NATO Logistics Handbook

INTRODUCTION
“According to an old military adage ‘Amateurs talk about strategy, generals talk about logistics’.” - George J. Church, 1990 Ths Handbook, publshed under the auspces of the Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC), s ntended as a smple gude to logstcs n NATO. It does not attempt to examne current ssues or provde answers to the problems that logstcans wll face, but t rather ams at ntroducng them to some of the basc prncples, polces, concepts and organsatons wth whch they wll work. Ths s the first update of the Handbook snce 1997. Snce then, NATO and the securty envronment n whch t must operate have undergone profound changes. The logstc support concepts that are requred to ensure the deployablty and sustanablty of NATO forces have changed as well, bearng lttle semblance to those extant n 1997. These new concepts have been reflected n ths new edton. The Allance s an organsaton that contnues to evolve to meet emergng securty challenges and NATO logstc polces and concepts wll need keep pace. Therefore, the contnung usefulness of the Handbook wll depend on the regularty of ts updatng, whch wll be an ongong process. If any reader has suggestons for ts mprovement or amendment, he s asked to forward them to the SNLC Secretarat. The NATO Logstcs Handbook s not a formally agreed document, and should not be quoted as a reference. It does not necessarly represent the offical opnon or poston of NATO, the natons, commands or agences on all the polcy ssues dscussed. SNLC Secretarat Internatonal Staff, Defence Polcy and Plannng Dvson, Logstcs NATO HQ, 1110 Brussels

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1
FUNDAMENTALS OF NATO LOGISTICS

INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 DEFINITIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Producton Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 In-Servce Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Consumer Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Co-operatve Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Multnatonal Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 LOGISTIC FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Materel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Servces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Logstc Informaton Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Equpment Mantenance and Repar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Movement and Transportaton (M&T) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Recepton, Stagng and Onward Movement (RSOM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Petroleum Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Explosve Ordnance Dsposal (EOD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Infrastructure Engneerng for Logstcs (IEL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Medcal Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Contractng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Host Naton Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 RELATED FUNCTIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton (CIMIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 NATO Standardsaton and Interoperablty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Envronmental Protecton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 ANNEXES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 A Classes of Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 B Acronyms Used n ths Chapter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

—I—

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 B-SC Medcal Advsory Group (B-SC MEDAG) . . . . . . . 16 The Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Councl (EAPC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 OTHER NATO LOGISTIC BODIES . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER 2 NATO ORGANISATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR LOGISTICS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Logstc Informaton Management Group (LOG IMG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 T he Medterranean Dalogue (MD) and the Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve (ICI) . 24 Central European Ppelne Management Organsaton (CEPMO) . . . . . . 18 Secretary General (SG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Standng Group of Partner Logstc Experts (SG PLE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 B-SC Logstc Co-ordnaton Board (B-SC LCB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton (NAMSO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 —II— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Logstc Staff Meetng (LSM) . . . . . 16 The Defence Plannng Commttee (DPC) . . . . . . . . . . 20 The Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 THE NATO HEADQUARTERS STAFF STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 NATO’S Poltcal Goals and Basc Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 NATO POLITICAL/MILITARY STRUCTURE . . . 27 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 C ommttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO (COMEDS) 23 NATO-Russa Ad Hoc Workng Group on Logstcs (NRC(LOG)). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 B-SC Movement and Transportaton Forum (B-SC M&T Forum) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 The North Atlantc Councl (NAC or Councl). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 NATO Ppelne Commttee (NPC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Decson Makng n NATO . . . . . . . . . . . 17 The NATO-Russa Councl (NRC) . . . . . . . . . 16 The Mltary Commttee (MC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Movement and Transportaton Group (M&TG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Internatonal Staff (IS) . 20 The New NATO Command Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 NATO LOGISTIC COMMITTEES . . . . . . . . 17 The NATO-Ukrane Commsson (NUC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 NATO’S INTEGRATED MILITARY COMMAND STRUCTURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Introducton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Defence Capabltes Intatve (DCI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 NATO LOGISTICS VISION AND OBJECTIVES (V&O) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 LOGISTIC READINESS AND SUSTAINABILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Graduated Readness Forces (GRF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 CHAPTER 4 D ETERMINATION OF LOGISTIC REQUIREMENTS AND LOGISTIC PLANNING INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Prague Capabltes Commtment (PCC) . . . . . . . . . 46 Logstcs Informaton Management Group (LOG IMG) . . . . . . . 33 NATO MILITARY STRUCTURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Stockple Requrements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Logstc Readness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 —III— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 FORCE PLANNING . . . . . . . . 47 Logstc Sustanablty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 MANAGEMENT OF LOGISTIC INFORMATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 NATO Response Force (NRF) . . . . . . . 37 REFERENCES . . . . . 43 V&O Reportng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 IMPLICATIONS FOR DEPLOYABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY. . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER 3 T HE ALLIANCE’S NEW STRATEGIC CONCEPT AND FORCE STRUCTURES THE ALLIANCE’S STRATEGIC CONCEPT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 DEFENCE PLANNING PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 L ogstc Functonal Servces (LOGFS) Informaton Management Workng Group (LOGFS IM WG) . . . . . . . . . . 46 R egulatory Framework for a Logstcs Informaton System Archtecture (LOGIS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 NATO STOCKPILE PLANNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Combned Jont Task Force (CJTF) . . . . . . . 43 Combat Support/Combat Servce Support (CS/CSS). . . . . . . . . . . . 34 The NATO Force Structure (NFS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 The NATO Logstcs V&O Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 The NATO Command Structure (NCS) . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 CP Development and Submsson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NATO Stockple Plannng Gudance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Infrastructure Commttee. . . . . . . . 68 LOGISTIC PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Introducton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Am. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Introducton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 —IV— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 NATO Securty Investment Programme. . . . . . . . . . . . 56 The NATO Standardsaton Process . . . . . . . . . . 53 The Mltary Budget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Servce Boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Multnatonal Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Prncples of NATO Standardsaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Movement Plannng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 NATO Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Capablty Packages (CPs) . . . . . . . . . . 68 Medcal Plannng . . . . . . 61 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 The Medum-Term Resource Plan (MTRP) . 68 Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre (MJLC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 NATO Defence Manpower Commttee (NDMC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 LOGISTICS SUPPORT GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 KEY PLANNING DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Definton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Senor Resource Board (SRB) . . . . . . 68 Role of Host Natonal Support (HNS) n Logstc Support Plannng . . 54 STANDARDISATION AND INTEROPERABILITY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 CP Implementaton . . . . . . 53 CP Approval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 CP Definton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Infrastructure Plannng . . 62 CHAPTER 5 OPERATIONAL LOGISTIC PLANNING INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . 51 Mltary Budget Commttee (MBC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 NATO MILITARY COMMON FUNDED RESOURCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Supply and Mantenance Plannng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 NATO Standardsaton Organsaton (NSO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Prmacy of Operatonal Requrements. . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Logstc Tactcs. . . . . . . . . . . . 70 CIVIL SUPPORT TO THE MILITARY . . . . . . . 83 Authorty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Co-ordnaton wth NSEs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 LOGISTIC PRINCIPLES . . . . . . 75 CHAPTER 6 NATO LOGISTIC POLICIES AND CONCEPTS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Technques and Procedures (TTPs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stagng and Onward Movement (RSOM) . . . . . . . . 83 Co operaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Collectve Responsblty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Partcpaton of Non-NATO Natons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 ANNEXES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Concludng the Operaton/Exercses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 NATO Logstc Polcy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 B Jont Staff Structure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Phases of the Operaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Assured Provson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 C o-ordnaton wth Internatonal Organsatons (IOs) and Non Governmental Organsatons (NGOs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 FORCE GENERATION PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 NATO Concept for Co-operaton n Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Co ordnaton . . . . . . . . 70 Crss Establshment (CE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Recepton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 LOGISTIC REPORT (LOGREP). 82 NATO PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES FOR LOGISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Combned Jont Statement Of Requrements (CJSOR). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 NATO Doctrne. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 NATO POLICY FOR CO-OPERATION IN LOGISTICS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contractng and Fundng. . . . . . . . . 79 HIERARCHY OF LOGISTIC POLICIES AND DOCTRINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Sufficency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Alled Logstc Publcatons (ALP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 NATO Logstcs Plannng Gudance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Alled Jont Logstc Doctrne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 —V— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Examples of Potental PB&C Support to Mltary . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 THE MULTINATIONAL JOINT LOGISTIC CENTRE CONCEPT: AJP-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Logstc Command and Control (C2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Role Specalst Naton Logstc Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Multnatonal Integrated Logstc Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Lead Naton Logstc Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 LOGISTIC POLICIES. . . . . . . . . 95 MC 551 – Medcal Support Concept for NRF Operatons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Logstc Readness and Sustanablty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Commonly Funded Logstc Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Vsblty and Transparency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Multnatonal Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . 94 General . . . . . . 88 Lfe Cycle Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Advantages of Contractor Support to Operatons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 SUPPORT FOR THE NATO RESPONSE FORCE (NRF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Fundng / Resources Provson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 —VI— . . . . . . . . . . . 89 CHAPTER 7 MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS NATO’S LOGISTIC SUPPORT CONCEPT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Redstrbuton of Logstc Resources. 85 Logstc Plannng n Defence Plannng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 MODES OF MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS: AJP-4. 94 MC 525 – Logstc Support Concept for NRF Operatons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Local Contractng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Arcraft Cross-Servcng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 CONTRACTOR SUPPORT TO OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Cvl Resources . . 101 Plannng for Contractor Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Efficency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Flexblty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Multnatonal Support Arrangements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Co operaton n Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Logstc Plannng n Operatonal Plannng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Responsblty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Authorty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Responsblty for Plannng Contractor Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. . . . . . . . . . . 104 Status and Use of Contractors . . . .3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . 116 HNS PRINCIPLES . . . . . . . . . 122 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Authorty over Contracted Capabltes . . . . . . . . . . . .2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 —VII— . . . . . . . . . . 115 DEFINITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Ar Forces Support Concept: ALP-4. . . . . . Forms of Planned Contractng . . 106 Land Forces Support Concept: ALP-4. . . . . . 117 HNS POLICIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LOCAL CONTRACTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Integraton of Contractor Capabltes . . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 . . . . . . . . . 108 LOGISTIC SUPPORTTO CRISIS RESPONSE OPERATIONS . . . . . 120 Polces Specfic to the Host Naton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 NATO CONCEPT FOR HNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Functons That Could Be Performed By Contractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 REFERENCES . . 116 HNS PLANNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Multnatonal Co operaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 CAPABILITY DATABASE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Fundng Contractor Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 COMPONENT SUPPORT CONCEPTS – (ALP-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Polces Specfic to the Sendng Naton . . . . .2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Contract Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LEGAL ASPECTS OF HNS ARRANGEMENTS . . . . . . . . . . 119 Polces Specfic to the NATO Commander. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Martme Support Concept: ALP-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3) . . . . . . . 104 Operatonal Plannng Consderaton for Contractor Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 CHAPTER 8 HOST NATION SUPPORT (HNS) INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . 121 CIVIL-MILITARY CO-OPERATION (CIMIC) . . . . . . . .

. . 140 EXPEDITIONARY OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 BULK DISTRIBUTION AND STORAGE OF FUELS IN THE NPS . . . . . . . . . . Control and Communcatons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 General Polces. . . . 135 CHAPTER 10 PETROLEUM SUPPORT INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 The Natons . . . . . . . 141 PETROLEUM PLANNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 DEPLOYABLE FUELS HANDING EQUIPMENT (DFHE) – THE MODULAR CONCEPT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 A ude to the NATO bodes concerned wth the NPS and other petroleum G —VIII— . . . . . . . 132 Strategc Commands (SCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 REFERENCES . . . . 131 NATO Headquarters . . . . 130 Polcy on Mltary Support to Cvl Operatons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Polcy on Cvl Support to the Mltary . . . . . . . . . 128 M&T Plannng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 ANNEXES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 STANDARDIZATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER 9 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION SUPPORT INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INTEROPERABILITY AND RESEARCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INTERCHANGEABILITY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 MILITARY FUELS AND THE SINGLE FUEL POLICY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Polcy on Command. . . . . . . . 141 Sngle Fuel Polcy (SFP). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION POLICIES . . . . . . . . . 139 CIVIL PREPAREDNESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NAVAL BASE AND UNIT SUPPORT . . . . . . 140 AIR BASE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION PRINCIPLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Polcy on Resource Acquston . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 M&T TASKS AND RESPONSIBILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Plannng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crss or Conflct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Responsblty for the Health of NATO Forces . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 R eadness of the Medcal Support System and Transton from Peace to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Treatment Phlosophy for Mass Casualty Stuatons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Moblty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 C Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 THE COMMITTEE OF CHIEFS OF MILITARY MEDICAL SERVICES IN NATO —IX— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 MILITARY MEDICAL SUPPORT RESPONSES TO DISASTER RELIEF AND CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT SITUATIONS . . . . . . . . . . 152 Patent Welfare. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Medcal Confidentalty . . . . . . . . . 147 CHAPTER 11 MEDICAL SUPPORT INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 NATO and Natonal Co-operaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Envronment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Treatment Tmelnes. . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Ftness and Health Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Standards of Care Provded . . . 151 Complance wth the Laws of War and Humantaran Conventons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Spectrum of Medcal Responsbltes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 B Ade Memore on Fuels n NATO . . . . . . . . . . . 156 MEDICAL LOGISTICS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Multnatonalty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Contnuty of Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .bodes . . . . . . . . . 151 Medcal Ethcs and Legal Constrants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 STANDARDS OF HEALTHCARE . . . . . . 156 Provson of Non-emergency Treatment . . . . . . 156 Natonal Medcal Lason Teams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Prmacy of Clncal Needs . . 152 Ftness for Evacuaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 OPERATIONAL PRINCIPLES . . . 154 Force Health Protecton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 MISSION OF THE MEDICAL SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Prncpal Components of Deployed Health Care. 155 Evacuaton Resources. . . 155 Roles of Care Capabltes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 NATO Commanders Medcal Authorty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . 158 ANNEX . . . . . 163 Standng Group for Partner Medcal Experts (SG PME) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 —X— . . . . . . . . . . 165 PfP Trust Fund . . . .(COMEDS) . . . . . . . . . 166 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 NATO-RUSSIA LOGISTIC CO OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . 164 Partnershp Co ordnaton Cell (PCC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 CHAPTER 12 LOGISTIC OUTREACH ACTIVITIES PARTNERSHIPS WITH NATO HQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 MEDITERRANEAN DIALOGUE (MD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 Medterranean Co operaton Workng Plan (MDWP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 Operatonal Capabltes Concept (OCC). 164 Poltcal Mltary Steerng Commttee (PMSC) . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Work Programme (EAPWP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 NATO-UKRAINE LOGISTIC CO OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Standng Group for Partner Logstc Experts (SG PLE) . . . . . . 166 ISTANBUL CO OPERATION INITIATIVE (ICI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 THE JOINT MEDICAL COMMITTEE (JMC). . . . . . . . . . 167 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 Istanbul Co operaton Intatve Group (ICIG). . . . . . . . . . 167 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 The Partnershp for Peace Plannng and Revew Process (PARP) . . . . 164 PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE . . . . . . . . . . . 157 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . 166 Medterranean Co operaton Group (MCG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . Command and Control Organsaton (NC3O) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 PARTNERSHIP ACTIVITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER 13 PRODUCTION LOGISTICS INTRODUCTION . . . 186 NATO MAINTENANCE AND SUPPLY ORGANIZATION (NAMSO) . . . 174 OTHER NATO COMMITTEES AND BODIES INVOLVED IN ARMAMENTS CO OPERATION . . . 185 Integrated Logstcs Support (ILS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 NATO Depot & Support System (NDSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 A rmaments Programmng: Phased Armaments Programmng System (PAPS) . 173 METHODS FOR ARMAMENTS CO-OPERATION . . 187 NAMSA SPECIFIC CO-OPERATIVE LOGISTIC PROJECTS . . . . . . . . 180 CHAPTER 14 IN-SERVICE LOGISTICS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 —XI— . . . . . . 173 Agreements on Standardsaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 NATO PROJECT STEERING COMMITTEES (NPSCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Research and Technology Organsaton (RTO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Logstc Support Analyss (LSA) . . 179 B Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 Agreements on Producton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 A NATO Project Steerng Commttees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Lfe Cycle Costng (LCC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 PROCEDURES FOR ARMAMENTS CO-OPERATION . . . . 178 Proposal to Launch CNAD “Partnershp Armaments Projects” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 NATO Consultaton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 NATO Ar Defence Commttee (NADC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 NATO Ammunton Databse (NADB) . . . . . . 175 NATO Project Steerng Commttee (NPSC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 NATO Logstcs Stock Exchange (NLSE). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 Indvdual Partnershp Programmes (IPAPs) . . . . . 178 ANNEXES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 CONFERENCE OF NATIONAL ARMAMENTS DIRECTORS (CNAD) – AC/259 CNAD Sub structure . . . . . . . . . 186 NATO PRODUCTION AND LOGISTICS ORGANIZATIONS (NPLO) . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 NATO Codficaton System (NCS) . . . . . . . . . 188 REFERENCES .CO-OPERATIVE LOGISTIC TECHNIQUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS HANDBOOK . . . 195 —XII— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 B Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 A NATO Producton Logstc Related Organsatons (NPLOs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 ANNEXES . .

CHAPTER 1
FUNDAMENTALS OF NATO LOGISTICS

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FUNDAMENTALS OF NATO LOGISTICS “I don’t know what the hell this ‘logistics’ is … but I want some of it!” - Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King, 1942 INTRODUCTION Durng the Cold War, NATO followed the prncple that logstcs was a natonal responsblty. Accordngly, ts only focus at that tme was the establshment of and complance wth overall logstcs requrements. Ths prncple governed NATO’s plans and actons untl the begnnng of the 1990’s, when t was understood and accepted that the strategc stuaton that had underpnned ths prncple had undergone a fundamental change. As early as n January 1996, NATO logstcans recognsed the new challenges facng the Allance. In partcular, the downszng of mltary resources underscored the necessty of ncreased co-operaton and multnatonalty n logstc support. These new challenges requred the Allance to be able to logstcally sustan and operate n non-artcle 5 / Crss Response Operatons (CRO), possbly at a far dstance from the supportng natonal logstc and ndustral bases and on non NATO sol, where a supportve or functonng host naton was not exstent. All of ths needed to be performed under the legal condtons of peace, wth no access to moblsaton and/or emergency legslaton. Addtonally, there was the need to ntegrate non-NATO mltary forces and ther logstc support. The Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC), as the Allance’s senor body on logstcs, then undertook to translate the Allance’s New Strategc Concept nto responsve, flexble and nteroperable logstc prncples and polces. In ths regard, t first developed a vson for NATO logstcs amed at addressng the challenge of developng collectve responsblty n logstcs between NATO and the natons. Such collectve responsblty s attaned through close co-ordnaton and co operaton between natonal and NATO authortes durng both plannng and executon, and ncludes greater consderaton of the efficent use of cvl resources. As a result of ther experences n NATO led operatons, natons have ganed an apprecaton of the value of a collectve approach to logstc support and have lent ther ardent support to the mplementaton of ths vson. Whle NATO s responsble for co-ordnatng and prortsng the provson of logstc support to deployed NATO forces, each naton s responsble for ensurng, ether ndvdually or through co-operatve arrangements, the provson of the logstc resources requred to support ts own forces. Co-ordnated logstc plannng s therefore an essental aspect of the efficent and economcal use of resources throughout ther lfe cycle, from ntal desgn to ther ultmate dsposal.

CHAPTER 1

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DEFINITIONS Vewed from the lfe cycle perspectve, logstcs s the brdge between the deployed forces and the ndustral base that produces the weapons and materel that the forces need to accomplsh ther msson. NATO therefore defines logstcs as: « Logistics: The scence of plannng and carryng out the movement and mantenance of forces. In ts most comprehensve sense, the aspects of mltary operatons whch deal wth: - esgn and development, acquston, storage, transport, dstrbuton, d mantenance, evacuaton and dsposal of materel1; - transport of personnel; - cquston or constructon, mantenance, operaton and dsposton of a facltes; - acquston or furnshng of servces; and - medcal and health servce support.»

