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Biology - the study of life has many aspects to it and many specializations within this broad field.

Agriculture - study of producing crops from the land, with an emphasis on practical applications. Anatomy the study of animal form, with an emphasis on human bodies. Biochemistry the study of chemical reactions required for life to exist and function, usually a focus on the cellular level. Bioengineering the study of biology though the means of engineering with an emphasis on applied knowledge and specially related to biotechnology. Bioinformatics also classified as a branch of information technology (IT) it is the study, collection, and storage of genomic data. Biomathematics or Mathematical Biology the study of biological processes through mathematics, with an emphasis of modeling. Biomechanics often considered a branch of medicine the study of the mechanics of living beings, with an emphasis on applied use through artificial limbs, etc. Biophysics the study of biological processes through physics, by applying theories and methods traditionally used in physical sciences. Biotechnology a new and sometimes controversial branch of biology that studies the manipulation of living matter, including genetic modification. Botany the study of plants Cell Biology the study of cells as a complete unit, and the molecular and chemical interactions that occur within a living cell. Conservation Biology the study of preservation, protection, and restoration of the natural environment, natural ecosystem, vegetation and wildlife. Cryobiology the study of the effects of lower than normally preferred temperatures on living beings. Developmental Biology the study of processes through which an organism develop from zygote to full structure. Ecology the study of the ecosystem as a complete unit, with an emphasis on how species and groups of species interact with other living beings and non-living element. Entomology - the study of insects Environmental Biology the study of natural world, as a whole or in particular area, especially as affected by human activity. Epidemiology a major component of public health research, it is the study of factors affecting the health and illness of populations. Ethology the study of animal behavior. Evolution or Evolutionary Biology the study of the origin and decent of species over time. Genetics the study of genes and heredity. Herpetology the study of reptiles (and amphibians) Histology the study of cells and tissue, a microscopic branch of anatomy. Ichthyology the study of fish. Macrobiology the study of microscopic organisms (microorganisms) and their interaction with other living things. Mammology the study of mammals. Marine Biology the study of ocean ecosystem, plants, animals, and other living beings Medicine the study of human body in health and disease, with allopathic medicine focusing on alleviating or curing the body from states of disease. Molecular Biology the study of biology and biological function at the molecular level, some cross over with biochemistry. Mycology the study of fungi.

Neurobiology the study of the nervous system, including anatomy, physiology, even pathology. Oceanography the study of ocean, including ocean life, environment, geography, weather, and aspects influencing the ocean. Ornithology study of birds Paleontology the study of fossils and sometimes geographic life. Pathobiology or Pathology the study of disease, and the causes, processes, nature, and development of disease. Parisitology the study of parasites and parasitism. Pharmacology the study and practical application or preparation, use, and effects of drugs and synthetic medicines. Physiology the study of functioning of living organisms and the organs and parts of living organisms. Phytopathology the study of plant disease. Pre-medicine a college major that covers the general aspects of biology as well as specific classes relevant to the study of medicine. Virology the study of viruses and some other virus-like agents, usually considered part of microbiology or pathology. Zoology study of animals and animal life, including classification, physiology, development and behavior.

Aristotle -father of biology Gregor Mendel -father of heredity and the basic law of inheritance; an Austrian monk Louis Pasteur -father of bacteriology; developed vaccine against rabies; French chemist and microbiology Rudolf Virchow -father of modern pathology, contributed on the cell theory; German medical naturalist Carolus Linnaeus -father of taxonomy; Swedish naturalist and botanist Charles Darwin -worked on the theory of evolution and natural selection; British naturalist Edward Jenner -worked on smallpox vaccine Sir Alexander Fleming -discovered penicillin as an antibiotic; Scottish bacteriologist William Harvey -discovered the mechanics of human blood circulation; English physician Robert Koch -discovered bacteria causing anthrax tuberculosis and cholera; German microbiologist Albert Sabin -discovered vaccine against polio virus Joseph Lister -highlighted the importance of antiseptic in surgery; British medical doctor and surgeon Anton Van Leeuwenhoe

-designed compound microscopes with high magnification which led to microbiology, the study of microscopic life.Dutch naturalist Robert Hooke -gave the name cell for the structure he saw under the microscope James D. Watson (American biologist) and Francis H. Crick (British biophysicist) -described the double helix structure of DNA

Filipino Biologist
Eduardo A. Quisuming Ph.D. ( Botany ) -pioneered in the study of medical plants; father of the Philippine Orchidology Carmen T. Velasquez Ph.D. (parasitology) -identified numerous species and genus of parasitic organisms particularly fish parasites Gregorio T. Velasquez Ph.D. (Phycology) -produced 45 basic researches and 70 articles on algae William C. Padolina Ph.D. (Biotechnology) -pioneered excellent researches in biotechnology and chemistry of natural products Emerita V. De Guzman Ph.D. (biotechnology) -recognized for her research on propagation of mutant macapuno and tissue culture techniques for rapid propagation of abaca and banana Angel C. Alcala Ph.D. (marine ecology) -known for conservation of coral reefs, mangroves, aquaculture studies in giant clams, mollusks and fishes Ramon C. Barba Ph.D. -known for mango flower induction technology, tissue culture of sugar cane, rattan and banana, and development of seedless kalamansi Priscillano M. Zamora (botany) -published articles on morphology and taxonomy of some crop plants, fem., gymnosperm Pedro B. Escuro Ph.D. (botany agriculture) -gained international recognition for developing the dwarf high yielding C4 varieties Germiniano T. Ocampo Ph.D. (ophthalmology) -pioneered in modern ophthalmology and led corneal transplantation in the country Dioscoro Rabon Ph.D. (wildlife biology) -published numerous specific papers on wildlife; discovered new species of local flying squirrel Benito S. Vergara Ph.D. (physiology) -authored the wildly published book A Farmers Primer on Growing Rice Flordeliz Uyenco Ph.D. (microbiology) -held the distinguished position on curator of the ASEAN Microbiology center at up Natural Science Institute Jose Rizal (zoology) -he recognized the existence of some animal which have not yet been scientifically identified and sent their specimens to Europe. Thus, we now have Draco zali (flying lizard), racophorus zali(a toad), and Apogoma (beetle)