Learning Four Pillars of

destiny
Ancient Chinese teaching For Advanced

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By Janet Shin

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Four pillars
Advanced

Contents
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

How to read saju and its structure Harmony Hidden letters Root/Seed/Flower/Fruit Branches 12 Stages of Life Gods and Devils
-Upper version

4-31 32-37 38-42 43-44 45-49 50-61 62-64

8. Ten

celestial stems and their relationships
65-74 75-76

9.

Void and health

10. Saju

77-83 84-86

11. Summary

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Chapter 1 How to understand Saju structure
To comprehend saju structure is an important step to foresee one‟s sociality, environment, field of action, wealth and honor or success and failure. The major philosophy of saju, which came from orient is different from western philosophy. When ancient people studied the universe and the situation of human being, they tried to look everything under the concept of “relationship”.

First of all, we figure out that the day stem denotes the owner of the saju. The month branch, which means season of the year when a person was born, rules whole environment of one’s life. According to ancient books, these two major letters are written as a vassal and a king, respectively. The month branch is called a king and the day stem is called a vassal. Western readers often question that why the day stem is not a king as we defined it as a day master. There is no doubt that the day master is still a leading character in saju (destiny). They called the month branch ‘King’ not because it is a leading character but because it rules one’s fate, while the day master is required to adapt itself to the environmental change (month branch). And they tried to infer whether the day master is well compatible with the month branch.
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Also, when they read the other elements in saju, energy balance and their relationship were more valued instead of just counting the number of each element. The energy and the way it reacts and flows within a person are what saju tells. Now you also need to understand the concepts of „substance‟ and „applicable agent‟ in saju. First of all, the four pillars (8 letters) are „Substance‟ of one‟s life. Among them the day master is a main substance, and the month branch is an applicable agent. Different from the day master and the month branch, if we compare stems and branches, in general, stems are more like applicable agents, while branches are substances.

It is not easy to grasp the exact meaning between Substance and Applicable
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agent, as they change their roles subject to situations. Accordingly it is confusing to clarify how they make differences. Substance is a mold of saju, so we call four pillars a substance. Among the 8 letters in saju, the day master is a main substance. In a different angle, substance is more like a fixed energy, while applicable agent is changeable energy. Since we learned that stems are pure and intangible energy from the heaven, we may translate stems applicable agents, while branches are mixed energy derived from heaven but more tangible. The way we read one‟s fate by saju is to clarify the day master as substance, then comprehend how it works under the environment of the month branch (applicable agent). – To see whether the day master is compatible with the month branch. The 8 letters in saju are substances, which are constructed as more of fixed energies. Then there arise changes by the generation and restriction activities among the 5 elements, when the saju meets applicable agents, such as stem activities, 10 year fortune cycle and coming year‟s fortune. Based on this understanding, we may be able to define what favorable elements are and what unfavorable elements are. There are 8 general classification of saju structure. 1. Structure formed by Expression star in different yin-yang (Defiant god, which is called Sang gwan) 2. Structure formed by Expression star in same yin-yang (Playing god, which is called Sik sin)

3. Structure formed by Money star in different yin-yang (Proper money god, which is called Jeong jae) 4. Structure formed by Money star in same yin-yang (Expediential money god, which is called Pyeon jae)
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5. Structure formed by Career star in different yin-yang (Proper career god, which is called Jeong gwan) 6. Structure formed by Career star in same yin-yang (Expediential career god, which is called Pyeon gwan)

7. Structure formed by Knowledge star in different yin-yang (Proper knowledge god, which is called Jeong in) 8. Structure formed by Knowledge star in same yin-yang (Expediential knowledge god, which is called Pyeon in)

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We don‟t include the structure formed by Friend stars. Then how do we determine the structure? First of all, month branch is a major energy flow of one‟s fate, so we need to figure out the month branch first. 1. Review the inclusion of the month branch. Among them, if any one element penetrates through a stem, it determines the structure of saju. 2. If more than one element penetrate through stems, regular energy is the strongest. And it determines the structure of saju. 3. If any friend stars penetrate through stems, do not count them as structure of Friend star. 4. If no inclusion from month branch penetrates through stem, just consider the regular energy. It determines the structure. 5. The structures need to be generated from healthy elements, so damaged elements cannot make a structure. 6. In case month branch is clashed, it‟s better to consider the other branches. The strength of branches are, month>time>day>year When you figure the structure, below aspects need to be reviewed. 1. The structures and favorable elements need to be strong and healthy as possible. This will enable the day master to achieve certain success in life path. 2. The favorable elements need to be supported. If they are too strong, it requires other elements to restrain. The other elements to drain the energy of the strong element are needed. 3. The unfavorable elements need to be restricted Below summarized the meanings of the structure, 1. The structure is one‟s environment and field of activity. 2. The useful and applicable agents mean one‟s capability

and

competence. 3. The favorable element is something that supports useful agent. 4. The unfavorable element is something that bothers the process and creates troublesome gossips. 5. If the structure is a body, the applicable useful agent is a mind. If the structure is a car, the applicable useful agent is a driver who drives the car. If the structure is a container, the applicable agent is its purpose
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and where it is used. 6. If the structure is not strong and clear, one‟s occupation, career and social status in life path are not favorable. 7. It is more welcomed when the favorable determining element for structure is positioned in month or year stem. When it is not connected with stem, the structure is not so prestigious. 8. It is better to follow the strong structure or strong useful applicable agent as possible.

Four lucky star structures – need either supports or drainage Sik-sin (expression star in same yin/yang) Money stars (both same and different yin/yang) Jeong-gwan (career star in different yin/yang) Jeong-in (knowledge star in different yin/yang) Four unlucky star structures – need restraints Sang-gwang (expression star in different yin/yang) Pyeon-gwan (career star in same in/yang)
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Pyeon-in (knowledge star in same yin/yang) Friend stars Features of each structure 1. The Structure formed by Expression star in different yin-yang (Sang gwan structure) When an expression star in month branch is different yin-yang from a day master, or any one element from inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is expression star of different yin-yang. The different yin-yang of expression star(sang gwan) hurts career star, so it is better not to have career star (proper career god-Jeong gwan) in the saju of this structure. Successful scenario 1) When knowledge star is able to control „Sang gwan‟.

2) When a day master is strong and proper money star drains the energy from Sang gwan.

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3) When there is a strong career star-Pyeon gwan, which is restrained by Sang gwan.

4) When a day master is weak and also being drained by expression star, it is required to have a knowledge star accompanied by career star. The knowledge star will ultimately support the weak day master.

Unsuccessful scenario 1) There are clashes among expression stars

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2) When there is proper career star but it is restrained by Sang gwan – defiant god

3) Expression star is well restrained by Knowledge star, but the knowledge star gets damaged by money star.

4) Weak day master has expression star and it flows to money star. But the power of expression and money stars are too strong.

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5) Sang gwan is restraining the Pyeon gwan (Expediential career god) but knowledge star is also restraining the Sang gwan.

6) The Sang gwan structure is damaged by strong knowledge stars.

7) Weak day master has expression star and flows to money star, but
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there also is a Pyeon gwan (Expediential career god).

2. The Structure formed by Expression star in same yin-yang (Sik sin structure) When a month branch is an expression star (same yin-yang as day master), or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is an expression star. Expression star is related with eating, playing and talent. It requires a money star to circulate the energy through. Successful scenario 1) When a strong day master has expression star in its structure accompanied by money star.

2) When a day master has strong career star, and it is restrained by an expression star.

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3) When an expression star is too strong, it requires a knowledge star to balance the power.

Unsuccessful scenario 1) When expression stars are clashed or penalized

2) When career stars are too strong but an expression star is too weak to restrain the career star
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3) When a useful expression star is damaged by knowledge stars

4) When an expression star is paired with others

5) When a day master is not strong
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3. The Structure formed by Money star in different yin-yang (Jeong jae structure) When a money star in month branch is different yin-yang from day master or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is money star of different yin-yang. The Jeong jae structure requires strong day master. But there shouldn‟t be too many different friend stars in saju. Successful scenario 1) A Strong day master accompanied by strong money star, which in turn generates career stars.

2) A Strong day master accompanied by weak money star, which is supported by expression stars.

3) A Strong day master accompanied by a weak money star. There is no
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expression star then the career star is able to control the strong day master.

4) A Weak day master accompanied by strong money star, but the weak day master is supported by a knowledge star. (The money and knowledge stars need to be positioned separately).

Unsuccessful scenario 1) When money stars are damaged

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2) When there are many friend stars for a weak money star

3) When a weak day master has strong money stars and also restrained by a career star

4) When a money star generates career star, but the career star is damaged
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5) When a weak day master has strong expression and money stars

4. The Structure formed by Money star in same yin-yang (Pyeon jae structure) It has similar properties and explanations to Jeong jae. 5. The Structure formed by Career star in different yin-yang (Jeong gwan structure) When a career star in month branch is different yin-yang from a day master or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is a career star of different yin-yang. The Jeong gwan structure requires supports from money stars or drains to knowledge stars, rather than restriction by Sang gwan. A Day master is required to be strong in order to be well controlled by Jeong gwan. It needs to avoid from sang gwan. Healthy Jeong gwan structure makes a noble and high-ranking official.
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Successful scenario 1) A Strong day master has a career star generated by money star

2) A day master is weak and accompanied by strong career stars, and it circulates through knowledge stars to support the day master.

3) This knowledge star should be placed where no money star can restrict it.

4) When Sang gwan is to damage the career star, the knowledge should
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be able to control Sang gwan

Unsuccessful scenario 1) Career stars are damaged or penalized

2) A career star is restrained by Sang gwan

3) Both Jeong gwan and Pyeon gwan are mixed

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4) A Weak day master accompanied by strong career stars

5) There is a weak career star and no other supportive energy

6) Too many knowledge stars are draining a career star

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6. The Structure formed by Career star in same yin-yang (Pyeon gwan structure) When a career star in month branch is same yin-yang as a day master or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is career star of same yin-yang. The Pyeon gwan structure requires strong day master and it needs to be well controlled by expression stars. Sometimes Pyeon gwan structure shows stronger leadership and initiatives. Successful scenario 1) A Strong day master accompanied by strong Pyeon gwan

2) A strong Pyeon gwan is controlled by expression stars

Unsuccessful scenario 1) A Weak day master

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2) When strong Pyeon gwans do not have expression stars to control them.

3) When a knowledge star hurts an expression star that is to control strong Pyeon gwan.

4) When there are strong money stars or strong knowledge stars.

5) When there are strong expression stars

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6) When career stars are clashed or penalized.

7. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in different yin-yang (Jeong-in structure) When a knowledge star in month branch is different yin-yang from day master or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is a knowledge star of different yin-yang. The Jeong-in structure should not be damaged by money stars. A Weak day master can be supported by knowledge stars and if there is a career star, it will raise status of the day master higher. Successful scenario 1) It is ok with a weak day master even with career stars

2) When a day master is strong, it requires expression stars to drain the
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energy

3) If a knowledge structure is too strong, it needs to be restrained by money stars

Unsuccessful scenario 1) When a knowledge structure is damaged by money stars

2) When a knowledge structure is clashed or penalized.

