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# Experiment 17

A Differentiator Circuit

## investigate the input-to-output relationship of an op amp differentiator circuit.

Analysis
Derive input-to-output relationship of the amplifier circuit shown in Figure 1. V_o = -R1*C1*omega*V_i*(t-pi/2) Which trim pot is required such that the circuit may be adjusted to have a unity scaling factor for a sine wave at 1500 Hz? 10 kOhm To obtain a unity scaling factor for a sine wave at 1500 Hz: Rtrimpot = 1.061 kOhm Calculated component values R1 R2 C1 C2 1.061 kOhm 531 Ohm 0.1 F 0.03 uF

## To attach calculation either insert a text box or picture of tablet-written calculations.

Attach the required Pspice circuits and outputs Complete the following table using the results from the

Frequency (f_unity)

500 Hz
1000 Hz 1500 Hz 2000 Hz 2500 Hz 3000 Hz

Practical differentiator

Ideal Differentiator

## llowing table using the results from the PSpice simulations

Value of R1to obtain unity Value of R1to obtain unity gain: Ideal Differentiator gain: Practical Differentiator 3 kOhm 6 kOhm 3 kOhm 1.8 kOhm 2.2 kOhm 1.25 kOhm 1.6 kOhm 1 kOhm 1.25 kOhm 900 Ohm 1.05 kOhm 820 Ohm

Measurements
Ideal Differentiator
Frequency 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Trim pot Resistance 320 Ohm 1.52 kOhm 1.01 kOhm 755 Ohm 605 Ohm 562 Ohm Phase shift -90 degrees -89.9 degrees -89.6 degrees -89.3 degrees -89.3 degrees -89.5 degrees

Practical Differentiator
Frequency 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Trim pot Resistance 3.10 kOhm 1.60 kOhm 1.18 kOhm 974 Ohm 795 Ohm 771 Ohm Phase shift -99.9 degrees -109.2 degrees -117.3 degrees -124.4 degrees -130.3 degrees -135.7 degrees

## Attach screenshots from the oscilloscope output

Conclusion
Using the circuit in figure 1, do your PSpice results agree with the condition R1C1 = 1 Yes it does Using the circuit in figure 2, do your PSpice results agree with the condition R1C1 = 1 yes, it does

What effect do R2 and C2 have on the performance of the circuit in Figure 1 compared to the circuit in Figure 2 between 500 a merely unchanging

Do your experimental observations of the ideal differentiator agree with your PSpice models and the derivation present in th yes it does

Do your experimental observations of the practical differentiator agree with your PSpice models and the derivation present in yes it does Notes: