Colegiul National “Mihai Viteazul” Ploiesti

Student: Sicaru Iuliana Andreea Coordinating teacher: Ilie Liliana

Student: Sicaru Iuliana Andreea Coordinating teacher: Ilie Liliana

Foreword
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which makes them so worth telling their stories. These photographers succeeded in transforming reality into something magic.“Photography is a way of feeling. the mystery of a land covered in fog. the yet untouched nature. long after you have forgotten everything. it remembers little things. their various avocations. They can see how we used to live and the differences between us and their upgraded. the feeling of a drop in the ocean when seeing one of the Ansel Adam’s pictures. vanishing with a sense of illusion. the photographers made us see their world through their eyes. capturing moments of nowadays’ society can be an important history resource for next generations. 3 . This is the way Edward Curtis became a well-known photographer. the American Natives. photography is an art that speaks for itself. What you have caught on film is captured forever. Firstly. There are many reasons I have chosen to talk about photography and the photographers that made from this hobby a successful career. superior society. He took photos of a long time ago disappeared generation. of loving. Thirdly..” – Aaron Siskind. through photography they have shown us the past. Photography is such a big part of our lives nowadays. I look at any person in her photos and for a moment I feel what they were feeling in the second the picture was taken. which will remain in people’s memory forever. I glance at any face and I see all the pain and suffering that those Japanese have endured. in pictures. Through Curtis’ vision of that culture. of touching. Those photos that catch all these amazing moments are worth more than thousands words. Moreover. The way people used to live. I admire Dorothea Lange’s photos because they are full of emotions.. This quote is suggestive for my choice. Secondly. I love the feelings of a sunset or a sunrise. which will remain a magnificent document of a proud generation. we have a proof of their mysterious past. and their hunting customs. Just for an instant I get to walk through their lives. but sometimes we forget how delicate of an art it is.

. I find the way Diane Arbus expressed herself in her art. astonishing and courageous. photography can immortalize an instant of time and hold it still forever.1.7 2.8 3. All in all I have chosen to speak about photography because it can express feelings better than words and in such a good way that you feel overwhelmed and anxious to see and feel more. Ansel Adams ………………………………………….6 2..4.3.. Photographic career ……………………. Starting a new life ………………………. Writings …………………………………..Last but not least.9 4 . Beside this.. Tabel of Contents 1. Also. Death and legacy ……………………….5 2.6 2.. which makes it so special to me. Dorothea Lange .. through the means of photography we can stare at these imperfections without being blamed or judged..2 . The unique and brave point of view regarding the disabled people makes us appreciate more our health and be more thankful for our lives.………………………………….8 2. Introduction …………………………………………. …..

. Life work ………..4.. Personal …………………………….. Death and legacy ……………………….2.1.12 4.11 4.3. Edward ……………………………………….5.10 3. The Native ………………….2.3. Migrant Mother …………………………. Making a ‘candid’ career ………………..3. Photographic choice………………………16 5.13 4.15 5.12 4. Death and legacy …………………………17 5 .1.. The JapaneseAmericans ………………10 3.16 5.2.3.……………………. …9 3. Retouched ………………………13 Curtis life Americans Photos 5.4. Diane Arbus ………………………………………….1. Early career as fashion photographer…….…9 3. ………………………….. Personal life .15 5.

Chinese philosopher Mo Di described a pinhole camera in the 5th century B. commonly shortened to photos.. police. to tell stories. of loving. activity and art of creating still or moving pictures by recording radiation on a sensitive medium. science.. such as a photographic film.C. it remembers little things. An inverted image from outside the hole would appear on the opposite wall. or an electronic sensor. Photography is used by amateurs to preserve memories of favorite times. The word "photograph" was coined in 1839 by Sir John Herschel and is based on the Greek photos (light) and graphé (representation) by means of lines" or "drawing".. Introduction “Photography is a way of feeling. such as the pictorialist movement. The ‘camera obscura’ (latin for dark chamber) it is literally a dark room or a box with a small hole in one wall. Photography is the result of combining several technical discoveries. Military.” – Aaron Siskind Photography is the process. and pleasure.6. 6 . the products of photography have been called negatives and photographs. such as Eadweard Muybridge's study of human and animal locomotion in 1887. recognition and data storage. and as a source of entertainment. to send messages. Artists are equally interested by these aspects but also try to explore avenues other than the photo-mechanical representation of reality. and security forces use photography for surveillance. Traditionally. long after you have forgotten everything. Photography gained the interest of many scientists and artists from its inception. What you have caught on film is captured forever. together meaning "drawing with light". Long before the first photographs were made. Bibliography …18 …………………………………….E. This device could thus be used to aid drawing (artist could trace the outline of the image on a canvas hung on the wall) and was considered quite significant in the development of proto-photography. art. to capture special moments. Photography has many uses for business. Scientists have used photography to record and study movements. of touching. 1.

