Great Pianist Techniques (

com/user/StockhausenIsMyCat) "Create your technique from your inspiration, not from mechanics" Franz Liszt "A technique is nothing else than fitting a given difficulty to one's own capabilities." "Technique in the higher sense of the word is concentrated in the mind, it is composed of geometry (an estimation of distance) and wise coordination. Even that, however, is only a beginning, for touch also belongs to true technique as does very particularly the use of the pedals" "Provide yourself with technique, a great pianist must first of all be a great technician. Desiring to rise above virtuosity, it is necessary first to possess it" Ferruccio Busoni "The full acoustic picture of the music must be lodged in the mind, before it can be expressed through the hands. Then the playing is simply the manual expression of something a pianist knows." Josef Hofmann Chords: 1) Rachmaninov Piano Sonata No.1 (first mov.), Ogdon (1968); 2) Albeniz El Corpus Christi en Sevilla, Arrau (1947) 0:23; 3) Liszt Transcendental Etude No.2 (two fragments), Berman live (1976) 1:18; (complete performance: EDE6D32C85/1/3gGRwIN...) 4) Liszt Transcendental Etude No.8, Berman live (1976) 1:56; (complete performance: EDE6D32C85/7/2IR51vj...) 5) Rachmaninov Piano Concerto No.3 (Cadenza), Berman live (1977) 2:26; 6) Liszt Tarantella (From Venezia e Napoli), Hofmann (1916) 3:35; (...and one should note that by this date Steinway&Sons had NOT yet built his piano with narrower keys...) 7) Lully-Godowsky Gigue (No.12 of Godowsky's Renaisance suite), Gilels (1935) 4:04; (Here the ability of Gilels to play any sort of chords/jumps without slowing down or reducing the dynamics is simply phenomenal. To properly gauge Gilels' virtuosity here one should listen to Barere's recording: Final score Emil-Simon 3-0) 8) Schumann Symphonic Etude IX (Presto Possibile), Anda (1943) 4:31; 9) Strauss-Godowsky Die Fledermaus, Fiorentino live (1994) 4:42; 10) Alkan Symphony for Solo Piano, Hamelin (2000) 5:16; 11) Alkan Concerto for Solo Piano, Ogdon (1972) 6:19; 12) Alkan Concerto for Solo Piano, Hamelin (2006) 6:45; 13) Rubinstein Piano Sonata No.4 (Scherzo), Howard (1981) 7:11; (Rubinstein's Sonata in A minor is a wondrous piece from the first to the last note. One wonders why every year pianist XX records Chopin's 2nd sonata for the zillionth time instead of venturing into new territory....) 14) Rubinstein Piano Sonata No.4 (Finale), Howard (1981) 7:48; 15) Busoni Piano Concerto (fourth mov.), Scarpini live (1966) 8:59; (Busoni's concerto is not a light meal...and this merciless passage arrives after about one hour of hard work.) 16) Busoni Piano Concerto (fourth mov.), Ogdon (1967) 9:18; 17) Debussy Etude No.12 "Pour les accords", Vedernikov (1957) 9:35; 18) Prokofiev Piano Sonata No.7, Pollini (1971) 10:26; 19) Shostakovich Piano Sonata No.1, Zilberstein live (1987) 11:25; 20) Ives Concorde Sonata ("Hawthorne"), Roberto Szidon (1971) 12:04; 21) Rachmaninov Prelude op.23 No.2, Richter live (1954) 12:23; 22) Scriabin Piano Sonata No.5, Richter live (1962) 12:35; 23) Szymanovski Piano Sonata No.2 (two fragments from second mov.), Richter live (1954) 13:32; Double Notes: 1) Saint-Saens Etude en forme de Valse op.52-6, Cortot (1919) 2) Chopin Berceuse, Hofmann (1918) 00:38; 3) Chopin-Hofmann Waltz op.64 No.1, Hofmann (1938 Casimir Hall Live)01:19; The picture is actually Rosenthal's study in double thirds on the same waltz...just to give an idea.

