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08 Fitness Environment: Schools • Increase active transport to schools o Support Safe Routes to School, increase sidewalk access, lighting and crossing guards on routes to school, increase engagement of policy makers •
Increase support for physical activity during the school day o Provide equipment, increase time required for PE, prohibit the withholding of PE as punishment, review staff qualifications, increase staff development, fully implement district wellness policy
Increase support for physical activity after-hours at school o Provide equipment, maintenance and programming, transport home and access to lifelong noncompetitive activities
IMPACT EFFECTIVENESS INTEGRATION
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Increase support for physical activity at childcare sites o Provide equipment, programming and qualified staff, increase standards, policy maker awareness and advocacy network Increase school siting within walking/biking distance of families Decrease/limit use of television, video/video games for non education purposes
Establish/implement joint-use agreements that allow use of public schools and facilities for recreation by public during non-school hours
SUSTAINABILITY FEASIBILITY EFFECTIVENESS
Increase marketing of active living in school/after/childcare Increase worksite wellness efforts for school staff
IMPACT IMPACT INNOVATION
Establish school health council (parents, teachers, students and admin) to increase healthy school environment, advocate and raise awareness
SUSTAINABILITY FEASIBILITY INTEGRATION
Recommend/consider health care assessment of students such as diabetes and hypertension screening, body weight, activity levels etc. Incentives for participation (rewards, awards, points, campaign to tie together)
School Gardens integrated in school day EFFECTIVENESS Free/low cost bikes, helmets, safety INNOVATION Involving family & community leaders (incentives) VALUES Mentors Increase walking/biking (active transport) education @ schools FEASIBILITY Practice physical activity mini-breaks within school day (stretch breaks) Family activity nights at schools for families VALUES Active field trips (e.g.: walks, hiking) Have staff “model” behavior for students
Fitness Environment: Parks, Trails and Recreation • Improve equitable access to parks and recreation facilities o Increase hours and outreach/education, link to transit, increase # of classrooms, increase cultural relevance and decrease cost, increase # of new housing developments that incorporate open space. IMPACT VALUES •
Improve condition of parks and recreation facilities o Match resources to maintain/improve with demand, decrease crime and graffiti, increase safety such as lighting and regulated traffic.
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Improve public physical activity and recreational programs o Programming matches demand, decrease cost for low-income users, increase family focused classes/events, programming matches cultural relevance at neighborhood level Improve support for parks and rec facilities/programs o Increase network of advocates, link to other livable community efforts such as protransit, walkability, local food, etc. Increase engagement of policy makers Increase #/access to privately owed fitness facilities o Economic development incentives, community outreach to support local businesses. INNOVATION INTEGRATION Increase integration of trails with all of the above (link trails not just together, but also link them to popular destinations such as shopping, schools, businesses)
NNOVATION INTEGRATION SUSTAINABILITY FEASIBILITY
Increase worksite wellness efforts for parks/rec staff Eliminate sales tax for purchase of fitness equipment NNOVATION Increase # of trails based on pedestrian generators (transit, parks, schools, urban villages, etc) SUSTAINABILITY EFFECTIVENESS IMPACT Find out why people don’t use/access existing trails Promote use of trials through facilitated programs (nature walks/volunteer program trail maintenance) SUSTAINABILITY EFFECTIVENESS IMPACT INTEGRATION
Increase links/relationships between schools and public/private recreation facilities (education programs/nature walks, etc.) What federal resources are available that are not being used or are inappropriately used? Increase the number of trained coaches and recreation leaders Improve neighborhood walkability- sidewalks, access to parks and paths Secure funding for youth bike building and earn-a-bike programs Increase # of culturally sensitive recreation activities are available.
Fitness Environment: Active Transportation • Increase walking and biking strategies o Sidewalk improvement, safe street crossings, safe routes to school, distance to amenities (shopping and services), ease of connecting with
transit, education campaign, walking (for exercise) groups, bike/ped plan municipal coordinator and plan being implemented, decrease crime/violence, decrease # of parking spaces, increase cost of parking, increase transit, establish/maintain local citizen’s action committee on bike/ped/transit to educate and advocate policymakers, decrease sidewalk obstruction due to (re)development of housing, implement complete streets, decrease speed limit, increase education on health benefit of walking/biking, increase access to bike racks, increase walking social activities, increase wayfinding, increase adoption of a walking and biking master plan, increase stair campaigns INTEGRATION INTEGRATION VALUES
VALUES SUSTAINABILITY NNOVATION FEASIBILITY EFFECTIVENESS
o Increase education on the health benefits of walking/biking, Increase access to bike racks, Increase walking social activities, Increase wayfinding, Increase adoption of a walking/biking master plan, Increase ‘take the stairs’ campaigns. VALUES SUSTAINABILITY NNOVATION FEASIBILITY o Bike-sharing program o Provide personal shopping carts (to encourage shopping on foot) o Bike signals o Expand crosswalk flag program SUSTAINABILITY NNOVATION FEASIBILITY Increase transit use strategies o Increase frequency and convenience, decrease cost for low income or youth, increase transit to recreation areas, increase responsiveness of transit system to community’s stated needs, increase federal funding.
