0 HHSE Risk Management
D 9.1 HSSE RISK MANAGEMENT D 9.1.1 Terms and definition 1) Environment: Surroundings in which an organization operate, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans and their interrelation. 2) Environmental Aspect: Element of an organization activities or products or services that can interact with the environment. 3) Direct / Indirect Environmental Aspect: Direct aspect is one over which the Company has control, whereas indirect aspect is one over which it can influence but cannot control. 4) Environmental Impact: Any change to the environment whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organization’s environmental aspects. 5) Significant Environmental Aspect: A significant environmental aspect has or can have a significant Environmental impact. (Risk level Very High as per Table A) 6) OH & S Hazard: source, situation, or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health or a combination of these 7) OH & S Risk: combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure(s) and the severity of injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure(s) 8) Risk Assessment: Process of evaluating the risk(s) arising from hazard(s), taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable. 9) Generic’ Risk Assessment: Generic Risk Assessment is the RA which is carried out by the Company and is not specific to any vessel. Generic RA records shall be maintained in the ‘Generic RA Register’ in the Company’s office. 10) Ship Specific Risk Assessment: Ship specific Risk Assessment is the RA which is carried out by the Ship’s Staff on board the Vessel. Ship Specific RA records shall be maintained in the ‘Ship Specific RA Register’ on board the vessel. 11) Interested Party: Person or group, inside or outside the workplace concerned with or affected by the OH&S performance of an organization/entity. 12) Acceptable Risk: Level of human and/or material injury or loss resulting from an activity/process with a level of Risk not exceeding ‘Medium’ 13) ALARP (As low as reasonably practicable) ALARP level of risk, is a Risk that has been reduced to a level as low as reasonably practicable and can be tolerated by the organization having regard to its legal obligations and its policies. 14) "Risk control": is the process of implementing measures to reduce the risk associated with a hazard. Whilst endeavoring to implement ‘control measures’ the control process must follow the ‘Risk control hierarchy’. (Control measures should not be such which generate new hazards) 15) ‘Significant Risks" Risks which affect Legal Compliance and/or those which have a residual risk of ‘VERY HIGH’ shall be termed as significant. The aspects and hazards associated with these risks shall also be termed as ‘significant’. D 9.1.2 Scope of risk assessment 1) This procedure of ‘Risk Assessment’ applies to all foreseeable significant ‘hazards’ and ‘risks’ for activities on board & ashore affecting Safety, Health, Hygiene, Environment, Quality and/or Assets. 2) It addresses the ‘Environmental ASPECT’ as a HAZARD and an ‘Environmental IMPACT’ as CONSEQUENCES 3) Similarly it also addresses the ‘OH&S Hazard’ as a HAZARD and ‘OH&S consequences’ as CONSEQUENCES.
Version No: 1.0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd. Page 1 of 10


Non-routine tasks & New tasks  Office activities 4) The significant Environmental aspects/impacts and OHS hazards/consequences are dealt as per these procedures 5) Hazards shall also be identified which could arise from aborting the task or activity due to any unplanned or un-expected reasons or situations. Version No: 1.  The type of area where the work is to be performed.  Human factors.  Changes to IMS procedures. machinery.  Deck Maintenance  Bridge Navigation  Tanker: Cargo.  Activities of all persons (visitors. 2) This integrated assessment of environmental aspects and OHS hazards shall be done with the assumption that existing controls (such as procedures and certain regular marine shipboard practices. visitors. Ballast & Tank Operations  Cargo.0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd. Exercises.  Compliance with legal obligations/ requirements.3 Identifying aspect/hazard and impact/consequences 1) Risk Assessment process is the integrated approach for the identification of environmental ‘aspects & impacts’ and occupational health & safety ‘hazards & consequences’.1. anchorage. and workshop personnel. equipment and/or people and the resultant impact. The Master & Chief engineer shall ensure that ‘adequate controls’ are documented in the Risk Assessment as contingency measures.SHIPBOARD MANUAL-D Sec: 9.  Hazards which could originate out-side the place of work. 3) Risk assessment process shall be implemented for tasks and jobs with foreseeable hazards/risks for all office & shipboard activity heads over which it has a ‘control’ and also those over which it can ‘influence’.  The direct and the indirect environmental aspects/ OHS hazards. (Temporary or Permanent)  Environmental aspects and OHS Hazards due to suppliers. behaviours and individual capabilities. Ballast & Tank Operations  LPG/C: Cargo. building etc)  Possible environmental impacts & OHS consequences due to equipment/machinery provided by others. the machinery & equipment installed in the ‘area of work’ and limitations of human capabilities.0 HHSE Risk Management 4) Risk Assessments are reviewed by the Management Team regularly and at intervals not exceeding 1 year. D 9. Page 2 of 10 D . Derricks & Crane operations  Mooring Operations  Miscellaneous operations  Galley & Cooking  Drills. office staff) including their presence. supplier. which may or may not be documented) are in place and shall take in to account:  Routine & Non-routine activities and tasks.  New projects and/or planned development activities. such as:  ER Machinery activities. (Berth.

