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we can be anybody. frighten or engage us.C and have recently emerged as a whole new study in the field of psychology. yet it is a riddle to many. “meaningful biology”. Then there are those highly symbolic dreams that trouble. and we can do anything. prominent scientists argue that we dream for physiological reasons.MYSTERY OF DREAMS A Study through Cognitive Psychology INTRODUCTION Defining Dreams WHAT ARE DREAMS? WHY DO WE DREAM? Dreams have been a subject of mystery dating as far back as 4000 B. Research has showed that people who are deprived from entering the dream phase of sleep exhibit symptoms of irritability and anxiety. Dreams have influenced mighty kings. The idea that dreams are nothing more than "meaningless biology" does not sound logical as everything in this universe has a meaning and purpose. people claim that dreams are essentially mental nonsense devoid of psychological meaning. Most times the dreams make sense to us. Dreams are an endless fascination for humanity. A dream. images. Hobson. perception and way of thinking. etc. The importance and power of dreams is well established. etc. passing through a sleeping person's mind". thoughts. dreams have been studied by famous psychiatrists like Freud. Interpretation of dreams differs among people because of their different situations. according to modern psychology. . is defined as a "sequence of sensations. Researchers agree that there is a purpose and importance to dreaming. In our dreams. On one side. Jung. On the other side. In one dream study. we can go anywhere. This study shows the importance of dreaming and its role in your well-being and health. It’s how we process our outer and inner worlds. Some researchers believe that dreams help you to tackle stress and that dreaming is a necessity and helps to recharge the mind and revitalize the body. volunteers are woken up right before they enter into the dreaming phase. Dreams have been around for as long as the first civilization came to be and have been a normal part of human existence. given insights to world-changing scientists and inspired gifted artists. at very least. In modern society. Dreams are. The curious artists and the scientists throughout time have studied dreams and searched for people who could interpret them.
processes. Research methodology This research report is based upon:. taking the course of psychology. interpretation.Thesis statement: From the ancient era to the modern days. PICTURE DEPICTING HEARTBEATS OF A PERSON DURING LUCID DREAMING . to explain dreams in detail and also describe theories. This research report is an attempt by undergraduate university students. Group discussion with volunteering peers was also put into account.Theoretical study . A poll was also conducted by distributing 20 survey forms. analysis and application in real life.Group discussions .Questionnaires and surveys Theoretical study through books and articles was done. humans have tried to decipher the mystery of dreams.
dreams are a way of communicating and acquainting yourself with the unconscious. Because dreams are in essence thoughts. unlike other parts of the brain. It is believed that memories are encoded in these networks and when one point of the web is excited a pulse travels through the network prompting recall. It is often bizarre and nonsensical. it is a cognitive process. It is a way of quickening the dreamer to his/her own human potential.LITERATURE REVIEW Dream Theorists Sigmund Freud: According to Freud. Dreams give us a look into our unconscious. Crick and Mitchinson: Crick and Mitchinson based their theory on the fact that the cortex. Calvin Hall: Calvin S. By getting a good night’s sleep. stretch their thinking. any person can develop more mature values. and right one's self. is made up of richly interconnected neuronal networks in which each cell has the capacity to excite its neighbors. Too many memories in one network may produce either bizarre associations to a stimulus. rather spiritual. The manifest content is what the dream seems to be saying. Hall believed dreams are the best way to discovering personal thoughts and to explain your behavior. However. or associations triggered without any stimulus. aptly referred to as content analysis. instinctual. If a lot of memories with extreme emotions are sent for encoding the brain needs an output source which is in the form of dreams. he did not see the unconscious as animalistic. which creates hallucinations. The latent content is what the dream is really trying to say. Hall focused his study of dreams on the content. According to Jung. . These networks have a tendency to become overloaded. Edgar Cayce: Cayce theory states that dreams are our body’s means of building up of the mental. the same response whatever the stimulus. spiritual and physical well-being. creating obsessions. dreams always have a manifest and latent content. otherwise known as the unconscious. Carl Jung: Carl Jung also believed in the existence of the unconscious. or sexual. They serve to guide the waking self to achieve wholeness and offer a solution to a problem you are facing in your waking life. which creates our fantasies. Freud’s theory states that dreams carry our hidden desires . Dreams provide a map or route to the inaccessible regions in your mind.
