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DESIGN GUIDELINES

True ornament is not a matter of prettifying externals. It is organic with the structure it adorns, whether a person, a building, or a park. - Frank Lloyd Wright

McCormick Village Park

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E n t ry

S IGNS Main entry monument sign Located at the corner of Old Clifton Road and the entry driveway, this sign welcomes visitors to the park. It is made of a thick wood panel with raised metal letters on a granite rock base. It will not require lighting, as the park will be closed at dusk, but may possibly include solar LED lighting for dark days or winter months.

Entry monument sign

Quarry rock (granite)

Side Section

Metal pipe support 1.3’ 6’ 0.6’ Pipe drilled in rock and filled with epoxy Quarry rock (granite)

1.1’ 0.8’

M c C o r m ick Vi l la ge Pa r k
C ity of Po rt Orcha rd

0

1 foot

3” crushed rock base
Front Elevation/Section

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DESIGN GUIDELINES

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McCormick Village Park

Campus parkway entry signs Located at the entrances to the park off Campus Parkway, these smaller signs indicate the secondary entries and trailheads.
3 - 4’

McCormick
Village Pa rk

Entry monument sign Quarry rock (granite)

0

1 foot

Front Elevation/Section

McCormick Village Park

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rain gardens. The edges will have concrete curb with gaps to accommodate stormwater runoff. pervious pavement and other methods. low impact development will be encouraged to capture stormwater runoff and provide infiltration through bioswales. THroughout the development of the park.PAVI NG Driveways Entry driveways and parking lots will be asphalt capable of bearing frequent fire truck passage. The entry driveway will also have a wide concrete walkway connection with the street and trail (see main plan). [Parking lot profile to be designed by engineer based on loading requirements] Parking lots 6” Concrete curb Asphaltic concrete Coarse aggregate 0 2 feet Cross-section 56 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park .

balled and burlapped 2x2’ concrete pavers 1” sand 4” crushed rock base McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 57 . The entry will serve a the main trail head for the loop trail and nature trail spurs. a place to gather and meet people (see next page for plan view). Tree .Entry plaz a The entry is primarily a welcoming place. It is more formal than other elements of the park with symmetry and hardscape.

Children’s fountain Bench Crushed rock path Wood decking over stream oo Water feature and bioretention area Disabled parking Colored concrete with color matching pavers 2x2’ concrete unit pavers Concrete curb Drop-off area Bench seating and planter Entry path 0 2 feet Entry plaza plan 58 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park .

Elsewhere. preferably a Pacific Northwest wood. Concrete seat wall McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 59 . Seating should use natural-looking materials of wood or wood composite.S ITE WORK S eating The main entry plaza will have benches and low concrete seat walls. along the trail other benches can be provided. 6-8 ft Concrete planter 4” Cedar seating Steel bracket 24” 18” Sand Pavers Agg.

at the end of the formal axis starting at the fire station (see drawing). Two significant places that will require an artist input and design are: 1). 2). visible from the entry plaza.S culpture Sculpture can be placed or formed throughout the park. linking the park landscape to the adjacent fire station. The art should fit into the forest environs. but be visually striking. This sculpture could honor local volunteer firemen. at the far side of the Commons. Jonna Pohjalainen Sculpture and plinth Seat wall Sculpture and Wall Plan Sculpture and Wall Section Dan Snow Fire Sculpture c. Garden wall Seat wall with wooden planks Planter box with vine Garden wall Climbing vine Coloured Pencils. Michaela Flux 60 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park .

The fountain may be several bubblers or water sources that come together to flow as one stream. McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 61 . 2) A small bubbler fountain for kids to play in on hot summer days. This fountain would be designed by an artist. This may need to include a small outdoor shower for rinsing off.Fountain There will be two fountain installations around the entry plaza: 1) A sculptural art piece at the “headwaters” of the main water feature adjacent to the main loop trail.

Eastern tree variety of our native shrub Golden rain tree. Acer rubrum . Betula paperifera .P LA N TS Trees Ornamental tree Stake to be removed after one year Paving min 8’ Red maple trees at a parking lot Street and Plaza Trees Potential street and ornamental trees for the park include: Red maple. Amelanchier arborea .Native tree with white. peeling bark Serviceberry.Common street tree with bright fall color Paper birch.Medium ornamental tree for plazas Golden rain trees Serviceberry Paper birch 62 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park . Koeluteria paniculata .

