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ENUMA ELISH THE EPIC OF CREATION L.W.

King Translator (from The Seven Tablets of Creation, London 1902) A more complete etext of the Seven Tablets of Creation is also available here.
THE FIRST TABLET When in the height heaven was not named, And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name, And the primeval Apsu, who begat them, And chaos, Tiamut, the mother of them both Their waters were mingled together, And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen; When of the gods none had been called into being, And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained; Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven, Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being... Ages increased,... Then Ansar and Kisar were created, and over them.... Long were the days, then there came forth..... Anu, their son,... Ansar and Anu... And the god Anu... Nudimmud, whom his fathers, his begetters..... Abounding in all wisdom,...' He was exceeding strong... He had no rival Thus were established and were... the great gods. But Tiamat and Apsu were still in confusion... They were troubled and... In disorder... Apru was not diminished in might... And Tiamat roared... She smote, and their deeds... Their way was evil... Then Apsu, the begetter of the great gods, Cried unto Mummu, his minister, and said unto him: "O Mummu, thou minister that rejoicest my spirit, Come, unto Tiamut let us go!

So they went and before Tiamat they lay down, They consulted on a plan with regard to the gods, their sons. Apsu opened his mouth and spake, And unto Tiamut, the glistening one, he addressed the word: ...their way... By day I can not rest, by night I can not lie down in peace. But I will destroy their way, I will... Let there be lamentation, and let us lie down again in peace." When Tiamat heard these words, She raged and cried aloud... She... grievously..., She uttered a curse, and unto Apsu she spake: "What then shall we do? Let their way be made difficult, and let us lie down again in peace." Mummu answered, and gave counsel unto Apsu, ...and hostile to the gods was the counsel Mummu gave: Come, their way is strong, but thou shalt destroy it; Then by day shalt thou have rest, by night shalt thou lie down in peace." Apsu harkened unto him and his countenance grew bright, Since he (Mummu) planned evil against the gods his sons. ... he was afraid..., His knees became weak; they gave way beneath him, Because of the evil which their first-born had planned. ... their... they altered. ... they..., Lamentation they sat in sorrow .................. Then Ea, who knoweth all that is, went up and he beheld their muttering. [about 30 illegible lines] ... he spake: ... thy... he hath conquered and ... he weepeth and sitteth in tribulation. ... of fear, ... we shall not lie down in peace. ... Apsu is laid waste, ... and Mummu, who were taken captive, in... ... thou didst... ... let us lie down in peace.

. Unto him she entrusted. she filled their bodies. To give the battle-signal. She set up vipers and dragons.. saying: . And hurricanes. Sharp of tooth.!" And Tiamat harkened unto the word of the bright god. inasmuch as he had given her support. they devised mischief without resting night and day.. terror overcame him. she made eleven [kinds of] monsters.. .. Her commands were mighty.. To direct the battle. Be thou exalted. saying: I have uttered thy spell. and the monster Lahamu. she made them of lofty stature.. huge of stature. and merciless of fang. . They bore cruel weapons.. They banded themselves together and at the side of Tiamat they advanced. Decreed the fate among the gods his sons. thus exalted. She exalted Kingu... After this fashion.. They prepared for battle. shalt thou entrust! let us wage war!" . without fear of the fight. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. and scorpion-men. instead of blood.. With poison. Among the gods who were her sons. to control the fight.. they will smite. let us lie down in peace. . in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. and raging hounds. To march before the forces. May they magnify thy name over all of them the Anunnaki.. in their midst she raised him to power. With splendor she decked them." She gave him the Tablets of Destiny. Fierce monster-vipers she clothed with terror. They were furious.. on his breast she laid them. in costly raiment she made him sit. And mighty tempests.. the gods in the midst of.. none could resist them.. saying: Thy command shall not be without avail.. to lead the host. Whoever beheld them. Their bodies reared up and none could withstand their attack. and said: . to advance to the attack. Made in addition weapons invincible. for the gods did she create. she spawned monster-serpents. and rams. They joined their forces and made war. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto him." Now Kingu... having received the power of Anu. thou shalt take vengeance for them. and fish-men.. thou my chosen spouse. . Ummu-Hubur [Tiamat] who formed all things. unto the tempest shalt thou. fuming and raging.

