Simple Past tense
The Simple Past tense of regular verbs is formed by: verb
Adding -d or -ed to the
In the following sentences, the verbs in bold are in the past tense: Wallace moved into his new house last Saturday. Yesterday I visited him for tea. Both move and visit are called regular verbs because they have the same past-tense ending of -ed. If the present form of a regular verb ends in -e, we add -d to form the past tense: Wallace and Gromit move frequently. (present tense) Wallace and Gromit moved into their new house last Saturday. (past tense) If the present form of a regular verb ends in a letter other than -e, we usually add -ed to form the past tense: I visit Wallace and Gromit every Tuesday evening. (present tense) Yesterday I visited them for tea. (past tense) Note that a spelling rule comes into play with verbs ending in -y. If the present form of a regular verb ends in -y preceded by a consonant (for example, cry, fry, try, carry), change the y to i and add -ed to form the past tense (cried, fried, tried, carried): Wallace and Gromit carry the cheese and crackers into the kitchen. (present tense) Wallace and Gromit carried the cheese and crackers into the kitchen. (past tense) Because all regular verbs have the same -ed ending in the past tense no matter what the subject is, subject-verb agreement is not a problem. The Different Sounds of the -ed Ending Don't let the sound of an -ed ending ever trick you into making a spelling error when you form the past tense. While we do hear a d sound at the end of some verbs (for example,moved and visited), we hear a t sound at the end of others (promised, laughed). EXERCISE: Forming the Past Tense of Regular Verbs The first sentence in each set below contains a verb in the present tense. Complete the second sentence in each set by adding -d or -ed to the verb in parentheses to form the past tense. When you're done, compare your responses with the answers at the end of the exercise.
we nibbled on a slice of decorated cheesecake as we talked. I called a taxi and we passed many highlighted sights before we arrived in front of the restaurant. Gromit tries very hard to be helpful. Hope your life is a lot more exciting than mine. She pinned a rose to her sequinned lapel. for example. Julie
Read the following text and underline the verbs in the past tense:
OUR ENCHANTED ANNIVERSARY EVENING
It happened to be our anniversary when we traveled to Barcelona. Halley's Comet appears every 76 years. She soon gobbled up all the pretzels in the small bowl placed on the table. 7. He (try) too hard last week. The waiter finally handed me the bill and I offered him a tip. I (carry) it into the house. We positioned ourselves near an opened window and prepared to eat. Doris preferred to drink iced tea. You (ask) me to write about my life. Wallace likes knitting and reading the newspaper. I beamed as I presented them to Doris. I purchased a beautiful bouquet of red roses that smelled wonderful and a black pearl necklace that sparkled in the moonlight. Recently he
(use) a double-wide toilet seat. After the salted pretzels. Wallace (enjoy) cheddar cheese. Carrot Top uses unusual props in his comedy act. 4. Mookie and Buddy cry when they are hungry. Father (look) for the key. Doris ordered some steamed shrimp and broiled trout. My mother (help) my grandmother with the housework. 9. Last night they (cry) for over an hour. Her auburn hair shimmered in the sunset’s bronzed glow. Please carry this invention upstairs for me. “What would you like to have?”. Thanks for your letter. My father (clean) the windows outside.1. I picked the mushroom soup. he asked. Our grandparents (kiss) us goodbye and we (return) home. That's it about the way I spent last weekend. A few minutes later the waiter returned. It last (appear) in 1986. I wanted some coffee with my dessert. she munched on some pretzels. When she finished. We (climb) the old oak-tree in the garden to our tree-house. My wife Doris looked at the selections listed on the menu and decided to have an appetizer. I noticed a secluded table. Doris needed to drink some water. 10. (open) the front door. We tipped him
. However. Doris wolfed down her food but I savored the meal and chewed my steak slowly. 6. 2. Then our mother (call) us because it (be) time to go home. Yesterday I (purchase) a ticket over the Internet. 5. We (stay) there all afternoon. My sister and I (watch) cartoons on television and later we (play) outside in the garden. there is really nothing special going on. It is really great to hear from you now that the weather is rainy and I can't go out that much. Later. Last Saturday. 3. we chatted and sipped a glass of white wine. The waiter seated us as soon as we walked into the neonsigned restaurant. Even as a boy. Gromit graduates from college today. we (punish) them yesterday for spray-painting the dog. How about you? What did you do last Saturday? Write back and tell me how you're doing. When he was younger. and we all (walk) inside. my family and I (visit) my grandparents.
Fill in the Gaps:
Dear Sam. so my wife Doris and I planned a special evening out. Wallace enjoys Wensleydale cheese and a nice cup of tea. I requested a tossed Cesar salad with a grilled steak and a baked potato. Well. he (like) to invent things. While we dined. We rarely punish the children. Love. I usually purchase a season ticket from the box office. Last year he (graduate) from Dogwarts University. We (arrive) home at 9 o'clock. 8.
The three most important irregular verbs
The three most important irregular verbs are BE. and DO.sat drink .
1.15% of the totaled charges. the only way to know how an irregular verb will change in the past tense is to learn all of the important verbs. These are called irregular verbs.got sit . He thanked us and smiled as we exited the restaurant.fit get . HAVE. The simple past forms for BE are different depending on the subject. Other irregular verbs
Other irregular verbs fall into three main categories:
Examples cut .
Although many verbs in English form their past tense with -ED.cut hit . This page will explain some of the most important patterns in forming the past tense.