4) Henselt Si oiseau j'etais, Rachmaninov (1923) 01:57; 5) Liszt Feux-Follets, Richter (Moscow 1958 Live) 02:33; 6) Carl Maria von Weber Sonata No.3 Finale, Richter (Moscow 1954 Live)03:39; 7) Chopin Ballade No.2, Richter (Moscow 1950 Live) 04:01; (Richter's fury in pressing the pedal is as impressive as his double-note technique here!) 8) Chopin Ballade No.4, Richter (Prague 1960 Live) 04:41; 9) Liszt-Busoni Figaro fantasy, Gilels (1935) 05:17; 10) Brahms Paganini Vars 1&2 from book 1, Michelangeli (1949) 06:28; 11) Brahms Paganini Vars 1 from book 2, Michelangeli (1949) 07:22; 12) Schumann Toccata, Barere (1936) 07:52; 13) Chopin Etude op.10 No.7, Friedman (1926) 08:35; 14) Chopin Etude op.25 No.6, Lhevinne (1934) 09:20; 15) Bizet/Horowitz Carmen Variations (1947) 10:05 16) Brahms Handel Var. XIV, Petri (1940) 10:40; 17) Brahms Sonata No.1 Finale, Katchen (1964) 11:16; 18) Brahms Sonata No.1 Finale, Zimerman (1980) 12:23; And to conclude the most terrifying of all double notes... the chromatic thirds from the Don Juan: 19) Liszt Reminiscences de Don Juan, Barere (1936) 13:32; 20) Liszt Reminiscences de Don Juan, Ginzburg (Moscow 1957 Live) 14:04; Glissando: 1) Ravel Conc. in G (First mov.), Michelangeli live (1982); 2) Ravel Gaspard de la nuit (Ondine), Michelangeli (1959) 0:13; 3) Ravel Jeux d'eau, Perlemuter (1966) 0:41; 4) Debussy Feux d'artifice (Preludes, Book 2, No.12), Casadesus (1960)0:52; 5) Debussy Etude No.6 (Pour les huit doigts), Gieseking (1954) 1:03; 6) Debussy Pour le piano (Prelude), Gilels live (1954) 1:10; 7) de Falla Noches en los jardines de Espana (En el Generalife), Curzon (1951) 1:25; 8) Liszt Totentanz, Petri (1936) 2:00; 9) Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No.10, Hamelin live (1997) 2:41; 10) Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 (Cadenza: Rachmaninoff), Rachmaninoff (1919) 3:22; 11) Strauss/Tausig Man let nurd einmal, Rachmaninoff (1927) 3:41; (Such elegance!) 12) Tchaikovsky/Feinberg Symphony No.6 (Scherzo), Volodos (1996) 3:58; 13) Stravinsky Petrouchka (Danse Russe), Horowitz (1932) 4:23; 14) Stravinsky Petrouchka (La semaine grasse - 2 excerpts), Pollini (1971)4:39; 15) Prokofiev Toccata Op.11, Horowitz (1930) 6:19; 16) Prokofiev Piano Concerto No.2 Op.16 (Third mov.), Cherkassky live (1991) 6:37; (Shura was 82 here and still in fine form giving an atmospheric reading of this concerto.) 17) Beethoven Piano Concerto No.1 Op.15 (First mov.), Pollini live (1992)6:59; 18) Hummel Piano Concerto in A minor Op.85 (First mov.), Hough (1986)7:17; (...clearly an homage to Beethoven's concerto) 19) Weber Konzertstuck Op.79, Arrau (1946) 7:36; 20-21) Beethoven Waldstein Sonata Op.53 (Finale) (the interpretation of this passage is actually a bit controversial and pianists like d'Albert, Cziffra and Horowitz play it as normal staccato octaves. Brendel's opinion: "The only safe method of preserving the pianissimo character of this section without the help of a piano stop lies in imitating the sliding progress of the glissandi by distributing the passages between the hands, while reducing the bass octaves to their lower part.") Who plays exactly as written in the score? Schnabel (1934) 7:51 or Arrau (1963) 8:11? 22) Beethoven Waldstein Sonata Op.53 (Finale), Arrau live (1983) 8:33; (The answer is clear. Schnabel's suggested splitting of this passage between the two hands can be found in his edition of the sonatas. Rudolf Serkin apparently used to lick his thumb and forefinger before performing these glissandi, although he does not do this in his video from 1965, which sadly cuts away from his hands at the crucial point: 23) Brahms Paganini Variations Op.35 (Variation 13, Book 1), Michelangeli live (1952) 8:56; 24) Brahms Paganini Variations Op.35 (Variation 13, Book 1), Gilels live (1983) 9:26;

4) Schumann Carnaval. Variation XXIV.) 17) Thalberg Grande Fantasie on Rossini's Semiramide Earl Wild Live (1981)8:44. "A history of the pianoforte and pianoforte players" 1899. Barere (1936) hurts just thinking about it!) 32) Prokofiev Piano Concerto No. first mov. 16) Liszt Rhapsody No. Rachmaninov (1930) 2:02.3 Op. 31) Chopin Study Op.. This is NOT meant to be a comprehensive catalogue of all repeated notes appearing in piano literature. This video can also be seen as a hymn of gratitude to Sebastien Erard for inventing the double escapement. Ginzburg (1957) 4:02.17 (2nd mov) Arrau live (1959) 2:16. 5) Liszt Rhapsody No. (these are perhaps the most treacherous leaps in standard (L. 7) Schumann Fantasy op. (The final octaves here played as a double octave glissando .25 No. 9) Chopin Var.). His tones seem not to begin and not to cease.422) Argerich Live 3:02. Richter (1964) 11:14. Panizza (2006) 13:19.4 Sokolov live (1995) 2:52.96 (L. ) 25) Liszt Mephisto Waltz No..) 22) Rzewski "The people united will never be defeated".209) Horowitz (1962) 7:26.2 Berman Live (1976) 5:42.2 Hofmann (1922) 1:54. Zecchi (1937) 10:37. And since Liszt greatly admired Erard's pianos it will not come as a surprise that most of the examples in this collection are Liszt's (we should perhaps blame Chopin for using the stiffer Pleyel's pianos :-) ).455 (L. 21) Alkan Concerto for piano solo.) and finally 33) Ginastera Piano Sonata No.) 11) Debussy Etude No.6 Horowitz (1947) 7:54. "Eduard Risler has an inimitable soft touch. He plays very well indeed though definitely not with the precision of a pianola :-) ) 11) Liszt Reminiscences de Don Juan. they are woven out of ethereal gossamer.8 Richter (1961) 14:38 Leaps: 1) Liszt Rhap. 20) Liszt Totentanz (version for solo piano) Cohen (1996) 10:29. I bet that Josef could play faster repeated notes on an upright piano than most pianists could on a good grand piano. (The eternal question of "Who is the greatest pianist ever?" will always remain elusive... (The American pianist Leonid Hambro solved the problem of the black-key thirds here by using his wallet!) 