Ecological fieldwork with a baby on your back: a compilation of advice from Ecolog-L, responding to a query by Simone S. Whitecloud.

(compiled and shared by Simone on 14 May 2012).
Packs and carriers I know our Kelty Backback was great for getting in and out of the field with our little one. They make a rain shield that fits over the top to protect them. I also found the framepack-style carriers invaluable when they had enough body control to sit in them. Sun/rain shades are pretty standard, we had nice ones that also have a clip-on bag underneath. I know these are not as popular as the ergostyle carriers, but for hiking they really help maintain body temp for both parent and child We used a 6 yard piece of woven fabric (labelled "cotton gauze" at JoAnn's fabrics, not as thin as might be expected from that name) as a front wrap carrier for trips around the neighborhood. You can find wrapping instructions on the internet. It was less sweaty than a knit carrier we also used and less painful than a one-shoulder sling. One thing to bear in mind is that when carrying your baby in any carrier, their hips should be flexed and their bottom in a seated position, with their knees higher than their butt, or while they are that young, they still can have their legs froggied. This is important for proper hip and spine development. Another type of carrier that in itself weighs little is a mei tai, which is similar to an Ergo but uses ties instead of buckles. They are based on carriers used in Asian cultures, and I'm sure there are other names for them, but that's what I've seen them called here in the US. I don't know if you're breastfeeding or using formula, but many breastfeeding moms find that they can nurse their babies in a carrier worn on the front with the baby facing in to you. I vote ERGO for most comfortable way to tow around kids from age 0-5 (no kidding! I still put my 5 year old in there). I like that in the back, they are snuggled in closer and I can still move around and bend down, etc. In the front, they are also cozy. Not great if you need to wear a backpack too, though. For that, I use my Kelty carrier (or whatever carrier you find most comfortable) and they have these little attachments that you can store stuff in below kid's butt. And for those, they make mosquito nets that go over them too for buggy enviroments (but as you know, better to keep kid on front when little for warmth, comfort, pop out the boob to feed, etc).
I had a Sherpani ultralight pack, I used it until my daughter was two. It has sort of like a seat that is suspended inside the frame so they are not pressed onto your back. It also had a sun shade and rain cover which were both great. The Sherpani pack has a big zippered pocket for extra clothes

When they were young enough, I carried them in a front pack. After they got older/bigger, we got a Sherpani backpack (I see they may not be available new; This was a great pack because there was a large compartment underneath the child. My wife carried the kid and that pack, and I carried much of the other stuff. A woven wrap is likely the best for your situation, since it is incredibly versatile and very comfortable for you and your baby -- it will completely support a young baby. A good woven wrap will cost you well over $100 (e.g. but be an investment for the next 3 years of carrying your child. Find a local babywearing group and they can teach you a few different carries (ways you wrap to carry your child) We bought a Deuter backpack and I would highly recommend it. It's as comfortable (if not more) than my regular backpack and there is a compartment for putting diapers and snacks (with the Deuter Comfort II). Our favorite backpack (for when your baby is older),storm/anthracite?preferredSku=8108520027&cm_mmc=cse_froogle-_-{adtype}_-product-_-8108520027&mr:trackingCode=A05DCE58-8134-E011-B97A001B21631C34&mr:referralID=NA&{copy:s_kwcid}=&mr:adType=pla&gclid=CIr5 7_iAqK8CFe4DQAod8g0fXQ Deuter makes a really nice kid carrier that has about 20L of backpack space as well as a 2-3liter hydration pack, rain cover, sun shade, ect. They're pretty pricy but worth it if you can afford one. Better for when your baby is a bit older. The ergo is the only front carrier that doesn’t destroy your back when worn all day. Still, as they get heavier the front carrier isn’t ideal, but it is worth it. It is much easier to keep a close eye on them to make sure they are comfortable, and if it starts raining or gets windy you can zip an oversized coat over the both of you we had good luck with baby bjorns when our daughter was young. We had a Kelty which she never fit in well--the sling in the bottom always had her resting on one cheek or other and no matter how I adjusted it, I couldn't get her to stay straight. We used it though, for awhile, because keeping her off our back kept us cooler. Our favorite was an Ergo Original though. The weight distribution in it was better than the Kelty, and I felt more at ease with her in rocky terrain. No matter what, you'll probably go through a series of carriers until she is too heavy to carry. We packed until about 4 yr, 40 lbs. Go to the store, put her in the carrier,