without fear of the fight. . Evil she wrought against the gods her children. Fierce monster-vipers she hath clothed with terror. in their midst she hath raised him to power. Saying. With splendor she hath decked them. They bear cruel weapons. Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack. and his anger was appeased. let him display his might!" THE SECOND TABLET Tiamat made weighty her handiwork. inasmuch as he hath given her support. To march before the forces. Ea harkened to this thing. Hath made in addition weapons invincible. But how she had collected her forces. she hath spawned monster-serpents. With those. the god unto Ea divulged. and He was grievously afflicted and he sat in sorrow. To avenge Apsu. She hath set up vipers. Among the gods who are her sons. and scorpion-men. Tiamat planned evil. and dragons. thev go at her side. and merciless of fang. the father who begat him. hath she made eleven monsters. They have joined their forces and are making war. They are furious. With all her force she rageth. standing before Ansar. and fish-men and rams. Sharp of tooth. she hath made them of lofty stature. All the gods have turned to her. fuming and raging. to lead the host. They prepare for battle. they devise mischief without resting night and day. After this fashion. Whoso is exalted in the battle. With poison. And to the place of Ansar his father he took his way. She hath exalted Kingu. And hurricanes and raging hounds. And mighty tempests. The days went by. They are banded together and at the side of Tiamat they advance. she hath filled their bodies. All that Tiamat had plotted he repeated unto him. whom ye created. who formed all things. Ummu-Hubur. He went and."Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire-god. none can resist them. Her commands are mighty. full of wrath. instead of blood. Whoever beholdeth them is overcome by terror. huge of stature. and the monster Lahamu. "Tiamat our mother hath conceived a hatred for us.

Be thou exalted.To give the battle-signal. [A gap of about a dozen lines occurs here... his mind was not at peace... in costly raiment she hath made him sit. saving:. But he could not withstand her.. Unto him hath she entrusted. Mummu and Apsu thou hast smitten But Tiamat hath exalted Kingu. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto thee. that she may be pacified. thou. That her spirit may be appeased. I have uttered thy spell.. Ann drew nigh. . Whose strength is great and whose onslaught can not be withstood. and the word of thy mouth shall be established.] . and he turned back.] Ansar unto his son addressed the word: ".. saying: 'Thy command shall not be without avail.. May they magnify thy name over all of them She hath given him the Tablets of Destiny. battle. thus exalted. thou my chosen spouse....' Now Kingu." He heard the word of his father Ansar And he directed his path to her.. the . he beheld the muttering of Tiamat. To direct the battle. . of the gods. her sons. Whoso is exalted in the battle. saying: 'Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire-god.. Our word shalt thou speak unto her. on his breast she laid them. toward her he took the way.. that her heart may be merciful. . my mighty hero... Decreed the fate for the gods. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power.. let him display his might!'" When Ansar heard how Tiamat was mightily in revolt. to control the fight. he spake unto him: [A gap of over twenty lines occurs here. he bit his lips. to advance to the attack. and where is one who can oppose her? . Go and stand before Tiamat. deliberation . But if she will not harken unto thy word.. -Nudimmud... he made a bitter lamentation: .. having received the power of Anu. Ansar .