30) Balakirev Islamey. Ogdon & Lucas (1965) 11:41. (the terrifying repeated notes of Erlkonig are not Liszt's invention but already appear in Schubert's Lied.) 6) Chopin Sonata No.2 excerpts). 26) Scriabin Piano Sonata No.) 7) Scarlatti Sonata K. I tried to include as many of Josef's excerpts as possible but regrettably I had to leave out the live performance of the Caprice from his golden jubilee concert in 1937 and Schubert-Liszt's Erlkonig.16 No. (This sonata contains perhaps the most bewildering combinations of all sorts of glissandos. 14) Scarlatti K. 19) Liszt Reminiscences des Huguenots Cohen (1996) 9:37. Barere (1936) 4:17. Rosenthal (1931) 12:20. realizing Debussy's utopia of making the piano sound "like an instrument without hammers".5.) 2) Liszt Tarantella (from Venezia e Napoli) Hofmann (1916) Arrau.) Complete performance: http://www. 1) Moszkowski Caprice Espagnol Hofmann (1916). 2) Rosenthal Carnaval de Vienne. Hamelin (1998) 11:32. .. 29) Bartok Sonata for two pianos and percussion (Second mov.5.10/7) were left out.2 Risler (1917) 3) Rosenthal Carnaval de Vienne. 12) Liszt Transcendental Etude No.) 23) Liszt Rigoletto Paraphrase Bellucci (2001) 11:48. (this is just a small excerpt from what are perhaps the most gargantuan repeated notes ever penned. 6) Mendelssohn Scherzo op. Neuhaus claimed that only the pianola and Ginzburg could play this famous passage accurately.. 13) Liszt Reminiscences de Huguenots. 24) Schubert-Liszt Erlkonig Richter Live (1949) EDE6D32C85/1/3gGRwIN. Michelangeli live (1957) 00:47. Wild (1968) 4:32. 27) Ravel Mirroirs (Alborada del gracioso).) 8) Ravel Scarbo Argerich Live (1978) 3:37. (parnassian elegance.6 (1838). this said Argerich's repeated notes (116 a dotted crotchet) are truly phenomenal. 28) Prokofiev Piano Sonata No. 14) Liszt Paganini Etude No. (The clarity of the accompanying line here is particularly beautiful.) leaps like these must have been easy. But if we slightly change it into "Who is the pianist with the greatest repeated notes ever?" then the answer can only be "Josef Hofmann". No.10 No. 3) Liszt La Campanella Hofmann (1923) 1:23. 4) Liszt Rhapsody Repeated Notes: A collection of some memorable moments in repeated note-playing. 18) Liszt Rhapsody No. Book 1).) 8) Chopin Etude op. 13) Wagner-Liszt Tannhauser Overture Bolet Live (1974) 5:56. Hamelin (2006) 10:57.9 ("Pour les notes repetees") Bavouzet (2008) 5:08. 10) Ravel Ondine Michelangeli Live (1959) 4:18.) 26) Liszt Paganini Etude No.. though not quite note perfect..9 RIchter Live (1966) 13:40. He has discovered those last delicate nuances which lie precisely between tone and silence. Rosenthal (1930) 00:09. It is a really sad fact of life that 15 min.9 Gilels (1951) 9:16. Fialkowska (1998) 00:27. the leaps in var IX are possibly the most phantasmagoric and risky ever penned. (for Sergei's gigantic hands (according to Cyril Smith his right hand could play a wide chord like C4-E4-G4-C5-E5 with the monstrous fingering 2-3-4-5-1 !!! And his left hand could manage a chord like C-E-flat-G-C-G. Rachmaninov live (1929) 01:25.) 28) Ravel Mirroirs (Alborada del gracioso). Nightmare live performances of famous pianists abound.3.. is splendid.2 Gilels live (1963) 3:24." from Oskar Bie.2 Tom Cat Live (1946).35 (Variation 13. (The repeated notes are not very challenging here but Risler's lightness of touch is miraculous. 27) Ravel Alborada del Gracioso Richter Live (1965) 14:13..25) Brahms Paganini Variations Op. 10) Liszt Reminiscences de Don Juan.465) Zecchi (1937) 7:05. (the 1838 version of this etude contains some of Liszt's most hazardous passages.1 Richter Live (1958) 13:06. (Arturo's supreme control makes the impossible possible. In the Moszkowski's Caprice he dispatches the thorny long sequences of repeated notes at a whopping speed of 120 a dotted crotchet! Even a tremendous virtuoso like Eileen Joyce does not get close to Josef's stupendous rendition of repeated notes (Eileen's sensuous recording can be found here: http://www. but in the end I opted for Volodja's who marvelously captures the capriciousness of this passage. Lipatti (1948) 11:30.13 Busoni (1922) 2:20. Cohen (1996) 4:46. (there are many other great performances of this famous passage so the choice was hard. 9) Schumann Carnaval Reconnassaince Michelangeli Live (1957) 4:01. Janis (1962) 12:34. Though I have never heard a performance which does full justice is a great regret that Moritz did not record Liszt's Don Juan for which he was famous! If neutrinos are confirmed travelling faster than light we should rectify this situation by traveling back in time.. (apparently Robert Casadesus refused to perform these glissandi in thirds and fourths after witnessing a pianist leaving blood all over the keyboard from playing them. (I think that the interpretation of this toccata would benefit from a slightly slower tempo. Katchen (1966)10:01.. complete performance:http://www. Schubert's predilection for this technique can also be seen in the finale of his Trio in E-flat D929. op. 5) Schumann Carnaval. ("Despite all the exercises this Cadenza will always remain a daring passage" (Busoni). 15) Scarlatti K. 12) Liszt Reminiscences de Don Juan. is such a short unit of time and regrettably many other interesting excerpts (like Chopin Etude op.26 (Third mov.2. (The famous clustered note arpeggios of this concerto are not strictly speaking glissandos but almost sounds like them (which should not excuse some pianists from simplifying these difficult passages as if they were true glissandos). (Your new alarm clock. Argerich and Cziffra in particular are both wonderful and play this excerpt slightly faster and perhaps more excitingly. and very rarely have I heard a live performance which had the required fire and precision. vars VIII and IX Nikolai (1983) 5:28.

