Week 2 : Genetics, Cellular Reproduction, and Inheritance - Midterm Exam

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1. Which term is mostly is associated with formation of new skin cells after you have cut yourself. (choose the best answer) (Points : 2) Meiosis Transcription Mutation Mitosis Endosymbiosis
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2. (Choose the false statement) Enzymes: (Points : 2) Are made primarily of protein Are found in Eukaryotic cells Speed up chemical reactions Are carbon based Are autotrophic
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3. A diploid cell has ____ copies of every chromosome: (Points : 2) 1 2 3 4
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4. Which of the following is not an organelle? (Points : 2) Chloroplast Golgi Apparatus Tertiary Structure Endoplasmic Reticulum Lysosome

The cell splits in two. Are found in all diploid cells. Two homologous chromosomes: (Points : 2) Have the same alleles. In the absence of any other types of atoms. Which happens during Metaphase in mitosis: (Points : 2) the chromosomes are duplicated. Is held together by ionic bonds is a polar molecule can have either a bent or a straight geometry 0 1490219136 MultipleChoice 6 7. Are found in all Eukaryote cells. Polysaccharides are also known as (Points : 2) carbohydrates lipids proteins fatty acids 0 1490219138 MultipleChoice 8 9. The chromosomes align along the middle of the cell. Hydrogen and Oxygen atoms can bond to form: (Points : 2) sugar protein carbon dioxide water . None of the Above All of the Above 0 1490219135 MultipleChoice 5 6.Nucleus 0 1490219134 MultipleChoice 4 5. The water molecule: (Points : 2) has the chemical formula: CO2 Consists of two atoms. None of the above 0 1490219137 MultipleChoice 7 8. Four gametes are produced.

What are the products of photosynthesis? (Points : 2) Water. Sugar. ATP 0 1490219143 MultipleChoice 13 . Human gametes are (Points : 2) without mitochondria connected by centrioles protein inhibitors transcription enzymes haploid 0 1490219142 MultipleChoice 12 13. A codon is (Points : 2) A nucleotide A sequence of two adjacent nucleotides A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides an amino acid a chain of amino acids 0 MultipleChoice 10 11. Water. Movement of water across a semipermeable membrane from an area of high water concentration to an area of lower water concentration. Oxygen.science is impersonal None of the above 0 1490219139 MultipleChoice 9 10. Energy. Movement of water across a semipermeable membrane from an area of low water concentration to an area of higher water concentration. Movement of molecules from an area of their lower concentration to an area of their higher concentration. Sugar Carbon Dioxide. Which is the best definition of diffusion? (Points : 2) Movement of molecules from an area of their higher concentration to an area of their lower concentration. A new genre of music 0 1490219141 MultipleChoice 11 12. Sugar Carbon Dioxide. Carbon Dioxide.

In this case. One atomic nucleus. A molecule consists of: (Points : 2) Two or more atoms bonded together. Codominance. Proton. (Points : 2) Complete dominance Incomplete dominance. The subatomic particle with a positive charge is: (Points : 2) Electron. Photon None of the above 0 1490219145 MultipleChoice 15 16. Suppose that the heterozygote Bb has eyes that are brown. lipids. and the allele b results in blue eyes. the allele B shows ____________ with regard to the allele b. water. and nucleic acids . A radioactive neutron.14. No dominance. Sperm are produced in which process (Points : 2) Binary fission Hybridization Meiosis Transcription Mitosis The S phase of the Cell Cycle 0 1490219144 MultipleChoice 14 15. 0 1490219147 MultipleChoice 17 18. None of the above 0 1490219146 MultipleChoice 16 17. and the homozygote BB has eyes that are brown. carbohydrates. and sugars water. Neutron. proteins. Two electrons. and organic molecules carbohydrates. where the allele B results in brown eyes. proteins. The four primary classes of biological macromolecules are (Points : 2) proteins. A classic problem in genetics is eye color. carbohydrates.