and walk around for 30 min to see how it works. Go with fit rather than price, even tho you're probably on a tight budget as a grad student. Once six months old...move to a backpack carrier (We just picked up an Osprey with a built in sun/wind/rain shade and it is so comfortable...also is has a huge compartment for stuff underneath If you plan to be carrying your baby in a carrier/sling throughout the day, I would suggest the Moby Wrap. I am not much of a hiker, but just taking my baby on walks, I found the Moby Wrap to be wonderful, while a couple of brands of carriers all gave me back-aches. My baby also liked the Moby, he was snug and secure in it, and would go straight to sleep in it. He did get pretty warm in it though. You definitely want to wear your baby in the front, it is safer. People complain that the Moby is complicated to wear, but it's not really. Just practice 2-3 times in front of the video they post on their website, and then you'll get it. Our early hiking we did with either a Moby wrap or a Baby Bjorn. The problem I'd see for you, depending on whether you have help, is whether you can carry additional gear. I have carried a day pack on my back while carrying my son in an Ergo on the front, though not for very far. I think that would work with a Baby Bjorn too, though the Ergo is nice because you could get the infant insert and then the snap-over hood thing would keep his/her head from flopping around too much. I would say the biggest bonus to waiting a bit for field work is that you can just buy one baby carrying set-up, i.e. a backpack-type carrier. We have Sherpani that we got at an REI Scratch-n-Dent sale for $50. It's OK, but the shoulder straps are fairly painful if we're actually backpacking and I'm carrying a lot of weight. Definitely try a bunch of them on first and/or get it from somewhere you can return it to if it's uncomfortable. And try it out with your child in it because they're so floppy and slide around so much when they're that little. Make sure it has a good sun shade too because little ones can't wear sunscreen till 6 months or something like that. For a three-month old, I recommend a Belle carrier. They are lightweight, packable and a front carrier, allowing you to carry additional gear in a backpack on your back. They have an infant insert if your child is still having difficulty holding up his/her head, but at three months your baby is likely to be able to just use the carrier without the insert. Although more expensive than some other options, the Belle is by far the most comfortable carrier we have used for longer hikes (up to 8 miles). We used one with our first son until he was about 9-10 months old, and we are using it now with our 3 month old. Once s/he is older (able to sit up well), you will want a good backpack

carrier. I would recommend the Deuter kid carriers. The Kid Comfort II and III are very comfortable to wear for both the child and parent, and they have under-carrier storage capacity. If you need more storage capacity, the III has more, but it is a bit heavier and taller than the II. Osprey is also coming into the kid carrier market with the Poco. I have not tried this carrier, but it is getting good reviews, and in general I love Osprey packs. With the backpack, make sure it has a solid hip belt, can be adjusted well and has a good sternum strap for when the kid falls asleep and her head flops to the side wanting to take the backpack and you with it. We used a Kelty, something like this one Importantly, at risk of sparking another debate, I'll mention that you will (wince) probably want to set your baby down in the backpack occasionally. If she flops her head over while sleeping, well, let's just say the center of gravity isn't ideal. I used rocks to anchor so our kid didn't fall over. Perhaps some backpacks are more stable than others when you set them.If you are not comfortable (or your kid isn't) setting the backpack down while your kid sleeps or while you need a break, check to see that the backpack is designed so that you can take the kid out easily. Ours had a way to "expand" so that we could extract our kids without waking them(if we were lucky). I also rigged up an umbrella for sun protection. The "hood" that came with our Kelty didn't cover arms. I have found the ergo baby carrier to be the most comfortable since it places the weight on your hips rather than shoulders. I can go much farther with no fatigue or backache with the ergo than I could with the bjorn (I never used a hard-frame baby back pack). The ergo can only carry the infant inward-facing, but can be worn on your front, back, or hip once the baby is a bit bigger, and it has better head support for little ones, and even an infant insert for very small infants Tents and other info I had several field site that I only had a short hike to and I brought a playpen (pack'n play with a mosquito net). That way, my baby could play or sleep while I measured plants and took data. They make small tents for dogs that have no door which I could imagine being useful if you sit at one site long enough to make putting up a shelter for the baby worth the time. Those or a kids tent would keep your child out of the rain/wind, but allow you to keep an eye on them.