3) When a day master is strong enough, which does not require more
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supports from knowledge stars

8. The Structure formed by Knowledge star in same yin-yang (Pyeon in structure) When a knowledge star in month branch is same yin-yang as a day master or any one element from the inclusion of month branch, penetrated through stem is knowledge star of same yin-yang. The strong Pyeon-in structure needs to be restrained by money stars. Even it is ok when the Pyeon-in are clashed or penalized. But still the Pyeon-in is helpful for a weak day master. Successful scenario 1) When a strong Pyeon-in is restrained by money stars

2) When a strong day master is accompanied by strong Pyeon-in, it requires expression stars to drain some energy.

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3) When a strong day master is accompanied by weak Pyeon-in, and it is supported by career star.

Unsuccessful scenario 1) When a weak Pyeon-in is restrained by money star

2) When a strong Pyeon-in supports strong day master

3) When there is no other element to control the strong Pyeon-in. How we define the class of fate 1. Favorable elements are strong and unfavorable elements are weak  It makes both rich and noble fate 2. Unfavorable elements are strong but there is a useful applicable agent to control them  One might have some challenges but is able to overcome difficulty. 3. Favorable and unfavorable elements are mixed 
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Ordinary people‟s life 4. Useful applicable agents are weak and unfavorable elements are strong One may run through lots of diversities in life and cannot overcome difficulties The fate paths between rich and noble lives When saju has a strong day master and strong money stars supported by expression star, it pursues wealth and it has talents to make money. When saju has a strong day master and strong career stars, it pursues noble lives and achieves high position in its career. Like this, saju structure determines whether one achieves either rich or noble life. (Between money fortune cycle and career fortune cycle) The meaning of strong day master – When a day master takes roots in a branch, we can say the day master is strong. The agent that determines wealth – A Weak day master may require friend stars to achieve money fortune. A Strong day master requires expression and money stars. The agent that determines nobility – A Weak day master may require knowledge stars to achieve noble fortune. A Strong day master requires money and career stars. How to read successful or unsuccessful fate for each applicable and useful agents. 1. When a friend star is an applicable useful agent – People are firm, vigorous and patient. When a day master gets support from friend stars (ex, partners, friends, siblings) one may achieve fortune. 2. When an expression is an applicable useful agent – People are talented, smart, artistic and cultured. When a day master meets expression stars, one may build a stepping stone for success. One becomes intuitive and makes right decisions. 3. When a money star is an applicable useful agent – People are creditable and active. They also care others. When a day master meets money star fortune, it makes great wealth. 4. When a career star is an applicable useful agent – People want to keep
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their reputation and pursue respectful life. They value fidelity and show leadership. When a day master meets career star fortune, one is promoted to a higher position and its leadership is recognized by others. 5. When a knowledge star is an applicable useful agent – People are wise, calm and merciful. They keep trying to accumulate honor. When a day master meets knowledge star fortune, it achieves license, good scores at school and gains fame. If saju has an applicable useful agent only in stem, it acquires good fortune when it meets the element in coming year‟s branch. It is because the energy needs to connect between stems and branches. If a day master has an applicable useful agent only in the inclusions of branch, it acquires good fortune when it meets the element in coming year‟s stem. This is due to the law of „roots and penetrations‟ between stems and branches. If a day master has a healthy applicable useful agent both in stems and taking a root in branches, one may develop better fate constantly. Ordinary people usually have their favorable and unfavorable elements mixed in their saju, so we need to evaluate which is stronger or healthier when we read their life in details. In case saju has great flow of energy, 1. It needs to follow the strong energy flow. 2. When it meets the strong energy in the coming year‟s fortune, it achieves good fortune.

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Chapter 2 Harmony
Reading saju is to analyze the yinyang and 5 elements in saju. After defining a day master of saju, one may evaluate its relationship with other elements and read the condition of saju structure. It is a process like decoding the signs from heaven and earth from one’s birth. There are 4 heavenly stems and 4 terrestrial branches in one’s saju, which are read through the yin and yang and the five elements of universe. Human beings are born imperfect considering the fact that saju has to compose 5 elements. Accordingly there must be both harmonious and disharmonious relation between the day master and other elements. To read this relationship is the core technique in practicing saju. If you are able to evaluate how a day master is related with other elements, harmoniously or disharmoniously, you are already a master to read others’ fate. It would be a secondary work to figure out favorable or unfavorable elements, or to find out the applicable useful agent in saju. Also after this being clarified, there is no confusion about ‘structure’. It is still very difficult and complicated technique to read and clarify saju structure well, in practicing saju. You may be able to find your own ways to read one’s fate, whether it is grasping the structure or comprehending the harmony, or else. The major principle to comprehend ‘harmony’ in saju is to find neutralizing energy. Theoretically, from a day master’s viewpoint, if it’s strong, there required a restricting element. If it’s weak, there required a supportive (generating) energy. So when the saju has this neutralizing elements, we may call it ‘applicable useful agent’. In summary, 1. Saju requires ‘harmony’ the most 2. It requires neutralizing elements to harmonize the energy relationship. 3. We need to review climate of saju to determine the neutralizing elements. For example, for a day master born in cold month branches, it needs to add warmth. On the other hand, for a day master born in hot
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month branches, it needs to add coldness. Then, why ‘Harmony’? In orient, humans are considered a part of nature, so we read their fate by one’s birth year, month, day and time. And it is of course required to have harmonized relationship and energy flow with heaven and earth. Other than the day master or day stem, the rest elements in the saju could constitute one’s social and human relationship networks under the name of 5 stars or cycles. They are friend, expression, money, career and knowledge stars according to the 5 elements circulation. Some people may have their saju with all five elements balanced, while others not. The fact that saju has only four pillars means human beings are not perfect as saju can’t satisfy all five elements. A billionaire may not be happy with his love life or sometimes he is not healthy enough to enjoy his wealth. Most ordinary people pursue rich life but not all of them achieve what they want in their lifetime. An intelligent scholar usually falls in frustration for the lack of social recognition. People seem to thirst for what they don’t have, instead of being satisfied with what they have. The 4 stems and 4 branches in saju are not fossilized. Some letters are enforced while others are weakened as time goes by. Some letters are revived when they meet certain energy in coming years while others are damaged. The logic in reading our fate by saju cannot be testified through certain experiments. Yet still exists. Wood is not just called „wood‟. On the contrary, we have to understand that wood is generated by water, then it generates fire. Also it restricts earth and is restricted by metal, as seen by the five elements diagram. They should be understood by the relationship with others, so when the fire energy is strong, for example, we consider that wood might be exhausted as the wood energy is absorbed by the fire and the earth would become fertile by vital fire energy, and the metal can be damaged as the fire would melt it, and so on. When ancient people studied the universe and the situation of human beings,
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they tried to look everything under the concept of “relationship”. Now we may be able to see how this understanding was applied to saju. When we read the other elements in saju, energy balance and their relationship are more valued instead of just counting the number of each element. As many of us agree, money is such important factor to determine one’s life successful or not in modern society. In reading the saju, if you found lots of money stars in your saju, would you consider that you have big money fortune and your life is happy? The answer is no. There are only four pillars in a saju while you need to fill them with five elements. So there always is a lacking in our life. Each element has its own luck and influence to your life, for example, a friend star gives you strength, a knowledge star gives you wisdom, an expression star talents, a career star social recognition and power, etc. So having many money stars means you are lacking the other fortune. And it also suggests that in order to make money, your energy is exhausted. The oriental philosophy teaches us to look at the whole picture and understand the mechanism of relationship.

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Then, how to judge ? First, Harmony of the 5 elements 1. If one element sitting on a branch as a regular energy  proper power and it has virtue. 2. If an element comes only from inclusion, whether one or more than two, not as a regular energy  still weak and it lacks virtue. 3. If an element is sitting on more than two branches as regular energies  excessive power (Excessiveness is not better than lacking, as it is cumbersome and disturb the other stars. Second, Harmony of yin-yang Yin and yang, coldness and warmth, brightness and darkness, etc. determine the atmosphere of saju.
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Deepen your study of Harmony The harmony of saju means it has all five elements properly constituted in saju. When we define favorable elements and unfavorable elements, the favorable elements need to be strong and unfavorable elements need to be weak. But before that, saju needs to have all five elements as possible. As written above, one regular element may bring proper fortune. If the element exists in more than two branches, it is called excessive and not favorable. If the element exists only in inclusions not as a regular energy, it is weak. You should be able to utilize this principle in practicing saju. Let‟s see how we can judge with an actual example. Time Gye Yu Metal -wood ; proper -fire ; proper -earth ; proper -metal ; proper -water ; insufficient When it comes to the 5 elements harmony, this saju is well balanced. Wood is a career star and this person has career fortune. Fire is a knowledge star and he has good fortune with his mother, study and respect. Earth is a friend star and he has supportive friends and siblings. Metal is an expression star, and he doesn‟t have difficulty in determining what to do in his life. Water is a money star, which is weak so he is lacking money fortune or luck of his wife. Since he still has an appropriate expression star, he is making effort to earn money, but the outcome is not as much as he endeavors. Then, what element will be damaged mostly in this saju ? It is Water, which has least power. There is gye water included in chuk of a day branch. During his age 31-45, he may have some difficulty whenever chuk is clashed or penalized. If he had extra water element in other branch inclusions, the damage could be lessened. Water element represents money, wife, outcome and health. If he had health
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Day Gi Chuk Earth

Month Byeong O Fire

Year Im In wood

Male

problem for himself during this period, his wife would take good care of him. Actually, his relationship with his wife and his health were good, but he had financial problems. In this saju, the most powerful element is Byeong fire. Byeong fire in the month of o, requires im water to restrain its fire power. It is good that he has im water in year stem, but im water is too weak to influence byeong. Let‟s go back to money star (water), which is positioned in the inclusions of Chuk. During his age 31-45, he tries to make money. But it couldn‟t be enough. How about year of gye-mi ? There was actually a clashing between chuk and mi, so he had financial loss in that year. He may acquire jeong fire from inclusion of mi, but still the loss of money is unavoidable. Other than this period(31-45), he may be able to meet girl friend and make money when chuk is clashed or penalized.

