Rules for Building and Classing
Steel Floating Dry Docks
Rules for Building and Classing
Steel Floating Dry Docks
American Bureau of Shipping
Incorporated by Act of the Legislature of the S~ate of New York 1862
Copyright © 1977 American Bureau of Shipping 45 Eisenhower Drive P.O. Box 910 Paramus, New Jersey 07653-0910,
Second printing, August 1990
Rules for Building and Classing Steel Floating Dry Docks
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Conditions of Classification Definitions General Arrangement and Indicator Systems Freeboard Stability Longitudinal Strength Transverse Strength Local Strength Welding and Corrosion Control Machinery Installations Testing Surveys after Construction
Appendices A Administration and Technical Committees B Bureau Offices C Publications Index
they will be classed and distinguished in the Record by Al Floating Dry Dock. One piece dry-dock type in which the wing walls and the pontoon are continuous and inseparable along the dock structure. wing wall strength.SECTION
Conditions of Classification
1.1 Dry Docks Built Under Survey Dry docks which have been built under the supervision of the Surveyors to the Bureau to the requirements as contained in these Rules will be classed and distinguished in the Record by the symbols + Al Floating Dry Dock.3 Dry-dock Types These Rules apply to the following dry-dock types. The symbol + signifying survey during construction will be omitted. Notations indicating the dry dock lifting capacities and the operating site also will be shown in the Record.1. will be subject to a special classification survey. and other items as considered necessary. but which are submitted for classification. reinforcement against slamming. Dry docks of less length will be subject to special consideration. 1.2 Application These Rules apply in general to dry docks over 61 m (200 ft) in length. freeboard and stability. 1.
Dry docks which have not been built under the supervision
1. Notations indicating the dry dock lifting capacities and the operating site also win be shown in the Record. Where found satisfactory and thereafter approved by the Classification Committee. When the dry dock is to be operated or towed in other than sheltered waters special consideration is to be given to the longitudinal strength.2
Dry Docks not Built Under Survey
Conditions of Classification
.1 Classification 1.1.
of the Surveyors to the Bureau.
) Submission of Plans Plans showing the scantlings. through either satisfactory service experience or a systematic analysis based on sound engineering principles. insofar as applicable. Continuous pontoons and discontinuous wing walls. or other methods of connection. Plans are generally to be submitted in triplicate. these plans are to include the following where applicable. These plans are to clearly indicate the scantlings. equipment. and scantlings which can be shown. and details of the principal parts of the structure to be built under survey are to be submitted for review or approval before construction is commenced. sectional-pontoon type in which the wing walls run continuously and the bottom is formed of separable or permanently attached sectional pontoons. the dry dock may be classed when approved by the Classification Committee on the basis that these Rules. Sectional type with discontinuous sections of the wing walls and the bottom pontoon in which rotation or vertical movement or both is possible between each discontinuous section. In general. materials. Where the provisions of these Rules are not directly applicable. General arrangement plan Transverse section scantlings at mid-length of dry dock Structural plans of the wing walls and pontoons Structural plans of the decks and bulkheads Tank arrangements showing also maximum service heads and heights of overflows and vent pipes and where used in design. arrangements. Novel Features Dry docks other than those mentioned above will be subject to special consideration. data showing the maximum differential service head Pumping arrangements Machinery and electrical plans
Conditions of Classification
. Alternatives The Committee are at aU times ready to consider alternative arrangements. joint details and welding. have been complied with and that special consideration has been given to the novel features based on the best information available at the time. to meet the overall safety and strength standards of these Rules.Continuous-wing.
its Surveyors. or in any report.
1. be responsible or liable in any respect for any act or omission whether negligent or otherwise of its Surveyors. can act only through Surveyors or others who are believed by it to be skilled and competent. under any circumstances whatever. agents. Officers.9
Responsibility The Bureau. or suspend the class
Conditions of Classification
. Expenses incurred by the Surveyor in connection with these services will be charged in addition to the fees. certificate.
1. The Committee reserve the right to reconsider. It is understood and agreed by all who avail themselves in any way of the services of the Bureau that neither the Bureau nor any of its Committees and employees will.
Fees for Plan Approval Fees. employees.10 Termination of Classification The continuance of the classification of any dry dock is conditional upon the Rule requirements for periodical.7 Fees for Classification Fees will be charged for classification and for testing material at prevailing rates. being a technical society. employees or Committees. or other document issued by the Bureau.Piping systems Fire extinguishing systems Stability calculations and hydrostatic curves Calculations and data for longitudinal strength analysis Block loading data Operating manual Crane load distribution Particulars of indicator systems for tank water level and drafts Particulars of deflection indicating system 1. damage and other surveys being duly carried out. or Committees. an extra fee will be charged. Estimates will be provided on request. nor for any inaccuracy or omission in the Record or any other publication of the Bureau. agents. may be charged for the consideration of new designs of a special character submitted for approval. When the attendance of a Surveyor is required to suit the convenience of the owners or their representatives outside normal working hours. withhold. Fees may also be charged for the consideration of plans in cases where the dry dock to which they relate is not constructed under the Bureau's survey. proportional to the work involved.
until the effective date. However. 3 Interpretation Any disagreement regarding the proper interpretation of these Rules. or for non-payment of fees which are due on account of classification or other surveys of the dry dock.14. an appeal may be made in writing to the Committee.14. the Bureau may bring into force individual changes before that date if necessary or appropriate.