Pronoun I You He / she / it We They
BE was were was were were
HAVE had had had had had
DO did did did did did
2. some do not.hit fit . However.drank
Verbs which don't change
Verbs which change their vowel
. and they include some of the most basic verbs in English.
Verbs which change completely
catch . C. A. A. C. B. 8. B. C. C. A. B. 6. B.brought teach . A. C. B. A. 2. 7. you can continue with the exercises 1. 5. C. A.taught
When you are sure that you understand the lesson. B. 3. B. 4. C. get ? gought cut ? ? ? caught cut cutted catch ? ? ? catch catched caught bring ? ? ? brang brought bringed set ? ? ? sat sought set find ? ? ? found fand find drink ? ? ? drink drunk drank have ? ? ? had have hove
. A. A.caught bring .
.When . ?
A. went -...B.
? ? ?
? ? ?
did call did called called
2.. ten minutes ago?
A. C. B. went did. cry
4. A. C.Who . C. C. there?
A.. cried did.Who . B. C.Why .
did buy bought
. B.. go
3. C. A.
? ? ?
-.. 9. fit teach
? ? ?
taught teach teached
? ? ?
fit fat fought
1. cried did. B.. B. she .. you .. that car?
A. 10. B..
? ? ?
cryd cried cryed
6. B. this book?
A... C.Who . all night. B.
A.... C. C. you ..C... last night?
? ? ?
did went did go went
? ? ?
called call calld
..I . saw did.What film .. C. TV yesterday. see
10. last Monday.. there?
5. B. B..
? ? ?
did.He didn't .
? ? ?
watch watched watchd
7. C. saw -.
Where did you .
Hamlet. He (return) to Stratford in 1612. but when William (be) only 14 years old his fortunes fell so low that William (have) to leave school. C. She found her watch.. His most famous play. where he (live) the life of a country gentleman. At the age of 19 William (to marry) Anne Hathaway the daughter of a rich farmer near Stratford. 7. He didn't well. He (go) to the local Stratford Grammar School.
She saw your brother. 4.
Fill the gaps:
William Shakespeare (be) born in Stratford-on-Avon on April 23. (be) probably first seen in 1601 at the Globe Theatre. Lessons began at six o'clock in the morning in the summer in order to make the most of daylight. She didn't about it. 3. The police didn't the thief. 9. Shakespeare (continue) to write about 2 plays a year. in 1592. all the female parts (be) (play) by boys. We heard a terrible noise. The police caught the thief. He slept well. 5. His father (be) (call) John Shakespeare a Stratford upon Avon glove-maker. She didn't your brother. 2. We didn't a terrible noise. They didn't water. Some historians say he (work) in his father's shop. There (be) no female actors in those days. He (die) of a fever on his birthday in 1616.
. 6. Henry VI. She thought about it. 8. Three years later Shakespeare (go) to London. He hid the letter. He didn't at her. They drank water. He (send) William to the local grammar school in 1571. He didn't the letter.B. It is thought that he (write) his first major play. Part One. where he (be) (teach) by Master Walter Roche. How he (live) there we do not know.
Find the base form of the verbs:
1. Around 1590 he (begin) to try his hand at writing plays. 1564. In about 1587 he (become) a member of one of the few theatrical companies which (exist) in those days. He looked at her.
She found her watch.
5. He broke his arm.
Complete the gaps with the correct form of the verb:
. He didn't his arm.He broke his arm.She thought about it.
Put these sentences in negative form:
4.The police caught the thief.He looked at her.
2.She didn't her watch. 10.
DRIVE 7. They didn't outside. KNOW 8. PHONE 4. He hot. She a bike. We didn't Spanish. SPEAK 6. SELL 6. They a letter. I her. He Sue. She didn't his surname. LISTEN 9. Sue didn't to school yesterday. PAY 4. using the verb ‘go’:
POSITIVE I went
QUESTION Did I go?
NEGATIVE I did not go
. DRINK 7. He didn't slowly. GIVE 3. She a doctor. GO 3. I didn't him. WORK 5. We didn't our flat. We English. She it to you. I didn't him. She to the cinema. They didn't a postacard. He didn't Chloe. They didn't the kitchen. Tom fast. He something strange. STUDY 8. She didn't French. She didn't a car. SEE 9. We our house. I her. Tom some juice. He didn't to music. He didn't any beer. PAINT 2. He didn't anybody strange. They badminton. He to the news on the radio. He didn't cold
BECOME 1. She didn't a teacher.
Forming questions in the past tense:
Task 1 – Complete the chart below with the present simple tense. They inside. WRITE 5. She Japanese. PLAY 2. FEEL 10. They the hall. She his forename. MARRY 10.BUY 1. They didn't tennis. Sue didn't it to me.
question and negative forms for the following irregular verbs:
arise be bear begin bite blow break bring buy catch choose come creep dive do drag draw dream drink drive drown eat fall fight fly forget forgive freeze get give go grow hang hide know lay
.you he/she/it we you they
Give the positive.
When the office? He the office at 6 o'clock. What kind of table ? She a new table. LEAVE 2.
. DRIVE 3. What yesterday? She tennis. Where ? He to Madrid. PLAY 4. Where ? They to Scotland.lead lie light lose prove ride ring rise run see seek set shake sing sink sit speak spring steal sting strike swear swim swing take tear throw uses wake wear write
Fill the gaps:
. FLY 5.