The one thing I would recommend is the Kidco pea pod baby tent. It is an easy to set up portable tent with an inflatable mattress pad that baby can sleep in and is protected from insects, wind, UV, etc. Portable playpen: This is also great but expensive...,brown/green?preferredSku=8149680001&cm_mmc=cse_froogle-_-datafeed-_product-_-8149680001&mr:trackingCode=AD5186F8-FF02-E011-9612001B21631C34&mr:referralID=NA

We bought a triangular insert for the sleeping bags to make it big enough for me to sleep with the baby. I think the one we got was called Sweetie Pie bag extender from Functional Designs. Other general gear tips I have (from having been an avid backpacker since I was a wee tot, are the use of a tarp (I have a Kelty "Noah's Tarp") and some trekking poles. The trekking poles can take the place of the poles you use for the tarp, and they are pretty helpful at stabilizing me while carrying the baby or heavy backpack. we bring a diaper pad as the baby thermarest/pad and zip our sleeping bags together. Baby goes in between in a bunting on the pad, and we wear full thermals/fleece so we don't have to pull the sleeping bags up around the top. Diapers As far as dirty diapers go, I found for packing out dog poop if you make a trash bag out of a big zip lock bag lined with tinfoil and then with baking soda inside the tinfoil, you can put in the dog poop bags inside that and it helps contain the smell. we found that thin (old fashioned) cloth diapers work best for diapers - you can clean them and hang them to dry on your pack as you go. The diaper thing is kind of a pain, we had to abandon cloth in the field because they were just to big and bulky. I use a wetbag designed for cloth to stuff dirty diapers in and dump them at the end of the day. Always make sure you have extra clothes because sometimes the way they are sitting in the carrier makes BMs squish upwards and outwards. Sorry about the graphic nature of that, but it is reality. Diapers -- well there is no good way to deal with them on a longer trip. We have done both cloth and plastic. Problem with plastic is they hold the pee forever so you have to carry it for days. The poo can be delt with like adult poo in any case. Cloth diapers can be left out to dry and even washed out and reused but are heavier to start with. Diapers suck, that's all there is to it. You might want to consider the "diaper genie" idea. You could take a large bag

and twist the diaper (OR diaper + ziplock bag combo) into the large bag to double seal, decrease the scent, and keep the diapers together. We used disposable diapers for field work and carried lots of ziplocks to load them in, then dumped them all in the nearest trash can or at home. Also we always packed lots of wipes. Some friends who didn't like disposable wipes used baby washcloths, dampened them, and put them in ziplocks until use. One thing I've found in remote situations is that using cloth diapers is about as easy as using disposables, since you have to pack them out anyway. I'd also mention that with cloth diapers, you can use a wool cover that is very breatheable and comfy. Wool absorbs I think about 30% of its weight before feeling damp (especially well if lanolized), and this could work to your advantage with diapers as well as onesies or other clothing, but bear in mind that babies grow fast and soft baby wool is expensive. I bought a wool diaper cover in a way too big size and it's been working great anyway. I bet you could do the same with clothes. Lanacare is a brand with good, soft, non-itchy wool. So is Disana. Perhaps you could look into silk as a lightweight layer? I'm not familiar with how silk behaves, but have heard good things about it. Bamboo fabric is supposedly very absorbent and soft, as is hemp/cotton blends. I would stay away from microfleece since it doesn't breathe the way real wool does.

Dirty diapers: you can go as low-tech as plastic grocery bags in a zip-loc and as high-tech as a cute wet bag (e.g., Honestly, either approach works.
Diapers are a necessary evil...if you can pack them out periodically, do it. A lab-mate that works on bears says that bears are attracted to poopy diapers, so you might want to be careful about your trash.

