Dutch Tutorial Basic Phrases, Vocabulary and Grammar

Note: Before heading to the tutorial I would Strictly recommend to download any online dictionary which could easily translate the difficult Dutch words provided below so that you can understand them easily and learn quickly, if you have one so that’s good if not then I’ll personally prefer BabelFish dictionary which is free so you don’t need to buy it. The download link is provided below:

Download BabelFish Translator
1. Basic Phrases
Goedemorgen khoo-duh-mawr-ghuh Good Morning Goedenacht khoo-duh-nahkht Good Night Tot straks toht straks See you later (in the same day) Dank u wel / Dank je wel dahnk-ew-vehl / dahnkyuh-vehl Thank you Sorry saw-ree I'm sorry / Excuse me Hoe gaat het met u? hoo khaht ut meht ew How are you? (formal) Goedemiddag khoo-duh-mih-dahkh Good Day Hoi / Hallo / Daag / Doei hoy / hah-loh / dahk / dooee Hi / Bye Tot zo toht zoh See you soon Goedenavond khoo-duh-nah-fohnt Good Evening Tot ziens toht zeens Goodbye Alstublieft / Alsjeblieft ahlst-ew-bleeft / ahl-shuhbleeft Please Graag gedaan khrahkh khuh-dahn You're welcome (don't mention it) Ja / Nee yah / nay Yes / No Goed / Heel goed khoot / hayl khoot Fine / Very well

Hartelijk bedankt hahr-tuh-lik buh-dahnkt Thank you very much Pardon, wat zei u? pahr-dohn, vat zay ew Pardon me (didn't understand) Hoe gaat het? hoo khaht ut How are you? (informal)

. Ik heet. ik vohn in ah-meh-ree-kah I live in America.... ik sprayk neet zoh khood I don't speak ....Het gaat / Slecht uht khaht / slehkht So so / Bad Hoe heet u? hoo hayt ew What's your name? (formal) Ik ben moe / ziek ik ben moo / zeek I'm tired / sick. Ik weet het [niet.. ik hayt.. ik ben . Waar kom je vandaan? vahr kawn yuh fun-dahn Where are you from? (informal) Waar woon je? vahr vohn yuh Where do you live? (informal) Hoe oud ben je? hoo owt ben yuh How old are you? (informal) Spreek je Engels? sprayk yuh ehng-uhls Do you speak English? (informal) Ik begrijp het [niet.. Ik spreek [geen]...] ik vayt ut [neet] I [don't] know.. jaar (oud)... Proost! prohst Cheers! .. Ik wil graag. ik vil khrahk I'd like. Waar komt u vandaan? vahr kawmt ew fun-dahn Where are you from? (formal) Waar woont u? vahr vohnt ew Where do you live? (formal) Hoe oud bent u? hoo owt bent ew How old are you? (formal) Spreekt u Nederlands? spraykt ew nay-der-lahnds Do you speak Dutch? (formal) Ik spreek niet zo goed. Hoe heet je? hoo hayt yuh What's your name? (informal) Aangenaam (kennis te maken) ahn-guh-nahm (ken-nis tuh mah-kuh) Nice to meet you.. Ik ben. yahr owt I am ____ years old.] ik buh-khraip ut neet I [don't] understand. meneer / mevrouw / mejuffrouw muh-nayr / muh-frow / muh-yuh-frow Mister / Misses / Miss Ik kom uit Nederland. Ik heb honger / dorst ik heb hohng-ur / dohrst I'm hungry / thirsty.... very well. Ik ben . My name is (I'm called). ik sprayk [khayn] I [don't] speak... Wat kost het? vat kohst ut How much is it? Ik woon in Amerika.. ik ben I am. ik kawm owt nay-der-lant I am from the Netherlands....

ik how fahn juh-lee I love you (all). Wat jammer! vaht yah-mer What a pity! Wat is dit / dat? vut iss dit / dut What is this / that? Note: In the pronunciations. kh denotes a uvular guttural sound. Mw. de Heer is used instead of meneer and Dhr. (informal) Ik hou van jullie. is used on envelopes. but sometimes closer to f either rolled or guttural y as in yes sh as in ship ch as in chip ah as in father. but shorter oh as in boat oo as in pool. In addition. can be used as an equivalent of the English Ms. made at back of mouth s followed by guttural ch sound same as ch. Mevrouw and mejuffrouw are abbreviated as Mevr. Pronunciation Dutch letters ch sch g w v r j sj tj aa ee ie oo oe eu English sound guttural sound. but longer ay as in hail. 2. and Mej. ik how fahn yuh I love you. Meneer. otherwise like w but with bottom lip against top teeth like v. but shorter .Veel plezier! fayl pleh-zeer Have fun! Dat is geweldig / vreselijk! dat is khuh-vehl-duhkh / fray-zuh-likh That is great / terrible! Wat vreemd! vaht fraymt How funny / odd! Veel succes! fayl suk-sehs Good luck! Wees voorzichtig! vays fohr-zikh-tikh Be careful! Ik hou van je. mevrouw and mejuffrouw are all written with a small letter when they precede a name. guttural sound from back of mouth like v before r. but shorter ee as in neat. When typing.

