# Estimation of travel time from Spot Speed data

For the estimation of travel time from spot speed data measured at three stations within
the 3 km stretch of road, we divide the 3 km stretch of road into two parts - Link 1 and
Station C is Link 2. We estimate travel time from spot speed data of station A,B and C
using three approaches described below-

Approach 1:
The model assumes that the vehicles entering station A have a constant speed which is
the spot speed measured at station A, throughout Link 1. Then we assume that vehicles
entering the station A, have a constant speed which is the spot speed measured at Station
C, throughout Link 2. Travel times are calculated for both the above cases and then take
an average which is the final estimated travel time.
D1
…………. (1)
So, the travel time in Link 1 with speed V A is
VA
D1
...……….. (2)
And the travel time in Link 1 for speed VC is
VC

The final travel time in link 1 is

1 D1 D1
( + )
2 V A VC

…………... (3)

Where, D1 is the distance between two consecutive stations,
VA is the spot speed measured at the starting station,
VC is the spot speed measured at the ending station.

Similarly travel time in link 2 is

D
1 D2
(
+ 2)
2 VC
VB

…………… (4)

Where, D2 is the distance between two consecutive stations,
VC is the spot speed measured at the starting station,
VB is the spot speed measured at the ending station.

Approach 2:
In approach 2, we consider that the vehicles have a constant speed throughout the link
which is the average of the spot speed measured at stating and ending stations of that link.
D
So, travel time in a particular link is
…………….. (5)
1 (V + V )
A
C
2

Where, D is the distance between two consecutive stations or distance of the link,

75 36.50 43.33 31.03768 0.00 36.00 37.VA is the spot speed measured at the starting station of the link.00 40.50 36. travel time in a particular link is min(V A .08422 0:05:03 0:05:38 0:00:35 4 9:05:00:9:10:00 0.00 47.33 45.00 44.00 50.07570 0:04:32 0:04:54 0:00:22 2 8:55:00:9:00:00 0..03679 0. we consider that the vehicles have a constant speed throughout the link which is the minimum speed between the two spot speeds measured at starting and ending station of that link.60 39.50 36.00 24.00 35.00 42.50 43. Approach 3: In this approach. D …………….00 50.50 52.50 41.00 47.50 28.03802 0.40 35.08585 0:05:09 0:04:54 0:00:15 3 9:00:00-9:05:00 0.00 40.04219 0.07174 0:04:18 0:04:40 0:00:22 . VC ) Comparison of observed and estimated travel time using these three approaches: Bus: Table 1: Observed travel time and spot speed of bus Interval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Interval Duration 8:50:00-8:55:00 8:55:00:9:00:00 9:00:00-9:05:00 9:05:00:9:10:00 9:10:00-9:15:00 9:15:00-9:20:00 9:20:00-9:25:00 9:25:00-9:30:00 9:30:00-9:35:00 9:35:00-9:40:00 9:40:00-9:45:00 9:45:00-9:50:00 Observed average travel time 0:04:54 0:04:54 0:05:38 0:04:40 0:04:42 0:05:37 0:05:02 0:04:41 0:05:01 0:04:38 0:04:22 0:04:31 Station A 47. (6) So.33 36.03616 0.00 43.00 39.03494 0.80 Station B 48.33 40.67 32.50 Table 2: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 1 Estimated travel time (hr) Interval Duration Link 1 Link 2 total est TT estimated TT obs TT error 1 8:50:00-8:55:00 0.75 35. VC is the spot speed measured at the ending station of the link.67 Spot speed (km/hr) Station C 34.00 30.33 35.04969 0.00 42.04203 0.

