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Irregular Verbs

Base Form
bet bid broadcast burst cast cost cut fit forecast hit hurt Knit let put quit read rid set shed shut split spread sweat thrust upset wet

Simple Past
It doesnt change. bet bid broadcast burst cast cost cut fit forecast hit hurt knit / knitted let put quit Read (pronounced as red) rid set shed shut split spread sweat / sweated thrust upset wet ends with silent /e/ vowel changes to /o/ awoke broke chose froze spoke stole woke wove /i/ changes to /o/ arose drove dove rode rose strode strove wrote

Past Participle
It doesnt change. bet bid broadcast burst cast cost cut fit forecast hit hurt knit / knitted let put quit Read (pronounced as red) rid set shed shut split spread sweat / sweated thrust upset wet ends with /en/ ends with /en/ awoken broken chosen frozen spoken stolen woken woven ends with /en/ arisen driven dived * exception ridden risen stridden striven written

French equivalent
parier faire une enchre de diffuser; tlviser clater jeter ; donner un rle coter couper correspondre prvoir frapper; heurter blesser; faire mal tricoter laisser qq faire qch mettre, poser, placer abandonner; dmissionner lire dbarrasser placer ; rgler ; fixer verser fermer fendre ; dchirer ; diviser taler; carter ; propager transpirer, suer enfoncer, fourrer dranger ; renverser mouiller

awake break choose freeze speak steal wake weave

rveiller casser choisir geler; congeler parler voler, drober rveiller; se rveiller tisser

arise drive dive ride rise stride strive write

surgir, survenir ; provenir de conduire plonger monter cheval/en vlo monter; se lever marcher grands pas s'efforcer de faire qch crire

mistake overtake shake take undertake

/a/ changes to /oo/ mistook overtook shook took undertook vowel changes beat (vowel doesnt change) borbade ate fell forgot got forgave gave bit hid proved swelled ends with /ed/ or /t/ burned / burnt dreamed / dreamt kneeled / knelt leaped / leapt learned / learnt smelled / smelt spelled / spelt spilled / spilt ends with /t/ /d/ changes to /t/ bent built lent sent spent ends with /t/ dealt felt lost meant left /eep/ changes to /ept/ crept kept slept wept

ends with /en/ mistaken overtaken shaken taken undertaken ends with /en/ beaten forbidden eaten fallen forgotten gotten / got forgiven given bitten hidden proved / proven swollen ends with /ed/ or /t/ burned / burnt dreamed / dreamt kneeled / knelt leaped /leapt learned / learnt smelled / smelt spelled / spelt spilled / spilt ends with /t/ /d/ changes to /t/ bent built lent sent spent ends with /t/ dealt felt lost meant left /eep/ changes to /ept/ crept kept slept wept

mal comprendre doubler, dpasser secouer; se serrer la main prendre entreprendre; s'engager

beat borbid eat fall forget get forgive give bite hide prove swell

battre interdire, dfendre manger tomber oublier obtenir; recevoir ; prendre .. pardonner donner mordre cacher ; se cacher prouver se gonfler

burn dream kneel leap learn smell spell spill

brler; se brler rver se mettre genoux bondir; sauter apprendre sentir peler renverser

bend build lend send spend

plier; tordre, courber construire, btir prter envoyer dpenser de l'argent (pour)

deal feel lose mean leave

faire le commerce; s'occuper de sentir; ressentir perdre signifier quitter

creep keep sleep weep

avancer au pas ; se glisser garder dormir pleurer

catch teach

/aught/ caught taught /ought/ brought bought fought sought thought /oo/ changes to /o/ shot ends with /d/ heard slid had /ea/ changes to /e/ led misled pled /ay/ changes to /aid/ laid paid relaid said /ell/ changes to /old/ sold told /and/ changes to /ood/ stood understood withstood /i/ changes to /ou/ bound found ground rewound wound /o/ changes to /e/ held upheld withheld /ee/ changes to /e/

