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A Lesson Plan On How To Teach One of the Theme The lesson plan is divided into three sections: the

background information ; the lesson proper ; and the appendix. 1.1.1 Background Information School : Subject: Time : Class : Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Bandar Sri Damansara 2 English Language 9.00 am 9.40 am ( 40 minutes ) Form 5 Cekap Low English Proficiency 40 (20 boys and 20 girls ) 20.04.2008 One of the theme in the play The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde-Oscar Wildes point of view about love. 3.0 Language for a EST hectic purposes 3.1 Listen to, read, view and respond to literary works by a. understanding and telling in ones own words the story and poem heard and/or read, and giving ones opinion of the text; b. recognizing elements in a story such as characters ,theme and setting; c. explaining the message the writer is trying to convey and discussing how this relates to ones life; d. Retelling the story in ones own words with feeling and expression.

Language proficiency : Number of students : Date : Topic :

Curriculum Specifications:

Aims:

1.To understand the totality of meaning that is conveyed through the play. 2.To train the students to understand what theme is from the extracts of the play. 3. To extend learners English Language proficiency in order to meet their needs for English in everyday life, for knowledge acquisition

and for future workplace needs.

Objectives :

1. To discuss values explored in the theme 2. To listen to, view, read and respond to different plays, and express ideas, opinions, thoughts and feelings imaginatively and creatively in spoken and written form; 3. To understand the figurative language of the text, and 4. To show and awareness and appreciation of moral values,feelings and love towards the nation.

Specific Objectives : 1.Within the time limit of five minutes, students will be able to listen and understand the play.. 2.Students should be able to discuss one of the theme and message of poem. 3.With reference to the passage, students will be able to compare and contrast one of the theme via active class discussion. 4.After their group discussion, students will be able to rewrite the themeOscar Wildes point of view about love. using their own words. Students previous knowledge: Students understand and able to write a simple portfolio in their own words of the play, and give ones opinion of the text. Students have watched the play from YUTUBE Moral values :Acceptance and tolerance of people from all walks of life and ethnic groups. Grammar : Abstract Nouns: Nouns of qualities,states and activities Adjectives : Adjectives that show qualities.

Teaching Aids :

CD and VCD player Appendix 5-Oscar Wildes point of view about love.

1.1.2 Lesson Development Stage / Time Teachers Presentation Whole-Class Pre-activity Activity Set Induction Stage 1 (5 minutes) 1. Teacher plays the CD of the play. 2. Teacher plays the CD again;students listen and read the script. 3. Teacher introduces todays theme Oscar Wildes point of view about love. 4. Teacher reminds students that a theme is the general idea or an insight the entire play reveals which is related to life. Students Presentation / Rational 1. Students listen to the play without the script. 2. Students are required to list out important or key words in the theme of the play. Content/Material CD Player CD with one of the theme of the play -Oscar Wildes point of view about love. Appendix 5 .

Rationale: 1. To recall students memory on the play. 2. To elicit the theme and message. 3. Prepare the students to be mentally receptive to the lesson.

Stage / Time Pre-activity

Teachers Presentation

Students Presentation / Rational 1. Students associate the key words with the common connotative meaning. 2.. Students make sense of those associated words. Rationale:

Content/Material

Intensive reading the theme of the Stage 2 play (10 minutes) 1.Teacher asks students to list out important or key words in a poem. 2. Teacher writes the associated words on the board and then go through the words.

1. To provide training in careful reading with attention to characters. 2.To enable students to build confidence and skill in reading a play. 3. To create understanding through identification..

Words which come to their mind: 1. red 2. roseleaf 3. lips 4. dainty 5. madness 6. weeds 7. buttonholes 8. sacrifice 9. pain 10. renouncement 11. wonderful 12. huge 13. soul

While Activity

. Group activity 1. In their groups,students will discuss the theme of the play. Students Presentation/ Rational

Questions: 1.What do white and gold represent? 2. What is it associated to? 3. What does one Content / Material

1.Teacher divides Stage 3 students into (10 minutes) small groups. 2.Teacher Stage/ Time Teachers Presentation

discusses about 2. Students listen carefully theme of the play and answer the questions with the students. correctly by using the correct grammar.. 3. Teacher asks simple questions . about the theme of the play.

think of when one mentions white and gold? 4. What kind of a poem would The Importance of Being Earnest make?