P. t. but shorter eh as in bed ih as in bit aw as in paw. n. with lips rounded ir as in dirt.uu a e i o u ei / ij aai oei ooi ou / au eeuw ieuw uw ui ur as in hurt.) Sometimes the g is pronounced like zh in words borrowed from French. een (a). but with lips rounded (sound not found in English) ah as in father. and k are pronounced without the puff of air (called aspiration. One last vowel sound is found in various Dutch spellings. For example. Alphabet a ah b bay c say j k l yay kah ell s t u ess tay ew fay d day e f ay eff m emm v n o enn oh pay kew air w vay x y z eeks ee-grek zett g khay p h hah i ee q r . but very short between the sounds in "light" and "late" combination of aa and ie combination of oe and ie combination of oo and ie like ow. but with lips rounded ew. and vriendelijk (kind). f. and ng are pronounced the same way in Dutch as in English. as in along or sofa. l. It is pronounced like uh. m. 3. b. d. aardig (nice). h. as in house combination of ee and oe combination of ie and oe combination of uu and oe combination of a and uu The consonants s. this sound is found in de (the). z.

op tafel (on the table). two-thirds of Dutch words are common gender (because the common gender has combined the former feminine and masculine genders. met de auto (by car). -eur. Most nouns beginning with ge.) So it may be easier to memorize which nouns are neuter. There are some idioms that should be memorized. compass directions.and ending with -te are neuter. and all words that end in -um. and then assign common gender to the rest. -ij. however: in het Nederlands (in Dutch). It is always used before the names of the seasons. be-. Subject Pronouns . as are most nouns beginning with ge-. metals. Nouns and Gender All nouns have a gender in Dutch. All diminutives (words ending in -je) and infinitives used as nouns. and ver-. so it is best to memorize the genders when memorizing vocabulary. -aat. met de tijd (in/with time). as well as colors.4. in het zwart (in black). -er. op kantoor (at the office). -es. 5. either common (de words) or neuter (het words). -heid. street names and in an abstract sense. -sel. It is hard to guess which gender a noun is. -ing. -isme are neuter. in zee (in the sea). Articles and Demonstratives common neuter de het de een Singular "the" Plural "the" Indefinite "a" or "an" common neuter Singular this deze that die Plural these those dit dat deze die The definite article is used more in Dutch than in English. 6. op straat (in the street). in bad (in the bath). -teit. However. -ent. Common noun endings include: -aar. in de stad (in town). -tie.

het was ik had jij / u had hij.to have (heh-buh) ik heb we have wij hebben they have we were you were vay heh-buh You have jij / u hebt He. hij (ie) and het ('t) but these are not written. To Be and to Have Present tense of zijn . zij. het had you have jullie hebben yew-lee heh-buh zij hebben zay heh-buh Past tense of zijn . ut vas ik hahd yay / ew hahd hay. she. she. zij. zay. het is hay. ut hayft ik vas yay / ew vas hay. it had ik was jij / u was hij. zij. het is heeft I was You were He. zay.to be (zayn) I am You are He. ut hahd Present tense of hebben .to be (zayn) wij waren vay vah-ruh jullie waren yew-lee vah-ruh zay vah-ruh they were zij waren Past tense of hebben .Subject Pronouns ik jij (je) / u hij zij (ze) het ik yay / ew hay zay ut I you (singular informal / sing. it was I had You had He. it is I have ik ben jij / u bent ik ben yay / ew bent we are you are they are wij zijn zij zijn vay zayn zay zayn jullie zijn yew-lee zayn hij. it hij. ut is ik heb yay / ew hebt hay. and plural formal) he she it wij (we) jullie vay yewlee we you (plural informal) zij (ze) zay they Unstressed forms (shortened forms used in the spoken language) are in the parentheses.to have (heh-buh) we had you had wij hadden vay hah-duh jullie hadden yew-lee hah-duh zay hah-duh they had zij hadden . There are also unstressed forms of ik ('k). 7. she. zay. zay. zij. she.

