What’s New in NFPA 13 – 2010 (That I can cover in 30 minutes

)
Kenneth E. Isman, P.E., F.S.F.P.E. Vice President of Engineering

Outline
• Seismic Load Tables • Shortened Density-Area Curves • High Clearance for Storage • New Discharge Rules for Specific Situations
• • • • Back-to-Back Shelf Storage Record Storage in Racks Compact Storage High-Bay Record Storage

• Darcy-Weisbach Friction Loss for Antifreeze

Seismic Load Tables
• 2007 – Load tables added for Schedule 10 and Schedule 40 steel • 2010 – Load tables added for other types
▫ Schedule 5 steel pipe ▫ CPVC pipe ▫ Type M copper tube

Seismic Load Tables • Other types of pipe with different wall thicknesses ▫ Use the tables in NFPA 13 for the same pipe material with a thinner wall. or ▫ Use Manufacturer’s Tables .

Seismic Load Tables .

Seismic Load Tables .

ordinary and extra hazard curves) • For high-piled storage ▫ 2000 ft2 (186 m2) through 3000 ft2 (279 m2) • For miscellaneous storage ▫ 1500 ft2 (139 m2) through 3000 ft2 (279 m2) .Shortened Density-Area Curves • No change to Chapter 11 (light.

General Storage Density/Area Curves New Former .

Rack Storage Density/Area Curves Former .

Rack Storage Density/Area Curves A BC D E FG H J I New .

1 m) clearance ▫ Example: 15 ft storage in 40 ft high building ▫ Design sprinkler system for 20 ft storage .2 ▫ Where the clearance exceeds 20 ft (6.High Clearance above Storage • Solid Piled Storage ▫ 12.1.4.1 m) ▫ Base protection on the storage height that would result in a 20 ft (6.3.

1 m) ▫ Base protection on the storage height that would result in a 20 ft (6.1. .High Clearance above Storage • Rack Storage ≤ 25 ft (7.3.62 m) in height Class I-IV ▫ 12. quick-response in-racks sprinklers located directly below the top tier of storage at every flue space intersection.1 m) clearance OR ▫ Provide one level of supplemental.4.3 ▫ Where the clearance exceeds 20 ft (6.

62 m) Class I-IV & all Plastics ▫ 12. quick-response in-racks sprinklers located directly below the top tier of storage and every flue space intersection .05 m) ▫ Base protection on the storage height that would result in a 10 ft (3.4.05 m) clearance OR ▫ Provide one level of supplemental.1.4 ▫ Where the clearance exceeds 10 ft (3.3.High Clearance above Storage • Rack Storage > 25 ft (7.

4. the ceiling density shall be based upon the given storage height with an assumed acceptable clearance to ceiling .5.1.3.1 When applying the supplemental inrack sprinkler option.High Clearance above Storage • In-Rack Sprinklers ▫ 12.

Back-to-Back Shelf Storage .

Back-to-Back Shelf Storage • Design criteria was added to Chapters 14 and 15 Min 60” For Group A Max 15’ Aisle Max 60” .

Back-to-Back Shelf Storage • Back-to-Back Shelf Storage ▫ Two solid or perforated shelves up to 30 inches (762 mm) in depth each ▫ Not exceeding a total depth of 60 inches (1.5 m) ▫ Separated by a longitudinal vertical barrier such as plywood. particle board. or equivalent ▫ Maximum ¼-inch diameter penetrations ▫ No longitudinal flue space ▫ Maximum storage height of 15 feet (4.5 m). sheet metal. .

Cartoned Record Storage With Catwalk Access (20.5) Catwalk sprinklers Transverse flue sprinklers .

Record Storage in Cartons on Racks • Protection scenario is only permitted for Class III ▫ Sprinklers at the ceiling ▫ Sprinklers under catwalks ▫ Sprinklers in transverse flue spaces .

newspapers. books. and cardboard dividers . paper business records. • Annex ▫ Class III commodity can have up to 5% plastics ▫ Materials stored include Class I and II. magazines. stationery.Carton Records Storage • Carton Records Storage ▫ A Class III commodity consisting of predominantly paper records in cardboard cartons on shelving in a rack storage system.

Carton Records Storage • Structural Criteria ▫ Single-row or double-row rack structure with uprights 10 ft 6 in (3.2 m) apart maximum ▫ Shelving – 50% open ▫ Transverse flue spaces.7 m) vertical separation for catwalks . Longitudinal flues not required ▫ Catwalk aisles between racks are open metal grating that is at least 50% open  Catwalk aisles at the ends of racks – solid ▫ Maximum 12 ft (3.

