, she may live separate with her husband. Her husband is not a family man. Man is infertile. Gap is in trouble with its job.

Eul-sa (2.yok) : Sa fire is an expression star for eul wood. It delivers similar situation as Gap-o. It is 2-yok instead of 8-sa stage, so there are distorted results, such as dishonor.

Eul-hae (8.sa) : Hae water is a knowledge star for eul wood. Its similar to gap-ja. Death of his or her siblings

Eul-yu (10.jeol) : Yu metal is a career star for eul wood. Its similar to gap- sin.

Byeong-sin (7.byeong) : Sin metal is a money star for byeong fire. Byeong has to take care of his sick wife and it denotes unhealthy marriage palace. Byeong woman has to take care of her sick mother in law.

Byeong-sul (9.myo) : Sul earth is an expression star for byeong fire. Naughty children for her. Slump in developing ones career path. Confinement in ones marriage life.

Jeong-chuk (9.myo) : Chuk earth is an expression star for jeong fire. It is similar to Byeong-sul.

Mu-sul (9.myo) : Sul earth is a friend star for mu earth. Very stubborn person who is domineering ones relationship with spouse. A strict spouse.

Gi-chuk (9.myo) : Chuk earth is a friend star for gi earth sul.

..

Its similar to Mu-

Gyeong-ja (8.sa) : Ja water is an expression star for gyeong metal. A nagger. A quarrel between husband and wife. Death of his or her siblings

Gyeong-in (10.jeol) :

In wood

is

a

money

star

for

gyeong metal.

The

relationship with his wife is not harmonized. Misfortune in finance.

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Sin-sa (8.sa) : Sa fire is a career star for sin metal. Unhappy marriage with her husband. Remain single. Powerful career fortune but unhappy personal life. Man is infertile.

Im-jin (9.myo) :

Jin

earth

is

a career

star

for

im

water. Inactive job.

Confinement. Woman is not happy with her husband.

Ex) female

 

Time

Day

Month

Year

Sin

Gye

Im

Eul

Yu

Sa

O

Myo

Her husband is mu earth included in sa fire. Sa fire is money star so her husband may be passive but he has internal stability especially financially. Mu earth from sa and o fire is strong in its power so he is knowledgeble and capable husband. Mu-sa is stage 4 and mu-o is stage 5. But there is no stem penetration so has lack of presence.

Ex) female

 

Time

Day

Month

Year

Gap

Gi

Ja

If you want to know the status of her husband, we need to see the 12 stages

of lifefor gap wood. According to 12 stages of life chart, if gap wood is sitting on hae, ja, chuk, and in, myo, jin(life stages from 1-6), gaps vitality is

strengthened in its social and personal activity. Financial situation is also executed well. While it is on sa o mi and sin yu sul (life stages from 7-12), it is being weakened. Gap is buried in mi and vanished in sin. While it is raised in sul, but its presence is still weak. Considering the fact that sin and yu are

career

stars for

gap, when gap pursues promotion, it

may

not

be

a real

promotion in quality but just as a title. If it related with financial aspect, gaps

promotion in relationship with sin and

yu

cannot be

beneficial so

it

is

recommended not to proceed financial investment. Gaps status is upward in connection with stages 1-6(hae, ja, chuk, in, myo, jin) such as opening his own business but when it turns to stages 7-9 (sa, o, mi), although he still gains some profits from past investment, he needs to be careful of future potential losses. This gap husband is ok in its social reputation except for

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financial profits. If gap husband becomes unemployed during stage 9-11 (mi, sin, yu) and his activity is limited, he better not to start another business but to do honorary position just helping his wife.

Ex) female

 

Time Day Month Year

Gi

In

Husband is in the branch letter, not in the stem. Stems are spiritual and intangible while branches are reality and facts. In husband at month branch has reality of his financial and economic ability. Year of ja supports in husband (water generates wood) but the power is still weak. (stages of bathes after birth-2)

Year of chuk chuk can be a stepping stone for gap wood. It starts to raise gap. Years of in, myo, jin the power of gap is increased during these three years.