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o Carpool incentives- better park n’ rides and more of them o Zip car – reduced rates for low-income families Funding to support facilitation of active transport for children to school Neighborhood connections/organizations to increase perception of safety Increase “state of mind” = fitness (social marketing) EFFECTIVENESS Construction closure policies to keep sidewalks open during construction Intersection design—stop bars, curb radii, left/right turn configuration Pedestrian lighting and bus shelter lighting
Fitness Environment: Social Environment Fitness Environment: Community Design/Land Use • Improve support for walking and biking o Increase network of advocates, increase links between homes and employment/recreation areas, increase redevelopment of vacant/underused land, decrease environmental hazards, increase equitable access, increase links between transit and walking biking access, increase use of health impact assessment (HIA) for decision making, establish tax incentives for private donation of easements for expanding walking and biking paths, install more bike racks at all facilities and public buildings. FEASIBILITY
FEASIBILITY IMPACT IMPACT SUSTAINABILITY NNOVATION
Increase use of Smart Growth strategies and zoning for new developments
o Increase compact/mixed use zoning, increase affordable housing, thriving retail, increase transit-oriented development, green building, increase mixed income housing, disallow or create disincentives for the creation of cul-de-sacs and dead-end roads in new developments. INTEGRATION
INTEGRATION INTEGRATION SUSTAINABILITY SUSTAINABILITY NNOVATION IMPACT EFFECTIVENESS
Emphasize healthy home (re)development especially in public housing o Smoke-free, asthma-free homes, close to retail/transit, increase stair use, access to parks, trails, play areas, schools VALUES VALUES FEASIBILITY
Incorporate/incentivize community design for safety/quality of life (lighting, “eyes on the street”, safe pedestrian flow More traffic enforcement for pedestrian/bike safety o
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Increase access to playgrounds/school buildings after hours Increase safety of walking/biking Increase tax incentives for green building Increase employer incentives for active transportation Increase community space for health and fitness at apartment complexes Increase community kitchens (and provide incentives for local business involvement) ‘Green Develop’ underused land VALUES Increase green roof requirements (food gardens) NNOVATION Increase interpretive signage along paths, routes about calories burned.
Food Environment: Production • Preserve/expand farmland (rural) o Provide a reliable market for farmers, provide education to farmers on creating a business plan, increase marketing opportunities. IMPACT • •
SUSTAINABILITY FEASIBILITY EFFECTIVENESS
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Preserve/expand farmland (urban) o Use culinary arts professionals to educate others on the importance of urban farmland IMPACT SUSTAINABILITY NNOVATION Preserve/expand community gardens o Increase incentives for establishing community gardens within the context of the municipal comprehensive plan, provide free municipal resources such as water and waste removal, free compost. EFFECTIVENESS INTEGRATION o Food, not lawns! o Education on what’s easiest to grow yourself o Allow sale of community garden food Expand community gardening in public spaces o Parking strips, available open spaces, parks, along trails VALUES Expand wild crafting education and opportunities o Preserving, foraging, cultivating of plants for eating and medicinal purposes Expand gardening at home o Seek funding to teach low income community members to garden at home Expand gardening at schools VALUES IMPACT FEASIBILITY NNOVATION o Increase integration into the curriculum, classroom, after school programming and cafeteria Expand food production in private developments o Rooftop gardening, Seattle “green factor incentives,” apartment gardens.
o Expand/Establish fruit tree gleaning for donation to food banks/meal programs (and increase donations of fresh food; preserve some for use later) VALUES FEASIBILITY INTEGRATION Tax credit/land use incentives for rural/urban farms and gardens NNOVATION Increase soil testing (access to testing equipment/knowledge)
Food Environment: Distributing • Create regional infrastructure for production, distribution, and processing of locally grown healthy foods o Link with local business such as grocery stores, schools, hospitals, food banks, childcare • Pay a surplus for produce distributed to social service agencies and food banks (pay who?) • Improve Accessibility of CSA drop points/ innovate CSA delivery • “Rainbow Grocery Outlet for Produce” (Like MacPhearson’s)
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Create a local food distribution “hun” with cold storage etc (could be add-on for existing businesses or new collaborative endeavor) Connect with “green jobs” efforts to create “green food jobs” to process, retail, etc in “sustainable” food: hospitality, manufacturing, etc. Gleaning for produce.
