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Submitted To- Mrs. Anandita Ma’am Submitted By- Jyoti Malhotra Ad. Dip. Interior Designing INIFD, Hauz Khas
INTRODUCTION TO GLASS
Interiors are nowadays decorated with glass in new forms & designs. Glass is only the first choice to give a „high tech‟ look to the home. The mirror to look at & panes for the windows. Till some time back these were the only places in the home where glass was used. The attitude towards glass items was „something that can break if not carefully handled’. But all that is old story. Glass is the most „user friendly‟ material for this new generation. Now it is glass everywhere from the floor to the ceiling. Glass is only the first choice to give a „high tech trendy look‟ for the house. Usefulness, beauty. The combination of these two features has increases the usage of glass interiors like never before. The technology to mould glass into any shape like clay is available nowadays. Glass is also not backwards in strength & stability. Toughened glass has the strength equivalent to that of steel. It is defined as an inorganic product of fusion which has been cooled through its glass transition to the solid state without crystallizing. Many glasses contain silica as their main component and glass former. The term "glass" is, however, often extended to all amorphous solids (and melts that easily form amorphous solids), including plastics, resins, or other silica-free amorphous solids. In addition, besides traditional melting techniques, any other means of preparation are considered, such as ion implantation, and the sol-gel method. It is a strange substance, defying easy scientific categorization. It is not a solid, not a gas, and not quite a liquid either. Generally, it is classified as a rigid liquid, maintaining liquid properties while acting like a solid. Heat can return the glass to a liquid and workable form, making it easy to reuse and recycle.
PROPERTIES OF GLASS It is a compound of silica It is hard and brittle in nature It is transparent but if treated it can become translucent or opaque It allows passage of light It is not affected by water or air It is not readily affected by chemical reagents It can take up a high polish (used as a decorative object) It is easily cleaned It is also an electrical insulator Disordered and amorphous structure Fragile and easily breakable Inert and biologically inactive material Glass is 100% recyclable .
calcium carbonate is found naturally as limestone.CONSTITUENTS OF GLASS Silica (in the form of sand) In its pure form it exists as a polymer. Na2SO4. like PbO. soft and not very durable. (for glass with high refractive index) Also known as lime. (SiO2) n. Compounds of alkali metals. K2CO3 and KNO3 Compounds of alkaline earth metals. BaCO3. NaNO3. or chalk. The soda makes the glass water-soluble. Ca3(PO4)2 (for opalescent glass that also contains arsenic and antimony oxides) Manganese di oxide corrects the color of glass Sodium Carbonate or Potassium Carbonate- it helps in increasing Viscosity . like CaCO3. Therefore lime is added increasing the hardness and chemical durability and providing insolubility of the materials Oxides of heavy metals. CaO. Pb3O4 Calcium phosphate. like Na2CO3. marble.
melted and then cooled. . In nature.e. glass is a transparent beauty that fascinates us even today. was discovered around 5000 B. cooled and solidified very rapidly. Today the art of glass making has flourished all over the world. Manmade glass came into the picture much later. The precise origin of glass is not known. glass is magic born in flames”. Man now knew that glass is nothing but sand. The basic raw materials of glass. glass was discovered perhaps during volcanic eruptions. silica i. Narrations in historical documents however show that natural glass was discovered by man perhaps as early as the Stone Age. This was presumably the first known form of glass.C. “Truly. when certain types of rocks melted and then. The way glass is prepared transformed into various shapes is remarkable. It was called 'obsidian' and was used to make cutting tools like spears knives etc.HISTORY OF GLASS Although known to man for ages. by the people of that age. sand and soda.
However. There are a variety of different weights of plate glass available. For modern architectural and automotive applications. tables. and windshields. typically through a roller process. skill and special equipment. initially produced in plane form. ranging from incredibly thick and highly durable plate glass to more delicate varieties. the flat glass is sometimes bent after production of the plane sheet. It is one of the most common types of glass in use today. glass transparent walls. commonly used for windows. It is made at many factories around the world in approximately the same way. getting that sand to make into plate glass is a complicated process that takes time.GLASSES used in interior Plate Glass doors. . Plate Glass is also known as Flat Glass & Sheet Glass. It is also utilized in the manufacture of mirrors. The main ingredient in this glass is sand. It is cast in a solid plate. and other objects which require extremely flat glass. The resulting glass is extremely flat and free of distortions.