let not the word of thy lips be overcome.. rejoice and be glad... The neck of Tiamat shalt thou swiftly trample under foot. In Upsukkinaku seat yourself joyfully together. With my word in place of you will I decree fate. and unto his father he spake: "O Lord of the gods. His heart exulted. who maketh merciful his heart.. let not the word of thy lips be overcome. in the place of his decision . O Ansar.. Appoint an assembly. .. 0 my son." THE THIRD TABLET ..." What man is it. May whatsoever I do remain unaltered.. who is a woman.. Pacify Tiamat with thy pure incantation.. May the word of my lips never be chanced nor made of no avail. . to the battle shalt thou draw nigh. And he drew nigh and stood before Ansar. your avenger. The neck of Tiamat shalt thou swiftly trample under foot. Destiny of the great gods." The lord rejoiced at the word of his father. who knoweth all wisdom. "O my father. Ansar beheld him and his heart was filled with joy. . Conquer Tiamat and give you life.. thy father " Thou art my son.. Let me go. . valiant . Let me go... For thy blood shall not be poured out. he that shall behold thee shall have peace. thou shalt return again. rejoice and be glad. Tiamat. He kissed him on the lips and his fear departed from him. If I.. Speedily set out upon thy way.an avenger. he spake unto him: .. make my fate preeminent and proclaim it. that I may accomplish all that is in thy heart.. that I may accomplish all that is in thy heart. who hath brought thee forth to battle? . is armed and attacketh thee." And the lord rejoiced at the word of his father.

and at the side of Tiamat they advance. And all that I tell thee.. who formed all things. "O Gaga. thou shalt cause to be brought before thee. repeat unto them. He saith that Tiamat our mother hath conceived a hatred for us. vour son. Fierce monster-vipers she hath clothed with terror. and fish-men. let them mix wine. she hath made them of lofty stature. terror overcometh him. Gaga. his minister. Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack. And mighty tempests. Her commands are miahty. Sharp of tooth and merciless of fang. inasmuch as he hath given her support. spake the word. All the gods have turned to her. Let them eat bread.. They have joined their forces and are making war. whom ye created. They bear merciless weapons. thou minister that rejoicest my spirit. They are furious. Make ready for a feast. They prepare for battle. The purpose of his heart he hath made known unto me. and say: 'Ansar. resist them. The purpose of his heart he hath made known unto me. and dragons. all of them. without fear of the fight. full of wrath. their avenger they may decree the fate. she hath filled their bodies. they go at her side.. hath she made eleven monsters. She hath exalted Kingu. They are banded together. With all her force she rageth. they devise mischief without resting night and day. and Unto Gaga. Among the gods who are her sons. she hath spawned monster-serpents. Unto Lahmu and Lahamu will I send thee. Hath made in addition weapons invincible. .. .. none can.Ansar opened his mouth. Whoever beboldeth them. huge of stature. and scorpion-men. and rams. in their midst she hath raised him to power. . and raging bounds. With poison. let the gods. After this fashion. stand before them. With those. fuming and raging. With splendor she hath decked them. hath sent me. . Go. She hath set up vipers. Ummu-Hubur. at a banquet let them sit. and the monster Lahamu. And hurricanes.. thou canst attain. That for Marduk. instead of blood.

let him display his might!" I sent Anu. To direct the battle." Now Kingu. All the gods have turned to her.To march before the forces. Conquer Tiamat and give you life. Nudimmud was afraid and turned back. With those. her sons. saying: I have uttered thy spell. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto thee.. To set out against Tiamat his heart hath prompted him. and swiftly decree for him the fate which you bestow. the director of the gods. Appoint an assembly. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. to control the fight. He opened his mouth and spake unto me. therefore. That he may go and fight your strong enemy." She hath given him the Tablets of Destiny. He saith that Tiamat our mother hath conceived a hatred for us. Unto him hath she entrusted. They are furious. saying: "If I. In Upsukkinaku seat yourself joyfully together. saying: Thy command shall not be without avail. May the word of my lips never be changed nor made of no avail. but he could not withstand her. to lead the host. in costly raiment she hath made him sit. on his breast she laid them. they devise mischief without resting night and day. saving: Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire-god. your son. the Anunnaki. Decreed the fate for the gods. The purpose of his heart he hath made known unto me. Gaga went. Be thou exalted. May whatsoever I do remain unaltered. Whoso is exalted in the battle. the gods. With all her force she rageth. He humbled himself. . your son. his fathers. they go at her side. With my word in place of you will I decree fate. thou my chosen spouse. to advance to the attack. make my fate preeminent and proclaim it. whom ye created. full of wrath. He made obeisance. your avenger. and he kissed the ground at their feet. They are banded together and at the side of Tiamat they advance. then he stood up and spake unto them saying: "Ansar.. having received the power of Anu. thus exalted. May they magnify thy name over all of them . in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. he took his way and Humbly before Lahmu and Lahamu. To give the battle-signal. But Marduk hath set out."' Hasten. hath sent me.