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Chapter 3 Hidden letters
Hidden letters are the hidden energy in saju. We‟ve learned the meaning of harmony in saju. But when I practiced saju in the field, I saw so many people with their saju of all four branch letters were clashed so it seemed like all 5 elements were damaged. If you are not an expert, you would be flustered in front of this client. Also when you say certain incidents related with clashes, such as divorce, and if the client answers he/she is not divorced, you would not be able to find further advice. The secret to explain this situation is „hidden letters‟. When a certain element is damaged, or not positioned in the branch, even in the inclusion, the hidden letters can compensate some energy. In many cases, people have hidden letters to supplement missing or lacking energy in their saju. The principle of hidden letters 1. By 6 branch clashes  Ja-O  Chuk-Mi  In-Sin  Myo-Yu  Jin-Sul Its principle is based on yin-yang relationship. If a certain energy reaches its ultimate power, it brings the opposite power. Ex 1) time day month year ㅁ gap ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ in in ㅁ If two „in‟ letters are placed next to each other, they pull sin metal energy, which will be placed between month and day branches. Ex 2) time day month year ㅁ gap ㅁ ㅁ o o ㅁ ㅁ There are two „o‟ fires in day and time branches and they bring ja water to place between time and day branch.
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Ex 2) time day month year ㅁ gap ㅁ ㅁ o o ㅁ ja If there already exist ja water in saju, two „o‟ fire can not bring ja water. So there is no hidden letter in this saju. We may apply this for all 6 branch clashes. 2. By in-between energy The 12 terrestrial branches are flowing from spring-summer-fallwinter and then to spring again. They are not just meaning the season as blocked letters, but circulating. The 10 stems, on the other hand, they are also moving in heaven but their movement is not in order. The 12 branches keep their sequence in exact timing of a year, of a month of a day and time, so there is a regularity in their movement. Owing to this regularity in flow of 12 branches-from ja to hae, if there are any missing letters between two, this letter is brought in. Ja Chuk In Myo Jin Sa O Mi Sin Yu Sul Hae

Ex 1) time day month year ㅁ gap ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ in ja There missing a branch letter, chuk between in and ja of month and year branch. Ex 2) time day month year ㅁ gap ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ hae yu Sul is brought in between the branch hae and yu. 3. By trine combinations Seasonal trine  In-Myo-Jin  Sa-O-Mi  Sin-Yu-Sul  Hae-Ja-Chuk Assembly trine  Hae-Myo-Mi  In-O-Sul  Sa-Yu-Chuk  Sin-Ja-Jin Wood trine Fire trine Metal trine Water trine

Among three trine letters, if saju has only two letters, the last one
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letter is brought in. Ex 1) time day month year ㅁ gap ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ ja sin Among sin-ja-jin water trine, jin is missing in this saju and we need to read this hidden letter between the period of month and year branches. Ex 2) time day month year ㅁ gap ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ yu sul In order to make sin-yu-sul metal (fall) trine, sin is brought in between the month and year branches. Ex 1) time day month year ㅁ gap ㅁ ㅁ In o ㅁ ㅁ Sul is brought in to make a fire trine. 4. Ja-sa When 1am), about inducing energy saju has ja in time branch (when one was born in time 11pmja water brings sa fire energy. There are some controversies this, but as practicing actual saju, I found many cases have ja-sa

inducing energy. 5. Lastly, there is hidden energy brought by numbers indicated by sound of the 5 elements.- Nap Eum The 10 heavenly stems are floating and circulating from gap to gye, while the 12 terrestrial branches are also circulating by certain rules. This affects the fate of human beings who are living in the universe and standing on earth. This circulation of stems and 12 branches makes 60 combinations and each of this 60 combinations has five elements energy respectively. There are five elements (wood, fire, earth, metal, water) in the universe, five mountains (big mountains located in four direction-east, west, south, north and center) in earth, five organs in human body, and five protruding (right and left cheekbones, chin, forehead and nose) in face. So everything in universe is constituted by 5 elements.
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Although this lesson is not about oriental philosophy itself, let‟s briefly learn how they figured numbers for universe. Heaven is like beginning, such as it is a stage of being nothing becomes being something, so it is one. Then the energy from heaven comes down to earth to make two. And human being created by heaven and earth is three. This way, Heaven one, Earth two, and Human three are initiated. One plus Three makes Four, Two plus Three makes Five One plus Two plus Three makes Six. The way they figured numbers by 5 elements, 10 stems and 12 branches are below.
5 elements stem Gap Eul branch Ja O Chuk Mi Nap eum Wood 1 1 no 5 elements Byeong Jeong In Sin Myo Yu Metal 2 2 no 5 elements Mu Gi Jin Sul Sa Hae Water Fire Earth 3 3 no 5 elements Gyeong Sin 4 4 no 5 elements Im Gye 5 5 no

As you can find from above chart, the stem and branch combinations, for example, gap-ja and eul-chuk, has number-one assigned each, so they sum up(1+1) to make two. Two stands for metal so they make metal energy. Another example, byeong-in (2+2) makes four, so they make fire energy. Im-sul makes eight and after it is divided by five, it becomes three, which is water energy. Here is a chart of Nap-eum. Gap Ja metal Gap Sul fire Eul Hae Eul Chuk Byeong In fire Byeong Ja water Jeong Chuk Jeong Myo Mu Jin wood Mu In earth
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Gi Sa Gi Myo

Gyeong O earth Gyeong Jin metal

Sin Mi Sin Sa

Im Sin metal Im O wood

Gye Yu Gye Mi

Gap Sin water Gap O metal Gap Jin fire Gap In water

Eul Yu Eul Mi Eul Sa Eul Myo

Byeong Sul earth Byeong Sin fire Byeong O water Byeong Jin earth

Jeong Hae Jeong Yu Jeong Mi Jeong Sa

Mu Ja fire Mu Sul wood Mu Sin earth Mu O fire

Gi Chuk Gi Hae Gi Yu Gi Mi

Gyeong In wood Gyeong Ja earth Gyeong Sul metal Gyeong Sin wood

Sin Myo Sin Chuk Sin Hae Sin Yu

Im Jin water Im In metal Im Ja wood Im Sul water

Gye Sa Gye Myo Gye Chuk Gye Hae

Further thoughts about hidden letters The place and space where we live is three dimensional. We do not live in a flat universe. Saju is derived from one‟s birth year, month, day and time, even though it looks like two dimensional, when we plot the saju. The way we read saju is to analyze one‟s time flow to get the hints about how one was born, lives through and finishes its life. Although it looks like flat, when it is seen through the perspective of yin and yang, stems talk about one or two dimensional energy, branches are the mixed energy of stems, they are more about three dimensional. Consequently, it is not such preposterous to talk about those hidden letters. Saju masters should be able to read those hidden energy in saju to tell every nook and cranny of the life.

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Chapter 4 Root, Seed, Flower and Fruit

The way a saju master reads fate by saju is to figure each pillar by 15 years. Someone insist that it should be by 20 years as people live longer nowadays, but many master still use 15 years time frame because once one reaches 60 years old, the fate should go back to be read by year pillar again then to month, day and time sequence. It is based on the 60 stem-branch combinations. Here are more specifics, 0-15 years old are seen by a year pillar 16-30 years old are seen by a month pillar 31-45 years old are seen by a day pillar 46-60 years old are seen by a time pillar The center of year pillar is 8 years old The center of month pillar is 23 years old The center of day pillar is 38 years old The center of time pillar is 53 years old There is a saying in Korea that when people get old, they act like a kid. After we read fates from time pillar (till 60 years old), the fate goes back to year pillar.

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Chapter 5 Branches in depth Three places (Branch groups)
The 12 branches are classified by its activity – starting season, middle season and ending season. So there are 4 letters from each season to constitute specific activities. 12 branches / 3 activities (start – middle – end) = 4 letters (or 4 seasons) Assembly trine  Hae-Myo-Mi  InOSul Jin  Sa- Yu- Chuk  Sin-JaWood trine Fire trine Metal trine Water trine

1. Four live letters (the letters in the beginning of each season) – In, Sa, Sin, Hae The word „Live‟ has two meanings Firstly, it means to start a season. In the season of spring (in-myo-jin), in means staring of spring, in summer (sa-o-mi), sa means starting of summer, in fall (sin-yu-sul), sin means starting of fall, in winter (hae-ja-chuk), hae means starting of winter. Secondly, looking them in terms of qi-flow, they have vitality as they should prepare for a new season. Then how do we translate them in saju. They have free thoughts. In general, they understand objects quickly but easily get tired of them. And because of this characteristic, they do not like repetitive tasks. When they do dynamic and creative tasks, they are excited and feel more sense of accomplishment. They are quick in their communications. If someone restricts their thoughts or actions, they resist or they show extreme mentality. People with these 4 letters in their saju will move frequently, and they often want to change their home and office environment such as changing the furniture layout. In their work, if there is no satisfactory promotion or any new stimulus, they simply move or quit their
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jobs. They are free and they dream of changes. They like travelling. If they move, they move far away. If they move by the clashes of these 4 live letters, they move by obvious accidents, such as by some family member‟s death, accidents or divorce, etc. They are all caused by the fierce characteristics of 4 live letters. 2. Four flourish letters(letters in the middle of each season)Ja, O, Myo, Yu Ja is in the middle of winter season (flourish energy of water), O is flourish energy of fire, yu is flourish energy of metal, and myo is flourish energy of wood. Also their inclusion letters are simpler than other branches. Like this they are simple, not complicated. They are realistic and self-oriented. They have good-postures in their face and body. And they are popular because of this characteristic. People who have many flourish letters in their saju are clear in their expression and usually confident in what they do. But on the other hand, they are not flexible because they are so firm in their own thoughts. Accordingly, they are creditable in relationship with others but it is also not easy to become friends. 3. Four repository letters(letters in the end of each season)Jin, Sul, Chuk, Mi Jin, Sul, Chuk, Mi are the letters to bury things inside the grave. In other words, they are storing things inside the storage. It is like being in the grave, so they are stuffy and sometimes make certain energy powerless. The letters that become powerless by repository letters are as below. Repository letters Mi Sul Chuk Jin Inclusions Jeong Eul Gi Sin, Jeong, Mu Gye, Sin, Gi Eul, Gye, Mu Powerless stems Gap, Gye Byeong, Eul (Mu) Gyeong, Jeong, (Gi) Im, Sin