a person is more likely to remember dreams. The majority of dreaming occurs in this stage. but in fact. respiration becomes erratic and brain activity increases.Reference: Articles from “Sigmund Freud’s theory of dream analysis” Internet source http://www. Stage 2: Also characterized by NREM. If you are awakened during this stage of sleep. and heart beats faster. Blood pressure rises. this stage is characterized by a further drop in body temperature and relaxation of the muscles. blood pressure increases. The body's immune system goes to work on repairing the day's damage. In other words. while blood is sent to the muscles to be reconditioned. human bodies are completely immobile and your muscles remain completely relaxed. the human body undergoes noticeable changes. it is quite the contrary. During REM. Stage 4: In this stage of sleep. blood pressure and heart rate fluctuate and increase.html MAIN STUDY The Dreaming Process The Stages of Sleep: The stages in the sleep cycle are organized by the changes in specific brain activity. heart rate speeds up. Referred to as REM sleep or delta sleep. one is completely asleep. eyes move back and forth erratically as if watching something from underneath eyelids. but when in REM. During REM. it will be quicker to get to stage 4 each time the cycle repeats.realmeaningofdreams. These stages repeat themselves throughout the night during sleep. Given this hyperactivity. this stage occurs at about 90-100 minutes after the onset of sleep. less time is spent in stages 1 to 3 and more time dreaming in stage 4. While dreaming. This stage is the most restorative part of sleep. he or she is completely still. The endocrine glands secrete growth hormones. Stage 3: Still in the NREM stage. Metabolic levels are extremely slow. This stage is characterized by Non-rapid eye movements (NREM). As the cycle repeats. It sounds like the body is goes through a lot. Involuntary muscles also become paralyzed or immobilized.com/what-are-dreams-theories. this is an even deeper sleep. A person may shift in bed throughout the night. Adrenaline rises. lowered body temperature and slowed heart rate. it should be no surprise how someone with a weak heart can die in their sleep. The mind is as . In this stage. The body is preparing to enter into deep sleep. muscle relaxation. Stage 1: Entering into light sleep.
falling. allowing fantastical thought processes to run wild. This is a reason why people find it so hard to remember your dreams. Hobson's dream research found that the three most common dream emotions are anxiety. One may experience the realistic sensation of flying. Whether one dreams of intense fear (being chased by a crazed axe murderer) or public humiliation (finding yourself naked on stage).active as it is during waking. Dreams often contain bizarre sensory experiences: In dreams. 1. 5. no matter how strange. chemically it is different. J. Dream content is accepted without question: Dreaming minds fully accept the bizarre and illogical characteristics of dreams due to powerful emotional state. solve problems and remember things. and natural laws are disobeyed". Allan Hobson. they are quite common among dreamers. place and person do not apply. 2. These chemicals allow the brain to carry out task.com) Characteristics of Dreams (Hobson’s Study) A sleep researcher. the human mind has to "let go" of the experience of lying asleep in bed and submit to a full range of sensations produced internally by the dream world. Reference: Brain basic: understanding the sleep (NINDS. However. The resulting dreams are illogical scenarios with disorganized content. REM is controlled by the excitability level of the cholinergic neurons. Dreams often feature intense emotions: It is quite normal to have highly evocative dreams featuring extreme emotions. 3. Dreams are often disorganized and illogical: When dreaming (non-lucidly). 4. Despite these being rare experiences in waking life. According to Hobson. Dreams are often difficult to remember: REM sleep is characterized by low levels of serotonin and high levels of . or even running in slow motion. identified five basic characteristics of dreams. Noradrenalin and serotonin are missing in the brain when in the dream state. fear and surprise. people create strong emotions and perceptions in the dream world that support what we're experiencing. in which the unities of time. Hobson formally identified that dreams contain "illogical content and organization. certain parts of conscious brain are shut off.
