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OSIRISANDTHERESURRECTION.

LXXXV
men and women to be born again", thenew birth
being
the birth
into the l if e which is beyond the
grave ; and being hims el f everl as ting he had power
to bes tow eternal exis tence upon his f ol l owers .
Concerning the f orm in whichOs iris ros ef romthe
deadthetexts ares il ent,andnothingis s aidas tothe
natureof his bodyintheunderworl d ; thathedwel t
inthematerial bodywhichwas his uponearththere
is noreas onwhatevertos uppos e,f ortherearein-
dications inthetexts whichpointtoadef initebel ief
intheres urrectionof as piritual body,bothinthe
cas eof thegodandof men
. Bef ore,however,this
pointis toucheduponref erencemus tbemadetothe
ideas whichtheEgyptians hel dconcerningthecom-
ponentparts of man's entity,material ,s piritual ,and
mental
. Thephys ical ormaterial body,cal l ed
hhat,
was l iabl etodecay,andcoul donl ybepres ervedby
mummif ying ;
bothgods andmanpos s es s edbodies of
this nature
. Whenthematerial bodyhadbeenbrought
tothetombf orburial ,providedthatthepres cribed
prayers hadbeens aidoveritandthepropercere-
monies hadbeendul yperf ormedbythepries ts ,it
acquiredthepowerof s endingf orthf romits el f abody,
cal l ed s al nr,
whichwas abl etoas cendtoheavenand
todwel l withthegods there
. Theonl ys uitabl eren-
deringf ortheword s hrhu
is "s piritual body",andthis
meaningf its verywel l intothetrans l ationof thetexts
wherethewordis f ound
. TheeducatedEgyptian
neverbel ievedthatthematerial bodywoul dris e
LXXXVI

INTRODUCTION.
againandtakeupanewl if e,f orhewel l unders tood
thatf l es handbl oodcoul dnotinheritimmortal ity . It
has beenurgedbys omethatthecus tomof mummi-
f yingthedead,whichobtainedthroughoutEgyptf or
s omanythous ands of years ,was maintainedbecaus e
theEgyptianbel ievedintheres urrectionof thema-
terial body,butitis nots o ; theymummif iedtheir
deads impl ybecaus etheybel ievedthats piritual bodies
woul d"germinate"inthem. Ins everal pl aces itis
dis tinctl ys aidthatthe"s oul is inheaven,andthe
bodyuponearth",'andeventhedeadbodyof Os iris
hims el f res teduponearthinHel iopol is (s eep . 290) ;
el s ewhere'itis s aidtothedeceas ed,"Thys oul is
"inheavenbef oreRa,thy KA
hathwhats houl dbe
"giventoitwiththegods ,thys axubathpower (or
"is gl orious )withthe KHUS, andthybody (khat)is
"s tabl is hedintheunderworl d
Itis pos s ibl e
thatcertains impl ef ol kmayhavebeenl edtobel ieve
thatbecaus emeatof f erings anddrinkof f erings in
abundanceweretakentothetombs thedeceas ed
mus tnatural l ypartakeof them,anditis morethan
probabl ethattheEgyptians inas emi-s avages tate
mades uchof f erings becaus etheybel ievedthemne-
ces s aryf ortheirdead .
Theof f erings takentothetombwereintendedf or
the ka of thedeceas ed. Theword ka
has f ormedthe
s ubjectof s everal l earneddis s ertations byvarious s cho-
i . Amongothers s ee Recueil deTravaux, t . IV
. P . 7 1 (1
. 5 8 2) .
2 . Liebl ein, Quemonnomeuris s e, p. 2,1 . z f f . andp .
1 7 ,
1 . z f f .
OSIRIS ANDTHE RESURRECTION.

LXXXVII
l ars , anditis nowgeneral l yrenderedby"doubl e" ;
it
has its equival entintheCopticnwandintheGreek
Et~ coX ', andincertainpl aces mayberenderedby
al l themeanings of thes eequival ents . This abs tract
individual ityorpers onal itypos s es s edal l theattributes
of themanhims el f ,and,thoughits normal dwel l ing-
pl acewas inthetombal ongwiththebody,itcoul d
wanderaboutatwil l ; itwas independentof theman
towhomitbel ongedandcoul devengoanddwel l
inthes tatueof aman. The ka
coul dbotheatand
drink,andataveryearl yperiodas mal l chamber
was s pecial l ypreparedf oritinthehal l of thetomb ;
this was providedwithanopeningthroughwhichit
mights nuf f thes mel l of theincens eandotherof f er-
ings madetherein,anditwas thedutyof certain
members of thepries thoodtominis terdul yandre-
gul arl ytoits needs . Whenactual of f erings f ail edit
woul ds eemthatthe ka f eduponthos ewhichwere
paintedors cul ptureduponthewal l s andal tars in
thetomb,andwhenthes ewerewantingitappears
thatitmightevenbereducedtoeatingof f al and
drinkingf il thywater .
Connectedins omeinexpl icabl ewaywiththe ka
was the 6 a, ors oul ,whichaccordingtos ometexts
is s aidtoeatof thef uneral of f erings al ongwiththe
ka, inwhomorwithwhomitwas s uppos edtodwel l ,
butaccordingtoothers itas cendedintoheavenwhere
itl ivedwithRdandthebeatif ied(l ead. Fromone
pointof viewitis notamaterial thing,andf rom
LXXXVIII

INTRODUCTION.
anotheritis atangibl ething ; itis depictedas a
human-headedhawk,andinaVignetteintheP apyrus
of Nebqet(ed . DeveriaandP ierret,pl . 3)itis s een
f l yingdownthef uneral pitbearingairandf oodto
themummif iedbody,l yinginthemummychamber,
towhichitbel ongs
. The 6 a
coul dl eaveits pl acein
heavenandvis itthebodywheneveritpl eas ed,and
ithadpowertoas s umeanyf ormwhichitpl eas ed .
Certainof thecharacteris tics of the ba weres hared
bytheheart, rib, whichwas bel ievedtobethes ource
bothof l if eandof goodandevil inman . Thepre-
s ervationof theheartwas of thef irs timportance,
ands everal Chapters of theBookof theDeadwere
compos edwiththeobjectof keepingitoutof the
cl utches of the"s teal ers of hearts " . IntheJudgment
Sceneitis theonememberof thebodywhichis
s ingl edoutf ors pecial examination,andthel arge
numbers of heartamul ets whicharepres ervedinthe
national col l ections of Egyptianantiquities tes tif yto
theanxietywhichtheEgyptians f el tas toits s e-
curity.
Withthe ba, ors oul ,the khaibit, ors hadow,is
of tenmentioned,andits eems tohavebeennouris hed
bytheof f erings whichweremadeinthetombof the
mantowhomitbel onged . Ithadanexis tenceapart
f romthebody,andl ikethe ka,
ordoubl e,itcoul d
wanderwhereveritpl eas ed . Aninteres tingpas s age
concerningthes hadowis f oundintheXCIIndChapter
of theBookof theDeadwherethedeceas edprays :-
OSIRISANDTHERESURRECTION
. LXXXIX
"0keepnotcaptivemys oul ,0keepnotwardover
"mys hadow,butl etawaybeopenedf ormys oul
"andf ormys hadow,andl etthems eetheGreat
"Godinthes hrineonthedayof thejudgmentof
"s oul s ,andl etthemrecitetheutterances of Os iris ,
"whos ehabitations arehidden,tothos ewhoguard
"themembers of Os iris ,andwhokeepwardoverthe
"Nits ,
andwhohol dcaptivethes hadows of thedead
"whowoul dworkevil agains tme"(s eep
.
1 5 2).
Anotherintegral partof amanwas the
khu, or
"s hining",trans l ucentcovering(? )of thes piritual body,
whichdwel tinheavenwiththegods
. Itis dif f icul t
toexpl ainits exactrel ations hiptothedoubl e,and
thes oul ,andtheheart,andthes hadow,butincer-
tainpas s ages inwhichthewordoccurs its eems as
if ithads omecl os econnexionwiththes oul ,f orit
is mentionedal ongwithit
.
Ins everal pas s ages ,bothinearl yandl atetexts ,
the s ekhem
of amanis mentionedwiththe
6 a, or
s oul ,ands ometimes withboththe
ka,
ordoubl e,and
the ba.
Oneof themeanings of s ekhem is "f orm"or
"s tatue",butanothermeaningis "power",andit
s eems as if theEgyptians conceivedtheideaof the
powerorvital f orceof amanl iving,withhimin
heaven
. Thegods weres uppos edtopos s es s doubl es ,
ands oul s ,ands hadows ,andhearts ,and
khus , • but
itis doubtf ul if theywereendowedwith
s ekhemu ;
itis probabl ethattheywerenot
; manyof them
werethems el ves s ekhemnu
or"P owers " .
XC

INTRODUCTION.
There
remains
now but one attribute of amanto
mention,andthatis the ren orname
; inEgypta
mantookthemos textraordinaryprecautions topre-
venthis namef rombeingbl ottedout,f oritwas the
commonbel ief thatunl es s thenameof apers onwere
pres ervedheceas edtoexis t . Al readyintheP yramid
texts ,as Dr . Wiedemannhas pointedout'we f ind
thedeceas edmakings uppl icationthathis namemay
f l ouris h(l iteral l y,germinate)al ongwiththenames of
Tem,Shu,Seb,andothergods ,andthes amedes ire
is expres s edintexts f romthes ixthdynas tydownto
theRomanperiod,whenwef indthatanumberof
papyriwereins cribedwithinvocations tooneormore
gods withthes ol eobjectof makingtof l ouris h 2 the
names of thos ef orwhomtheywerecopied
. The ren,
orname,hads omecl os econnexionwiththe ka, or
doubl e,as maybes eenf romthepas s ageinthetext
of P epiLj
Thus wes eethatthe s ahl t, ors piritual body,the
ka, ordoubl e,the ba, ors oul ,the ab, orheart,the
Nit, ors hiningf orm,the s ekhem, orvital f orce,and
the ren, orname,andthe khaibit, ors hade,wereal l
bel ievedtocomeintoexis tenceaf terdeath,andit
s eems thatthevarious parts whichwehaveenumer-
i . Recueil tieTravaux,tom
. XVII,p . 1 7 .
a
. Aninteres tingcol l ectionof s uchdocuments was publ is hedbyLieb-
l einin1 8 95 entitl ed
Le& reQuemonnonz f l euris s e.
3 . "P epipas s ethonwithhis f l es h,P epiis happywithhis name,P epi
l ivethwithhis ka"(1 . 1 6 9) .
OSIRISANDTHERESURRECTION.

XCI
atedtogethermadeupthes piritual bodywhich"ger-
minated"inthe
khal
ormaterial body
. Thereis l ittl e
doubtthatthebel ief s intheexis tenceof thes evarious
members of thes piritual bodyarenotal l of thes ame
age,andtheyprobabl yrepres ents everal s tages of intel -
l ectual devel opmentonthepartof theEgyptian ; their
originanddevel opmentitis nowimpos s ibl etotrace,
f oral readyinthef if thands ixthdynas ties theirexis -
tenceis acceptedas anaccompl is hedf act
.
Aques tionnatural l yaris es atthis point, as to
whenthis s piritual bodybeganits exis tence ; but
unf ortunatel ynos atis f actoryans wercan atpres ent
begiventoit,f ornotextyetdis covereds uppl ies
theneces s aryinf ormation .
Itis natural tos uppos e
thatthe s dh-it,
ors piritual body,cameintobeingas
ares ul tof theprayers whichwererecitedonthe
dayof theburial of themummif iedbody,andof the
ceremonies whichwereperf ormedatthes ametime .
Ontheotherhand,thereexis tdis tinctproof s that
theEgyptians bel ievedinajudgmentwhichwas to
behel dinthedomainof Os iris ,andwes houl dhardl y
expectthes piritual bodytobeginits careeruntil
af terthetrial of theheartintheBal ance, anduntil
theverdictof thegods atthis Judgmentwas f avour-
abl etothedeceas ed
.
Thewhol eques tionis f ul l of
dif f icul ty,chief l ybecaus etheEgyptians thems el ves
didnot,Iimagine,f ormdef initeideas ons uchs ub-
jects ,orif theydid,theydidnotputtheminwrit-
ing . Itis ,however,perf ectl ycertainthattheybe-
XCII

INTRODUCTION.
l ieved that Os iris had the powerto make men to
be born
af ter
death into a
new l if e, and
that
s uch
l if e
was
everl as ting ; and they as cribed to him this
power becaus e he had hims el f s uf f ered death and
mutil ation and had ris en f rom the dead .
THEJUDGMENTOFTHEDEAD
.
An examination of the papyri ins cribed withthe
Theban
Recens ion
of
the
Book of the Dead s hews
that they may be divided into two cl as s es , viz . , (1 )
thos e inwhichtheChapters of Comingf orthbyDay
areprecededbyIntroductoryHymns toRdandOs iris ,
andbyaJudgmentScene,and (2) thos einwhichthey
areprecededbyas impl eVignetteinwhichthegod
Os iris is s eens eatedwithinas hrine . Theol des tpa-
pyriof theeighteenthdynas ty'l acks uchIntroductory
Hymns andtheJudgmentScene,whichappearmos t
of tenintheil l uminatedpapyriof thel as thal f of the
eighteenthdynas ty
;
theycontinueinthenineteenth
dynas ty,butf requentl yinal es s f ul l f orm . Inthe
ol derRecens ions of theBookof theDeadthereis no
attempttodes cribethejudgmentpictorial l y,andal -
thoughitis prettycertainthateveryEgyptianbel ieved
thathewoul dbejudgedaf terdeath,thereis node-
f inites tatementof thef act
. Itwil l benoticedthata
i . E. g. ,theP apyrus of Nebs eniandtheP apyrus of Nu
.
XCIV

INTRODUCTION.
s ectionof ChapterXXX B
contains thewords ,"My
"heart,mymother ; myheart,mymother!Myheart
"wherebyIcameintobeing!Maynaughts tandupto
"oppos emeatmyjudgment ; maytherebenooppo-
s itiontomeinthepres enceof thes overeignprinces
"[ of Os iris ] ; maytherebenopartingof theef rom
"meinthepres enceof himthatkeepeththeBal ance"
(s eep
. 7 9)
. "Lettherebejoyof heartuntous atthe
"weighingof words . Letnotthatwhichis f al s ebe
"utteredagains tmebef orethegreatgod,thel ord
"of Amentet"(s eep . 8 0). Herecl earl ywehaves ug-
ges tedtheideaof weighingtheheart,as thes ymbol
of thes eatof l if eandthes ourceof goodandevil
actions ,andas amatterof f acttheVignetteof the
Chapter,whichf irs tappears intheeighteenthdy-
nas ty,repres ents thedeceas eds ittinginonepanof
thes cal es andbeingweighedagains this heartwhich
is pl acedintheother . Itis noteas ytos ayexactl y
whatbel ief underl ies this Vignette,butits eems to
indicatethattheguardianof thes cal eweighedthe
bodytos eeif ithadcarriedoutproperl ytheheart's
directions ,andthatif ithaddones oitwoul dcounter-
bal anceexactl ytheheart,andthebeamof thes cal es
woul dbes traight
. This tes tingof thebodyorheart,
orboth,tookpl aceinthepres enceof Os iris onthe
daywhen"words wereweighed" .
IntheP apyrus of Ani(s heet3i)f ours mal l Vig-
nettes accompanytheNegativeConf es s ion,which
f orms partof theCXXVthChapter,andinoneof
THEJUDGMENTOFTHEDEAD.

XCV
thes ewes eetheheartof thedeceas edinonepan
of thebal ance,andaf eather,embl ematicof Right
andTruth,i . e. ,"whatis s traight",intheother . The
godAnubis is tes tingthetongueof thebal ance,and
cl os ebys tands themons terAm-metor"eaterof the
dead" . Herewehaveaproof thatinadditiontothe
weighingof aman's bodyagains this heart,theheart
its el f was weighedagains tRightandTruth,andthat
this s tageof thejudgmental s otookpl aceinthe
pres enceof thegodOs iris ,thejudgeof thedead .
Intheeighteenthdynas ty,if notearl ier,theideaof
thejudgmenttookgreathol dupontheminds of the
Egyptians ,anditf oundexpres s ioninthel argeand
el aborateVignettewhichis pref ixedtothecopies of
theChapters of ComingForthbyDaywhichwere
madeatthis period ; itis ,however,impos s ibl eto
s aywhetherthel argeVignetteis adevel opmentof
thatwhichaccompanies theCXXVthChapter,or
whethereachhadadis tinctorigin . Whenoncethe
ideaof thegreatjudgmentScenehaddevel opedits el f
its eems tohavebeenf el tthatthedeceas edought
nottoenterintotheHal l of judgmentwithouthaving
f irs tutteredwords of prayerandprais etothegreat
gods RatandOs iris ,tothef ormeras thegreates tof
thecos micgods ,andtothel atteras thejudgeand
godof thedead ; hencewerecompos edtheIntro-
ductoryHymns toRaandOs iris ,of whichs everal
exampl es areknown.
Inthehymns toRathedeceas edapos trophiz es
XCVI

INTRODUCTION.
thegl oryandmajes tyof theOnegod,thecreator
of theworl dandal l thatthereinis ,whomanif es ts
hims el f tohis creatures underthef ormof thes un,
bywhos eheatandl ightmenandwomen,beas ts and
f eatheredf owl ,f is handcreepingthings ,trees and
herbs havetheirbeing . Thedarknes s of nightinto
whichthes undis appearedwhenhes etwas pers oni-
f iedas anenemyof thes un,andthedail yvictory
of l ightoverdarknes s was hymnedwithgl adnes s by
his wors hippers . Fromonepointof viewtheEgyp-
tianregardedthecours eof thes unas atypeof his
ownl if e,anddays ymbol iz edl if eandnightdeath ;
theconf l ictinwhichthes unengagedwiththepowers
of darknes s typif iedthes truggl eof thedeceas edwith
his enemies intheunderworl d,andmanhopedthat
hewoul dovercomethemevenas thes unvanquis hed
al l whooppos edhis cours e. Inaf inehymn(s eep . io)
thedeceas eds ays :-"Othoubeautif ul Being,thou
"dos trenewthys el f inthys eas oninthef ormof the
"Dis kwithinthymotherHathor ; theref oreinevery
"pl aceeveryhearts wel l ethwithjoyatthyris ing
"eternal l y0Ra,thedivineman-chil d,theheir
"of eternity,s el f -begottenands el f -born,princeof the
"Tuat,governorof theregions of Aukert, . . . thou
"godof l if e,thoul ordof l ove,al l menl ivewhen
"thous hines t ; thouartcrownedkingof thegods .
"Thos ewhoareinthyf ol l owings inguntotheewith
"joyandbowdowntheirf oreheads totheearth
"whentheymeetthee,thoul ordof heaven,thoul ord
THEJUDGMENTOFTHEDEAD.

XC\ 'II
"of earth,thoukingof RightandTruth,thoul ord
"of eternity,thouprinceof everl as tingnes s ,thous o-
vereignof al l thegods ,thougodof l if e,thoucrea-
torof eternity,thoumakerof heavenwhereinthou
"artf irml yes tabl is hed
. Thecompanyof thegods
"rejoiceatthyris ing,theearthis gl adwhenitbe-
"hol deththyrays ,thepeopl es thathavebeenl ong
"deadcomef orthwithcries of joytos eethybeau-
"ties dail y . . . . TheSerpent-f iend(i . e
. ,Darknes s )
"hathf al l en,his arms arehewnof f ,theknif ehath
"cutas underhis joints . Ral ivethinunchangingand
"eternal l awandorder. "Again,inanotherhymn
(s eep . 8 )weread :-"Thouris es t,thouris es t,thou
"s hines t,thous hines t,thouartcrownedkingof the
"gods . Thouartthel ordof heaven,thouartthel ord
"of earth ; thouartthecreatorof beings cel es tial and
"of beings terres trial . ThouarttheOnegodwhocame
"intobeinginthebeginningof time . Thoudids tcreate
"theearth,thoudids tf as hionman,thoudids tmake
"thewateryabys s of thes ky,thoudids tf orm Hapi
"(i . e . , theNil e),thoudids tcreatethewateryabys s and
"dids tgivel if etoal l thatthereinis . Thouhal tknit
"togetherthemountains ,thouhas tmademankindand
"thebeas ts of thef iel dtocomeintobeing,thouhal t
"madetheheavens andtheearth. Thouartcrowned
"P rinceof heaven,thouarttheOnedowered[ with
"al l s overeignty] whocomes tf orthf romthes ky . Rd
"is victorious !
0thoudivineyouth,thouheir(l iter-
"al l y,f l es handbone)of everl as tingnes s ,thous el f -
'
XCVIII

INTRODUCTION.
"begottenone,0thouwhodids tgivethys el f birth !
"OOne,mighty[ one] ,of myriadf orms andas pects ,
"kingof theworl d,P rinceof Annu,l ordof eternity
"andrul erof everl as tingnes s ,thecompany
of the
"gods rejoicewhenthouris es tandwhenthous ail es t
"acros s thes ky . . . . Thouartunknown,andnotongue
"is worthy (? )todecl arethyl ikenes s ; onl ythouthy-
s el f [ cans tdothis ] . Thouheares twiththineears ,
"andthous ees t -
withthineeyes
. Mil l ions of years
"havegoneovertheworl d ; Icannottel l thenum-
berof thos ethroughwhichthouhas tpas s ed . "From
thes epas s ages itis cl earthattheEgyptians bel ieved
thatthegodwhowas typif iedbythes unwas eter-
nal ,immortal ,andunknown(i . invis ibl e),thathe
createdhims el f ,andtheworl d,andthebeings and
things init ; hewas al s oOneandAl one,andthere
was nonel ikeuntohim,f orthegods ,of whomhe
was king,onl ypos s es s edcertainof his attributes and
characteris tics . Ithas beendeniedbys omethathis
onenes s orunityis thes ameas theunityof God
Al mighty,thoughIbel ievethereis nogoodreas on
f orthis view ; butwhetheritbeornotitis per-
f ectl ycertainthatwhentheEgyptians decl aredthat
theirgodwas Onetheymeantexactl ywhattheHe-
brews meantwhentheydecl aredthatJehovahwas
One,'andwhattheArabs meant,ands til l meanwhen
i . "Hear,0Is rael ,AdonaiourGodis GodOne" („; . )Deutero-
nomyVI
. 4 .
THEJUDGMENTOFTHEDEAD.

XCIX
theycryoutthatAl l ahis One. 'Atal l events the
Onegodof theEgyptians pos s es s edal l thees s ential
attributes of theChris tian's God
.
Inthehymns toOs iris thedeceas edenumerates
thevarious titl es of thegodandmentions his mos t
ancients hrines . Os iris is decl aredtobethes onof
Seb,theearth-god,andof Nut,thes ky-goddes s ,and
"as princeof gods andmen"tohave"receivedthe
crook,andthewhip,andthedignityof his divine
f athers " ; heis thekingof eternityandl ordof ever-
l as tingnes s ,andhis exis tenceis f ormil l ions of years .
Inhis name"Os iris "heis mos tterribl e,andheen-
durethf oreverinhis name"Un-nef er" . Though
pos s es s ingtheattributeof eternal whichis as cribed
to Rd
heis not"s el f -begottenands el f -born"l ikethat
god ; Ra has noof f s pringinthehumans ens eof the
word,butOs iris begotas on(af terhis death,accord-
ingtoonel egend),whos ucceededtohis f ather's
throneuponearthand"avenged"himonSethis
murderer . From Ra thedeceas edas ks onl ythathe
maybehol dhim"atdawneachday"(s eep . 9),but
f romOs iris heas ks (s eep. I2) thathis ka, ordoubl e,
mayhave"s pl endourinheaven,andmightupon
earth,andtriumphintheunderworl d" . Andheadds ,
"MayIs ail downtoTattu(Mendes orBus iris )l ike
"al ivings oul anduptoAbtu(Abydos )l ike
aBciriru
i . "HeGodis One ( awl d,1 Jl . n) ;
theeternal God ; hebegettethnot,
neitheris hebegotten ; andthereis notanyonel ikeuntohim"
. Koran,
Chap
. CXII .
9
M
C

INTRODUY:NON.
"bird ;
mayIgoinandcomeoutwithoutrepul s eat
"thepyl ons of thel ords of theunderworl d
; maythere
"begivenuntomel oaves of breadinthehous eof
"cool nes s ,andof f erings of f oodinAnnu(Hel iopol is ),
"andahomes teadf oreverinSekhet-Aruwithwheat
"andbarl eytheref or
. "
Judgingbythearrangementof theP apyrus of Ani,
theP apyrus of Hu-nef er,theP apyrus of Qenna,and
otherdocuments of theperiod,its eems prettycl ear
thattheIntroductoryHymns andtheVignetteof the
JudgmentScenetogetherf ormedas pecial s ectionof
thef inepapyriof theThebanRecens ion
. TheVignette
of theJudgmentScenevaries indetail greatl yinthe
various papyri,thoughthees s ential parts of itareal -
ways pres erved ;
thef ul l es tf ormknownof itis given
intheP apyrus of Aniandmaybethus des cribed
:-
Inoneportionof achamberinthedomainof Os iris ,
whichwemayas s umetobetheHal l of theDoubl e
Maat,orRightandTruth,abal anceis s etwherein
theheartof thedeceas edis tobeweighed
; thebeam
of thebal anceis s us pendeduponaprojectionf romthe
s tandardmadeinthef ormof thef eatherwhichs ym-
bol iz es RightandTruth
. Uponthebeamof theba-
l ances its thedog-headedapewhichwas as s ociated
withThoth,thes cribeof thegods
. Theweighingof
theheartis carriedoutinthepres enceof thecom-
panyof thegods ,whichis hererepres entedbythe
f ol l owingmembers of it :-
i
. Ra-Heru-Khuti,orRa-I-Iarmachis ,thegreatgod
THEJUDGMENTOFTHEDEAD.

Cl
within his
boat . This boat was cal l ed the "Bark
of
mil l ions
of years ",andtheres atinital ongwith Ra
thegods KheperaandTem,his ownf orms inthe
morningandeveningres pectivel y
.
2 . TemuorTem,thef ormof
Ra ateventide . He
was theheadof thecompanyof gods atHel iopol is ,
andis al ways repres entedinhumanf orm
. This f act
indicates thatal readyintheearl ies ttimes knownto
us hehadgonethroughal l thevarious s tages through
whichgods pas s andhadas s umedaf inal andde-
f initef orm .
3 . Shu,thes onof RaandIIathor,whol if tedup
thegoddes s Nut,orthes ky,f romtheembraceof Seb
theearth-god ; hetypif iedthel ight .
4 . Tef nut,thetwin-s is terof Shu ; s heis depicted
as awomanwiththeheadof al iones s ; s hetypif ied
mois ture.
5 . Seb,theearth-god,thes onof Shu,hus bandof
Nut,andbyherf atherof Os iris andIs is ,Setand
Nephthys .
6 . Nut,thef emal ecounterpartof Nu,orthewatery
mas s f romwhichal l thegods wereevol ved,andupon
whichthe"Barkof mil l ions of years f l oated" .
7
. Is is ,thes is ter-wif eof Os iris andmotherof
"Horns s onof Is is "
; s heprobabl ytypif iedthedawn .
8 . Nephthys ,daughterof SebandNut,s is terof
Os iris andIs is ,andthes is ter-wif eof Set ; s heis al s o
s aidtobethemotherof Anubis byOs iris ; s hepro-
babl ytypif iedeventideortwil ight .
C1 1

INTRODUCTION.
9 . Horus , the
s un-god, who is to be dis tinguis hed
f rom
Horus the s on of Is is . He is
repres ented in
human f orm
butwiththeheadof ahawk ; thehawk
was thes ymbol of Horns ,andthewors hipof that
birdis probabl ytheol des tinEgypt .
io
. Hathor,thegoddes s of thatportionof thes ky
whereinHorns thes un-godros eands et .
ii
. HuandSa,twogods whohadtheirpl aces in
theboatof thes unatcreation
.
Itwil l benoticedthats everal of thegods , e . g. ,
Nu,P tah,Khnemu,Khepera,Set,Anpu,Ap-uat,
Ams u,Hapi,ands everal goddes s es ,c . r. , Madt,Nit,
Sekhet,Bas t,Serq,Uatchit,'arenothererepres ent-
ed ;
theexpl anationof this f actis thatonl ythegods
andthegoddes s es of thef uneral companyof Os iris
arecons ideredtobeinteres tedinthejudgmentof
thedead.
Onones ideof thes cal ewes eethegodAnubis
tes tingthetongueof thebal ance,andbehindhim
s tandThoth,thes cribeof thegods ,writingdown
theres ul tof theweighing,andthetri-f ormed
2 beas t
Am-mit,the"Eaterof theDead",whois waitingto
devourtheheartof Anis houl ditbef oundl ightin
thebal ance
. Ontheothers ideof thebal anceare
Ani's "l uck"or"des tiny"
; anobjectcal l ed
z z z es k/ z en
whichhas beendes cribedas a"cubitwithhuman
i
. Fordes criptions of thes edeities s eemy P apyrus of Am, p
. CVIIf .
2 . One-thirdcrocodil e,one-thirdl ion,andone-thirdhippopotamus
.
THEJUDGMENTOFTHEDEAD.

CIII
head", it either
typif ies the embryo, or has s ome
connexionwiththebirthof Ani ;
his s oul inthef orm
of ahuman-headedbirdpercheduponapyl on
; and
behindthes earethegoddes s es RenenetandMes -
khenetwhopres idedoverAni's birth-chamber
and
rearing
. Behindthes es tandAnihims el f andhis wif e
Thuthuwithheads reverentl ybent
. Aniis herede-
pictedinhumanf orm,andwearinggarments
and
ornaments s imil artothos ewhichheworeuponearth .
Itis quitecl earthatthebodywhichhehas inthis
Hal l of judgmentcannotbethebodywithwhichhe
hadbeenendoweduponearth,andweareprobabl y
tounders tandthatitis his s piritual body,wearingthe
whiterobes of thebeatif ieddeadintheworl dbeyond
thegrave,whichwes ee
. Heis perf ectinal l his
members ,whichareendowedwiththes trengthand
powerthatbel ongtothos ewhohaveris eninas pi-
ritual orgl orif iedbodyf romthedead
. Thoughhe
s tands attheentranceof theHal l andtheweighing
of thehearthas notyettakenpl ace,theartis tde-
pictedhiminthef orminwhichitwas al ways as s umed
thejus twoul dappearbef oreOs iris
. Thehearthaving
beenpl acedinonepanof thes cal es andthef eather,
s ymbol icof truth,intheother,Aniutters thewords
whichf ormChapterXXXiiof theBookof theDead
(s eep
. i9)whereinheprays thattheremaybeno
partingof his heartf romhiminthepres enceof the
guardianof theBal ance
. This done,Anubis tes ts the
tongueof thebal ance,andf inds thatthebeamis
CIV

INTRODUCTION.
exactl ys traightandthattheheartbal ances thef ea-
therexactl y ; thedog-headedapes eatedonthes tand-
ardreports this toThoth,who,s tandingwithhis
writing-reedinhand,is readytonotetheres ul tand
todecl areittothegods . Itis interes tingtoobs erve
thattheheartwas onl yrequiredtobal ancethef ea-
therandnottooutweighit,af actwhichindicates
thatthepious Egyptianwas s uppos edtobeabl eto
s atis f ythedemands andrequirements of thel aw,and
thathetookhis s tandinthejudgmentandhoped
f oracquittal byvirtueof thegooddeeds whichhe
haddoneinthebody
.
ThegodThothnextaddres s edthecompanyof the
gods as f ol l ows
: "Hearyethis judgment . Theheart
"of Os iris hathinverytruthbeenweighed,andhis
"s oul baths toodas awitnes s f orhim ; itbathbeen
"f oundtruebytrial intheGreatBal ance
. Therehath
"notbeenf oundanywickednes s inhim
; hebathnot
"was tedtheof f erings inthetempl es
; hehathnot
"doneharmbyhis deeds ; andhes preadnoevil
`reports [ aboutmen] whil ehewas uponearth
. "To
this s peechthegods repl y :
"Thatwhichcomethf orth
"f romthymouth[ 0Thoth,dwel l inginKhemennu,]
"is conf irmed
. Os iris ,thes cribeAni,is hol yand
`°righteous . Hehathnots inned,neitherbathhedone
"evil agains tus . ThedevourerA
. memets hal l notbe
"al l owedtoprevail overhim,andmeat-of f erings and
"entranceintothepres enceof thegodOs iris s hal l
"begranteduntohim,togetherwithahomes teadf or
THEJUDGMENTOFTHEDEAD
.

CV
"ever
in Sekhet-hetepu,
as unto the f ol l owers
of
"Horus
. " '
The
gods
conf irmthereportof Thoth,andAni,
havingbeenf oundjus t,is l edintothepres enceof
Os iris by"Horus thes onof Is is "
. Thewords "f ound
jus t"repres entinameas urethewords
ntaakhef -u
(mas c . )or uncut
khcrtt (f em
. )whichareal ways added
af terthenameof thedeceas edinf uneral texts
; there
is noexampl eof theirappl icationtoal ivingpers on
.
Muchhas beenwrittenaboutthem,andmanyren-
derings havebeens ugges tedf orthem,s uchas "true
of voice","jus tif ied","triumphant","victorious "
; they
actual l ymean"right"
(itaa)
and"word" (cheru), and
s eemtobemeanttoexpres s thebel ief onthepart
of thewriterthatthedeceas edhas s atis f actoril ypas s ed
theordeal of judgment,andthathehas attainedto
thes tateinwhichhis commands ,whatevertheymay
be,wil l becarriedoutdul yandef f ectual l y
.
Whil eHorus is l eadingAniintothepres enceof
his f atherheaddres s es Os iris ,s aying,"Ihavecome
"untothee,0Un-nef er,andIhavebroughttheOs iris
"Aniuntothee
. His hearthathbeen[ f ound] right-
eous comingf orthf romthebal ance,andithathnot
"s innedagains tanygodorgoddes s
. Thothhath
"weigheditaccordingtothedecreeutteredunto
i
. TheHeru-s hes u,orf ol l owers of Horus ,areacl as s of mythol ogical
beings ordemi-gods whoal readyintheP yramidTexts ares uppos edto
reciteprayers onbehal f of thedeceas ed,andtoas s is tHorus andSetin
"openinghis mouth"
. Forades criptionof this ceremony,s ee
myP apyrus
of Ani, p. 26 , f .
CVI

INTRODUCTION.
"himbythecompanyof thegods ; anditis verytrue
"andrighteous . Grantuntohimcakes andal e ; and
"l ethimenterintothepres enceof Os iris (1 . e. ,into
"thypres ence) ; andmayhebel ikeuntothef ol -
"l owers of Horns f orever . "Inthel as tdivis ionof
theJudgmentScenewes eeAnikneel ingbyatabl e
of of f erings pl acedbef orethes hrineof thegodOs iris ,
towhomhes ays ,"0l ordof Amentet,Iaminthy
"pres ence. Thereis nos ininme,Ihavenotl ied
"wittingl y,norhaveI(l oneau-htwithaf al s eheart .
"GrantthatImaybel ikeuntothos ef avouredones
"whoareroundaboutthee,andthatImaybean
"Os iris greatl yf avouredof thebeautif ul godandbe-
"l ovedof thel ordof theworl d,[ I] theroyal s cribe
"indeed,whol ovethhim,Ani,triumphantbef orethe
"godOs iris
. "Itwil l benoticedthatAninowhas
his hairwhitened,andthathewears uponhis head
theobjectwhichis cal l edacone,thes ignif icationof
whichis unknown
. Hehas atl engthpenetratedto
thethroneof "Os iris ,thel ordof eternity''-as the
words writtenabovehimreadandAni's petitionto
thegodis thathemaybecome"anOs iris ",thatis
tos ay,abeingendowedwithas piritual bodywhich
canneveragains eedeathors uf f ercorruption
. The
ans werof Os iris is notgiveninthepapyrus ,noris
it,as f aras Ihaves een,inanypapyrus wherea
s imil arpetitionis made ; butjus tas itis al ways as -
s umedthattheheartof thedeceas edwil l al ways ba-
l ancethef eatherof l aworrightandtruth,
s ois ital s o
THEJUDGMENTOFTHEDEAD
.

CVII
as s umed
thatthepetitionof thedeceas edwil l al ways
bef avourabl yreceived,andthathewil l hencef orth
bef reetogoaboutinthegod's domains without
l etorhindrance,andtoparticipateinal l theoccu-
pations of thegreatgodhims el f
. Thus theJudgment
Sceneends ,andthis s ectionof thepapyrus inwhich
itis f oundis f ol l owedbythe"Chapters of Coming
ForthbyDay" .
Theques tionnatural l yaris es here
: Whendidthe
judgmentintheHal l of Os iris takepl ace? Tothis
nodef initeans wercanbegiven,f orthereas onthat
notexts uppl ies theinf ormationneeded
. Thereare
nogrounds ,s of aras Is ee,f oras s umingthatthe
Egyptians bel ievedinagreatgeneral dayof judg-
mentwhenal l theworl ds hal l bejudged, andthe
wickeds hal l bepunis hed,andtherighteous s hal l be
rewarded,orf orthinking,as s omehavedone,that
themummif iedbodies werel aidinthetombtoawait
ageneral res urrection
. Onthecontrary,al l theevi-
dences eems topointtotheconcl us ionthatthejudg-
mentof eachindividual was thoughttotakepl ace
immediatel yaf terdeath,andif this was thebel ief it
f ol l ows thatpunis hmentorrewardwas al l ottedto
thedeadatonce
. Theevil heart, . ortheheartwhich
hadf ail edtobal ancethef eathers ymbol icof thel aw,
was giventothemons terAm-mittodevour ; thus
punis hmentcons is tedof ins tantannihil ation,unl es s we
imaginethatthedes tructionof theheartwas extended
overanindef initeperiod . Thedif f icul tyof thes ub-
CVIII

INTRODUCTION.
jectis f urthercompl icatedwhenwecometocons ider
theus eandobjectof thef uneral ceremonies
and
prayers
. If athis deaththes oul of amanpas s ed
toimmediatejudgment,whatcoul dthe
ceremonies
andprayers of thepries ts avail it?
Weknowthat
theembal mingof abodyinthebes tandmos tex-
pens ivewayoccupiedaperiodvaryingf roms eventy
toaboutonehundreddays ,andthats everal more
days wereneces s arybef orethebodywas cof f ined
andl aidwiththeproperceremonies inthetomb
. If
theprayers whichthepries ts recitedandthecere-
monies whichtheyperf ormedoveritatthegrave
wereabs ol utel yneces s aryf orthef uturewel l -being
of its s oul ,andif thes oul coul dnotbeginits beati-
f iedexis tenceuntil s uchprayers hadbeens aidand
s uchceremonies hadbeenperf ormed,itis dif f icul tto
unders tandwhys uchal engthyproces s of embal m-
mentwas res ortedto,f orduringtheperiodwhich
el aps edbetweendeathandburial thes oul mus thave
tarriedins omeintermediatepl ace
. Intheabs ence
of exactknowl edgewecanonl yas s umethatcertain
prayers weres aidf orthebenef itof thedeceas edim-
mediatel yaf terdeath,andthats uchprayers as s ured
his acquittal intheHal l of Os iris ,andprocuredf or
himentranceintotheabodeof thebl es s ed
. This done,
theembal mmentof thebodymightbecarried
out
attheconvenienceof al l concerned,andtheel abo-
rateandf ormal ceremonies connectedwith
thes e-
pul tureof thegreatwoul df ol l owinduecours e
. The
THEJUDGMENT FTHEDEAD.

CIX
bel ief s whichareconnectedwiththejudgmentof the
deadares onumerous ands oconf l icting,andbel ong
tos omanyvarious periods of devel opmentof rel i-
gious thoughtinEgyptthatitis impos s ibl etohar-
moniz ethem
; as newnexts aredis coveredthedif f i-
cul ties wil l probabl ydis appearonebyone,andthe
f uturel abours of Egyptol ogis ts wil l cl ear upmany
obs curepas s ages whichuptothepres enthavebeen
mis unders tood .
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN
.
At a very earl y period
in their his tory the Egyp-
tians
bel ieved in the exis tence of a pl ace wherein
the bl es s ed deadl edal if eof happines s ,thecharac-
teris tics of whichmuchres embl ethos e
of thel if e
whichhehadl eduponearth
; thes echaracteris tics
ares os imil arthatitis hardtobel ievethatinthe
earl ytimes theonel if ewas nothel dtobeamere
continuationof theother . Atal l events thede-
l ights andpl eas ures of this worl dwerebel ievedto
bef orthcominginthenext,andal if ethereina
s tateof happines s whichdependedabs ol utel yupon
material things was contempl ated . Suchideas date
f romthetimewhentheEgyptians wereinas emi-
s avages tate,andthepres ervationof themis pro-
babl yduetotheirextremecons ervatis minal l mat-
ters connectedwithrel igion
; theremarkabl epoint
aboutthemis theirpers is tence,f orthey occurin
texts whichbel ongtoperiods whenitwas impos s ibl e
f ortheEgyptians tohaveattachedanys erious im-
portancetothem,ands omeof thecoars es tideas
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN

CXI
are in pl aces mingl ed
with the expres s ion
of l of ty
s piritual conceptions . In
a pas s age in the
text of
Unas itis s aidof this king(1
. 6 23),"Unas hathcome
"tohis pool s whichareonboths ides of thes tream
"of thegoddes s Meht-urt,andtothepl aceof ver-
dantof f erings ,andtothef iel ds whichareonthe
`horiz on ;
hehathmadehis f iel ds onboths ides of
"thehoriz ontobeverdant .
Hehathbroughtthe
"crys tal totheGreatEyewhichis inthef iel d,he
"hathtakenhis s eatinthehoriz on,
heris ethl ike
"Sebekthes onof Neith,heeatethwithhis mouth,
"hevoidethwater,heenjoyeththepl eas ures of l ove,
"andheis thebegetterwhocarriethawaywomen
"f romtheirhus bands wheneveritpl eas ethhims oto
"do" . Andinthetextof Teta(1
. 28 6 f
. )weread,
"Hail ,Os iris Teta,Horus hathgrantedthatThoth
"s hal l bringthineenemyuntothee
.
Hehathpl aced
"theebehindhimthathemayriotharmthee
and
"thatthoumayes tmakethys eatuponhim,andthat
"whencomingf orththoumayes ts ituponhims othat
"hemaynotbeabl etof orceintercours euponthee"
.
Thes epas s ages giveaverycl earideaof thes tate
of Egyptianmoral s whentheywerewritten,andthey
indicatetheindignities towhichthos evanquis hedin
war,bothmal eandf emal e,wereexpos ed
atthe
hands of theconquerors
.
Thetexts of theearl yperiod,as wil l bes eenf rom
theextracts givenf urtheron,giveal argeamount
of inf ormationaboutthepl eas ures of thedeceas edin
CXII

INTRODUCTION
.
theworl dbeyondthegrave,butnoattempttoil l u-
s tratetheempl oyments of thebl es s eddeadis given
until theeighteenthdynas ty,whentheVignetteto
theCXthChapterof theBookof theDeadwas in-
s ertedinpapyri
. Herewehaveanideagivenof the
conceptionwhichtheEgyptianf ormedof thepl ace
,,, hereinhewas todwel l af terdeath
. Ahomes tead
orf arm,orcountry,inters ectedwithcanal s is at
oncehis paradis eandthehomeof thebl es s eddead,
andtheabodeof thegodof his city. This pl aceis
cal l edSekhet-Aaruor"Fiel dof Reeds ",andthis
names eems toindicatethattheEgyptianpl acedhis
paradis einthenorthof Egypt,probabl yins omepart
of theDel taorintheis l ands of thes eas til l f urther
north. Certainitis thatthedeceas edprays s everal
times thatthe"s weetbreathof thenorthwind"may
begivenuntohim,andthos ewhohaveexperienced
thedis comf ortof as outhwindonahotdayin
Egyptwil l s ympathiz ewithhim
. TheFiel dof Reeds ,
however,was butaportionof thedis trictcal l ed
"Sekhet-Hetep"or"Sekhet-Hetepet",or"Fiel ds of
P eace",overwhichtherepres idedanumberof gods ,
andherethedeceas edl edal if ewhichs ugges ts that
theideaof thewhol epl aceoriginatedwithanation
of agricul turis ts
. Inthecol ouredVignettewhichf aces
ChapterCX(s eep .
1 7 0)
thes cribeAniis s eenbeing
introducedtothegods of Sekhet-hetepbyThoth,
whoaccompanies himtos moothhis wayandtodo
f orhimal l thathedidf orOs iris . Nextwes eehim
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXIII
s ail ing in
a boat l aden with of f erings which
he is
bearing to the hawk-god
. Lower down
wes ee him
reapingwheatanddrivingtheoxenwhichtreadoutthe
corn,andbeyondthatheis kneel ingbef oretwoheaps
of grain,oneredandonewhite
. Inthenextdivis ion
heis pl oughingthel andof Sekhet-AnruorSekhet-
Aarubythes ideof as treamof vas tl engthandun-
knownbreadth,whichcontains neitherwormnorf is h.
Inthef ourthdivis ionis theabodeof thegodOs iris ,
andherearethepl aces wheredwel l thos ewhoare
nouris hedupondivinef ood,andthes piritual bodies
of thedead. Inones ectionof this divis ionthede-
ceas edpl acedthegodof his city,s othatevenin
res pectof his rel igious obs ervances his l if emightbe
as perf ectas itwas uponearth .
His wis hes inthe
matterof thef uturel if earewel l expres s ed
inthe
f ol l owingprayer(s eep. 1 7 2)
:--"Let mebereward-
edwiththyf iel ds ,0godHetep ;
thatwhichis
"thywis hs hal tthoudo,0l ordof thewinds
. May
"IbecomeaKhutherein,mayIeattherein,mayI
"drinktherein,mayIpl oughtherein,mayIreap
"therein,mayIf ighttherein,mayImakel ovetherein,
"maymywords bemightytherein,mayIneverbe
""inas tateof s ervitudetherein,butmayIhaveau-
thoritytherein. "El s ewhereinthes ameChapterthe
deceas edaddres s es thegods of thevarious l akes and
s ections of theEl ys ianFiel ds ,andhes tates thathe
has bathedinthehol yl ake,thatal l uncl eannes s has
departedf romhim,andthathehas arrayedhims el f
h
CXIV

INTRODUCTION
.
in the apparel of Ra ;
in his new l if eeven amus e-
ments are provided
(but theyaretheamus ements of
earth),f orhes nares f eatheredf owl ands ail s about
inhis boatcatchingworms ands erpents
. Aremark-
abl epas s ageinthetextof Unas (1
. 4 96 f f . )des cribes
thedeceas edkingas as oul inthef ormof agod
whodevours his f athers andmothers ,and-mankind
general l y,andgods
. Hehunts andentraps thegods
inthepl ains of thenextworl d,andhavingtiedthem
s ecurel yhes l ays anddis embowel s them
. Thechoice
portions of theirbodies heboil s andcons umes athis
meal s atdawn,eventide,andmidnight
; theremainder
heburns toheatthecaul drons .
Heeats thehearts
caref ul l ys othathemayabs orbthevital powers of
thegods ,andbyeatingotherportions al s oheac-
quires al l theattributes of thegod
. Inas muchas he
has eatenthebodies of thegods hebecomes indeed
agod,ands incetheypos s es s edtheattributeof ever-
l as tingl if eandcoul dnotdieagain,thekingbecomes
s traightwaypos s es s edof theirattributes
. Hereagain
wehaveatraceof as avagecus tom,namel ythatof
cuttingoutaportionof s omeintes tineof af oeand
eatingitinordertoacquirehis mental andphys ical
powers ; s uchacus tommus thavedis appearedf rom
Egyptl ongbef orethemonuments knowntous were
made,anditis hardtounders tandtheretentionof s uch
anotioninatextf il l edwiths ubl imethoughts andideas .
Inthetexts of al l periods wereadof tenthatthe
deceas edl ives with Ra, thathes tands amongthe
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN
.

CXV
companyof thegods ,andthatheis onel ikeunto
thedivinebeings whodwel l withthem
; butl ittl eis
tol dus concerninghis intercours ewiththos ewhom
hehas knownuponearth,andif itwerenotf ors ome
twoorthreepas s ages intheThebanRecens ionof
theBookof theDeadwes houl dbeobl igedtoas -
s umethatthepowertorecogniz ethef riends of earth
inthenextworl dwas notenjoyedbythedeceas ed
.
Butthathereal l ypos s es s edthis power,atl eas ts o
f aras his parents wereconcerned,wel earnf romthe
CXthChapter,wherethedeceas ed,addres s ingapool
orl akes ituatedinthef irs ts ectionof theEl ys ian
Fiel ds ,s ays (s eep . 1 7 5 ),"0Qenqentet,Ihaveen-
"teredintothee,andIhaves eentheOs iris [ my
"f ather] ,andIhaveidentif iedmymother,"adel ight,
however,whichhebrackets withthepl eas ures of mak-
ingl oveandof catchingworms ands erpents !Inthe
papyrus of thepries tes s Anhai(Brit
. Mus . No. ro
; 4 7 2)
weactual l ys eethedeceas edl adyinconvers ewith
twof igures ,oneof whomis probabl yherf atherand
theothercertainl yhermother,f orabovetheheadof
thel atterarewrittenthewords "hermother"(i
maut-
s )
f ol l owedbythename
. As uppl ementaryproof of this
is af f ordedbyapas s ageintheLIIndChapter,where
thedeceas eds ays (s eep
. io3) :- "Thegods s hal l
"s ayuntome
: `Whatmannerof f oodwoul ds tthou
"'havegivenuntothee
? ' [ AndIrepl y :] 'Letmeeat
" `myf oodunderthes ycamoretreeof myl ady,the
"'goddes s Hathor,andl etmytimes beamongthe
h*
CXVI

INTRODUCTION.
`divine beings who haveal ighted
thereon. Let me
-
have
the power to order my own f iel ds in Tattu
" `andmy own growing crops in Annu. Let me l ive
"`uponbread made of whitebarl ey,andl etmyal e
-be[ made] f romredgrain,andmaythepers ons of
"`my
f atherandmymotherbegivenuntomeas
" `guardians of mydoorandf ortheorderingof my
"'territory. '"Thes ameideais al s oexpres s edinthe
CLXXXIXthChapter(1
.
7 )
.
Thus thedeceas edhoped
tohaveinthenextworl danabundanceof thema-
terial comf orts whichheenjoyedinthis worl d,andto
meetagainhis owngod,andhis f atherandmother ;
as wes eehimf requentl yaccompaniedbyhis wif ein
s everal Vignettes tootherChapters wemayas s ume
thathewoul dmeetheragainal ongwiththechil dren
whoms heborehim.
Itwil l benoticedthatl ittl eis s aidthroughoutthe
Bookof theDeadaboutthes piritual occupations of
thebl es s eddead,andwearetol dnothingof the
choirs of angel s whohymntheDeityeverl as tingl yin
therel igious works of l aterWes ternnations . The
deadwhoattainedtoeverl as tingl if ebecameinevery
res pectl ikethedivineinhabitants of heaven,andthey
atethes amemeat,anddrankthes amedrink,and
worethes ameapparel ,andl ivedas theyl ived . No
cl as s if icationof angel s is mentioned,andgrades of
theml ikeCherubim,andSeraphim,Thrones ,P owers ,
Dominions ,etc . ,s uchas aref oundinthecel es tial hier-
archyof Semiticnations areunknown ; acel es tial city
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN
.

CXVII
cons tructedonthemodel des cribedintheApocal yps e
is al s ounknown.
Wehaves eenthattheEl ys ianFiel ds muchres embl ed
thef l at,f ertil el ands inters ectedbyl argecanal s and
s treams of runningwaters uchas mus tal ways have
exis ted,andmays til l bes eenincertainparts of the
Del ta ; of thedis tancetobetravers edbythedeadbe-
f oretheywerereachednothingwhateveris s aid. As
theEgyptianmadehis f utureworl dacounterpartof
theEgyptwhichheknewandl oved,andgavetoit
heavenl ycounterparts of al l thes acredcities thereof ,
hemus thaveconceivedtheexis tenceof awaterway
l iketheNil e,withtributaries andbranches ,whereon
hemights ail andperf ormhis journeys . Accordingto
s ometexts theabodeof thedeadwas awaybeyond
Egypttothenorth,butaccordingtoothers itmightbe
eitheraboveorbel owtheearth. Theol des ttradition
of al l pl aceditabovetheearth,andthes kywas the
l argef l atorvaul tedirons urf acewhichf ormedits f l oor ;
this irons urf acewas s upporteduponf ourpil l ars ,one
ateachof thecardinal points ,andits edges weres ome
heightabovetheearth . Toreachthis ironceil ingof
theearthandf l oorof heavenal adderwas thoughtto
beneces s ary,as wemays eef romthef ol l owingpas -
s ageinwhichP epithekings ays ,"Homagetothee,
"Ol adder'of thegod,homagetothee,0l adderof Set .
"Setthys el f up,0l adderof thegod,s etthys el f up,
i . J ~
4
magel (P epiI,1 . 1 92) .
CXVIII

INTRODUCTION.
"0l adderof Set,s etthys el f up,0l adderof Horus ,
"wherebyOs iris appearedinheavenwhenhewrought
"protectionf orRa
Foritis thys onP epi,and
"this P epiis Horus ,andthouhas tgivenbirthtothis
"P epievenas thouhal tgivenbirthtothegodwhois
"thel ordof thel adder
. Thouhas tgivenuntohimthe
"l adderof thegod,andthouhas tgivenuntohimthe
"l adderof Set,wherebythis P epihathappearedin
"heaven,whenhewroughtprotectionf orRa
. "And
inanotherpl ace(1 . 1 8 2)
weread,"P epigoethtohis
"motherNutthere(i . c . ,
inheaven),andheentereth
"thereininhis nameof `Ladder' . "El s ewhereweare
tol dthat(1 . 1 6 q) :-
"P epiis hol y. Hehathreceived
"his s taf f ,heis providedwithhis throne,andhehath
"takenhis s eatintheboatof thedoubl ecompanyof
"thegods
. Raactethas his pil otinhis journeyto
"theWes t,andhes tabl is hethhis thronef orhimat
"theheadof thel ords of Kas ,andhehathins cribed
"[ his name] attheheadof thel iving
. TheP eh-ka
"whichis inthewaters openethits doors tothis P epi,
"andtheiron[ whichf ormeth] theceil ingof theheavens
"unbol tethits gates tothis P epi ; P epipas s eththrough
"themhavinghis panthers kinuponhim,andhis whip
"inhis hand . "
Al aterbel ief pl acedtheabodeof thedepartedaway
tothewes tornorth-wes tof Egypt,andthes oul s of
thedeadmadetheirwaythitherthroughagapinthe
mountains onthewes ternbankof theNil enearAby-
dos
. As til l l aterbel ief madeoutthattheabodeof the
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXIX
departedwas al ong,mountainous ,narrowval l eywith
ariverrunningal ongit ; s tartingf romtheeas titmade
its waytothenorth,andthentakingacircul ardirec-
tionitcamebacktotheeas t . Inthis val l eytherel ived
al l mannerof f earf ul mons ters andbeas ts ,andhere
was thecountrythroughwhichthes unpas s edduring
thetwel vehours of night . 'Itis impos s ibl etorecon-
cil eal l theconf l ictings tatements concerningtheabode
of thedead,andtheEgyptians thems el ves hel ddif f er-
entviews aboutitatdif f erentperiods . Thef ol l owing
extracts ,however,f romtheP yramidTexts
2
wil l s hew
thereaderwhatviews werehel dbythemconcerning
thehomeof thebl es s eddeadinthenextworl d,and
concerningtheirtreatmentthereinbythegods .
(L. 4 6 8 )"Behol dUnas ,cometh,behol d,Unas cometh,
"behol d,Unas comethf orth!Andif Unas comethnotof
"his ownaccordthymes s agehavingcometohims hal l
"bringhim. Unas makethhis waytohis abode,and
"thecow-goddes s of theGreatLakebowethdownbe-
"f orehim ; nones hal l evertakeawayhis f oodf rom
"theGreatBoat,andhes hal l notberepul s edatthe
"WhiteHous eof thegreatones bytheregionMes -
"khentontheborderof thes ky. Behol d,Unas hath
"arrivedattheheightof heavenandhes eethhis body
"intheSemketetboat,'andUnas l aboureththerein
;
"hehaths atis f iedtheuraeus intheMatboat
4 andhath
i . Seemy P apyrus of Am, p. CIV.
a
. Mas pero, Les Ins criptions des P yramides deSaggarah,
P aris ,
1 8
94 -
3 . I. e. , theboatof thes ettings un
.
4 . 1 e. , theboatof theris ings un
.
CXX

INTRODUCTION.
"was hed it, andthe
henincmet
beings havetes tif ied
"concerninghim,thewinds ands torms of heavenhave
"s trengthenedhim,andtheyintroducehimto Ra. 0
"makethetwohoriz ons of heaventoembrace Rd s o
"thathemaygof orthtowards thehoriz on . 0makethe
"twohoriz ons of heaventoembraceHeru-khuti(Har-
"machis ),s othathemaygof orthtowards thehoriz on
"with Rat . 0
makethetwohoriz ons of heaventoem-
"braceUnas s othathemaygof orthtowards thehori-
z onwith Ra . 0 makethetwohoriz ons of heavento
"embraceUnas s othathemaygof orthtowards the
"horiz onal ongwithHeru-khutiand Ra. This Unas is
"happil yunitedtohis ka, his panthers kinandhis
"grainbagareuponhim,his whipis inhis hand,his
"s ceptreis inhis gras p . Theybringtohimthef our
"Kr-ius whodwel l inthehairof Horus ,whos tandon
"theeas ts ideof heavenandaregl orious byreas onof
"theirs ceptres ,andtheydecl arethef airnameof Unas
"to Ra,
andtheymakehimtoes capef romNeheb-kau,
"andthes oul of this Unas l ivethinthenorthof the
"Sekhet-Aaru,andhes ail ethaboutintheLakeof
"Kha . Whil s tthis Unas s ail ethtowards theeas ts ide
"of thehoriz on,whil s thes ail eth,s ail ethtowards the
"eas ts ideof heaven,his s is terthes tarSeptetgiveth
"himbirthintheTuat . "
(L. 4 7 6 )"Thouhas tthyheart,Os iris ,thouhas tthy
"l egs ,Os iris ,thouhas tthinearms ,Os iris ; andUnas
"hims el f hathhis heart,andUnas hims el f hathhis l egs ,
"andUnits hims el f hathhis arms . Hebathwal ked
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXXI
"with his l egs
towards heaven, he hath come f orth
"withthemintoheaven,andhis mouthdecl arethit-
"s el f bythegreatdew . Unas f l iethl ikeaf eathered
"f owl ,hehoverethandal ightethl ikeabeetl e,hef l ieth
"l ikeaf eatheredf owl andal ightethl ikeabeetl eupon
"theemptys eatwhichis inthyboat,0Ra . "
(4 8 4 )"Kindl ethef ireinorderthatthef l amemay
"ris eup,andthrowincens euponitinorderthatthe
"[ s mel l of ] incens emayris eup . Thys centcomethto-
wards Unas ,incens e ; thys centcomethtowardUnas ,
"incens e. Yours centcomethtowards this Units ,and
"thes centof Unas comethtowards you,0yegods .
"Unas is withyou,andyouarewithUnas ,0ye
"gods . Unas l ivethwithyou,andyoul ivewithUnas ,
"0yegods . LoveyeUnas ,0yegods ,l ovehim,0
"yegods . Come,0partof Rd, come,0matterwhich
"comethf orthf romthethighs of Horus . Come,0ye
"whohavecomef orth. Come,0yewhohavecome
"f orth . Come,0yewhoaref eebl e. Come,0yewho
"aref eebl e . Come,Shu. Come,Shu. Come,Shu . For
"Unas comethf orthuponthethighs of Is is ,f orUnas
"is f eebl e,0vegods ,uponthethighs of Nephthys ,
"andhehathbeenejected[ f romthewomb] . "
(5 7 9)"Hewhos ettethupthel adderf orOs iris is
"Ra, andhewhos ettethupthel adderis Horus f or
"his f atherOs iris whenhegoethf orthtohis s oul ; Rd
"is onones ideandHorus is ontheother,andUnas
"is betweenthem,beingindeedthegodof hol y
"dwel l ing-pl aces comingf orthf romthes anctuary .
CXXII

INTRODUCTION.
"Unas s tandethupandis Horns . Unas s ittethdown
"andis Set ; Rareceivethhim,s oul inheavenand
"bodyinearth. "
(5 8 4 )"Thos ewhoarehappyandwhos ee[ Unas ] ,
"thos ewhoarecontentandwhocontempl ate[ Unas ]
"arethegods
. If this godcomef orthtowards heaven,
"Unas al s os hal l comef orthtowards heaven ; andhe
"s hal l havehis s oul s uponhim,andhis books s hal l be
"uponboths ides of him,andhis ins cribedamul ets
"s hal l beuponhis f eet,andthegodSebs hal l do
"f orhimwhathathbeendonef orhims el f . Thedivine
`s oul s of thecityof P eandthedivines oul s of the
"cityof Nekhens hal l comeuntohim,al ongwiththe
"gods of heavenandthegods of theearth,andthey
"s hal l l if tUnas upupontheirhands . Comef orth,then,
"Unas ,toheaven,andenterthereininthynameof
"'Ladder' . HeavenhathbeengivenuntoUnas and
"earthhathbeengivenuntohim ; this is thedecree
"whichTemhathis s uedtoSeb,andthedomains of
"Horus ,andthedomains of Set,andtheSekhet-Aaru
"withtheirharves ts adoretheeinthynameof Khons u-
"Sepl "
(5 9)"Tetahathnothungerl ikeShu,Tetihathnot
"thirs tl ikeTef nut,f orHapi,Tuamautef ,Qebhs ennuf ,
"andAms et (1 . e. , thef ourchil drenof Horus )des troy
"thehungerwhichis inthebel l yof Teta,andthis
"thirs twhichis uponthel ips of Teta . Thehunger
"[ of Teti] is withShu,thethirs tof Tetais withTef -
"nut ; Tetal ivethuponthedail ybreadwhichcometh
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXXIII
"inits s eas on,hel ivethuponthatuponwhichShu
"l iveth,andheeateththatwhichShueateth

"Fil this anabominationtoTeta,andherejectethf il -
thywaterYehavetakenTetatoyou,0ye
"gods ,andheeatethwhatyeeat,hedrinkeththat
"whichyedrink,hel ivethuponthatuponwhichye
"l ive,hes ittethdownas yes it,heis mightywith
"themightwhichis yours ,hes ail ethaboutevenas
"yes ail about ; thehous eof Tetais anetinthe
"Sekhet-Aaru,hehaths treams of runningwaterin
"Sekhet-hetep,theof f erings of Tetaarewithyou
. 0
"yegods ,thewaterof Tetiis as wineevenas [ is
"waterto] Ra, Tetarevol vethinheavenl ike Ra, and
"hegoethroundaboutthes kyl ikeThoth . "
(1 5 6 )"Thetwodoors of heavenareopenedf or
"thee,0Teta,f orthoubas trais edupthyheadf or
-thybones ,andthoubas trais edupthybones f or
"thyhead . Thoubas topenedthetwodoors of hea-
ven,thoubas tdrawnbackthegreatbol ts ,thoubas t
"removedthes eal of thegreatdoor,and,withaf ace
"l ikethatof ajackal andabodyl ikethatof af ierce
"l ion,thoubas ttakenthys eatuponthythrone,and
"thoucries ttotheKhus ,`Cometome
. Cometome.
"
`CometoHorus ,whohathavengedhis f ather,f or
" itis Tetawhowil l l eadtheein . 'Thouputtes tthy
"handupontheearth,andwiththinearmthoudoes t
"battl eintheGreatDomain,andthourevol ves tthere
"amongtheKhus ,andthous tandes tupl ikeOs iris . "
"Hail ,Os iris Teta,Horus hathcometoembracethee
CXXIV

INTRODUCTION.
"withhis arms ,andhehathmadeThothtodriveaway
"f ortheeindef eatthef ol l owers of Set,andhehath
"takenthemcaptiveonthybehal f ,andhehathre-
"pul s edtheheartof Set,f orheis s trongerthanSet ;
"andnow,thouartcomef orthbef orehim,andSeb
"hathwatchedthyjourney,andhebaths ettheein
"thypl aceandhathl eduntotheethytwos is ters Is is
"andNephthys . Horns hathunitedtheeuntothegods ,
"andtheys hewthems el ves as brothers untotheein
"thynameSent,andtheydonotrepul s etheeinthy
"nameAtert . Hehathgrantedthatthegods s hal l
"guardthee,andSebhaths ethis s andal uponthe
"headof thineenemy. Thouhas tdrivenback[ the
"enemy] ,thys onHorus baths mittenhim,andhehath
"tornouthis owneyeandgivenituntotheeinorder
"thatthoumayes tbes trongthereby,andthatthou
"mayes tgainthemas terytherebyamongtheKhus
.
"IIorus hathpermittedtheetohackthineenemyin
"pieces withthis [ eye] ,hes mitethdownthineenemy
"withit,f orHorus is s trongerthanheis ,andhe
"pas s ethjudgmentuponhis f atherwhois intheein
"thyname`Hewhos ef atheris s trongerthanhea-
"ven' . Thegoddes s Nutbathmadetheetobeagod
"untoSetinthynameof God,andthymotherNut
""haths preadouthertwoarms overtheeinhername
"of 'Covererof heaven'
. Horus haths mittenSetand
"hehathcas thimdownbeneaththee,andSetbeareth
"theeupandis amightyonebeneaththee,inas much
"as heis thegreatoneof theearthwhichheordereth
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.
CXXV
"inthynameof Ta-tches er-ta . Horus hathgrantedthat
"Sets hal l bejudgedinhis heartinhis hous ewith
"thee,andhehathgrantedthatthous hal ts mitehim
"withthyhandwhens oeverhedoethbattl ewiththee
.
"Hail ,Os iris Teta,Horus hathavengedthee,andhe
"hathcaus edhis ku whichis inthee[ tomake] thee
"tores tinthynameof Ka-hetep . "
"Hail ,Os iris Teta,Sebhathgiventotheethytwo
"eyes thatthoumayes tres tinthetwoeyes of this
"GreatOne(i
.
Os iris )whois inthee
. Sebhathmade
"themtobegivenuntotheebyHorus thatthoumay-
"es tres tuponthem,thatIs is andNephthys mays ee
"thee,andthattheymayf indthee . Horus hathmade
"anof f eringuntothee,ITorus hathgrantedthatIs is and
"Nephthys mayprotecttheeandtheyhavehanded
"theeovertoHorus thathemayres tuponthee . Horus
"hathgl orif iedtheeinthynameof `Horiz on'where Rat
"s hevvethhims el f inthyarms inthynameof `Dwel l er
"inthepal ace' . Thouhas tmadethyhandtobel ike
"awal l behindhim,behindhim,togives tabil ityto
"his bones andtomagnif yhis heart . "
(1 98 )"Therights ideof Tetabel ongethtoHo-
rus whos miteththeTchentruinhis twos ceptres (? )
"andNephthys inthetwoeyes ; thel ef ts ideof Teti
"bel ongethtoSetwhojudgethTeti . "
"Hail ,bol twhichcl os eththedoorof Nut,itis Teta
"Shuwhocomethf orthf romTem. Hail ,Nu,grantthat
"thedoormaybeopenedtoTeta,f orhecomethas
"adivines oul . "
CXXVI

INTRODUCTION.
"NubathadjudgedTetitoTem,andP ekabathad-
"judgedTetitoShu . Hegranteththatthetwodoors
"of heavens hal l beopened,andhebathdecreedthat
"Tetas hal l beamongmenwithoutname ; butbehol d,
"thoubas tgras pedTetAbythehandandthoubas t
"drawnhimtoheavens othathemayneverdieupon
"earthamongmen. 0Fatherof Teti,0Fatherof
"Tetainthedarknes s ,0Fatherof Teti,Temin
"thedarknes s ,thoubas tbroughtTetanearthee,be-
caus ehebathperf ormedthes hootingf orthof f l ame,
"andthemakingprotection,evenas thef ourgoddes s es
"Is is ,Nephthys ,Neith,andSerget-Hetudidf orthe
"f atherof Nuonthedayof protectingthethrone. 0
"roadof Horus ,extendthys ail f orTeta,givethyhand
"toTeta . Hail , Ra, come,f orTetapas s ethtothes hore
"evenas thyf ol l owers theUnka,whol ovethee,have
"pas s edthee ; s tretchoutthyhandtotheWes t,s tretch
"outthyhandtoTeta,s tretchoutthyhandtothe
"Eas t,s tretchoutthyhandtoTeta,evenas thoubas t
"donetothepl acewhereis thyel des ts on . "
(25 6 )"This Tetais Os iris andhebathmotion ;
"this Tetabathdetes tationof theearthandhewil l
"notenterintoSeb . This Tetabathbrokenf orever
"his s l eepinhis dwel l ingwhichis uponearth . The
"bones of Tetaf l ouris handobs tacl es tohimarede-
s troyed,f orheis purif iedwiththeEyeof Horns .
"Theobs tacl es whichheencounteredarebeatendown
"bythetwo
Tchert goddes s es (a . c . , Is is andNeph-
"thys ),andTetabathcas ttotheearthhis s eedin
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXXVII
"Kes . The
s is terof this Teta,thel adyof thecity
"of P e,bewail ethhim,andthetwonurs es whocreat-
edOs iris al s ocreatehim
; Tetais inheaven,this
"Tetais inheavenl ikeShuandRa . This TetApe-
"ris hethnot,andnothinginhimperis heth,naythis
"Tetais the`Governorof his l eg'of thef irs tborn
"gods
. This Tetas ittethnotas theguardianof God .
"Theof f erings of this Tetaaref orHorus andRd,
"andthes epul chral of f erings of this TetaareinNu .
"This is TetaandhegoethwithRa . This TetA
"comethwithRa,hehathembracedhis habitations ,
"hegivethoppos itionanddes troyethit,hegathereth
"theKAs anddel ivereththem ;
this Tetawatcheth
"andl iethdown,andhehathdes troyedthetwoAnuti
"inUnnu . Thef ootof this Tetidepartethnot,and
"theheartof this Tetais notrepul s ed . "
(27 1 ) "Ris eup,Teta,andl if tupthyl egs ,0mos t
"mightyone,togoands eatthys el f amongthegods ,
"anddothouthatwhichOs iris hathdoneintheHous e
"of theP rincewhichis inAnnu ; thouhas treceived
"thys piritual body andnones hal l s etbounds
"tothyf ootinheavenandnones hal l repul s ethee
"onearth . TheKxus whoarethechil drenof Nut
"whomNephthys haths uckl edhavegatheredtogether
"tothee,thous tandes tupuponthys trength,and
"thoudoes tthatwhichthoumus tdof orthyKim
"inthepres enceof al l theKiius . Thougoes ttothe
"city. of P e,thouartgl orif iedandreturnes t ; thou
"goes ttothecityof Nekhen,thouartgl orif iedand
CXXVIII

INTRODUCTION.
"returnes t . Thoudoes tthatwhichOs iris did,andbe-
"hol d,this mos tmightyKHuTetais uponhis throne
"ands tandethup,beingprovided[ withal l things ] l ike
"thegoddes s Sam-ur . Nones hal l repul s etheeinany
"pl acewhereinthouwoul ds tenter,andnones hal l
"s etbounds tothyf ootconcerninganypl acewherein
""itpl eas eththeetobe . "
"Hail ,Os iris Teta,s tandup,ris eup,f orthymo-
therNutbathbroughttheef orth,andSebbath
"pl acedthymouthf orthee. TheGreatCompanyof
"thegods havedef endedthee,andtheyhaves et
"tbineenemybeneaththee . Thoubas tbornethat
"whichis greaterthanthouartthroughtheminthy
"nameAtef -Mehurwhichis greaterthanthou
"artinthynameof Ta-Abtu . Thytwos is ters Is is
"andNephthys cometothee,andtheymakethee
"topas s byQemt-urtinthynameof Qem-ur,and
"Aneb-uatchet-urtinthynameof Uatch-mu . . . . Thy
"s is terIs is cametotheewiththymembers ,andthou
"wertuniteduntoher,andthoudids tgivehers eed
"anddids tprovideherwithof f s pringl ikeSeptet . "
(_ 28
7 )"Hail ,hail ,ris eup,Teta ! Thoubas treceived
"thvhead,thoubas tembracedthybones ,thoubas t
"gatheredtogetherthyf l es handbl ood,andthou
"goes troundabouttheearths eekingf orf ood ; thou
"bas treceivedthybreadwhichdecayethnever,and
"thybeerwhichgoethbadnever . Thous tandes tat
"thegates whichdrivebacktheRekhit
. Khent-Men-
"tef comethf orthuntothee,hegras peththeeby
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXXIX
"thehand,andhel eadeththeetoheaventothyf a-
therSebwhois gl adwhenhemeeteththee ; he
"giveththeehis twohands ,hemakethhims el f a
"brotheruntothee,hef eedeththee,hes etteththee
"amongthe KHUS whoneverperis h,andthebeings
"whos ehabitations arehiddenmakeadorationunto
"theeRis eupthen,0thouTeta,whonever
"dies t . "
(331 )"Of theexudations whichhavef al l enf rom
"theEyeof Horus uponthebranches of theol ive
"treeof thetwoHorus -gods whoareinthetempl es ,
"0mightyl ordof divinef oodinAnnu,thougives t
"breadtoTetaandthougives tbeertoTeta . Thou
"makes tTetatof l ouris h,thoumakes this of f erings
"tof l ouris h,andthoumakes this tof l ouris h ;
"if Tetas uf f erethhunger,thetwoLion-gods s uf f er
"hunger ;
if Tetas uf f ereththirs t,thymotherNekheb-
"ets uf f ereththirs t . "
"Tetamakethbroadthethrone (? )withSeb ; Teta
"l if tethonhighthevaul tof heavenwithRa ; Teti
"wal kethroundaboutinSekhet-hetep . Tetais the
"Eyeof Rawhol iethdownandis borneachday. "
(338 )"Homagetothee,0Rdinthybeauty,in
"thys pl endours ,inthys eats ,andinthypl enitude .
"Thouhas tbroughtthemil kof Is is toTeta,andthe
"waterof thecel es tial s treamof Nephthys ,and[ power]
"tojourneyovertheGreatGreenSea,andl if e,and
"s trength,andheal th,andthepl eas ures of l ove,and
"bread,andbeer,andapparel ,andeverything
CXXX INTRODUCTION.
"whereonTetAl iveth,and[ power] tohearkentothe
"gods whos peak (? ) throughouttheday,andtores t
"withthemduringthenight,andtopartakeof the
"of f erings whicharemadeuntothem
. Tetal ooketh
"upontheewhenthougoes tf orthinthef ormof
"Thothl eadingtheboatof Ratothef iel ds which
"areinAas u,andwhenthougoes tinamongthos e
"whobearhimup . "
(38 4 )"Homagetothee,0Teti,onthis thyday
"whereonthous tandes tupbef oreRawhocometh
"f orthf romtheEas t,andwhocl otheththeeinthy
"s piritual body (s ah) amongthes oul s Anubis ,
"Governorof Amenti,giveththeethous ands of cakes ,
"thous ands of ves s el s of beer,thous ands of vas es of
"oil ,thous ands of oxen,thous ands of changes of ap-
parel ,andthous ands of bul l s . Fortheeis the Sinen
"goos es l ain,f ortheeis the Therp
goos es hotwith
"anarrow. Horus hathdes troyedal l theevil which
"is inTetaAbyhis f ourchil dren,andSetf orgetteth
"whathewroughtagains tTetabymeans of his eight
"[ f iends ] ,andthos ewhos ehabitations arehiddenthrow
"openthedoors tohim
. Ris ethou,gototheearth
"ands eekthethings whichhaveis s uedf romthee .
"Ris ethouupandpas s thouonoppos itetothe KHus ;
"thytwowings arel ikethos eof ahawkandthyhair
"is l ike(therays of )as tar
. Cas tyenothingevil
`uponTetA,neitherdoyecarryof f theheartof Teta,
"nors teal awaythepl acewhereinitabideth . "
(i)"Hail ,thouP epi, (2) thoujourneyes ton,thou
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXXXI
"artgl orious ,thouhas tgottenpowerl iketheGod
"(3) whois onhis throne,thatis ,Os iris . Thouhas t
"thys oul withinthybody,(4 )thouhas tthypower
"behindthee,thy uyeret
crownis uponthyhead,(5 )
"thyhead-dres s is uponthys houl der[ s ] ,thyf aceis
"inf rontof thee,thos ewhoaccl aimthee(6 )areupon
"boths ides of thee,thef ol l owers of theGodaref ol -
"l owingaf terthee,thes piritual bodies (s adau) of the
"Godareuponboths ides of thee,andthey(7 )make
"theGodtocome ; theGodcomethandP epicom-
"ethuponthethroneof Os iris . TheKhuwhich(8 )
"dwel l ethinthecityof Netatcometh,theFormwhich
"dwel l ethinthenomeof Teni . Is is s peakethwith
"thee,andNephthys hol dethconvers ewiththee ; the
"(9) Khus comeuntotheepayinghomage[ untothee] ,
"andtheybowdown,eventotheground,atthyf eet
"byreas onof thybook,0P epi,(ro)inthecities of
"Saa
. Thoucomes tf orthbef orethymotherNut,and
°s hes trengtheneththinearmands hegivethuntothee
"apath(ii)inthehoriz ontothepl acewhereRd
"is . Thedoors of heavenareopenedf orthee,the
"gates of Qebhuareunbol tedf orthee,thouf indes t
"(1 2) Rd,whoguardeththee,andhes trengtheneth
"f ortheethyhand,andheguideththeeintothe
"northern
. ands outhernheavens ,(1 3)andhes etteth
"theeuponthethroneof Os iris . Hail ,thouP epi,the
`Eyeof Horus comethuntotheeandhol dethcon-
vers ewiththee,thys oul
(1 4 )
whichdwel l ethwith
"thegods comethuntothee,andthyf orm (s ekhenz )
l X
CXXXII

INTRODUCTION.
"whichdwel l ethamongtheKhus comethuntothee .
"Inthes amewaythatthes onavengedhis f ather,
"inthes amewaythatHorus avengedOs iris , (1 ,5 )
"evens os hal l Horus avengeP epiuponhis enemies .
"Andthous hal ts tand[ there] ,0P epi,avenged,and
"armed,andprovidedwiththe (1 6 )
f orms of Os iris
"whois uponthethroneof theGovernorof Amenti,
"andthous hal thavethybeingas hebathhis among
"theindes tructibl eKhus ,
(1 7 )
Andthys oul s hal l s tand
"upuponthythroneprovidedwiththyattribute[ s ] ,
-andits hal l haveits beingas thouhas tthineinthe
"pres enceof himwhois theGovernorof theLiving,
"accordingtothedecreeof Ra, thegreatgod, (1 8 )
"whos hal l pl oughthewheatandthebarl eyandgive
"ituntotheeas agif ttherein. Hail ,thouP epi,itis
"Ra whobathgivenuntotheeal l l if eands trength
"f orever,al ongwith(ig)thys peechandthybody
.
"Andthouhas treceivedtheattribute[ s ] of theGod,
"andthouhas tbecomegreatthereinbef orethegods
"whodwel l ontheLake. Hail ,thouP epi,thys oul
"s tandeth (20) amongthegods andamongtheKhus ,
"andthef earof theecons traineththeirhearts . Hail ,
"P epi,inas muchas thouhas ts etthys el f uponthy
"throne (21 ) of theGovernorof theLiving,thybook
"itis whichworkethupontheirhearts ,andthyname
"l ivethuponearth,andgrowethol duponearth,and
"thous hal tneitherperis hnordecayf oreverand
"ever . " (22)
"Ris ethouup,0P epi,s tandthouup,0thouof
THE_ ELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXXXIII
"greats trength,andtakethys eatattheheadof
"thegods ; anddothouthethings whichOs iris did
"intheHous eof theP rinceinAnnu(Hel iopol is ) .
"Thouhas treceivedthy (23)
s piritual body (s hz h),
and
"thyf oots hal l notberes trainedinheaven,andthou
"s hal tnotberepul s eduponearth. Andbehol d,the
"Khus ,whoarethechil drenof NuttowhomNeph-
"thys hathgivens uck,havegatheredthems el ves to-
getheruntothee ; andthous tandes tuponthy
"s trength,andthoudoes tthatwhichitis thineto
"dointhepres enceof thyKhu (24 ) f oral l theKhus .
"Thoujourneyes ttothecityof P e,andthoudoes t
"whatmus tbedonethereinandthoureturnes t ; thou
"goes ttothecityof Nekhenandthoudoes twhat
"mus tbedonethereinandthoureturnes t
. Thoudoes t
"thatwhichOs iris didandthouartuponhis throne ;
"(25 )
andthis Khu,theonemos tmighty,s tandeth
"uparmedl ikeSma-ur,andwhereverthougoes t
"nones hal l repul s ethee,andnones hal l s etal imit
"tothyf eetwhereveritpl eas eththeetogo . "
"Hail ,Os iris P epi, (26 ) aris e,s tandup,f orthymo-
therNuthathgivenbirthuntothee,andSebhath
"arranged (? ) thymouthf orthee. TheGreatCom-
panyof thegods haveavengedthee,andthey
"haveputthineenemies beneaththee
. Thouhas t
"carriedthatwhichis greaterthanthys el f ,through
"them, (27 ) inthynameof `Atef -meh-ur' ; andthou
"has tnettedthatwhichis greaterthanthys el f ,through
"them,inthynameof 'Ta-Teni' . Thytwos is ters
CXXXIV

INTRODUCTION.
"Is is andNephthys comeuntotheeandtheymake
"theetotravers eQemt-urtinthynameof 'Qem-ur',
"andAneb-uatchet-urtinthynameof (28 ) `Uatch-ur'
;
"andveril y,thouart'Urt-s hent'inShen-ur,and'Teben-
"s hent'inTeben-pes h-rer-Ha-nebu,and`Shent-tat'in
"Shen-ta-s ek-mu. AndIs is and (29) Nephthys have
"protectedtheeinthecityof Sautf romtheirmas ter
"whois intheeinthynameof 'Mas terof Saut',and
"f romtheirgodwhois intheeinthynameof 'God' .
"Theyadorethees othatthoumayes tnotdepart
"f romtheminthynameof `MorningStar' ; (
3o)
and
"theybring[ of f erings ] bef orethees othatthoumayes t
"nots uf f erpaininthynameof "Tchentru" . Thys is ter
"Is is hathcomeuntotheerejoicinginthyl ove ; and
"thouhas thadintercours ewithher,andhas tmade
"hertoconceive,ands heis heavywithSeptet . (3 t)
"AndHeru-Septcomethf orthf romtheeas Heruthe
"dwel l erinSeptet,andthoudoes twhatmus tbe
"doneinhiminthynameof 'Khu,dwel l erinTchent-
"ru' ; andheavengeththeeinhis nameof 'Horus ,
"thes onwhoavengethhis f ather' . "
"Hail ,Os iris P epi,thouhas tof f ered (32) thyl iba-
tion,andthouhas tmadethyl ibationbef oreHorus
"inthynameof `Comerf orthf romQebh' ; thouhas t
"of f eredthineincens ewhichmakeththeedivine,and
"thymotherNuthathmadetheetobeas agod
"tothineenemyinthynameof `God' . Thouhas t
"of f eredtheemanations whichcomef orthf romthee,
"andHorus bathgranted (33) thatthegods . . . .
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXXXV
"whithers oever thou goes t ; thou has t of f ered the
"emanations whichcomef orthf romthee,andHorus
"bathgrantedthatthous hal tjudgehis chil dren
"wheres oeverthoutakes tthem,andhedecreethf or
"theetherenewal s of youth(34 )inthynameof
"'Waterof youth'
. Horus haths trength,then,andhe
"judgethhis f atherintheeinhis nameof `Heru-
`Bat' "
"Hail ,P epi,thyjourneyingandthejourneyingof
"thymothers al ongwiththee(4 1 )arethejourneying
"of Horus whenhejourneyethf orthandthejour-
neyingof his mothers whojourneywithhim
; thos e
"whoarewithhimurgehimon,(4 2)andtheyl ead
"himtotheEas t
. Hail ,thouP epi,thinearms are
"Uapau,andthyf aceis Ap-uat . (4 3)Hail ,thouP epi,
"aroyal obl ation ! thous eates tthys el f intheregions
"of Horus ,andthougoes taboutthroughtheregions
"of Set ; thous eates tthys el f upontheironthrone,
"(4 4 ) andthouartjudgeattheheadof theGreat
"Companyof thegods whodwel l inAnnu
. Hail ,thou
"P epi,Khent-an-merti (or
maati)guardeththeewhil s t
"thouguardes tthy(4 5 )cal ves
; hail ,P epi,Arguard-
"eththeeagains ttheKhus
. Hail ,P epi,knowthou
"thatthous hal treceive(4 6 )f orthinehol yobl ation
"whichthouof f eres teachday,thous ands of cakes ,
"thous ands of ves s el s of al e,thous ands of oxen,thou-
s ands of f eatheredf owl ,thous ands of s weetthings ,
"andthous ands of l inengarments
. Hail ,P epi,(4 7 )
"thouhas tthywater,thouhas tthineabundance,thou
CXXXVI

INTRODUCTION.
"has tthypurif yinggums whicharebroughttothee
"bef orethybrotherNekhekh . "
"0Os iris P epi,thouris es tas kingof theSouth
"andof theNorthbyreas onof thypoweroverthe
"gods andtheir Kas (i . e. , doubl es ),and,behol d,do
"thou,0Nut,s preadthys el f overthys onOs iris
"P epi,andprotecthim,anddel iver(6 2)himf rom
"Set
. Come,0Nut,andprotectthys on,f orthou
"mus tprotectthis mightyone
. 0Nut,cas tthys el f
"overthys onOs iris P epi,andprotecthim,0great
"wif eof this mightyonewhois amongthychil dren!
"ThegodSebhathcomeuntothee,0Nut,andthou
"dids tpos s es s s trength,andthoudids tgainpower
"inthewombof thymotherTef nutwhenas yetthou
"overtnotborn ;
0dothouunitel if eands trength
"untoP epis othathemaynotdie
. Thoudids tmake
"s trongthyheartanddids ts pringf orthf romthe
"wombof thymotherinthynameof Nut ; 0thou
" . . . . daughter(6 3)whodids tgainthemas teryover
"thymother,anddids tmakehers el f toris eas Queen
"of theNorth,protectthouthis P epiwhois within
"thywombthathemaynotdie . "
`Forme,0Nut,towhomthouhas tgivenbirth
`procl aimthenameof Os iris P epi,(6 5 )through
"Horus ,bel ovedof thetwol ands ,P epi,thekingof
"theNorthandof theSouth,P epi,thel ordof the
"diadems of theVul tureandof theUraeus ,bel oved
"[ f rom] thewomb,P ep] ,thetripl ehawkof gol d,P epi
"thef l es handboneof Sebbywhomheis bel oved,
THE_ ELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXXXVII
"P epi,thef riendof al l thegods ,P epi,thegiverof
"al l l if e,ands tabil ity,andpower,andheal th,and
"joyof heart,l iketheSun,l ivingf orever
. (6 6 )Thy
"wateris thine,thyf l oodis thine,thatis tos ay,the
"emanations whichcomef orthf romtheGod,theex-
cretions whichcomef orthf romOs iris ;
thyhands
"arewas hed,thineears areopened,andthis Form
"(s ekhem)
doethwhathathtobedonef orhis s on . Thou
"artwas hedand(6 7 )andthy ka
(doubl e)is was h-
ed ; andthy ka
haths atdown,andheeatethbread
"withtheef oreverandever
. Inas muchas thouhas t
"goneandhas ttakenthys eat,0Os iris ,thymouth
"is openbef orethee,accl amations areuponthyhand,
"thynos tril s are(6 8 )gratif iedwiththeodourof the
"uraeus ,thyl egs wal ktokeepthef eas t,thyteeth
"areandthyf ingers reckonupthel akes over
"whichthoupas s es tl ikethegreatBul l of Annu[ and
"of ] thenomeof Uatchet,'togotothef iel ds of
Ra
"(6 9) whichhel oveth
. Ris eup,then,0P epi,and
"dienot . "
"Hail ,P epi,aris e,s tandup!
(1 1 2) Thouartpure,
"thy ka is pure,thys oul is pure, thy s ekhem is pure!
"Thymothercomethtothee,thymotherNut,the
"mightycreatres s ,comethtothee,ands hemaketh
"theepure,0P epi . Shef as hioneththee,(ri3)0P ep] ,
"andthouhas tmotion,0P epi ; thouartpure,thv
" kais pure,thy s ekhemis pureamongthe Khus , and
r . I. e. , thetenthnomeof UpperEgypt .
CXXXVIII

INTRODUCTION
.
"thys oul is pureamongthegods ,0P epi
. Hail , (1 1
4 )
"P epi,thybones havebeenpres enteduntothee,thou
"has treceivedthyheadbef oreSeb,andhehathdes -
troyedtheevil whichbel ongethtothee,0P epi,be-
"f oreTem. "
"Thouhas topenedthegates of heaven,thouhas t
"unbol tedthedoors of (1 5 4 )Oebhu,whichrepul s e
"thebeings of unders tanding (Yekhit, . (1 5 5 )AndMent
"accl aimeththee,mankind (henmemet'
greeteththee,
"andthes tars whichneverf ail s tandupbef orethee
.
"(1 5 6 )Thywinds areincens eandthynorthwindis
"af l ame,f orthouarthewhohathbecomemighty
"inthenomeTeni,(1 5 7 )andthouartthes tarthat
"exis tethbythys el f andwhichappearethinthe
"eas ternhal f of heaven,(1 5 8 )whichnevergroweth
"ol d,andtowhichHorus of thecityof Tathath
"givenhis body . "
"Hail ,thous tabl is hedone,thoumos texal tedone
"(1 5 9)amongthes tars whichneverf ail ,thous hal t
"neverperis h"
(1 6 o)"Theheavens s peakandtheearthquaketh
"byreas onof thybook,0Os iris ,whenthoumakes t
"thineappearance . Hail ,yecows of Amutenen,who
"haves uckl edAmutenen,goyeroundaboutbehind
"him,andweepbef orehim,andaccl aimhimbyword
"anddeed,f orP epi,whogoethf orth,goethintohea-
venamonghis brethrenthegods
. "
(1 6 9)"P epiis pure. P epihathtakenhis s taf f ,he
"hathprovidedhims el f withhis throne,andhehath
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXXXIX
"takenhis s eatintheboatof theGreatandLittl e
"Companies of thegods ; Ratrans portethP epitothe
"Wes t,andhes tabl is heththethroneof P epiabove
"thel ords of kas , andhewritethdownP epiatthe
"headof thel iving . TheP eh-kawhichdwel l ethin
"Qebhis openeduntothis P epi,andtheironwhich
"f ormeththeceil ingof thes kyis openeduntothis
"P epi,andhepas s eththroughonwards ; his panther
"s kinis uponhim,andhis s ceptreandf l ail areinhis
"hand. AndP epiis s oundwithhis f l es h,heis happy
"withhis name,hel ivethwith(r7 0)his ka . Andhe
"(i. e. ,Ra)des troyeththeevil whichis uponboth
"s ides of P epi,hedrivethawaytheevil whichf ol -
"l owethhim,evenas M to utu (? ) whodwel l ethinSe-
"khemdrivethawaytheevil whichis uponboths ides
"of himanddoethawaywiththeevil whichf ol l ow-
"ethhim. "
"LetRdbeembracedinthetwohoriz ons of hea-
ven,s othathemaygof orththereinbef oreHeru-
"khuti(Harmachis ) . "
"LetHeru-khutibeembracedinthetwohoriz ons
"of heaven,s othathemaygof orthbef oreRa . "
"LetP epibeembracedinthetwohoriz ons of
"heaven, (I7 I)
s othathehims el f maygof orthbef ore
"Ra andbef oreHeru-khuti . "
"0enterintotheverdants treamof theLakeof
"Kha,0f il l withwatertheFiel ds of Aaru,andl et
"P epis ets ail f ortheeas ternhal f of heaventowards
"thatpl acewherethegods arebroughtf orth,where-
CXL

INTRODUCTION.
"inP epihims el f maybebornal ongwiththemas
"Heru-khuti,f orP epiis triumphant,andP epiac-
"cl aimethandthe ka of P epiaccl aimeththe[ gods ]
.
"AndtheyinvokeP epiandtheybringtohimthes e
"f our[ gods ] whomaketheirways overthetres s es
"of Horus ,andwhos tandwiththeirs ceptres inthe
"eas ternhal f of heaven
; (1 7 2)andtheydecl areto
"Ra
theexcel l entnameof P epi,andtheyexal tthe
"excel l entnameof P epibef oreNeheb-kau,f orP epi
"is triumphant,andP epiaccl aimethandhis
ka ac-
"cl aimeththegods
. Thes is terof P epiis Septet
,,
(Sothis ),andthebirthof P epiis themornings tar,
"anditis hewhois underthebodyof heavenbe-
"f ore
Ra.
P epiis triumphant,andheaccl aimethand
"his ka accl aimeth[ thegods ]
. "
"P epiknowethhis mother,andheis notunmind-
f ul of her,theWhiteCrown,whobegettethandwho
"dwel l ethinthecityof Nekheb
. Sheis thel adyof
"thegreathous e,thel adyof thel andof union,the
"l adyof thehiddenl and,thel adyof thef iel dof the
"boat,thel adyof thel akewhichbringethof f erings ,
"s hedecreeth(1 7 3)theRedCrownands heis the
"l adyof thedomains of thecityof Tep
. 0mother
"of this P epi,cryout,andpres entthebreas ttohim
"ands uckl ehim
. 0thouhers on,P epi,0f ather,the
"breas thathbeenpres enteduntotheeandithath
"s uckl edthee
. 0f ather,thoul ives t,0f ather
; thou
"artl ittl e,0f ather
;
thoucomes tf orthintoheaven
"l ikethehawks havingf eathers l ikeuntothos eof
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXLI
"gees e. 0f ather,itis thegodHetch-hetchwhobring-
"eththes ethings toP epi
. 0Sema-ur,thoubul l of
"of f erings ,removethyhornandl etthis P epipas s by
.
"Inas muchas P epipas s eththroughthe
. . . . andinas -
muchas hegoethtoheaveninf ul l l if eandpower,
"this P epis eethhis f ather,this P epis eeth
Ra. "
"This P epiis indeedgodandtheenvoy
(or angel )
"of god
. P epicometh,andheis pureinSekhet-Aaru .
`This P epigoethdowntotheFiel dof Kens etand
"thef ol l owers of Horus purif yhim
. Theyguardcare-
"f ul l ythis P epi,andtheyrecitef orhimthe`Chapter
"of Mau',andtheyal s orecitef orhimthe`Chapter
"of comingf orthinl if eandinpower'
. This P epi
"comethf orthtoheaveninl if eandinpowerinthe
"boatof Ra,
hepil otethf or Ra
thegods [ thereof ] ,
"and[ theyrejoice] inthis P epias theyrejoicewhen
"[ Ra] goethf orthf romtheeas ternpartof thes ky
"inpeace,inpeace . "
07 9)"This P epicomethf orthtotheeas ternpart
"of heavenwherethegods areborn,andwherehe
"hims el f is bornas Heru-khuti
. P epiis triumphant
"(main Xeru) andthe
kaof P epiis triumphant ;
P epi
"makethadorationandthe ka
of P epimakethadora-
tion
. Thes is terof this P epiis Septet,heis bornas the
"MorningStar ;
hegoethwithyou,andhejourneyeth
"withyouinSekhet-Aaru,andhedrawethnighas do
"youuntotheFiel dof Turquois e
. Heeatethof thatof
"whichyeeat,hel ivethuponthatuponwhichyel ive,he
""puttethonapparel l ikeuntotheapparel whichyeput
CXLII

INTRODUCTION.
"on,heanointethhims el f withthes weet-s mel l ings ub-
"s tances withwhichyeanointyours el ves ,hereceiveth
"his waterwithyouatthel akeof Menaof this P epi,
"andhedrinkethitoutof theves s el s of theKHus
. "
(1 8 5 ) "Rat
hathpurif iedheavenandHorus hath
"purif iedtheearth,andeverygodwhois withthem
"purif ieththis P epi,f orP epiadoreththegod
. 0
"thoupathof P epiwhichl eadethtotheGreatHal l s ,
"tes tif yyeconcerningP epibef orethes etwogreat
"gods ,f orP epiis Unka,thes onof
Rd, whobeareth
"theheavens uponhis s houl ders andwhoguideth
"theearth. Hail ,yegods ,l etP epitakehis s eatamong
"you
. Hail ,yes tars ,bearyeP epiuponyours houl -
ders as yebear Rd,
f ol l owyethis P epias yef ol -
l owAp-uat,andl oveyehimas yel ove
. . . . "
(1 8 8 ) "This P epihathcometothee,0Lordof hea-
ven,this P epihathcometothee,Os iris ,hes trengthen-
"eththyf ace,andhearrayeththeeinthegarmentof a
"god ; . . .
hehathpurif iedtheeinAata,hehathdes -
troyedthemembers of thineenemies ,hehathhacked
"theminpieces ,andhehathchangedhims el f intothe
"beingwhois amongthos ewhohavebeenhackedin
"pieces . . . .
ForHorus ,thes ontowhomthouhas t
"givenbirth,hathnotpl acedthis P epiamongthe
"dead,butamongthedivinegods
; theirwateris
"thewaterof this P epi,theirbreadis thebreadof
`this P epi,theirpurif ications arethepurif ications of
"this P epi,andthatwhichHorus hathdonef orOs iris
"hehathal s odonef orthis P epi . "
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXLIII
(304 )"Heavenutterethwords ,theearthquaketh,
"Sebadvanceth,thetwodivinenomes partas under,
"theceremonyof pl oughingtheearthis ended,and
"theof f eringis s etbef oreP epi,thel ivingone,the
"s tabl is hedone . Hegoethf orthf romheavenand
"goethaboutovertheirons kyinl if eands tabil ity,
"hes ail ethoveritandoverthrowethinhis cours e
"thef ortif ications of Shu. Hegoethf orthtoheaven
"uponhis wings l ikeamightyduckwhichhathbroken
"its bonds ,andAnubis l eadeththeproces s ion(? ) which
"Horus madeinAbydos whenOs iris was interred .
"Hegoethf orthintoheavenamongthes tars which
"neverperis h (or diminis h),his s is teris Septet,and
"his guidetheMorningStarl eadethhimtoSekhet-
"Hetep,andhes eatethhims el f thereuponhis iron
"thronewhichhathl ions 'heads andf eetinthef orm
"of thehoof s of thebul l Sema-ur . Hes tandethup
"thereinhis vacantpl acebetweenthetwogreat
"gods ,andhis s ceptre,whichis inthef ormof a
"papyrus ,hehathwithhim
. Hes tretchethouthis
"handoverthe
henmemet
beings ,andthegods come
"tohim,bendingtheirbacks inhomage . Thetwogreat
"gods watchoneoneachs ideof himandtheyf ind
"P epi,l iketheGreatandLittl eCompanies of the
"gods actingas thejudgeof words ,beingtheprince
"[ over] everyprince. Theybowdownbef oreP epi,
"andtheymakeof f erings untohimas untotheGreat
"andLittl eCompanies of thegods . "
(31 5 )"Hail ,Os iris ,itis notP epiwhoentreatethto
CXLIV

INTRODUCTION.
"s eetheeinthef orminwhichthouart,whoentreat-
"ethtos eetheeinthef orminwhichthouart,itis
"thys onwhoentreatethtos eetheeinthef ormin
"whichthouart,itis Horus whoentreatethtos ee
"theeinthef orminwhichthouart . "
(4 26 )"P epibathgonedownintotheGreatGreen
"Sea,andthou,0GreatGreenSea,has tdrooped
"thyheadandbentthyback,andthechil drenof
"Nut,whocomedownupontheeputtingtheirgar-
l ands upontheirheads androundtheirnecks ,of f er
"thef l owers whicharethecrowns of thepool s of
"Sekhet-heteptoIs is ,thegreatl ady ; andthegod-
des s whobeareththepikeinAkhetbringeththem
"ands preadeththemoutas agif tbef orehers on
"Horus ,whoms hes uckl ethatthebreas t,s othathe
"maytravers etheearthinhis twowhites andal s and
"maygotohis f atherOs iris . P epibathopenedout
"his wayamongthebirds ,hebathtravel l edwiththe
"l ords of f ood,hebathgonetothegreatl akewhich
"is inSekhet-Heteponwhichthegreatgods al ight,and
"thes egreatandimperis habl ebeings givetohimthe
"treeof l if e,whereontheythems el ves dol ive,thathe
"al s omay[ eatand] l ivethereon . Take,then,this P epi
"withtheetothis greatcountrywhichbathbecome
"s ubjectuntotheebythewil l of thegods ,wherein
"thoueates tduringthenighteven[ until ] dawn,and
"wherethoubecomes tmas terof divinef ood,ins uch
"wis ethatP epimayeatof thatof whichthoueates t,
"thathemaydrinkof thatof whichthoudrinkes t . "
THEELYSIANFIELDSORHEAVEN.

