27 views

Uploaded by Bhaswar Majumder

- Davis Foulger-communication Process
- Digital Signal Processing UWO Lecture+1%2C+January+6th
- Photonic Analog to Digital Conversion
- AMO Incremental Angle Encoder Catalog
- Timetable 2014
- 00.Sed.sas.Basics
- Analog and Digital Signals.pptx
- 04 - Manual Entreinamento Instrumentacion
- Nordost - New Approaches to Audio Measurement
- Bitmaps & Waves - Basics
- Ir5055 Series
- UofT ECE316 2014F Problems 4
- Rejesh Resume
- SIGL
- Csm Article
- Egi-Ins Part 4
- exp 3
- to dc sJBJir
- Electrical
- Booklist IIB GrpF

You are on page 1of 6

Signals and Systems

Lecture 1

6.003: Signals and Systems

February 2, 2010

Todays handouts: Single package containing Slides for Lecture 1 Subject Information & Calendar Lecturer: Denny Freeman

Instructors: Peter Hagelstein

Rahul Sarpeshkar

February 2, 2010

6.003: Homework

Doing the homework is essential for understanding the content. where subject matter is/isnt learned equivalent to practice in sports or music

Collaboration Policy Discussion of concepts in homework is encouraged Sharing of homework or code is not permitted and will be re ported to the COD

Weekly Homework Assignments Conventional Homework Problems plus Engineering Design Problems (Python/Matlab) Firm Deadlines Open Oce Hours ! Stata Basement (32-044) Mondays and Tuesdays, afternoons and early evenings Homework must be submitted in recitation on due date Each student can submit one late homework assignment without penalty. Grades on other late assignments will be multiplied by 0.5 (unless excused by an Instructor, Dean, or Medical Ocial).

6.003 At-A-Glance

Tuesday Feb 2 Feb 9 Feb 16 Feb 23 Mar 2 Mar 9 Mar 16 Mar 23 L1: Signals and Systems L3: Feedback, Cycles, and Modes Presidents Day: Monday Schedule L6: Laplace and Z Transforms L8: Convolution; Impulse Response L10: Bode Diagrams L12: CT Feedback and Control spring Wednesday R1: Continuous & Discrete Systems HW1 R3: Feedback, due Cycles, and Modes HW2 R5: CT Operator due Representations HW3 R7: Laplace and Z due Transforms EX4 Exam 1 no recitation Thursday L2: Discrete-Time Systems L4: CT Operator Representations L5: Second-Order Systems L7: Transform Properties L9: Frequency Response L11: DT Feedback and Control L13: CT Feedback and Control spring L15: CT Fourier Series L17: CT Fourier Transform L19: DT Fourier Transform L20: Fourier Relations L22: Sampling L24: Modulation Breakfast with Sta nals Friday R2: Dierence Equations R4: CT Systems R6: Second-Order Systems R8: Transform Properties R9: Convolution and Freq. Resp. R11: Feedback and Control R13: CT Feedback and Control spring R15: CT Fourier Series R16: CT Fourier Transform R18: DT Fourier Transform R20: Fourier Relations R21: Sampling R23: Modulation Study Period nals

Weekly meetings with class representatives help sta understand student perspective learn about teaching

One representative from each section (4 total) Tentatively meet on Thursday afternoon Interested?

HW5 R10: Bode due Diagrams HW6 R12: CT Feedback due and Control spring Spring Week spring

L14: CT Fourier Mar 30 Series Apr 6 Apr 13 Apr 20 L16: CT Fourier Transform L18: DT Fourier Transform Patriots Day Vacation

Apr 27 L21: Sampling May 4 May 11 May 18 L23: Modulation L25: Applications of 6.003 nals

EX11 Exam 3 due no recitation HW12 R22: Modulation due EX13 R24: Review

The Signals and Systems Abstraction

Describe a system (physical, mathematical, or computational) by the way it transforms an input signal into an output signal.

Lecture 1

Example: Mass and Spring

February 2, 2010

x(t)

y(t)

signal in

system

signal out

y(t) t

Example: Tanks

r0 (t)

sound out h1 (t) r1 (t) sound in h2 (t) r0 (t) t tank system r2 (t) r2 (t) t t cell phone system t

sound in

sound out

The Signals and Systems approach has broad application: electrical, mechanical, optical, acoustic, biological, nancial, ...

x(t) t r0 (t) h1 (t) r1 (t) h2 (t) r2 (t) sound in cell phone system sound out r0 (t) t tank system r2 (t) t mass & spring system y(t) t

The representation does not depend upon the physical substrate.

sound in

sound out

E/M cell sound optic sound cell E/M tower tower in phone ber phone out

t

Signals and Systems: Hierarchical

Representations of component systems are easily combined. Example: cascade of component systems sound in E/M cell optic cell E/M tower tower ber phone phone sound out

Lecture 1

Signals and Systems

Signals are mathematical functions.

February 2, 2010

x(t) t

mass & spring system

y(t) t

r0 (t)

r2 (t) t

tank system

Composite system

t

sound in

sound out

sound in cell phone system sound out

Component and composite systems have the same form, and are analyzed with same methods.

continuous time (CT) and discrete time (DT) x(t) x[n]

Sampling: converting CT signals to DT

x(t)

x[n] = x(nT )

10

10

n 0T 2T 4T 6T 8T 10T t 0 2 4 6 8 10 n

Many physical systems operate in continuous time. mass and spring leaky tank

Digital computations are done in discrete time.

state machines: given the current input and current state, what is the next output and next state.

T = sampling interval

Important for computational manipulation of physical data. digital representations of audio signals (e.g., MP3)

digital representations of pictures (e.g., JPEG)

Reconstruction: converting DT signals to CT zero-order hold

Reconstruction: converting DT signals to CT piecewise linear

x[n]

x(t)

x[n]

x(t)

10

2T 4T 6T 8T 10T

10

2T 4T 6T 8T 10T

T = sampling interval

T = sampling interval

Check Yourself

Computer generated speech (by Robert Donovan) f (t)

Lecture 1

Check Yourself

y

250

February 2, 2010

f (x, y)

250

250

250

Listen to the following four manipulated signals: f1 (t), f2 (t), f3 (t), f4 (t). How many of the following relations are true? f1 (t) = f (2t) f2 (t) = f (t) f3 (t) = f (2t) f4 (t) = 2f (t)

y

250

250 250

250

250

250

250

250

250

250

250

250

f1 (x, y) = f (2x, y) ?

f2 (x, y) = f (2x250, y) ?

f3 (x, y) = f (x250, y) ?

Describe a system (physical, mathematical, or computational) by the way it transforms an input signal into an output signal.

Formulate a mathematical description of this system. r0 (t)

h1 (t)

r1 (t)

signal in

system

signal out

Check Yourself

Formulate a mathematical description of this system.

The holes in each of the following tanks have equal size. Which tank has the largest leak rate r1 (t)?

r0 (t)

h1 (t)

r1 (t)

3. 4.

Formulate a mathematical description of this system. r0 (t)

Lecture 1

Check Yourself

February 2, 2010

What are the dimensions of constant of proportionality C? dr1 (t) = C r0 (t) r1 (t) dt r1 (t)

h1 (t)

r1 (t) h1 (t)

dh1 (t) r0 (t) r1 (t)

dt dr1 (t) r0 (t) r1 (t) dt

Check Yourself

Call the constant of proportionality 1/ .

dr1 (t) r0 (t) r1 (t) = dt Assume that the tank is initially empty, and then water enters at a constant rate r0 (t) = 1. Determine the output rate r1 (t).

1. 2.

r1 (t)

time (seconds) 1 3. 4. Explain the shape of this curve mathematically. Explain the shape of this curve physically. 2 3

Although derived for a leaky tank, this sort of model can be used to represent a variety of physical systems. Water accumulates in a leaky tank. r0 (t)

r1 (t)

i io dv = i ii io dt C

analogous to

dh r0 r1 dt

Spring 2010

For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms.

- Davis Foulger-communication ProcessUploaded byArum Sari
- Digital Signal Processing UWO Lecture+1%2C+January+6thUploaded bygsolisre
- Photonic Analog to Digital ConversionUploaded byEmin Kültürel
- AMO Incremental Angle Encoder CatalogUploaded byElectromate
- Timetable 2014Uploaded byanc62
- 00.Sed.sas.BasicsUploaded byLutfi Amin
- Analog and Digital Signals.pptxUploaded byasiffarooki
- 04 - Manual Entreinamento InstrumentacionUploaded byivanturco8789
- Nordost - New Approaches to Audio MeasurementUploaded byJaya77
- Bitmaps & Waves - BasicsUploaded bydetroit_me2553
- Ir5055 SeriesUploaded byIvan Ivanov
- UofT ECE316 2014F Problems 4Uploaded byAra Ara
- Rejesh ResumeUploaded bybalu56kv
- SIGLUploaded byCS & IT
- Csm ArticleUploaded byAlfianRachmat
- Egi-Ins Part 4Uploaded byversine
- exp 3Uploaded byThea Ruiz
- to dc sJBJirUploaded byprakash
- ElectricalUploaded byadityaalmora
- Booklist IIB GrpFUploaded bystathiss11
- Intro Mech1 SurveyUploaded byDhan Manalo
- New Microsoft Word DocumentUploaded byvishnu
- Data SheetUploaded byLee Jun Jie
- An Analytical Approach to Generate Unique Song Signal ( AUSS )Uploaded byCS & IT
- 056-FASE94Uploaded byDaniel C. Ribu
- 212261690-Chapter-0-Solutions-Manual-Chaparro.pdfUploaded byderghal
- RadarUploaded byLubna Nadeem
- UNIT16Uploaded byLe Thanh Hai
- PaperUploaded byMaximiliano O Sonnaillon
- e95a050Uploaded byAg Cristian