” . He was extremely self-conscious about his nose and as a result faced lots of problems in school. Due to an earthquake that occurred in 1906. and even the role of paparazzi in media – and the pervasiveness of photographic images in our lives. California. he was thrown to the floor and he got a broken nose.1. photography (by way of the camera) seemed able to capture more detail and information than traditional mediums. If we take a look at the state of photography today. Ansel Adams.Ansel Adams Ansel Easton Adams (February 20. artful image manipulation by photoshop. best known for his black-and-white photographs of the American West. Ansel Adams “I can look at a fine art photograph and sometimes I can hear music. such as the advances of digital camera. the only child of Charles and Olive Adams was born in San Fransisco. especially in Yosemite National Park. 1984) was an American photographer and environmentalist. Due to his serious interest in music. it took only about 30 years for photograph became a product for mass consumption . he decided to pursue a career as a concert pianist. it is easy to forget that the first photograph ever was taken just 180 years ago. At the age of twelve. Thus. 2. such as painting and sculpting. he started playing the piano. Starting a new life 7 . 1902 – April 22. he preferred to learn mainly by following his own intuitions. 2. This made him a very shy and reserved child. The development of photography was quite fast: since Niépce took the world’s first photograph in 1826. after receiving eighth-grade education.Invented in the first decades of the nineteenth century.

Photographic career In 1927 his first portfolio was published. Here. perhaps a photograph can!” He then found a job as a photo technician in a commercial firm. people and their future and their fate. and the rest of the year he worked to improve his piano playing. he was on a family trip to Yosemite National Park. During his twenties. and later went on and married her in 1928. a literary work which espoused the pursuit of beauty in life and art. Adams’s talkative. As he stated. he had only one plate left and he “visualized” the effect of the blackened sky before risking the last shot. He met his wife Virginia Best also in Yosemite.In 1916. high-spirited nature combined with his excellent piano playing made him a hit within his enlarging circle of elite artist friends. the vertical western face of Half Dome. finally affording a grand piano suitable to his musical ambitions. This incident reportedly made him embrace photography as a career:“I tried to keep both arts alive. It soon became his personal philosophy as well.2. but the camera won. particularly violinist and amateur photographer Cedric Wright. and photographing. “I had been able to realize a desired image: not the way the subject appeared in reality but how it felt to me and how it must appear in the finished print”. Adams always carried a pocket edition with him while at Yosemite. Adams's second portfolio. He spent sometime working as a caretaker in the Sierra Club. I believe in stones and water. where he got to learn a lot about his new hobby. was published with text by writer Mary Austin. Adams would enjoy a life of hiking. On that excursion. Parmelian Prints of the High Sierras. 2. Michael and Anne. as Adams later stated: “I believe in beauty. In summer. Their shared philosophy came from Edward Carpenter’s Towards Democracy. camping. he took his first photograph with his amateur camera. In 1930 Taos Pueblo. I found that while the camera does not express the soul. expanding his piano technique and musical expression. which included his famous image Monolith. who became his best friend as well as his philosophical and cultural mentor. air and soil. They later had two children. The following year he began to work as an official photographer for the Sierra Club. such as the painter Georgia 8 . whether photography or music. most of his friends came from musical connections. He also gave piano lessons to make some income. was to reveal that beauty to others and to inspire them to the same calling.” He decided that the purpose of his art from now on.