CXLV
Thef ol l owingprayer,whichis f oundins hortened
f orms inGraeco-RomanandRomanperiods ,occurs
inthetextof P epiII. 1
. 6 6 9,f f .
"Hail ,GreatCompanyof thegods whoareinAnnu,
"grantthatP epiNef er-ka-Ramayf l ouris h,andgrant
"thathis pyramid,his everl as tingbuil ding,mayf l ou-
ris h,evenas thenameof Temu,theGovernorof
"theGreatCompanyof thegods ,f l ouris heth
. If the
"nameof Shu,thel ordof theuppers hrineinAnnu,
"f l ouris hethP epiNef er-ka-Ras hal l f l ouris h,andthis his
"pyramid,his everl as tingbuil ding,s hal l f l ouris h
. If the
"nameof Tef nut,thel adyof thel owers hrineinAnnu,
"is s tabl is hed,thenameof this P epiNef er-ka-Ra
"s hal l bes tabl is hed,andthis pyramids hal l bes ta-
"bl is hedf orever . If thenameof Seb,thes oul of
"theearth(? ),f l ouris heth,thenameof P epiNef er-ka-Ra
"s hal l f l ouris h,andthis his pyramids hal l f l ouris h,and
"his everl as tingbuil dings hal l f l ouris h
. If thename
"of Nutf l ouris hethinHet-ShenthinAnnu,thenameof
"this P epi-Nef er-ka-Rds hal l f l ouris h,andthis his
"pyramids hal l f l ouris h,andthis his buil dings hal l
"f l ouris hf orever
. If thenameof Os iris f l ouris hethin
"thenomeTeni,thenameof this P epiNef er-ka-Ra
"s hal l f l ouris h,andthis his pyramids hal l f l ouris h,and
"this his buil dings hal l f l ouris hf orever
. If thenameof
"Os iris ,Governorof Amenti,f l ouris heth,thenameof
"this P epiNef er-ka-Rds hal l f l ouris h,andthis his pyra-
mids hal l f l ouris h,andthis his buil dings hal l f l ouris hf or
"ever
. If thenameof SetinNubt(Ombos )f l ouris heth,
i
CXLVI

INTRODUCTION.
"thenameof P epiNef er-ka-Ras hal l f l ouris h,andthis
"his pyramids hal l f l ouris h,andthis his buil dings hal l
"f l ouris hf orever . If thenameof Horus of Behutet
"f l ouris heth,thenameof this P epiNef er-ka-Ras hal l
"f l ouris h,andthis his pyramids hal l f l ouris h,andthis
"his buil dings hal l f l ouris hf orever . If thenameof
"Raf l ouris hethinthehoriz on,thenameof this P epi
"Nef er-ka-Ras hal l f l ouris h,andthis his buil dings hal l
"f l ouris hf orever . If thenameof Khent-mertiinSe-
"khemis s tabl is hed,thenameof this P epiNef er-ka-
"Ras hal l f l ouris h,andthis his P yramids hal l f l ouris h,
"andthis his buil dings hal l f l ouris hf orever . If the
"nameof Uatchitwhodwel l ethinTepf l ouris heth,the
"nameof this P epiNef er-ka-Rds hal l f l ouris h,and
"this his pyramids hal l f l ouris h,andthis his buil ding
"s hal l f l ouris hf orever . "
THE
MAGIC OF THE
BOOK OF
THE
DEAD.
TheEgyptians ,f romtheearl ies ttothel ates tperiod
of theirhis tory,wereaddictedtotheus eof f ormul ae
whichwerethoughttobeabl etoef f ectres ul ts us u-
al l ybeyondthepowerof man,andtheyaccompanied
s uchf ormul aewiththeperf ormanceof certaincere-
monies
.
Thef ormul aecons is tedof therepetitionof
thenames of gods ands upernatural beings ,bene-
vol entorhos til etomanas thecas emightbe,and
of entreaties orcurs es ;
theceremonies wereof various
kinds ,andtheobjectof thepres entchapteris tode-
s cribebrief l ythos ewhichrel atetothevarious s ec-
tions of theBookof theDead .
TheEgyptianbel ievedthat
everywords poken
undercertaincircums tances mus tbef ol l owedbys ome
ef f ect,goodorbad ;
aprayerutteredbyaproperl y
qual if iedpers on,orbyamanceremonial l ypure, in
theproperpl ace,andinthepropermanner,
mus t
neces s aril ybeans weredf avourabl y
; ands imil arl y
thecurs es whichwerepronounceduponaman,or
beas t,orthing,inthenameof ahos til es upernatural
i*
CXLVIII

INTRODUCTION
.
beingwereboundtores ul tinharmtotheobject
curs ed
. Its eems thatthis ideahadits origininthe
bel ief thattheworl dandal l thatthereinis came
intobeingimmediatel yaf terThothhadinterpretedin
words thewil l of thedeity,inres pectof thecreation
of theworl d,andthatcreationwas theres ul tof the
god's command
. Inveryearl ytimes theEgyptian
cal l edintheprof es s ional rel igious mantoutterwords
of goodomenoverthedeadbodyof his rel ativeor
f riend,andl aterthes amewords writtenupons ome
s ubs tanceandburiedwithhimwerebel ievedtobe
ef f ectual inprocuringf orhimthegoodthings of the
l if ebeyondthegrave
. Inthetextonthepyramid
of Unas (1
. 5 8 3)is aref erencetos omethingwritten
whichthedeceas edwas s uppos edtopos s es s ,inthe
f ol l owingwords
:-"Theboneandf l es hwhichhave
"nowriting'arewretched,but,behol d,thewriting
"of Unas is underthegreats eal ,andbehol d,itis
"notunderthel ittl es eal
. "Andinthetextonthe
pyramidof P epiIwef indthewords ,"Theuraeus of
"this P epiis uponhis head,thereis awritingon
"eachs ideof him,andhehathwords of magical
"powerathis twof eet" ;
thus equippedthekingenters
heaven.
Inthereignof Cheops ,however,wearetol d
2 that
his s econds onHerutataf broughttothecourtaman
r . ®o s es h.
z .
Wcs tcarP apyrus ,ed . Erman,pl . ii .
THEMAGICOFTHEBOOKOFTHEDEAD. CXLIX
who
pos s es s edmagical powers ,andwhowas abl eto
jointheheadtoadecapitatedbodyandtomakethe
compl etebodyl iveagainas bef ore
. WhenCheops
orderedtheheadtobes truckof f f romapris onerthat
thes agemightf as tenitonagain,thes ageexcus ed
hims el f f romperf ormingthis dif f icul ttas k
; butwhena
goos ewas brought,andits headwas cutof f andl aid
onones ideof theroomandthebodyontheother,
hes pakecertainmagical words ,whereuponthegoos e
s toodupandbeguntowaddl e,andtheheadbegan
tomovetowards it
. Whentheheadhadjoinedits el f
againtothebodythebirds toodupandcackl ed
. Thus ,
inthatremoteperiodamancl aimedtobeabl etore-
s torel if etodecapitatedcreatures bymeans of words
of magical power,andits eems thatthebel ief inthe
ef f icacyof thewords of Thothwas al readywel l es ta-
bl is hed ; inthel ateperiodthemournercons ol edhim-
s el f byas s ertingthattheBookof theDeadprepared
f orhis deadrel ativeorf riendhadbeenwrittenby
thef ingers of thegodThothhims el f
.
Acommonwaytoef f ectcertainres ul ts ,goodor
evil ,was toempl oyf igures madeof various s ub-
s tances ,chief l ywax,oramul ets madeof precious
s tones andmetal s invarious f orms
; bothf igures and
amul ets wereins cribedwithwords whichgavethem
thepowertocarryouttheworkas s ignedtothem
bythos ewhocaus edthemtobemade
. Itis wel l
knownthattheEgyptians bel ievedthatthequal ities
andmuchel s e,incl udingthe ka, of al ivingoriginal
CL

INTRODUCTION.
coul dbetrans f erredtoanimagethereof bymeans of
therepetitionoveritof certainf ormul ae,andagood
orevil actdonetoas tatueorf igureres ul tedingood
orevil tothepers onwhomitrepres ented
.
IntheWes tcarP apyrus weareal s otol dthatthe
wif eof ahighEgyptianof f icial cal l edAba-anerf el l
inl ovewithoneof theking's f ol l owers ,andthats he
s enttohimandtol dhimof herdes ire
; s ubs equentl y
thepairmetinthewoman's garden,andtheypas s ed
thedayindrinkingandinpl eas ure. Onthemorrow
thehus bandwas tol dof his wif e's conduct,andhe
determinedtopunis hbothwithdeath. Havings entf or
his ebonyboxboundwithf inemetal ,hemadeawaxen
crocodil eaf ewinches l ong,andhavingrecitedma-
gical f ormul aeoverithegaveittohis chief s ervant,
andtol dhimtothrowitintothewaterwhenhes aw
his wif e's paramourgoingtobatheintheevening .
Whentheguil typairhadpas s edanotherdayto-
getherandtheyoungmanwentdowntotheriver
intheevening,thechief s ervantcas tthewaxencro-
codil eintothewater ; andas itwas f al l ingitturned
intoahugel ivingcrocodil eabouttwel vef eetl ong,
whichs wal l owedtheyoungman . Sevendays l ater
Aba - anerandthekingNeb -kawenttothewater
wherethecrocodil ewas ,andAba-anerordereditto
giveuptheyoungman ; anditcameoutof thewater
ands traightwaybroughtuptheyoungman . When
thekinghadmades omeremark,Aba-anerpickedup
thecrocodil e,whichatonceturnedintothes mal l
THEMAGICOFTHEBOOKOFTHEDEAD .

CLI
waxen crocodil e
that it
was
original l y, and when
he
again
ordered it to devour the young man, it
once more became a l iving reptil e, and, s eiz ing the
young man, madeits way to the water, and dis ap-
peared with him. The
f aithl es s wif e
was
burnt . The
principal actors in this s tory are s aid to have
f l ou-
ris hed during the
rul e of thethirddynas tyof Egypt,
nearl yf ourthous andyears bef oreChris t,anditis a
noteworthyf actthatthenarrativementions theebony
andmetal boxandthemakingof awaxencrocodil e
inawaywhichs eems tos hewthattheirownerwas
inthehabitof us ingtheboxandthewaxf requentl y. '
Aboutthetimeof theeighteenthdynas ty,wel earn
f romapapyrus 2 thatamanwas pros ecutedinEgypt
f orhavingmadef igures of menandwomeninwax,
bywhichhecaus eds undryanddivers pains and
s icknes s es tothel ivingbeings whomtheyrepres ent-
ed
. And,accordingtoP s eudo-Cal l is thenes , j Nectane-
bus wroughtmagicbymeans of abowl of water,
s omewaxenf igures ,andanebonyrod . Thewaxen
f igures weremadeinthef orms of thes ol diers of the
enemywhowerecomingagains thimbys eaorby
l and,andwerepl aceduponthewaterinthebas in
byhim
. Nectanebus thenarrayedhims el f ins uitabl e
apparel ,and,havingtakentherodinhis hand,be-
i . Ihavereproducedthis paragraphf rom
my Laf eandExpl oits of
Al exandertheGreat,p . XIII .
z . Chabas ,
LeP apyrus MagiqueHarris ,p . 1 7 0 f f .
3
. Ed . Miil l er,l ib . i . cap. f f .
CLII

INTRODUCTION.
gantorecitecertainf ormul aeandthenames of di-
vinepowers knownuntohim,whereuponthewaxen
f igures becameanimated,ands traightways anktothe
bottomof thebowl ; atthes amemomentthehos ts of
theenemyweredes troyed . If thef oewas comingby
s eahepl acedthewaxens ol diers inwaxens hips ,and
atthes oundof thewords of powerboths hips and
mens ankintothewaves as thewaxenmodel s s ank
tothebottomof thes ea . Thes ameinf ormanttel l s us
thatwhenNectanebus wis hedOl ympias ,themother
of Al exandertheGreat,tobel ievethatthegodAm-
monhadvis itedherduringthenight,hewentf orth
f romherpres enceintothepl ainandgatheredanumber
of herbs whichhadthepowerof caus ingdreams ,and
pres s edoutthejuicef romthem. Hethenf as hioned
af emal ef igureinthef ormof Ol ympias ,andins cribed
theQueen's nameuponit,andhavingmadethemodel
of abedhel aidthef igurethereon . Nectanebus next
l ital amp,and,recitingthewords of powerwhich
woul dcompel thedemons tos endOl ympias adream,
hepouredoutthejuiceof theherbs overthewaxen
f igure ; andatthemomentof theperf ormanceof
thes eacts Ol ympias dreamedthats hewas
inthe
arms of thegodAmmon .
Atraditional s oexis ts totheef f ectthatAris totl e
gavetoAl exandertheGreatanumberof waxen
f igures nail eddowninaboxwhichwas f as tenedby
achain,andwhichheorderedhimnevertol etgo
outof his ownhand,oratl eas toutof thatof one
THE . IIAGIC OFTHEBOOKOFTHEDEAD
.

CLIII
of his conf idential s ervants
. Theboxwas togowherev-
erAl exanderwent,andAris totl etaughthimtore-
citecertainf ormul aeoveritwheneverhetookitup
orputitdown
. Thef igures intheboxwereintended
torepres entthevarious kinds of armedf orces that
Al exanderwas l ikel ytof indoppos edtohim
. Some
of themodel s hel dintheirhands l eadens words which
werecurvedbackwards ,ands omehads pears intheir
hands pointedheaddownwards ,ands omehadbows
withcuts trings
; al l thes ewerel aidf acedownwards
inthebox
. WhenAl exanderwas engagedinwarwith
anynationarmedwiths words ,ors pears ,orbows ,if
herecitedthef ormul aewhichAris totl ehadtaught
him,thes words of thef oewoul dbecomeas l ead
andbendbackwards ,thes pears woul dbecomeim-
potentinthehands of thos ewhohel dthemandtheir
heads woul dturntotheground,andthes trings of
thebows woul ds nap
.
Returningtopurel yEgyptians ources f orinf orma-
tionconcerningtheus eof waxf igures wecometo
animportantwork,'cons is tingof s everal Chapters
whichweretoberecitedtokeepaways torm-cl ouds
andthunderf romthes ky
. OneChapterreads : "Fire
"uponthee,0Apep,thouenemyof Ra !
TheEyeof
"Horus prevail ethovertheaccurs eds oul ands hade
"of Apep,thef l ameof theEyeof Horus gnawethinto
"thatenemyof Rd,thef l ameof theEyeof Horus
"eatethintoal l theenemies of P -aaindeathandin
i
. Forthetextandtrans l ationof its ee
Archaeol oaia,Vol . 5 2 .
CLIV

INTRODUCTION.
"l if e. "TheRubricbel ongingtotheChapters orders
thatits hal l be"recitedoverApepwritteningreen
"inkuponapieceof newpapyrus ,andoverawax
"f igureof Apeponwhichhis nameis ins cribedin
"greenink ;
this f igures hal l thenbeputinthef ire
"thattheenemyof Rdmaybedevoured
. WhenApep
"is putinthef ires peakyewords of powerands ay,
"`Tas tethou,'deathtothee,Apep . Gettheeback,re-
"treat,thouenemyof Rd,f al l down,wriggl eaway,
"depart,retreat
. Ihavedriventheeback,Ihave
"hackedtheeinpieces ; . . . .
Back,thouf iend,an
"endtothee !
Theref orehaveIcas tf ireatthee,
"theref orehaveIcaus edtheetobedes troyed,there-
"f orehaveIjudgedandcondemnedtheetoanevil
"doom
. Anendtothee,anendtothee ;
tas tethou,
"anendtothee,mayes tthouneverris eupagain
!
"Anend,anendtothee,anendtothee,tas tethou,
"andcometoanend
. Ihavedes troyedtheenemy
°"of Ra
. 'This f igureof Apeps hal l beburntina
"gras s f ire,andwhenburnt,its as hes aretobemixed
"withexcrementandthrownintoaf ire
. Af terwards ,
"whenthouhas tthrownApepintothef ireatday-
"breakof thef es tival of thes ix,s pituponhimand
,, def il ehimwiththyl ef tf oot
; thus s hal l berepul s ed
"theroarings of theBackwardof Face
. Thous hal t
"dothel ikeof this atdaybreakonthef es tival of
"thef if teenthday,f orbymeans of itApeps hal l be
"repul s edands l ainbef orethe
Sektet boat . Thous hal t
i . I. e. , f eel thef l ame.
THEMAGICOFTHEBOOKOFTHEDEAD.

CLV
"dothel ikeof this whentempes ts rageintheeas t-
""ernparts of thes kywhenRds ets inthel andof
"l if e,topreventthearrival of redthreateningcl ouds
"intheeas ternquarterof thes ky . Thous hal tdothe
"l ikeof this manytimes as apreventiveagains tthe
"s hower,thes un's dis ks hal l s hine,andApeps hal l be
"overthrowninverytruth . " El s ewherewearetol d
thatif itbewis hedtodes troythef iends whichac-
companyApepwemus t"writethenames of their
"f athers ,andmothers ,andof f s pringwithgreenpaint
"uponnewpapyrus ,andal s oins cribetheirnames
"uponwaxf igures of themwhichs hal l betiedround
"withdarkhair . Thes ef igures s hal l bes pitupon,and
"s hal l bes purnedwiththel ef tf ootands tabbedwith
"as toneknif e . "
Themos timportantmentionof f igures intheBook
of theDeadoccurs intheVl thChapterwhich,pro-
perl ys peaking,f orms oneof thetexts thataccom-
panythes ceneof theFuneral Chamberas exhibited
inChapterCLI. WhentheEgyptian,inveryearl y
days ,conceivedtheexis tenceof theEl ys ianFiel ds
itoccurredtohimthattheagricul tural l abours which
woul dhavetobecarriedouttheremightentail upon
hims el f toil andf atigue . Toavoidthis as hortChapter
(V)was drawnup,therecital of whichwas bel ievedto
f reethedeceas edf romdoinganyworkintheunder-
worl d. Butitwas f el tthattheworkmus tbedone
bys omepers onorthing,andeventual l yitbecame
thecus tomtoburyaf igureorf igures of thede-
CLVI

INTRODUCTION
.
ceas edwithhiminhis tombs othatitortheymight
perf ormwhateverworkf el l tohis s hare
. Itis pro-
babl ethatins emi-s avagetimes theweal thyEgyp-
tian's burial was accompaniedbythes l aughterof
s everal s l aves ,whoweres uppos edtof ol l owhimto
thenext,worl dandtominis tertohis wants there
;
thef igures whichwereburiedwiththedeadinthe
l atertimes s eemtohavetakenthepl aceof the
s l aughtereds l aves
. Tothes ef igures theEgyptian
gavethename
us habf iu,
awordwhichis commonl y
renderedby"res pondents "or"ans werers ",andthey
areof tendes cribedinmoderntimes as the"working
f igures of Hades "
. Theyaremadeof s toneof various
kinds ,wood, f aience,
etc . ; Iknowof noneearl ierthan
theXIthdynas ty
. Theyareins cribedwithatextin
whichthedeceas eds ays ,"If Ibecal l ed,orif Ibe
"adjudgedtodoanyworkwhats oeverof thel abours
"whicharetobedoneintheunderworl dbyaman
"inhis turn,l etthejudgmentf al l upontheeins tead
"of uponmeal ways ,inthematterof s owingthe
"f iel ds ,of f il l ingthewater-cours es withwater,and
"of bringingthes ands of theeas ttothewes t
. "To
this the
s habf i
f iguremakes repl y,"Veril yIamhere,
"[ andwil l comewhithers oeverthoubiddes tme
. "
Several of theChapters of theBookof theDead
aref ol l owedbyRubrics _ whichgivedirections f orthe
perf ormanceof certainmagical ceremonies ,andamong
themmaybes pecial l ymentionedthef ol l owing
:-
Chap . XIII
. This Chapterwas toberecitedover
THEMAGICOFTHEBOOKOFTHEDEAD. CLVII
two rings made of dnkham f l owers
; one was to be
l aidontherightearof thedeceas ed,andtheother
was tobewrappedupinapieceof bys s us whereon
thenameof thedeceas edwas ins cribed .
Chap . XIX
. This Chapterwas toberecitedover
thedivinechapl etwhichwas l aiduponthef aceof
thedeceas edwhil eincens ewas burntonhis behal f
.
Chap. C . This Chapterwas toberecitedovera
pictureof theboatof theSunpaintedwithas pecial
inkuponapieceof newpapyrus ,whichwas tobe
l aidonthebreas tof thedeceas ed,whowoul dthen
havepowertoembarkintheboatof Rdandto
journeywiththegod .
Chap. CXXV
. TheJudgmentScenewas tobepaint-
eduponatil emadeof earthuponwhichneitherthe
pignoranyotheranimal hadtrodden ; andif the
textof theChapterwas al s owrittenuponit,thede-
ceas edandhis chil drenwoul df l ouris hf orever,his
namewoul dneverbef orgotten,andhis pl acewoul d
hencef orthbewiththef ol l owers of Os iris .
Chap . CXXX
. This Chapterwas toberecitedover
apictureof thegodRdwhereinaf igureof thede-
ceas eds ittinginthebows was drawn ; this donethe
s oul of thedeceas edwoul dl ivef orever
.
Chap. CXXXIII. This Chapterwas toberecitedover
a f aience
model of theboatof Rd,f ourcubits inl ength,
whereonthef igures of thedivinechief s werepainted ;
paintedf igures of Rdandof the
Khu of thedeceas ed
weretobepl acedintheboat . Amodel of thes tarry
CLVIII

INTRODUCTION.
heavens was al s otobemadeanduponitthemodel
of theboatof
Rd
was tobemovedabout,inimitation
of themotionof theboatof thegodinheaven ; this
ceremonywoul dcaus ethedeceas edtobereceived
bythegods inheavenas oneof thems el ves .
Chap. CXXXIV
. This Chapterwas toberecited
overf igures of ahawk (Rd),
Tem,Shu,Tef nut,Seb,
Nut,Os iris ,Is is ,Suti,andNephthys paintedona
pl aquewhichwas tobepl acedinamodel of the
boatof
Ra whereinthedeceas edwas s eated ; this
ceremonywoul dcaus ethedeceas edtotravel with
Rd inthes ky.
Chap. CXXXVI A. This Chapterwas toberecited
overaf igureof thedeceas eds eatedintheboatof
Ra .
Chap
. CXXXVII A. This Chapterwas toberecited
overf ourf ires ,f edbyas pecial kindof cl othanoint-
edwithunguent,whichweretobepl acedinthehands
of f ourmenwhohadthenames of thepil l ars of Ho-
rus writtenupontheirs houl ders
. Fourcl aytroughs ,
whereonincens ehadbeens prinkl ed,weretobef il l ed
withthemil kof awhitecow,andthemil kwas to
beempl oyedinextinguis hingthef ourf ires . If this
Chapterwerereciteddail y
(? ) f orthedeceas edhe
woul dbecomel ikeuntoOs iris ineveryres pect . The
Rubrics uppl ies as eries of texts whichweretobe
recited :(i)overaTetof crys tal s etinapl inth,
whichwas tobepl acedinthewes twal l of thetomb
;
(2)
overaf igureof Anubis s etinapl inth,whichwas
tobepl acedintheeas twal l ; (3)overabricks meared
THEMAGICOFTHEROOKOFTHEDEAD
.

CLIX
withpitchwhichwas s etonf ire,andthenpl acedin
thes outhwal l ;
and(q)overabrickins cribedwith
thef igureof apal mtree,whichwas s etinthenorth
wal l .
Chap. CXL
. This Chapterwas toberecitedover
an utchat,
orf igureof theEyeof Horns ,madeeither
of l apis -l az ul ior Mak
s tone,andoveranothermade
of jas per
. Duringtherecital of theChapterf oural -
tars weretobel ightedf orRa-Tem,andf ourf orthe
Utchat,
andf ourf orthegods whowerementioned
therein.
Chap . CXLIV
. Thes evens ections of this Chapter
weretoberecitedoveradrawingof theSeven
Arits ,ateachof whichthreegods weres eated
;
by
thes emeans thedeceas edwas preventedf rombeing
turnedbackatthedoorof anyoneof thes even
mans ions of Os iris .
Chap
. CLXII. This Chapterwas toberecitedover
thef igureof acowmadeof f inegol dwhichwas to
bepl acedattheneckof thedeceas ed
; duringthe
perf ormanceof this ceremonythepries tis ordered
tos ay,"OAmen,0Amen,whoartin ' heaven,turn
"thyf aceuponthedeadbodyof thys onandmake
"hims oundands trongintheunderworl d . "
Chap
. CLXIII . This Chapterwas toberecitedover
as erpenthavingl egs andwearingadis kandtwo
horns ,andovertwo
utchats havingbotheyes and
wings .
Chap . CLXIV
. This Chapterwas toberecitedover
CLX

INTRODUCTION.
athree-headed,ithyphal l icf igureof Mutpaintedupon
apieceof l inen,andoverthef igures of twodwarf s
paintedoneoneachs ideof thegoddes s .
Chap. CLXV. This Chapterwas toberecitedover
thef igureof the"godof thel if tedhand",whohad
abodyinthef ormof thatof abeetl e .
Bes ides thes eanumberof Chapters haveRubrics ,
varyinginl engthf romtwototwentyl ines ,which
decl arethatif thedeceas edbeacquaintedwiththeir
contents orif theybeins cribeduponhis cof f in,they
wil l enabl ehimtoattaingreathappines s andf ree-
domintheworl dbeyondthegrave . Sevenother
Chapters cons is tof texts whichwerewrittenupon
theamul ets thatwereus ual l yl aiduponthemummy,
namel yNos . XXXB, LXXXIX,CLV,CLVI,CLVII,
CLVIII,andCLIX. ChapterXXXB is f oundins cribed
uponthous ands of l argegreenbas al ts carabs ,which
wereus ual l ys etinabandedf rameof gol dandl aid
ins ideoruponthebreas t,jus tovertheheart ; itis
al s of oundins cribedupongreenbas al tamul ets made
inthef ormof theheart . 'Theobjectof this amul et
was topres ervetheheartof thedeceas edandtopro-
tectitf romtheattacks of thos ewhowerethoughtto
s teal awaythehearts of thedead ; its us eis as ol d
as theIVthdynas ty,inwhichperiodthetextwas
notcutbutpainteduponit . ChapterLXXXIX,which
was writtentoens uretheunionof thes oul withthe
i . Ihavedes cribedthechief exampl es of this amul etin myP apyrus
of Am',p . z 6 z .
THEMAGICOFTHEBOOKOFTHEDEAD.

CLXI
bodyintheunderworl d,was recitedoverthehuman-
headedhawkmadeof gol dandinl aidwithprecious
s tones whichwas l aidupontheneckof themummy
;
exampl es of this amul ethavebeenf oundwithaf ew
words of theChapterins cribeduponthem
. Chapter
CLVis f oundins cribeduponTets madeof gol dand
precious s tones whichhavebeenf oundattachedto
theneckof themummy
; this amul etrepres ents the
tree-trunk,withf ourbranches pointingtothef our
cardinal points ,whichcontainedthedeadbodyof
Os iris ,anditbes toweduponits pos s es s ors tabil ity
andl as tingpres ervation
. ChapterCLVIis f oundin-
s cribedupons everal carnel ian"buckl es "whichhave
beenf oundattachedtotheneckof themummy
;
this
amul etgavetothedeceas edthepowers whichwere
ens hrinedinthebl oodandpowerandenchantments
of thegoddes s Is is
. ChapterCLVIIis f oundins cribed
upongol dvul tures whichhavebeenf oundattached
totheneckof themummy ;
this amul etgavethe
deceas edtheprotectionof thegoddes s Is is s uchas
s heexercis edonbehal f of herowns onHorus
. Chap-
terCLVIIIwas ins cribeduponthecol l arof gol dwhich
was pl acedontheneckof themummy
; this amul et
gavethedeceas edf reedomf romthebandages with
whichhewas s wathed. ChapterCLIXis f oundin-
s cribedupons everal mother-of -emeral ds ceptres which
wereattachedtotheneckof themummy
; this amu-
l etgave"protection"or"s trength"tothedeceas ed .
ChapterCLXIIis f oundins cribeduponcircul arpieces
k
CLXII

INTRODUCTION
.
of papyril aiddownupon cartonnaz ie backs ,commonl y
knownas "hypocephal i" ; theywerepl acedunderthe
backof theheadof themummyandbythis warmth,
s imil artothatwhichhepos s es s eduponearth,was
imparted . ChapterCLXVIis f oundins cribedupon
s mal l pil l ows madeof haematiteandothers ubs tan-
ces ;
as theordinarypil l owrais edtheheadof the
mummyf romthebedof thecof f in,s othis amul et
rais edtheheadof thedeceas edinthehoriz onand
preventeditf rombeingl aidl ow. Final l y,f igures of
thegods inmetal ,s tone, f aience, wood,wax,etc. ,
wereattachedtothemummyinordertopl aceit
underthes pecial protectionof thedeities whomthey
repres ented. Thef ol l owingaretheamul ets whichare
commonl yf oundinEgyptiantombs ,andtheirs ignif i-
cations :-
i .
°a
thet

Buckl e. TheP rotectionof thebl ood,
power,andincantationof Is is .
tet

Tree-trunk . Stabil ity,f irmnes s ,l as ting-
nes s .
mitt Mother . TheP rotectionof thegoddes s
Is is ,whointhef ormof avul ture
protectedhers onHorus andbe-
wail edherhus bandOs iris .
4 .

us ekh Col l ar
.
Freedomf romthef etters of
thebandages .
5 .
T
catch Sceptre . Greenyouth,vigour,tof l our-
is handtorenewyouth .
2 .
THEMAGICOFTHEBOOKOFTHE. DEAD.
CLXIII
6 .

urs

P il l ow. Thel if tingupof theheadand
body.
7 .

ab

Heart . Thes eatof l if eands ourceof
goodandevil thoughts . Theheart
of greenbas al t
`
o
~

was con-
nected nectedwithChap . XXXB ; theheart
of l apis -l az ul i-*
J`
withChap
.
0 1 1 1
XXVI ; theheartof mother-of -eme-
ral d ®0 withChap. XXVII ; and
III
theheartof carnel ianI
. o
III
with
Chap . XXIX B .
8 .

~ aul ehTheobjectwhichthis hiero-
gl yphicrepres ents is notknown,but
itmeans "l if e",ands ymbol iz es the
l if ewhichthegods l ive.
9. ?
utchat
Eyeof RaorHorus
.
Goodheal th,
s af e,s ound,protection . Two utchats
0? ~ j,t typif ythetwoeyes of Ra
andtheSunandMoon .
io. o nef cr A mus ical ins trument
. Goodl uck,happi-
nes s ,joy.
1 1 .

s aga

A
tool
. Union,unity.
1 2 . r0i khiit
Thes unonthehoriz on . Thecoming
f orthwiththeris ings un,andthe
abodeof thebl es s eddeadwith RA
inthewes t .
r3 .

hetch Whitecrown. SouthernorUpperEgypt
.
r4 .

tes her Redcrown
. NorthernorLowerEgypt .
Q
5 .

s hen Thes un's orbit . Eternity.
CLXIV

INTRODUCTION.
1 6 . 1 ,
1
us er

Sceptre.
P ower.
1 7
. c_ -)i re"

Aropewhichencl os edthenameof
kings androyal pers ons ; this s ign
is commonl yknownas cartouche.
Name. Thepres ervationof the
namewas cons ideredtobeof the
highes timportance,f orthebl otting
outof aman's namebroughtwith
iteternal death .
1 8 . (S
mendt Anins trument . Joy,pl eas ure,s exual
pl eas ure,happines s .
1 9. [ ~ neha

Anangl e. P rotection .
20.

hef nu Frog . Newl if e,res urrection
.
21 .

s ekhekh Level (? ) . Equil ibrium,s traightnes s .
22 .
/
khet

Staircas e,s teps . Thes teps whereon
Ra res tedinKhemennu,andwhere-
onOs iris s tands intheunderworl d .
23 .

maget Ladder . Thel adderbywhichthede-
ceas edas cendedintoheaven .
24 . -itchebaui Twof ingers . Thef ingers whichthe
godextendedtothedeceas edto
enabl ehimtoenterheaven.
mal t

Feather. Whatis s traight,right,truth,
l aw.
2 kheper Beetl e. Thetypeof thes el f -begotten
god,thecreatorof thegods and
of heaven,andearth,andal l that
thereinis
; andthes ymbol of the
res urrection.
25 .
THEMAGICOFTHEBOOKOFTHEDEAD. CLXV
Final l y,
mention mus t be made here
of thegreat
importanceattachedbytheEgyptians totheknow-
l edgeof thenames of gods ,s upernatural beings ,etc . ,
andits eems thatthedeceas edwhowas ignorantof
themmus thavef aredbadl yintheunderworl d . Thus
inChapterI B (s eep
. 24 )itis s aidthatthedeceas ed
knowethOs iris andhis names ;
inChapterXCIX(s ee
p . 1 5 8 )thedeceas edis obl igedtotel l thenames of
everyportionof theboatwhereinhewis hes tocros s
thegreatriverintheunderworl d
; inChapterCXXV
(p
. 1 9o)Anubis makes himdecl arethenames of the
twol eaves of thedoorof theHal l of Os iris bef orehe
wil l l ethimin,andeventhebol ts ,andbol t-s ockets ,
andl intel s ,andpl anks wil l notal l owhimtoenter
until thedeceas edhas s atis f iedthemthatheknows
theirnames
. Entranceintothes evenArits orman-
s ions (s eep
. 24 0)coul dnotbeobtainedwithouta
knowl edgeof thenames of thedoorkeeper,watcher,
andheral dwhobel ongedtoeach ;
ands imil arl y,the
pyl ons of thedomains of Os iris (s eep
. 24 3f . )coul d
notbepas s edthroughbythedeceas edwithouta
decl arationbyhimof thenameof each. Theidea
underl yingal l s uchs tatements is thatthemanwho
knows thenameof agodcoul dinvokeandobtainhel p
f romhimbycal l inguponhim,andthatthehos til ity
of af iendcoul dbes ucces s f ul l yoppos edbythere-
petitionof his name. Theknowl edgeof thenames
of f iends anddemons cons titutedthechief powerof
themagicians of ol dentimes ,andthe amul ets of
CLXVI

INTRODUCTION.
the
Gnos tics which were ins cribed
with numbers of
names of s upernatural powers
are the practical ex-
pres s ion of the bel ief in the ef f icacy of
the know-
l edgeof names which exis ted
in Egypt f rom time
immemorial .
THEOBJECTANDCONTENTSOFTHE
BOOKOFTHEDEAD.
ThoughtheChapters of theBookof theDeadre-
pres entbel ief s bel ongingtovarious periods of the
l ongl if eof theEgyptiannation,andopinions hel d
bys everal s chool s of thoughtinEgypt,theobject
of themal l was tobenef itthedeceas ed
. Theywere
intendedtogivehimthepowertohaveandtoen-
joyl if eeverl as ting,togivehimeverythingwhichhe
requiredinthel if ebeyondthegrave,toens ure-his
victoryoverhis f oes ,toprocuref orhimthepowerof
goingwhithers oeverhepl eas edandwhenandhowhe
pl eas ed,topres ervethemummyintact,andf inal l yto
enabl ehis s oul toenterintothebarkof Ra orinto
whateverabodeof thebl es s edhadbeenconceivedof
byhim
. Aperus al of thetrans l ations of theChapters
wil l s hewthereaderwhattheircontents are,butit
wil l notbeoutof pl aceheretogroupcertainChap-
ters whichhaveacommonobject,f orthevarious be-
l ief s whichtheyrepres entthenbecomemorecl ear .
Acertainnumberof theChapters of theBookof
theDeadarehymns whichareaddres s edeitherto
CLXVIII

INTRODUCTION.
RdortoOs iris . Inthepres entworkthes earerepre-
s entedbythehymns f romthepapyriof Ani,Qenna,
Hu-nef er,andNekht(s eepp . 3-I2), whichIhave
cal l ed"Hymns Introductory",andtothes ewes houl d
addChapters CLXXXIIandCLXXXIII,whicharere-
al l yhymns toOs iris byThoth . Anothercol l ectionof
f inehymns is f oundinChapterXV,wherewehave
hymns toRdandOs iris ,andaLitanytoOs iris ; the
P apyrus of Ani,f romwhichthes earetrans l ated,gives
theol des tandmos tcompl etef ormof theChapter .
Theyaremos timportant,f ortheyenabl eus tounder-
s tandwhatattributes wereas cribedtoRa,andit
s eems as if manyof themwere,inl atertimes ,trans -
f erredtoOs iris ,whowas original l ynothingbutagod
of thedead.
Withthes ehymns s houl dbementionedthetexts
whichaccompanythejudgmentScene,butthes ehave
al readybeendes cribedinthechapteronthats ubject
givenabove,andtheyaref ul l ytrans l atedonpp .
1 2
-1 5 . TheJudgmentSceneal s ol eads us tothecon-
s iderationof theCXXVthChapter,whichis certainl y
oneof themos timportantandinteres tinginthewhol e
book . Itcons is ts of threeparts :--Introduction,Ne-
gativeConf es s ion,andConcl udingText
. TheIntro-
ductionwas s aidbythedeceas edattheentranceto
theHal l of doubl eMaati,theNegativeConf es s ion
was recitedbyhimbef orethef orty-twogods who
s atinjudgmentuponhiminthis Hal l ,andtheCon-
cl udingTextwas utteredbyhimwhenhehadpas s ed
THEOBJECTANDCONTENTS,ETC.

CLXIX
the ordeal of judgmentandwas beginninghis new
l if e . Itis probabl ethatthes ethreetexts wereorigin-
al l ymerel yvers ions eachof theother, butinthe
eighteenthdynas tytheyareal l copiedtogetherinto
papyri . Thedeceas edf irs tas s ertedthathehadnot
committedcertains ins ; henextaddres s edf orty-two
gods bytheirnames anddecl aredbef oreeachthat
hehadnotcommittedthes pecial s inwhichitwas
thedutyof thegodtopunis h ; andl as tl yhemakes
athirdconf es s ion,thef irs tpartof whichis practical l y
inthes amewords as aportionof theIntroduction .
TheIntroductionprovidedthepas s words whichen-
abl edhimtoentertheHal l ,andtheConcl udingText
providedthos ewhichenabl edhimtogof orthf rom
it . Itis impos s ibl etos aywhenorhowthis beautif ul
Chapterwithits l of tyconceptions of moral itygrew,
but,al thoughthef orminwhichthes eares etf orth
is notol derthantheeighteenthdynas ty,theideas
thems el ves bel ongtoaperiodwhichis as ol das
therul eof thekings of thethirddynas ty . Fromthe
NegativeConf es s ionwes eethatthepious Egyptian
abhorredf raud,thef t,deceit,robberywithviol ence,
iniquityof everykind,adul tery,unchas tityands ins
of wantonnes s ,mans l aughter,murder, incitementto
murder,andthathedel ightedins hewinghehad
wrongednoneinanyway . Heneitherpurl oinedthe
things whichbel ongedtohis god,nordidhes l ay
thes acredanimal s ; hethoughtnotl ightl yof thegod
of his city,andhenevercurs edhim
. Hehonoured
CLXX

INTRODUCTION.
his king,andheneitherwas tedhis neighbour's pl ough-
edl ands nordef il edhis runnings tream
. Hes pakenot
haughtil y,hebehavednotins ol entl y,hemul tipl iednot
his s peechovermuch,heabus ednoman,heattacked
noman,hes worenotatal l ,hes tirrednotups trif e,he
terrif iednoman,hewas notamanof wrath,hes pake
evil of none,andheneverpriedintomatters tomake
mis chief
. Hejudgednothas til y,hedef raudednothis
neighbourinthemarket,hes hutnothis ears tothe
words of rightandtruth,hes oughtnothonours ,he
nevergavewaytoangerexceptf orapropercaus e,
andhes oughtnottoenrichhims el f attheexpens e
of his neighbours
. Itis dif f icul ttogivetheexact
s hades of meaningof manyof thewords inthis Con-
f es s ion,butthegeneral s ens eis thoroughl ywel l made
out ;
theEgyptiancodeof moral s ,as maybes een
f romtheCXXVthChapter,was thegrandes tandmos t
comprehens iveof thos enowknowntohaveexis ted
amongthenations of antiquity .
TheCXthChapter,whichdes cribes theempl oyments
andenjoyments of thedeceas edintheSekhet-hetep
andSekhet-Aaru,orEl ys ianFiel ds ,contains ideas of
thegreates tantiquity,whichdate,probabl y,f romthe
timewhenthes ys temof vil l agecommunities was in
vogueinEgypt . Thedeceas edpl oughs , s ows ,and
reaps ,andl ives exactl ythes amekindof l if eas a
f armerwoul dl iveinthef ertil el ands of theDel ta,
anditwoul ds eemthatheenjoys al l thepl eas ures
whichahumanbeingenjoys uponearth . IntheVth
THEOBJECTANDCONTENTS,ETC .

CLXXI
Chapter of theBookof theDeadthedeceas edf ound
atextwhichwoul df reehimf romcertainagricul tural
l abours whichhadtobedoneintheEl ys ianf iel ds ,
butinas muchas theworkof wateringandtop-dres s -
ingthef iel ds ands owingthecrops hadtobedone
bys omeone,f igures ,madeinthef ormof thede-
ceas edandins cribedwithhis name,wereburiedwith
thedeadtotoil f orhim
. Suchf igures haveof tenin
theirhands model s of thebas ketinwhichthef iel d
l abourercarriedearthandthehoe withwhichhe
f il l edit ; andthetextof theVIthChapter, which
was al s oins cribeduponthem,providedthedeceas ed
withs ubs titutes totoil f orhiminthef arms of the
gods .
Thereaderwil l s eek,ands eekin. vain,f ormany
of theattributes of theprayers of Chris tiannations ,
anditis anoticeabl ef actthattheEgyptianhadno
conceptionof repentance ; atthejudgmentwhichtook
pl aceintheHal l of Os iris hebas edhis cl aimf orad-
mis s ionintothekingdomof thatgoduponthef act
thathehadnotcommittedcertains ins ,andthathe
hadf earedGodandhonouredtheking,andhadgiven
breadtothehungry,drinktothethirs ty,cl othes to
thenaked,andaboattohimthathads uf f ereds hip-
wreckontheNil e . His bel ief intheef f icacyof works
was great,and,whenhehadanydoubtabouttheir
powertodel iverhimf inal l yf romthehos ts of dark-
nes s ,heprotectedhims el f bymeans of amul ets ,in-
s cribedorpl ain,andf igures of gods paintedupon
CLXXII

INTRODUCTION
.
his cof f inandpapyrus ,orcutinwoodorons tones
whichpos s es s edmagical powers . TheChapters which
ref ertos uchamul ets areNos . XIII,XIX,XXXB,
LXXXIX,C,CXXV,CXXX,CXXXIII,CXXXIV,
CXXXVIA,CXXXVIIA,CXL,CXLIV,CLVI,CLVII,
CLVIII,CLIX,CLXII,CLXIII,CLXIV,CLXV,and
CLXVI.
Oneof themos tinteres tingChapters inthewhol e
bookis theXVIIth,whichcontains as eries of s tate-
ments concerningtheoriginof thegods andthethings
of thenextworl d . Tomanyof thes es tatements more
thanoneexpl anationof theirmeaningis appended,and
as thes eoccurincopies of theChapterwhichare
f oundins cribeduponcof f ins of theel eventhdynas ty,
itis cl earthatal readyatthatearl ydates everal
opinions onthes ematters exis ted . Theviews ex-
pres s edintheChapterappeartobethos eof thean-
cientCol l egeof P ries ts atHel iopol is whichbecame
gradual l yadoptedthroughoutEgypt . TheVignettes
whichaccompanytheChapterinthebes til l uminated
papyriaremos tel aborate,andtheys hewbytheir
attentiontodetail thatitf ormedoneof themos t
importantof thetexts of this cl as s whichwereco-
piedf orgeneral us e.
TheLXIVthChapterwas veryhighl yes teemed,
anditwas bel ievedtobeoneof theol des tparts of
theBookof theDead. Al readyintheel eventhdy-
nas tyitexis tedintwovers ions ,oneof whichwas
thoughttohavebeencompos edoreditedinthef irs t
THEOBJECTANDCONTENTS,ETC.

CLXXIII
dynas ty, and theotherinthef ourthdynas ty. The
l ongervers ionis entitl eds impl y"TheChapterof
ComingForthbyDayintheunderworl d",butthe
s horteris des cribedas "TheChapterof knowingthe
`Chapters of ComingForthbyDay'inas ingl eChap-
ter"
. Whetherwearetounders tandbythel attertitl e
thattheChaptercontainedthees s enceof al l the
Chapters of theBookof theDeadandthatthede-
ceas edwhowas providedwithitwas as wel l pro-
tectedas if hehadcopies of themal l ,is notquite
cl ear,butits eems probabl e. Itwil l benoticedthat
s everal Chapters arecal l ed"Chapters of Coming
ForthbyDay",andamongthemmaybes pecial l y
noticed :-Chapters IIandIII,whichprovidethatthe
deceas edmaycomef orthintheunderworl dand"l ive
af terhehathdied,evenas doth Ra daybyday" ;
ChapterLXV,whichprovides thattheKhuof the
deceas eds hal l l iveands hal l inf l ictbl ows uponhis
enemy ;
ChapterLXVI,whichgives thedeceas ed
powerto"al ightuponthef oreheadof Ra" ; Chapter
LXVIII,whichgives himmas teryovereverything
whichis intheunderworl d,andenabl es himtojour-
neyaboutamongthel iving
; Chapters LXIX,LXX,
andLXXI,whereinheidentif ies hims el f withOs iris ,
Sah(Orion),Anubis ,Horus ,andTem,anddecl ares
his poweroverthewinds of heaven ; ChapterLXXII,
whichenabl es himto"comef orthbydayinal l the
f orms whichhepl eas ethtotake"andtoenterinto
anabodeintheEl ys ianFiel ds ,wherehes hal l be
CLXXIV

INTRODUCTION.
ampl yprovidedwithwheatandbarl ey ; andChapter
CLXXX,whichenabl es himtogoaboutintheunder-
worl dwithf reedomof movementandtoperf ormal l
thetrans f ormations of a"l ivings oul "
.
Animportantgroupof Chapters ref erringtothe
trans f ormations whichamanmayundergo,if he
pl eas es ,intheunderworl d,is introducedbyChapter
LXXVI,whereinthedeceas eddecl ares thathehas
beenl eduntothe"Hous eof theKing"bythe man-
tes , ors o-cal l ed"prayingins ect" . Thes eChapters en-
abl ehimtotrans f ormhims el f intoahawkof gol d
(Chap. LXXVII),intoadivinehawk(Chap . LXXVIII),
intotheGovernorof thedivines overeignprinces
(Chap . LXXIX),intothegodwhogivethl ightinthe
darknes s (Chap . LXXX),intoal otus (Chaps . LXXXI
A
andLXXXIB),
intothegodP tahandintoal iving
beinginAnnu(Chap
. LXXXII),into a Bennu (phoe-
nix? )(Chap. LXXXIII),intoaheron(Chap . LXXXIV),
intoal ivings oul (Chap . LXXXV),intoas wal l ow(Chap .
LXXXVI),intothes erpentSata(Chap . LXXXVII),and
intoacrocodil e(Chap. LXXXVIII).
Acons iderabl enumberof Chapters ref er,as we
s houl dnatural l yexpect,tothepres ervationof the
bodyof thedeceas edinthetomb,ands everal were
expres s l ywrittentogivehimpowertores is ttheat-
tacks of enemies ,andtoobtainmeat,anddrink,and
thepowerof motionintheunderworl d. Thus Chap-
terI,whichis provedbyits titl eandVignetteto
ref ertotheceremonies whichtookpl aceontheday
THEOBJECTANDCONTENTS,ETC.

CLXXV
of thef uneral ,provides f ortheburial of thebodyin
theproperways othat"thedeceas edmaygoinaf ter
comingf orth" ; andChapters VIII,IX,XI,XII,XIII,
XLVIII,LXVII,CVII,CXVIII,CXIX,CXXII,CLXI,
andCLXXXenabl ehimtomakehis wayinthe way
underworl dwithoutl etorhindranceandtoovercome
his enemies
. Thedeceas edwis hedtoprotecthims el f
bymeans of magical f ormul ae ;
ChapterXXIVprovides
thes ef ormul aef orhim,andChapterXXXIIgives him
thepowertokeephol dof them . Chapters XXIand
XXIIgivethedeceas edamouth,andChapterXXIII
provides himwiththepowerof openingit ; Chapter
XXVgavehimthef acul tyof rememberinghis
name. SevenChapters (XXVI-XXXB) gavehima
heart,andprovidedhimwithprayers andf ormul ae,
whichpreventedthos ewhos tol ehearts f roms natch-
ingitawayf romhimandf romdrivingitawayf rom
himwhenitwas weighedinthejudgmentHal l of
Os iris . Thecrocodil e,whichcametos teal awaythe
words of powerandprotectionwhichthedeceas ed
hadwithhim,was repul s edbythewords of Chapter
XXXI. Chapters XXXIII,XXXIV,XXXV,XXXVI,
XXXVII,andXXXIXpreventedhimf rombeings tung
orbittenbys nakes ands erpents ,anddidawaywith
thepowerof thebeetl e (? ) aj5 s hait tognawhis body
topieces
.
Chapters XXXVIII A andXXXVIII B en-
abl edhimtoes capef romthedeadl ycobra,and
ChapterXLdel iveredhimf romthepowerof the
s erpentwho,thoughheis hereactingas thef riend
CLXXVI

INTRODUCTION.
of Horus bydevouringtheAs s whichtypif ies the
f iendSet,is ,neverthel es s ,tobef eared . Intheunder-
worl dandthecities thereof punis hmentwas inf l icted
onthedead,andtoprovidethef avouredof Os iris
withpowertoes capef roms tripes ,andwounds ,and
decapitationatthedeadl ybl ockChapters XLI,XLII,
XLIII,andLwerecompos ed . Thedeceas edwis hed
f oras eatinthecel es tial Annu(Hel iopol is ),andthis
was givenhimbyChapterLXXV,andChapterXLVII
preventedhis throneandhis habitationf rombeing
removedbyanyhos til ebeing. Hes ighedtohave
poweroverrunningwaterandtos nuf f thes weet
breathof thenorthwind,andthes ecomf orts were
s ecuredf orhimbyChapters LIV,LV,LVI,LVII,
LVIII,LIX,LX,LXI,andLXII ; thel argenumber
of Chapters writtenf orthis purpos ewil l s hewhow
greatwas theanxietyof theEgyptianinthis matter .
As f ireandboil ingwaterexis tedintheunderworl d
hehas tenedtoprotecthims el f f romburns ors cal ds
bytheus eof Chapters LXIII A andLXIII B . P roper
f oodwas as neces s arytothe ka ordoubl eof thede-
ceas edas f res hairandwater,andtoens ureitagains t
theneedtoeatf il thandtodrinkdirtywaterChap-
ters LII,LIII,CV,CX,CXLVIIIandCLXXXIXwere
compos ed ; theideaof the ka beingobl igedtowan-
derabouts tarvingandins earchof f oodwas s oab-
horrenttothepious Egyptianthateverytextwhich
coul dinanywis ehel ptos ecures uf f icientmeatand
drinkf oritwas gl adl ycopiedoverandoveragain .
THEOBJECTANDCONTENTS,ETC
.

CLXXVII
The object
of Chapters IV,LXXIV,CXVII,CXIX,
was toenabl ethedeceas edtowal kaboutatwil l ,
andtoroamthroughRe-s tau,orthepas s ages of the
tombandunderworl d,andwhenhis waywas s topped
byApep,ChapterVIIenabl edhimtopas s overthe
backof thef iend
. Theunionof thes oul withthe
bodywas providedf orbyChapterLXXXIX,as
was thees capeof thes oul andthes hadef romthe
bonds of thetombbyChapters XCIandXCILThough
thedeceas edhadnowis htogototheeas tinthe
underworl d(s eeChap
. XCIII)he,neverthel es s ,wis h-
edtovis itthecel es tial Abydos
; as ucces s f ul jour-
neytothis citywas s ecuredbytheus eof Chap-
terCXXXVIII
. Ins piteof thebes tef f orts of the
embal mers bodies s ometimes rottedandperis hed
intheirtombs ;
s uchcal amities wereavertedby
Chapters XLVandXLVI,andes pecial l ybyChapter
CLIV,whichis oneof themos tinteres tinginthe
whol ebook . Overthrowintheunderworl dwas avert-
edbytheus eof ChapterLI,thewrathof thegod
was appeas edbyChapterXIV,andthedangerof
dyingas econdtimewas doneawaywithbyChap-
ters XLIV,CLXXV,andCLXXVI
. Thel oveof ritual
andceremonyinducedtheEgyptians totakes pecial
careaboutthearrangementof themummy,andcof f in,
andf uneral f urnitureinthemummychamber,andto
makecertainthatal l was properl ydoneinthis matter,
ChapterCLI,whichcons is ts of aviewof thechamber
andagroupof s hortbutimportanttexts ,was com-
a
CLXXVIII

INTRODUCTION.
pos ed
. Thetypeof this chamberwas ,of cours e,the
tombof Os iris
. TheHal l of Os iris whereinthegod
dwel twithhis princes coul donl ybereachedaf ter
certaindoors ,andmans ions ,anddomains ,whichwere
guardedbyporters inthef ormof mons ters ,hadbeen
s ucces s f ul l y
. pas s edthroughbythedeceas ed ; toen-
abl ethedeceas edtogothroughthes evenmans ions ,
andthetwenty-onepyl ons ,andthef if teendomains ,
Chapters CXLIV-CXLVII,CXLIX,andCLwere
written
. Thes eprovidedthedeceas edwiththenames
of thebeings whowereinchargeof thedoors ,and
s uppl iedhimwiththes peeches whichitwas neces -
s arythathes houl dmake
. Duringhis journeyinthe
underworl dthedeceas edcametoahugeriverwhich
hewas obl igedtocros s
; toenabl ehimtoembarkin
themys tical boat,everyportionof whichpos s es s ed
anamewhichhewas boundtoknowandbeabl eto
repeat,heprovidedhims el f withChapters XCVIIIand
XCIX
. Butthis boatonl ys ervedtotakehimacros s
theriver,andhel ongedtobeabl etoembarkinthe
Boatof Rd,andtos itinits bows andtos ail about
withthegodf orever
; this del ight,however,coul d
onl ybes ecuredf orhimbymeans of Chapters C,CI,
CII,CXXXIV,CXXXVIA,andCXXXVI B, and,as a
res ul t,copies of mos tof thes eChapters exis tinnear-
l yal l l argepapyri
. TheEgyptianbel ievedthathe
woul dencounterthef oes whoattackedOs iris inthe
underworl d,andthatthecal amities whichbef el the
godwoul dcomeuponhimal s o ; hewhodel ivered
THEOBJECTANDCONTENTS,ETC.

CLXXIX
Os iris out of al l his troubl es was Thoth,thes cribe
of thegods ,andtohimwereaddres s edChapters
XVIIIandXX,whichs ecuredf orthedeceas ed
theprotectionandtriumphwhichthis godhads e-
curedf or"his brotherOs iris "
. Thef avourof Thoth
was s oneces s arythatf ourChapters (XCIV,XCV,
XCVI,XCVII)werewrittentoins tructthedeceas ed
tomakeanof f eringof apal etteandanink-jarto
thegod,andhowtobecomenighuntohim
. Bef ore
thedeceas edcoul droamatwil l intheunderworl d
itwas neces s arythathes houl dknowthedeities of
thechief cities of thef ourquarters of thel andwhere-
inhewas
; Chapters CVIIandCVIIIenabl edhimto
knowthe"s oul s of Amentet",(1 . e
. ,of theWes t),Chap-
terCIXenabl edhimtoknowthe"s oul s of theEas t",
ChapterCXIIenabl edhimtoknowthe"s oul s of the
cityof P e"[ inthenorth] ,ChapterCXIIIenabl edhim
toknowthe"s oul s of thecityof Nekhen"[ inthe
s outh] ,ChapterCXVenabl edhimtoknowthe"s oul s
of Annu",andChapters CXIVandCXVIenabl edhim
toknowthe"s oul s of thecityof Khemennu"(Hermo-
pol is ) . Intheunderworl dthedeceas edwas threatened
bythedangerof thes narerorf owl erandhis net,
andChapters CLIIIAandCLIMBwerewrittentoen-
abl ehimtoes capef romthem . TwoChapters ,CLXIX
andCLXX,providedf orthes tabl is hingof thef une-
ral bedof thedeceas ed ; twoChapters ,CLXVIIIA
andCLXVIII B, s etoutatl engththel ibations which
itwas neces s aryf orhimtopourout ; ChapterCXXIII
1 *
CLXXX

INTRODUCTION. .
gavehimpowertoenterthe"GreatHous e"
; Chap-
ters CXXVI,CXXVII,CXXVIII,CLXXXV,and
CLXXXVIs uppl iedhimwiththeprayers whichhad
tobes aidtothehol yapes ,andtothegods who
werethel eaders andguides intheunderworl d,and
toOs iris andHathor ; ChapterCXXXIIenabl edhim
togobacktos eehis hous e ; ChapterCLIIgavehim
powertobuil dahous euponearth ; ChapterCLXXI
providedhimwiththegirdl eof purity ; Chapters CIII,
CXXIV,CXXXI,andCLXXXIgavehimpowerto
goinbef orethedivines overeignchief s of Os iris and
tobenighunto Ra ;
ChapterCIVgavehimas eat
amongthe"greatgods " ; andChapterCLXXXIV
broughthim"nighuntoOs iris " . ChapterCXXX,which
"madeperf ecttheKhu",was orderedtoberecited
onthebirthdayof Os iris ; ChapterCXXXIIImade
theKhuperf ectbef oretheGreatCompanyof the
gods ; ChapterCXXXV,whichwas toberecitedon
thedayof thenewmoon,gavethedeceas edpower
tobecomel ikeuntoThoth ; ChapterCXL,whichwas
toberecitedonthel as tdayof thes ixthmonthof
th ; Egyptianyear,enabl edhimtoappearingl ory
bef oreal l thegods whenthe utchat, orEyeof
Rd,
was f ul l ; andChapterCLXVIIconf erreduponhim
thepowerwhichthe utchat pos s es s edandenabl ed
himtoidentif yhims el f withit . Chapters CXLIand
CXLIIprovidedthetexts whichamanwas directed
torecite"f orhis f atherorf orhis s onduringthe
f es tival of Amentet",theymadethedeceas edtobe
THEOBJECTANDCONTENTS,ETC.

CLXXXI
perf ect with Rd and with the gods ;
andChapter
CLXXIIIcontainedtheaddres s es whichHorus made
tohis f atherOs iris ,andwhichwereal s oas s umedto
bemadetothedeceas edbyHorus . ChapterCLXXII
is aremarkabl eandbeautif ul compos itioninnines ec-
tions ,thecontents of whichweref irs tmadeknown
indetail byM
. Navil l e ; initthel imbs of thede-
ceas edaredes cribedinhighl ypoetical l anguage,and
thecomparis ons attimes res embl ethedes criptions of
thel imbs of thebel ovedoneintheSongof Sol o-
mon. FourChapters ,CLXII,CLXIII,CLXIV,and
CLXV,havenoequival ents intheRecens ions of the
Bookof theDeadol derthanthetwenty-s ixthdy-
nas ty,andas theycontainf oreignwords andf oreign
ideas theyareprobabl ytheworkof non-Egyptian
authors ; eachof themis f ol l owedbyal ongRubric
whichorders certaincurious amul ets tobemadeand
theperf ormanceof ceremonies . InChapters CLXXIV,
CLXXVII,andCLXXVIIIwehaveextracts f romthe
ol dHel iopol itanRecens ionof theBookof theDead
whichwas inus einthef if thands ixthdynas ties ,and
thecomparis onof thetexts ,which,thanks toM . Mas -
pero,wearenowabl etomake,is veryins tructive .
Wecans eehowmis unders tandings of themeaning
of certainpas s ages aros ethroughthewantof ade-
quatedeterminatives ,andwecannotehowl aterco-
pyis ts modif iedandadaptedol dtexts tos uitmodern
views . Thus inthepas s agef romthetextof Unis
(1
. 1 6 6 f f
. ,s ee is f ra, p. 329wehavearef erenceto
CLXXXII

INTRODUCTION.
thel ove-making` of thedeceas edwhichis entirel y
omittedf romthel atercopyof itgivenintheP apy-
rus of Nebs eni ; andits eems as if theideas expres s -
edinitf oundnof avourwiththecul turedmindof
Nebs eni,thegreatdes igner,draughts man,andar-
tis t,whowas attachedtotheTempl eof P tahat
Memphis . Inas imil armanneritwil l benoticedthat
mos tof thecoars eexpres s ions andideas whichare
f oundintherel igious books of theol dperiodhave
nocounterparts intheThebanRecens ionof theBook
of theDead .
Itwil l bes eenf romtheabovebrief s ummarythat,
al thoughthecontents of thepapyricontainingthe
ThebanRecens ionaremis cel l aneous ,thereareref er-
ences tootherworks connectedwiththeburial of
thedeadf romwhichnoextracts aregiven. Among
s uchmaybes pecial l ymentionedthetexts whichare
connectedwiththeperf ormanceof theceremonyof
"Openingthemouth"(s ee i)f ra, p
. 7 0),
butas itis
impos s ibl etogiveanyadequatedes criptionof them
inthes pacenowl ef ttome,Iref erthereaderto
myP apyrus of Ail *, p . 26 5 f f .
i . M. Mas pero's renderingof thepas s age(s ee
Les Ins criptions des
P yranides deSaggarah,p . z i) runs :-"0Ra,s ois bonpourl uience
jourdes hier
; carOunas aconnul adees s eMaouit,Ounas ares pirel a
f l ammed'Is i . Ounas s 'es tuniaul otus ,Ounas aconnuunejeunef emme,
mais s af orcemanquaitdegrains etdel iqueurs reconf ortantes :l ors que
l af orced'Ounas aattaquel ajeunef emme,el l eadonnedupain a Ou-
nas ,puis el l el uias ervidef emmeencejour . "
THE BOOK OFTHEDEAL)OFNESI-
KHONSU,AP RIESTESSOFAMEN,
ABOUTB
. C
. iooo. 1
"This hol ygod,thel ordof al l thegods ,Amen-Rd,
"thel ordof thethroneof thetwol ands ,thego-
vernorof Apt ; thehol ys oul whocameintobeing
"inthebeginning ; thegreatgodwhol ivethby (or
"upon)Maat ; thef irs tdivinematterwhichgavebirth
"untos ubs equentdivinematter ; 2 thebeingthrough
"whomevery[ other] godhathexis tence ; theOne
"Onewhohathmadeeverythingwhichhathcome
"intoexis tences inceprimeval times whentheworl d
"was created
; thebeingwhos ebirths arehidden,whos e
"evol utions aremanif ol d,andwhos egrowths areun-
known
; thehol yForm,bel oved,terribl e,andmighty
"inhis ris ings ; thel ordof weal th,thepower,Khe-
"perawhocreatetheveryevol utionof his exis tence,
r . Ahierogl yphictrans criptof thehieratictextof this remarkabl e
document,togetherwithaFrenchtrans l ation,has beenpubl is hedby
Mas peroin Les Af omz 'es Royal es deDdir-el -bahari,p .
5 94
f .
z . Or,"theprimeval
P aul whichgavebirthuntothe[ other] two
paul / i . "
CLXXXIV

INTRODUCTION.
"exceptwhomatthebeginningnoneotherexis ted ;
"whoatthedawnintheprimeval timewas Atennu,
"theprinceof rays andbeams of l ight ; whohaving
"madehims el f [ tobes eencaus ed] al l mentol ive ;
"whos ail ethoverthecel es tial regions andf ail ethnot,
"f oratdawnonthemorrowhis ordinances aremade
"permanent ; whothoughanol dmans hinethinthe
"f ormof onethatis young,andhavingbrought (or
"l ed)theuttermos tparts of eternitygoethroundabout
"thecel es tial regions andjourneyeththroughtheTuat
"toil l uminethetwol ands whichhehathcreated ; the
"Godwhoactethas God,whomoul dedhims el f ,who
"madetheheavens andtheearthbyhis wil l (orheart)
;
"thegreates tof thegreat,themighties tof themighty,
"theprincewhois mightierthanthegods ,theyoung
"Bul l withs harphorns ,theprotectorof thetwol ands
"inhis mightynameof `Theeverl as tingonewho
"comethandhathhis might,whobringeththere-
motes tl imitof eternity',thegod-princewhohath
"beenprincef romthetimethathecameintobeing,
"theconquerorof thetwol ands byreas onof his
"might,theterribl eoneof thedoubl edivinef ace,
"thedivineagedone,thedivinef ormwhodwel l eth
"inthef orms of al l thegods ,theLion-godwith
"awes omeeye,thes overeignwhocas tethf orththe
"twoEyes ,thel ordof f l ame[ whichgoeth] agains this
°enemies ;
thegodNu,theprincewhoadvancethat
"his hourtovivif ythatwhichcomethf orthuponhis
"potter's wheel ,thedis kof theMoon-godwhoopeneth
THEBOOKOFTHEDEADOFNESI-KHONSU. CLXXXV
`"awaybothinheavenanduponearthf orthybeau-
tif ul f orm
; thebenef icent (or operative)god,who
"is untiring,andwhois vigorous of heartbothin
`ris ingandins etting,f romwhos edivineeyes come
"f orthmenandwomen ;
atwhos eutterancethegods
"comeintobeing,andf oodis created,and
tcl z ef au
"f oodis made,andal l things whicharecomeinto
"being ;
thetravers erof eternity,theol dmanwho
"makethhims el f young[ again] ,withmyriads of pairs
"of eyes andnumberl es s pairs of ears ,whos el ight
"is theguideof thegodof mil l ions of years ; the
"l ordof l if e,whogivethuntowhomhepl eas eth
"thecircuitof theearthal ongwiththes eatof his
"divinef ace,whos ettethoutuponhis journeyand
"s uf f erethnomis hapbytheway,whos eworknone
"candes troy
; thel ordof del ightwhos enameis s weet
"andbel oved,atdawnmankindmakes uppl ication
"untohimtheMightyoneof victory,theMightyone
"of twof ol ds trength,theP os s es s orof f ear,theyoung
"Bul l whomakethanendof thehos til eones ,the
"Mightyonewhodoethbattl ewithhis f oes ,through
"whos edivinepl ans theearthcameintobeing ;
the
"Soul whogivethl ightf romhis twoUtchats (Eyes )
;
"thegodBaitiwhocreatedthedivinetrans f orma-
tions ;
thehol yonewhois unknown ; thekingwho
"makethkings torul e,andwhogirdethuptheearth
C'inits cours es ,andtowhos es oul s thegods andthe
"goddes s es payhomagebyreas onof themightof
"his terror ;
s incehehathgonebef orethatwhich
CLXXXVI

INTRODUCTION.
""f ol l owethendureth ;
thecreatorof theworl dbyhis
"s ecretcouns el s
; thegodKheperawhois unknown
"andwhois morehiddenthanthe[ other] gods ,
"whos es ubs tituteis thedivineDis k
; theunknown
"onewhohidethhims el f f romthatwhichcomethf orth
"f romhim ;
heis thef l amewhichs endethf orthrays
"of l ightwithmightys pl endour,butthoughhecan
"bes eeninf ormandobs ervationcanbemadeof him
"athis appearanceyethecannotbeunders tood,and
"atdawnmankindmakes uppl icationuntohim
; his
"ris ings areof crys tal amongthecompanyof the
"gods ,andheis thebel ovedobjectof everygod ;
"thegodNucomethf orwardwiththenorthwindin
"this godwhois hidden
; whomakethdecrees f ormil -
"l ions of doubl emil l ions of years ,whos eordinances
"aref ixedandarenotdes troyed,whos eutterances
"aregracious ,andwhos es tatutes f ail notinhis ap-
pointedtime ;
whogivethdurationof l if eanddoubl eth
"theyears of thos euntowhomhebathaf avour
; who
"gracious l yprotectethhimwhomhebaths etinhis
"heart
; whobathf ormedeternityandeverl as tingnes s ,
"thekingof theSouthandof theNorth,Amen-Ra,the
"kingof thegods ,thel ordof heavenandof earth,
"andof thedeep,andof thetwomountains ,inwhos e
"f ormtheearthbegantoexis t,hethemightyone,
"whois moredis tinguis hedthanal l thegods of the
"f irs tandf oremos tcompany
. "
Amen-Ra,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
beginningof whatbathcomeintobeing,baths ent
THEBOOKOFTHEDEADOFNF_ SI-KHONSU.
CLXXXVII
f orthhis greatandhol yedictf orthedeif icationof
Nes i-Khons u,thedaughterof Ta-hennu-Tehuti,both
inAmentetandinNeter-khert
andhes aith :-
"Ideif yNes i-Khons u,thedaughterof Ta-hennu-
"TehutiinAmentet,andIdeif yherinNeter-khert
;
"Ihavegrantedthats hes hal l receivewaterinAmen-
"tetandf uneral of f erings inNeter-khert . Ideif yher
"s oul andherbodyinNeter-khert,andIwil l notl et
"hers oul bedes troyedtherein ; nay,Ideif yhers oul
"inNeter-khert,[ andImakeit] l ikeuntothatof every
"godandof everygoddes s whohavebeendeif iedthere-
"in,andl ikeuntothatof everythingwhats oeverwhich
"hathbeendeif iedinNeter-khert
. Ihavegrantedthat
"everygod,andeverygoddes s ,andeverydivine
"being,andeverythingwhichhathbeendeif ieds hal l
°receiveherinNeter-khert ; andIhavegrantedthat
"al l herkins f ol k(? )s hal l receiveherthereinwitha
"gracious reception ; andIhavegrantedthatevery
"goodthing,whichcomethintobeingwithaman
"whenheas s umeththis f orm,whetherhebecarried
"of f intotheunderworl d,orwhetherhebecome
`deif ied,orwhethereverygoodthingbewrought
"f orhimwhereheis ,orwhetherhemadetore-
ceivewaterandof f erings ,orwhetherhebemade
"toreceivehis cakes f romthos ewhichthos ewho
"havebeendeif iedreceive,orwhetherhebemadeto
`°receivehis divineof f erings f romthos ewhichthos e
"whohavebeendeif iedreceive,s hal l bedonef orher
"s othatits hal l bewithher . "
CLXXXVIII

INTRODUCTION
.
Amen-Ra,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
princeof thatwhichhathcomeintobeingf romthe
beginning,s aith :-
"Icaus eNes i-Khons u,thedaughterof Ta -
hen-
"Tehuti-a,tomakeeverykindof f oodandeverykind
"of drinkwhicheverygodandeverygoddes s who
"havebeendeif iedintheunderworl dmake
; andI
"caus ehertomakeeverygoodthingwhichis with
"everygodandeverygoddes s whohavebeendei-
f iedintheunderworl d ;
andbymeans thereof Ihave
"del iveredmys ervantP a
- netchemf romeveryevil
"thing,andIwil l notl etanyof thecal amities which
"occurintheunderworl df al l uponNes i-Khons uto
"doherharm ; andIgrantthathers oul maycome
"f orth,andthatitmayenterinaccordingtoits de-
"s ireandneverberepul s ed. "
Amen-Ra,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
princeof thatwhichhathcomeintobeingf romthe
beginning,s aith
:-
"Ihavegoneround(z
.
e
. ,
Ihaveexamined)the
"heartof Nes i-Khons u,thedaughterof Ta-hen-Te-
"huti-a,ands hehathdonenoevil thingagains tP a-
""netchem,thes onof Aus et-em-khebit . Ihavecare-
"f ul l yexaminedherheart,andIhavenotl etherat-
"tackhis l if e,andIhavenotal l owedhertoattack
`his l if ethroughotherf ol k . Ihavecaref ul l yexamin-
edherheart,andIhavenotl etherdoanyevil
"thinguntohims uchas is doneagains tal iving
"man. Ihavecaref ul l yexaminedherheart,andIhave
THEBOOKOFTHEDEADOFNESI-KHONSU
.
CLXXXIX
"not
al l owedhertodobymeans of otherf ol kany
"of theevil things whicharedoneagains tal iving
"man. "
Amen-Ra,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
princeof thatwhichbathcomeintobeingf romthe
beginning,s aith :-
"Ihavecaus edhernottos eektodoanyevil
"thingwhichwoul dcaus edeathuntoP a-netchem,
"thes onof Aus et-em-khebit
. Ihavecaref ul l yexa-
minedherheartands hebathdonenoevil thingunto
"himinparticul ar,noranyevil thingwhichcoul d
"harmhimingeneral ; s hebathnotworkedagains t
"himbymeans of anygodoranygoddes s whohas
"beendeif ied ; norbymeans of anymal e Nit or
"of anyf emal e kiz u whohas beendeif ied ; ands he
"bathnotworkedagains thimbymeans of anykind
"of beings whats oeverwhoworks chemes andpl ans
"s othatbeings of everykindmaybeobedientunto
"theirwords
. Ihavecaref ul l yexaminedherheart
"and[ s ee] thats hebaths oughtthatwhichwas good
"f orhimwhil s thewas uponearth ; andIhavecaus -
edhertos eekineverywaytogivehimal ong
"l if euponearth,andal if eof heal th,ands oundnes s ,
"andpower,ands trength,andmight ; andIhave
"caus edherineverywaytoprocuref orhimhap-
pines s whereverthes oundof his words was heard .
"Ihavecaus edhertos eekneitherharmf orhim,nor
"anythingwhichcoul dinf l ictaninjuryuponman,
"noranythingwhichcoul dcaus eevil toP a-netchem,
CXC

INTRODUCTION.
"thes onof Aus et-em-khebit . Ihavecaus edhernot
"tos eekanyevil thing,oranynoxious thingwhich
"woul dinducedeath,oranyharmf ul thingl ikeunto
"thos ethings whichmaketheheartof mantotrembl e,
"orthos ewhichdoharmuntothemenandwomen
"whowerebel ovedbyP a-netchem,noruntohimby
"makinghis heartterrif iedatthembymeans of the
"evil words whichhavebeendirectedagains tthem
"(themenandwomen) . Ihavecaus edal l thatcon-
"cerneththeheartands oul of Nes i-Khons utobein
"goodcas e,thatis tos ay,herhearthathnotbeen
"drivenawayf romhers oul ; hers oul hathnotbeen
"drivenawayf romherheart ; herhearthathnot
"beendrivenawayf romhers el f ; Nes i-Khons uher-
s el f hathnotbeeninanywaydrivenbackwiththe
`repul s ewithwhichabeinginherf orm-thatis to
"s ayabeingwhohathbeendeif iedintheunder-
worl d,whateverits naturemaybe-is s ometimes
"repul s ed ; andnoevil thingwhats oever,s uchas
"maybedoneuntothehumanbeingwhois ina
"s tatel ikeuntohers ,hathbeendoneuntoher
. Nay,
"but[ Ihavegiven] al l thatcoul ddel ightNes i-Khons u,
"namel y,thatP a-netchemmightenjoyaveryl ongl if e
"al ongwithmight,ands trength,andpower ; thathis
"l if emightnotbecuts hort
; thatnoevil thingof any
"kindwhats oever,andnoneof thethings whichdo
"harmuntoamanands triketerrorintohis heart
"mightcomenighhim,orhis wives ,orhis chil dren,
"orhis brethren,orAtaui,orNes ta
- neb -
As her,or
THEBOOKOFTHEDEADOFNESI-KHONSU. CXCI
"Mas ahairtha,orTchaui-nef er,thechil drenof Nes i-
"Khons u,orthebrethrenof Nes i
- Khons u. AndI
"havecaus edthateverythingwhichwoul dbeof ad-
vantagetoP a-netchem,andal l thatwoul dbeof
"benef ittohiminanywaywhats oeverandwhich
"coul dhappentoamaninhis condition,andanex-
ceedingl yl ongl if ef orhims el f ,andhis wives ,andhis
"chil dren,andhis brethren,mayal s ocometoNes i-
"Khons u,andtoherchil dren,andtohers is ters
. "
Amen-Ra,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
princeof thatwhichhathcomeintobeingf romthe
beginning,s aith

"Igrantthatal l things ,of whateverkinds they
"maybe,whichamanhathwhenheis inthes tate
"inwhichNes i-Khons u is ,
andbywhichheis deif ied,
"s hal l bepos s es s edbyher,andIgrantthatthes even-
tyaddres s es toRamayberecitedinmyname,s o
"thathers oul maynotbedes troyedintheunder-
"worl d. "
Amen-Rd,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
princeof thatwhichhathcomeintobeingf romthe
beginning,s aith :-
"Everygoodwordwhichcandeif yNes i-Khons u,
"whichwil l giveherpowertoreceivewaterandof f er-
ings ,andwhichs hal l beutteredors aidbef oremeby
"anypers onwhats oeverIwil l f ul f il totheuttermos t,
"omittingnothing
. Everygoodword
. whichs hal l be
"utteredbef oremeonbehal f of Nes i-Khons uIwil l
"f ul f il ateverys eas onof theheavens whenShu
CXCII

INTRODUCTION
.
"comethf orth,ins uchwis ethatnoneof theevil
"things whichcanreachapers onwhois inthecon-
ditioninwhichs heis s hal l touchheratanys eas onof
"theheavens ,whenShucomethf orthf romthewaters
"withhis weapons andwhendaybeginnethinthes ky
.
"AndIwil l utterl ydoawaywiththeevil ef f ectof
"everywordwhichmaybes pokenbyanypers on
"whats oeverof abeingwhois inthes tateinwhich
"is Nes i-Khons u,omittingnothing,ateverys eas onof
"theheavens whenShucomethf orthf romthewaters
"withhis weapons andwhendaybeginnethinthes ky
. "
Amen-Rd,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
princeof thatwhichhathcome,intobeingf romthe
beginning,s aith
:-
"Ihavecaus edthes eventyaddres s es toRdtobe
"recitedinmyname,andIhavenotal l owedany
"s ingl ebenef itwhichbel ongethtoamanwhois in
"theconditioninwhichis Nes i-Khons utoes capeher .
"AndIhavecaus edhertoreceiveof f erings ,bread,
"andal e,andunguents ,andwine,andpomade,and
"mil k,andrais ins (? ) ; andIhavecaus edhertore-
ceiveal l thebenef its andal l thegoodthings which
""abeingwhois inherconditionandwhois f avour-
edbymeandwhohathbeendeif iedcanreceive ;
"andIhavecaus edhertos hareequal l ywithevery
"godandeverygoddes s everygoodthingwhats oever
"whichthos ewhohavebeendeif iedintheunderworl d
"receive
; andIhavecaus edhertoreceiveherdivine
"of f erings al ongwiththegods . "
THEBOOKOFTHEDEADOFNESI-KHONSU. CXCIII
Amen-Rd,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
princeof thatwhichhathcomeintobeingf romthe
beginning,s aith :-
"If thewordbywhichtheof f eringof Sekhet-Aaru
"andof af iel dinSekhet-Aaruis madeis notonewhich
"is goodf orthepers onwhois intheconditionin
"whichis Nes i-Khons u,andithathnoef f ect,Imys el f
"wil l makeuntohertheof f eringof Sekhet-Aaruandof
"af iel dinSekhet-Aaru,whenthatwhichis benef icial
"f orherinthis kindof of f erings hal l comeintobeing,
"andits hal l s uf f ernodiminutionthereof whats oever . "
Amen-Ra,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
princeof thatwhichhathcomeintobeingf romthe
beginning,s aith
"Al l goodthings whichs hal l bes pokeninmypre-
s ence,s aying,`Lets uchands uchthings bedone
"f orNes i-Khons u,thedaughterof Ta-hennu-Tehu-
"ti-a',
Iwil l perf ormf orher,andtheys hal l notbe
"l es s ened,andtheys hal l notbeabrogated,andno-
"thingtheref roms hal l becutof f ateverys eas onof the
"heavens whenShucomethf orth . And,moreover,s he
"s hal l receiveinabundancethechoices tthings of al l
"thatis goodf orher,evenas doeverymanand
"everygodwhohavebeendeif ied,andwhogof orth
"andwhocomein,andwhojourneyuntoeverypl ace
"as theypl eas e. "
Amen-Ra,thekingof thegods ,thegreatgod,the
princeof thatwhichhathcomeintobeingf romthe
beginning,s aith
:
n-I
CXCIV

INTRODUCTION
.
"As concerning
al l good things whichhavebeen
"s pokeninmypres ence,thatis tos ay,`P erf ormthem
"f orP a-netchem,thes onof Aus et-em-khebit,mys er-
vant,andf orhis wives ,andhis chil dren,andhis
"brethren,andhis f riends ,andf orthos ef orwhom
"his heartis af raidl es tevil comeuponthem'
:be-
"hol d,Iwil l s endf orthmygreatandmightyandhol y
"wordintoeverypl acethatitmaycaus eeverygood
"thingtobewithP a-netchem,andhis wives ,andhis
"chil dren,andhis brethren,andal l his f riends ,ins uch
"wis ethatif anymans hal l omittos ay,`Letthede-
creeof Amen-Ra,thekingof thegods ,thegreat
"god,theprinceof thatwhichhathcomeintobe-
ingf romthebeginning,beperf ormed,'Imys el f wil l
"makethatwhichthegreatgodhaths pokentocome
"topas s . "
A BOOKOFTHEDEAD
OFTHEGRAECO-ROMANP ERIOD
.
THEBOOKOFBREATHINGS.
[ FromtheP apyrus of Keras her(Brit . Mus . No. 9,995 ,s heet
2) . ]
I . HEREBEGINNETHTHEBOOKOFBREATHINGS.
(i)"Hail ,Os iris Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit
!
"Thouartpure,andthyheartis pure . Thef ore-
"parts of theearepure,(2)thyhind-parts arecl eans ed,
"andthyinterioris madecl eanwith bet incens eand
"natron ; nomemberof thinehathanydef ectwhat-
s oever . TheOs iris Keras her,(3)thes onof Tas hen-
`"atit,hathbeencl eans edbymeans of thewaters of
"Sekhet-hetep(i . c . , Fiel dof P eace)whichis s ituated
"tothenorthof Sekhet -Sanehem (i . e . , Fiel dof the
"Gras s hoppers ) . (4 )Thegoddes s es UatchitandNekhe-
"betmaketheetobepureattheeighthhourof the
"nightandatthe[ eighth] hourof theday . Come
"then,0Os iris (5 )Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,
"andenterintotheHal l of Maati . Thouartpure
"f romal l of f enceandf rom(6 )def ectof everykind
;
"`Stoneof RightandTruth'is thyname . "
m*
CXCVI

INTRODUCTION.
"Hail ,[ Os iris ] Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,thou
"enteres ttheTuat
(a . e. , underworl d) (7 )
as onemighty
"inpurity
. Thouartpurif iedbythetwoMaatgod-
des s es intheGreatHal l
. Al ibationhathbeenmade
"f ortheeintheHal l of Seb,andthybodyhathbeen
"madepure(8 )intheHal l of Shu
. Thoul ookes t
°uponRawhenhes ettethas Temateventide. Amen
"is nighuntotheetogivetheeair,(q)andP tahl ike-
wis etomoul dintof ormthymembers ,thouenteres t
"thehoriz onal ongwithRa
. Theyreceivethys oul in
"theNes hemboatof Os iris ,(io)theymakethys oul
"divineintheHous eof Seb,andtheymaketheeto
"betriumphantf oreverandf orever . "
"[ Hail ] Os iris Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,
"(ii)thynameis madetoendure,th
-
vmaterial
"bodyis s tabl is hed,andthys piritual bodyis made
"togerminate
; thouartturnedbackneitherinhea-
vennoruponearth . Thyf aces hinethbef ore (I2)
"Ra,thys oul l ivethbef oreAmen,andthymaterial
"bodyis renewedbef oreOs iris . Thoubreathes tf or
"everandf orever,thys oul makethof f erings unto
"thee(i3)of cakes ,andal e,andbeas ts ,andf eathered
"f owl ,andcool waterinthecours eof eachday ;
"thoucomes t,anditis triumphant . Thef l es his upon
"thybones , (1 4 )
andthyf ormis evenas itwas upon
"earth. Thoutakes tdrinkintothybody,thoueates t
"withthymouth,andthoureceives tbreadal ongwith
"thes oul s (i5 )of thegods . ThegodAnubis pro-
"tecteththee,andhemakethhims el f thyprotector ;
THEBOOKOFBREATHINGS
.

CXCVII
"thouartnotturnedawayf romthegates of theTuat
"(i
. e. ,underworl d) . Thoth,themos tmighty(ib)god,
"thel ordof Khemennu,comethtothee,andhewrit-
"ethf ortheethe
BOOKOFBREATHINGS
withhis ownf in-
gers
. [ Then] doththys oul breathef or
(1 7 )
everand
"ever,andthyf ormis madeanewwithl if eupon
"earth ;
thouartmadedivineal ongwiththes oul s of
"thegods ,thyheartis theheartof Rd,andthymem-
bers (z g)arethemembers of thegreatgod
. "
"Hail ,Os iris Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,Amen
"is nighuntothee (20)
tomaketheetol iveagain.
"AndthegodAp-uat(i. e
. ,theOpenerof theways )
"bathopenedupf ortheeapros perous path
. Thou
"s ees twiththineeves ,thouNeares t,withthineears ,
"thous peakes twiththymouth,
(21 ) andthouwal k-
"es twiththyl egs . Thys oul bathbeenmadedivine
"intheTuats othatitmaymakeeverytrans f orma-
tion ;
atthwwil l thoubreathes twithdel ight[ the
"odours ] of (22)
thehol yP ers eatreeof Annu(i . e . ,
"Hel iopol is )
. Thouwakes teachdayands ees tthe
"rays of Ra . Amencomethtothee
(23) havingthe
"breathof l if e,andhecaus eththeetodrawthy
"breathwithinthyf uneral hous e
. Thouappeares tupon
"theeartheachday,andtheBoox
OFBREATHINGS
"of Thoth(a4 )is aprotectionuntothee,f orthereby
"dos tthoudrawthybreatheachday,andthereby
"dothineeyes behol dthebeams of thedivineDis k
.
"Thegoddes s of RightandTruthmakeths peechon
"thybehal f bef oreOs iris , (25 ) andherwritings areupon
CXCVIII

INTRODUCTION
.
"thytongue. Horus theavengerof his f atherprotecteth
"thybody,hemakeththys oul tobedivinel ikethos e
"of al l thegods . II. (1 )
ThegodRavivif ieththys oul ,
"andthes oul of Shuuniteththepas s ages of thy
"nos tril s . "
"Hail ,Os iris Keras her,
(2) thes onof Tas henatit,
"thys oul drawethits breathinthepl acewhichthou
"l oves t
. Thouartevenas Os iris . Os iris theGovernor
"of thos einAmentetis thyname
. (3)Thewaterf l ood
< "of theprincecomethuntotheef romAbu(El ephan-
"tine),anditf il l eththytabl eof of f erings with tchuf au
"f ood. "
"[ Hail ] Os iris Keras her,(4 )thes onof Tas henatit,
"thegods of theSouthandof theNorthcomeunto
"thee,andthouartl edbythemtotheends of the
"countries of (5 )mil l ions of years
. Thvs oul l iveth,
"thouartinthef ol l owingof Os iris ,andthoudraw-
"es tthybreathinRe-s tau
; thes trengthwhichpro-
"tecteththee(6 )is hiddeninthel ordof Setetand
"[ in] thegreatgod
. Thymaterial bodyl ivethin
"Tattu[ andin] Nif -urtet,andthys oul l ivethinhea-
ven(7 )eachday. "
"[ Hail ] Os iris Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,the
"goddes s Sekhethathgainedthemas teryoverwhat
"is bal ef ul tothee,Heru-aa-(8 )abuprotecteththee,
"Heru-s es het-hramakeththyheart,andHeru-maati
"protecteththybody",oras others s ay,(9)"thytongue
.
"Thouarts tabl is hedwithl if e,ands trength,andheal th,
"andthouartf irml ys eateduponthythroneinTa-
THEBOOKOFBREATHINGS.

CXCIX
"tches ertet
. Comethen,Os iris Keras her
(io), thes on
"of Tas henatit,thouris es tinthyf orm,thouartar-
rayedinthineornaments ,thouhas tf irmhol dupon
"l if e,thoupas s es tthydays (ii)inheal th,thoujour-
"neyes thitherandthither,andthoudrawes tthy
"breathineverypl acewhats oever
. Raris ethupon
"thineabodeevenas Os iris
; thoudrawes tthybreath,
"(1 2) andthoul ives tthroughhis rays
. Amen-Ra-
"Heru-khutivivif ieththy ka
(1 . e. , doubl e),andhe
"makeththeetof l ouris hbymeans of theBoox,
OF
"BREATHINGS.
Thou (1 3) artinthef ol l owingof Os iris -
"Horus ,thel ordof the
Il ennu Boat ;
thouartl ike
"thegreatgodattheheadof thegods
. Thyf ace
"l iveth,0thouwhos ebirths arel ovel y
; thyname
"(1 4 )bl os s ometheachday
. Thougoes tintothemos t
"mightyanddivineHal l inTattu ;
thous ees thim
"thatis headof thos einAmentetduringtheUka
"f es tival
. Theodourof thee(r5 )is s weetas thatof
"thevenerabl eones [ therein] ,andthynameis mag-
nif iedl ikethos eof thedivines piritual bodies
. "
"Hail ,Os iris Keras her,thes onof (i6 )Tas henatit,
"thys oul l iveththroughtheBoox
OFBREATHINGS,
thou
"artunitedthroughtheBoox
OFBREATHINGS,
(1 7 ) thou
"enteres tintotheTuatandhas tnoenemytherein
.
"Thouartas al ivings oul inTattuandthouhas t
"thineheart,whichhathnotdepartedf romthee
.
"Thouhas t
(1 8 ) thineeyes ,andtheyopendail y
. "
Thegods whoareinthetrainof Os iris s peakunto
Os iris Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,(ig)s aying
:-
CC

INTRODUCTION.
"Thouf ol l owes tRaandthouf ol l owes tOs iris ,and
"thys oul dothl ivef oreverandever
. "
Thegods whodwel l intheTuat
(20) of Os iris ,the
Governorof thos einAmentet,s peakuntoOs iris Ker-
as her,thes onof Tas henatit,s aying :-
"Thegates of theTuatareopeneduntohim,
"(21 )
l ethims hewhims el f inNeter-khertet
. Veril y,
"his s oul s hal l l ivef orever,hes hal l buil dhabitations
"f orhims el f in (22)
Neter-khertet,thegodthereof
"s hal l s hewf avouruntohis
ka, andhes hal l receive
"the BooK of
BREATHINGS, andveril yhes hal l (23)
"drawhis breath . "
"MayOs iris ,theGovernorof thos einAmentet,
"thegreatgod,thel ordof Abydos ,grantaroyal
"obl ation ;
mayhegiveof f erings of cakes , (24 )
and
"al e,andoxen,andwine,and Iz get
drink,andbread,
"and
Icl eef ait f ood,andal l beautif ul things tothe
ka
"of Os iris Keras her, (2 . 5 )thes onof Tas henatit
. Thy
"s oul dothl ive,andthymaterial bodydothgermi-
natebythecommandof Rahims el f
; thous hal t
"neverperis handthous hal tnevers uf f erdiminution,
"III. (I)
[ buts hal tbe] l ikeRdf oreverandf orever . "
"Hail ,Us ekh-nemtet,whocomes tf orthf romAnnu,
"theOs iris Keras her,thes onof
(2) Tas henatit,hath
"notcommitteds in. "
"Hail ,Ur-at,whocomes tf orthf romKher-aba,the
"Os iris Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,(3)hathnot
"donedeeds of viol ence
. "
THEBOOKOFBREATHINGS.