named after the British glass manufacturer Pilkington. Other NSG/Pilkington. the world float glass market. It can also be applied in interior décor for glass shelves. Cardinal Glass Industries . but relatively minor quantities of specialty borosilicate and flat panel display glass are also produced using the float glass process. furniture and even glass doors. glass windows. PPG. This method gives the sheet uniform thickness and very flat surfaces. not including China and Russia. although lead and various low melting point alloys were used in the past. which pioneered the technique (invented by Sir Alastair Pilkington) in the 1950s. companies include Sise Cam AS. is dominated by the four companies: Asahi Glass. and Guardian Industries. Most float glass is soda-lime glass. greenhouses. Float Glass Float Glass is a sheet of glass made by floating molten glass on a bed of molten metal. balconies or canopies. Saint-Gobain. As of 2009. Modern windows are made from float glass. typically tin. Central Glass.be it for glass roofing. The float glass process is also known as the Pilkington process. Hankuk. This glass fulfils all architectural needs . Visteon.
durability or fire retardant is a requirement. The single largest use of laminated glass is in automobile windscreens. Glass can also be laminated with special PVB like colored PVB in transparent. security. using two or more pieces of glass bonded between one or more using two or more pieces of glass and polycarbonate. pieces of plasticized polyvinyl butyric resin using heat and pressure. together with aliphatic urethane interlayers under heat and pressure. Acoustic PVB for improved acoustic performance and sentriglas for better structural strength. bonded 3. Laminated Glass It is two or more panes of glass with one or more layers of polyvinyl butyral (PVB) sandwiched between them and treated. Each manufacturing process may include glass lites of equal or unequal thickness. The glass panes can be basic float glass or tempered or heat strengthened panel. translucent and opaque. It is most suitable wherever safety. earthquake & natural disaster protection. noise control. If the glass is broken fragments tend to adhere to the PVB interlayer thereby reducing the risk of injury from falling glass and helping to resist further impact or weather damage. . There are several laminated glass manufacturing processes: 1. UV control. interlaid with a cured resin. 2.
and various types of plates and cookware. Toughened glass is used in some cell phones such as the Apple iPhone and LG Secret because of its scratch-resistant properties. . and any other application that would become dangerous in the event of human impact. glass doors and tables. Rim tempered indicates a limited area such as the rim of the glass or plate is tempered and is popular in food service. as a component of bulletproof glass. making it less likely to cause severe injury and deep lacerations. It will usually shatter into small fragments instead of sharp shards when broken. As a result of its safety and strength. refrigerator trays. Tempered glass is made by processes which create balanced internal stresses which give the glass strength. Tempered glass cannot be cut or altered and all cutting. and holes etc are made before tempering. Tempered glass is also used in buildings for unframed assemblies (such as frameless doors). for diving masks. including passenger vehicle windows. structurally-loaded applications. edge grinding. tempered glass is used in a variety of demanding applications. Tempered Glass Toughened or tempered glass is glass that has been processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass.
Today. green. and then passed through a pair of metal rollers which squeeze the "sandwich of glass and wire" together. by itself it could prove dangerous. protecting those on the other side from the harmful effects of smoke and flame. experts warn against the use of wired glass as a fire-resistant substance. . gases and deadly radiant heat. With the window intact. Wired glass is produced by continuously feeding wire mesh from a roller into the molten glass ribbon just before it undergoes cooling. It has an impact resistance similar to that of normal glass. which is devoid of the wire mesh as a component and can cut off not just the fire but even smoke. This because although the mesh may prevent the fire from penetrating. the glass keeps the fire at bay. Wired glass is manufactured primarily as a fire retardant. in recent times. but in case of breakage. the mesh retains the pieces of glass. special fireresistant glass is available. being made of fine. light blue and violet-rose. producing "polished wired glass”. sharp wires which can hurt. Wired glass may be further processed by grinding and polishing both surfaces. Common colors are golden-yellow. with wire mesh inlaid in the glass to prevent it from shattering and breaking out under stress or when exposed to high temperatures. This product is traditionally accepted as a low-cost fire-resistant glass. Wired Glass It is a type of glass into which a wire mesh is embedded during production. It can be tinted by aerosol or electricity. However. A steel wire mesh is sandwiched between two separate ribbons of semimolten glass.