Gilels live 1984 17:22 23) Schumann-Liszt Fruhlingsnacht. 34) Albeniz Triana de Larrocha (1986) 13:09. Horowitz live 1947 11:23 (stereoscopic left hand-scales! "All your waves and breakers have swept over me") 16) Mussorgsky By the water. The Art of Sound "In the beginning was the Sound".. Renoir. Friedman 1936 24:50 Gluck-Sgambati 31) Levitzki 1923 25:38 (the most moving on a theme of Paganini Kapell (1951) 12:13 32) Mussorgsky Pictures at an exhibition Kapell live (1953) 12:27. 21) Liszt Mephisto Waltz Arrau live (1963) 9:02.113 (L. 31) Rachmaninov Rhap. "All technique originates in the art of touch and returns to it" (Liszt) "Technique in the higher sense of the word is concentrated in the mind. Michelangeli live 1957 7:36 (two independent lines superimposed and made distinct thanks to subtle timbre nuances.2 Arrau live (1962) 11:53. 23) Liszt Mephisto Waltz Richter live (1958) 9:35.) 4) Debussy Pagodes. Hofmann 1923 19:29 (pure magic! "A touch that ranged from icy cold to burning hot. (the hand crossing in Triana seems a child's game compared to the jumps in some of the wildest Scarlatti's sonatas (other examples include K523-L490 (Zecchi). 16) Liszt Transcendental Etude No. 18) Liszt Transcendental Etude No... Cortot 1947 0:33 ("Cortot's tone had such an extraordinary quality that one could recognise it from among a hundred pianists" M. ad salutarem undam" Bellucci (2000) 10:26. Vines 1930 9:37 (how beautifully distant and yet so resonant those C sharps in the treble!) 14) Chopin Op 15 No 2.8 ("Wilde Jagd") Berman (1959) 6:44.. Tagliaferro) 3) Debussy Des pas sur la neige.) 12) Debussy Images. Godowsky 1926 21:23 ("Never forget what you heard tonight. 33) Albeniz Asturias de Larrocha (1986) 12:46. Hofmann 1923 20:20 ("Rubinstein's tone was like an organ" Leschetizky) 26) Tchaikovsky June. (it is interesting to compare Albeniz' modern interpreter par excellence (de Larrocha) with Rosenthal who was highly esteemed by the composer himself.. Michelangeli live 1959 3:58 (one can only wonder at how he could play such miraculously soft repeated notes!) Debussy Reflets 8) Michelangeli 1942 4:47 9) Rosenthal 1929 5:37 10) Debussy Images.11 ("Harmonies de Soir") Arrau (1937)6:57. Horowitz 1947 12:22 ("to be able to produce many varieties of sound.) 2) Debussy Jimbo's Lullaby. Gieseking 1956 1:56 ("He painted with fingers dipped in the hues of Degas. 25) Liszt-Busoni Mephisto Waltz Petri (1956) 10:07. He was the dramatic orchestrator of the piano" A. Horowitz 1942 13:19 (I wonder if Volodja hired John Cage to tune his piano) 18) Bach-Busoni Choral Prelude.) complete performance:http://www. for touch also belongs to true technique as does very particularly the use of the pedals" (Busoni) 1) Ravel Jeux d'eau. Cortot 1920 (Undoubtedly one of the seven wonders of the modern world. Horowitz 1934 14:16 (unbelievable three dimensional differentiation of the 3 voices!) 19) Rachmaninov Polka de W. complete performance:http://www. Lhevinne 1935 18:17 24) Schumann Toccata. Gieseking 1956 2:49 (those feeble B-flats! "Through continuous self hearing. 29) Brahms Handel var. unlimited shades of color that came from changes of tone quality or alterations of balance rather than from an increase or decrease of volume. what a tone!) 32) Rachmaninov 1925 26:25 Schubert-Liszt Standchen 33) Rachmaninov 1942 27:07 34) Horowitz 1986 28:11 (What marvel of colors would have been the Rachmaninov's Dances played by Sergei and Volodja. That however is only a beginning. Busoni 1922 10:17 15) Liszt Legend No 2. 35) Albeniz Triana Rosenthal (1929) 13:34. "In the early sonatas you get some incredible passages of crossing this tremendous piece. 24) Liszt Mephisto Waltz Ashkenazy (1970) 9:50. (Busoni's transcription is based on the orchestral version of the waltz.345) Zecchi (1935)13:54. Horowitz 1954 16:32 22) Schumann op 13.12 ("Chasse neige") Berman live (1976)7:42. Vines 1930 8:58 (Debussy's reminiscences of Liszt's Chasse-Neige) 13) Debussy Estampes." (Andras Schiff)) 37) Liszt La Campanella Friedman (1926) 14:25. You know why? He got too fat. But the suggested 2-5 fingering forces a rotation of the hand/forearm creating the illusion of a leap. 28) Liszt-Busoni Figaro Fantasy Ginzburg (1948) 11:03. Chasins) 5) Grieg Puck. There's nothing like it in this world. It is tragic that the public has never heard Popsy as only he can play" J.. Cziffra (1963) 8:12. Michelangeli live 1957 6:31 11) Debussy Images.4 ("Mazeppa") Berman (1959) Erdmann 1928 3:07 7) Ravel Scarbo. it is composed of geometry and wise coordination. Gieseking 1938 1:17 (Gieseking's transcendental touch allowed him impalpable pianissimos and dizzy diminuendos. How could RCA decide to turn it down??) 35) Schubert-Liszt Ave Maria. 