03214 0.03835 0.04627 0.03857 0.085111 0:05:06 0:05:02 0:00:04 8 9:25:00-9:30:00 0.03774 0.08308 0:04:59 0:05:01 0:00:02 10 9:35:00-9:40:00 0.03436 0.03942 0.042254 0.03721 0.03287 0.062500 0.08766 0:05:16 0:05:37 0:00:21 7 9:20:00-9:25:00 0.04428 0.099385 0:05:57 0:04:54 0:01:03 0.03659 0.06716 0:04:02 0:04:31 avg 0:00:29 0:00:18 Interval Duration Link 1 Link 2 1 8:50:00-8:55:00 0.07495 0:04:30 0:04:38 0:00:08 11 9:40:00-9:45:00 0.088235 0:05:18 0:04:54 0:00:24 0.036885 3 9:00:00-9:05:00 4 error .08073 0:04:50 0:05:02 0:00:12 8 9:25:00-9:30:00 0.034884 0.08254 0:04:57 0:04:54 0:00:03 9:00:00-9:05:00 0.077137 0:04:37 0:04:41 0:00:04 9 9:30:00-9:35:00 0.03214 0.046875 0.03817 0.07091 0:04:15 0:04:41 0:00:26 9 9:30:00-9:35:00 0.03280 0.03468 0.07049 0:04:14 0:04:22 0:00:08 12 9:45:00-9:50:00 0.052941 0.044118 2 8:55:00:9:00:00 0.049451 0.044118 0.08029 0:04:49 0:05:02 0:00:13 8 9:25:00-9:30:00 0.04255 0.049451 0.094037 0:05:38 0:05:01 0:00:37 Interval Duration Link 1 Link 2 total est TT 1 8:50:00-8:55:00 0.04639 0.08423 0:05:03 0:05:01 0:00:02 10 9:35:00-9:40:00 0.08813 0:05:17 0:05:37 0:00:20 7 9:20:00-9:25:00 0.04167 0.03817 0.04368 0.03734 0.03234 0.047244 0.06754 0:04:03 0:04:31 Mean 0:00:28 0:00:18 Table 3: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 2 Estimated travel time (hr) total est TT estimated TT obs TT error 0.03468 0.07036 0:04:13 0:04:41 0:00:28 9 9:30:00-9:35:00 0.047244 0.03922 0.093750 0:05:37 0:05:38 0:00:01 9:05:00:9:10:00 0.03704 2 8:55:00:9:00:00 3 Table 4: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 3 Estimated travel time (hr) estimated TT Observed TT 0.037975 0.03681 0.07472 0:04:29 0:04:38 0:00:09 11 9:40:00-9:45:00 0.04446 0.079641 0:04:47 0:04:40 0:00:07 5 9:10:00-9:15:00 0.08486 0:05:05 0:04:42 0:00:23 6 9:15:00-9:20:00 0.08206 0:04:55 0:04:42 0:00:13 6 9:15:00-9:20:00 0.08314 0:05:00 0:05:38 0:00:38 4 9:05:00:9:10:00 0.03553 0.041096 0.03614 0.03614 0.04702 0.046875 0.098901 0:05:55 0:04:42 0:01:13 6 9:15:00-9:20:00 0.04513 0.07083 0:04:15 0:04:40 0:00:25 5 9:10:00-9:15:00 0.03550 0.094488 0:05:40 0:05:37 0:00:03 7 9:20:00-9:25:00 0.042857 0.5 9:10:00-9:15:00 0.03175 0.03973 0.04472 0.06991 0:04:11 0:04:22 0:00:11 12 9:45:00-9:50:00 0.04147 0.042254 0.03822 0.04338 0.041667 0.07362 0:04:25 0:04:54 0:00:29 0.04256 0.

