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5. Promises of improved social and economic conditions win more support for would-be single party rulers than ideological pronouncements. How far do you agree with this claim? (Discuss with reference to Hitler and Germany) Key Issue: Rise of Hitler or Germany under Hitler (nature of his rule) Promises & win more support means that you should discuss in relation to his rise to power. Candidates may discuss the period under Hitlers rule when Germany was not under single-party rule yet. This question is worded for you to use some of the points from rise of Hitler. Also, just ignore would-be single party rulers as that is not as important in the discussion. Realisation of promises as long as you include this in your introduction, you may argue that it won/consolidated the support for Hitler. Note: Do not use foreign policy points (except for TOV) as you are required to discuss within the constraints of the question. i) Social and economic promises Domestic Policies

b. education element) c. a.

Unemployment / anti-communist economic policy Social policies United Germany (add the Denouncement of TOV Propaganda

ii) Ideological Pronouncements

Hitlers promise to provide jobs won mass support Economic Conditions reported unemployment was 6 million but many historians predicted that it was closer to 8 million before Hitler came to power. The economic crisis was a breeding ground of unhappiness and guaranteed the rise of would-be single party rulers, thus making Hitlers rise to power inevitable. Hitler made a lot of promises to the peasants and workers o o o Farmers were initially unimpressed with the Nazis avowed aims of selfsufficiency in food production Farmers were in a specially favoured position because the Nazis wanted to increase the production of agriculture in the country This led to the betterment of farmers welfare, for instance the fixing of price for agricultural produce

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This ensured that the farmers always made a reasonable profit, giving them a stable and gradually improving life, causing them to lean towards Hitler Anti-communist ideology; It greatly appealed to businessmen and industrialists, who were afraid of having the riches confiscated, securing Hitler the earnest support from the wealthy o He managed to claim support from some wealthy German industrialists who thought that a National Socialist Germany was likely to be a strong and could, therefore, solve Germanys economic problems o The wealth thought that Hitler was the best solution in preventing Germany from being taken over by the communist o Thus, it is evident that Hitlers anti-communist ideology cemented his support from the wealthy group [Note: One might argue that ideological pronouncements won mass support as at 1933, Hitler had no blueprint for solving the economic crisis.] o

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Propaganda was effectively used by Hitler and the Nazis to garner support for themselves. The Ministry of Popular enlightenment and Propaganda was set up on 12th March 1933 under Presidential decree. Appointment of Dr. Josef Goebbels as the Minister of Propaganda o With the creation of this ministry, propaganda for the Nazi Ideology became the responsibility of the state instead of the Nazis themselves, remaining less conspicuous to the public o 10th May 1933 Goebbels undertook the book-burning ceremonies and the Nazi students stripped the libraries of books o Arts as a form of propaganda o Mobilization of People through education and youth movement o Ministry formed an effective platform for the dissemination of propaganda for the Nazis, buying over many Germans with its intoxicating messages. o Schools: actions were taken to make sure that schools become a totally Nazi environment. Ideologically unreliable teachers, along with Jews, were dismissed. Teachers were indoctrinated with Nazi propaganda to ensure their complete loyalty. [Comparison: Ideological pronouncements were definitely more effective than promises.] As Hitler promised more jobs and better economic and social conditions, it can be argued that these were part of his ideological pronouncements He made the promises but had no clear blueprint for solving the economic crisis Also, he incorporated anti-communist ideology in his economic agenda, that swayed the much needed wealthy class vote Furthermore, propaganda to garner support was as important as his economic and social promises and people always looked to a certain ideology Nazism became the over-arching ideology that was encompassed reform, part of which were his economic and social promises for a greater and united Germany

Denouncement of TOV TOV placed a lot of constraints on the nation, hampering its recovery from the war. Conditions of TOV o o o Germany was demanded to pay reparations of 6600mil for starting the war and were forced to accept the blamed for starting the war. The army, which was the pride and joy of the nation, was forced to be reduced to a mere 100k men. Territories, regarded as symbols of power, were lost

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Denouncement of TOV Hitler gained the support of many who felt that Germany had been unfairly treated. o 100k to 240k army Union of all Germanic peoples (Volk) o Create a Greater Germany by uniting Germany and Austria and incorporating Germans living beyond the borders of Germany such as Austria, and parts of Czech, Poland, Hungary and the Baltic states. Hitlers defiance against he TOV was his ticket to popularity

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Essay Outlines Conclusion Hitler manipulated the economic crisis and TOV to his advantage and used the opportunity to define his ideological stance His promises of better economic conditions and a united Germany were encompassed in his ideological pronouncements His denouncements of TOV was a rallying call for mass support TOV was main crack in the Weimar republics rule [establish how TOV worsened economic conditions] It worsened economic conditions and his commitment to abolish it not only raised the prestige, it served as a beacon of hope for the disillusioned

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