38) Hamelin Etude from Liszt/Paganini (2009) 5390B4082A/0/fC7uWZV. Berman 1989 29:08 . A collection on magical timbre and singing tone. Lhevinne 1935 19:03 (almost an organ with 2 registers!) 24) Wagner-Brassin. mitigating "unnecessary" difficulties. complete performance:http://www. In his Liszt editions Busoni always took a very pragmatic WtkZE6ZU 36) Scarlatti Sonata K. 30) Brahms Piano concerto No. but you don't find it in his later work.R.. the sense for tone beauty and for finest shadings will allow you to play with an irreproachable technique" Gieseking) 6) Debussy Ondine. Rosenthal 1929 24:03 ("the grand manner of playing is very a simply a grand manner" Rosenthal How could one disagree?) 30) Chopin op 55 No 2. 22) Liszt Mephisto Waltz Ogdon live (1986) 9:20. Manet and Bonnard" A. Horowitz live 15:02 20) Rachmaninov op 32 No 5. ) 26) Liszt-Busoni Fantasy and Fugue "Ad nos. Hofmann) Chopin op 57 27) Paderewski 1922 22:26 (that gorgeous F in bar 27) Liszt-Busoni Figaro Fantasy Gilels (1935) 10:45. a golden sunbeam) 28) Rosenthal 1930 23:06 (those languid and "liquid" sixths at EDE6D32C85/11/Ni5eyk.. Horowitz live 1975 15:32 21) Clementi op 25 No 5. that is what I call technique" Horowitz) 17) Saint-Saens-Liszt-Horowitz Danse Macabre. 17) Liszt Transcendental Etude No.) 29) Liszt Liebestraum. 20) Liszt "Apres une lecture de Dante" Berman (1977) 8:44. Here the very risky leaps in the right hand are eliminated. never lose the memory of that sound. K24-L495 (Pugno) and K27-L449 (Michelangeli)). 19) Liszt Grand Galop Chromatique.) 15) Liszt Transcendental Etude No. Chasins) 25) Rubinstein Melody. 25 Fleisher (1956) 11:24. I think Petrov's is the one which gets closest.

Famous left hand octaves as in Liszt's Funerailles will (probably) appear elsewhere. 1979 14:14. but in this context.62 No. "Arietta's trill suspends motion. Saperton 1952 4:39 5) Bach Goldberg Variations. Beethoven Concerto No.. Gould 1967 41:05 50) Wagner-Gould. Richter 1956 39:32 47) Saint-Saens Conc.actually..witness the Master's exciting performance. 1st mvt..the appearance -. 1941 22:07. L. (Surely some of the most amazing trills in thirds ever. Chopin Waltz Op.(Lazar had in his fingers the secret of the most gorgeous tone) Bach-Hess. Gould 1974 42:50 Trill: "I knew that my method of playing the trill could be greatly improved.. Richter Live." Marc-Andre Hamelin) Brahms Concerto No. Richter live 1965 36:37 44) Ravel Miroirs. 1963 23:29." Godowsky Note: I did not include pieces like the Finale of Chopin 2nd sonata where the left hand is easily fakeable by the right hand.5 3rd no longer -purified of cliché -. 1954 11:29.1. Gould live 1959 5:42 6) Bach WTC Book I.. Brahms Paganini Variation 4 Book 1.6 (1851).) Liszt Mephisto Waltz No.4. Chopin Concerto No. "The left hand is favoured by nature in having the stronger part of the hand for the upper voice of all double notes and chords. Chopin Nocturne Op. Michelangeli.. Zecchi. And I remember his trills.36. Some pianists struggle to get decent ones (according to Lenz a once famous piano professor by the name of Werstedt devoted his life to playing the trills in the theme in Beethoven's op. Bach Prelude 16 from WTC Bk. Liszt Mephisto Waltz No. It has the incontestable advantage of enabling the player to produce with less effort and more elasticity a fuller and mellower tone. 2011. Zecchi.1. Pollini 1974 34:26 42) Scriabin Vers la flamme.. Solomon. Brahms Sonata No.) Saint-Saens Concerto No. 2nd mvt. No 5. Don Juan's raison d'être is mainly that it left Scriabin with bad tendonitis in his . 2nd mvt. Fleisher's recollections on his discovery of Blumenfeld's etude played by Barere. 1st mvt. Many trills are difficult because of their length and this cuts down on the number of examples that could be included. "These embellishments and cadenzas! Do you hear how convention is left untouched? Here -. 1961 16:06. 1995 13:20. After much study. 1968 24:58. "The second note is repeated in an audible manner.2. Debussy L'Isle Joyeuse.. Marc-Andre Hamelin) Weber/Tausig Invitation to the Dance. Joyce 1933 2:35 3) Moszkowski Etude Op. 3rd mvt. Bach Sarabande from French Suite No. 1945 3:36. seeming to stop the movement of time" C. Brendel. ( "I'll always remember. Brahms Handel Variation 14. 1937 3:05. Chopin Polonaise-Fantasy Op. Left Hand: A little anthology for the left hand. (Nobody gets close to Ciro in this long passage with his transcendental trills. 