Economic Biology


Reported by:

John Daniel P. Gumban
BS – Biology 4-2

Submitted by:

Prof. Carmelita S. Mapanao

July 20, 2011

) Coralila. Uses (Folkloric) In the Philippines. with 5-parted and persistent perianth. leaves and flowers (Miller.. Leaves are alternate.) Coral vine (Engl. Flowers are pale to deep pink. Constituents and properties A methanol extract of the aerial part of the flower yielded (1) nhentriacontane (1). coralita (jamaica) Botany A climbing. somewhat woody. 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (3). stems attaining a length of 10 meters. an isolated report of use by Ifugao-migrants in the foothills of the Sierra Madre for wound closure. 1990). and kaempherol-3-glucoside (5) along with ?-sitosterol. rather than functional ones. 1. In general. ferulic acid (2). ovate to oblong-ovate. 2003). 2 cm long. the term "ornamental plant" or "ornamental" is used to describe those plant species primarily cultivated for their aesthetically pleasing characteristics such as form. perennial vine. (Smith. Fruit is ovoid. ?-sitosterol-glucoside and d-mannitol. Flowers are borne in racemes at the upper axils of the terminal parts of the branches. quercetin3-rhamnoside (4). Cadena de Amor (Antigonon leptopus) Common names: Cadena-de-amor (Span. narrowing towards the tip. up to 14 cm long. broad at the base. . Tag.) Chinese love vine (Engl. with cordate base. loosely surrounded by the persistent lobes of the flower. COX inhibitory properties and antithrombin activities. bark.INTRODUCTION Ornamental plants are plants which are grown for display purposes. about 1 cm long. serrate margins.

) Puki-reyna (Tag. elliptic to oblong.) Giting-princesa (Bik. yellowish. the white flowered specie is considered superior to the blue variety. causing irritability. analgesic. mildly purgative or laxative. diuretic and emmenagogue. vascular smooth-muscle relaxing and platelet-aggregation inhibiting activity. blue with a white. Flowers: solitary. The seeds are vomiting. loss of memory or unconciousness. Leaves are used as poultices for swollen joints. The roots of the blue flowered variety is used for piles. antipyretic.) Kajroti (India) Blue pea (Engl. anesthetic.) Kolokanting (Tag. the seeds are burned . the corolla about 3 to 4 cm long. up to 1 cm in diameter.) Samsampin (Pang.) Samsamping (Ilk. flavonol glycosides. Pukingan (Clitotia tematea) Common names Balog-balog (C. the juice of the blue variety is used. The roots taken as purgative. also. For hiccups. antiinflammatory. An alcoholic extract is used as a cathartic. or pale-blue center. Studies have isolated triterpenoids. Warm leaf juice mixed wit common salt is applied around the ears for earache.) Pukingan (Tag.) Kalompagi (Ilk. Leaflets are 5 to 7. In India. insecticidal. Uses (Folkloric) Infusion of leaves is used for eruptions.) Butterfly pea (Engl. Studies have shown pharmacologic activities: antimicrobial. Pods are 5 to 10 cms long. Bis. antidiabetic. For earaches. antihelminthic.Seeds are mildly laxative and purgative. diuretic. Properties and constituents Roots are diuretic. have been reported to be toxic and narcotic. flat. anthocyanins and steroids. with 6 to 10 seeds. 3 to 7 cms in length.) Botany A twining herb or climbing vine with cylindrical and slender stems.2.

antistress. India. fatty acids. 5 to 9 cm long. Root powder is used for jaundice. mix the root juice with vinegar and apply to the boils. memory and intelligence enhancer. leaf juice taken twice daily for 6 days for scabies. tonic. antidepressant. For renal stones. Constituents and properties Root contains an aromatic acrid oil. stalkless or shortly stalked hairy cymes. and a coloring material related to quercitin.) Flame of the woods (Engl. almost round. growing to a height of 2 to 3 meters.) Tangpupo (Bis. about 5 mm diameter. To hasten delivery twinning branches of the white flowered variety are wrapped around the waist. Flowers contain cyanidin and flaconboids.) Jungle geranium (Engl.) Dwarf santan (Engl. Root juice. pink or red. root juice used for fevers. 2. proanthocyanidins and phenolic acids and ferulic acids. oblong. the roots used with boiled rice. Considered internally sedative. applied in the nose for migraine. Leaves are stalkless or on very short stalks. In South Travancore.for fume inhaltion. Fruit is reddish. eye infections. and borne in terminal.) Jungle flame (Engl. . stomachic. lobes are spreadiing and oblong. skin diseases. Root ash is used for facial care. cholagogue and externally astringent and antiseptic. Also used for throat. 3. about half the length of the tube.A traditional Ayurveda medicine as a brain tonic.source In West Bengal. tannin. heart-shaped or round at the base and blunt at the tip. For painful boils. Leaves yield flavonols kaemferol and quercetin. antiseptic. Corolla tube is slender. sedative and anticonvulsant.) Botany Ornamental plant is an erect and smooth shrub. same also used for asthma. Santan(Ixora coccinea) Common names Santan-pula (Tag.5 cm long. Flowers are many.anxiolytic.

Leaves reported to be purgative and emmenagogue. Poulticed fresh leaves and stems for sprains. 1.Uses (Folkloric) Used for dysenteric diarrhea and associated colic pains.) Paradise flower (Engl. about 4 cm in diameter.. The pod is nearly straight. Leaflets are stalkless. 4-8 pairs.) Flor de San Francisco (Span. root decoction used to clarify the urine. Bulaklak ng Parasiso (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) Common names Bulaklak ng paraiso (Tag. Diluted tincture of roots for mouthwash and gargles for sore throat. Root. and emmenagogue.5 cm wide. flowers and roots are reported to be abortifacient . and 1 ro 2 cm long. Tag. hiccups. roots are used for dysentery. The branches are armed with a few scattered spines. elliptic. 4. Seeds.) Botany An erect. Petals are crisp and clawed. ground into pulp. amenorrhea and irregular menstruation. smooth. tannin. In India and Sri Lanka. antiviral. or as tincture. gum. febrifuge. and anorexia. Constituents and chemical properties Leaves contain gallic acid. Powdered roots used for sores and chronic ulcers. mixed with water and pepper. flat.) Peacock flower (Engl. 5-8 cm long and 1. containing 6-8 seeds. Leaves are bipinnate. Antiinflammatory. used for diarrhea and dysentery. In Bengal. the fruits are eaten and the flowers used as flavoring. Flowers are reported to be tonic. Flowers are red and yellow. 6 to 12 cm long. In Indo-China. resin. and salts. borne on terminal racemes. purgative. The odor of the plant resembles savin. 7 to 11 pairs.) Barbados pride (Engl. eczema. benzoic acid. Decoction of roots used for nausea.5 to 5 meters high. Decoction of leaves for wounds and skin ulcers. Flower decoction for hypertension. boils and contusions. Flowers used for dysentery and leucorrhea.) Caballero (Span. smooth shrub or small tree.

fevers. Decoction of leaves used as mouth wash and gargle for mouth ulcers. In Chinese folk medicine. euphorbia compounds used in cancer treatment." the red latex from Christ's crown Euphorbia milli (Euphorbiaceae) as a treatment for warts. pale green.) Crown of thorns (Engl.Uses (Folkloric) Decoction of roots used for fevers. slender. 5. Fruit is astringent and used for diarrhea and dysentery. Popular use in South Brazil as "dragon's blood. alternate. each involucre with 2 spreading red kidney-shaped lobes. Powdered flowers used as insecticide. . Reported to be abortifacient. Decoction of flowers used for erysipelas and inflammation of the eyes. with cylindric or obscurely angled branches lined with stiff. Inflorescences arise from the upper leaf axils and is peduncled with 2-4 involucres in each peduncle. divergent spines. Infusion of leaves used for colds. Infusion of the bark used as wash for the teeth and gums. Leaves are few. Uses (Folkloric) No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines.) Botany Erect and branched shrub growing up to a meter high. or short acuminate. oblong-obovate. skin ailments and purging. Corona de espina Euphorbia milli) Common names Corona de espina (Span. up to 5 cm long.

) Manul (Bis. Corolla tube is slender and 1 to 1. Stamens. flavanoid.) Jasmin (Engl. ovate or rounded and 6 to 12 cm long. included. Ornamental. From the roots. silicon. use in decoction form. 5 to 8 mm long. Calyx teeth are 8 to 10. glycoside. Constituents Tannins..) Kulatai (Pamp. Tuscan Jasmin (Engl. abdominal distention.) Mo li hua (Chin.) Sambac (Engl.) Kampupot (Pamp.) Sampagita (Tag. Flowers are white. study yielded: dotriacontanoic acid. the limb is usually double and 1. ovary. Arabian jasmin. very slender. terpines.5 to 2 cm in diameter. 2-celled. pointed or blunt tip and pointed or rounded base. 2.) Botany Spreading or sprawling shrub. usually less than 2 m in height. resin and salicylic acid. essential oil from the flowers is similar to jasmin (Jasminum grandiflores) Phytochemical study yielded alkaloids. ·Leaves are glossy. oleanolic acid. tannin.) Malur (Sul.) Malul (Mag. Ulcers: Pound flowers or leaves and apply on affected areas. with short stalks. combined with other drug materials. and diarrhea: use 3 to 6 gm of dried flowers or leaves. iron. glucosides. Sampagita (Jasminum sambac) Common names Hasak. dotriacontanol. fats. Fever. .) Lumabi (Mag. Fever or cough: Take decoction of flowers or leaves as needed.6. Tag.) Hubar (Sul.) Pongso (Pamp. daucoste4rol and hesperidin. very fragrant and borne singly or in 3's in axillary or terminal inflorescence. calcium oxalate. A favorite floral offering and adornment for altars. Uses (folkloric) Flowers used to make jasmine tea.5 cm long.) Sampaguita (Engl.

) Taponaya (Bis.Reddening and swelling pain in the eye.) Botany Erect.) Malaina (Tag. 5-10 cm long. Sprains and fractures: use root material in combination with other drugs and apply as external poultice. twice daily. in simple or branched inflorescences.) Ahijado (Span. branched. fleshy annual herb. with toothed margins. Eyedrops for eye inflammation. Constituents Volatile oils. use decoction of dried flowers as eyewash. From the leaves. Lactifuge: Bruised leaves are applied to the breasts. Sinusitis: Heat 10-12 fresh leaves over a fire. Stems. Carminative: Take decoctions of leaves. campesterol. about 1 m high. crush and extract the juice. purplish and 4-angled. 15-30 cm long. Flavor: Use flowers to flavor tea.) Coleus (Engl. Mayana (Coleus scutellarioides) Common names Benth Dafronaya (Span. Leaves are blotched or colored. numerous. a-amyrin and b-amyrin. taken internally. Dyspepsia: Decoction.) Tapunaya (Bis. Use a bandage to hold the poultice in place.) Lapunaya (Bis. Flowers are purplish. 7. study isolated a mixture of sterols and triterpenes. apply while still hote over the forehead for the frontal sinues or over the cheeks for the maxillary sinuses. Apply the crushed leaves as poultice. three times daily. ovate. Reported use in Asian . Mild bleeding of wounds: Wash the young leaves.) Painted nettle (Engl. Headache: Pound leaves and apply over temples and nape. wrists or affected areas for 30 minutes. Uses (Folkloric) Bruises and sprains: Crush or pound 10-12 leaves and apply over the ankles. Drop a few drops of the juice directly on the wound.) Daponaya (Bis.) Saimayu (Sul.

