BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MESRA, RANCHI

Passive Solar Architecture In Convention Center Design
PRESENTED BYABHIMANYU SETIA (BARC/1027/08)

In passive solar building design, windows, walls, and floors are made to collect, store, and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter and reject solar heat in the summer.

Contents • • • • • • • Project Site and Climate Plans and Elevation Challenges Passive Cooling Measure Retrofitting Bibliography .

Project Building – Convention Center Site – Delhi Capacity – 2300 people Area – 8 acres .

Site .

February ( peak January ) .October ( peak May ) • Winters : November .Climate • The climate of Delhi is a monsooninfluenced humid subtropical with high variation between summer and winter temperatures and precipitation • Delhi has relatively dry winters and has a prolonged spell of very hot weather • Summers : March .

Wind • January May : West and North West • June August : East and South East • September December : West and North West N .

Ground floor plan .

First floor plan .

Elevation .

Challenges Air-conditioning load Heat island effect Natural ventilation Ample Daylight .

Creating a cooler micro-climate • Evaporative cooling due to water body all around the building • Minimum heat-island effect due to extensive landscaping and tree plantation .

controlled in different areas by adjusting the dot pattern on the skin • Also used in Beijing National Aquatics Center .Optimizing Daylight • Making two layer building skin with of ETFE (Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene) applied on steel space frame structure • Ample daylight enters the building .

Optimizing Daylight Dense dot pattern allowing required south light in administration and back stage area Very dense dot pattern reflecting most of the daylight in the auditorium area Very light dot pattern allowing ample north daylight in the banquet.waiting areas . restaurant .

Summer cooling techniques • Heat energy gets trapped in the two skins and is taken out by a fan blowing air out and replacing it with fresh air .

Summer cooling techniques • Heat energy gets trapped in the two skins and is taken out by a fan blowing air out and replacing it with fresh air • Cooling requirement getting considerable reduced .

Building ventilation • Placing wind scoop on west façade • Building getting naturally ventilated with cool and fresh air .

Winter cooling techniques • Building acting as a green house in winters as hot air is not blown out • Resulting in minimized heating load .

Retrofitting Done • Making two layer building skin with of ETFE (Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene) • Placing wind scoop on west façade • Water body all around • Extensive Landscaping .

wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing_National_Aquatics_Center Mega structures on National geographic channel Climate responsive architecture by Arvind krishan. Nick Baker http://en.htm .com/windstats/windstatistic_delhi_indira_gandhi _airport.Bibliography • • • • • http://en.wikipedia.windfinder.org/wiki/Climate_of_Delhi http://www.

THANK YOU .

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