Conditions of Classification
. castings. 4 Effective Date of Rule Change 1. the expense of this special survey is to be paid by the party appealing.1 Six Month Rule Changes to these Rules are to become effective six months from the date on which the Technical Committee approves them. or translation of these Rules from the English language edition. extent of repairs. Attention is to be given to the notch toughness of the material for dry docks that are to operate in low temperature environments.of any dry dock for non-compliance with these Rules. is to be referred to the Bureau for resolution. workmanship. or are to undergo an ocean delivery voyage. plan approval of designs will follow prior practice unless review under the latest Rules is specifically requested by the party signatory to the application for classification. or application of these Rules relating to any dry dock classed or proposed to be classed by this Bureau.2 Implementation of Rule Changes In general. etc" complying with the relevant requirements of the "Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels". Material The material for the structural members of dry docks having operating sites in sheltered waters is to be hull structural steel. in unprotected locations. Should the opinion of the Surveyor be confirmed. 2 Disagreement In case of disagreement between the owners or builders and the Surveyors regarding the material. Steel plate and rolled sections are generally to be of Grade A material. who will order a special survey to be held. for dry dock defects reported by the Surveyor which have not been rectified in accordance with their recommendations. 1.
and designers is directed to the regulations of national or local governments. health.1. builders. or other standards applicable to the dry dock
Conditions of Classification
. or other organizations which may contain safety.15
Other Regulations While these Rules cover the requirements for the classification of new dry docks the attention of owners.
B is the greatest horizontal distance in m (ft) between the outer surfaces of the outer side plating of the wing walls.SECTION
2. is the least breadth in m (ft) between the inner sides of the wing wall surfaces measured at the top of the keel blocks.5
Safety Deck The safety deck is a watertight deck extending over the length of the wing walls and located below the top deck.
Top Deck The top deckIs the deck extending over the length of the wing walls to form the top of the wing walls. or fixed projections thereon. is the distance in m (ft) from the top of the keel blocks to the waterline corresponding to the wing wall freeboard. Blc is the least breadth in m (ft) between inner wing wall surfaces. Loa is the length overall in m (ft) and indicates the ex· treme length over aprons. Bo is the greatest horizontal distance in m (ft) between the outer surfaces of the outer wing walls or fixed projections thereon.4
Clear Draft d.3
Depth D is the molded depth in ill (ft) measured at the centerline from the inner surface of the bottom plating to the inner surface of the top deck plating.1
Length Lm is the molded length in m (ft) between the end bulkheads of the lifting portion of the dry dock in its normal operating mode. measured at any point above the keel blocks.
2. designed to be empty at all times and provided with neither filling lines nor flooding valves.10. used in ballast compartments. Residual Water Residual water is water which cannot be discharged by pumps from ballast compartments.
.1 Rated Lifting Capacity The rated lifting capacity is the ship weight in metric tons (long tons) that the dry dock can lift and support in a satisfactory condition at the rated pontoon freeboard.
Lifting Capacity The lifting capacities given below are to be with all dry dock service tanks full and operating equipment in place.r
Pontoon The pontoon is the structure that extends between and under the wing walls to form the bottom of the dock. or any ballast water required for longitudinal strength purposes.
Ballast Water Ballast water is the water.
II Buoyancy Chamber A buoyancy chamber is a watertight compartment in the wing walls or pontoon.2 Maximum Lifting Capacity The maximum lifting capacity in metric tons (long tons) is the ship weight that the dry dock can lift and support in a satisfactory condition at the minimum pontoon freeboard.10. other than residual water. 2. In determining the dry dock lifting capacities account is to be taken of the residual water defined in 2.9.
draft. Special consideration will also be given to the need for a safety deck in relation to the depth of water in which the dry dock operates. such as the provision of an air cushion. 3. including the scantlings.6. and trim indicators are to be provided to enable the operation of the dry dock to be controlled within the draft and deflection limits.5 is to be fitted. Alternative arrangements to fitting a safety deck. Special consideration will be given to the top deck. Where a watertight safety deck is required. will be given special consideration. the top deck is to be weathertight. weathertight in this case meaning the ability to exclude water other than that due to rainfall in way of necessary access openings.
General Arrangement and Indicator Systems
Indicator Systems Deflection meters or acceptable alternatives.2 Top Deck The dry dock is to be provided with a top deck as defined in 2. where air cushions are proposed in lieu of a safety deck 3.
General Arrangement and Indicator Systems
3. When all tanks below the safety deck are flooded. tank level. the dry dock is to remain afloat at a draft no greater than that corresponding to the wing wall freeboard.1 Safety Deck A watertight safety deck as defined in 2.3 Ventilation and Access
All ballast and service tanks are to have vent or overflow pipes
that generally terminate above the top deck All compartments are to be provided with manholes for access and openings are to be arranged to provide adequate ventilation and access to all parts of the structure.
}.3. The rated freeboard is to be not less than 300 mm (12 iri.2 Wing WaH Freeboard When the dry dock is submerged to its maximum draft.3 Pontoon Freeboard 4.3.1 General The following freeboards are considered suitable for dry docks operating in sheltered waters. the wing waH freeboard is the least distance from the upper surface of the top deck to the waterline and is generally to be not less than 1. 4. The minimum freeboard is to be not less than 75 mm (3 in.). the rated pontoon freeboard is the least distance from the waterline to the upper surface of the pontoon top plating. the freeboards are to be specially considered.1 Rated Pontoon Freeboard When the dry dock is supporting a ship of weight equal to the rated Iifting capacity of the dock.