Rationale: 1.To enable students to build confidence and skill in using the correct tenses,concord and nouns. Grammar: Abstract Nouns: Nouns of qualities,states and activities Adjectives :

Stage/Time

Teachers Presentation

Students Presentation/ Rational .

Content / Material

Closure (5 minutes)

Whole Class Activity 1. The teacher asks students rewrite the theme using their own words. 2. Teacher encourage students to include how the play represent human experiences drawn from different times, countries and cultures.. 1.Students write how love is present in Oscar Wilde every days life, and it relected in each play, novel, story, letter or fairy tale he wrote. Rationale: 1. Reinforcement activity. 2. To elicit the theme and message related to the play. 3. To give students training to pick up evidences from play to support their responses. 4. To sensitise students to the elements of oppression in the play.

Grammar: Abstract Nouns: Nouns of qualities,states and activities Adjectives : Adjectives that show qualities. Example: Beautiful Wonderful Romantic White Huge Humorous

APPENDIX 5
Oscar Wildes point of view about love Oscar Wilde is an Irish writer well-known by people of all ages, as he was homosexual, his life was different from some authors of his epoch and however he lived during a moral and religious century, he always had a critical spirit and tried to challenge the society. His novel The Picture of Dorian Gray has been discussed by many important writers since the nineteen-century, his beautiful fairy tales are told not only to children but also to most of the people. His letters and poems are criticized by writers, and his plays are performed in important theaters all around the world by famous actors and actresses. The writings of Oscar Wilde involve different elements that are still present nowadays. For example, the behavior of the different social classes in society especially the problems between the low and high class-, the common problems between couples, parents and friends. In each writing you will find the beautiful

expression of love by showing that it is not only happiness, but also love is suffering, depression, melancholy and loneliness. Each writing of Oscar Wilde has something which the other can learn from, and invites the reader to think about what it is read and to meditate about his or her own life. Along this work it will be explained Wildes life and writings, how in some of them his life is reflected, and that love is expressed as the most important element in Oscar Wildes writings. Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde was born in Ireland on October 16, 1854. Since he was born, he became a controversial man because as his

mother Speranza was yearning that her second child should be a daughter, she

dressed Oscar like a girl, and exhibited him in the streets (Kronenberg 7). Hesketh Pearson says that: ... [i]t cannot be explained how much this

influenced and affected his fantasies and frocks in Oscars later life. Wilde was educated in the Portora Royal School (1864 to 1871) and in the Oxford College (1874-1878) where although he had a lot of troubles for their extravagancy he became a well-known man by the society. He was a person who always tried to be unique and different from the others. He refused the obligatory rules and the common daily life by trying to be original and extravagant in everything he made. He always liked to call the attention exhibiting their lack of moral prejudices and their pleasure for certain original attitudes as the one of maintaining their rooms closed and with the electric light lit even in the middle of day. However, he got married in London in 1884 with Constance Lloyd he used to have sexual relations with another men and women, and earlier he contracted syphilis from a female prostitute. The mercury treatments he took, discolored his teeth that is why he always covered his mouth with his hand when smiling, and you will not find photos of Wilde laughing. At the age of 31he had two sons whose names were Cyril and Vyvyan to whom he used to tell his beautiful fairy tales and loved during all his life although he didnt see them during long periods of time. From 1887 to 1891, he edited a magazine that men could read, and wrote a lot of plays, poems and fairy tales which praised for their charming fancies and quaint humor (qtd. in Wilde, The Importance of Being Ernest vii).

In 1891, he met Lord Alfred Douglas whom he called Bosie, a young and good looking Oxford undergraduate attracted by Wildes sophistication and success (Wilde, The Importance of Being Ernest vii). In the film Oscar Wilde it is seen how deep was the love between Oscar Wilde and Bosie. Since the

moment Oscar knew Bosie he was amazed and astonished by his youth, beauty and intelligence. From then on, Bosie was absolutely necessary for his life, the two were always together writing to each other, or about each other. Oscar described to her friends that Bosie was his own boy and that he is quite like a narcissus, so white and gold.... He lies like a hyacinth on the sofa, and I worship him. The passion and love for Bosie were so strong that Wilde gave to his couple everything without waiting to receive anything in change, he was loyal, trusty and sincere in all he used to say and write for him. Oscar said in one of his letters for Bosie, the red roseleaf lips of yours should have been made no less for music of song than for madness of kisses. I cant live without you. You are so dear, so wonderful, I think of you all day long ... London is a desert without your dainty feet, and all the buttonholes have turned to weeds ... I have no words for how I love you. This shows how poetic, romantic and careful Wilde was in each letter he wrote. He tried to express exactly what he felt, and the phrase that confirms the passion is I have no words for how I love you. This means that although in this paragraph he said the most beautiful things, he has no words to describe the