2nd mvt. Schnabel. Liszt Sonata. Arrau. 1958 24:12. 36) Lipatti 1947 30:14 37) Hess 1957 31:05 (being a pupil of Matthay surely helps your touch!) 38) Liszt Annees de pelerinage.10. Chopin Barcarolle Op. 4th mvt. Zimerman." Busoni There is probably nothing which is at the same time as simple and excruciatingly difficult as a trill. My jaw hit the floor when I learned that a single hand was responsible for everything I heard. And it sounded like 144 notes a second!". Richter.42. 1963 17:45.104). and Backhaus was 81 at the time!!!) Beethoven Concerto No. 1952 16:57. Monsieur Godowsky. Kapell Live. 1969 19:16.".3.6.) 2) Schlözer Etude Op. Wild. No 5. Scriabin Sonata No.2. Backhaus live 1969.. Chopin Waltz Op. however.2 No. Fiorentino. Dedicated to the "Apostle of the left hand".. Doctor Faustus.) while more fortunate ones are born with perfect trills (Alfredo Casella claimed he could perform 3-5 trills with the utmost ease without ever studying them). 1941/42 15:28..61. 1966 8:11. Ciccolini 2003 5:17. Moiseiwitsch.. de Falla Ritual Fire Dance. 1965 25:24. to my great delight the rebellious trills came into beautiful submission. (Josef's left hand trills here are particularly unusual and distinctive. (Horowitz surely had one of the most memorable Scriabin 10th's. 1) Blumenfeld Etude Op.. Zecchi. 2nd mvt.60. No 5. Rubinstein. Hofmann Live.. Gould 1974 42:10 51) Ravel-Gould. Richter live 1965 37:22 45) Debussy Preludes.159 (L. Pollini Live. Sofronitsky Live. It does.of art is thrown off -. I don't have the greatest trills. Gilels.42. 1955 8:59.. Barere 1936 7:55 (chromatic sixths in the left hand do not appear often. Mann. 1st mvt. Liszt's writing in this passage gives the effect of one . Hamelin Live. 1962 26:27. Richter Live.1.. I figured it was a trick question and guessed three. Solomon. Beethoven Sonata Op. Rachmaninoff Sonata No. finale. 1928 4:46. 1947 4:02. superior in quantity and quality of the right hand. 1961 22:47. 3rd mvt..) Beethoven Concerto No. Sofronitsky 1959 35:01 43) Ravel Miroirs. 1963 4:22. Cherkassky Live.1. 1995 27:23 ("The chains of trills!" he yelled. 1937 3:24.26 but sadly was never satisfied. Backhaus. 1937 21:20.2.. Backhaus Live. Chopin Barcarolle Op. Scarlatti Sonata K.60. Richter Live. Liszt Paganini Etude No. 1956 11:09.. Rosen).61. Chopin Polonaise-Fantasy Op. Richter 1950 40:27 49) Beethoven-Liszt Symp. 1953 23:50. Therefore this collection is NOT intended to be a complete survey of trills nor it is meant to cover the infinite baroque variations on the theme. Michelangeli Live.1. Brahms Concerto No.1 1st mvt.. (This passage is often "cheated".2. Chopin Barcarolle Op. provide an interesting contrast to the "Lisztian virtuosity" that has been a key feature of most of the previous videos. 1957 10:13.of its domination by subjectivity -. 1954 20:20. (While not strictly a trill. Hambourg 1909 3:05 4) Godowsky Ignis Fatuus.111.1. Horowitz Live.. 2006 19:41. 7:20 (The young Wilhelm was 85 here at his very last concert.109. 1948 last always throws off the appearance of art" T..) Beethoven Sonata Op.42. Solomon..) Liszt Concerto No.. Rachmaninoff Concerto No. Richter. 1959 12:25.2.. a bare few days before the Commendatore knocked on his door) 8) Liszt Don Juan. 1st mvt.24 No. Backhaus.In his edition of the Waltz. Beethoven Sonata Op. Fugue in A.the language -. 1919 3:47. Gulda 1972 6:13 7) Beethoven Waldstein Sonata.1. Michelangeli. 3rd mvt.. Almost any passage in the sonata could be chosen to illustrate the trills. Ravel Concerto in G. Rachmaninoff. very tenuto and the other smartly detached and less marked" Czerny) 40) Pollini 1976 33:52 41) Schoenberg op 25.1 No. 1971 1:08. Richter live 1993 38:27 46) Schumann Waldszenen..1. Gould. Barere 1936 ("I was listening to a radio show and the announcer asked how many hands were used in the piano piece he was about to play.. Michelangeli Live. (Tricky trills for the weak fingers. 1960 7:45.but the cliché of the appearance -. I was a student still in Montreal. 1939 many can dispatch them this way at 75?!?) Beethoven Sonata Op.. Arrau 1928 32:03 Beethoven op 110 39) Schnabel 1932 33:05 (Beethoven fantasizing on the bebung. Moiseiwitsch. I went to hear Ciccolini playing Rachmaninoff's 2nd with the Montreal Symphony. Earl suggests this "tremolo-like" redistribution of the notes. Richter 1950 40:07 (piano or xylophone?) 48) Prokofiev Conc. 1933 25:52. Brahms Concerto No. Anda. 2nd mvt. ("They [trills] are not easy for me.111.4. 3rd mvt..60. Chopin Waltz Op.

