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world’s biggest tea brand – Lipton. Investigators randomly selected Lipton-branded green tea, jasmine tea, Iron Buddha tea and black tea from two supermarkets in Beijing. These four samples were sent to an accredited independent third-party laboratory to test for pesticides. Test results showed that in total 17 different kinds of pesticides were found on all four samples: samples of green tea, jasmine tea and Iron Buddha tea each contained at least nine different kinds of pesticides. Also found on the samples were traces of seven pesticides on Lipton-branded tea sold in China that have not been approved for use by the EU, while several pesticides on all samples exceeded EU’s maximum residue limit (MRL). Furthermore, traces of pesticides that have been banned by China for use on tea plants and have been classified as highly toxic by the World Health Organization (WHO) were found on the green tea, jasmine tea and Iron Buddha tea samples. Pesticides which may affect fertility, harm the unborn baby or cause heritable genetic damage were found in the above mentioned three samples as well. Test Findings 1. Three of the samples contained at least nine pesticides each In total, 17 different kinds of pesticides were detected on the four samples (see Table 1). Of these, the green tea and Iron Buddha tea samples showed traces of 13 different pesticides; the jasmine tea sample had nine kinds of pesticides; while the black tea sample had one kind of pesticide. 2. Three of the samples contained pesticides that are banned for use on tea plants and are highly toxic This investigation discovered that Lipton-branded green tea, Iron Buddha tea and jasmine
a pesticide banned for use on tea plants (MoA Notice 199) as far back as 2002.eu/sanco_pesticides/public/index. were found on the Iron Buddha sample. which is classified as highly toxic by the WHO2. harming the unborn baby. Widely Used Pesticideswith Previously Unknown Endocrine Activity Revealed as in Vitro Antiandrogens. while bifenthrin. number6.detail 4 Orton et al. was 1 2 http://ec. vol 119. were found on the green tea sample. a pesticide that has been banned for use on tea plants under “the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) of the People's Republic of China Notice 1586”. 2011. which the EU classifies not only as harmful when swallowed.europa. including chlorfenapyr. but also when it gets in contact with skin 1. A comparison with EU pesticide legislations also reveals that the green tea.” 3 http://ec.cfm?event=activesubstance. WHO classifies methomyl as a highly toxic pesticide. traces of omethoate were also found on the green tea sample. The European Union (EU) classifies carbendazim and benomyl3 as being capable of affecting fertility. jasmine tea and Iron Buddha tea samples contained a total of seven pesticides not approved by the EU. June 2011 .detail World Health Organisation: “The WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification 2009. and causing heritable genetic damage. It is an insecticide and can damage the human nervous system. found on three of the tea samples (green tea. a pesticide banned for use on tea plants by MoA Notice 1586. Environmental Health Perspectives. omethoate and bifenthrin. In addition. Iron Buddaha tea and jasmine tea). 3.tea all showed traces of methomyl.cfm?event=activesubstance. Traces of dicofol.eu/sanco_pesticides/public/index. harm the unborn baby or cause heritable genetic damage Carbendazim and benomyl were found on the green tea. Three of the samples showed pesticides that may affect fertility. Dicofol is an organochlorine pesticide. Traces of endosulfan. Endosulfan (found on the green tea sample) and dicofol (found on the Iron Buddha tea sample) were confirmed by an EU study4 in 2011 as known antiandrogen. Iron Buddha tea and jasmine tea samples.europa.
Lipton is the world’s biggest tea company. Conclusions 1. have shown that heavy use of pesticides is a widespread problem within the tea growing industry in China.suspected of interfering with male hormones and affecting male fertility by the same study. contained serious levels of pesticides. However. Zhang Yiyuan and Tianfu’s Tea. the fact that all of the tea samples showed pesticide indicates that pesticide use in the tea cultivation is very heavy. Large-scale use of pesticides is common in the tea industry Test results from Greenpeace sampling on 10 well-known domestic and international tea brands. These famous tea brands have failed to adequately supervise their product supply chains and in particular. Although a significant proportion of pesticides are removed during the production process. a highly toxic pesticide that is banned for use on tea plants in China. Greenpeace published a report “Pesticides: Hidden Ingredients in Chinese Tea” which found that all of the 18 samples tested from nine famous tea brands. This is seriously at odds with how Lipton has taken great pains to publicize its image as a company that is actively promoting the development of sustainable agriculture 2. this sampling investigation by Greenpeace clearly indicates that there are flaws in how Lipton oversees the use of pesticides by its tea suppliers: pesticide use is not only large-scale but also includes highly toxic chemicals. The world’s Number One Tea Brand has Fallen Short of Expectations Since multinational companies have a global development strategy they should also have . Not only were there a mixture of pesticides found but more than half of the samples showed traces of methomyl. On April 11. they have been turning a blind eye to the industry’s pesticide use and thus exposing their customers to the long-term health threats of pesticides. including names such as Wuyutai. including Lipton. 2012. and it is also a very popular brand in China.