immense love he felt, and that everything he had been able to say or write was not enough to show his love. Oscar Wilde lived during the eighteen century, a Victorian epoch on which the English society-especially the aristocratic class- was puritan, religious and with severe moral rules under a regime on which the state and especially the Roman Catholic Church has the power to rule. In consequence, as he loved Bosie he had to face and defend his ideas and feelings against this moralist society. The Marquess of Queensberry, the father of Lord Alfred Douglas and Wildes enemy, accused Wilde of alienating Douglas from his family and corrupting him. Although Wilde have the advice of his friends, who feared that the effect on Wildes life and career of such a public scandal was going to be terrible, Wilde continued not only challenging Queensberry but the society in general. In 1895 after a series of damaging testimonies as the ones that he had acts of indecency with younger men, or that his sexual instincts were concentrated on vulgar boy-prostitutes of the town Wilde was prosecuted. His first trial was the 3 of April 1895, which lasted 3 days and contained perhaps the most famous cross-examination scenes of any trial, pitting Wilde. The third day of the trial Wildes defense urged the court to enter a plea of not guilty. However, Queensberry forwarded to the authorities the evidence that he had great pains because of his son and that evening Wilde is arrested at the Cadogan Hotel and remained in Holloway prison until his criminal trial began on the 26th of April. Seven days later, on the 1st of May, The imprisonment didnt stop

Wilde because he continued writing a loving letter -titled De Profundis- to his couple while he was in jail. In May of 1897, Wilde released from prison and traveled to France with his wife with whom he lived until her death. Oscar Wildes death was controversial during the nineteenth century, and still there are some doubts about his death. As he contracted syphilis from a female prostitute this poisoned him and hastened the process of his death, that is why the doctors of that epoch thought that syphilis was the cause of his death. However, during his imprisonment he was examined by many doctors and psychiatrists and there is no reference of syphilis in any of the medical documents. However, several opinions of doctors and the medical certificate confirm that there were found in Oscar Wilde serious cerebral disturbances resulting form a long-standing suppuration of the right ear which has been undergoing treatment for several years and on the 27th of November the diagnosis of meningoencephalitis secondary to chronic right middle ear disease is confirmed (Robins and Sellars 1,2). Oscar Wilde died on November 30 of 1900; Bosie came to the funeral and paid for it. In his thumb the epitaph says And alien tears will fill for him / pitys long broken urn / for his mourners will be outcast men / and outcasts always mourn. Making an analysis of Oscar Wildes writings, expressions and sayings a general definition of what love meant to him can be made. For Wilde, love is loyal, sensible, it is give everything and doesnt wait to receive something in change. Love is the base of living and enjoying life, because without love, life is

incomplete although you were the richest or the wisest person in the world. The real love involves sacrifice, pain, and renouncement, it is give everything to someone else with all your soul, heart and mind. Oscar Wildes writings have a message and talk about a beautiful feeling which is love; the love of a mother to her daughter, the love in a couple, etc. Oscar Wilde argued that this novel teaches many things, for example, that all excess, as well as all renunciation brings its own punishment, it also shows that the giving of love will also cause suffering. Some of Oscars novel is a dramatic or even a melodramatic novel that was qualified as immoral, poisonous and superficial. It shows to the society the expression of different kinds of

feelings and human behaviors that make the novel more real and vivid however, what happened in the novel is like a metaphor. An Ideal Husband and The Importance of Being Ernest are two funny plays produced in 1895 which are very similar because in both, it is shown that a man or a woman are capable to make whatever its necessary although they get into troubles- in order to keep the person they love with them. In The Importance of Being Ernest two handsome guys changed their named into Ernest even one of them decided to get baptized as Ernest so that their engaged, whom they wanted to marry somebody called Ernest, didn't leave them. In An Ideal Husband although a man wanted to keep a secret in order to protect his wife, she knew it and helped his husband in everything she can, so that the secret is not known by the society.