Wood is a season of spring, Next fire is summer, Wood will be buried when it meets mi (mi is the last month of summer, which is the next month of spring). And when they apply this, they used yang stem as a criterion. Like this, the grave places, or four repository letters, bury something at the end of next season of their own representative season. So they also have
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some implication of retrospection, reflection, longing for past glories, or a feeling of knowing the imminent death. So if the saju with more than two of these letters are philosophical, meditative, reflective and religious. Four repository letters bury things inside and store them so it‟s hard to know what their real inner desire is. Once they hide themselves, they do not contact with anyone and it‟s not easy to get to know what they are doing after that. If they move, the cause and process are different from others. People with repository letters in their saju, move far away. If there are clashes or penalties, they move so frequent. There is no specific cause of move with repository letters. It is not just for the education of kids or husband‟s company. It is more caused by helpless situations, such as bankruptcy, or changed landlord or sudden terminations of contracts, etc. There are lots of secrets and complicated stories in 4 repository letters. Usually they are shown by the non-repository letters positioned next. 4. Clashes and Penalties of repository letters Other than the other letters, such as those in flourish and live places, the clashes among repository letters do not damage earth elements themselves. That‟s why people call them „friends conflicts‟ However for those who utilize water element (favorable elements) and when the water, such as im or gye, takes root in jin earth (inclusion gye), the clash of jin and sul hurts water. For example, gye day master uses earth as career star. If the saju has mu earth, which takes roots in jin earth, then the jin is clashed with sul earth. In this case, mu earth career star does not hurt by this clash. However for jeong day master, uses im water as career star, the clash between jin and sul, hurts its career star, when the im water takes root in jin earth. The clashes among four live letters, in, sin, sa, hae, are the most fierce, while the clashes among four flourish letters, ja, o, myo, yu, are clear cut. There are either clear winning or clear losing. So if the flourish letters were favorable elements, the clash will definitely bring bad luck, in the meantime, if the flourish letters were unfavorable elements, the clash will bring good luck. In recap, the clashes and/or penalties of repository letters are not always bad,
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but we should be able to read them in specific five cycles. Then how do we read saju when these live, flourish, repository letters are mixed in saju ? First we read them by each phase of life (root-seed-flower-fruit). If a live letter placed on year pillar, we may read that one‟s youth (0-15 years old) was very active, or if it is a knowledge star, one may study abroad, because one‟s knowledge (studying) involves travelling. If any of repository letters are placed in the time pillar, one becomes spiritual at the age of 45 years old and after. If a repository letter of knowledge star is clashed or penalized, one‟s mother may marry twice, or one may have more than two mothers, etc. which is showing complicated family affairs. If the repository letters are money stars, one resembles one‟s father‟s personality and other characteristics, while if it is a knowledge star, one resembles one‟s mother in every perspectives. Usually people have full of stories in their life such as family affairs that one might want to hide. If the repository letters are friend stars or the friend star is taking root in the repository letters and they are clashed or penalized, one might have complicated stories with one‟s siblings. The repository letters are earth elements which do not have their own specific characteristic but are more influenced by adjacent elements. Time Hae day month year Gyeong In Mi Sul

The day master, Gyeong, feels knowledge star (mi) as his money star (in). – The repository letters are influenced by adjacent element. Also the knowledge star acts as if his money star and the day master like it. He likes a woman older than his age, or a woman like his mother, or mother behaves like his father, etc. His money star is a live letter (in), which means his wife is very active, also his expression star is a live place (hae), he may act for himself and he has his own free will in his thoughts and acts, etc. Parents divorce is more likely to happen with clashes or penalties among live letters, while their living in happy marriage life is with flourish letters. The
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flourish letters mean happy and harmonious life, while repository letters mean complicated life stories. Although we apply each letter to each phase of life (root, seed, flower and fruit), major personality is determined by crucial letters in one‟s saju, which balances and directs one‟s life. A Career star in live letters means that one has dynamic career path, while in repository letter means one might select ones career path apart from what he or she studied at school. The fate cycle, whatever it is, takes long in repository letters. If knowledge star is in the live letters, one crams at the last minutes, if in repository letters, one studies only when he or she wants. One can be artistic or sensitive.

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Chapter 6 Twelve Stages of Life
During the course of circulation, the phases of Wood, Fire, Metal and Water progress through twelve distinct stages of alternating prevalence and feebleness. Any element will experience its highest radiance at Life Stage 4 and 5. The first Life Stage of Wood occurs in the month of November (Stage 1). Then it reaches Life Stage 5 in the month of February. This is the way how we evaluate the strength of stems when they meet 12 branches respectively and by classify them as 12 stages, saju master is able to evaluate birth, old age, sickness and death – the four phases of life. The 12 stage of life and its personality, traits and compatible professions 1 Birth Jang saeng 長生 Happiness, honesty, kindness, gentleness, good relationships, energetic, needs care Others like and respect them. A quick learner who is intelligent, lives a long life and has many opportunities. Compatible professions – helping or assisting others 2 Bathes after Childhood birth- Mok yok 沐浴 First time one ever washes his hair Energetic, needs care Gradual growth and enjoys new activities. Easily influenced by others and needs inspiration to develop or mature. Compatible profession – requires stable partners in business and personal relationships. 3 Youth, Getting dressed Gwan dae 冠帶
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Energetic, needs guidance. Learning to be an adult, developing, maturing, desires fame and leadership. Uses intelligence to succeed.

Preparing for success. Compatible profession – Utilizes intelligence and verbal skills. For example, lawyer, accountant, teacher, sales, business person. 4 Graduation Gun rok 建祿 Becoming an official, Upwardly mobile, Be given official position Desires fame, management and leadership, intelligent, mature, honest and open-minded. Is an independent, self-made person, Potential for great wealth, success and fame. Compatible profession – Business owner, executive, leadership or management 5 Prime years (prosperous) Jae wang Reaching the peak 帝王 Desires fame, ownership leadership. Great probability wealth and success. Can and for be

overconfident and questions everything. Adventurous in a dangerous way, does not give up whether right or wrong. This is the peak, should be cautious of decline and loss. Needs a good life plan in order to retain achievement and resources. Compatible professions – Best to own and work at own company. Eg. The owner restaurant 6 Declining (wane) Shae 衰 and cook of a

Enjoying the past glory Situation has reached the top and now turns. A nice person, patient, not a big planner. Needs a calm, steady life. It

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passive and doesn‟t challenge authority. Must be steady and consistent to accomplish goals. Compatible professions – A steady, 95 job. Find a position where responsibilities end when the work day is completed. 7 Sick, disease Byeong 病 Getting weak The decline stage but more intense Compatible profession – Gentle and peaceful work which is not highpressured. 8 Die, Death Sa 死 Body dies Hastiness, a chronic worrier, creates a lot of problems and challenges in relationships. Preferable to marry later in life. Needs energy to achieve, as well as exercise and good nutrition to maintain health. Compatible profession – Arts or literature. Not business management. 9 Bury, tomb) buried(grave, Myo 墓 In the grave, storing up Likes to collect things, saves money well, introverted and enjoys indoors. Is cautious, quiet and honest. Needs to be motivated to open up, then can achieve and be successful. Can be very lucky with money if openminded. Compatible profession – No particular profession is more suitable than another. Must open mind and attitudes to succeed. 10 Totally vanished, Void Jeol, 絶 Prepares for new life Emptiness, worry, impatience, hastiness and doesn‟t finish things. A

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poor planner who can be susceptible to being cheated by others. Focus on being calm, careful and serious or many problems and obstacles will surface. Needs support for achievement. Compatible profession - Regular career worker 11 Embryo (formed) Tae 胎 Beginning of new era New beginning. Interested in all things new. Possess a good sense of humor and enjoys helping people. Good luck surrounds him or her. Health is weak when young, but as they age, their health gets better. Likes to know details and reasons for things. Is optimistic about the future. Compatible profession – A helper or assistant, especially in the arts. 12 Developing, Nourish Raise, Yang 養 New life develops Needs a lot of energy and strong support from family, friends and environment. If he or she perseveres and works hard, they can be successful in career and family. They are honest and social people who are satisfied with their existing lifestyle.

These 12 stages of life explain the energy flow and its strength in the relationship of stem and branches but they also imply the eternal cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The logic behind this is to tell us about nothing is determined, so if one is experiencing difficulty in certain phase of life, it is not the final stage and there should not be conclusion in our life. Many people overcome certain adversity to change their lives after turning points. 1. Birth (Jang saeng or Saeng) – It is a stage when an embryo starts new life after cutting its umbilical cord from its mother. It becomes perfect as a self and turns its life from darkness to brightness. So Jang saeng is seen as a lucky star to show its independency and frontier spirit.
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2. Bathes after birth (Mok yok or Yok) – Childhood. It is a stage when a baby is taking bathes to stand on by oneself. It is good as it cleans ones body to show oneself, but it also means that one has to face the world when one is not ready yet. While it needs care, it also denotes some obscene features as it looks like naked. 3. Getting dressed (Gwan dae or Dae) – Youth. It is a stage one is being educated and get dressed for social activities. It is being cultured and learns virtue in the society. It has dreams for the bright future and it shows vivacity, brightness and adventurous attitude. 4. Graduation (Gun rok) – This is a vigorous stage in one‟s life such as 30-40 years age. It works hard and still is energetic for social activities. It is seen as lucky star as it denotes initiatives, planning for better life. The personality shown by Gun-rok is self-confidence and responsibility. 5. Prime (prosperous) years (Jae wang or Wang) – It is a matured stage in one‟s life. People achieve their dream in 40-50 years age. They see the fruits from their hard works. It is seen a lucky star and shows dignity and strength. 6. Declining (Shae) – It means declining stage after one‟s life hits the climax. It is like the life stage in 50-60 years age. People are getting old and weakened. It is rather seen unlucky star and it shows conservativeness and timidity. 7. Disease (Byeong) – It is a stage of people‟s age 70 years or after as twilight years. It is seen as unlucky star because it implies a painful life. People get hurts easily with this star mentally and physically as they are weak. 8. Death (Sa) – It is a stage the body dies after it used up all the energy given by the nature. It is when the fate-watch stops working. It is seen unlucky star as money, reputation, health and love, everything is in vain. Its personality is mild but it easily gives up.
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9. Bury (Grave – Myo) – It means people go back to the place where they were born. They take rests for the next life in both body and soul. It may be seen peaceful but it is a stage of neither this world nor other world. There is only powerless energy like a ghost. It is seen unlucky. People with this star take what really matters and do not show their inner minds. 10.Totally vanished (Jeol) – It is a stage to disconnect from this world and move to the other world. All the memories of agony and delusion are cleared after this stage. The soul becomes pure but still the next world is influenced by this world so it is nervous about everything. It shows anxiety and loneliness with unrest feeling. 11.Embryo (Tae) – According to the eternal cycle of birth and death, the pure soul comes back to this world by certain law of universe. It is a stage when the embryo is implanted in womb. It is seen as lucky star because the lost soul is finding its body and time. Its personality is generous. 12.Developing (Yang) – It is a stage for pregnancy. It feels warm and cozy like mother‟s womb. It shows both expectation and fear for the new world so it is seen as half lucky and half unlucky. Its personality is cautious and emotional. 1
Saeng