. 4.28 ft) provided the wing walls are watertight to the top deck 4.0 m (3.2 Minimum Pontoon Freeboard When the dry dock is supporting a ship of weight equal to the maximum lifting capacity of the dry dock the minimum pontoon freeboard is the least distance from the waterline to the upper surface of the pontoon top plating.SECTION
4. Where the operating site is not in sheltered waters.
Longitudinal stability is also to be considered.SECTION
5. This transverse GM may be reduced linearly for rated capacities over 10.
.000 long tons) and above. the foregoing transverse GM values are minimum.2 Transverse Stability In general.1 General Transverse stability calculations for the dry dock in the various operating conditions are to be submitted. is not to be less than 1. consideration of operational environment may require an increase.200 metric tons (10.000 long tons).0 m (3. the transverse GM of the combined ship and dry dock unit. however. data giving a range of ship weights and the associated ship centers of gravity that would result in the dry dock complying with the foregoing stability standards. In general. The operating manual for the dry dock is to include.525 m (5. 5. preferably in the form of curves.200 metric tons (10. The conditions to be considered are to include that of the dry dock loaded.000 metric tons (50.28 ft) for a rated lifting capacity of 51. after all free surface corrections are made for spaces in the dry dock. with the top of the keel blocks breaking water.0 ft) for dry docks with a rated lifting capacity of up to 10.000 long tons) to a minimum of 1. with the top of pontoon at water level and other conditions that may be critical from initial ship touchdown to normal operating conditions.
1 the longitudinal bending stresses are not to exceed 1400 kg/ern" (8. Special consideration will be given to the longitudinal strength where it is intended to tow the dry dock in unprotected waters. Alternatively the design stresses may be in
611 Longitudinal Strength
.2) and the shear stresses are not to exceed 787 kgicm2 (5.9 long tons! in. including particulars of the season and the duration and area of the towing operation. Where governing bending moments and shear forces may occur at less than the maximum lifting capacity such conditions are also to be investigated.0 long tons/in. over a length corresponding to the shortest vessel intended to be lifted and supported at the maximum lifting capacity of the dry dock. in an acceptable form. Longitudinal bending moments and shear forces are to be investigated for the condition in which the weight of the vessel is distributed. Alternatively. consideration will be given to the approval of the dry dock based on allowable operating deflections that have been established from satisfactory service with dry docks of specific size. For approval. Information on the loading conditions is to be contained in the operating manual. including the length of the shortest vessel used to determine the bending moment and shearing forces at the maximum lifting capacity. the proposed maximum allowable values of deflection along the length of the dock and the longitudinal bending moments and shear forces associated with them are to be submitted.1 Loading Conditions
The longitudinal strength is to be determined from the data given for a ship having a weight equal to the maximum lifting capacity of the dry dock."). 6. Information on the shortest vessel that may be docked at the various other lifting capacities is also to be indicated in the operating manual as well as the longitudinal deflections of the dry dock associated with the maximum allowable bending moment for which the dock is approved.2 Permissible Stresses For the loading conditions defined in 6. proportion and scantlings.SECTION
The requirements of Sections 7 and 8 are also to be complied with.
Deflection Indicator Systems The deflection indicator systems as required by 304 are to provide a means by which the operating personnel can promptly see the effects of loading on the longitudinal strength. Where anticipated as operating conditions. Where approval is based upon allowable deflection standards established by satisfactory service experience. Extent of Scantlings The scantlings of members included in the dry dock midlength section modulus are to be maintained over the Oo4Lm mid-length of the dry dock beyond which they may be gradually reduced towards the ends. Information on the deflection indicator system including the limits of allowable deflection is to be included in the operating manual. The allowable deflection limits are to correspond to the governing longitudinal bending condition for which the dock is approved and are to be readily apparent to operating personnel. Where the maximum bending moment is outside the Oo4Lm mid-length of the dry dock special consideration will be given to the longitudinal distribution of material. the associated permissible stresses may vary from those given above.accordance with other recognized standards provided an related requirements of the standard are also complied with.CTION
. the deflection control systems are to be capable of showing the effects on the longitudinal strength of load discontinuities resulting from conditions such as supporting a vessel in two or more parts or the simultaneous support of two or more vessels.
1 Loading Conditions
The transverse strength of the dry dock is to be considered with the dry dock at the minimum pontoon freeboard and the keel blocks loaded to the maximum permissible value per m (ft) of length of dry dock indicated in the building specifications or operating manual. 7."). The maximum keel block load and the side block design loads as indicated in 8. In such cases the keel block load is also not to be less than that corresponding to the shortest heaviest vessel to be supported only by the keel blocks and the transverse strength of the dock is to be considered for both conditions.1 need not be considered to apply simultaneously to a member supporting both unless it is anticipated as an operational loading arrangement.
.1 the compressive or tensile stresses in transverse members are not to exceed 1600 kg/em" (10.SECTION
7.3 long tons/inn. where it is the operating condition.1 lcng tons/in. Alternatively the design stresses may be in accordance with other recognized standards provided all related requirements of the standard are also complied with. Alternatively.2 Permissible Stresses Under the loading conditions in 7.4. The maximum permissible keel block load is to be not less than determined from the data given for the shortest ship intended to be docked at the maximum lifting capacity of the dry dock with the vessel weight supported only by the keel blocks. With the dry dock at the minimum pontoon freeboard. The shear stresses in the transverse members are not to exceed 1000 kg/cm2 (6. The transverse strength of the dry dock is also to be considered with the dry dock at those drafts which give the maximum water pressure differential on the dock structure. the weight corresponding to the shortest vessel to be docked at the maximum lifting capacity may be distributed on both the keel and side blocks. consideration is to be given also to the effect on the transverse strength of the pontoon structure not subject to block loading.
