Dance

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For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). "Dancer" and "Dancing" redirect here. For Dances, see Dancer (disambiguation) and Dancing (disambiguation).

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Dance

Modern dance

Originating culture

various

Originating era

Antiquity

Dance is a type of art that generally refers to movement of the body, usually rhythmic and to music,
[1]

performed in many different cultures and used as a form of expression,social interaction or

presented in a spiritual or performance setting. Dance may also be regarded as a form of nonverbal communication between humans, and is also performed by other animals (bee dance, patterns of behaviour such as a mating

e. Dance can embody or express ideas.1 Ballet . Dancing has evolved many styles. and Tango are classical styles of dance while Square Dance and the Electric Slide are forms of step dances. has something in common.1 India   o   6. Definitions of what constitutes dance are dependent on social.1 Bhangra in the Punjab 6. injuries may occur. emotions or tell a story. If the proper physics are not taken into consideration. figure skating and synchronized swimming are sports that incorporate dance. competitive or erotic.artistic and moral constraints and range from functional movement (such as folk dance) to virtuoso techniques such as ballet. aesthetic.1. It not only involves flexibility and body movement. choreographs) a dance is known as the choreographer. Ballet. Ballroom. Choreography is the art of creating dances. Breakdancing and Krumping are related to the hip hop culture. but also physics. cultural.1. Waltz. Dance can be participatory.dance). no matter what style. or have a gestural vocabulary/symbolic system as in many Asian dances. Every dance. such as in ballet or European folk dance. Motion in ordinarily inanimate objects may also be described as dances (the leaves danced in the wind). Gymnastics. Contents [hide] • • o • • • • o 1 Origins and history 2 Classification and genres 2. The person who creates (i.2.1 Dancing and music 3 Dance studies and techniques 4 Dance competitions 5 Occupations 6 By ethnicity or region 6.2 Dances of Sri Lanka 6.1. while martial arts kata are often compared to dances.. Dance movements may be without significance in themselves. African dance is interpretative. social or performedfor an audience. It can also be ceremonial.2.2 In Europe and North America 6.1 Concert (or performance) dance 6.

3rd . hunting implements or cave paintings.2 20th-century concert dance 6. that some contemporary military units use loud group singing and dancing in order to prepare themselves for the dangerous combat missions. Egypt.[3] According to Jordania. a specificaltered state of consciousness. Dance does not leave behind clearly identifiable physical artifacts such as stone tools. was designed by the forces of natural selection at the early stage of hominid evolution as a potent tool to put groups of human ancestors in a battle trance.  • • • 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 6. . together with rhythmic music and body painting. this trance-inducing ability of dance comes from human evolutionary past and includes as well a phenomenon of military drill[4] which is also based on shared rhythmic and monotonous group activity.2. Joseph Jordania recently suggested.2 The influence of African American dance Origins and history Main article: History of dance Ancient Greek bronze statuette of a veiled and masked dancer. In this state hominids were losing their individual identity and were acquiring collective identity. It is not possible to say when dance became part of human culture.2.2nd century BC. that dance. found in Alexandria.[2] Jonathan Pieslak's research shows.1.

[5] Another early use of dance may have been as a precursor to ecstatic trance states in healing rituals. Kandyan dances originated 250 years ago. from a magic ritual that broke the spell on a bewitched king. Archeology delivers traces of dance from prehistoric times such as the 9. It is also linked to the origin of "love making.[6] Sri Lankan dances goes back to the mythological times of aboriginal yingyang twins and "yakkas" (devils). 3300 BC. and ethnic dance. dance was one of the methods of passing these stories down from generation to generation. According to a Sinhalese legend.Dance has certainly been an important part of ceremony.000 year old Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka paintings in India and Egyptian tomb paintings depicting dancing figures from c. Dance is still used for this purpose by many cultures from the Brazilian rainforest to the Kalahari Desert. celebrations andentertainment since before the birth of the earliest human civilizations. ceremonial. One of the earliest structured uses of dances may have been in the performance and in the telling of myths. Partner Dancing in Art Dance at Bougival byPierre-Auguste Renoir(1882–83) . Many contemporary dance forms can be traced back to historical. rituals. It was also sometimes used to show feelings for one of the opposite gender. traditional." Before the production of written languages.