036585 0.03886 0.00 44.00 0:03:54 44.50 24.40 33.83 37.037975 0.25 0:03:54 46.07611 0:04:34 0:04:20 0:00:14 7 9:20:00-9:25:00 0.09 38.07328 0:04:24 0:04:01 0:00:23 4 9:05:00:9:10:00 0.03618 0.03724 0.03762 0.06912 0:04:09 0:03:54 0:00:15 9 9:30:00-9:35:00 0.03364 2 8:55:00:9:00:00 3 Link 2 .75 45.93 38.03568 0.035714 0.03963 0.04532 0.27 35.25 0:03:40 55.27 40.07474 0.70 36.00 41.03371 0.60 0:04:43 45.042254 0.73 37.076698 0:04:36 0:04:22 0:00:14 12 9:45:00-9:50:00 0.00 0:04:01 36.08111 0:04:52 0:04:05 0:00:47 0.03757 0.50 50.06233 0:03:44 0:03:17 0:00:27 12 9:45:00-9:50:00 0.03724 0.03040 0.07628 0:04:35 0:04:18 0:00:17 11 9:40:00-9:45:00 0.00 13.08151 0:04:53 0:04:27 0:00:26 10 9:35:00-9:40:00 0.07720 0:04:38 0:04:43 0:00:05 8 9:25:00-9:30:00 0.00 Station B Table 6: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 1 Estimated travel time (hr) total est TT estimated TT obs TT error 0.06282 0:03:46 0:03:40 0:00:06 5 9:10:00-9:15:00 0.25 29.88 0:04:27 46.034351 0.42 41.03704 0.03344 0.03983 0.56 43.04100 0.50 0:05:45 45.00 41.03455 0.02827 0.71 40.46 0:03:17 44.75 55.07824 0:04:41 0:04:02 0:00:39 6 9:15:00-9:20:00 0.67 44.04747 0.10845 0:06:31 0:05:45 0:00:46 9:00:00-9:05:00 0.14 35.22 40.89 0:04:02 40.03624 0.78 0:04:18 42.03193 0.072326 0:04:21 0:04:31 0:00:10 0:00:20 Car: Table 5: Observed travel time and spot speed of car Interval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Interval Duration 8:50:00-8:55:00 8:55:00:9:00:00 9:00:00-9:05:00 9:05:00:9:10:00 9:10:00-9:15:00 9:15:00-9:20:00 9:20:00-9:25:00 9:25:00-9:30:00 9:30:00-9:35:00 9:35:00-9:40:00 9:40:00-9:45:00 9:45:00-9:50:00 Observed travel time Station A Spot speed (km/hr) Station C 0:04:05 44.03477 0.43 50.10 9:35:00-9:40:00 0.07239 0:04:20 0:03:54 mean 0:00:26 0:00:24 Interval Duration Link 1 1 8:50:00-8:55:00 0.03645 0.078839 0:04:45 0:04:38 0:00:07 11 9:40:00-9:45:00 0.67 0:04:20 45.040984 0.

089744 0.083333 0.069098 0.03474 0.Table 7: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 2 Estimated travel time (hr) total est TT estimated TT obs TT error 0.03567 0.040268 0.04063 0.039474 total est TT 0.090642 0.03666 0.03381 0.06203 0:03:43 0:03:40 0:00:03 5 9:10:00-9:15:00 0.03866 0.042299 0.03572 0.03600 0.03125 0.041667 0.06133 0:03:40 0:03:17 0:00:23 12 9:45:00-9:50:00 0.039589 0.075245 estimated TT 0:05:42 0:08:57 0:04:48 0:04:09 0:05:24 0:05:00 0:05:02 0:04:17 0:05:27 0:04:47 0:04:12 0:04:30 obs TT 0:04:05 0:05:45 0:04:01 0:03:40 0:04:02 0:04:20 0:04:43 0:03:54 0:04:27 0:04:18 0:03:17 0:03:54 error 0:01:37 0:03:12 0:00:47 0:00:29 0:01:22 0:00:40 0:00:19 0:00:23 0:01:00 0:00:29 0:00:55 0:00:36 0:00:59 .07654 0:04:35 0:04:43 0:00:08 8 9:25:00-9:30:00 0.03949 0.040816 0.036697 0.115385 0.044872 0.042000 0.06905 0:04:08 0:03:54 0:00:14 9 9:30:00-9:35:00 0.033708 0.080032 0.03565 0.079666 0.03352 0.07712 0:04:37 0:04:05 0:00:32 0.042 0.08634 0:05:11 0:05:45 0:00:34 9:00:00-9:05:00 0.039216 0.071361 0.04476 0.029508 0.044872 0.08048 0:04:49 0:04:27 0:00:22 10 9:35:00-9:40:00 0.02821 0.149476 0.03340 0.035771 Estimated travel time (hr) Link 2 0.036585 0.037367 0.07227 0:04:20 0:03:54 avg 0:00:26 0:00:19 Interval Duration Link 1 Link 2 1 8:50:00-8:55:00 0.084000 0.034091 0.03642 0.03968 0.03672 0.04348 0.03364 2 8:55:00:9:00:00 3 Table 8: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 3 Interval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Duration 8:50:00-8:55:00 8:55:00:9:00:00 9:00:00-9:05:00 9:05:00:9:10:00 9:10:00-9:15:00 9:15:00-9:20:00 9:20:00-9:25:00 9:25:00-9:30:00 9:30:00-9:35:00 9:35:00-9:40:00 9:40:00-9:45:00 9:45:00-9:50:00 Link 1 0.07538 0:04:31 0:04:20 0:00:11 7 9:20:00-9:25:00 0.094932 0.03371 0.03704 0.034664 0.070105 0.03008 0.041667 0.03753 0.07265 0:04:21 0:04:01 0:00:20 4 9:05:00:9:10:00 0.061224 0.07610 0:04:34 0:04:18 0:00:16 11 9:40:00-9:45:00 0.05263 0.07631 0:04:24 0:04:02 0:00:22 6 9:15:00-9:20:00 0.050373 0.