Ths definton covers a wde range of responsbltes that nclude a number of dfferent domans of work wthn NATO. If one consders that logstcs comprses both the buldng up of stocks and capabltes and the sustanment of weapons and forces, then t s clear that a dstncton can be made between three mportant aspects of logstcs, spannng the lfe cycle of logstc resources: producton, n servce support and consumpton. The followng defintons of these aspects enjoy wdespread acceptance wthn the NATO logstcs communty: “ Production Logistics (also known as: acquisition logistics): that part of logstcs concernng research, desgn, development, manufacture and acceptance of materel. In consequence, producton logstcs ncludes: standardsaton and nteroperablty, contractng, qualty assurance, procurement of spares, relablty and defence analyss, safety standards for equpment, specficatons and producton processes, trals and testng (ncludng provson of necessary facltes), codficaton, equpment documentaton, configuraton control and modficatons. At NATO Headquarters the lead authortes are the Internatonal Staff (IS) Defence Investment Dvson (DI) and the Armaments Branch of the Logstcs and Resources Dvson (L&R) n the Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS). The Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors (CNAD) s the senor NATO commttee that s prncpally responsble for the co-ordnaton of ths aspect of logstcs.” “ In-Service Logistics: that part of logstcs that brdges producton and consumer logstcs and comprses those functons assocated wth procurng, recevng, storng, dstrbutng and dsposng of materel that s requred to mantan the equpment and supply the force. The NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton (NAMSO) s the prncpal NATO organsaton responsble for ths area.”
Materiel: equipment in its widest sense including vehicles, weapons, ammunition, fuel, etc.

1)

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” T he three lfe cycle domans and ther lead bodes are portrayed at rght. but co-operatve L logstcs could be descrbed as follows: « NATO Co-operatve Logstcs s the totalty of blateral and multlateral consumer and producton logstcs arrangements to optmse n a co ordnated and ratonalsed way. Wth the rsk now omndrectonal. storage. safety standards for storage. there are two addtonal aspects that have to do wth the way n whch logstcs functons are performed. based on agreed prncples and mplemented n accordance wth a set of basc gudelnes. L&R Dvson. harmonsed lfe cycle processes and ncreased efficency n peacetme. the dmnshng logstc support resources and the prncple of shared logstc responsbltes. consumer logstcs ncludes stock control. logstcs must functon as an effectve force multpler. operaton and dsposal of materel. “ Consumer Logistics (also known as: operational logistics): that part of logstcs concernng recepton of the ntal product. Although there s not yet any agreed NATO definton of Multnatonal Logstcs. ths functon can be meant as the provson of logstc support to operatons through multnatonal means.” C o-operaton wthn logstcs should be conducted wthn a comprehensve framework. provson or constructon of facltes (excludng any materal element and those facltes needed to support producton logstc facltes).» —5— . Its am s to acheve cost-savngs through economes of scale. the lead authortes are the Logstcs Secton n the IS Defence Polcy and Plannng Dvson (DPP) and the Logstcs Branch n the IMS. logstcs support to NATO forces. transport and handlng and related tranng. In consequence. Development of NATO Co operatve Logstcs arrangements s largely facltated by the use of NATO Producton and Logstcs Organsatons (NPLOs). Co-operative ogistics: there s no NATO definton yet. mantenance (ncludng repar and servceablty). such as lead naton. The SNLC s the senor NATO commttee that s prmarly responsble for consumer logstcs. role specalsaton and multnatonal ntegrated logstc support. movement control. the use of multnatonal logstcs as a tool to enhance efficency and effectveness becomes of utmost mportance. Multinational Logistics: for multnatonal operatons. Whereas the three domans have to do wth the relatonshp between the producer and the consumer. At NATO Headquarters. partcularly the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) usng modern technques n the field of materel management and procurement. crss and wartme logstcs support. transport. relablty and defect reportng.

labour resources. whether they be operatonal. NATO logstc systems need to be nteroperable wth both exstng and emergng natonal and NATO systems. from the first phase of the lfe cycle to ts final dsposal from the nventory. For example. Materiel Producton or acquston logstcs covers materel. admnstratve or logstc. The first part of the cycle. mltary or cvl. These servces may be provded ether to one’s own natonal forces or to those of another naton and ther effectveness depends on close co operaton between operatonal. from specficaton. —6— . Recepton of the equpment nto servce. The supply functon ncludes the determnaton of stock levels. and therefore nvolves both dscplnes. Interfaces wth ndustral systems should also be consdered where practcal and cost effectve. dstrbuton and replenshment. Logistic Information Management Logstc Informaton Management couples avalable nformaton technology wth logstc processes and practces to meet the NATO Commander’s and naton’s logstc nformaton requrements. mantenance and dsposal are clearly a consumer logstc task. Supply Supply covers all materel and tems used n the equpment. repar. NATO and natons have numerous users requrng executve. provsonng. ts dstrbuton and storage. logstc and cvl plannng staffs. logstc plannng orgnates n natonal or NATO polcy gudance and has to be co-ordnated wth all the staff branches concerned. map dstrbuton. laundry and bathng facltes. etc. wll have to apprecate the other’s responsbltes and problems. support and mantenance of mltary forces (classes of supply are lsted at Annex A). postal and courer servces. burals. To be effectve. whch s part of producton logstcs. logstc nformaton systems must facltate the delvery of the rght nformaton to the rght people at the rght tme wth the rght nformaton securty protecton. However. desgn and producton s clearly a functon of producton logstcs. canteen.LOGISTIC FUNCTIONS It s mportant to recognse that the varous logstc functons come together to form the totalty of logstcs support. the ntal desgn of the equpment. has to take account of the consumer aspects of repar and mantenance. They should cover all logstc functons and nterface between these functons and other functonal areas as requred. A NATO logstcan of one dscplne wll often work wth a staff officer of another dscplne and. as a very mnmum. manageral and operatonal logstc nformaton. Services The provson of manpower and sklls n support of combat troops or logstc actvtes ncludes a wde range of servces such as combat re-supply. A bref examnaton of the man functons of logstcs shows ths clearly.

It may also nclude explosve ordnance that has become —7— . n peacetme. naval and ar forces wll depend to a great extent on a hgh standard of preventve mantenance. Movement and Transportation (M&T) It s a requrement that a flexble capablty exsts to move forces n a tmely manner wthn and between theatres to undertake the full spectrum of the Allance’s roles and mssons. Staging and Onward Movement (RSOM) RSOM s the phase of the deployment process that transtons unts. ntal dentficaton and reportng of suspected unexploded ordnance. Once the operatonal msson has been accomplshed. t requres the provson of a sgnficant degree of logstc support. renderng safe. Fnancal consderatons. Petroleum Logistics The NATO Petroleum Supply Chan has to be able to respond to the full spectrum of the Allance’s operatonal requrements and to the deployment dstances and dspersons envsaged. locaton.Equipment Maintenance and Repair Mantenance means all actons. rrespectve of the cause of the falure. takng specfically nto account ncreased co operaton between NATO and Partner natons and ther respectve mltary and cvl authortes. establshng a plan for damage repar. to retan the materel n or restore t to a specfied condton. It also apples to the logstc support necessary to mount and sustan operatons. Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) EOD nvolves the nvestgaton. Repar ncludes all measures taken to restore materel to a servceable condton n the shortest possble tme. markng. Reception. It s desgned to restore damaged materel to a battle worthy condton. followed by the on ste evaluaton. as quckly as possble so that t can complete ts msson. RSOM plannng and executon requres therefore consderable ntegraton wth logstc support. personnel. equpment and materel from arrval at Ports of Debarkaton (PODs) to ther final destnaton. detecton. Although RSOM s an operatonal matter. and mnmsng the rsk to equpment and operators. determnng the cause of the damage. BDR must be followed by specalsed mantenance or repar to restore the equpment to fully servceable condton. Battle Damage Repar (BDR) s an mportant technque used to mprove materel avalablty durng operatons. M&T. ncludng repar. recovery and final dsposal of unexploded explosve ordnance. economes of scale and the need for enhanced nteroperablty make t necessary to contnuously seek new and nnovatve ways of delverng the fuels capablty. The operatonal effectveness of land. Damage assessment has to be done rapdly and must not always requre the use of automated test equpment or sophstcated tools. The consderatons are prmarly amed at lmtng the damage. of the equpment and assocated materel. and Host Naton Support (HNS) plannng.

Medical Support Ths functon entals the provson of an efficent medcal support system to treat and evacuate sck. plannng must be flexble and consder co-ordnated multnatonal approaches to medcal support. The engneerng msson brdges the gap from logstcs to operatons and s closely related to the ultmate success of both. Though medcal support s normally a natonal responsblty. whle not exclusvely a logstc functon. The acquston. Medcal care also plays a vtal role n Force Protecton. mnmse man days lost due to njury and llness. Host Nation Support (HNS) The avalablty of HNS offsets requrements for general and organc mltary support and thereby affects the sze and scope of the Combat Servce Support (CSS) force that must be commtted to an operaton. partcularly when operatng beyond NATO’s area of responsblty. partcularly n the area of deployments. The degree of multnatonalty wll vary dependng on the crcumstances of the msson. The NATO EOD Techncal Informaton Centre (EODTIC) holds records of all past and present ammunton and explosves. The new stuaton has brought dfferent requrements and. RELATED FUNCTIONS Civil-Military Co-operation (CIMIC) Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton. It s a sgnficant tool that may be employed to gan fast access to n-country resources by procurng the supples and servces that the commander requres. and return casualtes to duty. at present. Infrastructure Engineering for Logistics (IEL) Infrastructure Engneerng for Logstcs. The lessons learned from operatons n the Balkans and wthn the Internatonal Securty Assstance Force (ISAF) n Afghanstan reveal that NATO commanders have to deal wth cvl tasks amed at facltatng —8— .hazardous by damage or deteroraton. and be dependent upon the wllngness of natons to partcpate n any aspect of ntegrated medcal support. Contracting Contractng has become ncreasngly mportant to the conduct of operatons. constructon and operaton of facltes form the bass for the NATO Securty Investment Programme (NSIP). Ths s the term generally used n NATO for nstallatons and facltes for the support of mltary forces. and provdes an mmedate advsory servce on EOD problems. wll requre close co-ordnaton wth logstcs as ts msson s very closely algned wth logstcs n terms of facltatng the logstc msson of openng lnes of communcaton and constructng support facltes. An effectve medcal support system s thus consdered a morale booster and a potental force multpler. CRO commanders have to deal wth completely new tasks. has ganed renewed mpetus snce the end of the cold war. njured and wounded personnel.

Interoperablty s essental for logstc co-operaton and has a drect mpact on msson sustanablty and combat effectveness of forces. doctrnes and procedures. Environmental Protection Natonal and nternatonal legslaton and agreements on envronmental protecton ncreasngly affects mltary operatons. The mnmum requrements for nteroperablty are commonalty of concepts.the accomplshment of the msson by makng cvl resources avalable to the mltary. The mplcatons of envronmental protecton for the executon of logstc functons have to be taken nto account. Natons should strve to adopt the agreed NATO standards. compatblty of equpment. n partcular non-Artcle 5 CRO. and nterchangeablty of combat supples. Cvlan standards should be used whenever possble. NATO Standardisation and Interoperability Standardsaton s a key tool for achevng nteroperablty. REFERENCES AAP-6 NATO Glossary of Terms and Defintons ANNEXES A Classes of Supply B Acronyms used n ths chapter —9— .

Class III Petroleum. (Class IIIa - avaton fuel and lubrcants) Class IV Supples for whch ntal ssue allowances are not prescrbed by approved ssue tables. spare parts. Class II Supples for whch allowances are establshed by tables of organsaton and equpment. e. rrespectve of local changes n combat or terran condtons. explosves and chemcal agents of all types. Class V Ammunton. except for operatng arcraft or for use n weapons such as flame-throwers. whch are consumed by personnel or anmals at an approxmately unform rate. as well as addtonal quanttes of tems dentcal to those authorsed for ntal ssue (Class II) such as addtonal vehcles. e. fuel ol. greases coal and coke.g. vehcles. Normally ncludes fortficaton and constructon materals.g. ol and lubrcants (POL) for all purposes.g. e. food and forage.ANNEX A to Chapter 1 CLASSES OF SUPPLY NATO classes of supply are establshed n the five-class system of dentficaton as follows: Class I Items of subsstence. ANNEX A —10— . weapons. gasolne. tools. clothng.

Ol and Lubrcants Recepton. Stagng and Onward Movement Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference ANNEX B —11— .ANNEX B to Chapter 1 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER BDR CIMIC CNAD CRO CSS DI EOD EODTIC HNS IEL IMS IS ISAF L&R M&T NAMSA NAMSO NPLOs NSIP PODs POL RSOM SNLC Battle Damage Repar Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors Crss Reponse Operatons Combat Servce Support Defence Investment Dvson Explosve Ordnance Dsposal NATO EOD Techncal Informaton Centre Host Naton Support Infrastructure Engneerng for Logstcs Internatonal Mltary Staff Internatonal Staff Internatonal Securty Assstance Force (Afghanstan) Logstcs and Resources Dvson Movement and Transportaton NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton NATO Producton and Logstcs Organsatons NATO Securty Investment Programme Ports of Debarkaton Petroleum.

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CHAPTER 2 NATO ORGANISATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR LOGISTICS —13— .

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reaffirmng the nherent rght of ndependent states to ndvdual or collectve defence. Ths stpulates that an armed attack aganst one or more of them n Europe or North Amerca shall be consdered as an attack aganst them all. Decision Making in NATO NATO s an nter-governmental organsaton. NATO has no supranatonal authorty or polcy makng functon ndependent of ts members. have been endorsed n the new Strategc Concept approved by the Alled Heads of State and/or Government at the Washngton Summt n 1999. Its ncepton dates back 4 Aprl 1949 wth the sgnature of the North Atlantc Treaty. The objectves of the Allance are prmarly poltcal. NATO decsons are therefore taken on the bass of consensus.A. Luns. embittered race of men. scentfic. By the same token.” .Dr. NATO’s essental purpose s to safeguard the freedom and securty of ts members by poltcal and mltary means n accordance wth the North Atlantc Treaty and the prncples of the Unted Natons Charter. Artcle 4 of the Treaty provdes for consultatons among the Alles whenever any of them beleves that ther terrtoral ntegrty.M. 1978 INTRODUCTION NATO’s Political Goals and Basic Tasks The North Atlantc Allance embodes the transatlantc partnershp between Europe and North Amerca.NATO ORGANISATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR LOGISTICS “Logisticians are a sad. CHAPTER 2 —15— . poltcal ndependence or securty s threatened. after dscusson and consultaton among the member natons. very much in demand in war who sink resentfully into obscurity in peace. underpnned by shared defence plannng and mltary co-operaton and by co operaton and consultaton n economc. The focus of the Allance s the promoton of stablty through co-operaton and the development of collectve crss management and peacekeepng mechansms. Secretary General of NATO. such as peace support operatons. Decsons taken by NATO are therefore decsons taken by all ts member countres. n whch all member countres retan ther full soveregnty and ndependence. NATO can only mplement a course of acton f all the member countres are n agreement. envronmental and other relevant fields. whch falls wthn the framework of Artcle 51 of the Unted Natons Charter.H. As an assocaton of free and ndependent states. Non Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons (CRO) that could be approved by the North Atlantc Councl. NATO member states are commtted to the defence of one another by Artcle 5 of the North Atlantc Treaty. J.

At other tmes member countres are represented by natonal Mltary Representatves apponted by ther Chefs of Defence Staff. s the hghest authorty and the most mportant decson-makng body n NATO. Turkey. It deals wth most defence matters and subjects related to collectve defence plannng. Latvia. Estonia. The Chefs of Defence Staff meet at least twce a year. The MC s the hghest mltary authorty n the Allance under the poltcal authorty of the NAC and DPC. Portugal. Other meetngs. Lithuania. thus bringing the Alliance to 26 member states (other member nations are: Belgium. Italy. seven new countries joined the Alliance: Bulgaria. act under the authorty of the Councl. Iceland. All member countres of NATO have an equal rght to express ther vews and unanmous decsons are requred. whether cvl or mltary. Iceland has no military forces but may be represented by a civilian. To assst t n ts work. Greece. 2) —16— . It meets weekly under the charmanshp of the Secretary General. Poland. The Councl s composed of the Permanent Representatves of all 26 member countres1. The Military Committee (MC)2 The Mltary Commttee s responsble for recommendng to NATO poltcal authortes those measures consdered necessary for the common defence of the NATO area and for provdng gudance on mltary matters to the Strategc Commanders (SCs). Norway. The Defence Planning Committee (DPC) The DPC s composed of all NATO member states except from France and meets under the charmanshp of the Secretary General. Hungary. The DPC provdes gudance to NATO’s mltary authortes and wthn the area of ts responsbltes. Denmark. the Czech Republic. the United Kingdom and the United States). There s no votng or decson by majorty. ether at Ambassadoral or Mnsteral level. the Councl has set up a number of commttees that are responsble for mplementng ts decsons or carryng out the tasks t had ordered. Spain. Romania. Slovakia and Slovenia. Canada. has the same functons and attrbutes and the same authorty as the Councl on matters wthn ts competence. 1) On 29 March 2004.NATO POLITICAL/MILITARY STRUCTURE The North Atlantic Council (NAC or Council) The NAC. All these commttees. whch s also vald for all other NATO commttees and conferences. the Netherlands. France. ether at Mnsteral Level (Foregn Affars and Defence) or at the level of Heads of State and/or Government also take place on a regular bass at NATO Headquarters n Brussels or n one of the NATO member states. establshed by Artcle 9 of the Treaty. It s composed of the Chefs of Defence Staff of each member country. Germany. Luxembourg.

Sweden. Croatia. Belarus. co-operaton. The expanded poltcal dmenson of consultaton and co-operaton whch the EAPC offers. Georgia. when approprate. the EAPC provdes the framework for gvng Partner countres ncreased decson-makng opportuntes relatng to actvtes n whch they partcpate. Ireland. Chared by NATO’s Secretary General. It may also meet at the level of Heads of State and/or Government. Serbia. Moldova. as a general rule. to develop a drect poltcal relatonshp wth the Allance.The Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC)3 The Partnershp for Peace s a major ntatve amed at enhancng stablty and securty throughout Europe. f they wsh. The Partnershp for Peace Invtaton was addressed to all states partcpatng n the North Atlantc Cooperaton Councl (NACC. The NRC brngs together the 26 Alles and Russa to dentfy and pursue opportuntes for jont acton “at 27”. Kazakhstan. Ukraine. n whch the ndvdual Alles and Russa wll work as equal partners on a wde spectrum of Euro-Atlantc securty ssues of common nterest. The EAPC meets twce a year at both Foregn and Defence Mnsters’ level and. the NRC meets at least monthly at the level of ambassadors and mltary representatves. It establshes the NRC as a mechansm for consultaton. on 30 May 1997. jont decson and jont acton. Note that Turkey recognizes the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name. Kyrgyz Republic. Tajikistan. Finland. Organsaton for Securty and Co operaton n Europe) able and wllng to contrbute to the programme. The EAPC provdes the overarchng framework for poltcal and securty-related consultatons and for enhanced co-operaton under the Partnershp for Peace (PfP). The development and enhancement of dalogue and partnershp wth non-NATO member states forms an ntegral part of NATO’s Strategc Concept. In ths Charter. consensus-buldng. sgned the «Charter for a Dstnctve Partnershp between NATO and Ukrane». and occasonally at the level of Heads of State and/or Government. allows Partners. at Ambassadoral level n Brussels on a monthly bass. later to become the EAPC) and other states partcpatng n the Conference for Securty and Co operaton n Europe (later renamed the OSCE. Portugal. Turkmenistan. In addton. wth a vew to rasng poltcal and mltary co operaton among ther countres to a qualtatvely new level. NATO Heads of State and/or Government. Montenegro. The “Rome Declaraton” bulds on the goals and prncples of the 1997 NATO-Russa Foundng Act on Mutual Relatons. the EAPC consists of the NATO member states and Albania. Alled and Co-operaton Partner Foregn Mnsters naugurated the Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Councl (EAPC) at ther meetng n Sntra. Bosnia and Herzegovina. the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Uzbekistan. Switzerland. regularly every year at the level of Foregn and Defence Mnsters and Chefs of Staff. The NATO-Russia Council (NRC) The NRC was establshed at the NATO-Russa Summt on 28 May 2002 n Rome. Azerbaijan. the NATO Alles reaffirm ther support for the 3) As of end 2006. Armenia. Austria. —17— . Cooperaton and Securty. when approprate. Russia. The NATO-Ukraine Commission (NUC) At the Madrd Summt on 9 July 1997.

when approprate. Ths ntatve s offered to those countres from the regon that are nterested n fosterng mutually renforcng blateral relatonshps wth NATO wth a vew to greater regonal securty and stablty. The poltcal mandate for ths ntatve was gven by Foregn Mnsters at the meetng of the NUC n Reykjavk. acheve better mutual understandng and dspel any msconceptons about NATO among Dalogue countres. It s an ntegral part of NATO’s adaptaton to the post-cold war securty envronment. The Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) and the Istanbul Co-operation Initiative (ICI) Recognsng that securty n Europe s closely lnked to securty and stablty n the Medterranean regon. The Medterranean Dalogue’s overall am s to contrbute to regonal securty and stablty. economc and defence ssues. ncludng through ntensfied consultatons and co-operaton on poltcal. the North Atlantc Councl ntated the Medterranean Dalogue n 1994. He s supported by the Prvate Office n all aspects of hs work. Iceland. The NUC s chared by the Secretary General and meets as a rule not less than twce a year to assess the mplementaton of the relatonshp and consder ts further development. He also acts as prncpal spokesman for the Organsaton both n ts external relatons and n communcatons and contacts between member governments. consstng of personnel from member countres ether recruted drectly by the Organsaton or seconded by ther governments. as well as the nvolablty of ts fronters. DPC and of other commttees. ts terrtoral ntegrty. economc prosperty and status as a non-nuclear weapons state. The IS comprses the Office of the —18— . It focuses on those areas of practcal cooperaton where NATO can provde an added value. on 15 May 2002. It may also meet at the level of Foregn and Defence Mnsters and Chefs of Staff and occasonally at the level of Heads of State and/ or Government. At the Istanbul Summt. Varous areas for consultaton and cooperaton were developed. the Heads of State and Government decded to develop co-operaton to the broader Mddle East regon by launchng the ICI. when they underlned ther desre to take the NATO-Ukrane relatonshp forward to a qualtatvely new level. The members of the IS are responsble to the Secretary General and owe ther allegance to the Organsaton throughout the perod of ther appontment. THE NATO HEADQUARTERS STAFF STRUCTURE Secretary General (SG) The SG s a senor nternatonal statesman nomnated by the member natons both as Charman of the NAC. International Staff (IS) The work of the Councl and ts commttees s supported by the IS.soveregnty and ndependence of Ukrane. democratc development. as well as an mportant component of the Allance’s polcy of outreach and co-operaton. and as Secretary General of NATO.