e. environments that need regulated atmosphere and prevention of condensation. low-E. This edge seal not only binds the individual sheets of glass together to maintain the mechanical strength of the joint but also protects the space between the glass from outside influences. Insulated glazing may be framed in a sash. The air enclosed between the two glass panes is dried with a desiccant. and other heating or cooling requirements. which have been separated by an air gap and edge-sealed together. . The Insulated glass is a prefabricated unit made of two or more glass panes. Most IGUs are double glazed. "triple glazing" are becoming more common due to higher energy costs. i. Laminated. is also commonly known as Double Glazed Unit (DGU)/Triple Glazed Unit (TGU). Tempered. tinted or clear glass can be used. frame or in a curtain wall. houses and buildings with For use in airport control towers. heat transmission through the window is drastically reduced. train windows. Commonly used in- Office buildings. Airports and buildings near highways and railways. hotels. Insulated Glass Insulating Glass Unit (IGU). that require sound insulation properties. but IGUs with three sheets or more. Because of the low heat conductivity of the enclosed dry air between the glass panes. hospitals. reflective.
Shadow box construction creates a perception of depth behind the glass that is sometimes desired. The wall transfers horizontal wind loads that are incident upon it to the main building structure through connections at floors or columns of the building. which could be for security or aesthetic purposes. Curtain walls are typically designed with extruded aluminum members. sway induced by wind and seismic forces acting on the building. a great advantage is that natural light can penetrate deeper within the building. A curtain wall is designed to resist air and water infiltration. As the curtain wall is non-structural it can be made of a lightweight material reducing construction costs. although the first curtain walls were made of steel. Opaque glass is used in areas to hide a column or spandrel beam or shear wall behind the curtain wall. translucent. and its own dead load weight forces. or in varying degrees thereof. . or opaque. Curtain Wall A curtain wall is an outer covering of a building in which the outer walls are non-structural. When glass is used as the curtain wall. The aluminium frame is typically infilled with glass. Another method of hiding spandrel areas is through shadow box construction (providing a dark enclosed space behind the transparent or translucent glass). Glass may be used which is transparent. Transparent glass usually refers to vision glass in a curtain wall. as well as benefits such as daylighting. Spandrel or vision glass may also contain translucent glass. The curtain wall façade does not carry any dead load weight from the building other than its own dead load weight. which provides an architecturally pleasing building. but merely keep out the weather.
It is an architectural element made from glass. Installation typically involves grout and mortar. basement windows are considered easy access to a home. Glass block was originally developed in the early 1900s to provide natural lights in industrial factories. Other common residential uses for glass blocks include shower walls and uniquely shaped and located windows. Glass blocks are considered both an architectural element and a practical aspect of design because natural lighting can be filtered in. Glass blocks are also frequently found in office spaces. and windows. Glass Block Glass Block is also known as Glass Brick. Being located at ground level. and are frequently employed in the architectural design of office buildings. but some manufacturers of acrylic glass blocks use alternative installation methods for their glass blocks. They can be used to construct non-load bearing walls. Glass blocks come in a variety of designs as well as sizes. Glass block windows are more difficult for would-be thieves to penetrate and thus considered a more secure alternative to traditional basement windows. partitions. For residential purposes. . Shaped and laid similarly to brick or concrete blocks. Glass blocks are also used to construct shower walls. They may be opalescent or clear and are also available tinted with hints of various colors. uniquely shaped windows. such as interlocking PVC joints. Glass blocks provide visual obscuration while admitting light. especially in basements. glass blocks are available in several different sizes and are commonly used as an alternative to traditional windows. glass blocks are most commonly used as an alternative to basement windows.
the medical analysis instrument. ZWB2. photographic equipment. divides long wave. Its model are ZWB1. shortwave. ZWB2. metallurgy.mainly uses in the geological examination. Ultraviolet black glass has good ultraviolet. chemical industry. the ultraviolet photosource filters. Ultraviolet white glass: it is a uncolored cut-off glass which wavelength is 220NM-380NM .5%.it can filter out (absorption) the visible light at the stability is good. ZWB3 254nm/310nm/365nm). ZWB3 (254nm.365nm) respectively. . Ultraviolet white glass:Film and television manufacture. Ultraviolet glass has ultraviolet black glass and ultraviolet white glass. Ultraviolet Glass Ultraviolet glass has good ultraviolet. nondestructive test. electricity photosource and so on. same time.310nm. Characteristic Ultraviolet black glass. It has short wave and long wave which are (ZWB1. permeability is more than 89. Ultraviolet white glass:Only passes the ultraviolet ray its Chemical Application Ultraviolet black glass. war industry.