Ribes sanguineum Drier shrubs Wetland Flowing plants water Pavers Clay-lined channel Topsoil McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 63 .N ative shrubs and groundcovers Native shrubs and grasses in wet areas could include: Lady fern. Juncus ensifolius Native shrubs and grouncovers in dry areas could include: Snowberry. Symphoricarpus albus Evergreen huckleberry. Vaccinium ovatum Red-flowering currant. Athyrium filix-femina Black twinberry. Carex stipata Dagger-leaved rush. Lonicera involucrata Sawbeak sedge.

A rotary or impact sprinkler system will need to be installed and maintained for the Commons.Cl eari n g MEA D O W Lawn Lawn can be seeded or rolled sod. Use shade tolerant grass species for the clearings in the forest. Hills Nature trail Lawn and 6” topsoil Imported clean fill material 4:1 s lope Existing contour 64 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park .

Dwarf yarrow. such as: Arroyo lupine. suggested by City of Seattle for Puget Sound lowlands. it could be mowed every month in the spring and summer or just twice a year. Russell lupine. The meadow mix. Blue flax. Yellow lupine. Shasta daisy. Strawberry clover. it will not require an irrigation system.Meadow The meadow will have a less groomed appearance than the lawn. is composed of mostly grasses with a small portion of diverse wildflower species: Turf Type Perennial Rye (3 types) Chewings Fescue Hard Fescue Wildflowers 45% 25% 15% 15% Wildflowers mix could include species. Depending on frequency of use and maintenance funds. Lance-leaved coreopsis. If planted in the fall. Siberian wallflower. Scarlet flax. and Baby blue eyes. McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 65 .

Picnic shelters are located close to the entry and to parking. This concept could be built. Wood slats at the lower end provide some shelter while allowing filtered light and air through. Prefabricated shelter by Poligon Pavilion Cross-section 66 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park . or a prefabricated shelter design-built in keeping with this aesthetic. The design concept for the shelter manifests in a butterfly roof supported by cantilevered wood members.P ICNIC S HELTERS There should be a variety of picnic shelters. large ones for groups and small ones for families.

McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 67 .located at trail entrances to prevent motor vehicles from using multi-use trails Metal site furniture elements should be powder-coated black or dark green. Care should be taken to select a durable material that blends into the forested surroundings.located at park entry points Bollards . Please refer to Appendix E for potential furniture manufacturers and costs.S ITE FURNITURE Picnic tables are a major presence sprinkled throughout the park. include: • • • Trash receptacles . Wood site furniture should be composed of a Pacific Northwest wood or a wood composite.located at restrooms. parking lots and picnic shelters Bicycle racks . Other potential site furniture. such as wood or recycled plastic.

and performance art. Art could include sculpture. land forms. offering all generations of people a specific experience within the park. trail and boardwalk designs. interactive places or areas of deep meaning and unique imagination. temporary installations. Major goals for Art projects within the park are: • • • Use nature as a primary resource and potential medium Placement of artwork in complementary relation to other activities within the park Selection of each artwork that is so compelling that people will be drawn to them time and again.ART Artwork within the park can create engaging. returning to share the experience with others Nature Bridges Henry Moore Seth Abramson performance art 68 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park .

Compelling art could be: rooted or whimsical Cesar Chavez Park Taivas and Katona natural playful or geometric McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 69 .

visitors can walk along a six foot wide. 4” crushed rock weed barrier fabric 6’ wide Trail Cross-section 70 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park . crushed rock path that never exceeds 5% in grade.Tr a il MA IN LOO P T RAIL This one mile loop trail is designed with fitness in mind. Starting from any point in the park.