Two of them are of drect nterest to logstcans. The Drector s asssted by five Assstant Drectors of flag or general officer rank and the Executve Co-ordnator of the IMS. The Dvsons support the work of the commttees n the varous fields of actvty. sx operatonal Dvsons. who s normally the charman of the man commttee dealng wth subjects n hs field of responsblty. DI s manly responsble for Producton Logstcs. The IMS s headed by a Drector of three-star rank who s nomnated by the member natons and s selected by the Mltary Commttee. The sx Dvsons are: - Poltcal Affars and Securty Polcy (PASP). - Publc Dplomacy (PDD). and - Executve Management (EM). —19— . The IMS s organsed n the followng five dvsons: - Intellgence Dvson (INT) - Plans & Polcy Dvson (P&P) - Co-operaton & Regonal Securty Dvson (C&RS) - Operatons Dvson (OPS) - Logstcs & Resources Dvson (L&R) The last Dvson mentoned s of drect nterest to logstcans: t s responsble for both Producton (Armaments Branch) and Consumer (Logstcs Branch) Logstcs. and the NATO Office of Securty. It s composed of mltary personnel seconded from natonal mltary establshments and of supportng cvlan personnel. Each of the Dvsons s headed by an Assstant Secretary General (ASG). The NATO HQ C3 Staff s an ntegrated cvl/mltary staff element supportng the IS and the Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS). whereas DPP wth ts Logstcs Staff s takng care of Consumer Logstcs matters. - Defence Investment (DI).Secretary General. - Operatons (OPS). - Defence Polcy and Plannng (DPP). International Military Staff The IMS supports the Mltary Commttee. Members of the IMS come under the admnstratve authorty of the Drector of the IMS.

from whch a deployable sea-based Combned Jont Task Force (CJTF) HQ capablty can be drawn. educaton and tranng centres are subordnate to ACT. It has two permanent co-Charmen.NATO’S INTEGRATED MILITARY COMMAND STRUCTURE The New NATO Command Structure At ther meetng on 12 June 2003. whch reflects the Allance’s new mssons and transton to smaller. On the other hand. The levels beneath SHAPE were sgnficantly streamlned. On the one hand. At the component/tactcal level. The new NATO command structure s composed of two commands at the strategc level. wth a reducton n the number of headquarters. reflectng the dependence of logstcs on both cvl and mltary factors. The Conference reports jontly to both the Councl and the Mltary Commttee. martme. NATO LOGISTIC COMMITTEES The Senior NATO Logisticians’ Conference (SNLC) The prncpal commttee dealng wth logstcs. and responsbltes redefined. contnues to embrace all the NATO commands n Europe. NATO research. Alled Command Transformaton (ACT) was created to promote transformaton and nteroperablty of Allance mltares n order to ensure that NATO forces are traned and structured to meet the challenges of the new securty envronment. or ar – expertse to the operatonal level. The operatonal level conssts of two standng Jont Force Commands (JFCs). the SNLC. Vrgna (Unted States of Amerca). ACO focuses on the plannng and executng of NATO operatons. Alled Defence Mnsters agreed to the desgn of a new streamlned mltary command structure. and a robust but more lmted standng Jont Headquarters (JHQ) n Lsbon (Portugal). Supreme Headquarters of Alled Powers Europe (SHAPE) stands as ACO headquarters stuated n Mons. ACT HQ are co-located wth the Unted States Jont Forces Command n Norfolk. flexble forces that can be rapdly deployed to crss and conflct areas. although an ACT Staff Element has been establshed at SHAPE. and the Deputy Charman of the Mltary Commttee. one n Brunssum (Netherlands) and the other n Naples (Italy). whch provde servce-specfic – land. and takes over the responsblty for those operatonal elements that formerly came under the Supreme Alled Command Atlantc (SACLANT)4. n jont cvl and mltary sessons. The number of commands was thus reduced from 20 to 11. prmarly to deal wth resource and defence plannng ssues. 4) SACLANT ceases to exist in the new command structure. the structure conssts of sx Jont Force Component Commands (JFCCs). Belgum. Alled Command Operatons (ACO). —20— . replacng former Alled Command Europe (ACE). The Supreme Alled Commander Europe (SACEUR) retans hs ttle and assumes strategc command for the preparaton and conduct of all jont operatons. Furthermore. namely the Assstant Secretary General for Defence Polcy and Plannng. meets under the Charmanshp of the Secretary General twce a year.

The LSM meets twce a year n the same format as the SNLC. the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA). The M&TG advses the SNLC on M&T matters. the SCs and other NATO transportaton and transportaton-related groups and agences. and by a mltary co Charman. sustanablty and combat effectveness of the Allance’s forces and to exercse. programmes and ntatves for the SNLC’s consderaton. develops and promotes the employment of Partner logstc forces and capabltes that Partners are wllng to contrbute to NATO-led operatons. The Movement and Transportation Group (M&TG) s the SNLC’s subordnate body that deals wth movement and transportaton (M&T). and wth other NATO logstc and logstc-related bodes. The prncpal subordnate body s the Logistic Staff Meeting (LSM). The SNLC carres out ts work though four subordnate bodes. the Deputy Assstant Drector. The SG PLE meets twce a year under the —21— . the LSM montors and co-ordnates the mplementaton of logstc polces. n March and September. Actng on behalf of the SNLC. efficency. IS Logstcs and a mltary co Charman. LSM membershp mrrors that of the SNLC and s co-chared by a cvl co Charman. whch advses the SNLC on general cvl and mltary logstc matters. M&TG membershp mrrors that of the SNLC. In addton. programmes and ntatves through consultaton and co-operaton among natons. dentfies. the Head. IMS L&R Dvson. IMS L&R Dvson. the three Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees (PB&Cs) of the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee (SCEPC) are represented on the M&TG. The LSM also develops logstc polces. under the gudance of the LSM wth Partners and the M&TG wth Partners. t provdes a forum for addressng logstc concerns. the SCs. The SG PLE also makes recommendatons concernng logstcs pre-arrangements to the Strategc Commands (SCs). Membershp of the conference s drawn from senor natonal cvl and mltary representatves of Mnstres of Defence or equvalent bodes wth responsblty for consumer aspects of logstcs n member countres. the group provdes a forum for addressng logstc topcs concernng PfP that any member of the LSM wth Partners and the M&TG wth Partners may wsh to rase. IS Logstcs. programmes and ntatves through consultaton and co-operaton among natons. The overall mandate of the SNLC s to address consumer logstcs matters wth a vew to enhancng the performance. The Standing Group of Partner Logistic Experts (SG PLE). on behalf of the Councl. the Head. an overarchng co-ordnatng authorty across the whole spectrum of logstcs vs-à-vs the other logstc commttees and bodes of NATO. the NATO Standardsaton Agency (NSA). and meets twce a year. Representatves of the Strategc Commands. the Deputy Assstant Drector. Furthermore. the Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO (COMEDS) and other sectors of the NATO Headquarters Staff also partcpate n the work of the conference. and t co-ordnates wth the Movement and Transportaton Group (M&TG) and other specalsed subordnate bodes that may be created and harmonses ther work wth the SNLC’s overall logstc polces and programmes when ther work s part of a broader logstc effort. n the same format as the SNLC. t montors and co-ordnates the mplementaton of M&T polces. It s co chared by a cvl co Charman.

Charmanshp of a Partner naton; the char s assumed for a two year term. SG PLE membershp comprses senor staff officers from NATO and Partner natons, IS, IMS, the SCs and NAMSA. The Logistic Information Management Group (LOG IMG) s NATO’s overarchng logstcs nformaton management body. Subordnate to the LSM, the group revews, assesses and recommends NATO logstc nformaton management requrements and develops logstc nformaton management polcy and gudance for consderaton by the LSM. The LOG IMG s chared by a naton, ts membershp comprses experts from NATO and Partner natons, IS, IMS, SCs and relevant NATO nformaton management commttees and bodes. It meets as often as necessary to carry out ts work. NATO Pipeline Committee (NPC) The NPC, whch s chared by the Head, IS Logstcs s the senor advsory body n NATO on consumer logstcs relatng to petroleum. It acts on behalf of the Councl, n full consultaton wth the NATO Mltary Authortes (NMAs) and other bodes, on all matters of NATO wde concern n connecton wth mltary fuels, lubrcants and assocated products and equpment, the NATO Ppelne System (NPS) and other petroleum nstallatons n support of ACO. Its dutes are to: - evew, assess and evaluate, n conjuncton wth other NATO r authortes, the overall Allance mltary petroleum logstcs organsaton, polcy, plans, procedures and capabltes wth the am to enhance performance, efficency, safety, securty and effectveness of NATO facltes for the storage, handlng, dstrbuton and uplft of mltary fuels; - evelop standardsaton of fuels, lubrcants and assocated products d used by all naval, land and ar assets n order to mprove the effectveness and nteroperablty of NATO and NATO-led forces; - mprove the effectveness of NATO and NATO-led forces through  the standardsaton of the facltes, equpment and procedures for handlng fuels and lubrcants products; - rovde the focal pont and forum for the consderaton of mltary p petroleum matters; - xercse polcy control for the operaton and mantenance of the NPS; e and - evelop, n close co-ordnaton wth other relevant commttees, d gudelnes for greater cvl/mltary co-operaton. The NPC has three permanent Workng Groups, whch have the followng responsbltes: - Working roup No.1 - (AC/112(WG/1) Specal Tasks), whch takes on G specal tasks as drected by the NPC. - NATO Fuels and Lubricants Working Group - (AC/112(NF&LWG)), whch
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provdes the focal pont and forum to revew and develop standardsaton of fuels, ols, lubrcants and assocated products used by all naval, land and ar assets n order to mprove the effectveness and nteroperablty of NATO and NATO-led forces. The NF&LWG s supported by three Workng Partes: o aval Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party - N AC/112(NAVAL F&LWP); o rmy Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party - A AC/112(ARMY F&LWP); and

o vaton Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party - A AC/112(AVIATION F&LWP).

- Petroleum Handling Equipment Working Group - AC/112(PHEWG), whch provdes the focal pont and forum to revew and mprove the effectveness and nteroperablty of NATO and NATO-led forces through the standardsaton of the facltes, equpment (ncludng Deployable Fuels Handlng Equpment (DFHE)) and procedures for handlng fuels and lubrcants products set out n NATO Standardsaton Agreement (STANAG) 1135.

Committee of the Chiefs of Military Medical Services in NATO (COMEDS) The COMEDS advses the Mltary Commttee on mltary medcal matters affectng NATO. The COMEDS also acts as the co-ordnatng body for the Mltary Commttee regardng all mltary medcal polces, procedures and technques wthn NATO. Its meetngs are conducted b-annually. The COMEDS s composed of: - he Chefs of the mltary medcal servces of all natons as represented t n the Mltary Commttee; - he IMS medcal staff officer; t - he ACO and ACT medcal advsors; and t - he Charman of the Jont Medcal Commttee (JMC) (observer). t

COMEDS makes recommendatons consdered necessary concernng the development and assessment of NATO mltary medcal polcy and procedures for medcal support. The Commttee explores and develops ways to mprove and expand exstng arrangements between the member natons n the fields of co-ordnaton, standardsaton and nteroperablty. It fosters and mproves the exchange of nformaton relatng to the organsaton, operatonal prncples and procedures of the mltary medcal servces of NATO natons and the SCs, as well as nformaton relatng to the medcal treatment, research and development between the NATO natons n order to ensure that advances made by one natonal are avalable to all. Lastly, COMEDS undertakes studes of general and partcular nterest such as: prncples and polces of medcal field management, medcal tranng, preventve medcne, mltary pharmacy and medcal materal,
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dental servce, food hygene and food technology, veternary medcne, mltary psychatry, mltary medcal structures, operatons and procedures, co-ordnaton and co-operaton n mltary medcal research. NATO-Russia Ad Hoc Working Group on Logistics (NRC(LOG)) The NRC(LOG) s a jont cvl/mltary group wth the man am to dentfy opportuntes for jont acton n all areas of logstcs, ncludng ar transport and ar-to-ar refuellng and to ntate and mplement cvl and mltary logstc cooperaton programmes and ntatves between NRC Member Natons. The annual Logstc Acton Plan ncorporates all NRC ntatves n logstc co-operaton on both cvlan and mltary sdes. Through a mx of staff-level dscussons, exchanges, workshops and semnars, t focuses n partcular on promotng nformaton sharng n areas such as logstc polces, doctrne, structures and lessons learned wth a vew to establshng a sound foundaton of mutual understandng n the field of logstcs. Its actvtes addresses such dverse topcs as hgh level structures for the development of logstc polces, the logstc support of deployed peacekeepng operatons, HNS, cvl commerce, fuels nteroperablty, medcal support and logstc tranng. OTHER NATO LOGISTIC BODIES NATO Maintenance and Supply Organisation (NAMSO) NAMSO comprses the Board of Drectors as the legslatve body and the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) as ts executve body. The Agency, wth ts man facltes located n Luxembourg, s NATO’s prncpal logstc support management agency. NAMSO’s msson s to provde logstcs support to NATO or to ts member states ndvdually or collectvely. The objectve of the NAMSO msson s to maxmse, both n peacetme and wartme, the effectveness of logstcs support to armed forces of NATO states and to mnmse costs. As the NAC has recognsed a collectve responsblty between NATO and natonal authortes for logstc support n the context of multnatonal operatons, NAMSO may provde logstcs support to ts member states and to groups of some or all of those states. Twenty five member states partcpate n NAMSO actvtes5. The NAC has also authorsed NAMSO to conclude Memoranda of Understandng (MOU) wth PfP natons for co-operatve logstc support. To accomplsh ts msson, NAMSA carres out functons of logstcs management, whch can be performed more effectvely by the Agency than by the natons themselves. Ths often means logstcs functons common to several states. Inter ala, these nclude (common) procurement, supply, mantenance and repar, configuraton management and techncal support for equpment/ weapon systems. NAMSA offers a wde range of logstcs servce actvtes whch nclude codficaton, management of common lne tems (NATO Logstcs Stock Exchange), contractng for transportaton of personnel and materel, managng demltarsaton actvtes such as projects for the dsposal of weapons and mnes,
5) Iceland is not a member as it does not have any military forces that would require NAMSA’s support.

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ste remedaton, producton of electronc manuals and data etc. NAMSA logstc servces also nclude support to the forces deployed n-theatre. Ths last area of support contnues to expand to the benefit of NATO and troop contrbutng natons. As NAMSA s a customer-funded entty, those requestng a servce from the Agency are responsble for the full costs of the servce requested. The majorty of NAMSA’s workforce of around 950 s located n Capellen (Luxembourg). There s also the Southern Operatonal Centre, strategcally located n Taranto (Italy) and the NATO’s HAWK Logstcs Management staff at Ruel-Malmason, Pars (France). NAMSA produces the NATO Ammunton Data Base on a CD-ROM, whch consttutes an authortatve source of NATO ammunton nterchangeablty, techncal and logstc nformaton. It also provdes a DVD wth the NATO Master Catalogue of References for Logstcs wth NATO Stock Numbers (NSNs), part numbers and nformaton about manufacturers and vendors and manages the NATO Malbox System, whch allows transfer of data among member states. Further detals on ths subject are provded n Chapter 14. Central European Pipeline Management Organisation (CEPMO) CEPMO s the management organsaton for the Central Europe Ppelne System (CEPS) and s one of the NATO Producton and Logstcs Organsatons (NPLO). CEPS s the largest element of the NATO Ppelne System (NPS) that encompasses NATO assets for the movement, storage and delvery of fuel n Belgum, France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. These are known as the host natons, wth the Unted States desgnated as a user naton. Collectvely, the host and user natons comprse the Member Natons. CEPS s desgned and managed to meet operatonal requrements n central Europe n peace, crss and conflct tmes, but s also used commercally under strct safeguards. The day to day operaton of CEPS s the task of the Central Europe Ppelne Management Agency (CEPMA) located n Versalles (France). The CEPMO Board of Drectors (BOD) s the governng body actng wth regard to the collectve nterests of all CEPMO Member Natons n accordance wth ts Charter6. It s composed of a representatve of each Member Naton of the CEPMO, who are the only votng members and represent ther naton’s poltcal, mltary, economc, financal and techncal nterests. Representatves of the NMAs, the General Manager of the CEPMA and the desgnated Secretary General’s Lason Officer (SGLO) also partcpate n meetngs of the BOD. CEPMA s organsed n such a way as to cover the core functons of marketng and economc development, as well as techncal, financal and admnstratve support.

6)

C-M(97)64

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concepts. The B SC M&T Forum: - ecommends and/or gves advce on doctrne. It s co-chared by the two SCs. Several bodes support the dutes and functons of the B-SC LCB: - the B-SC LCB Logstc Tranng Commttee. the Chef of the Alled Movement Co ordnaton Centre (AMCC). and procedures n support of NATO operatons. ACO and Head of the Movement and Transportaton Branch at ACT. and —26— . - orms commttees and/or workng groups to study and report on f ssues agreed by the B-SC M&T Forum. structures. The BSC M&T Forum meets twce a year ether n NATO/PfP Plenary. the NCS and NATO natons and desgnated agences. r plans. - the B-SC LCB Doctrne Commttee. When requred. NATO-only plenary or n Exceptonal Plenary sessons. M&T matters are those ssues that derve from the NATO Commander’s M&T responsbltes and from NATO HQ developed concept and polces. NATO natons and desgnated agences. - roposes solutons to M&T ssues affectng more than one member p naton. structures. plans. NATO natons and desgnated agences. The B-SC LCB s responsble to the SCs for advce and recommendatons on logstcs gudance and doctrne. and - the B-SC Logstc Plannng Commttee. The B-SC M&T Forum s the senor forum for co-ordnatng Allancewde concerns for M&T polcy and plannng between SCs. - ssesses NATO Commanders’ M&T requrements to support a operatonal plans and recommends changes. - romotes M&T standardsaton and nteroperablty n co-ordnaton p wth NATO Standardsaton Programme. It provdes a forum for M&T ssues between the SCs. The B-SC M&T Forum s responsble to the SCs for advce and recommendatons on M&T gudance and doctrne. f requred. structures. concepts. and procedures n support of NATO operatons. plans and procedures n support of NATO operatons. concepts. - the B-SC LCB Stockple Plannng Commttee. the co char may nvte partcpaton from other bodes and organsaton. NATO Command Structure (NCS). Bi-SC Movement and Transportation Forum (Bi-SC M&T Forum) The B-SC M&T Forum was formed n 1996.Bi-SC Logistic Co-ordination Board (Bi-SC LCB) The B-SC LCB was establshed by the SCs n 1996 as ther senor forum for co ordnatng Allance wde concerns for logstc polcy and plannng between SCs. It s responsble to the SNLC for the development of jont logstc doctrnal documents and the revew of other logstc documents wth the am of achevng consstency and harmonsaton of logstc doctrne and procedures throughout the range of NATO publcatons.

as agreed s or as drected. Bi-SC Medical Advisory Group (Bi-SC MEDAG) The B-SC MEDAG provdes a forum for medcal ssues between the SCs. - ubmts reports to the SNLC and M&TG and to other bodes. REFERENCES NATO Handbook NATO Facts and Fgures MC 324/1 The NATO Mltary Command Structure MC 389/1 MC Polcy on NATO’s Combned Jont Task Force (CJTF) Capablty ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —27— . Medcal matters are those ssues that derve from the NATO Commander’s medcal responsbltes and from NATO HQ developed concept and polces.