CCI
"Hail ,Fenti,(q)whocomes tf orthf romKhemennu,
"theOs iris Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,(5 )bath
"notcommitteds l aughter (? ) .
"Hail ,Amam-maat,whocomes tf orthf romthetwo
"Qerti,theOs iris Keras her (6 ),thes onof Tas henatit,
"bathnotpl underedthepos s es s ions of thedead .
"Hail ,Neha - hra,(7 )whocomes tf orthf romRe-
"s tau,theOs iris Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,(8 )
"bathnotinf l ictedinjury .
"Hail ,Rereti,whocomes tf orthf romheaven,the
"Os iris (9)Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,bathnot
"committeds ins of . . . . of theheart .
"Hail ,i\ -Iaati - em-khet,(io)whocomes tf orthf rom
"Sekhem,theOs iris Keras her,thes onof Tas henatit,
"(ii)bathnotmaderevol t .
"Hail ,yegods whoareintheTuat,hearkenye
"untothevoiceof Os iris Keras her,the (
1
1 2) s onof
"Tas henatit,andl ethimcomebef oreyou,f orthere
"is neitheranyevil whats oever,noranys inwhat-
s oever (1 3) withhim,andnoaccus ercans tand[ be-
"f orehim]
. Hel ivethuponMaat,hef eedethupon
I'Maat,andhebaths atis f ied(i4 )theheartof the
"gods byal l thathebathdone. Hebathgivenf ood
"tothehungry,andwatertothethirs ty,andcl othes
1 1 (1 5 )tothenaked. Hebathmadeof f erings tothe
"gods ,andtothe El z z ts , andno(1 6 )reportwhat-
s oeverbathbeenmadeagains thimbef orethegods .
"Ocome,l ethimentertheTuatandnotberepul s -
m**
CCII

INTRODUCTION.
"ed ; (1 7 )come,l ethimf ol l owOs iris withthegods
"of the Qerl i . Lethimbeaf avouredbeingamong
"thef avouredones , (1 8 ) andl ethimbedivineamong
"theperf ectones . Come,l ethiml ive,come,l ethis
"s oul l ive. Lethis s oul (1 g) bereceivedinwhatever
"pl aceitpl eas eth,andl ethimreceivethe
BooK of
"BREATHINGS. (20)
Come,l ethimdrawbreathwith
"his s oul intheTuat,andl ethimperf orm (21 ) what-
s oevertrans f ormations hewil l al ongwiththos ewho
"areinAmentet . Come,l ethis s oul gointoevery
"pl acewhereitwoul dbe,andl etitl iveuponearth
"f orever,andf orever,andf orever
. "
ABOOKOFTHEDEADOFTHE
ROMANP ERIOD. '
(From Britis h Mus eum P apyrus
No. 1 0,1 1 2) .
"Hail ,
HathorTakhert-p-uru-abt,triumphant,born
"of Thent-nubt,triumphant
. Thys oul l ivethinheaven
"bef oreRd,gif ts aremadeuntothy
ka
bef orethe
"gods ,thys piritual bodyis gl orious amongtheKhus ,
"thynameis s tabl is heduponearthbef oreSeb,and
"thybodys hal l endurepermanentl yintheNeter-
"khert(underworl d oY
grave) . Thyhous eis inthe
"pos s es s ionof thychil drenandthyhus bandwho
"weepas theyf ol l owtheewhenthougoes tabout
"thereinwiththychil dren ;
andtheyarerewarded
"f orwhattheyhavedonef orthy ka.
[ Theyhave
"giventhee] goodandperf ectburial ,andtheymake
"of f erings tothy ka
atthewes tof Thebes inthe
"s ightof thef ol kof thycityandof theLadyof the
"Templ es
. Thebeautif ul Amentets tretchethouther
"hands toreceivetheeaccordingtothedecreeof
i . SeeBirch, P . S. B. A. , Vol . VII . ,p
. 4 9
; andLiebl ein, Queman
nonz f deurz s s e,p . i .
CCIV

INTRODUCTION.
"theLadyof Abydos . Thytombs hal l neverbeover-
"thrown,thys wathings s hal l neverbetorninpieces ,
"andthybodys hal l neverbemutil ated . Thegod
"Anubis hathreceivedtheeinthel andof theHal l
"of Doubl eMaat,andhehathmadetheetobeone
"of thos ef avouredandperf ectbeings whoareinthe
"f ol l owingof Seker
. Thys oul f l iethuponhighto
"meetthes oul of thegods ,andithoverethal s oover
"thydeadbodywhichis inAkert . Thoujourneyes t
"aboutupontheearth,thous ees tal l thatarethere-
in,thouobs erves tal l theaf f airs of thyhous e,and
"thoueates tbread,therehavingbeenperf ormedby
"theetrans f ormations whicharel ikeuntothos eof
"Baba. Thougoes ttothecityof Nif -urtetatthe
"f es tival of theal tars onthenightof thef es tival of
"s ix,andatthef es tival of Anep. Thougoes tinto
"thecityof Nif -urtetatthef es tival of thel ittl eheat,
"andthef es tival of l if tingupthes ky . Thougoes t
"intothecityof Tattuonthef es tival of Ka-hra-ka,
"onthedaywhentheTetis s etup
. Thebreathof
"thewindhathmadethythroattobreathewithKhens u
"andShu,themightyone,inThebes ; andthouhas t
"abundantof f erings f orthy ka everytenthdaywith
"thel ivingimageof RdinThebes . Thyl if eis f or
"everandever,andthys overeigntyis f orever,and
"thous hal tenduref oranendl es s numberof periods
"of twices ixtyyears
. "
THEBOOKOFTHEDEAD
.
TRANSLATION.
HYMNSINTRODUCTORYTOTHEBOOK O F
THEDEAD,THEJUDGMENT,ETC .
HymntoRawhenheris eth
.
[ Fromthe P apyrus of Ani (Brit
. Mus . No
.
1 0,4 7 0, s heet t) . ]
Vignette : Thes cribeAnis tanding,withhands rais edinadoration,
bef oreatabl eof of f erings cons is tingof haunches of beef ,l oaves of bread,
andcakes ,vas es of wineandoil ,f ruits ,andf l owers . Hewears af ringed
l inengarmentandhas awig,neckl ace,bracel ets ,etc . Behindhims tands
his wif eThuthu,amemberof theCol l egeof Amen-RaatThebes ; s heis
s imil arl yrobedandhol ds as is trum,avinebranch,anda mendt, orem-
bl emof pl eas ure,inherhands .
Text :(r)
AHYMNOFP RAISETORAWHENHERISETHIN
THEEASTERNP ARTOF'HEAVEN . Behol dOs iris ,Anithes cribe
of thehol yof f erings of al l thegods , (2) whos aith :-
"Homagetothee,0thouwhohal tcomeas Khepera,Khepera
"thecreatorof thegods . Thouris es t,thous hines t,(3)thoumak-
"es tl ight[ in] thymother[ thegoddes s Nut] ; thouartcrowned
`kingof thegods . [ Thv] motherNutdoethanactof ho-
mageuntotheewithbothherhands . (4 )Thel andof Mannr
"receiveththeewiths atis f action,andthegoddes s Maatcm-
"braceththeebothatmornandateve . Mayhe(i . e. Ra)give
"gl ory,andpower,andtriumph,(5 )andacomingf orthas a
"l ivings oul tos eeHeru-khuti(i . e. ,Horns of thetwohoriz ons )
"tothedoubl e (ka) of Os iris ,thes cribeAni,victorious bef ore
"Os iris ,(6 )whos aith : Hail ,al l yegods of theTempl eof
t . Manuryas thename of themountainwherethes uns etinthe-,ves t .
tx
4
INTRODUCTORYHYMNS
"theSoul ,whoweighheavenandearthinthebal ance,and
"whoprovides epul chral meal s I
inabundance. Hail ,Tatunen,
"thouOne,(7 )thouCreatorof mankindandMakerof the
"s ubs tanceof thegods of thes outhandof thenorth,of the
`wes tandof theeas t . 0comeandaccl aimyeRa,thel ord
"of heaven,(8 )theP rince(Lif e,Heal th,Strength!),theCreator
"of thegods ,andadoreyehiminhis beautif ul f ormathis
"ris inginthe Atet boat . (g)Theywhodwel l intheheights
"andtheywhodwel l inthedepths 2 wors hipthee. Thegod
"Thothandthegoddes s Maathavewrittendown[ thycours e] f or
"theedail yandeveryday. Thineenemythes erpenthathbeen
"givenoverto(io)thef ire,thes erpent-f iendSebauhathf al l en
"downheadl ong ; his arms havebeenboundinchains ,andhis
"l egs hathRahackedof f f romhim . Thechil drenof (ii)impotent
"revol ts hal l nevermoreris eup
. TheTempl eof theAgedOne 3
"keepethf es tival ,andthevoiceof thos ewhorejoiceis inthe
"mightydwel l ing . (1 2) Thegods exul twhentheys eeRdas he
"ris eth,andwhenhis beams f l oodtheworl dwithl ight . The
"Majes ty (1 3)
of thehol ygodgoethf orthandadvancetheven
"untothel andof Manu ; hemakethbril l ianttheearthathis
"birtheachday :hejourneyethontothepl acewherehewas
"yes terday. (1 4 ) 0bethouatpeacewithme,andl etmebehol d
"thybeauties ; 4 mayIjourneyf orthuponearth,mayIs mitethe
"As s ; mayIcrus h(i5 )thes erpent-f iendSebdu ; mayIdes troy
"Apepinhis hour ; mayIs eethe Abtu f is hathis s eas on,and
"the Ant f is h[ pil oting] (z 6 )the Ant boatinits l ake. MayIs ee
"Horns actingas s teers man,withthegodThothandthegoddes s
"Maat,oneoneachs ideof him ; mayIgras pthebows of the
"(i7 )
Sektet boat,andthes ternof the Atet
boat. Mayhe (i. e. ,
"Ra)grantuntothedoubl e (Ira) of Os iris Anitobehol dthedis k
"of theSunandtos eetheMoon-godwithoutceas ing,eachand
i . Tchef au vas thenamegiventothef ooduponwhichthegods l ived .
2 . I. e . , thegods whol iveintheheights anddepths of heaven,orcel es tial
andterres trial beings .
3 . I
. e . ,
theTempl eof Rdatl nnu(i. e . ,OnorHel iopol is )
.
4
. Or,"thybeautif ul f orm . "
TOTHECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYDAY.
5
"everyday ; and(t8 )maymys oul comef orthandwal khither
"andthither(rg)andwhithers oeveritpl eas eth . (20) Maymy
"namebeprocl aimed(21 ), andmayitbef oundupontheboard
"(22) of thetabl eof of f erings ; mayof f erings (23) bemadeunto
Cl ineinmypres ence,evenas [ theyaremadeunto] thef ol l owers
"(24 ) of Horus ; maytherebemadereadyf orme
(25 )
as eat
"intheboatof theSunonthedaywhen (26 ) thegodgoeth
"f orth ; andmayIbereceived (27 )
intothepres enceof Os iris
"inthel andof victory. "
Hymn to Rawhenheris eth .
[ Fromthepapyrus of Qenna(s eeLeemans , P apyrus Egyptien,T . 2, P l ate 2) . ]
Vignette :Qennaandhis wif es tandingwithhands rais edinadoration .
Text : (t) AHYMN OF P RAISE TO RAWHENHERISETHINTHE
EASTERNP ART
OF HEAVEN. Behol dOs iris ,Qennathemerchant,
(2) whos aith :-
"Homagetothee,0Rd,whenthouris es t[ andtothee] ,0
""Temu,inthyris ings of beauty. Thouris es t,thouris es t,thou
"s hines t, (3) thous hines t,atdawnof day. Thouartcrowned
"kingof thegods ,andthegoddes s Shutiperf ormethanactof
"homageuntothee. Thecompany (4 ) of thegods prais ethee
`f romthepl aces of s unris eands uns et . Thoupas s es toverthe
"heightof heavenandthyheartis f il l edwithgl adnes s
. The
"Sektet boatdrawethon,and[ Rd] advanceth(5 )inthe
Atet boat
"withf airwinds . Rdrejoiceth,Rdrejoiceth . Thyf atheris Nu,
"thymotheris Nut,0(6 )thouwhoartcrownedas Ra-Heru-
"khuti(Ra-Harmachis ),thydivineboatadvancethinpeace
. [ Thine
"enemy] bathbeengivenover[ tothef l ame,andhe] bathf al l en ;
`his headbathbeencutof f . (7 )Theheartof theLadyof Lif e
"(i . e. ,Is is )is gl ad[ becaus e] thef oeof herl ordbathf al l en
"headl ong. Themariners of Rdhavecontentof heartandAnnu
"(Hel iopol is )exul teth . "(8 )
ThemerchantQenna,victorious ,s aith
:-
6

INTRODUCTORYHYMNS
"I
havecometothee,0Lordof thegods ,Temu-Heru-khuti
"(Temu-Harmachis )whomMaatdirecteth(9)

Iknow
"thatwhereuponthoudos tl ive.
GrantthouthatImaybel ike
"untooneof thos ewhoarethyf avouredones (io)[ among] the
"f ol l owers of thegreatgod
; maymynamebeprocl aimed,may
"itbef ound,mayitbes et(ii)withtheir[ names ? ]
. Theoar[ s ]
"havebeentakenintothe
Sektet boat,andtheboatof theSun
"advancethinpeace
. (I2) MayI
s eeRawhenheappearethin
"thes kyatdawnandwhenhis Enemyhathf al l enatthebl ock
.
"(1 3)
MayIs eeHorus workingtherudderoneachs ideand
"bringingal ongtheboat
. MayIs eethe Abu f is hat[ its ] timeof
"(1 4 )comingintobeing(? ) ; mayIs eethe Ant
f is has itbecometh
"thepil otof the Ant boatinits waters
. 0thouonl yOne,0
"thouP erf ectOne,0thou
(1 5 ) whodos tendure,whos uf f eres t
"neveranevil moment,whocannotbes mittendownbyhim
"thatdoethdeeds of might,noneothers hal l havepowerand
"mightoverthethings whichbel ongtothee. (r6 )
Nones hal l
"obtainbyf raudpos s es s ionof thethings whichbel ongtothe
"divinef ather,whobathneedof abundance,thetongue
(? ) of
"veneration,(i7 )thel ordof Abtu(Abydos ) . "
ThemerchantQenna,victorious ,s aith
:"Homagetothee,0
"Heru-khuti-TemuHeru(i8 )Khepera, I thoumightyhawk,who
"makes tgl adthebody[ of man] ,thoubeautif ul of f acebyreas on
"of thytwogreatpl umes !Awake,(ig)0l ordof beauty,at
"dawnwhenthecompanyof thegods andmortal s s ayunto
"thee,`Hail !'They (20) s inghymns of prais euntotheeateven-
"tide,andthes tarrydeities al s oadorethee . 0thouf irs tborn,
"whodos tl iemotionl es s
. . .
. (21 )
; thymothers hewethl oving-
"kindnes s untotheedail y
. Ral ivethandthes erpent-f iendNak
"is dead
; thouartingoodcas e,f orthineenemy (22) hathf al l en
"headl ong
. Thous ail es toverheavenwithl if eands trength . The
"goddes s Nehebkais inthe Atet boat,andthyboatrejoiceth ;
"(23)
thyheartis gl ad,andthetwouraeigoddes s es ris eupon
"thybrow"
i . I. e . ,Harmachis -Tem-Horus -Khepera .
TOTHECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYDAY
.
7
HymntoRawhenheris eth .
[ FromtheP apyrus of Qenna(s ecLeemans ,
P apyrus Egyptien,T. 2, P l ate4 ) . ]
Vignette : Qennaandhis wif es tanding with hands rais edinadoration .
Text : (t)AHYMNOFP RAISETORAWHENHERISETHINTHE
EASTERNP ARTOFHEAVEN. Behol dOs iris ,Qennathemerchant,
triumphant,
(2) whos aith :-
"Homagetothee,0thouwhoris es tinNu,andwhoatthymani-
f es tationdos tmaketheworl dbrightwithl ight ; thewhol ecom-
panyof gods s inghymns of prais euntotheeaf terthouhas tcome
"f orth. (3)ThedivineMerti r whominis teruntotheecheris hthee
"as Kingof theNorthandSouth,thoubeautif ul andbel oved
"Man-chil d
. Whenthouris es t,menandwomenl ive. (q. ) The
"nations rejoiceinthee,andtheSoul s of Annu(Hel iopol is )s ing
"untothees ongs of joy. (5 )Thes oul s of thecities of P eand
"Nekhenexal tthee,theapes of dawnadorethee,and(6 )al l beas ts
"andcattl eprais etheewithoneaccord . Thegoddes s Sebaover-
"throweththineenemies ,theref orerejoicethouwithin(7 )thy
"boat ; thymariners arecontentthereat . Thouhas tattainedunto
"theAtetboat,andthyhearts wel l ethwithjoy . 0l ordof the
"gods ,whenthoudids tcreate(8 )themtheyas cribeduntothee
"prais es . Theaz uregoddes s Nutdothcompas s theeoneverys ide,
"andthegodNu(g)f l oodeththeewithhis rays of l ight . 0cas t
"thouthyl ightuponmeandl etmes eethybeauties ,metheOs iris
"(to)
Qennathemerchant,victorious ,andwhenthougoes tf orth
"overtheearthIwil l s ingprais es untothyf airf ace. Thouris es t
"inheaven's horiz on,(ii)and[ thy] dis kis adored[ when] it
"res tethuponthemountaintogivel if euntotheworl d
. "
SaithQennathemerchant,victorious : (1 2) "Thouris es t,thou
"ris es t,andthoucomes tf orthf romthegodNu . Thoudos tre-
"newthyyouthandthoudos ts etthys el f inthepl acewherethou
"wartyes terday
. 0divineyouthwhohas tcreatedthys el f ,(i3)I
`'amnotabl e[ todes cribe] thee
. Thouhas tcomewiththydiadems , 2
i . SeeChapterXXXVII .
2. Or,"inthyris ing" .
8

INTRODUCTORYHYMNS
"andthouhas tmadeheavenandearthbrightwiththyrays of
"pureemeral dl ight
. (i¢ )Thel andof P untis s tabl is hed[ togive]
"theperf umes whichthous mel l es twiththynos tril s
. Thouris es t,
"Omarvel l ous Being,'(1 5 )inheaven,thetwos erpent-goddes s es
"Mertiares tabl is heduponthybrow,andthouartthegiverof
"l aws ,0l ordof theworl dandof theinhabitants thereof
; (1 6 )al l
"thegods andQennathemerchant,victorious ,adorethee
. "
HymntoRawhenheris eth .
[ Fromthepapyrus of Hu-nef er(Brit
. Mus . No. 9,9ot,s heeti) . ]
Text
: (e AHYMNOFP RAISETO RA
WHENHERISETHIN
THE (2) EASTERNP ARTOFHEAVEN
. Behol dOs iris ,Hu-nef er,(3)
victorious ,whos aith
:-
"Homagetothee,0thouwhoartRawhenthouris es t(4 )and
"Temuwhenthous ettes t .
Thouris es t,thouris es t,thous hines t,
"thous hines t,(5 )thouwhoartcrownedkingof thegods
. Thou
"artthel ordof heaven,[ thouart] thel ordof earth
; [ thouart] the
"creatorof thos ewhodwel l (6 )intheheights andof thos ewho
"dwel l inthedepths . 2 [ Thouart] theGodOnewhocameintobeing
"(7 ) inthebeginningof time
. Thoudids tcreatetheearth,thou
"dids tf as hionman,(8 )thoudids tmakethewateryabys s of the
"s ky,thoudids tf ormHapi(i
.
e. ,
theNil e,thoudids tcreatethewatery
"abys s ,(g)andthoudos tgivel if euntoal l thatthereinis
. Thouhas t
"knittogetherthemountains ,thouhas tmade(ro)mankindandthe
"beas ts of thef iel dtocomeintobeing,thouhas tmadetheheavens
"andtheearth . Wors hippedbethouwhomthegoddes s Maat
"embracethatmornandateve . Thoudol ttravel acros s thes ky
"withhearts wel l ingwithjoy ; theLakeof Tes tes (? ) (t
e
be-
"comethcontentedthereat
. Thes erpent-f iendNAbathf al l enand
"his twoarms arecutof f . The Sektet
boatreceivethf airwinds ,
"andtheheartof himthatis inthes hrinethereof rejoiceth . Thou
t . Or,"Beingof iron. "
2 . Or,"creatorof thes tarrygods inheavenaboveandof thedwel l ers upon
earthbel ow. "
TOTHECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYDAY.
9
"artcrowned (1 2) P rinceof heaven,thouarttheOnedowered
"[ withal l s overeignty] whocomes tf orthf romthes ky. Rais victo-
rious !0thoudivineyouth,thouheirof everl as tingnes s ,thou
"s el f -begottenone,0thouwhodids tgivethys el f birth!0One
"(1 3),
mighty[ one] ,of myriadf orms andas pects ,kingof theworl d,
"P rinceof Annu(Hel iopol is ),l ordof eternityandrul erof ever-
"l as tingnes s ,ithecompanyof thegods rejoicewhenthouris es tand
"whenthous ail es t(i4 )acros s thes ky,0thouwhoartexal ted
"inthe Sektet boat . "
"Homagetothee,0Amen-Rd,whodos tres tuponMaat, 2 and
"whopas s es tovertheheaven,everyf aces eeththee. Thoudos t
"waxgreat (1 5 ) as thyMajes tydothadvance,andthyrays are
"uponal l f aces
. Thouartunknownandnotongueis worthy ()
"todecl arethyl ikenes s ; onl ythouthys el f [ cans tdothis ] . Thouart
One,evenas is he(i6 )thatbringeththe tens bas ket. Menprais e
"theeinthyname [ Ra] , andtheys wearbythee,f orthouart
"l ordoverthem. Thouheares twiththineears andthous ees t
"withthineeyes . (i7 )Mil l ions of years havegoneovertheworl d ;
"Icannottel l thenumberof thos ethroughwhichthouhas t
"pas s ed . Thyhearthathdecreedadayof happines s inthyname
"of `Travel l er'
. Thoudos tpas s over(i8 )anddos ttravel through
"untol ds paces [ requiring] mil l ions andhundreds of thous ands of
"years [ topas s over] ; thoupas s es tthroughtheminpeace,and
"thous teeres tthywayacros s thewateryabys s tothepl acewhich
"thoul oves t ;
this thoudoes tinone(ig)l ittl emomentof time,
"andthenthoudos ts inkdownanddos tmakeanendof the
"hours . "
Behol dOs iris ,thegovernorof thepal aceof thel ordof thetwo
l ands (i . e. , SetiI),Hu-nef er,victorious ,s aith : ( 20) "Hail ,my
"l ord,thouwhopas s es tthrougheternity,whos ebeingis ever-
"l as ting
. Hail ,thouDis k,l ordof beams of l ight,thouris es tand
"thoumakes tal l mankindtol ive. GrantthouthatImaybehol d
"theeatdawneachday
. "
j . Or,"whoendures tthrougheverl as tingnes s . "
2 . IL e. ,"thouwhos eexis tenceandwhos eris ings ands ettings areordered
anddef inedbyf ixed,unchanging,andunal terabl el aws . "
To

INTRODUCTORYHYMNS
HymntoRawhenheris eth .
[ FromtheP apyrus of Nekht(Brit . Mus . No.
1 0,4 7 1 ,
s heet 21 ) . ]
Text : A HYMN OF P RAISE TORA byNekht,theroyal s cribe,
thecaptainof s ol diers ,whos aith :-
"Homagetothee,0thougl orious Being,thouwhoartdowered
"[ withal l s overeignty] . 0Tem-Heru-khuti(Tem-Harmachis ),when
"thouris es tinthehoriz onof heaven,acryof joycomethf orth
"totheef romthemouthof al l peopl es . 0thoubeautif ul Being,
"thoudos trenewthys el f inthys eas oninthef ormof theDis k
"withinthymotherHathor ; theref oreineverypl aceeveryheart
"s wel l ethwithjoyatthyris ing,f orever . Theregions of the
"NorthandSouthcometotheewithhomage,ands endf orth
"accl amations atthyris inginthehoriz onof heaven ; thouil l u-
"mines tthetwol ands withrays of turquois el ight . 0Ra,thou
"whoartHeru-khuti(Harmachis ),thedivineman-chil d,theheir
"of eternity,s el f -begottenands el f -born,kingof earth,princeof
"theTuat,rgovernorof theregions of Aukert
; 2
thoucomes t
"f orthf romthewater,thouhas ts prungf romthegodNu,who
"cheris heththeeandordereththymembers . 0thougodof l if e,
"thoul ordof l ove,al l menl ivewhenthous hines t ; thouart
"crownedkingof thegods . Thegoddes s Nutdoethhomageunto
"thee,andthegoddes s Maatembraceththeeatal l times . Thos e
"whoareinthyf ol l owings inguntotheewithjoyandbow
"downtheirf oreheads totheearthwhentheymeetthee,thoul ord
"of heaven,thoul ordof earth,thoukingof RightandTruth,
"thoul ordof eternity,thouprinceof everl as tingnes s ,thous ove-
reignof al l thegods ,thougodof l if e,thoucreatorof eternity,
"thoumakerof heavenwhereinthouartf irml yes tabl is hed ! The
"companyof thegods rejoiceatthyris ing,theearthis gl ad
"whenitbehol deththyrays ;
thepeopl es thathavebeenl ong
"dead O comef orthwithcries of joytos eethybeauties every
t . Thenameof adis trictorregion,neitherinheavennoruponearth,where
thedeaddwel t,andthroughwhichthes unpas s edduringthenight
.
2 . Anameof theunderworl d .
TOTHECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYDAY .

1 1
"day.
Thougoes tf ortheachdayoverheavenandearthand
"artmades trongeachdaybythymotherNut
. Thoupas s es t
"throughtheheights of heaven,thyhearts wel l ethwithjoy
; and
"theLakeof Tes tes
O is contentthereat . TheSerpent-f iend
"bathf al l en,his arms arehewnof f ,theknif ehathcutas under
"his joints
. Rdl ivethin Maat I thebeautif ul . The
Sektet boat
"drawethonandcomethintoport
; theSouthandtheNorth,
"theWes tandtheEas tturntoprais ethee,0thouprimeval
"s ubs tanceof theearthwhodids tcomeintobeingof thineown
"accord
. Is is andNephthvs s al utethee,theys inguntothees ongs
"of joyatthyris ingintheboat,theyprotecttheewiththeir
"hands
. Thes oul s of theEas tf ol l owthee,thes oul s of the
"Wes tprais ethee,Thouarttherul erof al l thegods andthou
"has tjoyof heartwithinthys hrine
; f orthes erpent-f iendNA
"bathbeencondemnedtothef ire,andthyhearts hal l bejoyf ul
"f orever
. ThymotherNutis adjudgedtothyf atherNu
. "
HymntoOs iris Un-nef er .
[ FromtheP apyrus of
Ani(Brit . Mus . No.
1 0,4 7 0,
s heet 2) . ]
Vignette :
Thes cribeAnis tanding,withbothhands rais edinadoration,
bef oreatabl eof of f erings cons is tingof haunches of beef ,l oaves of bread
andcakes ,vas es of wineandoil ,f ruits andf l owers ,etc . Hewears a
f ringedl inengarmentandawig,bracel ets ,etc
. Behindhims tands his
wif eThuthu,amemberof theCol l egeof Amen-RaatThebes
; s heis
s imil arl yrobedandhol ds as is trum,avinebranch,anda
mendt in
herhands
.
Text :
(i)"Gl orybetoOs iris Un-nef er,thegreatgodwithin
"Abtu(Abydos ),kingof eternity,l ordof theeverl as ting,who
"pas s eththroughmil l ions of years inhis exis tence
. El des ts on
"of the (2)
wombof Nut,engenderedbySebtheErpat,
2 l ord
"of thecrowns of theNorthandSouth,l ordof thel of tywhite
"crown :
as princeof gods andof men(3)hehathreceivedthe
"crook,andthewhip,andthedignityof his divinef athers
. Let
i . I. e. ,"Ra
l ivethinunchangingandeternal l awandorder
. "
2 .
1 . e. , thegreatances tor of thetribe of the gods .
1 2

THEJUDGMENT.
"thyheart,whichis inthemountainof Ament,becontent,f or
"thys onHorus is es tabl is heduponthythrone
. (4 )Thouartcrowned
"l ordof Tattu r
andrul erinAbtu(Abvdos ) . Throughtheethe
"worl dwaxethgreenin(5 )triumphbef orethemightof Neb-
"er-tcher
. Hel eadethinhis trainthatwhichis ,andthatwhich
"is notyet,inhis nameof `Ta-her-(6 )s ta-nef ' ; hetowethal ong
"theearthinhis nameof 'Seker'
; heis exceedingl ymighty(7 )
"andmos tterribl einhis name'Os iris '
; heendurethf orever
"andf oreverinhis nameof 'Un-nef er'
. "
(8 )"Homagetothee,Kingof kings ,Lordof l ords ,P rinceof
"princes ,whof romthewombof Nuthas trul ed(g)theworl d
"andAkert . 2
Thybodyis of brightands hiningmetal ,thyhead
"is of az urebl ue,andthebril l ianceof theturquois eencircl eththee
.
"0godAnof mil l ions of years ,(to)al l -pervadingwiththybody
"andbeautif ul incountenanceinTa-tches ert,grantthoutothe
"Ka(i . e. , doubl e)of Os iris ,thes cribeAni,s pl endourinheaven,
"andmightuponearth,andtriumphintheunderworl d ; and
"grantthatImays ail down(ii)toTattul ikea (1 2)
l ivings oul
"andupto (I3) Abtu(Abydos )l ike
a Bennu 3 bird ; andthatI
"maygoinandcomeOut(I4 )withoutrepul s eatthepyl ons
4
"(1 5 )
of thel ords of theunderworl d . Maytherebegivenuntome
"(I6 )
l oaves of breadinthehous eof cool nes s ,and(I7 )of f erings
"of f oodinAnnu(Hel iopol is ),andahomes tead(i8 )f orever
"inSekhet-Aru
5 withwheatandbarl eytheref or . "
TheSceneof theWeighingof theHeartof
theDead.
[ From
theP apyrus of Ani(Brit . Mus . No. 1 0,4 7 0,
pl ates 3 and 4 ) . ]
Vignette :
Thes cribeAniandhis wif eThuthuentertheHal l of Doubl e
Maat,whereintheheart,s ymbol icof thecons cience,
is tobeweighedin
i . Two
cities in Egyptborethename"Tattu",
viz . , Bus iris andMendes .
2 . A name of
theunderworl d .
3 . The Bennuis commonl yidentif iedwiththephoenix
.
4 .
Forthetwenty-onepyl ons of theHous e
of Os iris s eeChapter CXLV.
5 . A
divis ion of theSekhet-Hetepuor"El ys ianFiel ds ",f orwhichs eeChapterCX
.
THEJUDGMENT.

1 3
thebal anceagains tthef eather,embl ematicof RightandTruth
. Inthe
upperregis terarethegods whos itinjudgment,whos enames are"Har-
machis ,thegreatgodinhis boat,Temu,Shu,Tef nutthel adyof heaven,
Seb,Nutthel adyof heaven,Is is ,Nephthys ,Horns thegreatgod,Hathor
thel adyof Amenta,HuandSa" . Onthes tandardof thes cal es s its the
dog-headedape,thecompanionof Thoth,thes cribeof thegods
; andthe
godAnubis ,jackal -headed,tes ts thetongueof thebal ance . Onthel ef t
of thebal ance,f acingAnubis are :- (t)
Ani's "Luck" ; (
2)
the Ves khen
or"cubitwithhumanhead",thoughtbys ometobeconnectedwiththe
pl aceof birth ; (3)thegoddes s es Mes khenetandRenenetwhopres ided
overthebirth,birth-pl ace,andearl yeducationof chil dren ; and ( . } ) the
s oul of Aniinthef ormof ahuman-headedbirds tandingonapyl on . On
therightof thebal ance,behindAnubis ,s tands Thoth,thes cribeof the
gods ,whohol ds inhis hands his reed-penandpal ettewithwhichto
recordtheres ul tof thetrial . BehindThoths tands themons tercal l ed
eitherAmam,the"Devourer",orAm-mit,the"Eaterof theDead" .
Text :
Os iris ,thes cribeAni,s aith
--
"My"heartmymother,myheartmymother,myheartmy
"comingintobeing . Maytherebenothingtores is tmeat[ my]
"judgment
; maytherebenooppos itiontomef romthe Tchatcha ; 2
"maytherebenopartingof theef rommeinthepres enceof
"himthatkeepeththes cal es . Thouart my Ka(i. e. ,
doubl e)
"withinmybody[ which] knittethtogetherands trengtheneth
"myl imbs . Mayes tthoucomef orthtothepl aceof happines s
"towhichIamadvancing . Maythe Shenit 3 notcaus emyname
"tos tink,andmaynol ies bes pokenagains tmeinthepres ence
"of thegod . Good,goodis itf ortheetohear"
Thoth,thejudgeof RightandTruthof thegreatcompany
of thegods whoareinthepres enceof Os iris ,s aith :- "Hear
"yethis judgment . Theheartof Os iris hathinverytruthbeen
"weighed,andhis s oul haths toodas awitnes s f orhim ; ithath
"beenf oundtruebytrial intheGreatBal ance
. Therehathnot
"beenf oundanywickednes s inhim ; hebathnotwas tedthe
i . This s peechof Aniis actual l yChapterXXXB
(q . v . ), butthel as tl inehas
beenomittedbythes cribef orwantof room .
2 . 1 . e. ,the"Heads "or"Chief s "
. The Tchatcha of Os iris wereAl es tha,
Hapi,Tuamautef andQebhs ennuf .
3 . ILe. ,
divineof f icial s .
1 4
THEDECEASEDISLEDINBEFOREOSIRIS .
"of f erings inthetempl es ; hehathnotdoneharmbyhis deeds
;
"andhehathutterednoevil reports whil ehewas uponearth. "
Thegreatcompanyof thegods repl ytoThothwhodwel l eth
inKhemennu(Hermopol is ) :- "Thatwhichcomethf orthf rom
"thymouths hal l bedecl aredtrue
. Os iris ,thes cribeAnivictorious ,
"is hol yandrighteous . Hehathnots inned,neitherhathhedone
"evil agains tus . Its hal l notbeal l owedtothedevourerAmemet
"toprevail overhim. Meat-of f erings andentranceintothepre-
s enceof thegodOs iris s hal l begranteduntohim,togetherwith
"ahomes teadf oreverinSekhet-hetepu,ras untothef ol l owers
"of Horus . "
Vignette :
Thes cribeAniis l edbyHorus ,thes onof Is is ,intothepre-
s enceof Os iris whois enthronedwithinas hrineinthef ormof af uneral
ches t
. Os iris has uponhis headthe Atef crown,andhehol ds inhis hands
thecrook,thes ceptreandthewhip,embl ematicof authority,dominion,
ands overeignty ;
f romhis neckhangs the menit. His titl ehereis "Os iris ,
thel ordof everl as tingnes s " . Behindhims tandNephthvs ,his s is ter,onhis
righthandandIs is ,his s is terandwif e,onhis l ef t
. Bef orehim,s tanding
onal otus f l ower,arethegods of thecardinal points or,as theyare
s ometimes cal l ed,"theChil drenof El orus "and"Chil drenof Os iris "
. The
f irs t,Al es tha,has theheadof aman ; thes econd,Hapi,theheadof an
ape ; thethird,Tuamautef ,theheadof ajackal
; andthef ourth,Qebh-
s ennuf ,theheadof ahawk . Nearthel otus hangs thes kinof ananimal .
Thes ideof thethroneof Os iris is paintedtoremembl ethatof af uneral
ches t . Theroof of thes hrineis s upportedonpil l ars withl otus capital s ,
andis s urmountedbyaf igureof Horus -SeptorHorus -Seker,andbyrows
of uraci . Thepedes tal onwhichthes hrineres ts is inthef ormof the
hierogl yphicwhichis embl ematicof Maat or"RightandTruth" . Bef ore
thes hrineis atabl eof of f erings bywhich,onareedmat,kneel s Aniwith
his righthandrais edinadoration
; inthel ef thandl iehol ds the Kherp
s ceptre. Hewears onhis headawhitenedwigandthes o-cal l ed"cone",
thes ignif icationof whichis unknown .
Text : ( t) SaithHorus thes onof Is is : "Ihavecometothee,
"0Un-nef er,andIhavebroughtuntotheetheOs iris Ani . His
"heartis [ f ound] righteous . (2)
anditbathcomef orthf romthe
"bal ance ; itbathnots innedagains tanygodoranygoddes s .
"Thothhathweigheditaccordingtothedecreepronounced(3)
t . SeeChapterCX.
THEDECEASEDINLEDISBEFOREOSIRIS
.

1 5
"untohimbythecompanyof thegods
; anditis mos ttrue
"andrighteous
. Grantthatcakes andal emaybegivenunto
"him,andl ethimappearinthepres enceof thegodOs iris
; (4 )
"andl ethimbel ikeuntothef ol l owers of Horns f oreverand
"f orever . "
(I) AndOs iris Ani (2)s aith
:"Behol d,Iaminthypres ence,
"0l ordof (3)Amentet . Thereis nos ininmy(4 )body
. I
"havenots pokenthatwhichis nottrue(5 )knowingl y,norhave
"Idoneaughtwithaf al s eheart
. GrantthouthatImaybe
"l ikeuntothos ef avouredones whoareinthyf ol l owing,(6 )and
"thatImaybeanOs iris greatl yf avouredof thebeautif ul god,
"andbel ovedof thel ordof theworl d
. [ I] whoam,indeed,a
"royal s cribewhol oveththee,Ani,victorious bef orethegod
"Os iris . "
THE CHAP TERS
OF
COMINGFORTHBYDAY.
CHAP TER1 .
[ FromtheP apyrus of Ant(Brit . Mus . No. 1 0,4 7 0, s heets yand 6 ) . ]
Vignettes : Thef uneral proces s iontothetomb,andtheceremonythere-
at,areheredepicted . Themummyof thedeceas ed,l yinginaf uneral
ches tpl acedinaboat,is beingdrawnal ongbyoxen :
f igures of thegod-
des s es Nephthys andIs is s tandattheheadandf ootres pectivel y. Bythe
s idekneel s thewif eof thedeceas ed . Inthef rontof theboats tands the
Sent pries t,dres s edinapanther's s kin,burningincens eands prinkl ing
water,andbehindf ol l oweightmal emourners ;
intherearares ervants
drawingas mal l f uneral ches ts urmountedbyaf igureof Anubis ,andcar-
ryingvas es of unguents al ongwiththecouch,s taf f ,chair,pal ette,etc . ,
of thedeceas ed . P recedingtheoxendrawingthef uneral boataremen
carryingonyokes boxes of f l owers ,vas es of unguents ,etc . ,andagroup
of wail ingwomenwithuncoveredheads andbreas ts ,whos mitetheir
heads andf aces intokenof grief . Cl os ebys tandacowandhercal f ,
intendedtobes l aughteredf orthef uneral f eas t,andtabl es l oadedwith
of f erings of herbs ,f ruits ,etc . Atthedoorof thetombs tands thegod
of thedead,Anubis ,cl as pingthemummyof thedeceas ed,bef orewhich
kneel s theweepingwif e. Atatabl eof f uneral of f erings s tandtwopries ts .
One,the Sens pries t,wears apanther's s kinandhol ds inhis handal iba-
tionvas eandcens er ; theotherhol ds inhis righthandtheins trument
URHEKA I inthef ormof aram-headeds erpent,theheadof whichis
s urmountedbyanuraeus ,andinhis l ef thandanins trumentinthes hape
of anadz eF~ . Withthef ormerheis abouttotouchthemouthand
eyes of themummy,andwiththel atterthemouth . Ontheground,by
theirs ide,l ietheins truments whicharetobeempl oyedintheceremony
of "openingthemouth",i. e. ,theceremonywhichwil l givethedeceas ed
thepowertoeat,andtodrink,andtotal kinthenextworl d,namel ythe
Mes khetu.

,
thegroupof ins truments inthef ormof adz es t',the
1 . 1 . e. , the"might)-oneof enchantments " .
2N
20

THECHAP TERSOFCO
3HNGFORTHBYDAY
P es h-en-kef

,
thel ibationvas es ,theboxes of purif ication,thebandl et,
thef eather,etc
. Behindthems tands the"Reader"whorecites thef une-
ral s ervicef romapapyrus rol l ,andtotherearis aminis trantwhohol ds
thehaunchof beef whichis tobeus edintheceremonyatthedoorof
thetomb .
Text : (i)
HEREBEGINTHECHAP TERSOF"COMINGFORTH
BYDAY",ANDOFTHESONGSOFP RAISEANDGLORIFYING,
(2)
ANDOFCOMINGFORTHFROM,ANDOFGOINGINTOTHEGLORIOUS
NETER-KHERTINTHEBEAUTIFULAMENTET,WHICHARETOBE
RECITEDON(3)THEDAYOFTHEBURIAL
. [ WHEREBYTHEDE-
CEASED] SHALLGOINAFTERCOMINGFORTH
.
SaithOs iris Ani,(4 )Os iris thes cribeAni
:-
"Homagetothee,0bul l of Amentet,thegodThoth,(5 )the
"kingof eternity,is withme
. Iamthegreatgodnearthedivine
"boat,Ihavef ought(6 )f orthee
. Iamoneof thegods ,thos e
"divinechief s ,whomake(7 )Os iris tobevictorious overhis
"enemies onthedayof theweighingof words
. (8 )Iamthy
"mediator(? ),0Os iris
. Iam[ one] of thegods (9)bornof the
"goddes s Nut,whos l aythef oes of Os iris andwhohol din
"bondage(io)f orhimthef iendSebhu
. Iamthymediator(? ),
"0Horus . (ii)
Ihavef oughtf orthee,andIhaveputtof l ight
"theenemyf orthyname's s ake
. IamThoth,whomadeOs iris
"tobevictorious (1 2)
overhis enemies onthedayof theweighing
"of words (1 3)
inthegreatHous eof theAgedOne
(i . e. , Ra)
"whodwel l ethinAnnu(Hel iopol is )
. IamTetteti,thes onof
"Tetteti ;
(i4 )Iwas begotteninTattu,Iwas bornin(r5 )Tattu .
"Iamwiththos ewhoweepandwiththewomenwhobewail
"(i6 )Os iris inthetwol ands of Rekht,andImakeOs iris tobe
"victorious overhis enemies . (1 7 ) RacommandedThothtomake
"Os iris victorious overhis enemies
; andthatwhichwas decreed
"[ f orOs iris ] (i8 )Thothdidf orme
. IamwithHorus onthe
"davof thecl othingof (rg)Tes htes h r
andof theopeningof
"thewel l s of waterf orthepurif icationof thedivinebeingwhos e
i . A nameof Os iris
.
THE,CIIAP TEROEENTERINGNETE'R-KHERTI_ VA_ VE1 'Th'T. 21
"heart movethnot, (2o)andof thedrawingthebol tof the
"doorof theconceal edthings inRe-s tau .
2
1 amwithHorns
"who[ acteth] (2i) as theguardianof thel ef ts houl derof Os iris
"inSekhern(Letopol is ),(22)andIgoinandIcomef orthf rom
"amongthedivinef l ames onthedayof thedes tructionof the
"(23) Sebauf iends inSekhem . IamwithHorns onthedays
"(24 ) of thef es tival s of Os iris ,andof themakingof of f erings
"ontheSixthdayf es tival , 3 andontheTenatf es tival 4 [ whichis
"cel ebrated] in(25 )Annu . Iamthe ab pries twhopourethout
"l ibations inTattu[ f or] Rere (? )thedwel l erintheTempl eof
"Os iris
s
(Hel iopol is ),[ onthedayof ] (26 )cas tinguptheearth
.
"Is eethethings whichareconceal edinRe-s tau,(27 )1 readf rom
"thebookof thef es tival of thedivineRam 6 [ whichis ] inTattu .
"Iamthe Sern pries t(28 )[ andIperf orm] his cours e
. I[ per-
"f ormtheduties of ] theGreatChief of theWork 7 ontheday
"of pl acingthe Hennu 8 boat(29)of thegodSekeruponits
"s l edge
. Ihavegras pedthes pade(3o)onthedayof digging
"thegroundinSuten-henen(Heracl eopol is Magna) . "
"Oyewhomakeperf ecteds oul s (3r)toenterintotheTempl e
"of Os iris ,mayyecaus etheperf ecteds oul of Os iris ,the(32)
"s cribeAni,tobevictorious withyouintheTempl eof Os iris .
"Mayhehearas yehear
; mayhes ee(33)as yes ee ;
mayhe
"s tandas yes tand ; mayhes itas ye(34 )s it[ therein]
. "
"Oyewhogivecakes andal etoperf ecteds oul s intheTempl e
"(35 )
of Os iris ,giveyecakes andal eatthetwos eas ons (i
.
e. ,
"atmornandateve,ors unris eands uns et)tothes oul of Os iris
"Ani,whois (36 )victorious bef oreal l thegods of Abtu(Abydos ),
"andwhois victorious withyou
. "
1 . Urt-ab,i . e. ,
"Stil l -Heart",anameof Os iris .
2 . ILe. ,
the"doorof thepas s ages "of thetomb .
3 . 1 . e. , thedayof thef es tival of Os iris
.
4 . I
. e,thef es tival whichtookpl aceonthes eventhdayof themonth
.
5 . P er-Aus ar,i . e
. ,"Hous eof Os iris "= theGreekBus iris ,orcapital of the
ninthnomeof LowerEgypt
.
6 . I. e. ,Os iris .
7
. Theof f icial titl eof thechief pries tof P tah,thegreatgodof Memphis
.
8
. TheHennuboatwas pl aceduponits s l edgeanddrawnroundthes anc-
tuaryatdawn.
2 2

THECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYDAY.
"Oyewhoopentheway(37 )andl ayopenthepaths toper-
"f ecteds oul s intheTempl e(38 )of Os iris ,openyetheway
"andl ayopenthepaths (39)tothes oul of Os iris ,thes cribe
"ands tewardof al l thedivineof f erings ,Ani[ whois victorious ]
"(4 0) withyou. Mayheenterinconf idence,andmayhecome
"f orthinpeacef romtheTempl eof Os iris . Mayhenot(4 r)
"berejected,mayhenotbeturnedback,mayheenterin[ as
"he] pl eas eth,mayhecomef orth[ as he] (4 2)des ireth,andmay
"hebevictorious . Maythethings whichhecommandethbe
"perf ormedintheTempl eof Os iris ; mayhewal k(4 3)and
"mayhetal kwithyou,andmayhebecomeagl orious being
"al ongwithyou . Hehathnotbeenf oundtoris eup(4 4 )there,'
"andtheBal ance[ havingweighedhim] is nowempty . "
IntheTurinpapyrus this Chapterends withthef ol l owing
l ines f orwhichnoequival entoccurs intheearl iertexts :-
(i6 )
"Letnotthedecreeof judgmentpas s eduponmebepl aced,"or,
accordingtoanotherreading,"madeknowninthemouths of
"themul titude. Maymys oul l if tits el f upbef ore(i7 )[ Os iris ] ,
"havingbeenf oundtohavebeenpurewhenonearth . MayI
"comebef orethee,0l ordof thegods ;
mayIarriveatthenome
"of Doubl eRightandTruth ; mayIbecrowned 2 l ikeagod
"endowedwithl if e ; mayIgivef orthl ightl ikethecompany
"of thegods whodwel l inheaven
; mayIbecome(i8 )l ike
"oneof you,l if tingup[ my] f eetinthecityof Kher-abaut ;
may
"Is eethe Sektet boatof thes acredSahu (i . e. , Orion)pas s ing
"f orthoverthes ky ;
mayInotbedrivenawayf romthes ight
"of thel ords of theTuat(underworl d)"(z g)or,accordingto
anotherreading,"thecompanyof thegods
; mayIs mel l the
"s weets avourof thef oodof thecompanyof thegods ,andmay
"Is itdownwiththem . MaytheKher-heb(i . e. ,theReader) 3
"makeinvocationat[ my] cof f in,andmayIheartheprayers
"whicharerecited[ when] theof f erings [ aremade] . MayIdraw
i . I. e. ,intheBal ance
. Themeaningis thattheheart,orcons cience,of
thedeceas edhas notbeenoutweighedbytheembl emof rightandtruth .
2 . Or,"mayIris e. "
3 . Literal l y,"hethatbaththebook . "
OFBRINGINGTILESP IRITUALBODYINTOTHEUVDERWORLD . 23
"nigh (20) untothe Nes hem boatandmayneithermys oul nor
"its l ordbeturnedback . "
"Homagetothee,0thouwhoartattheheadof Amentet,
"thouOs iris whodwel l es tinthe city of Nif u-ur
. IGrantthou
"thatImayarriveinpeaceinAmentetandthatthel ords of
"Ta-tches ertet 2 mayreceivemeandmay
(21 ) s ayuntome,`Hail !
"Hail ,[ thouthatcomes t] inpeace!'Maytheypreparef orme
"apl acebythes ideof theChief inthepres enceof thedivine
"chief s ; mayIs is andNephthys ,thetwodivinenurs inggod-
"des s es ,receivemeatthes eas ons ,andmayIcomef orth (22)
"intothepres enceof Un-nef er(i
.
e. , Os iris )intriumph. MayI
"f ol l owaf terHorns throughRe-s tatet,andaf terOs iris inTattu
;
"andmayIperf ormal l thetrans f ormations accordingtomy
"heart's des ireineverypl acewheres oevermy Ira (doubl e)pl eas eth
"s otodo. "
Rubric : IFTHISTEXTBEKNOWN[ BYTHEDECEASED] UP ONEARTH,
(23)ORIFHECAUSETHITTOBEDONEINWRITINGUP ON[ HIS] COFFIN ,
THENWILLHEBEABLETOCOMEFORTHONANYDAYTHATHEP LEASETH,
ANDTOENTERINTOHISHABITATIONWITHOUTBEINGDRIVENBACK. THE
CAKES,ANDALE,ANDHAUNCHESOFMEAT(24 )WHICHAREUP ONTHE
ALTAROFRASHALL1 3EGIVENUNTOHIM,ANDHISHOMESTEADSHALL
BEAMONGTHEFIELDSINTHESEKTET-AANRU,ANDTOHIMSHALLBE
GIVENWHEATANDBARLEYTHEREIN,FORHESHALLBEVIGOROUSTHERE
EVENASHEWASUP ONEARTH
.
CHAP TER Il l .
[ FromtheP apyrus of Nekhtu-Amen(Navil l e, Todtenbuch, Bd . 1 . Bl .
Vignette :
ThegodAnubis ,jackal -headed,s tandingbythes ideof the
bieronwhichl ies themummy .
Text : ( I)THECHAP TEROF'MAKINGTHESAHU(i
. e. ,THE
SP IRITUALBODY)TOENTERINTOTHETUAT(i . e. , UNDER-
WORLD)ONTHEDAYOFTHEFUNERAL(2)WHENTHESEWORDS
ARETOBESAID :-
1 . Themetropol is of thenomeof Abtu(Abydos ) .
2 . ILe. ,
the"hol yl and",anameof theunderworl d .
2 4

THECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYD,1 1 .
"Homage to thee, 0 thou
that dwel l es t in Set-Tches ert of
"Amentet :(3)Os iris ,theroyal s cribeNekhtu-Amen,victorious ,
"knoweththee,(4 )andheknoweththyname
. Del iverthou
"himf romtheworms (5 )whichareinRe-s tau,whichl ive
"uponthebodies of menandwomenand(5 )whichf eedupon
"theirbl ood,f orOs iris ,thef avouredoneof thegodof his city,
"(7 )theroyal s cribe,Nekhtu-Amen,victorious ,knowethyou,
"andheknowethyournames .
[ Letthis be] thef irs tbidding
"of Os iris Neb-er-tcher(8 )whokeepethhiddenhis body
. May
"hegiveair[ andes cape] f romtheTerribl eOnewhodwel l eth
"intheBightof theStreamof Amentet,andmayhedecree
1 1 (g)theactions of himthatis ris ingup
. Lethimpas s onunto
"himwhos ethroneis withinthedarknes s ,whogivethgl oryin
"Re-s tau . (io)0l ordof l ight,comethouands wal l owupthe
"worms whichareinAmentet
. Thegreatgodwhodwel l eth
"inTattu,(ii)andwhois uns een,hearethhis prayers ,butthos e
"whoareinaf f l ictionf earhimas hecomethf orth (I2) with
"thes entencetothedivinebl ock
. IOs iris ,theroyal s cribe,
"Nekhtu-Amen,havecomebearingthedecreeof (I3)Neb-er-tcher,
"andHorus hathtakenpos s es s ionof his thronef orhim . His
"f ather,thel ordof thos ewhoare(1 4 )intheboatof f ather
"Horus ,hathas cribedprais euntohim
. Hecomethwithtidings . . .
"andmayhes ee(1 5 )Annu(Hel iopol is )
. Theirchief s tandethupon
"theearthbef orehim,andthes cribes magnif yhimatthedoor
"of theiras s embl ies , (1 6 ) andtheybindhis s wathings inAnnu.
"Hebathl edcaptiveheaven,andhebaths eiz edtheearthin
"[ his ] gras p . Neithertheheavens northeearth(1 7 )canbe
"takenawayf romhim,f orbehol d,heis Rd,thef irs t-bornof
"thegods
. His mothers uckl ethhimands hegiveth[ tohim]
"herbreas t(I8 )inthehoriz on . "
Rubric :
THEWORDSOFTHISCHAP TERARETOBERECITEDAFTER
[ THEDECEASED] ISLAIDTORESTINAMENTET,WHEREBYTHEREGION
TANENETISMADETOBECONTENTWITHHERLORI) . THENSHALLOSIRIS,
THEROYALSCRIBE,NEKHTU-AMEN,TRIUMP HANT,COMEFORTH, (ig) AND
HESHALLEMBARKINTHEBOATOFRA,AND[ HIS] BODYUP ONITSBIER
SHALLBECOUNTED[ WITHTHOSETHEREIN] ,ANDHESHALLBESTABLISHED
INTHETUAT(UNDERWORLD)
.
TH'CILP TERSOFLIVINGFIFTIRDEATII
.

2 5
CHAP TER 1 1 .
[ FromtheP apyrus of Ani(Brit . Mus . No. 1 0 i 4 7 0,s heetIS)
. ]
Vignette :
Aman,s tandingupright,hol dingas taf f .
Text
:
(t)
THECHAP TER OF'COMING FORTH BYDAY, ANDOF
LIVING AFTERDEATH. SaithOs iris Ani,victorious :-
"Hail ,One,s hiningf romtheMoon! ( 2)
Hail ,One,s hining
"f romtheMoon!
Grantthatthis Os iris Animaycomef orth
"amongthos emul titudes whichare(3)outs ide
; andl ethimbe
"es tabl is hedas adwel l er(orl ethimgoabout)amongtheden-
"iz ens of heaven ; andl ettheunderworl dbeopeneduntohim
.
"Andbehol d,Os iris ,(4 )Os iris Ani,s hal l comef orthbydayto
"dowhats oeverhepl eas ethupontheearthamongthel iving
"ones . "
CI-IAP TER1 1 1 .
[ FromtheP apyrus of No(Brit . Mus . No
. 1 0,+ 7 7 ,s heet j3) . ]
Vignette :
This Chapterhas noVignette .
Text : (t) ANOTHERCHAP TER
LIKEUNTOTHEP RECEDING .
TheChancel l or-in-chief ,Nu,triumphant,s aith
:-
(2)
"Hail ,thougodTem,whocomes tf orthf romtheGreatDeep,
"andwhos hines twithgl oryunderthef ormof thedoubl eLion-
"god,s endoutwithmightthywords untothos ewhoareinthy
"pres ence,(3)andl etthechancel l or-in-chief ,Nu,triumphant,
"enterintotheiras s embl y .
Hehathperf ormedthedecreewhich
"bathbeens pokentothemariners of Raateventide,(4 )and
"theOs iris Nu,triumphant,l ivethaf terhebathdied,evenas
"l othRddaybyday
As Rais bornf rom(5 )yes terday
"evens os hal l theOs iris Nubeborn[ f romyes terday] ,andevery
t .
Acopyof thetextof this Chapterf romtheP apyrus of Nuis givenin
theaccompanyingvol umeof texts
.
2 6

THECHAP TERSOFCO_ EV(
; FORTHBYDA1 '.
"god
s hal l rejoiceatthel if eof theOs iris Nu,evenas theyre-
joiceat (6 )
thel if eof P tahwhenhemakethhis appearancef rom
"thegreatTempl e I of theAgedOnewhichis inAnnu
. "
CHAP TERIV.
[ Fromthe P apyrus of Nu(Brit
. Mus . No. 1 0,4 7 7 ,s heet t9) . ]
Vignette : This Chapterhas noVignette .
Text : ( t) THECHAP TEROF'P ASSINGOVERTHECELESTIAL.
ROADOFRE-STAt1
. Theovers eerof thepal ace,theChancel l or-
in-chief ,theOs iris Nu,triumphant,s aith :-
"Iopenoutawayoverthewateryabys s whichf ormetha
"pathbetweenthetwoCombatants (i . e. , Horus andSet),and
"Ihavecome ;
maythef iel ds of Os iris begivenoverintomy
"power. "
CHAP TERV.
[ FromtheP apyrus of Nebs eni(Brit . Mus . No. 9,900,s heet
it) . ]
Vignette : As eatedman(s eeNavil l e op. cit . , Bd. I . Dl . 7 ) .
Text : ( i) THECHAP TEROFNOTLETTINGWORKBEDONEIN
THEUNDERWORLD byNebs eni,thes cribeanddraughts manin
theTempl eof P tah,whos aith :-
"Il if tupthehandof themanwhois inactive
. Ihavecome
"f romthecityof Unnu(Hermopol is )
. IamthedivineSoul
"whichl iveth,andIl eadwithmethehearts of theapes . "
CHAP TERVI.
[ FromtheP apyrus of Nebs eni(Brit . Mus . No. 9,900,s heet io) . ]
Vignette :
As tanding,beardedmal ef igure
.
t . 1 . e. , thetempl eof RaatHel iopol is .
TILECHAIP TEROFTHETOILINGSHABTIFIGURE.

2 7
Text : f it)
THECHAP TEROF'MAKINGTHESHABTIFIGURETO
DOWORKFORAMANINTHEUNDERWORLD .
Thes cribeNebs eni,
thedraughts manintheTempl es (2)
of theNorthandSouth,
themanhighl yveneratedintheTempl eof P tah,s aith :-
"0thou s habti
f igure(3)of thes cribeNebs eni,thes onof
"thes cribeThena,victorious ,andof thel adyof thehous e
"Mutres tha,victorious , (q. ) if Ibecal l ed,orif Ibeadjudgedto
"doanyworkwhats oeverof thel abours whicharetobedone
"intheunderworl d behol d,[ f orthee] oppos itionwil l therebe
"(5 )
s etas ide-byamaninhis turn,l etthejudgmentf al l upon
"theeins teadof uponmeal ways ,inthematterof s owingthe
"f iel ds ,of f il l ing(6 )thewater-cours es withwater,andof bring-
ingthes ands of this eas t[ to] thewes t . "
[ The s habti
f igureans wereth] ,"Veril yIamhere[ andwil l
"come] whithers oeverthoubiddes tme
. "
CHAP TERVII
.
[ FromtheP apyrus of Ani(Brit . Mus . No
. 1 0,4 i7 ,s heet 22) . ]
Vignette : Thedeceas eds pearingas erpent(s ee
P ap. Funerairede
Nebs et, ed . P ierretandDevcria,pl . 5 )
. 1
Text
:
(t) THECHAP TEROFP ASSINGOVERTHEABOMINABLE
BACKOF (2) AP EP .
Theovers eerof thepal ace,thechancel l or-
in-chief ,Nu,triumphant,s aith :-
"Hail ,thoucreatureof wax,whol ewdes taway[ victims ] and
"des troyes tthem,andwhol ives tupontheweakandhel pl es s ,
"mayIneverbecomeweakandhel pl es s (3)[ bef ore] thee,may
"Inevers uf f ercol l aps e[ bef ore] thee . Andthypois ons hal l never
"enterintomymembers ,f ormymembers are[ as ] themembers
"of thegodTem ;
ands incethouthys el f dos tnots uf f ercol -
l aps e[ Is hal l nots uf f ercol l aps e]
. 0l etnotthepains of death
"(¢ )whichcomeupontheeenterintomymembers .
Iamthe
1 .
InaP apyrus atP aris (Navil l e, Todtenbuch, Bd. I . BL9 ; P ierretand
Deveria, P ap. FunerairedeNebs et, pl ateS)thedeceas edis s hewns pearinga
s erpent ; theotherNISS . l ackthis vignette .
THECHAP TERSOh'COMING
1 -7 )RTI£RYDAY.
"godTemandIaminthef oremos tpartof Nul r

e.
, thes ky),
"andthepowerwhichprotectethmeis thatwhichis withal l
"thegods f orever
. Iamhewhos enameis hidden,andwhos e
"habitationis hol yf ormil l ions of years
. Iamhewhodwel l eth
"therein
(? )
andIcomef orthal ongwiththegodTem. Iam
"hewhos hal l notbecondemned
(? ) ; Iams trong,Iams trong . "
CHAP TERVIII
.
[ FromtheP apyrus of Ani(Brit . Mus . No. 1 0,4 7 0,
s heet 1 8 ) . ]
Vignette :
Theembl emof Amenta,towards whichAni,cl adinwhite
andhol dingas taf f inhis l ef thandandabandl etintheright,is wal king
.
Text : (i) THE
CHAP TER OF
P ASSING THROUGH AMENf ET
[ AND COMINGFORTH] BY
DAY .
SaithOs iris Ani :-
"Thecityof Unnu(Hermopol is )is opened
. Myhead
(2) is
"s eal edup,0Thoth,ands trongis theEyeof Horus
. Ihave
"del iveredtheEyeof Horus whichs hinethwiths pl endours on
"thef oreheadof Ra,(3)thef atherof thegods
. Iamthes ame
"Os iris ,thedwel l erinAmentet
. Os iris knowethhis day,and
"thathes hal l l ivethroughhis periodof l if e
; ands hal l notI
"dol ikewis e
:(4 )IamtheMoon-god,whodwel l ethamongthe
"gods ,Is hal l notperis h
. Standup,theref ore,0Horns ,f or
"[ Os iris ] hathreckonedtheeamongthegods
. "
CHAP TERIX.
[ FromtheP apyrus of
Ani (Brit . Mus . No
. 1 0,4 7 0, s heett8 ) . ]
Vignette
:Aramhavinguponhis headthe
Atef crowns tandingupona
pyl on-s hapedpedes tal ,whichres ts onagreenreedmat
; bef orehimis
anal taruponwhichs tandal ibationvas eandal otus f l ower
. Thes cribe
Ani,cl othedinwhite,s tands withbothhands rais edinadoration
.
Text : (r)
THECHAP TEROFCOMINGFORTHBY
DAY AFTER
HAVINGMADE THEP ASSAGETHROUGHTHETOMB
.
SaithOs iris
Ani :-
THECHAP TEROFATTACKINGENEMIES
.

29
"Hail Soul ,thoumightyoneof s trength!
(2) Veril yIam
"here,Ihavecome,Ibehol dthee
. Ihavepas s edthroughthe
"Tuat(underworl d),Ihaves een(3)[ my] divinef atherOs iris ,
"Ihaves catteredthegl oomof night
. Iamhis bel ovedone.
"Ihavecome ;
Ihaves eenmydivinef atherOs iris
. Ihave
"s tabbedtheheartof Suti
. [ I] haveperf ormed[ al l ] thecere-
monies f ormydivinef atherOs iris ,(5 )Ihaveopenedevery
"wayinheavenandinearth
. Iamthes onwhol ovethhis
"f atherOs iris
. (6 )Ihavebecome as ahu,r
Ihavebecome a khu, 2
"Iamf urnis hed[ withwhatIneed]
. Hail ,everygod,hail every
"khu!I
havemadeapath[ f ormys el f ,1 ] Os iris ,thes cribeAni,
"victorious . "
CHAP TERX. 3
[ FromtheP ap- rus of Ani(Brit
. Mus . No. 1 0,4 7 0, s heet
1 8 )-l
Vignette :
Ani,cl adinwhite,s pearingas erpent
.
Text : (x) ANOTHERCHAP TER
[ TOBESAID] BYAMANWHO
COMETH
FORTHBYDAYAGAINSTHIS
ENEMIESINTHEUNDER-
WORLD
. [ SaithOs iris Ani :-]
"Ihavedividedtheheavens ,
(2) 1 havecl ef tthehoriz on,Ihave
"travers edtheearth,[ f ol l owing] uponhis f oots teps
. TheMighty
"Kil l takethpos s es s ionof meandcarriethmeaway,becaus e,
"behol d,(3)Iamprovidedwithhis magical words f ormil l ions
"of years
. Icatwithmymouth,Icrus hmyf oodwithmy
"jawbones
. (4 )Behol d,Iamthegodwhois thel ordof the
"Teat(underworl d)
; maytherebegivenuntome,Os iris
Ani,
"thes ethings inperpetuitywithoutf ail orl es s ening
. "
i . I. e. ,
thes piritual f ormof amanwhichhas comeintobeingthrough
theprayers whichhavebeens aidandtheceremonies whichhavebeenper-
f ormedoverhis deadbody
;
s eethe Introduction
.
2 .
As hiningortrans l ucent,intangibl ecas ingorcoveringwhichthede-
ceas edpos s es s es intheunderworl d
; s eethe Introduction.
3
. IntheSaiteRecens ionthis Chapteris f oundtwice,viz
. ,as Chapters X
andXLVIII ;
as thereis nogoodreas onwhyits houl dheChapterXLVIII,it
has beenpl acedhere.
3 o

THECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYDAY .
CHAP TER XI . '
[ FromtheP apyrus of Nu(Brit . Mus . No. 1 0,4 7 7 ,s heet 2t) . ]
Vignette :
This Chapteris withoutavignetteinboththeThebanand
Sal teRecens ions .
Text : ( i)THECHAP TEROF[ AMAN] COMINGFORTHAGAINST
HISENEMIESINTHEUNDERWORLD . Theovers eer of thepal ace,
thechancel l or-in-chief , Nu, triumphant,s aith :- (2)
"0 thougodwhoeates tthinearm,Ihavedepartedf romthy
"road. I amRd,and I havecomef orthf romthehoriz onagains t
"myenemies andhehathgrantedtomethattheys hal l not
"es capef romme. I havemadeanof f ering,andmyhandis
"l ikethat of thel ord of the [ beret crown . I havel if tedupmy
"f eetevenas theuraeigoddes s es ris eup
.
My overthrows hal l
"notbeaccompl is hed, (4 ) andas f ormineenemyhehathbeen
"givenoverintomypowerandhes hal l notbedel iveredf rom
"me. Is hal l s tandupl ikeHorus ,and I s hal l s itdownl ikeP tah,
"and I s hal l bemightyl ikeThoth,(5 )andIs hal l bes trong
"l ikeTem. I s hal l ,theref ore,wal kwithmyl egs , I s hal l s peak
"withmymouth, I s hal l goroundaboutinques tof mineenemy,
"and[ as ] hehathbeendel iveredovertomehes hal l notes cape
"f romme. "
CHAP TERXII. 2
[ FromtheP apyrus of Nu(Brit . Mus . No. 1 0,4 7 7 , s heet 9) . ]
Vignette :
This Chapteris withoutavignetteinbothThebanandSa'f te
Recens ions .
Text : ( i)THECHAP TEROFGOINGINTOANDOFCOMING
FORTHFROM[ THEUNDERWORLD] . TheOs iris Nu,triuf iiphant,
s aith :-
i . IntheSaIteRecens ionthis Chapter is f oundtwice, viz . , as Chapters XI
andXLIX ; as there is no goodreas onwhyits houl dbeChapterXLIX,ithas
beenpl acedhere.
2 . IntheSaiteRecens ionthis Chapter is f oundtwice, viz . , as Chapters XII
andCXX ; as there is
nogoodreas onwhyits houl dbeChapterCXX,ithas
beenpl acedhere.
CHAP TERSOFJOURNEYINGINA_ IIENTET.

3 1
"Hymns of prais etothee,0Ra
! thoukeeper (? ) of s ecret (2)
"gates whichareonthebrowof thegodSeb,bythes ideof
"theBal anceof Ra,whereinhel if tethupRightandTruth(Mal t)
"(3) day byday.
InverytruthIhaveburs tthroughtheearth,
"grant[ thou] untomethatImaygof orwardandarriveatthe
"s tateof ol dage. "
CHAP TERX1 1 1 ORCXXI. '
[ FromtheP apyrus of Nebs eni(Brit . Mus . No. 9,900,s heet
1 2) . ]
Vignette : This Chapteris withoutavignetteinboththeThebanand
SaIteRecens ions .
Text : [ THE
CHAP TEROFENTERINGINTOANDOFCOMING
FORTHFROMAMENTET] .
[ Os iris ,thes cribeNebs eni,victorious ,s aith
:-]
mortal s
Igoinl iketheHawkand
"Icomef orthl ikethe
Bennu bird,themornings tar(')of Rd
.
"Mayapathbemadef ormewherebyImayenterinpeaceinto
"thebeautif ul Amentet
; andmayIbebytheLakeof Horus ;
"[ andmayIl eadthegreyhounds of Horns ]
; andmayapath
"bemadef ormewherebyImayenterinandadore[ Os iris ,the
"l ordof Lif e] . "
IntheThebanRecens ionthis Chapterappears withoutarubric,
butintheSaiteRecens ionas givenintheTurinP apyrus (Leps ius ,
Todtenbuch, Bl l .
4
and4 5 )wehavethef ol l owing :--
Rubric : [
THISCHAP TER] ISTOBERECITEDOVERARING[ MADE] OF
ANKHAh7
FLOWERS,WHICHSHALLBELAIDONTHERIGHTEAROFTHE
KHU, TOGETHERWITHANOTHERRINGWRAP P EDUP INASTRIP OFBYSSUS
CLOTH,WHEREONTHENAMEOFOSIRIS,AUF-ANKH,VICTORIOUS,BORN
OFTHELADYSHERT-AMSU,VICTORIOUS,SHALLBEDONE[ INWRITING]
ONTHEDAYOFSEP ULTURE.
I .
IntheSal teRecens ionthis Chapteris f oundt-,Nice,viz . ,as Chapters XIII
andCXXI ; as thereis nogoodreas onwhyits houl dbeChapterCXXI,ithas
beenpl acedhere.
32

THECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYDAY
.
CHAP TER XIV.
[ FromtheP apyrus of Mes -em-neter(Navil l e, Todtenbuch Bd. I. Bl . t3) . ]
Vignette : This Chapter has novignetteeitherintheThebanorin
theSaiteRecens ion.
Text
: (t) THECHAP TEROFP UTTINGANENDTOANY
SHAMETHATMAYBEINTHEHEARTOFTHEGOD f orthechief
deputyof Amen,[ thes cribe] Mes -em-neter,victorious ,[ who
s aith :--]
"Hymns of prais etothee,0thougodwhomakes tthemoment
"toadvance, (2) thoudwel l eramongmys teries of everykind,
"thouguardianof thewordwhichIs peak . Behol d,thegod
"baths hameof me,butl etmyf aul ts bewas hedawayandl et
"themf al l (3) uponbothhands of thegodof RightandTruth .
"Doawayutterl ywiththetrans gres s ionwhichis inme,together
"with[ my] wickednes s ands inf ul nes s ,0godof RightandTruth .
"Maythis godbeatpeacewithme!Doawayutterl ywiththe
"(4 ) obs tacl es whicharebetweentheeandme. 0thoutowhom
"of f erings aremadeinthedivine[ city] of Kenur,'grantthou
"thatImaybringtotheetheof f erings whichwil l makepeace
"[ betweentheeandmen] whereonthoul ives t,andthatIal s o
"mayl ivethereon
. Bethouatpeace(5 )withmeanddoaway
"utterl ywithal l thes hameof mewhichthouhas tinthyheart
"becaus eof me. "
CHAP TERXV.
[ FromtheP apyrus of Ani(Brit .
Mos .
No. to,4 7 o,s heets
i8 and i9) . ]
Vignette : Anis tanding,withbothhands rais edinadoration,bef ore
Ra,hawk-headed,ands eatedinaboatf l oatinguponthes ky
. Ona
pl atf orminthebows s its thegodHeru-pa-khrat(Harpocrates )withhis
righthandrais edtohis mouth,whichhetouches withonef inger
; the
s ideof theboatis ornamentedwithf eathers of Maatandwithan
Utchat.
Thehandl es of theoars andthetops of therowl ocks areinthef orm
of hawks 'heads ,andonthebl ades of theoars are
Utchats .
t . Thevariants of
this namearc"Kemur"and"Ker-ur"(s eeNavil l e, op.
cit. ,
Bd . II . p . 21 ) .
Text : (i)A HYMNOFP RAISETORNWHENHERISETHUP ON
THEHORIZON,ANDWHENHESETTETHINTHELANDOFLIFE .
Os iris ,thes cribeAni,s aith :-
"Homagetothee, (2) 0Ra,whenthouris es t[ as ] Tem-Heru-
"khuti(Tem-Harmachis ) . Thouartadored[ bymewhen] thy
"beauties arebef oremineeyes ,and[ whenthy] (3)radiance
"[ f al l eth] upon[ my] body . Thougoes tf orthtothys ettingin
"the Sektet boatwith[ f air] winds ,andthyheartis gl ad ; the
"(4 ) heartof the Matet boatrejoiceth . Thous trides toverthe
"heavens inpeace,andal l thyf oes arecas tdown ; thenever
"res tings tars (5 )s inghymns of prais euntothee,andthes tars
"whichres t,andthes tars whichneverf ail gl orif ytheeas thou
"(6 ) s inkes ttores tinthehoriz onof Manu,T0thouwhoart
"beautif ul atmornandateve,0thoul ordwhol ives tandart
"es tabl is hed,0myl ord
!
"Homagetothee,0thouwhoartRdwhenthouris es t,and
"(7 ) Temwhenthous ettes t[ in] beauty . Thouris es tands hines t
"onthebackof thymother[ Nut] ,0thouwhoartcrownedking
"(8 )of thegods !Nutdoethhomageuntothee,andeverl as ting
"andnever-changingorder 2 embraceththeeatmornandateve.
"Thous trides tovertheheaven,beinggl adof heart,andthe
"Lakeof Tes tes (g)is content[ thereat] . TheSebauFiendhath
"f al l entotheground ;
his arms andhis hands havebeenhacked
"of f ,andtheknif ehaths everedthejoints of his body. Rahath
"af airwind(io) ; the Sektet boatgoethf orthands ail ingal ong
"itcomethintoport . Thegods of thes outhandof thenorth,
"of thewes tandof theeas t,prais e(ii)thee,0thoudivine
"s ubs tance,f romwhomal l f orms of l if ecomeintobeing
. Thou
"s endes tf orththeword,andtheearthis f l oodedwiths il ence,
"Othouonl yOne,whodids tdwel l inheavenbef oreeverthe
"earthandthemountains cameintoexis tence
. (1 2) 0Runner,
"OLord,0onl yOne,thoumakerof things whichare,thou
"has tf as hionedthetongueof thecompanyof thegods ,thou
"has tproducedwhats oevercomethf orthf romthewaters ,and
t . I. e. , themountainof s uns et .
2 . 1 . C . ,
Mait
.
AHIJINTOTHESETTINGS(JV.

3 3
3
3 .4 THECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHI31 '
DA1 '.
"thous pringes tupf romthemoverthef l oodedl andof theLake
"of Horns
. (i3)Letmes nuf f theairwhichcomethf orthf rom
"thynos tril s ,andthenorthwindwhichcomethf orthf romthy
"mother[ Nut] .
0makethoutobegl orious mys hiningf orm
"(khu), 0
Os iris ,(t4 )makethoutobedivinemys oul
(ba)!
"Thouartwors hipped[ in] peace(or[ in] s etting),0l ordof the
"gods ,thouartexal tedbyreas onof thywondrous works
. Shine
"thouwiththyrays of l ightuponmybodydaybyday,(t5 )
"[ uponme] ,Os iris thes cribe,thetel l erof thedivineof f erings
"of al l thegods ,theovers eerof thegranaryof thel ords of
"Abtu(Abvdos ),theroyal s cribeintruthwhol oveththee
; Ani,
"victorious inpeace.
CHAP TER XV.
Hymn andLitanytoOs iris
.
[ FromtheP apyrus of Ani(Brit . Mus
. No. 1 0,4 7 0, s heet 1 9) . ]
Vignette
:
"Os iris Ani,theroyal s cribeintruth,whol ovethRa,the
"s cribeandtel l erof thedivineof f erings of al l thegods ",and
"Os iris
"Thuthu,thel adyof thehous e,thes ingingwomanof Amen",s tanding
inadorationbef orethegodOs iris who,accompaniedbythegoddes s Is is ,
s tands inas hrinemadeinthef ormof af uneral ches t
.
Text :
"P rais ebeuntothee,0Os iris ,l ordof eternity,Un-
"nef er,Heru-Khuti(Harmachis ),whos ef orms aremanif ol d,and
"whos eattributes aremajes tic,
(2) P tah-Seker-TerninAnnu
"(Hel iopol is ),thel ordof thehiddenpl ace,andthecreatorof
"Het-ka-P tah(Memphis )andof thegods [ therein] ,theguideof
"theunderworl d,(3)whom[ thegods ] gl orif ywhenthous ettes t
"inNut . Is is embraceththeeinpeace,ands hedrivethaway
"thef iends f romthe(4 )mouthof thypaths
. Thouturnes t
"thyf aceuponAmentet,andthoumakes ttheearthtos hineas
"withref inedcopper . Thos ewhohavel aindown (i . e. , the
"dead)ris euptos eethee,they(5 )breathetheairandthey
"l ookuponthyf acewhenthedis kris ethonits horiz on ; their
"hearts areatpeaceinas muchas theybehol dthee,0thouwho
"artEternityandEverl as tingnes s !"
LITANYOFTHENINEGODS.

3 5
LITANY .
(i)"Homagetothee,[ 0l ordof ] s tarrydeities inAnnu,and
"of heavenl ybeings inKher-aba
; thougodUnti,whoartmore
"gl orious thanthegods whoarehiddeninAnnu
; (to)0grant
"thouuntomeapathwhereonImaypas s inpeace,f orIam
"jus tandtrue
; Ihavenots pokenl ies wittingl y,norhaveIdone
"aughtwithdeceit . "
(2) "Homagetothee,0AninAntes ,(? )Heru-khuti(Harmachis ),
"withl ongs trides thous tridentoverheaven,0Heru-khuti . (io)
"0grantthouuntomeapathwhereonImaypas s inpeace,
"f orIamjus tandtrue ;
Ihavenots pokenl ies wittingl y,nor
"haveIdoneaughtwithdeceit . "
(3)"Homagetothee,0Soul of everl as tingnes s ,thouSoul
"whodwel l es tinTattu,Un-nef er,s onof Nut
; thouartl ord
"of Al ert . (to)0grantthouuntomeapathwhereinImay
"pas s inpeace,f orIamjus tandtrue
; Ihavenots pokenl ies
"wittingl y,norhaveIdoneaughtwithdeceit
. "
(4 )"HomagetotheeinthydominionoverTattu ; the Ureret
"crownis es tabl is heduponthyhead ; thouarttheOnewho
"makeththes trengthwhichprotectethhims el f ,andthoudwel l es t
"inpeaceinTattu . (to)0grantthouuntomeapathwhere-
onImaypas s inpeace,f orIamjus tandtrue ; Ihavenot
"s pokenl ies wittingl y,norhaveIdoneaughtwithdeceit
. "
(5 )"Homagetothee,0l ordof theAcaciatree,the
Seker
"boatis s etuponits s l edge ; thouturnes tbacktheFiend,the
"workerof evil ,andthoucaus es tthe Utchat tores tuponits
"s eat . (to)0grantthouuntomeapathwhereonImaypas s
"inpeace,f orIamjus tandtrue ; Ihavenots pokenl ies wit-
"tingl y,norhaveIdoneaughtwithdeceit . "
i . Thef ol l owingpetition,"Ograntthouuntomeapath",etc . ,is written
onceonl y,andattheendof theLitany,butIthinkitis cl earthatitwas in-
tendedtoberepeatedaf tereachof thenineaddres s es
.
This is provedbythe
SaIteRecens ion(s eeLeps ius , op. cit . , BI. 5 )wherethewords ,"Grantthouthe
s weetbreathof thenorthwindtotheOs iris Auf -ankh",arewrittenintwopl aces
andareintendedtobes aidaf tereachof thetenaddres s es abovethem .
3*
6
3 6

TILECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYDAY
.
(6 )
"Homagetothee,0thouwhoartmightyinthinehour,
"thougreatandmightyP rince,dwel l erinAn-rut-f ,
r l ordof
"eternityandcreatorof everl as tingnes s ,thouartthel ordof
"Suten-henen(Heracl eopol is Magna)
. (to)0grantthouunto
"meapathwhereonImaypas s inpeace,f orIamjus tand
"true ;
Ihavenots pokenl ies wittingl y,norhaveIdoneaught
"withdeceit . "
(7 )"Homagetothee,0thouwhores tes tuponRightand
"Truth,thouartthel ordof Abtu(Abvdos ),andthyl imbs
"arejoineduntoTa-tches ertet ;
thouarthetowhomf raudand
"guil earehatef ul
. (to)0grantthouuntomeapathwhereon
"Imaypas s inpeace,f orIamjus tandtrue
; Ihavenots poken
"l ies wittingl y,norhaveIdoneaughtwithdeceit . "
(8 )"Homagetothee,0thouwhoartwithinthyboat,thou
"bringes tHapi(i . e
. ,theNil e)f orthf romhis s ource ; thel ight
"s hinethuponthybodyandthouartthedwel l erinNekhen
. 2
"(to)
0grantthouuntomeapathwhereonImaypas s inpeace,
"f orIamjus tandtrue ;
Ihavenots pokenl ies wittingl y,nor
"haveIdoneaughtwithdeceit
. "
(g)"Homagetothee,0creatorof thegods ,thouKingof the
"Northandof theSouth,0Os iris ,victorious one,rul erof the
"worl dinthygracious s eas ons
; thouartthel ordof thecel es -
tial worl d . 3
(to)0grantthouuntomeapathwhereonImay
"pas s inpeace,f orIamjus tandtrue ;
Ihavenots pokenl ies
"wittingl y,norhaveIdoneaughtwithdeceit
. "
HymntoRa.
[ Fromthepapyrus of Ani(Brit . Mus . No. 1 0,4 7 0,s heet20) . ]
Text : (i)A HYMNOFP RAISETO RA
WHEN HE RISF:TH IN
i . I. e. , "thepl acewherenothinggroweth",thenameof adis trictinthe
underworl d .
2 .
Thenameof thes anctuaryof thegoddes s NekhebetinUpperEgypt,the
Eil eithyiapol is of theGreeks .
3 . 1. e. ,thetwol ands Atebui whichweres ituatedoneoneachs ideof the
cel es tial Nil e .
AHSaIVTOTHERISINGSUB ..

3 7
THE EASTERN
P ART OE HEAVEN.
Thos e whoareinhis train
(2)rejoice,andl o!Os iris Ani,victorious ,s aith
:-
"Hail ,thouDis k,thoul ordof rays ,(4 )whoris es tonthe
"horiz ondaybyday!Shinethouwiththybeams of l ightupon
"thef aceof Os iris Ani,whois victorious
; f orhes ingethhymns
"of prais euntotheeat(4 )dawn,andhemakeththeetos etat
"eventidewithwords of adoration .
Maythes oul of Os iris Ani,
"thetriumphantone,comef orth(5 )withtheeintoheaven,may
"hegof orthinthe Matet
boat . Mayhecomeintoportinthe
"Sektet
boat,andmayhecl eavehis pathamongthenever(6 )
"res tings tars intheheavens
. "
Os iris Ani,beinginpeaceandintriumph,adorethhis l ord,
(7 )thel ordof eternity,s aving :
"Homagetothee,0Heru-khuti
"(Harmachis ),whoartthegodKhepera,thes el f -created
; when
"thouris es tonthe(8 )horiz onands heddes tthybeams of l ight
"uponthel ands of theNorthandof theSouth,thouartbeauti-
f ul ,yeabeautif ul ,andal l thegods rejoicewhentheybehol d
"thee,(g)theKingof heaven
. Thegoddes s Nebt-Unnutis
"s tabl is heduponthyhead ;
andheruraeiof theSouthandof
"theNorthareuponthybrow
; (io)s hetakethupherpl ace
"bef orethee.
ThegodThothis s tabl is hedinthebows of thy
"boattodes troyutterl yal l thyf oes
. (ii)Thos ewhoarein
"theTuat(underworl d)comef orthtomeetthee,andtheybow
"inhomageas theycometowards thee,tobehol d[ thy] (iz )
"beautif ul Image. AndIhavecomebef oretheethatImaybe
"withtheetobehol dthvDis keveryday
. MayInotbes hutup
"in[ thetomb] ,mayInotbe
(1 3
;
turnedback,maythel imbs
"of mybodybemadenewagainwhenIviewthybeauties ,
"evenas [ arethos eof ] al l thyf avouredones ,(1 4 )becaus eIam
"oneof thos ewhowors hippedthee[ whil s tIl ived] uponearth
.
"MayIcomeinuntothel andof eternity,mayIcomeeven
"(i5 )
untotheeverl as tingl and,f orbehol d,0myl ord,this has t
"thouordainedf orme . "
Andl o,Os iris Anitriumphantinpeace,thetriumphantone,
s aith :
(i6 )"Homagetothee,0thouwhoris es tinthyhoriz on
"as Ra,thourepos es tuponl aw[ whichchangethnotnorcanitbe
3 8

THECHAP TERSOFCOMINGFORTHBYDAY
.
"al tered] .
Thoupas s es toverthes ky,andeveryf acewatcheth
"thee (r7 )
andthycours e,f orthouhas tbeenhiddenf romtheir
"gaz e.
Thoudos ts hewthys el f atdawnandateventideday
"byday. (i8 )
The Sektet
boat,whereinis thy_ Majes ty,goeth
"f orthwithmight
; thybeams [ s hine] upon[ al l ] f aces
; [ thenum-
ber] of thyredandyel l owrays cannotbeknown,norcanthy
"bright(ig)beams betol d
. Thel ands of thegods ,andthe
"eas ternl ands of P unt I
mus tbes een,erethatwhichis hidden
"(20) [ inthee] maybemeas ured
. Al oneandbythys el f thou
"dos tmanif es tthys el f [ when] thoucomes tintobeingaboveNu
"(i . e. ,
thes ky) . MayAni (21 )
advance,evenas thoudos tad-
vance ;
mayheneverceas e[ togof orward] ,evenas thyMajes ty
"ceas ethnot[ togof orward] ,eventhoughitbef oramoment
;
"f orwiths trides dos tthou
(22) inonel ittl emomentpas s over
"thes paces whichwoul dneedhundreds of thous ands andmil l ions
"of years [ f ormantopas s over
; this ] thoudoes t,andthen
"dol tthous inktores t
. Thou(z 3)puttes tanendtothehours
"of thenight,andthoudos tcountthem,eventhou
; thouendes t
"theminthineownappointeds eas on,andtheearthbecometh
"l ight . (24 )
Thous ettes tthys el f bef orethyhandiworkinthe
"l ikenes s of Ra ; thouris es tinthehoriz on
. "
Os iris ,thes cribeAni,triumphant,decl areth
(25 ) his prais eof
theewhenthous hines t,andwhenthouris es tatdawnhecrieth
inhis joyatthybirth :(26 ) "Thouartcrownedwiththema-
"jes tyof thybeauties
; thoumoul des tthyl imbs as thoudos t
"advance,andthoubringes tthemf orthwithoutbirth-pangs in
"thef ormof (27 )
Ra,as thoudos tris eupintotheupperair .
"GrantthouthatImaycomeuntotheheavenwhichis ever-
"l as ting,anduntothemountainwheredwel l thyf avouredones
.
"MayIbejoined (z 8 )
untothos es hiningbeings ,hol yandper-
f ect,whoareintheunderworl d
; andmayIcomef orthwith
"themtobehol dthybeauties whenthous hines t
(29)ateven-
"tideandgoes ttothymotherNu .
Thoudos tpl acethys el f in
"thewes t,andmytwohands are[ rais ed] inadoration[ of thee]
"(30)whenthous ettes tas al ivingbeing
. Behol d,thouartthe
i . I. e. , thel andoneachs ideof theRedSea,andonthecoas tof Af rica .
AHYJINTOTHERISINGSUB'.

3 9
"makerof eternity,andthouartadored[ when] thous ettes tinthe
"heavens . Ihavegivenmyheartuntothee(3o)withoutwavering,
"0thouwhoartmightierthanthegods . "
Os iris Ani,triumphant,s aith : "Ahymnof prais etothee,0
"thouwhoris es tl ikeuntogol d,andwhodos tf l oodtheworl d
"withl ightonthedayof thybirth . Thymothergiveththee
"birthupon[ her] hand,andthoudos tgivel ightuntothecours e
"of theDis k (33) . 0thougreatLight,whos hines tintheheavens ,
"thoudos ts trengthenthegenerations of menwiththeNil e-f l ood,
"andthoudos tcaus egl adnes s inal l l ands ,andinal l cities (34 ),
"andinal l thetempl es . Thouartgl orious byreas onof thy
"s pl endours ,andthoumakes ts trongthy ka(i . e. , Doubl e)with
"hitand tchef au f oods . 0thouwhoartthemightyoneof vic-
tories ,(35 )thouwhoarttheP owerof [ al l ] P owers ,whodos t
"makes trongthvthroneagains tevil f iends ; whoartgl orious
"inmajes tyinthe
Sektet boat,andwhoartexceedingmighty
"(36 ) inthe
Atet boat,makethougl orious Os iris Aniwithvic-
toryintheunderworl d ; grantthouthatinthenetherworl dhe
"maybe(37 )withoutevil
. Ipraytheetoputaway[ his ] f aul ts
"behindthee
:grantthouthathemaybeoneof thyvenerabl e
"s ervants (38 )whoarewiththes hiningones
; mayhebejoined
`untothes oul s whichareinTa-tches ertet ; andmayhejourney
"intotheSekhet-Aaru(3g)byapros perous andhappydecree,
"hetheOs iris ,thes cribe,Ani,triumphant . "
Andthegods aith
:-
(4 0)"Thous hal tcomef orthintoheaven,thous hal tpas s over
"thes ky,thous hal tbejoinedintothes tarrydeities . P rais es
"s hal l beof f ered(4 i)untotheeinthyboat,thous hal tbehymned
"inthe Atet
boat,
(4 2)
thous hal tbehol dRawithinhis s hrine,
"thous hal ts ettogetherwithhis Dis kdaybyday,thous hal ts ee
"(4 3)the Ant
f is hwhenits pringethintobeinginthewaters of
"turquois e,andthous hal ts ee(4 4 )the Abtu
f is hinhis hour .
"Its hal l cometopas s thattheEvil Ones hal l f al l whenhel aveth
"as naretodes troythee,(4 5 )andthejoints of his neckandof
"his backs hal l behackedas under
. Ra[ s ail eth] withaf airwind,
"andthe Sektet
boatdrawethon(4 6 )andcomethintoport . The
4
0 THECHAP TERSOF COMING
FORTHBYDAY.
"mariners of Rarejoice,andtheheartof Nebt-ankh
t is gl ad, (4 7 )
"f ortheenemyof herl ordbathf al l entotheground
. Thou
"s hal tbehol dHorus onthes tanding-pl aceof thepil otof the
"boat,andThothandMaats hal l s tandoneuponeachs ideof
"him. (4 8 )
Al l thegods s hal l rejoicewhentheybehol dRacoming
"inpeace(4 9)tomakethehearts of thes hiningones tol ive,
"andOs iris Ani,victorious ,thes cribeof thedivineof f erings of
"thel ords of Thebes ,s hal l beal ongwiththem!"
AHymntotheSettingSun.
[ FromtheP apyrus of Mat-hetep(Brit. Mus . No. io,oto,s heet 5 ) . ]
Vignette :
Inthis papyrus this Chapteris withoutavignette .
Text :
I . (t)[ ANOTHERCHAP TEROF] THEMYSTERYOFTHE
TUAT (UNDERWORLD)ANDOFP ASSINGTHROUGHTHEUNSEEN
NETHERWORLD,
andof s eeingtheDis kwhenhes ettethinAmen-
tet,[ when] heis adoredbythegods andbythe Khus inthe
underworl d,and[ when] theSoul (2) whichdwel l ethinRais
madeperf ect . Heis mademightybef oreTern ;
heis madegreat
bef oreOs iris ; hes ettethhis terrorbef orethecompanyof the
gods whoaretheguides of thenetherworl d
; hemakethl ong(? )
his s teps andhemakethhis f acetoenter (? ) [ withthatof ] the
greatgod . Nowevery K/ u, f orwhomthes ewords s hal l have
beens aid,s hal l conicf orthbydayinanyf ormwhichheis
pl eas edtotake ; (4 ) hes hal l gainpoweramongthegods of the
Tuat(underworl d),andtheys hal l recogniz ehimas oneof them-
s el ves ; andhes hal l enterinatthehiddengatewithpower .
Thel ady(5 )Mut-hetep,victorious ,s ingethhymns of prais e
tothee,[ s aying] : "0Ra-Tem,inthys pl endidprogres s thou
"ris es t,andthous ettes tas al ivingbeinginthegl ories (6 )of
"thewes ternhoriz on,
; thous ettes tinthyterritorywhichis in
"Manu . 2 Thyuraeus is behindthee,thyuraeus is behindthee .
"Homagetothee,0thouwhoartinpeace,homagetothee,0
i . I. e. ,"Ladyof l if e",anameof Is is .
2 . 1 . e. ,themountainof thes uns et .
AHYMNTOTHFSFTTLV(; SUN.

4 1
"thouwhoartinpeace
. ThouartjoineduntotheEveof Tem,
"anditchoos eth(7 )its powers of protection[ topl ace] behind
"thymembers
. Thougoes tf orththroughheaven,thoutravel l es t
"overtheearth,andthoujourncyes tonward
. 0Luminary,
"thenorthernands outhernhal ves of heavencometotheeand
"theybowl owinadoration,(8 )andtheypayhomageuntothee,
"daybyday
. Thegods of Amentetrejoiceinthybeauties and
"theuns eenpl aces s inghymns of prais euntothee
. Thos ewho
"dwel l inthe
Sektet boat(9)goroundaboutthee,andthe
"Soul s of theEas tpayhomagetothee,andwhentheymeetthy
"Majes tytheycry
:`Come,comeinpeace!'Thereis as hout
"of wel cometothee
(io), 0l ordof heavenandgovernorof
"Amentet!Thouartacknowl edgedbyIs is whos eethhers on
"inthee,thel ordof f ear,themightyoneof terror
. Thous ettes t
"as al ivingbeing(ii)inthehiddenpl ace
. Thyf ather [ Ta-]
"tunenrais eththeeupandhepl acethbothhis hands behind
"thee
;
thoubecomes tendowedwithdivineattributes in[ thy]
"members of earth
; thouwakes tinpeaceandthous ettes t(iz
)
"inManu
. rGrantthouthatImaybecomeabeinghonoured
"bef oreOs iris ,andthatImaycometothee,0Ra-Tem!Ihave
"adoredthee,theref oredothouf ormethatwhichIwis h
. Grant
"thou(i3)thatImaybevictorious inthepres enceof thecompany
"of thegods . Thouartbeautif ul ,0Ra,inthywes ternhoriz on
"of Amentet,thoul ordof Maat,thoumightyoneof f ear,thou
"whos eattributes aremajes tic,0thouwhoartgreatl y (i,f )
be-
l ovedbythos ewhodwel l intheTuat(underworl d)
; thous hines t
"withthybeams uponthebeings thatarethereinperpetual l y,
"andthous endes tf orththyl ightuponthepathof Re-s tau . Thou
"openes tupthepathof thedoubl eLion-god,thous ettes tthe
"(i5 ) gods upon[ their] thrones ,andthe
Kl utz intheirabiding
"pl aces
. Theheartof Naarerf
2
is gl ad[ when] Ras etteth,the
"heartof Naarerf is gl adwhenRas etteth . "
"Hail ,0yegods of thel andof Amentetwhomakeof f erings
"andobl ations unto(i6 )Ra-Tem,as cribeyegl ory[ untohim
t . L e, themountainof thes uns et .
2 . I. e,An-rut-f , thepl acewherenothinggroweth
.
4 2
THECHAP TERSOFCOILINGFORTHBYDAY .
"when] yemeethim. Gras pyeyourweapons andoverthrowye
"thef iendSebdonbehal f of Ra,and (1 7 )
repul s ethef iendNebt
"onbehal f of Os iris
. Thegods of thel andof Amentetrejoice
"andl ayhol duponthecords of the Sektet boat,andtheycome
"inpeace ; (r8 )thegods of thehiddenpl acewhodwel l in
"Amentettriumph . "
"Hail ,Thoth,whodids tmakeOs iris totriumphoverhis
"enemies ,makethouMut-hetep,victorious ,totriumphoverher
"enemies (r9)inthepres enceof thegreatdivines overeignchief s
"whol ivewithOs iris ,thel ordof l if e . Thegreatgodwhodwel l -
"ethinhis Dis kcomethf orth,thatis ,Horns theavengerof his
"f ather,Unnef er-Ra . (20) Os iris s etteth,andthe
Khu[ s ] whoare
"intheTuat(underworl d)s ay
: Homagetothee,0thouwho
"comes tas Tem,andwhocomes tintobeingas thecreatorof
"thegods . Homagetothee,0thouwhocomes tas thehol y
"Soul of s oul s ,whodwel l es tinthehoriz on
. Homagetothee
"whoartmoregl orious than[ al l ] thegods andwhoil l umines t
"theTuatwiththineEve. Homagetotheewhos ail es tinthy
"gl oryandwhogoes troundaboutinthyDis k
. "
II
. Thef ol l owingvariantof theabovehymnis trans l atedf rom
thetextintheP apyrus of Nekhtu-Amen(Navil l e, Todtenbuch,
Bd. ii . P . 23) .
ANOTHERCHAP TEROFTHEMYSTERYOFTHETUAT(UNDER-
WORLD)ANDOFTRAVERSINGTHEUNSEENP LACESOFTHE
UNDERWORLD, of s eeingtheDis kwhenhes ettethinAmentet,
[ when] heis adoredbythegods andbythe
Kl nts of theTuat
(underworl d),and[ when] thedivine
Khu whichdwel l ethwithin
Rdis madeperf ect . Hes ettethhis mightbef oreRa,hes etteth
his powerbef oreTem,[ hes ettethhis s trength] bef oreKhenti-
Amentet,andhes ettethhis terrorbef orethecompanyof the
gods
. TheOs iris of thegods goethas l eaderthroughtheTuat
(underworl d),hecras heththroughmountains ,heburs teththrough
rocks ,hemakethgl ad(? )
theheartof everv Khu.
This com-
pos itions hal l berecitedbythedeceas edwhenhecomethf orth
andwhenhegoethinwiththegods ,amongwhomhef indeth
nooppos ition ;
thens hal l hecomef orthbydayinal l the
H1 _ MINTORA-TE-1 1 .
. f 3
manif ol d andexceedingl y
numerous f orms which he may be
pl eas edtotake
. [ TheOs iris s aith :-]
"Ahymnof prais etoRaateventide[ when] hes ettethas a
"l ivingbeinginBaakha
. rThegreatgodwhodwel l ethinhis
"Dis kris ethinhis twoeyes aandal l the Khus
of theunder-
"worl dreceivehiminhis horiz onof Amentet
; theys houtprais es
"untoHeru-khuti(Harmachis )inhis f ormof Tem,andtheys ing
"hymns of joytoRawhentheyhavereceivedhimatthehead
"of his beautif ul pathof Amentet"
He(i . e . , thedeceas ed)s aith :
"P rais ebeuntothee,0Ra,
"prais ebeuntothee,0Tem,inthys pl endidprogres s
. Thou
"has tris enandthouhas tputons trength,andthous ettes tl ike
"al ivingbeingamidthygl ories inthehoriz onof Amentet,in
"thydomainwhichis inManu
. Thyuraeus -goddes s is behind
"thee ; thyuraeus -goddes s is behindthee
. Hail tothee,inpeace ;
"hail tothee,inpeace
. Thoujoines tthys el f untotheEyeof
"Horns ,andthouhides tthys el f withinits s ecretpl ace ; itdes -
"trovethf ortheeal l theconvul s ions of thyf ace,itmakeththee
"s trongwithl if e,andthoul ives t
. Itbindethits protectingamul ets
"behindthymembers
. Thous ail es tf orthoverheaven,andthou
"makes ttheearthtobes tabl is hed ; thoujoines tthys el f untothe
"upperheaven,0Luminary
. Thetworegions of theEas tand
"Wes tmakeadorationuntothee,bowingl owandpayingho-
mageuntotheeandtheyprais etheedaybyday ;
thegods of
"Amentetrejoiceinthys pl endidbeauties . Thehiddenpl aces
"adorethee,theagedones makeof f erings untothee,andthey
"createf ortheeprotectingpowers
. Thedivinebeings whodwel l
"intheeas ternandwes ternhoriz ons trans portthee,andthos e
"whoareinthe Sektet boatconveytheeroundandabout . The
"Soul s of Amentetcryoutuntotheeands ayuntotheewhen
"theymeetthymajes ty(Lif e,Heal th,Strength!)`Al l hail ,al l
"hail !'Whenthoucomes tf orthinpeacetherearis es houts of
"del ighttothee,0thoul ordof heaven,thouP rinceof Amentet
.
i . I . e. , themountainof s unris e,butthes cribeappears tohavewritten
Baakhains teadof Manu .
2 . I. e. ,theSunandtheMoon .
4 4
THECHAP TERSOF
COJJIVGFORTHBYDAY..
"ThymotherIs is embraceththee,andinthees herecogniz eth
"hers on,thel ordof f ear,themightyoneof terror
. Thous ettes t
"as al ivingbeingwithinthedarkportal
. Thvf atherTatunen
"l if teththeeupandhes tretchethouthis twohands behindthee
;
"thoubecomes tadivinebeingintheearth
. Thouwakes tas
"thous ettes t,andthyhabitationis inManu
. Grantthouthat
"1 maybeveneratedbef oreOs iris ,andcomethou[ tome] ,0
"Ra-Tem
. Sincethouhas tbeenadored[ byme] thatwhichI
"wis hthous hal tdof ormedaybyday
. Grantthouvictory
"[ untome] bef orethegreatcompanyof thegods ,0Rawho
"artdoubl ybeautif ul inthyhoriz onof Amentet,thoul ordof
"Maatwhodwel l es tinthehoriz on
. Thef earof theeis great,
"thyf orms aremajes tic,andthel oveof theeis greatamong
"thos ewhodwel l intheunderworl d . "
AHymntotheSettingSun
.
[ FromaP apyrus of theXl Xth dynas typres erved
atDubl in(s eeNavil l e,
Todtenbuch, Bd. I . Bl . t9) . ]
Vignette : Thedeceas edandhis wif es tandingwithbothhands rais ed
inadorationbef oreatabl eof of f erings ,uponwhichareal ibationvas e
andl otus f l owers .
Text : ( t) A HYMNOFP RAISETO
RA-HERU-(2)KIIUTt(RA-
HAR,MACIIIS)WHENHESETTETHIN(3)THEWESTERNP ART
OFHEAVEN.
He (i . e. , thedeceas ed)s aith :-
"Homagetothee,(4 )0Ra[ who] inthys ettingart(5 )Tem-
"Heru-khuti(Tem-Harmachis ),thoudivinegod,thous el f -created
"(7 )being,thouprimeval matter[ f romwhichal l things were
"made]
. When[ thou] appeares t(8 )inthebows of [ thy] bark
"mens houtf orjoyat(g)thee,0makerof thegods !(io)Thou
"dids ts tretchouttheheavens whereinthytwoeyes r
mighttravel ,
"thoudids tmaketheearthtobeavas tchamberf orthy
Khus ,
"s othat(ii)everymanmightknowhis f el l ow. The Sektet
boat
"is gl ad,andthe Matet
boatrejoiceth
;
(i2)andtheygreetthee
1 . 1 . c. ,
theSunandMoon .
IfYiLVTORA-HiR_IACHI. S .