salsa. social dance etc. Dance presented with music may or may not be performed in time to the music depending on the style of dance. disco. Dance performed without music is said to be danced to its own rhythm[citation needed]. partner dance and group dance. . others. erotic dance.electronica and hip-hop. such as classical music and classical ballet. This paired development has continued through the ages with dance/music forms such as: jig. developed separately. it can also be presented independently or provide its own accompaniment (tap dance). Ballroom dancing is a dance art form which combines athletic fitness with artistically skillful dance steps. tango. performance dance. Some musical genres have a parallel dance form such as baroque music and baroque dance. Although dance is often accompanied by music.1893) Classification and genres Main articles: List of basic dance topics and List of dances Dance categories by number of interacting dancers are mainly solo dance. Dance is performed for various purposes like ceremonial dance. Dancing and music See also: Category:Music genres Many early forms of music and dance were created and performed together.Eadweard Muybridge's phenakistoscope "A Couple Waltzing" (c. waltz.

Indonesia Morris dancing in the grounds of Wells Cathedral. England An amateur dancesport competition at MIT .Wells.Saman Dance from Gayo people of Sumatra.

By the late 20th century the recognition of practical knowledge as equal to academic knowledge led to the emergence of practice research and practice as research. Major types of dance competitions include:  Competitive dance. that only permit a single dance style. Cuba. and tap. highland dance. monetary prizes. distinguished primarily by the style or styles of dances performed. and Dance moves In the early 1920s.ballet.  Dancesport. jazz. or dance-movement therapy Dance and technology: new media and performance technologies Laban Movement Analysis and somatic studies Academic degrees are available from BA (Hons) to PhD and other postdoctoralfellowships. . are permitted.    Dance therapy. in 2008 Dance studies and techniques See also: Dance theory. in which a variety of theater dance styles such as: acro. etc. with some dance scholars taking up their studies as mature studentsafter a professional dance career. that permit a wide variety of dance styles. lyrical. postcolonial theory. area studies. and Irish dance. critical theory. Dance competitions A dance competition is an organized event in which contestants perform dances before a judge or judges for awards. and in some cases. Today these studies are an integral part of many universities' arts and humanities programs.Professional dancers at the Tropicana Club. A large range of dance courses are available including:    Professional practice: performance and technical skills Practice research: choreography and performance Ethnochoreology. dance team. which is focused exclusively on ballroom and latin dance. Musical analysisand history) began to be considered an academic discipline. gender studies. There are several major types of dance competitions.  Single-style competitions.cultural studies. Popular examples of this are TV programs Dancing with the Stars and Strictly Come Dancing. ethnography. hip- hop. A popular example of this is the TV program So You Think You Can Dance. Choreography.Havana. dance studies (dance practice.  Open competitions. encompassing the dance-related aspects of: anthropology. such as.

for we are the stuff that dance is made of. Action . ideas. reflexes. organs. emotions and identity and the outer realm of expression and communication. balance. When we look at a dancer's whole body we might consider the overall shape design. Whether watching dance or dancing ourselves. we shift back and forth between the inner~outer sense of body. * In dance. for example. then. the body is the mobile figure or shape. is the most personal of all the arts . The renowned dance critic Walter Terry commented: No paints nor brushes. It is born in our body. marbles nor chisels. exists in our body and dies in our body.Today. pianos or violins are needed to make this art. We could describe how the skeletal system or breath is used. The Elements of Dance: Body The art of dance takes place in and through the human body. The body is the conduit between the inner realm of Intentions. it springs from the very breath of life. . . seen by others. is it symmetrical? twisted? Another way to describe the body in dance is to consider the body systems—muscles. there are various dances and dance show competitions on television and the Internet. breath. bones. The body is sometimes relatively still and sometimes changing as the dancer moves in place or travels through the dance area. Dancers may emphasize specific parts of their body in a dance phrase or their whole body. Dance. felt by the dancer.