Hath made in addition weapons invincible. Whoever beboldeth them. Be thou exalted. And hurricanes. terror overcometh him.. In Upsukkinaku seat yourselves joyfully together. her sons. instead of blood. she hath made them of lofty stature. to advance to the attack. Her commands are mighty. But Marduk hath set out. To march before the forces. Appoint an assembly. your son. hath she made eleven monsters. having received the power of Anu. Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack. She hath given him the Tablets of Destiny on his breast she laid them. to lead the host. They bear merciless weapons. Conquer Tiamat and give you life. saying: 'If I. and raging hounds. and the word of thy mouth shall be established. With splendor she hath decked them. Fierce monster-vipers she hath clothed with terror. To direct the battle. she hath filled their bodies. Whoso is exalted in the battle. She hath exalted Kingu. He opened his mouth and spake unto me. And mighty tempests. Among the gods who are her sons. and scorpion-men.' Now Kingu. make my fate preeminent and proclaim it.. fuming and raging. and dragons. They have joined their forces and are making war. saving: I have uttered thy spell. and the monster Lahamu. but he could not withstand her. and fish-men.They prepare for battle. Ummu-Hubur. The dominion over all the gods have I entrusted unto thee. After this fashion. inasmuch as he hath given her support. saying: 'Let the opening of your mouth quench the Fire-god. let him display his might!' I sent Anu. To set out against Tiamat his heart hath prompted him. to control the fight. without fear of the fight. in the assembly of the gods I have raised thee to power. Sharp of tooth and merciless of fang. thus exalted. She hath set up vipers. With poison. May they magnify thy name over all of them. To give the battle-signal. none can resist them. thou my chosen spouse.the Anunnaki. huge of stature. the director of the gods. saving: Thy command shall not be without avail. your avenger. in costlv raiment she hath made him sit. she hath spawned monster-serpents. . who formed all things. Unto him hath she entrusted. in their midst she hath raised him to power. Decreed the fate for the gods. Nudimmud was afraid and turned back. and rams.

saying: What has been altered so that they should We do not understand the deed of Tiamat! Then did they collect and go. Shall be established in thy sanctuary." . May.. even though they lack offerings. Abundance. O Marduk. Then for Marduk.With my word in place of you will I decree fate. Before his fathers as prince he took his place. thy word is Anu! Henceforth not without avail shall be thy command. They made ready for the feast.. who decree fate. THE FOURTH TABLET They prepared for him a lordly chamber..' Hasten. did they decree the fate. But as for the god who began the rebellion. Established shall be the word of thy mouth. Thy fate is unequaled. That he may go and fight your strong enemy! Lahmu and Lahamu heard and cried aloud All of the Igigi [The elder gods] wailed bitterly. "Thou art chiefest among the great gods. irresistible shall be thy command.. May the word of my lips never be changed nor made of no avail. They kissed one another. thou art our avenger! We give thee sovereignty over the whole world. they mixed sesame-wine. Sit thou down in might. in the assembly. be exalted in thy command.. their avenger. they filled. their spirit was exalted. None among the gods shall transgress thy boundary. Thy fate is unequaled. They entered in before Ansar. at the banquet they sat. pour out his life. their bodies were filled. In thy power shall it be to exalt and to abase. the mead. They ate bread. The great gods. therefore. it shall crush thy foe. They were drunk with drinking. thou art chiefest among the great gods. The sweet drink. confused their. the desire of the shrines of the gods. O Lord. thy word is Anu! O Marduk. whatsoever I do remain unaltered. They were wholly at ease. Thy weapon shall never lose its power. all of them. and swiftly decree for him the fate which you bestow.. spare the life of him that putteth his trust in thee..