and photographer Paul Strand. composition or idea. and other locations for use as mural-sized prints for decoration of the Department’s new building. In 1974. Adams felt he was not yet up to the standards of Strand. Adams began five years of important work. In 1950 he went to Alaska. and to achieve higher quality by “visualizing” each image before taking it. artist John Marin. Strand especially proved influential. Adams founded the Group f/64 along with fellow photographers Edward Weston and Imogen Cunningham. Adams’s work matured and he became more established. focusing on detailed close-ups as well as large forms from mountains to factories. which seem to be inhabited by mythical gods. which in turn created the Museum of Modern Art's department of photography. Much of his time during the 1970s was spent curating and re-printing negatives from his vault. He received an excellent review from the Washington Post. in part to satisfy the great demand of art museums which had finally created departments of photography and desired his iconic works.O’Keeffe. He decided to broaden his subject matter to include still life and close-up photos. sharing secrets of his technique with Adams. Part of his understanding with the Department was that he might also make photographs for his own use. Adams contracted with the Department of the Interior to make photographs of National Parks. He also devoted his considerable writing skills and prestige to the cause of environmentalism. The group’s manifesto stated that “Pure photography is defined as possessing no qualities of technique. the 1930s were a particularly productive and experimental time. Indian reservations." Despite his success. President Jimmy Carter commissioned Adams to make the first official portrait of a president made by a photograph. In the course of his 60-year career. 9 . Adams was able to put on his first solo museum exhibition at the Smithsonian Institution in 1931. using his own film and processing. and issued a number of superb portfolios. In 1948. Adams expanded his works. featuring 60 prints taken in the High Sierra. Hawaii and Maine. derivative of any other art form”. His Portfolio 3: Yosemite Valley was published by the Sierra Club in 1960. and finally convincing Adams to pursue photography with all his talent and energy. “His photographs are like portraits of the giant peaks. Between 1929 and 1942. where he began a photography workshop. Adams had a major retrospective exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In 1955 he moved back to Yosemite. photographing a variety of national park locations and monuments. In September 1941. focusing particularly on the Big Sur coastline of California and the protection of Yosemite from over-use.

thus he taught and lectured.4. and mechanical effects desired. The Print. and equally capable of expressing emotion and beauty. including the Morgan & Morgan Basic Photo Series (The Camera. spiritual. Adams' technical books on photography. 10 . The Negative. 1984. at the age of 82 from heart failure aggravated by cancer. though he later acknowledged that term to be a redundancy) whereby the final image is “seen” in the mind’s eye before taking the photo. Somewhere in the 1930s. He was survived by his wife. “It is easy to take a photograph. He later moved to Yosemite Valley and began publishing a lot of volumes that included: The John Muir Trail (1938). As he reminded his students. and Artificial Light Photography) have become classics in the field. and My Camera in Yosemite Valley (1949). Writings He always believed in sharing his knowledge. Ansel Adams received a number of awards during his lifetime and posthumously. Adams also advocated the idea of visualization (which he often called ‘previsualization’. which includes Making a Photograph. Yosemite and the High Sierra (1948). and there have been a few awards named for him. Adams started extensively publishing about the different techniques of photography and stressed on the importance of careful craftsmanship in this field. were also very useful and popular. as well as worked on advertising assignments in San Francisco area.3. Illustrated Guide to Yosemite Valley (1940). His lasting legacy includes helping to elevate photography to an art comparable with painting and music. Death and legacy Ansel Adams died on April 22. two children (Michael and Anne) and five grandchildren. 2. intellectual. He taught these and other techniques to thousands of amateur photographers through his publications and his workshops. Natural Light Photography. toward the goal of achieving all together the aesthetic.2. the Basic Photo Series as well as the Polaroid Land Photography Manual. His many books about photography. but it is harder to make a masterpiece in photography than in any other art medium”.