For example. Movement that travels through space is broadly called locomotor movement in contrast to axial movement. Dancers may also revise or embellish movement they have learned from others. while a “sashay” in American Square Dance might be called a “chassé” in Ballet or an “undercurve” in Modern Dance technique. level. so action refers not only to steps and sequences.Dancers interact with space in myriad ways. which occurs in one spot. They may stay in one place and move parts of their body or their whole body. carries. and even everyday movements such as walking. we can also describe it as a “slide” since that essential characteristic is present in all those steps. Dancers may also orient their movement towards objects or in relation to natural settings. Dancers may choose movement that has been done before. and pathways of their movements. facial movements. . Dancers may focus their movement and attention outwardly to the space or inwardly. Space There are countless variations and combinations of ways that movement can occur in space. Dance is made up of streams of movement and pauses.Action is any human movement included in the act of dancing—it can include dance steps. size. and catches. into themselves. or they may add their own original movements to the existing dance movement vocabulary. Understanding and discussing action does not require extensive dance terminology since movement can be categorized and described according to its qualities. or they may travel from one place to another. lifts. The dance may take place in one corner of a stage or in a big open circle outdoors with the entire community surrounding the dancers. but also to pauses and moments of relative stillness. The line of travel may be quite direct towards one or more points in space or indefinite and meandering. They may alter the direction.

over. or brief to long duration. Much of western music uses repeating patterns (2/4 or 3/4 for example). fast to slow speed. through. Dance movements may also show different timing relationships such as simultaneous or sequential timing. Dancers may take sight cues from each other to start the next phrase or use a shared sense of sensed time to end a dance. Energy . Spatial relationships between dancers or between dancers and objects are the basis for design concepts such as beside. around. but the patterns are characteristically more inconsistent and unpredictable. The inherent rhythms in our movement and our aural landscape are a rich source of variation in dance. They may even take cues from an event such as a train whistle during an outdoor dance performance. near or far. Rhythmic patterns may be metered or free rhythm.Sometimes dances are created for specific locations such as an elevator or on a barge for sitebased performances. sensed time. but the concepts of time and meter are used very differently throughout the world. and eventsequence. Time may also be organized in other ways including clock time. Time The keyword for the element of time is when. but not as consistently as in a meter. Breath and waves are examples of rhythms in nature that repeat. Human movement is naturally rhythmic in the broad sense that we alternate activity and rest. in front of. Spoken word and conversation have rhythm and dynamics. or accents in predictable or unpredictable intervals.

it's so hard to choose just one. Perhaps more so than the other elements. Ballet Digital Vision / Getty Images Ballet serves as a backbone for many other styles of dance. Sometimes differences in the use of energy are easy to perceive.. tension. A delicate touch might appear affectionate or uncertain. as many other dance genres are based on ballet. Check out this list of dance genres and see which one appeals to you. and several types of energy may be concurrently in play. Some types of energy can be expressed in words. For example. there may be a few you haven't even considered.Energy is about how—it refers to the force of an action and can mean both the physical and psychic energy that drives and characterizes movement. If you are thinking of trying out a new dance style. A dancer may step into an arabesque position with a sharp. Energy choices may also reveal emotional states. . heavy or light. tight or loose. Ballet dancers have the ability to transport an audience to another world. energy taps into the nonverbal yet deeply communicative realm of dance. others spring from the movement itself and are difficult to label with language. and it may be powerful or gentle. flowing ease. There are many fun types of dance. A run might be free flowing or easily stopped. Dance seems to be a lot like ice cream flavors. Choices about energy include variations in movement flow and use of force. Ballet uses music and dance to tell stories. Energy may change in an instant. and weight.. you may need to sample a few to find your favorite. or perhaps suggest concern. other times these differences can be quite subtle and ambiguous. Ballet is based on techniques that have been developed over centuries. a powerful push might be aggressive or playfully boisterous depending on the intent and situation. percussive attack or with light.