and thy command shall be fulfilled. speak thou the word. When the gods. Again he commanded it. . He made a net to enclose the inward parts of Tiamat. and cut off the life of Tiamat. O lord. Then the lord raised the thunderbolt. He sent forth the winds which he had created. Go.Then set they in their midst a garment. they were flecked with foam. . and the whirlwind. were their teeth. ferocious. The South wind and the North wind and the East wind and the West wind He brought near to the net. be supreme among the gods. he chose his weapon.. . in his right hand he grasped it. He made ready the bow. and the tempest... mighty in battle. Destructive. and the hurricane. They give him an invincible weapony which overwhelmeth the foe. the garment reappeared.. They rejoiced.. the gift of his father Anu. To destroy and to create. They caused him to set out on a path of prosperity and success. and swift of pace. To disturb the inward parts of Tiamat. overwhelming. and the wind which had no equal. and the sevenfold wind.... Left and right.. his mighty weapon.. and the throne. He created the evil wind. the storm unequaled for terror. they had been trained to trample underfoot. the seven of them. He set the lightning in front of him. . He mounted the chariot. " Marduk is king!" They bestowed upon him the scepter. He slung a spear upon him and fastened it.. The four winds he stationed so that nothing of her might escape. they followed after him. and the ring. he was clothed with terror." After the gods his fathers had decreed for the lord his fate. and they did homage unto him. beheld the fulfillment of his word.. With burning flame he filled his body. And speak the word again and let the garment reappear! Then he spake with his mouth. Command now and let the garment vanish. They were skilled in.. His garment was. The bow and the quiver he hung at his side. And let the wind carry her blood into secret places. and the garment vanished. He raised the club. .. saying.their first-born they spake: "May thy fate. And the fourfold wind. and. . his fathers. He harnessed and yoked unto it four horses. And unto Marduk.

As Marduk gazed.. her spouse. With lips that failed not she uttered rebellious words: ". And against the gods my fathers thou hast contrived thy wicked plan.. To the fight they came on. piercing cries. Thou hast exalted Kingu to be thy spouse. And the lord drew nigh. He perceived the muttering of Kingu. even as Anu. thou hast followed after evil..... She recited an incantation. thou hatest. Then he set out. And the gods. the counselor of the gods.. their fathers. Then they beheld him. thus he sent the word: Thou art become great. he gazed upon the inward parts of Tiamat. to the battle they drew nigh. Tiamat uttered wild.. she pronounced her spell. . And the gods of the battle cried out for their weapons. Beheld their leader's. And toward the raging Tiamat he set his face.. Thou hast. thy coming as lord of the gods.. And the evil wind that was behind him he let loose in her face. .. The gods his fathers beheld him... he grasped in his hand. . let thy weapons be girded on! Stand! I and thou. the gods beheld him. On his lips he held .she lost her reason. Let then thy host be equipped.. And thy heart hath prompted thee to call to battle. in thy place are they! " Then the lord raised the thunderbolt. As Tiamat opened her mouth to its full extent. their. and their sight was troubled... thou hast exalted thyself on high.With overpowering brightness his head was crowned. the gods beheld him.. And against Tiamat. Kingu was troubled in his gait. who was raging. him. . His will was destroyed and his motions ceased.. who marched by his side. he should issue deerees. She was like one posessed. Then advanced Tiamat and Marduk. . that. she turned not her neck..... The lord spread out his net and caught her. . But Tiamat.. From their places have they gathered. his mighty weapon. let us join battle! When Tiamat heard these words.. She trembled and shook to her very foundations. he took his way. his helpers..