for wing wall and pontoon plating 2 2. t=
8.1 Plating Plating is to be of the thickness obtained from the following equation. the greatest of the following distances in m (ft) from the lower edge of the plate: 1 To a point located at two-thirds of the distance from the top of the tank to the top of the overflow.2. Special consideration is to be given to the required plating thickness where it forms the boundary of an air cushion.30 mm
~y:. the greater of the following distances in m (ft).). Where the head is obtained using the maximum differential head in service. 2 2. for wing wall and pontoon plating 3 2.2 ft) 8 = spacing of stiffeners in mm (in. As an alternative the maximum differential head in service may be used provided hydrostatic data is submitted to show the differential head based on the highest levels to which water will rise on each side of the structure in service. +
0.2 ft) h = for void spaces and cofferdams.1 Buckling The structural panels and members are to be adequately stiffened to prevent buckling.) The thickness is not to be less than 6. in m (ft) from the lower edge of the plate: 1 To a point located two-thirds of the distance from the top of the tank to the top of the overflow 2 To the maximum immersion waterline.5 mm (1f4 in. Local Strength
.5 m (8.09 in.5 m (8.5 m (8. data on operating the dry dock within such design limits are to be included in the operating manual. from the lower edge of the plate: 1 To the maximum immersion waterline. the greatest of the following distances.
h = for ballast tanks.2 Tank and Shell Scantlings
8.2 ft) h = for all other tanks.
2 ft) h = for void spaces.
. the greatest of the following distances in m or ft. data on operating the dry dock within such design limits are to be included in the operating manual. the greatest of the following distances. from the middle of 1: 1 To a point located two-thirds of the distance from the top of the tank to the top of the overflow. Webs.3 Stringers. the distance in m or ft from the middle of 1 to the maximum immersion waterline. Where brackets complying with Table 8. 2 To the maximum immersion waterline. is to be clearly indicated on the submitted plans. and Girders a Strength Requirements Each stringer. is to have section modulus SM not less than obtained from the following equation. Where the head is obtained using the maximum differential head in service. SM = 6.2 ft) for wing wall.5 m (8. As an alternative the maximum differential head in service may be used provided hydrostatic data is submitted to show the differential head based on the highest levels to which water will rise in service on each side of the structure.1 are fitted at bulkheads. for wing wall and pontoon stiffeners but not less than 2.The arrangement of all tanks. in m or ft. pontoon. web. in association with the plating to which it is attached. for wing wall and pontoon stiffeners. 8.2 ft) h = for all other tanks. or girder which supports stiffeners is to have a section modulus SM not less than obtained from the following equation. the span I may be measured to a point 25% of the extent of the bracket beyond the bracket toe. s = spacing of the stiffeners in m (ft) h = for ballast tanks. 2 2. Special consideration is to be given to the scantlings of stiffeners supporting plating which forms the boundary of an air cushion.3
l = the span in m (ft) between effective supporting members.5 m (8.2 Stiffeners Each stiffener.0035hsi2 in.2. 8.75hs12
SM = O.2. decks or shell and intersect the stiffeners at about 45 degrees. showing the maximum heads to which they will be subjected in service and the heights of all overflow and vent pipes. 3 2.5 m (8. and bulkhead stiffeners. from the middle of I: 1 To a point located at two-thirds of the distance from the top of the tank to the top of the overflow.
or girder is equal to the flange area on the girder. web.46 in. web. and girders in m (ft) b Proportions The web depth is not to be less than 0. or girder may be one-half that given above. c Brackets Where brackets are fitted having thicknesses of not less than the stringer.1 Plating a Top Deck The thickness of top deck plating over the
. s = spacing of stringers.75hsl2
SM = O.08331 (1 in. 1 may be modified as indicated in 8. web. web. 8. the length 1 may be measured to a point 150 mm (6 in. or girder is carried to the bulkhead or base. web. outside the line of the stringer.145l (1. per in.2. Brackets are not to be considered effective beyond the point where the arm on the girder or web is 1. Where effective brackets are fitted.2.5 times the length of the arm on the bulkhead or base. or girder web plates.3c. or girder is carried to the bulkhead or base.SM = 6.2) 1 = span in m (ft) between effective supporting members.01 in. web.0035hs[2 in. 1 may be measured to the point of the bracket. web. or girder. Where efficient struts are fitted across tanks connection stringers. In no case is the allowance at either end to exceed one-quarter of the over-all length of the stringer. Where the face area On the bracket is not less than one-half that on the stringer.) onto the bracket. webs. the depth is not to be less than 3 times the depth of the slots for stiffeners and the thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0. which may be curved for the purpose. per ft of span 1) where no struts or ties are fitted. In
general.3. or girder is carried along the face of the bracket. or girders on each side of the tanks and spaced not over four times the depth of the girder. and 0.75 in. the value for I may be modified in accordance with the following. the value for the section modulus SM for each stringer. or girder and the face plate or flange on the stringer.). 1 may be measured to a point where the area of the bracket and its flange.s
h = vertical distance in m (ft) from the center of the area supported to the same heights to which h for the stiffeners is measured (see 8.) but need not exceed 11.12 In.5 mm (0. or girder and the face plate or flange on the stringer. per ft of span l) where struts or ties are fitted or where the member is a deck girder or deck transverse. web. Where the face plate or flange area of the stringer. Where the face area on the bracket is less than one-half that on the stringer.) of depth plus 3 mm (0. webs. web.3 Decks 8.
mid-length of the dry dock.OAL". mid-length and the end O.2." c = 0.
t = required thickness of deck plating in mm (in.0022sh12 in. lengths of the dry dock may be obtained by interpolation between the two above indicated values.2.28 in.2.1 and 8.).0205csl~ in.
t = 0.4L"."
.1 are fitted at bulkhead.lLm from each end of the dry dock it is to be not less than determined from the following equations.1. mid-length of the dry dock is to be as required for longitudinal strength.874 for longitudinals within the OAL".86 mm t = 0.2. The section modulus SM of each top deck longitudinal or transverse beam is to be obtained from the following equation.