Temp Density Area Hose Duration 0.Criteria for Carton Records Storage • Ceiling sprinkler spacing.3 2000 500 2 High Temp 0. maximum 100 ft2 (9.33 2000 500 2 High Temp 0.4 2000 500 2 . Temp 0.29 2000 500 2 Over 25 ft High Ord.3 m2) • Ceiling sprinkler discharge criteria Up to 25 ft High Ord.

▫ Min.4 inches (102 mm) of each aisle below each Catwalk level.2 m) on center . • Sprinkler spacing within the aisles aligns with the transverse flues and the center of the storage unit when staggered and does not exceed 10 ft 6 in (3.2.6.Sprinkler Criteria • Catwalk Sprinklers ▫ QR. K-8. 6 inches (152 mm) above the top of storage ▫ Supplied from the in-rack sprinkler system. ordinary temp. ▫ In the center +/.0 or K-11. K-5.

6) Pictures courtesy of Spacesaver .Compact Storage (Mobile Shelves)(20.

• Compact Storage Module ▫ Units move so storage can be pushed together ▫ No flues.Compact Storage • Compact Storage ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Solid shelves 36 inches (914 mm) or less in total depth Arranged as part of a compact storage module 30 inches (762 mm) maximum between shelves vertically ▫ No internal vertical flue spaces other than those between individual shelving sections. minimal spaces between units ▫ Aisles created by moving the shelving unit .

4 m) in height ▫ Only paper files. quick-response sprinklers . magazines.Compact Storage • Protected w/light hazard sprinkler sys. ▫ Limited to 8 ft (2. books and similar documents ▫ Miscellaneous 5% plastics allowed ▫ Must have 18 inches (457 mm) of clearance above unit to sprinkler deflectors  Ordinary temperature.

High-Bay Record Storage (mobile) (20.7) .

4 m) high and up to 30 shelving units (storage tiers) high. with no more than 5% plastics stored ▫ Mobile (or fixed) shelving units greater than 12 ft (3. to include corrugated totes. books etc) ▫ Corrugated containers either closed or open top.2 at 40 psi (2.8 bar) . magazines.High Bay Record Storage • Ceiling only sprinkler protection ▫ Class III Commodity  paper products (files. • ESFR Sprinklers ▫ K-factor 25.7 m) and up to 34 ft (10.

High Bay Records Storage .

Antifreeze Calculations • Solutions ▫ Weight or volume • Darcy-Weisbach friction loss for systems over 40 gal in size ▫ Finding the friction factor (f) ▫ Using the right value of ε for aged pipe • K-Factor adjustment for sprinklers .

use Moody Diagram to find “ f ” • If Reynolds number is between 2000 and 3000.Finding “ f ” • If Reynolds Number (Re) is less than 2000 f = 64/Re • If Reynolds number is greater than 3000. extension of Moody Diagram curves is most conservative solution .

Roughness of Pipe • Measured by the variable “ε” in units of length (inches or feet) • Divided by diameter of pipe to become dimensionless • No standardization of how to treat pipes like we have for “C” factor in H-W .

5.004 inches ▫ C of 150 = ε of 0.4.015 inches ▫ C of 120 = ε of 0.22.000084 inches ▫ New steel pipe averages 0.4.0018 inches ▫ These values are in A.00015 ft ▫ C of 120 = ε of 0.0018 inches .Roughness of Pipes • According to Isman ▫ C of 100 = ε of 0.1 in NFPA 13 • According to Viking ▫ C of 120 = ε of 0.

015 0.013 0.016 0.006 0.009 0.014 0.005 0.002 0.008 0.012 0.011 0.01 0.004 0.007 0.001 0 Isman Viking 80 100 120 140 160 Hazen-Williams C Factor .003 0.Roughness of Pipe Darcy Weisbach E Factor 0.

8 .94 KW 1 γA = 7. ft.) K A = 7.43 lbs/cu.5(b) of NFPA 13 and know that 1g/ml = 62.8 lbs/cubic ft (see Figure 7.2 ) 1 = 10.Adjusting K-Factors for Cold Antifreeze • Sprinkler has a K-factor of 11.9 66.2.94(11.6.2 with water • Being used in a large antifreeze system with 50% Propylene Glycol by weight • Density is 66.

Antifreeze Example 4 3 TR1 BR1 2 8 13 BR2 1 7 12 BR3 40 ft of 1¼ inch schedule 40 5 6 11 12’ 10’ 50 ft of 4 inch schedule 40 10 2 ft of 2 inch schedule 40 9 .

Antifreeze Example • Complete calculation using same technique • Final Demand using Darcy-Weisbach ▫ Flow = 405 gpm ▫ Pressure = 41 psi • Final Demand using Hazen-Williams ▫ Flow = 350 gpm ▫ Pressure = 19 psi ▫ H-W incorrectly predicted pressure by more than 100% and flow by about 20% .

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