ANNEX A to Chapter 2 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER ACE ACO ACT AMCC ARMY F&LWP ASG AVIATION F&LWP B-SC LCB B-SC MEDAG B-SC M&T Forum BOD CEPMA CEPMO CEPS CJTF COMEDS CRO C&RS CSCE DFHE DI DPC DPP EAPC EM Alled Command Europe Alled Command Operatons Alled Command Transformaton Alled Movement Co ordnaton Centre Army Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party Assstant Secretary General Avaton Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party B-SC Logstc Co-ordnaton Board B-SC Medcal Advsory Group B-SC Movement and Transportaton Forum Board of Drectors Central European Ppelne Management Agency Central European Ppelne Management Organsaton Central Europe Ppelne System Combned Jont Task Force Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO Crss Response Operatons Co-operaton & Regonal Securty Dvson Conference for Securty and Co operaton n Europe Deployable Fuels Handlng Equpment Defence Investment Defence Plannng Commttee Defence Polcy and Plannng Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Councl Executve Management —28— ANNEX A .

HQ JFCs JFCCs JHQ JMC ICI IMS INT IS LOG IMG L&R LSM MC MD MOU M&TG NAC NACC NAMSA NAMSO NAVAL F&LWP NCS NF&LWG NMAs NPC NPLO NPS NRC NSA NSNs NUC Headquarters Jont Force Commands Jont Force Component Commands Jont Headquarters Jont Medcal Commttee Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Internatonal Mltary Staff Intellgence Dvson Internatonal Staff Logstc Informaton Management Group Logstcs & Resources Dvson Logstc Staff Meetng Mltary Commttee Medterranean Dalogue Memorandum of Understandng Movement and Transportaton Group North Atlantc Councl or Councl North Atlantc Co operaton Councl NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton Naval Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party NATO Command Structure NATO Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Group NATO Mltary Authortes NATO Ppelne Commttee NATO Producton and Logstcs Organsatons NATO Ppelne System NATO-Russa Councl NATO Standardsaton Agency NATO Stock Numbers NATO-Ukrane Commsson —29— .

OPS OPS PASP PB&Cs PDD PfP PHEWG P&P OSCE SACEUR SACLANT SCs SCEPC SHAPE SG SGLO SG PLE SNLC STANAG Operatons Operatons Dvson Poltcal Affars and Securty Polcy Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees Publc Dplomacy Partnershp for Peace Petroleum Handlng Equpment Workng Group Plans & Polcy Dvson Organsaton for Securty and Co operaton n Europe Supreme Alled Commander Europe Supreme Alled Command Atlantc Strategc Commanders Senor Cvl EPlannng Commttee Supreme Headquarters of Alled Powers Europe Secretary General Secretary General’s Lason Officer Standng Group of Partner Logstc Experts Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Standardsaton Agreement —30— .

CHAPTER 3 THE ALLIANCE’S NEW STRATEGIC CONCEPT AND FORCE STRUCTURES Infrastructure Engineering for Logistics – Italian troops maintaining a rail line in Kosovo —31— .

—32— .

and - he development of the European Securty and Defence Identty wthn t the Allance. and n terms of new actvtes n the fields of crss management and partnershp that the Allance s undertakng n order to enhance the securty and stablty of the Euro-Atlantc area.” . translatng the purposes and tasks of the precedng sectons nto practcal nstructons for NATO force and operatonal planners. The new Strategc Concept provdes overall gudance for the development of detaled polces and mltary plans. and nteroperablty - ncludng wth the forces of Partner countres. both n terms of collectve defence. - the mantenance of effectve mltary capabltes. the Alles approved a new strategy to equp the Allance for the securty challenges and opportuntes of the 21st century and to gude ts future poltcal and mltary development. sustanablty. desgned to make NATO’s jont mltary assets avalable for wder operatons by NATO natons or by the European Unon. It defines the Allance’s fundamental securty tasks.Alexander the Great. whch has been at the centre of NATO’s preoccupatons snce ts establshment. The new Strategc Concept comprses the followng essental elements: - the preservaton of the transatlantc lnk. The drecton set by the Strategc Concept has been ntensfied by subsequent ntatves. survvablty of forces and nfrastructure.THE ALLIANCE’S NEW STRATEGIC CONCEPT AND FORCE STRUCTURES “My logisticians are a humourless lot … they know if my campaign fails they are the first I will slay.. from collectve defence to peace support and other crss response operatons. The concept for —33— . reaffirmng the mportance of the transatlantc lnk and of mantanng the Allance’s mltary capabltes. The Concept sets out the Allance’s Approach to Securty n the 21st Century. The strategy calls for the contnued development of the mltary capabltes needed for the full range of the Allance’s mssons. deployablty and moblty. The concept of Combned Jont Task Forces (CJTF). date unknown THE ALLIANCE’S STRATEGIC CONCEPT At the Washngton Summt n Aprl 1999. The Concept confirms that the Allance’s essental and endurng purpose s to safeguard the freedom and securty of ts members by poltcal and mltary means. The Prague Capabltes Commtment (PCC) was launched to ensure that NATO would have deployable and sustanable capabltes for expedtonary operatons. was further refined. Among the capabltes hghlghted as partcularly mportant are the ablty to engage opposng forces effectvely. CHAPTER 3 The final part of the Strategc Concept establshes gudelnes for the Allance’s forces.

The GRF approach to readness addresses the warnng tmes assocated wth crss response. jont. NATO’s mltary command structure has been further streamlned and the Allance’s defence and operatonal plannng arrangements have been adapted n order to take nto account future requrements for expedtonary Crss Response Operatons (CROs). deployablty requrements. the need to sustan and/or renforce forces and headquarters and the longer term capablty for force buld-up (reconsttuton. as well as ther assocated operatonal headquarters. Forces of Lower Readness (FLR) are requred to rotate or renforce forces to sustan Artcle 5 operatons and non-Artcle 5 CRO.a NATO Response Force (NRF) was ntroduced n 2002 and the first NRF was fielded n October 2003. Hgh Readness Forces (HRF) are desgned to react quckly and deploy for operatons wthn the Allance’s full range of mssons. HRFs and FLRs can be placed under NATO command for Artcle 5 operatons and non Artcle 5 CROs. affordablty. The NATO Command Structure (NCS) The NCS s composed of permanent multnatonal headquarters at the strategc. jontness and multnatonalty. Natonal contrbutons are made avalable to the Allance by agreed mechansms for the Transfer of Authorty (TOA). moblsaton. supplemented n some cases by common funded assets for specfic capabltes and scenaros. wthn agreed TOA arrangements. and component levels of command. Wthn the GRF structure. and by co ordnaton and co operaton agreements. These are common funded. The NATO Force Structure (NFS) The NFS s composed of Alled natonal and multnatonal forces. forces of graduated readness and nteracton wth the NCS) and ncludes Graduated Readness Forces (GRF). the CJTF and the NATO Response Force (NRF). Natons wll need to develop an augmentaton capablty wth Long Term —34— . MC 400/2 s the Mltary Commttee gudance for the mltary mplementaton of the Allance’s strategy whch provdes the gudance and prncples that shape the NFS. The NFS s bult on the bass of potental NATO mssons followng the prncples rulng the Allance’s mltary structures (coheson. put at the Allance’s dsposal on a permanent or temporary bass under specfied readness crtera. followng a decson by the NAC. Graduated Readiness Forces (GRF) Readness levels of NATO command and force elements reflect the requrements of the full msson spectrum. NATO MILITARY STRUCTURES The Allance’s mltary structures encompass the NATO Command Structure and the NATO Forces Structure. It also ncludes the CanadaUnted States Regonal Plannng Group. and renforcement) n the event of the worst case large scale Artcle 5 contngency. In addton. The readness of these forces s graduated to take account of operatonal plannng constrants.

sea and ar elements. It asssts the Commander CJTF (COMCJTF) n exercsng command and control over the entre CJTF and can be ether sea or land based. Interoperablty. flexblty and deployablty are essental overarchng objectves. Ths s known as the CJTF Talored Capablty. The actvaton and deployment of assgned forces follow procedures as lad down n the Operatonal Plannng Process (OPP). one commanded by a sea based CJTF HQ for the ntal stage of a Major Jont Operaton (MJO). Specal Operatons and Psychologcal Operatons Component Commands. Alled Heads of State and/or Government decded to develop the NRF as a technologcally advanced. The CJTF concept takes nto account and can buld upon the Deployable Jont Task Force (DJTF) HQ requred for commandng the NRF. To successfully accomplsh the full range of CJTF mssons. ncludng assumng command and control over the NRF. talored to a msson. subordnated Component Command HQs. Jont Force Component Command (JFCC) HQs are subordnated to the CJTF HQ and used to exercse command and control over assgned forces. Martme. flexble. NATO Response Force (NRF) At the Prague Summt n 2002. jont. ready to move quckly to wherever needed. The concept satsfies the requrement to conduct two concurrent CJTF operatons. the followng consderatons apply: a CJTF can nclude Jont Force Land. and forces assgned for the operaton. Dependng on the msson and avalable resources. nteroperable and sustanable force. A CJTF s a combned. fully deployable task force. Ar. The purpose of a CJTF HQ s to command and control the full range of Allance mltary operatons up to the sze of a MJO that requre deployable C2 capabltes. Msson talored forces are assgned to COMCJTF or CJTF Component Commanders. The CJTF HQ s a deployable. Rear Area. They are provded by NATO Natons and. JFCC HQs deploy when requred. A CJTF conssts of three layers: the CJTF HQ. and addresses the possble transton from an NRF operaton to a larger CJTF operaton. —35— . deployable. on a case-by-case bass and subject to the Councl’s approval. by Partner and other non-NATO contrbutng natons. ncludng land. forces made avalable must possess approprate operatonal capabltes. and one commanded by a land-based CJTF HQ for the ntal and sustanment stages. talored to the msson and formed for the full range of the Allance’ s mltary mssons. non-permanent combned and jont HQ of varable sze. The NRF s also ntended to act as a catalyst for focusng and promotng mprovements n the Allance’s mltary capabltes. Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF) The Allance Strategc Concept establshed a requrement for the CJTF as a deployable and flexble C2 capablty at the jont level for the full range of the Allance’s mssons.Buld-up Forces (LTBF) n the case of an emergence of a large scale threat to NATO.

when drected to prepare for deployment. must possess tactcal moblty. Forces partcpatng n the NRF are deployable HRFs drawn from the entre NCS. CSS is defined as the support provided to combat forces. all NFS headquarters/forces. Manoeuvre forces and ther C2. held at very hgh readness. traned and certfied force package. as well as from other forces offered by NATO natons. The DCI ntatves under the lead of the SNLC dealt wth: 1) CS is defined as fire support and operational assistance provided to combat forces. However. as well as partcpatng n an operaton as part of a larger force. primarily in the fields of administration and logistics. The NRF s held at 5 – 30 days readness and. and NATO consultaton. all n the areas of DM and SL. The SNLC had lead responsblty for 10 of them. —36— . survvablty of forces and nfrastructure. relyng on perodc commtments by natons aganst the Combned Jont Statement of Requrement (CJSOR) and on jont tranng for each rotaton. capable of performng assgned mssons on ts own. Regardng moblty. specal ntatves by Heads of State and/or Government were requred to speed up consderaton of a number of logstc and other shortcomngs. or servng as an ntal entry force that prepares the theatre for follow-on forces. Defence Capabilities Initiative (DCI) The DCI was launched at the Washngton Summt and was the first ntatve amed at mprovng the Allance’s capabltes. The NRF s able to operate as a stand-alone force for up to 30 days usng embedded logstcs capabltes. The NRF s rotatonal by nature. Deployablty therefore ams at enablng NATO to concentrate ts forces and engagement capablty from permanent locatons to a Jont Operaton Area (JOA) for the conduct of the Allance’s mssons. jont and combned. These requrements are normally addressed as part of the force plannng process. Sustanablty and Logstcs (SL). Ffty-eght decsons were endorsed. Combat Support and Combat Servce Support (CS/CSS)1 elements must be capable of beng moved wthn the JOA as requred. t wll be talored to a specfic operaton. IMPLICATIONS FOR DEPLOYABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY Deployablty and moblty are requred for both Artcle 5 operatons and non Artcle 5 CROs. command and control (C3) systems. coverng the areas of Deployablty and Moblty (DM). once deployed wthn a JOA. effectve engagement. The NRF concept s ntended to generate a coherent. The DCI focused on mprovng nteroperablty among Allance forces to ensure the effectveness of multnatonal operatons across the full spectrum of Allance mssons. or longer f re suppled. on the bass that they meet hgh readness crtera set by the strategc commander for operatons. NATO must have the capablty to project forces nto a non permssve envronment and/or areas wthout approprate nfrastructure and wthout any Host Naton Support (HNS). The mssons of the NRF mrror prmarly the requrements of rapd response n the ntal phase of a crss stuaton.

and - rapd deployment and sustanment of combat forces. Ths ntatve was named the Prague Capabltes Commtment (PCC). REFERENCE MC 317/1 The NATO Force Structure ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —37— . whch has no lead naton. and - evelopng logstcs nformaton systems archtecture and enablers. Defence Mnsters agreed that new ntatves focusng on key operatonal capablty areas should be prepared for agreement at the November 2002 Prague Summt and that these should be based on natonal commtments. - uttng n place measures to enhance co-operaton n multnatonal p logstcs. Bologcal. ncludng shared ndustral contracts for sustanment. - mproved nteroperablty of deployed forces and key aspects of  combat effectveness. - xplorng optons for multnatonally owned or leased lft assets. - command. e - developng arrangements for co-operatve or shared use of lft. strategc sealft under the lead of Norway. d Many of the DM and SL measures acheved modest success. Defence Mnsters recognsed that real progress could be made only when ntatves were taken forward by natons rather than by NATO commttees. The PCC ntatves that are of partcular nterest to logstcs are strategc arlft under the lead of Germany. - mprovng mltary access to commercal lft assets. DCI fell short of expectatons because the varous ntatves were led by senor NATO commttees largely lackng the authorty to commt the resources necessary to secure the requred capabltes. The followng four acton areas were dentfied as part of the PCC: - efence aganst Chemcal. communcatons and nformaton superorty. Prague Capabilities Commitment (PCC) Based on the DCI experence. - xamnng the co-operatve acquston and management of logstc e stocks. - mprovng co-operatve logstcs plannng and management structures  and procedures. Therefore. ar to ar refuellng (AAR) under the lead of Span and Combat Support/Combat Servce Support (CS/CSS). Overall. Radologcal and Nuclear d (CBRN) attacks. n June 2002. however.

ANNEX A to Chapter 3 AAR C2 C3 CBRN CJTF CJSOR COMCJTF CS CSS DCI DJTF DM FLR GRF HNS HRF JFCC JOA MJO NAC NCS NFS NRF OPP PCC SL TOA ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER Ar-to-Ar Refuellng Command and Control Consultaton. Bologcal. Command and Control Chemcal. Radologcal and Nuclear Combned Jont Task Forces Combned Jont Statement of Requrement Commander CJTF Combat Support Combat Servce Support Defence Capabltes Intatve Deployable Task Force Deployablty and Moblty Forces of Lower Readness Graduated Readness Forces Host Naton Support Hgh Readness Forces Jont Force Component Command Jont Operaton Area Major Jont Operaton North Atlantc Councl or Councl NATO Command Structure NATO Force Structure NATO Response Force Operatonal Plannng Process Prague Capabltes Commtment Sustanablty and Logstcs Transfer of Authorty —38— ANNEX A .

CHAPTER 4 DETERMINATION OF LOGISTIC REQUIREMENTS AND LOGISTIC PLANNING —39— .

—40— .

assets and capabltes that the Allance requres to undertake the full range of ts mssons. The method by whch NATO goals are agreed through the Defence Plannng Process wth respect to logstcs. and general gudelnes for NATO forces. It prevents the renatonalsaton of defence polces. Taken together. definton and clarficaton as requred. ammunition and food and their weapons and equipment are maintained. these documents help to define the types of forces. logstc plannng and the NATO Logstcs Vson and Objectves Process are set out n detals below.Colonel General Golushko. DEFENCE PLANNING PROCESS The 1999 NATO Strategc Concept sets out the purpose and tasks of the Allance. mltary and resource advantages of collectve defence and other common mltary efforts to enhance securty and stablty. Defence plannng n the Allance s a fundamental element whch enable ts member countres to enjoy the crucal poltcal. The role of defence plannng s to plan for sufficent total capablty n natons of the requred forces. The am of defence plannng s to provde a framework wthn whch natonal and NATO defence plannng can be harmonsed so as to meet the Allance’s agreed requrements n the most effectve and efficent way. Hence the increasingly important role of logistic continuity aimed at supplying each soldier in good time with everything he needs for fulfilling his combat mission.” . whle recognsng natonal soveregnty. 1984 INTRODUCTION Ths chapter descrbes the methods by whch the Allance operatonal objectves are decded and ther achevement are measured.DETERMINATION OF LOGISTIC REQUIREMENTS AND LOGISTIC PLANNING “In modern warfare no success is possible unless military units are adequately supplied with fuel. Modern battle is characterized by resolute and dynamic actions and by abrupt changes in the situation which call for greater quantity of supplies than was the case during the Second World War. The Comprehensve Poltcal Gudance (CPG) and subsequent Summt or Mnsteral statements have served to provde addtonal gudance. Chief of Logistic Staff. CHAPTER 4 —41— . Soviet Armed Forces. Every logstcan n NATO wll find hmself takng part n ths process. Commttng natonal capabltes to ensure collectvely that the Allance has sufficent capacty and that current operatons have robust support s an oblgaton of membershp and affirms a common purpose. assets and capabltes. the organsaton’s approach to securty n the 21st Century.

«Allance requrements» or equvalents. ncludng armaments. as approprate. and cross-partcpaton of nternatonal and mltary staffs at relevant meetngs n both organsatons) wll be employed throughout the NATO defence plannng process such as force plannng. of other nter-related dscplnes such as standardsaton and ar defence. contacts between EU and NATO secretarats and mltary staffs at all levels. They operate under the drecton of the North Atlantc Councl (NAC) or the Defence Plannng Commttee (DPC). command and control). or the Nuclear Plannng Group (NPG).d. —42— . transparent and mutually renforcng development of the capablty requrements common to both organsatons. NATO LOGISTICS VISION AND OBJECTIVES (V&O) Introduction The NATO Logstcs V&O orgnated from an Autumn 1999 SNLC decson to be more nvolved n defence and operatonal plannng. the CPG was agreed n order to mprove the co ordnaton and harmonsaton of the plannng effort. the development and mplementaton of logstc polces and ntatves wthn NATO. In ccordance th aragraph 0. as applcable. Hence. on behalf of the NAC and the Mltary Commttee (MC). s managed by a dfferent NATO body that contrbutes to the overall am dfferently and apples specal procedures. force. f he ashngton ummt ommunqué. the SNLC developed the NATO Logstc V&O to facltate a coherent NATO approach on logstc ssues by provdng the SNLC wth a mechansm to co ordnate and harmonse. Defence plannng s a comprehensve endeavour and has several plannng dscplnes. There s. or both. The document enttled «EU and NATO: Coherent and Mutually Renforcng Capablty Requrements» has been approved by the Councl and sets out the basc arrangements to enable the EU and NATO as well as ther member states to ensure the coherent. as well as strengthenng the two-way lnkages between force plannng and operatonal plannng. a crtcal requrement to co ordnate and harmonse the actvtes between the dscplnes to the maxmum extent possble to ensure that the overall am of defence plannng s acheved efficently. the EU/NATO Capablty Group. where approprate. The V&O also ensures that NATO’s broader logstc concerns are taken nto account n defence plannng. however. These arrangements (ncludng. Smlarly. cvl emergency. Each of these dscplnes. any reference n ths document to the «forces and capabltes needed to conduct the full range of the Allance’s mssons». nuclear and resource plannng. Thus. reference n ths document to «takng account of nputs from other approprate bodes and staffs» mplctly ncludes nputs from the EU/NATO Capablty Group as well as EU nternatonal and mltary staffs. C3 (consultaton. force plannng provdes an essental bass for ths coordnaton and harmonsaton. mplctly ncludes the requrements for EU-led operatons. nter ala. In consequence. In 2006. a w p 1 ot W S C NATO defence plannng must also am at ncorporatng more comprehensvely the avalablty of forces for European Unon (EU)-led operatons. therefore. logstcs. there s also a need to co ordnate and harmonse actvtes. by dentfyng both the requred and avalable capabltes and forces over a ten year plannng perod.