Personal Life Lange was educated in photography in New York City.3. 1965) was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist. She was informally apprenticed to several New York photography studios. They were married for 15 years – a union of two exceptionally talented. best known for her Depressionera work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). She dropped her middle name and assumed her mother's maiden name after her father abandoned the family. she married the noted western painter Maynard Dixon.”Dorothea Lange Dorothea Lange (May 26. She lived across the bay in Berkeley for the rest of her life. In 1920. it was a crucial one. Paul Taylor was a professor of agricultural economics at UC Berkley when he met Lange. fiercely independent individuals. Taylor hired Lange to work with him on a project for the State 11 . That was not an easy relationship. with whom she had two sons. she emerged with a weakened right leg. 1895 – October 11. one of two traumatic incidents in her early life. Like many other polio victims before treatment was available. and the two connected immediately. and by the following year she had opened a successful portrait studio. Dorothea Lange “One should really use the camera as though tomorrow you'd be stricken blind.1. The other was her contraction of polio at age seven which left her lame throughout her life. Yet. Born in New Jersey Dorothea Lange was named Dorothea Margaretta Nutzhorn at birth. and a permanent limp. in terms of personal and artistic development. she moved to San Francisco. In 1918. 3.

Wherever there was social upheaval. With the onset of the Great Depression. Migrant Mother Although she got her start and made most of her money taking portraits of wealthy people. she thought. she went uptown to the studio of a famous portrait photographer. Lange taking photos. Their philosophical connection soon became an emotional one. She learned how to set up a camera and studio lights. Life work Dorothea was fiercely independent. She would walk into camps. and asked him for a job. and they embarked on a personal and professional relationship that would last until Lange’s death. Instead of becoming a teacher as her mother wanted. and her life's work began. She said that people trusted her more because she didn't appear "whole and secure" in the face of their poverty and insecurity. where homeless pea-pickers and refugees of the Oklahoma dust bowl were scraping by. he seemed to make the camera understand the people. 3. or quiet suffering.3. sometimes starving to death. 3. and talk to them until they felt comfortable enough to have their pictures taken. Lange's best-known picture is titled "Migrant Mother. later called the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Her studies of unemployed and homeless people captured the attention of local photographers and led to her employment with the federal Resettlement Administration (RA). Lange preferred the deeper challenge of photographing the real human condition. Her limp.2. documenting the plight of the migrant workers now streaming into California. met many rich and famous people. and studied the artistry with which Genthe portrayed people: he didn't just snap their picture. created an instant rapport between herself and her subjects. She was hired.Emergency Relief Administration. Together they documented in rural poverty and the exploitation of sharecroppers and migrant laborers — Taylor interviewing and gathering economic data. This sense that an understanding of a subject was essential in making a portrait was truly the artistic part of photography." The woman in the photo is Florence 12 . Lange was there with a compassionate eye to record and report. Lange turned her camera lens from the studio to the street. and something that Dorothea would take with her for the rest of her career. Arnold Genthe.

She said that they had been living on frozen vegetables from the surrounding fields.5. She covered the rounding up of Japanese Americans and their internment in relocation camps. She recorded the San Francisco shipyard workers.Owens Thompson. she gave up the prestigious award to record the forced evacuation of Japanese Americans to relocation camps. She told me her age.” 3. her photograph of Japanese-American children pledging allegiance to the flag shortly before they were sent to internment camps is a haunting reminder of this policy of detaining people without charging them with any crime or affording them any appeal. After the attack on Pearl Harbor. I did not ask her name or her history. Her index finger was left untouched (lower right in photo). 3. The original photo featured Florence's thumb and index finger on the tent pole. Death and legacy In the last two decades of her life. I do not remember how I explained my presence or my camera to her. that she was thirty-two. taking advantage of the war and the need for ship-builders to make their first real wages since the depression began. she took heartrending pictures of the Japanese families as they were evacuated from their homes and sent to prison camps. but I do remember she asked me no questions. 13 . on assignment for the War Relocation Authority (WRA). Following the attack on Pearl Harbor. and seemed to know that my pictures might help her. Lange was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for excellence in photography. There she sat in that lean-to tent with her children huddled around her. There was a sort of equality about it. but solely because of their Japanese blood. I made five exposures. The Japanese-Americans In 1941. as if drawn by a magnet. Lange's health was poor. To many observers. She had just sold the tires from her car to buy food. working closer and closer from the same direction. highlighting Manzanar. Lange spoke about her experience taking the photograph: “I saw and approached the hungry and desperate mother. but the image was later retouched to hide Florence's thumb. including bleeding ulcers. as well as post-polio syndrome — although this renewal of the pain and weakness of polio was not yet recognized by most physicians.4. and birds that the children killed. the first of the permanent internment camps. and so she helped me. She suffered from gastric problems. She was disgusted that the government would lock people up not because of anything they had done.

