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WAVELET TRANSFORMATION TOOL PLUG-IN FOR PETREL

USERS GUIDE
SCHLUMBERGER INFORMATION SOLUTIONS

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ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT


This document provides instructions for the use of the Wavelet Transformation Tool plug-in for Petrel. It also provides instructions to operate the plug-in.

COPYRIGHT NOTICES AND DISCLAIMERS


Wavelet Transformation Tool for Petrel, Copyright Schlumberger. All rights reserved. No part of this user documentation may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or translated in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, without prior written permission of Schlumberger Information Solutions, 5599 San Felipe, Suite 100, Houston, TX. 77056-2722.

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Contents
1. Overview ..........................................................................................................................................................4 1.1 Location of Wavelet Transformation Tool process ...................................................................................4 1.2 The process dialog .....................................................................................................................................5 1.3 Folder structure ..........................................................................................................................................7 2. Tutorial: Creating a Decomposed Seismic Cube .............................................................................................9 3. Help and support information ...................................................................................................................... 13

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User Manual 1. Overview


The "Wavelet Transformation Tool" plug-in (Version: 1.0.0) for Petrel 2010 provides tools for spectral decomposition of seismic data by Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) or Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT). Spectral analysis is an important signal processing tool for seismic data. The transformation of a seismogram into the frequency domain is the basis for a significant number of processing algorithms and interpretive methods. However, for seismograms whose frequency content varies with time, a simple 1-D (Fourier) frequency transformation is not sufficient. Improved spectral decomposition in frequency-time (FT) space is provided by the sliding window (short time) Fourier transform, although this method suffers from the time frequency resolution limitation. Recently developed transforms, based on the new mathematical field of wavelet analysis, bypass this resolution limitation and offer superior spectral decomposition. The continuous wavelet transform with its scale-translation plane is conceptually best understood when contrasted to a Short Time Fourier Transform. Wavelet transform has become a widely adopted interpretation tool for reservoir description and has been used in seismic data analysis and attribute extraction. With wavelet transform, the distribution of the lithology can be identified based on 3D seismic data, and hence well placement can be further optimized. By cutting a slice with certain frequency along the target layer, the lithology distribution with corresponding thickness can be obtained. Repeating this for frequency scanning, we can get distribution of different thickness. In this process, proper decomposition method is critical. Compared with other methods, it has explicit physical meaning and can match the signal to be analyzed furthest. So it is optimal selection for both signal noise separation and high frequency depict. The "Wavelet Transformation Tool" plug-in allows the user to perform spectral decomposition by six different algorithms. These are divided in two broad categories, Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) and Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT). Under CWT group, user has the option of choosing Morlet, Ricker, or Haar wavelets. These different wavelets have different properties that may be suited for different data and different frequencies. Similarly, for STFT, user has the options of selecting Rectangular, Hanning or Gaussian window.

1.1 Location of Wavelet Transformation Tool process


The Wavelet Transformation Tool process is launched by double-clicking on the process under the Petrels "Processes" tab under the "Geophysics" heading (Figure 1).
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Figure 1: Wavelet Transformation Tool

1.2 The process dialog


The "Wavelet Transformation Tool" process creates decomposed results folder in the Input pane of main petrel window, where settings of the process are stored. To create a decomposed 3D cube, inline/xline or 2D line, following steps should be performed: 1. Input the 3D cube, inline/xline or 2D line which needs to be decomposed. 2. Choose the Method type. User can select CWT for Continuous Wavelet Transform and STFT for Short Time Fourier Transform. 3. Set the frequency value, since both the transform will need a unique frequency (range: 1-125 Hz) around the zone of interest, over which the algorithm of wavelet transform will be performed. 4. If CWT is selected as method type then Wavelet dropdown gets enabled. User can select either of Morlet, Ricker and Haar as a type to perform Wavelet transform using Continuous Wavelet Transform. If STFT is selected as method type then Window dropdown gets enabled and user can select either of Rectangular, Hanning or Gaussian windows to perform Short Time Fourier Transform. 5. If users need to realize the resultant output, they can check the Realize option and select the folder where they want to export the output in SEGY and/or ZGY (Only for 3D cube) format.

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The "Wavelet Transformation Tool" process dialog is shown on the Figure 2.

Figure 2: Wavelet Transformation Tool process dialog.

The plug-in dialog contains three main sections: 1. Input section The input section contains Cube. 2. Parameters section The parameters section allows defining the parameters for the decomposition. Plug-in implement wavelet transform technique using Continuous Wavelet Transform method or Short Time Fourier Transform method. User will provide information about the frequency value around the zone of interest over which the algorithm of spectral decomposition will be performed. In case of CWT, Morlet
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button, to provide the Seismic 2D Line, Inline/Xline or 3D

wavelet is suited for all frequencies but produces poor time resolution at lower frequencies, whereas Ricker wavelet has shown to produce better result with seismic data at lower frequencies. Similarly the user has the option of choosing different window function for Fourier Transform (STFT) namely Rectangular Window, Hanning Window and Gaussian Hill". These may produce slight variation in the result which user may wish to see. 3. Output section The output section facilitates to export the results in two different formats- SEGY and ZGY. User can check the Realize option which will enable other two (SEGY and/or ZGY) checkboxes and user can browse to the file path where the output can be saved. Seismic 3D cube can be saved in both formats at a time, whereas inline, xline or 2D line can be saved in SEGY format only. The command bar of the process dialog window contains the following buttons: Apply (or ALT+A) Perform decomposition and save the decomposed results in the Input pane of Petrel. Ok (or ALT+O) Perform decomposition, save the template and close the plug-in UI. Cancel (or ALT+C) Close the plug-in, no saving unless Apply button is used previously.