4 5
" w it h e x a l t a t io n a s t h o u j o u r n e v e s t a l o n g . Th e g o d N u is c o n t e n t ,
" a n d t h y ( t 3 ) m a r in e r s a r e s a t is fie d ; t h e u r a e u s -g o d d e s s h a t h o v e r -
" t h r o w n t h in e e n e m ie s , a n d t h o u h a s t c a r r ie d o fft h e l e g s o fAp e p .
" Th o u a r t b e a u t ifu l ,
( 1 4 )
0Ra , e a c h d a y , a n d t h y m o t h e r N u t
" e m b r a c e t h t h e e ; t h o u s e t t e s t in b e a u t y , a n d t h y h e a r t is g l a d
" ( 1 5 )
in t h e h o r iz o n o fM a n u , a n d t h e h o l y b e in g s t h e r e in r e -
j o ic e . ( r 6 ) Th o u s h in e s t t h e r e w it h t h y b e a m s , 0t h o u g r e a t g o d ,
" Os ir is , t h e e v e r l a s t in g P r in c e . Th e l o r d s o f( r 7 ) t h e z o n e s o f
" t h e Tu a t in t h e ir c a v e r n s s t r e t c h o u t t h e ir h a n d s in a d o r a t io n
" b e fo r e ( r 8 ) t h y Ka ( d o u b l e ) , a n d t h e y c r y o u t t o t h e e , a n d t h e y
" a l l c o m e fo r t h in t h e t r a in o ft h y fo r m s h in in g b r il l ia n t l y
. ( iy )
" Th e h e a r t s o ft h e l o r d s o ft h e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) a r e g l a d
" w h e n t h o u ( 20) s e n d e s t fo r t h t h y g l o r io u s l ig h t in Am e n t e t ;
" t h e ir t w o e y e s a r e d ir e c t e d t o w a r d s t h e e ,
( 21 )
a n d t h e y p r e s s
" fo r w a r d t o s e e t h e e , a n d t h e ir h e a r t s r e j o ic e w h e n t h e y d o s e e
" t h e e . Th o u h e a r k e n e s t u n t o ( 22) t h e a c c l a m a t io n s o ft h o s e t h a t
" a r e in t h e fu n e r a l c h e s t , ' t h o u d o e s t a w a y w it h t h e ir h e l p l e s s -
n e s s a n d d r iv e s t a w a y t h e e v il s w h ic h a r e a b o u t ( 23 ) t h e m .
" Th o u g iv e s t b r e a t h t o t h e ir n o s t r il s a n d t h e y t a k e h o l d o ft h e
" b o w s o ft h y h a r k ( 24 ) in t h e h o r iz o n o fM a n n . Th o u a r t b e a u t i-
fu l e a c h d a y , 0Ra , a n d m a y t h y m o t h e r N u t e m b r a c e Os ir is
"

2
v ic t o r io u s
. "
CHAP TERXVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . t o , , 1 7 o , s h e e t 2) . ]
Th e s c e n e t o w h ic h Le p s iu s in a d v e r t e n t l y g a v e t h e n u m b e r
XVIa n d w h ic h h e r e g a r d e d a s a Ch a p t e r o ft h e Bo o k o ft h e
D e a d is , s t r ic t l y s p e a k in g , o n l y a v ig n e t t e in t e n d e d t o a c c o m -
p a n y t h e h y m n t o t h e r is in g S u n t h a t fo r m s p a r t o ft h e in t r o -
d u c t o r y m a t t e r t o t h e Ch a p t e r s o ft h e Bo o k o ft h e D e a d w h ic h
w e fin d in s o m e o ft h e o l d e s t p a p y r io ft h e Th e b a n p e r io d
.
r . I. e
, t h e d e a d .
2 . Th e n a m e o ft h e d e c e a s e d is
w a n t in g .
4
6 THECJLIP TTRS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
In t h e P a p y r u s o fAn iw e s e e t h e S u n ' s d is k s u p p o r t e d b y a p a ir
o fa r m s w h ic h e m e r g e fr o m t h e s ig n o fl ife ;
t h is , in it s t u r n ,
is s u p p o r t e d b y t h e p il l a r w h ic h s y m b o l iz e s t h e t r e e -t r u n k w h ic h
c o n t a in e d t h e d e a d b o d y o fOs ir is . Th is p il l a r r e s t s u p o n t h e
h o r iz o n . On e a c h s id e o fit a r e t h r e e a p e s t y p ic a l o ft h e S p ir it s
o ft h e D a w n , a d o r in g t h e d is k ; o n t h e r ig h t is t h e g o d d e s s
N e p h t h y s a n d o n t h e l e ft is t h e g o d d e s s Is is , N e p h t h y s k n e e l s
u p o n t h e s y m b o l o ft h e s u n s e t , a n d Is is u p o n t h e s y m b o l o ft h e
d a w n
. Ab o v e t h e w h o l e s c e n e is t h e v a u l t e d s k y . In t h e P a p y r u s
o fHu -n e fe r t h e p il l a r is e n d o w e d w it h h u m a n a r m s a n d h a n d s ,
w h ic h g r a s p t h e c r o o k a n d fl a il , e m b l e m a t ic o fOs ir is ' r e ig n a n d
r u l e , a n d t h e t w o g o d d e s s e s a r e s t a n d in g u p r ig h t ; o n e s a y s
" Ia m t h y s is t e r N e p h t h y s " , a n d t h e o t h e r : " Ia m t h y s is t e r
Is is , t h e d iv in e m o t h e r . " Th e s u n is t y p ifie d b y a h a w k h a v in g
a d is k , e n c ir c l e d b y a n u r a e u s , u p o n h is h e a d . Th e a p e s a r e
h e r e s e v e n in n u m b e r , fo u r s t a n d in fr o n t a n d t h r e e b e h in d ;
a b o v e t h e w h o l e s c e n e is t h e v a u l t e d s k y .
Ce r t a in p a p y r ih a v e a l s o v ig n e t t e s w h ic h il l u s t r a t e t h e h y m n s t o
t h e s e t t in g s u n . 2 In t h is c a s e t h e h a w k u s u a l l y s t a n d s u p o n t h e
e m b l e m o ft h e We s t w h il e a p e s a n d g o d s a d o r e h im . In t h e
P a p y r u s o fQe n n a o n t h e r ig h t t h r e e h a w k -h e a d e d g o d s k n e e l
in a d o r a t io n w it h t h e ir l e ft a r m s r a is e d , a n d o n t h e l e ft t h r e e
j a c k a l -h e a d e d g o d s , w it h t h e ir r ig h t a r m s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n .
Be l o w , t w o l io n -h e a d e d g o d s , w it h d is k s o n t h e ir h e a d s , a r e s e a t e d
b a c k t o b a c k in a c l u s t e r o fl o t u s fl o w e r s ; t h e s e t y p ify d a w n
a n d e v e n t id e . Th e g o d d e s s Is is k n e e l s in a d o r a t io n b e fo r e t h e
l io n o ft h e d a w n , a n d t h e g o d d e s s N e p h t h y s b e fo r e t h e l io n o f
e v e n t id e .
CHAP TER XV1 1 .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f An i ( Br it . M u s . N o . 7 0, 4 ; 0, s h e e t s 7 -7 0) . ]
Vig n e t t e : P l a t e 7 . I . An ia n d h is w ife s e a t e d in a h a l l ; l ie is m o v in g
a p ie c e o n a d r a u g h t -b o a r d ( s e e l in e s 3 a n d 4 o ft h e t e x t ) .
i . Br it . M u s . N o . 9 , 9 07 .
z . S e e N a v il l e , To d t e n b u c l , , Bd . I . Bl . 22 .
THEVIA>A' ETTF, S OFTHE S EVEN TEEN TH CHAP TER
.
II . Th e s o u l s o fAn ia n d h is w ife , in t h e fo r m o fh u m a n -h e a d e d h a w k s ,
s t a n d in g u p o n a p y l o n -s h a p e d b u il d in g
; t h e b e a r d e d s o u l is d e s c r ib e d a s
" t h e s o u l o fOs ir is " .
III
. At a b l e o fo ffe r in g s u p o n w h ic h a r e l o t u s fl o w e r s , a l ib a t io n
v a s e , e t c .
IV . Tw o l io n s s e a t e d b a c k t o b a c k a n d s u p p o r t in g t h e h o r iz o n w it h
t h e s u n ' s d is k , o v e r w h ic h e x t e n d s t h e
s k y ;
t h e l io n o n t h e r ig h t is c a l l e d
S c
f,
i . e . , " Ye s t e r d a y " , a n d t h a t o n t h e l e ft Tu a u , i. e . , " To -m o r r o w "
( s e e l in e s r 3 -r 6 o ft h e t e x t ) .
V. Th e Be n n u b ir d a n d a t a b l e o fo ffe r in g s ( s e e l in e s z 6 -3 o o ft h e t e x t ) .
VI . Th e m u m m y o fAn io n a b ie r w it h in a fu n e r a l s h r in e ; a t t h e h e a d
a n d fo o t a r e N e p h t h v s a n d Is is in t h e fo r m o fh a w k s . Be n e a t h t h e b ie r
a r e An i' s p a l e t t e , v a r ie g a t e d m a r b l e o r g l a s s v e s s e l s , e t c .
P l a t e 8 . I . Th e g o d o f" M il l io n o fy e a r s " ; o n h is h e a d a n d in h is r ig h t
h a n d is t h e e m b l e m o f" y e a r s " . His l e ft h a n d is s t r e t c h e d o u t o v e r a
p o o l c o n t a in in g t h e Ev e o fHo r u s ( s e e l in e 4 6 o ft h e t e x t ) .
II
. Th e g o d U a t c h e t -u r a ( i . e . , " Gr e a t Gr e e n Wa t e r " ) , w it h e a c h h a n d
e x t e n d e d o v e r a p o o l ; t h a t u n d e r h is r ig h t h a n d is c a l l e d " La k e o f
N a t r o n " , a n d t h a t u n d e r h is l e ft h a n d , " La k e o fN it r e " ( s e e l in e s 4 7
-5 0
o ft h e t e x t ) .
III . Ap y l o n w it h d o o r s , c a l l e d Re -s t a u , i. e . , t h e " Ga t e o ft h e p a s s a g e s
o ft h e t o m b " ( s e e l in e s 5 6 -5 8 o ft h e t e x t ) .
IV . Th e U t c h a t , fa c in g t o t h e l e ft , a b o v e a p y l o n ( s e e l in e 7 3 o ft h e
t e x t ) .
V. Th e c o w " M e h -u r t t h e e v e o fRa " , w it h d is k a n d h o r n s , c o l l a r a n d
, n e n k t a n d w h ip ( s e e l in e s
7 5 -7 g
o ft h e t e x t ) .
VI . Afu n e r a l c h e s t fr o m w h ic h e m e r g e t h e h e a d o fRa a n d h is t w o
a r m s a n d h a n d s , e a c h h o l d in g t h e e m b l e m o fl ife
. Th e c h e s t , w h ic h is
c a l l e d " t h e d is t r ic t o fAb t u ( Ab y d o s ) " , o r " t h e b u r ia l -p l a c e o ft h e Ea s t " ,
h a s u p o n it s s id e s fig u r e s o ft h e fo u r c h il d r e n o fHo r n s , w h o p r o t e c t t h e
in t e s t in e s o fOs ir is o r t h e d e c e a s e d . On t h e r ig h t s t a n d Tu a m a u t e fa n d
Qe b h s e n n u f, a n d o n t h e l e ft M e s t h a a n d Ha p i( s e e l in e s 8 z a n d 8 3 o f
t h e t e x t ) .
P l a t e g . I . Fig u r e s o ft h r e e g o d s w h o , t o g e t h e r w it h Al e s t h a , Ha p i,
Tu a m a u t e fa n d Qe b h s e n n u fa r e t h e " s e v e n Th u s " r e fe r r e d t o in l in e g g
o ft h e t e x t . Th e ir n a m e s a r e : -M a a -a t e f-f, ' Rh e r i-h e q -f, 2 a n d He r u -
k h e n t i-[a n -] m a a t i( o r m e r t i) . 3
II . Th e g o d An p u ( An u b is ) j a c k a l -h e a d e d .
i . I .
e
. , " He w h o l o o k e t h u p o n h is fa t h e r . "
2 . IL e . , " He w h o is u n d e r h is o l iv e t r e e . "
3 . IL e . , " Ho r u s in b l in d n e s s . "
4 7
TILECHAP TERS OFCO. IIIN GFORTHBYD AY .
III
. Fig u r e s o fs e v e n g o d s , w h o s e n a m e s a r e
: N e t c h e h n e t c h e h , Aa g e t -
q e t , Kh e n t i-h c h -fl Am i-u n n u t -f,
2 Te s t ie r -m a a , 3 Be s -m a a -e m -k e r h , 4 a n d
An -e m -h r u
s
( s e e l in e s 9 9 -io ( Jo ft h e t e x t ) .
IV
. Th e s o u l o fRd , in t h e fo r m o fa h a w k w it h a d is k o n h is h e a d ,
c o n v e r s in g in Ta t t u w it h t h e s o u l o fOs ir is in t h e fo r m o fa h u m a n -h e a d e d
b ir d w e a r in g t h e w h it e c r o w n
; t h is s c e n e is o ft h e r a r e s t o c c u r r e n c e ( s e e
l in e s iiia n d
z it o ft h e t e x t ) .
P l a t e t o . I
. Th e Ca t , e m b l e m a t ic o ft h e S u n , c u t t in g o fft h e h e a d o f
t h e s e r p e n t Ap e p o r Ap e p i, t y p ic a l o fd a r k n e s s
.
II
. Th r e e s e a t e d d e it ie s , e a c h h o l d in g a k n ife .
III
. An ia n d h is w ife Th u t h u , k n e e l in g in a d o r a t io n b e fo r e t h e g o d
Rh e p e r a , b e e t l e -h e a d e d , w h o is s e a t e d in t h e b o a t o ft h e r is in g s u n ( s e e
l in e s
1 1 6
ff
. o ft h e t e x t ) .
1 V
. Tw o a p e s , e m b l e m a t ic o ft h e g o d d e s s e s Is is a n d N e p h t h y s ( s e e
l in e s 1 24 a n d 1 25
o ft h e t e x t ) .
V
. Th e g o d Te r n , s e a t e d w it h in t h e S u n -d is k in t h e b o a t o ft h e s e t -
t in g s u n
.
VI
. Th e g o d Rc h u , in t h e fo r m o fa l io n ( s e e l in e 1 3 3 o ft h e t e x t )
.
VII
. Th e s e r p e n t U a t c h e t , t h e l a d y o ffl a m e , a s y m b o l o ft h e Ey e o f
P a , c o il e d r o u n d a l o t u s fl o w e r
. Ab o v e is t h e e m b l e m o ffir e
.
CHAP TER
XVII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it
. M u s . N o .
1 0, 4 7 0,
s h e e t s 7 -t o ) , a n d fr o m t h e
P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( Br it . M u s . N o
. 9 , g o o , s h e e t 1 4 , 1 . 1 6 ff. ) . ]
Te x t : (
i) HEREBEGIN THEP RAIS ES AN D GLORIFYIN GS OF
COM IN GOU TFROM AN D OFGOIN GIN TOTHEGLORIOU S U N D ER-
WORLD WHICHIS IN THEBEAU TIFU LAM EN TET, OFCOM IN G
OU T( 2) BYD AYIN ALLTHEFORM S OFEXIS TEN CEWHICH
P LEAS E_HIM ( i . e . ,
THED ECEAS ED ) , OFP LAYIN GATD RAU GHTS
AN D S ITTIN GIN THEHALL, AN D OFCOM IN GFORTH( 3 ) AS A
LIVIN GS OU L .
S a it h Os ir is , t h e s c r ib e An i, ( 4 ) a ft e r h e h a t h
c o m e t o h is h a v e n o fr e s t -it is g o o d fo r [a m a n ] t o r e c it e [t h is
1 . 1. e ,
" He d w e l l e t h in h is fl a m e . "
2 .
IL
e
. , " He w h o is in h is h o u r . "
3
. L e . , " Re d o fb o t h e y e s . "
-I . I . c . , " Fl a m e s e e in g in t h e n ig h t
. "
~ . 1 . c .
. " Br in g in g b } -d a y . "
THECHAP TEROFP RAIS IN GAN D GLORIFYIN G.

4 9
w o r k w h il s t h e is ] u p o n e a r t h , fo r [t h e n ] a l l t h e w o r d s o f( 5 )
Te m c o m e t o p a s s : -
" Ia m t h e g o d Te m in r is in g ; Ia m t h e o n l y On e . Ic a m e
" in t o e x is t e n c e in ( 6 ) N u
. Ia m Ra w h o r o s e in t h e b e g in n in g ,
" t h e r u l e r o f . . . . t h is . " ' ( 7 )
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
It is Rd w h e n a t t h e b e g in n in g h e r o s e in ( 8 ) t h e c it y o f
S u t e n -h e n e n ( He r a c l e o p o l is M a g n a ) c r o w n e d l ik e a k in g in [h is ]
r is in g
. Th e p il l a r s 2 o ft h e g o d S h u w e r e n o t a s y e t c r e a t e d ,
w h e n h e w a s ( 9 ) u p o n t h e h ig h g r o u n d
3 o fh im t h a t d w e l l e t h
in Kh e m e n n u ( He r m o p o l is M a g n a ) .
" Ia m t h e g r e a t g o d w h o g a v e b ir t h t o h im s e l f, e v e n N u ,
" ( io ) w h o m a d e h is n a m e [s t o b e c o m e ] t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s
" a s g o d . "
Wh o t h e n ( it ) is t h is ?
It is Rd , t h e c r e a t o r o ft h e n a m e [s ] o fh is l im b s , w h ic h c a m e
in t o b e in g ( t 2) in t h e fo r m o ft h e g o d s w h o a r e in t h e t r a in o fRa
.
" Ia m h e w h o is n o t d r iv e n b a c k a m o n g t h e g o d s . " ( t 3 )
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
It is Te m t h e d w e l l e r in h is d is k , o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , ( i4 ) It
is Rd in h is r is in g in t h e e a s t e r n h o r iz o n o fh e a v e n
.
" Ia m Ye s t e r d a y ; Ik n o w ( t 5 ) To -m o r r o w . "
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
Ye s t e r d a y is Os ir is , ( t 6 ) a n d To -m o r r o w is Rd o n t h e d a y
w h e n h e s h a l l d e s t r o y t h e e n e m ie s o fN e b -e r -t c h e r , ( 1 7 ) a n d w h e n
h e s h a l l e s t a b l is h a s p r in c e a n d r u l e r h is s o n ( t 8 ) Ho r n s , o r
( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , o n t h e d a y w h e n w e c o m m e m o r a t e t h e fe s t iv a l
( ig ) o ft h e m e e t in g o ft h e d e a d Os ir is w it h h is fa t h e r Rd , a n d
w h e n t h e b a t t l e o ft h e ( 20) g o d s w a s fo u g h t in w h ic h Os ir is ,
t h e l o r d o fAm e n t e t , w a s t h e l e a d e r .
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ? ( 21 )
It is Am e n t e t , [t h a t is t o s a y ] t h e c r e a t io n o ft h e s o u l s o ft h e
g o d s w h e n Os ir is w a s l e a d e r in S e t -Am e n t e t ; o r ( 22) ( a s o t h e r s
i . Va r . " t h e r u l e r o fw h a t h e b a t h m a d e " ( P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i) .
2 . ILe . , t h e c a r d in a l p o in t s .
3 . Or , " s t a ir -c a s e . "
}
5 0

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
s a y ) , it
is Am e n t e t w h ic h Rd h a t h g iv e n u n t o m e ; w h e n a n y
g o d c o m e t h , h e d o t h a r is e a n d ( 23 ) d o e t h b a t t l e fo r it .
" Ik n o w t h e g o d w h o d w e l l e t h t h e r e in . " ( 24 )
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
It is Os ir is
; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , Rd is h is n a m e , ( o r ) It is t h e
( 25 ) p h a l l u s o fRa w h e r e w it h h e w a s u n it e d t o h im s e l f
.
" Ia m t h e Be n n u
b ir d ( 26 ) w h ic h " is in An n u ( He l io p o l is ) , a n d
" Ia m t h e k e e p e r o ft h e v o l u m e o ft h e b o o k o ft h in g s w h ic h a r e
" a n d o ft h in g s w h ic h s h a l l b e . "
Wh o t h e n ( 27 ) is t h is ?
It is Os ir is ; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is h is d e a d b o d y , o r ( a s
o t h e r s s a y ) , ( 28 ) It is h is fil t h . Th e t h in g s w h ic h a r e a n d t h e
t h in g s w h ic h s h a l l b e a r e h is d e a d b o d y
; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) ,
( 29 ) Th e y a r e e t e r n it y a n d e v e r l a s t in g n e s s . Et e r n it y is t h e d a y ,
a n d e v e r l a s t in g n e s s is t h e ( 3 o ) n ig h t .
" Ia m t h e g o d Am s u in h is c o m in g fo r t h ; m a y h is t w o p l u m e s
" ( 3 i)
b e s e t u p o n m y h e a d fo r m e . "
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
Am s u is Ho r n s , t h e a v e n g e r ( 3 2) o fh is fa t h e r , a n d h is c o m in g
fo r t h is h is b ir t h . Th e p l u m e s ( 3 3 ) u p o n h is h e a d a r e Is is a n d
N e p h t h v s w h e n t h e y g o fo r t h t o s e t t h e m s e l v e s ( 3 4 ) t h e r e , e v e n
a s h is p r o t e c t o r s , a n d t h e y p r o v id e t h a t w h ic h h is h e a d ( 3 5 )
l a c k e t h , o r ( a s . o t h e r s s a y ) , t h e y a r e t h e t w o e x c e e d in g g r e a t
u r a e iw h ic h a r e u p o n t h e h e a d o ft h e ir fa t h e r ( 3 6 ) Te m , o r ( a s
o t h e r s s a y ) , h is t w o e y e s a r e t h e t w o p l u m e s w h ic h a r e u p o n
h is h e a d .
" Os ir is An i, ( 3 7 ) t h e s c r ib e o fa l l t h e h o l y o ffe r in g s , r is e t h
" u p in h is p l a c e in t r iu m p h , h e c o m e t h in t o ( 3 8 ) h is c it y . "
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?
It is t h e h o r iz o n o fh is fa t h e r Te m . ( 3 g )
" Ih a v e m a d e a n e n d o fm y s h o r t -c o m in g s , a n d Ih a v e p u t
" a w a y m y fa u l t s
. "
Wh a t t h e n ( 4 0) is t h is ?
" It is t h e c u t t in g o ffo ft h e c o r r u p t ib l e in t h e b o d y o fOs ir is ,
" t h e s c r ib e An i, ( 4 i) v ic t o r io u s b e fo r e a l l t h e g o d s ; a n d a l l h is
" fa u l t s a r e d r iv e n o u t .
THECHAP TEROFP RAIS IN GAN D GLORIFYIN G.
Wh a t
( 4 2)
t h e n is t h is ?
It is t h e p u r ific a t io n [o fOs ir is ] o n t h e d a y o fh is b ir t h
. ( 4 3 )
" Ia m p u r ifie d in m y g r e a t d o u b l e n e s t w h ic h is in S u t e n -
" h e n e n ( He r a c l e o p o l is M a g n a ) , ( 4 4 ) o n t h e d a y o ft h e o ffe r in g s
" o ft h e fo l l o w e r s o ft h e g r e a t g o d w h o is ( 4 5 ) t h e r e in
. "
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?
" M il l io n s o fy e a r s " is t h e n a m e o ft h e o n e [n e s t ] , " Gr e a t Gr e e n
La k e " ( 4 6 ) is t h e n a m e o ft h e o t h e r ;
a p o o l o fn a t r o n , a n d a
p o o l o fn it r e ( 4 7 ) ; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , " Th e Tr a v e r s e r o fm il l io n s
o fy e a r s " is t h e n a m e o fo n e , " Gr e a t Gr e e n La k e "
( 4 8 )
is t h e
n a m e o ft h e o t h e r ; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , " Th e Be g e t t e r o fm il l io n s
o fy e a r s " is t h e n a m e o fo n e , " Gr e a t Gr e e n La k e " ( 4 9 ) is t h e
n a m e o ft h e o t h e r
. N o w a s c o n c e r n in g t h e g r e a t g o d w h o d w e l l -
e t h t h e r e in , it is Rd ( 5 o ) h im s e l f .
" Ip a s s o v e r t h e w a y , Ik n o w t h e h e a d o ft h e P o o l o fM a a a t
. "
( 5 1 )
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?
It is Re -s t a u ; t h a t is t o s a y , it is t h e u n d e r w o r l d o n t h e ( 5 a )
s o u t h o fN a -a r u t -f, s a n d it is t h e n o r t h e r n d o o r o ft h e t o m b
.
N o w a s c o n c e r n in g ( 5 3 ) t h e P o o l o fM a a a t , it is Ab t u ( Ab v d o s ) ;
o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is t h e b o a t b y w h ic h h is fa t h e r
( 5 4 )
Te r n t r a -
v e l l e t h w h e n h e g o e t h fo r t h t o S e k h e t -Aa r u , ( 5 5 ) w h ic h b r in g e t h
fo r t h t h e fo o d a n d n o u r is h m e n t o ft h e g o d s w h o a r e b e h in d
[t h e ir ] s h r in e s . ( 5 6 ) N o w t h e g a t e o fTc h e s e r t is t h e g a t e o ft h e
p il l a r s o fS h u , ( 5 7 ) t h e n o r t h e r n g a t e o ft h e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d )
;
o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is t h e t w o l e a v e s o ft h e d o o r ( 5 8 ) t h r o u g h
w h ic h t h e g o d Te r n p a s s e t h w h e n h e g o e t h fo r t h t o t h e e a s t e r n
h o r iz o n o fh e a v e n . ( 5 9 )
" 0y e g o d s w h o a r e in t h e p r e s e n c e [o fOs ir is ] , g r a n t m e
" y o u r a r m s , fo r Ia m t h e g o d w h o ( 6 o ) s h a l l c o m e in t o b e in g
" a m o n g y o u . "
Wh o t h e n a r e t h e s e ?
Th e y a r e t h e d r o p s o fb l o o d w h ic h ( 6 t ) c a m e fo r t h fr o m t h e
p h a l l u s o fRa w h e n h e w e n t fo r t h t o p e r fo r m m u t il a t io n ( 6 2)
u p o n h im s e l f. Th e y s p r a n g in t o b e in g a s t h e g o d s Hu a n d S a ,
i . Or An -r u t -f, t h e " p l a c e w h e r e n o t h in g g r o w s " .
4 *
5 I
5 2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AYY
w h o a r e in t h e fo l l o w in g ( 6 3 ) o fRd , a n d w h o a c c o m p a n y ( 6 4 )
t h e g o d Te r n d a il y a n d e v e r y d a y
.
" I, Os ir is , t h e s c r ib e An i, t r iu m p h a n t , ( 6 5 ) h a v e fil l e d fo r t h e e
" t h e
U t c h a t
a ft e r it h a d s u ffe r e d fa il u r e ( 6 6 ) o n t h e d a y o ft h e
" c o m b a t o ft h e t w o Fig h t e r s "
( i . e . , Ho r u s a n d S e t )
.
Wh a t t h e n ( 6 7 ) is t h is ?
It is t h e d a y o n w h ic h Ho r u s fo u g h t w it h S e t , ( 6 8 ) w h o c a s t
fil t h in t h e fa c e o fHo r u s , a n d w h e n Ho r u s d e s t r o y e d t h e m e m -
b e r s ( 6 9 ) o fS e t
. N o w t h is Th o t h d id w it h h is o w n fin g e r s
.
" Il ift u p t h e ( 7 0) h a ir [-c l o u d ] w h e n t h e r e a r e s t o r m s a n d
" q u a k in g s in t h e s k y . "
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?( 7 i)
It is t h e r ig h t Ey e o fRd , w h ic h r a g e d a g a in s t [S e t ] w h e n ( 7 2)
h e s e n t it fo r t h .
Th o t h r a is e d u p t h e h a ir [-c l o u d ] , a n d b r o u g h t t h e Ey e ( 7 3 )
a l iv e , a n d w h o l e , a n d s o u n d , a n d w it h o u t d e fe c t t o [it s ] l o r d ;
o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is t h e Ey e o fRd w h e n it is s ic k a n d w h e n
it ( 7 4 ) w e e p e t h fo r it s fe l l o w -e y e ;
t h e n Th o t h s t a n d e t h u p t o
c l e a n s e it
. ( 7 5 )
" Ib e h o l d Rd w h o w a s b o r n y e s t e r d a y fr o m t h e b u t t o c k s o f
" ( 7 6 )
t h e g o d d e s s M e h -u r t ; h is s t r e n g t h is m y s t r e n g t h , a n d m y
" s t r e n g t h is h is s t r e n g t h . "
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?( 7 7 )
It is t h e w a t e r y a b y s s o fh e a v e n , o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is t h e
im a g e ( 7 8 ) o ft h e Ev e o fRa in t h e m o r n in g a t h is d a il y b ir t h
.
( 7 9 ) M e h -u r t is t h e Ey e
( U t c h a t ) o fRd . Th e r e fo r e Os ir is , ( 8 o )
t h e s c r ib e An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is a g r e a t o n e a m o n g t h e g o d s w h o
a r e in t h e t r a in o f( 8 1 ) Ho r u s
. Th e w o r d s a r e s p o k e n fo r h im
t h a t l o v e t h h is l o r d .
Wh a t ( 8 2) t h e n is t h is ?
[Th e g o d s w h o a r e in t h e t r a in o fHo r u s a r e ] M e s t h z i, Ha p i,
Tu a m a u t e f, a n d Qe b h s e n n u f .
( 8 3 ) " Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e l o r d s o fr ig h t a n d t r u t h , y e s o -
v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o [s t a n d ] b e h in d Os ir is , w h o u t t e r l y d o a w a y
" w it h ( 8 4 ) s in s a n d c r im e s a n d w h o a r e in t h e fo l l o w in g o f
" t h e g o d d e s s He t e p -s e k h u s , ( 8 5 ) g r a n t [y e ] t h a t Im a y c o m e u n t o
THECHAP TEROFP RAIS IN GAN D GLORIFYIN G.
5 3
" y o u .
D e s t r o y y e [a l l ] t h e fa u l t s w h ic h ( 8 6 ) a r e w it h in m e ,
" e v e n a s y e d id fo r t h e s e v e n Kh u s
( 8 7 ) w h o a r e a m o n g t h e
" fo l l o w e r s o ft h e ir l o r d S e p a . An u b is a p p o in t e d ( 8 8 ) t h e ir p l a c e
" o n t h e d a y [w h e n w a s s a id ] , `Co m e t h e r e fo r e t h it h e r ' . "
Wh e n t h e n ( 8 9 ) is t h is ?
Th e s e l o r d s o fr ig h t a n d t r u t h a r e Th o t h a n d ( g o ) As t e s , t h e
l o r d o fAm e n t e t
. Th e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s [w h o s t a n d ] b e h in d Os ir is ,
e v e n M e s t h a , ( g i) I-Ia p i, Tu a m a u t e f, a n d Qe b h s e n n u f, a r e t h e y
w h o a r e ( 9 2) b e h in d t h e Th ig h in t h e n o r t h e r n s k y .
N o w t h o s e w h o d o u t t e r l y a w a y w it h ( 9 3 ) s in s a n d c r im e s
a n d w h o a r e in t h e fo l l o w in g o fHe t e p -s e k h u s ( 9 a ) a r e t h e g o d
S e b e k w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e w a t e r .
Th e g o d d e s s He t e p -s e k h u s is t h e Ey e o f( 9 5 ) Rd ; o r ( a s o t h e r s
s a y ) , it is t h e fl a m e w h ic h fo l l o w e t h a ft e r Os ir is t o b u r n u p ( 9 6 )
t h e s o u l s o fh is e n e m ie s .
As c o n c e r n in g a l l t h e fa u l t s w h ic h a r e in ( 9 7 ) Os ir is , t h e s c r ib e
o ft h e o ffe r in g s o fa l l t h e g o d s , An i, t r iu m p h a n t , [t h is is a l l
t h a t h e h a t h d o n e a g a in s t t h e l o r d s o fe t e r n it y I]
s in c e h e c a m e
fo r t h fr o m ( g 8 ) h is m o t h e r ' s w o m b .
As c o n c e r n in g t h e S e v e n
Kh u s ( g g ) , e v e n M e s t h a , Ha p i, Tu a -
m a u t e f, Qe b h s e n n u f, ( io o ) M a a -a t e f-f, Kh e r i-b e q -f, a n d He r u -
k h e n t i-[a n ] m a a t i, ( io i) An u b is a p p o in t e d t h e m t o b e p r o t e c t o r s
o ft h e d e a d b o d y o fOs ir is o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , [s e t t h e m ] ( 1 02)
b e h in d t h e p l a c e o fp u r ific a t io n o fOs ir is ; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) ,
t h o s e S e v e n Kh u s a r e ( io 3 ) N e t c h e h -n e t c h c h , Aa t q e t q e t , An -
e r t a -n e f-b e s -f-k h e n t i-h e h -( io 4 ) f, Aq -h e r -a m i-u n n u t -f, Te s h e r -
m a a t i-a m i-( s o 5 ) h e t -An e s , U b e s -h r a -p e r -e m -k h e t -k h e t , a n d ( io 6 )
M a a -e m -k e r b -a n -n e f-c m -h r u
. Th e c h ie fo ft h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s
( 1 07 ) w h o a r e in N a -a r u t -fis Ho r u s , t h e a v e n g e r o fh is fa t h e r .
As c o n c e r n in g ( z o 8 ) t h e d a y [u p o n w h ic h w a s s a id ] , " Co m e
t h e r e fo r e t h it h e r , " it r e fe r r e t h t o t h e w o r d s , " Co m e ( io g ) t h e n
t h it h e r , " w h ic h Ra s p a k e u n t o Os ir is . Lo , m a y t h is b e s a id u n t o
m e in Am e n t e t !
" Ia m t h e d iv in e S o u l w h ic h d w e l l e t h in t h e t w o d iv in e
Tc h a fz " . ( i io )
i . Th e N e b s e n i P a p y r u s is t h e a u t h o r it y fo r t h e s e w o r d s .
5 4

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?
It is Os ir is [w h e n ] h e g o e t h in t o Ta t t u ( iii) a n d fin d e t h t h e r e
t h e S o u l o fRd ;
t h e r e t h e o n e g o d e m b r a c e t h ( 1 1 2)
t h e o t h e r ,
a n d d iv in e s o u l s s p r in g in t o b e in g w it h in t h e t w o d iv in e
Tc h a fi .
[Th e fo l l o w in g l in e s a r e fr o m
t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( Br it
. M u s . N o . 9 , 9 00,
s h e e t
1 4 ,
1 . i6 ff. ) . ]
( 1 6 )
As c o n c e r n in g t h e t w o d iv in e Te h a fi
t h e y a r e I; Ie r u -n e t e h -
h r a -t e f-f
( 1 7 )
a n d He r u -k h e n t -a n -m a a t i
; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , t h e
d o u b l e d iv in e S o u l w h ic h d w e l l e t h in t h e t w o d iv in e
Tc h a fiis
t h e S o u l o fRd a n d t h e S o u l o fOs ir is ;
[o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , ] It is
t h e S o u l ( i8 ) w h ic h d w e l l e t h in S h u , [a n d ] t h e S o u l w h ic h
d w e l l e t h in Te fn u t , a n d t h e s e a r e t h e d o u b l e d iv in e S o u l w h ic h
d w e l l e t h in Ta t t u .
" Ia m t h e Ca t w h ic h fo u g h t ( ?) h a r d b y t h e P e r s e a t r e e ( ig )
" in An n u ( He l io p o l is ) , o n t h e n ig h t w h e n t h e fo e s o fN e b -e r -t c h e r
" w e r e d e s t r o y e d . "
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
Th e m a l e Ca t is Rd ( 20)
h im s e l f, a n d h e is c a l l e d ' M a u ' b y
r e a s o n o ft h e s p e e c h o ft h e g o d S a , [w h o s a id ] c o n c e r n in g h im
" He is l ik e ( m d u ) u n t o t h a t w h ic h h e h a t h m a d e "
; t h u s h is n a m e
b e c a m e ' M a a u ' ; I
o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , it is t h e g o d ( 21 ) S h u w h o
m a k e t h o v e r t h e p o s s e s s io n s o fS e b t o Os ir is .
As c o n c e r n in g t h e fig h t ( ?)
h a r d b y t h e P e r s e a t r e e in An n u ,
it c o n c e r n e t h t h e c h il d r e n o fim p o t e n t r e v o l t w h e n ( 22) j u s t ic e
is w r o u g h t o n t h e m fo r w h a t t h e y h a v e d o n e
.
As c o n c e r n in g t h e n ig h t o ft h e b a t t l e [t h e s e w o r d s r e fe r t o ] t h e
in r o a d [o ft h e c h il d r e n o fim p o t e n t r e v o l t ] in t o t h e e a s t e r n p a r t
o fh e a v e n , w h e r e u p o n t h e r e a r o s e a b a t t l e in h e a v e n a n d in a l l
t h e e a r t h .
" 0t h o u w h o a r t in t h in e e g g ( 23 ) ( i
. e . , Rd ) , w h o s h in e s t
" fr o m t h y D is k a n d r is e s t in t h y h o r iz o n , a n d d o s t s h in e l ik e
" g o l d a b o v e t h e s k y , l ik e u n t o w h o m t h e r e is n o n e a m o n g t h e
" g o d s , w h o s a il e s t o v e r t h e p il l a r s ( 24 )
o fS h u ( i . e . , in t h e e t h e r ) ,
" w h o g iv e s t b l a s t s o ffir e fr o m t h y m o u t h , [w h o m a k e s t t h e t w o
" l a n d s b r ig h t w it h t h y r a d ia n c e , d e l iv e r ] t h o u t h e p io u s N e b s e n i
i . Th is is a v e r y a n c ie n t p u n o n t h e w o r d s
m a n " c a t " a n d m d u " l ik e " .
THE_CHAP TEROFP RAIS IN GAN D GLORIFYIN G .
5 5
" fr o m t h e g o d ( 25 ) w h o s e fo r m is h id d e n , w h o s e e y e b r o w s a r e
" l ik e u n t o t h e t w o a r m s o ft h e Ba l a n c e o n t h e n ig h t o fr e c k o n in g
" d e s t r u c t io n . "
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
It is An -a -f( i
.
e . , t h e g o d w h o b r in g e t h h is a r m ) . ( 26 )
As c o n c e r n in g " t h e n ig h t o fr e c k o n in g d e s t r u c t io n " , it is t h e
n ig h t o ft h e b u r n in g o ft h e d a m n e d , a n d o ft h e o v e r t h r o w o f
w ic k e d a t t h e b l o c k , ( 27 ) a n d o ft h e s l a u g h t e r o fs o u l s .
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
It is N e m u , t h e h e a d s m a n o fOs ir is , o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is
Ap e p w h e n h e r is e t h u p w it h o n e h e a d b e a r in g M a a t ( i . e . , r ig h t
a n d t r u t h ) [u p o n it ]
; ( 28 ) o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is Ho r u s w h e n
h e r is e t h u p w it h a d o u b l e h e a d , w h e r e o ft h e o n e b e a r e t h r ig h t
a n d t r u t h a n d t h e o t h e r w ic k e d n e s s . ( 29 ) He b e s t o w e t h w ic k e d -
n e s s o n h im t h a t w o r k e t h w ic k e d n e s s , a n d r ig h t a n d t r u t h u p o n
h im t h a t fo l l o w e t h r ig h t e o u s n e s s a n d t r u t h
; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y s ) ,
It is Ho r u s t h e Gr e a t w h o ( 3 o ) d w e l l e t h in S e k h e m ( Le t o p o l is )
;
o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is Th o t h
; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is N e fe r -
Te r n ;
[o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , ] It is S e p t w h o d o t h t h w a r t t h e a c t s
o ft h e fo e s o fN e b -e r -t c h e r .
" D e l iv e r t h o u t h e s c r ib e N e b s e n i, v ic t o r io u s , fr o m t h e Wa t c h e r s
" w h o b e a r s l a u g h t e r in g k n iv e s , a n d w h o h a v e c r u e l fin g e r s , a n d
" w h o s l a y t h o s e w h o a r e in t h e fo l l o w in g o fOs ir is . ( 3 r ) M a y
" t h e y n e v e r g a in t h e m a s t e r y = o v e r m e , m a y In e v e r fa l l u n d e r
" t h e ir k n iv e s . "
Wh a t t h e n is t h is :
It is An u b is , a n d it is Ho r u s in t h e fo r m o fKh e n t -( 3 2) , in -
m a a t i
;
o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is t h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o t h w a r t
t h e w o r k s o ft h e ir w e a p o n s ; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is t h e c h ie fs
o ft h e
S h e n iu c h a m b e r .
" M a y ( 3 3 ) t h e ir k n iv e s n e v e r g a in t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m e , m a y
" In e v e r fa l l u n d e r t h e ir in s t r u m e n t s o fc r u e l t y , fo r ( 3 4 ) Ik n o w
" t h e ir n a m e s , a n d Ik n o w t h e b e in g M a t c h e t w h o is a m o n g t h e m
" in t h e Ho u s e o fOs ir is , s h o o t in g r a y s o fl ig h t fr o m [h is ] e y e , b u t
" w h o h im s e l fis u n s e e n . ( 3 5 ) He g o e t h r o u n d a b o u t h e a v e n r o b e d
" in t h e fl a m e o fh is m o u t h , c o m m a n d in g Ha p i, b u t r e m a in in g
5 6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
" h im s e l fu n s e e n . M a y Ib e s t r o n g u p o n e a r t h b e fo r e Rd , m a y
" Ic o m e h a p p il y in t o h a v e n ( 3 6 ) in t h e p r e s e n c e o fOs ir is
.
" Le t n o t y o u r o ffe r in g s b e w a n t in g t o m e , 0v e w h o p r e s id e
" o v e r y o u r a l t a r s , fo r Ia m a m o n g t h o s e w h o fo l l o w a ft e r N e b -
" e r -t c h e r a c c o r d in g t o t h e w r it in g s ( 3 7 ) o fKh e p e r a
. Ifl y a s a
" h a w k , Ic a c k l e a s a g o o s e ;
Ie v e r s l a y , e v e n a s t h e s e r p e n t -g o d -
" d e s s N e h e b -k a . "
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?( 3 8 )
Th o s e w h o p r e s id e o v e r t h e ir a l t a r s a r e t h e s im il it u d e o ft h e
Ey e o fRd a n d t h e s im il it u d e o ft h e Ey e o fHo r n s .
" ORa -( 3 9 ) Te r n , t h o u l o r d o ft h e Gr e a t Ho u s e , ' t h o u S o v e -
r e ig n ( Life , S t r e n g t h a n d He a l t h !) o fa l l t h e g o d s , d e l iv e r t h o u
" t h e s c r ib e N e b s e n i, v ic t o r io u s , fr o m t h e g o d w h o s e fa c e ( 4 0) is
" l ik e u n t o t h a t o fa g r e y h o u n d , w h o s e b r o w s a r e a s t h o s e o fa
" m a n a n d w h o fe e d e t h u p o n t h e d e a d , w h o w a t c h e t h a t t h e
" Big h t o ft h e La k e ( 4 1 ) o fFir e , a n d w h o d e v o u r e t h t h e b o d ie s
" o ft h e d e a d a n d s w a l l o w e t h h e a r t s , a n d w h o s h o o t e t h fo r t h
" fil t h , b u t h e h im s e l fr e m a in e t h u n s e e n . "
Wh o t h e n is ( 4 2) t h is ?
" D e v o u r e r fo r m il l io n s o fy e a r s " is h is n a m e , a n d h e l iv e t h
in t h e Aa t . 2 As c o n c e r n in g t h e Aa t , it is t h a t w h ic h is in An -
r u t -f, h a r d b y ( 4 3 ) t h e S h e n iu c h a m b e r
. Th e u n c l e a n m a n w h o
w o u l d w a l k t h e r e o v e r d o t h fa l l d o w n a m o n g t h e k n iv e s ; o r ( a s
o t h e r s s a y ) , His n a m e is " M a t e s " , 3
( 4 4 )
a n d h e is t h e Wa t c h e r
o ft h e d o o r o fAm e n t e t ; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , His n a m e is " Be b a "
a n d it is h e w h o w a t c h e t h t h e Big h t o fAm e n t e t
;
s a y ) , " He r i-s e p -f" is h is n a m e .
" Ha il , Lo r d o ft e r r o r , c h ie fo ft h e l a n d s
" S o u t h , t h o u l o r d o ft h e r e d g l o w ( o r r e d
" p r e p a r e s t t h e s l a u g h t e r -b l o c k , a n d w h o d o s t
" w a r d p a r t s !"
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
Th e g u a r d ia n o ft h e Big h t o fAm e n t e t
. ( 4 6 )
t . I. e . , t h e g r e a t t e m p l e o fRa in He l io p o l is
.
2 . Va r . " a n d h e d w e l l e t h in t h e La k e o fU n t
. "
3 . 1 . e . , " h e w h o h a t h t h e k n ife . "
o r ( a s o t h e r s
o ft h e N o r t h a n d
l a n d s ) , ( 4 5 ) w h o
fe e d u p o n t h e in -
THECHAP TEROFP RAIS IN GAN D GLORIFYIN G
.
5 7
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?
It is t h e h e a r t o fOs ir is , w h ic h is t h e d e v o u r e r o fa l l s l a u g h t e r e d
t h in g s
. Th e U r e r e t c r o w n h a t h b e e n g iv e n u n t o h im w it h g l a d -
n e s s o fh e a r t a s l o r d o fS u t e n -h e n e n ( He r a c l e o p o l is M a g n a ) .
Wh a t t h e n ( 4 7 ) is t h is ?
He t o w h o m h a t h b e e n g iv e n t h e
U r e r e t c r o w n w it h g l a d n e s s
o fh e a r t a s l o r d o fS u t e n -h e n e n is Os ir is
. He w a s b id d e n t o r u l e
a m o n g t h e g o d s o n t h e d a y o ft h e u n io n o fe a r t h ( 4 8 ) in t h e
p r e s e n c e o fN e b -e r -t c h e r
.
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?
He t h a t w a s b id d e n t o r u l e a m o n g t h e g o d s is [Ho r u s ] t h e
s o n o fIs is , w h o w a s a p p o in t e d t o r u l e in t h e p l a c e o fh is fa t h e r
( 4 9 ) Os ir is
. As c o n c e r n in g t h e " d a y o ft h e u n io n o fe a r t h w it h
e a r t h " , it is t h e m in g l in g o fe a r t h w it h e a r t h in t h e c o ffin o f
Os ir is , t h e S o u l t h a t l iv e t h in S u t e n -h e n e n , t h e g iv e r o fm e a t
a n d d r in k , t h e d e s t r o y e r o fw r o n g , a n d t h e g u id e o ft h e e v e r -
l a s t in g p a t h s .
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
It is Rd h im s e l f.
" D e l iv e r t h o u t h e Os ir is N e b s e n i, v ic t o r io u s , "
[Th e
fo l l o w in g l in e s a r e fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0 i 4 7 0,
s h e e t 1 0, 1 . 7 ff. ) . ]
" ( i1 3 )
fr o m t h e g r e a t g o d w h o c a r r ie t h a w a y t h e s o u l , w h o e a t e t h
" h e a r t s , a n d w h o fe e d e t h u p o n
04 )
o ffa l , t h e g u a r d ia n o ft h e
" d a r k n e s s , t h e d w e l l e r in t h e S e k e r
b o a t ; t h o s e w h o l iv e in
" c r im e [1 1 5 1 fe a r h im . "
Wh o t h e n is t h is ?
It is S u t i, o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , It is S m a m -u r ,
( 1 1 6 )
t h e s o u l
o fS e b .
" Ha il , Kh e p e r a in t h y b o a t , t h e t w o -fo l d c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s
" is t h y b o d y !D e l iv e r t h o u Os ir is
( I
1 7 ) An i, v ic t o r io u s , fr o m t h e
" Wa t c h e r s w h o g iv e j u d g m e n t , w h o h a v e b e e n a p p o in t e d b y t h e
" g o d N e b -e r -t c h e r 01 8 ) t o p r o t e c t h im a n d t o fa s t e n t h e fe t -
t e r s o n h is fo e s , a n d w h o s l a u g h t e r in t h e ( r i9 ) s h a m b l e s ;
" t h e r e is n o e s c a p e fr o m t h e ir g r a s p
. M a y t h e y n e v e r s t a b m e
" w it h t h e ir k n iv e s ,
( i2o ) m a y In e v e r fa l l h e l p l e s s in t o t h e ir
5 8

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
" c h a m b e r s o ft o r t u r e . ( 1 21 )
N e v e r h a v e t h e t h in g s w h ic h t h e g o d s
" h a t e b e e n d o n e b y m e , fo r Ia m p u r e w it h in t h e Al e s g e t . ( 1 22)
" Ca k e s o fs a ffr o n h a v e b e e n b r o u g h t u n t o h im in Ta n e n e t . "
Wh o t h e n is t h is ? ( 1 23 )
It is Kh e p e r a in h is b o a t . It is Rd h im s e l f. As c o n c e r n in g
t h e Wa t c h e r s ( 1 24 ) w h o g iv e j u d g m e n t , t h e y a r e t h e a p e s Is is
a n d N e p h t h y s . As c o n c e r n in g t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e a b o m in a t e d
b y t h e g o d s t h e y a r e w ic k e d n e s s ( 1 25 ) a n d fa l s e h o o d ; a n d h e
w h o p a s s e t h t h r o u g h t h e p l a c e o fp u r ific a t io n w it h in t h e M e s g e t
is An p u ( An u b is ) , w h o is b e h in d t h e c h e s t
( 1 26 ) w h ic h c o n -
t a in e t h t h e in w a r d p a r t s o fOs ir is . He t o w h o m s a ffr o n c a k e s
h a v e b e e n b r o u g h t ( 1 27 ) in Ta n e n e t is Os ir is ; o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) ,
Th e s a ffr o n c a k e s
( 1 28 ) in Ta n e n e t a r e h e a v e n a n d e a r t h ;
o r
( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , Th e y a r e S h u , s t r e n g t h e n e r o ft h e t w o l a n d s
in ( 1 29 ) S u t e n -h e n e n ( He r a c l e o p o l is M a g n a )
. Th e s a ffr o n c a k e s
a r e t h e Ev e o fHo r u s
; a n d Ta n e n e t ( 1 3 o ) is t h e b u r ia l -p l a c e
o fOs ir is . Te r n h a t h b u il t t h y h o u s e , a n d t h e d o u b l e Lio n -g o d
b a t h fo u n d e d t h y h a b it a t io n ; ( 1 3 1 ) l o !d r u g s a r e b r o u g h t , a n d
Ho r n s p u r ifie t h a n d S e t s t r e n g t h e n e t h , a n d S e t p u r ific t h a n d Ho r n s
s t r e n g t h e n e t h
. ( 1 3 2)
" Th e Os ir is , t h e s c r ib e An i, v ic t o r io u s b e fo r e Os ir is , h a t h c o m e
" in t o t h e l a n d , a n d h e b a t h t a k e n p o s s e s s io n t h e r e o fw it h h is
" t w o fe e t
. He is Te m , a n d h e is in t h e c it y . "
( 1 3 3 ) " Tu r n t h o u b a c k , 0Re h u , w h o s e m o u t h s h in e t h , w h o s e
" h e a d m o v e t h , t u r n t h o u b a c k fr o m b e fo r e h is s t r e n g t h " , o r ( a s
o t h e r s s a y ) , " Tu r n t h o u b a c k fr o m h im w h o k e e p e t h ( 1 3 4 ) w a t c h
" a n d is u n s e e n . " " Th e Os ir is An iis s a fe l y g u a r d e d
. He is Is is ,
" a n d h e is fo u n d ( r 3 5 ) w it h [h e r ] h a ir s p r e a d o v e r h im , Is h a k e
" it o u t o v e r h is b r o w
. He w a s c o n c e iv e d in Is is a n d b e g o t t e n
" ( 1 3 6 ) in N e p h t h y s ; a n d t h e y c u t o fffr o m h im t h e t h in g s w h ic h
" s h o u l d b e c u t o ff . "
" Fe a r fo l l o w e t h a ft e r t h e e , t e r r o r is u p o n ( 1 3 7 ) t h in e a r m s
.
" Th o u h a s t b e e n e m b r a c e d fo r m il l io n s o fy e a r s b y t h e a r m s
" [o ft h e n a t io n s ] ;
m o r t a l s g o r o u n d a b o u t t h e e . Th o u s m it e s t
" d o w n t h e m e d ia t o r s ( 1 3 8 ) o ft h y fo e s , a n d t h o u s e iz e s t t h e a r m s
" o ft h e p o w e r s o fd a r k n e s s
. Th e t w o s is t e r s ( i . e . , Is is a n d N e p h t h y s )
AD ORATION OF' THEGOD S OF' CITIES .
" a r e g iv e n t o t h e e fo r t h y d e l ig h t
. ( 1 3 9 ) Th o u h a s t c r e a t e d t h a t
" w h ic h is in Kh e r -a b a a n d t h a t w h ic h is in An n u ( He l io p o l is ) .
" Ev e r y g o d fe a r e t h t h e e , fo r t h o u a r t e x c e e d in g g r e a t a n d t e r r ib l e
" t h o u [a v e n g e s t ] e v e r y
( 1 4 o ) g o d o n t h e m a n t h a t c u r s e t h h im ,
" a n d t h o u s h o o t e s t o u t a r r o w s
Th o u l iv e s t a c c o r d in g t o
" t h y w il l
; t h o u a r t U a t c h e t , t h e La d y o fFl a m e
. Ev il c o m e t h
" ( 1 4 1 ) a m o n g t h o s e w h o s e t t h e m s e l v e s u p a g a in s t t h e e
. "
Wh a t t h e n is t h is ?
" Hid d e n in fo r m , g r a n t e d o f ( 1 4 2)
M e n h u " , is t h e n a m e o f
t h e t o m b
. " He s e e t h w h a t is o n h is h a n d " is t h e n a m e o fQe r a u
;
o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , ( 1 4 3 ) t h e n a m e o ft h e b l o c k .
N o w h e w h o s e m o u t h s h in e t h a n d w h o s e h e a d m o v e t h is t h e
m e m b e r o fOs ir is , o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) ( 1 4 4 ) o fRd
. " Th o u s p r e a d e s t
t h y h a ir a n d Is h a k e it o u t o v e r h is b r o w " is s p o k e n c o n c e r n in g
Is is , w h o h id e t h in h e r h a ir
( 1 4 5 ) a n d d r a w e t h h e r h a ir o v e r
h e r . U a t c h e t , t h e La d y o fFl a m e s , is t h e Ey e o fRa
.
CHAP TER XVIII . -
IN TROD U CTION .
[Fr o m t h e
P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 1 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e : ( U p p e r r e g is t e r )
: Th e p r ie s t An -m a u t -f, w h o w e a r s a l e o -
p a r d ' s s k in , a n d h a s o n t h e r ig h t s id e o fh is h e a d t h e l o c k o fh a ir o f
He r u -p a -k h r a t ( Ha r p o c r a t e s ) , in t r o d u c in g An ia n d h is w ife t o t h e g o d s
.
I . Te x t : [Th e S p e e c h o fS a -m e r -f]
( 1 ) " Ih a v e c o m e u n t o
" y o u , 0g r e a t a n d g o d l ik e s o v e r e ig n r u l e r s w h o d w e l l in h e a v e n ,
" a n d in e a r t h , a n d ( 2)
in t h e u n d e r w o r l d , a n d Ih a v e b r o u g h t
" u n t o y o u Os ir is An i
. He h a t h n o t s in n e d a g a in s t a n y o ft h e
" g o d s
. Gr a n t y e t h a t h e m a y b e w it h y o u fo r a l l t im e . "
II . AN I' S S P EECH : -
( 1 )
THEAD ORATION OFOS IRIS , THELORD
OF RE-S TAU , AN D
OF THEGREAT
COM P AN Y OF THE GOD S WHO D WELL IN THE
U N D ERWORLD , By
OS IRIS THES CRIBE AN I
( 2) w h o s a it h : -
" Ho m a g e t o t h e e , 0t h o u r u l e r o fAm e n t e t , U n -n e fe r in Ab t u
" ( Ab y d o s ) !Ih a v e c o m e u n t o t h e e , a n d m y h e a r t h o l d e t h r ig h t
5 9
6 o

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" a n d t r u t h
. Th e r e is n o ( 3 ) s in in m y b o d y
; n o r h a v e Il ie d
" w it t in g l y , n o r h a v e Id o n e a u g h t w it h a fa l s e h e a r t
. Gr a n t t h o u
" t o m e fo o d in t h e t o m b , ( 4 ) a n d t h a t Im a y c o m e fo r t h in t o
" [t h y ] p r e s e n c e a t t h e a l t a r o ft h e l o r d s o fr ig h t a n d t r u t h , a n d
" t h a t Im a y e n t e r in t o a n d c o m e fo r t h fr o m t h e u n d e r w o r l d ,
" a n d t h a t m y s o u l b e n o t t u r n e d b a c k , a n d t h a t Im a y b e h o l d
" t h e fa c e o ft h e S u n , a n d t h a t Im a y b e h o l d t h e ( 5 ) M o o n fo r
" e v e r a n d fo r e v e r
. "
Vig n e t t e :
( Lo w e r r e g is t e r :
Th e p r ie s t S a -m e r -f, w h o w e a r s a l e o p a r d ' s
s k in , a n d h a s o n t h e r ig h t s id e o fh is h e a d t h e l o c k o fh a ir o fHe r u -p a -
k h r a t ( Ha r p o c r a t e s ) , in t r o d u c in g An ia n d h is w ife t o t h e g o d s
.
III . Te x t
:
[Th e S p e e c h o fS a -m e r -f] " Ih a v e c o m e u n t o y o u ,
" 0s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o d w e l l in Re -s t a u , a n d Ih a v e b r o u g h t
" u n t o y o u Os ir is ( 2)
An i . Gr a n t y e [t o h im ] , a s t o t h e fo l l o w e r s
" o fHo r u s , c a k e s , a n d w a t e r , a n d a ir , a n d a h o m e s t e a d in S e k h e t -
" b e t e p . "
AN I' S S P EECH
IV . ( I)
THEAD ORATION OFOS IRIS , LORD OFEVERLAS TIN G-
N ES S , AN D OFTHES OVEREIGN P RIN CES , THELORD S OF
RE-
S TAU , BYOS IRIS , [THES CRIBE
AN I] , ( 2) w h o s a it h : -
" Ho m a g e t o t h e e , 0k in g o ft h e u n d e r w o r l d , t h o u g o v e r n o r
" o fAk e r t , Ih a v e c o m e u n t o t h e e
. Ik n o w t h y w a y s , ( 3 ) a n d
" Ia m fu r n is h e d w it h t h e fo r m s w h ic h t h o u t a k e s t in t h e u n d e r -
w o r l d
. Gr a n t t h o u t o m e a p l a c e in t h e u n d e r w o r l d n e a r u n t o
" t h e l o r d s o f( 4 ) r ig h t a n d t r u t h
. M a y m y h o m e s t e a d b e a b id in g
" in S e k h e t -h e t e p , a n d m a y Ir e c e iv e c a k e s in t h y p r e s e n c e
. "
CHAP TERXVl II .
[Fr o m
t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( Br it . M u s
. N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t t 3 ) ; a n d fr o m t h e
P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t s t 3 -t 4 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e s :
Ap y l o n s u r m o u n t e d b y fe a t h e r s t y p ic a l o fM a a t a n d b y
u r a e iw e a r in g d is k s , a n d a p y l o n s u r m o u n t e d b y An p u ( An u b is ) o r
Ap -u a t , a n d b y a n
U t c h a t .
AD ORATION OFTHEGOD S OFCITIES .

6 1
Te x t :
( i) " Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is v ic t o r io u s ( 2) o v e r
" h is e n e m ie s , m a k e t h o u t h e s c r ib e N e b s e n it o b e v ic t o r io u s o v e r
" h is e n e m ie s , a s t h o u d id s t m a k e Os ir is v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is
" e n e m ie s in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e ( 3 ) s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e
" w it h Ra a n d Os ir is in An n u ( He l io p o l is ) , o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e
" ' t h in g s o ft h e n ig h t ' , a n d o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e b a t t l e , ( 4 ) a n d
" o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e s h a c k l in g o ft h e S e b d u fie n d s , a n d o n t h e
" d a y o ft h e d e s t r u c t io n o fN e b -e r -t c h e r . "
A.
Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d s Te m , S h u , Te fn u t , Os ir is , a n d Th o t h .
Te x t :
( i) Th e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s in An n u a r e Te m , S h u ,
Te fn u t , [Os ir is , a n d Th o t h ] , ( 2)
a n d t h e `s h a c k l in g o ft h e S e b d u
fie n d s ' s ig n ifie t h t h e d e s t r u c t io n o ft h e fie n d s o fS e t w h e n a
s e c o n d t im e ( 3 ) h e w o r k e t h e v il .
" Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s ,
" m a k e t h o u t h e Os ir is ( 4 ) An it o b e v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t a n d s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in
" Ta t t u , o n t h e n ig h t o fm a k in g t h e 7 e , t o s t a n d u p in Ta t t u .
B
. Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d s Os ir is , Is is , N e p h t h y s , a n d Ho r u s .
Te x t :
( r ) Th e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s in Ta t t u a r e Os ir is ,
Is is , N e p h t h y s , a n d He r u -n e t c h -h r a -t e f
. r N o w t h e [n ig h t o f] o f
m a k in g t h e Te t t o s t a n d u p ( 2) in Ta t t u s ig n ifie t h [t h e l ift in g
u p o f] t h e a r m a n d s h o u l d e r o fHo r n s w h o d w e l l e t h in S e k h e m
( Le t o p o l is ) ; a n d t h e s e g o d s s t a n d b e h in d Os ir is [t o p r o t e c t h im ]
e v e n a s d o t h e s w a t h in g s w h ic h c l o t h e h im ( 3 ) .
" Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s ,
" m a k e t h o u Os ir is An it r iu m p h a n t o v e r h is e n e m ie s in t h e p r e -
s e n c e o f( 4 ) t h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in S e k h e m ( Le t o -
" p o l is ) , o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e `t h in g s o ft h e n ig h t [fe s t iv a l ] in
" S e k h e m '
. "
C . Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d s Os ir is a n d Ho r u s , t h e t w o U t c h a t s u p o n p y l o n s ,
a n d t h e g o d Th o t h .
Te x t : ( i) Th e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in S e k h e m a r e
He r u -k h e n t i-a n -m a a t i, 2
a n d Th o t h w h o is w it h t h e s o v e r e ig n
i . I. e . , " Ho r n s , t h e a v e n g e r o fh is fa t h e r
. "
2 .
I, e . , " Ho r n s d w e l l in g w it h o u t e y e s . "
6 2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
p r in c e s in N a r e r u t -f
I( 2) . N o w t h e n ig h t o ft h e " t h in g s o ft h e
n ig h t [fe s t iv a l ] in S e k h e m " s ig n ifie t h t h e l ig h t o ft h e r is in g s u n
o n t h e c o ffin o fOs ir is .
" Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is v ic t o r io u s ( 3 ) o v e r h is
" e n e m ie s , m a k e t h o u t h e Os ir is An it r iu m p h a n t o v e r h is e n e m ie s
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in P e t
" a n d in Te p t , -o n t h e ( 4 ) n ig h t o fs e t t in g u p t h e c o l u m n s o f
" Ho r u s , a n d o fm a k in g h im t o b e e s t a b l is h e d a s h e ir o ft h e
" t h in g s w h ic h b e l o n g e d t o h is fa t h e r Os ir is
. "
D .
Vig n e t t e
:
Th e g o d s Ho r u s , Is is , N Ie s t h d , a n d N e p h t h y s
.
Te x t
:
( i) Th e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in P e t a n d
Te p t a r e Ho r u s , Is is , M e s t h a , a n d
Ha p i .
N o w " s e t t in g u p t h e
c o l u m n s o f ( 2)
Ho r u s " s ig n ifie t h t h e c o m m a n d g iv e n b y S e t
u n t o h is fo l l o w e r s : " S e t u p c o l u m n s u p o n it
. "
" Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is v ic t o r io u s o v e r ( 3 ) h is e n e -
m ie s , m a k e t h o u t h e Os ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t in p e a c e , v ic t o r io u s
" o v e r h is e n e m ie s in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s
" w h o a r e in t h e l a n d s o fRe k h t i,
( ?) o n t h e ( 4 ) n ig h t w h e n Is is
" l a y d o w n t o k e e p w a t c h in o r d e r t o m a k e l a m e n t a t io n fo r h e r
" b r o t h e r Os ir is . "
E. Vig n e t t e :
Th e g o d s Is is , Ho r u s , An p u ( An u b is ) , M e s t h a , a n d Th o t h
.
Te x t :
( i) Th e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in t h e l a n d s
o fRe k h t i ( ?)
a r c Is is , Ho r u s [, An u b is ] , M e s t h a , [a n d Th o t h ]
.
" Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is v ic t o r io u s
( 2) o v e r h is e n e -
m ie s , m a k e t h o u Os ir is , t h e s c r ib e An i, t r iu m p h a n t in p e a c e ,
" t o b e v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t
" s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s ( 3 ) w h o a r e in Ab t u ( Ab y d o s ) , o n t h e n ig h t
" o ft h e g o d Ha k e r , a t t h e s e p a r a t io n o ft h e w ic k e d d e a d , a t t h e
" j u d g m e n t ( 4 ) o ft h e
Kh u s ,
a n d a t t h e r is in g u p o fj o y in Te n i
" ( Th is )
.
F
.
Vig n e t t e
:
Th e g o d s Os ir is , Is is , a n d Ap -u a t , a n d t h e Te t
.
Te x t :
( i) Th e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in Ab t u a r e
Os ir is , Is is , a n d Ap -u a t .
1 .
I. e . , An -r u t -f.
2
. P e t a n d Te p t w e r e t h e t w o h a l v e s o ft h e c it y P e r -U a t c h e t , o r t h e m e t r o -
p o l is o ft h e XIXt h n o m e o fLo w e r Eg y p t .
AD ORATION OFTHEGOD S OFCITIES
.

6 3
" Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is v ic t o r io u s ( 2) o v e r h is e n e -
m ie s , m a k e t h o u Os ir is An i, t h e s c r ib e a n d t e l l e r o ft h e s a c r e d
" o ffe r in g s o fa l l t h e g o d s , ( 3 ) t o b e v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o j u d g e t h e d e a d ,
" o n t h e n ig h t ( 4 ) o ft h e c a r r y in g o u t o ft h e s e n t e n c e u p o n t h o s e
" w h o a r e t o d ie . "
G.
Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d s Th o t h , Os ir is , An p u ( An u b is ) , a n d As t e n n u .
Te x t : ( t ) Th e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s in t h e j u d g m e n t o ft h e
d e a d a r e Th o t h , Os ir is , An u b is , a n d As t e n n u
. ( 2) N o w t h e " c a r r y -
in g o u t o ft h e s e n t e n c e u p o n t h o s e w h o a r e t o d ie " is t h e w it h -
h o l d in g o ft h a t w h ic h is s o n e e d fu l t o t h e s o u l s o ft h e c h il d r e n
o fim p o t e n t r e v o l t .
" Ha il , ( 3 ) Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e -
m ie s , m a k e t h o u Os ir is , t h e s c r ib e An i, t o b e v ic t o r io u s o v e r
" h is e n e m ie s in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t ( 4 ) s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s ,
" o n t h e fe s t iv a l o ft h e b r e a k in g a n d t u r n in g u p o ft h e e a r t h in
" Ta t t u , o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e b r e a k in g a n d t u r n in g u p o ft h e
" e a r t h in t h e ir b l o o d , a n d o fm a k in g Os ir is t o b e v ic t o r io u s
" o v e r h is e n e m ie s . "
H .
Vig n e t t e :
Th e t h r e e g o d s o ft h e fe s t iv a l o fb r e a k in g u p t h e e a r t h
in Ta t t u .
Te x t : ( i) Wh e n t h e fie n d s o fS e t c o m e a n d c h a n g e t h e m -
s e l v e s in t o b e a s t s , t h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s , o n t h e fe s t iv a l o f
t h e b r e a k in g a n d t u r n in g u p o ft h e e a r t h in Ta t t u , ( 2) s l a y t h e m
in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g o d s t h e r e in , a n d t h e ir b l o o d fl o w e t h
a m o n g t h e m a s t h e y a r e s m it t e n d o w n
. ( 3 ) Th e s e t h in g s a r e
a l l o w e d t o b e d o n e b y t h e m b y t h e j u d g m e n t o ft h o s e w h o a r e
in Ta t t u .
" Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is t o t r iu m p h o v e r h is e n e m ie s ,
" m a k e t h o u t h e Os ir is An i( 4 ) t o b e v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in N a -
" a r e r u t -f, r o n t h e n ig h t o fh im w h o c o n c e a l e t h h im s e l fin d iv e r s
" fo r m s , e v e n Os ir is . "
i . I. e . , An -r u t -f.
6 4

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
I . Vig n e t t e :
Th e g o d s Rd , Os ir is , S h u , a n d Be b i, w h o is d o g -h e a d e d .
Te x t
:
( I)
Th e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in N a -a r e r u t -f
a r e Rd , Os ir is , S h u , a n d Be b i . N o w t h e " n ig h t o fh im w h o
( 2) c o n c e a l e t h h im s e l fin d iv e r s fo r m s , e v e n Os ir is " , is w h e n t h e
t h e t h ig h , [a n d t h e h e a d ] a n d t h e h e e l , a n d t h e l e g , a r e b r o u g h t
n ig h u n t o t h e c o ffin o fOs ir is U n -n e fe r .
" Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is ( 3 ) t o t r iu m p h o v e r h is e n e -
m ie s , m a k e t h o u Os ir is An it o b e v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s in ( 4 ) Re -s t a u ,
" o n t h e n ig h t w h e n An u b is l a y w it h h is a r m s a n d h is h a n d s o v e r
" t h e t h in g s b e h in d Os ir is , a n d w h e n Ho r u s w a s m a d e t o t r iu m p h
" o v e r h is e n e m ie s . "
J . Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d s Ho r u s , Os ir is , Is is , a n d

Te x t : ( I) Th e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s in Re -s t a u a r e Ho r u s ,
Os ir is , a n d Is is
. Th e h e a r t o fOs ir is r e j o ic e t h , a n d t h e h e a r t o f
( 2) Ho r u s ;
a n d t h e r e fo r e a r e t h e n o r t h e r n a n d s o u t h e r n p a r t s
o fh e a v e n a t p e a c e .
" Ha il , Th o t h , w h o m a d e s t Os ir is v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s ,
" m a k e t h o u ( 3 ) Os ir is An i, t h e s c r ib e a n d t e l l e r o ft h e d iv in e
" o ffe r in g s o fa l l t h e g o d s , t o t r iu m p h o v e r h is e n e m ie s in t h e
" p r e s e n c e o ft h e t e n c o m p a n ie s o fg r e a t ( 4 ) s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s
" w h o a r e w it h Rd , a n d w it h Os ir is , a n d w it h e v e r y g o d a n d
" g o d d e s s in t h e p r e s e n c e o fN e b -e r -t c h e r . He h a t h d e s t r o y e d
" h is e n e m ie s , a n d ( 5 ) h e h a t h d e s t r o y e d e v e r y e v il t h in g b e -
" l o n g in g u n t o h im . "
Ru b r ic : THIS CHAP TERBEIN GRECITED , THED ECEAS ED S HALLCOM E
FORTHBYD AY, P U RIFIED AFTERD EATH, ( 6 ) AN D IHES HALLM AKEALL]
THETRAN S FORM ATION S WHICHHIS HEARTS HALLD ICTATE. N OW, IF
THIS CHAP TERBERECITED OVERHIM , HES HALLCOM EFORTHU P ON
EARTH, HES HALLES CAP EFROM EVERYFIRE ; AN D N ON EOFTHEFOU L
THIN GS WHICHAP P ERTAIN U N TOHIM S HALLEN COM P AS S HIM FORETER-
N ITYORFOREVERAN T) EVER .
t . Th e a r t is t s e e m s t o h a v e p a in t e d o n e g o d t o o m a n y .
THECHAP TEROFTHECHAP LETOFVICTORY .

6 5
CHAP TER XIX.
[Fr o m Le p s iu s , To d t e n b u c h , BI . 1 3 . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e .
Te x t : THE CHAP TER
OF THE CHAP LET OFVICTORY . ( z )
Os ir is Au f-a n k h , v ic t o r io u s , b o r n o fS h e r e t -Am s u , v ic t o r io u s ,
s a it h : -
" Th y fa t h e r Te r n h a t h w o v e n fo r t h e e a b e a u t ifu l c h a p l e t o f
" v ic t o r y [t o b e p l a c e d ] o n [t h y ] l iv in g b r o w , 0t h o u w h o l o v e s t
" t h e g o d s ,
( 2) a n d t h o u s h a l t l iv e fo r e v e r
. Os ir is -k h e n t -Am e n t e t '
" h a t h m a d e t h e e t o t r iu m p h o v e r t h in e e n e m ie s , a n d t h y fa t h e r
" S e b b a t h d e c r e e d fo r t h e e a l l h is in h e r it a n c e
. Co m e , t h e r e fo r e ,
" OHo r u s , s o n o fIs is , fo r t h o u , 0s o n o fOs ir is , s it t e s t u p o n
" t h e t h r o n e o ft h y ( 3 ) fa t h e r Rd t o o v e r t h r o w t h in e e n e m ie s ,
" fo r h e h a t h o r d a in e d fo r t h e e t h e t w o l a n d s t o t h e ir u t m o s t
" l im it s
. At e m b a t h [a l s o ] o r d a in e d t h is , a n d t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e
" g o d s b a t h c o n fir m e d t h e s p l e n d id p o w e r o ft h e v ic t o r y o fHo r u s
" t h e s o n o fIs is a n d t h e s o n o fOs ir is fo r e v e r a n d ( 4 ) fo r e v e r
.
" An d Os ir is Au f-a n k h s h a l l b e v ic t o r io u s fo r e v e r a n d e v e r
. 0
" Os ir is -k h e n t -Am e n t e t , t h e w h o l e o ft h e n o r t h e r n a n d s o u t h e r n
" p a r t s o ft h e h e a v e n s , a n d e v e r y g o d a n d e v e r y g o d d e s s , w h o a r e
" in h e a v e n a n d w h o a r e u p o n e a r t h [w il l ] t h e v ic t o r y o fHo r u s ,
" t h e s o n o fIs is a n d t h e s o n o fOs ir is , o v e r h is e n e m ie s in t h e
" p r e s e n c e o f( 5 ) Os ir is -k h e n t -Am e n t e t w h o w il l m a k e Os ir is
" Au f-a n k h , v ic t o r io u s , t o t r iu m p h o v e r h is e n e m ie s in t h e p r e -
s e n c e o fOs ir is -k h e n t -Am e n t e t , U n -n e fe r , t h e s o n o fN u t , o n
" t h e d a y o fm a k in g h im t o t r iu m p h o v e r S e t a n d h is fie n d s ( 6 )
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n c h ie fs w h o a r e in An n u
" ( He l io p o l is ) ; o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e b a t t l e a n d o v e r t h r o w o ft h e
"
S e b a -fie n d in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o
" a r e in . Ab t u ; o n t h e n ig h t o fm a k in g Os ir is t o t r iu m p h o v e r
" h is e n e m ie s ( 7 ) m a k e t h o u Os ir is Au f-a n k h , t r iu m p h a n t , t o
i . 1 Le . , " Os ir is , Go v e r n o r o fAr n e n t e t
. "
J
6 6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD d Y
.
" t r iu m p h o v e r h is e n e m ie s in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n
" p r in c e s , w h o a r e in t h e h o r iz o n o fAin e n t e t
; o n t h e d a y o ft h e
" fe s t iv a l o fHa k e r in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s
" w h o a r e in Ta t t u ;
o n t h e n ig h t ( 8 ) o ft h e s e t t in g u p o ft h e
" Te t in Ta t t u in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s
" w h o a r e in t h e w a y s o ft h e d a m n e d
; o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e
" j u d g m e n t o ft h o s e w h o s h a l l b e a n n ih il a t e d in t h e p r e s e n c e o f
" t h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in S e k h e m ( Le t o p o l is )
;
" ( g )
o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e `t h in g s o ft h e a l t a r s in S e k h e m ' in t h e
" p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in P e a n d Te p t
;
" o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e s t a b l is h in g o ft h e in h e r it in g b y Ho r u s o f
" t h e t h in g s o fh is fa t h e r Os ir is in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t
" s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s ( io ) w h o a r e a t t h e g r e a t fe s t iv a l o ft h e
" p l o u g h in g a n d t u r n in g u p o ft h e e a r t h in Ta t t u , o r ( a s o t h e r s
" s a v ) , [in ] Ab t u
; o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e w e ig h in g o fw o r d s , " o r
( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , " w e ig h in g o fl o c k s in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t
" s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in An -r u t -fo n it s p l a c e
; o n t h e
" n ig h t w h e n Ho r u s r e c e iv e t h t h e b ir t h -c h a m b e r o ft h e g o d s ( ii)
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in t h e
" l a n d s o fRe k h t i ( ?) ;
o n t h e n ig h t w h e n Is is l ie t h d o w n t o
" w a t c h [a n d ] t o m a k e l a m e n t a t io n fo r h e r b r o t h e r in t h e p r e -
s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in Re -s t a u
; o n
" t h e n ig h t o fm a k in g Os ir is t o t r iu m p h o v e r a l l h is e n e m ie s "
( 1 2) .
" Ho r u s r e p e a t e d [t h e s e ] w o r d s fo u r t im e s , a n d a l l h is e n e m ie s
" fe l l h e a d l o n g a n d w e r e o v e r t h r o w n a n d w e r e c u t t o p ie c e s
; a n d
" Os ir is Au f-a n k h , t r iu m p h a n t , r e p e a t e d [t h e s e ] w o r d s fo u r t im e s ,
" t h e r e fo r e l e t a l l h is e n e m ie s fa l l h e a d l o n g , a n d b e
( 1 3 ) o v e r -
" t h r o w n a n d c u t t o p ie c e s
. Ho r u s t h e s o n o fIs is a n d s o n o f
" Os ir is c e l e b r a t e d in t u r n m il l io n s o ffe s t iv a l s , a n d a l l h is e n e -
m ie s fe l l h e a d l o n g , a n d w e r e o v e r t h r o w n a n d c u t t o p ie c e s
.
" Th e ir h a b it a t io n h a t h g o n e fo r t h t o t h e b l o c k o ft h e Ea s t , t h e ir
" h e a d s h a v e b e e n c u t o ff
; ( 1 4 ) t h e ir n e c k s h a v e b e e n d e s t r o y e d
;
" t h e ir t h ig h s h a v e b e e n c u t o ff
; t h e y h a v e b e e n g iv e n o v e r t o
" t h e Gr e a t D e s t r o y e r w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e v a l l e y o ft h e g r a v e
;
" a n d t h e y s h a l l n e v e r c o m e fo r t h fr o m u n d e r t h e r e s t r a in t o f
" t h e g o d S e b
. "
THECHAP TEROFTHEVICTORYOVEREN EM IES .

6 7
Ru b r ic : THIS CHAP TERS HALLBERECITED OVERTHED IVIN ECHAP LET
( ) 5 )
WHICHIS LAID U P ON THEFACEOFTHED ECEAS ED , AN D THOU S HALT
CAS TIN CEN S EIN TOTHEFIREON BEHALFOFOS IRIS AU F-AN KH, TRIU M -
P HAN T, BORN OFS HERET-AM S U , TRIU M P HAN T ; THU S S HALTTHOU CAU S E
HIM TOTRIU M P HOVERHIS EN EM IES , ( 1 6 ) D EAD ORALIVE, AN D HES HALL
BEAM ON GTHEFOLLOWERS OFOS IRIS ; AN D AHAN D S HALLBES TRETCHED
OU TTOHIM WITHM EATAN D D RIN KIN THEP RES EN CEOFTHEGOD . [THIS
CHAP TER] S HALLBES AID BYIHEETWICEATD AWN -N OWITIS AN EVER-
FAILIN GCHARM -REGU LARLYAN D CON TIN U ALLY.
CHAP TERXX.
[Fr o m t h e p a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( Br it . M u s . N o . 9 , g o o , s h e e t I2) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th is Ch a p t e r , in t h e Th e b a n Ve r s io n , h a s n e it h e r v ig n e t t e
n o r t it l e .
Te x t : ( I) " Ha il , Th o t h , w h o d id s t m a k e Os ir is ( 2) t o t r iu m p h
" o v e r h is e n e m ie s , s n a r e t h o u t h e e n e m ie s o fOs ir is , t h e s c r ib e
" N e b s e n i, t h e l o r d o fp ie t y , in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n
" p r in c e s o fe v e r y g o d a n d o fe v e r y g o d d e s s
; ( 3 ) in t h e p r e s e n c e
" o ft h e g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o a r e in An n u ( He l io p o l is )
" o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e b a t t l e a n d o ft h e o v e r t h r o w o ft h e S e b a u -
" fie n d in Ta t t u ; o n ( q ) t h e n ig h t o fm a k in g t o s t a n d u p t h e
" d o u b l e Te t in S e k h e m ( Le t o p o l is ) ; o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e t h in g s
" o ft h e n ig h t in S e k h e m , in P e , ( 5 ) a n d in Te p u ; t o n t h e n ig h t
" o ft h e s t a b l is h in g o fHo r u s in t h e h e r it a g e o ft h e t h in g s o fh is
" fa t h e r in t h e d o u b l e l a n d o fRe k h t i ( % ) ; ( 6 ) o n t h e n ig h t w h e n
" Is is m a k e t h l a m e n t a t io n a t t h e s id e o fh e r b r o t h e r Os ir is in
" Ab t u ( Ab y d o s ) ; o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e Ha k e r fe s t iv a l ( 7 ) o ft h e
" d is t in g u is h in g [b e t w e e n ] t h e d e a d ( i . e
. ,
t h e d a m n e d ) a n d t h e
" Kl u . s o n t h e p a t h o ft h e d e a d ( i . e . , t h e d a m n e d ) ; o n t h e n ig h t
" o ft h e j u d g m e n t o ft h o s e w h o a r e t o b e a n n ih il a t e d a t t h e g r e a t
" [fe s t iv a l o f] t h e p l o u g h in g a n d t h e t u r n in g u p o ft h e e a r t h ( 8 )
" in N a a r e r u t -f 2 in Re -s t a u ; a n d o n t h e n ig h t o fm a k in g Ho r u s
I . P e a n d Te p u w e r e t w o fa m o u s s a n c t u a r ie s o fN o r t h e r n Eg y p t .
2 . IL e . , An -r u t -f
.
5 *
6 8

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.
" t o t r iu m p h o v e r h is e n e m ie s . Ho r u s is m ig h t y , t h e n o r t h e r n a n d
" s o u t h e r n h a l v e s o fh e a v e n r e j o ic e , ( g ) Os ir is is c o n t e n t t h e r e a t
" a n d h is h e a r t is g l a d . Ha il , Th o t h , m a k e t h o u t o t r iu m p h Os ir is ,
" t h e s c r ib e N e b s e n i, o v e r h is e n e m ie s ( io ) in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e
" s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s o fe v e r y g o d a n d e v e r y g o d d e s s , a n d in t h e
" p r e s e n c e o fy o u , y e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s w h o p a s s e d j u d g m e n t o n
" Os ir is b e h in d t h e s h r in e . "
In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e , b u t it
h a s t h e t it l e , " An o t h e r Ch a p t e r o ft h e Ch a p l e t o fv ic t o r y " , a n d
is a r r a n g e d in t a b u l a r fo r m . Th e w o r d s , " Ha il , Th o t h , m a k e
" Os ir is Au f-a n k h , t r iu m p h a n t , t o t r iu m p h o v e r h is e n e m ie s e v e n
" a s t h o u d id s t m a k e Os ir is t o t r iu m p h o v e r h is e n e m ie s , " w h ic h
a r e w r it t e n in t w o h o r iz o n t a l l in e s , a r e t o b e r e p e a t e d b e fo r e e a c h
c o l u m n o ft e x t . Th e " g r e a t s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s " in v o k e d a r e t h o s e
o f : -( I) . An n u ( He l io p o l is ) , ( 2) . Ta t t u , ( 3 ) . S e k h e m ( Le t o p o l is ) ,
( 4 ) . P e a n d Te p , ( 5 ) . An -a r u t -f, ( 6 ) .
t h e d o u b l e l a n d o fRe k h t i,
( 7 ) . Re -s t a u , ( 8 ) . Ab t u , ( g ) . t h e p a t h s o ft h e d e a d , ( io ) .
t h e p l o u g h -
in g fe s t iv a l in Ta t t u , ( ii) . Kh e r -a b a , ( 1 2) . Os ir is , ( I3 ) . h e a v e n
a n d e a r t h ,
( 1 4 ) .
e v e r y g o d a n d e v e r y g o d d e s s
. Th e r u b r ic r e a d s : -
IF THIS CHAP TERBERECITED REGU LARLYAN D ALWAYS BYAM AN
WHOHATHP U RIFIED HIM S ELFIN WATEROFN ATRON , HES HALLCOM E
FORTHBYD AYAFTERHEHATHCOM EIN TOP ORT( I . E. , IS D EAD ) , AN D HE
S HALLP ERFORM ALLTHETRAN S FORM ATION S WHICHHIS HEARTS HALL
D ICTATE, AN D HES HALL, COM EFORTHFROM EVERYFIRE .
CHAP TERXXI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 9 ) . ]
In t h e P a p y r u s o fAn it h e XXIs t Ch a p t e r fo l l o w s t h e XXIIn d ,
b u t it is t h e r e g iv e n w it h o u t t it l e a n d w it h o u t v ig n e t t e ; in t h e
Tu r in p a p y r u s p u b l is h e d b y Le p s iu s ( To d t e n b u c h , Bl .
1
4 ) t h e
XXl s t a n d XXIIn d Ch a p t e r s a r e q u it e d is t in c t , a n d e a c h h a s
it s o w n t it l e , w h il e a s in g l e v ig n e t t e s t a n d s o v e r b o t h . In t h e
Vig n e t t e a p r ie s t is s h e w n h o l d in g a v a s e in t h e l e ft h a n d , a n d
THECHAP TEROFGIVIN GAM OU THTOTHED ECEAS ED
.
6 9
t h e r a m -h e a d e d s e r p e n t -l ik e in s t r u m e n t c a l l e d " U r -h e k a u " ( i
. e . ,
" g r e a t o fe n c h a n t m e n t s " ) in t h e r ig h t ;
w it h t h e l a t t e r h e is
a b o u t t o t o u c h t h e m o u t h o ft h e d e c e a s e d w h o is s t a n d in g b e -
fo r e h im
. Be h in d t h e d e c e a s e d is a m a n s e a t e d o n a c h a ir a n d
h o l d in g a s t a ffin h is l e ft h a n d .
Te x t : ( i)
THECHAP TEROFGIVIN GAM OU THTOTHEOVER-
S EEROFTHEHOU S E, N u ,
TRIU M P HAN T, ( 2) IN THEU N D ERWORLD
.
He s a it h : -
" Ho m a g e t o t h e e , 0t h o u l o r d o fb r ig h t n e s s , t h o u w h o a r t a t
" t h e h e a d o ft h e Gr e a t Ho u s e , p r in c e o ft h e n ig h t a n d o ft h ic k
" d a r k n e s s !Ih a v e c o m e u n t o t h e e b e in g a p u r e
( 3 ) k h u
. Th y
" t w o h a n d s a r e b e h in d t h e e , a n d t h o u h a l t t h y l o t w it h [t h y ]
" a n c e s t o r s
. 0g r a n t t h o u u n t o m e m y m o u t h t h a t Im a y s p e a k
" t h e r e w it h ;
a n d g u id e t h o u t o m e m y h e a r t a t t h e s e a s o n w h e n
" t h e r e is ( 4 ) c l o u d a n d d a r k n e s s . "
CHAP TERXXII .
[Fr o m t h e
P a p y r u s o fAn i ( Br it . M u s .
N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
In t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( s h e e t 5 ) , t h e " Gu a r d ia n o ft h e
Ba l a n c e " is s e e n w it h h is r ig h t h a n d s t r e t c h e d o u t t o t o u c h t h e m o u t h o f
t h e d e c e a s e d w h o s t a n d s b e fo r e h im
. In o t h e r p a p y r i( N a v il l e , To d t e n -
b u c h , Bd . i . 1 3 1
. 3 3 ) t h e d e c e a s e d h im s e l fis s e e n s t a n d in g w it h e it h e r h is
r ig h t o r h is l e ft h a n d r a is e d t o h is m o u t h .
Te x t : ( i)
THECHAP TEROFGIVIN GAM OU TH ( 2) TOOS IRIS
AN I, THES CRIBEAN D TELLEROFTHEHOLYOFFERIN GS OFALL
THEGOD S , TRIU M P HAN T, IN THEU N D ERWORLD
. He s a it h : -
" Ir is e ( 3 ) o u t o ft h e e g g in t h e h id d e n l a n d
. M a y m y m o u t h
" b e g iv e n ( 4 ) u n t o m e t h a t Im a y s p e a k t h e r e w it h in t h e p r e -
s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t g o d , t h e l o r d o ft h e ( 5 ) Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d )
.
" M a y m y h a n d a n d m y a r m n o t b e fo r c e d b a c k in t h e p r e s e n c e
" o ft h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s o fa n y g o d
. Ia m Os ir is , t h e l o r d
" o fRe -s t a u , ( 6 ) ;
m a y I, Os ir is t h e s c r ib e An i, t r iu m p h a n t ,
" h a v e a p o r t io n w it h h im w h o is ( 7 ) o n t h e t o p o ft h e s t e p s
7 0

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" ( i.
e . ,
Os ir is ) . Ac c o r d in g t o t h e d e s ir e o fm y h e a r t , Ih a v e c o m e
" fr o m t h e P o o l o fFir e , a n d Ih a v e q u e n c h e d t h e fir e
. "
CHAP TERXXIII
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s
. N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 1 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e s t a t u e o fAn i, t h e s c r ib e , s e a t e d u p o n a p e d e s t a l in t h e
fo r m o ft h e e m b l e m o f
M a a t ( i . e . , r ig h t a n d t r u t h ) . Be fo r e it s t a n d s t h e
S e m p r ie s t c l a d in a p a n t h e r ' s s k in a n d h o l d in g in h is r ig h t h a n d t h e
r a m -h e a d e d , s e r p e n t -l ik e in s t r u m e n t " U r -h e k a u " , w it h w h ic h h e is a b o u t
t o t o u c h t h e l ip s o ft h e s t a t u e a n d s o p e r fo r m t h e c e r e m o n y o f" Op e n in g
t h e M o u t h "
. At h is fe e t a r e a s e p u l c h r a l b o x fo r h o l d in g u n g u e n t s , e t c . ;
t h r e e in s t r u m e n t s c a l l e d r e s p e c t iv e l y " S e b -u r " , " Tu n -t e t " a n d " Te m a n u "
;
a n d t h e o b j e c t c a l l e d " P e s h -e n -k e f"
. In t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n it h e s c e n e
is d e s c r ib e d a s " t h e S e r
p r ie s t p e r fo r m in g [t h e c e r e m o n y ] o ft h e ' Op e n -
in g o ft h e M o u t h " ' ( s h e e t 5 )
.
Te x t
: (
t ) THECHAP TEROFOP EN IN GTHEM OU THOF OS IRIS
.
THES CRIBE AN I,
TRIU M P HAN T, s a it h : -
" M a y t h e g o d P t a h o p e n m y m o u t h , a n d m a y t h e g o d o fm y
" c it y l o o s e t h e s w a t h in g s , e v e n t h e s w a t h in g s w h ic h a r e o v e r
" m y m o u t h
. M o r e o v e r , m a y Th o t h , b e in g fil l e d a n d fu r n is h e d
" w it h c h a r m s , c o m e a n d l o o s e t h e b a n d a g e s , e v e n t h e b a n d a g e s
" o fS e t w h ic h fe t t e r m y m o u t h ( 3 )
; a n d m a y t h e g o d Te r n h u r l
" t h e m a t t h o s e w h o w o u l d fe t t e r [m e ] w it h t h e m , a n d d r iv e
" t h e m b a c k
. M a y m y m o u t h b e o p e n e d , m a y m y m o u t h b e u n -
c l o s e d b y S h u ( 4 ) w it h h is ir o n k n ife w h e r e w it h h e o p e n e d t h e
" m o u t h o ft h e g o d s
. Ia m t h e g o d d e s s S e k h e t , a n d Is it u p o n
" [m y ]
p l a c e in t h e g r e a t ( 5 ) w in d ( ?) o fh e a v e n
. Ia m t h e g r e a t
" g o d d e s s S a h w h o d w e l l e t h a m o n g t h e S o u l s o fAn n u ( He l io -
" p o l is )
. N o w a s c o n c e r n in g e v e r y c h a r m a n d a l l t h e w o r d s w h ic h
" m a y b e s p o k e n a g a in s t m e , ( 6 ) m a y t h e g o d s r e s is t t h e m , a n d
" m a y e a c h a n d e v e r y o n e o ft h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s w it h -
" s t a n d t h e m . "
THECHAP TEROFBRIN GIN GCHARM S TOTHED ECEAS ED
.
7 1
CHAP TERXXIV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s
. N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 1 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e in t h e Th e b a n p a p y r i
.
Te x t
:
(
t ) THECHAP TEROFBRIN GIN GCHARM S U N TOOS IRIS
AN I
[IN THEU N D ERWORLD ] ; h e s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ia m Te m -Kh e p e r a , w h o b r o u g h t h im s e l fin t o b e in g u p o n
" t h e t h ig h o fh is d iv in e m o t h e r
. Th o s e w h o a r e in N u ( i. e . ,
" t h e s k y ) a r e m a d e w o l v e s , ( 3 ) a n d t h o s e w h o a r e a m o n g t h e
" s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s a r e b e c o m e h y e n a s
. Be h o l d , Ig a t h e r t o g e t h e r
" t h e c h a r m [fr o m e v e r y p l a c e w h e r e ] it is , a n d fr o m e v e r y m a n
" w it h w h o m it is , s w ift e r t h a n g r e y h o u n d s a n d q u ic k e r t h a n
" l ig h t
. ( 4 ) Ha il , t h o u w h o t o w e s t a l o n g t h e
M a k h e n t b o a t o f
" Ra , t h e s t a y s o ft h y s a il s a n d o ft h y r u d d e r a r e t a u t in t h e
" w in d a s t h o u s a il e s t u p t h e P o o l o fFir e in t h e u n d e r w o r l d
.
" Be h o l d , t h o u g a t h e r e s t t o g e t h e r t h e c h a r m ( 5 ) fr o m e v e r y p l a c e
" w h e r e it is , a n d fr o m e v e r y m a n w it h w h o m it is , s w ift e r t h a n
" g r e y h o u n d s a n d q u ic k e r t h a n l ig h t , [t h e c h a r m ] w h ic h c r e a t e d
" t h e fo r m s o fb e in g fr o m t h e
. . . .
( 6 ) m o t h e r , a n d w h ic h e it h e r
" c r e a t e t h t h e g o d s o r m a k e t h t h e m s il e n t , a n d w h ic h g iv e t h t h e
" h e a t o ffir e u n t o t h e g o d s
. Be h o l d , t h e c h a r m is g iv e n u n t o
" m e , fr o m w h e r e v e r it is [a n d fr o m h im w it h w h o m it is ] , ( 7 )
" s w ift e r t h a n g r e y h o u n d s a n d q u ic k e r t h a n l ig h t , " o r ( a s o t h e r s
s a y ) , " q u ic k e r t h a n a s h a d o w . "
CHAP TERXXV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0 i 4 7 7 , s h e e t 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
In t h e g r e a t e r n u m b e r o ft h e Th e b a n p a p y r it h is Ch a p t e r is
w it h o u t v ig n e t t e
. In t h e Br o c k l e h u r s t p a p y r u s , h o w e v e r , ( s e e N a v il l e ,
7 o d t e n b u c h , Bd . 1 . Bl .
3 6 )
t h e
S e n t p r ie s t , w e a r in g a p a n t h e r ' s s k in , is
s e e n h o l d in g u p b e fo r e t h e fa c e o ft h e d e c e a s e d , w h o s t a n d s b e fo r e h im ,
a s m a l l b e a r d e d fig u r e l ik e a n u s h a b t i .
In t h e Tu r in p a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s ,
To d t e n b u e h , 1 3 1 . 1 5 ) ,
t h e p r ie s t a n d t h e d e c e a s e d a r e s t a n d in g fa c in g e a c h
o t h e r , a n d n o c e r e m o n y is b e in g p e r fo r m e d
.
7 2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
Te x t : ( r )
THE
CHAP TER OF M AKIN G A M AN TO P OS S ES S
M EM ORY IN THE U N D ERWORLD .
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , t h e o v e r s e e r o f t h e p a l a c e , t h e s o n o ft h e c h ie f
c h a n c e l l o r Am e n -h e t e p , s a it h : -
( 2) " M a y m y n a m e b e g iv e n t o
m e in t h e Gr e a t Ho u s e , a n d
" m a y Ir e m e m b e r m y n a m e in t h e Ho u s e o fFir e o n t h e n ig h t
" ( 3 )
o fc o u n t in g t h e y e a r s a n d o ft e l l in g t h e n u m b e r o ft h e
" m o u t h s
. Ia m w it h t h e D iv in e On e , a n d Is it o n t h e e a s t e r n
" s id e o fh e a v e n
. Ifa n y g o d w h a t s o e v e r s h o u l d a d v a n c e u n t o
" m e ( 4 ) , l e t m e b e a b l e t o p r o c l a im h is n a m e fo r t h w it h . "
CHAP TERXXVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o .
1 0, 4 7 0,
s h e e t 1 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e s c r ib e An i, c l o t h e d in w h it e , a n d w it h h is h e a r t in h is
r ig h t h a n d , a d d r e s s in g t h e g o d An p u ( An u h is ) , j a c k a l -h e a d e d . In h is l e ft
h a n d , w h ic h is o u t s t r e t c h e d , An ih o l d s a n e c k l a c e o fs e v e r a l r o w s o fc o -
l o u r e d h e a d s ; t h e c l a s p is m a d e in t h e fo r m o fa p y l o n o r g a t e w a y , a n d
o n t h e s id e o ft h e p e n d a n t , w h ic h is in t h e s a m e fo r m , is a r e p r e s e n t a t io n
o fa s c a r a b o r b e e t l e in a b o a t t o t y p ify t h e S u n -g o d Ra -Kh e p e r a in h is
b o a t . Fr o m t h e p e n d a n t h a n g l o t u s fl o w e r s . In o t h e r Th e b a n p a p y r it h e
v ig n e t t e s a r e d iffe r e n t
. In t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( s h e e t 5 ) t h e g o d
" An u b is w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e c it y o fe m b a l m m e n t " g iv e s a h e a r t t o t h e
d e c e a s e d ;
a n d in o t h e r s ( s e e N a v il l e , To d t e n b u c h , Bd . I . Bl . 3 7 ) t h e d e -
c e a s e d is s e e n e it h e r b e in g e m b r a c e d b y An u b is o r a d d r e s s in g h is h e a r t
w h ic h r e s t s u p o n a s t a n d a r d b e fo r e h im . In t h e Tu r in p a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s ,
To d t e n b u c h , 1 3 1
. 1 5 ) t h e d e c e a s e d is s e e n k n e e l in g b e fo r e h is o w n s o u l ,
w h ic h is in t h e fo r m o fa h u m a n -h e a d e d h a w k , a n d c l a s p in g h is h e a r t t o
h is b r e a s t w it h h is l e ft h a n d
.
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TER OF
GIVIN GAHEARTTOOS IRIS
AN I ( 2)
IN THEU N D ERWORLD . He s a it h : --
" M a y m y h e a r t ( d b ) r b e w it h m e in t h e Ho u s e o fHe a r t s !M a y
" m y h e a r t ( h a t )
b e w it h m e in t h e Ho u s e o fHe a r t s !M a y m y
" h e a r t b e w it h m e , a n d m a y it r e s t t h e r e , [o r ] Is h a l l n o t e a t
t . Ab
is u n d o u b t e d l y t h e " h e a r t " , a n d h a t is t h e r e g io n w h e r e in is t h e h e a r t
;
t h e w o r d m a y b e fa ir l y w e l l r e n d e r e d b y " b r e a s t " , t h o u g h t h e
p e r ic a r d iu m is
p r o b a b l y in t e n d e d .
THECHAP TERS OFP RES ERVIN GTHEHEART.