Facebook. locking and krumping. spin and jump together.net 19th Cent." How can you tell if a song swings? Swing dancers know when a song swings because when they hear it. Improvisation and personal interpretation are essential to hip-hop dancing. that evolved from the hip-hop culture. they can't stand still. Hip-Hop Photodisc / Getty Images Hip-hop is a dance style.com/ Jazz Stockbyte / Getty Images Jazz is a fun dance style that relies heavily on originality and improvisation. including body isolations and contractions. Many jazz dancers mix different styles into their dancing. Jazz dancing often uses bold.Ads Looking for Maximum Dance?Find Maximum Dance on Facebook.Rome (Italy) August 1-8 2012ilteatrodellamemoria.wordpress. or music that "swings. Buy Now & Savewww. Swing dancing is a general term that means dancing to swing music.com Stars Dancewear Deal:Hot Selection. focusing instead on the expression of inner feelings. incorporating their own expression. Modern Photodisc / Getty Images Modern dance is a dance style that rejects many of the strict rules of classical ballet. emphasizing creativity in choreography and performance. Tap dancers use their feet like drums to create rhythmic patterns and timely beats.StarsDancewear. and even house dance. Free Shipping on Orders over $150. Sign Up Free Now! www. Modern dance was created as a rebellion against classical ballet. Hip-hop includes various moves such as breaking. Swing Swing dance is a lively dance style in which couples swing. social DancesWorkshop with Paolo Di Segni . popping. Tap Donna Ward/Stringer / Getty Images Tap dancing is an exciting form of dance in which dancers wear special shoes equipped with metal taps. dramatic body movements. usually danced to hip-hop music. Contra Dance Photodisc / Getty Images .

arm and body movements. Contra dances are relaxed with family-like atmospheres. Baile. guitar playing.com Learn to Sail MontaukIntro to Sailing. The true origins of belly dancing are debated among enthusiasts. Ads Summer Dance IntensiveVermont Performing Experience for Dancers ages 11 and upwww.com Belly Dance Photodisc / Getty Images Belly dance is a unique form of dance characterized by sharp. active people with a love of dance. you've probably seen a few cowboy boot-wearing dancers twirling around the dance floor with big smiles on their faces. Latin Dance .Keel Boat Courses. and dancers can set their own pace.Betty Ann Sather / Great Meadow Music Contra dance is a form of American folk dance in which the dancers form two parallel lines and perform a sequence of dance movements with different partners down the length of the line. Teen Camp. Flamenco is a Spanish art consisting of three forms: Cante. If you've ever been to a country and western club or tavern. The dancing is excellent exercise. the dance. and Guitarra. Flamenco Jess Alford / Getty Images Flamenco dance is an expressive dance form that mixes percussive footwork with intricate hand. the song. Contra dancers are usually friendly.BurklynBallet. Country and Western Michael Buckner / Getty Images Country and western dance includes several dance forms. . usually danced to country-western music. rolling movements of the hips and abdomen.sailmontauk.Private Lessons and more!www.

Maypole dance. square dance. as opposed to being made up by a choreographer. English country dance.What Is Contra Dance • Line Dance . hip movements are not intentional in any of the Latin dances. There are several types of folk dance including clogging. Guang Niu / Getty Images Readers Respond:Favorite Style of Dance Read responses (48) Share Your Favorite Suggested Reading • FREE Dance Newsletter • Dance Forum • Dance Home Page Suggested Reading • Become a Dancer • Before You Buy Dance Gear and Dance Clothing • Adult Dancers Related Articles • Contra Dance . However. Irish dance.Stockbyte / Getty Images Latin dance is a fast-paced. Morris dance. partner dance characterized by sexy hip movements.What Age for Contra Dancing • Line Dance . The hip motion is a natural consequence of changing weight from one foot to the other. international folk dance. Folk dances are often performed at social events.Learn How to Line Dance • Contra Dance . often sensual. Folk Dance Folk dance refers to a variety of dances developed by groups or communities.Line Dance Tips Treva Bedinghaus Dance Guide • Sign up for My Newsletter • Headlines • Forum Dance Ads • Ballroom Dance Classes • Ballroom Dance Shoes • Dance Shoes • Hip Hop Dance • Salsa Dance Lesson Advertisement . Nordic polska dance. and many more.What Is Contra Dance • Contra Dance .

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