He cut through the channels of her blood. And unto Tiamat. He conquered.. they were held in bondage. he returned. and they rejoiced and were glad... And with his merciless club he smashed her skull. Over the captive gods he strengthened his durance. He seized the spear and burst her belly. And the lord stood upon Tiamat's hinder parts. And had made the arrogant foe even like And had fully established Ansar's triumph over the enemy And had attained the purpose of Nudimmud. . he pierced her heart. so that they could not escape. Them and their opposition he trampled under his feet. gazing upon her dead body. who marched at her. The .. And he made the North wind bear it away into secret places. He overcame her and cut off her life. He cast down her body and stood upon it. He severed her inward parts. They took to flight to save their lives. while as yet she had not shut her lips. who marched by her side. her host was scattered. who had been exalted over them. They received punishment from him. He brought affliction. Moreover.. Then the lord rested. Presents and gifts they brought unto him. and turned back.. Kingu. And her courage was taken from her. He took from him the Tablets of Destiny that were not rightly his. The terrible winds filled her belly. and were afraid. When he had slain Tiamat. of the world they filled with cries of grief. Upon the troop of devils. He took them captive. Her might was broken. And on the eleven creatures which she had filled with the power of striking terror. and devised a cunning plan. and with the god Dug-ga he counted him. He sealed them with a seal and in his own breast he laid them.He drove in the evil wind. He split her up like a flat fish into two halves.. In the net they were caught and in the snare they sat down.. Trembled. His fathers beheld. But they were surrounded. Now after the hero Marduk had conquered and cast down his enemies. While he divided the flesh of the .. whom he had conquered. And the gods her helpers. the leader.. and her mouth she opened wide. . he broke their weapons. their strength he.

a mansion like unto it.] . The stars. He passed through the heavens. He ordained the year and into sections he divided it. The mansion E-sara which he created as heaven. the days of the year . Every month without ceasing with the crown he covered him.. .. the half. And the lord measured the structure of the Deep.. . their images.. saying: "At the beginning of the month. After he had ... .. He fixed a bolt. day thou shalt stand opposite... He made strong the bolt on the left and on the right. as the stars of the Zodiac. THE FIFTH TABLET He (Marduk) made the stations for the great gods. to traverse her way.. and thou shalt judge the right. He appointed him. That none might err or go astray. to determine the days. when thou shinest upon the land.. . he surveyed the regions thereof.. He set the station of Bel and Ea along with him... Thou commandest the horns to determine six days. he stationed a watchman. And on the .. He founded the station of Nibir [the planet Jupiter] to determine their bounds. He caused Anu...thee.. And he founded E-sara. On the fourteenth day thou shalt stand opposite... the night he entrusted to him.. The Moon-god he caused to shine forth. a being of the night. In the midst thereof he fixed the zenith.. thou shalt cause to .. The .. And bade them not to let her waters come forth... images...." [Nearly fifty lines are here lost. and thou shalt make his. unto the path of the Sun-god shalt thou cause to draw nigh. to destroy.One half of her he stablished as a covering for heaven.. Bel. He opened great gates on both sides. For the twelve months he fixed three stars. and Ea in their districts to inhabit. and the Sun-god shall. And on the seventh day to divide the crown. he fixed. thou shalt cause to draw nigh. And over against the Deep he set the dwelling of Nudimmud. When the Sun-god on the foundation of heaven.