7 3
" o ft h e c a k e s o fOs ir is o n t h e e a s t e r n s id e o ft h e La k e ( 3 ) o f
" Fl o w e r s , n e it h e r s h a l l Ih a v e a b o a t w h e r e in t o g o d o w n t h e
" N il e , n o r a n o t h e r w h e r e in t o g o u p , n o r s h a l l Ib e a b l e t o s a il
" d o w n t h e N il e w it h t h e e
. M a y m y m o u t h [b e g iv e n ] t o m e
" t h a t Im a y ( 4 ) s p e a k t h e r e w it h , a n d m y t w o l e g s t o w a l k t h e r e -
" w it h , a n d m y t w o h a n d s a n d a r m s t o o v e r t h r o w m y fo e . M a y
" t h e d o o r s o fh e a v e n b e o p e n e d u n t o m e ( 5 ) ;
m a y S e b , t h e
" P r in c e I o ft h e g o d s , o p e n w id e h is t w o j a w s u n t o m e ; m a y
" h e o p e n m y t w o e y e s w h ic h a r e b l in d fo l d e d
; m a y h e c a u s e
" m e t o s t r e t c h a p a r t ( 6 ) m y t w o l e g s w h ic h a r e b o u n d t o g e t h e r
;
" a n d m a y An p u ( An u b is ) m a k e m y t h ig h s fir m s o t h a t Im a y
" s t a n d u p o n t h e m . M a y t h e g o d d e s s S e k h e t m a k e m e t o r is e
" ( 7 )
s o t h a t Im a y a s c e n d u n t o h e a v e n , a n d m a y t h a t b e d o n e
" w h ic h Ic o m m a n d in t h e Ho u s e o ft h e
k a ( d o u b l e ) o fP t a h
" ( i. e . , M e m p h is ) . Iu n d e r s t a n d w it h m y h e a r t
. Ih a v e g a in e d
" t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m y ( 8 ) h e a r t , Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r
" m y t w o h a n d s , Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m y l e g s , Ih a v e
" g a in e d t h e p o w e r t o d o w h a t s o e v e r m y k a ( d o u b l e ) p l e a s e t h
.
" ( g ) M y s o u l s h a l l n o t b e fe t t e r e d t o m y b o d y a t t h e g a t e s o f
" t h e u n d e r w o r l d ; b u t Is h a l l e n t e r in p e a c e a n d Is h a l l c o m e
" fo r t h in p e a c e . "
CHAP TERXXVII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t s 1 5 a n d t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e
:
Th e s c r ib e An i, w it h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n , a n d h is h e a r t ,
w h ic h is s e t u p o n a p e d e s t a l , in t h e p r e s e n c e o ffo u r g o d s w h o a r c s e a t e d
u p o n a p e d e s t a l in t h e fo r m o ft h e e m b l e m o f M a d t . In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s
( Le p s iu s , To d t e n b u c h , BI
.
25 ) t h e d e c e a s e d is s h e w n k n e e l in g b e fo r e t h e
fo u r c h il d r e n o fHo r n s .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFN OTLETTIN GTHEHEART( HATI)
OFAM AN BETAKEN FROM HIM IN THEU N D ERWORLD . 2 S a it h
Os ir is An i : -
I . Er p a t , i. e . , " t r ib a l c h ie f" .
2 .
Th e P a p y r u s o fM e s -e m -n e t e r ( N a v il l e , To d t e n b u c h , Bd . II . p . 9 2) a d d s : -
" His h e a r t g o e t h fo r t h t o t a k e u p it s a b o d e in h is b o d y , h is h e a r t is r e n e w e d
b e fo r e t h e g o d s , a n d h e h a t h g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r it . "
7 4
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBP D AI'
.
" Ha il , y e w h o c a r r y a w a y h e a r t s ![Ha il , ] y e w h o s t e a l [h e a r t s ,
" a n d w h o m a k e t h e h e a r t o fa m a n t o g o t h r o u g h it s t r a n s -
" fo r m a t io n s a c c o r d in g t o h is d e e d s , l e t n o t w h a t h e h a t h d o n e
" h a r m h im b e fo r e y o u ] . ' ( 2)
Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e l o r d s o fe t e r n it y ,
" y e p o s s e s s o r s o fe v e r l a s t in g n e s s , t a k e y e n o t t h is h e a r t o fOs ir is
" An iin t o ( 3 ) y o u r g r a s p , t h is h e a r t o fOs ir is , a n d c a u s e y e n o t
" w o r d s o fe v il t o s p r in g u p a g a in s t it
; b e c a u s e t h is is t h e h e a r t
" o f( 4 ) Os ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a n d it b e l o n g e t h u n t o h im o f
" m a n y n a m e s ( i . e . , Th o t h ) , t h e m ig h t y o n e w h o s e w o r d s a r e
" h is l im b s , a n d w h o s e n d e t h fo r t h h is h e a r t t o d w e l l ( 5 ) in h is
" b o d y
. Th e h e a r t o fOs ir is An iis t r iu m p h a n t , it is m a d e n e w
" b e fo r e t h e g o d s , h e h a t h g a in e d p o w e r o v e r it , h e h a t h n o t
" b e e n s p o k e n t o [a c c o r d in g t o ] w h a t h e h a t h d o n e
. He b a t h
" g o t t e n p o w e r o v e r ( 6 ) h is o w n m e m b e r s
. His h e a r t o b e y e t h
" h im , h e is t h e l o r d t h e r e o f, it is in h is b o d y , a n d it s h a l l n e v e r
" fa l l a w a y t h e r e fr o m . I, Os ir is , t h e s c r ib e An i, v ic t o r io u s in
" p e a c e , a n d t r iu m p h a n t in t h e b e a u t ifu l Am e n t a a n d o n t h e
" m o u n t a in o fe t e r n it y , b id t h e e t o b e o b e d ie n t u n t o m e in t h e
" u n d e r w o r l d
. "
CIIAP TEIZXXVIII .
[Fr o m t h e
P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
In s o m e p a p y r ic o n t a in in g t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n o ft h e Bo o k
o ft h e D e a d ( e . y
. , t h o s e o fN u a n d Am e n -n e b ( Br it . M u s
. N o . 9 , 9 6 4 ) , t h is
Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e
. In t h e P a p y r u s o fN e fe r -u h c n -ft h e d e c e a s e d is
s e e n h o l d in g h is h e a r t u p o n h is b r e a s t w it h h is l e ft h a n d , a n d k n e e l in g
b e fo r e a t a il e d m o n s t e r in h u m a n fo r m w h o h o l d s a k n ife in h is r ig h t
h a n d , a n d g r a s p s h is t a il w it h t h e l e ft . An o t h e r p a p y r u s s h o w s t h e d e -
c e a s e d o ffe r in g in c e n s e t o Os ir is , w h o , s t a n d in g o n a p e d e s t a l in t h e fo r m
o f Al a a t ,
h o l d s t h e fl a il a n d s c e p t r e in h is h a n d s ;
in t h e Br o c k l e h u r s t
p a p y r u s t h e d e c e a s e d is k n e e l in g a n d h o l d in g h is h e a r t in h is l e ft h a n d ,
w h ic h is o u t s t r e t c h e d ( s e e N a v il l e ,
To d t e n b u c h , Bd . i . BL 3 9 ) . In t h e
Tu r in P a p y r u s t h e d e c e a s e d is a d o r in g h is h e a r t , w h ic h is p l a c e d o n a
p e d e s t a l , b e fo r e a s e a t e d d e it y ( Le p s iu s , To d t e n b u c h , Bl . 1 5 ) .
1 . Th e w o r d s w it h in b r a c k e t s a r e
fr o m
t h e P a p y r u s o f
M e s -e m -n e t e r .
THECHAP TERS OFP RES ERVIN GTHEHEART.
7 5
Te x t
:
( i)
THE
CHAP TEROFN OTLETTIN GTHEHEART OF
THEOVERS EEROFTHEP ALACE, THECHAN CELLOR-IN -CHIEF,
N U , TRIU M P HAN T, BECARRIED AWAY ( 2) FROM HIM IN THE
U N D ERWORLD . He s a it h : -
" Ha il , t h o u Lio n -g o d !Ia m t h e Fl o w e r Bu s h ( U n b ) . Th a t
" w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e is t h e d iv in e b l o c k . Le t n o t
" t h is m y h e a r t ( h d t i) b e c a r r ie d a w a y fr o m m e b y ( 3 ) t h e fig h t -
in g g o d s in An n u . Ha il , t h o u w h o d o s t w in d b a n d a g e s r o u n d
" Os ir is a n d w h o h a s t s e e n S e t !Ha il , t h o u w h o r e t u r n e s t a ft e r
" s m it in g a n d d e s t r o y in g h im b e fo r e t h e m ig h t y o n e s !( 4 ) Th is
" m y h e a r t ( a b ; [s it t e t h ] a n d w e e p e t h fo r it s e l fb e fo r e Os ir is ;
it
" b a t h m a d e s u p p l ic a t io n fo r m e . Ih a v e g iv e n u n t o h im a n d I
" h a v e d e c r e e d u n t o h im t h e t h o u g h t s ( 5 ) o ft h e h e a r t in t h e
" Ho u s e o ft h e g o d U s e k h -h r a , ' a n d Ih a v e b r o u g h t t o h im
" s a n d ( s ic ) a t t h e e n t r y t o Kh e m e n n u ( He r m o p o l is M a g n a ) . Le t
" n o t t h is m y h e a r t ( Iz a t i) b e c a r r ie d a w a y fr o m m e !Im a k e
" t h e e t o ( 6 ) d w e l l (
: ) u p o n h is t h r o n e , 0t h o u w h o j o in e s t t o -
g e t h e r h e a r t s ( l z a t u ) [in S e k h e t -h e t e p ( w it h ) y e a r s ] o fs t r e n g t h
" a g a in s t a l l t h in g s t h a t , a r e a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o t h e e , a n d t o
" c a r r y o ff( 7 ) fo o d fr o m a m o n g t h e t h in g s w h ic h b e l o n g u n t o t h e e ,
" a n d a r e in t h y g r a s p b y r e a s o n o ft h y t w o -fo l d s t r e n g t h . An d
" t h is m y h e a r t ( h a t i) is d e v o t e d t o t h e d e c r e e s o ft h e g o d Te r n
" w h o l e a d e t h m e in t o t h e ( 8 ) d e n s o fS u t i, b u t l e t n o t t h is m y
" h e a r t w h ic h h a t h d o n e it s d e s ir e b e fo r e t h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s
" w h o a r e in t h e u n d e r w o r l d b e g iv e n u n t o h im . Wh e n t h e y
" fin d t h e l e g a n d t h e s w a t h in g s ( 9 ) t h e y b u r y t h e m
. "
CHAP TERXXIX.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 1 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : An is t a n d in g , w it h a s t a ffin h is h a n d . In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s
( Le p s iu s , To d t e n b a u c h , 1 3 1 . 1 5 ) t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e .
i . I. e
. , t h e g o d o ft h e " La r g e Fa c e "
.
7 6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
Te x t : ( i) THE CHAP TER OF
N OT LETTIN G THE HEART OF
AM AN BETAKEN AWAYFROM HIM IN THEU N D ERWORLD . Os ir is
An i, t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Tu r n t h o u b a c k , 0 m e s s e n g e r o fe v e r y g o d ! ( z ) Is it t h a t
" t h o u a r t c o m e [t o c a r r y a w a y ] t h is m y h e a r t w h ic h l iv e t h ?Bu t
" m y h e a r t w h ic h l iv e t h s h a l l n o t b e g iv e n u n t o t h e e . ( 3 ) [As I]
" a d v a n c e , t h e g o d s h e a r k e n u n t o m y o ffe r in g s , a n d t h e y a l l fa l l
" d o w n u p o n t h e ir fa c e s in t h e ir o w n p l a c e s
. "
CHAP TERXXIXA .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f
Am e n -h e t e p ( N a v il l e , To d t e o : b u c h , Bd . i . BI . 4 0) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e .
Te x t : ( r ) THECHAP TEROFN OTALLOWIN GTHEHEARTOF
AM EN -HETEP , TRIU M P HAN T, TOBECARRIED AWAYD EAD IN THE
U N D ERWORLD . Th e d e c e a s e d s a it h : -
" M y h e a r t is w it h m e , ( 2)
a n d it s h a l l n e v e r c o m e t o p a s s
" t h a t it s h a l l b e c a r r ie d a w a y
. Ia m t h e l o r d o fh e a r t s , t h e
" s l a y e r o ft h e h e a r t
. ( 3 ) Il iv e in r ig h t a n d t r u t h ( M a a t ) a n d
" Ih a v e m y b e in g t h e r e in
. Ia m Ho r u s , t h e d w e l l e r in h e a r t s , ( q )
" w h o is w it h in t h e d w e l l e r in t h e b o d y
. Il iv e in m y w o r d , a n d
" m y h e a r t h a t h b e in g
. Le t n o t m y h e a r t b e t a k e n a w a y ( 5 ) fr o m
" m e , l e t it n o t b e w o u n d e d , a n d m a y n e it h e r w o u n d s n o r g a s h e s
" b e d e a l t u p o n m e b e c a u s e it h a t h b e e n t a k e n a w a y fr o m m e
.
" Le t m e h a v e m y b e in g in t h e b o d y o f[m y ] fa t h e r S e b , [a n d
" in t h e b o d y o fm y ] m o t h e r N u t
. Ih a v e n o t d o n e t h a t w h ic h
" is h e l d in a b o m in a t io n b y t h e g o d s
; l e t m e n o t s u ffe r d e fe a t
" t h e r e , [b u t l e t m e b e ] t r iu m p h a n t
. "
CHAP TERXXIXB .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i
( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 3 3 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e . Ah e a r t .
THECHAP TERS OFP RES ERVIN G THEHEART.
CHAP TERXXX.
[Fr o m Le p s iu s ,
To d t e n b u c h , BI. I6 . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th e d e c e a s e d , w it h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n , s t a n d in g b e -
fo r e a b e e t l e p l a c e d o n a p e d e s t a l .
Te x t : THECHAP TEROFN OTLETTIN GTHEHEARTOF' A
M AN BED RIVEN AWAYFROM HIM IN THEU N D ERWORLD . ( I)
Os ir is Au f-a n k h , t r iu m p h a n t , b o r n o fS h e r e t -Am s u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h
: -
" M y h e a r t , m y m o t h e r ; m y h e a r t , m y m o t h e r !M y h e a r t o f
" m y e x is t e n c e u p o n e a r t h
. M a y n a u g h t s t a n d u p t o o p p o s e m e
" in j u d g m e n t ;
m a y t h e r e b e n o o p p o s it io n t o m e in t h e p r e s e n c e
" o ft h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s ; ( z ) m a y [n o e v il ] b e w r o u g h t a g a in s t
" m e in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g o d s
; m a y t h e r e b e n o p a r t in g [o f
" t h e e ] fr o m m e in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t g o d , t h e l o r d o f
" Am e n t e t
. Ho m a g e t o t h e e , 0t h o u h e a r t o fOs ir is -k h e n t -Am e n t e t !
" Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0m y r e in s !Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e g o d s ( 3 )
" w h o d w e l l in t h e d iv in e c l o u d s , a n d w h o a r e e x a l t e d ( o r h o l y )
" b y r e a s o n o fy o u r s c e p t r e s !S p e a k y e fa ir w o r d s fo r t h e Os ir is
" Au f-a n k h , a n d m a k e y e h im t o p r o s p e r b e fo r e N e h e b k a . An d
" b e h o l d , t h o u g h Ib e j o in e d u n t o t h e ( q . ) e a r t h , a n d a m in t h e
" m ig h t y in n e r m o s t p a r t o fh e a v e n , l e t m e r e m a in o n t h e e a r t h
" a n d n o t d ie in Am e n t e t , a n d l e t m e b e a k l z u t h e r e in fo r e v e r
" a n d e v e r . "
7 7
Te x t : ( I) THECHAP TEROFAHEARTOFCARN ELIAN
. Os ir is
An i, t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ia m t h e Be n u u ,
t h e s o u l o fRd , a n d t h e g u id e o ft h e g o d s
" ( 2) in t h e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d )
. Th e ir d iv in e s o u l s c o m e fo r t h
" u p o n e a r t h t o d o t h e w il l o ft h e ir
k a s , l e t t h e r e fo r e , t h e s o u l
" o fOs ir is An ic o m e fo r t h t o d o t h e w il l o fh is k a . "
Ru b r ic : THIS [CHAP TER] S HALLBERECITED OVERABAS ALTS CARAB,
WHICHS HALLBES ETIN AGOLD S ETTIN G, AN D ITS HALLBEP LACED IN -
7 8

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
S ID ETHEHEARTOFTHEM AN ' FORWHOM THECEREM ON IES OF-OP EN IN G
THE1 1 IOU TH" AN D OFAN OIN TIN GWITHU N GU EN THAVEBEEN P ERFORM ED
.
AN D THERES HALLBERECITED BYWAYOFAM AGICALCHARM THE
WORD S : -" M YHEART, M YM OTHER
; M YHEART, M YM OTHER!M YHEART
OFTRAN S FORM ATION S . "
CHAP TERXXXA .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 5 )
. ]
Vig n e t t e
: In m a n y o ft h e p a p y r ic o n t a in in g t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n
t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e
; in o n e , h o w e v e r , t h e v ig n e t t e is a h e a r t
s t a n d in g a b o v e a v a s e , in a n o t h e r t h e d e c e a s e d is s e e n a d o r in g h is h e a r t ,
a n d in a n o t h e r t h e d e c e a s e d is s t a n d in g b e fo r e fo u r g o d s , o n e o fw h o m
is o ffe r in g a h e a r t t o h im ( s e e N a v il l e , To d t e n b u c h , Bd . I
. B! . 4 2) .
Te x t : ( i)
THECHAP TER OFN OT LETTIN GTHEHEARTOF
THEOVERS EEROFTHEP ALACE, THECHAN CELLOR-IN -CHIEF,
N u ,
TRIU M P HAN T, BED RIVEN AWAYFROM HIM IN THEU N D ER-
WORI . D . He s a it h : - ( 2)
" 0m y h e a r t , m y m o t h e r ; 0m y h e a r t , m y m o t h e r !0m y
" h e a r t o fm y e x is t e n c e u p o n e a r t h
. M a y n a u g h t s t a n d u p t o
" o p p o s e m e in j u d g m e n t in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e l o r d s o ft h e t r ia l
" ( 3 )
; l e t it n o t b e s a id o fm e a n d o ft h a t w h ic h Ih a v e d o n e ,
" ' He h a t h d o n e d e e d s a g a in s t t h a t w h ic h is r ig h t a n d t r u e '
;
" m a y n a u g h t b e a g a in s t m e in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t g o d , t h e
" l o r d o fAm e n t e t
. Ho m a g e t o t h e e , 0m y h e a r t !( 4 ) Ho m a g e
" t o t h e e , 0m y h e a r t !Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0m y r e in s !Ho m a g e
" t o y o u , 0y e g o d s w h o d w e l l in t h e d iv in e c l o u d s , a n d w h o
" a r e ( 5 ) e x a l t e d ( o r h o l y ) b y r e a s o n o fy o u r s c e p t r e s !S p e a k y e
" [fo r m e ] fa ir t h in g s t o Rd , a n d m a k e y e m e t o p r o s p e r b e fo r e
" N e h e b k a
. An d b e h o l d m e , e v e n t h o u g h Ib e j o in e d t o t h e
" e a r t h in t h e m ig h t y in n e r m o s t p a r t s t h e r e o f, l e t m e r e m a in u p o n
" t h e e a r t h a n d l e t m e n o t d ie in Am e n t e t , b u t b e c o m e a Kh u
" t h e r e in
. "
I . I. e . ,
t h e d e c e a s e d .
THECHAP TERS OFP RF, ' S ERVIN GTHEHEART

7 9
CIIAP ' 1 ' ERXXXB .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f An i ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0,
s h e e t 1 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : (
i) S o m e p a p y r ic o n t a in in g t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n g iv e t h is
Ch a p t e r w it h o u t a n y v ig n e t t e , a n d it is p r o b a b l e t h a t t h is a r is e s fr o m t h e
fa c t t h a t it o ft e n a p p e a r s a s o n e o ft h e t e x t s w h ic h o c c u r in t h e g r e a t
Ju d g m e n t S c e n e , w h e r e it fo r m s t h e p r a y e r p u t in t o t h e m o u t h o ft h e d e -
c e a s e d ;
s e e t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t 3 , a n d t h e P a p y r u s o fHu -n e fe r ,
s h e e t 3
. In t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i, s h e e t q , t h e d e c e a s e d k n e e l s in o n e
p a n o ft h e Ba l a n c e a n d h e is b e in g w e ig h e d a g a in s t h is h e a r t w h ic h r e s t s
in t h e o t h e r in t h e p r e s e n c e o f" Os ir is , t h e g r e a t g o d , t h e Go v e r n o r o f
Ev e r l a s t in g n e s s " . Th e s u p p o r t o ft h e b e a m is s u r m o u n t e d b y a h u m a n
h e a d , a n d t h e t o n g u e o ft h e Ba l a n c e is b e in g s c r u t in iz e d b y a d o g -h e a d e d
a p e , s e a t e d o n a p e d e s t a l , w h o is c a l l e d " Th o t h , t h e l o r d o ft h e Ba l a n c e "
.
El s e w h e r e t h is a p e is s e a t e d o n a p e d e s t a l w it h s t e p s , a n d is c a l l e d " Th e
l o r d o fKh e m c n n u ( He r m o p o l is M a g n a ) , t h e r ig h t e o u s w e ig h e r " ( s e e N a -
v il l e , To d t e n b u c h , Bd . I . BI . 4 3 )
. In t h e P a p y r u s o fAm e n -n e b ( Br it . M u s .
N o
. 9 , 9 6 4 ) , t h e d e c e a s e d s t a n d s b y t h e Ba l a n c e w h il e a fig u r e o fh im -
s e l fis b e in g w e ig h e d a g a in s t h is h e a r t ;
in t h is e x a m p l e o ft h e s c e n e t h e
s u p p o r t o ft h e b e a m is s u r m o u n t e d b y t h e h e a d o fa j a c k a l . El s e w h e r e t h e
v ig n e t t e is s im p l y a h e a r t , o r a s c a r a b , o r t h e d e c e a s e d s e a t e d a d o r in g
h is h e a r t , o r t h e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g in a d o r a t io n b e fo r e a b e e t l e , w h ic h
is t h e s y m b o l o ft h e g o d Kh e p e r d , t h e s e l f-c r e a t e d g o d a n d t h e t y p e o f
t h e Re s u r r e c t io n ( s e e Le p s iu s , To d t e n b u c h ,
Bl . r 6 ) .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFN OT
( 2) LETTIN GTHEHEARTOF
OS IRIS , THE S CRIBE OFTHEHOLY OFFERIN GS OF
ALLTHE
GOD S , AN T, TRIU M P HAN T, BE
D RIVEN FROM HIM IN THEU N D ER-
WORLD . He s a it h : -
" M y h e a r t , m y m o t h e r ; ( 3 ) m y h e a r t , m y m o t h e r !M y h e a r t
" w h e r e b y Ic a m e in t o b e in g !M a y n a u g h t s t a n d u p t o o p p o s e
" m e a t [m y ] j u d g m e n t ; m a y t h e r e b e n o o p p o s it io n t o m e in
" t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s
( Tc h a t c h a ) ; m a y t h e r e b e
" n o p a r t in g o ft h e e fr o m m e in t h e p r e s e n c e o fh im t h a t k e e p -
" e t h t h e Ba l a n c e !Th o u a r t m y k a ,
t h e d w e l l e r in ( 4 ) m y b o d y ;
" t h e g o d Kh n e m u w h o k n it t e t h a n d s t r e n g t h e n e t h m y l im b s .
" M a y e s t t h o u c o m e fo r t h in t o t h e p l a c e o fh a p p in e s s w h it h e r w e
" g o . M a y t h e
S h e n it ( i . e . , t h e d iv in e o ffic e r s o ft h e c o u r t o f
" Os ir is ) , w h o fo r m t h e c o n d it io n s o ft h e l iv e s o fm e n , n o t c a u s e
8 o

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" m y n a m e t o s t in k
. [Le t it b e s a t is fa c t o r y u n t o u s , a n d l e t t h e
" l is t e n in g b e s a t is fa c t o r y u n t o u s , a n d l e t t h e r e b e j o y o fh e a r t
" u n t o u s a t t h e w e ig h in g o fw o r d s . Le t n o t t h a t w h ic h is fa l s e
" b e u t t e r e d a g a in s t m e b e fo r e t h e g r e a t g o d , t h e l o r d o fAm e n t e t
.
" Ve r il y h o w g r e a t s h a l t t h o u b e w h e n t h o u r is e s t in t r iu m p h !] '
Ru b r ic .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAm e n -h e t e p ( s e e N a v il l e ,
To d t e n b u c h , Bd . II. p . 9 9 ) . ]
( 9 )
THES EWORD S ARETOBES AID OVERAS CARABOFGREEN S TON E
EN CIRCLED WITHABAN D OFREFIN ED COP P ERAN D [HAVIN G] ARIN GOF
S ILVER,
( 2)
WHICHS HALLBEP LACED ON THEN ECKOFTHE
KHU .
THIS CHAP TERWAS FOU N D IN THECITYOFKHEM EN N U ( HERM OP OLIS
M AGN A) U N D ERTHEFEETOF[THES TATU EOF] ( 3 ) THIS GOD
. [ITWAS IN -
S CRIBED ] U P ON AS LABOFIRON OFTHES OU TH, IN THEWRITIN GOFTHE
GO) ) HIM S ELF, IN THETIM E
OF ( 4 ) THE M AJES TYOFTHEKIN GOFTHE
N ORTHAN D OFTHES OU TH, ( M EN -KAU -RA \
, ~ TRIU M P HAN T, BYTHEROYAL
S ON HERU -TA-TA-F, WHOD IS COVERED ITWHILS THEWAS ON HIS JOU RN EY
( 5 ) TOM AKEAN IN S P ECTION OFTHETEM P LES AN D OFTHEIRES TATES
.
In s o m e a n c ie n t p a p y r it h e t e x t o ft h is Ch a p t e r is m a d e t o
fo l l o w t h e Ru b r ic o fCh a p t e r LXIV, w it h w h ic h it h a d s o m e
c l o s e c o n n e x io n , a n d in o t h e r s it fo l l o w s t h e Ru b r ic o fCh a p t e r
CXVIII . Th e Ru b r ic a l d ir e c t io n c o n c e r n in g Ch a p t e r LXIV
r e a d s
: -`Be h o l d , m a k e a s c a r a b o fg r e e n s t o n e , w a s h it w it h
" g o l d a n d p l a c e it in t h e h e a r t o fa m a n ( i
. e . , t h e d e c e a s e d ) ,
" a n d it w il l p e r fo r m fo r h im t h e `o p e n in g o ft h e m o u t h ' ; a n -
o in t it w it h
a n t u u n g u e n t , a n d r e c it e o v e r it a s a c h a r m t h e
" fo l l o w in g w o r d s
: - `M y h e a r t , m y m o t h e r ; m y h e a r t , m y
" m o t h e r !" e t c
. In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s , To d t e n b u c h , BI . 1 6 )
it fo l l o w s Ch a p t e r XXXw h ic h c o n t a in s p a r t s o fCh a p t e r s XXXA
a n d XXXB .
CHAP TERXXXI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
In s o m e a n c ie n t p a p y r it h e Vig n e t t e o f t h is Ch a p t e r r e p r e s e n t s
I .
Th e w o r d s w it h in b r a c k e t s a r e t r a n s l a t e d fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i
( s h e e t 4 ) .
2 . IL e . ,
M y c e r in u s , a k in g o ft h e l Vt h d y n a s t y .
THECHAP TEROFBEATIN GBACKTHECROCOD ILE
. 8 1
t h e d e c e a s e d s p e a r in g a c r o c o d il e , b u t in t h e S a t e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d
is a t t a c k in g fo u r c r o c o d il e s ( s e e Le p s iu s , To d t e n b u c h , 1 3 1 . i6 ) .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFBEATIN GBACKTHECROCOD ILE
THATCOM ETHTOCARRYAWAYTHECHARM FROM N u , THE
OVERS EEROFTHEP ALACE, THECHAN CELLOR-IN -CHIEF, TRIU M -
P HAN T, THES ON OFTHEOVERS EEROFTHEP ALACE, AM EN -
HETEP , TRIU M P HAN T, IN THE: U N D ERWORLD
. He s a it h : -( 2)
" Ge t t h e e b a c k , r e t u r n , g e t t h e e b a c k , t h o u c r o c o d il e -fie n d
" S u i ; t h o u s h a l t n o t a d v a n c e t o m e , fo r I
l iv e b y r e a s o n o f t h e
" m a g ic a l w o r d s w h ic h I h a v e b y m e . I d o n o t u t t e r t h a t n a m e
" o f
t h in e t o t h e g r e a t g o d ( 3 ) w h o w il l c a u s e t h e e t o c o m e t o
" t h e t w o d iv in e e n v o y s ; t h e n a m e
o f t h e o n e is Be t t i, ' a n d t h e
" n a m e o f t h e o t h e r is `Hr a -k -e n -M a a t ' . 2 He a v e n h a t h p o w e r o v e r
" it s s e a s o n s ,
( 4 )
a n d t h e m a g ic a l w o r d h a t h p o w e r o v e r t h a t w h ic h
" is in it s p o s s e s s io n , l e t t h e r e fo r e m y m o u t h h a v e p o w e r o v e r t h e
" m a g ic a l w o r d w h ic h is t h e r e in . M y fr o n t t e e t h a r e l ik e u n t o fl in t
" k n iv e s , a n d m y j a w -t e e t h a r e l ik e u n t o t h e N o m e o fTu t e f
. 3
" Ha il t h o u t h a t s it t e s t w it h t h in e e y e b a l l u p o n t h e s e m y m a g ic a l
" w o r d s ! Th o u s h a l t n o t c a r r y t h e m a w a y , 0 t h o u c r o c o d il e t h a t
" l iv e s t b y m e a n s o fm a g ic a l w o r d s !"
In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s , o p
. c it . , BI . t 6 ) t h e fo l l o w in g
l in e s a r e a d d e d t o t h is Ch a p t e r : 4
" Ia m t h e P r in c e in t h e fie l d . I, e v e n I, a m Os ir is , w h o h a t h
" s h u t in h is fa t h e r S e b t o g e t h e r w it h h is m o t h e r N u t ( 5 ) o n t h e
" d a y o ft h e g r e a t s l a u g h t e r . M y fa t h e r is S e b a n d m y m o t h e r
" is N u t . Ia m Ho r n s , t h e fir s t -b o r n o fRa , w h o is c r o w n e d . I
" a m An p u ( An u b is ) o n t h e d a y o fr e c k o n in g . I, e v e n I, a m Os ir is ,
" ( 6 ) t h e p r in c e w h o g o e t h in a n d d e c l a r e t h t h e o ffe r in g s w h ic h
" a r e w r it t e n d o w n , I a m t h e g u a r d ia n o ft h e d o o r o fOs ir is ,
i . I. e . , " He o f t w o t e e t h " ( o r t w o h o r n s ) ; t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n ( Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , BI . 1 6 ) r e a d s Be n t , i . e . , " a p e " .
2 . I
L
e . , " Th y fa c e is o f r ig h t a n d t r u t h . "
3 . We s h o u l d p r o b a b l y a d d t h e w o r d t e p a n d r e a d Te p t o f, " He t h a t is
u p o n h is h il l " , i . e . , An u b is
.
4 . Th e h ie r o g l y p h ic t e x t is
n o t g iv e n in t h e a c c o m p a n y in g v o l u m e b e c a u s e
it r e p r e s e n t s a l a t e v e r s io n o ft h e g r e a t e r p a r t o fCh a p t e r LXIX,
q .
v .
6
8 2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
" e v e n I . Ih a v e c o m e , Ih a v e b e c o m e g l o r io u s
( o r a Kh u ) , Ih a v e
" b e e n r e c k o n e d u p , Ia m s t r o n g , Ih a v e c o m e a n d Ia v e n g e m in e
" o w n s e l f . ( 7 ) Ih a v e s a t in t h e b ir t h c h a m b e r o fOs ir is , a n d I
" w a s b o r n w it h h im , a n d Ir e n e w m y y o u t h a l o n g w it h h im
.
" Ih a v e l a id h o l d u p o n t h e Th ig h w h ic h w a s b y Os ir is , ( 8 ) a n d
" Ih a v e o p e n e d t h e m o u t h o ft h e g o d s t h e r e w it h . Is it u p o n t h e
" p l a c e w h e r e h e s it t e t h , a n d Iw r it e d o w n t h e n u m b e r [o ft h e
" t h in g s ] w h ic h m a k e s t r o n g ( ?) t h e h e a r t , t h o u s a n d s o fl o a v e s o f
" b r e a d , t h o u s a n d s o fv a s e s o fb e e r , w h ic h a r e u p o n t h e a l t a r s
" o fh is fa t h e r Os ir is , [n u m b e r s o f] j a c k a l s , w o l v e s , ( g ) o x e n , r e d
" fo w l , g e e s e a n d d u c k s . Ho r u s h a t h d o n e a w a y w it h t h e s a c r i-
" fic e s o fTh o t h
. Ifil l t h e o ffic e o fp r ie s t in t h e r e g io n s a b o v e ,
" a n d Iw r it e d o w n t h e r e [t h e t h in g s ] w h ic h m a k e s t r o n g t h e
" h e a r t . Im a k e o ffe r in g s ( o r o ffe r in g s a r e m a d e t o m e ) ( t o ) a t
" t h e a l t a r s o ft h e P r in c e o fTa t t u , a n d Ih a v e m y b e in g t h r o u g h
" t h e o b l a t io n s [m a d e t o ] h im . Is n u fft h e w in d o ft h e Ea s t b y
" h is h e a d , a n d Il a y h o l d u p o n t h e b r e e z e s o ft h e We s t t h e r e b y ,
" ( II) Ig o r o u n d a b o u t h e a v e n in t h e fo u r q u a r t e r s t h e r e o f,
" Is t r e t c h o u t m y h a n d a n d g r a s p t h e b r e e z e s o ft h e s o u t h [w h ic h ]
" a r e u p o n it s h a ir . Gr a n t u n t o m e a ir a m o n g t h e v e n e r a b l e b e in g s
" a n d a m o n g t h o s e w h o e a t b r e a d . "
Ru b r ic : IFTHIS CHAP TERREKN OWN BYITHED ECEAS ED ] HES HALL
COM EFORTHBYD AY, HES HALL, RIS EU P TOWALKU P ON THEEARTH
AM ON GTHELIVIN G, AN D HES HALLN EVERFAILAN D COM ETOAN EN D ,
N EVER, N EVER, N EVER.
CIIA1 ' TERXXXII .
[Fr o m Le p s iu s ,
To d t e n b u e h , 1 3 1 1 . 1 6 a n d 1 ; . ]
Vig n e t t e : Fo u r c r o c o d il e s a d v a n c in g a g a in s t t h e d e c e a s e d w h o is
s p e a r in g o n e o ft h e m .
Te x t : r
THE CHAP TEROFBEATIN GBACKTHECROCOD ILE
THATCO\ IE' IHTOCARRYAWAYTHE
M AGICAL WORD S FROM THE
t . Fr o m n o P a p y r u s c o n t a in in g t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n c a n a c o n n e c t e d t r a n s -
l a t io n o ft h is Ch a p t e r b e m a d e ; it h a s , t h e r e fo r e , b e e n t h o u g h t b e s t t o g iv e
a r e n d e r in g o fit fr o m t h e t e x t a s fo u n d in t h e S a l t e Re c e n s io n .
THECHAP TEROFBEATIN GBACKTHECROCOD ILE
. 8 3
KHU
IN THE U N D ERWORLD . ( r )
Os ir is , Au f-a n k h , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : -
" Th e M ig h t y On e fe l l d o w n u p o n t h e p l a c e w h e r e h e is , o r
" ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , u p o n h is b e l l y , b u t t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s
" c a u g h t h im a n d s e t h im u p a g a in
. [M y ] s o u l c o m e t h a n d it
" s p e a k e t h w it h it s fa t h e r , a n d t h e M ig h t y On e d e l iv e r e t h it
( 2)
" fr o m t h e s e e ig h t I c r o c o d il e s
. Ik n o w t h e m b y t h e ir n a m e s a n d
" [w h a t ] t h e y l iv e u p o n , a n d Ia m h e w h o h a t h d e l iv e r e d h is
" fa t h e r fr o m t h e m
. "
" Ge t t h e e b a c k , 0Cr o c o d il e t h a t d w e l l e s t in t h e We s t , t h o u
" t h a t l iv e s t u p o n t h e s t a r s w h ic h n e v e r r e s t , ( 3 ) fo r t h a t w h ic h
" is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o t h e e is in m y b e l l y , 0t h o u t h a t h a s t
" e a t e n t h e fo r e h e a d o fOs ir is . Ia m S e t . "
" Ge t t h e e b a c k , 0Cr o c o d il e t h a t d w e l l e s t in t h e We s t , fo r
" t h e s e r p e n t -fie n d N a a u is in m y b e l l y , a n d Iw il l g iv e h im u n t o
" t h e e
; l e t n o t t h y fl a m e b e a g a in s t m e . "
" Ge t t h e e b a c k ,
0
( 4 ) Cr o c o d il e t h a t d w e l l e s t in t h e Ea s t ,
" w h o fe e d e s t u p o n t h o s e w h o e a t t h e ir o w n fil t h , fo r t h a t w h ic h
" is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o t h e e is in m y b e l l y ;
Ia d v a n c e , Ia m
" Os ir is __ .
" Ge t t h e e b a c k , 0Cr o c o d il e t h a t d w e l l e s t in t h e Ea s t , t h e
" s e r p e n t -fie n d N a a u is in ( 5 ) m y b e l l y , a n d Iw il l g iv e [h im ]
" u n t o t h e e ; l e t n o t t h y fl a m e b e a g a in s t m e
. "
" Ge t t h e e b a c k , 0Cr o c o d il e t h a t d w e l l e s t in t h e S o u t h , w h o
" fe e d e s t u p o n fil t h , a n d w a s t e , a n d d ir t , fo r t h a t w h ic h is a n
" a b o m in a t io n u n t o t h e e is in m y b e l l y
; s h a l l n o t t h e fl a m e b e
" o n t h y h a n d
?Ia m S e p t . " ( 6 )
" Ge t t h e e b a c k , 0Cr o c o d il e t h a t d w e l l e s t in t h e S o u t h , fo r
" Ia m s a fe b y r e a s o n o fm y c h a r m
; m y fis t is a m o n g t h e fl o w e r s
" a n d Iw il l n o t g iv e it u n t o t h e e
. "
" Ge t t h e e b a c k , 0Cr o c o d il e t h a t d w e l l e s t in t h e N o r t h , w h o
" fe e d c s t u p o n w h a t is o ffe r e d ( ?) w it h in t h e h o u r s , ( 7 ) fo r t h a t
" w h ic h t h o u a b o m in a t e s t is in m y b e l l y ; l e t [n o t ] t h y v e n o m
" b e u p o n m y h e a d , fo r Ia m Te m
. "
i . Th e Th e b a n t e x t s m e n t io n fo u r c r o c o d il e s o n l y
.
6 *
8 4

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" Ge t t h e e b a c k , 0Cr o c o d il e t h a t d w e l l e s t in t h e N o r t h , fo r
" t h e g o d d e s s S e r q e t is in m y b e l l y a n d Ih a v e n o t y e t b r o u g h t
" h e r fo r t h ( 8 ) . Ia m U a p c h -M a a t i( o r M e r t i)
. "
" Th e t h in g s w h ic h a r e c r e a t e d a r e in t h e h o l l o w o fm y h a n d ,
" a n d t h o s e w h ic h h a v e n o t y e t c o m e in t o b e in g a r e in m y b o d y
.
" Ia m c l o t h e d a n d w h o l l y p r o v id e d w it h t h y m a g ic a l w o r d s ,
" 0Ra , t h e w h ic h a r e in h e a v e n a b o v e m e a n d in t h e e a r t h
" b e n e a t h m e
. ( g ) Ih a v e g a in e d p o w e r , a n d e x a l t a t io n , a n d a
" fu l l -b r e a t h in g t h r o a t in t h e a b o d e o fm y fa t h e r U r
( i . e . , t h e
" M ig h t y On e ) , a n d h e h a t h d e l iv e r e d u n t o m e t h e b e a u t ifu l
" Am e n t e t w h ic h d e s t r o y e t h l iv in g m e n a n d w o m e n ; b u t s t r o n g
" is it s d iv in e l o r d , w h o s u ffe r e t h fr o m w e a k n e s s , " ( io ) o r ( a s
o t h e r s s a y ) " e x h a u s t io n t w o -fo l d , t h e r e in d a y b y d a y
. M y fa c e
" is o p e n , m y h e a r t is u p o n it s s e a t , a n d t h e c r o w n w it h t h e
" s e r p e n t is u p o n m e d a y b y d a y
. Ia m Ra , w h o is h is o w n
" p r o t e c t o r , a n d n o t h in g s h a l l e v e r c a s t m e t o t h e g r o u n d . "
CHAP TER . XXXIII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN it
( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e in t h e P a p y r u s o fN u , b u t
in o n e M S
. t h e d e c e a s e d , w it h a k n ife in e a c h h a n d , is s e e n a t t a c k in g
fo u r s e r p e n t s , a n d in a n o t h e r fo u r s e r p e n t s o n l y a r c g iv e n
; s e e N a v il l e ,
o p . c it . , Bd . I . 1 3 1 . 4 6 . In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s , o p
. c it . ,
1 3 1 .
1 7 )
t h e
d e c e a s e d is s p e a r in g a s in g l e s e r p e n t .
Te x t : ( r ) TIIECHAP TEROFREP U LS IN GS ERP EN TS ( o r WORM S )
N u , t h e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, t r iu m -
p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ha il , t h o u s e r p e n t Re r e k , a d v a n c e n o t h it h e r . Be h o l d S o b
" a n d S h u . S t a n d s t il l n o w , a n d t h o u s h a l t e a t t h e r a t w h ic h is
" a n a b o m in a b l e t h in g u n t o Rd , a n d ( 3 ) t h o u s h a l t c r u n c h t h e
" b o n e s o ft h e fil t h y c a t . "
THECHAP TEROFN OTBEIN GBITTEN BYS N AKES
.
8 5
CHAP TERXXXIV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s
o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0 i
4 7 7 , s h e e t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e in t h e Th e b a n a n d S a it e
Re c e n s io n s .
Te x t :
( r ) THECHAP TEROFN OT[LETTIN G] Os iRis N u ,
TRIU M P HAN T, BE
BITTEN BYS N AKES ( o r WORM S ) IN THEU N D ER-
WORLD . ( 2) He s a it h : -
" O S e r p e n t !Ia m t h e fl a m e w h ic h s h in e t h u p o n t h e Op e n e r ( ?)
" o fh u n d r e d s o ft h o u s a n d s o fy e a r s , a n d t h e s t a n d a r d o ft h e
" g o d Te n p u , " o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , " t h e s t a n d a r d o fy o u n g p l a n t s
" a n d fl o w e r s
. D e p a r t y e ( 3 ) fr o m m e , fo r Ia m t h e d iv in e
M a ft e t
. " t
CHAP TERXXXV.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 i, s h e e t
6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e in t h e P a p y r u s o fN u , b u t
in t h e Br o c k l e h u r s t P a p y r u s t h r e e s e r p e n t s fo r m t h e v ig n e t t e ( s e e N a v il l e ,
o p . c it . , Bd . I . BI
. 4 8 ) ; in t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , B1 .
1 7 )
t h e v ig n e t t e c h e w s t h e d e c e a s e d in t h e a c t o fs p e a r in g a s e r p e n t
.
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFN OT[LETTIN G] N U ,
THECHAN -
CELLOR-IN -CHIEF, TRIU M P HAN T, BED EVOU RED BYS ERP EN TS IN
THEU N D ERWORLD . He s a it h : -
" Ha il , t h o u g o d S h u ! ( 2) Be h o l d Ta t t u !Be h o l d S h u !Ha il
" Ta t t u ![S h u ] h a t h t h e h e a d -d r e s s o ft h e g o d d e s s Ha t h o r
. Th e y
" n u r s e Os ir is
. Be h o l d t h e t w o -fo l d b e in g w h o is a b o u t t o e a t
" m e !Al ig h t in g fr o m t h e b o a t Id e p a r t
( ?) , ( 3 ) a n d t h e s e r p e n t -
" fie n d S e k s e k p a s s e t h m e b y . Be h o l d s a m a n d a a q e t fl o w e r s
" a r e k e p t u n d e r g u a r d ( ?) . Th is b e in g is Os ir is , a n d h e m a k e t h
" e n t r e a t y fo r h is t o m b . ( 4 ) Th e e y e s o ft h e d iv in e p r in c e a r e
1 . S o fa r b a c k a s 1 8 6 7 t h e l a t e D r . Bir c h id e n t ifie d t h e a n im a l m a ft e t w it h
t h e l y n x .
8 6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD A1
.
" d r o p p e d , a n d h e p e r fo r m e t h t h e r e p a r a t io n w h ic h is t o b e d o n e
" fo r t h e e ; [h e ] g iv e t h [u n t o t h e e t h y ] p o r t io n o fr ig h t a n d t r u t h
" a c c o r d in g t o t h e d e c is io n c o n c e r n in g t h e s t a t e s a n d c o n d it io n s
" [o fm e n ] . "
CHAP TERXXXVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it
. M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t
8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e in t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ,
b u t in o t h e r s c o n t a in in g t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it
. , Bd . I .
Bl
. 4 9 ) t h e v ig n e t t e s e it h e r s h e w t h e d e c e a s e d s p e a r in g a b e e t l e , o r s t a n d -
in g , w it h a k n ife in o n e h a n d a n d a s t a ffin t h e o t h e r , b e fo r e a p e d e s t a l
u p o n w h ic h s t a n d s t h e in s e c t Ap s h a it ,
w h ic h h a s b e e n id e n t ifie d w it h t h e
c o c k r o a c h . Th e a p s h a it
is p r o b a b l y t h e b e e t l e w h ic h is o ft e n fo u n d
c r u s h e d b e t w e e n t h e b a n d a g e s o fp o o r l y m a d e m u m m ie s , o r e v e n in s id e
t h e b o d y it s e l f, w h e r e it h a s fo r c e d it s w a v in s e a r c h o ffo o d
.
Te x t : ( t ) THECHAP TEROFD RIVIN G
AWAYAP S HAIT . Os ir is
N u , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : ( 2)
" D e p a r t fr o m m e , 0t h o u t h a t h a s t l ip s w h ic h g n a w , fo r Ia m
" Kh n e m u , t h e l o r d o fP e s h e n n u , r a n d [I] b r in g t h e w o r d s o f
" t h e g o d s t o Ra , a n d Ir e p o r t ( 3 ) [m y ] m e s s a g e t o t h e l o r d
" t h e r e o f. "
2
CHAP TERXXXVII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Tw o u r a e i, w it h t a il s e n t w in e d , u p o n t h e e m b l e m o fg o l d
( N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I . Bl .
5 0) ; in t h e v ig n e t t e o ft h is Ch a p t e r in t h e
Tu r in P a p y r u s t h e d e c e a s e d is s e e n s p e a r in g a s e r p e n t ( Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . ,
Bl . i7 ) .
Te x t : ( t )
THECHAP TEROFD RIVIN GBACKTHETWOM ERTI
GOD D ES S ES
. N u , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
i . Re a d : " t h e l o r d o ft h e c it y o fS h e n n u " ,
i
. e . ,
o fKo m Om b o s .
2 . Or , " Ir e p o r t [m y ] m e s s a g e t o N e b e s " ( o r N e b s e s )
.
THECHAP TEROFLIVIN GBYAIR
.

8 7
" Ho m a g e t o y o u , y e t w o
Re k h t g o d d e s s e s , ' v e t w o S is t e r s , v e
" t w o M e r t ( 2) g o d d e s s e s , Ib r in g a m e s s a g e t o y o u c o n c e r n in g m y
" m a g ic a l w o r d s . Is h in e fr o m t h e S e k t e t b o a t , Ia m Ho r u s t h e
" s o n o fOs ir is , a n d Ih a v e c o m e t o s e e ( 3 ) m y fa t h e r Os ir is . "
CHAP TERXXXVIIIA .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( Br it
. M u s . N o . q , g o o , s h e e t 1 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d h o l d in g a s a il , s y m b o l ic o fa ir .
Te x t : ( t ) THECHAP TEROFLIVIN GBYAIRIN THEU N D ER-
WORLD .
Th e s c r ib e N e b s e n i, t h e l o r d t o w h o m v e n e r a t io n is
p a id , s a it h : -
" [Ia m t h e g o d Te m ] , w h o c o m e t h fo r t h o u t o f ( 2) N u in t o
" t h e w a t e r y a b y s s . Ih a v e r e c e iv e d [m y h a b it a t io n o fAm e n t e t ,
" a n d h a v e g iv e n c o m m a n d s ] w it h m y w o r d s t o t h e
[Kl u is ] w h o s e
" a b id in g p l a c e s a r e h id d e n ( 3 ) , t o t h e Kh u s
a n d t o t h e d o u b l e
" Lio n -g o d . Ih a v e m a d e j o u r n e y s r o u n d a b o u t a n d Ih a v e s u n g
" h y m n s o fj o y in t h e b o a t o fKh e p e r a
. Ih a v e e a t e n t h e r e in ,
" Ih a v e g a in e d p o w e r ( 4 ) t h e r e in , a n d Il iv e t h e r e in t h r o u g h
" t h e b r e e z e s [w h ic h a r e t h e r e ] . Ia m t h e g u id e in t h e b o a t o f
" Rd , a n d h e o p e n e t h o u t fo r m e a p a t h ; h e m a k e t h a p a s s a g e
" fo r m e t h r o u g h t h e g a t e s ( 5 ) o ft h e g o d S e b . Ih a v e s e iz e d
" a n d c a r r ie d a w a y t h o s e w h o l iv e in t h e e m b r a c e o ft h e g o d
" U r ( i . e . ,
M ig h t y On e ) ; Ia m t h e g u id e o ft h o s e w h o l iv e in
" t h e ir s h r in e s , t h e t w o b r o t h e r -g o d s Ho r u s a n d S e t ; a n d Ib r in g
" t h e ( 6 ) n o b l e o n e s w it h m e . Ie n t e r in a n d Ic o m e fo r t h , a n d
" m y t h r o a t is n o t s l it
; Ig o in t o t h e b o a t o fM a a t , a n d Ip a s s
" in a m o n g ( 7 ) t h o s e w h o l iv e in t h e At e t b o a t , a n d w h o a r e in
" t h e fo l l o w in g o fRd , a n d a r e n ig h u n t o h im in h is h o r iz o n
.
" Il iv e a ft e r m y d e a t h d a y b y b y , a n d Ia m s t r o n g e v e n a s is
" t h e d o u b l e Lio n -g o d . ( 8 ) Il iv e , a n d Ia m d e l iv e r e d a ft e r m y
i . Th e t w o o p p o n e n t g o d d e s s e s , o r Is is a n d
N e p h t h y s ( % ) .
8 8

THECHAP TERS OFCOATIN GFORTHBYD AY .
" d e a t h , I,
t h e s c r ib e N e b s e n i, t h e l o r d o fp ie t y , w h o fil l t h e
" e a r t h a n d c o m e fo r t h l ik e t h e l il y o fm o t h e r -o f-e m e r a l d , o ft h e
" g o d He t e p o ft h e t w o l a n d s . "
CHAP TERXXXVIIIB .
[Fr o t h t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . r o , 4 i7 , s h e e t 1 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d h o l d in g in h is l e ft h a n d a s a il , s y m b o l ic o fa ir ,
a n d a t t a c k in g t h r e e s e r p e n t s w it h a k n ife w h ic h h e h o l d s in h is r ig h t h a n d
( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I
. 1 3 1 . 5 2) . In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s ,
To d t e n b u c h , BI.
1 7 )
t h e d e c e a s e d h o l d s a s a il in t h e l e ft h a n d , a n d t h e
s y m b o l o fl ife in t h e r ig h t .
Te x t
:
( t ) THECHAP TER OF LIVIN GBYAIRIN THEU N D ER-
WORLD . N u , t h e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f,
t r iu m p h a n t , t h e s o n o ft h e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -
in -c h ie f, Am e n -h e t e p , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -( 2)
" Ia m t h e d o u b l e Lio n -g o d , t h e fir s t -b o r n o fRa a n d Te m o f
" Ha -k h e b t i ( ) ) , [t h e g o d s ] w h o d w e l l in t h e ir d iv in e c h a m b e r s .
" Th o s e w h o d w e l l ( 3 ) in t h e ir d iv in e a b o d e s h a v e b e c o m e m y
" g u id e s , a n d t h e y m a k e p a t h s fo r m e a s t h e y r e v o l v e in t h e
" w a t e r y a b y s s o ft h e s k y b y t h e s id e o ft h e p a t h o ft h e b o a t o f
" Te r n . ( 4 ) Is t a n d u p o n t h e t im b e r s ( ? )
o ft h e b o a t o fRd , a n d
" Ir e c it e h is o r d in a n c e s t o t h e b e in g s w h o h a v e k n o w l e d g e , a n d
" Ia m t h e h e r a l d o fh is w o r d s t o h im w h o s e t h r o a t s t in k e t h
.
" ( 5 ) Is e t fr e e m y d iv in e fa t h e r s a t e v e n t id e
. Ic l o s e t h e l ip s o f
" m y m o u t h , a n d Ie a t l ik e u n t o a l iv in g b e in g . Ih a v e l ife ( 6 )
" in Ta t t u , a n d Il iv e a g a in a ft e r d e a t h l ik e Rd d a y b y d a y
. "
CHAP TERXXXIX.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f M e s -e m -n e t e r ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I. BI . 5 3 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d s p e a r in g a s e r p e n t .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TER OF D RIVIN GBACKTHES ERP EN T
REREKIN THEU N D ERWORLD
. Os ir is M e s -e m -n e t e r s a it h
THECHAP TEROFREP U LS IN GTHES ERP EN T.

8 9
( 2) " Ge t t h e e b a c k ,
d e p a r t , r e t r e a t ( ?) fr o m [m e ] , 0Aa a p e f,
" w it h d r a w , o r t h o u s h a l t b e d r o w n e d a t t h e P o o l o fN u , a t
" t h e p l a c e w h e r e t h y fa t h e r ( 3 ) b a t h o r d e r e d t h a t t h y s l a u g h t e r
" s h a l l b e p e r fo r m e d . D e p a r t t h o u fr o m t h e d iv in e p l a c e o f
" b ir t h o fRd w h e r e in is t h y t e r r o r . Ia m ' Ra w h o d w e l l e t h in
" h is t e r r o r
. ( 4 ) Ge t t h e e b a c k , Fie n d , b e fo r e t h e d a r t s o fh is
" b e a m s
. Ra b a t h o v e r t h r o w n t h y w o r d s , t h e g o d s h a v e t u r n e d
" t h y fa c e b a c k w a r d s , t h e Ly n x b a t h ( 5 ) t o r n o p e n t h y b r e a s t ,
" t h e S c o r p io n b a t h c a s t fe t t e r s u p o n t h e e ; a n d M a a t b a t h s e n t
" fo r t h t h y d e s t r u c t io n
. Th o s e w h o a r e in ( 6 ) t h e w a y s h a v e
" o v e r t h r o w n t h e e ; fa l l d o w n a n d d e p a r t , 0Ap e p , t h o u En e m y
" o fRd !0t h o u t h a t p a s s e s t o v e r t h e r e g io n in t h e e a s t e r n p a r t
" o fh e a v e n w it h t h e s o u n d o ft h e r o a r in g t h u n d e r -c l o u d , ( q )
0
" Ra w h o o p e n e s t t h e g a t e s o ft h e h o r iz o n s t r a ig h t w a y o n t h v
" a p p e a r a n c e , [Ap e p ] b a t h s u n k h e l p l e s s u n d e r [t h y ] g a s h in g s . I
" h a v e p e r fo r m e d t h y w il l , 0Rd , Ih a v e p e r fo r m e d t h y w il l ;
" Ih a v e d o n e t h a t w h ic h is fa ir , Ih a v e d o n e t h a t w h ic h is fa ir ,
" Ih a v e l a b o u r e d fo r t h e p e a c e o f( 8 ) Rd . [I] h a v e m a d e t o a d -
v a n c e t h y fe t t e r s , 0Rd , a n d Ap e p b a t h fa l l e n t h r o u g h t h y
" d r a w in g t h e m t ig h t
. Th e g o d s o ft h e s o u t h a n d o ft h e n o r t h ,
" o ft h e w e s t a n d o ft h e ( g ) e a s t h a v e fa s t e n e d c h a in s u p o n h im ,
" a n d t h e y h a v e fe t t e r e d h im w it h fe t t e r s ; t h e g o d Re k e s b a t h
`o v e r t h r o w n h im a n d t h e g o d He r t it b a t h p u t h im in c h a in s
.
" Ra s e t t e t h , Ra s e t t e t h ; Ra is s t r o n g a t [h is ] ( io ) s e t t in g
. Ap e p
" b a t h fa l l e n , Ap e p , t h e e n e m y o fRd , d e p a r t e t h . Gr e a t e r is t h e
" p u n is h m e n t [w h ic h b a t h b e e n in fl ic t e d o n ] t h e e t h a n t h e s t in g
( ?)
" w h ic h
is in t h e S c o r p io n g o d d e s s , a n d m ig h t il y h a t h s h e , w h o s e
" c o u r s e is e v e r l a s t in g , w o r k e d it u p o n t h e e a n d w it h d e a d l y e ffe c t .
" ( it ) Th o u s h a l t n e v e r e n j o y t h e d e l ig h t s o fl o v e , t h o u s h a l t
" n e v e r fu l fil t h y d e s ir e , 0Ap e p , t h o u En e m y o fRd !He m a k e t h
" t h e e t o g o b a c k , 0t h o u w h o a r t h a t e fu l t o Rd ; h e l o o k e t h
" u p o n t h e e ,
( 1 2) g e t t h e e b a c k ![He ] p ie r c e t h [t h y ] h e a d , [h e ]
" c u t t e t h t h r o u g h t h y fa c e , [h e ] d iv id e t h [t h y ] h e a d a t t h e t w o
" s id e s o ft h e w a y s , a n d it is c r u s h e d in h is l a n d
; t h y b o n e s
" a r e s m a s h e d in p ie c e s , t h y m e m b e r s a r e h a c k e d o fft h e e , a n d
" t h e g o d [A] k e r b a t h c o n d e m n e d ( 1 3 ) t h e e , 0Ap e p , t h o u e n e m y
g o

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD A1 ' .
" o fRd !Th y m a r in e r s a r e t h o s e w h o k e e p t h e r e c k o n in g fo r
" t h e e , [0Rd , a s t h o u ] a d v a n c e s t , a n d t h o u r e s t e s t t h e r e w h e r e in
" a r e t h e o ffe r in g s m a d e t o t h e e . [As t h o u ] a d v a n c e s t , [a s t h o u ]
" a d v a n c e s t t o w a r d s t h e Ho u s e ( 1 4 ) t h e a d v a n c e w h ic h t h o u h a s t
" m a d e t o w a r d s t h e Ho u s e is a p r o s p e r o u s a d v a n c e
; l e t n o t a n y
" b a l e fu l o b s t a c l e p r o c e e d fr o m t h y m o u t h a g a in s t m e w h e n t h o u
" w o r k e s t o n m y b e h a l f. Ia m S e t w h o l e t l o o s e t h e s t o r m -c l o u d s
" a n d t h e
( 1 5 )
t h u n d e r in t h e h o r iz o n o fh e a v e n e v e n a s [d o t h ]
" t h e g o d N e t c h e b -a b -f. "
" ' Ha il ' , s a it h t h e g o d Te m , `M a k e s t r o n g y o u r fa c e s , 0s o l d ie r s
" o fRd , fo r Ih a v e d r iv e n b a c k t h e g o d ( i6 ) N e n t c h a in t h e p r e -
s e n c e o ft h e d iv in e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s . ' `Ha il ' , s a it h t h e g o d S e b ,
" `M a k e y e fir m t h o s e w h o a r e u p o n t h e ir s e a t s w h ic h a r e in t h e
" b o a t o fKh e p e r a , ( i7 ) t a k e y e y o u r w a y s , [g r a s p in g ] y o u r
" w e a p o n s o fw a r in y o u r h a n d s .: ' Ha il ' , s a it h Ha t h o r , `Ta k e v e
" y o u r a r m o u r . ' `Ha il ' , s a it h N u t , `Co m e a n d r e p u l s e t h e g o d ( r 8 )
" Tc h a w h o p u r s u e t h h im t h a t d w e l l e t h in h is s h r in e a n d w h o
" s e t t e t h o u t o n h is w a y a l o n e , n a m e l y , N e b -e r -t c h e r , w h o c a n -
" n o t b e r e p u l s e d . ' `Ha il ' , s a y t h o s e g o d s w h o d w e l l in t h e ir ( ig )
" c o m p a n ie s a n d w h o g o r o u n d a b o u t t h e Tu r q u o is e P o o l , `Co m e ,
" 0m ig h t y On e , w e p r a is e a n d w e w il l d e l iv e r t h e M ig h t y On e
" [w h o d w e l l e t h in ] t h e d iv in e S h r in e , fr o m w h o m p r o c e e d s t h e
" c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s ,
( 20) l e t c o m m e m o r a t io n s b e m a d e fo r
" h im , l e t p r a is e b e g iv e n t o h im , l e t w o r d s [o fp r a is e ] b e r e c it e d
" b e fo r e h im b y y o u a n d b y m e '
. `Ha il ' , s a it h N u t t o t h y S w e e t
" On e . `Ha il ' , s a y t h o s e w h o d w e l l a m o n g t h e g o d s , ( 21 )
`He
" c o m e t h fo r t h , h e fin d e t h [h is ] w a y , h e m a k e t h c a p t iv e s a m o n g
" t h e g o d s , h e h a t h t a k e n p o s s e s s io n o ft h e g o d d e s s N u t , a n d S e b
" s t a n d e t h u p . ' Ha il , t h o u t e r r ib l e o n e , t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s
" is o n ( 22) t h e m a r c h . Ha t h o r q u a k e t h w it h t e r r o r , a n d Rd h a t h
" t r iu m p h e d o v e r Ap e p . "
THECHAP TEROFREP U LS IN GTHEEATEROFTHEAS S .
CHAP TER XL
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f Ra ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I . BI . 5 4 ) a n d fr o m t h e
P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 i, s h e e t 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d s p e a r in g a s e r p e n t w h ic h h a s s p r u n g u p o n a n
a s s a n d is b it in g in t o h is n e c k ; s e e Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 r , s h e e t
21 ;
a n d
N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I . BI
. 5 4 .
Te x t : ( r ) THECHAP TEROFD RIVIN GBACKTHEEATEROF
THE AS S .
Os ir is Ra , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
I . " Ge t t h e e b a c k ,
( 2)
Ha i, t h o u im p u r e o n e , t h o u a b o m in a -
t io n o fOs ir is ! Th o t h h a t h c u t o fft h y h e a d , a n d Ih a v e p e r -
" fo r m e d u p o n t h e e a l l t h e t h in g s w h ic h t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s
" ( 3 ) o r d e r e d c o n c e r n in g t h e e in t h e m a t t e r o ft h e w o r k o ft h y
" s l a u g h t e r . Ge t t h e e b a c k , t h o u a b o m in a t io n o fOs ir is , fr o m t h e
" N e s h n t e t b o a t . . . . w h ic h ( 4 ) a d v a n c e t h w it h a fa ir w in d . Ye
" a r e h o l y , 0a l l v e g o d s , a n d [y e ] h a v e c a s t d o w n h e a d l o n g
" t h e e n e m ie s ( 5 ) o fOs ir is ; t h e g o d s o fTa -u r s h o u t fo r j o y . Ge t
" t h e e b a c k , 0t h o u Ea t e r o ft h e ( 6 ) As s , t h o u a b o m in a t io n o f
" t h e g o d Ha a s w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e u n d e r w o r l d
. Ik n o w t h e e ,
" Ik n o w t h e e , Ik n o w t h e e , Ik n o w t h e e . Wh o a r t t h o u ?( 7 )
" Ia m "
II .
( 2)
" On t h y fa c e , [0fie n d ] , a n d d e v o u r m e n o t , fo r Ia m
" p u r e , a n d Ia m w it h t h e t im e w h ic h c o m e t h o fit s e l f. Th o u
" s h a l t n o t c o m e t o m e , 0t h o u t h a t c o m e s t ' w it h o u t b e in g in -
" y o k e d , a n d w h o s e [t im e o fc o m in g ] is u n k n o w n . Ia m t h e l o r d
" o ft h y m o u t h , g e t t h e e b a c k ( 3 ) , t h o u a n d t h y d e s ir e s ( ?) Ha il ,
" l -a a s , w it h h is s t o n e [k n ife ] Ho r u s h a t h c u t a s u n d e r t h y m e m b e r s ,
" a n d t h o u a r t d e s t r o y e d w it h in t h y c o m p a n y , a n d t h y b e n d ( o r
" d w e l l in g -p l a c e ) is d e s t r o y e d fo r t h e e b y t h e c o m p a n y o ft h y g o d s
" w h o d w e l l in t h e c it ie s o fP e a n d ( 4 ) Te p
. He t h a t s l a y e t h
" [t h e e ] t h e r e is in t h e fo r m o ft h e Ey e o fHo r u s , a n d Ih a v e
" d r iv e n t h e e a w a y a s t h o u w a s t a d v a n c in g , a n d Ih a v e v a n q u is h e d
" t h e e b y t h e w in d s o fm y m o u t h . 0t h o u Ea t e r ( 5 ) o ft h o s e
" w h o c o m m it s in s , w h o d o l t p l u n d e r a n d s p o il , Ih a v e [c o m -
i . Th e s e w o r d s a r e fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fRa .
9 1
9 2
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.
" m it t e d ] n o s in ; t h e r e fo r e , l e t m y p a l e t t e a n d t h e w r it in g s w it h
" h o s t il e c h a r g e s [a g a in s t m e u p o n t h e m ] b e g iv e n u n t o m e . I
" h a v e d o n e n o w r o n g in t h e p r e s e n c e o f( 6 ) t h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s ,
" t h e r e fo r e s h o o t n o t t h y [v e n o m ] a t m e
. Ig iv e , d o t h o u t a k e
" a c c o r d in g t o w h a t Io r d e r ; s n a t c h m e n o t a w a y , a n d e a t m e
" n o t , fo r Ia m t h e l o r d o fl ife , t h e P r in c e ( Life , He a l t h , S t r e n g t h !)
" o ft h e h o r iz o n . "
CHAP TER XLI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i, s h e e t 25 . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th e d e c e a s e d a r m e d w it h a k n ife a n d a s h o r t s t a ff ; s e e
N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I . Bi. 5 5 . In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s t h e d e c e a s e d is
p ie r c in g a s e r p e n t w h ic h l ie s w r it h in g o n a b a r r e d in s t r u m e n t ( s e e Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , BI . z g ) .
Te x t : ( i) THE CHAP TER OF D RIVIN G AWAY THE S LAU GH-
TERIN GS WHICHAREP ERFORM ED IN THEU N D ERWORLD . N e b s e n i,
t h e s c r ib e a n d d e s ig n e r in t h e Te m p l e s o fU p p e r a n d Lo w e r
Eg y p t , h e t o w h o m fa ir v e n e r a t io n is p a id , ( 2) t h e s o n o ft h e
s c r ib e a n d a r t is t Th e n a , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ha il , Te m , Ih a v e b e c o m e g l o r io u s ( o r a Kk u ) in t h e p r e -
s e n c e o ft h e d o u b l e Lio n -g o d , t h e g r e a t ( 3 ) g o d , t h e r e fo r e o p e n
" t h o u u n t o m e t h e g a t e o ft h e g o d S e b . Is m e l l t h e e a r t h
" ( i .
e . , Ib o w d o w n s o t h a t m y n o s e t o u c h e t h t h e g r o u n d ) o f
" t h e g r e a t g o d w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e u n d e r w o r l d , a n d Ia d v a n c e
" ( 4 ) in t o t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s w h o d w e l l
" w it h t h e b e in g s w h o a r e in t h e u n d e r w o r l d
. Ha il , t h o u g u a r d ia n
" o ft h e d iv in e d o o r o ft h e c it y o fBe t a , t h o u [g o d ] N e t i O w h o
" d w e l l e s t in Am e n t e t , ( 5 ) Ie a t fo o d , a n d Ih a v e l ife t h r o u g h
" t h e a ir , a n d t h e g o d At c h -u r l e a d e t h m e w it h [h im ] t o t h e
" m ig h t y b o a t o f( 6 ) Kh e p e r a . Ih o l d c o n v e r s e w it h t h e d iv in e
" m a r in e r s a t e v e n t id e , Ie n t e r in , Ig o fo r t h , ( 7 ) a n d Is e e t h e
" b e in g w h o is t h e r e ; Il ift h im u p , a n d Is a y t h a t w h ic h Ih a v e
" t o s a y u n t o h im , w h o s e t h r o a t s t in k e t h [fo r l a c k o fa ir ] . Ih a v e
THECHAP TEROFD RIVIN GBACKS LAI7 GHTERIN GS . 9 3
" l ife , ( 8 ) a n d Ia m d e l iv e r e d , h a v in g l a in d o w n in d e a t h
. Ha il ,
" t h o u t h a t b r in g e s t o ffe r in g s a n d o b l a t io n s , b r in g fo r w a r d t h y
" m o u t h a n d m a k e t o d r a w n ig h t h e w r it in g s ( 9 ) ( o r l is t s ) o f
" o ffe r in g s a n d o b l a t io n s
. S e t t h o u Rig h t a n d Tr u t h fir m l y u p o n
" t h e ir t h r o n e , m a k e t h o u t h e w r it in g s t o d r a w n ig h , a n d s e t
" t h o u u p t h e g o d d e s s e s ( t o ) in t h e p r e s e n c e o fOs ir is , t h e m ig h t y
" g o d , t h e P r in c e o fe v e r l a s t in g n e s s , w h o c o u n t e t h h is y e a r s , w h o
" h e a r k e n e t h u n t o t h o s e w h o a r e in t h e is l a n d s ( o r p o o l s ) , w h o
" r a is e t h h is ( ii) r ig h t s h o u l d e r , w h o j u d g e t h t h e d iv in e p r in c e s ,
" a n d w h o s e n d e t h [Os ir is ] in t o t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t s o v e -
r e ig n p r in c e s w h o l iv e in t h e u n d e r w o r l d .
CHAP TER
XLII.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 i7 , s h e e t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g b e fo r e Os ir is w it h h is l e ft h a n d r a is e d
t o h is m o u t h ;
o r t h e d e c e a s e d h o l d in g a s e r p e n t in h is h a n d s ; o r t h e
d e c e a s e d a d d r e s s in g a s e r p e n t w h ic h h a s it s h e a d t u r n e d a w a y
; o r t h e
d e c e a s e d d r a w in g a c o r d fr o m r o u n d t h e t o p o f a t e t ( ?) ,
e m b l e m o f
s t a b il it y . I
Te x t : ( t ) THECHAP TEROFD RIVIN G BACK THE
( 2) S LAU GH-
TERIN GS WHICHAREP ERFORM ED IN S U TEN -HEN EN . Os ir is N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ot h o u l a n d o ft h e s c e p t r e ! ( l it e r a l b r , w o o d ) 0 t h o u w h it e
" c r o w n o ft h e d iv in e fo r m !
0t h o u r e s t in g -p l a c e o ft h e b o a t !
" Ia m t h e Ch il d , ( 3 ) Ia m t h e Ch il d , Ia m t h e Ch il d , Ia m
" t h e Ch il d
. Ha il , Ab u -u r , t h o u s a y e s t d a y b y d a y
: `Th e s l a u g h t e r -
" b l o c k is m a d e r e a d y a s t h o u k n o w e s t , a n d t h o u b a s t c o m e t o
" d e c a y . ' Ia m ( 4 . )
Ra , t h e s t a b l is h e r o ft h o s e w h o p r a is e [h im ] .
" Ia m t h e k n o t o ft h e g o d w it h in t h e As e r
t r e e , t h e d o u b l y b e a u t i-
fu l o n e , w h o is m o r e s p l e n d id t h a n y e s t e r d a y ( s a y fo u r t im e s ) .
" Ia m Rd , t h e s t a b l is h e r o ft h o s e w h o p r a is e [h im ]
. ( 5 ) Ia m
" t h e k n o t o ft h e g o d w it h in t h e
As e r t r e e , a n d m y g o in g fo r t h
" is t h e g o in g fo r t h [o fRa ] o n t h is d a y
. "
1 . Fo r t h e s e s e e
N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I . BI. 5 7 .
9 4
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" M y h a ir is t h e h a ir o fN u . M y fa c e is t h e fa c e o ft h e D is k
.
" M y e y e s a r e t h e e y e s o f( 6 ) Ha t h o r
. M y e a r s a r e t h e e a r s o f
" Ap -u a t
. M y n o s e is t h e n o s e o fKh e n t i-k h a s
. M y l ip s a r e t h e
" l ip s o fAn p u
. M y t e e t h a r e t h e t e e t h o f( 7 ) S e r q e t . M y n e c k
" is t h e n e c k o ft h e d iv in e g o d d e s s Is is
. M y h a n d s a r e t h e h a n d s
" o fBa -n e b -Ta t t u
. M y fo r e -a r m s a r e t h e fo r e -a r m s o fN e it h , t h e
" La d y o fS a is
. M y b a c k b o n e is ( 8 ) t h e b a c k b o n e o fS u t i
. M y
" p h a l l u s is t h e p h a l l u s o fOs ir is
. M y r e in s a r e t h e r e in s o ft h e
" Lo r d s o fKh e r -a b a
. M y c h e s t is t h e c h e s t o ft h e M ig h t y o n e
" o fTe r r o r
. ( 9 ) M y b e l l y a n d b a c k a r e t h e b e l l y a n d b a c k o f
" S e k h e t
. M y b u t t o c k s a r e t h e b u t t o c k s o ft h e Ey e o fHo r u s
.
" M y h ip s a n d l e g s a r e t h e h ip s a n d l e g s o fN u t
. M y fe e t a r e t h e
" fe e t o f ( r o ) P t a h
. [M y fin g e r s ] a n d m y l e g -b o n e s a r e t h e [fin g e r s
" a n d ] l e g -h o n e s o ft h e Liv in g Go d s
. Th e r e is n o m e m b e r o fm y
" b o d y w h ic h is n o t t h e m e m b e r o fs o m e g o d
. Th e g o d Th o t h
" s h ie l d e t h m y b o d y ( ii) a l t o g e t h e r , a n d Ia m Ra d a y b y d a y
.
" Is h a l l n o t b e d r a g g e d b a c k b y m y a r m s , a n d n o n e s h a l l l a y
" v io l e n t h o l d u p o n m y h a n d s
. An d s h a l l d o m e h u r t n e it h e r
" m e n , n o r g o d s , ( 1 2)
n o r t h e s a in t e d d e a d , n o r t h o s e w h o h a v e
" p e r is h e d , n o r a n y o n e o ft h o s e o fa n c ie n t t im e s , n o r a n y m o r t a l ,
" n o r a n y h u m a n b e in g . I( r 3 ) a m h e w h o c o m e t h fo r t h , a d -
v a n c in g , w h o s e n a m e is u n k n o w n
. Ia m Ye s t e r d a y , a n d S e e r
" o fm il l io n s o fy e a r s is m y n a m e
. Ip a s s a l o n g , Ip a s s a l o n g
" t h e p a t h s o ft h e d iv in e c e l e s t ia l j u d g e s
. ( r 4 ) 1 a m t h e l o r d o f
" e t e r n it y , a n d Id e c r e e a n d Ij u d g e l ik e t h e g o d Kh e p e r a
. Ia m
" t h e l o r d o ft h e
U r e r e t c r o w n . Ia m h e w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e
" U t c h a t [a n d in t h e Eg g , in t h e
U t c h a t a n d in t h e Eg g , a n d
" it is g iv e n u n t o m e t o l iv e [w it h ] t h e m
. Ia m h e t h a t d w e l l -
" e t h in t h e U t c h a t
w h e n it c l o s e t h , a n d Ie x is t b y t h e s t r e n g t h
" t h e r e o f
. Ic o m e fo r t h a n d Is h in e ;
Ie n t e r in a n d Ic o m e t o
" l ife . Ia m in t h e
U t c h a t ] j m y s e a t is ( 1 5 ) u p o n m y t h r o n e ,
" a n d Is it in t h e a b o d e o fs p l e n d o u r (
: ) b e fo r e it . Ia m Ho r u s
" a n d ( I) t r a v e r s e m il l io n s o fy e a r s
. Ih a v e g iv e n t h e d e c r e e
" [fo r t h e s t a b l is h in g o f] m y t h r o n e a n d Ia m t h e r u l e r t h e r e o f ;
" a n d in v e r y t r u t h , m y m o u t h k e e p e t h a n e v e n b a l a n c e b o t h in
i
. Th e w o r d s w it h in b r a c k e t s a r e s u p p l ie d fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fM e s -e m -n e t e r
.
THECHAP TEROFD RIVIN GBACKS LAU GHTERIN GS .
9 5
" s p e e c h ( r 6 ) a n d
in s il e n c e . In v e r y t r u t h , m y fo r m s a r e in -
v e r t e d
. Ia m U n -n e fe r , fr o m o n e s e a s o n e v e n u n t o a n o t h e r ,
" a n d w h a t Ih a v e is w it h in m e
; [Ia m ] ( i7 ) t h e o n l y On e , w h o
" p r o c e e d e t h fr o m a n o n l y On e w h o g o e t h r o u n d a b o u t in h is
" c o u r s e
. Ia m h e w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e U t c h a t ,
n o e v il t h in g o fa n y
" fo r m o r k in d s h a l l s p r in g u p a g a in s t m e , a n d n o b a l e fu l o b j e c t ,
" a n d n o h a r m fu l t h in g , a n d n o d is a s t r o u s t h in g s h a l l h a p p e n u n t o
" ( t 8 ) m e
. Io p e n t h e d o o r in h e a v e n , Ig o v e r n m y t h r o n e , a n d I
`o p e n u p [t h e w a y ] fo r t h e b ir t h s [w h ic h t a k e p l a c e ] o n t h is d a y
.
" I a m ( ?)
t h e c h il d w h o m a r c h e t h a l o n g t h e r o a d o fYe s t e r d a y . [I
" a m ] To -d a y fo r u n t o l d n a t io n s a n d p e o p l e s
. ( i9 ) Ia m h e w h o
" p r o t e c t e t h y o u fo r m il l io n s o fy e a r s , a n d w h e t h e r y e b e d e n iz e n s
" o ft h e h e a v e n s , o r o ft h e e a r t h , o r o ft h e s o u t h , o r o ft h e ( 20)
" n o r t h , o r o ft h e e a s t , o r o ft h e w e s t , t h e fe a r o fm e is in y o u r
" b o d ie s . Ia m h e w h o s e b e in g h a s b e e n m o u l d e d in h is e y e ,
" a n d Is h a l l n o t d ie a g a in
. M y m o m e n t is in y o u r b o d ie s , b u t
" m y ( 21 )
fo r m s a r e in m y p l a c e o fh a b it a t io n . Ia m h e w h o
" c a n n o t b e k n o w n , b u t t h e Re d On e s h a v e t h e ir fa c e s d ir e c t e d
" t o w a r d s m e
. Ia m t h e u n v e il e d o n e
. Th e s e a s o n w h e r e in [t h e
" g o d ] c r e a t e d t h e h e a v e n s fo r m e
( 22) a n d e n l a r g e d t h e b o u n d s
" o ft h e e a r t h a n d m a d e g r e a t t h e p r o g e n y t h e r e o fc a n n o t b e
" fo u n d o u t
; b u t t h e y fa il a n d a r e n o t u n it e d [a g a in ]
. M y n a m e
" s e t t e t h it s e l fa p a r t fr o m a l l t h in g s [a n d fr o m ] t h e g r e a t e v il
" [w h ic h is in ] t h e m o u t h s [o fm e n ] b y r e a s o n o ft h e s p e e c h
" w h ic h Ia d d r e s s ( 23 ) u n t o y o u
. Ia m h e w h o r is e t h a n d s h in e t h ,
" t h e w a l l w h ic h c o m e t h o u t o fa w a l l , a n o n l y On e w h o p r o -
" c e e d e t h fr o m a n o n l y On e
. Th e r e is n e v e r a d a y t h a t p a s s e t h
" w it h o u t ( 2+ ' )
t h e t h in g s w h ic h a p p e r t a in u n t o h im b e in g t h e r e in ;
" p a s s in g , p a s s in g , p a s s in g , p a s s in g . Ve r il y Is a y u n t o t h e e , Ia m
" t h e S p r o u t w h ic h c o m e t h fo r t h fr o m N u , a n d m y M o t h e r is
" N u t . Ha il , 0
( 25 ) m y Cr e a t o r , Ia m h e w h o h a t h n o p o w e r
" t o w a l k , t h e g r e a t Kn o t w h o is w it h in y e s t e r d a y
. Th e m ig h t
" o fm y s t r e n g t h is w it h in m y h a n d . Im y s e l fa m n o t k n o w n ,
" b u t Ia m h e w h o k n o w e t h t h e e . ( 26 )
Ic a n n o t b e h e l d w it h t h e
" h a n d , b u t Ia m h e w h o c a n h o l d t h e e in h is h a n d
. Ha il , 0Eg g !
" Ha il , 0Eg g !Ia m Ho r u s w h o l iv e fo r m il l io n s o fy e a r s , w h o s e
9 6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" fl a m e s h in e t h u p o n y o u ( 27 ) a n d b r in g e t h y o u r h e a r t s t o m e
.
" Ih a v e t h e c o m m a n d o fm y t h r o n e a n d Ia d v a n c e a t t h is s e a s o n ,
" Ih a v e o p e n e d a p a t h , a n d Ih a v e d e l iv e r e d m y s e l ffr o m a l l
" e v il t h in g s . ( 28 ) Ia m t h e d o g -h e a d e d a p e o fg o l d t h r e e p a l m s
" a n d t w o fin g e r s [h ig h ] , w h ic h h a t h n e it h e r a r m s n o r l e g s a n d
" d w e l l e t h in He t -k a -P t a h ( M e m p h is ) , a n d Ig o fo r t h a s g o e t h
" fo r t h t h e d o g -h e a d e d a p e t h a t d w e l l e t h in He t -k a -P t a h
. "
In t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t 3 2, o n l y a p o r t io n o ft h is Ch a p t e r
is g iv e n , i
. e
. , t h e s e c t io n w h ic h g iv e s t h e n a m e s o ft h e d e it ie s
w it h w h o m t h e v a r io u s m e m b e r s o ft h e b o d y o ft h e d e c e a s e d
a r e id e n t ifie d
. Th is s e c t io n is a r r a n g e d in t a b u l a r fo r m , a n d
c a r e fu l l y d r a w n v ig n e t t e s g iv in g p ic t u r e s o ft h e g o d s m e n t io n e d
a r e a d d e d ;
t h e fo l l o w in g is t h e t r a n s l a t io n
: -
Vig n e t t e :
Th e g o d N u .
Te x t
:
( i) Th e h a ir o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is t h e h a ir
o fN u .
Vig n e t t e :
Rd , h a w k -h e a d e d , a n d w e a r in g a d is k
.
Te x t :
( 2) Th e fa c e o fOs ir is , t h e s c r ib e An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is
t h e fa c e o fRd .
Vig n e t t e :
Th e g o d d e s s Ha t h o r , w it h h o r n s a n d a d is k o n h e r h e a d
.
Te x t :
( 3 ) Th e e y e s o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e e y e s
o fHa t h o r .
Vig n e t t e :
Th e g o d Ap -u a t , j a c k a l -h e a d e d , o n a s t a n d a r d
.
Te x t :
( 4 ) Th e e a r s o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e e a r s
o fAp -u a t
.
Vig n e t t e :
Th e g o d An p u , j a c k a l -h e a d e d
.
Te x t
:
( 5 ) Th e l ip s o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e l ip s
o fAn p u .
Vig n e t t e :
Th e s c o r p io n -g o d d e s s S e r q e t h o l d in g t h e e m b l e m s o fl ife
a n d e t e r n it y
.
Te x t :
( 6 ) Th e t e e t h o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e t e e t h
o fS e r q e t .
Vig n e t t e :
Th e g o d d e s s Is is .
Te x t :
( 7 ) Th e n e c k o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is t h e n e c k
o fIs is .
THECHAP TEROFTHEID EN TIFICATION OF, 1 1 E_1 7 1 3 ER . S .
9 7
Vig n e t t e :
Ar a m -h e a d e d g o d , h a v in g a s e r p e n t b e t w e e n h is h o r n s
.
Te x t : ( 8 ) Th e h a n d s o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e h a n d s
o fBa -n e b -Ta t t u .
Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d d e s s U a t c h e t .
Te x t : ( g ) Th e s h o u l d e r o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is t h e
s h o u l d e r o fU a t c h e t
.
Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d d e s s M e r t s t a n d in g o n t h e s y m b o l o fg o l d ; h e r
h a n d s a r e o u t s t r e t c h e d , a n d s h e h a s o n h e r h e a d a c l u s t e r o fp l a n t s .
Te x t : ( 1 0) Th e t h r o a t o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is t h e t h r o a t
o fM e r t .
Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d d e s s N e it h .
Te x t : ( t r ) Th e fo r e -a r m s o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e
fo r e -a r m s o ft h e l a d y o fS a Ys
.
Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d S e t .
Te x t : ( 1 2) Th e b a c k b o n e o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is t h e
b a c k b o n e o fS e t .
Vig n e t t e : Ag o d .
Te x t : ( i3 ) Th e c h e s t o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is t h e c h e s t
o ft h e l o r d s o fKh e r -a b a .
Vig n e t t e : Ag o d .
Te x t : ( r ¢) Th e fl e s h o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is t h e fl e s h
o ft h e M ig h t y On e o fTe r r o r .
Vig n e t t e :
Ag o d .
Te x t : ( i5 ) Th e r e in s a n d b a c k o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t ,
a r e t h e r e in s a n d b a c k o fS e k h e t .
Vig n e t t e :
An U t c h a t u p o n a p y l o n .
Te x t :
( t 6 ) Th e b u t t o c k s o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e
b u t t o c k s o ft h e Ey e o fHo r n s .
Vig n e t t e : Os ir is , w e a r in g t h e At e f
c r o w n a n d h o l d in g t h e fl a il a n d
c r o o k .
Te x t :
( r 7 ) Th e p h a l l u s o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , is t h e
p h a l l u s o fOs ir is .
Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d d e s s N u t .
Te x t :
( t 8 ) Th e l e g s o fOs ir is ' An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e l e g s
o fN u t .
Vig n e t t e
: Th e g o d P t a h , s t a n d in g o n t h e p e d e s t a l o fM a a t
.
7
9
8 THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
Te x t
: ( r 9 ) Th e
fe e t o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e fe e t
o fP t a h .
Vig n e t t e
: Th e s t a r Or io n .
Te x t : (
2o )
Th e fin g e r s o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e
fin g e r s o fOr io n .
Vig n e t t e
: Th r e e u r a e i .
Te x t : (
21 )
Th e l e g -h o n e s o fOs ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , a r e t h e
l e g -b o n e s o ft h e l iv in g u r a e i
.
CHAP TER X1 , I1 1 .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s
o f An i( Br it . M u s . N o .
1 0, 4 7 0,
s h e e t
1 7 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
In t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n t h is Ch a p t e r
is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e
;
in t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , BI . 20)
t h e d e c e a s e d is s e e n
a d o r in g t h r e e g o d s , e a c h o fw h o m h o l d s t h e e m b l e m o fl ife in h is r ig h t
h a n d a n d a s c e p t r e in h is l e ft .
Te x t :
( i) THECHAP TEROFN OTLETTIN GTHEHEAD OFA
M AN BECU TOFFFROM HIM IN THEU N D ERWORLD
. Os ir is An i,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ia m t h e Gr e a t On e , s o n o ft h e Gr e a t On e
; [Ia m ] Fir e , t h e
" s o n o fFir e , t o w h o m w a s g iv e n ( 3 ) h is h e a d a ft e r it h a d b e e n
" c u t o ff
. Th e h e a d o fOs ir is w a s n o t t a k e n a w a y fr o m h im ,
" l e t n o t t h e h e a d o fOs ir is ( 4 ) An ib e t a k e n a w a y fr o m h im
. I
" h a v e k n it m y s e l ft o g e t h e r
;
Ih a v e m a d e m y s e l fw h o l e a n d
" c o m p l e t e ;
Ih a v e r e n e w e d m y y o u t h ;
Ia m Os ir is , t h e l o r d
" o fe t e r n it y .
CHAP TER XLIV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s
o f An i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0,
s h e e t 1 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e
:
Th e s c r ib e An i, c l o t h e d in w h it e a n d s e a t e d in a c h a ir
; h e
h o l d s in t h e r ig h t h a n d t h e k h e r p
s c e p t r e , a n d in t h e l e ft a l o n g s t a ff
.
Be fo r e h im is a t a b l e . In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , Bl . 20) t h e
d e c e a s e d is s e e n s t a n d in g b e fo r e a fu n e r a l c o ffe r o r s h r in e
.
THECHAP TEROFN OTS U FFERIN GCORRU P TION .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFN OTD YIN GAS ECON D TIM EIN
THEU N D ERWORLD . Os ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" M y p l a c e o fh id in g is o p e n e d , m y p l a c e o fh id in g is r e v e a l e d .
" Th e Kh u s h a v e ( 2) fa l l e n in t o t h e d a r k n e s s , b u t t h e Ey e o f
" Ho r n s b a t h m a d e m e m ig h t y a n d t h e g o d Ap -u a t h a t h n u r s e d
" m e l ik e a b a b e . Ih a v e h id d e n ( 3 ) m y s e l fw it h y o u , 0y e s t a r s
" t h a t n e v e r d im in is h !M y b r o w is l ik e u n t o t h a t o fRa
; m y
" fa c e is o p e n ; ( 4 ) m y h e a r t is u p o n it s t h r o n e ; Ih a v e p o w e r
" o v e r t h e s p e e c h o fm y m o u t h ; Ih a v e k n o w l e d g e ; in v e r y t r u t h
" Ia m Rd h im s e l f
. Ia m n o t h e l d t o b e a p e r s o n o fn o a c c o u n t ;
" ( 5 ) a n d v io l e n c e s h a l l n o t b e d o n e u n t o m e . Th y fa t h e r l iv e t h
" fo r t h e e , 0s o n o fN u t ; Ia m t h y s o n , 0Gr e a t On e , a n d I
" h a v e s e e n t h e h id d e n t h in g s ( 6 ) w h ic h b e l o n g u n t o t h e e . Ia m
" c r o w n e d k in g o ft h e g o d s , Is h a l l n o t d ie a s e c o n d t im e in
" t h e u n d e r w o r l d . "
CHAP TER XLV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 1 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e m u m m y o ft h e s c r ib e An ib e in g e m b r a c e d b y An u b is ,
j a c k a l -h e a d e d , t h e g o d o ft h e d e a d .
Te x t : ( I)
THECHAP TEROFN OTS U FFERIN GCORRU P TION
IN THEU N D ERWORLD . Os ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" 0t h o u w h o c a n s t n o t m o v e , l ik e u n t o Os ir is ; 0t h o u w h o
" c a n s t n o t m o v e , l ik e u n t o Os ir is ! ( 2) 0t h o u w h o s e l im b s c a n n o t
" m o v e , l ik e u n t o [t h o s e o f] Os ir is !Le t n o t t h y l im b s b e w it h -
o u t m o v e m e n t ;
l e t t h e m n o t s u ffe r c o r r u p t io n ;
l e t t h e m n o t
" p a s s a w a y ; l e t t h e m n o t d e c a y ; a n d l e t t h e m b e fa s h io n e d ( 3 )
" fo r m e a s ifIm y s e l fw e r e Os ir is , "
Ru b r ic : IF[THED ECEAS ED ] KN OWTHIS CHAP TER, HES HALLN EVER
S U FFERCORRU P TION IN THEU N D ERWORLD .
7 V
9 9
1 0 0

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
CHAP TERXLVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f An i( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t
i6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d o o r w a y o ft h e t o m b . By o n e p o s t s t a n d s t h e s o u l o f
t h e s c r ib e An iin t h e fo r m o fa h u m a n -h e a d e d h a w k , a n d b y t h e o t h e r
t h e Be r n n t b ir d .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFN OTP ERIS HIN GAN ] ) OFBE-
COM IN GALIVEIN THEU N D ERWORLD . Os ir is An is a it h : -
" Ha il , ( 2) y e c h il d r e n o f
t h e g o d S h u !Ha il , y e c h il d r e n o f
" t h e g o d S h u !Th e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) b a t h g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y
" o v e r h is d ia d e m . ' Lik e t h e Ha m t n e m e t 2 b e in g s m a y I a r is e ,
" e v e n a s Os ir is d o t h a r is e a n d fa r e fo r t h . "
CHAP TERXLVII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N o ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t
8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : In t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e ; b u t
in t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s , o p .
c it . ,
BI . 20) a fu n e r a l s h r in e is d e p ic t e d
w it h t h e s o u l o ft h e d e c e a s e d o n o n e s id e o fit , a n d t h e Be n n u b ir d o n
t h e o t h e r .
Te x t : ( t ) THECHAP TEROFN OTALLOWIN GTHES EATAN D
THRON EOF N Q, THEOVERS EEROFTHEP ALACEAN D CHAN CEL-
LOR-IN -CHIEF, TOBETAKEN AWAY ( 2) FROM HIM IN THEU N D ER-
\ VORLD . He s a it h : -
" O m y S e a t , 0 m y Th r o n e , c o m e y e t o m e , a n d g o y e r o u n d
" a b o u t m e . I a m y o u r Lo r d , 0 y e g o d s , c o m e y e a n d t a k e u p
" y o u r p l a c e s in m y t r a in . ( 3 ) 1 a m t h e s o n o f y o u r l o r d , a n d y e
" b e l o n g t o m e t h r o u g h m y d iv in e fa t h e r w h o b a t h m a d e y o u . "
i . Th e P a p y r u s o f N e b s e n ir e a d s
: -
" Ea c h d a w n g a in e t h t h e m a s t e r y o v e r
[h is ] d ia d e m w it h r a y s o f l ig h t ; [y o u r ] h a n d s r is e t ip , [y o u r ] h e a d s r is e u p
e a c h d a y . "
2 . Ac l a s s o f
c e l e s t ia l b e in g s w h o w e r e o n c e m e n a n d w o m e n .
THECHAP TEROFN OTGOIN GTOTHEBLOCKOFS LAU GHTER . 1 0I
CHAP TER XLVII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N e b s e n i ( Br it . M u s . N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t 8 ) . ]
" 0m y S e a t , 0m y Th r o n e , c o m e y c t o m e , a n d g o y e r o u n d
" a b o u t m e , 0y e g o d s . Ia m a s p ir it u a l b o d y ( s a h ) , t h e r e fo r e
" l e t m e r is e u p a m o n g t h o s e w h o fo l l o w t h e g r e a t g o d . Ia m
" t h e s o n o fM a d t i, a n d t h a t w h ic h h e a b o m in a t e t h is t h e s p e e c h
" o ffa l s e h o o d . Ia m in t r iu m p h !"
CHAP TERXLVIII .
Th is Ch a p t e r is g iv e n t w ic e in t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n , o n c e a s
Ch a p t e r Xa n d o n c e a s Ch a p t e r XLVIII
; fo r t h e t r a n s l a t io n o f
it a s fo u n d in t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t 1 8 , s e e a b o v e , p . 29 .
CHAP TERXLIX.
Th is Ch a p t e r is g iv e n t w ic e in t h e S a l t e Re c e n s io n , o n c e a s
Ch a p t e r XIa n d o n c e a s Ch a p t e r XLIX ; fo r t h e t r a n s l a t io n o f
it a s fo u n d in t h e P a p y r u s o fN u , s h e e t 21 , s e e a b o v e , p . 3 o .
CHAP TERLA .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N e b s e n i( Br it . M u s . N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t 1 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e : In t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t i6 , a n d in t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s
( Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , B! . z i) t h e d e c e a s e d is r e p r e s e n t e d s t a n d in g w it h h is
b a c k t o a g o r y k n ife w h ic h r e s t s o n it s b l o c k .
Te x t : ( I) THE CHAP TEROF( 2) N OTEN TERIN GIN U N TOTHE
BLOCKOFTHEGOD . N e b s e n is a it h : -
" Th e fo u r b o n e s ( o r k n o t s ) o fm y n e c k a n d b a c k h a v e b e e n
" j o in e d t o g e t h e r fo r m e b y t h e ( 3 ) Gu a r d ia n o fh e a v e n , w h o
" s t a b l is h e d t h e k n o t fo r h im w h o l a y h e l p l e s s a t t h e b r e a s t s [o f
" h is m o t h e r ] o n t h e d a y o fc u t t in g o fft h e h a ir . Th e b o n e s o f
" m y n e c k a n d b a c k ( q ) h a v e b e e n k n it t o g e t h e r b y t h e g o d S e t
1 0 2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
" a n d b y t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s a s s t r o n g l y a s t h e y w e r e in t h e
" t im e t h a t is p a s t ;
m a y n o t h in g h a p p e n t o b r e a k t h e m a p a r t !
" M a k e y e m e s t r o n g !Th e g o d d e s s N u t h a t h j o in e d t o g e t h e r t h e
" b o n e s o fm y ( 5 ) n e c k a n d b a c k , [a n d t h e y a r c ] e v e n a s t h e y
" w e r e in t h e t im e t h a t is p a s t , w h e n Is a w t h e t r u e b ir t h o ft h e
" g o d s in v is ib l e fo r m s t a k e p l a c e in it s t r u e a n d r ig h t o r d e r
. I
" a m P e t i, a n d Ia m in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t g o d . "
CHAP TER LB .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o .
1 0 . 4 7 7 ,
s h e e t i9 ) . ]
Te x t
:
( i)
THE
CHAP TEROFN OTEN TERIN GIN U N TOTHE
BLOCK . Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ih a v e j o in e d u p m y h e a d a n d n e c k in h e a v e n [a n d ] in e a r t h .
" ( 2) Be h o l d it is Rd w h o , d a y b y d a y , s t a b l is h e t h t h e k n o t fo r
" h im w h o s t o o d h e l p l e s s u p o n h is l e g s o n t h e d a y o fc u t t in g
`o fft h e h a ir . Th e g o d S u t ia n d t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s h a v e
" j o in e d t o g e t h e r m y ( 3 ) n e c k a n d m y b a c k s t r o n g l y , a n d t h e y
" a r e e v e n a s t h e y w e r e in t h e t im e t h a t is p a s t ; m a y n o t h in g
" h a p p e n t o b r e a k t h e m a p a r t !M a k e y e m e s t r o n g a g a in s t t h e
" s l a u g h t e r e r o fm y d iv in e fa t h e r
. ( q ) Ih a v e g o t t e n p o w e r o v e r
" m y t w o l a n d s . Th e g o d d e s s N u t h a t h j o in e d t o g e t h e r t h e b o n e s
" o fm y n e c k a n d b a c k , a n d Ib e h o l d t h e m a s t h e y w e r e in t h e
" t im e t h a t is p a s t , w h e n a s y e t Ih a d n o t s e e n M a d t , a n d w h e n
" t h e g o d s w e r e n o t b o r n ( 5 ) in v is ib l e fo r m s
. Ia m P e n t i, a n d
" Ia m in t h e fo r m o ft h e d e s t r o y e r o ft h e g r e a t g o d s . "
CHAP TERLI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e in t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n ;
in t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , BI . 21 ) a n u p r ig h t fig u r e o f t h e
d e c e a s e d fo r m s t h e v ig n e t t e .
THECHAP TEROFN OTEATIN GFILTH

io 3
Te x t : ( i) THE CHAP TER OF N OT M ARCHIN G TO BE OVER-
THROWN IN THEU N D ERWORLD . Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Th a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e , t h a t w h ic h is a n
" a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e , l e t m e n o t e a t . Th a t w h ic h is a n a b o m i-
n a t io n u n t o m e , t h a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e is fil t h ;
" l e t m e n o t e a t it [in t h e p l a c e o f] t h e s e p u l c h r a l c a k e s w h ic h
" a r e o ffe r e d u n t o t h e Ka s . I ( 3 ) Le t m e n o t b e d e s t r o y e d t h e r e -
b y ; l e t m e n o t b e c o m p e l l e d t o t a k e it in t o m y h a n d s ; a n d
" l e t m e n o t b e c o m p e l l e d t o w a l k t h e r e o n in m y s a n d a l s . "
CHAP TERLII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN o ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 ,
s h e e t >1 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e in t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n ;
in t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl . z r ) t h e d e c e a s e d is s e a t e d o n
a c h a ir a n d h is l e ft h a n d is s t r e t c h e d o u t o v e r a t a b l e .
Te x t : ( z ) THECHAP TER OF' N OT EATIN GFILTH IN
THE
U N D ERWORLD
. Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -
c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Th a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e , t h a t w h ic h is a n
" a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e , l e t m e n o t e a t
. Th a t w h ic h is a n a b o -
m in a t io n u n t o m e , ( 2) t h a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e
" is fil t h ; l e t m e n o t e a t it [in t h e p l a c e o f] t h e s e p u l c h r a l c a k e s
" [w h ic h a r e o ffe r e d u n t o ] t h e Ka s . Le t it n o t l ig h t u p o n m y b o d y ;
" l e t m e n o t b e o b l ig e d t o t a k e it in t o m y h a n d s ; a n d l e t m e
" n o t b e o b l ig e d t o ( 3 ) w a l k t h e r e o n in m y s a n d a l s
. Wh a t , n o w ,
" w il t t h o u l iv e u p o n in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g o d s ?[Le t fo o d ]
" c o m e u n t o m e fr o m t h e p l a c e w h it h e r t h o u w il t b r in g fo o d ( ?) ,
" a n d l e t m e l iv e u p o n t h e s e v e n l o a v e s o fb r e a d ( 4 ) w h ic h s h a l l b e
" b r o u g h t a s fo o d b e fo r e Ho r n s , a n d u p o n t h e b r e a d w h ic h is b r o u g h t
" b e fo r e Th o t h . Th e g o d s s h a l l s a y u n t o m e : `Wh a t m a n n e r o f
i . Or , " Le t m e n o t b e c o m p e l l e d t o e a t it [in t h e a b s e n c e o f] t h e s e p u l c h r a l
c a k e s a n d p r o v is io n s w h ic h
s h a l l b e o ffe r e d u n t o m e . "
1 0 4

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBY
D AY
" fo o d w o u l d s t t h o u h a v e g iv e n u n t o t h e e ?' [An d Ir e p l y : ] Le t
" m e e a t m y fo o d u n d e r t h e s y c a m o r e t r e e ( 5 ) o fm y l a d y , t h e
" g o d d e s s Ha t h o r , a n d l e t m y t im e s b e a m o n g t h e d iv in e b e in g s
" w h o h a v e a l ig h t e d t h e r e o n
. Le t m e h a v e t h e p o w e r t o o r d e r
" m y o w n fie l d s in Ta t t u ( 6 ) a n d m y o w n g r o w in g c r o p s in
" An n u . Le t m e l iv e u p o n b r e a d m a d e o fw h it e b a r l e y , a n d l e t
" m y b e e r b e [m a d e ] fr o m r e d g r a in , a n d m a y t h e p e r s o n s o f
" ( 7 ) m y
fa t h e r a n d m o t h e r b e g iv e n u n t o m e a s g u a r d ia n s o f
" m y d o o r a n d fo r t h e o r d e r in g o fm y t e r r it o r y
. Le t m e b e s o u n d
" a n d s t r o n g , l e t m e h a v e a l a r g e r o o m , a n d l e t m e b e a b l e t o
" s it w h e r e s o e v e r Ip l e a s e . "
CHAP TERLIII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t i i) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e in t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n
;
in t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , D l . 22) t h e d e c e a s e d is s e a t e d o n
a c h a ir w it h a t a b l e o fo ffe r in g s b e fo r e h im , a n d h is l e ft h a n d , w it h a b o w l
t h e r e in , is s t r e t c h e d o u t o v e r it .
Te x t : ( I) THECHAP TEROFN OTEATIN GFILTHAN D OFN OT
D RIN KIN GFOU LWATERIN THEU N D ERWORLD . Th e o v e r s e e r o f
t h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ia m t h e Bu l l w it h t w o h o r n s , a n d [I] l e a d
( 2) a l o n g t h e
" h e a v e n s . [Ia m ] t h e l o r d o ft h e r is in g s o ft h e h e a v e n s , t h e
" Gr e a t Il l u m in e r w h o c o m e t h fo r t h o u t o ffl a m e , t h e b e s t o w e r
" o fy e a r s , t h e fa r e x t e n d in g On e , t h e d o u b l e Lio n -g o d , a n d
" t h e r e h a t h b e e n g iv e n t o m e ( 3 ) t h e j o u r n e y o ft h e g o d o f
" s p l e n d o u r ( Kh u ) . I Th a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e , t h a t
" w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e , l e t m e n o t e a t
. [Le t m e n o t
" c a t ] fil t h , a n d l e t m e n o t d r in k fo u l w a t e r , a n d l e t m e n o t b e
" t r ip p e d u p a n d fa l l [in t h e u n d e r w o r l d ] . ( 4 ) Ia m t h e l o r d o f
" c a k e s in An n u , a n d m y b r e a d is in h e a v e n w it h Ra ,
a n d m y
" c a k e s a r e o n t h e e a r t h w it h t h e g o d S e b , fo r t h e
S e k t e t b o a t
I . Va r . , S h u .
THECHAP TERS OFGIVIN GAIRTOTHED ECF . t
. S ED
. 1 05
" a n d t h e Al e t b o a t h a v e ( 5 ) b r o u g h t t h e m t o m e fr o m t h e h o u s e
" o ft h e g r e a t g o d w h o is in An n u . Ih a v e p u t a w a y fr o m m e
" m y a s s o c ia t e s , a n d Ih a v e u n it e d m y s e l ft o t h e b o a t o fh e a v e n .
" Ie a t o fw h a t t h e y ( i .
e . , t h e g o d s , o r t h e d iv in e b o a t m e n ) e a t
" t h e r e ; Il iv e u p o n w h a t ( 6 ) t h e y l iv e u p o n t h e r e ; a n d Ic a t
" o ft h e c a k e s w h ic h a r e in t h e h a l l o ft h e l o r d o fs e p u l c h r a l
" o ffe r in g s , It h e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f,
" N u , t r iu m p h a n t . " I
CHAP TERLIV.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t i2) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d a r r a y e d in w h it e a n d h o l d in g a s a il , s y m b o l ic
o fa ir , in h is l e ft h a n d ( s e e P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t 1 5 ) .
Te x t : ( r ) THECHAP TEROFGIVIN GAIR ( 2) TOTHE OVER-
S EEROFTHEP ALACE, THECHAN CELLOR-IN -CHIEF,
N U , TRIU M -
P HAN T, IN THEU N D ERWORLD . He s a it h : --
" Ha il , t h o u g o d Te m u , g r a n t u n t o m e t h e s w e e t b r e a t h w h ic h
" d w e l l e t h in t h y n o s t r il s !Ia m t h e Eg g ( 3 ) w h ic h is in Ke n k c n -
" u r ( i . e . , t h e Gr e a t Ca c k l e r ) , a n d Iw a t c h a n d g u a r d t h a t m ig h t y
" t h in g w h ic h b a t h c o m e in t o b e in g a n d w it h w h ic h t h e g o d S e b
" b a t h o p e n e d t h e e a r t h . Il iv e ; a n d it l iv e t h ; ( 4 ) Ib e c o m e o l d ,
" Il iv e , a n d Is n u fft h e a ir
. Ia m t h e g o d U t c h a -a a b e t ( i . e . , t h e
" g o d w h o t r ie t h h o s t il it y ) , a n d Ir e v o l v e b e h in d [t o p r o t e c t ] h is
" e g g . Is h in e a t t h e m o m e n t ( 5 ) o fHo r u s , t h e m ig h t y g o d S u t i,
" w h o s e s t r e n g t h is t w o -fo l d . Ha il , t h o u w h o m a k e s t s w e e t t h e
" s e a s o n s o ft h e t w o e a r t h s , t h o u d w e l l e r a m o n g t c h e fa t u fo o d ,
" t h o u d w e l l e r in t h e c e r u l e a n h e ig h t s o fh e a v e n , 2
k e e p w a t c h
" o v e r t h e Ba b e t h a t d w e l l e t h in h is ( 6 ) c o t w h e n h e c o m e t h
" fo r t h t o y o u . "
i . In t h e Le y d e n P a p y r u s o fRd t h e Ch a p t e r e n d s : - " t r iu m p h a n t b e fo r e t h e
g r e a t g o d , t h e l o r d o fAm e n t e t , a n d b e fo r e An p u " ; in t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s ,
o p
. c it . , 1 3 1
. 22) it e n d s w it h t h e w o r d s : - " Fil t h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e ,
a n d Iw il l n o t e a t it . "
2 . Lit e r a l l y : " D w e l l e r in l a p is -l a z u l i . "
io 6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
CHAP TER
LV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 i7 , s h e e t 1 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d h o l d in g a s a il in e a c h h a n d ( s e e N a v il l e ,
o p . c it . ,
Bd . I . Bl . 6 7 ) .
Te x t :
( i) THECHAP TEROFGIVIN GAIRIN THEU N D ER-
WORLD . S a it h N u , t r iu m p h a n t
: -( 2)
" Ia m t h e Ja c k a l o fj a c k a l s , Ia m S h u , a n d [I] d r a w a ir fr o m
" t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g o d o fLig h t ( Kh ii) t o t h e b o u n d s o f h e a v e n ,
" a n d t o t h e b o u n d s
o f( 3 ) e a r t h , a n d t o t h e b o u n d s o f t h e u t t e r -
m o s t l im it s o ft h e fl ig h t ( l it e r a l l y
fe a t h e r ) o f t h e N e b e h b ir d .
" M a y a ir b e g iv e n u n t o t h e s e y o u n g d iv in e b e in g s . " r
CHAP TERLVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 1 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d h o l d in g in h is h a n d a s a il s y m b o l ic o fa ir .
Te x t : ( t ) THECHAP TEROF' S N U FFIN GTHEAIRAM ON GTHE
WATERS IN THEU N D ERWORLD . Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , ( 2)
t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ha il , t h o u g o d Te m , g r a n t t h o u u n t o m e t h e s w e e t b r e a t h
" w h ic h d w e l l e t h in t h y n o s t r il s . Ie m b r a c e t h a t g r e a t t h r o n e ( 3 )
" w h ic h is in t h e c it y o fHe r m o p o l is , a n d Ik e e p w a t c h o v e r t h e
" e g g o fKe n l ie n -u r ( i . e . , Gr e a t Ca c k l e r ) ; Ig e r m in a t e a s it
" g e r m in a t e t h ; ( a ) Il iv e a s it l iv e t h ; a n d [m y ] b r e a t h is [it s ]
" b r e a t h
. "
CHAP TERLVII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t t 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g in a s t r e a m o fw a t e r , a n d h o l d in g a
s a il in h is l e ft h a n d ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I .
1 3 1 . 7 0) -
i . A
P a p y r u s a t Le y d e n ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . II . p . 1 25 ) a d d s : " M y m o u t h
is o p e n , a n d Is e e w it h m y t w o e y e s
. "
THECHAP TERS OFGIVIN GAIRTOTHED ECEAS ED
.
1 07
Te x t : ( i)
THE
CHAP TER OF S N U FFIN G THE AIR AN D
OF
HAVIN GTHEM AS TERYOVERTHEWATERIN THEU N D ERWORLD
.
Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m -
p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ha il , Ha p -u r , g o d o fh e a v e n , in t h y n a m e o f`D iv id e r o f
" h e a v e n ' , g r a n t t h o u u n t o m e t h a t Im a y h a v e d o m in io n o v e r
" ( 3 ) t h e w a t e r , e v e n a s t h e g o d d e s s S e k h e t h a d p o w e r o v e r
" Os ir is o n t h e n ig h t o ft h e s t o r m s a n d fl o o d s
. Gr a n t t h o u t h a t
" Im a y h a v e p o w e r o v e r t h e d iv in e p r in c e s w h o h a v e t h e ir h a -
b it a t io n s in t h e p l a c e o f( 4 ) t h e g o d o ft h e in u n d a t io n , e v e n
" a s t h e y h a v e p o w e r o v e r t h e ir o w n h o l y g o d o fw h o s e n a m e
" t h e y a r e ig n o r a n t ;
a n d m a y t h e y l e t m e h a v e p o w e r e v e n a s
" [h e h a t h l e t t h e m h a v e p o w e r ] . "
" M y n o s t r il s a r c ( 5 ) o p e n e d in Ta t t u , " o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , " M y
" m o u t h a n d m y n o s t r il s a r e o p e n e d in Ta t a u , a n d Ih a v e m y
" p l a c e o fp e a c e in An n u , w h ic h is m y h o u s e
; it w a s b u il t fo r
" m e b y t h e ( 6 ) g o d d e s s S e s h e t a , a n d t h e g o d Kh n e m u s e t it u p
" fo r m e u p o n it s w a l l s
. Ift o t h is h e a v e n it c o m e t h b y t h e n o r t h ,
" Is it a t t h e s o u t h ; ift o t h is h e a v e n ( 7 ) it c o m e t h b y t h e s o u t h ,
" Is it a t t h e n o r t h ;
ift o t h is h e a v e n it c o m e t h b y t h e w e s t ,
" Is it a t t h e c a s t ;
a n d ift o t h is h e a v e n it c o m e t h b y t h e e a s t ,
" ( S ) Is it a t t h e w e s t . Id r a w t h e h a ir o fm y n o s t r il s , a n d I
" m a k e m y w a y in t o e v e r y p l a c e in w h ic h Iw is h t o s it
. "
In t h e P a p y r u s o fN e fe r -u b e n -f( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . ,
Bd . I .
1 3 1
. 7 0) t h is Ch a p t e r e n d s q u it e d iffe r e n t l y , a n d r e a d s
: -
" Ia m s t r o n g in m y m o u t h a n d in m y n o s t r il s , fo r b e h o l d
" Te m h a s s t a b l is h e d t h e m
; b e h o l d , 0y e g o d s a n d Kh u s .
Re s t
" t h o u , t h e n , 0Te m
. Be h o l d t h e s t a ffw h ic h b l o s s o m e t h , a n d
" w h ic h c o m e t h fo r t h w h e n a m a n c r ie t h o u t in y o u r n a m e s .
" Be h o l d , Ia m Te m , t h e t r e e ( ?) o ft h e g o d s in [t h e ir ] v is ib l e
" fo r m s . Le t m e n o t b e t u r n e d b a c k
. . . . Ia m t h e Am -k h e n t ,
" N e fe r -u b e n -f, t r iu m p h a n t
. Le t n e it h e r m y fl e s h n o r m y m e m b e r s
" b e g a s h e d w it h k n iv e s , l e t m e n o t b e w o u n d e d b y k n iv e s b y
" y o u
. Ih a v e c o m e , Ih a v e b e e n j u d g e d , Ih a v e c o m e fo r t h t h e r e in ,
1 08

THECHAP TERS OFCOATIN GFORTHBYD AY .
" [I]
h a v e p o w e r w it h m y fa t h e r , t h e Ol d m a n , N u
. He b a t h
" g r a n t e d t h a t Im a y l iv e , h e b a t h g iv e n s t r e n g t h u n t o m e , a n d
" h e h a t h p r o v id e d m e w it h t h e in h e r it a n c e o fm y fa t h e r t h e r e in . "
CHAP TERLVIII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
An ia n d h is w ife Th u t h u s t a n d in g in a p o o l o fr u n n in g w a t e r ;
e a c h h o l d s a s a il , t h e s y m b o l o fa ir , in t h e l e ft h a n d , a n d s c o o p s u p w a t e r
t o t h e m o u t h w it h t h e r ig h t h a n d
. On t h e e d g e s o ft h e p o o l a r e p a l m
t r e e s , fr o m t h e l a r g e s t o fw h ic h h a n g g r e a t c l u s t e r s o fd a t e s .
Te x t : ( I) THECHAP TEROFBREATHIN GTHEAIRAN D OF'
HAVIN GD OM IN ION OVERTHEWATERIN THEU N D ERWORLD
.
Os ir is An is a it h : -
" Op e n t o m e . " Wh o a r t t h o u ?
Wh it h e r g o e s t t h o u ? ( 2) Wh a t
is t h y n a m e ?" Ia m o n e o fy o u
. " Wh o a r e t h o s e w it h t h e e ?
" Th e t w o s e r p e n t g o d d e s s e s
M e r t i . S e p a r a t e t h o u fr o m h im ,
" h e a d fr o m h e a d , w h e n ( 3 ) [t h o u ] g o e s t in t o t h e d iv in e
M e s g e n
" c h a m b e r
. He l e t t e t h m e s e t o u t fo r t h e t e m p l e o ft h e g o d s
" w h o h a v e fo u n d t h e ir fa c e s
. `As s e m b l e r o fS o u l s ' ( 4 ) is t h e
" n a m e o fm y b o a t ; `M a k in g t h e h a ir t o s t a n d o n e n d ' is t h e
" n a m e o ft h e o a r s ;
`Go a d ' is t h e n a m e o ft h e ( 5 ) h o l d ( ?) ;
" `M a k in g s t r a ig h t fo r t h e m id d l e ' is t h e n a m e o ft h e r u d d e r ;
" l ik e w is e [t h e b o a t ] is a t y p e o fm y b e in g b o r n e o n w a r d ( 6 ) in
" t h e p o o l . Le t t h e r e b e g iv e n u n t o m e v e s s e l s o fm il k , t o g e t h e r w it h
" c a k e s , a n d l o a v e s o fb r e a d , a n d c u p s o fd r in k , a n d fl e s h ( 7 ) in
" t h e Te m p l e o fAn p u . "
Ru b r ic : IFHE( I. E. , THED ECEAS ED ) KN OWETl t THIS CHAP TER, HE
S HALLGOIN TO, AFTERCOM IN GFORTHFROM , THEU N D ERWORLD OFTHE
[IIEAU r IF' U LAM EN TET] .
CHAP TERLIX.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 1 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
An ik n e e l in g b e s id e a p o o l o fw a t e r , w h e r e in g r o w s a s y c a -
m o r e t r e e ;
in t h e t r e e a p p e a r s t h e g o d d e s s N u t p o u r in g o u t w a t e r fo r h im
fr o m a v e s s e l w it h t h e r ig h t h a n d , a n d g iv in g h im c a k e s w it h t h e l e ft
.
THECHAP TERS OFGIVIN GAIRTOTHED ECEAS ED .
Te x t : ( i) THE CHAP TER OF S N U FFIN GTHE AIR, AN D OF
HAVIN G D OM IN ION
OVER THE WATERS IN THEU N D ERWORLD .
Os ir is An i s a it h : -
" Ha il , t h o u s y c a m o r e t r e e
o f t h e g o d d e s s N u t ! Gr a n t t h o u
" t o m e o f[t h e w a t e r a n d o f] t h e ( 2) a ir w h ic h d w e l l in t h e e .
" Ie m b r a c e t h e t h r o n e w h ic h is in U n n u ( He r m o p o l is ) , a n d I
" w a t c h a n d g u a r d ( 3 ) t h e e g g o fN e k e k -u r ( i . e . , t h e Gr e a t
" Ca c k l e r ) . It g r o w e t h , Ig r o w ; it l iv e t h , Il iv e ; ( 4 ) it s n u ffe t h
" t h e a ir , Is n u fft h e a ir , It h e
- Os ir is An i, in t r iu m p h . "
CHAP TER
LX.
[Fr o m
Le p s iu s , To d t e n b u c h , BI . 23 . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d h o l d in g in h is l e ft h a n d a s a il , s y m b o l ic o fa ir
.
Te x t : ( 1 ) AN OTHERCHAP TER . Os ir is Au f-d n k h , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : -
" Le t t h e g a t e s o fh e a v e n b e o p e n e d fo r m e b y t h e g o d [Th o t h ]
" a n d b y Ha p i, a n d l e t m e p a s s t h r o u g h t h e d o o r s o fTa -g e b h I
" in t o t h e g r e a t h e a v e n , " o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , " a t t h e t im e , " ( 2)
" [o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) ] , " w it h t h e s t r e n g t h ( ?) o fRd . Gr a n t y e , [0
" Th o t h a n d Ha p i, ] t h a t Im a y h a v e p o w e r o v e r t h e w a t e r , e v e n
" a s S e t h a d p o w e r o v e r ( 3 ) h is e n e m ie s o n t h e d a y w h e n t h e r e
" w e r e s t o r m s a n d r a in u p o n t h e e a r t h . Le t m e h a v e p o w e r o v e r
" t h e d iv in e b e in g s w h o h a v e ( 4 ) m ig h t y a r m s in t h e ir s h o u l d e r s ,
" e v e n a s t h e g o d w h o is a p p a r e l l e d in s p l e n d o u r a n d w h o s e
" n a m e is u n k n o w n h a d p o w e r o v e r t h e m ; a n d m a y Ih a v e p o w e r
" o v e r t h e b e in g s w h o s e a r m s a r e m ig h t y . "
1 09
CHAP TER LXI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 1 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e s c r ib e An i, c l o t h e d in w h it e , c l a s p in g t o h is b r e a s t h is
s o u l , w h ic h is in t h e fo r m o fa h u m a n -h e a d e d h a w k .
i . I. e . , Th e " l a n d o fc o l d a n d r e fr e s h in g w a t e r . "
I t o

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
Te x t : ( I) THE CHAP TER OF N OT LETTIN GTHES OU LOFA
M AN BETAKEN FROM HIM IN THEU N D ERWORLD . Os ir is , t h e
s c r ib e An i, s a it h : -
" I, e v e n I, a m h e
( 2) w h o c a m e fo r t h fr o m t h e w a t e r -fl o o d
" w h ic h Im a k e t o o v e r fl o w , a n d w h ic h b e c o m e t h m ig h t y a s t h e
" r iv e r [N il e ] . "
CHAP TERLXII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N e b s e n i( Br it . M u s . N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t 4 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d s c o o p in g u p r u n n in g w a t e r o u t o fa s t r e a m
in t o h is m o u t h w it h b o t h h a n d s .
Te x t :
( t )
THECHAP TER OF
D RIN KIN GWATERIN THEU N D ER-
WORt . D . Th e s c r ib e N e b s e n i
s a it h : - ( 3 )
" M a y b e o p e n e d [t o m e ] t h e m ig h t y fl o o d b y Os ir is , a n d
" m a y t h e a b y s s o fw a t e r b e o p e n e d [t o m e ] b y Te h u t i-Ha p i,
" ( k )
t h e l o r d o ft h e h o r iz o n , in m y n a m e o f`Op e n e r ' . M a y t h e r e
" b e g r a n t e d [t o m e ] m a s t e r y o v e r t h e w a t e r -c o u r s e s a s o v e r t h e
" m e m b e r s ( 5 ) o fS e t . Ig o fo r t h in t o h e a v e n
. Ia m t h e Lio n -
" g o d Rd
. Ia m t h e Bu l l . ( 6 ) [1 ] h a v e e a t e n t h e Th ig h , a n d Ih a v e
" d iv id e d t h e c a r c a s e
. Ih a v e g o n e r o u n d a b o u t a m o n g t h e is l a n d s
" ( o ) - l a k e s ) o fS e k h e t -( 7 ) Aa r u
. In d e fin it e t im e , w it h o u t b e g in n in g
" a n d w it h o u t e n d , h a t h b e e n g iv e n t o m e ; Iin h e r it e t e r n it y , a n d
" e v e r l a s t in g n e s s h a t h b e e n b e s t o w e d u p o n m e
. "
Th e l a s t t h r e e Ch a p t e r s , w it h a s in g l e v ig n e t t e , a r e g r o u p e d
in o n e in t h e P a p y r u s o fN e fe r -u b e n -f( s e e N a v il l e ,
o p . c it . ,
Bd . I .
BI .
7 2) ;
b u t t h e o r d e r o ft h e m a s t h e r e g iv e n is 6 1 , 6 o ,
6 2
. In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl . 23 ) t h e v ig n e t t e
o fe a c h is t h e s a m e , i . e . , t h e d e c e a s e d h o l d in g a s a il in h is
l e ft h a n d .
CHAP TERLXIIIA .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 i7 , s h e e t v ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d d r in k in g w a t e r fr o m a r u n n in g s t r e a m , o r t h e
d e c e a s e d k n e e l in g b y t h e s id e o fa p o o l o fw a t e r a n d r e c e iv in g w a t e r in a
THECHAP TEROFN OTBEIN G . S CALD ED .

III
b o w l , w h ic h h e h o l d s in h is l e ft h a n d , fr o m a v e s s e l w h ic h t h e g o d d e s s o f
t h e s y c a m o r e t r e e ( N u t ) is e m p t y in g in t o it . In t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it
. ,
Bl
. z 3 ) t h e d e c e a s e d is p o u r in g o u t w a t e r fr o m t w o v e s s e l s b e -
fo r e t h e s y m b o l o ffl a m e .
Te x t : ( I) THECHAP TEROFD RIN KIN GWATERAN D OFN OT
BEIN GBU RN T ( 2) BYFIRE[IN THEU N D ERWORLD ] .
Th e o v e r -
s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ha il , Bu l l o fAm e n t e t ! Ia m b r o u g h t u n t o t h e e , Ia m t h e
" o a r o fRd ( 3 ) w h e r e w it h h e fe r r ie d o v e r t h e d iv in e a g e d o n e s ;
" l e t m e n e it h e r b e b u r n t u p n o r d e s t r o y e d b y fir e
. Ia m Be t ,
" t h e fir s t -b o r n s o n o fOs ir is , w h o d o t h m e e t e v e r y g o d ( 4 ) w it h in
" h is Ey e in An n u . Ia m t h e d iv in e He ir , t h e e x a l t e d o n e ( ?) ,
" t h e M ig h t y On e , t h e Re s t in g On e . Ih a v e m a d e m y n a m e t o
" g e r m in a t e , ( 5 ) Ih a v e d e l iv e r e d [it ] , a n d t h o u s h a l t l iv e t h r o u g h
" m e d a y b y d a y . "
CHAP TERLXIIITi* .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o .
1 0, 4 7 7 ,
s h e e t i2) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g b e fo r e t w o s y m b o l s o ffir e , o r t h e d e -
c e a s e d s it t in g a t a t a b l e o fo ffe r in g s a n d s m e l l in g a fl o w e r ( N a v il l e ,
o p . c it . , Bd . I . 1 3 1
. 7 4 ) .
Te x t : ( I) THECHAP TEROFN OTBEIN GS CALD ED WITH
WATER . Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ia m t h e o a r m a d e r e a d y fo r r o w in g , ( 2) w h e r e w it h Ra t r a n s -
p o r t e d t h e b o a t c o n t a in in g t h e d iv in e a n c e s t o r s , a n d l ift e d u p
" t h e m o is t e m a n a t io n s o fOs ir is fr o m t h e La k e o fFir e , ( 3 ) a n d
" h e w a s n o t b u r n e d . Il ie d o w n l ik e a d iv in e
Kh z z , [a n d l ik e ]
" Kh n e m u w h o d w e l l e t h a m o n g l io n s . Co m e , b r e a k a w a y ( 4 )
" t h e r e s t r a in t s fr o m h im t h a t p a s s e t h b y t h e s id e o ft h is p a t h ,
" a n d l e t m e c o m e fo r t h b y it . "
1 1 2

THECHAP TERS OFCO-III-W ; FORTHBYD AY
.
CHAP TER LXIV.
Th e LXIVt h Ch a p t e r is p r o b a b l y o n e o ft h e o l d e s t o fa l l , a n d
t w o v e r s io n s o fit s e e m t o h a v e e x is t e d in t h e e a r l ie s t t im e s
.
Th e l o n g e r v e r s io n is c a l l e d t h e " Ch a p t e r o fc o m in g fo r t h b y
d a y in t h e u n d e r w o r l d " , a n d t h e s h o r t e r t h e " Ch a p t e r o fk n o w -
in g t h e `Ch a p t e r s o fc o m in g fo r t h b y d a y ' in a s in g l e Ch a p t e r " .
On a c o ffin o ft h e Xl t h d y n a s t y b o t h v e r s io n s o c c u r . Th e r u b r ic
o fo n e v e r s io n s a y s t h a t it w a s d is c o v e r e d in t h e r e ig n o fHe s e p -t i,
i . e . , a b o u t B . C . 4 26 6 ,
w h il e t h e r u b r ic o ft h e o t h e r a t t r ib u t e s
it s d is c o v e r y t o t h e t im e o fM e n t h u -b e t e p , w h ic h is c l e a r l y a
m is t a k e fo r M e n -k a u -Ra ( M y c e r in u s ) . Th u s in t h e Xl t h d y n a s t y
it w a s b e l ie v e d t h a t t h e Ch a p t e r m ig h t e v e n b e a s a n c ie n t a s t h e
t im e o ft h e Is t d y n a s t y . Th e r e is l it t l e d o u b t t h a t t h e Ch a p t e r w a s
l o o k e d u p o n a s a n a b r id g m e n t o fa l l t h e " Ch a p t e r s o fc o m in g
fo r t h b y d a y " , a n d t h a t it h a d a v a l u e w h ic h w a s e q u iv a l e n t
t o t h e m a l l .
CHAP TER LXIV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( Br it . M u s . N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t s 23 a n d
24 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d a d o r in g t h e s u n ' s d is k w h ic h r is e s a b o v e t h e
t o p o fa t r e e .
Te x t : ( r ) THECHAP TEROF COM IN G
FORTH BYD AYIN THE
U N D ERWORLD . N e b s e n i, t h e l o r d o fr e v e r e n c e , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ia m Ye s t e r d a y , To -d a y , a n d To -m o r r o w , [a n d Ih a v e ] t h e
" p o w e r ( 3 ) t o b e b o r n a s e c o n d t im e ; [Ia m ] t h e d iv in e h id d e n
" S o u l w h o c r e a t e t h t h e g o d s , a n d w h o g iv e t h s e p u l c h r a l m e a l s
" u n t o t h e d e n iz e n s o ft h e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) , Am e n t e t , a n d h e a v e n .
" [Ia m ] t h e r u d d e r ( 4 ) o ft h e e a s t , t h e p o s s e s s o r o ft w o d iv in e
" fa c e s w h e r e in h is b e a m s a r e s e e n . Ia m t h e l o r d o ft h e m e n
" w h o a r e r a is e d u p ;
[t h e l o r d ] w h o c o m e t h fo r t h fr o m o u t o ft h e
" d a r k n e s s , a n d ( 5 ) w h o s e fo r m s o fe x is t e n c e a r e o ft h e h o u s e
" w h e r e in a r e t h e d e a d
. Ha il , y e t w o h a w k s w h o a r e p e r c h e d u p o n
THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY . 1 1 3
" y o u r r e s t in g -p l a c e s , w h o h e a r k e n u n t o ( 6 ) t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e
" s a id b y h im , w h o g u id e t h e b ie r t o t h e h id d e n p l a c e , w h o l e a d
" a l o n g Rd , a n d ( 7 ) w h o fo l l o w [h im ] in t o t h e u p p e r m o s t p l a c e o f
" t h e s h r in e w h ic h is in t h e c e l e s t ia l h e ig h t s ![Ha il , ] l o r d o ft h e
" s h r in e w h ic h s t a n d e t h in t h e m id d l e o ft h e e a r t h
. ( 8 ) He is I,
" a n d Ia m h e , a n d P t a h h a t h c o v e r e d h is s k y w it h c r y s t a l
. [Ha il ]
" Rd , t h o u w h o a r t c o n t e n t , t h y h e a r t ( g ) is g l a d b y r e a s o n o f
" t h y b e a u t ifu l l a w o ft h e d a y ;
t h o u e n t e r e s t in b y Kh e m e n n u ( ?)
" a n d c o m e s t fo r t h a t t h e c a s t , a n d t h e d iv in e ( io ) fir s t -b o r n
" b e in g s w h o a r e in [t h y ] p r e s e n c e c r y o u t w it h g l a d n e s s [u n t o
" t h e e ]
. M a k e t h o u t h y r o a d s g l a d fo r m e , a n d m a k e b r o a d fo r
" m e t h y p a t h s ( ii) w h e n Is h a l l s e t o u t fr o m e a r t h fo r t h e l ife
" in t h e c e l e s t ia l r e g io n s
. S e n d fo r t h t h y l ig h t u p o n m e , 0S o u l
" u n k n o w n , fo r Ia m [o n e ] o ft h o s e w h o a r e a b o u t t o e n t e r in ,
" a n d t h e d iv in e s p e e c h is in
( 1 2) [m y ] e a r s in t h e Tu a t ( u n d e r -
" w o r l d ) , a n d l e t n o d e fe c t s o fm y m o t h e r b e [im p u t e d ] u n t o m e
;
" l e t m e b e d e l iv e r e d a n d l e t m e b e s a fe fr o m ( i3 ) h im w h o s e
" d iv in e e y e s s l e e p a t e v e n t id e , w h e n [h e ] g a t h e r e t h t o g e t h e r a n d
" fin is h e t h [t h e d a y ] in n ig h t
. Ifl o o d [t h e l a n d ] w it h w a t e r a n d
" `Qe m -u r ' is ( r 4 ) m y n a m e a n d t h e g a r m e n t w h e r e w it h Ia m
" c l o t h e d is c o m p l e t e
. Ha il , t h o u d iv in e p r in c e At i-s h e -f, c r y o u t
" u n t o t h o s e d iv in e b e in g s w h o d w e l l in t h e ir h a ir a t t h e
( 1 5 )
" s e a s o n w h e n t h e g o d is [l ift e d u p o n ] t h e s h o u l d e r , s a y in g
" ' Co m e t h o u w h o [d w e l l e s t ] a b o v e t h y d iv in e a b y s s o fw a t e r ,
" fo r v e r il y ( r 6 ) t h e t h ig h [o ft h e s a c r ific e ] is t ie d t o t h e n e c k ,
" a n d t h e b u t t o c k s a r e [l a id ] u p o n t h e h e a d o fAm e n t e t
. ' M a y t h e
" U r -u r t ig o d d e s s e s ( i. e . , Is is
a n d N e p h t h y s ) g r a n t [s u c h ] g ift s
" u n t o m e w h e n m y t e a r s s t a r t fr o m m e a s Is e e m y s e l f( i7 )
" j o u r n e y in g w it h t h e d iv in e Te n d in Ab y d o s , a n d t h e w o o d e n
" fa s t e n in g s w h ic h fa s t e n t h e fo u r d o o r s a b o v e t h e e a r e in t h y
" p o w e r ( i8 ) w it h in t h y g a r m e n t
. Th y fa c e is l ik e t h a t o fa
" g r e y h o u n d w h ic h s c e n t e t h w it h h is n o s e t h e p l a c e w h it h e r I
" g o o n m y fe e t . Th e g o d ( r g ) Al ia u t r a n s p o r t e t h m e t o t h e
" c h a m b e r ( ?) , a n d [m y ] n u r s e is t h e d iv in e d o u b l e Lio n -g o d h im -
" s e l f. Ia m m a d e s t r o n g a n d I
( 20) c o m e fo r t h l ik e h im t h a t
" fo r c e t h a w a y t h r o u g h t h e g a t e , a n d t h e r a d ia n c e w h ic h m y
8
1 1 4
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.
" h e a r t b a t h m a d e is e n d u r in g ; `Ik n o w t h e a b y s s e s ' is t h y n a m e
.
" Iw o r k fo r y o u , ( 21 ) 0y e Kh u s -fo u r m il l io n s , s ix -h u n d r e d
" t h o u s a n d , o n e t h o u s a n d a n d t w o h u n d r e d a r e t h e y -c o n c e r n in g
" t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e t h e r e . [Ia m ] o v e r t h e ir a ffa ir s w o r k in g
" ( 22) fo r h o u r s a n d d a y s in s e t t in g s t r a ig h t t h e s h o u l d e r s o ft h e
" t w e l v e S a h g o d s , ( 23 ) a n d j o in in g t h e h a n d s o ft h e ir c o m p a n y ,
" e a c h t o e a c h ; t h e s ix t h w h o is a t t h e h e a d o ft h e a b y s s is t h e
" h o u r o ft h e d e fe a t o ft h e Fie n d s
. [I] h a v e c o m e ( 24 ) t h e r e in
" t r iu m p h , a n d [Ia m ] h e w h o is in t h e h a l l s ( o r c o u r t y a r d s ) o f
" t h e u n d e r w o r l d , a n d Ia m h e w h o is l a id u n d e r t r ib u t e t o ( 25 )
" S h u
. Ir is e a s t h e Lo r d o fLife t h r o u g h t h e b e a u t ifu l l a w o f
" t h is d a y a n d it is t h e ir b l o o d a n d t h e c o o l w a t e r o f[t h e ir ]
" s l a u g h t e r ( 26 ) w h ic h m a k e t h e u n io n o ft h e e a r t h t o b l o s s o m .
" Im a k e a w a y a m o n g t h e h o r n s o fa l l t h o s e w h o m a k e t h e m -
s e l v e s s t r o n g a g a in s t m e , a n d [a m o n g ] t h o s e w h o in s e c r e t ( 27 )
" m a k e t h e m s e l v e s a d v e r s a r ie s u n t o m e , a n d w h o a r e u p o n t h e ir
" b e l l ie s
. Ih a v e c o m e a s t h e e n v o y o fm y Lo r d ( 28 ) o fl o r d s
" t o g iv e c o u n s e l [c o n c e r n in g ] Os ir is ; t h e e y e s h a l l n o t a b s o r b ,
" it s t e a r s . Ia m t h e d iv in e e n v o y ( ?)
o f ( 29 ) t h e h o u s e o fh im
" t h a t d w e l l e t h in h is p o s s e s s io n s , a n d Ih a v e c o m e fr o m S e k h e m
" t o An n u t o m a k e k n o w n t o t h e Be n r n t b ir d t h e r e in c o n c e r n in g
" t h e e v e n t s o f ( 3 o )
t h e " 1 ' u a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) . Ha il , t h o u Au k e r t ,
e . , u n d e r w o r l d ) w h ic h h id e s t t h y c o m p a n io n w h o is in t h e e ,
" t h o u c r e a t o r o ffo r m s o fe x is t e n c e l ik e t h e g o d Kh e p e r d , g r a n t
" t h o u t h a t ( 3 1 ) N e b s e n i, t h e s c r ib e a n d d e s ig n e r t o t h e t e m p l e s
" o ft h e S o u t h a n d o ft h e N o r t h , m a y c o m e fo r t h ( 3 2) t o s e e
" t h e D is k , a n d t h a t h is j o u r n e y in g s fo r t h ( ?) m a y b e in t h e p r e -
s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t g o d , t h a t is t o s a y , S h u , w h o d w e l l e t h in
" e v e r l a s t in g n e s s . Le t m e j o u r n e y o n in p e a c e ; ( 3 3 ) l e t m e p a s s
" o v e r t h e s k y ; l e t m e a d o r e t h e r a d ia n c e o ft h e s p l e n d o u r [w h ic h
" is in ] m y s ig h t ; l e t m e s o a r l ik e a b ir d t o s e e ( 3 4 ) t h e c o m -
p a n ie s ( ?) o ft h e Kl u r s
in t h e p r e s e n c e o fRa d a y b y d a y , w h o
" v iv ifie t h e v e r y h u m a n b e in g ( 3 5 ) t h a t w a l k e t h u p o n t h e r e g io n s
" w h ic h a r e u p o n t h e e a r t h . Ha il , He m t i( i . e . , Ru n n e r ) ; Ha il ,
" He m t i ;
w h o c a r r ie s t a w a y t h e s h a d e s o ft h e d e a d ( 3 6 ) a n d t h e
t . Lit e r a l l y , " e a t . "
THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.

1 1 5
" Kh u s
fr o m e a r t h , g r a n t t h o u u n t o m e a p r o s p e r o u s w a y t o t h e
" Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) , s u c h a s is m a d e fo r t h e fa v o u r e d o n e s [o f
" t h e g o d ] , b e c a u s e ( 3 7 ) [Ia m ] h e l p l e s s t o g a t h e r t o g e t h e r t h e
" e m a n a t io n s w h ic h c o m e fr o m m e . Wh o a r t t h o u , t h e n , w h o
" c o n s u m e s t in it s h id d e n p l a c e ?( 3 8 ) 1 a m t h e Ch ie fin Re -s t a u ,
" a n d `He t h a t g o e t h in in h is o w n n a m e a n d c o m e t h fo r t h in
" t h a t o fI-l e h i ( ?) ,
t h e l o r d o fm il l io n s o fy e a r s , a n d o ft h e e a r t h , '
" is m y n a m e . Th e p r e g n a n t g o d d e s s b a t h ( 3 9 ) d e p o s it e d [u p o n
" t h e e a r t h ] h e r l o a d , a n d h a t h g iv e n b ir t h t o Hit s t r a ig h t w a y ;
" t h e c l o s e d d o o r w h ic h is b y t h e w a l l is o v e r t h r o w n , ( 4 0) it is
" t u r n e d u p s id e d o w n a n d Ir e j o ic e t h e r e a t
. To t h e M ig h t y On e
" h a t h h is e y e b e e n g iv e n , a n d it s e n d e t h fo r t h l ig h t fr o m h is
" fa c e w h e n t h e e a r t h b e c o m e t h l ig h t ( o r a t d a y -b r e a k ) . Is h a l l
" n o t b e c o m e c o r r u p t ( 4 1 ) , b u t Is h a l l c o m e in t o b e in g in t h e
" fo r m o ft h e Lio n -g o d a n d l ik e t h e b l o s s o m s o fS h u
; Ia m t h e
" b e in g w h o is n e v e r o v e r w h e l m e d in t h e w a t e r s . Ha p p y , y e a
" h a p p y is h e t h a t l o o k e d u p o n t h e fu n e r a l c o u c h w h ic h b a t h
" c o m e t o it s p l a c e o fr e s t , u p o n t h e h a p p y d a y ( 4 2) o ft h e
" g o d w h o s e h e a r t r e s t e t h , w h o m a k e t h h is p l a c e o fa l ig h t in g
" [t h e r e o n ]
. Ia m h e w h o c o m e t h fo r t h b y d a y ; t h e l o r d o f
" t h e b ie r w h ic h g iv e t h l ife in t h e p r e s e n c e o fOs ir is . ( 4 3 ) In
" v e r y t r u t h t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e t h in e a r e s t a b l e e a c h d a y , 0
" s c r ib e , a r t is t , c h il d o ft h e S e s h e t c h a m b e r , N e b s e n i, l o r d o f
" v e n e r a t io n . Ic l a s p t h e s y c a m o r e t r e e ,
( 4 4 )
1 m y s e l fa m j o in e d
`u n t o t h e s y c a m o r e t r e e , a n d it s a r m s ] a r e o p e n e d u n t o m e
" g r a c io u s l y . Ih a v e c o m e a n d Ih a v e c l a s p e d t h e U t c h a t , ( 4 5 ) a n d
" Ih a v e c a u s e d it t o b e s e a t e d in p e a c e u p o n it s t h r o n e . Ih a v e
" c o m e t o s e e Ra w h e n h e s e t t e t h , a n d Ia b s o r b in t o m y s e l ft h e
" w in d s [w h ic h a r is e ] ( 4 6 ) w h e n h e c o m e t h fo r t h , a n d b o t h m y
" h a n d s a r e c l e a n t o a d o r e h im . Ih a v e g a t h e r e d t o g e t h e r [a l l
" m y m e m b e r s ] , Ih a v e g a t h e r e d t o g e t h e r [a l l m y m e m b e r s ] . I
" s o a r l ik e a b ir d ( 4 7 ) a n d Id e s c e n d u p o n t h e e a r t h , a n d m in e
" e y e m a k e t h m e t o w a l k t h e r e o n in m y fo o t s t e p s
. Ia m t h e c h il d
" o fy e s t e r d a y a n d t h e Ak e r u ( 4 8 ) g o d s o ft h e e a r t h h a v e m a d e
" m e t o c o m e in t o b e in g , a n d t h e y h a v e m a d e m e s t r o n g fo r m y
" m o m e n t [o fc o m in g fo r t h ] . Ih id e w it h t h e g o d Ab a -a a iu w h o
8 *
1 1 6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
" w il l w a l k ( 4 9 ) b e h in d m e , a n d m y m e m b e r s s h a l l g e r m in a t e ,
" a n d m y k h it s h a l l b e a s a n a m u l e t fo r m y b o d y a n d a s o n e
" w h o w a t c h e t h [t o p r o t e c t ] m y s o u l ( S o ) a n d t o d e fe n d it a n d
" t o c o n v e r s e t h e r e w it h ; a n d t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s s h a l l
" h e a r k e n u n t o m y w o r d s . "
Ru b r ic : IFTHIS CHAP TERBEKN OWN [BYTHED ECEAS ED ] HES HALL
BEVICTORIOU S BOTHU P ON EARTHAN D IN ( 5 i) THEU N D ERWORLD
. HE
S HALLD OWHATS OEVERAM AN D OETHWHOIS U P ON THEEARTH, AN D
HES HALLP ERFORM ALLTHED EED S WHICHTHOS ED OWHOARE[ALIVE] .
N OWITIS AGREATP ROTECTION [GIVEN ] BYTHEGOD
. THIS CHAP TER
WAS FOU N D ( 5 2) IN THECITYOFKHEM EN N U IN S CRIBED U P ON THEBLOCK
OFIRON IN LETTERS OFLAP IS -LAZU LIWHICHWAS U N D ERTHEFEETOF
THIS GOD .
In t h e Ru b r ic t o t h is Ch a p t e r a s fo u n d in t h e P a p y r u s o f
M e s -e m -n e t e r , t h e Ch a p t e r is s a id t o h a v e b e e n " d is c o v e r e d in
" t h e fo u n d a t io n s o ft h e s h r in e o ft h e d iv in e He n n u b o a t b y t h e
" c h ie fm a s o n in t h e t im e o ft h e k in g o ft h e N o r t h a n d o ft h e
" S o u t h , He s e p t i, t t r iu m p h a n t , " a n d it is t h e r e d ir e c t e d t h a t it
" s h a l l b e r e c it e d b y o n e w h o is c e r e m o n ia l l y p u r e a n d c l e a n ,
" a n d w h o h a t h n o t t o u c h e d w o m e n , a n d w h o b a t h n o t e a t e n
" fl e s h o fa n im a l s o r fis h . "
CHAP TERLXIV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 1 3 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : In t h e P a p y r u s o fN u t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e .
Te x t :
( I) THECHAP IEROF' KN OWIN GTHE" CHAP TERS OF
COM IN GFORTHBYD AY" IN A( 2) S IN GLECHAP TER
. Th e o v e r -
s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, Os ir is N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
b e g o t t e n o ft h e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , Am e n -h e t e p , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : -
" Ia m Ye s t e r d a y a n d To -m o r r o w ;
a n d Ih a v e t h e p o w e r , t o
" b e b o r n a s e c o n d t im e . [Ia m ] t h e d iv in e h id d e n ( 3 ) S o u l , w h o
I . Ak in g o ft h e fir s t d y n a s t y . S e e a l s o t h e r u b r ic t o t h e l o n g e r v e r s io n
o ft h e 6 4 t h fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u , in fr a , p . 1 t 3 .
THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .

1 1 7
" c r e a t e t h t h e g o d s , a n d w h o g iv e t h s e p u l c h r a l m e a l s t o t h e
" d iv in e h id d e n b e in g s [in t h e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) ] , in Am e n t i,
" a n d in h e a v e n
. [Ia m ] t h e r u d d e r o ft h e e a s t , t h e p o s s e s s o r o f
" t w o d iv in e fa c e s w h e r e in h is b e a m s a r e s e e n . ( 4 ) Ia m t h e l o r d
" o ft h o s e w h o a r e r a is e d u p , [t h e l o r d ] w h o c o m e t h fo r t h fr o m
" o u t o ft h e d a r k n e s s . [Ha il , ] y e t w o d iv in e Ha w k s w h o a r e
" p e r c h e d u p o n y o u r r e s t in g -p l a c e s , a n d w h o h e a r k e n u n t o t h e
" ( 5 ) t h in g s w h ic h a r e s a id b y h im , t h e t h ig h [o ft h e s a c r ific e ]
" is t ie d t o t h e n e c k , a n d t h e b u t t o c k s [a r e l a id ] u p o n t h e h e a d
" o fAm e n t e t
. M a y t h e U r -u r t i( 6 ) g o d d e s s e s ( i . e . , Is is a n d
" N e p h t h y s ) g r a n t s u c h g ift s u n t o m e w h e n m y t e a r s s t a r t fr o m
" m e a s Il o o k o n . `Ik n o w t h e a b y s s e s ' is t h y n a m e . [I] w o r k
" fo r [y o u ] , 0y e
( 7 ) Kk u s ,
w h o a r e in n u m b e r [fo u r ] m il l io n s ,
" [s ix ] h u n d r e d a n d o n e t h o u s a n d , a n d t w o h u n d r e d , a n d t h e y
" a r e [in h e ig h t ] t w e l v e c u b it s . [Ye ] t r a v e l o n j o in in g t h e h a n d s ,
" e a c h t o e a c h , b u t t h e s ix t h [h o u r ] , ( 8 ) w h ic h b e l o n g e t h a t t h e
" h e a d o ft h e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) , is t h e h o u r o ft h e o v e r t h r o w o f
" t h e Fie n d . [I] h a v e c o m e t h e r e in t r iu m p h , a n d [Ia m ] h e w h o
" is in t h e h a l l ( o r c o u r t y a r d ) o ft h e Tu a t ; ( g ) a n d t h e s e v e n ( ?)
" c o m e in h is m a n ife s t a t io n s . Th e s t r e n g t h w h ic h p r o t e c t e t h m e
" is t h a t w h ic h h a t h m y Kl in u n d e r it s p r o t e c t io n , [t h a t is ] t h e
" b l o o d , a n d t h e c o o l w a t e r , a n d t h e s l a u g h t e r in g s w h ic h a b o u n d ( ?) .
" Io p e n [a w a y a m o n g ] ( io ) t h e h o r n s o fa l l t h o s e w h o w o u l d
" d o h a r m u n t o m e , w h o k e e p t h e m s e l v e s h id d e n , w h o m a k e
" t h e m s e l v e s a d v e r s a r ie s u n t o m e , a n d t h o s e w h o a r e u p o n
( I
I)
" t h e ir b e l l ie s . Th e Ey e s h a l l n o t e a t ( o r a b s o r b ) t h e t e a r s o f
" t h e g o d d e s s Au k e r t . Ha il , g o d d e s s Au l c e r t , o p e n t h o u u n t o m e
" t h e e n c l o s e d p l a c e , a n d ( 1 2) g r a n t t h o u u n t o m e p l e a s a n t r o a d s
" w h e r e u p o n Im a y t r a v e l
. Wh o a r t t h o u , t h e n , w h o c o n s u m e s t
" in t h e h id d e n p l a c e s ?Ia m t h e Ch ie fin Re -s t a u , a n d [I] g o
" in a n d c o m e fo r t h ( i3 ) in m y n a m e o f`He h i, t h e l o r d o fm il -
" l io n s o fy e a r s [a n d o f] t h e e a r t h ' ; [Ia m ] t h e m a k e r o fm y
" n a m e
. Th e p r e g n a n t o n e h a t h d e p o s it e d [u p o n t h e e a r t h ] h e r
" l o a d
. Th e d o o r b y t h e w a l l is s h u t fa s t , a n d t h e ( r 4 ) t h in g s
" o ft e r r o r a r e o v e r t u r n e d a n d t h r o w n d o w n u p o n t h e b a c k b o n e ( ?)
" o ft h e Be n n u b ir d b y t h e t w o S a m a it g o d d e s s e s . To t h e M ig h t y
I I8

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
" On e b a t h h is Ey e b e e n g iv e n , a n d h is fa c e e m it t e t h l ig h t w h e n
" [h e ] ( 1 5 ) il l u m in e t h t h e e a r t h , [m y n a m e is h is n a m e ] . Is h a l l
" n o t b e c o m e c o r r u p t , b u t Is h a l l c o m e in t o b e in g in t h e fo r m
" o ft h e Lio n -g o d ; t h e b l o s s o m s o fS h u s h a l l b e in m e . Ia m
" h e w h o is n e v e r o v e r w h e l m e d in t h e w a t e r s . Ha p p y , y e a h a p p y ,
" is t h e fu n e r a l c o u c h o ft h e ( r 6 ) S t il l -h e a r t ; h e m a k e t h h im -
" s e l ft o a l ig h t u p o n t h e p o o l ( ?) , a n d v e r il y h e c o m e t h fo r t h
" [t h e r e fr o m ] . Ia m t h e l o r d o fm y l ife . Ih a v e c o m e t o t h is [p l a c e ] ,
" a n d Ih a v e c o m e fo r t h fr o m Re -a s -u r t ( I7 ) t h e c it y o fOs ir is .
" Ve r il y t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e t h in e a r e w it h t h e S a t -
it t d e it ie s
.
" Ih a v e c l a s p e d t h e s y c a m o r e t r e e a n d Ih a v e d iv id e d ( ?) it ( i8 ) ;
" Ih a v e o p e n e d a w a y fo r m y s e l f[a m o n g ] t h e S e k h iu g o d s o ft h e
" Tu a t . Ih a v e c o m e t o s e e h im t h a t d w e l l e t h in h is d iv in e u r a e u s ,
" fa c e t o fa c e a n d e y e t o
( Ig ) e y e , a n d [I] d r a w t o m y s e l ft h e
" w in d s [w h ic h r is e ] w h e n h e c o m e t h fo r t h . M y t w o e y e s ( ?) a r e
" w e a k in m y fa c e , 0Lio n [-g o d ] , Ba b e , w h o d w e l l e s t in U t e n t .
" ( 20) Th o u a r t in m e a n d Ia m in t h e e ; a n d t h y a t t r ib u t e s a r e
" m y a t t r ib u t e s . Ia m t h e g o d o ft h e In u n d a t io n ( Ba h ) , a n d
" ' Qe m -u r -s h e '
( 21 )
is m y n a m e . M y fo r m s a r e t h e fo r m s o ft h e
" g o d Kh e p e r a , t h e h a ir o ft h e e a r t h o fTe m , t h e h a ir o ft h e
" e a r t h o fTe m . ( 22) Ih a v e e n t e r e d in a s a m a n o fn o u n d e r -
s t a n d in g , a n d Is h a l l c o m e fo r t h in t h e fo r m o fa s t r o n g Kh u ,
" a n d Is h a l l l o o k u p o n m y fo r m w h ic h s h a l l b e t h a t o fm e n
" a n d w o m e n fo r e v e r a n d fo r e v e r . "
Ru b r ic 2 : 1 .
[IFTHIS CHAP TERBEKN OWN ] BYA -M AN HES HALLCOM E
FORTHBYD AY, ( 23 ) AN D HES HALLN OTBEREP U LS ED ATAN YGATEOF
' THETU AT( U N D ERWORLD ) , EITHERIN GOIN GIN ORIN COM IN GOU T . HE
S HALLP ERFORM [ALL] THETRAN S FORM ATION S WHICHHIS HEARTS HALL
D ES IREFORHIM AN D HES HALLN OTD IE ; ( 24 ) BEHOLD , THES OU LOF[THIS ]
M AN S HALLFLOU RIS H . AN D M OREOVER, IF[HE] KN OWTHIS CHAP TERHE
S HALLBEVICTORIOU S U P ON EARTHAN D IN THEU N D ERWORLD , AN D HE
S HALLP ERFORM EVERYACTOFALIVIN G( 25 ) HU M AN BEIN G . N OWITIS
AGREATP ROTECTION WHICH[HATHBEEN GIVEN ] BYTHEGOD . THIS
CHAP TERWAS FOU N D IN THEFOU N D ATION S OFTHES HRIN EOFHEN N U
BYTHECHIEFM AS ON D U RIN GTHEREIGN OFHIS M AJES TY, ' THEKIN GOF
i . Th e s e w o r d s a r e a d d e d fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i .
2 . Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u , s h e e t I3 .
THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.

1 1 9
THEN ORTHAN D OFTHES OU TH, HES EP TI, TRIU M P HAN T, WHOCARRIED ( IT]
AWAYAS AIN IYS TERIOU S OBJECTWHICHHAD N EVER[BEFORE] BEEN S EEN
ORLOOKED U P ON
. THIS CHAP TERS HALLBERECITED BYAM AN WHOIS
CEREM ON IALLYCLEAN AN D P U RE, WHOHATHN OTEATEN THEFLES HOF
AN IM ALS ORFIS H, AN D WHOHATHN OTHAD IN TERCOU RS EWITHWOM EN
.
Ru b r ic ' : II . ( t ) IFTHIS CHAP TERBEKN OWN [BYTHED ECEAS ED ] HE
S HALLBEVICTORIOU S 1 3 0THU P ON EARTHAN D IN THEU N D ERWORLD ,
AN D HES HALLP ERFORM EVERYACTOFALIVIN GHU M AN ( 2) BEIN G
. N OW
ITIS AGREATP ROTECTION WHICH[HATHP EEN GIVEN ] BYTHEGOD
.
THIS CHAP TERWAS FOU N D IN THECITYOFKHEM EN N U U P ON ABLOCK
OFIRON OFTHES OU TH, WHICHHAD BEEN IN LAID [WITHLETTERS ] ( 3 )
OFREALLAP IS -LAZU LI, U N D ERTHEFEETOFTHEGOD D U RIN GTHEREIGN
OFHIS M AJES TY, THEKIN GOFTHEN ORTHAN D OFTHES OU TH, M EN -KAU -
RA( M YCERIN U S TRIU M P HAN T, BYTHEROYALS ON HERU -T, A-TA-F, 2TRIU M -
P HAN T
; HEFOU N D IT( 4 ) WHEN HEWAS JOU RN EYIN GABOU TTOM AKEAN
IN S P ECTION OFTHETE) , IP LES . ON EN EKHT( ?) WAS WITHHID -WHOWAS
D ILIGEN TIN M AKIN GHIM TOU N D ERS TAN D ( ?) IT, AN D HEBROU GHTIT( 5 )
TOTHEKIN GAS AWON D ERFU LOBJECTWHEN HES AWTHATITWAS A
THIN GOFGREATM YS TERY, WHICHHAD N EVER[BEFORE] BEEN S EEN OR
LOOKED U P ON .
THIS CHAP TER( 6 ) S HALLBERECITED BYAM AN WHOIS CEREM ON IALLY
CLEAN AN D P U RE, WHOHATHN OTEATEN THEFLES HOFAN IM ALS OR
FIS H, AN D WHOHATHN OTHAD IN TERCOU RS EWITHWOM EN
. AN D BEHOLD ,
THOU S HALTM AKEAS CARABOFGREEN S TON E, WITH( 7 ) ARIM P LATED ( ?)
WITHGOLD , WHICHS HALLBEP LACED IN THEHEARTOFAM AN , AN D IT
S HALLP ERFORM FORHIM THE" OP EN IN GOFTHEM OU TH"
. AN D THOU
S HALTAN OIN TITWITHAN TIU N GU EN T, AN D THOU S HALTRECITEOVER
IT[THES E] EN CHAN TM EN TS
: -
-CHAP TER LXV
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t ii) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d k n e e l in g in a d o r a t io n b e fo r e Ra , h a w k -h e a d e d ,
a n d h a v in g a d is k e n c ir c l e d b y a n u r a e u s o n h is h e a d ( s e e N a v il l e , o p
. c it . ,
Bd
. I . BI. 7 7 ) -
I . Fr o m P a p y r u s o fN u , s h e e t 21
.
2 . He w a s t h e s o n o fCh e o p s , t h e b u il d e r o ft h e Gr e a t P y r a m id a t Giz e h
.
3 . He r e fo l l o w s t h e t e x t o fCh a p t e r XXXB
.
1 20

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
Te x t : ( t )
THE CHAP TER OFCOM IN G FORTH BY D AY AN D
OF GAIN IN G THE M AS TERY OVEREN EM IES
.
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -
c h ie f, N u , s a it h : - ( 2)
" RA
s it t e t h in h is h a b it a t io n o fm il l io n s o fy e a r s , a n d h e b a t h
" g a t h e r e d t o g e t h e r t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s , w it h t h o s e d iv in e
" b e in g s , w h o s e fa c e s a r e h id d e n , w h o d w e l l in t h e Te m p l e o f
" Kh e p e r a , w h o e a t ( 3 ) t h e g o d Ba h , a n d w h o d r in k t h e d r in k -
" o ffe r in g s w h ic h a r e b r o u g h t in t o t h e c e l e s t ia l r e g io n s o fl ig h t ;
" a n d c o n v e r s e l y . Gr a n t t h a t Im a y t a k e p o s s e s s io n o ft h e c a p -
t iv e s ( 4 ) o fOs ir is , a n d n e v e r l e t m e h a v e m y b e in g a m o n g t h e
" fie n d s o fS u t i !
Ha il , l e t m e s it u p o n h is fo l d s in t h e h a b it a -
t io n o ft h e g o d U s e r -b a ( i , e . , h e o ft h e s t r o n g S o u l ) ! ( S ) Gr a n t
" t h o u t h a t Im a y s it u p o n t h e t h r o n e o fRd , a n d l e t m e h a v e
" p o s s e s s io n o fm y b o d y b e fo r e t h e g o d S e b . Gr a n t t h o u t h a t
" Os ir is m a y c o m e fo r t h t r iu m p h a n t o v e r S u t i[a n d o v e r ] t h e
" n ig h t -w a t c h e r s ( 6 ) o fS u t i, a n d o v e r t h e n ig h t -w a t c h e r s o ft h e
" Cr o c o d il e , y e a t h e n ig h t -w a t c h e r s o ft h e Cr o c o d il e , w h o s e fa c e s
" a r e h id d e n a n d w h o d w e l l in t h e d iv in e Te m p l e o ft h e Kin g
" o ft h e N o r t h in t h e a p p a r e l o ft h e g o d s o n t h e s ix t h d a y
" o ft h e fe s t iv a l , ( 7 ) w h o s e s n a r e s a r e l ik e u n t o e v e r l a s t in g n e s s
" a n d w h o s e c o r d s a r e l ik e u n t o e t e r n it y . Ih a v e s e e n t h e g o d
" Ab e t -k a p l a c in g t h e c o r d ; t h e c h il d is l a id in ( 8 ) fe t t e r s , a n d
" t h e r o p e o ft h e g o d Ab -k a is d r a w n t ig h t ( : ) Be h o l d m e
.
" Ia m b o r n , a n d Ic o m e fo r t h in t h e fo r m o fa l iv in g Kh u , ( g )
" a n d t h e h u m a n b e in g s w h o a r e u p o n t h e e a r t h a s c r ib e p r a is e
" [u n t o m e ] . Ha il , M e r , w h o d o e s t t h e s e t h in g s fo r m e , a n d w h o
" a r t p u t a n e n d t o b y t h e v ig o u r o fRa , g r a n t t h o u t h a t Im a y
" s e e Rd ; ( io ) g r a n t t h o u t h a t Im a y c o m e fo r t h a g a in s t m y
" e n e m ie s
; a n d g r a n t t h o u t h a t Im a y b e v ic t o r io u s o v e r t h e m
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s o ft h e g r e a t g o d w h o
" a r e in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t g o d . If, r e p u l s in g [m e ] , t h o u
" d o l t n o t ( ii) a l l o w m e t o c o m e fo r t h a g a in s t m y En e m y a n d
" t o b e v ic t o r io u s o v e r h im b e fo r e t h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s , t h e n
" m a y Ha p i-w h o l iv e t h u p o n l a w a n d o r d e r -n o t c o m e fo r t h
" in t o h e a v e n -n o w h e l iv e t h b y M a a t ( 1 2) a n d m a y Rd -w h o
" fe e d e t h u p o n fis h -n o t d e s c e n d in t o t h e w a t e r s !An d t h e n ,
THECHAP TEROFVICTORYOVEREN E_VIES .

1 2 1
" v e r il y s h a l l Rd --w h o fe e d e t h u p o n r ig h t a n d o r d e r -c o m e fo r t h
" in t o h e a v e n , a n d t h e n , v e r il y , ( i3 ) s h a l l Ha p i-w h o fe e d e t h
" u p o n fis h -d e s c e n d in t o t h e w a t e r s
;
a n d t h e n , v e r il y , t h e g r e a t
" d a y u p o n t h e e a r t h s h a l l n o t b e in it s s e a s o n . Ih a v e c o m e
" a g a in s t m y En e m y ,
( 1 4 ) h e h a t h b e e n g iv e n u n t o m e , h e b a t h
" c o m e t o a n e n d , a n d Ih a v e g o t t e n p o s s e s s io n [o fh im ] b e fo r e
" t h e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s . "
CHAP TERLXV
.
[Fr o m Le p s iu s , To d t e n b u c h , BI . 25 . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g u p a n d h o l d in g a s t a ffin h is l e ft h a n d .
Te x t : ( t )
THECHAP TER OFCOM IN G FORTH BY D AYAN D OF
GAIN IN G THEM AS TERYOVER EN EM IES .
" Ha il , [t h o u ] w h o s h in e s t fr o m t h e M o o n a n d w h o s e n d e s t
" fo r t h l ig h t t h e r e fr o m , t h o u c o m e s t fo r t h a m o n g t h y m u l t it u d e s ,
" a n d t h o u g o e s t r o u n d a b o u t , l e t m e r is e , " o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) ,
" l e t m e b e b r o u g h t in a m o n g t h e Kl z u s , a n d l e t t h e u n d e r w o r l d
" b e o p e n e d [u n t o m e ] . ( 2) Be h o l d , Ih a v e c o m e fo r t h o n t h is
" d a y , a n d Ih a v e b e c o m e a Kh u ( o r a s h in in g b e in g ) ; t h e r e -
" fo r e s h a l l t h e Kh u s l e t m e l iv e , a n d t h e y s h a l l c a u s e m y e n e -
m ie s t o b e b r o u g h t t o m e in a s t a t e o fm is e r y in t h e p r e s e n c e
" o ft h e d iv in e s o v e r e ig n p r in c e s . Th e d iv in e k a ( d o u b l e ) o fm y
" m o t h e r ( 3 ) s h a l l r e s t in p e a c e b e c a u s e o ft h is , a n d Is h a l l s t a n d
" u p o n m y fe e t a n d h a v e a s t a ffo fg o l d , " o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) ,
" a r o d o fg o l d in m y h a n d , w h e r e w it h Is h a l l in fl ic t c u t s o n
" t h e l im b s [o fm in e e n e m y ] a n d s h a l l l iv e . Th e l e g s o fS o t h is
" a r e s t a b l is h e d , a n d Ia m b o r n in t h e ir s t a t e o fr e s t . "
CHAP TERLXVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f t k m e n -e m -h e b ( N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . i . 1 3 1 - 7 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : In t h e o n l y p a p y r u s k n o w n t o c o n t a in t h is Ch a p t e r it h a s n o
v ig n e t t e .
1 22

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBY
D AY
Te x t :
( r )
THECHAP TER OF COM IN GFORTHBYD AY . Th e
s c r ib e M a h u s a it h
: -
" Ih a v e k n o w l e d g e . Iw a s c o n c e iv e d b y
( 2) t h e g o d d e s s S e k h e t ,
" a n d t h e g o d d e s s N e it h g a v e b ir t h t o m e , Ia m Ho r u s , a n d [I
" h a v e ] ( 3 ) c o m e fo r t h fr o m t h e Ey e o fHo r u s . Ia m U a t c h it
" w h o c a m e fo r t h fr o m Ho r u s . Ia m Ho r u s a n d Ifl y u p ( f)
" a n d p e r c h m y s e l fu p o n t h e fo r e h e a d o fRa in t h e b o w s o fh is
" b o a t w h ic h is in h e a v e n . "
CHAP TERLXVI1 .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o .
1
0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t
t 5 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e .
Te x t
: ( 1 ) THECHAP TER OF OP EN IN GTHEU N D ERWORLD
. Th e
o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : - ( 2)
" Th e c h a m b e r o ft h o s e w h o d w e l l in N u is o p e n e d , a n d t h e
" fo o t s t e p s o ft h o s e w h o d w e l l w it h t h e g o d o fLig h t a r e s e t fr e e .
" Th e c h a m b e r o fS h u is o p e n e d , a n d h e c o m e t h . fo r t h ; a n d I
" s h a l l c o m e fo r t h ( 3 ) o u t s id e , a n d Is h a l l a d v a n c e fr o m m y
" t e r r it o r y ( ?) , Is h a l l r e c e iv e a n d Is h a l l l a y fir m h o l d u p o n
" t h e t r ib u t e in t h e Ho u s e o ft h e Ch ie fo fh is d e a d . ( q . ) Is h a l l
" a d v a n c e t o m y t h r o n e w h ic h is in t h e b o a t o fRd . Is h a l l n o t
" b e m o l e s t e d , a n d Is h a l l n o t s u ffe r s h ip w r e c k fr o m m y t h r o n e
" w h ic h is in t h e b o a t o fRd ( 5 ) , t h e m ig h t y o n e . Ha il t h o u
" t h a t s h in e s t a n d g iv e s t l ig h t fr o m He n t -s h e !"
CHAP TERLXVIII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o .
1 0, 4 7 7 ,
s h e e t 7 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d k n e e l in g b e fo r e a g o d d e s s s e a t e d b y a t r e e
( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I . Bl . 8 o ) , o r t h e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g b y t h e s id e
o fa t a b l e o fo ffe r in g s a n d a d o r in g a g o d d e s s w h o s t a n d s in a s h r in e .
THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY

1 23
Te x t : ( r )
THECHAP TEROP COM IN GFORTH ( 2) BYD AY . Th e
o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : -
" Th e d o o r s o fh e a v e n a r e o p e n e d fo r m e , t h e d o o r s o fe a r t h
" a r e o p e n e d fo r m e , t h e b a r s a n d b o l t s o fS e b a r e o p e n e d fo r
" m e ,
( 3 ) a n d t h e fir s t t e m p l e h a t h b e e n u n fa s t e n e d fo r m e b y
" t h e g o d P e t r a . Be h o l d , Iw a s g u a r d e d a n d w a t c h e d , [b u t n o w ]
" Ia m r e l e a s e d ; b e h o l d , h is h a n d h a d t ie d c o r d s r o u n d m e a n d
" h is h a n d h a d d a r t e d u p o n m e ( 4 ) in t h e e a r t h
. Re -b e n t h a t h
" b e e n o p e n e d fo r m e a n d Re -b e n t b a t h b e e n u n fa s t e n e d b e fo r e
" m e , Re -b e n t h a t h b e e n g iv e n u n t o m e , a n d Is h a l l c o m e fo r t h
" b y d a y in t o w h a t s o e v e r p l a c e Ip l e a s e . Ih a v e g a in e d t h e
" m a s t e r y o v e r m y h e a r t ; ( 5 ) Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r
" m y b r e a s t ( ?) ; Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m y t w o h a n d s
;
" Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m y t w o fe e t
; Ih a v e g a in e d
" t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m y m o u t h
; Ih a v e g a in e d ( 6 ) t h e m a s t e r y
" o v e r m y w h o l e b o d y ; Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r s e p u l c h r a l
" o ffe r in g s
; Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e w a t e r s ; Ih a v e
" g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e a ir
; Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y
" ( 7 )
o v e r t h e c a n a l ; Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e r iv e r
" a n d o v e r t h e l a n d ;
Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e fu r r o w s ;
" Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e m a l e w o r k e r s fo r m e
; ( 8 )
" Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e fe m a l e w o r k e r s fo r m e in
" t h e u n d e r w o r l d ; Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r [a l l ] t h e t h in g s
" w h ic h w e r e o r d e r e d t o b e d o n e fo r m e u p o n t h e e a r t h , a c c o r d -
in g t o t h e e n t r e a t y w h ic h y e s p a k e fo r m e ( 9 ) [s a y in g ] , `Be h o l d ,
" l e t h im l iv e u p o n t h e b r e a d o fS e b
. ' Th a t w h ic h is a n a b o -
" m in a t io n u n t o m e , Is h a l l n o t e a t , [n a y ] Is h a l l l iv e u p o n
" c a k e s [m a d e ] o fw h it e g r a in , a n d m y a l e s h a l l b e [m a d e ] o f
" t h e r e d g r a in ( r o ) o fHa p i( i
. e . , t h e N il e ) . In a c l e a n p l a c e
" s h a l l Is it o n t h e g r o u n d b e n e a t h t h e fo l ia g e o ft h e d a t e p a l m
" o ft h e g o d d e s s Ha t h o r , w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e s p a c io u s D is k
( I r )
" a s it a d v a n c e t h t o An n u ( He l io p o l is ) , h a v in g t h e b o o k s o ft h e
" d iv in e w o r d s o ft h e w r it in g s o ft h e g o d Th o t h
. Ih a v e g a in e d
" t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m y h e a r t ;
Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r
" m y h e a r t ' s p l a c e ( o r b r e a s t )
( 1 2) ; Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y
1 24

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.
" o v e r m y m o u t h ; I h a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m y
t w o
" h a n d s ; Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e w a t e r s ; Ih a v e g a in e d
" t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e c a n a l ; Ih a v e a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r
" ( 1 3 ) t h e r iv e r ; Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e fu r r o w s
;
" Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e m e n w h o w o r k fo r m e
;
" Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r t h e w o m e n w h o w o r k ( i4 )
" fo r m e in t h e u n d e r w o r l d ;
Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r
" [a l l ] t h e t h in g s w h ic h w e r e o r d e r e d t o b e d o n e fo r m e u p o n
" e a r t h a n d in t h e u n d e r w o r l d . Is h a l l l ift m y s e l fu p o n m y l e ft
" s id e , a n d Is h a l l p l a c e m y s e l fo n m y r ig h t s id e ; ( t 5 ) Is h a l l
" l ift m y s e l fu p o n m y r ig h t s id e , a n d Is h a l l p l a c e m y s e l f[o n
" m y l e ft s id e ] . Is h a l l s it d o w n , Is h a l l s t a n d u p , a n d Is h a l l
" p l a c e m y s e l fin [t h e p a t h o f] t h e w in d ( 1 6 ) l ik e a g u id e w h o
" is w e l l p r e p a r e d . "
Ru b r ic :
IFTHIS COM P OS ITION HEKN OWN [BYTHED ECEAS ED ] HE
S HALLCOM EFORTHBYD AY, AN D HES HALLBEIN AP OS ITION TOJOU R-
N EYABOU TOVERTHEEARTHAM ON GTHELIVIN G, AN D HES HALLN EVER
S U FFERD IM IN U TION , ( 1 7 ) N EVER, N EVER .
CHAP TERLXIX
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fM e s -e m -n e t e r ( N a v il l e ,
o p . c it . , Bd . I . Bl . 8 i) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th is . Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e b o t h in t h e Th e b a n a n d
S a it e Re c e n s io n s o f t h e Bo o k o f t h e D e a d .
Te x t : ( i) AN OTHER ( 2) CHAP TER .
" Ia m t h e Fir e -g o d , t h e d iv in e b r o t h e r o ft h e Fir e -g o d , a n d
" [Ia m ] Os ir is t h e b r o t h e r o fIs is . M y d iv in e s o n , t o g e t h e r w it h
" h is m o t h e r Is is , h a t h a v e n g e d m e o n m in e e n e m ie s
. ( 3 ) M y
" e n e m ie s h a v e w r o u g h t e v e r y [k in d o f] e v il , t h e r e fo r e t h e ir a r m s ,
" a n d h a n d s , a n d fe e t , h a v e b e e n fe t t e r e d b y r e a s o n o ft h e ir w ic k e d -
n e s s w h ic h t h e y h a v e w r o u g h t ( 4 ) u p o n m e . Ia m Os ir is , t h e
" fir s t -b o r n o ft h e d iv in e w o m b , t h e fir s t -b o r n o ft h e g o d s , a n d
" t h e h e ir o fm y fa t h e r Os ir is -S e b ( r ) . Ia m Os ir is , t h e l o r d s o f
" t h e h e a d s ( 5 ) t h a t l iv e , m ig h t y o fb r e a s t a n d p o w e r fu l o fb a c k ,
" w it h a p h a l l u s w h ic h g o e t h t o t h e r e m o t e s t l im it s [w h e r e ] m e n
THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .

1 25
" a n d w o m e n [l iv e ] . Ia m S a h ( Or io n ) w h o t r a v e l l e t h o v e r h is
" d o m a in a n d w h o j o u r n e y e t h a l o n g b e fo r e ( 6 ) t h e s t a r s o fh e a v e n ,
" [w h ic h is ] t h e b e l l y o fm y m o t h e r N u t ; s h e c o n c e iv e d m e
" t h r o u g h h e r l o v e , a n d s h e g a v e b ir t h t o m e b e c a u s e it w a s h e r
" w il l s o t o d o
. Ia m ( 7 ) An p u ( An u b is ) o n t h e d a y o ft h e g o d
" S e p a . Ia m t h e Bu l l a t t h e h e a d o ft h e m e a d o w . I, e v e n I,
" a m Os ir is w h o im p r is o n e d h is fa t h e r t o g e t h e r w it h h is m o t h e r
" ( 8 ) o n t h e d a y o fm a k in g t h e g r e a t s l a u g h t e r
; n o w , [h is ] fa t h e r
" is S e b , a n d [h is ] m o t h e r is N u t . Ia m Ho r u s , t h e fir s t -b o r n o f
" Rd o ft h e r is in g s . Ia m An p u ( An u b is ) [o n t h e d a y o f] ( 9 )
" t h e g o d S e p a
. I, e v e n I, a m t h e l o r d Te r n . Ia m Os ir is . Ha il ,
" t h o u d iv in e fir s t -b o r n , w h o d o s t e n t e r a n d d o s t s p e a k b e fo r e
" t h e d iv in e S c r ib e a n d D o o r k e e p e r o fOs ir is , g r a n t t h a t ( t o ) I
" m a y c o m e . Ih a v e b e c o m e a k h u , Ih a v e b e e n j u d g e d , Ih a v e
" b e c o m e a d iv in e b e in g , Ih a v e c o m e , a n d Ih a v e a v e n g e d m in e
`o w n b o d y . Ih a v e t a k e n u p m y s e a t b y t h e d iv in e b ir t h -c h a m b e r
" ( II) o fOs ir is , a n d Ih a v e d e s t r o y e d t h e s ic k n e s s a n d s u ffe r in g
" w h ic h w e r e t h e r e
. Ih a v e b e c o m e m ig h t y , a n d Ih a v e b e c o m e
" a d iv in e b e in g b y t h e s id e o ft h e b ir t h -c h a m b e r o fOs ir is , Ia m
" b r o u g h t fo r t h w it h h im , Ir e n e w m y y o u t h , ( 1 2) Ir e n e w m y
" y o u t h , It a k e p o s s e s s io n o fm y t w o t h ig h s w h ic h a r e in t h e
" p l a c e w h e r e is Os ir is , a n d Io p e n t h e m o u t h o ft h e g o d s t h e r e -
" w it h , It a k e m y s e a t b y h is s id e , a n d Th o t h c o m e t h fo r t h , ( t 3 )
" a n d [Ia m ] s t r e n g t h e n e d in h e a r t w it h t h o u s a n d s o fc a k e s u p o n
" t h e a l t a r s
( 1 4 ) o fm y d iv in e fa t h e r , a n d w it h m y b e a s t s , a n d w it h
" m y c a t t l e , a n d w it h m y r e d fe a t h e r e d fo w l ,
( 1 5 ) a n d w it h m y
" o x e n , a n d w it h m y g e e s e , a n d w it h m y d u c k s , fo r Ho r u s m y
" Ch ie ft a in , a n d w it h t h e o ffe r in g s w h ic h Im a k e t o Th o t h , a n d
" w it h t h e s a c r ific e s w h ic h Io ffe r u p t o An -h e r i-e r t a it s a
. "
CHAP TBR LXX.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fM e s -e m -n e t e r ( N a v il l e ,
o ff: . c it . , Bd . I . BI. 8 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e b o t h in t h e Th e b a n a n d
S a it e Re c e n s io n s o ft h e Bo o k o ft h e D e a d
.
1 26

THECHAP TERS OFCO-4 1 IN GFORTHBYD AY .
Te x t : ( i) AN OTHERCHAP TER .
" Ih a v e s a c r ific e d u n t o An -b e r i-e r t a it s a , a n d Ia m d e c r e e d t o
" b e s t r e n g t h e n e d in h e a r t , fo r Ih a v e m a d e o ffe r in g s a t t h e a l t a r s
" o fm y d iv in e fa t h e r ( 2)
Os ir is ; Ir u l e in Ta t t u a n d Il ift m y -
" s e l fu p o v e r h is l a n d . Is n ifft h e w in d o ft h e e a s t b y it s h a ir
;
" Il a y h o l d u p o n t h e n o r t h w in d b y it s ( 3 ) h a ir , Is e iz e a n d
" h o l d fa s t t o t h e w e s t w in d b y it s b o d y , a n d Ig o r o u n d a b o u t
" h e a v e n o n it s fo u r s id e s ;
Il a y h o l d u p o n t h e s o u t h w in d b y
" ( 4 ) it s e v e , a n d Ib e s t o w a ir u p o n t h e v e n e r a b l e b e in g s [w h o
" a r e in t h e u n d e r w o r l d ] a l o n g w it h t h e e a t in g o fc a k e s .
Ru b r ic :
IFTHIS COM P OS ITION BEKN OWN [BYTHED ECEAS ED ] ( 5 ) U P ON
EARTHHES HALLCOM EFORTH1 3 YD AY, AN D HES HALLHAVETHEFACU LTY
OFTRAVELLIN GABOU TAM ON GTHELIVIN G, AN D HIS N AM ES HALLN EVER
P ERIS H .
CHAP TERLXXI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i ( Br it . M u s . N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d k n e e l in g , w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n ,
b e fo r e t h e g o d d e s s M e h -u r t ; t h e l e g e n d r e a d s : " t h e h o m a g e o ft h e
s c r ib e N e b s e n it o t h e g o d d e s s M e h -u r t , l a d y o fh e a v e n , a n d m is t r e s s o f
e a r t h . " El s e w h e r e ( N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I . Bt
. 8 3 ) t h e d e c e a s e d is s e e n
a d o r in g Ra in t h e p r e s e n c e o fTh o t h a n d Os ir is .
Te x t : ( I) THECHAP TEROF' COM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
Th e
l ib a t io n e r , t h e l o r d o fr e v e r e n c e , N e b s e n i, s a it h
: -
" Ha il , t h o u h a w k w h o r is e s t in h e a v e n , t h o u l o r d o ft h e g o d -
d e s s M e b -u r t ! ( 2) S t r e n g t h e n t h o u m e a c c o r d in g a s t h o u h a s t
" s t r e n g t h e n e d t h y s e l f, a n d s h e w t h y s e l fu p o n t h e e a r t h , 0t h o u
" t h a t r e t u r n e s t a n d w it h d r a w e s t t h y s e l f, a n d l e t t h y w il l b e
" d o n e . "
`Be h o l d t h e g o d o fOn e Fa c e ( 3 ) is w it h m e . [Ia m ] t h e
" h a w k w h ic h is w it h in t h e s h r in e
; a n d Io p e n t h a t w h ic h is
" u p o n t h e h a n g in g s t h e r e o f. Be h o l d Ho r u s , t h e s o n o fIs is . "
" [Be h o l d ] Ho r n s t h e s o n o fIs is !( 4 ) S t r e n g t h e n t h o u m e ,
" a c c o r d in g a s t h o u h a s t s t r e n g t h e n e d t h y s e l f, a n d s h e w t h y s e l f
THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHBYD _1 Y.

1 27
" u p o n e a r t h , 0t h o u t h a t r e t u r n e s t a n d w it h d r a w e s t t h y s e l f, a n d
" l e t t h y w il l b e d o n e . "
" Be h o l d , ( 5 ) t h e g o d o fOn e Fa c e is w it h m e . [Ia m ] t h e
" h a w k in t h e s o u t h e r n h e a v e n , a n d [Ia m ] Th o t h in t h e n o r t h e r n
" h e a v e n ; Im a k e p e a c e w it h t h e r a g in g fir e a n d Ib r in g M a a t
" ( 6 ) t o h im t h a t l o v e t h h e r . "
" Be h o l d Th o t h , e v e n Th o t h ! S t r e n g t h e n t h o u m e a c c o r d in g
" a s t h o u h a s t s t r e n g t h e n e d t h y s e l f, a n d s h e w t h y s e l fu p o n e a r t h ,
" 0t h o u t h a t r e t u r n e s t a n d ( 7 ) w it h d r a w e s t t h y s e l f, a n d l e t t h y
" w il l b e d o n e . "
`Be h o l d t h e g o d o fOn e Fa c e is w it h m e . Ia m t h e P l a n t
" ( 8 ) o ft h e r e g io n w h e r e n o t h in g s p r o u t e t h , a n d t h e Bl o s s o n o f
" t h e h id d e n h o r iz o n . "
" Be h o l d Os ir is , y e a Os ir is ! S t r e n g t h e n t h o u m e a c c o r d in g a s
" t h o u h a s t s t r e n g t h e n e d t h y s e l f, ( 9 ) a n d s h e w t h y s e l fu p o n e a r t h ,
" 0t h o u t h a t r e t u r n e s t a n d w it h d r a w e s t t h y s e l f, a n d l e t t h y w il l
" b e d o n e . "
`Be h o l d , t h e g o d o fOn e Fa c e ( io ) is w it h m e . Ha il , t h o u
" w h o [s t a n d e s t ] u p o n t h y l e g s , in t h in e h o u r , " o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) ,
" Ha il , t h o u w h o a r t v ic t o r io u s u p o n t h y l e g s in t h in e ( ii) h o u r ,
" t h o u l o r d o ft h e t w o d iv in e Tc h a fi, I w h o l iv e s t [in ] t h e t w o
" d iv in e 1 c h a Ji, s t r e n g t h e n t h o u m e a c c o r d in g a s t h o u h a l t s t r e n g -
t h e n e d t h y s e l f, a n d ( t 2' s h e w t h y s e l fu p o n e a r t h , 0t h o u t h a t
" r e t u r n e s t a n d v w it h d r a w e s t t h y s e l f, a n d l e t t h y w il l b e d o n e
. "
`Be h o l d , t h e g o d o fOn e Fa c e is w it h m e . ( r 3 ) Ha il , t h o u
" N e k h e n w h o a r t in t h in e e g g , t h o u l o r d o ft h e g o d d e s s M e h -
" u r t , s t r e n g t h e n t h o u m e a c c o r d in g a s t h o u b a s t s t r e n g t h e n e d
" t h y s e l f, ( r 4 ) a n d s h o w t h y s e l fu p o n e a r t h , 0t h o u t h a t r e t u r n -
" e s t a n d w it h d r a w e s t t h y s e l f, a n d l e t t h y w il l b e d o n e . "
`Be h o l d , t h e g o d o fOn e Fa c e is w it h ( i5 ) m e . Th e g o d
" S e b e k h a t h s t o o d u p w it h in h is g r o u n d , a n d t h e g o d d e s s N e it h
" h a t h s t o o d u p w it h in h e r p l a n t a t io n , 0t h o u t h a t r e t u r n e s t a n d
" w it h d r a w e s t ( r 6 ) t h y s e l f, s h e w t h y s e l fu p o n e a r t h a n d l e t t h y
" w il l b e d o n e . "
i . I. e . , t h e s o u l s o fHo r u s a n d Re .
1 28

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
" Be h o l d , t h e g o d o fOn e Fa c e is w it h m e
. Ha il , y e s e v e n
" b e in g s w h o m a k e d e c r e e s , w h o ( 1 7 ) s u p p o r t t h e S c a l e s o n t h e
" n ig h t o ft h e j u d g m e n t o ft h e U t c h a t , w h o c u t o ffh e a d s , w h o
" h a c k n e c k s in p ie c e s , w h o t a k e p o s s e s s io n o fh e a r t s b y v io l e n c e
" a n d r e n d t h e p l a c e s ( I8 ) w h e r e h e a r t s a r e fix e d , w h o m a k e
" s l a u g h t e r in g s in t h e La k e o fFir e , Ik n o w y o u a n d Ik n o w
" y o u r n a m e s , t h e r e fo r e k n o w y e m e e v e n a s
( 1 g ) Ik n o w y o u r
" n a m e s
. Ic o m e fo r t h t o y o u , t h e r e fo r e c o m e y e fo r t h t o m e ,
" fo r y e l iv e in m e a n d Iw o u l d l iv e in y o u . M a k e y e m e t o b e
" v ig o r o u s b y m e a n s o ft h a t w h ic h is in y o u r h a n d s , t h a t is t o
" s a y , b y t h e r o d o fp o w e r w h ic h is ( 20) in y o u r h a n d s . D e c r e e
" y e fo r m e l ife b y [y o u r ] s p e e c h y e a r b y y e a r ; g iv e m e m u l t i-
t u d e s o fy e a r s o v e r a n d a b o v e m y y e a r s o fl ife , a n d m u l t it u d e s
" o fm o n t h s o v e r a n d a b o v e m y m o n t h s ( 21 ) o fl ife , a n d m u l t i-
t u d e s o fd a y s o v e r a n d a b o v e m y d a y s o fl ife , a n d m u l t it u d e s
" o fn ig h t s o v e r a n d a b o v e m y n ig h t s o fl ife ; a n d g r a n t t h a t I
" m a y c o m e fo r t h a n d s h in e u p o n m y s t a t u e
; a n d [g r a n t m e ]
" ( 22) a ir fo r m y n o s e , a n d l e t m y e y e s h a v e t h e p o w e r t o s e e
" a m o n g t h o s e d iv in e b e in g s w h o d w e l l in t h e h o r iz o n o n t h e
" d a y w h e n e v il -d o in g a n d w r o n g a r e j u s t l y a s s e s s e d . "
Ru b r ic : IFTHIS CHAP TERBERECITED FORTHED ECEAS ED HES HALL
BES TRON GU P ON EARTHBEFORERA, AN D HES HALLHAVEACOM FORTABLE
BU RIAL( ORTOM B) WITHOS IRIS , AN D ITS HALI, BEOFGREATBEN EFITTO
AM AN IN THEU N D ERWORLD . S EP U LCHRALBREAD S HALL1 3 EGIVEN U N TO
HIM , AN D HES HALI, COM EFORTHIN TOTHEP RES EN CE[OFRA] D AYBY
D AY, AN D EVERYD AY, REGU LARLY, AN D CON TIN U ALLY . '
CHAP TERLXXII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( Br it
. M u s . N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t 3 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g a n d h o l d in g a s t a ffin h is l e ft h a n d .
Te x t :
( 1 ) THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AYAN D OF
OP EN IN GU P AWAYTHROU GHTHEAM IIEHET . Be h o l d t h e
s c r ib e N e b s e n i, t r iu m p h a n t , w h o s a it h : -
r
. Th is Ru b r ic is t a k e n fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fTh e n n a ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . ,
Bd . II . p . 1 5 3 ) .
THECHAP TEROF . M IAKIN GAWAYIN TOTHEA!LI_N IEHET.
1 2 9
" Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e l o r d s o fKa s , y e w h o a r e w it h o u t
( 2)
" s in a n d w h o l iv e fo r t h e l im it l e s s a n d in fin it e a e o n s o ft im e
" w h ic h m a k e u p e t e r n it y , Ih a v e o p e n e d u p a w a y fo r m y s e l f
" t o y o u !Ih a v e b e c o m e a k h u ( 3 ) in m y fo r m s , Ih a v e g a in e d
" t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m y e n c h a n t m e n t s , a n d Ia m d e c r e e d t o b e a
" k h u ; ( 4 ) t h e r e fo r e d e l iv e r y e m e fr o m t h e c r o c o d il e [w h ic h l iv e t h
" in ] t h is c o u n t r y o fr ig h t a n d t r u t h . Gr a n t y e t o m e m y m o u t h
" t h a t Im a y s p e a k t h e r e w it h , ( 5 ) a n d c a u s e t h a t m y s e p u l c h r a l
" m e a l s b e p l a c e d in m y h a n d s in y o u r p r e s e n c e , fo r Ik n o w y o u ,
" a n d Ik n o w ( 6 ) y o u r n a m e s , a n d Ik n o w a l s o t h e n a m e o ft h e
" m ig h t y g o d , b e fo r e w h o s e n o s e y e s e t y o u r t c h e fa u fo o d ;
a n d
" h is n a m e is ' Te k e m '
. ( 7 ) [Wh e n ] h e o p e n e t h u p h is p a t h in
" t h e e a s t e r n h o r iz o n o fh e a v e n , a n d [w h e n ] h e fl u t t e r e t h d o w n
" in t h e w e s t e r n h o r iz o n o fh e a v e n ( 8 ) , m a y h e c a r r y m e a l o n g
" w it h h im a n d m a y Ib e s a fe a n d s o u n d !Le t n o t t h e
M e s q e t
" m a k e a n e n d o fm e , l e t n o t t h e Fie n d g a in t h e m a s t e r y ( 9 )
" o v e r m e , l e t m e n o t b e t u r n e d b a c k a t y o u r p o r t a l s , a n d ( t o )
" l e t n o t y o u r d o o r s b e s h u t in m y fa c e , b e c a u s e m y c a k e s a r c
" in t h e c it y o fP e a n d m y a l e is in
( Ii) t h e c it y o fTe p . An d
" t h e r e , in t h e c e l e s t ia l m a n s io n s o fh e a v e n w h ic h m y d iv in e
" fa t h e r Te m h a t h s t a b l is h e d , l e t m y h a n d s l a y h o l d ( 1 2) u p o n
" t h e w h e a t a n d t h e b a r l e y w h ic h s h a l l b e g iv e n u n t o m e t h e r e in
" in a b u n d a n t m e a s u r e , a n d m a y t h e s o n o fm in e o w n b o d y m a k e
" [r e a d y ] fo r m e m y fo o d t h e r e in . An d g r a n t y e u n t o m e t h e r e in
" s e p u l c h r a l m e a l s , a n d in c e n s e , a n d w a x , a n d a l l t h e b e a u t ifu l
" a n d ( I3 ) p u r e t h in g s w h e r e o n t h e g o d l iv e t h , in v e r y d e e d fo r
" e v e r in a l l
( 1 4 ) t h e t r a n s fo r m a t io n s w h ic h it p l e a s e t h m e [t o
" p e r fo r m ] ;
a n d g r a n t m e t h e p o w e r t o fl o a t d o w n a n d t o s a il
" u p t h e s t r e a m in S e k h e t -Aa r r u [a n d m a y Ir e a c h S e k h e t -h e t e p !] .
" ( I5 ) Ia m t h e d o u b l e Lio n -g o d . "
Ru b r ic ' : ( i) IF ( 2) THIS CHAP TERBEKN OWN [BYTHED ECEAS EI) ] U P ON
EARTH, [ORIFITBED ON E] IN WRITIN GU P ON [HIS ] COFFIN , HES HALL
COM EFORTHBY( 3 ) D AYIN ALLTHI?FORM S WHICHHEIS P LEAS ED [TO
TAKE] , AN D HES HALLEN TERIN TO[HIS ] P LACEAN D S HALLN OTBED RIVEN
BACK. ( 4 ) AN ) ) CAKES , AN D ALE, AN D JOIN TS OFM EATU P ON TILL; ALTAR
I . Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 6 ) .
9
I3 o

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
OFOS IRIS S HALLBEGIVEN U N TOHIM
; AN D HES HALLEN TER( 5 ) IN P EACE
IN TOS EKHET-AARRU TOKN OWTHED ECREEOFHIM WHOD WELLETHIN
TATTG ; THERES HALLWHEATAN D BARLEYBEGIVEN U N TOHIM
; THERE
S HALLHEFLOU RIS HAS HED ID ( 7 ) U P ON EARTH ; AN D HES HALLD O
WHATS OEVERITP LEAS EATHHIM TOD O, EVEN AS THh
: COM P AN YOFTHE
GOD S WHICHIS IN ( 8 ) THEU N D ERWORLD , CON TIN U ALLY, AN D REGU LARLY,
FORM ILLION S OFTIM ES .
CHAP TER LXXIII.
[S e e Ch a p t e r IX, P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 1 8 ) . ]
Th is Ch a p t e r is g iv e n t w ic e in t h e Tu r in P a p y r u s ( s e e Le p -
s iu s , o p . c it . , Bil . 3 a n d 27 ) ;
o n c e w it h a v ig n e t t e a n d o n c e w it h -
o u t ;
t h e v ig n e t t e in t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n is q u it e d iffe r e n t
fr o m t h a t in t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n , w h e r e t h e d e c e a s e d is s e e n
s t a n d in g a n d h o l d in g a s t a ffin h is l e ft h a n d .
CHAP TER LXXIV.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it
. M u s . N o .
1 0, 4 7 7 ,
s h e e t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d k n e e l in g , w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n ,
b e fo r e t h e S e k e r b o a t p l a c e d u p o n it s s l e d g e ( P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t t 8 ) .
In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d is s t a n d in g n e a r a t w o -l e g g e d s e r p e n t
( Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl . 27 ) .
Te x t : ( I) THECHAP TEROF LIFTIN GU P THEFEET AN D OF
COM IN G
FORTHU P ON THEEARTH . ( 2) Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f,
N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" P e r fo r m t h y w o r k , 0S e k e r , p e r fo r m t h y w o r k , 0S e k e r , 0
" t h o u [w h o d w e l l e s t in t h y h o u s e ] , a n d w h o [s t a n d e s t ] o n [t h y ]
" fe e t in t h e u n d e r w o r l d !Ia m t h e g o d w h o s e n d e t h fo r t h r a y s o f
" l ig h t o v e r t h e Th ig h o f( 3 ) h e a v e n , a n d Ic o m e fo r t h t o h e a v e n
" a n d Is it m y s e l fd o w n b y t h e Go d o fLig h t ( Kk u ) .
Ha il , I
" h a v e b e c o m e h e l p l e s s !Ha il , Ih a v e b e c o m e h e l p l e s s !b u t Ig o
" fo r w a r d . Ih a v e b e c o m e h e l p l e s s , Ih a v e b e c o m e h e l p l e s s ( 4 )
" in t h e r e g io n s o ft h o s e w h o p l u n d e r in t h e u n d e r w o r l d . "
THECHAP TEROFJOU RN EYIN GTOAN N U .

1 3 1
CHAP TERLXXV.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . io , 4 7 7 , s h e e t i3 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d is s t a n d in g b e fo r e t h e
e m b l e m o fAn n u ( He l io p o l is ) ( Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl . 28 ) .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFJOU RN EYIN GTO
AN N U
( HELIO-
P OLIS ) AN D OFRECEIVIN GATHRON ETHEREIN . Th e c h a n c e l l o r -
in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ih a v e c o m e fo r t h fr o m t h e u t t e r m o s t p a r t s o ft h e e a r t h , a n d
" [Ih a v e ] r e c e iv e d m y a p p a r e l ( % ) a t t h e w il l ( ?) o ft h e Ap e . Ip e n e -
t r a t e in t o t h e h o l y h a b it a t io n s o ft h o s e w h o a r e in [t h e ir ] s h r in e s
" ( o r c o ffin s ) , ( 3 ) Ifo r c e m y w a y t h r o u g h t h e h a b it a t io n s o ft h e
" g o d Re m r e m , a n d Ia r r iv e in t h e h a b it a t io n s o ft h e g o d Ak h s e s e f,
" It r a v e l o n t h r o u g h t h e h o l y c h a m b e r s , a n d Ip a s s in t o t h e
" Te m p l e o ft h e g o d ( 4 ) Ke m k e m . Th e Bu c k l e h a t h b e e n g iv e n
" u n t o m e , it [h a t h p l a c e d ] it s h a n d s u p o n m e , it h a t h d e c r e e d
" [t o m y s e r v ic e ] it s s is t e r Kh e b e n t , a n d it s m o t h e r Ke h k e h e t . It
" p l a c e t h m e ( 5 ) in [t h e e a s t e r n p a r t o fh e a v e n w h e r e in Rd r is e t h
" a n d is e x a l t e d e v e r y d a y ; a n d Ir is e t h e r e in a n d t r a v e l o n w a r d ,
" a n d Ib e c o m e a s p ir it u a l b o d y ( s a p ) l ik e t h e g o d , a n d t h e y
" s e t m e ] 1 ( 6 ) o n t h a t h o l y w a y o n w h ic h Th o t h j o u r n e y e t h w h e n
" h e g o e t h t o m a k e p e a c e b e t w e e n t h e t w o Fig h t in g -g o d s ( i . e . ,
" Ho r n s a n d S e t ) . He j o u r n e y e t h , h e j o u r n e y e t h t o t h e c it y o f
" P e , a n d h e c o m e t h t o t h e c it y o fTe p u . "
CHAP TERLXXVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t q )
. ]
Vig n e t t e : Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e in t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n ,
b u t in t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n a fig u r e o ft h e d e c e a s e d is g iv e n a b o v e t h e
Ch a p t e r ( s e e Le p s in s ,
o p . c it . , BI . 8 7 ) .
i . Th e w o r d s in b r a c k e t s a r e s u p p l ie d fr o m N a v il l e ,
o p . c it . .
Bd .
II . p . 1 5 8 .
9 *
1 3 2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
Te x t : ( r )
THE CHAP TER OF A M AN
TRAN S FORM IN G HIM -
S ELF
IN TO WHATEVERFORM HEP LEAS ETH
. ( 2) Th e c h a n c e l l o r -
in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ih a v e c o m e in t o t h e Ho u s e o ft h e Kin g b y m e a n s o ft h e
" m a n t is ( o b it ) w h ic h l e d m e h it h e r
. Ho m a g e t o t h e e , ( 3 ) 0
" t h o u w h o fl ie s t in t o h e a v e n , a n d d o s t s h in e u p o n t h e s o n o f
" t h e w h it e c r o w n , a n d d o s t p r o t e c t t h e w h it e c r o w n , l e t m e
" h a v e m y e x is t e n c e w it h t h e e !Ih a v e g a t h e r e d t o g e t h e r t h e g r e a t
" g o d [s ] , Ia m m ig h t y , Ih a v e m a d e m y w a y a n d Ih a v e t r a v e l l e d
" a l o n g t h e r e o n
. "
CHAP TERLXXVII
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s
. N o . 1 0, 4 7 i, s h e e t t o ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Ag o l d e n h a w k , h o l d in g a fl a il , e m b l e m a t ic o fr u l e ( s e e
P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t 25 ) .
Te x t : ( i)
THECHAP TEROFP ERFORM IN GTHETRAN S FORM A-
TION IN TO
AHAWKOFGOLD . Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ih a v e r is e n , Ih a v e r is e n l ik e t h e m ig h t y h a w k [o fg o l d ]
" t h a t c o m e t h fo r t h fr o m h is e g g ; Ifl y ( 3 ) a n d Ia l ig h t l ik e t h e
" h a w k w h ic h h a t h a b a c k fo u r c u b it s w id e , a n d t h e w in g s o f
" w h ic h a r e l ik e u n t o t h e m o t h e r -o f-e m e r a l d o ft h e s o u t h
. ( q )
" Ih a v e c o m e fo r t h fr o m t h e in t e r io r o ft h e
S e l a e t b o a t , a n d
" m y h e a r t h a t h b e e n b r o u g h t u n t o m e fr o m t h e m o u n t a in o f
" t h e e a s t
. Ih a v e a l ig h t e d ( 5 ) u p o n t h e At e t b o a t , a n d t h o s e
" w h o w e r e d w e l l in g in t h e ir c o m p a n ie s h a v e b e e n b r o u g h t u n t o
" m e , a n d t h e y b o w e d l o w in p a y in g ( 6 ) h o m a g e u n t o m e a n d
" in s a l u t in g m e w it h c r ie s o fj o y
. Ih a v e r is e n , a n d Ih a v e
" g a t h e r e d m y s e l ft o g e t h e r l ik e t h e b e a u t ifu l h a w k ( 7 ) o fg o l d ,
" w h ic h h a t h t h e h e a d o f a
Be n n u b ir d , a n d Rd e n t e r e t h in d a y
" b y d a y t o h e a r k e n u n t o m y w o r d s ;
Ih a v e t a k e n m y s e a t
" a m o n g t h o s e ( 8 ) fir s t -b o r n g o d s o fN u t . Ia m s t a b l is h e d , a n d
" t h e d iv in e S e k h e t -h e t e p is b e fo r e ( g ) m e , Ih a v e e a t e n t h e r e in ,
" Ih a v e b e c o m e a k h u
t h e r e in , Ih a v e a n a b u n d a n c e t h e r e in
1 1 1 ECHAP TERS OFTRAN S FORM IATION S
.

1 3 3
" a s m u c h a s I d e s ir e -t h e
g o d N e p r d h a t h g iv e n t o m e m y
" t h r o a t , a n d I h a v e g a in e d
t h e m a s t e r y o v e r ( s o ) t h a t w h ic h
" g u a r d e t h ( o r b e l o n g e t h t o ) m y h e a d . "
CHAP TERLXXV1 1 1
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t s 1 3 a n d 1 4 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Ah a w k , p a in t e d g r e e n , h o l d in g a fl a il , a n d s t a n d in g u p o n a
p y l o n -s h a p e d p e d e s t a l ( s e e P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t 25 ) .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFM AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION
IN TOAD IVIN EHAWK.
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : -
" Ha il , Gr e a t Go d , c o m e n o w ( 2) t o Ta t t u ! M a k e t h o u s m o o t h
" fo r m e t h e w a y s a n d l e t m e g o r o u n d a b o u t [t o v is it ] m y
" t h r o n e s ; Ih a v e r e n e w e d ( ?) m y s e l f, a n d Ih a v e r a is e d m y s e l fu p
.
" 0g r a n t t h o u t h a t Im a y b e fe a r e d , ( 3 ) a n d m a k e t h o u m e t o
" b e a t e r r o r . Le t t h e g o d s o ft h e u n d e r w o r l d b e a fr a id o fm e ,
" a n d m a y t h e y fig h t fo r m e in t h e ir h a b it a t io n s w h ic h a r e t h e r e in
.
" ( 4 ) Le t n o t h im t h a t w o u l d d o m e h a r m d r a w n ig h u n t o m e ,
" o r in j u r e ( ?) m e , in t h e Ho u s e o fD a r k n e s s , t h a t is , h e t h a t
" c l o t h e t h a n d c o v e r e t h t h e fe e b l e o n e , a n d w h o s e [n a m e ] is
" h id d e n ; ( 5 ) a n d l e t n o t t h e g o d s a c t l ik e w is e t o w a r d s m e
.
" [Ha il ] , y e g o d s , w h o h e a r k e n u n t o [m y ] s p e e c h !Ha il , y e r u l e r s ,
" w h o a r e a m o n g t h e fo l l o w e r s o fOs ir is !Be y e t h e r e fo r e s il e n t ,
" 0y e g o d s , ( 6 ) w h e n o n e g o d s p e a k e t h u n t o a n o t h e r , fo r h e
" h e a r k e n e t h u n t o r ig h t a n d t r u t h ; a n d w h a t Is p e a k u n t o [h im ]
" d o t h o u a l s o s p e a k fo r m e t h e n , 0Os ir is . Gr a n t t h o u t h a t I
" m a y j o u r n e y r o u n d a b o u t [a c c o r d in g t o ] t h a t w h ic h c o m e t h
" fo r t h fr o m t h y m o u t h c o n c e r n in g m e , ( 7 ) a n d g r a n t t h a t Im a y
" s e e t h in e o w n Fo r m ( o r fo r m s ) , a n d t h e d is p o s it io n s o ft h y
" S o u l s . Gr a n t t h o u t h a t Im a y c o m e fo r t h , a n d t h a t Im a y h a v e
" p o w e r o v e r m y l e g s , a n d t h a t Im a y h a v e m y e x is t e n c e t h e r e
" l ik e ( 8 ) u n t o t h a t o fN e b -e r -t c h e r w h o is o v e r [a l l ]
. M a y t h e
" g o d s o ft h e u n d e r w o r l d fe a r m e , a n d m a y t h e y fig h t fo r m e in
1
3 4
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
" t h e ir h a b it a t io n s
.
Gr a n t t h o u t h a t Im a y m o v e a l o n g t h e r e in
" ( 9 ) t o g e t h e r w it h t h e d iv in e b e in g s w h o j o u r n e y o n w a r d s , a n d
" m a y Ib e s t a b l is h e d u p o n m y r e s t in g -p l a c e l ik e t h e Lo r d o f
" Life . M a y Ib e j o in e d u n t o Is is t h e d iv in e l a d y , a n d m a y s h e
" p r o t e c t m e ( 1 o ) fr o m h im t h a t w o u l d d o a n in j u r y u n t o m e
;
" a n d l e t n o t a n y o n e c o m e t o s e e t h e d iv in e o n e n a k e d a n d
" h e l p l e s s . M a y Ij o u r n e y o n , m a y Ic o m e in t o t h e u t t e r m o s t
" ( ii) p a r t s o fh e a v e n . Ie x c h a n g e s p e e c h w it h t h e g o d S e b , I
" m a k e s u p p l ic a t io n fo r d iv in e fo o d fr o m N e b -e r -t c h e r ; t h e g o d s
" o ft h e u n d e r w o r l d h a v e fe a r o fm e , a n d t h e y ( 1 2) fig h t fo r m e
" in t h e ir h a b it a t io n s w h e n t h e y s e e t h a t t h o u h a s t p r o v id e d m e
" w it h fo o d , b o t h o ft h e fo w l o ft h e a ir a n d o ft h e fis h o ft h e
" s e a . Ia m o n e o ft h o s e Kh u s w h o d w e l l w it h ( 1 3 )
t h e d iv in e
' Wh it , a n d Ih a v e m a d e m y fo r m l ik e u n t o h is d iv in e Fo r m ,
" w h e n h e c o m e t h fo r t h a n d m a k e t h h im s e l fm a n ife s t in Ta t t u .
" [Ia m ] a s p ir it u a l b o d y ( s a h ) ( 1 4 ) a n d p o s s e s s m y s o u l , a n d
" w il l s p e a k u n t o t h e e t h e t h in g s w h ic h c o n c e r n m e . 0g r a n t
" t h o u t h a t Im a y b e fe a r e d , a n d m a k e t h o u m e t o b e a t e r r o r ;
" l e t t h e g o d s o ft h e u n d e r w o r l d b e a fr a id o fm e , ( 1 5 )
a n d m a y
" t h e y fig h t fo r m e in t h e ir h a b it a t io n s . I, e v e n I, a m t h e Kh u
" w h o d w e l l e t h w it h t h e d iv in e Kh u , w h o m t h e g o d Te r n h im -
" s e l fh a t h c r e a t e d , ( 1 6 ) a n d w h o h a t h c o m e in t o b e in g fr o m
" t h e b l o s s o m ( i . e . , t h e e y e l a s h e s ) o fh is e y e ; h e h a t h m a d e t o
" h a v e e x is t e n c e , a n d h e h a t h m a d e t o b e g l o r io u s ( i . e . , t o b e
" Kh u s ) , a n d h e h a t h m a d e m ig h t y t h e r e b y t h o s e w h o h a v e t h e ir
" e x is t e n c e a l o n g w it h h im . Be h o l d , h e is t h e o n l y On e in N u ,
" ( 1 7 ) a n d t h e y s in g p r a is e s ( o r d o h o m a g e ) u n t o h im [w h e n ]
" h e c o m e t h fo r t h fr o m t h e h o r iz o n , a n d t h e g o d s a n d t h e Kh u s
" w h o h a v e c o m e in t o b e in g a l o n g w it h h im a s c r ib e [t h e l o r d -
" s h ip o f] t e r r o r u n t o h im . "
" Ia m o n e o ft h o s e w o r m s ( ?) w h ic h t h e e y e o ft h e Lo r d , t h e
" o n l y On e , ( 1 8 ) h a t h c r e a t e d . An d b e h o l d , w h e n a s y e t Is is
" h a d n o t g iv e n b ir t h t o Ho r u s , Ih a d g e r m in a t e d , a n d h a d
" fl o u r is h e d , a n d Ih a d b e c o m e a g e d , ( ig ) a n d Ih a d b e c o m e
" g r e a t e r t h a n t h o s e w h o d w e l t w it h t h e d iv in e Kh u , a n d w h o
" h a d c o m e in t o b e in g a l o n g w it h h im
. An d Ih a d r is e n u p l ik e
TILECHAP TERS OFTRAN S FORM ATION S .

1 3 5
" t h e d iv in e h a w k , a n d Ho r u s m a d e fo r m e a s p ir it u a l b o d y ( 20)
" c o n t a in in g h is o w n s o u l , s o t h a t Im ig h t t a k e p o s s e s s io n o fa l l
" t h a t b e l o n g e d u n t o Os ir is in t h e u n d e r w o r l d . Th e d o u b l e Lio n -
" g o d , t h e g o v e r n o r o ft h e t h in g s w h ic h b e l o n g t o t h e Te m p l e
" o ft h e n e m m e s c r o w n , ( 21 ) w h o d w e l l e t h in h is s e c r e t a b o d e ,
" s a it h [u n t o m e ] : - `Ge t t h e e b a c k t o t h e u t t e r m o s t p a r t s o f
" h e a v e n , fo r b e h o l d , in a s m u c h a s t h r o u g h t h y fo r m o fHo r u s
" t h o u h a s t b e c o m e a s p ir it u a l b o d y , ( s a h ) t h e n e m m e s c r o w n is
" n o t fo r t h e e ;
b u t ( 22) b e h o l d , t h o u h a s t t h e p o w e r o fs p e e c h
" e v e n t o t h e u t t e r m o s t p a r t s o fh e a v e n . ' An d I, t h e g u a r d ia n ,
" t o o k p o s s e s s io n o ft h e t h in g s o fHo r u s [w h ic h b e l o n g e d ] u n t o
" Os ir is in t h e u n d e r w o r l d , a n d Ho r u s t o l d a l o u d u n t o m e
( 23 )
" t h e t h in g s w h ic h h is d iv in e fa t h e r Os ir is s p a k e u n t o h im in
" y e a r s [g o n e b y ] o n t h e d a y o fh is o w n b u r ia l . Ih a v e g iv e n
" u n t o t h e e it h e n e m m e s c r o w n t h r o u g h t h e d o u b l e Lio n -g o d
" t h a t t h o u m a y e s t p a s s o n w a r d ( 24 ) a n d m a y e s t c o m e t o t h e
" h e a v e n l y p a t h , a n d t h a t t h o s e w h o d w e l l in t h e u t t e r m o s t p a r t s
" o ft h e h o r iz o n m a y s e e t h e e , a n d t h a t t h e g o d s o ft h e u n d e r -
" w o r l d m a y s e e t h e e a n d m a y fig h t fo r t h e e ( 25 ) in t h e ir h a b it a -
t io n s . An d o ft h e m is t h e Au h e t . 2 Th e g o d s , e a c h a n d a l l o f
" t h e m , w h o a r e t h e w a r d e r s o ft h e s h r in e o ft h e Lo r d , t h e o n l y
" On e , h a v e fa l l e n b e fo r e m y w o r d s . Ha il ! ( 26 ) He t h a t is e x a l t e d
" u p o n h is t o m b is o n m y s id e , a n d h e h a t h b o u n d [u p o n m y
" h e a d ] t h e n e m m e s c r o w n , b y t h e d e c r e e o ft h e d o u b l e Lio n -
" g o d o n m y b e h a l f, a n d t h e g o d Au h e t h a t h p r e p a r e d a w a y
" fo r m e
. I, e v e n I, a m e x a l t e d ( 27 ) in m y t o m b , a n d t h e d o u b l e
" Lio n -g o d h a t h b o u n d t h e n e m m e s c r o w n u p o n m y [h e a d ] , a n d
" h e h a t h a l s o g iv e n u n t o m e t h e d o u b l e h a ir y c o v e r in g o fm y
" h e a d . He h a t h s t a b l is h e d m y h e a r t t h r o u g h h is o w n b a c k b o n e ,
" h e h a t h s t a b l is h e d m y h e a r t t h r o u g h h is o w n ( 28 ) g r e a t a n d
" e x c e e d in g s t r e n g t h , a n d Is h a l l n o t fa l l t h r o u g h S h u
. Im a k e
" m y p e a c e w it h t h e b e a u t ifu l d iv in e Br o t h e r , t h e l o r d o ft h e
" t w o u r a e i, a d o r e d b e h e !I, e v e n Ia m h e w h o k n o w e t h t h e
i
. Lit e r a l l y
: " Th o u h a s t g iv e n u n t o m e . "
2 .
Th e v a r ia n t s a r e Aa h e t At , Aa h e t At e h , a n d o n e p a p y r u s g iv e s t h e w o r d s
" Ia m t h e g r e a t g o d " ; s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . II . p . 1 6 7 .
06

THECHAP TERS OFCON IIN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" r o a d s t h r o u g h t h e s k y ( 29 ) , a n d t h e w in d t h e r e o fis in m y b o d y .
" Th e b u l l w h ic h s t r ik e t h t e r r o r [in t o m e n ] s h a l l n o t d r iv e m e
" b a c k , a n d Is h a l l p a s s o n t o t h e p l a c e w h e r e l ie t h t h e s h ip -
" w r e c k e d m a r in e r o n t h e b o r d e r o ft h e S e k h e t -n e l } e h ( i .
e . ,
Fie l d
" o fil l im it a b l e t im e ) , ( 3 o ) a n d Is h a l l j o u r n e y o n t o t h e n ig h t a n d
" s o r r o w o ft h e r e g io n s o fAm e n t i
. 0Os ir is , Is h a l l c o m e e a c h
" d a y in t o t h e Ho u s e o ft h e d o u b l e Lio n -g o d , a n d Is h a l l c o m e
" fo r t h t h e r e fr o m in t o t h e Ho u s e o f( 3 1 ) Is is , t h e d iv in e l a d y
.
" Is h a l l b e h o l d s a c r e d t h in g s w h ic h a r e h id d e n , a n d Is h a l l b e
" l e d o n t o t h e s e c r e t a n d h o l y t h in g s , e v e n a s t h e y h a v e g r a n t e d
" u n t o m e ( 3 2) t o s e e t h e b ir t h o ft h e Gr e a t Go d . Ho r n s h a t h
" m a d e m e t o b e a s p ir it u a l b o d y t h r o u g h h is s o u l , [a n d Is e e
" w h a t is t h e r e in . IfIs p e a k n e a r t h e m ig h t y o n e s o fS h u t h e y
" r e p u l s e m y o p p o r t u n it y
. Ia m t h e g u a r d ia n a n d I] t a k e p o s s e s s io n
" o ft h e t h in g s w h ic h Ho r n s h a d fr o m Os ir is in t h e u n d e r w o r l d .
" I, e v e n I, ( 3 3 ) a m Ho r u s w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e d iv in e
Kh u . [I]
" h a v e g a in e d p o w e r o v e r h is c r o w n , Ih a v e g a in e d p o w e r o v e r
" h is r a d ia n c e , a n d Ih a v e t r a v e l l e d o v e r t h e r e m o t e , il l im it a b l e
" p a r t s o f( 3 4 ) h e a v e n . Ho r n s is u p o n h is t h r o n e , Ho r n s is u p o n
" h is r o y a l s e a t . M y fa c e is l ik e u n t o t h a t o ft h e d iv in e h a w k ,
" m y s t r e n g t h is l ik e u n t o t h a t o ft h e d iv in e h a w k , a n d Ia m
`o n e w h o h a t h b e e n fu l l y e q u ip p e d b y h is d iv in e Lo r d
. Is h a l l
" c o m e fo r t h t o Ta t t u , ( 3 5 ) Is h a l l s e e Os ir is , Is h a l l p a y h o m a g e
" t o h im o n t h e r ig h t h a n d a n d o n t h e l e ft , Is h a l l p a y h o m a g e
" u n t o N u t , a n d s h e s h a l l l o o k u p o n m e , a n d t h e g o d s s h a l l l o o k
" u p o n m e , t o g e t h e r w it h t h e Ey e o fHo r n s w h o ( 3 6 ) is w it h o u t
" s ig h t ( ?) . Th e y ( i . e . ,
t h e g o d s ) s h a l l m a k e t h e ir a r m s t o c o m e
" fo r t h u n t o m e . Ir is e u p [a s ] a d iv in e P o w e r , a n d [I] r e p u l s e
" h im t h a t w o u l d s u b j e c t m e t o r e s t r a in t
. Th e y o p e n u n t o m e
" t h e h o l y p a t h s , t h e y s e e ( 3 7 ) m y fo r m , a n d t h e y h e a r t h a t
" w h ic h Is p e a k . [D o w n ] u p o n y o u r fa c e s , y e g o d s o ft h e Tu a t
" ( u n d e r w o r l d ) , w h o w o u l d r e s is t m e w it h y o u r fa c e s a n d o p p o s e
" m e w it h y o u r p o w e r s , w h o l e a d a l o n g t h e s t a r s w h ic h n e v e r
" ( 3 8 ) r e s t , a n d w h o m a k e t h e h o l y p a t h s u n t o t h e He m a t ia b o d e
" [w h e r e is ] t h e Lo r d o ft h e e x c e e d in g l y m ig h t y a n d t e r r ib l e S o u l .
" Ho r n s h a t h c o m m a n d e d t h a t y e l ift u p y o u r fa c e s s o t h a t I
THECHAP TERS OFTRAN S FORM ATION S .

07
" m a y ( 3 9 ) l o o k u p o n y o u
. Ih a v e r is e n u p l ik e t h e d iv in e h a w k ,
" a n d Ho r u s b a t h m a d e fo r m e a s p ir it u a l b o d y , t h r o u g h h is
" o w n s o u l , t o t a k e p o s s e s s io n o ft h a t w h ic h b e l o n g e t h t o Os ir is
" ( 4 o )
in t h e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) . Ih a v e b o u n d u p t h e g o d s w it h
" d iv in e t r e s s e s , a n d Ih a v e t r a v e l l e d o n t o t h o s e w h o w a r d t h e ir
" Ch a m b e r s , a n d w h o w e r e o n b o t h s id e s o fm e
. Ih a v e m a d e
" m y r o a d s a n d Ih a v e ( 4 1 ) j o u r n e y e d o n a n d h a v e r e a c h e d t h o s e
" d iv in e b e in g s w h o in h a b it t h e ir s e c r e t d w e l l in g s , a n d w h o a r c
" w a r d e r s o ft h e Te m p l e o fOs ir is
. Ih a v e s p o k e n u n t o t h e m w it h
" s t r e n g t h , a n d h a v e m a d e t h e m t o k n o w ( 4 2) t h e m o s t m ig h t %
" p o w e r o fh im t h a t is p r o v id e d w it h t w o h o r n s [t o fig h t ] a g a in s t
" S u t i ;
a n d Im a k e t h e m t o k n o w c o n c e r n in g h im t h a t h a t h
" t a k e n p o s s e s s io n o ft h e d iv in e fo o d , a n d w h o is p r o v id e d w it h
" t h e M ig h t o fTe m
. ( 4 3 ) M a y t h e g o d s o ft h e u n d e r w o r l d [o r d e r ]
" a p r o s p e r o u s j o u r n e y fo r m e !0y e g o d s w h o in h a b it y o u r
" s e c r e t d w e l l in g s , a n d w h o a r e w a r d e r s o ft h e Te m p l e o fOs ir is ,
" a n d w h o s e n u m b e r s a r e g r e a t a n d m u l t it u d in o u s , g r a n t y e ( 4 4 )
" t h a t Im a y c o m e u n t o y o u
. Ih a v e b o u n d u p a n d Ih a v e g a t h e r e d
" t o g e t h e r t h e p o w e r s o fKe s e m u -e n e n e t , " o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) ,
" Ke s e m iu -e n e n e t
; a n d Ih a v e m a d e h o l y ( 4 5 ) t h e P o w e r s o ft h e
" p a t h s o ft h o s e w h o w a t c h a n d w a r d t h e r o a d s o ft h e h o r iz o n ,
" a n d w h o a r e t h e g u a r d ia n s o ft h e h o r iz o n o fHe m a t iw h ic h is
" in h e a v e n . Ih a v e s t a b l is h e d h a b it a t io n s fo r Os ir is , Ih a v e m a d e
" t h e w a y s h o l y ( 4 6 ) fo r h im , Ih a v e d o n e t h a t w h ic h b a t h b e e n
" c o m m a n d e d , Ih a v e c o m e fo r t h t o Ta t t u , Ih a v e s e e n Os ir is ,
" Ih a v e s p o k e n u n t o h im c o n c e r n in g t h e m a t t e r s o fh is fir s t -
" b o r n s o n w h o m ( 4 7 ) h e l o v e t h a n d c o n c e r n in g t h e w o u n d in g
" o ft h e h e a r t o fS u t i, a n d Ih a v e s e e n t h e d iv in e o n e w h o is
" w it h o u t l ife
. Ye a , Ih a v e m a d e t h e m t o k n o w c o n c e r n in g t h e
" c o u n s e l s o ft h e g o d s w h ic h Ho r u s c a r r ie d o u t ( 4 8 ) w h il e h is
" fa t h e r Os ir is w a s n o t [w it h h im ] . Ha il , Lo r d , t h o u m o s t m ig h t y
" a n d t e r r ib l e S o u l !Ve r il y , I, e v e n I, h a v e c o m e , l o o k t h o u u p o n
" m e , ( 4 9 ) a n d d o t h o u m a k e m e t o b e e x a l t e d
. Ih a v e m a d e
" m y w a y t h r o u g h t h y Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) , a n d Ih a v e o p e n e d
" u p t h e p a t h s w h ic h b e l o n g t o h e a v e n a n d a l s o t h o s e w h ic h
" b e l o n g t o e a r t h , a n d Ih a v e s u ffe r e d n o o p p o s it io n t h e r e in
. ( 5 0)
1 3 8

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" Ex a l t e d [b e t h o u ] u p o n t h y t h r o n e , 0Os ir is ! Th o u h a s t h e a r d
" fa ir t h in g s , 0Os ir is ! Th y s t r e n g t h is v ig o r o u s , 0Os ir is
. Th y
" h e a d is fa s t e n e d u n t o t h e e , 0Os ir is
. Th y b r o w is s t a b l is h e d ,
" ( 5 1 )
0Os ir is . Th y h e a r t is g l a d , [0Os ir is ] . Th y s p e e c h ( ?)
" is s t a b l is h e d , [0Os ir is ] , a n d t h y p r in c e s r e j o ic e . Th o u a r t
" s t a b l is h e d l ik e t h e Bu l l o fAm e n t e t . ( 5 2) Th y s o n Ho r u s h a t h
" r is e n l ik e t h e s u n u p o n t h y t h r o n e , a n d a l l l ife is w it h h im .
" M il l io n s o fy e a r s m in is t e r u n t o h im , a n d m il l io n s o fy e a r s h o l d
" h im in fe a r ;
t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s a r e h is s e r v a n t s , a n d
" t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s h o l d h im in fe a r
. Th e g o d Te m ,
" ( 5 3 )
t h e Go v e r n o r a n d o n l y On e o ft h e g o d s , b a t h s p o k e n
" [t h e s e t h in g s ] , a n d h is w o r d p a s s e t h n o t a w a y . Ho r u s is b o t h
" t h e d iv in e fo o d a n d t h e s a c r ific e . [He ] b a t h p a s s e d o n ( ?)
t o
" g a t h e r t o g e t h e r [t h e m e m b e r s o f] h is d iv in e fa t h e r ( 5 4 ) ; Ho r u s
" is [h is ] d e l iv e r e r , Ho r u s is [h is ] d e l iv e r e r
. Ho r u s b a t h s p r u n g
" fr o m t h e w a t e r o fh is d iv in e fa t h e r a n d [fr o m h is ] d e c a y . He
" b a t h b e c o m e t h e Go v e r n o r o fEg y p t . Th e g o d s l a b o u r fo r h im ,
" a n d t h e y t o il fo r h im fo r ( 5 5 ) m il l io n s o fy e a r s ;
a n d h e b a t h
" m a d e t o l iv e m il l io n s o fy e a r s t h r o u g h h is Ey e , t h e o n l y On e
" o fit s Lo r d ( o r N e b -s ) , N e b t -e r -t c h e r . "
CHAP TERLXXIX.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t s 8 a n d
q ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d k n e e l in g in a d o r a t io n b e fo r e t h r e e g o d s ( s e e
N a v il l e , o p . c it . ,
Bd . I . 1 3 1 . g o ) .
Te x t : ( i)
THECHAP TEROF' BEIN GTRAN S FORM ED IN TOTHE
GOVERN OROFTHES OVEREIGN P RIN CES . Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -
c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -( 2)
" Ia m t h e g o d Te m , t h e m a k e r o fh e a v e n , t h e c r e a t o r o ft h in g s
" w h ic h a r e , w h o c o m e t h fo r t h fr o m t h e e a r t h , w h o m a k e t h t o
" c o m e in t o b e in g t h e s e e d w h ic h is s o w n , t h e l o r d o ft h in g s
" w h ic h s h a l l b e , w h o g a v e b ir t h t o t h e g o d s ; [Ia m ] t h e g r e a t
" g o d w h o m a d e h im s e l f, ( 3 ) t h e l o r d o fl ife , w h o m a k e t h t o
THECHAP TERS OFTRAN S FORM ATION S .

1 3 9
" fl o u r is h t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s . Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e l o r d s
" o fd iv in e t h in g s ( o r o fc r e a t io n ) , y e p u r e b e in g s w h o s e a b o d e s
" a r e h id d e n !Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e e v e r l a s t in g l o r d s , ( 4 ) w h o s e
" fo r m s a r e h id d e n a n d w h o s e s h r in e s a r e h id d e n in p l a c e s w h ic h
" a r e u n k n o w n !Ho m a g e t o y o u , ( 5 ) 0y e g o d s , w h o d w e l l in
" t h e Te n a it O! Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e g o d s o ft h e c ir c u it o f
" t h e fl o o d e d l a n d s o fQe b h u ! Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e g o d s w h o
" l iv e in Am e n t e t ! ( 6 ) Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e c o m p a n y o ft h e
" g o d s w h o d w e l l in N u t !Gr a n t y e t h a t Im a y c o m e u n t o y o u ,
" fo r Ia m p u r e , ( 7 ) Ia m d iv in e , Ia m a k h u , I a m s t r o n g , I
" a m e n d o w e d w it h a s o u l ( o r Ia m m ig h t y ) , a n d Ih a v e b r o u g h t
" u n t o y o u in c e n s e , a n d s w e e t -s m e l l in g g u m s , a n d n a t r o n ; I
" h a v e m a d e a n e n d o ft h e s p it t l e w h ic h fl o w e t h ( 8 ) fr o m y o u r
" m o u t h u p o n m e . Ih a v e c o m e , a n d Ih a v e m a d e a n e n d o f
" t h e e v il t h in g s w h ic h a r e in y o u r h e a r t s , a n d Ih a v e r e m o v e d
" t h e fa u l t s w h ic h y e k e p t [l a id u p a g a in s t m e ] . Ih a v e b r o u g h t t o
" y o u ( 9 ) t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e g o o d , a n d Im a k e t o c o m e in t o
" y o u r p r e s e n c e Rig h t a n d Tr u t h . I, e v e n I, k n o w y o u , a n d I
" k n o w y o u r n a m e s , a n d Ik n o w ( t o ) y o u r fo r m s , w h ic h a r e u n -
k n o w n , a n d Ic o m e in t o b e in g a l o n g w it h y o u . M y c o m in g is
" l ik e u n t o t h a t o ft h e g o d w h o e a t e t h m e n a n d ( t 1 ) w h o l iv e t h
" u p o n t h e g o d s
. Ia m m ig h t y w it h y o u l ik e t h e g o d w h o is
" e x a l t e d u p o n h is r e s t in g -p l a c e ; t h e g o d s c o m e t o m e in g l a d -
n e s s , a n d g o d d e s s e s m a k e s u p p l ic a t io n ( 1 2) u n t o m e w h e n t h e y
" s e e m e . Ih a v e c o m e u n t o y o u , a n d Ih a v e r is e n l ik e y o u r
" t w o d iv in e d a u g h t e r s . Ih a v e t a k e n m y s e a t in t h e ( 1 3 ) h o r iz o n ,
" a n d Ir e c e iv e m y o ffe r in g s u p o n m y t a b l e s , a n d Id r in k d r in k -
" o ffe r in g s a t e v e n t id e . M y c o m in g is [r e c e iv e d ] w it h ( 1 4 ) s h o u t s
" o fj o y , a n d t h e d iv in e b e in g s w h o d w e l l in t h e h o r iz o n a s c r ib e
" p r a is e s u n t o m e , t h e d iv in e s p ir it u a l b o d y ( S a h ) , t h e l o r d o f
" d iv in e b e in g s ( 1 5 ) . Ia m e x a l t e d l ik e t h e h o l y g o d w h o d w e l l -
" e t h in t h e Gr e a t Te m p l e , a n d t h e g o d s r e j o ic e w h e n t h e y s e e
" m e in m y b e a u t ifu l c o m in g fo r t h fr o m t h e b o d y o fN u t , w h e n
" m y m o t h e r N u t g iv e t h b ir t h u n t o m e . "
1 4 0
THE CHAP TERS OFCON IN GFORTHBYD AY.
CHAP TER LXXX.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 28 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Ag o d w it h t h e d is k o ft h e s u n u p o n h is h e a d .
Te x t : ( i) [THECHAP TEROF] M AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION
IN TOTHEGOD WHOGIVETHLIGHT[IN ] THED ARKN ES S .
S a it h
Os ir is , t h e s c r ib e An i, t r iu m p h a n t
: -
" Ia m ( 2) t h e g ir d l e o ft h e r o b e o ft h e g o d N u , w h ic h s h in e t h
" a n d s h e d d e t h l ig h t u p o n t h a t w h ic h b e l o n g e t h t o h is b r e a s t ,
" w h ic h s e n d e t h fo r t h l ig h t in t o t h e d a r k n e s s , w h ic h u n it e t h t h e
" t w o fig h t in g d e it ie s ( 3 ) w h o d w e l l in m y b o d y t h r o u g h t h e
" m ig h t y s p e l l o ft h e w o r d s o fm y m o u t h , w h ic h r a is e t h u p
" h im t h a t h a t h fa l l e n -( 4 ) fo r h e w h o w a s w it h h im in t h e
" v a l l e y o fAb t u ( Ab y d o s ) h a t h fa l l e n -a n d Ir e s t . Ih a v e r e -
m e m b e r e d h im . Ih a v e t a k e n p o s s e s s io n o ft h e g o d Hu in m y
" c it y , fo r Ifo u n d ( 5 ) h im t h e r e in , a n d Ih a v e l e d a w a y c a p t iv e
" t h e d a r k n e s s b y m y m ig h t
. Ih a v e r e s c u e d t h e Ey e [o ft h e S u n ]
" w h e n it w a n e d a t t h e c o m in g o ft h e fe s t iv a l o ft h e fift e e n t h
" d a y , ( 6 ) a n d Ih a v e w e ig h e d S u t in t h e c e l e s t ia l h o u s e s a g a in s t
" t h e Ag e d o n e w h o is w it h h im
. Ih a v e e n d o w e d ( 7 ) Th o t h
" [w it h w h a t is n e e d fu l ] in t h e Te m p l e o ft h e M o o n -g o d fo r
" t h e c o m in g o ft h e fift e e n t h d a y o ft h e fe s t iv a l . Ih a v e t a k e n
" p o s s e s s io n o ft h e U r e r e t c r o w n ; M a a t ( i . e . , r ig h t a n d t r u t h )
" is in m y ( 8 ) b o d y
; it s m o u t h s a r e o ft u r q u o is e a n d r o c k -c r y s t a l .
" M y h o m e s t e a d is a m o n g t h e fu r r o w s w h ic h a r e [o ft h e c o l o u r
" o f] l a p is -l a z u l i . Ia m ( g ) He m -N u ( ?) w h o s h e d d e t h l ig h t in
" t h e d a r k n e s s
. Ih a v e c o m e t o g iv e l ig h t in t h e d a r k n e s s , w h ic h
" is m a d e l ig h t a n d b r ig h t [b y m e ] . Ih a v e g iv e n l ig h t in t h e
" d a r k n e s s , ( io ) a n d Ih a v e o v e r t h r o w n t h e d e s t r o y in g c r o c o d il e s .
" Ih a v e s u n g p r a is e s u n t o t h o s e w h o d w e l l in t h e d a r k n e s s , I
" h a v e r a is e d u p t h o s e w h o ( it ) w e p t , a n d w h o h a d h id d e n t h e ir
" fa c e s a n d h a d s u n k d o w n in w r e t c h e d n e s s
; a n d t h e y d id l o o k
" t h e n u p o n m e . [Ha il , t h e n , ] y e b e in g s , Ia m He m -N u ( ?) , a n d
" Iw il l n o t l e t y o u h e a r c o n c e r n in g t h e m a t t e r . [I] h a v e o p e n e d
THECHAP TERS OFTRAN S FORM ATION S .

1 4 1
" [t h e w a y ] , Ia m He m -N u ( ?) ,
[I] h a v e m a d e l ig h t t h e d a r k n e s s ,
" Ih a v e c o m e , h a v in g m a d e a n e n d o ft h e d a r k n e s s , w h ic h b a t h
" b e c o m e l ig h t in d e e d
. "
CHAP TERLXXXIA .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t it ) . ]
Vig n e t t e
: In t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( s h e e t 3 ) t h e v ig n e t t e o ft h is
Ch a p t e r is s im p l y a l o t u s fl o w e r in fu l l
b l o o m , b u t in t h e P a p y r u s o f
An i( s h e e t z 8 ) a h u m a n h e a d is s e e n s p r in g in g fr o m t h e l o t u s w h ic h is
g r o w in g in a p o o l o fw a t e r
. S e e a l s o Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl . 3 1 .
Te x t :
( r ) THECHAP TEROFM AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION
IN TOA LOTU S . Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -
c h ie f, N u , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ia m t h e p u r e l o t u s w h ic h s p r in g e t h u p fr o m t h e d iv in e
" s p l e n d o u r t h a t b e l o n g e t h t o t h e n o s t r il s o fRa . Ih a v e m a d e
" [m y w a y ] , a n d Ifo l l o w o n s e e k in g fo r h im w h o is Ho r n s
. Ia m
" t h e p u r e o n e w h o c o m e t h fo r t h o u t o ft h e Fie l d . "
CHAP TERLXXXIB .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f P a g r e r ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . ,
Bd . I. Bl . 9 3 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Ah u m a n h e a d s p r in g in g fr o m a l o t u s .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TER OF M AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION
IN TO ALOTU S . S a it h Os ir is P a q r e r : -
( 2)
" Ha il , t h o u l o t u s , t h o u t y p e o ft h e g o d N e fe r -Te m u ! Ia m
" t h e m a n t h a t k n o w e t h y o u , a n d ( 3 ) Ik n o w y o u r n a m e s a m o n g
" [t h o s e o f] t h e g o d s , t h e l o r d s o ft h e u n d e r w o r l d , a n d Ia m o n e
" o f( 4 ) y o u . Gr a n t y e t h a t [I] m a y s e e t h e g o d s w h o a r e t h e
" d iv in e g u id e s in t h e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) , a n d g r a n t y e u n t o m e
" a p l a c e in ( 5 ) t h e u n d e r w o r l d n e a r u n t o t h e l o r d s o fAm e n t e t
.
" Le t m e a r r iv e a t a h a b it a t io n in t h e l a n d o fTc h e s e r t , a n d r e -
1 4 2
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.
" c e iv e m e , 0a l l y e g o d s , ( 6 ) in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e l o r d s o f
" e t e r n it y . Gr a n t t h a t m y s o u l m a y c o m e fo r t h w h it h e r s o e v e r it
" p l e a s e t h , a n d l e t it n o t b e d r iv e n a w a y fr o m t h e p r e s e n c e o f
" t h e g r e a t c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s
. "
CHAP TERLXXXII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f
N u ( Br it
. M u s . N o
.
1 0, 4 7 7 ,
s h e e t s 9 a n d t o ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d P t a h in a s h r in e , b e fo r e w h ic h is a t a b l e o fo ffe r in g s .
Te x t : ( 1 ) THECHAP TEROFM AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION
IN TO P TAH, OFEATIN GCAKES , AN D OFD RIN KIN GALE, AN D
OFU N FETTERIN GTHES TEP S , AN D OFBECOM IN G A LIVIN G
BEIN GIN AN N U ( He l io p o l is ) . Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m -
p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ifl y l ik e a h a w k , Ic a c k l e l ik e t h e
s m e n
g o o s e , a n d Ip e r c h
" ( 3 ) u p o n t h a t a b o d e o ft h e u n d e r w o r l d ( d a t ) o n t h e fe s t iv a l
" o ft h e g r e a t Be in g . Th a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e ,
" t h a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e , Ih a v e n o t e a t e n
; fil t h
" is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e a n d Ih a v e n o t e a t e n t h e r e o f, ( 4 )
" a n d t h a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m y k a b a t h n o t e n t e r e d
" in t o m y b e l l y
. Le t m e , t h e n , l iv e u p o n t h a t w h ic h t h e g o d s
" a n d t h e Kh u s d e c r e e fo r m e ; ( 5 ) l e t m e l iv e a n d l e t m e h a v e
" p o w e r o v e r c a k e s ; l e t m e e a t t h e m b e fo r e t h e g o d s a n d t h e Kh u s
" [w h o h a v e a fa v o u r ] u n t o ( 6 ) m e ; l e t m e h a v e p o w e r o v e r [t h e s e
" c a k e s ] a n d l e t m e e a t o ft h e m u n d e r t h e [s h a d e o ft h e ] l e a v e s
" o ft h e p a l m t r e e o ft h e g o d d e s s Ha t h o r , ( 7 ) w h o is m y d iv in e
" La d y . Le t t h e o ffe r in g o ft h e s a c r ific e , a n d t h e o ffe r in g o fc a k e s ,
" a n d v e s s e l s o fl ib a t io n s b e m a d e in An n u ; l e t m e c l o t h e m y -
" s e l fin ( 8 ) t h e t a d u g a r m e n t [w h ic h Is h a l l r e c e iv e ] fr o m t h e
" h a n d o ft h e g o d d e s s Ta it ; l e t m e s t a n d u p a n d l e t m e s it
" d o w n ( g ) w h e r e s o e v e r Ip l e a s e . M y h e a d is l ik e u n t o t h a t o f
" Rd , a n d [w h e n m y m e m b e r s a r e ] g a t h e r e d t o g e t h e r [Ia m ] l ik e
" u n t o Te r n ; t h e fo u r [s id e s o ft h e d o m a in ] o fRa , ( 1 o ) a n d t h e
" w id t h o ft h e e a r t h fo u r t im e s . Ic o m e fo r t h . M y t o n g u e is
THECHAP TERS OFTRAN S FORM ATION S .
" l ik e u n t o t h a t o fP t a h a n d m y t h r o n e is l ik e u n t o t h a t o ft h e
" g o d d e s s Ha t h o r , a n d Im a k e m e n t io n o ft h e w o r d s o fTe r n ,
" m y fa t h e r , ( ii) w it h m y m o u t h
. He it is w h o c o n s t r a in e t h
" t h e h a n d m a id , t h e w ife o fS e b , a n d b e fo r e h im a r e b o w e d
" [a l l ] h e a d s , a n d t h e r e is fe a r o fh im . Hy m n s o fp r a is e a r e
" r e p e a t e d fo r [m e ] b y r e a s o n o f[m y ] m ig h t y a c t s , a n d Ia m
" d e c r e e d t o b e t h e d iv in e ( 1 2) Ha ir o fS e b , t h e l o r d o ft h e
" e a r t h a n d t o b e t h e p r o t e c t o r t h e r e in
. Th e g o d S e b r e fr e s h e t h
" m e , a n d h e m a k e t h h is r is in g s t o b e m in e
. Th o s e w h o d w e l l
" in An n u ( 1 3 ) b o w d o w n t h e ir h e a d s u n t o m e , fo r Ia m t h e ir
" l o r d a n d Ia m t h e ir b u l l
. Ia m m o r e p o w e r fu l t h a n t h e l o r d
" o ft im e , a n d Is h a l l e n j o y t h e p l e a s u r e s o fl o v e , a n d s h a l l g a in
" t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m il l io n s o fy e a r s . "
CHAP TERLXXXIII . '
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t l o ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : ABe n n u b ir d .
Te x t : ( i)
[THECHAP TEROFM AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION
IN TO ( 2) ABEN N U BIRD
. ] Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m -
p h a n t , s a it h : -
( 3 )
" Ic a m e 2
in t o b e in g fr o m u n fo r m e d m a t t e r
. Ic a m e in t o
" e x is t e n c e l ik e t h e g o d Kh e p e r a , Ih a v e g e r m in a t e d l ik e t h e
" t h in g s w h ic h g e r m in a t e ( i . e . , p l a n t s ) , a n d Ih a v e d r e s s e d m y s e l f
" l ik e t h e ( 4 ) To r t o is e . 3
Ia m [o f] t h e g e r m s o fe v e r y g o d . Ia m
" Ye s t e r d a y o ft h e fo u r
. [q u a r t e r s o ft h e w o r l d ] a n d o ft h o s e
" s e v e n U r a e iw h ic h c a m e in t o e x is t e n c e in Am e n t e t , t h a t is t o
" s a y , [Ho r u s , w h o e m it t e t h l ig h t fr o m h is d iv in e b o d y
. ( 5 ) He
" is ] t h e g o d [w h o ] fo u g h t a g a in s t S u t i, b u t t h e g o d Th o t h
" c o m e t h b e t w e e n t h e m t h r o u g h t h e j u d g m e n t o fh im t h a t d w e l l -
1 .
In t h e P a p y r u s o f N u
t h e t e x t w h ic h is g iv e n u n d e r t h e t it l e o fCh a p t e r
LXXXIIIis t h a t o fCh a p t e r CXXIV
; Ch a p t e r s LXXXIIIa n d LXXXIVa r e g iv e n
u n d e r t h e t it l e o fCh a p t e r LXXXIV
.
2. Lit e r a l l y : " Ifl e w . "
3
. 1 b e l ie v e t h a t " Tu r t l e " is t h e c o r r e c t t r a n s l a t io n .
1 4 3
1
4
4
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" e t h
in ( 6 ) S e k h e m , a n d o ft h e S o u l s w h o a r e in An n u , a n d
" t h e r e is a s t r e a m b e t w e e n t h e m ( 7 ) Ih a v e c o m e b y d a y , a n d I
" h a v e r is e n in t h e fo o t s t e p s o ft h e g o d s
. Ia m t h e g o d Kh e n s u ,
" w h o d r iv e t h b a c k a l l t h a t o p p o s e h im . "
Ru b r ic : [
IF] THIS CHAP TER[BEKN OWN BYTHED ECEAS ED ] HES HALL
COM EFORTHP U REBYD AYAFTERHIS D EATH, AN D HES HALLP ERFORM
WHATS OEVERTRAN S FORM ATION S HIS HEARTD ES IRETH . HES HALLBEIN
THEFOLLOWIN GOFU N -N EFER, AN D HES HALLBES ATIS FIED WITHTHE
FOOD OFOS IRIS AN D WITHS EP U LCHRALM EALS
. [HE] S HALLS EETHED IS K,
[HE] S HALLBEIN GOOD CAS EU P ON EARTHBEFORERA, AN D HES HALLBE
TRIU M P HAN T1 3 EFOREOS IRIS , AN T) N OEVILTHIN GWHATS OEVERS HALL,
HAVED OM IN ION OVERHIM FOREVERAN D EVER
.
CHAP TER LXXXIV.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 i7 , s h e e t
io ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Ah e r o n .
Te x t
:
[THECHAP TEROFM AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION IN TO
AHERON .
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h
: -] ( 8 )
" [I] h a v e g o t t e n d o m in io n o v e r t h e b e a s t s t h a t a r e b r o u g h t
" fo r s a c r ific e , w it h t h e k n iv e s w h ic h a r e [h e l d ] a t t h e ir h e a d s ,
" a n d a t t h e ir h a ir , a n d a t t h e ir ( g )

[Ha il ] , Ag e d o n e s
" [h a il , ] Kh z z s ,
w h o a r e p r o v id e d w it h t h e o p p o r t u n it y , t h e c h a n -
" c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, t h e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
( M O)
" is u p o n t h e e a r t h , a n d w h a t h e h a t h s l a u g h t e r e d is in h e a v e n
;
" a n d w h a t h e h a t h s l a u g h t e r e d is in h e a v e n a n d h e is u p o n t h e
" e a r t h
. Be h o l d , Ia m s t r o n g , a n d Iw o r k m ig h t y d e e d s t o t h e
" v e r y h e ig h t s o fh e a v e n .
( II) Ih a v e m a d e m y s e l fp u r e , a n d [I]
" m a k e t h e b r e a d t h o fh e a v e n [a p l a c e fo r ] m y fo o t s t e p s [a s Ig o ]
" in t o t h e c it ie s o fAu k e r t
;
Ia d v a n c e , a n d Ig o fo r w a r d ( 1 2)
" in t o t h e c it y o fU n n u ( He r m o p o l is )
. Ih a v e s e t t h e g o d s u p o n
" t h e ir p a t h s , a n d Ih a v e r o u s e d u p t h e e x a l t e d o n e s w h o d w e l l
" in t h e ir s h r in e s
. D o In o t k n o w N u ?
( 1 3 ) D o In o t k n o w Ta -
" t u n e n
?
D o In o t k n o w t h e b e in g s o ft h e c o l o u r o ffir e w h o
THECHAP TERS OFTRAN S FORM ATION S .
" t h r u s t fo r w a r d t h e ir h o r n s ?D o In o t k n o w [e v e r y b e in g h a v in g ]
" in c a n t a t io n s u n t o w h o s e w o r d s Il is t e n ?( t 4 ) Ia m t h e
S m a m
" b u l l [fo r s l a u g h t e r ] w h ic h is w r it t e n d o w n in t h e b o o k s . Th e
" g o d s c r y in g o u t s a y : `Le t y o u r fa c e s b e g r a c io u s t o h im t h a t
" c o m e t h o n w a r d ' . Th e l ig h t ( 1 5 ) is b e y o n d y o u r k n o w l e d g e , a n d
" y e c a n n o t fe t t e r it ;
a n d t im e s a n d s e a s o n s a r e in m y b o d y .
" Id o n o t u t t e r w o r d s t o t h e g o d IIu , [Id o n o t u t t e r w o r d s o f]
" w ic k e d n e s s in s t e a d o f[w o r d s o f] r ig h t a n d t r u t h , ( t 6 ) a n d e a c h
" d a y r ig h t a n d t r u t h c o m e u p o n m y e y e b r o w s
. At n ig h t t a k e t h
" p l a c e t h e fe s t iv a l o fh im t h a t is d e a d , t h e Ag e d On e , w h o is
" in w a r d [in ] t h e e a r t h . "
CHAP TERLXXXV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 i7 , s h e e t 9 )
. ]
Vig n e t t e
:
As o u l .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFM AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION
IN TOALIVIN GS OU L, AN D OFN OTEN TERIN GIN TOTHECHAM BER
OFTORTU RE ; w h o s o e v e r k n o w e t h [it ] s h a l l n o t s e e c o r r u p t io n .
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ia m t h e d iv in e S o u l o fRd p r o c e e d in g fr o m t h e g o d N u ;
" t h a t d iv in e S o u l w h ic h is Go d , [Ia m ] t h e c r e a t o r o ft h e d iv in e
" fo o d , a n d t h a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e is s in ( 3 ) w h e r e -
o n Il o o k n o t . Ip r o c l a im r ig h t a n d t r u t h , a n d Il iv e t h e r e in .
" Ia m t h e d iv in e fo o d , w h ic h is n o t c o r r u p t e d in m y n a m e ( 4 ) o f
" S o u l : Ig a v e b ir t h u n t o m y s e l ft o g e t h e r w it h N u in m y n a m e
" o fKh e p e r a in w h o m Ic o m e in t o b e in g d a y b y d a y . Ia m t h e
" l o r d o f( 5 ) l ig h t , a n d t h a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e
" is d e a t h ; l e t m e n o t g o in t o t h e c h a m b e r o ft o r t u r e w h ic h is
" in t h e Tu a t ( u n d e r w o r l d ) . Ia s c r ib e h o n o u r [u n t o ] Os ir is , a n d
" Im a k e t o b e a t p e a c e t h e h e a r t [s ] o f( 6 ) t h o s e b e in g s w h o d w e l l
" a m o n g t h e d iv in e t h in g s w h ic h [I] l o v e . Th e y c a u s e t h e fe a r
" o fm e [t o a b o u n d ] , a n d t h e y c r e a t e a w e o f( 7 ) m e in t h o s e b e in g s
" w h o d w e l l in t h e ir d iv in e t e r r it o r ie s . Be h o l d , Ia m e x a l t e d u p o n
1 0
x 4 5
1 4
6 THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.
" m y s t a n d a r d ( 8 ) , a n d u p o n m y s e a t , a n d u p o n t h e t h r o n e w h ic h
" is a d j u d g e d [t o m e ]
. Ia m t h e g o d N u , a n d t h e w o r k e r s o fin i-
q u it y s h a l l n o t d e s t r o y m e ( g ) . Ia m t h e fir s t -b o r n g o d o fp r im -
e v a l m a t t e r , t h a t is t o s a y , t h e d iv in e S o u l , e v e n t h e ( io ) S o u l s
" o ft h e g o d s o fe v e r l a s t in g n e s s , a n d m y b o d y is e t e r n it y . M y
" Fo r m is e v e r l a s t in g n e s s , a n d is t h e l o r d o fy e a r s ( x x ) a n d t h e
" p r in c e o fe t e r n it y . [Ia m ] t h e c r e a t o r o ft h e d a r k n e s s w h o m a k e t h
" h is h a b it a t io n in t h e u t t e r m o s t p a r t s o ft h e s k y , [w h ic h ] Il o v e
" ( 1 2) ,
a n d Ia r r iv e a t t h e c o n fin e s t h e r e o f . Ia d v a n c e u p o n m y
" fe e t , Ib e c o m e m a s t e r o f( x 3 ) m y v in e , Is a il o v e r t h e s k y w h ic h
" fo r m e t h t h e d iv is io n [b e t w ix t h e a v e n a n d e a r t h ] , [I] d e s t r o y
" t h e h id d e n ( i4 )
w o r m s t h a t t r a v e l n ig h u n t o m y fo o t s t e p s w h ic h
" a r e t o w a r d s t h e l o r d o ft h e t w o h a n d s a n d a r m s . M y s o u l is
" t h e S o u l s o ft h e s o u l s ( 1 5 ) o fe v e r l a s t in g n e s s , a n d m y b o d y is
" e t e r n it y . Ia m t h e d iv in e e x a l t e d b e in g w h o is t h e l o r d o ft h e
" l a n d o fTe b u . `Ia m t h e Bo y ( x 6 ) in t h e c it y a n d t h e Yo u n g
" m a n in t h e p l a in ' is m y n a m e ; `h e t h a t n e v e r s u ffe r e t h c o r -
r u p t io n ' is m y n a m e . Ia m t h e S o u l , t h e c r e a t o r o ft h e g o d
" N u w h o m a k e t h h is h a b it a t io n in ( i7 ) t h e u n d e r w o r l d : m y
" p l a c e o fin c u b a t io n is u n s e e n a n d m y e g g is n o t c r a c k e d . Ih a v e
" d o n e a w a y w it h a l l m y in iq u it y , a n d Is h a l l s e e m y d iv in e
" Fa t h e r , ( x 8 ) t h e l o r d o fe v e n t id e , w h o s e b o d y d w e l l e t h in An n u .
" It r a v e l ( ?) t o t h e g o d o fn ig h t ( ?) , w h o d w e l l e t h w it h t h e g o d
" o fl ig h t , b y t h e w e s t e r n r e g io n o ft h e Ib is ( i. e . , Th o t h )
. "
CHAP TERLXXXVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t io ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
As w a l l o w p e r c h e d u p o n a c o n ic a l o b j e c t
.
Te x t
: ( x ) THECHAP TEROFM AKIN G THE TRAN S FORM ATION
IN TO AS WALLOW. Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : - ( 2)
THECHAP TERS OFTRAN S FORM ATION S .

1 4 7
" I
a m a s w a l l o w , Ia m a s w a l l o w
. Ia m t h e S c o r p io n , t h e
" d a u g h t e r o fRa . Ha il , y e g o d s , w h o s e s c e n t is s w e e t ; h a il , y e
" g o d s , w h o s e s c e n t is s w e e t ![Ha il , ] Fl a m e , w h ic h c o m e t h fo r t h
" fr o m t h e h o r iz o n !Ha il , t h o u w h o a r t in t h e c it y , Ih a v e b r o u g h t
" t h e Wa r d e n o fh is Big h t t h e r e in . 0s t r e t c h o u t u n t o m e t h y
" h a n d s o t h a t Im a y b e a b l e t o p a s s m y d a y s in t h e P o o l o f
" D o u b l e Fir e , a n d
( q . )
l e t m e a d v a n c e w it h m y m e s s a g e , fo r I
" h a v e c o m e w it h w o r d s t o t e l l . 0o p e n [t h o u ] t h e d o o r s t o m e
" a n d Iw il l d e c l a r e t h e t h in g s w h ic h h a v e b e e n ( 5 ) s e e n b y m e .
" Ho r n s h a t h b e c o m e t h e d iv in e p r in c e o ft h e Bo a t o ft h e S u n ,
" a n d u n t o h im h a t h b e e n g iv e n t h e t h r o n e o fh is d iv in e fa t h e r
" Os ir is , a n d ( 6 ) S e t , t h a t s o n o fN u t , [l ie t h ] u n d e r t h e fe t t e r s
" w h ic h h e h a d m a d e fo r m e . Ih a v e m a d e a c o m p u t a t io n o f
" w h a t is in t h e c it y o fS e k h e m , ( q ) Ih a v e s t r e t c h e d o u t b o t h
" m y h a n d s a n d a r m s a t t h e w o r d ( ?) o fOs ir is , Ih a v e p a s s e d
" o n t o j u d g m e n t , a n d Ih a v e c o m e t h a t [I] m a y ( 8 ) s p e a k
;
" g r a n t t h a t Im a y p a s s o n a n d d e c l a r e m y t id in g s . Ie n t e r in ,
" [Ia m ] j u d g e d , a n d [I] c o m e fo r t h w o r t h y a t ( g ) t h e g a t e o f
" N e b -e r -t c h e r . Ia m p u r e a t t h e g r e a t p l a c e o ft h e p a s s a g e o f
" s o u l s , Ih a v e d o n e a w a y w it h ( io ) m y s in s , Ih a v e p u t a w a y
" m in e o ffe n c e s , a n d Ih a v e d e s t r o y e d t h e e v il w h ic h a p p e r t a in e d
" u n t o m y m e m b e r s u p o n e a r t h . Ha il , y e d iv in e b e in g s w h o g u a r d
" t h e d o o r s , m a k e y e fo r m e ( IIl
a w a y , fo r , b e h o l d , Ia m l ik e
" u n t o y o u . Ih a v e c o m e fo r t h b y d a y , Ih a v e j o u r n e y e d o n o n
" m y l e g s , Ih a v e g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y o v e r m y fo o t s t e p s [b e fo r e ]
" t h e Go d o fLig h t , ( 1 2) Ik n o w t h e h id d e n w a y s a n d t h e d o o r s
" o ft h e S e k h e t -Aa r u , v e r il y I, e v e n I, h a v e c o m e , ( r 3 ) I h a v e
" o v e r t h r o w n m in e e n e m ie s u p o n e a r t h , a n d y e t m y p e r is h a b l e
" b o d y is in t h e g r a v e !"
Ru b r ic : IFTHIS CHAP TERBEKN OWN [BYTHED ECEAS ED ] , HES HALL
COM EFORTHBYD AY, HES HALLN OTBETU RN ED BACKAT
04 )
AN YGATE
IN THEU N D ERWORLD , AN D HES HALLM AKEHIS TRAN S FORM ATION IN TO
AS WALLOWREGU LARLYAN D CON TIN U ALLY .
1 0*
1 4 8
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
CHAP TERLXXXVII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t ii) . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th e s e r p e n t S a t a w it h h u m a n l e g s .
Te x t : ( t )
THECHAP TEROFM AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION
IN TOTHES ERP EN TS ATA . Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f ( 2) , N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 3 )
" Ia m t h e s e r p e n t S a t a w h o s e y e a r s a r e m a n y
. " Id ie a n d I
" a m b o r n a g a in e a c h d a y . Ia m t h e s e r p e n t S a t a w h ic h d w e l l -
" e t h in t h e u t t e r m o s t p a r t s o ft h e e a r t h . Id ie , a n d Ia m b o r n
" a g a in , a n d Ir e n e w m y s e l f, a n d Ig r o w y o u n g ( 5 ) e a c h d a y
. "
CHAP TERLXXXVIII
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 i1 , s h e e t
n ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Ac r o c o d il e u p o n a p y l o n o r g a t e w a y .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFM AKIN GTHETRAN S FORM ATION
IN TOACROCOD ILE. Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f ( 2) , N u , t r iu m -
p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ia m t h e d iv in e c r o c o d il e w h ic h d w e l l e t h in h is t e r r o r , Ia m
" t h e d iv in e c r o c o d il e , a n d Is e iz e [m y p r e y ] l ik e ( 4 ) a r a v e n in g
" b e a s t . Ia m t h e g r e a t a n d M ig h t y Fis h w h ic h is in t h e c it y
" o fQe m -u r . Ia m ( 5 ) t h e l o r d t o w h o m b o w in g a n d p r o s t r a t io n s
" [a r e m a d e ] in t h e c it y o fS e k h e m . "
CHAP TERLXXXIX
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t t 7 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th e m u m m y o ft h e d e c e a s e d l y in g u p o n a b ie r ; a b o v e is h is
s o u l in t h e fo r m o fa h u m a n -h e a d e d b ir d , h o l d in g s h e n , t h e e m b l e m o f
e t e r n it y , in it s c l a w s .
i . Lit e r a l l y , " d il a t e d w it h y e a r s . -
THECHAP TEROFU N ITIN GTHES OU LTOTHEBOD Y
. 1
4
9
Te x t : ( i) THE CHAP TER
OF CAU S IN G THE S OU L TO BE
U N ITED TOITS BOD YIN THEU N D ERWORLD
. Th e Os ir is An i,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ha il , t h o u g o d An n iu ( i . e . , Br in g e r ) !
Ha il , t h o u g o d P e h r e r
" ( 1 . e
. , Ru n n e r ) , 2 w h o d w e l l e s t in t h y h a l l ! [Ha il , ] g r e a t Go d !
" Gr a n t t h o u t h a t m y s o u l m a y c o m e u n t o m e fr o m w h e r e s o e v e r
" it m a y b e . If[it ] w o u l d t a r r y , t h e n l e t m y s o u l b e , b r o u g h t
" ( 3 )
u n t o m e fr o m w h e r e s o e v e r it m a y b e , fo r t h o u s h a l t fin d
" t h e Ey e o fHo r n s s t a n d in g b y t h e e l ik e u n t o t h o s e b e in g s w h o
" a r e l ik e u n t o Os ir is , a n d w h o n e v e r l ie d o w n in d e a t h
. Le t
" n o t ( 4 ) t h e Os ir is An i, t r iu m p h a n t , l ie d o w n in d e a t h a m o n g
" t h o s e w h o l ie d o w n in An n u , t h e l a n d w h e r e in s o u l s a r e j o in e d
" u n t o t h e ir b o d ie s e v e n in t h o u s a n d s . Le t m e h a v e p o s s e s s io n
" o f m y b a ( s o u l ) , a n d o fm y k l u , , a n d l e t m e t r iu m p h ( 5 ) t h e r e -
" w it h in e v e r y p l a c e w h e r e s o e v e r it m a y b e . [Ob s e r v e t h e s e t h in g s
" w h ic h [I] s p e a k , fo r it h a t h s t a v e s w it h it ]
I ; o b s e r v e t h e n , 0y e
" d iv in e g u a r d ia n s o fh e a v e n , m y s o u l [w h e r e s o e v e r it m a y b e ]
. '
" Ifit w o u l d ( 6 ) t a r r y , d o t h o u m a k e m y s o u l t o l o o k u p o n m y
" b o d y , 2
fo r t h o u s h a l t fin d t h e Ey e o fHo r n s s t a n d in g b y t h e e
" ( 7 ) l ik e t h o s e [b e in g s w h o a r e l ik e u n t o Os ir is ] .
" Ha il , y e g o d s , w h o t o w a l o n g t h e b o a t o ft h e l o r d o fm il l io n s
" o fy e a r s , w h o b r in g [it ] ( 8 ) a b o v e t h e u n d e r w o r l d a n d w h o m a k e
" it t o t r a v e l o v e r N u t , w h o m a k e s o u l s t o e n t e r in t o [t h e ir ] s p ir it u a l
" b o d ie s , ( g ) w h o s e h a n d s a r e fil l e d w it h y o u r r o p e s a n d w h o c l u t c h
" y o u r w e a p o n s t ig h t , d e s t r o y y e ( io ) t h e En e m y ; t h u s s h a l l t h e
" b o a t o ft h e s u n b e g l a d a n d t h e g r e a t Go d s h a l l s e t o u t o n h is
" j o u r n e y in p e a c e . An d b e h o l d , g r a n t y e t h a t t h e s o u l o fOs ir is
" An i, ( ii) t r iu m p h a n t , m a y c o m e fo r t h b e fo r e t h e g o d s a n d
" t h a t it m a y b e t r iu m p h a n t a l o n g w it h y o u in t h e e a s t e r n p a r t
" o ft h e s k y t o fo l l o w u n t o t h e p l a c e w h e r e it w a s y e s t e r d a y ;
" [a n d t h a t it m a y h a v e ] p e a c e , p e a c e in Am e n t e t . ( 1 2) M a y
" it l o o k u p o n it s m a t e r ia l b o d y , m a y it r e s t u p o n it s s p ir it u a l
i . Ad d e d fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i .
2 . Th e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n ih a s : " m a k e t h o u m e t o s e e m y s o u l a n d m y
s h a d e . "
1 5 0

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
" b o d y ; a n d
m a y it s b o d y n e it h e r p e r is h n o r s u ffe r c o r r u p t io n
" fo r e v e r . "
Ru b r ic : [
THES E] WORD S ARETOBES AID OVERAS OU LOFGOLD IN -
LAID WITHP RECIOU S S TON ES AN D P LACED ON THEBREAS TOFOS IRIS
.
CHAP TER XC
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s
o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o .
1 0i 4 7 7 , s h e e t 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Aj a c k a l w a l k in g t o w a r d s t h e fu n e r a l m o u n t a in ( s e e N a v il l e ,
o p . c it . , Bd . I . Bl
.
r o a ) ,
o r t h e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g u p r ig h t in t h e p r e s e n c e
o ft h e g o d Th o t h w h o is a b o u t t o g iv e u n t o h im a r o l l o fp a p y r u s ( s e e
Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , B1 . 3 3 ) .
Te x t : ( I) THECHAP TER
OFD RIVIN GEVII
. RECOLLECTION S
FROM THEM OU TH .
Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -
in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , t h e s o n o ft h e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e ,
t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, Am e n -h e t e p , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h
: -
( 2)
" Ha il , t h o u t h a t c u t t e s t o ffh e a d s , a n d s l it t e s t b r o w s , t h o u
" b e in g w h o p u t t e s t a w a y t h e m e m o r y o fe v il t h in g s fr o m t h e
" m o u t h o ft h e
Kil o s
b y m e a n s o ft h e in c a n t a t io n s w h ic h t h e y
" h a v e w it h in t h e m , l o o k n o t u p o n m e w it h t h e [s a m e ] e y e s ( 3 )
" w it h w h ic h t h o u l o o k e s t u p o n t h e m
. Go t h o u r o u n d a b o u t o n
" t h y l e g s , a n d l e t t h y fa c e b e [t u r n e d ] b e h in d t h e e s o t h a t t h o u
" m a y e s t b e a b l e t o s e e t h e d iv in e s l a u g h t e r e r s o ft h e g o d S h u
" w h o a r e c o m in g u p ( ¢) b e h in d t h e e t o c u t o fft h y h e a d , a n d
" t o s l it t h y b r o w b y r e a s o n o ft h e m e s s a g e o fv io l e n c e [s e n t ]
" b y t h y l o r d , a n d t o s e e ( ?) t h a t w h ic h t h o u s a g e s t
. Wo r k t h o u
" fo r m e s o t h a t t h e m e m o r y o fe v il t h in g s s h a l l d a r t ( 5 ) fr o m
" m y m o u t h ;
l e t n o t m y h e a d b e c u t o ff
; l e t n o t m y b r o w b e
" s l it
;
a n d l e t n o t m y m o u t h b e s h u t fa s t b y r e a s o n o ft h e in -
c a n t a t io n s w h ic h t h o u h a s t w it h in t h e e , a c c o r d in g t o t h a t w h ic h
" t h o u d o e s t fo r t h e Kh u s
t h r o u g h ( 6 ) t h e in c a n t a t io n s w h ic h
" t h e y h a v e w it h in t h e m s e l v e s . Ge t t h e e b a c k a n d d e p a r t a t t h e
" [s o u n d o f] t h e t w o s p e e c h e s w h ic h t h e g o d d e s s Is is u t t e r e d
" w h e n t h o u d id s t c o m e t o c a s t t h e r e c o l l e c t io n o fe v il t h in g s
THECHAP TEROFKEEP IN GTHES OU LFREE.

1 5 1
" in t o t h e m o u t h o fOs ir is ( 7 ) b y t h e w il l o fS u t ih is e n e m y ,
" s a y in g , `Le t t h y fa c e b e t o w a r d s t h y p r iv y p a r t s , a n d l o o k
" u p o n t h a t fa c e w h ic h c o m e t h fo r t h fr o m t h e fl a m e o ft h e Ey e
" o fHo r u s a g a in s t t h e e fr o m w it h in t h e Ey e o fTe m , ' a n d t h e
" c a l a m it y ( 8 ) o ft h a t n ig h t w h ic h s h a l l c o n s u m e t h e e . An d Os ir is
" w e n t b a c k , fo r t h e a b o m in a t io n o ft h e e w a s in h im ; a n d t h o u
" d id s t g o b a c k , fo r t h e a b o m in a t io n o fh im is in t h e e . Ih a v e
" g o n e b a c k , fo r t h e a b o m in a t io n o ft h e e is in m e ; a n d t h o u
" s h a l t g o b a c k , fo r t h e a b o m in a t io n o fm e is in t h e e . ( g ) Th o u
" w o u l d s t c o m e u n t o m e , b u t Is a y t h a t t h o u s h a l t n o t a d v a n c e
" t o m e s o t h a t Ic o m e t o a n e n d , a n d [I] s a y t h e n t o t h e d i-
v in e s l a u g h t e r e r s o ft h e g o d S h u , `D e p a r t ' . "
CHAP TERXCI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s
. N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e s o u l o ft h e d e c e a s e d , in t h e fo r m o fa h u m a n -h e a d e d
b ir d , s t a n d in g in fr o n t o fa p y l o n ( s e e P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t I7 ) .
Te x t : ( I) THECHAP TEROFN OTLETTIN G
( 2) THES OU LOF
N U , TRIU M P HAN T, BECAP TIVEIN THEU N D ERWORLD . He s a it h : -
" Ha il , t h o u w h o a r t e x a l t e d ! [Ha il , ] t h o u w h o a r t a d o r e d !
" Ot h o u m ig h t y o n e o fS o u l s , t h o u d iv in e S o u l , t h o u p o s s e s s o r o f
" ( 2) t e r r ib l e p o w e r , w h o d o s t p u t t h e fe a r o ft h y s e l fin t o t h e g o d s ,
" t h o u w h o a r t c r o w n e d u p o n t h y t h r o n e o fm a j e s t y , Ip r a y t h e e
" t o m a k e a w a y fo r t h e b a ( s o u l ) ,
a n d fo r t h e k h u , a n d fo r t h e
" k h a ib it ( s h a d e ) o ft h e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -
" c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t ( 3 ) [a n d l e t h im b e ] p r o v id e d t h e r e w it h .
" Ia m a p e r fe c t k h u , a n d Ih a v e m a d e [m y ] w a y u n t o t h e p l a c e
" w h e r e in d w e l l Rd a n d Ha t h o r
. "
Ru b r ic : IFTHIS CHAP TERHEKN OWN [BYTHED ECEAS ED ] HES HALLBE
ABLETOTRAN S FORM HIM S ELFIN TOA KHU P ROVID ED [WITHHIS S OU LAN D
WITHHIS S HAD E] IN THEU N D ERWORLD , AN D HES HALLN EVERBEHELD
CAP TIVEATAN YD OORIN AM EN TET, IN EN TERIN GIN ORIN COM IN GOU T . i
I . Th is Ru b r ic is t a k e n fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i, s h e e t 1 7
.
1
5
2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
CHAP TERXCII
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i, ( Br it
. M u s
. N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t 6 )
. ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e s o u l o ft h e d e c e a s e d , in t h e fo r m o fa h u m a n -h e a d e d
b ir d , fl y in g o u t fr o m t h e d o o r w a y o ft h e t o m b . Va r ia n t v ig n e t t e s r e -
p r e s e n t t h e d e c e a s e d a s h a v in g o p e n e d t h e d o o r o ft h e t o m b a n d h a v in g
h is s o u l b y h is s id e , o r a s s t a n d in g b e fo r e t h e o p e n d o o r w it h h a n d s
s t r e t c h e d o u t t o e m b r a c e h is s o u l . An in t e r e s t in g v ig n e t t e r e p r e s e n t s t h e
d is k o ft h e s u n w it h r a y s s h o o t in g fo r t h fr o m it a b o v e t h e t o m b , a n d t h e
s o u l o ft h e d e c e a s e d h o v e r in g o v e r h is s h a d e , d r a w n in s o l id b l a c k c o l o u r ,
w h ic h h a s j u s t e m e r g e d t h e r e fr o m ( s e e N a v il ie , o p . c it . , Bd . I . 1 3 1 . 1 04 ) .
Te x t : ( t ) THECHAP TEROFOP EN IN GTHETOM BTOTHE
S OU L[AN D ] " 1 ' OTHES HAD EOFOS IRIS t h e s c r ib e N e b s e n i, t h e
l o r d o fr e v e r e n c e , b o r n o ft h e l a d y o ft h e h o u s e M u t -r e s t h a ,
t r iu m p h a n t , S OTHATHEM AYCOM EFORTHBYD AYAN D ( 2)
HAVED OM IN ION OVERHIS FEET . [He s a it h : -]
" Th a t w h ic h w a s s h u t fa s t b a t h b e e n o p e n e d , t h a t is t o s a y ,
" l ie t h a t l a y d o w n in d e a t h [p a t h b e e n o p e n e d ]
. Th a t w h ic h
" w a s o p e n h a t h b e e n s h u t t o m y s o u l t h r o u g h t h e c o m m a n d o f
" t h e Ey e o fHo r u s , ( 3 ) w h ic h h a t h s t r e n g t h e n e d m e a n d w h ic h
" m a k e t h t o s t a n d fa s t t h e b e a u t ie s w h ic h a r e u p o n t h e fo r e h e a d
" o fRa , w h o s e s t r id e s a r e l o n g a s [h e ] l ift e t h u p [h is ] l e g s [in
" j o u r n e y in g ]
. Ih a v e m a d e fo r m y s e l fa w a y , m y m e m b e r s a r e
" m ig h t y ( 4 ) a n d a r e s t r o n g
. Ia m Ho r u s t h e a v e n g e r o fh is
" d iv in e fa t h e r
. Ia m h e w h o b r in g e t h a l o n g h is d iv in e fa t h e r ,
" a n d w h o b r in g e t h a l o n g h is m o t h e r b y m e a n s o fh is s c e p t r e ( ?)
.
" An d t h e w a y s h a l l b e o p e n e d u n t o h im w h o b a t h ( 5 ) g o t t e n
" d o m in io n o v e r h is fe e t , a n d l ie s h a l l s e e t h e Gr e a t Go d in t h e
" Bo a t o fRd , [w h e n ] s o u l s a r e c o u n t e d t h e r e in a t t h e b o w s , ( 6 )
" a n d w h e n t h e y e a r s a l s o a r e c o u n t e d u p
. Gr a n t t h a t t h e Ey e
" o fHo r u s , w h ic h m a k e t h t h e a d o r n m e n t s o fl ig h t t o b e fir m
" u p o n t h e ( 7 ) fo r e h e a d o fRd , m a y d e l iv e r m y s o u l fo r m e , a n d
" l e t t h e r e b e d a r k n e s s u p o n y o u r fa c e s , 0y e w h o w o u l d h o l d
" fa s t Os ir is
. 0k e e p n o t c a p t iv e m y s o u l , 0k e e p n o t w a r d ( 8 )
" o v e r m y s h a d e , b u t l e t a w a y b e o p e n e d fo r m y s o u l [a n d ]
THECHAP TEROFN OTS AILIN GTOTHEFAS T.

1 5
3
" fo r
m y s h a d e , a n d l e t [t h e m ] s e e t h e Gr e a t Go d in t h e s h r in e
" ( g )
o n t h e d a y o ft h e j u d g m e n t o fs o u l s , a n d l e t [t h e m ] r e c it e
" t h e u t t e r a n c e s o fOs ir is , w h o s e h a b it a t io n s a r e h id d e n , t o t h o s e
" w h o g u a r d t h e m e m b e r s o fOs ir is , a n d ( t o ) w h o k e e p w a r d
" o v e r t h e Kh u s ,
a n d w h o h o l d c a p t iv e t h e s h a d e s o ft h e d e a d
" w h o w o u l d w o r k ( ii) e v il a g a in s t m e , s o t h a t t h e y s h a l l [n o t ]
" w o r k e v il a g a in s t m e
. M a y a w a y fo r t h y d o u b l e ( k a ) a l o n g
" w it h t h e e a n d a l o n g w it h [t h y ] s o u l b e p r e p a r e d b y t h o s e w h o
" k e e p w a r d o v e r t h e m e m b e r s o fOs ir is , a n d w h o h o l d c a p t iv e
" ( ia )
t h e s h a d e s o ft h e d e a d
. He a v e n s h a l l [n o t ] k e e p t h e e , t h e
" e a r t h s h a l l [n o t ] h o l d t h e e c a p t iv e , t h o u s h a l t n o t h a v e t h y
" b e in g w it h t h e d iv in e b e in g s w h o m a k e s l a u g h t e r ,
( 1 3 ) b u t
" t h o u s h a l t h a v e d o m in io n o v e r t h y l e g s , a n d t h o u s h a l t a d -
v a n c e t o t h y b o d y s t r a ig h t w a y in t h e e a r t h [a n d t o ] t h o s e w h o
" b e l o n g t o t h e s h r in e a n d g u a r d t h e m e m b e r s o fOs ir is . "
CHAP TER
XCIII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s
o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 6 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
ABu c k l e w it h h u m a n h a n d s a n d a r m s w h ic h g r a s p t h e d e -
c e a s e d b y h is l e ft a r m
( ., ; c c N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . LBl . r 05 ) .
In t h e An i
P a p y r u s ( p l a t e 1 7 )
a n d in t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h e v ig n e t t e s h e t iv s t h e
d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g , w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n , b e fo r e a g o d w h o
is s e a t e d in a b o a t a n d w h o h a s h is h e a d t u r n e d s o t h a t h is fa c e l o o k s
b a c k w a r d s ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p , c it . ,
1 3 1
. 3 4 ) .
Te x t : ( t ) Tt l ECt IAP Tr : a OFN OTS AILIN GTOTHFEAS TIN
TIIF: U N D FRw o RI_D .
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : -
( 2)
" Ha il , p h a l l u s o fRd , w h o d e p a r t e s t fr o m t h y c a l a m it y [w h ic h
" a r is e t h ] t h r o u g h o p p o s it io n ( % ) ,
t h e c y c l e s h a v e b e e n w it h o u t
" m o v e m e n t fo r m il l io n s o fy e a r s
. Ia m s t r o n g e r ( 3 ) t h a n t h e
" s t r o n g , Ia m m ig h t ie r t h a n t h e m ig h t y . IfIs a il a w a y o r if
" Ib e s n a t c h e d a w a y t o t h e c a s t t h r o u g h t h e t w o h o r n s , " o r ( a s
" o t h e r s s a y ) , " ifa n y e v il a n d a b o m in a b l e t h in g b e d o n e u n t o
1
5
4
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" m e
a t t h e fe a s t
o ft h e d e v il s , t h e p h a l l u s o fRd s h a l l b e s w a l -
l o w e d u p , ( 5 ) [a l o n g w it h ] t h e h e a d o fOs ir is
. An d b e h o l d m e ,
" fo r Ij o u r n e y a l o n g o v e r t h e fie l d s w h e r e in t h e g o d s m o w d o w n
" t h o s e w h o m a k e r e p l y u n t o [t h e ir w o r d s ]
; n o w v e r il y ( 6 ) t h e
" t w o h o r n s o ft h e g o d Kh e p e r a s h a l l b e t h r u s t a s id e ;
a n d v e r il y
" p u s s h a l l s p r in g in t o b e in g in t h e e y e o fTe r n a l o n g w it h c o r -
r u p t io n ifIb e k e p t in r e s t r a in t , o r ifIh a v e g o n e ( 7 ) t o w a r d s
" t h e e a s t , o r ift h e fe a s t o fd e v il s b e m a d e in m y p r e s e n c e , o r
" ifa n y m a l ig n a n t w o u n d b e in fl ic t e d u p o n m e . " I
CHAP TERXCIV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0 i 4 7 7 , s h e e t 1 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d s e a t e d w it h a t a b l e b e fo r e
h im o n w h ic h r e s t
a n in k -p o t a n d t h e p a l e t t e o fa s c r ib e
: in t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n ( s e e Le p -
s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl
. 3 4 ) t h e d e c e a s e d is o ffe r in g a n in k -p o t a n d a p a l e t t e t o
t h e g o d Th o t h .
Te x t : ( 1 )
THECHAP TEROF ( 2)
P RAYIN GFORAN IN K-P OT
AN D FORAP ALETTE
. Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : -
" Ha il , a g e d g o d , w h o d o s t b e h o l d t h y d iv in e fa t h e r a n d w h o
" a r t t h e g u a r d ia n o ft h e b o o k ( 3 ) o fTh o t h , [b e h o l d Ih a v e
" c o m e ;
Ia m e n d o w e d w it h g l o r y , Ia m e n d o w e d w it h s t r e n g t h ,
" Ia m fil l e d w it h m ig h t , a n d Ia m s u p p l ie d w it h t h e b o o k s o f
" Th o t h ] , a n d Ih a v e b r o u g h t [t h e m t o e n a b l e m e ] t o p a s s t h r o u g h
" t h e g o d Ak e r w h o d w e l l e t h in S e t . Ih a v e b r o u g h t t h e in k -
" p o t a n d t h e p a l e t t e a s b e in g t h e o b j e c t s w h ic h a r e in t h e h a n d s
" ( 4 )
o fTh o t h ; h id d e n is t h a t w h ic h is in t h e m
. Be h o l d m e
" in t h e c h a r a c t e r o fa s c r ib e !
Ih a v e b r o u g h t t h e o ffa l o fOs ir is ,
" a n d Ih a v e w r it t e n t h e r e o n ( 5 ) . Ih a v e m a d e ( i
. e . , c o p ie d ) t h e
" w o r d s o ft h e g r e a t a n d b e a u t ifu l g o d e a c h d a y fa ir l y . 0l ie r u -
" k h u t i, t h o u d id s t o r d e r m e a n d Ih a v e m a d e ( i
. e . , c o p ie d )
" w h a t is r ig h t a n d t r u e , a n d Id o b r in g it u n t o t h e e e a c h d a y
. "
i . Th e P a p y r u s o f An i( s e e p l a t e s t G a n d 1 7 )
c o n t a in s w h a t a r e , a p p a r e n t l y ,
t w o v e r s io n s o f
t h is Ch a p t e r ; t h e t e x t s o f
b o t h a r e g iv e n in t h e a c c o m p a n y in g
v o l u m e .
THECHAP TEROF
BP --IV( ; N IGHU N TOTHOTH.
CHAP TERXCV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 7 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g b e fo r e Th o t h w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d
in a d o r a t io n o ft h e g o d ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I . Bl . 1 07 ) . In t h e
p a p y r u s o fU s e r -h a t ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 o , o o g ) , w h ic h p r o b a b l y b e l o n g s
t o t h e p e r io d o ft h e XV1 1 1 t h d y n a s t y , t h e v ig n e t t e is a g o o s e , b u t t h is
a r is e s fr o m t h e fa c t t h a t t h e Ch a p t e r is t h e r e c a l l e d " [Th e Ch a p t e r ] o f
m a k in g t h e t r a n s fo r m a t io n in t o a g o o s e " .
Te x t : ( t ) THECHAP TEROFBEIN GN IGH U N TO THOTH . Th e
c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : --( 2)
" Ia m h e w h o s e n d e t h fo r t h t e r r o r in t o t h e p o w e r s o fr a in
" a n d t h u n d e r , a n d Iw a r d o fffr o m t h e g r e a t d iv in e l a d y t h e
" a t t a c k s o fv io l e n c e . [Ih a v e s m it t e n l ik e t h e g o d S h a t ( i . e . ,
" t h e g o d o fs l a u g h t e r ) , a n d Ih a v e p o u r e d o u t l ib a t io n s o fc o o l
" w a t e r l ik e t h e g o d As h u , a n d Ih a v e w o r k e d fo r t h e g r e a t d i-
v in e l a d y [t o w a r d o ff] t h e a t t a c k s o fv io l e n c e ] , Ih a v e m a d e
" t o fl o u r is h [m y ] k n ife a l o n g w it h t h e k n ife ( 3 ) w h ic h is in t h e
" h a n d o fTh o t h in t h e p o w e r s o fr a in a n d t h u n d e r
. "
CHAP TERS XCVIAN D XCVII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s .
N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t s i9 a n d 20) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g b e h in d t h e g o d Th o t h .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFBEIN GN IGH U N TOTHOTH AN D
OFGIVIN GGLORYU N TOAM AN IN THEU N D ERWORLD . Th e
c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ia m t h e g o d He r -a b -m a a t -f( i . e . , `h e t h a t is w it h in h is e y e ' ) ,
" a n d Ih a v e c o m e t o g iv e ( 2) r ig h t a n d t r u t h t o Rd ; Ih a v e
" m a d e S u t it o b e a t p e a c e w it h m e b y m e a n s o fo ffe r in g s m a d e
" t o t h e g o d Ak e r a n d t o t h e Te s h e r u d e it ie s , a n d b y [m a k in g ]
" r e v e r e n c e u n t o S e b . " I
i . Th e XCVIt h Ch a p t e r e n d s h e r e a c c o r d in g t o t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n ( s e e Le p -
s iu s , o p . c it . , BI. 3 4 ) .
1 5 5
1 5 6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
[Th e fo l l o w in g ] w o r d s a r e t o b e r e c it e d in t h e S e k t e t b o a t : -
" [Ha il , ] ( 3 ) s c e p t r e o fAn u b is , Ih a v e m a d e t h e fo u r
Kh u s w h o
" a r e in t h e t r a in o ft h e l o r d o ft h e u n iv e r s e t o b e a t p e a c e w it h
" m e , a n d Ia m t h e l o r d o ft h e fie l d s t h r o u g h t h e ir d e c r e e . ( 4 )
" Ia m t h e d iv in e fa t h e r Ba h ( i . e . ,
t h e g o d o ft h e w a t e r -fl o o d ) ,
" a n d Id o a w a y w it h t h e t h ir s t o fh im t h a t k e e p e t h w a r d o v e r
" t h e La k e s
. Be h o l d y e m e , t h e n , 0g r e a t ( 5 ) g o d s o fm a j e s t y
" w h o d w e l l a m o n g t h e S o u l s o fAn n u , fo r Ia m l ift e d u p o v e r
" y o u . Ia m t h e g o d M e n k h ( i . e
. , Gr a c io u s o n e ) w h o d w e l l e t h
" a m o n g y o u . ( 6 ) Ve r il y Ih a v e c l e a n s e d m y s o u l , 0g r e a t g o d
" o fm a j e s t y , s e t n o t b e fo r e m e t h e e v il o b s t a c l e s w h ic h is s u e
" fr o m t h y m o u t h , ( 7 ) a n d l e t n o t d e s t r u c t io n c o m e r o u n d a b o u t
" m e , o r u p o n m e . Ih a v e m a d e m y s e l fc l e a n in t h e La k e o f
" m a k in g t o b e a t p e a c e , [a n d in t h e La k e o f] w e ig h in g in t h e
" b a l a n c e , a n d Ih a v e b a t h e d m y s e l fin N e t e r t -u t c h a t , w h ic h is
" u n d e r t h e h o l y s y c a m o r e t r e e ( 8 ) o fh e a v e n
. Be h o l d [Ia m ] b a t h -
e d , [a n d Ih a v e ] t r iu m p h e d [o v e r ] a l l [m in e e n e m ie s ] s t r a ig h t -
" w a y w h o c o m e fo r t h a n d r is e u p a g a in s t r ig h t a n d t r u t h . Ia m
" r ig h t a n d t r u e in t h e e a r t h . I, e v e n I, h a v e s p o k e n ( ?) w it h m y
" m o u t h [w h ic h is ] t h e p o w e r o ft h e Lo r d , t h e On l y o n e , Rd
" t h e m ig h t y , w h o l iv e t h u p o n r ig h t a n d t r u t h . Le t n o t in j u r y
" b e in fl ic t e d u p o n m e , [b u t l e t m e b e ] c l o t h e d o n t h e d a y o f
" t h o s e w h o g o fo r w a r d ( ?) ( t o ) t o e v e r y [g o o d ] t h in g
. "
CHAP TERXCVIII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 9 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
In t h e Th e b a n p a p y r it h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e ; in t h e
S a it e Re c e n s io n ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl . 3 5 ) t h e v ig n e t t e r e p r e s e n t s t h e
d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g w it h h is r ig h t h a n d o u t s t r e t c h e d in t h e a c t o fa d d r e s s -
in g a g o d w h o is s e a t e d in a b o a t .
Te x t : ( 1 )
THECHAP TER OFBRIN GIN GALON GABOATIN
HEAVEN . Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h
: - ( 2)
" Ha il t o t h e e , 0t h o u Th ig h w h ic h d w e l l e s t in t h e n o r t h e r n
" h e a v e n in t h e Gr e a t La k e , w h ic h a r t s e e n a n d w h ic h d ie s t n o t .
THECHAP TEROFBRIN GIN GTHE-IIAKHEN TBOAT 1
5 7
" Ih a v e s t o o d u p o v e r t h e e w h e n t h o u d id s t r is e l ik e a g o d . I
" h a v e s e e n t h e e , ( 3 ) a n d Ih a v e n o t l a in d o w n in d e a t h ; Ih a v e
" s t o o d o v e r t h e e , a n d Ih a v e r is e n l ik e a g o d
. Ih a v e c a c k l e d
" l ik e a g o o s e , a n d Ih a v e a l ig h t e d l ik e t h e h a w k ( 4 ) b y t h e
" d iv in e c l o u d s a n d b y t h e g r e a t d e w . Ih a v e j o u r n e y e d fr o m
" t h e e a r t h t o h e a v e n . Th e g o d S h u b a t h [m a d e ] m e t o s t a n d
" u p , t h e g o d o fLig h t ( 5 ) h a t h m a d e m e t o b e v ig o r o u s b y t h e
" t w o s id e s o ft h e l a d d e r , a n d t h e s t a r s w h ic h n e v e r r e s t s e t
" [m e ] o n [m y ] w a y a n d b r in g [m e ] a w a y fr o m s l a u g h t e r . Ib r in g
" a l o n g w it h m e t h e t h in g s w h ic h d r iv e b a c k ( 6 ) c a l a m it ie s a s
" Ia d v a n c e o v e r t h e p a s s a g e o ft h e g o d P e n ; t h o u c o m e s t , h o w
" g r e a t a r t t h o u , 0g o d P e n ! Ih a v e c o m e fr o m t h e P o o l o f
" ( 7 ) Fl a m e w h ic h is in t h e S e k h e t -S a s a ( i . e . , t h e Fie l d o fFir e ) .
" Th o u l iv e s t in t h e P o o l o fFl a m e in S e k e t -S a s a , a n d ( 8 ) I
" l iv e u p o n t h e s t a ffo ft h e h o l y [g o d ]
. Ha il , t h o u g o d Ka a ,
" w h o d o s t b r in g t h o s e t h in g s w h ic h a r e in t h e b o a t s b y t h e
" ( g ) Is t a n d u p in t h e b o a t a n d Ig u id e m y s e l f
" [o v e r ] t h e w a t e r ;
Ih a v e s t o o d u p in t h e b o a t a n d t h e g o d
" h a t h g u id e d m e . Ih a v e s t o o d u p . Ih a v e s p o k e n . [Ia m m a s t e r
" o ft h e ] ( t o ) c r o p s . Is a il r o u n d a b o u t a s Ig o fo r w a r d , a n d
" t h e g a t e s w h ic h a r e in S e k h e m ( Le t o p o l is ) a r e o p e n e d u n t o
" m e , a n d fie l d s a r e a w a r d e d u n t o m e in t h e c it y o fU n n u ( He r -
" m o p o l is ) , ( it ) a n d l a b o u r e r s ( ?) a r e g iv e n u n t o m e t o g e t h e r
" w it h t h o s e o fm y o w n fl e s h a n d b o n e . "
CHAP TERXCIX.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t s
21 a n d 22) . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th e d e c e a s e d a n d a b o a t m a n in a b o a t ( s e e N a v il l e , o p
. c it . ,
Bd . I . B1 . iio ) .
Te x t : ( i)
THECHAP TER OF' BRIN GIN GALON GABOATIN
THE U N D ERWORLD . ( 2)
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : -
1 5 8

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
" Ha il , y e w h o b r in g a l o n g t h e b o a t o v e r t h e e v il b a c k [o f
" Ap e p i] , g r a n t t h a t Im a y b r in g t h e b o a t a l o n g , a n d c o il u p
" ( 3 ) [it s ] r o p e s in p e a c e , in p e a c e
. Co m e , c o m e , h a s t e n , h a s t e n ,
" fo r Ih a v e c o m e t o s e e m y fa t h e r Os ir is , t h e l o r d o ft h e a n s i
" g a r m e n t , w h o b a t h g a in e d t h e m a s t e r y ( 4 ) w it h j o y o fh e a r t .
" Ha il , l o r d o ft h e r a in -s t o r m , t h o u M a l e , t h o u S a il o r !Ha il ,
" t h o u w h o d o s t s a il o v e r t h e e v il b a c k o fAp e p
!
Ha il , t h o u
" t h a t d o s t b in d u p h e a d s a n d d o s t s t a b l is h t h e b o n e s o ft h e
" n e c k ( 5 ) w h e n t h o u c o m e s t fo r t h fr o m t h e k n iv e s
. Ha il , t h o u
" w h o a r t in c h a r g e o ft h e h id d e n b o a t , w h o d o s t fe t t e r Ap e p ,
" g r a n t t h a t Im a y b r in g a l o n g t h e b o a t , a n d t h a t Im a y c o il
" u p ( 6 ) t h e r o p e s a n d t h a t Im a y s a il fo r t h t h e r e in . Th is l a n d
" is b a l e fu l , a n d t h e s t a r s h a v e o v e r -b a l a n c e d t h e m s e l v e s a n d
" h a v e fa l l e n u p o n t h e ir fa c e s t h e r e in , a n d t h e y h a v e n o t fo u n d
" a n y t h in g w h ic h w il l h e l p t h e m t o a s c e n d a g a in
: t h e ir p a t h is
" b l o c k e d b y ( 7 ) t h e t o n g u e o fRd
. An t e b u [is ] t h e g u id e o ft h e
" t w o l a n d s . S e b is s t a b l is h e d [t h r o u g h ] t h e ir r u d d e r s
. ( 8 ) Th e
" p o w e r w h ic h o p e n e t h t h e D is k
. Th e p r in c e o ft h e r e d b e in g s .
" Ia m b r o u g h t a l o n g l ik e ( g ) h im t h a t b a t h s u ffe r e d s h ip w r e c k
;
" g r a n t t h a t m y Kh u ,
m y b r o t h e r , m a y c o m e t o m e , a n d t h a t
" [I]
m a y s e t o u t fo r t h e p l a c e w h e r e o ft h o u ( io ) k n o w e s t . "
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e w o o d w h e r e a t Iw o u l d a n c h o r
;
" Lo r d o ft h e t w o l a n d s w h o d w e l l e s t in t h e S h r in e , " is t h y
n a m e .
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " ( ir ) s a it h t h e Ru d d e r
;
" Le g o fHa p iu "
is t h y n a m e .
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e ( 1 2) Ro p e
; " Ha ir w it h w h ic h
" An p u ( An u b is ) fin is h e t h t h e w o r k o fm y e m b a l m m e n t " is t h y
n a m e .
" Te l l u s o u r n a m e , " s a y t h e Oa r -r e s t s
; " P il l a r s o ft h e u n d e r -
" w o r l d " is y o u r n a m e .
" Te l l m e ( 1 4 ) m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e Ho l d
; " Ak a r " is t h y n a m e
.
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e M a s t
; ( i5 )
" He w h o b r in g e t h
" b a c k t h e g r e a t l a d y a ft e r s h e b a t h g o n e a w a y is t h y n a m e
.
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e ( r 6 ) Lo w e r d e c k
;
" S t a n d a r d
" o fAp -u a t " is t h y n a m e
.
THECHAP TEROFBRIN GIN GALON GTHEM AKHEN TBOAT
.
1
5 9
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e U p p e r p o s t
; ( 1 7 ) " Th r o a t o f
" M e s t h a " is t h y n a m e .
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e S a il ; ( i8 ) " N u t " is t h y n a m e
.
" Te l l u s o u r n a m e , " s a y t h e P ie c e s o fl e a t h e r
; " Ye w h o a r e
" m a d e fr o m t h e h id e ( ig ) o ft h e M n e v is Bu l l , w h ic h w a s b u r n e d
" b y S u t i, " is y o u r n a m e
.
" Te l l u s o u r n a m e , " ( 20)
s a y t h e P a d d l e s ; " Fin g e r s o fHo r u s
" t h e fir s t -b o r n " is y o u r n a m e .
" Te l l m e
( 2t ) m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e M a t c h a b e t
; " Th e h a n d
" o fIs is , w h ic h w ip e t h a w a y t h e b l o o d fr o m t h e
( 22) Ey e o f
" Ho r u s , " is t h y n a m e .
" Te l l u s o u r n a m e s , " s a y t h e P l a n k s w h ic h a r e in it s
( 22 )
" h u l k ;
" M e s t h i, Ha p i, Tu a m a u t e f, Qe b h -s e n n u f, ( 23 ) Ha g a u
" ( i . e . , h e w h o l e a d e t h a w a y c a p t iv e ) , Th e t -e m -a u a
( i
.
e . , h e w h o
" s e iz e t h b y v io l e n c e ) , M a a -a n -t e f ( i . e . ,
h e w h o s e e t h w h a t t h e
" fa t h e r b r in g e t h ) , a n d Ar i-n e f-t c h e s e f( i . e . , h e w h o m a d e h im -
" s e l f) , " a r e y o u r n a m e s .
" Te l l u s o u r n a m e , " s a y t h e Bo w s ; " He w h o is a t t h e h e a d
" o fh is n o m e s " ( 24 )
is y o u r n a m e .
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e Hu l l
; " M e r t " is t h y n a m e .
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e Ru d d e r ; " Aq a " ( i . e . , t r u e
" o n e ) is t h y n a m e , 0t h o u w h o s h in e s t fr o m t h e w a t e r , ( 25 )
" h id d e n b e a m ( ? ) is t h y n a m e .
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e Ke e l ; " Th ig h ( o r Le g ) o fIs is ,
" w h ic h Rd c u t o ffw it h t h e k n ife ( 26 )
t o b r in g b l o o d in t o t h e
" S e k t e t b o a t , " is t h y n a m e .
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e S a il o r ; " Tr a v e l l e r "
is t h y n a m e .
" ( 27 )
Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e Win d b y w h ic h t h o u a r t
" b o r n e a l o n g
; " Th e N o r t h Win d w h ic h c o m e t h fr o m Te m t o
" t h e n o s t r il s o fKh e n t i-Am e n t i" z ( 28 ) is t h y n a m e .
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e Riv e r , " ift h o u w o u l d s t t r a v e l
" u p o n m e " ; " Th o s e w h ic h c a n b e s e e n " is t h y n a m e .
" Te l l u s o u r n a m e , " s a y t h e Riv e r -Ba n k s
; " D e s t r o y e r o ft h e
" g o d ( 29 ) Au -a ( i . e . , h e o ft h e s p a c io u s h a n d ) in t h e w a t e r -
" h o u s e " is t h y n a m e .
i . I. e . , t h e " Go v e r n o r
o f Am e n t i" , o r Os ir is .
I6 o

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.
" Te l l m e m y n a m e , " s a it h t h e Gr o u n d , " ift h o u w o u l d s t w a l k
" u p o n m e " ; " Th e N o s e o fh e a v e n w h ic h p r o c e e d e t h fr o m t h e
" g o d U t u , ( 3 o ) w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e S e k h e t -Aa r u , a n d w h o c o m e t h
" fo r t h w it h r e j o ic in g t h e r e fr o m , " is t h y n a m e .
THEN S HALL BE RECITED BEFORE THEM THES E WORD S : -
" Ha il t o y o u . , 0y e d iv in e b e in g s w it h s p l e n d id Ka s , y e d iv in e
" l o r d s ( 3 I) o ft h in g s , w h o e x is t a n d w h o l iv e fo r e v e r , a n d [w h o s e ]
" d o u b l e p e r io d o fa n il l im it a b l e n u m b e r o fy e a r s is e t e r n it y , I
" h a v e m a d e a w a y u n t o y o u , g r a n t y e m e fo o d a n d s e p u l c h r a l
" m e a l s fo r m y m o u t h , [a n d g r a n t t h a t ] Im a y s p e a k ( 3 2) t h e r e -
" Wit h , a n d t h a t t h e g o d d e s s Is is [m a y g iv e m e ] l o a v e s a n d c a k e s
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e g r e a t g o d
. Ik n o w t h e g r e a t g o d b e fo r e
" w h o s e n o s t r il s y e p l a c e ( 3 3 ) t c h e fa u fo o d , a n d h is n a m e is
" Th e k e m ; b o t h w h e n h e m a k e t h h is w a y fr o m t h e e a s t e r n h o -
r iz o n o fh e a v e n a n d w h e n h e j o u r n e y e t h in t o t h e w e s t e r n h o -
r iz o n o fh e a v e n m a y h is j o u r n e y b e ( 3 4 ) m y j o u r n e y , a n d h is
" g o in g fo r t h m y g o in g fo r t h . Le t m e n o t b e d e s t r o y e d a t t h e
" N l e s g e t c h a m b e r , a n d l e t n o t t h e d e v il s g a in d o m in io n o v e r
" m y m e m b e r s . Ih a v e m y c a k e s ( 3 5 ) in t h e c it y o fP e , a n d I
" h a v e m y a l e in t h e c it y o fTe p u , a n d l e t t h e o ffe r in g s [w h ic h
" a r e g iv e n u n t o y o u ] b e g iv e n u n t o m e t h is d a y
. Le t m y o ffe r in g s
" h e w h e a t a n d b a r l e y ; l e t m y o ffe r in g s ( 3 6 ) b e a n t i u n g u e n t
" a n d l in e n g a r m e n t s ; l e t m y o ffe r in g s b e fo r l ife , s t r e n g t h , a n d
" h e a l t h :
l e t m y o ffe r in g s b e a c o m in g fo r t h b y d a y in a n y
" fo r m w h a t s o e v e r ( 3 7 ) in w h ic h it m a y p l e a s e m e t o a p p e a r
" in S e k h e t -Aa r r u . "
Ru b r ic :
IFTHIS CHAP TERBEKN OWN [BYTHED ECEAS ED ] HES HALL
COM EFORTHIN TOS EKHET-AARRU , ( 3 8 ) AN D BREAD , AN D WIN E, AN D CAKES
S HALLBEGIVEN U N TOHIM ATTHEALTAROFTHEGREATGOD , AN D
FIELD S , AN D AN ES TATE[S OWN ] WITHWHEATAN D P ARLEY, WHICHTHE
FOLLOWERS OFHORU S S HALL( 3 9 ) REAP FORHIM . AN D HES HALLEATOF
THATWHEATAN D BARLEY, AN D HIS LIM BS S HALLBEN OU RIS HED THERE-
WITH, AN D HIS BOD YS HALLBELIKEU N TOTHEBOD IES OFTHEGOD S , AN D
HES HALLCOM EFORTHIN TO ( 4 0) S EKHET-AARRU IN AN YFORM WHAT-
S OEVERHEP LEAS ETH, AN D HES HALLAP P EARTHEREIN REGU LARLY
AN D CON TIN U ALLY.
THECHAP TEROFEN TERIN GTHEBOATOFRA
.

