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POTENTIAL FAILURE MODE AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS 3RD EDITION

SUGGESTED PFMEA SEVERITY EVALUATION CRITERIA
Criteria: Severity of Effect
This ranking results when a potential failure mode results in a final customer and/or a manufacturing/assembly plant defect. The final customer should always be considered first. If both occur, use the higher of the two severities.

Criteria: Severity of Effect
This ranking results when a potential failure mode results in a final customer and/or a manufacturing/assembly plant defect. The final customer should always be considered first. If both occur, use the higher of the two severities.

Effect Hazardous without warning Hazardous with warning Very High

(Customer Effect) Very high severity ranking when a potential failure mode affects safe vehicle operation and/or involves non-compliance with government regulation without warning. Very high severity ranking when a potential failure mode affects safe vehicle operation and/or involves non-compliance with government regulations with warning. Vehicle/item inoperable (loss of primary function). Vehicle/item operable but at a reduced level of performance. Customer very dissatisfied. Vehicle/item operable but Comfort/Convenience item(s) inoperable. Customer dissatisfied. Vehicle/item operable but Comfort/Convenience item(s) operable at a reduced level of performance. Fit and Finish/Squeak and Rattle item does not conform. Defect noticed by most customers (greater than 75%). Fit and Finish/Squeak and Rattle item does not conform. Defect noticed by 50% of customers. Fit and Finish/Squeak and Rattle item does not conform. Defect noticed by discriminating customers (less than 25%). No discernable effect.

(Customer Effect) Or may endanger operator (machine or assembly) without warning.

Ranking 10

Or may endanger operator (machine or assembly) with warning. Or 100% of product may have to be scrapped, or vehicle/item repaired in repair department with a repair time greater than one hour. Or product may have to be sorted and a portion (less than 100%) scrapped, or vehicle/item repaired in repair department with a repair time between a half-hour and an hour. Or product may have to be sorted and a portion (less than 100%) scrapped, or vehicle/item repaired in repair department with a repair time less than a half-hour. Or 100% of product may have to be reworked, or vehicle/item repaired offline but does not go to repair department. Or the product may have to be sorted, with no scrap, and a portion (less than 100%) reworked. Or a portion (less than 100%) of the product may have to be reworked, with no scrap, on-line but out-of-station. Or a portion (less than 100%) of the product may have to be reworked, with no scrap, on-line but in-station. Of slight inconvenience to operation or operator, or no effect.

9

8

High

7

Moderate

6

Low Very Low Minor Very Minor None

5 4 3 2 1

Extract taken from the FMEA 3rd Edition (QS-9000) reference manual

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Error detection in-station. or Go/No Go gauging performed on 100% of the parts after the parts have left the station. Error detection in-station (automatic gauging with automatic stop feature).01 per thousand pieces Ranking 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Low: Relatively Few Failures Remote: Failure is Unlikely SUGGESTED PFMEA DETECTION EVALUATION CRITERIA Detection Almost Impossible Very Remote Remote Very Low Low Moderate Moderately High High Criteria Absolute certainty of non-detection Controls will probably not detect Controls have poor chance of detection Controls have poor chance of detection Controls may detect Controls may detect Controls have a good chance to detect Controls have a good chance to detect Controls almost certain to detect Controls certain to detect X X Inspection Types A B C X X X X X Suggested Range of Detection Methods Ranking Cannot detect or is not checked. Cannot pass discrepant part. select. Control is achieved with charting methods.5 per thousand pieces 0. 10 9 8 7 6 5 X X 4 X X 3 Very High Very High X X X 2 1 Extract taken from the FMEA 3rd Edition (QS-9000) reference manual Page 2 of 2 . install. Discrepant part cannot be made because item has been error-proofed by process/product design.1 per thousand pieces < 0. OR gauging performed on setup and first piece check (for set-up causes only).POTENTIAL FAILURE MODE AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS 3RD EDITION SUGGESTED PFMEA OCCURRENCE EVALUATION CRITERIA Probability Very High: Persistent Failures High: Frequent Failures Moderate: Occasional Failures Likely Failure Rates* > 100 per thousand pieces 50 per thousand pieces 20 per thousand pieces 10 per thousand pieces 5 per thousand pieces 2 per thousand pieces 1 per thousand pieces 0. Error detection in subsequent operations. Control is achieved with indirect or random checks only. or error detection in subsequent operations by multiple layers of acceptance: supply. such as SPC (Statistical Process Control). verify. Control is achieved with double visual inspection only. Cannot accept discrepant part. Control is based on variable gauging after parts have left the station. Control is achieved with visual inspection only.