. dream research suggests that 95% of regular dreams are forgotten upon waking. or dream world within a dream. all with properties that feel identical to that of wakeful consciousness. only to wake up "again" and realize that what just happened is just a dream. Daydreaming is often disregarded and neglected aspect of dream study because it is often overlooked as fleeting and wandering thoughts. A person in a lucid dream with full control may morph the dreamscape into any virtual reality that person pleases. Nightmares: Nightmares arouse feelings of intense terror or distress. Lucid dreaming: This is consciously perceiving and recognizing that one is in a dream while one is sleeping. In fact. When daydreaming. Even worrying over things can be classified as a form of daydreaming. Bad dreams occur under great mental stress and pressure. That sensation is referred to as false awakening dreams. as one grows older. the person sleeping. Bad dreams are caused by an unstable emotional state. During a bad dream. eating breakfast and going to work. Daydreams are often viewed as light-hearted in nature. which is the creative and feminine side of personality. Bad dreams are common among children and the frequency of their occurrence decreases. a person accesses the right part of brain. Bad dreams are often lengthy and occur in the latter part of night (REM). making dreams difficult to store in short term memory. usually experiences a feeling of having a threat to his life or safety. They are just silly fantasies and wishful thinking.acetylcholine. and having control over the "dreamscape". Reference: Time Magazine. brushing your teeth. False awakening dreams: In false awakening dreams people think they have woken up and gone about daily morning routine: getting up.Article on “REM dreaming” Types of Dreams Daydreams: Day dreaming occurs when we are half awake.
if it has an incomplete end. it will recur. It is a way to improve communication and build trust. as if he or she just dreamt it last night. faraway relative. Recurring dreams tend to occur when you are vulnerable to something. The Ancient Greeks called these dreams "prodromic".Recurring dreams: Recurring dreams are the ones that are said to have incomplete and unsatisfactory endings. Cosmic Dreams or Numinous Dreams) are so compelling and vivid that one cannot ignore them. meaning that two people actively work toward achieving one dream scenario or goal. a significant other. Mutual dreams: Mutual dreams are described as such when two people have the same dream. Progressive dreams: These show different options and various approaches to a problem. Bodies are able to communicate to mind through dreams. The details of such dreams remain with a person for years. A friend. The dreams can "tell” that something is not quite right with your bodies even before any physical symptoms show up. Mutual dreams can also be spontaneous. Mutual dreams may be planned. These dreams possess much beauty and feels like a life-changing experience. They can help inform advice and heal. Such dreams are problem-solving dreams and help to explore one’s abilities. or someone can also have the same dream on the same night as as another person. situation or relationship. and they stop in a state of relaxation. Healing dreams: Healing dreams serve as messages for the dreamer in regards to their health. Many dream experts believe that dreams can help in avoiding potential health problems and healing when you are ill or when you are grieving. Signal dreams: Signal dreams help you how to solve problems or make decisions in your waking life Epic dreams: Epic dreams (also referred to as Great Dreams. Research shows that asthma and migraine sufferers have certain types of dreams before an attack. If you can understand the language of dreams. Even if it is a happy dream. Dreams of this nature may be telling the dreamer that he or she needs to go to the dentist or doctor. your dreams will serve as an invaluable early warning system. . Progressive dreams occur when a person has a sequence of dreams that continue over a period of nights.