1 6 1
CHAP TERS CAN D CXXIX
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN o ( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t s 27
a n d 28 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Ab o a t , w h e r e in s t a n d t h e d e it ie s Is is , Th o t h , Kh e p e r a , a n d
S h u , a n d t h e d e c e a s e d s a il in g o n a s t r e a m
. Th e v ig n e t t e in t h e S a ft e
Re c e n s io n ( s e e Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , Bl . 3 7 )
s h e w s t h e d e c e a s e d p o l in g a l o n g
a b o a t w h e r e in a r e Rd a n d t h e Be n n u
b ir d , a n d in fr o n t o ft h e b o a t s t a n d
t h e e m b l e m o ft h e Ea s t , t h e g o d Os ir is , a n d t h e
Te t , i. e . , t h e e m b l e m
o fOs ir is a n d o fs t a b il it y
. Th e fo u r s h o r t l in e s o ft e x t w r it t e n o v e r t h e
b o a t r e a d : -
Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , r a is e t h u p t h e
Te e ,
a n d s t a b l is h e t h t h e Bu c k l e , a n d h e s a il e t h
w it h Rd in t o a n y p l a c e t h a t h e p l e a s e t h .
Te x t : (
I) THEBOOKOFM AKIN GP ERFECTTHE
KHU AN D
OFCAU S IN GHIM TOGOFORTHIN TOTHEBOATOF
RA ALON G
WITHTHOS EWHOAREIN HIS FOLLOWIN G( ?)
. ( 2)
Th e o v e r s e e r
o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h
: -
" Ih a v e b r o u g h t t h e d iv in e
Be n n u
t o t h e e a s t , a n d Os ir is t o
" t h e c it y o fTa t t u
. ( 3 ) Ih a v e o p e n e d t h e t r e a s u r e h o u s e s o f
" t h e g o d Ha p , Ih a v e m a d e c l e a n t h e r o a d s o ft h e D is k , a n d
" Ih a v e d r a w n t h e g o d S e k e r ia l o n g ( 4 ) u p o n h is s l e d g e
. Th e
" m ig h t y a n d d iv in e La d y h a t h m a d e m e s t r o n g a t h e r h o u r
. I
" h a v e p r a is e d a n d g l o r ifie d t h e D is k , ( 5 ) a n d Ih a v e u n it e d
" m y s e l fu n t o t h e d iv in e a p e s w h o s in g a t t h e d a w n , a n d Ia m
" a d iv in e Be in g a m o n g t h e m
. Ih a v e m a d e m y s e l fa c o u n t e r -
" p a r t o ft h e g o d d e s s Is is , ( 6 ) a n d h e r p o w e r ( Kh u )
h a t h m a d e
" m e s t r o n g
. Ih a v e t ie d u p t h e r o p e , Ih a v e d r iv e n b a c k Ap e p ,
" Ih a v e m a d e h im t o w a l k b a c k w a r d s
. ( 7 ) Rd h a t h s t r e t c h e d
" o u t t o m e b o t h h is h a n d s , a n d h is m a r in e r s h a v e n o t r e p u l s e d
" m e ; m y s t r e n g t h is t h e s t r e n g t h o ft h e
U t c h a t , a n d t h e s t r e n g t h
" o ft h e U t c h a t is m y s t r e n g t h
. ( 8 ) Ift h e o v e r s e e r o ft h e h o u s e ,
" t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , b e s e p a r a t e d [fr o m t h e
" b o a t o fRa ] , t h e n s h a l l h e ( i .
e . , Ra ) b e s e p a r a t e d ( 9 ) fr o m t h e
" Eg g a n d fr o m t h e
Ab t u fis h .
Ru b r ic : [
THIS CHAP TER] S HALLBERECITED OVERTHED ES IGN WHICH
HATHBEEN D RAWN ABOVE, AN D ITS HALLBEWRITTEN U P ON P AP YRU S
II
1 6 2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.
( io ) WHICHHATHN OTBEEN WRITTEN U P ON , WITH[IN KM AD EOF] GRAIN S
OFGREEN ABU T M IXED WITH AN TI WATER, AN D THEP AP YRU S S HALLBE
P LACED ON THEBREAS T( ii) OFTHED ECEAS ED
; ITS HALLN OTEN TERIN
TO( I
. E. ,
TOU CH) HIS M EM BERS . IFTHIS BED ON EFORAN YD ECEAS ED
P ERS ON HES HALLGOFORTH ( 1 2)
IN TOTHEBOATOFRAIN THECOU RS E
OFTHED AYEVERYD AY, AN D THEGOD THOTHS HALLTAKEACCOU N TOF
HIM AS HECOM ETHFORTHFROM ( i3 ) AN D GOETHIN THECOU RS EOFTHE
D AYEVERYD AY, REGU LARLYAN D CON TIN U ALLY, [IN TOTHEBOATOFRA]
AS AP ERFECT KHU . AN D HES HALLS ETU P THE TET AN D S HALLS TABLIS H
THEBU CKLE, AN D S HALLS AILABOU TWITHRAIN TOAN YP LACEHE
WIS HETH
.
In t h e S a ' it e Re c e n s io n Ch a p t e r C is r e p e a t e d a s CXXIX,
a n d b o t h t e x t s h a v e t h e s a m e v ig n e t t e . Th e r u b r ic o f Ch a p t e r
CXXIX is , h o w e v e r , fu l l e r t h a n t h a t o fCh a p t e r C, a n d it m a y
c o n v e n ie n t l y b e d iv id e d in t o t w o p a r t s , t h e fir s t o fw h ic h r e fe r s
t o t h e p ic t u r e w h ic h is o r d e r e d t o b e w r it t e n u p o n a p ie c e o f
n e w p a p y r u s , a n d t h e s e c o n d t o t h e Ch a p t e r it s e l f ; t h e o r ig i-
n a l s o fb o t h a r e t o b e fo u n d in t h e v a r ia n t t e x t s o ft h e r u b r ic
o ft h e Ch a p t e r p u b l is h e d b y N a v il l e ( o p . c it . Bd . II . P . 23 6 ) .
CHAP TERCI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 27 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : In t h e p a p y r u s o f
N u
t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e . In t h e
S a it e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d is s e e n p o l in g a l o n g a b o a t w h e r e in a r e t h e
g o d Ra a n d t h e Be n n u
b ir d ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl . 3 7 ) .
Te x t : [THECHAP TER OF P ROTECTIN GTHEBOATOFRA
. ] r
" ( 1 )
0t h o u t h a t c l e a v e s t t h e w a t e r ( 2) a s t h o u c o m e s t fo r t h
" fr o m t h e s t r e a m a n d d o s t s it u p o n t h y p l a c e in t h y b o a t , s it
" t h o u u p o n t h y p l a c e in t h y b o a t a s t h o u g o e s t fo r t h t o t h y
" s t a t io n o fy e s t e r d a y , a n d d o t h o u j o in t h e Os ir is , t h e ( 3 ) o v e r -
s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , t h e
" p e r fe c t Kh u , u n t o t h y m a r in e r s , a n d l e t t h y s t r e n g t h b e h is
" s t r e n g t h . Ha il , Rd , in t h y n a m e o fRd , ( q . )
ift h o u d o l t p a s s
1 . Th is t it l e is t a k e n fr o m t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n .
THECHAP TEROFP ROTECTIN GTHEBOATOFRA . 1 6 3
" b y t h e e y e o fs e v e n c u b it s , w h ic h h a t h a p u p il o ft h r e e c u b it s ,
" t h e n v e r il y d o t h o u s t r e n g t h e n t h e Os ir is , N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
" t h e p e r fe c t Kh u ,
[a n d l e t h im b e a m o n g ] t h y m a r in e r s , a n d
" l e t t h y ( 5 ) s t r e n g t h b e h is s t r e n g t h . Ha il , Rd , in t h y n a m e o f
" Rd , ift h o u d o s t p a s s b y t h o s e w h o a r e o v e r t u r n e d in d e a t h
" t h e n v e r il y d o t h o u m a k e t h e Os ir is , ( 6 )
N u , t r iu m p h a n t , t h e
" p e r fe c t s o u l , t o s t a n d u p u p o n h is fe e t , a n d m a y t h y s t r e n g t h
" b e h is s t r e n g t h . Ha il , Rd , in t h y n a m e o fRd , ( 7 ) ift h e h id d e n
" t h in g s o ft h e u n d e r w o r l d a r e o p e n e d u n t o t h e e a n d t h o u d o s t
" g r a t ify ( ?) t h e h e a r t o ft h e c y c l e o ft h y g o d s , t h e n v e r il y d o
" t h o u g r a n t j o y o fh e a r t u n t o t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m -
" p h a n t , a n d l e t t h y s t r e n g t h b e h is ( 8 ) s t r e n g t h . Th y m e m b e r s ,
" ORd , a r e e s t a b l is h e d b y ( t h is ) Ch a p t e r ( ?) . "
Ru b r ic : [THIS CHAP TER] S HALLBERECITED OVERABAN D LETOFTHE
FIN ELIN EN OFKIN GS [U P ON WHICH] ITHATHBEEN WRITTEN WITH AN TI,
WHICHS HALLBELAID U P ON THEN EEKOFTHEP ERFECT
KHU ( 9 )
ON THE
D AYOFTHEBU RIAL . IFTHIS AM U LETBELAID U P ON HIS N EEKHES HALL
D OEVERYTHIN GWHICHHED ES IRETHTOD OEVEN LIKETHEGOD S ; AN D
HES HALLJOIN HIM S ELFU N TOTHEFOLLOWERS ( io ) OFHORU S ; AN D HE
S HALLBES TABLIS HED AS AS TARFACETOFACEWITHS EP TET( S OTHIS ) ;
AN D HIS CORRU P TIBLEBOD YS HALLBEAS AGOD ALON GWITHHIS KIN S -
FOLKFOREVER ; AN D THEGOD D ES S ( ii) M EN QETS HALLM AKEP LAN TS TO
GERM IN ATEU P ON HIS BOD Y ; AN D THEM AJES TYOFTHEGOD THOTHLOV-
IN GLYS HALLM AKETHELIGHTTORES TU P ON HIS CORRU P TIBLEBOD Y
ATWILL, EVEN AS HED ID FORTHEM AJES TYOFTHEKIN GOFTHEN ORTH
AN D OFTHES OU TH, THEGOD OS IRIS , TRIU M P HAN T .
CHAP TERCII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 28 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th e b o a t o f Rd w it h t h e g o d s e a t e d t h e r e in a n d h o l d in g a
p a d d l e ; b e fo r e h im k n e e l s t h e g o d d e s s Is is ( ?)
a n d b e h in d h im t h e d e -
c e a s e d . S o m e t im e s Rd is a c c o m p a n ie d b y t h e g o d s Th o t h a n d Kh e p e r a
a n d s o m e t im e s b y An u b is a l o n e ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . 1 . 1 3 1 .
1 4 ) .
In
t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d is k n e e l in g b e fo r e Rd a t a t a b l e o f
o ffe r in g s ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl . 3 8 ) .
it *
1 6 4

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
Te x t :
( i)
THECHAP TEROFGOIN GIN TOTHEBOAT ( 2) OF
RA .
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ha il , t h o u Gr e a t Go d w h o a r t in t h y b o a t , b r in g t h o u m e
" in t o t h y b o a t . [Ih a v e c o m e fo r w a r d t o t h y s t e p s ) , l e t m e b e t h e
" d ir e c t o r ( 3 ) o ft h y j o u r n e y in g s a n d l e t m e b e a m o n g t h o s e w h o
" b e l o n g t o t h e e a n d w h o a r e a m o n g t h e s t a r s w h ic h n e v e r r e s t .
" Th e t h in g s w h ic h a r e a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o t h e e a n d t h e t h in g s
" w h ic h a r e a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e Iw il l n o t e a t , t h a t w h ic h
" is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e , ( 4 ) t h a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n
" u n t o m e is fil t h a n d Iw il l n o t e a t t h e r e o f
;
b u t s e p u l c h r a l
" o ffe r in g s a n d h o l y fo o d [w il l Ie a t ] , a n d Is h a l l n o t b e o v e r -
" t h r o w n t h e r e b y
. Iw il l n o t d r a w n ig h u n t o fil t h w it h m y h a n d s ,
" a n d Iw il l n o t w a l k ( 5 ) t h e r e o n w it h m y s a n d a l s , b e c a u s e m y
" b r e a d [is m a d e ] o fw h it e b a r l e y , a n d m y a l e [is m a d e ] o fr e d
" b a r l e y
; a n d b e h o l d , t h e S e k t e t b o a t a n d t h e At e t b o a t h a v e
" b r o u g h t t h e s e t h in g s ( 6 ) a n d h a v e l a id t h e g ift s ( ?) o ft h e l a n d s
" u p o n t h e a l t a r o ft h e S o u l s o fAn n u . Hy m n s o fp r a is e b e t o
" t h e e , 0U r -a r it -s , a s t h o u t r a v e l l e s t t h r o u g h h e a v e n !Le t t h e r e
" b e fo o d [fo r t h e e ] , 0d w e l l e r in t h e c it y o fTe n i( Th is ) , ( 7 )
" a n d w h e n t h e d o g s g a t h e r t o g e t h e r l e t m e n o t s u ffe r h a r m . I
" m y s e l fh a v e c o m e , a n d Ih a v e d e l iv e r e d t h e g o d fr o m t h e t h in g s
" w h ic h h a v e b e e n in fl ic t e d u p o n h im , a n d fr o m t h e g r ie v o u s
" s ic k n e s s o ft h e b o d y ( 8 ) o ft h e a r m , a n d o ft h e l e g . Ih a v e
" c o m e a n d Ih a v e s p it u p o n t h e b o d y , Ih a v e b o u n d u p t h e
" a r m , a n d Ih a v e m a d e t h e l e g t o w a l k
. ( g )
[Ih a v e ] e n t e r e d
" [t h e b o a t ] a n d [I] s a il r o u n d a b o u t b y t h e c o m m a n d o fRd . "
CHAP TERCIII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t
8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e g o d d e s s Ha t h o r , h a v in g a d is k a n d h o r n s u p o n h e r h e a d ,
a n d a s c e p t r e in h e r l e ft h a n d ; b e h in d h e r s t a n d s t h e d e c e a s e d .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROFBEIN GWITHTHEGOD D ES S
HATHOR . Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
THECHAP TEROFM AKIN GOFFERIN GS TOTHEKA . 1 6 5
" Ia m t h e p u r e t r a v e l l e r . Be h o l d , ( 2) As -Ah i, b e h o l d , As -Ah i,
" l e t m e b e a m o n g t h o s e w h o fo l l o w t h e g o d d e s s Ha t h o r . "
CHAP TERCIV
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( Br it . M u s . N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Tw o " g r e a t g o d s " s e a t e d o n t h r o n e s fa c in g e a c h o t h e r : o n
t h e g r o u n d b e t w e e n t h e m s it s t h e d e c e a s e d . In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h e
d e c e a s e d is s e a t e d o n a l o w p e d e s t a l b e fo r e t h r e e g o d s ( s e e Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , Bl . 3 8 . )
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROF' S ITTIN GAM ON GTHEGREAT
GOD S . Be h o l d N e b s e n i, ( 3 ) w h o s a it h : -
" Is it a m o n g t h e g r e a t g o d s , a n d Ih a v e m a d e a w a y fo r m y -
s e l f( 4 ) t h r o u g h t h e h o u s e o ft h e S e k t e t b o a t
;
a n d b e h o l d , t h e
" m a n t is r h a t h b r o u g h t m e t o s e e t h e g r e a t g o d s ( 5 ) w h o d w e l l
" in t h e u n d e r w o r l d , a n d Is h a l l b e t r iu m p h a n t b e fo r e t h e m , fo r
" Ia m p u r e . "
CHAP TERCV .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t
7 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g b e fo r e a k a o n a p e d e s t a l
( J_) ;
w it h h is r ig h t h a n d h e p o u r s o u t a l ib a t io n , a n d w it h h is l e ft h e m a k e s a n
o ffe r in g o fin c e n s e .
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROF' M AKIN GOFFERIN GS TOTHE
KA
IN THEU N D ERWORLD .
Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n -
c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ho m a g e t o t h e e , 0
m y k a , w h o a r t m y p e r io d o fl ife ! 2
" Gr a n t t h o u t h a t Im a y c o m e b e fo r e t h e e , a n d l e t m e r is e u p
" [l ik e t h e S u n ] , a n d l e t m e b e s t r o n g , a n d l e t m e h a v e m y
" s o u l , ( 3 ) a n d l e t m e g a in t h e m a s t e r y [o v e r m in e e n e m ie s ]
.
i . Be b a it o r Ab a it ; s e e Ch a p t e r LXXVI . 1 . 2 .
2 . Or , " c o n t e m p o r a r y . "
1 6 6
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
" Fo r Ih a v e b r o u g h t t o t h e e a n o ffe r in g o fin c e n s e , a n d Ih a v e
" m a d e m y s e l fp u r e t h e r e w it h , a n d Iw il l p u r ify t h a t w h ic h
" is s u e t h fr o m t h e e t h e r e w it h . ( 4 )
Th e e v il t h in g s w h ic h Ih a v e
" s p o k e n , a n d t h e h a t e fu l t r a n s g r e s s io n s w h ic h Ih a v e c o m m it t e d
" l a y t h o u n o t u p o n m e , fo r Ia m t h e m o t h e r -o f-e m e r a l d a m u l e t ,
" w h ic h ( 5 ) b e l o n g e t h u n t o t h e n e c k o fRd , a n d w h ic h h a t h b e e n
" p l a c e d [t h e r e ] b y t h o s e w h o d w e l l in t h e d o u b l e h o r iz o n ( i . e . ,
" t h e e a s t e r n a n d w e s t e r n p a r t s o ft h e s k y ) . Th e ir v ig o u r is m y
" v ig o u r , t h e ir v ig o u r is m y v ig o u r
; m y k a is
l ik e u n t o t h e ir
" k a s ,
a n d t h e t c h e fa u fo o d o fm y k a is l ik e u n t o t h e t c h e fa u
" fo o d o ft h e ir k a s . ( 6 ) 0t h o u w h o l ift e s t u p t h e S c a l e s a n d
" w h o e x a l t e s t r ig h t a n d t r u t h t o t h e n o s t r il s o fRd t h is d a y ,
" l e t n o t m y h e a d fa l l a w a y fr o m m e
. ( 7 ) Fo r , b e h o l d , a m In o t
" t h e e y e w h ic h l o o k e t h u p o n t h e e ?An d a m In o t t h e e a r w h ic h
" h e a r k e n e t h u n t o [t h e e ] ?Fo r , b e h o l d , a m In o t t h e b u l l o ft h o s e
" w h o h a v e fa l l e n d o w n in d e a t h ?An d h a v e n o t s e p u l c h r a l m e a l s
" [b e e n m a d e ] fo r m e ?( 8 ) An d a r e n o t t h o s e w h o l iv e in t h e
" h e ig h t s , " o r a c c o r d in g t o a n o t h e r r e a d in g , " t h o s e w h o a r e c h ie fs
" o fN u t , fo r m e ?[Gr a n t t h o u t h a t ] Im a y g o fo r w a r d b y t h e e ,
" fo r I, e v e n I, a m p u r e , a n d [Ih a v e ] m a d e Os ir is t o t r iu m p h
" o v e r h is e n e m ie s . "
CHAP TER
CVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : At a b l e o fo ffe r in g s . In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d is
m a k in g o ffe r in g s t o t h e g o d P t a h ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p . c it
. ,
Bi. 3 8 ) .
Te x t : ( i)
THECHAP TER
OFGIVIN G
S EP U LCHRALM EALS
U N TO THEOS IRIS N u , TRIU M P HAN T, IN HET-P TAH-KA ( i . e . ,
M EM P HIS ) IN THEU N D ERWORLD . Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in c h ie f, N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ha il , Gr e a t Go d , t h o u l o r d o f t c h e fa u fo o d !Ha il , Gr e a t
" Go d , t h o u p r in c e o ft h e c e l e s t ia l h a b it a t io n s w h ic h s u p p l y
" b r e a d fo r t h e g o d P t a h
! [Ha il , M ig h t y On e w h o d w e l l e s t in
THECHAP TEROFKN OWIN GTHES OU LS OFTHEIt ES T.
1 6 7
" t h e Gr e a t Ho u s e !] Gr a n t y e u n t o m e b r e a d , g r a n t y e ( 3 ) u n t o
" m e a l e , a n d l e t m e c l e a n s e m y s e l fb y m e a n s o ft h e h a u n c h
" a n d b y t h e o ffe r in g s o fc a k e s
. Ha il , t h o u d iv in e b o a t o fS e k h e t -
" Aa r r u , l e t t h e s e c a k e s b e b r o u g h t t o m e ( 4 ) b y t h y s t r e a m ,
" e v e n a s t h y d iv in e fa t h e r , t h e m ig h t y o n e , p a s s e d t h e r e o n in
" t h e d iv in e b a r k . "
CHAP TERCVII .
Th e r e is n o e q u iv a l e n t fo r t h is Ch a p t e r in t h e p a p y r ic o n -
t a in in g t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n
. In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n ( s e e
Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , Bl . 3 9 ) t h is Ch a p t e r is c a l l e d t h e " CHAP TER
OF GOIN GIN TOAN D OF' COM IN GOU TFROM THEGATEOFTHE
GOD S OFTHEWES T, OFBEIN GAM ON GTHEFOLLOWERS OF
RA, AN D OFKN OWIN GTHE
S OU LS OFTHEWES T, " a n d t h e
v ig n e t t e r e p r e s e n t s t h e d e c e a s e d s t a n d in g , w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d
in a d o r a t io n , b e fo r e Ra , S e b e k , Ha t h o r , a n d a s e r p e n t , w h o r e s t
o n t h e s l o p e o fa m o u n t a in
. Th e t e x t is a c t u a l l y t h e fir s t l in e
a n d a h a l fo fCh a p t e r CIX, w h ic h is e n t it l e d t h e " CHAP TER
OFKN OWIN GTHES OU LS OFTHEEAS T" .
CHAP TERCVIII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t
8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e it ie s Tm u , S e b e k a n d Ha t h o r s e a t e d
.
Te x t : (
r ) THECHAP TEROFKN OWIN G ( 2) THE S OU LS OF
THEWES T .
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" N o w t h e M o u n t a in o fBa k h a u ( i . e . , t h e m o u n t a in o ft h e
" s u n r is e ) , w h e r e u p o n t h is h e a v e n s u p p o r t s it s e l f, ( 3 ) is s it u a t e d
" in t h e e a s t e r n p a r t o fh e a v e n , a n d it b a t h d im e n s io n s o ft h r e e
" h u n d r e d k h e t ( i. e . ,
3 o , o o o c u b it s r in l e n g t h , a n d o n e h u n d r e d
s . Th e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n ir e a d s : -
" It is a c u b it o fs e v e n a n d a h a l f
s p a n s ( i . e
. , t h e w id t h o f3 o fin g e r s ) o ft h e b a l a n c e o ft h e e a r t h in it s l e n g t h ,
a n d 3 o o c u b it s in w id t h , 200 . "
1 6 8

THECHAP TERS OFCO-4 1 IN GFORTHBYD AY.
" a n d fift y k h e t ( i. e . , 1 5 000 c u b it s ) in b r e a d t h ; S e b e k , t h e l o r d o f
" Ba k h a u , ( 4 )
[d w e l l e t h ] t o t h e e a s t o ft h e M o u n t a in , a n d h is t e m p l e
" is o n t h e e a r t h t h e r e . Th e r e is a s e r p e n t o n t h e b r o w o ft h a t
" M o u n t a in , a n d h e m e a s u r e t h t h ir t y c u b it s in l e n g t h ; t h e fir s t
" e ig h t c u b it s o fh is l e n g t h a r e [c o v e r e d ] w it h ( 5 ) fl in t s a n d w it h
" s h in in g m e t a l p l a t e s . Th e Os ir is N u , t r iu m p h a n t , k n o w e t h t h e
" n a m e o ft h is s e r p e n t w h ic h [d w e l l e t h ] o n h is h il l , `D w e l l e r in h is
" fir e ' ( 6 ) is h is n a m e
. N o w a ft e r Ra h a t h s t o o d s t il l h e in c l in e t h
" h is e y e s t o w a r d s h im a n d a s t o p p a g e o ft h e b o a t [o fRa ] t a k e t h
" p l a c e , a n d a m ig h t y ( 7 ) s l e e p c o m e t h u p o n h im t h a t is in t h e
" b o a t , a n d h e g u l p e t h d o w n s e v e n c u b it s o ft h e g r e a t w a t e r s .
" Th e r e b y h e m a k e t h S u t it o d e p a r t h a v in g t h e h a r p o o n o fir o n
" ( 8 ) in h im , a n d t h e r e b y h e is c a u s e d t o t h r o w u p e v e r y t h in g
" w h ic h h e b a t h e a t e n , a n d t h e r e b y is S e t p u t in t o h is p l a c e o f
" r e s t r a in t
. An d t h e n [I] r e c it e b e fo r e h im t h e e n c h a n t m e n t ,
" s a y in g , ( 9 ) Ge t t h e e b a c k t o t h e s k y , fo r t h a t w h ic h is in m y
" h a n d is r e a d y
. Is t a n d u p in t h y p l a c e o fr e s t r a in t , t h e b o a t
" a d v a n c e t h t a k in g h e e d t o t h e w a y
; ( 1 o ) t h y h e a d is c o v e r e d
" u p w h il e Is a il o n a n d t u r n b a c k [t h y s t e p s ] . Ia m t h e M a n
" w h o c o v e r e t h t h y h e a d a n d w h o p o u r e t h c o l d w a t e r u p o n t h y
" p a l m , Ih a v e s t r e n g t h a n d
0i) Ia m s t r o n g , Ia m t h e d iv in e
" o n e w h o is m ig h t y in e n c h a n t m e n t s , n a m e l y , t h e s o n o fN u t ,
" a n d m y s p l e n d o u r b a t h , t h e r e fo r e , b e e n d e l iv e r e d u n t o m e .
" Wh o , t h e n , is t h is v e n e r a b l e Kh u ( 1 2) w h o a d v a n c e t h w a l k in g
" u p o n h is b e l l y a n d u p o n h is t a il a n d u p o n t h e j o in t s o fh is
" b a c k ?Ve r il y it is Im y s e l fw h o d o w a l k o v e r t h e e , a n d t h y
" s t r e n g t h is in m y p o w e r . Ia m h e w h o ( 1 3 )
l ift e t h u p s t r e n g t h ,
" a n d Ih a v e c o m e , a n d Ih a v e b e c o m e m a s t e r o ft h e s e r p e n t s
" o fRd w h e n h e s e t t e t h in m y s ig h t a t e v e n t id e . ( 1 4 )
Ig o r o u n d
" a b o u t h e a v e n , b u t t h o u a r t fe t t e r e d w it h fe t t e r s , w h ic h t h in g
" w a s o r d a in e d fo r t h e e fo r m e r l y w h e n Rd s e t in l ife in h is h o -
r iz o n . I, e v e n I, k n o w ( 1 5 )
h o w t o g u id e t h e m a t t e r s w h e r e b y
" t h e s e r p e n t Ap e p is d r iv e n b a c k , a n d Ik n o w t h e d iv in e S o u l s
" o ft h e We s t , t h a t is t o s a y , Te m , a n d S e b e k , t h e l o r d o fBa k h a u ,
" ( 1 6 ) a n d Ha t h o r , t h e l a d y o ft h e e v e n in g
. "
THECHAP TEROFKN OWIN GTHES OU LS OFTHEEAS T
. 1 6 9
CHAP TER CIX.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 1 1 , s h e e t 1 2) . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th e g o d He r u -k h u t i( Ha r m a c h is ) s e a t e d ;
b e fo r e h im is a
s p o t t e d c a l f, b e h in d w h ic h s t a n d s t h e d e c e a s e d w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d
in a d o r a t io n o ft h e g o d ; a b o v e is t h e M o r n in g S t a r . El s e w h e r e t h e d e -
c e a s e d is s e e n s t a n d in g , w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n , b e fo r e
t h r e e s e a t e d ib is -h e a d e d d e it ie s ( s e e N a v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . I . Bl . I20) . In
t h e S a l t e Re c e n s io n ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl
. 3 9 ) t h e v ig n e t t e is q u it e
d iffe r e n t
. Th e g o d Rd -Ha r m a c h is , h a w k -h e a d e d a n d w e a r in g a d is k
w h ic h is e n c ir c l e d b y a s e r p e n t , is s e a t e d in a b o a t ; a b o v e t h e d is k is
t h e e m b l e m o fa ir , a n d h e h o l d s o n h is k n e e s t h e e m b l e m o fl ife
. Be fo r e
h im in t h e b o a t is a c a l fa b o v e w h ic h is a s t a r , a n d b e h in d h im s t a n d s
t h e d e c e a s e d . Th e b o a t is a b o u t t o s a il b e t w e e n t w o s y c a m o r e t r e e s in
fr o n t o fw h ic h s t a n d s t h e d e c e a s e d , w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n .
Te x t : ( t )
THE CHAP TER OFKN OWIN G THE S OU LS OFTHE
EAS T . ( 2) Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h
: -
" I, e v e n I, k n o w t h e e a s t e r n g a t e o fh e a v e n -n o w it s s o u t h e r n
" p a r t is a t t h e La k e o fKh a r u ( 3 ) a n d it s n o r t h e r n p a r t is a t
" t h e c a n a l o ft h e g e e s e -w h e r e o u t Rd c o m e t h w it h w in d s w h ic h
" m a k e h im t o a d v a n c e
. Ia m h e w h o is c o n c e r n e d w it h t h e
" t a c k l e ( ?)
( 4 ) [w h ic h is ] in t h e d iv in e b a r k , Ia m t h e s a il o r w h o
" c e a s e t h n o t in t h e b o a t o fRd . I, e v e n I, k n o w t h e t w o s y c a -
m o r e s ( 5 ) o ft u r q u o is e b e t w e e n w h ic h Rd s h e w e t h h im s e l fw h e n
" h e s t r id e t h fo r w a r d o v e r t h e s u p p o r t s o fS h u I t o w a r d s t h e g a t e
" ( 6 ) o ft h e l o r d o ft h e Ea s t t h r o u g h w h ic h Rd c o m e t h fo r t h
.
" I, e v e n I, k n o w t h e S e k t e t -Aa r r u o f( 7 ) Ra , t h e w a l l s o fw h ic h
" a r e o fir o n . Th e h e ig h t o ft h e w h e a t t h e r e in is fiv e c u b it s , o f
" t h e e a r s t h e r e o ft w o c u b it s , a n d o ft h e s t a l k s t h e r e o ft h r e e
" c u b it s . ( 8 ) Th e b a r l e y t h e r e in is [in h e ig h t ] s e v e n c u b it s , t h e
" e a r s t h e r e o fa r e t h r e e c u b it s , a n d t h e s t a l k s t h e r e o fa r e fo u r
" c u b it s . An d b e h o l d , t h e Kh u s ,
e a c h o n e o fw h o m t h e r e in is
" n in e c u b it s in h e ig h t , ( 9 )
r e a p it n e a r t h e d iv in e S o u l s o ft h e
" Ea s t . I, e v e n I, k n o w t h e d iv in e S o u l s o ft h e Ea s t , t h a t is t o
1 . 1 . e
. , t h e fo u r p il l a r s a t t h e S o u t h , N o r t h , We s t , a n d Ea s t o f h e a v e n u p o n
w h ic h t h e h e a v e n s w e r e b e l ie v e d t o r e s t
.
1 7 0

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY.
" s a y , He r u -k h u t i( Ha r m a c h is ) , a n d t h e Ca l fo ft h e g o d d e s s Kh e r a ,
" a n d ( s o ) t h e M o r n in g S t a r r [d a il y . Ad iv in e c it y h a t h b e e n b u il t
" fo r m e , Ik n o w it , a n d Ik n o w t h e n a m e t h e r e o f ; ' S e k h e t -Aa r r u '
" is it s n a m e ] . 2
CHAP TERCX.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i( Br it . M u s . N o . 9 , 9 00, s h e e t t 7 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e S e k h e t -h e t e p e t o r " Fie l d s o fp e a c e " , c o m m o n l y c a l l e d
t h e " El y s ia n Fie l d s " , s u r r o u n d e d a n d in t e r s e c t e d b y s t r e a m s
. Th e d iv i-
s io n s c o n t a in t h e fo l l o w in g : - ( a ) N e b s e n i, t h e s c r ib e a n d a r t is t o ft h e
Te m p l e o fP t a h , w it h h is a r m s h a n g in g b y h is s id e s , e n t e r in g t h e El y s ia n
Fie l d s
. ( b ) Th e s c r ib e N e b s e n im a k in g a n o ffe r in g o fin c e n s e t o t h e " g r e a t
c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s " . ( c ) N e b s e n is e a t e d in a b o a t p a d d l in g
; a b o v e t h e
b o a t a r e t h r e e s y m b o l s fo r " c it y " . ( d ) Th e d e c e a s e d a d d r e s s in g a b e a r d e d ,
m u m m ie d fig u r e . ( e ) Th r e e P o o l s o r La k e s c a l l e d U r t i, 3 He t e p , 4
a n d Qe t g e t
r e s p e c t iv e l y . ( f) N e b s e n ir e a p in g in S e k h e t -h e t e p e t . ( g ) N e b s e n ig r a s p in g
t h e Be n n u b ir d w h ic h is p e r c h e d u p o n a s t a n d ; in fr o n t a r e t h r e e k a s
a n d t h r e e k h u s . ( h )
N e b s e n is e a t e d a n d s m e l l in g a fl o w e r , t h e t e x t r e a d s
" Th o u s a n d s o fa l l g o o d a n d p u r e t h in g s t o t h e k a o fN e b s e n i . " ( i) At a b l e
o fo ffe r in g s . ( j ) Fo u r P o o l s o r La k e s c a l l e d N e b t -t a u i, U a k h a , Kh a ( ?) , a n d
He t e p . ( k )
N e b s e n ip l o u g h in g w it h o x e n b y t h e s id e o fa s t r e a m w h ic h is
o n e t h o u s a n d [m e a s u r e s ] in l e n g t h , a n d t h e w id t h o fw h ic h c a n n o t b e
s a id ; in it t h e r e a r e n e it h e r fis h n o r w o r m s
. ( 1 ) N e b s e n ip l o u g h in g w it h
o x e n o n a n is l a n d " t h e l e n g t h o fw h ic h is t h e l e n g t h o fh e a v e n " . ( m ) A
d iv is io n s h a p e d l ik e a b o w l in w h ic h is in s c r ib e d : " Th e b ir t h -p l a c e o ft h e .
g o d o ft h e c it y , Qe n q e n [e t n e b t ] " . ( n ) An is l a n d w h e r e o n a r e fo u r g o d s
a n d a fl ig h t o fs t e p s ; t h e l e g e n d r e a d s : " Th e g r e a t c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s
w h o a r e in S e k h e t -h e t e p . " ( o ) Th e b o a t Tc h e t e t fe t w it h e ig h t o a r s , fo u r
a t t h e b o w s a n d fo u r a t t h e s t e r n , fl o a t in g a t t h e e n d o fa c a n a l ; in it is
a fl ig h t o fs t e p s . Th e p l a c e w h e r e it l ie s is c a l l e d t h e " D o m a in o fN e t h "
.
( p ) Tw o P o o l s , t h e n a m e s o fw h ic h a r e il l e g ib l e .
Th e v ig n e t t e in t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( s h e e t 3 5 ) h a s s o m e in t e r e s t in g
v a r ia n t s , a n d m a y b e t h u s d e s c r ib e d : -
t . In t h e S a l t e Re c e n s io n t h is Ch a p t e r is a b o u t t w ic e a s l o n g a s it is in t h e
Th e b a n Re c e n s io n .
2 . Th e w o r d s in b r a c k e t s a r e fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n i .
3 . Va r . He m a t .
4 . Va r . Ha s t .
THECHAP TEROFTHEELY. S IAN FIELD S
.

1 7 1
( t ) An im a k in g a n o ffe r in g b e fo r e a h a r e -h e a d e d g o d , a s n a k e -h e a d e d
g o d , a n d a b u l l -h e a d e d g o d ; b e h in d h im s t a n d s Th o t h , h o l d in g h is r e e d
a n d p a l e t t e . An ip a d d l in g a b o a t , An ia d d r e s s in g a h a w k , b e fo r e w h ic h
a r e a t a b l e o fo ffe r in g s , t h r e e o v a l s , a n d t h e l e g e n d " Be in g a t p e a c e in t h e
Fie l d [o fP e a c e ] , a n d h a v in g a ir fo r t h e n o s t r il s " .
( 2) An ir e a p in g c o r n , An id r iv in g t h e o x e n w h ic h t r e a d o u t t h e c o r n
;
An ia d d r e s s in g ( o r a d o r in g ) a Be n n o b ir d p e r c h e d o n a s t a n d ; An is e a t e d
h o l d in g t h e k h e r p s c e p t r e ; a h e a p o fr e d a n d a h e a p o fw h it e c o r n ;
t h r e e
k a s a n d t h r e e k h u s , w h ic h a r e p e r h a p s t o b e r e a d , " t h e fo o d o ft h e
k h u s " ;
a n d t h r e e P o o l s
.
( 3 ) An ip l o u g h in g a fie l d n e a r a s t r e a m w h ic h c o n t a in s n e it h e r fis h n o r
s e r p e n t s
.
( 4 ) Th e b ir t h p l a c e o ft h e g o d o ft h e c it y ; a n is l a n d o n w h ic h is a
fl ig h t o fs t e p s ; a r e g io n c a l l e d t h e p l a c e o ft h e
k h u s w h o a r e s e v e n
c u b it s h ig h , t h e w h e a t is t h r e e c u b it s h ig h a n d it is t h e s d h u
w h o h a v e
b e c o m e p e r fe c t w h o r e a p it ; t h e r e g io n As h e t , t h e g o d w h o d w e l l e t h
t h e r e in b e in g U n n e fe r
;
a b o a t w it h e ig h t o a r s , l y in g a t t h e e n d o fa
c a n a l ; a n d a b o a t fl o a t in g o n a c a n a l
. Th e n a m e o ft h e fir s t b o a t is
" Be h u t u -t c h e s e r " , a n d t h e n a m e o ft h e s e c o n d , " Tc h e fa u "
.
In t h e P a p y r u s o fN e b s e n ia r e t w o s c e n e s , o n e o n e a c h s id e o f" S e k h e t -
h e t e p e t " , o r t h e El y s ia n Fie l d s
. In t h e fir s t ( A) N e b s e n is t a n d s , w it h b o t h
h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n , a n d a d o r e s t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s w h o
d w e l l in S e k h e t -h e t e p , s a y in g : " Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e l o r d s o ffo o d , I
" h a v e c o m e in p e a c e t o y o u r Fie l d t o r e c e iv e
t c h e fa u fo o d . Gr a n t y e t h a t
" Im a y c o m e t o t h e Gr e a t Go d d a il y , a n d g r a n t t h a t Im a y a t t a in t o t h e
" o ffe r in g s , t h a t is t o s a y , t o t h e c a k e s , a n d a l e , a n d o x e n , a n d d u c k s , a n d
" b r e a d , w h ic h a r e o ffe r e d u n t o h is
k a " . Th e t h r e e s h o r t l in e s o fh ie r o -
g l y p h ic s ( B) in fr o n t o fN e b s e n ir e a d : -
" N e b s e n i, t h e l o r d o fr e v e r e n c e ,
" t h e s c r ib e a n d a r t is t in t h e t e m p l e s o ft h e S o u t h a n d o ft h e N o r t h ,
" a s c r ib e t h p r a is e t o t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s a n d a d o r e t h t h e g r e a t g o d
. "
In t h e s e c o n d s c e n e N e b s e n iis s t a n d in g u p r ig h t a n d a y o u t h is p o u r in g
a l ib a t io n o v e r h im
; a t t h e s a m e t im e a n o t h e r y o u t h is b r in g in g t o h im
a n o ffe r in g o fr a im e n t
. Th e t e x t a b o v e h im ( C) r e a d s : -" M a y t h e g o d
" Os ir is a n d a l l t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s w h o d w e l l in S e k h e t -h e t e p g r a n t
" o ffe r in g s o fc a k e s , a n d a l e , a n d o x e n , a n d d u c k s , a n d b r e a d , a n d a l l
" g o o d t h in g s , a n d l in e n g a r m e n t s , a n d in c e n s e e a c h d a y , a n d a n o ffe r in g
" o n t h e a l t a r e a c h d a y , a n d t h e r e c e iv in g o fc a k e s o fv a r io u s k in d s , a n d
" m il k , a n d w in e , a n d t c h e fa u
fo o d , a n d t h e fo l l o w in g o ft h e g o d a t h is
" c o m in g fo r t h d u r in g h is fe s t iv a l s o fRe -s t a u a l o n g w it h t h e fa v o u r e d
" o n e s o ft h e g r e a t g o d , t o t h e
k a o ft h e s c r ib e N e b s e n i, " e t c
.
Te x t : ( i)
HERE BEGIN
THECHAP TERS OFS EKHET-HETEP ET,
AN D THECHAP TERS OF
COM IN G FORTH
BYD AY ; OF GOIN G
1 7
2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
IN TOAN D OFCOM IN GOU TFROM THEU N D ERWORLD
; OFCOM IN G
TOS EKHET-AARU
; OFBEIN GIN S EKHET-( 2) HETEP ET, THE
M IGHTYLAN D , THELAD YOFWIN D S ; OFHAVIN GP OWERTHERE
;
OFBECOM IN G
AKHU
THERE
; OFP LOU GHIN GTHERE ; OFREAP -
IN GTHERE
; OFEATIN GTHERE ; OFD RIN KIN GTHERE
; OF
M AKIN GLOVE( 3 ) THERE
; AN D OFD OIN GEVERYTHIN GEVEN
AS AM AN D OETHU P ON EARTH
. Be h o l d t h e s c r ib e a n d a r t is t o f
t h e Te m p l e o fP t a h , N e b s e n i, w h o ( 4 ) s a it h : -
" S e t h a t h t a k e n p o s s e s s io n o fHo r u s , w h o l o o k e d w it h t h e
" t w o e y e s u p o n t h e b u il d in g ( ?) r o u n d S e k h e t -h e t e p , b u t Ih a v e
" u n fe t t e r e d Ho r u s [a n d t a k e n h im fr o m ] S e t , a n d S e t b a t h
" o p e n e d t h e w a y s o ft h e t w o e y e s [w h ic h a r e ] in h e a v e n . ( 5 )
" S e t h a t h c a s t ( ?) h is m o is t u r e t o t h e w in d s u p o n t h e s o u l [t h a t
" h a t h ] h is d a y ( o r
h is e y e ) a n d w h o d w e l l e t h in t h e c it y o f
" M e r t , a n d h e h a t h d e l iv e r e d t h e in t e r io r o ft h e b o d y o fHo r u s
" fr o m t h e g o d s o fAl e r t . Be h o l d m e ( 6 ) n o w , fo r Im a k e t h is
" m ig h t y b o a t t o t r a v e l o v e r t h e La k e o fHe t e p , a n d Ib r o u g h t
" it a w a y w it h m ig h t fr o m t h e p a l a c e o fS h u ;
t h e d o m a in o f
" h is s t a r s g r o w e t h y o u n g a n d r e n e w e t h it s fo r m e r s t r e n g t h
. Ih a v e
" b r o u g h t t h e b o a t ( 7 )
in t o t h e l a k e s t h e r e o fs o t h a t Im a y c o m e
" fo r t h in t o t h e c it ie s t h e r e o f, a n d Ih a v e s a il e d in t o t h e ir d iv in e
" c it y He t e p
. An d b e h o l d , it is b e c a u s e I, e v e n I, a m a t p e a c e
" w it h h is s e a s o n s , a n d w it h h is g u id a n c e , a n d w it h h is t e r r it o r y ,
" a n d w it h t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s w h o ( 8 ) a r e h is fir s t b o r n
.
" He m a k e t h t h e t w o d iv in e fig h t e r s ( i . e
. , Ho r u s a n d S e t ) t o
" b e a t p e a c e w it h t h o s e w h o w a t c h o v e r t h e l iv in g o n e s w h o m
" h e h a t h c r e a t e d in fa ir fo r m , a n d h e b r in g e t h p e a c e [w it h h im ]
;
" h e m a k e t h t h e t w o d iv in e fig h t e r s t o b e a t p e a c e w it h t h o s e
" w h o w a t c h o v e r ( g ) t h e m
. He c u t t e t h o fft h e h a ir fr o m t h e
" d iv in e fig h t e r s , h e d r iv e t h a w a y s t o r m fr o m t h e h e l p l e s s , a n d
" h e k e e p e t h a w a y h a r m fr o m t h e
Kh u s . ( io ) Le t m e g a in d o -
" m in io n w it h in t h a t Fie l d , fo r Ik n o w it , a n d Ih a v e s a il e d
" a m o n g it s l a k e s s o t h a t Im ig h t c o m e in t o it s c it ie s . M y m o u t h
" is s t r o n g ;
a n d Ia m e q u ip p e d [w it h w e a p o n s t o u s e ] a g a in s t
" t h e
Kh u s ; l e t t h e m n o t h a v e d o m in io n o v e r m e
. 0i) Le t m e
" b e r e w a r d e d w it h t h y fie l d s , 0t h o u g o d I ; Ie t e p ;
t h a t w h ic h is
THECHAP TEROFTHEELYS IAN FIELD S .

1 7
3
" t h y w is h , s h a l t t h o u d o , 0l o r d o ft h e w in d s
. M a y Ib e c o m e
" a k h u
t h e r e in , m a y Ie a t t h e r e in , m a y Id r in k t h e r e in ,
( r 2)
" m a y Ip l o u g h t h e r e in , m a y Ir e a p t h e r e in , m a y Ifig h t t h e r e in ,
" m a y Im a k e l o v e t h e r e in , m a y m y w o r d s b e m ig h t y t h e r e in ,
" m a y In e v e r b e in a s t a t e o fs e r v it u d e t h e r e in ,
( r 3 ) b u t m a y
" Ib e in a u t h o r it y t h e r e in
. Th o u h a s t m a d e s t r o n g ( ?)
t h e m o u t h
" a n d t h e t h r o a t ( ?)
o ft h e g o d He t e p ; Qe t e t b u is it s
( ?) n a m e .
" He is s t a b l is h e d u p o n t h e w a t e r y s u p p o r t s ( ?) o ft h e g o d S h u ,
" a n d is l in k e d u n t o t h e p l e a s a n t t h in g s o fRd
. ( i4 ) He is t h e
" d iv id e r o fy e a r s , h e is h id d e n o fm o u t h , h is m o u t h is s il e n t ,
" t h a t w h ic h h e u t t e r e t h is s e c r e t , h e fu l fil l e t h e t e r n it y a n d t a k e t h
" p o s s e s s io n o fe v e r l a s t in g n e s s o fe x is t e n c e a s He t e p , t h e l o r d
" He t e p
. Th e g o d Ho r n s ( i5 ) m a k e t h h im s e l ft o b e s t r o n g l ik e
" u n t o t h e Ha w k w h ic h is o n e t h o u s a n d c u b it s in l e n g t h a n d
" t w o t h o u s a n d [c u b it s in w id t h ] in l ife
; h e h a t h e q u ip m e n t s
" w it h h im , a n d h e j o u r n e y e t h o n a n d c o m e t h w h e r e t h e s e a t o f
" h is ( i6 ) h e a r t w is h e t h in t h e P o o l s t h e r e o fa n d in t h e c it ie s
" t h e r e o f
. He w a s b e g o t t e n in t h e b ir t h -c h a m b e r o ft h e g o d o f
" t h e c it y , h e h a t h o ffe r in g s [m a d e u n t o h im ] o ft h e fo o d o f
" t h e g o d o ft h e c it y , h e p e r fo r m e t h t h a t w h ic h it is m e e t t o
" d o t h e r e in , a n d t h e u n io n t h e r e o f, in t h e m a t t e r o fe v e r y t h in g
" o ft h e b ir t h -c h a m b e r
( 1 7 ) o ft h e d iv in e c it y
. Wh e n [h e ] s e t t e t h
" in l ife l ik e c r y s t a l h e p e r fo r m e t h e v e r y t h in g t h e r e in , a n d t h e s e
" t h in g s a r e l ik e u n t o t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e d o n e in t h e La k e
" o fd o u b l e Fir e , w h e r e in t h e r e is n o n e t h a t r e j o ic e t h , a n d w h e r e in
" a r e a l l m a n n e r o f( i8 ) e v il t h in g s
. Th e g o d He t e p g o e t h in ,
" a n d c o m e t h o u t , a n d g o e t h b a c k w a r d s [in ] t h a t Fie l d w h ic h
" g a t h e r e t h t o g e t h e r a l l m a n n e r o ft h in g s fo r t h e b ir t h -c h a m b e r
" o ft h e g o d o ft h e c it y
. Wh e n h e s e t t e t h in l ife l ik e ( ig )
" c r y s t a l h e p e r fo r m e t h a l l m a n n e r o ft h in g s t h e r e in w h ic h a r e
" l ik e u n t o t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e d o n e in t h e La k e o fd o u b l e
" Fir e , w h e r e in t h e r e is n o n e t h a t r e j o ic e t h , a n d w h e r e in a r e n o
" e v il t h in g s w h a t s o e v e r . ( 20)
[Le t m e ] l iv e w it h t h e g o d He t e p ,
" c l o t h e d a n d n o t d e s p o il e d b y t h e l o r d s o ft h e n o r t h ( ?) ,
a n d
" m a y t h e l o r d s o fd iv in e t h in g s b r in g fo o d u n t o m e
; m a y h e
" m a k e m e t o g o fo r w a r d a n d m a y Ic o m e fo r t h , a n d m a y h e
1 7 4
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" b r in g m y p o w e r t o m e ( 21 ) t h e r e , a n d m a y Ir e c e iv e it , a n d
" m a y m y e q u ip m e n t b e fr o m t h e g o d He t e p . M a y Ig a in t h e
" m a s t e r y o v e r t h e g r e a t a n d m ig h t y w o r d w h ic h is in m y b o d y
" in t h is m y p l a c e , a n d b y it Iw il l ( 22) r e m e m b e r a n d Iw il l
" fo r g e t . Le t m e g o fo r w a r d o n m y j o u r n e y , a n d l e t m e p l o u g h
.
" Ia m a t p e a c e in t h e d iv in e c it y , I a n d Ik n o w t h e w a t e r s ,
" c it ie s , ( 23 ) n o m e s , a n d l a k e s w h ic h a r e in S e k h e t -h e t e p . Ie x is t
" t h e r e in , Ia m s t r o n g t h e r e in , Ib e c o m e
a k h u t h e r e in , Ie a t
" t h e r e in , Is o w ( 24 )
s e e d t h e r e in , Ir e a p t h e h a r v e s t t h e r e in ,
" Ip l o u g h t h e r e in , Im a k e l o v e t h e r e in , Ia m a t p e a c e w it h t h e
" g o d He t e p t h e r e in . Be h o l d ( 25 ) Is c a t t e r s e e d t h e r e in , Is a il
" a b o u t a m o n g it s La k e s a n d Ic o m e fo r w a r d t o t h e c it ie s t h e r e o f,
" 0d iv in e He t e p . Be h o l d , m y m o u t h is e q u ip p e d w it h m y h o r n s
" [fo r t e e t h ] , g r a n t m e a n o v e r fl o w in g s u p p l y o ft h e fo o d w h e r e -
" o n t h e k a s a n d k h u s ( 26 ) [l iv e ] . Ih a v e p a s s e d t h e j u d g m e n t
" o fS h u u p o n h im t h a t k n o w e t h h im , s o t h a t Im a y g o fo r t h
" t o t h e c it ie s t h e r e o f, a n d m a y s a il a b o u t a m o n g it s l a k e s a n d
" m a y w a l k a b o u t in S e k h e t -h e t e p ; ( 27 ) a n d b e h o l d , Rd is in
" h e a v e n , a n d b e h o l d , t h e g o d He t e p is it s d o u b l e o ffe r in g . I
" h a v e c o m e o n w a r d t o it s l a n d , Ih a v e p u t o n m y g ir d l e ( ?) ,
" Ih a v e c o m e fo r t h s o t h a t t h e g ift s w h ic h a r e a b o u t t o b e g iv e n
" u n t o m e m a y b e
( 28 ) g iv e n , Ih a v e m a d e g l a d n e s s fo r m y s e l f.
" Ih a v e l a id h o l d u p o n m y s t r e n g t h w h ic h t h e g o d He t e p b a t h
" g r e a t l y in c r e a s e d fo r m e . 0U n e n -e m -h e t e p ,
2
Ih a v e e n t e r e d
" in t o t h e e a n d m y s o u l ( 29 ) fo l l o w e t h a ft e r m e , a n d m y d i-
v in e fo o d is u p o n b o t h m y h a n d s , 0La d y o ft h e t w o l a n d s ,
3
" w h o s t a b l is h e s t m y w o r d w h e r e b y Ir e m e m b e r a n d fo r g e t ; ( 3 o )
" Iw o u l d l iv e w it h o u t in j u r y , w it h o u t a n y in j u r y [b e in g d o n e ]
" u n t o m e , 0g r a n t t o m e , 0d o t h o u g r a n t t o m e , j o y o fh e a r t .
" M a k e t h o u m e t o b e a t p e a c e , b in d t h o u u p m y s in e w s a n d
" m u s c l e s , a n d m a k e m e t o r e c e iv e t h e ( 3 1 ) a ir . 0U n [e n ] -e m -
" h e t e p , t h o u La d y o ft h e w in d s , Ih a v e e n t e r e d in t o t h e e a n d
i . Or , " Ia m a t p e a c e w it h t h e g o d o ft h e c it y . "
2 . I. e . , " Ex is t e n c e in P e a c e " , t h e n a m e o ft h e fir s t l a r g e s e c t io n o ft h e
El y s ia n Fie l d s .
3 . Th e n a m e o fa P o o l in t h e s e c o n d s e c t io n o ft h e El y s ia n Fie l d s .
THECHAP TEROFTHEELYS IAN FIELD S .

1 7 5
" Ih a v e o p e n e d ( i
. e . , s h e w n ) m y h e a d . Rd fa l l e t h a s l e e p , b u t
" Ia m a w a k e , a n d t h e r e is t h e g o d d e s s I-l a s t a t t h e g a t e o fh e a v e n
" ( 3 2) b y n ig h t . Ob s t a c l e s h a v e b e e n s e t b e fo r e m e , b u t Ih a v e
" g a t h e r e d t o g e t h e r w h a t h e h a t h e m it t e d
. Ia m in m y c it y
. 0
" N u t -u r t , t Ih a v e e n t e r e d in t o t h e e a n d Ih a v e c o u n t e d m y
" h a r v e s t , ( 3 3 ) a n d Ig o fo r w a r d t o U a k h . 2 Ia m t h e Bu l l e n -
v e l o p e d in t u r q u o is e , t h e l o r d o ft h e Fie l d o ft h e Bu l l , t h e
" l o r d o ft h e d iv in e s p e e c h o ft h e g o d d e s s S e p t e t ( S o t h is ) ( 3 4 )
" a t h e r h o u r s . 0U a k h , Ih a v e e n t e r e d in t o t h e e , Ih a v e
" e a t e n m y b r e a d , Ih a v e g o t t e n t h e m a s t e r y o v e r c h o ic e p ie c e s
" o ft h e fl e s h o fo x e n a n d o ffe a t h e r e d fo w l , a n d t h e b ir d s
" o fS h u h a v e b e e n g iv e n u n t o ( 3 5 ) m e ; Ifo l l o w a ft e r t h e
" g o d s a n d [Ic o m e a ft e r ] t h e d iv in e k a s . 0Tc h e fe t , 3 Ih a v e
" e n t e r e d in t o t h e e . Ia r r a y m y s e l fin a p p a r e l ( 3 6 ) , a n d Ig ir d
" m y s e l fw it h t h e s a g a r m e n t o fRd ; n o w b e h o l d , [h e is ] in
" h e a v e n , a n d t h o s e w h o d w e l l t h e r e in fo l l o w Rd , a n d [I]
" fo l l o w Rd in h e a v e n . 0U n e n -e m -( 3 7 ) l h e t e p , l o r d o ft h e t w o
" l a n d s , Ih a v e e n t e r e d in t o t h e e , a n d Ih a v e p l u n g e d in t o t h e
" l a k e s o fTc h e s e r t ; b e h o l d m e , fo r a l l fil t h b a t h d e p a r t e d fr o m
" m e . Th e Gr e a t Go d ( 3 8 ) g r o w e t h t h e r e in , a n d b e h o l d , Ih a v e
" fo u n d [fo o d t h e r e in ] ; Ih a v e s n a r e d fe a t h e r e d fo w l a n d Ife e d
" u p o n t h e fin e s t [o ft h e m ] . 0Qe n q e n t e t ,
4
( 3 9 ) Ih a v e e n t e r e d
" in t o t h e e , a n d Ih a v e s e e n t h e Os ir is [m y fa t h e r ] , a n d Ih a v e
" g a z e d u p o n m y m o t h e r , a n d Ih a v e m a d e l o v e . Ih a v e c a u g h t
" t h e w o r m s a n d s e r p e n t s , a n d Ia m d e l iv e r e d . ( 4 0) An d Ik n o w
" t h e n a m e o ft h e g o d w h o is o p p o s it e t o t h e g o d d e s s Tc h e s e r t ,
" a n d w h o h a t h s t r a ig h t h a ir a n d is e q u ip p e d w it h t w o h o r n s ;
" h e r e a p e t h , a n d Ib o t h p l o u g h ( 4 1 ) a n d r e a p . 0Ha s t , Ih a v e
" e n t e r e d in t o t h e e , Ih a v e d r iv e n b a c k t h o s e w h o w o u l d c o m e
" t o t h e t u r q u o is e [s k y ] , a n d Ih a v e fo l l o w e d t h e w in d s o ft h e
" c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s . Th e Gr e a t Go d b a t h g iv e n m y h e a d
" ( 4 2) u n t o m e , a n d h e w h o b a t h b o u n d o n m e m y h e a d is t h e
t . Th e n a m e o fa P o o l in t h e fir s t s e c t io n o ft h e El y s ia n Fie l d s .
2 . Th e n a m e o fa P o o l in t h e s e c o n d s e c t io n o ft h e El y s ia n Fie l d s
.
3 . Th e n a m e o fa d is t r ic t in t h e t h ir d s e c t io n o ft h e El y s ia n Fie l d s
.
4
. Th e n a m e o fa P o o l in t h e fir s t s e c t io n o ft h e El y s ia n Fie l d s .
1 7
6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" M ig h t y
o n e w h o b a t h t u r q u o is e ( ?) e y e s , n a m e l y , Ar i-e n -a b -f
" ( i, e . , h e d o e t h a s h e p l e a s e t h ) . 0U s e r t , IIh a v e c o m e in t o
" t h e e a t t h e h e a d o ft h e h o u s e w h e r e in ( 4 3 ) d iv in e fo o d is
" b r o u g h t fo r m e
. 0S m a m , r Ih a v e c o m e in t o t h e e . M y h e a r t
" w a t c h e t h , m y h e a d is e q u ip p e d w it h t h e w h it e c r o w n , Ia m l e d
" in t o c e l e s t ia l r e g io n s , a n d Im a k e t o fl o u r is h
( 4 4 )
t e r r e s t r ia l
" o b j e c t s , a n d t h e r e is j o y o fh e a r t fo r t h e Bu l l , a n d fo r c e l e s t ia l
" b e in g s , a n d fo r t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s
. Ia m t h e g o d w h o
" is t h e Bu l l , t h e l o r d o ft h e g o d s , a s h e g o e t h fo r t h fr o m t h e
" t u r q u o is e [s k y ]
. 0d iv in e n o m e o fw h e a t a n d b a r l e y , ( 4 5 ) I
" h a v e c o m e in t o t h e e , Ih a v e c o m e fo r w a r d t o t h e e a n d Ih a v e
" t a k e n u p t h a t w h ic h fo l l o w e t h m e , n a m e l y , t h e b e s t o ft h e
" l ib a t io n s o ft h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s
. Ih a v e t ie d u p m y b o a t
" in t h e c e l e s t ia l l a k e s , ( 4 6 ) Ih a v e l ift e d u p t h e p o s t a t w h ic h t o
" a n c h o r , Ih a v e r e c it e d t h e p r e s c r ib e d w o r d s w it h m y v o ic e , a n d
" Ih a v e a s c r ib e d p r a is e s u n t o t h e g o d s w h o d w e l l in S e k h e t -
" h e t e p . "
i
. Th e n a m e o fa P o o l in t h e t h ir d s e c t io n o ft h e El y s ia n Fie l d s .
CHAP TERCXI .
In t h e Th e b a n Re c e n s io n t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o t a s y e t b e e n
fo u n d
. In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n it is c a l l e d " Th e Ch a p t e r o f
k n o w in g t h e S o u l s o fP e " , b u t a n e x a m in a t io n o ft h e t e x t
s h e w s t h a t it
is id e n t ic a l w it h t h a t o fCh a p t e r CVIII ; it h a s
n o v ig n e t t e .
CHAP TERCXII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f
N u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 i, s h e e t t 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e g o d s Ho r n s ( h a w k -h e a d e d ) , M e s t h a , a n d Ha p i, s e a t e d
.
Te x t : ( i)
AN OTHERCHAP TEROFKN OWIN GTHES OU LS OF
P E. Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
THECHAP TEROFKN OWGIN GTHES OU LS OFP E
. 1 7 7
" [Ha il , ] Kh a t , w h o d w e l l e s t in Kh a t , in An p e t , r a n d in t h e
" n o m e o fKh a t !
[Ha il , ] y e g o d d e s s e s o ft h e c h a s e
( 2) w h o d w e l l
" in t h e c it y o fP e , y e c e l e s t ia l l a n d s
( ?) , y e s t a r s , a n d y e d iv in e
" b e in g s , w h o g iv e c a k e s a n d a l e ( ?) ,
d o y e k n o w ( 3 ) fo r w h a t
" r e a s o n t h e c it y o fP e h a t h b e e n g iv e n u n t o Ho r u s
? I, e v e n I,
" k n o w t h o u g h y e k n o w it n o t
. Be h o l d , Rd g a v e t h e c it y u n t o
" h im in r e t u r n fo r ( q ) t h e in j u r y in h is e y e , fo r w h ic h c a u s e
" Rd s a id t o Ho r u s , `Le t m e s e e w h a t is c o m in g t o p a s s in t h in e
" e y e , ' a n d fo r t h w it h h e l o o k e d t h e r e a t
. Th e n Rd s a id ( 5 ) t o
" Ho r n s , `Lo o k a t t h a t b l a c k p ig ' , a n d h e l o o k e d , a n d s t r a ig h t w a y
" a n in j u r y w a s d o n e u n t o h is e y e , [n a m e l y , ] ( 6 ) a m ig h t y s t o r m
" [t o o k p l a c e ]
. Th e n s a id Ho r u s u n t o Rd , `Ve r il y , m y e y e s e e m s
" a s ifit w e r e a n e y e u p o n w h ic h S u t ih a d in fl ic t e d a b l o w '
;
" [a n d t h u s s a y in g ] h e a t e ( 7 ) h is h e a r t
. 2 Th e n s a id Rd t o t h o s e
" g o d s , `P l a c e y e h im in h is c h a m b e r , a n d h e s h a l l d o w e l l . '
" N o w t h e b l a c k p ig w a s S u t iw h o h a d t r a n s fo r m e d h im s e l fin t o
" a ( 8 ) b l a c k p ig , a n d h e it w a s w h o h a d a im e d t h e b l o w o ffir e
" w h ic h w a s in t h e e y e o fHo r n s . Th e n s a id Rd u n t o t h o s e g o d s ,
" `Th e p ig is a n a b o m in a b l e t h in g u n t o Ho r n s
; ( g ) 0b u t h e
" s h a l l . d o
w e l l a l t h o u g h t h e p ig is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o h im . '
" Th e n t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s , w h o w e r e a m o n g t h e d iv in e
" fo l l o w e r s o fHo r u s w h e n h e e x is t e d in t h e fo r m o fh is o w n
" c h il d , s a id , `Le t s a c r ific e s b e m a d e [t o t h e g o d s ] o fh is b u l l s ,
" a n d o fh is g o a t s , a n d o fh is p ig s . ' N o w t h e fa t h e r o fM e s t h i,
" Ha p i, Tu a m a u t e f( ii) a n d Qe b h s e n n u fis Ho r n s , a n d t h e ir m o -
t h e r is Is is . Th e n s a id Ho r u s t o Rd , `Giv e m e t w o d iv in e b r e t h -
r e n in t h e c it y o fP e a n d t w o d iv in e b r e t h r e n in t h e c it y o f
" N e k h e n , ( 1 2)
w h o [h a v e s p r u n g ] fr o m m y b o d y a n d w h o s h a l l
" b e w it h m e in t h e g u is e o fe v e r l a s t in g j u d g e s , t h e n s h a l l t h e
" e a r t h b l o s s o m a n d t h u n d e r -c l o u d s a n d r a in b e b l o t t e d o u t
. '
" An d t h e n a m e o fHo r u s b e c a m e ' He r -u a t c h -f' ( i . e . , P r in c e o f
" h is e m e r a l d s t o n e ) . I, e v e n I, ( 1 3 )
k n o w t h e S o u l s o fP e ,
" n a m e l y , Ho r u s , M e s t h i, a n d Ha p i . "
1 . An a m e o ft h e c it y o fM e n d e s , t h e m e t r o p o l is o ft h e s ix t e e n t h n o m e o f
Lo w e r Eg y p t .
2 . I. e . , h e l o s t h is t e m p e r a n d r a g e d
.
1 2
1 7 8

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
.
CHAP TERCXIII
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 1 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e g o d s Ho r u s , Tu a m d u t e fa n d Qe b h s e n n u f
.
Te x t : ( I)
THE CHAP TER OF KN OWIN G
THE S OU LS OF
N EKHEN
.
Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f,
N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
( 2)
" Ik n o w t h e h id d e n t h in g s o ft h e c it y o fN e k h e n , t h a t is t o
" s a y , t h e t h in g s w h ic h t h e m o t h e r o fHo r u s d id fo r h im , a n d
" h o w s h e [m a d e h e r v o ic e t o g o fo r t h ] o v e r t h e w a t e r s , s a y in g ,
" `S p e a k y e u n t o m e c o n c e r n in g t h e j u d g m e n t w h ic h is u p o n
" m e , [a n d s h e w m e ] t h e p a t h b e h in d y o u , a n d l e t m e d is c o v e r [it ] ' ;
" a n d h o w Rd s a id , `Th is s o n o fIs is h a t h p e r is h e d ' ; a n d w h a t
" t h e m o t h e r o fHo r u s d id fo r h im [w h e n ] s h e c r ie d o u t , s a y in g ,
" ( 3 )
' S e b e k , t h e l o r d o ft h e p a p y r u s s w a m p , s h a l l b e b r o u g h t
" t o u s
. ' [An d S e b e k ] fis h e d fo r t h e m a n d h e fo u n d t h e m , a n d
" t h e m o t h e r o fHo r u s m a d e t h e m t o g r o w in t h e p l a c e s t o
" w h ic h t h e y b e l o n g e d . Th e n S e b e k , t h e l o r d o fh is p a p y r u s
" s w a m p , s a id , `Iw e n t a n d Ifo u n d t h e p l a c e w h e r e t h e y h a d
" p a s s e d w it h m y fin g e r s o n t h e e d g e o ft h e w a t e r s , a n d Ie n -
" c l o s e d t h e m in [m y ] n e t :
a n d s t r o n g w a s t h a t n e t . ' An d Rd
" s a id , `S o t h e n , t h e r e a r e fis h w it h t h e g o d S e b e k , a n d [h e ]
" h a t h fo u n d t h e h a n d s a n d a r m s o f( 5 ) Ho r u s fo r h im in t h e
" l a n d o ffis h ' ; a n d [t h a t ] l a n d b e c a m e t h e l a n d o ft h e c it y o f
" Re m u ( i
. e . , Fis h ) . An d Ra s a id , `Al a n d o ft h e p o o l , a l a n d
" o ft h e p o o l t o t h is n e t
. ' Th e n w e r e t h e h a n d s o fHo r u s b r o u g h t
" t o h im ( 6 ) a t t h e u n c o v e r in g o fh is fa c e a t t h e fe s t iv a l s o ft h e
" m o n t h a n d h a l fm o n t h in t h e La n d o fRe m u
. An d Ra s a id , `I
" g iv e t h e c it y o fN e k h e n t o Ho r u s fo r t h e h a b it a t io n o fh is t w o
" a r m s a n d h a n d s , a n d h is fa c e s h a l l b e u n c o v e r e d ( 7 ) b e fo r e h is
" t w o h a n d s a n d a r m s in t h e c it y o fN e k h e n
; a n d Ig iv e in t o
" h is p o w e r t h e s l a u g h t e r e d b e in g s w h o a r e in t h e m a t t h e fe s t -
iv a l s o ft h e m o n t h a n d h a l fm o n t h
. ' Th e n Ho r u s s a id , `Le t
" m e c a r r y o ff( 8 ) Tu a m a u t e fa n d Qe b h s e n n u f, a n d l e t t h e m w a t c h
`o v e r m y b o d y ; a n d ift h e y a r e a l l o w e d t o b e t h e r e , t h e n s h a l l
THECHAP TEROFKN OWIN GTHES OU LS OFKIIE. i1 EN VN U .
1 7
9
" t h e y b e s u b s e r v ie n t t o t h e g o d o ft h e c it y o fN e k h e n . ' ( 9 ) An d
" Rd s a id , `It s h a l l b e g r a n t e d u n t o t h e e t h e r e a n d in t h e c it y
" o fS e n k e t ( i
. e . , S a t i) , a n d t h e r e s h a l l b e d o n e fo r t h e m w h a t
" h a t h b e e n d o n e fo r t h o s e w h o d w e l l in t h e c it y o fN e k h e n ,
" a n d v e r il y t h e y s h a l l b e w it h t h e e . ' ( io ) An d Ho r u s s a id , `Th e y
" h a v e b e e n w it h t h e e a n d [n o w ] t h e y s h a l l b e w it h m e , a n d
" s h a l l h e a r k e n u n t o t h e g o d S u t iw h e n h e c a l l e t h u p o n t h e
" S o u l s o fN e k h e n . ' Gr a n t t o m e [t h a t I, e v e n I, m a y p a s s o n
" t o t h e S o u l s o fN e k h e n , a n d t h a t Im a y u n l o o s e t h e b o n d s
" o fHo r n s ] . 1 , e v e n I, k n o w t h e S o u l s o fN e k h e n , n a m e l y ,
" ( ii) Ho r u s , Tu a m a u t e fa n d Qe b h s e n n u f . "
CHAP TERCXIV
.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s
o f
N e b s e n i( Br it . M u s
. N o
. 9 , 9 00, s h e e t 7 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th r e e ib is -h e a d e d g o d s . In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d
is s t a n d in g , w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n , b e fo r e t h e g o d s Th o t h ,
S a , a n d Te m ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , BI . 4 3 ) .
Te x t :
( r ) THECHAP TEROF KN OWIN GTHES OU LS OF KHE-
M EN N U ( He r m o p o l is ) .
" ( 2) Th e g o d d e s s M a a t is c a r r ie d b y t h e a r m a t t h e s h in in g
" o ft h e g o d d e s s N e it h in t h e c it y o fM e n t c h a t , a n d a t t h e s h in -
in g ( 3 ) o ft h e Ey e w h e n it is w e ig h e d . Ia m c a r r ie d o v e r b y it
" a n d Ik n o w w h a t it b r in g e t h fr o m t h e c it y o fKe s i, r ( 4 ) a n d
" Iw il l n e it h e r d e c l a r e it u n t o m e n n o r t e l l it u n t o t h e g o d s .
" Ih a v e c o m e , b e in g t h e e n v o y o fRd , t o s t a b l is h ( 5 ) M a a t u p o n
" t h e a r m a t t h e s h in in g o fN e it h in t h e c it y o fM e n t c h a t a n d
" t o a d j u d g e t h e e y e t o h im t h a t s h a l l s c r u t in iz e it
. Ih a v e c o m e
" a s ( 6 ) a p o w e r t h r o u g h t h e k n o w l e d g e o ft h e S o u l s o fKh e m e n n u
" ( He r m o p o l is ) w h o l o v e t o k n o w w h a t y e l o v e
. Ik n o w M a a t ,
" ( 7 ) w h ic h b a t h g e r m in a t e d , a n d b a t h b e c o m e s t r o n g , a n d h a t h
" b e e n j u d g e d , a n d Ih a v e j o y in p a s s in g j u d g m e n t u p o n t h e
" t h in g s w h ic h a r e t o b e j u d g e d . Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0y e S o u l s
i . I,
e . ,
Cu s a e , t h e m e t r o p o l is o f t h e fo u r t e e n t h n o m e o f U p p e r Eg y p t .
5 2*
i8 o

THECHAP TERS OFCOATIN GFORTHBYD AY
.
" o fKh e m e n n u , I, e v e n I, k n o w ( 8 ) t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e u n -
k n o w n o n t h e fe s t iv a l s o ft h e m o n t h a n d h a l fm o n t h . Rd
" k n o w e t h t h e h id d e n t h in g s o ft h e n ig h t , a n d k n o w y e t h a t it is
" Th o t h w h o h a t h m a d e m e t o h a v e k n o w l e d g e . ( 9 ) Ho m a g e t o
" y o u , 0y e S o u l s o fKh e m e n n u , s in c e Ik n o w y o u e a c h d a y
. "
CHAP TER CXV.
[Fr o m t h e
P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 1 8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : In t h e P a p y r u s o f N u t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e . In t h e
S a It e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d is s t a n d in g , w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o -
r a t io n , b e fo r e t h e g o d s Ra , S h u , a n d Te fn u t ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , B1 .
4 4 ) -
Te x t :
( i) THECHAP TER OF COM IN GFORTHFROM HEAVEN ,
AN D OF M AKIN GAWAYTHROU GHTHEAM M EHET, AN D OFKN OW-
IN GTHE S OU LS OF AN N U ( HELIOP OLIS )
. Th e Ch a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f
N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ih a v e p a s s e d t h e d a y s in c e y e s t e r d a y a m o n g t h e g r e a t d i-
v in e b e in g s , a n d Ih a v e c o m e in t o b e in g a l o n g w it h t h e g o d
" Kh e p e r a . [M y ] fa c e is u n c o v e r e d b e fo r e t h e Ey e , t h e o n l y On e ,
" a n d t h e o r b it o ft h e n ig h t h a t h b e e n o p e n e d . ( 3 ) Ia m a d iv in e
" b e in g a m o n g y o u . Ik n o w t h e S o u l s o fAn n u . S h a l l n o t t h e
" g o d U r -m a p a s s o v e r it a s [h e ] j o u r n e y e t h ( 4 ) fo r w a r d w it h
" v ig o u r ? Ha v e In o t o v e r c o m e ( ?) , a n d h a v e In o t s p o k e n t o
" t h e g o d s ?Be h o l d , h e t h a t is t h e h e ir o fAn n u h a t h b e e n d e -
" s t r o v e d
. I, e v e n I, k n o w fo r w h a t r e a s o n w a s m a d e t h e l o c k
" o fh a ir o ft h e ( 5 ) M a n . Rd s p a k e u n t o t h e g o d Am i-h a f, a n d
" a n in j u r y w a s d o n e u n t o h is m o u t h , t h a t is t o s a y , h e w a s
" w o u n d e d in [t h a t ] m o u t h . An d Rd s p a k e ( 6 ) u n t o t h e g o d
" Am i-h a f, s a v in g , `Oh e ir o fm e n , r e c e iv e [t h y ] h a r p o o n ' ; a n d
" t h e h a r p o o n -h o u s e c a m e in t o b e in g . Be h o l d , 0g o d Am i-h a f,
" t w o d iv in e b r e t h r e n h a v e c o m e in t o b e in g , [t h a t is t o s a y ] ,
" ( 7 ) S e n t i-Ra c a m e in t o b e in g , a n d S e t e m -a n s i-fc a m e in t o b e -
in g . An d h is h a n d s t a y e d n o t , a n d h e m a d e h is fo r m in t o t h a t
" o fa w o m a n w it h a l o c k o fh a ir ( 8 ) w h ic h b e c a m e t h e d iv in e
THECHAP TEROFKN OWIN GTHES OU LS OFKHEM EN N U
.
1 8 I
" l o c k in An n u , a n d w h ic h b e c a m e t h e s t r o n g a n d m ig h t y o n e
" in t h is t e m p l e ;
a n d it b e c a m e t h e s t r o n g o n e o fAn n u , a n d
" it b e c a m e t h e h e ir o f( g ) t h e h e ir o fU r -m a a t -f( i
. e . , t h e m ig h t y
" o n e o ft h e t w o e y e s ) , a n d it b e c a m e b e fo r e h im t h e g o d U r -
" m a o fAn n u
. Ik n o w t h e S o u l s o fAn n u , ( t o ) n a m e l y , Rd ,
" S h u , a n d Te fn u t
. "
CHAP TERCXVI .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 1 7 , s h e e t I8 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e
: Th e d e c e a s e d a d o r in g t h r e e ib is -h e a d e d g o d s . In t h e S a it e
Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d is s t a n d in g , w it h b o t h h a n d s r a is e d in a d o r a t io n ,
b e fo r e t h e g o d s Th o t h , S a , a n d Te m ( s e e Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . ,
Bl
. 4 4 )
.
Te x t : ( r )
AN OTHERCHAP TEROFKN OWIN GTHE
S OU LS OF
KHEM EN N U ( HERM OP OLIS )
. Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m -
p h a n t , s a it h : -
( 2)
" Th e g o d d e s s N e it h s h in e t h in M a t c h a t , a n d t h e g o d d e s s M a a t
" is c a r r ie d b y t h e a r m o fh im w h o e a t e t h t h e Ey e , a n d w h o
" is it s d iv in e j u d g e , a n d t h e S e m p r ie s t c a r r ie t h m e o v e r u p o n
" it
. Iw il l n o t d e c l a r e it u n t o m e n , a n d Iw il l n o t t e l l it u n t o
" t h e g o d s
; Iw il l n o t d e c l a r e it u n t o m e n , a n d Iw il l n o t t e l l
" it u n t o t h e g o d s
. Ih a v e e n t e r e d in b e in g a n ig n o r a n t m a n ,
" a n d Ih a v e s e e n t h e h id d e n t h in g s .
( 4 ) Ho m a g e t o y o u , 0
" y e g o d s w h o d w e l l in Kh e m e n n u , y e k n o w m e e v e n a s I
" k n o w t h e g o d d e s s N e it h , a n d [y e g iv e ] t o t h e Ey e t h e g r o w t h
" w h ic h e n d u r e t h
. ( 5 ) Th e r e is j o y [t o m e ] a t t h e j u d g m e n t o f
" t h e t h in g s w h ic h a r e t o b e j u d g e d
. I, e v e n I, k n o w t h e S o u l s
" o fAn n u
; t h e y a r e g r e a t a t t h e fe s t iv a l o ft h e m o n t h , a n d a r e
" l it t l e a t t h e fe s t iv a l o ft h e h a l fm o n t h
. Th e y a r e Th o t h ( 6 )
" t h e Hid d e n o n e , a n d S a , a n d Te m
. "
Ru b r ic : IF
THIS CHAP TERBEKN OWN [BYTHED ECEAS ED ] OFFAL
S HALLBEAN ABOM IN ATION U N TOHIM , AN D HES HALLN OTD RIN KFILTHY
WATER .
1 8 2

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AI'
.
CHAP TERCXVII.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s
o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 9 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e
:
Th e d e c e a s e d , h o l d in g a s t a ffin h is l e ft h a n d , a b o u t t o w a l k
u p o n e s id e o fa h il l o ft h e h o r iz o n . In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h e g o d
An u b is is l e a d in g t h e d e c e a s e d t o a s h r in e w h ic h is s e t o n a h il l ( s e e
Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , Bl . 4 4 )
.
Te x t : ( 1 )
THECHAP TEROFRECEIVIN G P ATHS [WHEREON
TOWALK]
IN RE-S TAU . Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t ,
s a it h : - ( 2)
" Th e p a t h s w h ic h a r e a b o v e m e [l e a d ] t o Re -s t a u
. Ia m h e
" w h o is g ir t a b o u t w it h h is g ir d l e a n d w h o c o m e t h fo r t h fr o m
" t h e [g o d d e s s o f] t h e
U r e r e t c r o w n . Ih a v e c o m e , a n d Ih a v e
" s t a b l is h e d t h in g s in Ab t u ( Ab y d o s ) , ( 3 ) a n d Ih a v e o p e n e d o u t
" p a t h s in Re -s t a u
. Th e g o d Os ir is h a t h e a s e d m y p a in s . Ia m
" h e w h o m a k e t h t h e w a t e r s t o c o m e in t o b e in g , a n d w h o s e t t e t h
" h is t h r o n e [t h e r e o n ] , a n d w h o m a k e t h h is p a t h t h r o u g h t h e
" fu n e r a l v a l l e y a n d t h r o u g h t h e Gr e a t La k e
. ( 4 ) Ih a v e m a d e
" m y p a t h , a n d in d e e d Ia m [Os ir is ]
.
" [Os ir is w a s v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s , a n d t h e Os ir is N e b -
" q e t is v ic t o r io u s o v e r h is e n e m ie s . He h a t h b e c o m e a s o n e
" o fy o u r s e l v e s , [0y e g o d s ] , h is p r o t e c t o r is t h e Lo r d o fe t e r n -
" it y
, h e w a l k e t h e v e n a s y e w a l k , h e s t a n d e t h e v e n a s y e
" s t a n d , h e s it t e t h e v e n a s y e s it , a n d h e t a l k e t h e v e n a s y e t a l k
" in t h e p r e s e n c e o ft h e Gr e a t Go d , t h e Lo r d o fAm e n t e t . ] " I
CHAP TERCXVIII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it
. M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t 9 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d h o l d in g a s t a ffin h is l e ft h a n d . In t h e S a it e
Re c e n s io n t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e
.
1 . Th e w o r d s in b r a c k e t s a r e fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N e b -q e t ( s h e e t 3 )
.
THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHFROM RE-S TAG
. 1 8 3
Te x t : ( i)
THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHFROM RE-S TAU .
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Iw a s b o r n in ( 2) Re -s t a u , a n d s p l e n d o u r h a t h b e e n g iv e n
" u n t o m e b y t h o s e w h o d w e l l in t h e ir s p ir it u a l b o d ie s
( s a h u )
" in t h e h a b it a t io n w h e r e l ib a t io n s a r e m a d e u n t o Os ir is
. Th e
" d iv in e m in is t e r s w h o a r e in Re -s t a u s h a l l r e c e iv e [m e ] ( 3 ) w h e n
" Os ir is is l e d in t o t h e t w o fo l d fu n e r a l r e g io n o fOs ir is ; 0l e t
" m e b e a d iv in e b e in g w h o m t h e y s h a l l l e a d in t o t h e t w o fo l d
" fu n e r a l r e g io n o fOs ir is . "
CHAP TER CX1 X.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t
9 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d a d o r in g t h e g o d Os ir is w h o s t a n d s in a s h r in e .
In t h e S a t t e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d is w a l k in g a w a y fr o m a s h r in e w h ic h
is s e t u p o n a h il l ( s e e Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . , B1 . 4 4 ) .
Te x t :
( i) THECHAP TEROFCOM IN GFORTHFROM RE-
S TAU
. r
Th e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ia m t h e Gr e a t Go d w h o m a k e t h h is l ig h t . Ih a v e c o m e t o
" t h e e , 0Os ir is , a n d Io ffe r p r a is e u n t o ( 3 ) t h e e
. [Ia m ] p u r e
" fr o m t h e is s u e s w h ic h a r e c a r r ie d a w a y fr o m t h e e
. Th y n a m e is
" m a d e in Re -s t a u , a n d t h y p o w e r is in Ab t u ( Ab y d o s )
. Th o u
" a r t r a is e d u p , t h e n , 0Os ir is , ( 4 ) a n d t h o u g o e s t r o u n d a b o u t
" t h r o u g h h e a v e n w it h Rd , a n d t h o u l o o k e s t u p o n t h e g e n e r a t io n s
" o fm e n , 0t h o u On e w h o c ir c l e s t , t h o u Ra
. Be h o l d , v e r il y I
" h a v e s a id u n t o t h e e , 0Os ir is , `Ia m ( 5 ) t h e s p ir it u a l b o d y o f
" t h e Go d , ' a n d Is a y , `Le t it c o m e t o p a s s t h a t Is h a l l n e v e r
" b e r e p u l s e d b e fo r e t h e e , 0Os ir is
. " '
Th e fo l l o w in g is t h e Ch a p t e r in a fu l l e r fo r m
: -- 2
( r ) THECHAP TEROFKN OWIN GTHEN AM EOFOS IRIS AN D OF
EN TERIN GIN TOAN D OFGOIN GOU TFROM
RE-S TAU [IN ALL
THE
I . A fu l l e r t it l e o f t h is Ch a p t e r
is , " Th e Ch a p t e r o f k n o w in g t h e n a m e o f
Os ir is , a n d o f g o in g in t o a n d o fc o m in g fo r t h fr o m Re -s t a u
. "
2 . Fo r t h e t e s t s e e N a v il l e ,
n p . c it . , Bd . I . BI . i3 o .
1 8 4
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY
FORM S WHEREIN HEWILLETHTOCOM EFORTH]
. I Th e s c r ib e
M e s -e m -n e t e r , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : - ( 2)
" Ia m t h e Gr e a t N a m e w h o m a k e t h ( 3 ) h is l ig h t . Ih a v e
" c o m e t o t h e e , 0Os ir is , a n d Io ffe r p r a is e u n t o t h e e
. Ia m
" p u r e fr o m t h e is s u e s w h ic h a r e c a r r ie d a w a y fr o m t h e e . [Th y ]
" n a m e b a t h b e e n m a d e in Re -s t a u w h e n it b a t h fa l l e n ( 4 ) t h e r e in .
" Ho m a g e t o t h e e , 0Os ir is , in t h y s t r e n g t h a n d in t h y p o w e r ,
" t h o u h a s t o b t a in e d t h e m a s t e r y . i n
Re -s t a u . Th o u a r t r a is e d
" u p , 0Os ir is , in t h y ( 5 ) m ig h t a n d in t h y p o w e r , t h o u a r t
" r a is e d u p , 0Os ir is , a n d t h y m ig h t is in Re -s t a u , a n d t h y
" p o w e r is in Ab t u ( Ab y d o s )
. Th o u g o e s t r o u n d a b o u t t h r o u g h
" h e a v e n , a n d ( 6 ) t h o u s a il e s t b e fo r e Rd , a n d t h o u l o o k e s t u p o n
" t h e g e n e r a t io n s o fm e n , 0t h o u Be in g w h o c ir c l e s t , t h o u Rd
.
" Be h o l d , v e r il y , Ih a v e s a id u n t o t h e e , 0Os ir is , `Ia m t h e s p ir i-
t u a l b o d y o ft h e Go d , ' a n d Is a y , `Le t it c o m e t o p a s s t h a t
" Is h a l l n e v e r b e r e p u l s e d b e fo r e t h e e , 0Os ir is
. " '
CHAP TERCXX.
Vig n e t t e : Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e b o t h in t h e Th e b a n a n d
S a it e Re c e n s io n s .
Te x t : In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h is Ch a p t e r is g iv e n t w ic e
: s e e
Le p s iu s ,
o p . c it . ,
Bl l
. 3 a n d 4 5 , a n d s u p r a , Ch a p t e r XII .
CHAP TERCXXI .
Vig n e t t e : Th is Ch a p t e r is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e b o t h in t h e Th e b a n a n d
S a it e Re c e n s io n s .
Te x t : In t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n t h is Ch a p t e r is g iv e n t w ic e
; s e e
Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl l
. 4 a n d 4 5 , a n d s u p r a , Ch a p t e r XIII .
i
. Th e w o r d s in b r a c k e t s a r e fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAm e n -e m -h e b ( s e e N a -
v il l e , o p . c it . , Bd . II . p
. 26 7 ) .
THECHAP TEROFGOIN GABOU TIN THEU N D ERWORLD . 1 8 5
CHAP TERCXXII .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o
. 1 0, 4 7 7 ,
s h e e t 9 ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e P a p y r u s o fN u is t h e o n l y d o c u m e n t c o n t a in in g t h e Th e -
b a n Re c e n s io n w h ic h is k n o w n , a t p r e s e n t , t o g iv e a t e x t o ft h is Ch a p t e r ,
b u t it is w it h o u t a v ig n e t t e . In t h e S a Yt e Re c e n s io n t h e d e c e a s e d is b o w in g
b e fo r e a s h r in e w h ic h is s e t u p o n a h il l ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p . c it . , Bl
. 4 5 ) •
Te x t : ( i) THECHAP TEROF GOIN GIN
AFTER
COM IN G FORTH
[FROM THEU N D ERWORLD ] . Th e o v e r s e e r
o f
t h e p a l a c e , t h e
c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -- ( 2)
" Op e n u n t o m e ' Wh o t h e n a r t t h o u ?Wh it h e r g o e s t t h o u
" Wh a t is t h y n a m e ?Ia m o n e o f y o u , ' As s e m b e r o fS o u l s ' is
" t h e n a m e o f
m y b o a t
; ( 3 ) `M a k in g t h e h a ir t o s t a n d o n e n d '
" is t h e n a m e o f t h e o a r s ; ' Wa t c h fu l o n e ' is t h e n a m e o fit s
" b o w s ; `Ev il is it ' is t h e n a m e o ft h e r u d d e r ; `S t e e r in g s t r a ig h t
" fo r t h e m id d l e ' is t h e n a m e o ft h e M a t c h a b e t ; s o l ik e w is e
" [t h e b o a t ] is a t y p e o f m y s a il in g o n w a r d t o t h e p o o l . Le t
" t h e r e b e g iv e n u n t o m e v e s s e l s o f m il k ,
( 5 )
t o g e t h e r w it h
" c a k e s , a n d l o a v e s o f b r e a d , a n d c u p s o f d r in k , a n d p ie c e s o f
" m e a t in t h e Te m p l e
o f
An p u , " o r ( a s o t h e r s s a y ) , " Gr a n t
" t h o u m e [t h e s e t h in g s ] w h o l l y . Le t it b e s o d o n e u n t o m e
" t h a t Im a y e n t e r in ( 6 ) l ik e a h a w k , a n d t h a t Im a y c o m e
" fo r t h l ik e t h e
Be n n u b ir d , [a n d l ik e ] t h e M o r n in g S t a r
. Le t
" m e m a k e [m y ] p a t h s o t h a t [I] m a y g o in p e a c e in t o t h e
" b e a u t ifu l Am e n t e t , a n d l e t t h e La k e o fOs ir is b e m in e . ( 7 )
" Le t m e m a k e m y p a t h , a n d l e t m e e n t e r in , a n d l e t m e a d o r e
" Os ir is , t h e Lo r d o fl ife . " I
CHAP TERCXXIIIORCXXXIX. 2
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fN u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t t o ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : Th e d e c e a s e d , o r h is s o u l , s t a n d in g b e fo r e a p a l a c e o r s h r in e ;
in t h e S a t e Re c e n s io n t h is Ch a p t e r h a s n o v ig n e t t e .
i . S e v e r a l p a s s a g e s
in t h is Ch a p t e r a r e a l s o fo u n d in Ch a p t e r LVIII
.
2 . Th is Ch a p t e r o c c u r s t w ic e in t h e S a it e Re c e n s io n ; s e e Le p s iu s , o p . c it . ,
BII . 4 5 a n d
5 7
. As Ch a p . CXXIII it is c a l l e d " An o t h e r Ch a p t e r " , b u t a s
Ch a p . CXXXIX it is c a l l e d " A h y m n o f p r a is e t o Te m " .
1 8 6

THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
Te x t : ( r ) THECHAP TEROFEN TERIN GIN TOTHEGREAT
HOU S E. ' Th e o v e r s e e r o ft h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u ,
t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" Ho m a g e t o t h e e , 0Th o t h . Ia m Th o t h , w h o h a v e w e ig h e d
" t h e t w o d iv in e Fig h t e r s ( i
. e . , Ho r n s a n d S e t ) , ( 2)
Ih a v e d e -
s t r o y e d t h e ir w a r fa r e a n d Ih a v e d im in is h e d t h e ir w a il in g s . I
" h a v e d e l iv e r e d t h e At u fis h in h is t u r n in g b a c k , a n d Ih a v e
" p e r fo r m e d t h a t w h ic h t h o u d id s t o r d e r ( 3 ) c o n c e r n in g h im , a n d
" a ft e r w a r d s Il a y d o w n w it h in m y e y e . [Ia m h e w h o h a t h
" b e e n w it h o u t o p p o s it io n . Ih a v e c o m e ; d o t h o u l o o k u p o n m e
" in t h e Te m p l e o fN e m -h r a ( o r U h e m -h r a ) . ] Ig iv e c o m m a n d s
" in t h e w o r d s o ft h e d iv in e a g e d o n e s , a n d , m o r e o v e r , Ig u id e
" fo r t h e e t h e l e s s e r d e it ie s . "
CHAP TERCXXIV.
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o f N u ( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 7 , s h e e t t o ) . ]
Vig n e t t e :
Th e d e c e a s e d a d o r in g M e s t h a , Il a p i, Tu a m a u t e fa n d Qe b h -
s e n n u f. 2
Te x t : ( t ) THECHAP TEROFGOIN GIN TOTHEP RES EN CEOF
THE D IVIN ES OVEREIGN P RIN CES OFOS IRIS . ( 2) Th e o v e r s e e r o f
t h e p a l a c e , t h e c h a n c e l l o r -in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
" M y s o u l h a t h b u il t fo r m e a h a b it a t io n in t h e c it y o fTa t t u ; I
" s o w s e e d in t h e c it y o fP e , a n d ( 3 ) Ip l o u g h m y fie l d w it h m y
" l a b o u r e r s ( ?) , a n d fo r t h is r e a s o n m y p a l m t r e e is l ik e Am s u .
" Th a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e , t h a t w h ic h is a n a b o -
m in a t io n u n t o m e Is h a l l n o t e a t . ( 4 ) Th a t w h ic h is a n a b o -
m in a t io n u n t o m e , t h a t w h ic h is a n a b o m in a t io n u n t o m e is
" fil t h . Is h a l l n o t e a t t h e r e o f ; b y s e p u l c h r a l m e a l s a n d fo o d I
" s h a l l n o t b e d e s t r o y e d . [Th e a b o m in a b l e t h in g ] Is h a l l n o t t a k e
i . Tw o c o p ie s o f t h is Ch a p t e r t a k e n fr o m r o y a l t o m b s a r e g iv e n b y N a -
v il l e w it h Ch a p t e r CXXV ( U e b e r s c h r ift ) ; s e e To d t e n b u c h , Bd . II, p . 3 3 5 .
2 . In t h e P a p y r u s o f N u Ch a p t e r CXXIVis
g iv e n u n d e r t h e t it l e , " Ch a p t e r
o f m a k in g t h e t r a n s fo r m a t io n in t o a Be n n u b ir d , " a n d t h e v ig n e t t e a b o v e it is
a Be n n u b ir d .
THECHAP TEROFGOIN GTOTHES OVEREIGN CHIEFS .
1 8 7
" in t o m y h a n d s , ( 5 ) Is h a l l n o t w a l k u p o n it in m y s a n d a l s ,
" b e c a u s e m y c a k e s a r e [m a d e ] o fw h it e g r a in , a n d m y a l e is
" [m a d e ] o fr e d g r a in , a n d b e h o l d , ( 6 ) t h e S e k t e t b o a t a n d t h e
" M a t e t b o a t b r in g t h e m t o m e , a n d Ie a t [t h e r e o f] u n d e r t h e
" b r a n c h e s o f[t h e t r e e s ] , t h e b e a u t ifu l a r m s [o fw h ic h ] Ik n o w
.
" Ol e t ( 7 ) s p l e n d o u r b e p r e p a r e d fo r m e w it h t h e w h it e c r o w n
" w h ic h is l ift e d u p u p o n m e b y t h e u r a e i-g o d d e s s e s
. Ha il , t h o u
" g u a r d ia n o ft h e d iv in e d o o r s o ft h e g o d S e b e t e p -t a u i
( i . e . , `h e
" w h o m a k e t h t h e w o r l d t o b e a t p e a c e ' ) , b r in g [t h o u ] ( 8 ) t o m e
" t h a t o fw h ic h t h e y m a k e s e p u l c h r a l m e a l s ; g r a n t t h o u t h a t I
" m a y l ift u p t h e b r a n c h e s ( ?)
. ( 9 ) M a y t h e g o d o fl ig h t o p e n t o
" m e h is a r m s , a n d m a y t h e c o m p a n y o ft h e g o d s k e e p s il e n c e
" w h il s t t h e d e n iz e n s ( io ) o fh e a v e n t a l k w it h t h e c h a n c e l l o r -
" in -c h ie f, N u , t r iu m p h a n t . Ia m t h e l e a d e r o ft h e h e a r t s o ft h e
" g o d s w h ic h s t r e n g t h e n ( ii) m e , a n d Ia m a m ig h t y o n e a m o n g
" t h e d iv in e b e in g s . Ifa n y g o d o r a n y g o d d e s s ( 1 2) s h a l l c o m e
" fo r t h a g a in s t m e h e s h a l l b e j u d g e d b y t h e a n c e s t o r s o ft h e y e a r
" w h o l iv e u p o n h e a r t s ( 1 3 ) a n d w h o m a k e ( ?) c a k e s ( ?) fo r m e ,
" a n d Os ir is s h a l l d e v o u r h im a t [h is ] c o m in g fo r t h ( r q . ) fr o m
" Ab t u ( Ab y d o s ) . He s h a l l b e j u d g e d b y t h e a n c e s t o r s o f RA,
a n d
" h e s h a l l b e j u d g e d b y t h e ( r 5 ) Go d o fLig h t w h o c l o t h e t h h e a v e n
" a m o n g t h e d iv in e p r in c e s . Is h a l l h a v e b r e a d in m y m o u t h a t
" s t a t e d s e a s o n s , a n d Is h a l l e n t e r in b e fo r e t h e g o d s Ah iu . ( i6 )
" He s h a l l s p e a k w it h m e , a n d Is h a l l s p e a k w it h t h e fo l l o w e r s
" o ft h e g o d s . Is h a l l s p e a k w it h t h e D is k a n d Is h a l l s p e a k w it h
" t h e d e n iz e n s o fh e a v e n
. ( r 7 ) Is h a l l p u t t h e t e r r o r o fm y s e l f
" in t o t h e b l a c k n e s s o fn ig h t w h ic h is in t h e g o d d e s s M e h -u r t ,
" [w h o is n e a r ] h im t h a t d w e l l e t h in m ig h t . ( i8 ) An d b e h o l d , I
" s h a l l b e t h e r e w it h Os ir is
. M y c o n d it io n o fc o m p l e t e n e s s s h a l l
" b e h is c o n d it io n o fc o m p l e t e n e s s a m o n g t h e d iv in e p r in c e s . Is h a l l
" s p e a k u n t o h im [w it h ] t h e w o r d s o f( r g ) m e n , a n d h e s h a l l
" r e p e a t u n t o m e t h e w o r d s o ft h e g o d s . Ak h u w h o is e q u ip p e d
" [w it h p o w e r ] s h a l l c o m e . ' Ia m a k h u w h o is e q u ip p e d [w it h
" p o w e r ]
; Ia m e q u ip p e d [w it h t h e p o w e r ] o fa l l t h e k h u s , [b e -
i
. Th e P a p y r u s o fM e s -e m -n e t e r a d d s , " b r in g in g r ig h t u n t o t h e e t h e d iv in e
b e in g w h o l o v e t h h e r . "
1 8 8
THECHAP TERS OFCOM IN GFORTHBYD AY .
" in g t h e fo r m o ft h e S d h u ( i . e . , s p ir it u a l b o d ie s o fAn n u , Ta t t u ,
" S u t e n -h e n e n , Ab t u , Ap u , a n d S e n n u . ITh e Os ir is Au f-d n k h is
" v ic t o r io u s o v e r e v e r y g o d a n d e v e r y g o d d e s s w h o a r e h id d e n in
" N e t e r -k h e r t e t ] . " 2
CHAP TERCXXV .
Th e CXXVt h Ch a p t e r c o n s is t s o ft h r e e p a r t s : t h e In t r o d u c t io n ,
t h e N e g a t iv e Co n fe s s io n , a n d a c o n c l u d in g t e x t . Th e In t r o d u c t io n
w a s s a id w h e n t h e d e c e a s e d a r r iv e d a t t h e Ha l l o fd o u b l e M a a t i ;
t h e N e g a t iv e Co n fe s s io n w a s r e c it e d b y h im b e fo r e t h e fo r t y -t w o
g o d s w h o w e r e in t h is Ha l l ; a n d t h e c o n c l u d in g t e x t w h e n h e
c a m e in t o t h e u n d e r w o r l d .
I. Th e In t r o d u c t io n .
[Fr o m t h e P a p y r u s o fAn i( Br it . M u s . N o . 1 0, 4 7 0, s h e e t 3 o ) . ]
Vig n e t t e : I . Th e g o d Os ir is , b e a r d e d a n d w e a r in g t h e " w h it e " c r o w n ,
s t a n d s in a s h r in e t h e r o o fo fw h ic h is s u r m o u n t e d b y a h a w k ' s h e a d
a n d b y u r a e i ; h e h o l d s t h e u s u a l e m b l e m s o fs o v e r e ig n t y a n d d o m in io n
.
Be h in d h im is t h e g o d d e s s Is is , a n d b e fo r e h im , s t a n d in g u p o n a l o t u s
fl o w e r , a r e t h e fo u r c h il d r e n o fHo r n s , M e s t h a , Ha p i, Tu a m a u t e f, a n d
Qe b h s e n n u f .
Vig n e t t e :
II . An ia n d h is w ife Th u t h u s t a n d in g , w it h h a n d s r a is e d in
a d o r a t io n t o Os ir is , b e fo r e a t a b l e o fo ffe r in g s .
Te x t : (
i) THECHAP TEROFEN TERIN GIN TOTHEHALLOF
D OU BLE M AATI ; AHYM N OFP RAIS ETOOS IRIS , THEGOVERN -
OROFAM EN TET . Os ir is , t h e s c r ib e An i, t r iu m p h a n t , s a it h : -
( 2)
" Ih a v e c o m e , a n d [1 ] h a v e d r a w n n ig h t o s e e t h y b e a u -
" t ie s ; m y h a n d s [a r e r a is e d ] in a d o r a t io n o ft h y n a m e `Rig h t
t . ILe . ,
He l io p o l is , M e n d e s o r Bu s ir is , He r a c l e o p o l is , Ab y d o s , P a n o p o l is ,
a n d S e n n u ( a c it y n e a r P a n o p o l is ) .
2 . Th e w o r d s in b r a c k e t s a r e fr o m t h e S a l t e Re c e n s io n ( s e e Le p s iu s , o p .
c it . , BI. 4 6 ) .
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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