We used disposable diapers and scraped them out and buried any poop, and put them in a plastic bag. We have tried to dry them out but even in hot climates they take forever to dry. You can put them in a compression sack to save space though. for the diapers, try online at GreenMountainDiapers. They've got wool covers that are great and small diaper bags for the dirty ones. Take a look. I've gotten all my baby diaper needs taken care of there.

there is an awesome looking new type of washable

( which combines both systems and may let you avoid hauling dirty diapers around. as a general thing, fleece is great for wicking moisture away from the skin so i guess whatever you pad a diaper out with, if you put fleece on top, it will keep your baby dry (i buy it at fabric shops and cut to shape)
If you will be out for several days of backpacking, I think cloth diapers will be the best option. I'm guessing you would need about twelve depending on how quickly you can expect them to dry in between washings, and I would recommend trifolds with probably 3-4 good covers (I like Thirsties). Then you can rinse and hang them in the sun to dry and get several uses out of them before they need a really good washing. The trifolds will dry more quickly than if you go with pocket diapers or all-in-ones, and we have found that they leak less. You may want to get a beefier insert for night time - but they will take longer to dry in between uses. A good website for shopping/comparing cloth diapers is Jillian's Drawers. More good wool products here: Also, there are various people on etsy who recycle wool sweaters into baby clothes (I just make sure they're merino or cashmere). Elimination Communication – see the book ‘Diaper Free.’ You learn to cue and be cued by your baby to hold them over a bowl or hole in the ground for elimination. Practiced by non-Western societies for generations! Books/blogs You might want to check out the book 'Babes in the Woods' by Jennifer Aist for some helpful tips about taking babies and young children into the outdoors. It is available from the publisher: or Amazon. There is a yahoo group for backpacking with kids. You might also want to check out these yahoo groups: backpackinglight and womenhikers. I'm a regular at these and can guarantee they'll be helpful and opinionated:). if you're into field biologist memoirs, I recall in this one Meg Lowman talks about bringing her kids in the field with her: Check out her blog (you may have to go back a ways to see her kids as babies): Ground Truth Trekking the authors of

this article on moms in field biology might; see I live in the Northwest (Portland, OR, area) where folks tend to be quite outdoor oriented. The climate is also similar here to the one you will be dealing with. So, I looked for hiking groups on Meetup that might have insights for you. (Meetup is a online site that can be used to organize individuals with similar interests). Here is what I came up with: Portland area: Seattle area: I would suggest to contact the organizers of these groups. I am sure they would love to help you. People in these regions are very nice and helpful and more than willing to look outside the box. is a nice, non-judgemental forum for asking questions like this. Life in the Treetops, by Meg Lowman. It's inspirational both for how Meg made her career while toting her kids around as a single mom, and for bucking conventional wisdom about women in science. "Two in the Far North", by Mardie Murie (the wife of Olaus Murie and veteran of many field campaigns in the Arctic). In addition to the descriptions of an amazing natural world (similar to writings or experiences that drew many of us into this world), she talks about bringing her small children into the field -- often in quite harsh conditions -- in spite of the concern, and even criticism, of others There are also fabulous blogs of adventurous parents. Check out this post, for one: Miscellaneous tips Depending on what type of field work you do, I also found it helpful for me to partition my field work into what I could do with my son and what I needed to do without him. For example, as he got to be one and two, he was great to go collecting seeds, soil samples, quick measures; basically things where we kept moving. Long stints in the field, I ended up leaving him with grandma.

I would keep mine as close to my skin as possible under the snugglie, swaddled if they liked it, and then put all my gear over top of us both. Carry a tarp or light tent for changing/squiriming/nursing times.

Other stuff: a blanket to lie her on so that you don't have to wear her all the time.
Tell her what you're doing while you're out there. She'll like that, even at 3 mo, and you'll be conditioned to ignore yawns while you talk science! You could always put some sort of plastic or even duct tape on the side of the baby carrier facing you, this might help eliminate some sweat problems too I also found it is was much easier to bring my daughter when she was a baby-now that she is 3 and mobile, I really can't bring her at all to the field sites unless I bring a baby sitter with me specifically to watch her. Otherwise, I spend all my time chasing after her and no data gets collected :)
(always bring lots of extra clothes, if you haven't already had enough diaper blowouts to figure that out!)