Year of

sa

In

and

sa penalty.

He may experience certain unexpected

accident and sacrifice. Year of o half trine of in-o. In itself is sitting on stage of death (8) so the power is obviously weakened. Half trine cannot be welcomed at all. If there is

hae in this saju, it may protect gap and also balance the power. Gap may be able to start new business.

Year of mi power of gap is shrunken but still may be able to continue his activity.

Year of

sin

live

place.

He

may have

shift in

his job

place or business

travelling. If it was combined with other letters, such as hae, sin will be able

to activate in wood. Otherwise in wood is clashed by sin metal and damaged.

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Chapter 7

Gods and Devils

Gods influence our lives as fortunate stars, while devils as unfortunate stars. It is generated by ancient saju studies, even before they developed five stars, clashes, penalties and combinations etc. The theory of Gods and Devils was even before ancient scholars defined day stem as a day master. At that time, AD 900s, they translated saju with year pillar bases. Accordingly the theory of Gods and Devils has been deleted for hundreds of years when saju scholars studied logics of day master and the structure, five stars and combinations and clashes. This has been reintroduced by modern saju masters, but not all of them. Actually there are tons of gods and devils from ancient days, but here I am going to explain just some of them, which are still showing flash of accuracy when they are applied in some cases.

1. Devils of white tiger

Gap-jin

Eul-mi

Byeong-sul

Jeong-chuk

Mu-jin

Im-sul

As you can tell by its name, it acts as one of the unfortunate stars. In old days, many people were killed by the attack of tigers in Asia. Above 7 stem-branch combinations are called devils of white tiger. They are effective at all four pillars of year, month, day and time. If there are any of these letters in saju, we may read death by accidentof the correspond relatives. If gap is her husband and is sitting on jin (gap-jin), her husband is killed by car accident, cancer, kidnapping, etc. If gap is her kids, we may also read unnatural death of her children. If a day pillar is one of above 7 (white tiger), ones personality is quite strong to hurt ones spouse. We have to see the overall saju structure before we determine this misfortune of a person though.

Ex)

Time

Day

Month

Year

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jeong

gap

jin This saju has gap-jin white tiger in month pillar. For jeong day master, gap is

a knowledge star,

which denotes mother. When he was asked about his

mother, he answered his mother was still alive although she had been sick for long time. This can be a translation of gap-jin white tiger, but when more details were investigated about his life, his mother has many sisters and most of them died in unnatural accidents. One was killed by fire, the other 2 by cancer, and one by brain disorder.

2.

Extraordinarily strong combination (Gue gang)

Day master

   

Gyeong

Jin

Gyeong

Sul

Im

Jin

Im

Sul

Mu

Sul

Among 12 branches, jin and sul are most powerful in their inner strength. With combinations with jin and sul, the day stems, gyeong, im and mu are considered for this devils. If one has one of above in day pillar, one is considered extraordinarily strong and his or her spouse is required to be strong as well in order to cope with each other. Otherwise, one with these devils in saju may not continue ones marriage life smoothly partly because one is too strong, and partly because one is too smart. In general, it was considered devil star from the past, but we also need to see bright side of this star especially in modern society. People with this star are decisive and daring. And in order to develop better life, this needs to be utilized well.

3.

Gui mun Two adjacent branch combination

ja

yu

chuk

o

in

mi

myo

sin

jin

hae

sa

sul

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Saju with gui mun in their branches are hypersensitive and artistic, sometimes do odd acts and fall in delusion. When gui mun is in day and time branches and/or day and month branches are stronger in their influence. They may show delusional jealousy of their spouses, sexually pervert or transgender. It is not always seen as devils star because in some cases they are very smart and show interesting achievements in their own fields especially in writing, painting and music. These days, people with gui mun in their saju appear confused about their sexuality, brilliant performance or shamanism, etc.