04225 0.Tempo: Table 9: Observed travel time and spot speed of tempo Interval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Interval Duration 8:50:00-8:55:00 8:55:00:9:00:00 9:00:00-9:05:00 9:05:00:9:10:00 9:10:00-9:15:00 9:15:00-9:20:00 9:20:00-9:25:00 9:25:00-9:30:00 9:30:00-9:35:00 9:35:00-9:40:00 9:40:00-9:45:00 9:45:00-9:50:00 Observed travel time Station A Spot speed (km/hr) Station C 0:05:10 35.75 41.04043 0.03548 0.03497 0.08055 0:04:50 0:04:55 0:00:05 8 9:25:00-9:30:00 0.60 35.00 0:04:28 42.04193 0.03922 0.10 35.08 35.67 0:04:18 37.06702 0.04112 0.03727 0.90 37.63 35.68 46.04509 0.38 0:04:42 38.22 0:04:46 42.73 35.67 41.20 0:05:51 35.24 37.08773 0:05:15 0:05:10 0:00:05 0.03943 0.07808 0:04:41 0:04:28 0:00:13 12 9:45:00-9:50:00 0.00 29.32 38.10625 0:06:22 0:05:51 0:00:31 9:00:00-9:05:00 0.00 41.77 38.03811 0.07359 0:04:25 0:04:46 0:00:21 5 9:10:00-9:15:00 0.08674 0:05:12 0:04:59 0:00:13 11 9:40:00-9:45:00 0.07979 0:04:47 0:04:18 0:00:29 9 9:30:00-9:35:00 0.83 39.78 43.33 34.36 0:05:11 43.53 0:04:55 38.04575 0.86 30.83 0:04:46 42.04643 0.35 Station B Table 10: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 1 Estimated travel time (hr) total est TT estimated TT obs TT error 0.03913 0.08266 0:04:58 0:05:11 0:00:13 10 9:35:00-9:40:00 0.08 30.08617 0:05:10 0:04:42 0:00:28 4 9:05:00:9:10:00 0.03890 0.13 33.08277 0:04:58 0:05:10 0:00:12 7 9:20:00-9:25:00 0.00 30.93 32.04090 0.38 38.04392 0.11 0:04:40 38.04311 0.08027 0:04:49 0:04:40 0:00:09 6 9:15:00-9:20:00 0.17 0:04:59 39.04198 2 8:55:00:9:00:00 3 Link 2 .07640 0:04:35 0:04:46 0:00:11 0:00:16 Interval Duration Link 1 1 8:50:00-8:55:00 0.04031 0.04234 0.03834 0.67 0:05:10 35.11 15.03757 0.

051331 0.087398 0:05:14 0.079109 0:04:45 0.076513 0:04:35 0.040419 0.045977 0.040449 0.037179 0.037336 0.040146 0.042135 0.073444 0:04:25 0.089063 0.046154 0.086396 0.035065 0.076219 0.049724 0.139519 0.038881 0.053110 0.050000 0.041773 0.041935 0.042857 0.040375 0.085714 0.092142 0:05:32 0.040709 0.044531 0.037351 0.039031 0.084671 0.045415 0.083311 0.044610 0.037969 0.082707 0:04:58 0.043655 0.042735 0.0358 0.091804 0.045977 0.039148 Estimated travel time (hr) Link 2 0.081961 0:04:55 0.043822 0.035475 0.041958 0.086300 0:05:10 0.034974 0.085749 0:05:08 0.090173 0.041983 0.039129 0.078297 Estimated TT 0:05:31 0:08:22 0:05:31 0:04:34 0:05:20 0:05:05 0:05:08 0:05:00 0:05:25 0:05:34 0:05:11 0:04:42 Obs av TT 0:05:10 0:05:51 0:04:42 0:04:46 0:04:40 0:05:10 0:04:55 0:04:18 0:05:11 0:04:59 0:04:28 0:04:46 error 0:00:21 0:02:31 0:00:49 0:00:12 0:00:40 0:00:05 0:00:13 0:00:42 0:00:14 0:00:35 0:00:43 0:00:04 0:00:36 .041927 0.076308 0:04:25 obs TT 0:05:10 0:05:51 0:04:42 0:04:46 0:04:40 0:05:10 0:04:55 0:04:18 0:05:11 0:04:59 0:04:28 0:04:46 avg error 0:00:04 0:00:19 0:00:26 0:00:21 0:00:05 0:00:12 0:00:06 0:00:29 0:00:16 0:00:11 0:00:07 0:00:21 0:00:15 Table 12: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 3 Interval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Duration 8:50:00-8:55:00 8:55:00:9:00:00 9:00:00-9:05:00 9:05:00:9:10:00 9:10:00-9:15:00 9:15:00-9:20:00 9:20:00-9:25:00 9:25:00-9:30:00 9:30:00-9:35:00 9:35:00-9:40:00 9:40:00-9:45:00 9:45:00-9:50:00 Link 1 0.092857 0.039655 0.041049 0.041538 0.039148 Total est TT 0.Table 11: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 2 Interval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Duration 8:50:00-8:55:00 8:55:00:9:00:00 9:00:00-9:05:00 9:05:00:9:10:00 9:10:00-9:15:00 9:15:00-9:20:00 9:20:00-9:25:00 9:25:00-9:30:00 9:30:00-9:35:00 9:35:00-9:40:00 9:40:00-9:45:00 9:45:00-9:50:00 Estimated travel time (hr) total est estimated Link 1 Link 2 TT TT 0.097561 0.042331 0.044531 0.042857 0.042857 0.079590 0:04:47 0.049669 0.039130 0.080179 0:04:49 0.091954 0.