FORCE PLANNING The am of force plannng s to ensure the avalablty of natonal forces and capabltes for the full range of the Allance’s mssons by settng targets for mplementaton and assessng the degree to whch these targets are beng met. Phase 3 montors and manages the achevement of the requrements. the NATO Logstc V&O s approved by the SNLC pror to the development and approval of the Defence MG so that the Logstc Plannng staff can take t nto account n ther nput to the Defence MG and the development and ssue of the Defence Plannng Questonnare (DPQ). Logstc and logstc-related commttees are nvted to co-operate wth the SNLC n the completon of the NATO Logstcs V&O. In addton wth complyng wth the SNLC’s Terms of Reference requrement to report annually to Defence Mnsters. the practce of focusng the report on the accomplshment of the V&O elmnates the need for addtonal reports. The NATO Logistics V&O Process The NATO Logstcs V&O process conssts of three phases. and —43— . agents. V&O Reporting Progress on objectves s reported to the SNLC through ts Annual Logstc Report. - Plannng Targets. and s updated every four years. The process s based on three sequental man elements. each of whch has ts own development cycle: - Poltcal Gudance. Mnsteral reacton to the Annual Logstc Report should provde valuable drecton to the start of each NATO Logstc V&O cycle. Addtonally. and d tmeframe for completon. Fnally. f requred. The NATO Defence Plannng perod covers ten years. Drawng ts overarchng gudance from the latest CPG. t - road objectves that are closely algned wth the CPG and other hgher b level gudance. The NATO Logstc V&O conssts of three elements: - he overarchng vson for NATO logstcs for the next ten years. Phase 1 develops and approves of the vson and objectves. wth a revew takng place after two years. whle the Force Plannng cycle covers four years wth possble updates to the Defence Mnsteral Gudance and force goals takng place after two years f requred. and - etaled requrements that dentfy the requred actons. The NATO Logstcs V&O also covers a ten year perod. Phase 2 develops and approves the ndvdual requrements. whch s also sent to Defence Mnsters for notaton.

when 1) Excluding those of France which does not participate in collective force planning. The force plannng process s essentally cyclcal n nature. wth respect to ther contrbuton to collectve defence and an ndcaton of the avalablty of forces and capabltes for other NATO mssons. but ncludes some non cyclcal elements as well. - Defence Revews. economc. Poltcal Gudance provdes general gudance relevant to all defence plannng fields as well as specfic gudance applcable to the ndvdual defence plannng dscplnes. The agreement of both the CPG and the Defence MG sets the stage for the elaboraton of plannng targets whch. It also provdes gudance. seekng the forces and capabltes needed to conduct the full range of the Allance’s mssons. ncludng ts Level of Ambton. the results of past analyses. The NATO defence revew s the collectve scrutny and assessment of each naton’s force and financal plans aganst the background of the assgned NATO Force Goals for a ten-year plannng perod. lessons learned from operatons as well as concept development and expermentaton and any other relevant factors. ncludng any shortfalls. as approprate. the defence revew cycle also presents a comprehensve assessment of the Allance’s mltary capabltes1. NATO Force Goals form collectvely agreed targets for ndvdual natons. —44— . The plans for the first two years of the plannng perod consttute a firm commtment to NATO by each country. These elements form the bass for all major actvtes n the force plannng process. the latest NATO strategc ntellgence estmate. Not only does the defence revew of an ndvdual naton provde the mechansm to assess the degree to whch the targets for that naton are beng met. Also other references in this paper to NATO or the Alliance may. To do so. t addresses the poltcal. on co operaton wth and/ or support to other organsatons. NATO force goals are prortsed and may employ a step by step approach. Each natonal target s translated nto a force proposal and subsequently to a force goal. for that reason. but when the results of the revews of all natons are compled. Takng nto account the current and projected strategc envronment. ncludng potental rsks and challenges. tmelnes and areas of concern to be addressed by the NATO Mltary Authortes (NMAs) and by natons n ther plannng. n terms of the capabltes needed to meet NATO’s Level of Ambton n the predcted securty envronment out to ten years. where approprate. and provdes an ndcaton of the Allance’s ablty to meet ts requrements. ncludng hgh-ntensty operatons and operatons far from NATO’s terrtory. The determnaton of requrements s lmted to the dentficaton of the mnmum mltary requrement. albet wth a partcular focus on force plannng. NATO plannng targets n total are allocated to natons based on ther far share allocaton. t draws on extant poltcal and mltary gudance. apply only to the Allies participating in force planning. technologcal and mltary factors that could affect the development of Alles’ forces and capabltes and sets out the prortes. It deals wth plannng for forces and capabltes requred for the full range of the Allance’s mssons. for each naton.

Parallel work on the development of concrete proposals to mprove CS and CSS was therefore delayed untl an ntal assessment could be made on the degree to whch these CS and CSS requrements were lkely to be accepted and mplemented by natons. —45— . the dentficaton of crtcal operatonal requrements/shortfalls could. whle not necesstatng an outof-cycle revew. The NAC(R) tasked the Internatonal Staff (IS) and the NMAs to develop concrete proposals for consderaton on possble ways to mprove capabltes n these areas by explotng role sharng and role specalsaton. The subsequent work of the IS and the NMAs was nfluenced by the fact that for the first tme the majorty of CS and CSS requrements at corps and theatre levels were addressed to the natons concerned. f judged approprate. to do so wthout necessarly commttng combat forces. however. Whle the prevous paragraph ndcates the cyclcal nature of the force plannng process and ts man elements n general terms. There s. For example. In turn. role sharng. role specalsaton. To ths end. Ths broad approach must also provde the opportunty for natons wllng to specalse n nche support capabltes. the results of the Defence Revew feed nto the development of the next poltcal gudance. Lookng forward to cover a ten-year plannng perod. a major. Based on the mltary assessment of the acceptance by natons of the CS/ CSS requrements concrete proposals were developed to mprove ths stuaton. unexpected change n the securty envronment could result n an out-of-cycle revew of the extant poltcal gudance or n the promulgaton of adapted NATO Force Goals. also result n the promulgaton of out-of-cycle force goals developed by means of an abbrevated staffing procedure whch may. Fnally. the use of contractors and the formaton of standng multnatonal logstcs unts. 2) The need for developing out-of-cycle force goals may also be a consequence of work done by the Executive Working Group or other bodies. thereby begnnng the next cycle. Furthermore. but need not necessarly.complete. provde the benchmark upon whch the NATO Defence Revew s conducted. especally f they affect ther commtment n the next two years. natons are expected to update ther Alles as soon as possble on any major changes to ther defence structures and plans. flexblty to ensure that the process remans responsve to changng crcumstances of the Allance or of Alles. the Defence Revew Commttee (DRC) wll montor developments closely2. The scope of the problem ndcates that solutons need to take a broader approach. be based on Defence Requrements Revew-type analyss. NATO force plannng s conducted n a four-year cycle n whch bennal and quadrennal elements consttute a contnuous and seamless process wth work beng carred out at varous levels smultaneously n dfferent phases of process. any of the consttuent elements can be conducted on an ad-hoc bass should t be deemed necessary. ncludng ncreased commtment by ndvdual natons. Combat Support/ Combat Service Support (CS/CSS) In May 2003 the Renforced North Atlantc Councl (NAC(R)) endorsed the need for addtonal ntatves to overcome the shortage n jont CS and CSS unts.

Natons must ensure that adequate logstc support s provded to ther forces allocated to NATO durng peace. The Regulatory Framework calls for partcpaton on a case-by-case bass from any or all NATO natons. nonNATO-natons. 3) 4) MC 319/2 EAPC(SNLC)D(2002)21. natons are expected to put n place measures or enablers to enhance co-operaton and multnatonalty n logstcs. Gap analyss s used to determne mssng functonalty. at the rght tme. harmonsaton and co ordnaton should be part of the responsblty of an Informaton Technology (IT) management body. NATO agences. to comply wth the agreed prncple of collectve responsblty for logstcs. NATO bodes. SNLC Regulatory Framework for a Logistics Information System Architecture —46— . The LOG IMG works wth natonal mltary authortes. 23 August 2002. Its management. The LOG IMG s responsble to develop and mantan NATO’s Logstc hgh level busness process model whch s used to map current and emergng NATO nformaton systems to the model. However.MANAGEMENT OF LOGISTIC INFORMATION NATO Logstcs Polcy3 states that Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty for logstc support between NATO and Natons. whch has to be bult up by future partcpants n a LOGIS envronment. the archtecture should provde easy access to “the rght nformaton. by the rght people”. to leverage exstng efforts. NATO organsatons. Ths document descrbes the key requrements and gudng prncples for the development and mplementaton of a NATO LOGIS archtecture. Ths has resulted n the need for close co-ordnaton and co-operaton durng NATO multnatonal operatons. The group was establshed to revew. crss. Logistics Information Management Group (LOG IMG) The LOG IMG s NATO’s senor logstc nformaton management body. natons and ndustry when applcable. NATO has taken a proactve approach to meet current and future nformaton requrements. The LOG IMG mantans close lason wth NATO agences. organsatons or ndustry. and conflct tmes. The Allance’s New Strategc Concept requres tmely and accurate logstc nformaton for efficent management and co-ordnaton of support to NATO forces. assess and then recommend NATO’s logstcs nformaton requrements to the SNLC. It s the means to develop an nformaton system archtecture to gude development and harmonsaton of exstng and future Allance logstc related systems. both wthn NATO boundares and n support of out of area operatons. Thus. Regulatory Framework for a Logistics Information System Architecture (LOGIS) The Regulatory Framework4 provdes a management envronment for nformaton and communcaton systems and servces that gves the prncples for a logstc nformaton system archtecture.

NATO’s readness definton does not nclude the tme to move to and wthn the Jont Operaton Area (JOA) and the tme to be ready to perform ts msson once deployed. The LOGFS IM WG s led by HQ SACT and supported by ACO and others NATO Regonal Command dealng wth Doctrnal/ Operatonal and Techncal aspects of the LOGFS. Natonal and NATO logstc plans must ensure that sufficent quantty and qualty of logstc resources are avalable at the same readness and deployablty levels to support forces untl such tme as a stable. Regardless of ts readness category. or ready for deployment. mantanng relatons wth and provdng drecton to NC3A and NCSA. for a unt. Logstc plannng must also take nto account the actvtes undertaken by a force up to the pont when Transfer of Authorty (TOA) occurs. The readness of logstc resources s acheved through establshng the capablty to provde the requred support. Logstc unts may be deployed early as enablng forces to actvate the lnes of communcaton and therefore may need to belong to a hgher readness category than the unts they support. that t s fully manned. Besdes. traned. robust re-supply system has been establshed. and provdng oversght for LOGFS related Tranng at Latna (Italy). co-ordnatng nformaton technology aspects of the Scentfic Program of Work (SPOW). wthn the specfied readness tme. equpped and provded wth the requred supples. and s at organsatonal strength at ts peacetme permanent locaton or forward deployed locaton. The group s responsble for managng the LOGFS Capabltes Package (CP).Logistic Functional Services (LOGFS) Information Management Working Group (LOGFS IM WG) The LOGFS IM WG s the Strategc Commands prncple nformaton systems and techncal group. The group also serves as the SCs forum to dscuss and prortse all LOGFS ssues from the varous components of the LOGFS sute to nclude current problems and future developments. Natons and NATO should apply the same logstc crtera to n-place forces. Natons must pay partcular attenton to Long Lead Tme Items (LLTI) whch cannot otherwse be obtaned —47— . LOGISTIC READINESS AND SUSTAINABILITY Logistic Readiness Readness s a key prncple of the NATO Force Structure (NFS) to ensure the avalablty of the NFS HQs and forces assgned to the Allance on a permanent or temporary bass for the full range of the Allance’s mssons. The quantty and qualty of logstc resources requred to provde support to a force must cover the entre msson spectrum that these forces could be expected to perform. co ordnaton of logstcs IT experments. ncludng the full provson of stocks and assets. t admnstrates the relatonshp of the LOGFS user communty wth NC3A and NCSA. ether by stockplng or by other arrangements. beng “ready” means. The readness assgned to an HQ or unt s defined n MC 317/1 as “the perod of tme measured from an ntaton order to the moment when the HQ or unt s ready to perform ts task from ts peacetme locaton or when t s ready for deployment”.

as dentfied n the Defence Requrement Revew (DRR). concurrency. As stated n MC 55/4. tempered by an agreed level of operatonal rsk and the requred readness and preparaton tme. - contngency contracts. avalable wthn the readness categores. partcularly where supplers may be asked to respond to the needs of more than one naton and/or to the cvl sector. Overall logstc sustanablty requrements wll take nto account the avalablty of readness stocks. equpment mantenance. and logstc nfrastructure. Logstc sustanablty requres sufficent deployable and n-place logstc support for all elements of the force structure.wthn the readness preparaton tme to ensure that sufficent stockples of these tems are held to meet the logstc avalablty and subsequent sustanablty requrements of ther forces. wth ncreased emphass on Crss Response Operatons (CRO)s. structures and resources must provde the capablty to project and to sustan combat power for the foreseen duraton of operatons. Natons relyng on ndustral surge to address requrements must ensure that ndustry has the capacty to respond n the tmescales requred and over the duraton necessary. - b-/multlateral agreements. Natons must ensure that. and - other means. Logistic Sustainability Logstc sustanablty must meet NATO’s level of ambton defined n the Defence Plannng Commttee Mnsteral Gudance. the readness stockple requrements for forces n those categores. Logstc sustanment starts when force generaton actvtes are ntated and ams at mantanng the combat power of the forces throughout the duraton of the operaton. natons should mantan approprate sufficent supples. stocks. ncludng contractor support to operatons. - ssured access to ndustral capabltes wth adequate surge a capacty. to sustan ther forces commtted to NATO for the full range of potental mssons. wthn the preparaton tme of ndvdual readness categores. The overall sustanablty requrement wll be derved from the most logstcally demandng combnaton of scales of effort. In lne wth the parameters of the new NFS. and the sustanablty requrements are met by a mx of: - mantanng adequate stocks. the logstc systems. endurance and readness. A key aspect s sustanng the requred stockple level stated n the specfic Operaton Plan (OPLAN) or by natonal authortes. Ths wll nclude medcal support. NATO STOCKPILE PLANNING Stockpile Requirements Natons may use a combnaton of methods to acheve stockple —48— .

b- or multlateral arrangements and contngency contracts. To determne the necessary stocks to acheve force readness. the SCs have calculated the requrement to be n prncple 30 Standard Days of Supply (SDOS). the re-supply cycle tme and pre TOA requrements. These requrements are based on a target orented approach and modeled n the Alled Command Resource Optmsaton Software System (ACROSS). where no such gudance can be gven. To support natonal generc and long term stockple plannng wthn the overall Defence Plannng Process. operatonal and logstc plannng. Through analyss of demandng DRR plannng stuatons. requrements should be establshed at levels consstent wth these tems covered by gudance.requrements for readness durng the warnng and preparaton tme for unts. the key factor s the tme requred to establsh robust re-supply arrangements. for defence plannng purposes. Ths s acheved by: - C 55/4. and the ablty of ndustry and commerce to respond wthn the preparaton perod of ndvdual readness categores. The SPG s harmonsed wth the NATO Force Plannng Process and should provde adequate gudance for all classes of supply. Readness and Sustanablty Polcy. acquston n total or part by assured access to ndustral capabltes wth adequate surge capacty. a unt basc load. Ar Defence. The methods selected wll need to take nto account ndustral and commercal market consderatons. These nclude routne stockplng of materel that cannot be obtaned durng the preparaton tme of ndvdual readness categores. In these cases. However. Some standard of measurement s necessary to clarfy what the statement means. the SCs are responsble for developng stockple requrements n consultaton wth natons and publshng them n the Stockple Plannng Gudance (SPG) to natons. procurement lead tmes. and Martme Forces. Ar. All Classes of Supply (COS). whch addresses M readness crtera and sustanablty parameters to be used n force. natonal plannng factors should apply. strategc transportaton avalablty and wder securty consderatons n respect of access to strategc materel. ncludng medcal supples. addtonal detal s often requred to permt logstcs plannng across ts functonal dscplnes. Therefore. Statements lke “natons should hold a mnmum stock level of ammunton” or “natons should provde sufficent logstc unts to support ther combat forces” mean lttle by themselves. ncludng the avalablty of strategc lft for logstc sustanablty. unts requre 30 SDOS avalable to be operatonally ready for deployment wthn the unt readness tme. the naton should consult the SCs to determne the optons. are covered by MC 55/4. and - he NATO Stockple Plannng Gudance (SPG) uses computer modelng t to compute battle decsve muntons for Land. NATO Stockpile Planning Guidance Although Mnsteral Gudance and the Force Plannng process can be consdered as the prmary process for NATO capabltes plannng. The requrements for all other classes —49— . Where a naton s unable to meet the full 30 SDOS readness requrement.

Infrastructure Commttee (IC) and the NATO Defence Manpower Commttee (NDMC). and - o consder and endorse capablty packages for Councl/DPC t approval. It s chared by a natonal charman and composed of senor natonal representatves from member countres. representatves from the Mltary Commttee (MC). NATO MILITARY COMMON FUNDED RESOURCES Introduction Mltary common-funded programmes have always been and must reman an mportant aspect of the co operaton amongst Alles5. The SPG s ssued to natons every two years and the results are reported n the DPQ. Shortfalls n meetng the agreed muntons or other stockple levels are dscussed at the SPC and durng force plannng consultatons wth natons. by natons attendng the Stockple Plannng Commttee. 5) Ministerial Guidance 1997 —50— . NATO’s mltary common resources consst of the NATO Securty Investment Programme (NSIP).of supply are calculated usng the Sustanment Plannng Module II (SPM II). It s produced by ACT. natons compute the optmal muntons effectveness based on current nventores and planned procurement. The Mltary Budget funds essentally the common operaton and mantenance costs of NATO’s ntegrated mltary structure. ACO. - o optmze md- and longer term mltary common-funded resource t management and to provde maxmum flexblty n the resource allocaton process. formerly known as the NATO Infrastructure Programme. funds common nvestment projects n support of the Allance’s capabltes. - o provde a forum for consderng the resource mplcatons of new t ntatves of common concern. management and allocaton of resources. Senior Resource Board (SRB) The SRB s a subsdary body of the Councl wth overall responsblty for common-funded mltary resource management. The man objectves of the SRB are: - o provde coordnated advce to the Councl/Defence Plannng t Commttee (DPC) on the avalablty. ACT. whch s based on the level of effort methodology (30 SDOS) and s beng refined to estmate daly consumpton across a varety of operatonal condtons. Mltary Budget Commttee (MBC). and then report the results n the DPQ. wth the nput from ACO. prmarly from a resource allocaton pont of vew. the Mltary Budget and Internatonal Manpower. Internatonal Manpower provdes the necessary mannng of that structure. Once receved. The SPG s the expresson of the NATO requrement for all classes of supply. The NSIP.