Lipton claims that it only uses insecticides that have received formal state approval for use. However. and it hopes to establish a sustainable business model in the country. Unilever (Holding company of Lipton brand) said that Lipton was its “first foreign enterprise to enter China. protect the health of tea .saying one thing and doing another . Lipton should employ its principles of sustainable agriculture to even higher standards of practice. this investigation detected traces of seven pesticides on Lipton-branded tea sold in China that even have not been approved for use by the EU. Lipton has given tacit permission to its manufacturers and suppliers or been complicit in the heavy use of a large number of different pesticides including highly toxic chemicals. or to improve food safety for its customers and to protect China’s environment. it has a long-term commitment to China.unified global strict product-quality standards and a product traceability and supply chain control system. Many consumers have exactly this opinion and therefore they have higher levels of trust towards multinational companies. but even more so it has betrayed the trust that its customers have placed in the Lipton brand. each of the 4 samples contained at least one pesticide level exceeding EU’s MRL (see annex II).” However. Lipton's inconsistent behavior . As the world’s biggest tea company. and it pledges to only use “the minimum amount of chemicals to achieve the required effect. In its “Corporate Responsibility Report”. set an example to the entire tea industry. even to the extent that it has demonstrated unfair treatment towards its Chinese customers. This indicates that Lipton is ignoring the health and the rights of its huge customer base in China. Greenpeace’s investigation has shown that Lipton is certainly not doing its utmost to protect the health of tea farmers.” On its official Chinese website. Moreover. These tea products from Lipton that do not meet EU’s safety standard however are sold in China and are not likely sold in its home market. Greenpeace Demands The heavy use of pesticides has already greatly undermined the safety of tea products and led to an environmental pollution situation that cannot be ignored.is not only polluting China's valuable tea plantations and threatening the health of its customers.
. and to immediately put in place the following measures to ensure the sustainable development of the tea manufacturing industry and to protect China’s agricultural environment: 1. Ensure a drastic reduction in pesticide use and stop using highly toxic pesticides. Greenpeace strongly urges Lipton to act according to its promises. and prevent the pollution of tea plantations. 2.consumers and tea producers. to have effective “from the tea garden to the teapot” product-tracing and pesticide control systems. Establish a good supply chain traceability system to effectively control the tea production process to ensure the above policy is carried out.
8 4 2012/03/13 Hefei.5 Batch number 2011/12/22H2 01 19 2012/01/06H2 22 19 2011/12/13H2 20 38 2011/10/31H2 22 48 2 2012/03/13 Hefei. Beijing Walmart Chaowai Store. Anhui Date of production y/m/d 2011/12/22 Price RMB 15.9 3 2012/03/13 Hefei. Beijing Place of production Hefei. Beijing Walmart Chaowai Store. Anhui 2012/01/06 29. Beijing Walmart Chaowai Store. Anhui 2011/12/13 41. Anhui 2011/10/31 12.Annex I No 1 Sample Lipton Yellow Label Tea(50g) Lipton Green Tea（200g ） Lipton Jasmine Tea（200g ） Lipton Iron Buddha Tea（50g） Date of purchase 2012/03/13 Location of purchase Seven Eleven Store Jiqingli Jiahui Center.5 .
Annex II Tea No.05 .14 0.01 0.1 Yes Not approve d Not approve d Not approve d Yes Yes 0. of pesticides Pesticides Level（mg/ kg） China MRLi (mg/kg) EU MRLii （mg/kg） Banned in China Status in EU Harm unborn baby Affect (male ) fertilit y May cause heritab le genetic damag e Lipton Yellow Label Tea Lipton Green Tea 1 2phenylpheno l Chlorfenapyr Sum of Endosulfan Bifenthrin 2phenylpheno l Imidacloprid 0.14 0.05 0.1 13 0.08 0.46 20 50 30 5 0.
28 0.03 0.04 0.1 0.04 0.08 10 0.01 0.1 0.Pyridaben Acetamiprid Buprofezin 0.05 0.1 Benom yl not approve d Yes Yes Yes 0.13 0.04 0.05 Not approve d Not approve d Yes .02 0.05 0.09 5 5 0.1 Omethoate Methomyl 0.1 Yes Not approve d Propargite Lipton Jasmine Tea 9 Bifenthrin 2phenylpheno l Imidacloprid 0.04 3 0.05 Carbendazi m (MBC)and benomyl Chlorpyrifos 0.
02 0.Pyridaben Acetamiprid Buprofezin Carbendazi m (MBC)and bennomyl Chlorpyrifos Methomyl 0.04 0.1 0.05 0.1 Yes Yes Yes Yes Lipton Iron Buddha Tea 13 Dicofol 0.03 20 Yes Not approve d Yes Cypermethri n Chlorfenapyr Bifenthrin 2phenylpheno l Tridemorph 0.5 50 5 0.1 0.02 20 0.05 0.03 3 10 0.27 0.05 Not approve Not approve d Not approve d Yes .05 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.01 0.1 0.11 0.1 0.
07 0.1 0.05 0.04 0.15 3 10 10 0.1 0.22 0.1 0.05 Yes Yes Yes Yes .69 0.d Imidacloprid Acetamiprid Buprofezin Carbendazi m (MBC)and bennomyl Chlorpyrifos Methomyl Difenoconaz ole 0.88 0.05 0.05 0.1 0.
According to GB 2763-2005 《Maximum Residue Level of Pesticide in Food》和 GB26130 -2010 《Maximum Residue Level of paraguat and other 54 Pesticides in Food》。 ii See EU Pesticide MRLs. http://ec.eu/sanco_pesticides/public/index.selection i .europa.cfm? event=activesubstance.
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