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NFPA 2

Hydrogen Technologies Code

Prepared by: Paul E. May NFPA Staff Liaison Fire Protection Engineer

NFPA 2
Hydrogen Technologies Code

Modified & Presented by: David McLean, P.Eng. VP Technology Programs & Chief Operating Officer NextEnergy Center

Why NFPA 2?
NFPA has historically treated Hydrogen as just another gas or liquid depending on its use NFPA relied on other codes to govern its use such as NFPA 52 and 55 With increased profile of Hydrogen use need to consolidate Hydrogen code in one document to facilitate design, permitting, installation and operation

How was NFPA 2 Compiled?


Technical Committee formed 2006 Extraction Code from Existing NFPA & Other D Oth Docs Focused on Hydrogen Infrastructure Requirements Comparison & Gap Analysis Jurisdictional Gaps p Develop Consensus

Key NFPA Codes Used to form NFPA 2 Extraction Code


NFPA 52 Vehicular Gaseous Fuel Systems Code (enters revision cycle Jan 2011 and Proposals close May 2011) NFPA 55 C Compressed G d Gases and d Cryogenic Fluid Code (in revision cycle now no and Proposals close No 2010) Nov

Contact: pmay@nfpa.org

What Is NFPA 2?

Purpose:
To provide fundamental safeguards for the generation, installation, storage, piping, use and handling of hydrogen in compressed gas (GH2) form and cryogenic li id f f d i liquid form (LH2) f form.

What is NFPA 2 For?


Applies to Occupancies:
Production Storage Transfer Use
Stationary Portable Vehicular

Exemptions:
Onboard Vehicle Systems Mixtures with H2 less than 95% by Volume Large g engineered systems

Where Is NFPA 2 Now?


Fall 2010 Revision Cycle - 104 Week Process

Fall 2010 Revision Cycle

PrePre-ROP Draft Published ROP Published Dec 2009

Collect Proposals On the Draft

Public Proposals

Enter

ROP

ROC

Fall 2010 Revision Cycle

Public Comment Closing Collect Public Comments on Proposals

Notice of Intent to Make a Motion Oct. 22, 2010 ROC Published Aug 2010

ROC Meeting

Certification

ROC

Tech Prep

Tech Mtg

Fall 2010 Revision Cycle


No NITMAM NFPA 2 Published Q1 or Q2 2011

Issued Code

NFPA2 2011

Fall 2013

NITMAM

Code Finalized

NFPA 2 Published October 2011

Tech Mtg

NFPA2 2011

Fall 2011

General Approach
Fundamental/Hazardous Material-Based Material Based Chapters 4-9 Use Specific/Occupancy Based Chapters Use-Specific/Occupancy-Based 10-20 C Currently a 150 page d tl 150+ document with 4 t ith chapters still under construction

Template Approach
Use-Specific Chapter Structure Use Specific
Scope General Use
General Indoor Use Outdoor Use

Administrative Provisions Fundamental Requirements Use Specific Requirements

Storage g
General Indoor Storage Outdoor Storage

NFPA Foundation Chapters


1 Administration
Scope Purpose Application Exemptions p

2 Referenced Publications 3 Definitions

Fundamentals/HazMat Chapters
4 General Fire Safety Requirements 5 PerformanceBased Option 6 General Hydrogen Requirements 7 Gaseous Hydrogen 8 Liquefied Hydrogen 9 Explosion Protection

Use-Specific/Occupancy Chapters

10 GH2 Vehicle Fueling Facilities 11 LH2 Fueling Facilities 12 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Power Systems 13 Hydrogen Generation Systems 14 Combustion Applications 15 Special Atmosphere Applications 16 Laboratory Operations 17 Parking Garages 18 Road Tunnels 19 Repair Garage 20 Fuel Blends

Annex Material
Annex A Explanatory Material Annex B Administration Annex C Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 2 Annex D Physical Properties of Hydrogen p Annex E Determination of Separation Distances for Bulk GH2 Systems Annex F Example of Class C Furnace Operational and Maintenance Checklist Annex G Supplementary Information on Explosion Hazards and Protection in Laboratories Annex H Safety Tips for Compressed Gas Users Annex I OSHA Requirements for Hydrogen Systems Annex J Design Standard References Annex K Informational References

Continued Development Efforts


Bulk GH2 system separation distances LH2 system separation distances Explosion E l i prevention ti Tunnels Blends Forklifts