This is the reason we find so few octave passages in Rachmaninov's compositions.9 No.10 No. And luckily for us he composed his Op.) 40) Sorabji Trans. Arrau live 1971 33:32 33) Brahms Sonata No. 12) Scriabin Prelude Op. Fleisher 199326:31 27) Rachmaninov Moment Musicaux.9 No. Rubinstein) 11) Scriabin Nocturne Op. Ullen 2000 38:45 (What a left hand Isidore must have had.1. My rough statistic is that half of the pianists who play this are forced to slow down a bit here. The wrist alone is to be used only in light graceful places.1. Jones 1992 42:06 43) Prokofiev Piano Concerto No." Hofmann) Ginzburg 10:46 Richter 11:13 Schubert D.....) Richter 11:36 Gilels 11:58 Schubert Wanderer Watts 12:18 (a utopian passage on the verge of unplayability. he really loved wide extensions. Hamelin 1999 22:21 23) Liszt Grande Etude No. In the score.3. Ullen 2005 39:29 41) Bach-Brahms Chaccone. Choreographically a wonderful insight.10.especially if your keyboard is too heavy and/or you started the Finale too excitedly fast. the beginning of this etude is played by the left hand only. Katchen 1962 34:28 35) Alkan Etude Op. Howard 1994 23:26 (In the 1837 version.6. 12:22 ("Who is your favourite composer?" When I answered "Brahms" he banged his fist on the table..9 No. Serkin 1958 43:25 Octaves: "Do you think I care how fast you play octaves?" Liszt to a pianist who tried to impress him with Chopin Op 53's octaves Rachmaninov Op 1 Rachmaninov ("In octave playing a large hand can be helpful.2. "How can you like this terrible composer and me at the same time?" Arthur's stormy encounter with Scriabin.7. 21:29 22) Chopin-Godowsky Etude Op. Hamelin live 1994 34:55 36) Schumann Carnaval. Zimerman 1982 40:38 42) Weber-Brahms Perpetuum Mobile. the top staves are Listz's humbler adaptation) Schubert-Liszt Wanderer Brendel 12:32 (. Etude No. Moiseiwitsch 1916 8:18 10) Scriabin Nocturne Op.6 Richter 1966 live 29:15 (lovely "jumpy" arpeggios) 29) Bartok Etude for left hand.6. Horowitz live 1947 18:16 19) Chopin Prelude Op. Bolet 1978 20:06 21) Chopin Etude Op. Kocsis 1993 31:14 31) Liszt Trans.. it was the envy of all pianists" A. Katchen 1954 25:34 26) Strauss-Godowsky Symp.) 9) Scriabin Nocturne Op. Metamorphoses (Gipsy Baron). Horowitz live 1968 17:41 17) Moszkowski Etude Op.10 No. Katchen 1968 24:55 (On hearing this you really regret that Julius "forgot" to include the 5 etudes in his Brahms complete cycle..3. but an over-sized hand is definitely a hindrance.2. Kocsis 1998 30:06 30) Bartok Etude Op.784 (Schubert's music certainly has some of the most perverse octaves. to end with the 2nd sonata finale in octaves "à la Dreyschock".4.3." Earl Wild) Liszt Orage 00:22 Mazeppa 01:30 Eroica 01:59 Berman Chopin Op 10-5 Horowitz 02:34 Janis 02:44 Op 25-10 Berman 02:54 Francois 03:40 Lhevinne 04:33 Czerny Octave Etude 05:08 Schulz-Evler Blue Danube 06:27 Lhevinne Bliss PC Solomon 07:35 Liszt PC 1 Richter 08:06 Arrau 08:30 Michelangeli 8:54 Weber Op79 Arrau 09:32 Rubinstein Op 70 Hofmann 10:04 Schubert-Liszt Erlkonig Hofmann 10:19 ( "Pieces like Erlkonig cannot be played from the wrist alone because it gives us neither the power nor the speed required.2. Arrau live 1978 34:04 34) Brahms Sonata No.3.. Sofronitsky live 16:23 (Among the many indications of Scriabin's megalomania is certainly the fact that despite his peculiarly small hands... Rubinstein 1946 19:15 20) Chopin-Godowsky Etude Op. Horowitz live 1965 18:00 18) Liszt Legend No. Lipatti 1947 37:43 (one of the most hefty passages. Etude for the left hand.) 24) Ravel Piano Concerto in D.9 No. Berman live 1989 27:39 28) Prokofiev Sonata No.! According to his pupil Magaloff when there was a difficult right hand passage Philipp (by the right side of piano) used his left hand to show the righteous way! His Exercises et Études Techniques(1895) includes many Chopin's Etudes transcribed for left hand. A striving for economy of force and the least possible fatigue will produce this division of labour unconsciously.) 25) Britten Diversions.1.12.9 No.18 No.72 No.12.. Rubinstein 1961 live.9.6. Lipatti 1943 37:05 38) Chopin Sonata No.another possibility: let the orchestra play it!) Schumann Op 7 Barere 13:15 Horowitz 13:35 Richter 13:56 Op 20 Horowitz 14:16 Bach Busoni Toccata Michelangeli 14:41 Chopin Op 44 Horowitz 15:09 Rubinstein 15:41 (beautiful legato octaves but the astonishing feat is the jump at 15:48!) Op 49 Solomon 16:15 Katchen 16:45 Liszt Scherzo und Marsch Richter 17:02 .2. Arrau live 1970 32:11 32) Liszt Sonata. Lhevinne 1906 10:23 ("Lhevinne's left hand was fabulous. Heavier octaves put the elbow and shoulder into action.) 15) Scriabin Etude Op.. Pollini 1960.3. Merzhanov 1969 17:06 16) Moszkowski Etude Op..28 No.2. Sofronitsky live 1960 13:42 13) Scriabin Prelude Op. This was his last recording.. "What.right hand (or so legend goes).72 No.) 39) Isidore Philipp Etude de Concert No. Michelangeli live 1957 36:45 37) Lipatti Sonatina. Cherkassky 14:53 14) Scriabin Sonata No.11. what?" he screamed.76 No.10 No.8 No.2.