8 ::5 760 mm 8 ::5 30 in.lL". or shell supports and intersect the longitudinal or beam at about 45 degrees.00958 + 0. 'SM
4.2 mm t = 0.3.1 but is generally to be not less than 7. (See also 3. b Safety Deck The section modulus SM of each safety deck longitudinal or transverse beam is to be obtained from the following equation.1. 8.00958 + 0. In way of tanks and if greater than the foregoing the requirements of 8.0 mm (0.2 Longitudinals and Beams a Top Deck In general.55 for transverse beams throughout and for longitudinals within O. the span 1 may be measured to a point 25% of the extent of the bracket beyond the bracket toe. s = spacing of longitudinal or transverse beams in m (ft) I = the span in m (ft) between effective supporting members. from the end of the dry dock.) Outside the OALm mid-length the plate thickness may be gradually reduced until for O. mid-length of the dry dock = 0. Where the maximum longitudinal bending moment is outside tbe 0. SM = 12.033 in. The c value for longitudinals between the OAL".27sh12 em"
SM = O.3. t = 0.lL".) b Safety Deck The thickness of the safety deck is to be in accordance with 8.) s = spacing of longitudinals or transverse beams in mm (in.00648 + 3. the top deck is to be framed longitudinally over the 0. see 6. 6.127 in. 6.04csl2 em" SM = 0.00648 + 0. mid-length of the dry dock.4L".2 are to apply. deck. special consideration will be given to the value of c for top deck longitudinals. 8 > 760 mm 8 > 30 in. Special consideration is to be given to the thickness where the deck forms an air cushion boundary. and 8. Where brackets complying with Table 8.
In way of tanks. Alternatively.1 Loading The loading on the keel blocks is to be the maximum permissible value per m (ft) of dry dock length given in the building specifications or operating manual.4 Structure Under the Keel and Side Blocks 8.2 are to apply. in m (ft) l = the span in m (ft) between effective supporting members.2. In such cases the keel and side blocks
.05831 (0. In way of tanks. the span 1 may be measured to a point 25% of the extent of the bracket beyond the bracket toe. the requirements ofR2.7 in. the requirements of 8."
s = spacing of deck transverses or girders in m (ft) h = 1.3 Deck Transverses and Girders The section modulus SM of each top and safety deck member supporting longitudinals or beams is to be obtained from the following equation.4. the height from the top of the safety deck to the underside of the top deck plating. In way of tanks the proportions given in 8.3b are to apply.3c. per ft of span l). Special consideration is to be given to the scantlings where the deck forms an air cushion boundary. and if greater than the foregoing. 8. Where brackets complying with Table 8.52 m (5 ft) for top deck members = for safety deck members.3 are to apply.0025shl2 in. in m (ft) Clear of tanks the depth of deck transverse or girder is to be not less than 0. but is not to be less than that determined from the data given for the shortest ship intended to be docked at the maximum lifting capacity of the dry dock with the vessel weight supported only by the keel blocks. where it is the operating condition.
0. in m (ft) 1 = as defined in 8.3. or shell supports and intersect the longitudinal or beam at about 45 degrees'. and if greater than the foregoing.2.2.3. deck.s = spacing of longitudinals or beams in m (ft) h = the height from the top of the safety deck to the underside of the top deck plating. The span I may be modified for brackets in accordance with 8.2. Special consideration is to be given to the scantlings of deck girders and transverses where the deck forms an air cushion boundary. 8.1 are fitted at bulkhead. the weight corresponding to the shortest vessel to be docked at the maximum lifting capacity may be distributed on both the keel and side blocks.74sh12 em". SM
"). This information is to be indicated on the submitted plans. 8. The block loading on local supporting members is to be as given in 8.2 Structural Arrangement A centerline girder is to provide adequate support for the keel blocks. if required.load is also not to be less than that corresponding to the shortest. provided all the related requirements of the standard are also complied with. 5 Dock Cranes If cranes are fitted.
.4. Certification for the cranes.4.1. heaviest vessel to be supported only by the keel blocks. Alternatively.3 Permissible Local Stresses In association with the local loading given in 8."). the tensile or compressive stress is not to exceed 1600 kg/cm2 (lO. the design stresses may be in accordance with another recognized standard.3 long tons/in. Side girders or transverse members are to be arranged to support the side blocks.4. will be subject to special consideration. The shear stresses are not to exceed 1000 kg/cm2 (6. In the absence of other standards or specifications. 8.1. the resulting loads on the dry-dock structure are to be indicated on the submitted plans. the side block design load is not to be less than one-half that of the keel blocks.llong tons/in. The maximum keel block load and the design side block loads need not be applied simultaneously to a member supporting both unless it is anticipated as an operationalloading condition. The total crane weight including hook load and the arrangement of wheels and rails are to be taken into consideration in determining the crane foundations.4.
0 9.0 7.5 7.5 9.26 0.0 36.0 10.0 33.0 Thickness Plain 0.36 0.5 11.30 0.32 0.5 11.42 0.5 15.28 0.5 6.54 0.0 12.0 10.40 0.52 0.50 0.5 8.0 14.0 14.30 0.0 22.0 U.28 0.0 45.5 12.0 7.5 9.5 7.