- formally accepts mplemented projects. and - rovdes advce to the Councl on a range of nternatonal mltary p budget matters. of annual budget estmates. and - alls forward payments from contrbutng natons n accordance wth c approved expendture forecasts. as approved by the Councl/DPC. (ASG/DI). - decdes on procurement ssues. agreeng ther detaled elgblty for common fundng n accordance wth approved gudelnes.Infrastructure Committee The IC s chared by the Assstant Secretary General for Defence Investment. ncludng dsputes. modficatons to nternatonal cvlan personnel establshments and reports by the Internatonal Board of Audtors. the MBC: - ssues polcy and gudance to the NATO Mltary Authortes (NMAs)  for the preparaton and submsson of medum term financal plans. To ths end. also takng nto account economcal and poltcal aspects. In ths respect. In ths respect. revews these plans and formulates recommendatons to the SRB concernng resource allocaton and future plannng parameters. wth the Drector of the Securty Investment Drectorate servng as the Permanent Charman. - anages the programme from a financal pont of vew wthn the m overall lmts set by the SRB and approved by the Councl. - ssues polcy and gudance to the NMAs for the preparaton and  submsson. for the mplementaton of the NSIP. NATO Defence Manpower Committee (NDMC) The NDMC s an MC sub-commttee wth overall nternatonal manpower management responsblty. revews these estmates and formulates recommendatons to the Councl for ther approval. the NDMC’s man tasks are: —51— . - rants authorzatons to Host Natons to commt funds for such g projects. prmarly from the techncal s and financal pont of vew. wthn approved resource allocatons. such as the grantng of nternatonal status to mltary bodes. - ontors the executon of the approved budgets and authorses m adjustments to the authorsed budgets whch exceed the powers of the Fnancal Controllers. takng nto account broad resource polcy gudance of the SRB. wthn the broad polcy gudance provded by the SRB. the IC: - creens projects ncluded n the NSIP. It s responsble. Military Budget Committee (MBC) The MBC s responsble for managng the Internatonal Mltary Budget.

Agences and user natons. However. - o advse the MC on manpower polces and celngs. the MTRP sets resource allocaton celngs for the NSIP and the mltary budget for the next budget year and provdes plannng celngs for the followng four plannng years. for the Allance to have the capabltes to perform ts mssons. current and t forecast. and ts approval n prncple to those for subsequent years for manpower and financal plannng purposes. The MTRP addresses ssues whch are of partcular relevance to each of the mltary common resources of NSIP. t and - to advse the MC on NATO personnel polcy. There are four dstnct phases n the CP process: CP definton. The SCs. n consultaton wth Host Natons. expressng resource requrements n broad quanttatve terms. the MTRP establshes the lnk between NATO’s mltary common resources and the Allance’s strategc objectves. develop the CPs that support the requred capabltes wthn ther area of responsblty. It specfically ntegrates the nvestment. - o conduct revews as necessary of nternatonal manpower posts. CP development and submsson. By expressng budgetary requrements wthn the Capablty Package framework. ncludng manpower. CP approval and CP mplementaton. - o screen the NATO Defence Manpower Plan wth a vew to nvtng the t approval of the MC to the proposals for the first year. Ths forms the bass for the development by the NMAs of ther requred capabltes. mltary budget and nternatonal manpower. It dentfies the assets needed. There are no fixed gudelnes as to what consttutes a properly szed CP. Specfically. operaton and mantenance and nternatonal manpower aspects. - o consder proposals for varatons n mltary establshments t submtted by the NMAs. Capability Packages (CPs) The Capablty Package process lnks mltary common fundng wth the broader Allance defence plannng process. both common-funded and natonal. It s essentally a resource plannng document. The MTRP provdes an overvew of the medum term feasblty and affordablty of prevously endorsed and future programmes. CP Definition MC Gudance for Defence Plannng amplfies the Prncpal Mltary Requrements (PMR) and dentfies the requred mltary functons. The Medium-Term Resource Plan (MTRP) The MTRP covers resource plannng for the followng budget year and the four subsequent plannng years. t s clear —52— . It s forwarded by the SRB to the Councl for decson at the begnnng of each year.

ether for new nstallaton(s) or to satsfy shortfalls n exstng nstallatons. t logstcs. The cost and complexty must be such as to allow package executon wthn a reasonable tmeframe. elgblty for common-fundng and affordablty wthn the agreed MTRP plannng framework. ncludng nternatonal manpower. prepares a jont screenng report to be consdered by both the SRB and the MC. CP Implementation Implementaton of CPs s the responsblty of the mplementaton commttees and the host natons. ths step must dentfy ether common funded or natonally funded addtonal nvestment requrements. The IS. wll be made avalable. assgnng the mltary prorty on whch bass CPs wll compete for fundng. the SCs dentfy addtonal requrements by comparng requred assets to avalable assets. cost and mplementablty. mplementablty. NATO Security Investment Programme The IC has overall management responsblty over the NSIP. ncludng the relaton to common-funded Operaton and Mantenance costs and NATO Manpower. The SRB’s prmary focus s on affordablty.that a CP must be manageable n terms of scope. normally five to seven years from the tme of approval. CP Approval CPs are submtted to NATO HQ for approval. Ths report wll address the feasblty. elgblty for common-fundng wll not consttute —53— . If exstng NATO or natonal nfrastructure assets are not adequate to support the requred capablty. the Infrastructure Commttee s responsble for managng the mplementaton of the common-funded nvestments. consequently. For those CPs for whch addtonal nvestment s necessary. New nvestment requrements wll be agreed on the bass of the securty needs of the Allance and. and nfrastructure assets) that must be avalable to accomplsh the requred capablty. The MC consders CPs from a mltary requrement pont of vew. and - he selecton of those nstallatons avalable to support the requred t capablty together wth the related common-funded Operaton and Mantenance costs and NATO Manpower. armaments. The followng steps can be dentfied: - he dentficaton of those mnmum resources (forces. Councl/DPC approval of the CP consttutes a commtment that the necessary resources. together wth the Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS). CP Development and Submission At ths stage. - he determnaton of those nstallatons whch currently exst to satsfy t the requred capablty dentfied n the step descrbed above. Both the MBC and the NDMC are nvolved n managng the provson of sufficent operaton and mantenance support and nternatonal manpower.

- tranng support and exercse facltes. The Military Budget The MBC has overall management responsblty over the mltary budget. Programmes and Agences. t —54— . msson operatng expenses and captal expendtures) of the network of NATO nternatonal mltary headquarters. Programmes and Agences. the Advsory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD) and the NATO Ar. provdng for the N operaton and control of the NAEW fleet of arcraft. nformaton gatherng. programmes and agences. renforcement actvtes and re supply. ncludng ts network of subsdary A Commands. The current NSIP s based upon NATO’s overall requrements. - ATO Arborne Early Warnng (NAEW) System. ar and martme fl forces. - control of lnes of communcaton. Command and Control Agency (NC3A). The Internatonal Mltary Budget provdes for the operatng and mantenance costs (ncludng personnel and operatng costs. - lled Command Operatons. and - he NATO Consultaton. ncludng ts network of subsdary A Commands. - ar defence. - lled Command Transformaton.any enttlement. provdng for the operaton of the theatre C headquarters of NATO’s deployed mssons. - exble and deployable command and control of land. and - consultaton. The basc prncple of elgblty for common-fundng under the NSIP s that requrements should be over and above those that could reasonably be expected to be made avalable from natonal resources. reconnassance and ntellgence. - he IMS Groups. command and control. Command and Control System Management Agency (NACMA). - nuclear capabltes. Partcular emphass wll be placed upon the facltes needed to meet crss management requrements: communcatons. flexblty of employment. Sx major budgetary groups can be determned: - rss Response Operatons. Prorty objectves nclude: - support to ongong and planned CROs. whch also ncludes the budgets such as those for the t NATO Defence College. moblty. - logstc support and re-supply. survellance.

the Conference of Natonal Armament Drectors (CNAD). ncludng wth Partners. Therefore. crtera and desgns to enhance the Allance’s operatonal effectveness and mprove the efficency n use of avalable mltary resources.STANDARDISATION AND INTEROPERABILITY Introduction Through NATO Standardsaton. procedures. n the fields of operatons. the NATO Ar Defence Commttee (NADC). compatblty. the Alles wll enhance ther capablty to perform the whole range of NATO tasks and mssons. Major changes n the Allance. tranng and exercses n NATO led non-Artcle 5 operatons (ncludng PSOs. n ascendng order. the NATO Ppelne Commttee (NPC). should be made n the field of standardsaton. Ths requres a sgnficant level of standardsaton. search and rescue. agree and mplement common concepts. In partcular. NATO polcy s to encourage natons and NATO authortes to develop. nvolvng new and more delcate mssons. —55— . whch s an automated tool contanng key Allance Standardzaton R(ASRs)requrements and selected objectves for Allance standardsaton objectves. The ncreasng need for Allance co operaton n the development and mantenance of multnatonal forces for all mssons demands more flexblty to meet broader and less predctable rsks. materel and admnstraton. The producton and mantenance of NATO Standardsaton Agreements (STANAGs) and Alled Publcatons (APs) s largely the responsblty of the NATO Standardsaton Agency (NSA) supported by the Taskng Authortes (TAs). humantaran operatons and crss management). The TAs consst of the MC. as wll ther nvolvement and ntegraton n the standardsaton process. the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee (SCEPC). and to ensure a varety of mltary crss measures. The NSA mantans the NATO Standardsaton Programme (NSP). combned efforts. NATO standardsaton also adds a poltcal value as an outward demonstraton of co operaton and soldarty. For multnatonal formatons. doctrnes. nterchangeablty or commonalty whch are necessary to attan the requred level of nteroperablty or to optmse the use of resources. nteroperablty. standardsaton s the process of developng and mplementng concepts. doctrnes. Gven the current emphass placed on co operaton n Peace Support Operatons (PSOs). the dentficaton and mplementaton of nteroperablty objectves for PfP natons wll become ncreasngly mportant. the SNLC and others as requred. The levels of standardsaton are. the NATO Consultaton Command and Control Board (NC3B). Partnershp for Peace (PfP) and NATO’s enlargement wll necesstate clearly defined standardsaton parameters and wll requre an approprate level of standardsaton to allow collaboratve operatons. the overall mutual co operaton between all forces and unts s essental. nterchangeablty and commonalty. Definition Wthn NATO. procedures and desgns to acheve and mantan the compatblty.

the achevement of NATO standardsaton s hghly dependent on the poltcal wll of the Alles to commt themselves to the necessary efforts. compatblty. Standardsaton s not an end n tself. - eedback. For natons concerned. - Unity f effort. - Attainment of standardisation level. and specfically from the Allance Strategc Concept and the Mnsteral Gudance for defence plannng actvtes n NATO. natons may agree to the mandatory mplementaton of specfic standards. Partnershp Goals address standardsaton requrements to Natons partcpatng n the PfP Plannng and Revew Process (PARP). Unty of effort s enhanced by harmonsaton and co o ordnaton of standardsaton actvtes wth Natons. consequently. Full complance wth the force goals for natons partcpatng n force plannng s a key —56— . Natons should acheve the levels of standardsaton ndcated n the Standardsaton Requrement. In prncple standardsaton s voluntary N for natons that shall mplement standards as applcable and to the maxmum possble extent. The Allance wll use sutable cvl standards o to the maxmum practcable extent. Industry’s capablty to satsfy mltary requrements belongs entrely to the economc system of the member natons. A The need for standardsaton s derved from the overall poltcal objectves of the North Atlantc Treaty. In some nstances. nterchangeablty and commonalty. The levels of standardsaton are. n ascendng order. Only when no applcable cvl standard s avalable. Co ordnaton among NATO defence plannng dscplnes s essental for harmonsaton and achevement of nteroperablty. mprovng thereby efficency n the use of avalable resources. wll a NATO standard be developed. - Harmonisation of standardisation with NATO defence planning. force plannng s a key focus for the standardsaton process through the force goals and defence revew cycles.Aim The am of NATO standardsaton s to enhance the Allance’s operatonal effectveness through the attanment of nteroperablty among NATO forces. Principles of NATO Standardisation The followng prncples gude the applcaton of NATO Standardsaton: - General lliance Objectives. nteroperablty. Implementaton s then revewed n PARP Assessment. SCs and Senor NATO Commttees through the NATO Standardsaton Organsaton. and addtonally between NATO forces and forces of Partners and other natons. - ational commitment. Feedback on fulfilment of Standardsaton Requrements and F mplementaton of Standardsaton Agreements s an essental part of the standardsaton process. - Use f civil standards.

Standardsaton requrements are derved from ether the top-down or the bottom-up approaches as descrbed earler. They dentfy the capablty to be acheved and the requred level of standardsaton. lead to the development and mplementaton of the NATO Standardsaton Programme (NSP). The NATO Standardisation Process The NATO Standardsaton Process nvolves proposng. Preparaton. Steps within the process. It requres a clear formulaton of these requrements and the allocaton of prorty scores based on the B-SCs agreed basc prorty lst. mplementng and updatng NATO standards. promulgatng. developng. Producton and the Updatng of NATO Standardsaton Agreements and Alled Publcatons. Phase 2: Identficaton. consttute the Allance’s Standardsaton Requrements. formulaton and approval of Standardsaton Requrements. formulaton and agreement of Standardsaton Objectves based on these requrements. Top-down Allance Standardsaton Requrements. Top-down standardsaton s ntated when the SCs dentfy mltary standardsaton requrements as part of force proposals for natons partcpatng n the force plannng process. Phase 3: Executon of tasks by the TAs. Phase 4: Implementaton of top-down Standardsaton and feedback.aspect of natonal commtment to mprove standardsaton. Bottom-up standardsaton s ntated by reportng standardsaton needs and/or deficences. The general steps n the standardsaton process whch fall under the drect responsblty of the TAs are defined n AAP-3. formulated by NATO Workng Groups. complemented by approprate bottom-up Standardsaton Proposals. - Identifying standardisation requirements/deficiencies. Ths s followed by Standardsaton Proposals. It comprses two complementary elements: the so called «bottom-up» and «topdown» standardsaton. together wth other requrements for standardsaton from NATO natons and from TAs. —57— . valdaton and agreement on new standardsaton requrements. T - erminology. resultng from the approved Standardsaton Objectves. whch are valdated by the approprate Taskng Authorty to confirm the requrement before the development of a STANAG starts. Top-down standardsaton comprses 4 phases: Phase 1: Identficaton. The NSP s the Allance’s management tool for standardsaton actvtes. Procedures for the Development. the achevement of natons’ ratficaton and the promulgaton of the agreed documents. ratfyng. Such responsblty ncludes the management and updatng of all exstng STANAGS and APs. the dentficaton. These mltary standardsaton requrements. agreeng. NATO documents must use NATO agreed termnology.

although some standards may apply to more than one area: - Operational tandards are those standards whch affect future and/ s or current mltary practce. A proposed standard may be ratfied and desgnated a NATO Standard f several (not necessarly all) Alles agree that t s acceptable as a goal for mplementaton. NATO standards are normally classfied nto one of three man areas as follows. Verficaton of standardsaton may be carred out n PSOs. - Verifying and validating the implementation of agreed NATO standards. prorty standardsaton needs are dentfied and the standardsaton objectves (referred to SOs wthn the NSP) are formulated. The formulatng or updatng of NATO standards s nherently nternatonal n character and hence must be co ordnated nternatonally n the approprate NATO bodes. technques. - Promulgating ATO standards. In vew of the wde range of the Allance’s actvtes for whch standards are desrable. - Formulating and agreeing priority standardisation objectives. maps and charts. —58— . Valdaton of verficaton nformaton may result n the adaptaton and/or deleton of certan STANAGs. They may apply to such matters as concepts. tactcs. The verficaton should be carred out on the bass of a verficaton plan. the formulaton of proposed NATO standards wll normally be decentralsed. Partner natons can adopt NATO standards as a goal for mplementaton. reports. - Implementing agreed NATO standards as a matter of national policy. Specfic proposed standards may not be relevant to all Allance natons. After sufficent natons have ratfied N the proposed standard t wll be promulgated by the Drector of the NSA. organsatons. exercses and other operatons. Based on the agreed requrement. Implementaton of agreed NATO standards s a natonal responsblty. Formulaton of NATO standards can best be accomplshed by multnatonal bodes of natonal experts. among other thngs. procedures or formats. NATO strongly encourages mplementaton of ratfied STANAGs. doctrne. logstcs. Lkewse. by observng. montorng and reportng results on a natonby-naton and case by case bass. NATO Standards NATO Standardsaton s a broad process that may be appled to any NATO actvty.Those that form part of the NATO Standardsaton Programme are referred to as Allance Standardsaton Requrements. - Formulating or updating of NATO standards. - Ratifying NATO standards by Nations individually. forms. tranng.

Operatonal and materel standardsaton are nterdependent. the Research & Technology Board and the IMS Dvsons also deal wth standardsaton. On the contrary. —59— .g. the NPC. data processng and dstrbuton. reportng of economc statstcs). operatonal standardsaton falls nto the area of responsblty of the NSA whle materel standardsaton falls nto the area of responsblty of the CNAD. fuel. - Materiel tandards are those standards that affect the characterstcs s of future and/or current materel to nclude telecommuncatons. The full benefits of ncreased materel standardsaton may not be acheved unless there s extensve harmonsaton of operatonal aspects. new technology wll often requre the reformulaton of doctrne and wll almost always result n changes to operatonal procedures. the SNLC. by consderng standardsaton mplcatons n the very early state of development. nteroperable. weapons systems. ncludng command. Standardsaton n key operatonal areas such as concepts. procedures. doctrnes. Addtonally. They may cover producton codes of practce as well as materel specficatons. NATO specalst Glossary of Terms and Defintons provde NATO approved termnology for specalsed fields. Standardsaton of termnology s essental for a collectve understandng of all documentaton related to standardsaton actvtes. assembles. spare parts and materals and consumables (ncludng ammunton. wll greatly enhance prospects for standardsaton of materel. procedures and msson needs. - Administrative standards prmarly concern termnology - whch apply to both the «operatonal» and the «materel» fields - but ths category also ncludes standards whch facltate Allance admnstraton n fields wthout drect mltary applcaton (e. control and communcatons systems. Operatonal standardsaton strves for the use of common concepts. practces or formats to enhance operatonal nteroperablty of NATO and PfP forces. supples. In general. Objectves for materel standardsaton strve for the development and procurement of compatble. nterchangeable or common materel for NATO and PfP forces. Materel ncludes complete systems. as requred. sub systems. collaboraton n equpment programmes wll be consderably enhanced. In turn. Standardsaton must not hnder research and development for new armaments and/or communcatons equpment nor the pursut of more efficent/ approprate processes and procedures. The NATO Glossary of Terms and Defintons (AAP-6) s the key NATO reference document that provdes offical terms and defintons to be used. doctrne. stores and consumable spares). components. Other NATO bodes such as the NATO C3 Board.

wll each act as a TA. plannng and executon functons related to standardsaton for applcaton throughout the Allance. Tasking Authorities Working Groups – Workng Groups responsble for producng and mantanng the standards as drected by ther parent TA. The NSA wll set out procedures. Decsons are normally reached on the bass of unanmty. for operatonal standardsaton. Army. composed of mltary and cvlan staff. they do ths by developng applcable STANAGs and Alled Publcatons wth the member natons and NATO Mltary Commands. wth ts experts n the dfferent fields. The Boards. as delegated by the Mltary Commttee. support to TAs’ Workng Groups that develop standards. The NCS s the Board of Drectors for the NATO Standardsaton Agency. each of whch acts as a Taskng Authorty for Operatonal Standardsaton. NATO Standardisation Agency (NSA) - A sngle. supported by the NSA. ncludng doctrne. wth one member per naton. ncludng doctrne. The NSA supports the Jont and the Sngle Servce Boards. f requred.The NATO Standardisation Organisation (NSO) NATO Committee for Standardisation – Senor NATO Commttee. to the formulaton of Mltary Standardsaton Requrements by the SCs and draftng of Standardsaton Objectves. centralsed co ordnaton. NATO Standardisation Staff Group (NSSG) – Staff group subordnate to the NCS. The Jont and Sngle Servce Boards. —60— . It s responsble for the preparaton of the work for the NCS. and Ar and Admn & Support Branches. Naval. The Drector of the NSA s responsble for the day to day work of the Polcy and Requrements. The Servce Boards are responsble for developng operatonal and procedural standardsaton among member natons. agreements may also be based on majorty decsons of the natons that are partcpatng n any partcular Standardsaton Agreement. reportng to the Councl. responsble for staff lason. are n permanent sesson and meet formally once a month. wth full authorty and management responsblty for Allance Standardsaton co ordnaton on polcy and decson takng. as standardsaton s a voluntary process. wth the authorty to co ordnate ssues between all fields of standardsaton. nter ala. for the staffing of projects assgned to the NSA by the NCS and for preparaton of documentaton contrbutng. subordnate to the Councl through the NCS. The NCSREPs wll address the NSO objectves. The SCs have a staff representatve on each Board. The NSSG wll be supported by NSSG Workng Groups to undertake specfic standardsaton tasks. The NCS s asssted by the Group of NCS representatves wth delegated authorty (NCSREPs) to acheve ts msson. NCSREPs and NSSG meetngs and wll ensure. The Servce Branches provde staff support to ther related Boards and are responsble for montorng and harmonsng standardsaton actvtes n ther area of responsblty. ntegrated body. Lke other Taskng Authortes. delegated by the MC. lason wth and. However. promote the nteracton between natonal organsatons and NATO and prepare NCS decsons or act on ts behalf. Jont.