- eye specialists.pdfUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- Tutorial ProblemsUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- MiniProject_Question_3.pdfUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- Electro Magnetic Theory NoteUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- Victor J Stenger "Fine-Tuned Universe"Uploaded bypaul1972
- Electronics Engineering Formula SheetsUploaded byInstitute of Engineering Studies (IES)
- Music TherapyUploaded byAnuradha Mahesh
- 8086Overview NEWUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- 8085 MicroprocessorUploaded byauromaaroot1
- Dependent Source Problems- BerkleyUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- Robotics Material on CricketUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- (f). Digital Modulation TechniquesUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- Instruction Set(8051)Uploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- FuzzyUploaded byMrinali Rao
- hydrogen superhighwayUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- satellite communicationUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- ABSTRACT.docUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- (a). Introduction (DCUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- (h). Information Theory (DC).pdfUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- VPL2013#Uploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- 5 - Properties of LTI SystemsUploaded byspacesquirrel
- KYC FormatUploaded bykayalontheweb
- Vedic MathsUploaded bytargettutorials5740
- Water Treatment System-iit NoteUploaded byBhaswar Majumder
- ElectromagneticUploaded byzoehdiismail
- Single Word for a Grp of WordsUploaded byBhaswar Majumder

- HW-K650_K651_EN_170111Uploaded byGeorge Jorj
- 1756-um523_-en-pUploaded byMohamed Sheba
- Fiber Optic Components for Ultrafast Fiber Laser ApplicationsUploaded byDK Photonics
- Micro-2407 Technical ReferenceUploaded bynemasumit
- 234Uploaded byIng Pett Aparicio
- ecen 326 - lab 9 reportUploaded byapi-241454978
- aprisa _ alarm.pdfUploaded byNhân Tâm
- Signal Processors & ReceiversUploaded bycataice
- 16 MarksUploaded byzgxfsbjbn
- Initial Access, Mobility, And User-Centric Multi-Beam Operation in 5G New RadioUploaded byAnonymous kC8oFmS
- Solutions_C4.pdfUploaded byAhsun Taquveem Chohan
- esp8266weatherstationgettingstartedguide-20180911Uploaded byJohn Green
- ECE ReportUploaded byAncheta's Gaming
- AKG D-224E Two-Way Cardioid Dynamic MicrophoneUploaded byPepe Coca
- Vc 0706 ProtocolUploaded byyrag182
- NA Assignment1 questions 2018-batchwise.docxUploaded byRafiuddin
- Kentec catalogue11-12Uploaded byWalid Aly
- TCH Drop AnalysisUploaded byRaj Takshak
- Proteus ManualUploaded bymb00011
- W595 Schematics Www.tsar3000.ComUploaded byMuhamad Ridhwan
- GTP A1800 for CPP,IPP, Open Acess Windmill ABT MetersUploaded byPrakash Kakani
- Quick Spec Datasheet Dell Precision m4600Uploaded byAnna German
- Altitude_Pressure Sensor – MPL3115A2 Breakout _ Circuit-HelpUploaded byDerell del Rosario
- Fft Aura Sr Epdf BrochureUploaded byPriya Pahlani
- Communication System by Simon Haykin 4th Edition PDFUploaded byAlex
- Panasonic KX-TG1611.pdfUploaded bygrudva2
- hybrid memory cubeUploaded byHemanth Sreej O
- Tutsheets(3EC2)Uploaded byKapil Dave
- Assembly Language Stack and SubroutineUploaded byReethu Paravada
- Eclipse Datasheet (Old)Uploaded byCepillo