age 70. 1965. The induction ceremony took place on December 15 and her son accepted the honor in her place. the subject becomes part of the past. two children.”. 4.Berenice Abbott 14 . California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver announced on May 28. Paul Taylor. This exhibit highlighted the Japanese Internment during World War II. located at The California Museum for History. and numerous grandchildren and greatgrandchildren. Eduard Curtis “Photography can only represent the present.Lange died of esophageal cancer on October 11. Women and the Arts. In 1972 the Whitney Museum used 27 of Lange's photographs in an exhibit entitled Executive Order 9066. three stepchildren. 2008 that Lange will be inducted into the California Hall of Fame. Once photographed.[4][9] She was survived by her second husband.

500. desperate for cash. For Christmas of 1927.P Morgan's son. Around 1922 Curtis moved to Los Angeles with his daughter Beth. and opened a new photo studio. DeMille and was an uncredited assistant cameraman in the 1923 filming of The Ten Commandments. In 1910 the family was living in Seattle. In 1896 the entire family moved to a new house in Seattle. He was paid $1.Edward Sheriff Curtis (February 16. Together they had four children. Curtis dropped out of school in the sixth grade. Wisconsin. This was the first time since the divorce that Curtis was with all of his children at the same time. In total about 280 sets were sold of his now completed opus magnum. Minnesota. In 1927 after returning from Alaska to Seattle with his daughter Beth. 4. Oregon. 1924 Curtis sold the rights to his ethnographic motion picture In the Land of the Head-Hunters to the American Museum of Natural History. In 1885 at the age of seventeen Edward became an apprentice photographer in St. Washington.500 for the master print and the original camera negative. but the charges were dropped. he was arrested for failure to pay alimony over the preceding 7 years.000 to film. Beth. the family was reunited at daughter Florence's home in Medford. In 1928. and it had been thirteen years since he had seen Katherine. In 1930 he published the concluding volume of The North American Indian. In 1920 Beth Curtis and her sister Florence Curtis were living in a boarding house in Seattle. Edward sold the rights to his project to J. Paul. 1952) was a photographer of the American West and of Native American peoples. where Edward purchased a new camera and became a partner in an existing photographic studio with Rasmus Rothi. 1868 – October 19. when Clara filed for divorce. Edward Curtis was born near Whitewater. In 1919 she was granted the divorce and received the Curtis' photographic studio and all of his original camera negatives as her part of the settlement. Edward went with his daughter.1 Personal Life In 1892 Edward married Clara J. To earn money he worked as an assistant cameraman for Cecil B. He soon built his own camera. In 1887 the family moved to Seattle. Clara. to the studio and destroyed all of his original glass negatives. On October 16. rather than have them become the property of his ex-wife. The total owed was $4. It had cost him over $20. 15 . Phillips.

garments. and he described traditional foods.000 to produce a series on the North American Indian. and his material. the daughter of Chief Sealth of Seattle. By reinforcing the native identity as the noble savage and a tragic vanishing race. many natives were successfully adapting to western society. In 16 . In 1906 J. Morgan was to receive 25 sets and 500 original prints as his method of repayment. not all natives were doomed to becoming a "vanishing race".000 photographic images from over 80 tribes. He wrote in the introduction to his first volume in 1907: "The information that is to be gathered . some believe Curtis detracted attention from the true plight of American natives at the time when he was witnessing their squalid conditions on reservations first-hand and their attempt to find their place in Western culture and adapt to their changing world." Curtis made over 10.4. is the only recorded history. but to document.3. He wrote biographical sketches of tribal leaders.. Morgan offered Curtis $75. 222 complete sets were eventually published. housing.2. must be collected at once or the opportunity will be lost. This was to be his first portrait of a Native American. respecting the mode of life of one of the great races of mankind. in most cases. Retouched Photos Curtis has been praised as a gifted photographer but also criticized by professional ethnologists for manipulating his images. 4. The Native Americans In 1895 Curtis met and photographed Princess Angeline (18001896) aka Kickisomlo.000 wax cylinder recordings of Indian language and music.P. It was to be in 20 volumes with 1.. He took over 40. as much American Indian (Native American) traditional life as possible before that way of life disappeared.500 photographs. ceremonies. recreation. Curtis' photographs have been charged with misrepresenting Native American people and cultures by portraying them in the popular notions and stereotypes of the times. Curtis' goal was not just to photograph. Although the early twentieth century was a difficult time for most Native communities in America. and funeral customs. At a time when natives' rights were being denied and their treaties were unrecognized by the federal government. He recorded tribal lore and history.

