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. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited". Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2004, there were over 763 million international tourist arrivals. Tourism is vital for many countries, due to the income generated by the consumption of goods and services by tourists, the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry, and the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism. These service industries include transportation services such as cruise ships and taxis, accommodation such as hotels, restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues, and other hospitality industry services such as spas and resorts.
" Hunziker and Krapf. which directly relate to the entry. mainly of an economic nature.Definition : One of the earliest definitions of tourism was provided by the Austrian economist in 1910. . insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity. defined tourism as "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents. in 1941." In 1981 International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism defined Tourism in terms of particular activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home environment. "bob total of operators. short-term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. who defined it as. stay and movement of foreigners inside and outside a certain country. It includes movements for all purposes." In 1976 Tourism Society of England defined it as "Tourism is the temporary. city or a region.
"Get Going Canada" in Canada. money to spend on non-essentials). Tamil Nadu. the Ministry consults and collaborates with other stakeholders in the sector including various Central Ministries/agencies. Some national policymakers have shifted their priority to the promotion of intrabound tourism to contribute to the local economy. the state governments and union territories and the representatives of the private sector. The UN also derived different categories of tourism by combining the 3 basic forms of tourism: Internal tourism. Andhra. which comprises domestic tourism and inbound tourism. time off from work or other responsibilities. medical and eco-tourism. Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan are the top five states to receive inbound tourists. involving non-residents traveling in the given country.The United Nations classified three forms of tourism in 1994 in its Recommendations on Tourism Statistics: Domestic tourism. such as transport and accommodation.4% annual growth rate. The Ministry of Tourism also maintains the India campaign.having the highest 10-year growth potential. for example Cuba. Individually. Before people are able to experience tourism they usually need disposable income (i. and legal clearance to travel. The United States prohibits its citizens from traveling to some countries. Recently. Intrabound tourism differs from domestic tourism in that the former encompasses policy-making and implementation of national tourism policies. sufficient health is also a condition. Examples of such campaigns include "See America" in the United States. Delhi. which consists of inbound tourism and outbound tourism. and "Guseok Guseok" (corner to corner) in South Korea.  The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2007ranked tourism in India sixth in terms of price competitiveness and 39th in terms of safety . and of course the inclination to travel. and International tourism. in some countries there are legal restrictions on travelling.78 million and India generated about 200 billion US dollars in 2008 and that is expected to increase to US$375.78% of the total employment in India. involving residents traveling in another country. Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra received the big share of these visitors. which comprises domestic tourism and outbound tourism. and Outbound tourism. leisure time tourism infrastructure. According to World Travel and Tourism Council.e.23% to the national GDPand 8. Kerala. with a contribution of 6. Intrabound tourism is a term coined by the Korea Tourism Organization and widely accepted in Korea.5 billion by 2018 at a 9. In the process. cruise. Ministry of Tourism is the nodal agency to formulate national policies and programmes for the development and promotion of tourism. which involves residents of the given country traveling only within this country. The majority of foreign tourists come from USA and UK. Furthermore. TOURISM IN INDIA Tourism in India is the largest service industry. especially abroad. the tourism industry has shifted from the promotion of inbound tourism to the promotion of intrabound tourism because many countries are experiencing tough competition for inbound tourists. Uttar Pradesh. India will be a tourism hot-spot from 2009–2018. total Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTA) in India were 5. Certain states with strong governmental control over the lives of citizens (notably established Communist states) may restrict foreign travel only to trustworthy citizens. Domestic tourism in the same year was 740 million.National tourism. In 2010. Concerted efforts are being made to promote new forms of tourism such as rural. Inbound tourism.
Srinagar Pahalgam. period and material. artifacts excavated at Panderenthan. MUSEUM IN OUR REGION : SHRI PRATAP SINGH MUSEUM : The museum collection initially comprised displays of shawls and armory that were obtained from the Tosh Khana. Hindu and Muslim shrines. the capital. Vaishno Devi also attract thousands of Hindu devotees every year. etc. Yusmarg and Mughal Gardens etc. Despite short. gardens and forts.. India has one of the largest and fastest growing medical tourism sectors. castles. Gulmarg. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity make its international tourism appeal large and diverse. business and sports tourism.4 million Hindu devotees every year. The collections in the museum fall under the following categories:> Numismatics and Manuscripts > Miniature Paintings > Weapons and Utensils > Musical Instruments . After the reorganization of the Archaeological Department in 1913 under Rai Bhadur Daya Ram Sahni. mostly decorative household items. Parihaspora and Avantipura were first exhibited in the museum. TOURISM IN KASHMIR : KASHMIR is known for its scenic landscape. ancient temples and mosques. Jammu is noted for its scenic landscape. Notable places are Dal Lake. Tourism forms an integral part of the Kashmiri economy. Kashmir's natural landscape has made it one of the popular destinations for adventure tourism in South Asia. is also a growing tourist spot. This part of Greater Himalaya called "moon on earth" consists of naked peaks and deep gorges.and security. a number of objects. tourism revenues are expected to surge by 42% from 2007 to 2017. The museum’s various artifacts have been tentatively dated on the basis of style. Subsequently. It presents heritage and cultural tourism along with medical. Ladakh has emerged as a major hub for adventure tourism. were acquired by the museum from private owners. In recent years. Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India. This rich endowment formed one of the major additions to the museum’s collection.and medium-term setbacks. The Hindu holy shrines of Amaranth in Kashmir Valley attracts about . Often dubbed "Paradise on Earth". Kashmir's mountainous landscape has attracted tourists for centuries. Leh. such as shortage of hotel rooms. Jammu's historic monuments feature a unique blend of Islamic and Hindu architecture styles.
