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C-LANGUAGE NOTES

Some words about Computer Programming languages Naturally a language is the source of communication between two persons, and also between person to machine like computer. The languages we can use to communicate with the computer are known as Computer programming languages. Generally there are two major types of languages are available are as follows. 1.Low level languages 2.The set of commands available in low level is complex and not easy tounderstandable. In this category " Assembly " and " machine codes " are available. Assembly programs are faster than other high-level language programs.3.High level languages: The set of commands available in high level language is very simple and easy to understandable.High level languages are further divided into two major categories.1.Procedure Oriented language2.In this category we are able to create our project or programs using procedural approach means in this type we can able to divide our big project/program into small subroutines or procedures. After making procedures we can able to call aprocedure one or more places. The lists of procedural languages are as follows: C language C++ (Object Oriented) Java (Objected Oriented) Smalltalk (Objected Oriented) Pascal language 3. Non-Procedural Languages: This category also known as Problem Oriented languages. In this type of languages we can able to make program only at specific range like database. The followings are the examples of Non procedural languages 1.SQL (Structured Query Language)2.SNOBOL (String processor) C LanguageHistory Developed at Bell Laboratories. first standard version release in 1972. Developed by Dennis Richee.Before c a Programming language is very popular in those days the name of the language is B-Language so the developers decided the name of C languagebecause C is next toB.The Integrated Development Environment (IDE):Turbo c features as integrated Development environment, or IDE,. It is also referred to as the programmers platform.) in IDE you can able to write/save/open your programs or code, compile using short cut keys, and also perform code debugging very easily. IDE Common Short cut Keys Description F2 press to Save current work F3 press to open an existing file ALT-F3 press to close current ALT-F9 press to compile only ALT-F5 press to view the desired output of the program. CTRL-F9 press to compile+run ALT-X or ALT-F-X press to exit from TC IDE C Programs Skeleton (General) <Preprocessor Directives (some time necessary)> <Macros Definition (optional)><functiondeclaration> < Global Variable (on your demand)> main () (Necessary) { statements } < function definition>{ }Remember Some common rules for writing C program Use all commands or statements in lower or small case. After completion of a statement excluding main() or loops must insert (semicolon) as a statement terminator. Dont use/declare identifier or variable name same as statement name suppose int include ; this is a wrong statement because include has a special meaning in the language. Header Files or Preprocessor Directivescontains references or links of library functions. That is built-in in the C language. Suppose if you want to use a function clrscr() ; in the main function so must bedeclared on top # include <conio.h> other wise you could have aprototype error. Some header files are as follows Stdio.h Conio.h Dos.h String.h Stdlib.h And many more header files are available in C void main(void) Every C programs consists of one or more functions. No matter how many functions there are in a C program , main is the one to which control is passed from the operating system when the program is run ; it is the first function of 24 Leave a Comment You must be logged in to leave a comment. Submit Characters: 400 Sandeep Kumar nice thanks for that about 19 hours ago Naveed Khan great 04 / 30 / 2012 Idrees Gonga very good 04 / 20 / 2012 Swetha Chinni good 04 / 14 / 2012 Divu Dasari good 04 / 12 / 2012 Ankita Baruah unavailable to download 03 / 16 / 2012 Sohaib Jee can't download :( 09 / 03 /2011 Shaista Parveen nice 06 / 14 / 2011

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