04317 0.03496 0.00 49.03847 0.03360 0.04057 0.00 Station B 38.00 Table 14: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 1 Estimated travel time (hr) Interval Duration Link 1 Link 2 total est TT estimated TT 1 8:50:00-8:55:00 - - - - - - 2 8:55:00:9:00:00 - - - - - - 3 9:00:00-9:05:00 0.08159 0:04:54 0:05:30 0:00:36 7 9:20:00-9:25:00 0.50 32.00 32.04057 0.33 34.03534 0.05344 0.00 37.09602 0:05:46 0:05:41 0:00:05 6 9:15:00-9:20:00 0.04317 0.04167 0.04317 0.00 35.00 38.50 32.67 23.00 25.Truck: Table 13: Observed travel time and spot speed of truck Interval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Observed travel time 0:04:26 0:04:15 0:05:41 0:05:30 0:04:37 0:05:00 0:05:57 0:05:08 0:05:02 Interval Duration 8:50:00-8:55:00 8:55:00:9:00:00 9:00:00-9:05:00 9:05:00:9:10:00 9:10:00-9:15:00 9:15:00-9:20:00 9:20:00-9:25:00 9:25:00-9:30:00 9:30:00-9:35:00 9:35:00-9:40:00 9:40:00-9:45:00 9:45:00-9:50:00 Station A 36.75 44.00 41.00 38.08867 0:05:19 0:05:08 0:00:11 12 9:45:00-9:50:00 0.00 Spot speed (km/hr) Station C 36.08394 0:05:02 0:05:00 0:00:02 9 9:30:00-9:35:00 - - 10 9:35:00-9:40:00 0.09401 0:05:38 0:05:57 0:00:19 11 9:40:00-9:45:00 0.03913 0.00 24.08224 0:04:56 0:04:26 0:00:30 4 9:05:00:9:10:00 0.00 44.03842 0.05285 0.00 37.04076 0.00 36.00 41.08164 0:04:54 0:04:37 0:00:17 8 9:25:00-9:30:00 0.07352 0:04:25 0:04:15 0:00:10 5 9:10:00-9:15:00 0.00 38.04317 0.00 41.00 41.06894 0:04:08 0:05:02 0:00:54 0:00:20 - obs TT - error - .00 36.04954 0.00 45.03856 0.00 35.

041667 0.042857 0.040541 0.042056 0.043165 0.034884 0.086342 0.038298 0.050847 0.081309 0:04:52 0:05:30 0:00:38 7 9:20:00-9:25:00 0.086335 0.042857 0.077126 0.041667 0.041667 0.040541 0.037975 0.068627 0:05:07 0:05:02 avg 0:00:05 0:00:14 - - Obs TT Error - Table 16: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 3 Interval 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Duration 8:50:00-8:55:00 8:55:00:9:00:00 9:00:00-9:05:00 9:05:00:9:10:00 9:10:00-9:15:00 9:15:00-9:20:00 9:20:00-9:25:00 9:25:00-9:30:00 9:30:00-9:35:00 9:35:00-9:40:00 9:40:00-9:45:00 9:45:00-9:50:00 Link 1 0.046875 0.041667 0.083333 0.083581 0:05:01 0:05:00 0:00:01 9 9:30:00-9:35:00 - 10 9:35:00-9:40:00 0.052174 0.062500 0.038462 0.106884 0.082207 0:04:55 0:04:26 0:00:29 4 9:05:00:9:10:00 0.073345 0:04:24 0:04:15 0:00:09 5 9:10:00-9:15:00 0.035294 0.036585 0.036585 total est TT 0.065217 0.046875 0.040541 0.040541 0.105699 0.085115 0:05:07 0:05:08 0:00:01 12 9:45:00-9:50:00 0.040724 0.104167 0.058824 0.045802 0.033333 0.073171 estimated TT 0:05:00 0:04:38 0:06:20 0:05:11 0:05:11 0:05:20 0:06:24 0:06:15 0:04:24 obs TT 0:04:26 0:04:15 0:05:41 0:05:30 0:04:37 0:05:00 0:05:57 0:05:08 0:05:02 Mean Error 0:00:34 0:00:23 0:00:39 0:00:19 0:00:34 0:00:20 0:00:27 0:01:07 0:00:38 0:00:33 .Table 15: Comparison between estimated and observed travel time using approach 2 Estimated travel time (hr) Interval Duration 1 8:50:00-8:55:00 2 Link 1 estimated TT Link 2 total est TT - - - - - 0:01:37 8:55:00:9:00:00 - - - - - 0:03:12 3 9:00:00-9:05:00 0.043011 0.091388 0:05:29 0:05:57 0:00:28 11 9:40:00-9:45:00 0.043478 0.036585 Estimated travel time (hr) Link 2 0.081140 0:04:52 0:04:37 0:00:15 8 9:25:00-9:30:00 0.095031 0:05:42 0:05:41 0:00:01 6 9:15:00-9:20:00 0.041667 0.046154 0.042857 0.088931 0.038961 0.