He set a throne. And Ea answered him and spake the word: "...The gods.. their avenger.. and one. !" ... the ...... " It is.. whom he succored.. saving... Now after the fate of. and they. Together shall they be oppressed and unto evil shall they.. "'Long-wood' shall be one name. and the second name shall be . ..... of the gods I have changed . That the service of the gods may be established. His heart prompted him and he devised a cunning plan. They beheld the bow and how its work was accomplished. Then Anu raised the . and I will change their paths.. They praised the work which he had done. his fathers." [The rest of the text is wanting with the exception of the last few lines of the tablet. In Upsukkinnaku they set their dwelling.. And its third name shall be the Bow-star.. He kissed the bow..!" And thus he named the names of the bow.. .. [The remainder of this tablet is missing...] THE SIXTH TABLET When Marduk heard the word of the gods.in heaven.. in the assembly of the gods. which read as follows. Of the heroic son. shall be destroyed and men will I... .] They rejoiced. they cried: " We. and the gods .... He opened his mouth and unto Ea he spake That which he had conceived in his heart he imparted unto him: "My blood will I take and bone will I fashion I will make man.. in heaven shall it.. But I will alter the ways of the gods....!" Then he fixed a station for it. and that their shrines may be built... . that man may I will create man who shall inhabit the earth.. saving. beheld the net which he had made......

" "the Light of the father who begat him. Should he make an incantation.. deeds be forgotten among men. [Marduk] "the mighty one. his "Pure incantation" may their mouth proclaim." "The God of the Favoring Breeze." "the Lord of Hearing and Mercy." "Founder of sowing" "Creator of grain and plants.They seated themselves and in the assembly they named him..." "who caused the green herb to spring up!" O Asaru-alim." "Who increaseth all that is small. then are the gods appeased." The gods paid homage. be ordained their. He. whose provision is abundance. and ordained their path..." Let them say." "who aboundeth in counsel. Never shall his . then are they satisfied.. He set them on their way. Should they attack him in anger. with whom it is to bestow life!" May his deeds endure. and Ea!" He was their patron." Who established for the gods the bright heavens. let them bow in humility before him! Tutu as Aga-azag may mankind fourthly magnify! "The Lord of the Pure Incantation. Who through his Pure Incantation hath destroyed all the evil ones!" . they exalted him." "The Creator of Fulness and Abundance.." " the Founder of Plenteousness. Should their wants be pure." "Who had mercy upon the captive gods.. let them pay reverence... . "the Bringer of Purification. fifthly. [Mardk] "who is revered in the house of counsel. [Marduk] "Bestower of planting. None among the gods can rival him! 15 Tutu [Marduk] is Zi-ukkina." " the Quickener of the Dead. may they never be forgotten . and in the assembly of the gods let him." "Who removed the yoke from upon the gods his enemies." "Who directeth the decrees of Anu Bel. In the mouth of mankind whom his hands have made! Tutu as Mu-azag.. fear took hold upon them! O Asaru-alim-nuna. he withstandeth their onslaught! Let him therefore be exalted." In sore distress we felt his favoring breeze.. goeth forth." "The Merciful One.." "For their forgiveness did he create mankind. Tutu as Zi-azag thirdly they named. They all cried aloud. Tutu [Marduk] is "He who created them anew".. THE SEVENTH TABLET O Asari. "the Life of the host of the gods.

." .." "...!" Giskul." ".!" "Director of Righteousness..." "Who put their plans to confusion. " the Chief of all lords.... "the King of the band of the gods....... And upon him understanding.!" Agil... " the Creator of.. the heavens.... [Marduk] "who knoweth the heart of the gods.. thirdly.!" Zulummu..... let.. in Dul-azag be made it known. "The Creator of the earth.. "the ... "the Destroyer of the foe...!" Mummu." . their heart!" "Subduer of the disobedient...." "Who among the gods is gloriously supreme! Adu-nuna. ..... "Who for. pure is his dwelling! .. "The mighty one.. .." "....!" Tutu as Suh-kur.. Unto the path of whose majesty No god can ever attain! ...." " who seeth through the innermost part!" "The evil-doer he hath not caused to go forth with him!" "Founder of the assembly of the gods...." " Who rebellion and." who .. " the Counselor of Ea.. ! [There is a gap here of sixty lines.. "Who brought the gods to naught.!" Mulil....... "The Giver of counsel and of whatsoever. mankind hecreated." "Who is exalted in a royal habitation.." " the Lord of rulers." "who." "Who put an end to anger." who created the gods his fathers... But somewhere among the lost lines belong the following fragments." "Who destroyed all the wicked. He named the four quarters of the world.] who......Sag-zu.!" ... let them.!" Tutu as Zi-si. supreme is his might! Lugal-durmah.