Thickness Plain 6.38 0.0
1050 1100 1150 1200
.0 10.38 0.38 0040 0.32 0.05 12.44 0.36 0.30 0.0 28.5 Flanged Width of Flange Depth of Longer Ann 6.S 24.5 10.46 0.0 8.0 7.58 Flanged Width of Flange
Depth of Longer Ann 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525
.5 27.26 0.48 0.36 0.5 30.0 25.42 0.5 13.5 6.5 12.5 10.TABLE
8.0 7.5 8.5 7.46 0.50
17'4 1% 1%
2% 2% 272 2% 2% 2% 3 3% 3% 3% 4
600 650 700 750 800 850 900
9.0 8.26 0.0 16.0 12.5 7.0 39.32 0.550
6.34 0.5 8.44 0.5
30 30 30 35 35 40 40 45 45 45 50 50 55 55 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 90 95 100
0.0 9.05 13.0 13.0 11.28 0.34 0.34 0.56 0.1
Thickness and Flanges of Brackets and Knees
The thickness of brackets is to be suitably increased in cases where the depth at throat is less than two-thirds that of the knee.5 18.5 21.0 11.5 10.0 7.5 12.5 9.0 42.0 8.0 10.48 0.0 19.5 8.0 7.0 8.S 11.0 8.
Alternatively.2 Corrosion Control Where special protective coatings are applied to the boundaries and internal framing members. 9. or other effective methods of corrosion control are adopted. reductions in scantlings wi]] be specially considered.SECTION
Welding and Corrosion Control
911 Welding and Corrosion Control
. welding may be in accordance with another recognized standard provided all related requirements of the standard are also complied with.1 Welding Welding is to be in accordance with the "Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels".
the capacity and arrangement of the standby feeder is to be such that the dry
. and lighting. Except as provided herein. pressure vessels. pumps and piping systems are to be in general accordance with the "Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels" as far as applicable. In addition. These sources may comprise: Feeders from shores ide utility power supply Electric generators installed on the dry dock A combination of the above Other arrangements will be subject to special consideration. requirements for boilers. The capacity of the main feeder is to be sufficient for operation of the dewatering pumps at stated capacities plus operation of the fire pump. alarms. Consideration will be given to electrical equipment constructed in accordance with a national or international standard for industrial equipment. It is not intended by these Rules to require a particular arrangement of machinery. electrical equipment. if provided on the dry dock. communication system. auxiliary engines. 10. 10.SECTION
10.2 Electric Power and Lighting 10.1 General These Rules set forth requirements for the construction and installation of equipment and systems for dry docks.2.1 General All dry docks using electricity for power or lighting are to be provided with at least two sources of electric power. operation of valves. and other arrangements which are not less effective will be considered in assuring the proper functioning of the dry dock.2 Shoreside Utility Power Supply Dry docks having electric power supplied from shores ide sources are to be provided with at least one main feeder and one standby feeder from the shipyard or public utility substation.2. with the main feeder out of service.
dock maintains use of the fire pump. valve operation. This emergency power is to operate automatically on failure of normal supply and is to have sufficient capacity to provide emergency lighting. Such installations are to be arranged to prevent paralleling of the electric power generated on board with shoreside power supply. They are to enter the dry dock through watertight heads and up to the distribution center or unit substation they are to run in a steel conduit or are to be protected by cable trays or rigid wire nets. alarms.6 Voltage In general. alarms. lighting.2. if provided on the dry dock. valve operation. In addition. 10. The standby source of power is to be sufficient for the dry dock to maintain use of the fire pump. Feeder cables to the dry dock are to be fully insulated and suitable for flexing service.2. the combined capacity of which is sufficient for operation of the dewatering pumps. will receive special consideration. a self-contained emergency source of power is to be provided. and communication system.7 Unit Substations Where required by the design. and fire pump if provided on the dry dock. alarms. the voltage for the electric power supply to the dry dock is not to exceed 15. the capacity of the remaining generators is to be sufficient so that the dry dock maintains use of the valve operation. lighting.000 volts. In such arrangements.2. 10. Higher voltages will be subject to special consideration. alarms.2. or in which the normal power is supplied by onboard generation with standby power from shoreside. and communication system.2. unit substations are to be of the
. communication system.2. 10. with anyone generator out of service. Feeders to the dry dock are to be separated as far as practicable and are preferably to be run to each wing wall. dry docks may have electric power supplied by generators located on board the dry dock. 10.4 Combined Electric Power Supply Arrangements in which the normal electric power supply is from shoreside substation and standby power is provided by a generator located on the dry dock.3 Electric Generators Installed on the Dry Dock As an alternative to 10. there are to be not less than two generators. and communication for a period of two hours. lighting.5 Emergency Service Where both the main and standby source of power are provided from the shipyard or from a public utility substation.2. 10.
This switch is to be capable of being safely opened under load or dosed into a fault. transformers installed on the dry dock are to be of the dry type.2. in sizes above No.4 AWe (21 mm"). The design temperature rise of insulated windings. When aluminum conductors are proposed. and other installation details will be subject to review and approval. The following instruments are to be provided for each voltage level. In general. special consideration will be given to the use of aluminum conductors. Substations are to be located on the safety deck within the wing wall or as may otherwise be approved and they are to be metal enlosed and drip-proof protected. is not to exceed the values in the following table.number and capacity required for shoreside feeders.11 Cables Cables are to be constructed in accordance with a recognized standard and are to have water resistant insulation. however. based on an ambient temperature of 40C. terminations. Voltmeter Ammeter Ground fault indication Switchgear is to be braced for maximum available fault current. 10.2. and circuit breakers and fuses are to be capable of interrupting maximum fault current at their point of application. 10.