Version No: 1.  Experience of the crew/officers on board the vessel  Prevailing & expected weather conditions 3) The Ship specific RA’s shall be numbered with a prefix ‘S’ (Eg: SA1 for ER Operation.4 Use of generic risk assessments 1) The Generic Risk Assessments have been carried out assuming moderate weather conditions (Wind force 6.  Vessel peculiarities & characteristics.SHIPBOARD MANUAL-D Sec: 9. Maintenance. Page 3 of 10 D . The ship’s staff shall prepare Ship Specific Risk Assessments which shall be:  Based on the Vessel type.0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd. trading area.1. Sea state slight and Swell height 1 to 2 Meters) 2) The Generic Risk Assessment shall only be referred to for ‘GUIDANCE’. Bunkering Operations) 4) The Ship specific RA shall be retained in the Ship specific section of the RA register. 6) Ship Specific Risk Assessment shall be forwarded to the office for review. 5) The Master / Chief Engineer shall review the Generic Risk Assessment for the task and carry out a Ship Specific Risk Assessment should they identify hazards in addition to those identified in the Generic Risk Assessment.0 HHSE Risk Management D 9.

Step 1 Step 2 Hazard Identification List down Possible Consequences Step 3 See Table For Likelihood Assess Level of Risk (Identify significant aspects/hazards) Table R Step 4 See Table for Severity Is the Risk ALARP? Step 6 YES NO (Stop Work & Reduce Risk Level) Step 7 Update RA register.1. (Refer Sec.SHIPBOARD MANUAL-D Sec: 9.4) END Forward copy of ship specific RA to office for communication to the fleet Version No: 1. Carry out the Activity / Task.5 Risk assessment flow chart Start Is Risk Level of the activity HIGH or VERY HIGH? Identify additional Ship Specific Hazards Yes Is there a Generic RA No Step 5 Managing Significant Env. C2.5. Aspects & OHS hazards & Implementing Risk Reduction & control measures.0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd.0 HHSE Risk Management D 9. Page 4 of 10 D .

Page 5 of 10 D . such as weather. (Realistic would mean the most possible and not necessarily the ‘worst case’ scenario) o Hazards / consequences identified for a particular task need not be the same each time and could vary with the working conditions.  If the Risk Level as per Table R. Then carryout a ‘ship specific’ Risk Assessment. only to identify & assess whether there are any new hazards & associated risks. Step 2: Possible Consequences o Having completed the ‘aspect/ hazard identification’ the next step will be to asses the most realistic impact/consequences for the hazard(s) identified.0 HHSE Risk Management D 9. It must begin with a visual survey of the area & assessment of the task to enable develop a list of potential hazards (Hazard identification) in categories such as. Step 3: Assess Level of Risk  The level of risk needs to be assessed to be able to decide whether o The activity / task can be performed with the existing ‘controls’ in place or o Whether there is a need to implement additional control measures.SHIPBOARD MANUAL-D Sec: 9. the Ship Staff shall use it only as a guide and take into consideration the hazards identified in the ‘generic’ RA.  The two factors which determine the Risk level are: o Likelihood that the “Hazard’ will occur and o Severity of the Consequences  For assessing the Risk Level it is recommended that a more realistic approach is adopted. working with shore personnel. o Where a Generic Risk Assessment is available for the activity.0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd. adopting a different method for carrying out the task etc. staff competency levels. This Identification of hazards is a continuous & on-going process.1 Flow-Chart Explanation Responsibility: Risk Assessment on-board the vessel shall be carried out by: Master. is ‘Very High’ or ‘High’ the work should not be carried out till the risk level is reduced to ALARP by implementing additional Risk Reduction & Control Measures as described in Sec D 9. Chief Officer/Second Engineer depending on the work area. Chief Engineer. 1) Step 1: Hazard Identification (HAZID) o The Hazard Identification & RA process consists of 6 steps as described in flow-chart below.  Impact  Penetration  Compression  Chemical  Heat / Cold  Harmful dust  Light (optical) radiation and  Biologic  o HAZID is the process of identifying possible hazards whilst carrying out an activity. Determine the Likelihood and Severity levels and obtain the Risk level using Table ‘R’.5.5.1. 2) 3) Version No: 1.