Food Environment: Retailing • Expand access to retail o Link with local business such as grocery stores, schools, hospitals, food banks, childcare • Pay a surplus for produce distributed to social service agencies and food banks o Introduce a sales tax for minimally nutritious food using the funds for health promotion • Expand Community Supported Agricultural drop offs o Schools, community centers, police, fire departments. FEASIBILITY
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Provide incentives for organizations to procure local food o Increase buying coops and education on the benefits of buying coops Provide incentives for Farmers Market to locate in all neighborhoods and increase access to all VALUES INTEGRATION EFFECTIVENESS o Transit, EBT card use, food stamp education outreach, expand Senior Farmers Market Nutrition Program vouchers Offer discounts or refunds to EBT users on fresh produce Provide incentives for grocery stores to locate the areas with need for healthy food Increase healthy food at corner/convenience stores and food banks o Ensure that they can accept WIC/EBT, retrofit the stores to sore and sell fresher, healthy food and whole grains Establish (if needed) other ways to get fresh healthy food in neighborhoods o Mobile grocery truck, farm stand, increase consumes demand through education Incentivize menu labeling and healthy menu options in all restaurants Create zoning ordinances to support the inclusion of small markets with mixeduse housing/retail developments Expand seniors farmers market nutrition program Healthy food map (neighborhood) NNOVATION Provide incentives for grocery stores to locate in areas with need for healthy food
Marketing campaigns “I’m a healthy food business”, “I serve health food”
Increase healthy foods at corner/convenience stores/ food banks (ensure they can accept WIC/EBT, retrofit stores to sell fresher, healthier produce and real whole grains) NNOVATION INTEGRATION EFFECTIVENESS IMPACT
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Establish (if needed) other ways to get fresh healthy foods in neighborhoods (mobile grocery truck, farm stand, and increase consumer demand through education campaigns) FEASIBILITY SUSTAINABILITY VALUES Community Gardens/p-patches Incentivize menu labeling and healthy menu options at all restaurants (education and marketing for a menu labeling law in king county). INTEGRATION EFFECTIVENESS
FEASIBILITY SUSTAINABILITY IMPACT
Create zoning ordinances to support the inclusion of small markets with mixeduse housing/retail developments
Food Environment: Preparing • Exempt materials used for the purpose of initiating, supporting or sustaining breast feeding from the state sales tax • Expand food prep education • Establish/expand Community Kitchens o For home consumption/community education/building, possible use for commercial added value processing, street vendor, specialty food producers and farm-based small businesses • Healthy restaurant education • Work with community college culinary students to advance food education in the community (schools, hospitals, youth, food bank clients, etc) Food Environment: Eating • Schools o Set a policy requiring K-12 schools have salad bars o Support increased funding for school meals o Support per meal reimbursement incentives for use of local foods (produce) like Portland, for example • Provide free fruits and vegetables as snacks o Use food pricing strategies to encourage purchasing nutritious food • Implement already passed wellness policies at schools VALUES VALUES VALUES
IMPACT IMPACT IMPACT INTEGRATION INTEGRATION EFFECTIVENESS EFFECTIVENESS
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o Food quality, competitive foods, time for eating, nutrition education, ensure all foods served meet nutrition standards, prohibit or restrict exclusive marketing contracts, recess before lunch, post nutrition information for snacks and meals o Optimize school environment for nutrition o Stop using food as a reward system o Encourage ‘healthy celebrations’ and ‘healthy fundraisers’ School health council in place o Parents, teachers, youth, administration Provide breast feeding education Establish Farm to School efforts on-site (access and education) NNOVATION
NNOVATION FEASIBILITY FEASIBILITY INTEGRATION SUSTAINABILITY
o School gardens, local food in cafeteria, cooking class, harvest of the season program, farm visit, social marketing, CSA drop off site, include food education in required curriculums (e.g. Berkeley Public Schools and Alice Waters) Support participation of school lunch/breakfast and summer food service
SUSTAINABILITY SUSTAINABILITY FEASIBILITY
o Decrease competitive food, provide free to all students o Implement 2005/2010 Dietary guidelines in school breakfasts and lunch patterns for reimbursed meals Childcare o Adopt standards for healthy food o Produce local food for meals and snacks o Provide access for breastfeeding and breast milk storage Worksites o Require employers to provide daily unpaid break time and private location to express and store beast milk, exempt breast feeding mothers from jury duty o Provide price incentives for purchasing healthy food o Ensure meals offered on site meet certain nutrition standards (including during the meetings) o Post the nutrition information o Work with farmer’s market to support the market or CSA drop off site
o Establish an on-site day care so mothers can continue to breast feed o Implement A wellness program w/a healthy eating component NNOVATION Food Environment: Policy and Planning • Create/establish local and regional Food Policy Council(s) • Expand links of food policy to other related efforts o Smart growth, liveable communities, “sustainable” neighborhood groups, social justice efforts, local economic development • Simplify the Basic Food application • Ensure that food purchased with government funds meet nutrition standards o Build off of WIC voucher restrictions • Establish/enforce uniform school policy re: items brought into classrooms or activities (like birthday/party snacks) • Implement mandatory nutrition education at preschools and daycares, as well as regulate school age classifications. Food Environment: Processing • Establish neighborhood community kitchens for use by community members • Establish commercial use community kitchens for local economic development • Provide nutrition labeling on all products • Provide education on safe processing of nutrition home grown produce
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Value-added products market (processing in the city) Income-generating programs (job creation) Change codes to allow food processing in urban area Change health regulations to allow home processed food as donations
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