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Anette Hernandez-Mendez Test Review 1 A&P I 1) Anatomy is considered the oldest medical Science 2) Which of the following study

methods are useful for anatomy and physiology courses? ALL OF THE ABOVE Devote a block of time for study Develop memorization Skills. Do not procrastinate Read the lecture sections before class. 3) Anatomy is to Structure; as physiology is to function. 4) The study of the general form and superficial markings of an organism is called surface anatomy. 5) The study of the superficial and internal features in a specific area of the body is called regional. 6) Cardiovascular function is an example of systemic physiology. 7) Which of the following is arranged in correct order from the most complex to the simplest? Organism, system, organ, tissue, cellular, molecular 8) The Central principle of physiology is homeostasis 9) When body temperature rises, a center in the brain initiates physiological changes decrease the body temperature. This is an example of negative feedback. 10) This type of feedback exaggerates the effects of variations from normal. Positive 11) If a response decreases a disturbance, the control system is classified as a negative feedback. 12) The quadrants of the abdominopelvic region dont include Pelvic quadrant 13) A person who is standing facing forward with hands at the sides and palms facing forward is in the anatomical position. 14) An anatomical term that means the same as ventral: anterior 15) The smallest stable units of matter are atoms.

16) The atomic number of an atom is determined by the number of protons it has. 17) The atomic weight of an atom reflects the average number of protons +neutrons +electrons. 18) The nucleus of an atom consists of protons + neutrons. 19) Radioisotopes have unstable nuclei. 20) By weight, which element is the most plentiful in the human body? Oxygen 21) Helium (He) has an atomic number of 2. It is chemically stable because it has a full outer electron shell. 22) Which element commonly has only a proton as its nucleus? Hydrogen 23) The molecule NO is known as nitric oxide 24) The molecule CO2 is known as carbon dioxide. 25) Which of the following statements about hydrogen bonds is false? Hydrogen bonds are strong attractive forces between hydrogen atoms and negatively charged atoms. 26) The dust particle floating on a water surface illustrates surface tension. 27) Its not true that enzymes are consumed during the reaction. 28) The smallest living unit within the human body is the cell. 29) The plasma membrane is composed of a bilayer of phospholipids. 30) Membrane proteins perform which of the following functions? ALL OF THE ABOVE Receptors Recognition Enzymes Anchoring 31) The watery component of the cytoplasm is called a colloidal gel. 32) Many proteins in the cytosol are enzymes that accelerate metabolic reactions.

33) Compared to the extracellular fluid, cytosol contains a higher concentration of potassium ions, 34) Most of the ATP required to power cellular operations is produced in the mitochondria. 35) Synthesis of lipids and glycogen takes place at the smooth ER. 36) Organelles that break down fatty acids and hydrogen peroxide are peroxisomes. 37) Which form of endoplasmic reticulum modifies and packages newly synthesized proteins? Rough endoplasmic reticulum

38) The endoplasmic reticulum is responsible for ALL OF THE ABOVE Lipid synthesis. Drug and toxin neutralization Shipping molecules to the Golgi apparatus Modification of new proteins 39) Match the organelle (1-4) with the correct description (5-8) 1. mitochondrion 2. centriole 3. endoplasmic reticulum 4. cytosol 5. Intracellular transport 6. Liquid in cell 7. Manufactures cell energy 8. Separates chromosomes during mitosis 1&7, 2&8, 3&5, 4&6 40) Peroxisomes ALL OF THE ABOVE Absorb and break down fatty acids, generating hydrogen peroxide in the process. Are produced from other peroxisomes. Contain enzymes that break down hydrogen peroxide. Are more abundant in cells with higher metabolic rates. 41) Chromosomes consist of DNA and proteins. 42) Most of a cells DNA is located in its nucleus.

43) Osseous tissue is not one of the four main tissue categories? 44) The junction type that lets neighboring cells exchange small molecules is the gap junction. 45) Epithelial cells exhibit modifications that adapt them for secretion. 46) Which tissue lines the small intestine and the stomach? Simple columnar epithelium 47) Epithelia specialized for providing sensations of smell, taste, sight, equilibrium, and hearing are known as neuroepithelia. 48) Transitional epithelium is found lining the urinary bladder. 49) The heart and blood vessels are lined by simple squamous epithelium. 50) Cells that are flat and thin are classified as squamous. 51) Glands that secrete hormones into the interstitial fluid are endocrine glands. 52) Secretions through a duct might provide enzymes, whereas ductless secretions act as hormones. 53) Watery perspiration is an example of a merocrine secretion. 54) The pancreas produces exocrine and endocrine secretions. 55) Which of the following tissues are classified as connective tissue proper? 1. 2. 3. 4. Areolar connective tissue Adipose tissue Fibrocartilage Dense irregular connective tissue 1, 2 and 4