2
Yok ja sa myo sin o hae yu in

3
Dae chuk jin jin mi mi sul sul chuk

4
Rok in myo sa o sin yu hae ja

5
Wang myo in o sa yu sin ja hae
55

6
Shae jin chuk mi jin sul mi chuk sul

7
Byeong

8
Sa o hae yu in ja sa myo sin

9
Myo mi sul sul chuk chuk jin jin mi

10
Jeol sin yu hae ja in myo sa o

11
Tae yu sin ja hae myo in o sa

12
Yang sul mi chuk sul jin chuk mi jin

Gap Eul
Byeong

hae o in yu sa ja sin myo

sa ja sin myo hae o in yu

Mu Jeong Gi
Gyeong

Sin Im Gye

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Yang stems circulates in order in their relationship with branches, while yin stems circulates in retrogression. For example gap wood starts from hae water as its stage one (birth), when water generates wood, then peaks in myo (prime years) and vanishes in sin metal. While Eul wood starts stage one (birth) in o fire then goes in retrogression to reach prime years in „In‟ wood then vanishes in yu metal. It is because ancient people looked the law of universe for yin and yang oppositely. 1. Saeng Year pillar – luck of ancestors Month pillar – luck of parents and siblings Day pillar – harmonious marriage life, stable life Time pillar – children‟s success, happiness in latter life. 2. Yok Year pillar – lonely childhood, no luck of ancestors Month pillar – no luck of parents, hardship in youth Day pillar – troubled marriage life, unstable life Time pillar – lonely latter life 3. Dae Year pillar – smart student in childhood Month pillar – good scores in school examination, early success Day pillar – harmonious marriage life, wealth and career success Time pillar – children‟s success, happiness in latter life 4. Rok Year pillar – early luck, ancestor‟s heritage Month pillar – parents‟ heritage, career fortune Day pillar – healthy marriage life, wealth, respect Time pillar – children‟s success, reputation 5. Wang Year pillar – ancestor‟s heritage Month pillar – parents‟ heritage, wealth Day pillar – happy marriage life, good business Time pillar – bequest to children, fortunate life

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Shae Year pillar – lack of ancestor‟s luck Month pillar – lack of parents‟ luck, hardship Day pillar – unhealthy marriage life Time pillar – lonely latter life 6. Byeong Year pillar – lack of ancestor‟s luck, unhealthy childhood Month pillar – lack of parents‟ luck, hardship in youth Day pillar - troubled marriage life, separation Time pillar – less relationship with children, sickness 7. Sa Year pillar – misfortune in ancestor‟s days, no luck in childhood Month pillar – misfortune in parents‟ days, no luck in youth Day pillar – separation, sickness, divorce Time pillar – no luck of children, painful latter life 8. Myo Year pillar – troubled childhood, misfortune in ancestor‟s days Month pillar – misfortune in parents‟ days, less help from others Day pillar – unhappy marriage life, confinement Time pillar – no luck of children, sorrow, resentment

9. Jeol Year pillar - troubled childhood, misfortune in ancestor‟s days Month pillar – misfortune in parents‟ days, less help from others Day pillar – separation, sickness, divorce Time pillar – no luck of children, sorrow, resentment 10.Tae Year pillar – support from ancestors Month pillar – support from parents, harmonious relationship Day pillar – good marriage life Time pillar – luck of children
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11.Yang Year pillar – support from ancestors Month pillar – support from parents Time pillar – harmonious marriage life Time pillar – happy family relationship, harmonious latter life How to read fate by the 12 stages of life 1. From the day master‟s standpoint, year, month, day and time branches are figured for 12 stages of life respectively. 2. Each pillar is figured for 12 stages of life. 3. From the viewpoint of each stem, 4 branches are figured for 12 stages of life respectively. 4. All the inclusions in each branch is figured. While all branches are figured for 12 stages of life, month branch has biggest influence above all. When we balance dry, hot or wet, cold condition in saju, there usually requires byeong fire-warmth and gye water-coldness. Then when we balance the defects of generation and restriction cycle – when power flow in saju is not balanced, there requires gap, jeong, mu, gyeong and im. It is necessary to understand the mechanism of 12 stages of life, as it is a tool to know the strength and stream of each stem and branch in reading saju. The critical combinations of stems and branches in terms of 12 stages. Gap-ja (2.yok) : Ja water is a knowledge star of gap wood. Mother is not helpful in Gap;s life, knowledge, academic background, licenses are not satisfactory. Gap may be a devoted son or daughter and need to care for his or her sick mother. Gap-o (8.sa) : O fire is an expression star of gap wood. Gap is worried about what to do. Gap has difficulty in finding future career path. Woman may have trouble with her children, She becomes unhealthy after child birth. Gap-o in marriage palace denotes unhappy marriage life. Death of his or her siblings. Gap-sin (10.jeol) : Sin metal is a career star for gap wood. Woman does not
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have a happy marriage. There can be divorce, or even she is not divorced, she may live separate with her husband. Her husband is not a family man. Man is infertile. Gap is in trouble with its job. Eul-sa (2.yok) : Sa fire is an expression star for eul wood. It delivers similar situation as Gap-o. It is 2-yok instead of 8-sa stage, so there are distorted results, such as dishonor. Eul-hae (8.sa) : Hae water is a knowledge star for eul wood. It‟s similar to gap-ja. Death of his or her siblings Eul-yu (10.jeol) : Yu metal is a career star for eul wood. It‟s similar to gapsin. Byeong-sin (7.byeong) : Sin metal is a money star for byeong fire. Byeong has to take care of his sick wife and it denotes unhealthy marriage palace. Byeong woman has to take care of her sick mother in law. Byeong-sul (9.myo) : Sul earth is an expression star for byeong fire. Naughty children for her. Slump in developing one‟s career path. Confinement in one‟s marriage life. Jeong-chuk (9.myo) : Chuk earth is an expression star for jeong fire. It is similar to Byeong-sul. Mu-sul (9.myo) : Sul earth is a friend star for mu earth. Very stubborn person who is domineering one‟s relationship with spouse. A strict spouse. Gi-chuk (9.myo) : Chuk earth is a friend star for gi earth.. It‟s similar to Musul. Gyeong-ja (8.sa) : Ja water is an expression star for gyeong metal. A nagger. A quarrel between husband and wife. Death of his or her siblings Gyeong-in (10.jeol) : In wood is a money star for gyeong metal. The relationship with his wife is not harmonized. Misfortune in finance.
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Sin-sa (8.sa) : Sa fire is a career star for sin metal. Unhappy marriage with her husband. Remain single. Powerful career fortune but unhappy personal life. Man is infertile. Im-jin (9.myo) : Jin earth is a career star for im water. Inactive job. Confinement. Woman is not happy with her husband. Ex) female Time Day Month Year Sin Gye Im Eul Yu Sa O Myo

Her husband is mu earth included in sa fire. Sa fire is money star so her husband may be passive but he has internal stability especially financially. Mu earth from sa and o fire is strong in its power so he is knowledgeble and capable husband. Mu-sa is stage 4 and mu-o is stage 5. But there is no stem penetration so has lack of presence. Ex) female Time Day Month Year Gap Gi ㅁ ㅁ Ja ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ If you want to know the status of her husband, we need to see the „12 stages of life‟ for gap wood. According to 12 stages of life chart, if gap wood is sitting on hae, ja, chuk, and in, myo, jin(life stages from 1-6), gap‟s vitality is strengthened in its social and personal activity. Financial situation is also executed well. While it is on sa o mi and sin yu sul (life stages from 7-12), it is being weakened. Gap is buried in mi and vanished in sin. While it is raised in sul, but its presence is still weak. Considering the fact that sin and yu are career stars for gap, when gap pursues promotion, it may not be a real promotion in quality but just as a title. If it related with financial aspect, gap‟s promotion in relationship with sin and yu cannot be beneficial so it is recommended not to proceed financial investment. Gap‟s status is upward in connection with stages 1-6(hae, ja, chuk, in, myo, jin) such as opening his own business but when it turns to stages 7-9 (sa, o, mi), although he still gains some profits from past investment, he needs to be careful of future potential losses. This gap husband is ok in its social reputation except for
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financial profits. If gap husband becomes unemployed during stage 9-11 (mi, sin, yu) and his activity is limited, he better not to start another business but to do honorary position just helping his wife. Ex) female Time Day Month Year ㅁ Gi ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ In ㅁ Husband is in the branch letter, not in the stem. Stems are spiritual and intangible while branches are reality and facts. In husband at month branch has reality of his financial and economic ability. Year of ja – supports in husband (water generates wood) but the power is still weak. (stages of bathes after birth-2) Year of chuk – chuk can be a stepping stone for gap wood. It starts to raise gap. Years of in, myo, jin – the power of gap is increased during these three years. Year of sa – In and sa penalty. He may experience certain unexpected accident and sacrifice. Year of o – half trine of in-o. In itself is sitting on stage of death (8) so the power is obviously weakened. Half trine cannot be welcomed at all. If there is hae in this saju, it may protect gap and also balance the power. Gap may be able to start new business. Year of mi – power of gap is shrunken but still may be able to continue his activity. Year of sin – live place. He may have shift in his job place or business travelling. If it was combined with other letters, such as hae, sin will be able to activate in wood. Otherwise in wood is clashed by sin metal and damaged.

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Chapter 7 Gods and Devils
Gods influence our lives as fortunate stars, while devils as unfortunate stars. It is generated by ancient saju studies, even before they developed five stars, clashes, penalties and combinations etc. The theory of Gods and Devils was even before ancient scholars defined day stem as a day master. At that time, AD 900‟s, they translated saju with year pillar bases. Accordingly the theory of Gods and Devils has been deleted for hundreds of years when saju scholars studied logics of day master and the structure, five stars and combinations and clashes. This has been reintroduced by modern saju masters, but not all of them. Actually there are tons of gods and devils from ancient days, but here I am going to explain just some of them, which are still showing flash of accuracy when they are applied in some cases. 1. Devils of white tiger Gap-jin Eul-mi Byeong-sul Jeong-chuk Mu-jin Im-sul As you can tell by its name, it acts as one of the unfortunate stars. In old days, many people were killed by the attack of tigers in Asia. Above 7 stem-branch combinations are called devils of white tiger. They are effective at all four pillars of year, month, day and time. If there are any of these letters in saju, we may read „death by accident‟ of the correspond relatives. If gap is her husband and is sitting on jin (gap-jin), her husband is killed by car accident, cancer, kidnapping, etc. If gap is her kids, we may also read unnatural death of her children. If a day pillar is one of above 7 (white tiger), one‟s personality is quite strong to hurt one‟s spouse. We have to see the overall saju structure before we determine this misfortune of a person though. Ex) Time

Day Month

Year
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ㅁ jeong gap ㅁ ㅁ ㅁ jin ㅁ This saju has gap-jin white tiger in month pillar. For jeong day master, gap is a knowledge star, which denotes mother. When he was asked about his mother, he answered his mother was still alive although she had been sick for long time. This can be a translation of gap-jin white tiger, but when more details were investigated about his life, his mother has many sisters and most of them died in unnatural accidents. One was killed by fire, the other 2 by cancer, and one by brain disorder. 2. Extraordinarily strong combination (Gue gang) Day master Gyeong Gyeong Im Im Mu Jin Sul Jin Sul Sul

Among 12 branches, jin and sul are most powerful in their inner strength. With combinations with jin and sul, the day stems, gyeong, im and mu are considered for this devils. If one has one of above in day pillar, one is considered extraordinarily strong and his or her spouse is required to be strong as well in order to cope with each other. Otherwise, one with these devils in saju may not continue ones marriage life smoothly partly because one is too strong, and partly because one is too smart. In general, it was considered devil star from the past, but we also need to see bright side of this star especially in modern society. People with this star are decisive and daring. And in order to develop better life, this needs to be utilized well. 3. Gui mun – Two adjacent branch combination ja chuk in myo jin sa yu o mi sin hae sul
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Saju with gui mun in their branches are hypersensitive and artistic, sometimes do odd acts and fall in delusion. When gui mun is in day and time branches and/or day and month branches are stronger in their influence. They may show delusional jealousy of their spouses, sexually pervert or transgender. It is not always seen as devils star because in some cases they are very smart and show interesting achievements in their own fields especially in writing, painting and music. These days, people with gui mun in their saju appear confused about their sexuality, brilliant performance or shamanism, etc. 4. God blessed letters Day master Gap, Mu, Gyeong Eul, Gi Byeong, Jeong Sin Im, Gye God blessed letters Chuk, mi Ja, sin Hae, yu In, o Sa, myo

God blessed letters are seen from day master‟s stand point. If gap day master has chuk or mi in the saju, or Gi day master has sin or ja in the saju, we call one has god blessed letters. If it is knowledge star, one is raised by a great mother. If it is an expression star, one has great talents in writing, cooking and singing, etc. If it is a money star, one may meet beautiful and wise wife. Like this, god blessed letters make great, rich and noble stars for one‟s life. If they are placed in year branch, one has fortune from ancestors, these letters in month branch means parents support, in day branch means wife fortune and in time branch means successful children. God blesses letters are required not to be clashed or penaltied. These are often reviewed when we read marital harmony of bride and groom. And they may also be utilized when you compare your saju with your social partners.