4. God blessed letters

Day master

God blessed letters

Gap, Mu, Gyeong

Chuk, mi

Eul, Gi

Ja, sin

Byeong, Jeong

Hae, yu

Sin

In, o

Im, Gye

Sa, myo

God blessed letters are seen from day masters stand point. If gap day master has chuk or mi in the saju, or Gi day master has sin or ja in the saju, we call one has god blessed letters. If it is knowledge star, one is raised by a great mother. If it is an expression star, one has great talents in writing, cooking and singing, etc. If it is a money star, one may meet beautiful and wise wife. Like this, god blessed letters make great, rich and noble stars for ones life. If they are placed in year branch, one has fortune from ancestors, these letters in month branch means parents support, in day branch means wife fortune and in time branch means successful children. God blesses letters are required not to be clashed or penaltied. These are often reviewed when we read marital harmony of bride and groom. And they may also be utilized when you compare your saju with your social partners.

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Chapter 8 Ten celestial stems and their relationships -

Upper version

We have reviewed ten celestial stems and their properties in previous beginnerschapter. Now that we learned ten stars and how the five elements in stems and branches re-act each other, I am going to talk about the relationship of ten celestial stems to determine success or failure and good luck or bad luck in ones life. Before I start, I would like to make it clear that the weather and seasons mentioned below for each stems are based on the birth month month branch.

  • 1. gap

Gap wood in spring needs warmth and sunny shine to grow up. So when gap wood is with byeongand jeongfire, it is beautiful and smart to understand knowledge and quick in learning. (The relationship of wood and fire is that of knowledge and expression star). Gap wood in summer does not need more byeongand jeongfire. So in this case, it needs gyeongmetal to trim off to make it a good timber. If it meets more fire energy, it will burn the wood down. Gap wood in winter also needs byeongand jeongfire. Earth energy is a good ground for gap wood to root in. So it will be healthy in its money flow. (Earth is a money star for wood). Gap wood in autumn with too much metal energy will require jeongfire to leverage the metal power. (fire restrains metal)

  • 2. eul

Eul wood requires rather gyewater energy to nourish it. And if it meets byeongfire, it will look beautiful and grow well with sunny shine. Usually eul wood likes water energy but if there is too much water energy, it makes the flower float. When there is too much earth energy (too much money star) it requires a help from gap wood (friend stars) to restrain the earth.

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3.

byeong

Byeong fire is sun energy, which is strong and it has innate intense heat. It never perishes by water energy. It doesnt require the help of wood to continue its power. However when it is too weak for the earth power to absorb the byeong energy or water power to restrain fire energy, it requires gap and eul wood to balance the power. Byeong fire requires im water to make the scenery beautiful rather than the energy of gye water. Gye water is like cloud and fog to shade the sun shine. It may be helpful when byeong fire is too hot and strong.

  • 4. jeong

Jeong is yin fire like a star in the sky or a lamp in earth. It always greets the

help of friend stars. The best help is gap wood to continue the fire energy. With the help of gap wood, jeong fire has nothing to worry about even in autumn and winter time. Gap wood is like firewood to keep jeong fire burning. When jeong fire has too much gap wood, it requires mu earth to balance the fire. It also greets gyeong metal to restrain and chop gap woods.

  • 5. mu

Mu earth is courteous and generous. It always welcomes the help of byeong fire. Without byeong fire, there is no achievement. It usually greets im gye water as its money stars. But if water energy is too heavy, it requires byeong fires help to balance. When it has too much metal to absorb earth energy, it requires byeong jeong fire to restrain metal.

  • 6. gi

Gi earth is a good ground for woods and plants to grow. It is in good relation with gye water to grow creatures, but im water will make gi earth muddy. So im water is the worst combination with gi. When gi earth is weak for the water energy, it uses byeong fire to dry. When it is weak for the metal as it

absorbs gi energy, it requires mu friend stars help. Mu friend star is helpful to restrain im water as well.