BUMBO is super lightweight, can be attached/tied the outside of the pack and it is a safe place to set the baby down. My little one has been sitting in her bumbo since 4 months old (we didn't get it until then). It is indestructible and weighs nothing. I've heard they don't work out for 'skinny' babies, but if you've got a chunky legged baby then it rocks. I think those hand-warmer things get too hot to put on a child
If there will be bugs bring a mess tent too. I took her to the backcountry in Yelllowstone last year and the biting bugs nailed her. Hard to keep a mesh net on a kids head while they drink from a bottle! you have to keep them warm. When we are out in the wilderness away from structures without fire, we bring a propane job heater. Mr. heater I think is the name. You can use those pressurized colman fuel tanks. (These are heavy though, I pull them on a sled or use when car camping but never hiking). If its bear country you will definately have to work hard to keep creams, dippers, ect far away. This is hard to do especially if you need it in the night!

Don't forget the hat and sunscreen. We once spent the day in a snow-covered cirque...remembered the hat but not the sunscreen. The light reflected off the snow burned her cheeks...poor girl. We had a sheepskin for them to sleep on, believe it or not. Very cozy. You

might consider something besides a nylon sleeping bag and nylon/foam pad. A fleece blanket works well, as I'm guessing you know that. Dial back expectations. You won't get as much done. But it will be great to have your child with you. Oh yes: an umbrella (for rain) works great. if you go the route of a woven wrap, I would consider leaving baby naked (diaper only) to avoid the problem of a soaked cotton onesie. The wrap and your body heat will be plenty to keep her warm if you are sweating. You could also use Babylegs to cover exposed skin on her arms and legs (,

I had more trouble with sun than cold - so I had things from the following website:
really can't stress the importance of lots of high quality clothes for kids in the field, it makes a world of difference. Also, I never buy them cheap shoes. Keen's fit fat kid feet so well so even thought they are expensive and the kid will grow out of them in six months I always buy good shoes. There is nothing as miserable as a cold kid with hurting feet three miles away from the car. I also have an emergency stash of Amy's gummy bunnies that I bring out when things start to go bad..

At her age I would take her in the Ergo (or something similar). They have a whaterproof cover that seems decent. I've never used it but it seems like in your situation it would be useful. It's harder to work in the field with a baby on your belly, but at 3 mo I wouldn't be comfortable putting her on my back. You could lay a blanket down on the ground while you sample, then pick her up, put her back in the Ergo and move on to the other site when you're done. The advantage of having the baby on your belly is that you can carry your own backpack with your field equipment, lunch, etc. The best thing you can do is have a helpful and understanding field assistant / hiking partner. Maybe find a masters student or undergrad who likes kids and wants to co-author a couple papers. It isn’t easy to do field work with a baby, you definitely get less done that you want to, but it sometimes means you can spend more time in the field because you aren’t choosing between the two. You might find that it isn’t for you, but I commend you for trying. I found that for me, balance

requires daycare, but I do plan on one or two days a week bringing my son out with me this field season. If you are carrying an ergo, just put the kid in a rain suit before you start up and your sweat won't be an issue. REI brand ones work great for kids. We got 2.5 years out of one of them by buying a bit big. REI has wicking long-johns and fleece pants and tops for babies and kids. When I go to the same plot multiple days in a row I take a bunch of gear and leave it up there over night in a dry bag if we don't use it all the first day. By I, I mean I made my assistants carry my science stuff and some of the kid gear because I was carrying the kid. They were cool with it. Mostly, be prepared not to get as much work as you'd like done. ***Several people wrote to say that this is difficult but not impossible, and that it’s important to anticipate that you won’t get as much done as you would without your child in tow. If I had it to do over again, I would expect less of myself. I think that the demands of the professors are high but we put higher demands on ourselves. Ultimately it is up to us to insist that we keep our sanity. In any event, you should keep expectations fairly low until your kid is a few months older I really found the distraction and interruption to be the most difficult. Everything took too long, my son was often crying (he did that at home too but somehow more stressful when you have dragged him up the mountain and have a crew with you. In the end, I finished my dissertation with a newborn sleeping on my lap and a great deal of bitterness towards my advisors. I have maintained my research at very scaled back levels but have not pursued a full-time job. My home life is happier but my PhD is mostly for naught. Perhaps things would have turned out differently if I had pushed myself less hard when my kids were young. You might find more helpful advice on an REI type website. (e.g. Child Carriers ) Enjoy it now, because once the kid starts crawling or walking, things get complicated. It is relatively easy to hike with an infant, but troubles start when they become mobile! Then you need someone to watch them bear in mind that as your little one gets a bit older, she may not be as sleepy or content just riding along with you. My son is at the stage where he's cranky and teething, and interested in being held where he's standing all the time, but very squirmy in the carrier after a bit. And yet not able to walk or crawl or really keep himself seated upright or entertained. I'm not sure what your fieldwork routine is