) Which of the class of RNA molecules carries the genetic information from the nucleus as it is needed for the construction of a protein? (Points : 2) ribosomal RNA transfer RNA primary RNA messenger RNA secondary RNA 0 1490219151 MultipleChoice 21 22. 0 1490219150 MultipleChoice 20 21. The primary structure of a folded protein is (Points : 2) held together by Hydrogen bonds an amino acid sequence. a geometric form of the chromosome 0 1490219152 MultipleChoice 22 23. proteins. and sugars proteins.nucleic acids. a form of chromosomal mutation an observable trait or feature of an organism. made up of nucleic acids. (Points : 2) TT x tt Tt x Tt TT x TT TT x Tt Answers 1 & 2 None of the above 0 1490219149 MultipleChoice 19 20. A man that is heterozygous for a certain gene: (Points : 2) . (Choose the best answer. determined by coiling and supercoiling. carbohydrates. is a string of glucose molecules. nucleic acids. the genetic makeup of an organism. and organic molecules 0 1490219148 MultipleChoice 18 19. nucleic acids. Which of the following crosses would result in offspring that are only heterozygous. A phenotype is: (Points : 2) the nucleotide sequence at a particular gene.

In this case. Recessiveness. (Points : 2) Complete dominance. Consider a simple example of human eye color. the allele B shows _____________ with regard to the allele b.Produces sperm cells that all have the same allele for this gene. Codominance.ions are given off by (Points : 2) acids bases salts None of the above 0 1490219154 MultipleChoice 24 25. During the citric acid cycle of respiration. Genes are made up of sequences of.. All of the above.. None of the above 0 1490219153 MultipleChoice 23 24. Can pass one of two possible alleles to his children. (choose the best answer) (Points : 2) peptides chromosomes amino acids nucleotides fatty acids 0 1490219157 MultipleChoice 27 . ATP is made in the: (Points : 2) Cytoplasm Chlorophyll Golgi Apparatus Mitochondria Chloroplast 0 1490219156 MultipleChoice 26 27. Could not have had a homozygous parent. Suppose that the allele B results in brown and the allele b results in blue. None of the above 0 1490219155 MultipleChoice 25 26. OH. Suppose that the heterozygote Bb has eyes that are a speckled mixture of brown and blue.

Which of the following groupings are made up entirely of Prokaryotes? Choose the best answer. C-C-C-A-C-C-T-C-C. U-U-U-G-U-U-G-A-A. The plasma membrane is: (Points : 2) A phospholipid bilayer. 2 and 3. (choose the best answer) (Points : 2) duplicated translated transformed fused transcribed None of the above 0 1490219161 MultipleChoice 31 32. U-U-U-G-U-U-G-C-C. It is believed that our ancestral eukaryotic cells acquired mitochondria through the process of (Points : 2) spontaneous generation an adaptive nucleotide deletion mutation adaptive radiation peaceful negotiation endosymbiosis apoptosis 0 1490219160 MultipleChoice 30 31. Embedded with proteins. A semipermeable barrier.28. All of the above. (Points : 2) Protista . DNA is _________ into RNA. Transcription of a part of a DNA molecule with a nucleotide sequence of A-A-A-C-A-A-C-T-T results in a mRNA molecule with the complementary sequence of: (Points : 2) G-G-G-A-G-A-A-C-C. Inside of the nucleus. T-T-T-G-A-A-G-C-C. 0 1490219159 MultipleChoice 29 30. 0 1490219158 MultipleChoice 28 29.

Which organelle(s) contain their own DNA outside of the cell nucleus? (Points : 2) Golgi apparatus Mitochondria Chloroplast Lysosome 1&2 2&3 None of the Above 0 1490219163 MultipleChoice 33 34. the complementary strand has which of the following sequences? (Points : 2) UUCGUU UUTAUU TTCGTT AAGCAA TTACTT 0 1490219165 MultipleChoice 35 36.Archaea Bacteria 1&2 1&3 2&3 0 1490219162 MultipleChoice 32 33. Prokaryotes do not have (Points : 2) DNA RNA Plasma membranes . Cellular respiration (Points : 2) Does not occur in plants Only occurs in Eukaryotes Produces oxygen in as the result of a reduction reaction Releases energy by breaking down large molecules Only occurs in animals 0 1490219164 MultipleChoice 34 35. If one strand of DNA has the base sequence AAGCAA.

