MODULE SCIENCE FORM 4 1 CHAPTER 5 : Energy and Chemical Changes

PAPER 1
1. Which of the following characteristics indicate physical changes of a substance? Antara berikut yang manakh merupakan ciri perubahan fizik pada suatu bahan? I no new substances are formed tidak menghasilkan bahan baru II may change back into the original state boleh ditukarkan kepada bahan asal III involve a lot of energy change melibatkan perubahan tenaga yang banyak A I and II only C II and III only B I and III only D I, II, and III SPM2003 2. What is the advantage of a dry cell compared to an acid-lead accumulator? Apakah kelebihan sel kering berbanding akumulator asid-plumbum? A The voltage is higher Voltannya lebih besar B It has longer life span Jangka hayatnya lebih lama C The current is more stable Arusnya lebih stabil D Its electrolyte does not spill Elektrolitnya tidak tumpah SPM2003 3. The figure shows the set up of an experiment which is placed in sunlight for 6 hours. Rajah menunjukkan susunan radas satu eksperimen yang diletakkan di bawah cahaya matahari selama 6 jam.

water air water weed Rumpai air

What is gas R? Apakah gas R? A oxygen oksigen B nitrogen nitrogen

C D

hydrogen hidrogen carbon dioxide karbon dioksida

SPM2003 norasiah6500@yahoo.com

MODULE SCIENCE FORM 4 2 CHAPTER 5 : Energy and Chemical Changes 4. Which of the following is a physical change? Antara berikut yang manakah perubahan fizik? A boiling of water mendidihkan air B heating of zinc carbonate memanaskan zink karbonat C heating of iron and sulphur memanaskan ferum dengan sulfur D putting a piece of calcium into water memasukkan cebisan kalsium dalam air 5. The diagram shows a chemical reaction. Gambar rajah menunjukkan suatu tindak balas kimia.

SPM2004

Magnesium ribbon Pita magnesium What is the gas released? Apakah gas yang dibebaskan? A Nitrogen dioxide nitrogen dioksida B Carbon dioxide karbon diosida

Dilute sulphuric acid Asid sulfirik cair

C D

hydrogen hidrogen oxygen oksigen

SPM2004

6. The diagram shows an electroplatingof an iron ring. Gambar rajah menunjukkan penyaduran cincin besi.

Silver/Argentum Iron ring/cincin besi Solution X/Larutan X What is solution X? Apakah larutan X? A Aluminium nitrate Aluminium nitrat B Copper(II) sulphate Kuprum(II) sulfat

C D

Silver nitrate Silver nitrat Iron(II) sulphate Ferum(II) sulfat SPM2004 norasiah6500@yahoo.com

MODULE SCIENCE FORM 4 3 CHAPTER 5 : Energy and Chemical Changes 7. What type of battery is used in a car? Apakah jenis bateri yang digunakan oleh kereta? A Alkaline Battery C Bateri alkali B Acid-lead D bateri asid-plumbum

Nickel-cadmium bateri nikel-kadmium Silver oxide battery Bateri argentum oksida SPM2004 8. The diagram shows a process involved in a green plant. Gambar rajah menunjukkan satu proses yang berlaku dalam tumbuhan hijau. Sunlight Cahaya matahari Carbon dioxide Karbon dioksida

Water Air Which of the following substances are produced in the above process? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah dihasilkan daripada proses di atas? I glucose glukos II oxygen oksigen III nitrogen nitrogen A I and II only C II and III only B I and III only D I, II, and III SPM2005 9. The diagram shows an experiment to study the heat change in a chemical reaction. Gambar rajah menunjukkan suatu eksperimen untuk mengkaji perubahan haba dalam satu tindak balas. 42°C 28°C Hydrochloric acid Hydrochloric acid Asid hidroklorik Asid hidroklorik Zinc Zink What type of reaction is involved? Apakah jenis tindak balas yang berlaku? A Exothermic C Eksotermik B Endothermic D Endotermik

Neutralization Peneutralan Decomposition Penguraian SPM2005 norasiah6500@yahoo.com

MODULE SCIENCE FORM 4 4 CHAPTER 5 : Energy and Chemical Changes 10. The diagram shows the position of metal X in the reactivity series of metals. Gambar rajah menunjukkan kedudukan logam X dalam siri kereaktifan logam. Metal X Logam X Carbon Karbon Copper kuprum What is metal X? Apakah logam X? A Zinc zink B Iron Ferum reactivity increase kereaktifan bertambah

C D

Lead Plumbum Magnesium Magnesium

SPM2005

11. Which of the following is a chemical change? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah perubahan kimia? A melting of ice peleburan gas B dissolving sugar in water melarutkan gula dalam air C burning of magnesium ribbon pembakaran pita magnesium D extraction of salt from sea water pengekstrakan garam daripada air laut 12. Diagram shows a reaction between a metal and dilute acid. Rajah menunjukkan tindak balas satu logam dengan asid cair.