a forewarning about something unpleasant. there's a small difference though.com/mental-health/features/the-health-benefits-of-dreams Causes of nightmares Prolonged use of certain medications may lead to bad dreams.webmd. an indication of something evil that is about to happen. While premonition is necessarily used to refer to a feeling of evil to come. a psychological process of perception. Precognitive dreams give future sight. Precognition dreams are often correlated to premonition dreams. Precognitive dreams provide the means to obtain information that is not quite obtainable through one's physical senses. Sleep apnea (abnormal breathing during sleep) and Narcolepsy can cause unpleasant dreams.com/mental-health/features/the-health-benefits-of-dreams . Precognition: Precognitive dreams are dreams that foretell incidents of the future.webmd. When people are stressed from daily life or for anyother reason they tend to have nightmares. pregnant women are found to have bad dreams. Beta-blockers. This is something beyond normal human understanding and this makes precognitive dreams. Precognitive dreams convey information that is not derivable from presently available data. Precognitive dreams are those types of dreams which give knowledge of the future. Sometimes. tranquilizers and antidepressants could be a reason behind bad dreams. Reference: The dream journals by Chandler and Sharp Internet source http://www. which means that an individual acquires future information that cannot be deduced through sensory perception. drugs that are administered for physical factors that contribute to bad dreams include fever as also sleep and breathing disorders. They could also be a side effect of certain medicinal drugs.Premonitory dreams: Premonition is an early warning about an event in the future. precognition implies knowing the future. For example. recent withdrawal from sleeping pills may cause nightmares. Also. Reference: Internet sourcehttp://www. a boding of bad news.
then talk to your friend or relative about it. Step 4: Keep yourself stress free. Then try to figure out the cause by understanding dreams. a memory or something from your unconscious. these symbols can leave you confused and wondering what that dream was all about. objects. Meditation just before you sleep is a great way of relaxing the mind. Step 5: Eliminate the external factors that can cause bad dreams. then you must analyze them. a mood. places. animals. one can learn about deep secrets and hidden feelings.Ways to stop nightmares Step 1: Fix a specific bedtime for yourself and strictly maintain that under all circumstances. and even color and . Never mind even if those thoughts belong to your fantasy world and is slightly weird for real! Step 3: If you get nightmares every night or very often. emotions. Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol. spend the last one hour of the day with some pleasant thoughts. Rather. A symbol can invoke a feeling or an idea and often has a much more profound and deeper meaning that any one word can convey. If you think it is triggered by stress or anxiety. Look closely at the characters. That means you must go to sleep at a certain time every night. Reference: The dream journals by Chandler and Sharp Dream Interpretation Dream interpretation is the process of assigning meaning to dreams. At the same time. Write down every detail about the bad dream that you can remember. even minute elements in a dream is important and must be considered when analyzing your dreams. Each symbol represents a feeling. They may change the medicine. At the same time. Step 2: Stop watching television one hour before your bedtime. Every detail. then talk to your doctor about its possibility. You can reverse count from 100 to zero with your focus on the breathing. sad news on TV can influence your thoughts and stimulate bad dreams. If you suspect that you are getting bad dreams after starting any new medicine. Acquiring the ability to interpret dreams is a powerful tool. A scary movie. you must get up in the morning at a scheduled time. Symbols are the language of dreams. Regular aerobic exercises also help you to control mental stress in a much better manner. In analyzing dreams. This will ease off the tension in your mind.
Even the most trivial symbol can be significant. while others dream of everyday situations. Some people claimed that they mainly dream of their fears coming true. Research shows that dreams are both influenced by environment and state of mind. This basically relates to their fears or some experience that they might have had in past. BOOKS FOR PERSONAL INTEREST If you are interested to learn more about dream psychology then here are some books that might be of interest: . Articles from “Sigmund Freud’s interpretation of dreams” ANALYSIS We conducted a survey and after analyzing the results we found that similar age groups have almost similar dream experiences. Through our survey we learned that women get more disturbing nightmares than males. Many have similar nightmares such as earthquakes or wild animals.numbers that are depicted in your dreams. Survey showed that many people dream of familiar disturbing situations. We arrived to a conclusion that this might be because of the common circumstances these people are in. Upon having discussion with people we learned that people often experience dreams which are opposite to reality and their personality or actions.
where they come from. . A very important point about dreams was said in the Internet article “Dream Central’s Unique Method of Dream Analysis” “Sometimes you’re sleeping mind can arrive at conclusions far better than our normal thinking process.” Thank you all for your undivided attention and hope you all got some new knowledge about your dreams.CONCLUSION Dreams have been thoroughly researched and studied in the field of psychology. It’s easy to see how you overlook them once you know what they are. Dreams are a very important part of life but no one really bothers to give them more then moments thought. and how to interpret them.