Denmark. Whle most Board Members are on the staff of ther Mltary Representatve at NATO HQ. logstcs doctrne. movements and transport. nterservce geographc. The Naval Board manages workng groups dealng wth martme operatons. naval control of shppng. replenshment at sea. ar armaments. rado and radar radaton hazards. nbc defence operatons and nbc medcal operatons. range safety. helcopter operatons. helcopter operatons from shps other than arcraft carrers. flght safety. search and rescue. aeromedcal. underwater dvng and very shallow water mne countermeasure operatons. C-M(2000)54 NATO Polcy for Standardsaton AAP-3 P rocedures for the Development. affectng two or more Servces. crash fire-fightng and rescue and. naval ammunton nterchangeablty. Belgum represents Luxembourg. those from Belgum. nformaton exchange requrement/message text format harmonzaton. arfield servces. asset trackng. medcal standardsaton. martme logstcs. agreements may also be based on majorty decsons. Decsons are normally reached on the bass of unanmty. It manages workng groups dealng wth alled jont operatons doctrne. The Army Board manages workng groups dealng wth land operatons. submarne escape and rescue. jont ntellgence ssues and envronmental protecton. The Air Board manages workng groups dealng wth ar operatons and all aspects of operatonal doctrne. combat engneerng. arcraft/arcrew ntegraton. amphbous operatons. arcraft gaseous systems. as standardsaton s a voluntary process. ar reconnassance. ar electrcal and electromagnetc consderatons. mne warfare. The Unted States have a separate NSA delegaton at NATO HQ. explosve ordnance dsposal. Preparaton. arcraft servcng and standard equpment. materals handlng/dstrbuton. The Joint Service Board (JSB) deals wth jont and overarchng operatonal standardsaton polcy matters.Service Boards The three Sngle Servce Boards consst of members of the approprate Servces of the NATO natons and the NATO Strategc Commands. ar transport. avoncs systems. ammunton nterchangeablty. artllery. However. REFERENCES. the Netherlands and the Unted Kngdom are based at ther respectve Mnstres of Defence. Producton and the Upgradng of NATO Standardsaton Agreements (STANAGs) and Alled Publcatons (APs) N ATO Standardsaton Agreements and Alled Publcatons AAP-4 ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —61— .

command and control Conference of Natonal Armament Drectors Capabltes Package Capablty Packages Comprehensve Poltcal Gudance Crss Response Operaton Combat Support Combat Servce Support Defence Plannng Commttee Defence Plannng Questonnare Defence Revew Commttee Defence Requrement Revew European Unon Headquarters Infrastructure Commttee Internatonal Mltary Staff Internatonal Staff Informaton Technology Jont Operaton Area —62— ANNEX A .ANNEX A to Chapter 4 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER ACCS ACO ACROSS ACT AGARD APs C3 CNAD CP CPs CPG CRO CS CSS DPC DPQ DRC DRR EU HQs IC IMS IS IT JOA Ar. Command and Control System Alled Command Operatons Alled Command Resource Optmsaton Software System Alled Command Transformaton Advsory Group for Aerospace Research and Development Alled Publcatons Consultaton.

JSB LLTI LOGFS LOGFS IM WG LOG IMG LOGIS MBC MC MG MTRP NAC NACMA NAC(R) NADC NAEW NAMs NC3A NC3B NCS NCSA NDMC NFS NPC NPG NSA NSIP NSO NSP NSSG OPLAN Jont Servce Board Long Lead Tme Items Logstc Functonal Servces Logstc Functonal Servces Informaton Management Workng Group Logstcs Informaton Management Group Logstcs Informaton System Mltary Budget Commttee Mltary Commttee Mnsteral Gudance The Medum-Term Resource Plan North Atlantc Councl (or Councl) NATO ACCS Management Agency Renforced North Atlantc Councl NATO Ar Defence Commttee NATO Arborne Early Warnng System NATO Mltary Authortes NATO C3 Agency NATO Consultaton Command and Control Board NATO Commttee for Standardsaton NATO Communcaton and Informaton Systems Servces Agency NATO Defence Manpower Commttee NATO Force Structure NATO Ppelne Commttee Nuclear Plannng Group NATO Standardsaton Agency NATO Securty Investment Programme NATO Standardsaton Organsaton NATO Standardsaton Programme NATO Standardsaton Staff Group Operaton Plan —63— .

PARP PfP PMR PSOs SCEPC SDOS SNLC SPG SPM II SPOW SRB STANAGs TAs TOA V&O PfP Plannng and Revew Process Partnershp for Peace Prncpal Mltary Requrements Peace Support Operatons Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee Standard Days of Supply Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Stockple Plannng Gudance Sustanment Plannng Module II Scentfic Program of Work Senor Resource Board NATO Standardsaton Agreements Taskng Authortes Transfer of Authorty NATO Logstcs Vson and Objectves —64— .

CHAPTER 5 OPERATIONAL LOGISTIC PLANNING Maintenance Afloat – A frigate and an oiler taking advantage of a tender’s maintenance capabilities —65— .

—66— .

shape.html”. The Operatonal Logstcs Plannng Course at the NATO School (Oberammergau) provdes useful tranng on the plannng process. explaned n general n AJP-1 and descrbed n detaled B-SC Gudelnes for Operatonal Plannng (GOP).Maurice de Saxe: Mes Rèveries XIII. An OPLAN wll contan 1) J4 is the Joint Staff dealing with Logistics. Fgure 5-1 outlnes ths plannng process. The GOP s avalable on CRONOS at “http://cww. The list of Joint Staffs is attached at Annex B. Ths process s outlned n MC 133/3.OPERATIONAL LOGISTIC PLANNING “Every unit that is not supported is a defeated unit.nt/ops-global/Documents/GOP/GOPTOC. —67— . The partcpatng natons must be nvolved n the plannng process as soon as permsson s gven. CHAPTER 5 KEY PLANNING DOCUMENTS The key documents produced durng operatonal plannng are the Concept of Operatons (CONOPS).” . The J41 staff must work closely wth the other J Staff throughout the entre operatonal plannng process to ensure that the man plan and the J4 portons are realstc and properly co ordnated.nato. the Operaton Plan (OPLAN) and the Contngency Plan (COP). 1732 INTRODUCTION The logstc operatonal plannng for potental or specfic operatons s part of the overall NATO operatonal plannng process.

Ths concept may nclude: - he major peculartes of the theatre and how they can affect t logstcs. or contractor t support. LRSN. especally the poltcal and mltary stuaton and the geography of the theatre. - the approxmate logstc forces and capabltes requred. and then combne ths wth operatons gudance n order to define the logstc support concept. Medical Planning Medcal support s crtcal to all natons and must be co ordnated to avod duplcaton of expensve equpment and hghly traned personnel. Multinational Joint Logistic Centre (MJLC) If a MJLC s establshed. deconflcton. Movements Annex S. ths entty wll be the focal pont for dentficaton. t s necessary to study the stuaton. The preservaton of combat strength by emergency medcal and surgcal servces s crucal. and co-ordnaton of major logstcs requrements for both NATO Jont Force Headquarters (HQs) and partcpatng natons. —68— . usually contaned n paragraph 4 of the CONOPS and OPLAN.a Logstc Annex R wth Medcal Appendx. Ths general concept. s developed by the J4 and promulgates the Commander’s ntent of the way n whch to provde logstc support. LOGISTIC PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS Multinational Logistics Early use of multnatonal logstcs can save the cost of deployng and mantanng personnel and equpment. - he lkely natons to partcpate and possblty of multnatonal and t jont logstcs. Supply and Maintenance Planning The Sustanablty Statement ncludes the Days of Supply (DOS) to be held n theatre. MILUs/MIMUs. - the lkelhood of Host Naton Support (HNS). Movement Planning The deployment nto theatre wll place a heavy ntal workload on Movement and Transportaton (M&T) staff that must be kept fully nformed durng the operatonal plannng process. and Engneer Annex EE. and - he general requrement for LLN. LOGISTIC SUPPORT GUIDELINES At all plannng levels.

engneerng. repackagng of ammunton. real estate management. It wll be necessary for the NATO logstc commander to have oversght of these organsatons. Concluding the Operation/Exercise Re-deployment may nvolve envronmental ssues. The avalablty of exstng HNS arrangement. A hgh level of co-operaton and co-ordnaton s requred to ensure that those natons unfamlar wth NATO procedures are ntegrated as quckly and as fully as prevalng crcumstances permt. transportaton and real estate. NAC or MC taskng to SCs may nclude full authorsaton for ACO to negotate HNS arrangements. stocks and equpment. Participation of Non-NATO Nations The partcpaton of non-NATO natons n NATO led operatons s lkely to contnue. —69— . as requred. partly through LOGREP and may nvolve logstc evaluaton and assessment pror to deployment. The certficaton of non-NATO partcpants n any operaton wll be completed as early as possble and non-NATO natons may requre specal assstance to arrange logstc support. Memorandum of Understandng (MOU) and blateral agreements wll need to be consdered n the development of plans. Stagng and Onward Movement (RSOM). Contracting and Funding J4 wll need to work closely wth J8 to arrange contracts for requred servces not provded by mltary means. Co-ordination with National Support Elements (NSEs) Most natons wll have a NSEs and/or a Natonal Command Element (NCE) provdng specfic natonal logstcs support. finance.5(A). All negotatons should be conducted by an experenced team of personnel coverng all dscplnes ncludng CIMIC. NATO must encourage natons to mnmse the sze of the logstc footprnt caused by large NSEs through sharng logstc capabltes and multnatonal logstc arrangements. accountng for and dsposal of NATO owned equpment. HNS plannng should be conducted concurrently wth the preparaton of operatonal plans. It wll determne the sze and scope of support requred and wll contrbute sgnficantly to the overall plannng process. purchasng and contractng. The avalablty of HNS s a key factor n Logstc Support Plannng. Ths must start wth the plannng process. Infrastructure Planning Part of the engneers’ task wll be to establsh base camps and to facltate Recepton. nfrastructure. medcal.Role of Host Nation Support (HNS) in Logistic Support Planning Gudance on HNS plannng s contaned n MC 334/2 and AJP-4.

there s a parallel force generaton process to provde the requred forces from NATO and non-NATO countres. or request one or several natons to assume responsblty as Logstc Lead Naton on behalf of deployng NATO forces. and HNS plannng. RSOM plannng and executon requres therefore consderable ntegraton wth logstc support. Although RSOM s an operatonal matter. Contrbutng natons are responsble for fundng and arrangng logstc support for ther CJSOR unts. n order to ensure that requrements are met. Crisis Establishment (CE) The CE provdes the organsaton and the lst of postons requred n the deployed HQ. Part of the CE costs s supported by the NATO common fundng system. OSCE or the Red Cross and varous NGOs such as Médecns sans Frontères. The CJSOR provdes a lst of the troops and key equpment/capablty requred and the naton(s) offerng to fill each seral. should seek logstc support unts for RSOM support through the force plannng and generaton processes. Phases of the Operation There are dfferent logstc requrements durng each phase of an operaton. crss. personnel. LOGISTIC REPORTING (LOGREP) The requrement for SCs to call for logstcs reports s outlned n MC 53/2. gves the necessary gudance at the level of the SCs. Logstcs Reports (BI-SCD 80-3 Vol V). J4 staff may become nvolved n helpng to arrange multnatonal logstc support. partcularly for small or non-NATO force contrbutons. The B-SC Reportng Drectve Volume V. M&T. equpment and materel from arrval at Ports of Debarkaton (PODs) to ther final destnaton. Its procedures and formats are applcable to all servces - Ar. The NATO Commander wll consder the avalablty of Host Naton Support (HNS). Reception. Army and Martme - n peace. the SCs have ntroduced a logstc reportng system to provde and ensure logstc nformaton and accurate data n tme. —70— . The Allance provdes logstc support for the CE. ncludng reports pror to Transfer of Authorty (TOA). whch must each be carefully planned. the NATO Commander. To that end. FORCE GENERATION PROCESS Combined Joint Statement of Requirements (CJSOR) Whle the OPLAN s beng developed. t requres the provson of a sgnficant degree of logstc support. whch can provde nfrastructure and servces to facltate RSOM. Staging and Onward Movement RSOM s the phase of the deployment process that transtons unts. Where a HN does not exst or cannot provde the requred RSOM support. t may be necessary to work wth IOs such as the UN.Co-ordination with International Organisations (IOs) and NonGovernmental Organisations (NGOs) Wth the help of J9.

Addtonally. HNS. At ts Autumn 2003 Plenary sesson. The majorty of the logstc reports n ths drectve halps a NATO Commander provde an assessment of logstc capabltes and concerns or exchange nformaton wth natons for logstc management purposes. CIVIL SUPPORT TO THE MILITARY Lessons learned from operatons n the Balkans and Afghanstan reveal that NATO Commanders have to be prepared to utlse cvlan capabltes to support the msson. developed a Cvl Capabltes Catalogue n 2004 to nform the NMAs of the cvl expertse that can be made avalable to Commanders through the SCEPC. and suggests optons offerng an efficent and cost effectve approach. the SCEPC examned the possblty of cvl support for non-Artcle 5 CROs and. Records and Reports) to the OPLAN or n a supplement to the OPLAN usng the B-SCD 80-3 Vol V as the bass. The PBIST can also ntate studes to examne potental surface transport Lnes of Communcaton (LOCs) to support NATO operatng forces. useful expertse can be drawn from the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee’s (SCEPC) Plannng Boards and Commttees (PB&Cs). form the bass of the cvl logstc support capabltes from whch the NATO Commander can draw. n consequence. the logstc reportng requrements wll usually be stated n the ANNEX CC (Documentaton. contractor support and the cvl support capabltes provded by NATO Agences such as NAMSA. The CAPC can also evaluate complex avaton ssues aganst the backdrop of natonal and nternatonal laws and regulatons. Subordnate headquarters are authorsed to supplement the BI-SCD 80-3 Vol V for ther operatonal needs. The Planning Board for Inland Surface Transport (PBIST) can make avalable nformaton on ral transport capabltes that could be used n the deployment of NATO forces. n general. whch was actvated n October 2001 to support the NATO Naval forces deployed n the Eastern Medterranean by montorng the marne traffic n the Suez Canal. replaces all former statstcal reports. —71— . and also allow easy adopton by non-NATO natons.war and operatons other than war. PBOS also supports the NATO Shppng Centre. as well as specfied equpment and materel held by natons n support of such forces. The purpose of the LOGUPDATE s to provde NATO Commanders wth a dynamc update of changes to core database nformaton on stockples of specfic equpment and consumable materel held by natonal forces declared to NATO. when requred. For current operatons. The Planning Board for Ocean Shipping (PBOS) serves as the NATO focal pont for advce and assstance on the protecton of cvlan martme assets aganst acts of terrorsm. Examples of Potential PB&C Support to Military The Civil Aviation Planning Committee (CAPC) provdes nformaton on commercal ar transport capabltes that could be used n the deployment of NATO forces. The LOGUPDATE s a key logstc report n B-SCD 80-3 Vol V whch.

REFERENCES MC 133/3 NATO’s Operatons Plannng System MC 327/2 ATO Mltary Polcy for non Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons N AJP 4 Alled Jont Logstcs Doctrne Functonal Plannng Gude Logstcs FPG(Log) RPG(Log) Regonal Plannng Gude Logstcs ANNEXES A Acronyms used n ths chapter B Jont Staff Structure —72— .Moreover. settng out arrangements and sources to obtan nformaton on shp movements n the Medterranean and Strats of Gbraltar. PBOS ntated the development of a study n support of Operaton ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR.

ANNEX A to Chapter 5 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER CAPC CE CIMIC CJSOR CONOPS COP CRO DOS GOP HNS HQs IOs LLN LOGREP LRSN MCE MILUs MIMUs MJLC MOU M&T NGOs NMAs NSE OPLAN PB&Cs Cvl Avaton Plannng Commttee Crss Establshment Cvl-Mltary Co operaton Combned Jont Statement Of Requrements Concept of Operatons Contngency Plan Crss Response Operaton Days of Supply Gudelnes for Operatonal Plannng Host Naton Support Headquarters Internatonal Organsatons Logstcs Lead Naton Logstc Reportng Logstcs Role Specalst Naton Multnatonal Command Element Multnatonal Integrated Logstcs Unts Multnatonal Integrated Medcal Unts Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre Memorandum of Understandng Movement and Transportaton Non-Governmental Organsatons NATO Mltary Authortes Natonal Support Element Operaton Plan Plannng Boards and Commttees —73— ANNEX A .

Stagng and Onward Movement Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee’s —74— .PBIST PBOS PODs RSOM SCEPC Plannng Board for Inland Surface Transport Plannng Board for Ocean Shppng Ports of Debarkaton Recepton.

ANNEX B to Chapter 5 JOINT STAFF STRUCTURE J1 J2 J3 J4 J5 J6 J7 J8 J9 Personnel Intellgence Operatons Logstcs Plans & Polcy CIS Exercses BUDFIN CIMIC ANNEX B —75— .

—76— .

CHAPTER 6 NATO LOGISTIC POLICIES AND CONCEPTS —77— .

—78— .

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Within the NATO military structure. flexble and nteroperable logstc support. designated as MC 319/2 DPC-D(2002)2 [MC 0055/4] C-M(2000)56-REV1 [MC 0334/2] C-M(2005)0100 [MC 534] C-M(2002)10 [MC 0336/2] MC 0326/2 CHAPTER 6 —79— . Liddell Hart. the SCs turned ther attenton to ther mplementaton by developng jont logstc doctrne. doctrne. Ths chapter descrbes the herarchy of logstc polces. technques and procedures. demand responsve. The B-SC Doctrne Commttee has developed AJP-4(A) as the keystone logstc doctrnal publcaton and. nfrastructure engneerng for logstcs4 and Movement and Transportaton (M&T)5. The MC servce boards have developed sngle servce logstc doctrne and a broad range of logstc tactcs. On the bass of polces for multnatonalty n Allance logstcs. together wth the B-SC M&T Forum and the B-SC Medcal Advsory Group. The SCs then develop mplementng drectves and plannng gudance.H.NATO LOGISTIC POLICIES AND CONCEPTS “The only thing harder than getting a new idea into the military mind is to get an old one out. technques and procedures. whle the Commttee of the Chefs of the Mltary Medcal Servces (COMEDS) has developed polces for medcal support6. Host Naton Support (HNS)3. NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs (C M(2003)101)1 s the keystone polcy document that establshes the prncple of collectve responsblty for logstc support between natons and NATO and gves the NATO Commander the necessary authorty for the executon of hs new responsbltes n logstcs. Based upon these overarchng polcy documents. The figure presented hereafter llustrates the structure of logstc polcy and gudance wthn NATO. specfic polces have been developed by the SNLC n the areas of readness and sustanablty2.” . date unknown INTRODUCTION The Allance’s new Strategc Concept and emergng concepts such as the Combned Jont Task Force (CJTF). It also summarses the mportant ponts to be drawn from overarchng logstc polcy and doctrne. The Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC) has developed a vson for NATO logstcs desgned to meet the challenge: the prncple of collectve responsblty n logstcs between NATO and the natons.B. NATO’s nvolvement n CROs and an everexpandng range of actvtes brngng Alled and Partner natons nto closer co operaton. t has elaborated a seres of subordnate level documents coverng specfic areas of logstcs. NATO’s Polcy for Co operaton n Logstcs (C M(2001)44) establshes a common vson across the whole spectrum of logstcs to enhance co-operaton and the overall logstc posture of the Allance.

logstc polces are approved by both the MC and the NAC. NATO Commttees. 7) 8) 9) DPC-D(2002)2 C-M(2003)101 C-M(2000)56-REV1 10) C-M(2002)10 —80— . N ATO Prncples and Polces for Movement and Transportaton10. submt recommendatons for approval to the Mltary Commttee (MC) followed by notaton or approval by the North Atlantc Councl (NAC). N ATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs8.HIERARCHY OF LOGISTIC POLICIES AND DOCTRINE The structure of logstcs polces and doctrnes s dsplayed below: NATO Logistic Policy documents are developed at the hghest NATO levels. as approprate. M edcal Support Precepts and Gudance for NATO. Generally. Strategc level logstc polces are then publshed as Councl Memoranda (C M) and MC documents. and nclude: - C-M(2001)44 NATO Polcy for Cooperaton n Logstcs - C 055/4 M - MC 319/2 - MC 326/2 - MC 334/2 - MC 336/2 NATO Logstc Readness and Sustanablty Polcy7. N ATO Prncples and Polces for Host Naton Support (HNS)9. such as the SNLC.