4” mulch or bark chips 4” crushed rock base weed barrier fabric 4’ wide Trail Cross-section McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 71 . several spur trails take visitors to the fitness stations.NATURE T RAIL Off the main loop trail. These trails are more rustic in nature with a surface of mulch. These trails will be for exploring and interpreting the forest. wetlands and other parts of the forest.

such as ES + Wood. Gig Harbor 72 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park . Inc. The boardwalk will be a simple wood structure pressure treated with borate and a polymer binder. so as to minimize disturbance to the wetland environment.B O A RDWALK To cross the wettest areas and streams in the valleys. Welded wire mesh railing Railing 4x4” post Cedar decking 2x6” joist 2x6” beam Metal pin-pile foundation Railing mesh Boardwalk Elevation Boardwalk Cross-section Diamond Pier Pin Foundations Pin Foundations.. boardwalks will be needed. Foundations will be metal pine piles.

fitness stations will be placed in the center of the park. McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 73 . A gravel or crushed rock pad can be placed under the station or the trail can be widened to accommodate active use. There will be four or five in a small cluster and eight or nine on a longer nature trail.FITNESS STATIONS To provide a more formal place for an outdoor workout.

gatherings and celebrations of art and music. The stage could be covered with a large performance roof structure for shade. It will be constructed with granite blocks with a grassy lawn in between for a flexible structure that can support audiences of 10 to 120. Lawn w 6” topsoil Amphitheater Section 74 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park . 4-8’ Granite blocks 18” 6” agg.S t r ucture A MP HITHEATER The outdoor amphitheater should be a welcoming place for community performances.

Nehalem Campground amphitheater 4-5” concrete stage surface 6” aggregate Stern Grove Amphitheater McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 75 .

digging and sliding (see reference section for articles on age-specific play). a contained play area with lots of different activities is best for outdoor learning and play. 76 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park . large sand boxes are ideal for small children by providing a place for them to manipulate their environment. sorting. In particular. so an enclosed area with benches would provide a place for continuous observation by caretakers. Adult supervision is important for pre-schoolers. age 2 to 5. Play features should reflect their desires. creative.P LAYG ROUND S For the smaller kids. Kids in the pre-school years enjoy climbing. Care should be taken to avoid standard play equipment ill-suited to small children.

Yet most playgrounds have little beyond pieces of manufactured exercise equipment selected from catalogs. balance on logs.Roger Hart McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 77 . Kids don’t need equipment. Child psychologists are recognizing that children can become bored with standard. play becomes a communal activity of exploration and manipulation of their natural environment. they need opportunity. single-function play equipment (see reference section).NATURE PL AY For older kids. The solution is to provide natural elements in a forested setting that invites exploration and control. as tools of communication and interaction. We all know that children need water. sand and loose parts to build with. they use the equipment in ways it was not meant to be used which can lead to playground injuries. age 6 to 10. tell secrets and make up adventure stories in an area separate from adults. . The children can build forts. If they are bored.

The tower can be closed up when needed for security. This tower will provide a hidden destination for park visitors and be an ideal spot to enjoy views through the ravine. Visitors will learn about the coniferous trees and how they grow.C A NOP Y VIE WING TO WER The Canopy Viewing Tower offers park users the opportunity to climb up into the tree canopy and experience the forest from a unique first-hand perspective. It is flexibly designed with playful elements that open & close. The design is inspired by fire towers. 78 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park . connecting the park structures with the fire station at the entry.

Viewing Tower Viewing Platform Canopy Viewing Tower Elevation McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 79 .

The restroom design will have a shed roof. and have similar wood slat screening as the tower and a portion of the picnic shelter. or secondary entry. A third restroom located near the fitness track and could be a prepackaged unit matching the design aesthetic of the others. Snoqualmie Point Park Restroom Restroom Elevation 80 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park .RESTROO M S Restrooms accommodating 3 stalls for each men and women can be utilized near the main entry as well as by the amphitheater.

Roof edge 15-20 feet Men Women Walkway Restroom Plan McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 81 .

feet of ravine and take visitors through the tree canopy. Mercer Slough Environmental Education Center Bridge & Lookout 82 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park .... The bridge element of the viewing tower will be a similar design.. to cross the ravine and get between the viewing tower and the running track.S U SP ENSION BRID G E Visitors will delight in being able to embark on a suspension bridge. or similar type of bridge..... The bridge will cross over .