Step 6: Reviewing & updating Risk Assessment Register & Records Step 7: Reviewing & updating Risk Assessment Register & Records 5) 6) 7) D 9.  Generation of oily sludge & waste. Page 6 of 10 D . Hygiene. Step 5: Refer D 9.  Crew infected by communicable disease  Exposure to hazardous wastes  Generation of Vibration & Noise 3) Environmental  Over-flow of oil from air pipe  Spillage of Lub oil on deck oil transfer operations  Waste / Garbage generation in excess of storage capacity.1.  Exposure of skin & body to chemicals & acids. Version No: 1.SHIPBOARD MANUAL-D Sec: 9.  Exposure to excessive noise levels.  Oxygen deficiency  Inadequate period of rest.0 HHSE Risk Management 4) Step 4: Is the Risk ALARP (As low as reasonably practicable) Whilst implementing Risk reduction measures.4 Managing Significant Environmental aspects & OHS hazards and implementing Risk Reduction measures.  Presence of H2S and other toxic gases. After determining the Risk Level.  Generation of SO2 beyond the acceptable limits.  Failure of OWS sensor & alarm mechanism.  Safety devices & cutouts not functioning  Exposure to hot pipes in the machinery spaces  Failure of fridge / dep freeze alarm  Use of untested wire ropes & slings 2) Health.  Poor insulation leading to electric shock  Sub-standard wiring  Exposure to excessive heat / sun radiation.0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd. it is essential to reduce the Risk level to LOW or MEDIUM which is defined as ALARP. the ship’s staff must refer to Table A for guidance on the action to be taken. Biological.  Fatigue  Mental stress  Psychological reasons  Dirty / infected cookware and cooking boards.6 List of possible Hazards (Only for guidance) 1) SAFETY  Not following procedures  Cutting corners and short-cuts  Incapable staff  Malfunctioning of safety belt/harness  Oily deck/surface  Rolling & Pitching  Tools slipping & falling from a height  Improper use of PPE  Un-guarded moving machinery  Faulty Gas detector  Improper ventilation of tanks or enclosed spaces.

 Land pollution  Resource depletion  Resource wastage  Pollution of water from garbage / sewage etc. Page 7 of 10 D .0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd.  Damage to ship’s structure.7 List of possible Consequences (Only for guidance)  Human Injury  Injury resulting in death.  Pollution of water from NLS. Quality.  Air pollution.  Damage to shore structure.  Damage to Company’s reputation  Customer satisfaction or Loss of business Version No: 1. Business & Reputation  Non compliance of charter party requirements  Loss in Customer satisfaction level Assets  Navigating in piracy prone region 5) D 9.0 HHSE Risk Management 4)  Generation of wastes from cleaning compounds used for dish washing  Generation of dirty carbon waste.SHIPBOARD MANUAL-D Sec: 9.1.  Respiratory type illness  Stomach illness (Food poisoning)  Sea water pollution.

burns. normal limits. vessel. -No significant harm to -Possible harm to marine mar species. radiation. -Land/ air/ water -Land/ air/ water -Land/ air/ water pollution contained pollution spread around pollution spread to within vessel. No could occur due to a virtual ill impact on failure) above normal or health acceptable limits. -Resource wastage or -Resource wastage or beyond vessel’s location. radiation (could occur due to failure) well above normal or acceptable limits. gases. radiation as in gases. dissatisfaction/loss could Reasonably justifiable. -Harm to marine species Customer dissatisfaction/loss could lead to a loss of charter Version No: 1. Likely health impact/disability/ death -Land/ air/ water pollution which could spread beyond vessel’s location to adjoining areas. medical assistance. TYPE VERY HIGH Injury resulting in disability or unfit for sea / fatality Exposure to chems. cuts) voyage Exposure to chems. (which normal routine activity acceptable limits.SHIPBOARD MANUAL-D Sec: 9. Exposure to chemicals.0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd.2 Risk assessing tables SEVERITY OF CONSEQENCES LOW MEDIUM HIGH Injury requiring First aid Injury requiring shore Injury resulting in on board. lead to off-hire of one day or more. Page 8 of 10 D .0 HHSE Risk Management D 9. Could have long term health impact. Unfit for (fracture. radiation within gases. species. gases. species Customer dissatisfaction Customer dissatisfaction Customer resulting in no loss resulting in loss. surrounding berth. hospitalization. -Resource wastage or resource depletion -Waste well above normal limits. resource depletion resource depletion -Resource wastage or -Waste accumulation as -waste marginally in resource depletion part of normal activity excess of normal in -Waste in excess of -No harm to marine acceptable limits. Exposure to chems.