It's/that's a pity jarig zijn .to feel like 8. heel hier daar ook veel een ander al misschien .to have a birthday kwijt zijn .to have lost op het punt staan .to be in a hurry het hebben over .to talk about het druk hebben .Note: You must use the subject pronouns. I will leave them out of future conjugations.to be hungry / thirsty gelijk hebben .to be sleepy zin hebben in .to be cold / warm last hebben van .to intend voor elkaar zijn .to be in order honger / dorst hebben . however.to be busy het koud hebben / warm . Expressions with zijn and hebben: Het/dat is jammer .to be about to van plan zijn .to be bothered by nodig hebben .to be right haast hebben .to need slaap hebben . dikwijls gewoonlijk nu en maar of zeer. Useful Words sometimes always never often usually now and but or very here there also much another already perhaps soms altijd nooit vaak.

right?. 10. Niet waar is a tag question. It can translate several ways into English: isn't it?. yes?. isn't she?. and is added to the end of statements to make them questions. aren't we?. Niet waar? Welk is used before het words. Question Words Who What Why When How Wie Wat Waarom Wanneer Hoe vee vaht Where Where to Waar vahr Waar. doesn't she?. don't you?.. doesn't he?.. aren't you?. isn't he?. etc.9.. and welke is used before de words and plural nouns. don't we?. etc. doesn't it?. vandaan vahr vun-dahn vah-nayr hoo Which Welk(e) velk(-uh) neet vahr Isn't it?.. Numbers 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 nul een twee drie vier vijf zes zeven acht negen tien elf twaalf dertien veertien vijftien zestien zeventien achttien nuhl ayn tvay dree feer faif zehs zay-fuh akht nay-khuh teen ehlf tvahlf dayr-teen fayr-teen faif-teen zehs-teen zay-fuh-teen ahkh-teen 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th eerste tweede drede vierde vijfde zesde zevende achtste negende tiende elfde twaalfde dertiende veertiende vijftiende zestiende zeventiende achttiende . aren't they?. naartoe vahr nahr-too vah-rohm Where from Waar. don't they?.

000. The use of commas and decimals is reversed in Dutch.001 billion negentien twintig eenentwintig tweeëntwintig drieëntwintig dertig veertig vijftig zestig zeventig tachtig negentig honderd honderd en een honderd tien tweehonderd duizend duizend en een een miljard nay-khuh-teen tvin-tuhkh ayn-ehn-tvin-tukh tvay-ehn-tvin-tukh dree-ehn-tvin-tukh dayr-tukh fayr-tukh faif-tukh zes-tukh zay-fun-tukh takh-tukh nay-guhn-tukh hohn-dert hohn-dert en un hohn-dert teen tvay-hohn-dert dow-zuhnt dow-zent meel-yoon meel-yart 19th 20th 21st 22nd 23rd 30th 40th 50th 60th 70th 80th 90th 100th 101st 110th 200th 1.000 1.000 and not the British counterpart. 11.000th 1. and the accent mark shows that the third one needs to be pronounced separately.001st billionth negentiende twintigste eenentwintigste tweeëntwintigste drieentwintigste dertigste veertigste vijftigste zestigste zeventigste tachtigste negentigste honderdste honderd en eerste honderd tiende tweehonderdste duizendste duizend en eerste miljardste million een miljoen millionth miljoenste Note: In the word for twenty-two. so billion means 1. the ë is necessary because there are three of the same vowels in a row. Also note that I speak American English.000.19 20 21 22 23 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 101 110 200 1. Days of the Week Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday maandag dinsdag woensdag donderdag vrijdag zaterdag mahn-dahkh dins-dahkh voons-dahkh dohn-der-dahkh frai-dahkh zah-ter-dahkh .

Months of the Year January February March April May June July August October November januari februari maart april mei juni juli augustus oktober november yah-noo-ah-ree fay-broo-ah-ree mahrt ah-pril mai yoo-nee yoo-lee ow-khus-tus sep-tehm-ber awk-toh-ber noh-fehm-ber September september .Sunday day morning afternoon evening night today tomorrow tonight yesterday last night day after tomorrow day before yesterday week last week weekend daily weekly zondag dag ochtend middag avond nacht vandaag morgen deze nacht gisteren (de) afgelopen nacht overmorgen eergisteren week afgelopen week weekend dagelijks wekelijks zohn-dahkh dahkh awkh-tehnt mih-dahkh ah-fohnt nahkht fahn-dahkh mawr-khuh khih-stuh-ruh oh-fer-mawr-khuh ayr-khih-stuh-ruh 12.