/aught/ caught taught /ought/ brought bought fought sought thought /oo/ changes to /o/ Shot ends with /d/ heard slid had /ea/ changes to /e/ led misled pled /ay/ changes to /aid/ laid paid relaid said /ell/ changes to /old/ sold told /and/ changes to /ood/ stood understood withstood /i/ changes to /ou/ bound found ground rewound wound /o/ changes to /e/ held upheld withheld /ee/ changes to /e/

attraper apprendre qch qq

bring buy fight seek think

amener; apporter acheter se battre contre/avec chercher; rechercher penser

shoot

tuer ou blesser d'un coup de feu

hear slide have

entendre faire glisser ; glisser avoir

lead mislead plead

mener; guider induire en erreur plaider; supplier

lay pay relay say

poser, mettre ; pondre payer transmettre, communiquer dire

sell tell

vendre raconter

stand understand withstand

mettre (debout) ; supporter comprendre rsister

bind find grind rewind wind

attacher, lier trouver moudre rembobiner enrouler (fil) ; remonter (horloge)

hold uphold withhold

tenir; maintenir maintenir (loi); soutenir (dcision) cacher (information)

bleed breed feed flee meet speed spoonfeed

bled bred fed fled met sped / speeded spoonfed /aw/ changes to /ew/ drew overdrew /ow/ changes to /ew/ blew grew knew overthrew threw /ee/ changes to /aw/ foresaw oversaw saw /ew/ flew sewed showed /i/ changes to /a/ began drank rang shrank sang sank spun (span- uncommon) sprang stank / stunk swam /i/ changes to /u/ clung dug flung hung stuck stung struck swung wrung

bled bred fed fled met sped /speeded spoonfed ends with /n/ /awn/ drawn overdrawn ends with /n/ blown grown known overthrown thrown /ee/ changes to /een/ foreseen overseen seen /ewn/ and /own/ flown sewn / sewed shown / showed /i/ changes to /u/ begun drunk rung shrunk sung sunk spun sprung stunk swum /i/ changes to /u/ clung dug flung hung stuck stung struck swung wrung

saigner lever (animaux ou plantes) nourrir fuir rencontrer faire un excs de vitesse nourrir la cuillre

draw overdraw

tirer; dessiner; attirer mettre son compte dcouvert

blow grow know overthrow throw

souffler pousser; se dvelopper savoir renverser (gouvernement) jeter; lancer

foresee oversee see

prvoir surveiller ; superviser voir

fly sew show

transporter par avion coudre montrer

begin drink ring shrink sing sink spin spring stink swim

commencer boire sonner; tlphoner , appeler rtrcir chanter couler faire tourner sauter, bondir puer, empester nager

cling dig fling hang stick sting strike swing wring

s'accrocher () creuser lancer suspendre; pendre; tre accroch(e) coller; se coincer piquer frapper; heurter ; frotter balancer; se balancer essorer (linge)

become come overcome

/o/ changes to /a/ became came overcame /o/ changes to /i/ did outdid overdid /o/ changes to /ent/ went underwent /u/ changes to /a / outran overran ran The vowel changes shone sat snuck / sneaked spit / spat won One of a kind lay slew was / were clothes / clad (uncommon)

It doesnt change become come overcome /o/ changes to /one/ done outdone overdone /o/ changes to /one / gone undergone It doesnt change outrun overrun run The vowel changes shone sat snuck / sneaked spit / spat won One of a kind lain slain been clothes / clad (uncommon)

devenir venir surmonter

do outdo overdo

faire surpasser exagrer; trop cuire

go undergo

aller subir[douleur, difficults] ;prouver

outrun overrun run

distancer dpasser (le temps allou) courir

shine sit sneak spit win

(faire) briller s'asseoir se glisser (sans faire du bruit) cracher gagner

lie
slay be clothe

s'allonger, se coucher tuer tre habiller