like, but it's just something to think about if you have a somewhat rigid time frame each day. if you are well equipped and with other people, I don't understand why people think it is so dangerous. Babies just need their mommies. I can't imagine you'll be going anywhere so remote that you can't 'get out' if you have to. (many folks recommend having a helper!)

We took extra food (b-milk), diapers, wipes and changes of clothes than for a usual trip, and we just planned on having extra folks come with us to help, if possible.
This is probably obvious, but if you're breastfeeding make sure you bring LOTS of food and water for you - you need to have a caloric surplus to make lots of milk that your baby can eat to keep warm

Sites for clothes (and tips) These are great wool pants but a more budget conscious option would be to make them out of old sweaters from a thrift store or similar.   We put long sleeve turtle necks and a second shirt on to prevent mosquito bites. Smartwool booties, North Face fleece jacket & bunting (lots of zippers for easy access), Zutano fleece hat, Mountain Equipment Coop waterproof Newt Rain Suit. Unfortunately, the best gear is expensive. Don't buy wool (its itchy), buy fleece onesies and put them over a thin cotton onesie if necessary. I found the typical bunting suits too cumbersome when changing diapers. Pants and tops with a toasty fleece onesie limit the amount of exposed skin when changing diapers in the field. I think I bought the fleece onesies and other fleece tops and bottoms at sierra trading post, but I'm sure Patagonia has something too. Unfortunately, fleece kidswear is not cheap, but they last. Also, you may want to try silk - its terrific because its warm, lightweight and wicks. We use the REI long johns / poly pro for cold and hot weather because they are a good underlayer for cold and perfect for sun protection without overheating. Down booties with an elastic hem around the ankles are awesome for

non-mobile infants Full baby bunting, wind block fleece, from Patagonia or REI. Make sure you can get to the diaper area without taking it off because if you are changing a diaper in bad weather...well you know. a bomber hat with fleece inside, water-repellent nylon exterior, earflaps, and a chin strap! Mittens to keep little hands warm are definitely a problem, especially as they get better at tearing them off. REI sells some mitten keepers with pretty strong metal clasps, and if you get some "thumbless" mittens with good tightening straps on the wrists, you might have a chance they'll stay on! We got him some too-big rain gear so that the pants would hang well over his feet - the backpack carrier makes exposure an issue. But it would help with wind too. In the cold we used polypro "footy" sleepers under rain jackets, or a one-piece ski suit. ace though. In the cold we used polypro "footy" sleepers under rain jackets, or a one-piece ski suit. It's hard to find decent stuff like that for babies. We bought most of ours at thrift stores. The good thing is babies don't get cold too easily especially next to you! The best way to solve the sweating issue is to bring dad if possible and take turns.

If you get a good jacket for her (e.g., you should be able to keep from sweating on her, or keep her outside of your shell for the hike up. Plan on her being sweaty when you reach the top and pack an extra change of clothes to put her in (and maybe one for you) once you start doing the data collection thing. I had a 2x down jacket that I kept my kid under and we hiked around at 20 deg F no problem. Likewise, for wind and rain I had a huge shell that covered him and me. I often ended up peeling off my outer layer and draping over him only, tying the sleeves behind my neck or under my arms to keep it up. It's amazing what ventilating your back can do.
Listen to your child. As long as it is content and doesn't cry it is much better off with you than with a nanny.