> > > > > Furniture and Decorative items Textiles and Carpets Items of Leather. Tiles and other artifacts excavated in various parts of Kashmir Natural History. The Accountant General of the state. The collection includes objects from different regions: Kashmir. It is classified into 21 sub-sections based on the material used to make the object. Maharaja Pratap Singh. The majority of the objects are utilitarian. Wooden Jar Paper Mache Vase ound 1898 AD when a memorandum was submitted to the then Dogra ruler of the Jammu & Kashmir State. by his younger brother. these are functional rather than art objects and were given to the museum in the early 20th century. The museum was set up in a building belonging to the state at Lal Mandi. Mr. the key collection at the SPS Museum. Kashmir. Mr. Decorative arts and crafts. There is a handful of ceramic and glassware pieces which were imported from Portugal and China. Baltistan and Gilgit. Blerjee. ranging from enamelware to glassware. Grass and Willow work Sculptures. Gilgit and Jammu. while others were acquired by the museum from private individuals and at auction sales. some were probably used in the royal household before being given to the museum. Europe or Central Asia. Bl . have around 837 objects in all. General Raja Sir Ama Srinagar to house exhibits and artifacts covering the region of Jammu. there do not seem to be any objects that might be attributed to a region outside of the royal kingdom. Stuffed Birds and Animals.. served as the first head of the institution. the Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India. Most of the objects in this collection were transferred from the Tosh Khana (treasury) of Shri Pratap Singh in 1899 and from 1907 to 1922. However. Ladakh. S y Sir John Marshal. whether from other parts of India.
The museum’s various artifacts have been tentatively dated on the basis of style.of shawls and armory that were obtained from the Tosh Khana. ng categories:- various parts of Kashmir Natural Ma . Subsequently. a number of objects. by the museum from private owners. etc. After the reorganization of the Archaeological Department in 1913 under Rai Bhadur Daya Ram Sahni. nd Avantipura were first exhibited in the museum. This rich endowment formed one of the major additions to the museum’s collection. period and material.
and in English usage well into the 19th century. and one probably from mid-19th century. Shawl was twillwoven pashmina. intended to be embellished later with the most delicate embroidery. There are also four square shawls which may be from the last years of Afghan rule. or ‘sambosas’]. with no coloured pattern in the weave. all in pashmina and probably from later in the 19th century. instead of a shuttle.TEXTILES IN MUSEUM : The SPS Museum has a rich collection of 59 kani (twilltapestry) shawls woven from either pashmina or shahtoosh in Kashmir probably from the last quarter of the 18th century to just after the middle of the 19th. hand-spun and .woven of the finest ‘cashmere’ from goats bred on the high-altitude transHimalayan plateaux of western Tibet and south-east Ladakh. It could be plain. or it could be decorated with designs incorporated in the weave by using. No item in the kani collection was woven earlier than about 1780. It includes long shawls from the period of Afghan rule (1752–1819). Sikh rule (1819– 1846) and the early decades of Dogra rule (which lasted from1846 to 1947). or later than 1860–70. The Museum also possesses three outstanding embroidered shawls. a series of small bobbins (known in Kashmiri as kani. a word now used to identify the entire technique). This semantic quirk explains Shawl Shawl Shawl Shawl Shawl Shawl Shawl Shawl Aksnuma Shawl . [and two unique capes. It should be appreciated that in its original meaning . the word ‘shawl’ referred not to a garment but to a fabric.
may well have continued to be used years or decades after its first introduction. or type of design. however. the attempt has been made to categorize them by period and style. with few objective benchmarks. and in one case giving an actual date . It is usually attempted on the basis of the researcher’s understanding of the evolution of design. or more likely from labels attached to each textile. The dating of shawls is an inexact science. since most of the Museum’s shawls came from the Toshakhana. An interesting feature of the SPS Museum collection is that the notes on each piece in the Accession Register actually purport to attribute the textiles to particular periods. to find out the basis on which these attributions have been made.why it seems appropriate to include as ‘shawls’ items— like the square kani shawls made in a thick heavy weave. often referring to the ruler or governor during whose regime the piece was made. or the embroidered shawls one of which actually takes the form of a map of Srinagar—that were never intended to be worn. though this has to be accompanied by a recognition that a given design. These labels have the same information as is in the Accessiuon Register. arranging them in roughly chronological order. or State Treasure-House. some of which have been retained. it seems . It’s tempting to assume that. In the following inventory of the shawls in the SPS Museum. It has not been possible. the notes in the Accession Register have been copied either from a Toshakhana register.
Vase .Sunburnt Shawl Saddle Cover Patka Bed Spread Sambosa Box_01 Box_02 Side Shelf Floor .
Kalam Daan Hand .Wash Vessel Hooka Base .
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