A codon codes for (Points : 2) a complete gene a full protein a single nucleotide a single amino acid a chain of nucleotides a chain of amino acids 0 1490219167 MultipleChoice 37 38. Reacts with all molecules in a cell. Is the part of the enzyme where its substrate can fit.Anabolic processes Metabolic processes None of the above 0 1490219166 MultipleChoice 36 37. None of the above 0 1490219168 MultipleChoice 38 39. Choose the best answer. Is the period of optimal functionality in an enzyme's life cycle. Polypeptides are chains of (Points : 2) nucleic acids proteins amino acids carbohydrates organic molecules sugars 0 1490219169 MultipleChoice 39 40. Which kind of RNA carries amino acids to the ribosomes in the process of protein synthesis? (Points : 2) mRNA tRNA rRNA zRNA None of the above . The active site of an enzyme: (Points : 2) Is not affected by an extreme change in pH or temperature.

. Which of the following is incorrect (Points : 2) Catabolism involves degradative reactions and includes cell respiration. All animals have the same number of chromosomes. (Points : 2) pH effects the activity of enzymes the pH scale runs between 0 and 14 low pH values indicate acidic conditions a pH of 12 indicates an acidic solution 0 1490219174 MultipleChoice 42 45. (Points : 1) True False 0 1490219173 TrueFalse 2 44. Which of the following is the strongest kind of bond between atoms (Points : 2) Nuclear Polar Hydrogen Covalent Ambivalent 0 1490219171 MultipleChoice 41 42. Which of the following statements is not true. Photosynthesis involves the use of captured sunlight energy and carbon dioxide. Cell respiration produces sugar for energy storage. (Points : 1) True False 0 1490219172 TrueFalse 1 43. Humans have more microbial cells living in and on them than they have cells with human DNA. Anabolism involves synthetic reactions and includes protein synthesis. The monomers of Carbohydrates are (Points : 2) amino acids nucleic acids proteins monosaccharides lipids 0 1490219175 MultipleChoice 43 46.0 1490219170 MultipleChoice 40 41.

000 100. Chromosomes are aligned in the middle of the cell.000.000. is thought to have formed through the photosynthetic activity of oak forests. is thought to have been produced as a waste product of photosynthesizing life forms. (choose the best answer) (Points : 2) pleiotropy mendelian polygeny . are developmental genes that have been implicated in the development of cancer. The S stage is the part of the cell cycle in which (Points : 2) the chromosomes are replicated.1 0. The cell begins to split into two daughter cells by forming new membrane along the mid-line of the cell. When a trait is influenced by many different genes it is called. None of the Above 0 1490219177 MultipleChoice 45 48.000 0. 0 1490219180 MultipleChoice 48 51.0001 0 1490219178 MultipleChoice 46 49..000. is thought to have been produced through the cellular respiration of early life. are circular chromosomes that can be transferred between some prokaryotes. is thought to have been produced by volcanic eruptions. How many micrometers are there in one meter? (Points : 2) 1.000 1.. Chromatids are separated. are homologous chromosomes that are alike in length and shape. are organelles that carry waste from the cytoplasm to the cell wall. 0 1490219179 MultipleChoice 47 50.0 1490219176 MultipleChoice 44 47. Earth's oxygen atmosphere is thought to (Points : 2) have been present since the planet first formed. Autosomes (Points : 2) are the class of unicellular organisms that reproduce via binary fission.

sex-linked aneuploidy 0 1490219181 MultipleChoice 49 Time Remaining: 00:51:48 .

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