As well as his plays, novel, letters and fairy tales, his poems also express the love to the beauty, to his couple, for the freedom, to his friends, to the senses, etc. by using metaphors, comparisons and the most important thing is that he expressed really what he felt. In this work they are mentioned different stages of Oscar Wildes life. His years in College, the periods of success that the English society enjoyed when he presented or published one of his plays or stories, the problems he had to face in order to keep his love with Bosie, the death of his mother and wife, and the terrible threatens and insults he received from the same English society when he went to jail. As it is seen in this work love is present in Oscar Wilde every days life, and it is reflected in each play, novel, story, letter or fairy tale he wrote. He considered that love is the most important thing he had ever had in his life, and he felt lonely if the person he loved wasnt with him. Love for Wilde persepctive wasnt only happiness, satisfaction, joy and pleasure. but it was also pain, sadness, and depression, as he had to live and learn when he was with Bosie. Oscar Wildes life and writings are full of teachings that can be applied nowadays in the daily life of each person. Actually, technology is making people forget about the moral values and feelings that are important to use in life. Its time to remember those beautiful fairy tales that help us to be more sensitive, helpful and comprehensive with other people.

APPENDIX 3
Cards of description of main characters in the play The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde The plays protagonist. He is a seemingly responsible and respectable young man who leads a double life. In Hertfordshire, where he has a country estate, He is known as Jack. In London he is known as Ernest. As a baby, he was discovered in a handbag in the cloakroom of Victoria Station by an old man who adopted him and subsequently made his guardian to his granddaughter, Cecily Cardew. He is in love with his friend Algernons cousin, Gwendolen Fairfax. The initials after his name indicate that he is a Justice of the Peace.

The plays secondary hero. He is a charming, idle, decorative bachelor, nephew of Lady Bracknell, cousin of Gwendolen Fairfax, and best friend of Jack Worthing, whom he has known for years as Ernest. He is brilliant, witty, selfish, amoral, and given to making delightful paradoxical and epigrammatic pronouncements. He has invented a fictional friend, Bunbury, an invalid whose frequent sudden relapses allow him to wriggle out of unpleasant or dull social obligations.

Algernons cousin and Lady Bracknells daughter. She is in love with Jack, whom she knows as Ernest. A model and arbiter of high fashion and society, She speaks with unassailable authority on matters of taste and morality. She is sophisticated, intellectual, cosmopolitan, and utterly pretentious. She is fixated on the name Ernest and says she will not marry a man without that name.

Jacks ward, the granddaughter of the old gentlemen who found and adopted Jack when Jack was a baby. She is probably the most realistically drawn character in the play. Like Gwendolen, she is obsessed with the name Ernest, but she is even more intrigued by the idea of wickedness. This idea, rather than the virtuous-sounding name, has prompted her to fall in love with Jacks brother Ernest in her imagination and to invent an elaborate romance and courtship between them.

Algernons snobbish, mercenary, and domineering aunt and Gwendolens mother. She married well, and her primary goal in life is to see her daughter do the same. She has a list of eligible

young men and a prepared interview she gives to potential suitors. Like her nephew, she is given to making hilarious pronouncements, but where Algernon means to be witty, the humor in her speeches is unintentional. Through the figure of herl, Wilde manages to satirize the hypocrisy and stupidity of the British aristocracy. She values ignorance, which she sees as a delicate exotic fruit. When she gives a dinner party, she prefers her husband to eat downstairs with the servants. She is cunning, narrow-minded, authoritarian, and possibly the most quotable character in the play.

Cecilys governess. She is an endless source of pedantic bromides and clichs. She highly approves of Jacks presumed respectability and harshly criticizes his unfortunate brother. Puritan though she is, her severe pronouncements have a way of going so far over the top that they inspire laughter. Despite her rigidity, she seems to have a softer side. She speaks of having once written a novel whose manuscript was lost or abandoned. Also, she entertains romantic feelings for Dr. Chasuble.

The rector on Jacks estate. Both Jack and Algernon approach him to request that they be christened Ernest. She entertains secret romantic feelings for her. The initials after his name stand for Doctor of Divinity.

Algernons manservant. When the play opens, he is the only person who knows about Algernons practice of Bunburying. Lane appears only in Act I.

The butler at the Manor House, Jacks estate in the country. He appears only in Acts II and III.

