‫ار ن ار م‬

‫م‬

Fiqh of Worship I
Professor Dr. Ibrahim Dremali
Textbook A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence By: Salih Al-Fawzan

UNIT I

‫ا ط رة‬
PURIFICATION

2

Introduction ‫راً و َ ذ را‬ ًَ ‫و َ أر َ َ ك إ‬ َ

‫س‬ ِ

And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind, but most of men know not.
Surat Saba [34:28]

3

Five Essential Matters in the Shariah

The goals of the Shari’ah seeks to protect and promote the following five values: Faith: To preserve the Deen Life: To preserve the Nafs Intellect: To preserve the Aql Lineage: To preserve family relations Property: To preserve the Wealth

4

Foundations for Muslims to Follow

Avoid asking about matters that will cause harm
‫َ أَ َ ا ذ ن آ َ ُوا َ َ ْ َ ُوا َ نْ أَ ْ َ ء إِن ُ ْ د َ ُ م َ ُؤ ُ م‬ َ َ ِ ْ ْ ْ َ
O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. Surat al-Maidah 101

Avoid excessive questioning Avoid disputes between people Settle disputes by the Quran and Sunnah

5

The Prophet is our Role Model
‫ِ ر ُول ِ أ ُ ْ وةٌ َ َ َ ٌ َ ن‬ َ ِ َ ً ‫َ وا ْ َ ْوم ا ْ ِ ر وذ َ ر َ َ ِ را‬ َ َ َ َ َ َ ‫َ ن َ ُم‬ ْ َ ‫َ رْ ُو‬

ْ ‫َد‬ ‫َن‬ َ

Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much. Surat al-Ahzab [33:21]

6

The Prophet is our Role Model

On the authority of Muaawiyyah (radi Allahu anhu) who said, the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“He who Allah wants good for, He gives him understanding of the Deen (religion)”
[Bukhari and Muslim]

7

Chapter 1

Purification and Water
As-Salah
Salah is the fine line between Muslims and non-Muslims The key of Salah is At-Tahoor

8

Definition of Taharah
Linguisitic Definition
Cleanliness and purification from all matters and spiritual impurities

Legislative Definition
Removal of ritual impurity and impure objects

9

Types of Water
Pure Water
Rain, snow, sleet, ice, rivers, ocean Surat al-Furqan 48 and Surat al-Anfal 11

Altered Water
Pure water mixed with pure objects 2 opinions, stated by Ibn Taymiyyah

Impure Water
Water mixed with impure objects

10

Types of Taharah
Two kinds of Taharah
Manawiya: ritual purification
Purifying the soul from shirk

Hissiya: tangible purification

Additional points
11

Najasat (Impurities)
Types of Najasat
Dead souls
Except for fish, sea animals, and locusts Bones, nails, and horns of dead creatures

Blood Pork Vomit

12

Najasat (Impurities)
Types of Najasat
Urine Wadi (thick, white discharge after urination) Madhi (prosthetic fluid) Mani (sperm)? Wine and Liquor? Dogs

13

Chapter 2

Disbelievers’ Pots, Utensils & Clothes

All pots and utensils are halal to use, expect Pots made of gold and silver, or Gold/silver plated Skin of dead animals? Clothes Additional Points

14

Chapter 3

Things Ritual Impurity Prohibits
Deeds Prohibited for Minor Impurity Touching the Quran Salah Tawaf Deeds Prohibited for Major Impurity Reciting the Quran Staying at the Masjid

15

Chapter 4

Etiquette of Answering the Call of Nature

Islam is a complete way of life
Entering the bathroom While in the bathroom
Manners and etiquettes Istinja Istijmar

Exiting the bathroom

16

Chapter 5

Siwak and Acts of Fitrah
Istihdad: removing the hairs from the private area Circumcision Cutting the mustache short Clipping the nails Removing the hair under the arms
17

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