I should be fatigued. "blind" octaves are certainly among Listz's most striking inventions) Chopin-Tausig PC 1 Bellucci 31:12 (interestingly Rosenthal liked to end the concerto with this fragment of Tausig's transcription) Debussy Et. but not Caesar" Rosenthal ) Argerich 1:01:01 Horowitz 1:01:43 Argerich 1:02:03 Gilels 1:02:20 Lhevinne 1:02:39 Sapellnikoff 1:02:57 (Sapellnikoff was an intimate friend and collaborator of Tchaikovsky.3 Fiorentino 1:06:31 Saint Saens Op 22 Rubinstein 1:07:16 Op 29 Ciccolini 1:07:40 Collard 1:08:38 Op 44 Casadesus 1:09:25 Tchaikovsky Op..And if we believe Bernard Shaw's judgement his (left) octave technique was not bad: "a marvel even among right hands for delicacy of touch and independence and swiftness of action") Chopin Godowsky Op 10-1 Berezovsky 1:03:20 Op 25-2 Grante 1:04:10 Godowsky Künstlerleben Hamelin 1:04:49 Liszt Paganini Et. If I used the whole arm..2 Horowitz 1:05:29 No.just ninths please!) Op 8-9 Merzhanov 34:25 Chopin Op 28-22 Rubinstein 35:19 Scriabin Op 11-18 Pletnev 35:55 Liszt Sursum Corda Bartok 36:46 Bartok Allegro Barbaro Bartok 37:34 Bartok PC 2 Anda 38:06 Kocsis 39:04 Brahms Op 5 Kocsis 39:29 Sokolov 39:50 Op 24 Arrau 40:13 Op 35 Michelangeli 41:01 Katchen 41:33 Szymanovsky Op 10 Zimerman 41:59 Liszt Legend No 2 Ciccolini 42:47 Rigoletto Ciccolini 43:12 Faust Ciccolini 43:32 Barere 43:48 Robert le diable Wild 44:33 Norma Bellucci 45:56 Don Juan Barere 46:33 Hamelin 47:22 Tannhauser Bolet 48:49 La Muette Cziffra 51:07 Rhap. No.44 Gilels 1:10:05 . His leisurely paced octaves could therefore be closer to the composer's intentions than more demonic versions a-la Horowitz.Halle) Balakirev Islamey Katchen 21:40 Arrau 21:55 Barere 22:08 Horowitz 22:23 Liszt Sonata Horowitz 22:37 Richter 24:00 Horowitz 24:42 Arrau 25:31 Argerich 26:07 Liszt Dante Sonata Arrau 26:37 Ogdon 28:09 Liszt Bach Fantasy & Fugue Brendel 29:30 (lightning fast and relatively easy to play.Funerailles Richter 18:15 Berman 19:04 Horowitz 19:54 Chopin Op 53 Sofronitsky 20:31 ("I remember Chopin telling me how unhappy he felt because he heard his Polonaise in A flat played fast thereby destroying all the grandeur. and the tone would be harsh and clumsy") No 15 Cziffra 55:55 Spanish Gilels 56:42 Berman 57:49 Arrau 58:51 Tchaikovsky Op 23 Horowitz 59:47 (A few comments on Horowitz's octaves: "You have won the octave Olympics" Rubinstein "He is an Octavian.6 Arrau 1:06:11 No... the majesty of this noble composition " C. No 5 Pollini 31:43 Bartok Out of Doors Pollini 32:33 (octaves and ninths) Scriabin Op 65-1 Richter 34:02 (. No 4 Cziffra 52:14 No 6 Janis 53:43 (Surprisingly Horowitz claimed to play this passage with the wrist alone: "The movement stops at the wrist.

") Brahms Op 83 Gilels 1:10:54 Rubinstein 1:11:09 Richter 1:11:23 Op 15 Fleisher 1:11:37 Pollini 1:12:15 Rachmaninov Op 43 Katchen 1:13:15 Gershwin Rhap.. Katchen 1:13:38 Weber Op 70 Fleisher 1:13:58 Alkan Op35-5 Gibbons 1:14:34 Sonata Hamelin 1:15:15 Liszt Hexameron Lewenthal 1:15:36 Mephisto Feinberg 1:17:23 ..(Interviewer: "I have always wondered why one never hears Tchaikovsky's 2nd Concerto" Schnabel: "I have never played even the first.

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