traditional medicine for asthma. Preventive for heat stroke: the material may be taken as a cooling tea.The latex mixed with coconut oil is used for itching. 3 to 7 m high. emmenagogue. bronchitis. The juice is rubefacient in rheumatic pains. succulent. Fruits: linear-oblong or ellipsoid follicles. Decoction of the bark is used as a counterirritant on the gums for toothache. 8. Flowers: fragrant.) Kalasusi (Tag. and with camphor. Bis. stem smooth and shining.) Karachucha (Tag. while the inner lower portion yellow.) Kalatsutsi (Tag.Leaves: crowded at the terminal end of the branch.) Frangipani (Engl. commonly oblong in shape. diarrhea during summer season: use 12 to 24 gms of dried material in decoction. Kalachuchi (Plumeria rubra) TEMPLE FLOWER.6 cm long. epilepsy. angina. the upper portion whitish. reaching a length of 40 cm and a width of 7 cm. skin rashes and various digestive problems. Infusion or extract from leaves is used for asthma. and apply to affected area. rheumatism. with abundant white latex. and febrifuge.) Kalonoche (Ilk. Decoction of leaves for cracks and eruptions of the soles of the feet. Uses (Folkloric) Decoction of bark is used as purgative.) Flor de Mayo (Mexico) Temple flower (Engl.. Arthritis.) Botany Small tree. easily breaks.A poultice of heated leaves is beneficial for swellings. 5 . insomnia. FRANGIPANI Common names Kachuchi (C. warm. For dysentery.) Karatuche (Tag.) Kalanuche (Ilk. Bik. pruritic skin lesions: Mix the latex (sap) with coconut oil. .) Kalachuche (Tag. is also used for itching.

obliquely split to the base behind. Flowers are white. Leaves are crowded in the axil.. Bis. about 2. juice of ripe fruit used for cleaning opacities of the eyes. longitudinally ridged and very succulent.) Chalmalukung (Ilk.5 cm long..) Panabolong (Tag. 1 to 1. 6 to 10 cm or more wide.) Beach naupaka (Engl. ß-sitosterol-ß-D-glucoside. and obtuse and enlarged in fruit. the lobes lanceolate.) Tagustus (Bis.) Hulbo (Bik.) Linu (Tag. Decoction of roots used for beriberi and certain syphilitic affections. somewhat rounded. and silky. 3 to 6 mm long. tinged with purple. Plant yields imperatorin marmesin coumarins. Bis. also for . Bis.) Botany Boto is a large.5 to 1. Bis.) Blanco Bosboron (Tag. Constituents Bark and leaves yield a bitter principle and glucoside.) Marokborok (Tag. mannitol has been isolated.. Fruit is a drupe. with an obtuse tip which tapers to a wedge-shaped base.) Scaevola (Engl. spreading shrub with loose bark and a stout stem and branches. Bis. ovoid.) Bokabok (Tag. and borne in considerable numbers in axillary cymes.) Pañgangtolon (Tag.) Boto (Tag.. Calyx-lobes are linear-lanceolate. obovate or obovate-oblong.) Mosboron (Tag. 12 to 25 cm in length. and hairy. Corolla-tube is 1. Uses (Folkloric) In the Philippines. alternate.) Linog (Sbl. narrow.8 cm long..5 cm long. Bis..) Dudukdukin (Ilk.9. Boto (Scaevola taccada) Common names Balak-balak (Tag. and 6 to 8 mm long.

internally. induces menstruation. another alkaloid present in small amount.. vomiting and diarrhea. considered antineoplastic. In Ambonia. 10. In Tunisia. densely branching with thick masses of tiny. Rose (Rosa canina) Botany The plant is a woody evergreen shrub. employed as antimalarial.dysentery. green leaves. juice of fruit is instilled by natives into the eyes to clear opacities and improve dimness of vision. Uses (Folkloric) No reported folkloric medicinal use in the Philippines. Properties and constituents Contains the alkaloid buxine which causes nausea. In Italy. Cycloprotobuxine. As a cataplasm. is being investigated as an anticancer agent. . fruit is used for tumors.

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