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Chapter 8 Ten celestial stems and their relationships Upper version

We have reviewed ten celestial stems and their properties in previous beginners‟ chapter. Now that we learned ten stars and how the five elements in stems and branches re-act each other, I am going to talk about the relationship of ten celestial stems to determine success or failure and good luck or bad luck in one‟s life. Before I start, I would like to make it clear that the weather and seasons mentioned below for each stems are based on the birth month – month branch. 1. 甲 gap Gap wood in spring needs warmth and sunny shine to grow up. So when gap wood is with byeong丙 and jeong丁 fire, it is beautiful and smart to understand knowledge and quick in learning. (The relationship of wood and fire is that of knowledge and expression star). Gap wood in summer does not need more byeong丙 and jeong丁 fire. So in this case, it needs gyeong庚 metal to trim off to make it a good timber. If it meets more fire energy, it will burn the wood down. Gap wood in winter also needs byeong丙 and jeong丁 fire. Earth energy is a good ground for gap wood to root in. So it will be healthy in its money flow. (Earth is a money star for wood). Gap wood in autumn with too much metal energy will require jeong丁 fire to leverage the metal power. (fire restrains metal) 2. 乙 eul Eul wood requires rather gye癸 water energy to nourish it. And if it meets byeong丙 fire, it will look beautiful and grow well with sunny shine. Usually eul wood likes water energy but if there is too much water energy, it makes the flower float. When there is too much earth energy (too much money star) it requires a help from gap wood (friend stars) to restrain the earth.

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3. 丙 byeong Byeong fire is sun energy, which is strong and it has innate intense heat. It never perishes by water energy. It doesn’t require the help of wood to continue its power. However when it is too weak for the earth power to absorb the byeong energy or water power to restrain fire energy, it requires gap and eul wood to balance the power. Byeong fire requires im 壬 water to make the scenery beautiful rather than the energy of gye 癸 water. Gye 癸 water is like cloud and fog to shade the sun shine. It may be helpful when byeong fire is too hot and strong. 4. 丁 jeong Jeong is yin fire like a star in the sky or a lamp in earth. It always greets the help of friend stars. The best help is gap wood to continue the fire energy. With the help of gap wood, jeong fire has nothing to worry about even in autumn and winter time. Gap wood is like firewood to keep jeong fire burning. When jeong fire has too much gap wood, it requires mu earth to balance the fire. It also greets gyeong metal to restrain and chop gap woods. 5. 戊 mu Mu earth is courteous and generous. It always welcomes the help of byeong fire. Without byeong fire, there is no achievement. It usually greets im gye water as its money stars. But if water energy is too heavy, it requires byeong fire’s help to balance. When it has too much metal to absorb earth energy, it requires byeong jeong fire to restrain metal. 6. 己 gi Gi earth is a good ground for woods and plants to grow. It is in good relation with gye water to grow creatures, but im water will make gi earth muddy. So im water is the worst combination with gi. When gi earth is weak for the water energy, it uses byeong fire to dry. When it is weak for the metal as it absorbs gi energy, it requires mu friend star’s help. Mu friend star is helpful to restrain im water as well.

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7. 庚 gyeong Gyeong metal is solid and strong. It requires jeong fire’s restrain to make itself a useful material such as utensil and tool. Im water absorbs byeong metal energy to make it less strong, which is good. Gyeong and sin metal do not like too much help of mu gi earth (earth generates metal) as the soil covers metal and metal can’t show itself to outside. 8. 辛 sin Sin is afraid of too much earth energy as earth will hide sin’s beauty (sin is like a gem). It likes water to clean dirt and make the gem beautiful. And byeong fire also makes it more splendid. Usually sin women with byeong and im next to day stem are beautiful. It is afraid of jeong fire as jeong will melt it down (sin is already a gem so it doesn’t require jeong fire’s restraint while gyeong metal is in need of jeong fire). Gap wood is never restrained by sin metal so they are not in good relationship. 9. 壬 im Im needs to flow. It welcomes the help of gyeong metal and it also like sin metal as im water makes sin metal beautiful. When there is too much im energy, it requires mu earth to restrain. It also likes gap eul wood and byeong fire to make it more beautiful. However it does not like gi earth as it makes im water turbid. It may mean inappropriate relationship with opposite sex. Im friend star will make too much water energy. 10.癸 gye Gye water is like rain or useful water to grow plants. As itself is weak water, when it meets mu earth, it loses its property. Gye water’s relation with byeong fire has two face consequences. When they are in good relation, gye water enjoys plenty of money throughout its life, but when they are in bad relation, it won’t be easy to collect money. It’s relation with gi earth is also vague.

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The relationship among Stems
◎ – the best, ○ - good △ - bad × - the worst Gap (甲) 1. Gap-Gap 2. Gap-Eul supportive. 3. Gap-Byeong 4. Gap-Jeong

◎ Abundant like forest, Active and competitive ◎ Vines growing around the pine tree, Healthy and ◎ Competent and authoritative ◎ Burning firewood. Academic and artistic talents.

5. Gap-Mu △ Lonely tree in a bare mountain. Frequent financial loss and low stability. 6. Gap-Gi ○ Healthy trees on fertile earth. Rich. 7. Gap-Gyeong ○ Leadership material to be a high position government, Faithful. 8. Gap-Sin × Chop into small pieces. Cannot be positioned high. 9. Gap-Im ○ Willow trees along the lake. Popular 10.Gap-Gye ○ Healthy trees in the rain. Respectful person Eul (乙) 1. Eul-Gap noble men. 2. Eul-Eul from others. 3. Eul-Byeong wealth. 4. Eul-Jeong 5. Eul-Mu business. 6. Eul-Gi ◎ Vines growing around the pine tree, Supports by △ Weeds, Lacking luck of siblings, Lacking supports ○ Beautiful flowers splendid under the sun shine. Good △ Burning plains. The talents cannot be recognized. ○ Beautiful flowers in the vase. Good at dealing the ◎ Healthy flower on fertile earth, Good at in

artiste(entertainment) business. 7. Eul-Gyeong × Violent tiger, Sudden misfortune 8. Eul-Sin × Sharp knife/Scissors cut the flower. Not good at working in an ordinary company 9. Eul-Im ○ Lotus on the pond, Sudden upward social status 10.Eul-Gye ○ Sociable and progress by the support of others
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Byeong (丙) 1. Byeong-Gap ◎ Unexpected fortune 2. Byeong-Eul ◎ Supports from others 3. Byeong-Byeong △ Too bright, darker shades, Can‟t show one‟s ability 4. Byeong-Jeong ◎ Make a favorable impression, Favorable 5. Byeong-Mu ◎ Have an occupation with what he/she likes, Lucky. 6. Byeong-Gi ○ Good at showing one‟s talent, Academic, Religious, Service business 7. Byeong-Gyeong × Violent, Less popular, Cannot be at high position 8. Byeong-Sin oneself. 9. Byeong-Im ○ Talents are fully recognized by others. Can secure ○ Faithful and harmonize well with organization

10.Byeong-Gye × Not suit well with career Jeong(丁) 1. Jeong-Gap ◎ Smart, Quick in understanding, Competitive 2. Jeong-Eul × Cannot burn the wet wood, Difficult to make academic achievement. 3. Jeong-Byeong ○ Struggle to challenge, Make certain achievement 4. Jeong-Jeong ◎ The fire flared up, Daring 5. Jeong-Mu ○ Good at showing one‟s talents, Big progress and success 6. Jeong-Gi △ Do not proceed as planned, Unlucky to achieve as wanted. 7. Jeong-Gyeong ○ Can express one‟s talent well to make great development and success 8. Jeong-Sin × Trying to melt jewelry, Powerless, Meaningless 9. Jeong-Im ○ Supports from superior and good promotion 10.Jeong-Gye △ Cannot suit well in the organization, Difficult to promote Mu (戊) 1. Mu-Gap 2. Mu-Eul 3. Mu-Byeong 4. Mu-Jeong

△ ○ ○ ○

One with no backbone, Hard to success Supports from superior, Lucky career life Slowly succeed to a higher position Good at dealing any problems, Capable
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5. Mu-Mu Not popular 6. Mu-Gi 7. Mu-Gyeong 8. Mu-Sin 9. Mu-Im 10.Mu-Gye Gi(己) 1. Gi-Gap

△ Unrealistic dream,, One without substance, Stubborn, △ × × ○ × Stubborn, Hard to get along with others Meddle in others‟ affair, No benefits Meddle in others‟ affair, No benefits Smart, Intellectual success Stingy, Hard to make big success

× Incapable to overcome adversity, Easy to destroy

one‟s health. 2. Gi-Eul × Cannot complete certain tasks, Unlucky. 3. Gi-Byeong ○ Unexpected supports from others in competition. 4. Gi-Jeong 5. Gi-Mu 6. Gi-Gi 7. Gi-Gyeong 8. Gi-Sin 9. Gi-Im 10.Gi-Gye ○ ○ △ × × × Slowly succeed to achieve great accomplishment. Socialized, Good personal relationships Retard process, Frequent barriers Meddle in others‟ affair, No benefits Meddle in others‟ affair, No benefits Bad luck in financial flow and opposite sex

○ Moisture land, May become rich

Gyeong(庚) 1. Gyeong-Gap × Spoil the material, Lacking internal stability 2. Gyeong-Eul × Violent, Sudden disaster 3. Gyeong-Byeong × Not suitable for career life, Hard to show one‟s talents 4. Gyeong-Jeong ○ Can show one‟s talents well, Big success and developments 5. Gyeong-Mu × Lacking others‟ support 6. Gyeong-Gi × Lacking others‟ support
7. Gyeong-Gyeong × Accident, hurt body 8. Gyeong-Sin

× Violent, Accident 9. Gyeong-Im ○ Intelligent, Quick in learning, Show one‟s talents well to make great success. 10. Gyeong-Gye × Rusty knife, Meddle in others‟ affair

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Sin(辛) 1. Sin-Gap △ achieve fortune 2. Sin-Eul × wealth. 3. Sin-Byeong ○ 4. Sin-Jeong × 5. Sin-Mu △ 6. Sin-Gi △ 7. Sin-Gyeong × 8. Sin-Sin 9. Sin-Im 10.Sin-Gye Im(壬) 1. Im-Gap 2. Im-Eul 3. Im-Byeong 4. Im-Jeong 5. Im-Mu

Useless material, Cut into small pieces, Difficult to Violent, Cut flowers with a sharp knife, Easy to lose Authority, Graceful Damage jewelry by burning, Powerless Lacking others‟ support, No luck Lacking others‟ support, No luck Violent, Accident

× Violent, Revenge ○ Show one‟s talents well, Smart and Smooth × Hard to show one‟s talents, Hard to be recognized.