Task to be carried out under direct supervision of a Sr. Acceptable Risk level. controls. Where feasible & possible reduce level to LOW.A (Action to be taken based on RISK LEVEL ascertained from the above matrix) Risk Level LOW MEDIUM HIGH VERY HIGH (Significant) Required action (Where ever possible reduce risk level to ALARP) Acceptable Risk level. shore structure. Impact to own vessel. Needs to be reduced to Med or High level by addl. Vessel seaworthy. Vessel held-up. P&I. No Class/lay-up/ repairs Impact to own vessel. Minor damage. No claims. Severe damage requiring Class. Is defined as high level Risk. Carryout the activity / task under the supervision of an Officer. High Shore claims.SHIPBOARD MANUAL-D Sec: 9. No visible dents to vessel. shore structure or other vessel. other vessel. Page 9 of 10 D . repairs/lay-up. Defined as ‘Significant Risk’. other vessel. Vessel seaworthy. Shore claims. OR If reduction to Med level not possible send copy of RA to office prior to carrying out task. Do not carryout the activity/task.0 HHSE Risk Management Impact to own vessel. Vessel unseaworthy. HIGH HAZA LOW(Unlikely to occur) Does not normally occur in the industry MEDIUM (Could occur) There are cases of occurrence in the industry HIGH (Likely to occur) Does occur quite often in the industry. Send RA to office for evaluation. Damage requiring Class. Carryout the activity / task. Do not carryout activity/task.0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd. lay-up/DD. On approval from off task / activity to carried out under direct supervision of Master & CE and based on advise from office. Version No: 1. Vessel unseaworthy.1 Table. Reduce to Med level by additional controls then carryout t activity/task under supervision of an Officer. VERY HIGH (Most likely to occur) Occurs very often & normally in the industry LOW LOW LOW MEDIUM LOW MEDIUM LIKELIHOO OF RD MEDIUM HIGH VERY HIGH HIGH HIGH VERY HIGH VERY HIGH VERY HIGH VERY HIGH D 9. shore structure. Officer & guidance from CE and/or Master. Impact to own vessel. shore structure or other vessel.2. No additional controls required. No shore claims.

thereby reducing the risk level.  The urgency of the task to be performed & whether it can be deferred for a period till the satisfactory implementation of Risk reduction & controls methods.4 Significant Risks Establishing HSSE objectives for reduction of ‘Significant Risks’ shall be considered by departmental heads on the basis of:  Legal compliance (Statutory or regulatory)  Towards the Continual HSSE improvement of the Company.  The technical feasibility of the risk reducing measures.  The cost for implementing such a risk reduction method vis-à-vis the HSSE improvement achieved. review possibilities of reducing the likelihood of the environmental aspect or OHS hazard by a combination of activities such as substituting hazardous.  3rd option: Reduce the Severity – Where 1st or 2nd options are not possible. Risk reduction & control measures to be adopted would depend on:  The nature of task / activity & whether there is a safe alternative.  The competency of the personnel performing the task & whether additional or more qualified & experienced persons would reduce the risk.  The spares.SHIPBOARD MANUAL-D Sec: 9. thereby reducing the risk level. D 9. tools and machines & whether there is technically a safer & alternative means available. changing to material / processes with safer ones.3 Risk Mitigation Hierarchy for reducing the ‘risk level’.  4th option: Implementation of Administrative controls to reduce the Risk level. review the possibility of reducing the severity of the environmental impact / OHS consequences.  The degree of uncertainty associated with the risk reduction measures.  2nd option: Reducing the Likelihood . changing to material /processes with safer ones. engineering control. equipment.  5th option: Additional PPE for minimizing the severity of the consequences.  The procedure for carrying out the task & whether it requires to be amended for safely carrying out the task. Page 10 of 10 D . Version No: 1. by a combination of activities such as substituting hazardous. engineering control.0 HHSE Risk Management D 9.Where elimination is not possible.0 Dated: 09 Dec 2011 TRANSOCEAN (Singapore) Pte Ltd.Wherever possible try to eliminate the environmental aspect or OHS hazard.  1st option: Eliminate Aspect/Hazard .

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