DEVELOPMENT
o tangent line - __________________________________________________________________
o secant line - ___________________________________________________________________
o remember: slope = _____________________

5

4

3

2

1

1

2

3

4

5

−1

slope of l1 = ________________

slope of l2 = _________________ slope of l3 = __________________

DERIVATIVE AT A POINT
IN GENERAL:
SLOPE OF A TANGENT LINE AT A POINT:

o derivative - ____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
EX 1: Graph and then find the slope of the tangent line of f(x) = x2 at the point (2, 4)
5

4

3

2

1

1

2

3

4

5

−1

EX 2: Graph and then find the derivative of f(x) =

5

4

3

2

1

1

−1

2

3

4

5

2 x − 1 at the point (1, 1)

EX 3: Graph and then find the slope of the tangent line of f(x) = 3x2 + x at the point (0, 0)
5

4

3

2

1

1

2

3

4

5

−1

DERIVATIVE AS A FUNCTION

IN GENERAL:
SLOPE OF A TANGENT LINE NOT GIVEN A POINT:

EX 4: f(x) = x2, find f ’(x) using the definition.
5

4

3

2

1

1

−1

2

3

4

5

EX 5: f(x) = 3x + 5, find f ’(x) using the definition.

EX 6: f(x) =

1− x
, find f ’(x) using the definition.
2+x

APPLICATIONS – SCIENCE/ENGINEERING
**REMEMBER: s(t) = _____________________ = ____________________
v(t) = ____________________

o Average rate of change - ____________________________________________________

o Instantenous rate of change - _________________________________________________

EX 7: Suppose that a ball is dropped from the upper observation deck of the CN Tower, 450 m above the ground.
(a) What is the velocity of the ball after 5 seconds?
(b) How fast is the ball traveling when it hits the ground?

EX 8: Temperature reading T (in degrees Celsius) were recorded every hour starting at midnight on a day in April
in Whitefish, Montana. The time x is measured in hours from midnight. The data are given in the table at the left.
(a) Find the average rate of change of temperature with respect to time
(i)
From noon to 3
(ii)
From noon to 2
(iii)
From noon to 1
(b) Estimate the instantaneous rate of change at noon.

PRACTICE: p. 119 # 1 – 27 odd
p. 144 #19 – 27 odd

p. 119 #1 – 6, 11 – 15, 17 – 27 odd
p. 132 #1 – 4, 27 – 35 odd

Monday – graphs of derivatives & differentiability
Tuesday – differentiability laws
Wednesday – product & quotient rules – practice &
proofs
Thursday – trig derivatives
Friday – practice/game?

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