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7.

gyeong

Gyeong metal is solid and strong. It requires jeong fires restrain to make itself a useful material such as utensil and tool. Im water absorbs byeong metal energy to make it less strong, which is good. Gyeong and sin metal do not like too much help of mu gi earth (earth generates metal) as the soil covers metal and metal cant show itself to outside.

  • 8. sin

Sin is afraid of too much earth energy as earth will hide sins beauty (sin is like a gem). It likes water to clean dirt and make the gem beautiful. And byeong fire also makes it more splendid. Usually sin women with byeong and im next to day stem are beautiful. It is afraid of jeong fire as jeong will melt it down (sin is already a gem so it doesnt require jeong fires restraint while gyeong metal is in need of jeong fire). Gap wood is never restrained by sin metal so they are not in good relationship.

  • 9. im

Im needs to flow. It welcomes the help of gyeong metal and it also like sin

metal as im water makes sin metal beautiful. When there is too much im energy, it requires mu earth to restrain. It also likes gap eul wood and byeong fire to make it more beautiful. However it does not like gi earth as it makes im water turbid. It may mean inappropriate relationship with opposite sex. Im friend star will make too much water energy.

10. gye Gye water is like rain or useful water to grow plants. As itself is weak water, when it meets mu earth, it loses its property. Gye waters relation with byeong fire has two face consequences. When they are in good relation, gye water enjoys plenty of money throughout its life, but when they are in bad relation, it wont be easy to collect money. Its relation with gi earth is also vague.

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The relationship among Stems

the best, - good - bad × - the worst

Gap ()

1.

Gap-Gap Abundant like forest, Active and competitive

 

2.

Gap-Eul

Vines growing around the pine tree, Healthy and

supportive.

3.

Gap-Byeong Competent and authoritative

 

4.

Gap-Jeong

Burning firewood. Academic and artistic talents.

 

5.

Gap-Mu

Lonely tree in a bare mountain. Frequent financial

loss and low stability.

 

6.

Gap-Gi Healthy trees on fertile earth. Rich.

 

7.

Gap-Gyeong Leadership material to be a government, Faithful.

high

position

in

8.

Gap-Sin

× Chop into small pieces. Cannot be positioned high.

9.

Gap-Im

Willow trees along the lake. Popular

10. Gap-Gye

Healthy trees in the rain. Respectful person

 

Eul ()

1.

Eul-Gap

Vines growing around the pine tree, Supports by

noble men.

2.

Eul-Eul

Weeds, Lacking luck of siblings, Lacking supports

from others.

3.

Eul-Byeong

Beautiful flowers splendid under the sun shine. Good

wealth.

4.

Eul-Jeong

Burning plains. The talents cannot be recognized.

 

5.

Eul-Mu

Beautiful flowers in the vase. Good at dealing the

business.

6.

Eul-Gi

Healthy flower on fertile earth, Good at

artiste(entertainment) business.

 

7.

Eul-Gyeong

× Violent tiger, Sudden misfortune

8.

Eul-Sin

× Sharp knife/Scissors cut the flower. Not good at

working in an ordinary company

 

9.

Eul-Im

Lotus on the pond, Sudden upward social status

 

10. Eul-Gye

Sociable and progress by the support of others

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Byeong ()

  • 1. Byeong-Gap Unexpected fortune

  • 2. Byeong-Eul Supports from others

  • 3. Byeong-Byeong Too bright, darker shades, Cant show ones ability

  • 4. Byeong-Jeong Make a favorable impression, Favorable

  • 5. Byeong-Mu Have an occupation with what he/she likes, Lucky.

  • 6. Byeong-Gi Good at showing ones talent, Academic, Religious, Service business

  • 7. Byeong-Gyeong × Violent, Less popular, Cannot be at high position

  • 8. Byeong-Sin Talents are fully recognized by others. Can secure oneself.

  • 9. Byeong-Im Faithful and harmonize well with organization

10. Byeong-Gye × Not suit well with career

Jeong()

  • 1. Jeong-Gap Smart, Quick in understanding, Competitive

  • 2. Jeong-Eul × Cannot burn the wet wood, Difficult to make academic achievement.