. and they can be cut into an assortment of shapes. including squares. rectangles. and in addition to being visually interesting. and their imperviousness to water. they are also environmentally sound. and sizes. in particular their potential to impart intense color and reflect light. Some are opalescent. octagons. with a reflective backing or an opaque color blended into the tile. This trend can be attributed to recent technological breakthroughs. It is also possible to obtain glass tiles which have been made from new glass. or sandblasted to have a rough finish. Glass was used in mosaics as early as 2500 BC. Recycled glass tiles come in a range of colors. In recent years. It can be solid in color or patterned in a variety of ways. because they keep glass out of landfills. but it took until the 3rd Century BC before innovative artisans in Greece. a number of finishes for glass tiles are available. and triangles. While people often think of glass as clear and shiny. Some glass tiles are made from recycled glass. they have become a popular field and accent tiles. shapes. Glass Tiles Glass tiles are pieces of glass formed into consistent shapes. giving it a second lease on life in the form of tiles. Persia and India created glass tiles. Others are opaque. as well as the tiles‟ inherent properties.
higher daylight transmission and enhanced noise suppression are required. It is intended for universal applications. manufactured in the same was a clear float glass. however has a colored appearance as well as solar control properties. Blue and Clear. where an attractive appearance or basic collar control property is required. It offers a practical. Bronze. Interior applications for decoration. greater spans. stylish alternative to traditional materials when used in screens. It saves energy and controls solar energy and gives a striking visual effect. for facades and overhead glazing. reduced deflection. fittings and furniture External application in single or double glazing. The range of thicknesses available enable glass to be used where superior strength. partitions and furniture at home or in the office. It gives designers the freedom to create attractive modern environments that are also economical and easy to maintain. . Anti Sun Glass Anti Sun is a body tinted glass. It is available in a choice of colors: Green. It can be toughened or laminated or used in insulating glass units.
g. .Easily cleaned during dry spells by hosing down or wiping with a soft cloth and warm soapy water. . . and gives windows a better appearance for longer.Continues working on cloudy days and during the night. . . high rise buildings.Can be combined with other glass products to offer a wide range of additional benefits. . .Unique coating breaks down and loosens even heavy soiling.Reduces cleaning and maintenance costs. conservatories and roof lights).Unique coating cannot be worn away or rubbed off . Self Cleaning Glass Pilkington Self Clean Glass is the world‟s first self-cleaning glass.lasts the lifetime of the glazing itself.The ideal chioce for situations where cleaning will be difficult or costly (e. .
which are now readily available throughout the world. allow innovative architectural concepts to become a reality. The glass is optically clear. to perform its design function during its exposure to fire. reinforced laminated glass. Fire-Resisting glass is a glass using multi-layer intumescent interlayer technology to meet ASTM-E119 test standards. and can be used in 60 minute and 120 minute fire resistance rated assemblies. Fire resisting glass contains flames and inflammable gas for a longer period of time and prevents not only the transmission of flames and smoke but also of heat to the other side of glazing Specialist fire-resistant glasses. etc. Example of heat transmitting glass: wired glass. Fire-resistance is the ability of an element of construction. goods. The International Building Codes (IBC) allows this glass to be installed as a fire-rated wall . and by fire-resistant glazing in the case of openings for the provision and passage of light. Fire-Resisting Glass Fire-resistant glass can be classified in two categories: Heat transmitting glass and Fire-resisting glass.. fire-resistant doors in openings provided for the passage of people. For example.
(view through) side. but they won't be able to see in" is a common request heard almost on a daily basis by anyone involved in the business of supplying or installing window film or reflective glass. the most common being silver. In a curtain wall application it can provide a unique artistic appearance to the building exterior while maintaining clear visibility from the inside.a hospital or classroom. There are many different colored reflective films. As an interior wall. it can provide a feeling of privacy in an environment where some visibility into a space is necessary . blue green and many more. The opaque side can be custom colored or carry a graphic. "I want to see out. . These all work in the same way but will just provide a mirrored image in the color chosen. We call this technology Vision Control or One Way Vision. It is mainly used in curtain walls and store fronts but has interior applications as well. silver being just like a mirror. design. bronze. or logo. One Way Vision Glass It is a unique glass and window film that presents an opaque surface or image on one side and just a tint on the opp. but there‟s also grey. for example.
detergents. normal acids or alkalis. During the heating process in tempering or bending. Ceramic printing on glass is done with special enamels which are applied to glass before it is tempered. Screen printing. Is the only company in India having all four processes. this enamel fuses into the glass and becomes a monolithic construction. Ceramic Printed Glass Ceramic fritted glass also called Silk Screened glass has gained wide-spread for decoration and masking on building interior and external facades. This is as permanent as any printed ceramic like crockery at your home and all technical characteristics are same as that of unprinted glass. . The methods of applying these enamels before tempering are Roller Coating. Spray painting & Direct on glass digital printing. It is life long and does not deteriorate with weather. GSC Glass Ltd.
