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Describe the important disciplines of Islamic learning that emerged through the study of the Quran and Hadith(for

example tafsir,hadis,grammer,Ill-ai-Rijal etc)


A Muslims in this age of great chaos and differences should know what are Islamic sciences before they accept teachings about Islam, because knowing about such will help them digest and understand Islamic understanding and the scholars approach towards Islamic interpretation. Islamic sciences are all those fields of religious knowledge which stands on its own distinctive from other fields in its domain i.e. Islam, exposing Islam's dealing with issues of necessary requirements, and Islam's position regarding such fields with in the religion of Islam. The main branches of Islamic sciences are: 1)Ilm Al-Kalam (lit. knowledge of the book) 2)Uloom Al-Tafseer (lit. knowledge of tafseer) 3)Usool Al-hadeeth (lit. Principles of hadeeth) 4)Usool Al-Fiqh (lit. principles of Islamic jurisprudence) 5)Arabic language(Lugha) 6)Ilm Al-Fiqh (lit. knowledge of law or Islamic law)
7) Mantiq1 8) 'Ulum-al-Quran 9) 'Ilm-al-Hadith 10) 'Ilm-ar-Rijal 11)Tarikh 12) Lugha 13) Falsafa 14) 'Irfan (Islamic Mysticism) (Language (Islamic (The (Qur'an Study of of (Science (Logic) Sciences) Traditions) Narrators) (History) Studies) Philosophy)

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Ilm-Kalam:

It is known as also Ilm Al-tawhid or science of the creed. Its technical definitions are many but all has a similarity to each other.. Ilm al-kalam is the discipline which brings to the service of religious beliefs ('aqa'id) discursive arguments; which thus provides a place for reflexion and meditation, and hence for reason, in the elucidation and defence of the content of the faith. It takes its stand firstly against 'doubters and deniers' .'kalam is the science which is concerned with firmly establishing religious beliefs by adducing proofs and with banishing doubts')
Aqaid (theology) is also called 'Ilm al-Kalam or Usul al-Din. It is also a crucial subject for one who is interested in comparative religious studies for it goes beyond discussing the five principles in themselves and discusses issues related to them. For example: anthropomorphism (as related to Tawhid), Predestination and Freewill (as related to Adalah), Infallibility (as related to Nubuwwah and Imamah), and Intercession (as related to Qiyamah). Aqaid also discusses religion in general and topics such as the Need for Religion, Pluralism, etc.

A scholar of kalam is referred to as a mutakallim (Muslim theologian; plural mutakallimiin). There are bad and good side of Ilm Al-Kalam. The scholars of Ahl Sunnah wa jamah used this as a defensive means to defend the faith.

Example of Ilm Al-Kalam in defining the creed: Allah Supreme says in holy Quran that Allah is on the throne. It evidently means Allah in person is sitting on the throne, thereby likening Allah to the property of the bodies. Thus scholars of Ilm Al-Kalam stated it cannot be in the literal sense for if the throne were to carry Allah then it would mean Allah is limited. Because they based this on the rational that if Allah were to be in a place it would mean place surrounds Allah, and if He were on a place it would mean place carries Allah, thus Allah is free from places and thus directions, and the scholars of Ilm Al-Kalam defined place as '' A space which a body can occupy'', and they also went on defining body and so on. Ilm Al-Kalam thus talks about all that which relates to the creed or Islamic faith. Uloom Al-Tafseer (lit. knowledge of tafseer): It is the science which facilitates the understanding of Holy Quran linguistically, legally and historically, and how verses were revealed, why they were revealed, and which the first was and the last, how many chapters, types of recitation etc. It has some commonality with Usool Al-Fiqh.

Usool Al-hadeeth (lit. Principles of hadeeth): form of investigation established by Muslim traditionists in