He also is known to have paid natives to pose in staged scenes. and other traces of Western and material culture from his pictures. at the age of 84. Beth. California in the home of his daughter. In the unretouched image above. dance and partake in simulated ceremonies. 17 . wear historically inaccurate dress and costumes. wagons.many of his images Curtis removed parasols. 1952. Curtis died of a heart attack in Whittier. California. On October 19. He was buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Hollywood Hills. we can see the clock between Little Plume and Yellow Kidney. suspenders.

she grew up with a strong sense of what was "acceptable" and what was "prohibited" in polite society. 18 . yet it seemed to her to be an unreal world.1. Arbus moved to nearby Red Bank and set up a darkroom in their bathroom. During World War II when Allan was sent to a photography school near Fort Monmouth. In the early 1940s Diane's father employed them to take photographs for the department store's advertisements. At the age of 13. Bill Brandt. and Eugene Atget. where Diane learned about photographers such as Matthew Brady. heir first daughter Doon (who would later become a writer) was born in 1945 and their second daughter Amy (who would later become a photographer) was born in 1954. In 1941 they visited the gallery of Alfred Steiglitz. and they married.” – Diane Arbus Diane Arbus (March 14. Allan taught her everything he was learning at the school. Timothy O'Sullivan. to a wealthy Jewish family. In 1946. in 1923 as Diane Nemerov. Because of the family's wealth. after she turned 18. New Jersey. 1923 – July 26. They contributed to Glamour. Paul Strand. Diane Arbus “I really believe there are things nobody would see if I didn't photograph them.5. after the war." with Diane as art director and Allan as the photographer. Early career as fashion photographer The Arbuses were both interested in photography. the Arbuses began a commercial photography business called "Diane & Allan Arbus. Her world was a protected one in which she never felt adversity. with her parents' grudging assent. Being a member of a prominent New York family. 1971) was an American photographer. 5. an employee in the advertising department of her parents' store. she met Allan Arbus. She was born. Arbus led a pampered childhood.

5." she wrote. But Arbus found herself most drawn to the photographs of her contemporaries Louis Faurer and Robert Frank and. She briefly attended Alexey Brodovitch's workshop at the New School and. as does most of the public. dwarfs.“Most people go through life dreading they'll have a traumatic experience." She responded to them with a mixture of shame and awe. In the 1960s she began to explore the subjects that would occupy her for much of her career: individuals living on the outskirts of society and "normalcy" (such as nudists.2. she enjoyed going where she never had. Arbus looked directly at these individuals. freeing her to photograph subjects of her own choice. "Freaks was a thing I photographed a lo. and over 80 pages in Vogue." She saw her camera as a sort of license that allowed her to be curious and to explore the lives of others.Seventeen. and The Sunday Times Magazine in 1959. Freaks were born with their trauma.. 19 . especially. to the unusual images of Lisette Model. Gradually overcoming her shyness. She always identified with her subjects in a personal way." In 1957 the couple decided to make a change. that term has been used repeatedly to describe her. the mentally or physically handicapped and dead or dying people) or else of people whose normality seems ugly or surreal. Instead of looking away from such people. Vogue. that close scrutiny of reality produces something fantastic.” “Model” taught her to be specific.. A friend declared that Arbus said that she was "afraid. Harper’s Bazaar. He continued to run their fashion studio. They're aristocrats. She began photographing on assignment for magazines such as Esquire. the Arbuses' fashion photography has been described as of "middling quality. Harper's Bazaar." Despite over 200 pages of their fashion editorial in Glamour. They've already passed their test in life. of being known simply as 'the photographer of freaks'". An early project Arbus undertook involved photographing what she referred to as "freaks. made a detailed study of the history of photography. and other magazines even though "they both hated the fashion world. however. on her own. transvestites. entering the lives and homes of others and confronting that which had been off-limits in her own protected childhood.It was during this period of work with Model that Arbus decided what she really wanted to photograph was "the forbidden. Photographic choice In 1958 Arbus enrolled in a class Model was offering at the New School.