. Let the wise and the understanding consider them together! Let the father repeat them and teach them to his son.e.." In the future of mankind. the Lord of the gods.. The Lord of the World.] . When he is wroth. EPILOGUE Let them [i. the. . of those without understanding is Lugaldul-azaga! . All my commands shall he make known! " By the name of "Fifty " did the great gods Proclaim his fifty names. may it hold sway forever! Since he created the realm of heaven and fashioned the firm earth... May he hold the Beginning and the Future. 'the Seizer of the Midst'! For the stars of heaven he upheld the paths. the star. made his path preeminent. they. their. May this be heard without ceasing. he turned not his neck.. That be may cause his land to be fruitful. when the days grow old. Shall be even as I.." the father Bel hath called his name. which all the Spirits of Heaven proclaimed. which shineth in the heavens.. his command is unaltered. and his spirit was rejoiced... This title. Let his name be Nibiru. Did Ea hear. may they pay homage unto him.. supreme is his might! . of the battle! [Here follows the better-preserved ending... the names of Marduk] be held in remembrances and let the first man proclaim them. . no god can withstand his indignation. and he said: "He whose name his fathers have made glorious.. in the midst of Tiamat. and that he himself may have prosperity! His word standeth fast. He shepherded all the gods like sheep! He conquered Tiamat. his name shall be Ea! The binding of all my decrees shall he control. The utterance of his mouth hath no god ever annulled. he troubled and ended her life.. Saying. Let them be in the ears of the pastor and the shepherd! Let a man rejoice in Marduk. He gazed in his anger. "He who forced his way through the midst of Tiamat without resting.

i.. ? Tiamat was the dragon.. In heaven the gods bowed themselves down before the Moon-god. ... Fifty kaspu [A kaspu is the space that can be covered in two hours travel.. they took and.. For the space of sixty cubits he ........ Twelve cubits is the circuit of his ears. the text is not a creation-legend. For their lamentation there was none to help. And become king over....e...... a bird.. May they .. they spake before him. six or seven miles] in his length. twelve cubits his.......... In water nine cubits deep he draggeth.... The border of the Moon-god's robe they hastily grasped: "Who will go and slay the dragon. ... men ... one kaspu in his height..... .... Tishu. Men uttered lamentation...Wide is his heart.... his name.. of Marduk may the gods..] The cities sighed... unto... they . ? " Go. Here the fight with the dragon did not precede the creation of the world..... Bel in heaven hath formed......... ...... All the gods of heaven......! END OF THE CREATION EPIC THE FIGHT WITH TIAMAT (ANOTHER VERSION) [Note: Strictly speaking..." And deliver the broad land from........ though it gives a variant form of the principal incident in the history of the creation according to the Enuma Elish... ! . but took place after men had been created and cities had been built.. They received instruction. · Who was the dragon. Six cubits is his mouth. And deliver the broad land from. slav the dragon. For their grief there was none to take them by the hand.. broad is his compassion.... . The sinner and evil-doer in his presence." He raiseth his tail on high.

For three years and three months. and he slew the dragon.. " Stir up cloud. the raging creatures of the river. and thou shalt slay the dragon... . one day and one night The blood of the dragon flowed.. He set the seal of his life before his face. to. But I know not the. of the Dragon! [The rest of the Obverse and the upper part of the Reverse of the tablet are wanting...........] REVERSE . and storm and tempest! The seal of thy life shalt thou set before thy face...And become king over.. and storm and tempest.... Thou shalt grasp it.!" Thou hast sent me..." He stirred up cloud... O Lord.. . He grasped it. And opened his mouth and spake unto the god.