APPENDIX 4
Quiz
1. Why does Lane think it isnt polite to listen to Algernons piano-playing? (A) Because Lane is only a servant (B) Because Algernon plays so badly (C) Because Lane is tone deaf (D) Because he knows Algernon is shy about his playing 2. What does Algernon tell Jack he has always suspected him of being? (A) A Communist (B) A Liberal Unionist (C) A Bunburyist (D) A Tory 3. What leads Algernon to think Jack is leading a double life? (A) A letter

(B) A diary (C) An inscription (D) A handkerchief embroidered with strawberries 4. What does Jack say it is a very ungentlemanly thing to read? (A) Gwendolens diary (B) French drama (C) More than half of modern literature (D) A private cigarette case 5. At first, Jack tells Algernon that Cecily is his what? (A) Sister (B) Aunt (C) Hair colorist (D) Former governess 6. What does Algernon mean when he says that Lady Bracknell rings the doorbell in a Wagnerian manner? (A) That she is humming The Ride of the Valkyrie (B) That she is dressed up like one of the Valkyrie (C) That she rings insistently, leaving her finger on the bell for a long time (D) That she has a tendency to burst into song 7. Why does Lane claim that there were no cucumbers at the market? (A) Because he thinks Algernon should go on a high-protein diet (B) Because Algernon has eaten all the cucumber sandwiches himself (C) Because he wants to get Algernon off the hook (D) B and C 8. What does Gwendolen say they live in? (A) A pigsty (B) An age of ideals (C) A house in Shropshire (D) An age of surfaces 9. What does Gwendolen say the name Ernest produces? (A) Vibrations (B) Suspicions (C) Absolute confidence (D) A and C 10. What is Lady Bracknells reaction when Jack admits to her that he smokes? (A) Shock (B) Disgust (C) Approval (D) A coughing fit

11. Where did old Mr. Thomas Cardew find Jack as a baby? (A) In a cloakroom at a railway station (B) Shropshire (C) A foundling hospital (D) The British Museum 12. What is Lady Bracknells objection to Jack as a prospective suitor to Gwendolen? (A) His smoking (B) His lack of an occupation (C) His origins (D) His politics 13. What does Algernon begin playing offstage at the conclusion of Jacks interview with Lady Bracknell? (A) A funeral march (B) The Wedding March (C) We Are the Champions (D) The Ride of the Valkyrie 14. What is Gwendolens response to the story of Jacks origins? (A) She is shocked (B) She is disgusted (C) She thinks its romantic (D) She thinks its a hoot 15. Who does Algernon think ought to set an example for the upper classes? (A) The prime minister (B) The lower classes (C) The queen (D) The clergy 16. What does Jack call Lady Bracknell behind her back? (A) A Gorgon (B) An organ (C) A Liberal Unionist (D) A Bunburyist 17. Why hasnt Jack told Gwendolen that he has an excessively pretty young ward? (A) Because Gwendolen might be jealous (B) Because Gwendolen might want to borrow some of her clothes (C) Because Gwendolens brother Gerald might want to meet her (D) Because Gwendolen herself is extremely unattractive 18. What is the name of Algernons imaginary friend? (A) Harbury

(B) Bunbury (C) Markby (D) Bunberry 19. Where is Jacks house in the country? (A) Shropshire (B) Hertfordshire (C) Worthing (D) Sussex 20. Why is Cecily nervous about meeting Jacks brother Ernest? (A) Because hes wicked (B) Because hell find out about their engagement (C) Because shes afraid hell look different from other people (D) Because shes afraid hell look just like everyone else 21. Where has Cecily recorded her engagement to Jacks brother Ernest? (A) In the Times (B) In the family bible (C) In a letter to her mother (D) In her diary 22. Why has Cecily broken off her engagement to Algernon? (A) She discovered that Jacks brother is more wicked than she thought (B) She discovered that Jacks brother is less wicked than she thought (C) She felt it couldnt be a really serious engagement otherwise (D) She had met someone else 23. Why does Gwendolen never travel without her diary? (A) She is trying to come to terms with herself (B) She has a poor memory (C) She hopes to turn it into a three-volume novel (D) One should always have something sensational to read on the train 24. Why does Gwendolen tell Cecily that cake and sugar are no longer fashionable? (A) She wants to give her friendly advice (B) She thinks Cecily herself could stand to lose a few pounds (C) She is on a high-protein diet (D) She wants to insult Cecily 25. Why does Cecily put sugar in Gwendolens tea? (A) She doesnt hear what Gwendolen said (B) She doesnt understand what Gwendolen said (C) She disagrees with what Gwendolen said (D) She wants to insult Gwendolen