3 ft Thermally-bonded ceramic on stainless steel sign 1. Sculpture that references the forest structure and visible stormwater BMPs that treat runoff on the surface will help the visitor become aware of the natural functioning of the forest.5 ft 30d steel posts Conc footing 2.I nt erpre ti ve Si gn s an d Wayfi n di n g Several of the goals of the park plan are related to an interpretive system of signs. Inspire community stewardship of the park 4c. Provide opportunities for exploration and education for kids and their parents The interpretation of the park’s forest ecosystem will occur in literal and figurative ways. Provide environmental learning experiences in the forest ecosystem 2c.8 ft Sample Interpretive Sign McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 83 . These points of awareness can help the visitor be more receptive to more literal learning. the park will hold art and landscape elements that will point the way to the natural ecosystem processes found in a forest. Figuratively. art and landscapes that immerse the visitor in the forest ecosystem: 2a.

The structure itself will evoke the Pacific Northwest forests through design and materials (see Canopy Viewing Tower in Design Guidelines). Glacier-carved topography Location: Western edge of the loop trail Why do the streams and valleys of the Kitsap Peninsula run north to south? The sign will include a description of the glaciers of the last Ice Age that carved the landscape of the Puget Sound. 84 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park . along with an aerial view of the Kitsap peninsula morphology will help people understand the larger landscape context. Through text. Forest canopy Location: Canopy viewing tower in north park How does a forest form and change over time? This interpretive sign will describe the forest structure: the composition of forest layers and canopy that change as the forest ages. pictures and diagrams. these stories are: 1. Starting at the west entry trailhead and moving clockwise. a story will be told that immerses visitors in the forest and starts them on the path of learning and stewardship. Each of the seven interpretive signs will have one theme or story focusing on an aspect of the forest landscape. Streams shaping a forest Location: Suspension bridge over the ravine Since the times of glaciers. Visitors to the tower will be able to see the higher forest canopy while looking for animals and plants that live above ground. Pictures of the glaciers extent.USGS The literal interpretation of the forest ecosystem will be explained in words and diagrams on interpretive signs. 3. how has the landscape changed? A discussion of watershed hydrology and the power of streams and rivers to erode hillsides and shape the landscape will be on the sign as visitors look out over the ravine. Seven signs will be located at key points in the park where a story of the forest is visible (see adjacent map). 2.

Interpretive Signs 3 2 4 5 1 7 8 McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 6 85 .

including soil profiles and plant species adapted to shade. This sign will discuss biodiversity and wildlife habitat with pictures of forest animals and unique plants. Forest edge Location: Forest clearing along nature trail in north park Where do the most animals and plants reside in the forest? At the edge of a forest clearing. 7. Pictures of different types of plants will show visitors a diversity of plants and adaptations. 5. not covered with plants? This interpretive sign will describe the importance of sunlight and water to the plant community. there is a mixture of forest and meadow plants that leads to increased biodiversity. visitors will gain a new 86 DESIGN GUIDELINES | McCormick Village Park .4. Forested wetland Location: Boardwalk in forest wetlands Why are there so few remaining forested wetlands in Washington? The final sign will address the on-going removal of forested wetlands in the Pacific Northwest. There are a number of potential diagrams and pictures. 6. An explanation of the different types of wetlands will place this particular wetland in the context of the watershed and the Puget Sound landscape. It could include a cross-section of the transition between interior forest and clearing. Shrubby wetland Location: Wetland east of the playground and main entry How do plants adapt to wet or saturated conditions? This interpretive sign will address wetland plants and the way they adapt to having water-logged roots. comparing this section of the forest with the clearings and the riparian areas elsewhere in the park. Forest undergrowth Location: Forest along nature trail in north park Why is the forest understory open. By describing the unique qualities and functions of the wetlands.

in addition to a sign. 8. Welcome to McCormick Village Park Stream shaping a forest Potential Way-finding Key Map for the Park McCormick Village Park | DESIGN GUIDELINES 87 . along with an explanation of the park’s story and creation. there will be a welcome and orientation sign at the entry plaza to show people available facilities and indicate the length of trails. The park orientation sign will have a map of the park showing trails and interpretive nodes.appreciation of forested wetlands. It could potentially be used for donor recognition as well. Welcome and Orientation Sign Location: Entry Plaza In addition. there could be water quality monitoring stations and habitat viewpoints that school groups could use to do on-going wetland analysis. Located on a boardwalk immersed in the forested wetlands.

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