Power Systems Analysis

The power systems analysis group at the Schlumberger Edmonton Product Center (EPC) enables efficient, economical use of power by using field measurements and computer modeling to analyze power systems, make recommendations, and
Single-line diagram showing protection and coordination devices.

deliver custom products, such as filters and power-factor correction capacitor banks. Past projects have been performed in mining, petrochemical, industrial, and utility sectors throughout the world. The power analysis studies database serves as the basis for improving system performance and power quality, reducing operating costs, and providing a reliable supply of power during system operation. Using the latest software tools, EPC engineers can deliver complete system optimization. Prepared reports detail the voltage, current, and power factor at various locations in the system. Typically this type of study is used to optimize transformer, switchgear, and cable loadings. We apply a mathematical model to optimize the electrical power use in a system by determining if loading can be redistributed or aided by power-factor correction, or if new load can be added.

Applications ! Electrical power systems ! Mining, petrochemical, industrial, and utility sectors Benefits ! Efficient, economical use of power ! Reduced operating costs ! Reliable supply of power during system operation Features

! Reports detailing voltage,
current, and power factor at various locations in the system ! Total systems approach for complete and thorough evaluation

Power systems analysis steps
The EPC specialists study all parameters when performing an analysis. The total systems approach provides a complete and thorough evaluation. These steps ensure that all information and conditions are understood and considered: • field trips to gather data • close coordination with the power supply utility to obtain information about the power system in remote locations • proper coordination with the variablefrequency drive manufacturer to obtain accurate harmonic characteristics for the specific drives • accurate modeling of the power system to be used in the design of the filters and/or coordination of the protection devices.

! Short circuit—The calculations of fault-current levels at all buses in the system are studied to minimize the consequences of a potential short circuit in the system. ! Protective device coordination study—Protective devices.Typical power system analysis ! Load flow—A base study is performed to determine the steadystate operating characteristics of the electrical system. ! Harmonic study—This study is recommended on systems that have 20% or more nonlinear loading produced by equipment such as variable-speed drives. ! Transient motor starting—This study examines how the electrical system will react when individual motors are started or when groups of motors are started simultaneously. and relays. arc welders.slb. such as circuit breakers. Effects of harmonic distortion on filtered and unfiltered current. fuses. www. and fluorescent ballasts. are examined and properly coordinated to protect personnel and equipment.com/oilfield AL_03_130_0 February 2004 ©Schlumberger .

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