Arbus posed her subjects looking directly into the camera. contests. 1971. just as she looked directly at them. a year after she committed suicide. her work became increasingly independent. was a particularly productive one for her. agreeing to go naked herself in order to gain her subjects' trust. Diane Arbus Revelations. Death and legacy From 1966 on Arbus struggled with bouts of hepatitis which often left her weak and depressed. "I don't like to arrange things. tattooed men. She also frequented the Times Square area. In the early 1960s Arbus began to photograph another group. Rhode Island. which allowed her to photograph "American rites and customs. festivals. … " The first major exhibition of her photographs occurred at the Museum of Modern Art in a 1967 show called "New Documents" 5. Making a ‘candid’ career When Arbus and her husband separated in 1960. 1962 to 1964. In 1972. fascinated by what she saw.4. I arrange myself. She frequented Hubert's Freak Museum at Broadway and 42nd Street. Millions of people viewed traveling exhibitions of her work in 1972-1979. She firmly believed that there were things which nobody would see unless she photographed them. A national touring exhibit by the Museum of Modern Art and a book of her photographs by Aperture magazine made her one of the most famous fine art photographers in the U. getting to know the bag ladies and derelicts.S. and sideshow subjects. In 2003-2006. Arbus and her work were the subjects of a another major traveling exhibition. She returned again and again until her subjects knew and trusted her. her work was always original and unique. She frequented nudist camps in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Her most famous photos 20 . nudists. 5.3. Arbus took her own life by ingesting barbiturates and slashing her wrists with a razor. This period. As a result.treating them seriously and humanely. and the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence. Among Arbus' many accomplishments during this time was winning her first Guggenheim fellowship." For her. Arbus became the first American photographer to have photographs displayed at the Venice Biennale. the subject was always more important than the picture. Diane also taught photography at the Parsons School of Design and the Cooper Union in New York City. On July 26. During that period she began her series of circus images. photographing midget clowns. She said.

Y. the motion picture Fur.C. Child with a toy hand grenade in Central Park.C.com 21 .000.400 in 2004. 1967 6. N. In 2006.. N. but. In 2001-2004 the 1972 book was selected as one of the most important photobooks in history.photoquotes. N. Roselle. was also photographing herself while ostensibly photographing others.J. Over 300. Roselle. Her most bizarre subjects at first sight often provoke a sequential reaction: gawking.Y. presented a fictional version of her life story.include Child with a toy hand grenade in Central Park. In many respects Arbus embodies the major elements of much that was happening in photography in the mid-20th century. She was a photojournalist. followed by an attempt to come to terms with what one has just done. Bibliography http://www. N.. which is unusual since "independent" photobooks are normally produced in editions of less than 5. 1962 Identical Twins. starring Nicole Kidman as Arbus. 1967..000 copies of the book had been sold by 2004. 1962 and Identical Twins.An original print of Identical Twins sold for $478..J. introspective to a fault.

html http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Curtis http://memory.jewishvirtuallibrary.com http://ro.worldwisdom.aspx 22 .gov/ammem/award98/ienhtml/curthome.org/wiki/Diane_Arbus http://www.http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photography http://en.org/jsource/biography/arbus.myhero.com/exhibitions/western/edwardcurtis.asp?hero=d_lange http://en.com/go/hero.org/wiki/Dorothea_Lange http://www.andrewsmithgallery.com/topic/diane-arbus http://www.com/public/authors/Edward-Curtis.wikipedia.wikipedia.com/ http://en.answers.html http://www.photography.loc.anseladams.html http://www.

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