  • 3. Jeong-Byeong Struggle to challenge, Make certain achievement

  • 4. Jeong-Jeong The fire flared up, Daring

  • 5. Jeong-Mu Good at showing ones talents, Big progress and success

  • 6. Jeong-Gi Do not proceed as planned, Unlucky to achieve as wanted.

  • 7. Jeong-Gyeong Can express ones talent well to make great development and success

  • 8. Jeong-Sin × Trying to melt jewelry, Powerless, Meaningless

  • 9. Jeong-Im Supports from superior and good promotion

10. Jeong-Gye

promote

Cannot suit well in the organization, Difficult to

Mu ()

  • 1. One with no backbone, Hard to success

Mu-Gap

  • 2. Supports from superior, Lucky career life

Mu-Eul

  • 3. Slowly succeed to a higher position

Mu-Byeong

  • 4. Good at dealing any problems, Capable

Mu-Jeong

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5.

Mu-Mu

Unrealistic dream,, One without substance, Stubborn,

 

Not popular

6.

Mu-Gi

Stubborn, Hard to get along with others

7.

Mu-Gyeong

× Meddle in othersaffair, No benefits

8.

Mu-Sin

× Meddle in othersaffair, No benefits

9.

Mu-Im

Smart, Intellectual success

10. Mu-Gye

× Stingy, Hard to make big success

Gi()

1.

Gi-Gap

× Incapable to overcome adversity, Easy to destroy

ones health.

2.

Gi-Eul

× Cannot complete certain tasks, Unlucky.

3.

Gi-Byeong

Unexpected supports from others in competition.

4.

Gi-Jeong

Slowly succeed to achieve great accomplishment.

5.

Gi-Mu

Socialized, Good personal relationships

6.

Gi-Gi

Retard process, Frequent barriers

7.

Gi-Gyeong

× Meddle in othersaffair, No benefits

8.

Gi-Sin

× Meddle in othersaffair, No benefits

9.

Gi-Im

× Bad luck in financial flow and opposite sex

10. Gi-Gye

Moisture land, May become rich

Gyeong()

  • 1. Gyeong-Gap × Spoil the material, Lacking internal stability

  • 2. Gyeong-Eul × Violent, Sudden disaster

  • 3. Gyeong-Byeong × Not suitable for career life, Hard to show ones talents

  • 4. Gyeong-Jeong Can show ones talents well, Big success and developments

  • 5. Gyeong-Mu × Lacking otherssupport

  • 6. Gyeong-Gi × Lacking otherssupport

  • 7. Gyeong-Gyeong × Accident, hurt body

  • 8. Gyeong-Sin × Violent, Accident

  • 9. Gyeong-Im Intelligent, Quick in learning, Show ones talents well to make great success.

10. Gyeong-Gye × Rusty knife, Meddle in othersaffair

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Sin()

1.

Sin-Gap achieve fortune

Useless material, Cut into small pieces, Difficult to

2.

Sin-Eul wealth.

× Violent, Cut flowers with a sharp knife, Easy to lose

3.

Sin-Byeong

Authority, Graceful

4.

Sin-Jeong

× Damage jewelry by burning, Powerless

5.

Sin-Mu

Lacking otherssupport, No luck

6.

Sin-Gi

Lacking otherssupport, No luck

7.

Sin-Gyeong

× Violent, Accident

8.

Sin-Sin

× Violent, Revenge

9.

Sin-Im

Show ones talents well, Smart and Smooth

10.

Sin-Gye

× Hard to show ones talents, Hard to be recognized.

Im()

1.

Im-Gap

Diligent, Show ones talent well, Lucky

2.

Im-Eul

Highly recognized by others, Make a success

3.

Im-Byeong

Lucky in financial fortune

4.

Im-Jeong

Lucky in financial fortune, Popular

5.

Im-Mu

Succeed in career life, Good leadership

6.

Im-Gi

× Bad fortune in finance and spouse