browns deep amber. red white yellow Colors . amethyst. 3) by colored inclusions (as in milk glass and smoked glass). Glass Pigments Compounds iron oxides manganese oxides cobalt oxide gold chloride selenium compounds carbon oxides mix of mangnese. cobalt.COLORED GLASS Glass coloring and color marking may be obtained by1) addition of coloring ions. by 2) precipitation of nanometer sized colloides (so-called striking glasses such as "ruby gold" or red "selenium ruby"). decolorizer deep blue ruby red reds amber/brown black white yellow green (glows!) amber/brown light blue. 5) by dichroic coatings (see dichroic glass). 4) by light scattering (as in phase separated glass). iron antimony oxides uranium oxides sulfur compounds copper compounds tin compounds lead with antimony greens. or 6) by colored coatings.
combined with a wider use of colored glass. The fluoridation of the glass (which is a network covalent solid of silicon dioxide molecules) causes the characteristic rough. In the 1920s a new mould-etch process was invented. abrasive methods have gained popularity. . It refers to the technique of creating art on the surface of glass by applying acidic.GLASS DECORATION Asset Embossing Asset Embossing is also called Etching. such as sodium fluoride and hydrogen fluoride (very dangerous). which later became known as Depression glass. Unlike the more typical frosted etch that is produced by an abrasive etching technique. in which art was etched directly into the mould. opaque qualities of frosted glass. led to cheap glassware in the 1930s. so that each cast piece emerged from the mould with the image already on the surface of the glass. caustic. Typically. transmitting natural light as clear glass does. while providing a work of art that screens one area from another. Leptat creates a deeply etched. "glass etching cream" available from art supply stores consists of fluoride compounds. This reduced manufacturing costs and. Etched glass has served a unique purpose for hundreds of years. Traditionally this was done after the glass was blown or cast. or abrasive substances. As the types of acids used in this process are extremely hazardous. crystalline surface of varied textures.
and edge shape of the cutting stone would dictate the shape of the design cut into the glass. the grooves and cuts were polished to an even sheen to match the rest of the body. After the cutting was completed. Copper Wheel Engraving Wheel-engraved work involves cutting and polishing designs into the surface of glass with wheels of a variety of sizes and shapes. In the past. Stone Wheel Grinding (cut glass) This decorating method utilized the same apparatus as was used for copper wheel engraving. The copper wheel creates a very precise cut and was the tool originally used for traditional cut crystal designs. fine grit for more polished. oil and paraffin is applied to the turning copper wheel and the glass is held against the wheel to make the cut. Most engravers now also use stone and diamond impregnated wheels. but. profile. Its purpose instead was to create multi-faceted patterns with a sparkling effect. Each wheel varies in width. delicate work. Coarse grit is used for rapid and large scale cutting. the lathe was driven by a foot pedal. Copper wheel engraving is a traditional technique which requires a belt-driven lathe carrying a range of inter-changeable spindles. diameter and profile so as to make different types of cut in the glass. Stone wheel cutting was never used for pictorial scenes. The size. each mounted with a wheel made from copper. Changing the stone cutting wheel gave the artist flexibility to create varying shapes and thicknesses of cuts on a single glass body. This is why such decoration is also known as cut glass. Polishing was done using a polishing compound known as pumice and spinning pads. A slurry of carborundum grit. thicknesses and profiles were used. . instead of copper disks. now usually by an electric motor. different stone wheels of varied circumferences.
involves marking the glass with a hand-held diamond or tungsten carbide point. The resultant engraving has a delicate. The tiny dots that are produced are used to make up the design. ethereal quality that cannot be produced by any other method of engraving. Line engraving was at one time called 'scratch engraving'. Point Engraving Point engraving. from the black of the untouched glass to the white of the closely engraved area. but other types of drill are also used. the whiter the surface. To be seen at its best. . making a contrasting white line which sparkles in the light. held in the hand or on the end of a scriber. Drill Engraving In drill engraving the tool used is a rotating bur in the handpiece of an electric drill. is tapped onto the surface of a crystal glass. This technique is often called 'flexible drive engraving'. Stipple Engraving Stipple engraving is done entirely by hand. The effect is quite different from the mark made using a wheel or drill. which exactly describes it. there is no machinery involved. The point. which has a flexible drive shaft running from a pendant motor. This tool can be used to create surface effects similar to those of hand engraving techniques but can also cut into the glass more deeply to create the illusion of three dimensions. stipple engraving needs to be properly lit. A very hard. either diamond or tungsten carbide. scratches the surface of the glass. a picture is formed using the light that has been trapped in the glass where the surface has been punctured. Varying the density of the dots produces a range of tones. The closer together the dots are. very sharp point. referring to the type of drill familiar from the dental surgery. also called line engraving.
