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Issue 1
Industrial & Marine Engines

en

program 96

Lubricating oil consumption


Industrial and Marine engines

Measurement and assessment

1 588 582
Scania CV AB, Sweden, 1998:01

Program 96

Lubricating oil consumption measurement and assessment


General Lubricating oil consumption is understood to be the amount of lubricating oil that is consumed through combustion in the engine. Fuel consumption must be taken into consideration when assessing lubricating oil consumption. Both are affected by the type of driving and operating conditions. Lubricating oil consumption is generally higher when the engine is new. Not until the engine has been run-in (600 hours of operation) can it be considered that lubricating oil consumption is constant. Normally, lubricating oil consumption in Scania engines will then be less than 0.6% of the fuel consumption. Lengthy periods of running at high engine speeds and low power demand will, however, cause lubricating oil consumption to increase slightly in relation to fuel consumption. Under such conditions, lubricating oil consumption may still be considered acceptable even if it exceeds 0.6% of fuel consumption. Instructions and documentation for follow-up measures Fuel and lubricating oil consumption should be calculated on the basis of data with as high a degree of accuracy as possible. Start with a full fuel tank and lubricating oil up to the maximum mark on the dipstick. If fuel consumption cannot be obtained, as might be the case if several engines are connected to the same fuel tank, an average power output figure in kW should be specified. Check the dipstick when all lubricating oil in the engine has run down into the sump. The vehicle should be parked on a level surface. If the engine is still at operating temperature, the dipstick can be checked up to three minutes after the engine has been stopped. Wait at least five minutes after stopping before checking the dipstick if the engine was started but had not attained operating temperature. Copy the form Drivers logbook for measuring oil consumption and use it for keeping a record of replenishing fuel and lubricating oil as well as running hours and type of driving during the follow-up period.

Checking lubricating oil consumption To avoid over-hasty and unnecessary measures being taken against the possibly excessive consumption of lubricating oil, consumption should be carefully checked for at least 300-500 hours of operation after the above-mentioned runningin period. If follow-up measures show that lubricating oil consumption is definitely higher than normal, the engine should be examined and rectified as necessary.

Scania CV AB, Sweden, 1998:01

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Program 96

Example of completed drivers logbook

Engine serial number Oil change interval Person responsible Meter reading, hours

5 555 555 400 hours Name


Fuel replenished, litres Full tank

Brand of oil Designation Viscosity Consumption lubricating oil, litres

Shell Myrina 15W/40


Main type of driving

Date

960401 960403

600 625

Yes 1200 7 Highway driving

960601

1100 800 total 20 000

Yes

5 100

Fuel consumed = 20,000 litres Oil consumed = 100 litres Oil consumption as % of fuel consumption = 100 x 100 = 0,5% 20000

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Scania CV AB, Sweden, 1998:01

Program 96

Drivers logbook for measuring oil consumption

Engine serial number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oil change interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Person responsible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meter reading, hours Fuel replenished, litres Full tank

Brand of oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Designation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viscosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consumption lubricating oil, litres

Date

Main type of driving

Scania CV AB, Sweden, 1998:01

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