Seasons Winter Spring Summer Autumn de winter de lente / het voorjaar de zomer de herfst / het najaar 14.December month year last year monthly yearly december maand jaar het afgelopen jaar maandelijks jaarlijks day-sehm-ber mahnt yahr mahn-duh-luks yahr-luks 13. Directions Compass/Wind Location/Movement North noord South zuid East West oost west noorden zuiden oosten westen right left rechts links straight rechtdoor 15. Colors orange pink purple blue yellow red black brown gray white oranje roze paars blauw geel rood zwart bruin grijs wit oh-rahn-yuh roh-zuh pahrs blow khayl rohd zvahrt brown grah-ees viht .

Time What time is it? Hoe laat is het? It's 1:00 2:00 3:30 5:45 7:03 at 9:30 noon midnight Het is een uur. om half tien twaalf uur 's middags hoo laht is ut ut is ayn ewr ut is tvay ewr ut is half feer ut is kvahrt for zehs ut is dree mih-new-tuh oh-fer zayfuh awm half teen tvahlf ewrs mihd-dahkhs twaalf uur 's nachts / middernacht tvahlf ewrs nahkhts In the morning 's ochtends During the day 's middags In the evening At night 's avonds 's nachts Minuten can be omitted. Het is half vier. 17.light brown.green silver gold beige groen zilver goud beige khroon Licht and donker are added to the colors to mean light and dark: lichtbruin . Het is kwart voor zes. Het is drie (minuten) over zeven. Weather How's the weather today? It's cold beautiful hot clear Wat voor weer is het vandaag? Het is koud mooi heet open / helder . just as in English. 16. Het is twee uur.

broer zuster.icy warm windy cloudy hazy muggy humid foggy It's snowing It's raining It's freezing het vriest/ijzig warm windig bewolkt mistig drukkend/benauwd vochtig mistig het sneeuwt het regent het vriest 18. opa grootmoeder. husband ouders moeder vader zoon dochter broeder. oma kleinzoon kleindochter nicht neef neef nicht oom tante jongen meisje (n) kind man dog cat bird goldfish hond poes vogel goudvis adult relative siblings twin birth death marriage divorce volwassene bloedverwant broers en zusters tweeling geboorte dood huwelijk (n) echtscheiding . Family and Pets Parents Mother Father Son Daughter Brother Sister Grandfather Grandmother Grandson Granddaughter Niece Nephew Cousin (m) Cousin (f) Uncle Aunt Boy Girl Child Man. zus grootvader.

jassen coat(s) haar . 19.tafels table(s) jongen . foreign words and to most nouns ending in an unstressed vowel tafel . -en (the n is pronounced softly) is added to most nouns. Words with the short vowels (a. (n) after the noun denotes neuter nouns.boeken book(s) jas . (These spelling rules are also used for conjugating verbs. 1.) 2.haren hair(s) huis .bakkers baker(s) . e. while the letters v and z occur in the middle of words before vowels. and uu) drop the one vowel when another syllable is added. To Know People and Facts kennen . Remember that the definite article is always de before plural nouns. Formation of Plural Nouns Most plural nouns are formed by adding either -en or -s. -en. and -er (and aar(d). wife Friend (m) Friend (f) vrouw vriend vriendin Note: In the vocabulary lists.to know facts weet vayt weten vay-tuh weet vayt weten vay-tuh weet vayt weten vay-tuh 20. ee. The letters f and s occur at the end of words or before consonants.huizen house(s) Spelling changes: Words with long vowels (aa.Woman. with a few spelling changes boek .to know people ken kent kent ken kent kent kennen kennen kennen ken-nuh ken-nuh ken-nuh weten . o and u) double the following consonant to keep the vowels short. oo.jongens boy(s) tante . -erd. -s is added to nouns ending in the unstressed syllables -el. -em. so it's best to memorize them as soon as possible. i. -ier when referring to people).tantes aunt(s) bakker .

dagen day(s) spel . -o. paraplu's Irregular forms 3.baden bath(s) dag .mogelijkheden possibility(ies) 6.benen leg(s)] lied .eieren egg(s) been .spelen game(s) (like the Olympics.kinderen child(ren) ei . people 5. Some nouns containing a short vowel do not double the following consonant in the plural before -en. Some other common irregular plurals are: stad . mogelijkheid . bad .steden town(s) schip .glazen glass(es) weg . Nouns ending in -heid have a plural in -heden. smaller games are spellen) glas .wegen road(s) 4.volkeren nation(s). A few neuter nouns take the ending -eren (or -deren if the noun ends in -n) blad . and -u add an apostrophe before the s: foto's.beenderen bone(s) [Note: been .leden member(s) koe .Nouns ending in the vowels -a.koeien cow(s) .schepen ship(s) lid . The plural vowel is then pronounced as long.bladeren leaf(leaves) kind .liederen song(s) volk .

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