Sand Blasting Sandblasting is also called sand engraving or sand carving. partitions and interior screens. only the areas that are to remain transparent are masked for protection. Hot Glass Techniques Engraving can be combined with glass blowing skills to create quite different effects. using hand-cut stencils and hand-controlled deep cutting and shading techniques. but in the hands of an artist. furniture. shower screens. It is associated with mass produced designs. etc . which is usually rougher than that obtained by etching. This gives the glass a translucent surface. it can produce highly individual and original results. The embryo is engraved. Sandblasted glass can be used in numerous interior design applications in both residential and commercial settings: doors.hence the name ('graal' is Swedish for grail). a technique invented in Sweden. The invention of this difficult technique was considered the 'holy grail' of glassblowing . This is an industrial technique in which fine grit is projected onto the glass at high pressure. It is then reheated on a blowing iron and re-blown to the final shape of the object. An example is graal. The starting point is a blown glass bubble consisting of one or more layers of coloured glass overlaid on clear glass. The depth and degree of the translucency of the sandblasted finishing vary with the force and type of sand used. known as an embryo. This is produced by spraying sand at high velocities over the surface of the glass. During sandblasting. cutting through the layers to reveal the different colours.
The Indian glass painters cover a variety of subjects and themes. and some form of stained glass was used in European Christian churches by the third or fourth century A. it is often called a suncatcher.D. executed with oil and hard resin or with watercolor and gum on glass sheets. the rest are used in residential and industrial architecture. Christmas ornaments. Stained glass windows have been described as 'illuminated wall decorations'. . Today only 10% of all stained glasses are used in churches and other religious buildings. Glass Paintings Glass painting is a stunning form of art practised by many of the Indian artists. engravings are laid down on the back of the glass. When a piece of stained glass art is small and meant to be displayed in the window where it catches the sun. The technology for making glass dates back at least 5. and even simple objects a hobbyist can make. The glass paintings that depict events from the Mahabharata and Ramayana are some of the most popular.000 years. It takes a lot of patience and perseverance to create a glass painting and no one knows this better than the artists. and painted from the reverse. its use has expanded to lamp shades. The art of stained glass flowered in the 12th century with the rise of the Gothic cathedral. The glass is held in place by metal strips soldered together to gives the stained glass strength and stability. Though stained glass has traditionally been used in windows. Stained Glass Stained glass is an art form in which colored glass is cut into shapes and placed into a mosaic to form a picture. It is a kind of drawing painted on the inside surface of transparent glass. The effect is one of stunning clarity and rich color ideally serving as a connoisseur's delight. Also known as reverse glass painting.
. . Animal Glass Paintings Mughal Glass Paintings Indian Epic Glass Paintings (Mahabharata and Ramayana) Bird Glass Paintings Some of glass paintings depict scenes from Indian villages and the rural areas. The list of classification of glass painting based on the themes has been given below.Types of glass paintings The glass painting can be of different types depending on the subject that it covers.
ft.SURVEY INFORMATION ITEM PLAIN GLASS THICKNESS(mm) 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 4 5 8 10 12 6 PRICE(Rs. 22 25 30 35 42 60 70 80 per sq.) COLORED GLASS 35 40 80 100 110 50 25 50 60 starting from 25 starting from 35 starting from 27 WIRED GLASS DESIGNER WHITE GLASS 4 LOOKING GLASS 4 5 4-5 4-12 3-5 FIGURED GLASS FROSTED GLASS PATTERNED GLASS .
TINTED GLASS LACQUERED GLASS 4 4-12 45 starting from 200 starting from 40 starting from 200 starting from 175 starting from 220 starting from 175 starting from 250 700 starting from 200 ONE WAY VISION GLASS 4-5 TEMPERED GLASS LAMINATED GLASS INSULATED GLASS CURTAIN WALL 5-19 2-19 2-19 4 inches/101.6mm 6-12 5 5-12 FIRE RESISTANT GLASS STAINED GLASS PAINTED GLASS o Stain glass is also made on order price range starts from 150-300 and goes on further according to the sizes and quality of work .