○ ○ ○ ○ ○

Diligent, Show one‟s talent well, Lucky Highly recognized by others, Make a success Lucky in financial fortune Lucky in financial fortune, Popular Succeed in career life, Good leadership Bad fortune in finance and spouse Great success by others‟ supports, Creative and good Smart, Achieve great academic success Big ocean, failure by excessiveness Competitive, Smooth in dealing everything

6. Im-Gi × 7. Im-Gyeong ◎ planning ability 8. Im-Sin ○ 9. Im-Im × 10.Im-Gye ◎ Gye(癸) 1. Gye-Gap 2. Gye-Eul

○ Good at showing one‟s talents, Smart, Intelligent △ Cannot express one‟s talent well, Hard to hold one‟s fortune Lacking money fortune, Not good at dealing contract Successful in career life, Leadership in one‟s

3. Gye-Byeong △ 4. Gye-Jeong × and investment. 5. Gye-Mu ○ organization. 6. Gye-Gi ○

Successful in career life, Suitable in big organization.
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7. Gye-Gyeong fortune. 8. Gye-Sin fortune. 9. Gye-Im 10.Gye-Gye

× Lacking parents or seniors‟ luck, Make one‟s own × Lacking parents or seniors‟ luck, Make one‟s own × Make a rush, Financial loss caused by haste. × Retard in progress, Frequent barriers

Multiple Stem Relationship
1. Gap+Gap+Gap – Very active and Capable to handle competition 2. Gap+Gye+Gi+Byeong, Eul+Gye+Gi+Byeong – Good at handling money, Unexpected lucky, Gye and Byeong shouldn‟t be adjacent. 3. Gap+Eul+Mu – Supports from others, Successful in academic and 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. social status. Gap-Jeong-Mu – Smart and quick in learning. Academic success Gap+Jeong+Jeong – Handle a job swiftly, Take the initiative. Gyeong+Gap+Jeong – Smart, Quick in learning, Competitive Gyeong+Jeong+Mu – Excellent in showing one‟s talent, Great success Im+Gyeong+Jeong – Intelligent, Show one‟s ability well Im+Gap+Byeong, Im+Eul+Byeong – Excellent in human relationship

10.Im+Mu+Byeong – Behave oneself well in the organization

Good and Bad relationship for each stem
1. Eul wood – Im water has extreme influence. Too much Im water may cause lustful relationship. 2. Jeong fire – Jeong does not have good relationship with Eul wood. However Gap wood provides useful materials so Jeong fire can continue burning. 3. Mu earth – Mu makes very intelligent person with relationship Im water. However unfavorable Im or Gye water makes stinge person. Combined with Gyeong or Sin metal make a officious person who keeps meddling in others‟ affair. Mu with Gap is lacking one‟s own opinion. 4. Gi earth – Gi with Byeong fire has good supports from others. It‟s complicated to judge the relationship with Gap and Eul wood. However its relationship with Im water usually causes failure in every aspects.
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5. Gyeong metal – It usually welcomes Jeong fire. It‟s relationship with Im water needs careful consideration. But when it is with Gye water, it makes a rusty knife. Chart - Harmonious relationships with a day stem
Day stem - 甲 gap 甲 gap 丁 jeong 戊 mu 癸 gye 壬 im 甲 gap 乙 eul 丙 byeong 丁 jeong 戊 mu 己 gi 庚 gyeong 辛 sin 壬 im 癸 gye

Expres sion star

丙 byeong 丁 jeong

丙 byeong

戊 mu

壬 im

壬 im

甲 gap 乙 eul

甲 gap 乙 eul 丙 byeong

Money star

己 gi

戊 mu 己 gi

辛 sin

庚 gyeon g

壬 im

癸 gye

甲 gap

丙 byeong 丁

Career star

庚 gyeong

壬 Im

壬 Im

乙 Eul

甲 gap 乙 eul

丁 jeong

丙 byeong

戊 mu

戊 mu 己 gi

Knowledge star

壬 im 癸 gye

癸 gye

甲 gap 乙 eul

甲 gap

丙 byeong 丁 jeong

丙 byeong

庚 辛

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Chart – Bad relationships with a day stem Day stem - Friend star Expression star Money star Career star Knowledge star 戊 辛 庚 辛 丁 庚 癸 甲 gap 乙 eul 丙 丁 byeong jeong 丙 丁 己 辛 癸 乙 庚 辛 庚 辛 壬 戊 mu 己 gi 庚 gyeong 庚 辛 癸 乙 丙 戊 己 辛 sin 庚 辛 癸 乙 丁 己 己 壬 im 壬 癸 gye 癸 辛 丁

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Chapter 9 Void
Void means there is no fruitful result even though one endeavors on something. Money void means one loses wealth that was acquired once. Knowledge void means one cannot utilize what one has studied. On a void day, if one visits a restaurant, the restaurant is closed. So it is better to avoid doing important tasks on a void day. If the marriage palace is void, one has lonely marriage life. 1. Void in year branch – One cannot continue ancestor‟s business. It lacks ancestors and parents‟ fortune. 2. Void in month branch – It lacks luck of siblings 3. Void in day branch – It lacks luck of spouse, Mental and physical weakness 4. Void in time branch – Less luck of children, Lonely in later years 5. If all four branches are void – It is actually a very noble saju. 6. Void in four flourish letters, Ja, O, Myo, Yu – Smart and intelligent 7. Void in four life letters, In, Sin, Sa, Hae – Smart and practice martial arts 8. Void in four repository letters, Jin, Sul, Chuk, Mi – Religious 9. If the void letters are combined with another branch – No void effect 10.If the void letters are clashed – No clash impact 11.If the favorable element is void – No luck from the favorable element 12.If the unfavorable element is void – No bad luck impact 13.If a married couple has same void letters, they will share happy marriage together 14.It‟s better to avoid lawsuit or competition during the void years 15.Same void will make a good partnership, but if the partner has my void letter, and I have partner‟s void letter, it will cause harmful relationship each other. 16.It‟s better not to move toward the void direction. 17.It‟s better not to make an appointment on the void day.

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18.Void letter is reviewed from day master‟s position. Time stem Time branch Children Future Day stem Day branch Marriage/Spouse Personal life Marriage life Personal relationship Month stem Month branch Siblings Social life Business, Occupation Year stem Year branch Parents, Ancestors Past

*Shaded columns are where the day master can change and gives certain influence Void Chart (Day pillar) 甲子 gap ja 甲戌 gap sul 甲申 gap sin 甲午 gap o 甲辰 gap jin 甲寅 gap in 乙丑 eul chuk 乙亥 eul hae 乙酉 eul yu 乙未 eul mi 乙巳 eul sa 乙卯 eul myo 丙寅 byeong in 丙子 byeong ja 丙戌 byeong sul 丙申 byeong sin 丙午 byeong o 丙辰 byeong jin 丁卯 jeong myo 丁丑 jeong chuk 丁亥 jeong hae 丁酉 jeong yu 丁未 jeong mi 丁巳 jeong sa 戊辰 mu jin 戊寅 mu in 戊子 mu ja 戊戌 mu sul 戊申 mu sin 戊午 mu o 己巳 gi sa 己卯 gi myo 己丑 gi chuk 己亥 gi hae 己酉 gi yu 己未 gi mi 庚午 gyeong o 庚辰 gyeong jn 庚寅 gyeong in 庚子 gyeong ja 庚戌 gyeong sul 庚申 gyeong sin 辛未 sin mi 辛巳 sin sa 辛卯 sin myo 辛丑 sin chuk 辛亥 sin hae 辛酉 sin yu 壬申 im sin 壬午 im o 壬辰 im jin 壬寅 im in 壬子 im ja 壬戌 im sul 癸酉 gye yu 癸未 gye mi 癸巳 gye sa 癸卯 gye myo 癸丑 gye chuk 癸亥 gye hae Void Jin Sa Void In Myo Void Ja Chuk Void Sul Hae Void Sin Yu Void O Mi

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Chapter 10 Saju and Health
Traditional oriental medicine is largely based on the philosophical concept that the human body is a small universe with yin and yang. It is a set of complete and sophisticated interconnected systems, and those systems usually work in balance to maintain the healthy function of the human body. Different from the Western anatomical concept which divides the physical body into parts, the Chinese concept is more concerned with function. So when yin and yang are balanced it is considered a healthy condition. When the balance of yin and yang is broken, it is considered unhealthy. Owing to this difference, the oriental medicine has an integrated viewpoint while the modern Western medicine is analytical. Oriental medicine focuses on the fundamental but invisible elements, while the Western medicine focuses on the visual substances. The former starts from the integrated body as a whole while the latter starts from the cell. Consequently, Oriental medicine is more like a natural healing while the Western medicine is an artificial curing. There is no cardinal principle about which way is right. We are going to review the conceptual similarity between the saju and the oriental medicine and find a way to link them. Starting from the philosophical concept of yin and yang and the five elements, ancient Oriental people developed them to read fate, or the study of the human body, in the course of learning the universal truth. Yin and yang theory delivers the concept that all natural beings have two side aspects, which are opposite but interdependent. They are not absolute but comparable. They prosper and decline and even transform each other. In this respect, people interpreted the universe – the heaven, the earth and the human being. There is yang inside the yin, and there is yin inside the yang. According to this interpretation, they tried to understand the route fate has chosen for them and their body’s health : how diseases develop and are cured.