1.3 Folder structure


The result of the wavelet transformation is added to the survey collection which is named as "Wavelet Transformation Results". In this survey collection, 3 seismic collections are added namely, SeisemicCubeSpectrogram, Seismic2DLineSpectrograms and InlineOrXline Spectrograms, when corresponding spectrograms are generated by the user. Structure of seismic collection spectrograms is explained below: 1) SeismicCubeSpectrograms : When wavelet transformation is performed on a seismic cube, the resultant cube of the spectrogram is added to the this seismic collection. Under this collection another seismic collection by the name of the seismic cube is added. For example, if the user has selected a seismic cube named "Test" then the Seismic collection will be named Test. Under this new seismic collection, the spectrogram is added as a seismic cube with naming convention as, "Freq" << Frequency>>_<<Transform method>>_<<window/wavelet>> "Frequency" is the frequency provided as input at which Spectral Decomposition is performed, "Transform method" is the process viz. CWT or STFT and "window/wavelet" is the type of wavelet viz. Morlet, Ricker or Haar; or type of window viz. Rectangular, Hanning or Gaussian.

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Ex. "Freq30_CWT_Morlet" means the result is for 30 Hz, CWT and Morlet Wavelet. 2) 2DLineSpectrograms: When wavelet transformation is performed on a seismic 2D line, the resultant 2DLineSpectrogram is added to this seismic collection. Under this seismic collection, a seismic line 2D collection by the name of the seismic 2D line over which the wavelet transformation is performed is added. Under this seismic line 2D collection the spectrogram is added with file name convention as, "Freq"_<< Frequency>>_<<Transform method>>_<<window/wavelet>> "Frequency" is the frequency at which wavelet transformation is performed, "Transform method" is the process viz. CWT or STFT and "Method" is the type of wavelet viz. Morlet, Ricker or Haar; or type of window viz. Rectangular, Hanning or Gaussian. Ex. Freq45_STFT_Hanning means the result is for 45 Hz, STFT and Hanning Window. 3) InlineOrXlineSpectrograms: When wavelet transformation is performed on an inline or xline of a seismic cube, the resultant inline/xline spectrogram is added to this seismic collection. Under this seismic collection another collection by the name of the parent seismic cube of the inline/xline is added. Under this, two more new seismic collections by the name inlines and/or xlines are present, which contain the results for the corresponding inline or xline data respectively. Under the collections inlines or xlines, the 2D spectrogram is added as a seismic line 2D collection with file name convention as, <<Inline/Xlinename>>_"Freq" <<Frequency>>_<<Transform>>_<<wavelet/window>> "Frequency" is the frequency at which wavelet transformation is performed, "Transform" is the process viz. CWT or STFT and "Method" is the type of wavelet viz. Morlet, Ricker or Haar; or type of window viz. Rectangular, Hanning or Gaussian. Ex. Inline 113_Freq45_STFT_Hanning means the result is for Inline113, 45 Hz, STFT and Hanning Window.

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Figure 3: Folder structure of Results

2. Tutorial: Creating a Decomposed Seismic Cube


In this tutorial we will use the "Wavelet transformation tool" process to create decomposed cube with demo dataset. The dataset is Petrel 2010.2 project and contains a seismic survey with a seismic cube named "Test" in it (Figure 4):

Figure 4: Input data.

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1. Open the tutorial project Tutorial.pet. Check availability of the input data that will be used in the tutorial. Under the Seismic folder you will find "Test" which contains "Inline562" and "Xline430". This cube will be used for decomposition (transformation). 2. Double click on the Wavelet transformation tool process in the Processes pane. 3. Drop the Cube Test from Input tab to the Input section in the dialog by selecting the cube and clicking on button as shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5: Input cube.

4. Next we need to define parameters Select CWT as method, which is also the default selection, by clicking on the radio button. Select Frequency value as 15 Hz. This belongs to the zone of interest over which the algorithm of spectral decomposition will be performed. Select Morlet as the mother wavelet in the Wavelet dropdown box to perform Continuous Wavelet Transform.
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Figure 6 shows all the parameters selected.

Figure 6: Define Parameters.

5. Check Realize option to export the results and select SEGY as desired format. In the File path box browse to the Lab folder location on the hard drive of target machine, as shown in Figure 7.

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Figure 7: Export Output.

6. Press Apply button located in the bottom of the window to create new decomposed seismic cube as shown in Figure 8. Click OK to save results and close window.

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Figure 8: Decomposed Seismic Cube

Now you have the decomposed cube in the input tree which can be used for interpretation of direct hydrocarbon indicator- occurrence of low frequency shadows below the reservoir.

3. Help and support information


The "Wavelet Transformation Tool" plug-in (Version: 1.0.0) is provided by Schlumberger. For support information contact Schlumberger Information Solutions support on your location or write request to the next e-mail: customercarecenter@slb.com.

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