Class of Insulation
Temperature Rise (C) 55 Maximum Hot Spot Temperature Rise (C) 65
80 115 150 110 145 180
Appropriate reductions are to be made in the table values where ambient temperatures are in excess of 40C. 10.8 Transformers In general. 10. Fault current studies are to be submitted for approval and are to include determination of available feeder source current at the service disconnect switch.10 Switchgear Feeder and distribution switchgear for shoreside power supply is to be of the metal enclosed or dead-front type.9 Service Disconnect Switch A fused service disconnect switch or circuit breaker is to be provided for each feeder and is to be located ashore as close as practicable to the dry dock. connections.2.2. The use of liquid filled transformers will be subject to special consideration. Distribution sections are to be of the dead-front type. conductors are to be of copper.
a nonreturn valve is to be provided inboard or outboard of the overboard discharge valve.3 Control and Communications Systems 10. Means are to be provided for determining the water level in each of the ballast compartments and the draft at each of the corners and at midlength of the dry dock.3.1 Control Systems Controls and indicators are to be provided as necessary for the operation of the dry dock. Each overboard discharge line is to have a positive-closing overboard discharge valve located adjacent to the shell of the dry dock and operable from above the safety deck (see 2. Where lighting is installed in the wing walls which is liable to submergence. 1.3. the arrangements and details of the system will be subject to approval. wing walls.12 Lighting Permanent lighting is to be on the top deck. The arrangements for dewatering are to be such that in case of failure to the normal means an alternative means of pumping is available for each ballast tank.4. When it is desired to fit a centralized control system with remote control of the flooding and dewatering systems. The arrangements for flooding are to be such that in the case of
A public address system or other system of communication is
10. In addition. Exterior and interior operating and control areas are to have the lighting arranged so that failure of one branch circuit will not leave these areas in darkness. Flooding and discharge valves are to be provided with valve position indicators. Dewatering pumps are to have motor running indication.5).10.2. the centering station and both wing walls.1 Dewatering and Flooding Systems A fixed dewatering system is to be installed with pumps securely mounted on structural foundations and arranged to permit unrestricted flow to the pump suction. the fixtures are to be watertight and are to be vented above the safety deck.4 Piping Systems
10. A sound powered telephone or other communications system is also to be provided between the control center and each safety deck substation or motor control center to facilitate the operation of the dewatering pumps and the flooding and dewatering valves.2
to be provided between the control center. 1. Systems providing bypasses around pump and nonreturn valves to permit fast flooding will be subject to special consideration. and in interior spaces as necessary for access and operation of the dry dock.
steam. and fittings of ANSI 150 pound standard or equivalent.3 Iiters/sec (100 gpm) for every 30.8 kg/cf1il (125 psi) gauge in the fire main. Where an adequate shoreside supply is not available. Requirements for valves and piping systems are to be in general accordance with the "Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels". natural and manufactured gases are to be permanently connected flexible hoses. Each means is to be capable of providing the above required flow of water at a pressure of not less than 8. a fire pump is to be provided on the dry dock. is to be arranged so that adequate stability is maintained.3 Service Systems When provided. 10. However. Piping for oxygen and acetylene is to be of seamless steel not less than American National Standards Institution (ANSI) schedule 40 or equivalent with all welded joints with brass valves for oxygen and diaphragm type for natural and manufactured gas. There is to be a branch of the fire main on each wing wall with fire hydrants on the top deck located not more than 30.5 m (100 ft) apart.5 m (l00 ft) of length of the dry dock except that this capacity is not to be less than 15.failure to the normal means an alternative means of flooding is available for each ballast tank Cross flooding.4. the use of cast iron valves attached to the dry-dock shell may be considered. Where air pipes are extended below decks to form an air cushion they are to be of substantial thickness and also adequately supported at their lower ends. if provided. Oxygen and acetylene Iines are to have flashback arresters in the main and in all portable branches and are to have excess flow shut-off valves on the supply connection for the hoses. with standard nozzle sizes of
. The fire main is to have a capacity of 6. consideration will be given to the use of pressure less than this where. fresh water. Two separate means of water supply are to be provided for the fire main. oxygen.8 liters/sec (250 gpm) and is not required to be more than 47. Flooding valves are to be located as close as practicable to the shell of the dry dock or inlet sea chest The inlet is to be protected by a bar type strainer.4.3 liters/sec (750 gpm). salt water.404 Fire System A water fire extinguishing system is to be provided for the protection of the dry dock and docked vessels. connections to the dry dock for service systems including compressed air. 10. Pump and valve shafts and extension drives located in the ballast tanks are to be of suitable corrosion resistant materials. 10.2 Venting Arrangements Adequate venting is to be provided. however.
(40 psi) can be maintained at all hydrants of the dry dock and largest docked vessel.625 in.12 mm (0. Where operated in temperatures below OC (32F). a means of draining the fire mains is to be provided.8 kg/em. The interior spaces of the dry dock are to have portable fire extinguishers in general accordance with the "Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels". 16 mm (0.
. The fire main lines are to be located on or preferably just below the top deck.).). a pressure of 2.75 In. Provision is to be made for connecting a docked vessel fire system to the dry dock fire system.) and 20 mm (0.5 in. while one of the means of water supply delivers the required capacity through adjacent hydrants.
The density of water in which the tests are made is to be noted. U. The tests are to be carried out under simultaneous inspection of both sides of the plating. On submission of all necessary detail. consideration may be given to determining the vertical center of gravity of the dry dock by calculation.4 Piping System Piping systems are to be tested to one and one-half times the working pressure.
11. the machinery. Ballast compartments are to be hose tested. piping. B. except those used for ballast.5 General Systems In general. pumps.1 Tank Testing All tanks.2 Immersion Test Tests are to be carried out on completion of the dry dock to determine the dry dock lightweight.11 kg/ern" (30 psi). Alternatively.3 Inclining Test
On completion of construction the dry dock is to be inclined to determine the vertical center of gravity. Where the scantlings of a tank boundary are based on the maximum differential head in service. materials. electrical systems. The water pressure in the hose is not to be less than 2. air testing may be considered as an alternative to the foregoing. and cofferdams are to be separately tested by a head of water to the highest point to which the liquid will rise in service.SECTION
11. care is to be taken to ensure test heads do not exceed the design differential head. and fire-extinguishing systems are to be tested in accordance with the applicable requirements of the "Rules
for Building and Classing Steel Vessels". subject to satisfactory performance witnessed by the Surveyor after installation. The manufacturer's guarantee will be accepted.