REI and probably others make polypro clothes for all ages. We just put regular wool sweaters or fleece on for cold over that. The feet are tough. We used wool or fleece booties but also grown-up wool socks since those could be pulled up high under the outerwear. You might also put handwarmers in there. We got hats that covered the ears and sides of face and velcroed under the chin. Unless it was very hot, these could work for mosquitoes as well. when it was warm, we used 2 layers of cotton to keep bugs off without cooking the kids. We bought really great rain suits from Mountain Equipment Coop, which is a Canadian company like REI. They were full body and very waterproof. I highly recommend you look into them. They are good outer layer in cold, windy conditions as well.   Smartwool makes stuff for infants, right? I would even cut the toes off my wornout pairs and use them as sleeves/leggings to go with some nice socks/mittens. These look cozy: ml
I loved rei baby clothes, they were worth every penny. The baby capeline long underwear seemed so silly but you have to rememeber the kid will get really cold sitting in the pack. I would layer mine in long underwear, fleece onesie (also from rei), and smartwool baby socks then booties. I also had some patagonia mitts that actually stayed on. The long underwear were also great on their own on sunny days, they weren't too hot but kept her from getting sunburned. Purchase kid gear from here. They have the best kid carriers, great sleeping bags ect.

I would highly recommmend these wool pants, especially for cloth diapering.I know they are pricey, but they last a long time and grow with your child quite well. 66 North is an Icelandic outdoor brand and they make magnificent merino wool clothing. We have given the onesies to friends and they loved them wool pants (Little Beetle, Lanacare, Kissa's, Bumby, Wild Child Woolies) which double as a diaper cover for cloth diapers. - find them used on diaperswappers, Use flat cotton diapers so you can rinse them if you want, and a PUL wet bag meant for cloth diapers. Use a PUL backed fleece changing pad.  

We found the hats from one step ahead would stay on quite nicely and keep her warm... 07&cmSource=Search you may think about looking for silk long-johns for under woolen stuff. Much nicer on the skin!
Another option is the brand Halo, which makes baby clothing using CoolMax (   In terms of wool, we got some Ruskovilla wool clothes last winter and love everything they have. They have a great wool cap that keeps their head and neck warm in Fall and Spring (or even summer if it's chilly), and lots of options for long underwear. Expensive, but highly worth it. Great wool long underwear
Patagonia makes capilene long underwear for infants, expensive, but the onesie is adjustable so it can grow with the baby. The other indispensible clothing item we use is called baby legs. They are pretty much full length leg warmers, we use them like crotchless long underwear (which makes for much easier diaper changes). Baby legs are available on amazon. Putting those on assures there is no little gap by ankles exposed. In cold weather we never were out for very long, but we would use a one-piece bunting that went over the feet and hands, either fleece or down temperature dependent. We like the Patagonia infant down bunting because the bottom can be zipped into legs or a bag. I am not sure if it is waterproof enough, but you could always spray it with dwr or something. There are two main concerns I want you to be aware of. The first is that their little baby skin is so soft and easily chapped in windy weather. You need to make sure you protect faces with something like aquaphor or non-petroleum vasoline before you head out for even an of hour in windy weather. The second is feet, it is easy to not realize how cold it is when you are moving. Always remember your little one is sitting still, and that in most carriers (front and back) they are sitting. This can cause restricted circulation to their little feet. Make sure you stop and take them out of the carrier regularly to check and move their toes if it is even a little cold.

If you (or someone you know) is moderately handy with a sewing machine... my partner made some fantastic wool pants and wool overalls out of old wool sweaters that worked great for our baby. Patagonia and Smartwool make infant clothing that I can recommend. Expensive, but no way do you want your baby out there in cotton onesies. Check ebay for some good deals (we are lucky to have a hand-me-down source for these). Flaphappy hats are great sun protection. Pick a good sunscreen, too. The skindeep database rates sunscreens for babies and adults based on their lack of toxic ingredients and allergens.   More good wool products here: Also, there are various people on etsy who recycle wool sweaters into baby clothes (I just make sure they're merino or cashmere).  

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