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If we apply yin and yang to human body, they can be described as below chart. The realm of nature Yang Day time, Morning Evening Night Summer South Spring East Winter Autumn North West Heat Warm Cold Cool Fire Brightness

Yin

Water Darkness

The realm of human and human body Yang Men Yin The Youth Outside Back Inside Upper body The Six entrails The five viscera Qi Blood

Women The Old

Abdomen Lower body

*The six entrails (yang) are gall bladder, small intestine, stomach, large intestine and urinary bladder. *The five viscera are liver, heart, spleen, lungs and kidneys. The balance of yin and yang is considered with respect to qi (breath, life force or spiritual energy), blood, jeong (kidney essence), other bodily fluids, emotions and the soul or spirit. The physiological function of a human body is maintained by the cooperative relationship with the oppositional or organic activities of yin and yang. The cause and result of physiological activities are endless metabolism of substances. According to qi theory, all the function of human body is subject to the activity of „qi‟, and the source of qi is breathing and ingestion. The normal condition of body is the coordinative maintenance of substances and functions in human body and their cooperative yin and yang relationships. We are to review further about the human health in association with five elements and how they are read by saju of one‟s birth year, month, day and
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time. Ancient people considered five elements that constitute the universe ; wood, fire, earth, metal and water. Then these five elements were also applied to human body. Although it is translated to ‘element’ in western term, it should not be understood as ‘block of matter’. They exist, act or react, and circulate within yin yang boundary. So it is more like ‘changing states of being’. Wood is like seeds sprouting from the ground, or the branches of a tree stretching out to grow. So it implies the energy of rising, expanding and growing. The sour flavor has wood energy and it goes to liver, gall bladder, tendon and nerve system. Fire is like flowers whose energy is exploding and pounding with its peak of growth. The bitter flavor has fire energy and it goes to heart, small intestine and blood system. Earth is the energy of crossing to balance other elements. It‟s the center of the body. The sweet flavor goes to spleen, stomach, flesh and digestive system Metal is like fruits or nuts solidified and ripened by its growth. The spicy flavor goes to lung, large intestine, skin and respiratory system. Water is bearing all fruits to prepare for next spring. The salty flavor goes to kidney, urinary bladder, bone and excretory system. In order to understand the mechanism, let‟s see how the diseases or disorders are defined in oriental perspective. The disorders are the reflection of conflictions between vital energy and malady. The vital energy is to fight against malady to protect human body. If the body is full of vital energy and when it is in normal function, the malady cannot attack human body. On the other hand, the mal energy invades the human body when the vital energy is not strong enough to resist. Then, the causes of disorders, mal energy in other words, are divided into two, the internal and external causes. Externally, the nature has six environmental energies ; wind, cold, hot, wet, dry and heat. They are related with seasons and they enter through the nose, mouth and skin into the body. Wind is usually connected with spring as a season, cold with winter, hot with summer, wet with rainy season, dry with autumn and heat is over-heated hot and can be connected with all season. However these six energies can be connected with any seasons subject to
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situation. Then, internally, the disorders can also be generated by the emotions and there are seven emotional expressions to cause diseases ; happy, anger, worry, thinking, sad, fear and shock. Below is the chart of five elements with their relevant organs and others. 5 elements Celestial stem Yang branch Yin branch Color Season Direction Flavor Yin organs Yang organs System Body Face Emotion Energy Numbers RabbitMyo Green(blue) Spring East Sour Liver Gall bladder Nervous Nerve Eyes Anger Wind 3,8 Snake-Sa Red Summer South Bitter Heart Small intestine Circulatory Blood Tongue Happy Hot 2,7 Digestive Muscle Mouth Worry Wet 5,10 Wood gap, eul Tiger-In Fire byeong, jeong Horse-O Earth mu gi Dragon-Jin, Dog-Sul Cow-Chuk Mi-Sheep Brown(yellow) Transitional season Center Sweet Spleen Stomach Chicken-Yu White Fall West Spicy Lungs Large intestine Respiratory Skin Nose Sad Dry 4,9 Hae-Pig Black Winter North Salty Kidneys Urinary bladder Excretory Bone Ears Fear Cold 1,6 Metal gyeong, sin Monkey-Sin Water im, gye Rat-Ja

Although more can be added, these six environmental energies and seven emotions are based on the five elements of wood (wind, anger), fire (hot, happy), earth (wet, worry), metal (dry, sad) and water (cold, fear) from their properties respectively. While some definitions about disorders and their external and internal causes are written here, the specialized prescriptions still need to come from the oriental medicine doctors‟ expertise as if those of feng shui advices are to come from feng shui masters.
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Although oriental medicine has well summarized how yinyang and five elements influence one‟s health, here I would like to relate saju with one‟s health aspects in brief. Again the body condition requires well balanced five elements in one‟s saju. The clashed elements (or penaltied elements) will cause disease according to the relations of each organ and elements (refer to chapter 6). Wood energy without water nourishment will cause diseases in blood vascular system. Earth energy without fire‟s support is wet, then it will have difficulty in its stomach and the person is lack of energy in overall. If the saju is too cold (metal and water energy), it will have consumption disease, and if the saju is too hot, it will have problem in its gall bladder. A tumor is caused by the clashes between fire and metal branches. When the saju does not have metal and water energy or those are clashed by others, it will have weak kidney. When there is a conflict between water and earth energy and wood energy restrain earth too much, it will have problem in digestive system. Although there are a lot to describe about the diseases, we may be able to summarize the key phrases as below. First of all saju needs to be harmonized between hot and cold, and between wet and dry. It determines not only the fortune of fate, such as rich or poor, noble or humble life, but also the health and the basic living condition. 1. Byeong fire and Gye water are the major elements to determine the climate of one‟s saju. 2. The stems are influencing hot or cold climates and the branches are influencing dry or wet climates 3. We may also utilize both stems and branches to balance the atmosphere regardless of their boundaries.

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Each stem has different role even in the same elements. For example, Byeong fire and Jeong fire play different roles. Byeong fire contributes to climates more fundamentally. Coldness Warmth Dryness Wetness Gye water Byeong fire In 寅, O 午, Sul 戌, Sa 巳, Mi 未 Sin 申, Ja 子, Jin 辰, Hae 亥, Chuk 丑

Stem Branches

Wood – Tendon, Mind, Stroke Fire – Congelation, Circulation problem, Earth – Skin, itching, boil, tumor Metal – Hairs, Emotional disorder Water – Blood, Consumption

1) If saju is too dry without any water element or wet earth, it causes sputum and fever disease. 2) If saju uses metal as a favorable energy, but the metal is weak without root and damaged by wood or fire, one has weak lungs. Consumption and sputum. 3) If saju has strong earth energy, which is not controlled by wood, one has
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4) 5)

6) 7)

stomach problem. If unfavorable element is only positioned in stem without taking root in branches, it is easy to cure diseases. Wood day master may have sputum problem when there is excessive fire energy. High possibility of blood circulation problem and kidney disease. Consumption. Strong wood may hurt earth energy to cause stomach disease, digestion problem If a person‟s saju has water energy (hae, ja) and fire energy (sa, o) conflicting each other, we may infer possible heart disease or mental disorder of this person. While ja-o clash is usually interpreted as mental disorder, the sa-hae clash is interpreted as heart disease including stroke and high blood pressure. It is because of the fact that ja and o are the

letters from flourishing place and sa and hae are the letters from life place. 8) People who have saju with in-sin clash (wood and metal), have higher possibility of car accident, articular neuralgia and usual headaches. Both in and sin are from live place with „in‟ stands for nervous system and stretching energy of wood. 9) If one element out of two is extremely hurt by the clash, we usually focus on the weak element. However, even in case of ja-o clash, if the fire element is „o‟ fire is clashed by kidney and overly dominant, it is ja water not o-fire that is hurt, although restrained by „ja‟ water. For example, „ja‟ water branch is „o‟ fire from both side, this person would have more chance of urinary bladder disease than that of heart disease.

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Chapter 11 Summary – Mastery of Saju
1. The saju with only one or two elements The saju in the associations of wood and fire (only two elements) or metal and water are not good. Saju, basically requires balanced five elements. Then if it is only wood and fire, it is too dry and hot. And if it is only metal and water, it is too cold and wet. When it is only with fire and earth, it will be difficult to have children for various reasons - diseases and poor. 2. Saju and personality Although it may be hard for the beginners to deduce causes and results of one‟s fate by saju-8 letters, it is not so complicated to understand the person‟s character by saju. In general, if the saju has all five elements and they are well balanced, the person is mild and has nice personality. However, if one or two elements in one‟s saju overweighed, one can be emotional and lack of flexibility. This person is easy to anger, especially when its saju has fire and water confronting each other. Fire is originally courteous but when it meets metal and water energy, it becomes violent or easy to anger. In overall, the person who has strong metal and water energy is very flexible. 3. Money star determines the length of life. When the expression star meets money star, it will absorb day stem‟s energy a lot. It means luck in its money fortune but it is only when the day stem is strong. When the money star (when it is in bad relation with day stem) of coming year combines a day stem or when the stem element of coming year combines money star in one‟s saju, the person may end its life. Of course we must see the big picture before we talk about the length of life, but we need to know the fact that money star controls the life. 4. The knowledge star that is in good relation with a day stem will make great achievement in scholarship. When there is a good knowledge star especially in month stem, the person will study hard and achieve good scores in school. Also this person will have a great support of its mother. The best relationship is gap wood and byeong jeong fire, and gyeong metal and im water. This person is very smart to absorb and understand new
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knowledge well. Day stem - knowledge star
甲 gap 乙 eul 丙 丁 戊 mu 己 gi 庚 gyeong 辛 sin 壬 im 癸 gye

byeong jeong

壬 im 癸 gye

癸 sin

甲 gap 乙 eul

甲 丙 丙 gap byeong byeong 丁 jeong

戊 mu

庚 gyeong 辛 sin

5.

What makes a person noble It is when a day stem has a career star in harmonious relationship and it acts a good role for the day master. For example, when a career star restrains a day master well or when a day master is in need of a knowledge star but the knowledge star is not healthy enough, a career star nourishes the knowledge star well. This person will be able to work in a good company and be promoted to a high position. Especially the combination of gyeong metal and jeong fire or gap wood and gyeong metal put the person in a high level position with authority.

Day stem - Career star

甲 gap 庚 gyeong

庚 gyeong 丁 jeong

6. About the luck of spouse and children When we call one a respectable person, it means one uses knowledge star as favorable element. It doesn‟t mean that one has knowledge star at the month branch. However, for this man, who uses knowledge star as favorable element, if there is money star next to knowledge star, one does have an unlucky wife. In regards to career star, it is not favorable to have career star at day branch for the expression structure, because career and express stars are conflict each other. However, if the day master is metal and has water in the month branch to make expression structure, it is good to have fire energy (career star) in
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day branch. It is because the fire may soothe the cold atmosphere of the person. Usually sang-gwan (expression star in different yin/yang) in day branch is not considered as lucky star, but for the money structure and the career structure of same yin/yang (pyeong-gwan), sang-gwan is welcomed. If any favorable element is sitting on the day branch (marriage palace), we may evaluate that the person will have lucky spouse. Children are denoted by career star for men, and by expression star for women. It is same way to determine whether the children stars are lucky or not as we do with spouse stars. The proper career star usually compatible with money star and the expediential career star (pyeon-gwan) with expression star. When a saju has career stars that are not harmonious with a day stem, but its expression star restrains the career stars well, this person has powerful charisma.

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