. but need not be inspected at the plant of the manufacturer.
1 General Conditions 12. All repairs found necessary by the Surveyor are to be carried out to the Surveyor's satisfaction. the first Special Periodical Survey becomes due six years after the date of build or six years from the date of the Special Survey for Classification. 12. machinery. or equipment.2 Damage Damage to structure.1 Notification Owners or their representatives are to notify the Surveyor on all occasions when a dry dock may be examined for required surveys. The Surveyor is to avail himself of every convenient opportunity for carrying out periodical surveys in conjunction with damage and repair surveys in order to avoid unnecessary duplication of work. Subsequent Special Periodical Surveys are due six years after the crediting date of the previous Special Survey.2. notice is to be given immediately to the owners or their representatives in order that appropriate action may be taken. 12. is to be submitted by the owners or their representatives for examination by the Surveyor.1. The interval between Special Surveys may be reduced
Surveys after Construction
.3 Availability for Survey The Surveyor is to undertake all surveys on classed dry docks at the request of the owners or their representatives and is to report thereon to the Committee. If at any survey a Surveyor should find occasion to recommend repairs or further examination.1.2 Special Periodical Surveys For dry docks built under Classification Survey.SECTION
Surveys after Construction
12.2 Surveys of Structure 12.2. 12. 12.1 Biennial Surveys Biennial surveys are to be made once during each two years of service.1. which affects or may affect classification.
a Pontoon. 12. 12. 12. if any.4 Drydocking Survey Of Equivalent Underwater Inspection This survey is to be carried out at six year intervals. when approved.by the Committee. keel and side blocks and their foundations. placed in good condition and reported upon. wing wall plating above the light waterline.6 Alterations Structural alterations which affect or may affect classification are not to be made to the structure or machinerv of a classed dry dock unless plans of the proposed alterations are submitted and approved by the Committee before the work of alterations is commenced and such work. 12.3 Biennial Surveys At each Biennial Survey the following parts are to be examined. 12.5 Incomplete Surveys When a survey is not completed. and upon approval of the proposed arrangements.2. overboard scuppers. Unless dry docked or careened to the Surveyor's satisfaction. the owner's proposal for survey of that part of the dry dock below the light waterline is to be submitted for consideration.2. Where it is intended to careen the dry dock. is carried out under the supervision of the Surveyor. consideration is to be given to the stability and longitudinal strength of the dry dock.3 Continuous Surveys At the request of the owner. Where applicable. b Vents and overflow pipes. discharges and intakes. such information is to be included in the operating manual. the Surveyor is to report immediately upon the work done in order that owners and the Committee may be advised of the parts still to be surveyed.2. it will be credited as of the end of that period during which the greatest part of the survey has been carried out. This proposal is to include such information on the dry dock as the type of coatings and form of corrosion control. If a Special Survey is not completed at one time. air pipes extending below decks to form air cushions. Consideration may be given to any special circumstances justifying an extension of the interval of survey.2. safety and top decks. a system of Continuous Surveys may be undertaken whereby the Special Survey requirements may be carried out in regular rotation to complete all the requirements of the particular Special Survey within a six-year period. ventilator coamings and closing
Surveys after Construction
a Pontoon and wing wall tanks are to be cleaned. d The means of escape from machinery spaces. Where wood sheathing is deteriorated or badly worn it is to be removed for examination of the plating. If cement or composition is found to be not adhering to the plating it is to be removed for examination of the plating. sounding pipes are to be examined and the thick steel plate fitted below each sounding pipe for the rod to strike upon is to be securely fixed. and extinction are to be examined biennially. where necessary for inspection. etc. c Where the surface of plating is covered with cement. composition. e Where fitted. or wood sheathing the covering is to be examined and sounded. crew spaces. f The thickness of any part of the structure where wastage is evident may be required by the Surveyor to be determined by an approved method. the thicknesses of the structure are to be determined by an approved method to assess the general condiSECTION
Surveys after Construction
. and guardrails and other means of protection that might be provided for access to all spaces. examined internally. and tested to the satisfaction of the Surveyor. Effect is also to be given to the following requirements. At the first Special Survey after the dry dock is 24 years old. ladders. c Companionways. 12. by examination. removing linings. and the Surveyor is to satisfy himself. fuel oil tanks forming part of the main structure need not be examined internally until the dry dock is more than 12 years old. detection. that all means of protection to openings are in good condition and are readily accessible. where fitted. in addition to the requirements a to e. At the discretion of the Surveyor. Air pipes extending below deck to form air cushions are also to be examined. e Deflection control system. and spaces in which crew are normally employed are to be examined. d All parts particularly liable to rapid deterioration.4 Special Periodical Surveys Special Periodical Survey is to include compliance with Biennial Survey requirements. Where necessary the structure is to be renewed by material of approved scantling and specification and the surfaces recoated.appliances required as a condition of classification and their eoamings. The arrangement for fire protection. and at 12 year intervals thereafter. b Spaces above safety deck are to be examined internally.
valves. The intervals of Special Periodical Surveys are to be six years.lion. boilers.4Lm mid-length of the dry dock The actual scantlings of the dry dock are to be ascertained by the Surveyor and reported on in detail to the Committee. Surveys of machinery. is to be made at intervals of two years. pumps. 12. and electrical equipment are to be in accordance with the relevant requirements of Section 45 as far as applicable. etc. Two belts of gaugings are to be made within the O. piping.
1214 Surveys after Construction
.5 Machinery Surveys Surveys of boilers are to be in accordance with the requirements of Section 45 of the "Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels". A general examination of machinery.