Chapter 5
Performance-Based Option
5.1 General 5.2 Performance Criteria 5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements 5.4 Design Scenarios 5 5 E l ti of 5.5 Evaluation f Proposed Designs 5 6 Safety Factors 5.6 5.7 Documentation Requirements

Chapter 9
Explosion Protection Reserved

Submit a Comment
Thank You. You

Contact: pmay@nfpa.org

Chapter 4
General Fire Safety Requirements
4.1 Applicability 4.2 Goals d Objectives 4 2 G l and Obj ti 4.3 Assumptions 4.4 Compliance Options 4.5 Permits 4.6 Emergency Plan 4.7 Facility Closure 4.8 Out of Service Stationary Bulk Gas Systems 4.9 4 9 Management Plan and Hazardous Materials Documentation 4.10 Release of GH2 or LH2 4.11 Personnel Training 4.12 Fire Department Training 4.13 Ignition Source Controls 4.14 Signs 4.15 Protection From Vehicular Damage

Chapter 5
Performance-Based Option
5.1 General 5.2 Performance Criteria 5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements 5.4 Design Scenarios 5 5 E l ti of 5.5 Evaluation f Proposed Designs 5 6 Safety Factors 5.6 5.7 Documentation Requirements

Chapter 6
General Hydrogen Requirements
6.1 General 6.2 6 2 Design and Construction 6.3 Control Areas 6.4 Occupancy Classification 6.5 Gas Rooms 6.6 Weather Protection 6.7 Electrical Equipment 6.8 Employee Alarm System 6.9 Explosion Control 6.10 Fire Protection Systems 6.11 Fire Alarm Systems 6.12 Gas Detection Systems 6.13 Lighting 6.14 Spill Control, Drainage, and Secondary Containment 6.15 Shelving 6.16 Vent Pipe Termination 6.17 Ventilation 6.18 Gas Cabinets 6.19 Exhausted Enclosures 6.20 Source Valve

Chapter 7
Gaseous Hydrogen 7.1 7 1 General 7.2 Non-Bulk GH2 7 3 Bulk GH2 7.3 B lk

Chapter 8
Liquefied Hydrogen

8 1 General 8.1 8.2 Non-Bulk LH2 8.3 Bulk LH2 Systems

Chapter 9
Explosion Protection Reserved

Chapter 10
GH2 Vehicle Fueling Facilities 10.1 Scope 10.2 General 10.3 Use 10.4 Storage

Chapter 11
LH2 Fueling Facilities 11.1 Scope 11.2 General 11 2 G l 11.3 Dispensing 11.4 Storage

Chapter 12
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Power Systems

12.1 Scope p 12.2 General 12 3 Specific 12.3 Requirements 12 4 St 12.4 Storage

Chapter 13
Hydrogen Generation Systems

13.1 Scope 13.2 General 13.3 13 3 Use 13.4 Storage

Chapter 14
Combustion Applications

14.1 Scope 14.2 General 14.3 14 3 Use 14.4 Storage

Chapter 15
Special Atmosphere Applications

15.1 15 1 Scope 15.2 General 15.3 Use 15 3 U 15.4 Storage

Chapter 16
Laboratory Operations

16.X Scope p 16.1 Applicability 16.2 16 2 General 16.3 Use 16.4 Storage

Chapter 17
Parking Garages 17.1 Scope 17.2 17 2 General 17.3 Parking Garages 17.4 Storage

Chapter 18
Road Tunnels

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Chapter 19
Repair Garage 19.1 Scope 19.2 General 19.3 Repair Areas p 19.4 Storage

Chapter 20
Fuel Blends

Under Development

Annex A Explanatory Material

Annex B Administration

Annex C Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 2

Annex D Physical Properties of Hydrogen

Annex E Determination of Separation Distances for B lk Gaseous Hydrogen S t f Bulk G H d Systems

Annex F Example of Class C Furnace Operational and M i t O ti l d Maintenance Ch kli t Checklist

Annex G Supplementary Information on Explosion Hazards and P t ti i L b t i E l i H d d Protection in Laboratories

Annex H Safety Tips for Compressed Gas Users

Annex I OSHA Requirements for Hydrogen Systems

Annex J Design Standard References

Annex K Informational References

Annex L Hydrogen Explosion Control


Identify Potential Explosion Hazards Ventilation V til ti Inerting Hydrogen Eliminating Possible Electrical Ignition Prevention of Rupture Risk Analysis