SPM2006

Dilute acid Asid cair What is gas X? Apakah gas X? A Chlorine Klorin B Oxygen Oksigen

C D

Nitrogen Nitrogen Hydrogen Hidrogen SPM2006 norasiah6500@yahoo.com

MODULE SCIENCE FORM 4 5 CHAPTER 5 : Energy and Chemical Changes 13. Which metal can be extracted from its ore through the process of reduction usibg carbon? Logam yang manakah boleh diekstrak daripada bijihnya melalui proses penurunan dengan menggunakan karbon? A Tin C Aluminium Timah Aluminium B Calcium D Magnesium Kalsium Magnesium SPM2006 14. Table shows the observations obtained when three types of metal powder react with oxygen. Jadual menunjukkan pemerhatian yang diperoleh apabila tiga jenis serbuk logam bertindak dengan oksigen. Metal powder Observation / Serbuk logam Pemerhatian X Bright glow Baraan terang Y No change Tiada perubahan Z Dim glow Baraan malap Choose the correct sequence of the reactivity of the meyals in descending order. Pilih urutan yang betul bagi kereaktifan logam itu dalam tertib menurun. A X, Z, Y C Y, X, Z B X, Y, Z D Z, Y, X SPM2007 15. Diagram shows the electroplating of an iron key with copper. Rajah menunjukkan penyaduran kunci besi dengan kuprum. Copper kuprum iron key kunci besi Solution X larutan X What is solution X? Apakah larutan X? A Silver nitrate Argentum nitrat B Sodium chloride Natrium klorida

C D

Copper sulphate kuprum sulfat Potassium hydroxide kalium hidrosida SPM2007 norasiah6500@yahoo.com

MODULE SCIENCE FORM 4 6 CHAPTER 5 : Energy and Chemical Changes 16. Table shows the advantages and disadvantages of a type of cell. Jadual menunjukkan kelebihan dan kekurangan bagi sejenis sel. Advantage kelebihan High voltage Voltan tinggi Rechargeable Boleh dicas semula Long lasting Tahan lama What is the cell? Apakah sel itu? A dry cell sel kering B Lead-acid accumulator Akumulator asid plumbum Disadvantage kekurangan Heavy Berat Expensive Mahal Electrolyte spills easily Elektrolit mudah tumpah

C D

Nickel-cadmium battery Bateri nikel kadmium Silver oxide-mercury battery Bateri argentums oksida merkuri SPM2007

17. Which of the following is an example of a physical change? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah contoh perubahan fizik? A Frying of eggs C Rusting of nail Penggorengan telur Pengaratan paku B Melting of ice D Burning of paper Peleburan ais Pembakaran kertas

SPM2008

18. Diagram shows an electrolytic cell. Rajah menunjukkan sel elektrolisis.

Z

What is Z? Apakah Z? A Anion Anion B Anode Anod

C D

Cation Kation Cathode Katod

SPM2008 norasiah6500@yahoo.com

MODULE SCIENCE FORM 4 7 CHAPTER 5 : Energy and Chemical Changes 19. Which metal can be extracted from its ore by heating it with carbon? Logam yang manakah boleh diekstrak daripada bijihnya secara pemanasan dengan karbon? A Tin C Potassium Timah Kalium B Sodium D Aluminium Natrium Aluminium SPM2008 20. he following information shows the characteristics of battery X. Maklumat berikut menunjukkan ciri-ciri bateri X.   Used in mobile phone Digunakan dalam telefon mudah alih Rechargeable Boleh dicas semula

What is X? Apakah X? A Dry cell Sel kering B Mercury cell Sel merkuri

C D

Nickel cadmium battery Bateri nikel kadmium Lead acid accumulator Akumulator asid plumbum

SPM2008

21. Diagram shows how electrolysis is used to purify copper. Rajah menunjukkan bagaimana elektrolisis digunakan untuk menulenkan kuprum?

Impure copper kuprum tak tulen Impurities Bendasing Predict what happens at the cathode . Ramalkan apa yang berlaku di katod. A Gas is released C Gas dibebaskan B Mass unchanged D Jisim tak berubah

pure copper kuprum tak tulen Copper(II) sulphate solution Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat

Mass decreases Jisim berkurangan Copper is deposited Kuprum dienapkan

SPM2009

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MODULE SCIENCE FORM 4 8 CHAPTER 5 : Energy and Chemical Changes 22. The following word equation shows a chemical reaction? Persamaan perkataan berikut menunjukkan suatu tindak balas kimia Light Cahaya Chlorophyll Klorofil

Carbon dioxide Karbon dioksida

+

Water Air

Glucose Glukosa

+

Oxygen Oksigen

What is the process represented by the equation? Apakah proses yang diwakili oleh persamaan itu? A Photosynthesis C Respiration Fotosintesis Respirasi B Esterification D Fermentation Pengesteran Penapaian

SPM2009

23. Which diagram shows an experiment that involves chemical changes? Rajah menakah yang menunjukkan eksperimen yang melibatkan perubahan kimia? A Saturated copper (II) sulphate solution Larutan tepu kuprum (II) sulfat Small crystal of copper(II) sulphate Hablur kecil kuprum(II) sulfat B

Burning magnesium ribbon Pita magnesium yang terbakar

C Ice Ais Ice Ais D Iodine granules Granul iodine Iodine crystals Hablur iodin norasiah6500@yahoo.com

MODULE SCIENCE FORM 4 9 CHAPTER 5 : Energy and Chemical Changes 24. Which substance is made of ions? Bahan manakah terbina daripada ion? A Salt C Silver Garam Argentum B Iron D Sugar Besi Gula

SPM2010

25. What is the characteristics of gold that makes it suitable to be used as jewellery? Apakah ciri emas yang menjadikannya sesuai untuk digunakan sebagai barang kemas? A Dull C Reactive Kusam Reaktif B Brittle D Malleable Rapuh Boleh ditempa SPM2010 26. Diagram shows a bicycle with a component labeled X. Rajah menunjukkan sebuah basikal dengan komponen berlabel X. X

Which process can be used to avoid rusting for component X? Proses manakah boleh digunakan untuk mengelakkan pengaratan bagi komponen X? A Drying C Purification Pengeringan Penulenan B Extraction D Electroplating Pengekstrakan Penyaduran elektrik SPM2010

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