4 - AJP-4.3 Multnatonal Martme Logstc Doctrne Land Forces Logstc Doctrne Ar Forces Doctrne & Procedures. The AJPs provde foundatonal logstc doctrne. Wthn the AJP-4 herarchy of documents the followng seres of Logstc Doctrnal publcatons have been developed or ntated for development as lsted below: - ALP-4.6 - AJP-4. Ar Logstcs 11) C-M(2002)35 12) SG(2005)0478 13) C-M(2005)100 —81— . Support s also requred from NATO HQ. The support requred of NATO HQs and Natons specfically ncludes ther partcpaton n workng groups. under whch more detaled logstc technques and procedures are establshed. The followng AJPs are presently developed and promulgated: - AJP-4(A) - AJP-4. - MC 343/111 ATO Mltary Assstance to Internatonal Dsaster Relef N Operatons - MC 52612 - MC 53313 L ogstcs Support concept for NATO Response Force Operatons N ATO Prncples and Polces for the Mantenance of Equpment NATO Doctrine s developed under the authorty of the Taskng Authortes (TAs). The Standardsaton Servce Boards are the TAs on behalf of the MC for sngle-servce logstcs doctrne.10 Alled Jont Logstcs Doctrne Alled Jont Movement & Transportaton Doctrne A lled Jont Host Naton Support Doctrne & Procedures Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre POL Doctrne Modes of Multnatonal Logstc Support Alled Jont Medcal Support Doctrne Allied Logistic Publications (ALP) are supportng component/servce to Multnatonal Logstcs Doctrne. the Medcal Advsory Group (MEDAG) and approprate Standarsaton Servce Board Workng Groups to develop ther respectve doctrne.9 - AJP-4. HQ SACT s the lead SC for developng and mantanng jont logstcs doctrne and SHAPE wll support the development. Regonal Commands HQs. doctrne co-ordnaton meetngs and the draftng of assgned doctrnes. The Taskng Authortes task the LCB (Logstcs Co ordnaton Board). Allied Joint Logistic Doctrine documents are dstrbuted as Allied Joint Publications (AJPs).2 - ALP-4.5 - AJP-4. ther Component Commands HQs and the natons to properly perform ths functon.7 - AJP-4.1 - ALP-4. the Movement and Transportaton Forum (M&TF). The SNLC s the TA for Jont Logstcs Doctrne.

NATO Logistic Planning Guidance s generally developed at SC’s level and below and nclude the logstc elements of General Operatonal Plans (GOP) and other logstc functonal plannng. only MC 0319/2 promulgates broad prncples and polces applcable to all of logstcs. s the Concept for Co-operaton n Logstcs. whle respectng the responsbltes of the dfferent NATO logstc and logstc related bodes. the remander of ths chapter wll focus on these. NATO POLICY FOR CO-OPERATION IN LOGISTICS The 2001 NATO Polcy for Co-operaton n Logstcs provdes the bass for enhanced multnatonal co-operaton n logstcs n NATO. The mechansms used to mplement co-operaton wth other bodes have been ntegrated n the NATO Logstcs Vson and Objectves process that s descrbed n detals n Chapter 4. Logstc related STANAGs can be found on the NATO Standardsaton Agency webste. t actvtes. and the plannng processes used by the dfferent NATO logstcs and logstc related bodes. Techniques and Procedures (TTPs) consttute detaled procedural documents that are publshed prmarly as Strategc Command Drectves and NATO Standardsaton Agreements (STANAGs). procedures and capabltes) that facltate and promote co operaton n logstcs. In consequence. Whle most focus on a functonal area of logstcs. whch conssts of: - he Allance’s polcy and gudance documents that drect and nfluence t NATO logstcs n ther own domans. enablers are put n place and objectves are acheved. 14) The enablers have the requirements in the NATO logistic Vision and Objectives (V&O) process. such as medcal support or movement and transportaton. Co-ordnaton and Control Mechansm (HCCM) whch H s the formal mechansm through whch co-operaton objectves and enablers are contnuously dentfied and managed. NATO PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES FOR LOGISTICS All of the logstc polcy documents lsted above promulgate prncples and polces for logstcs. standards. systems. - he Co-operaton Enablers whch are the tools (polcy. —82— . doctrne. Logistic Tactics. NATO Concept for Co-Operation in Logistics The NATO Concept for Co-operaton n Logstcs provdes the framework for managng co-operaton n logstcs and establshes the lnk between: the natons. The three basc elements of the concept are ts consoldated conceptual bass14. the dfferent NATO logstcs and logstc related bodes. The framework for the mplementaton of ths polcy. and - armonsaton.

Logstc resources must be used as efficently and economcally as possble. Needs must be dentfied n a tmely manner to optmse the efficent provson and effectve use of such resources. whch consders potentally changng crcumstances. ths co-operaton must be extended to non-NATO natons. Primacy of Operational Requirements. thereby contrbutng to the operatonal success. ncludng between the cvlan and mltary sector wthn and among natons. Logstc support must be avalable n the approprate quantty and qualty. There s an essental nterdependence between responsblty and authorty. Flexibility. Authority. from both mltary and cvl sectors. All logstc support efforts. Logstc support must be proactve. Sufficiency. Assured Provision. It must be ensured for any NATOled operaton contnuously and for the duraton requred to accomplsh the msson. the provson of logstc resources to support forces allocated to NATO durng peace.LOGISTIC PRINCIPLES Collective Responsibility. The responsblty assgned to any NATO Commander must be matched wth the delegaton of authorty by natons and NATO to allow the adequate dscharge of responsbltes. wll contrbute to the best use of lmted resources. enhances flexblty. Adequate plannng. Ths collectve responsblty encourages natons and NATO to co-operatvely share the provson and use of logstc capabltes and resources to support the force effectvely and efficently. Generc and standng pre-arranged agreements are the tools to facltate logstc co-ordnaton and co-operaton. The NATO Commander at the approprate level must be gven sufficent authorty over the logstc resources necessary to enable hm to receve. Co-operaton across the full spectrum of logstcs. at the approprate notce. when and where t s requred throughout the full spectrum of the Allance’s possble mssons. Logstcs support must be co-ordnated amongst natons and between NATO and natons at all levels. Co-operaton amongst the natons and NATO s essental. ndvdually or collectvely. The overall responsblty for co-ordnaton les wth NATO and should be conducted as a matter of routne. Efficiency. The same should apply for non-NATO Commanders of multnatonal forces partcpatng n a NATO led operaton. and other relevant organsatons. Standardsaton. It must also be carred out wth non-NATO natons and other relevant organsatons. Natons and NATO must ensure. crss and conflct. Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty for the logstc support of the Allance’s multnatonal operatons. employ. as requred. Co operation. adaptable and responsve to acheve the objectve. should be focused to satsfy the operatonal requrements necessary to guarantee the success of the msson. For non-Artcle 5 CRO. sustan and re-deploy forces assgned to hm by natons n the most effectve manner. —83— . co-operaton and multnatonalty n logstcs buld together the bass for flexble and efficent use of logstc support. as requred. Co ordination.

The NATO Commander s responsble for the development and promulgaton of a logstc support plan that sustans the operatonal plan. —84— . Specific “technical agreements” are normally established between ACO and CHOD FR on the hand-over conditions of these units to NATO. The NATO Commander s responsble for establshng the logstc requrements for all phases of an operaton. Ths must nclude approprate arrangements for non-Artcle 5 CRO. Responsibility NATO and natons have a collectve responsblty for logstcs. The NATO Commander assumes control of commonly provded resources as drected and s responsble for ther logstc support. Vsblty and transparency15 of logstc resources are essental for effectve logstc support. natons retan control over ther own resources. and to effectvely employ logstc assets wthn the Jont Operatons Area (JOA). Wthn ths context. NSEs will not provide reports unless specific arrangements have been established.g. The NATO Commander must ensure that the logstc force structure and the approprate Command and Control (C2) arrangements have been establshed and are capable of supportng the operaton. the mplementaton of the dfferent modes of logstc support. ndvdually or by co-operatve arrangements. n close co-operaton wth natons. Visibility and Transparency. and for the co-ordnaton of logstc plannng and support wthn hs area of responsblty. 16) With respect to logistic or resources reporting. Broader authority is not accepted unless special arrangements are in-place. 15) Regarding preliminary inspection and control (“certification”). untl such tme as they are released to NATO by agreed mechansms for the Transfer of Authorty (TOA). French formations retained as part of the NRF or High Readiness Forces are submitted to the normal process of certification. Ths plan must dentfy the structures and procedures requred to reduce competton for scarce resources by natons and NATO HQs and nclude. Natons are responsble for ensurng that those unts and formatons assgned to NATO are properly supported by an effectve and efficent msson talored logstc structure. natons have the ultmate responsblty for equppng ther forces and for ensurng. crss and conflct. even when partcpatng natons rely solely on natonal logstcs. The NATO Commander also co-ordnates support among contrbutng natons and wth the host naton and retans the responsblty for co ordnatng the overall logstc effort. LOGISTICS POLICIES General Logstc support should be provded by balancng the peacetme provson and locatons of logstc assets and conflct consumables wth the ablty to re supply and renforce to ensure tmely and contnuous support. the provson of requred logstc resources to support the forces assgned to NATO durng peace. LLN/LRSN). Lastly. FR will report on the situation of units within the multinational chain of command or performing multinational general support (e. NATO Commanders requre a tmely and accurate exchange of nformaton16 among natons and NATO to prortse consgnment movement nto and wthn the JOA to allow for redrecton n accordance wth agreements between the Commander and Natonal Support Elements (NSEs).

- edstrbute the logstc assets of natons for the support of the forces r n accordance wth pre-agreed terms and condtons. It s the level at whch the cvl and mltary logstc capabltes requred to deploy. ncludng PARP natons. —85— . Logstc command structures must provde the NATO Commander at the approprate level wth the authorty to support the force by usng n-JOA logstc resources. Logistic Planning in Defence Planning Logstc plannng s an ntegral part of defence plannng18 through the force plannng process and Partnershp Plannng and Revew Process (PARP). The SCs must ensure tmely and proper ncluson of requrements for logstc forces and capabltes n the force plannng process so that natons. Authority MC 319/2 grants the NATO Commander the key authorty enablng hm to ensure that hs force s properly supported. 18) France is not part of NATO defence planning. as drected. and to establsh a support organsaton to meet the operatonal requrement. Hs key authortes allow hm to: - ommand common funded logstc resources and assume operatonal c control of Multnatonal Integrated Logstc Unts (MILUs) and other assgned logstc assets. sustan and re deploy Allance forces s dentfied by the SCs n consultaton wth natons. The resultng logstc support concepts. wth the pror concurrence of natons. Vce versa. structure and procedures must be talored to the respectve forces and ther related employment optons. The authorty. and - nspect17 and requre reports on the quantty and qualty of specfied  logstc assets desgnated to support the forces that wll be under hs command. responsblty and fundng for multnatonal logstc arrangements are to be establshed durng the operatonal plannng process. These key authortes also apply to non-NATO Commanders of a multnatonal force partcpatng n a NATO led operaton. can agree to acqure and provde them to the Allance for ts use durng NATO-led operatons. For non-NATO natons. Approprate responsbltes should also be granted to a non-NATO Commander of a multnatonal force wthn a NATO-led operaton. the NATO Commanders’ responsbltes wll also apply for non-NATO natons’ troop contngents wthn NATO-led operatons. the SCs are responsble for developng stockple requrements n consultaton wth natons and publshng them n the 17) See footnote 2. ths wll nclude the certficaton of logstc unts pror to the deployment and nspecton as requred of specfied logstc assets. To support natons’ generc and long term stockple plannng wthn the overall Defence Plannng Process.

such as MILUs and specfic logstc support unts dentfied and provded by natons through the force generaton process. Logstc support concepts and structures must be talored to the respectve forces and ther mssons. common or multnatonal procurement. Logistic Command and Control (C2) Logstc support to NATO forces must be as effectve and efficent as possble. It ncludes co-ordnaton. ndustral contracts. A framework and further gudelnes formng the bass for co operaton n logstcs —86— . normally reman under natonal command unless there s a specfic dsposton n the TOA message or specal arrangement related to fundng. descrbed later n ths document. whch ncludes the unts performng Logstc Lead Naton (LLN) and Logstc Role Specalst Naton (LRSN) mssons. natonal plannng factors should apply. However. natonal and NATO logstc plannng must be harmonsed from the start of the operatonal plannng process. The level of detal s related to the plannng category and the level of responsblty. Logistic Readiness and Sustainability Logstc sustanablty must support NATO’s Level of Ambton as defined n the Defence Plannng Mnsteral Gudance. pre-postonng. NATO’s Operatonal Plannng System. are vtal and ndspensable parts of the plannng process. natons must provde NATO Commanders wth the logstc C2 authorty and capabltes they requre assumng ther responsbltes throughout all the phases of an operaton. The B-SC SPG s harmonsed wth the NATO force plannng process and should provde adequate gudance for all classes of supply. These logstc resources must cover the entre msson spectrum. Co operation in Logistics Co operaton n logstcs should be consdered as the most efficent means to meet logstc resource requrements. prortsaton and deconflcton of logstcs and Operatonal Control (OPCON) over logstc unts that are allocated n the JOA.B-SC Stockple Plannng Gudance (SPG). All logstc functons. poolng and sharng wth other natons. where no such gudance can be gven. Measures that enhance the overall efficency of logstc support nclude the whole range of multnatonal support optons. leasng. Ths wll ensure that effectve logstcs to support the operaton can be planned for and executed. Logistic Planning in Operational Planning Logstc operatonal plannng s embedded n MC 133/3. Logstc operatonal plannng should consder the contrbutons of non-NATO natons and other organsatons. as well as arrangements for the co-operatve acquston and management of certan logstc stocks. The assets belongng to the natonal support chan. Natonal and NATO logstc plans must ensure that sufficent quantty and qualty of logstc resources are avalable at or above the readness and deployablty level of the forces they support. The force generaton process must take nto consderaton the dfferent levels of standardsaton. To acheve the desred level of multnatonalty. Therefore.

Pror to effectng redstrbuton f tme allows or as soon as practcal afterwards. are not subject to redstrbuton. Land and Martme Component Commanders. Logstc resources are capabltes that could be made up of equpment. and to those Commanders ncludng thos commandng assgned multnatonal unts who have delegatons n lne wth the TOA arrangements. rembursed. under exceptonal crcumstances. Natons are requred to sustan forces as prescrbed n MC 55 seres. supples. Natonal logstc resources are procured and mantaned for that purpose at natonal expense. the NATO Commander shall advse the affected natonal authortes and approprate NATO Commanders of the redstrbuton acton(s). f agreed by the natons nvolved. whch seeks to enhance co-operaton by establshng a common vson across the full spectrum of logstcs to provde the best support to the Allance. ths does not preclude the NATO Commander from requestng assstance from a natonal contngent (or NSE) commander. personnel. spares. Funding / Resources Provision Natons are responsble for the deployment. Resources wthn the NSE or any other logstc resources declared unavalable by natons. the NATO Commander may drect the redstrbuton of natonal logstc resources to overcome unantcpated deficences. All these may be consdered for redstrbuton by the NATO Commander f deemed essental for operatonal msson accomplshment. However. the NATO Commander shall drect applcable subordnate commanders of natonal elements to effect the transfer of the logstc resources. The redstrbuton authorty granted to a NATO Commander generally comes nto effect upon TOA. Personnel are lmted to those n exstng logstc organsatons and should be redstrbuted as a servce. Redstrbuton s not ntended to redress natonal stockple shortages. Upon determnaton that redstrbuton s requred. Multinational Logistics Multnatonal logstcs s descrbed n detals n Chapter 7. redstrbuton authorty s lmted to Jont Force Commanders. the logstc resources transferred under ths authorty wll be replaced by recevng natons or. Redistribution of Logistic Resources Natons have first call on the logstc resources ntegral to ther forces. f deemed necessary.are lad down n Reference I. although co-operatve multnatonal arrangements should be taken nto consderaton by natons and the NATO Commander. and servces. However. Ar. —87— . stocks and consumable tems. Logstc resources held by unts under multnatonal OPCON are subject to redstrbuton wthn the lmtatons stated n the TOA message. As soon as the operatonal stuaton permts. Whle all NATO Commanders have logstc responsbltes and authortes. Logstc assets are subsumed nto logstc resources and vewed as materel. sustanment and redeployment of ther forces.

Ths s especally mportant to facltate the rapd deployment of forces. ncludng any foreseen exceptons to normal procedures. Strategc nfrastructure may be funded va the NATO Securty Investment Programme (NSIP) dependent on the context of ndvdual projects. be avalable at SC Actvaton of Pre-deployment. and obtan the requste fundng authorsatons n the context of the plannng documents. REFERENCES MC 319/2 NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs AJP 4(A) Alled Jont Logstc Doctrne ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —88— . As common fundng of O&M s restrcted to the NATO HQs n the AOR. Civil Resources Cvl capabltes may complement those of the mltary. In partcular. The SCs must determne the Mnmum Mltary Requrements (MMRs). The NATO Commander should establsh resource requrements. Natons should have approprate natonal legslaton and other arrangements to facltate the tmely use of cvl resources n peace. whch should. Ths provdes NATO wth a force multpler when appled multnatonally. Cvl equpment. whle fundng of Operatons and Mantenance (O&M) costs va the Mltary Budget (MB) should be taken nto consderaton through categorcal budget allocatons. any common funded contnung actvtes are the responsblty of the NATO HQ. Such a strategy ntegrates acquston and consumer logstc processes nto one seamless process. crss and conflct. It must start early n the requrement phase to ensure the greatest mpact on desgn and development to maxmse weapon system avalablty at the most economcal total cost. Support can be based on cvl resources only when they securely meet the operatonal requrements of the assgned forces. Those that are consdered as strategc nfrastructure may be elgble for common fundng provson. ntal deployment and HQ set-up should be defined and ncluded n a package of enablng fundng. goods and servces can be utlsed to provde tmely and effectve logstc support to any NATO or NATO-led operaton. Life Cycle Support A NATO Lfe Cycle Support (LCS) strategy should be used to provde equpment and materel support that meets NATO and natons’ operatonal requrements n the most efficent manner. Centralsed procurement and control of cvl resources should be pursued to acheve better efficency. requrements to support reconnassance. n prncple.

ANNEX A to Chapter 6 AJP AOR CJTF COMEDS CROs C2 GOP HCCM HNS JOA LCB LCS LLN LRSN MC MEDAG MILUs MMRs M&TF NRF NSEs NSIP O&M OPCON PARP SACT ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER Alled Jont Publcatons Area of REsponsblty Combned Jont Task Force Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO Crss Response Operatons Command and Control General Operatonal Plans Harmonsaton. Co-ordnaton and Control Mechansm Host Naton Support Jont Operaton Area Logstcs Co ordnaton Board Lfe Cycle Support Logstc Lead Naton Logstc Role Specalst Naton Mltary Commttee Medcal Advsory Group Multnatonal Integrated Logstc Unts Mnmum Mltary Requrements Movement and Transportaton Forum NATO Response Force Natonal Support Elements NATO Securty Investment Program Operatons and Mantenance Operatonal Control Partnershp Plannng and Revew Process Supreme Alled Commander Transformaton —89— ANNEX A .

Technques and Procedures —90— .SCs SHAPE SNLC SPG STANAGs TA TOA TTPs Strategc Commands Supreme Headquarters of Alled Powers n Europe Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Stockple Plannng Gudance Standardsaton Agreements Taskng Authortes Transfer of Authorty Tactcs.

the strategic airlift workhouse of ongoing NATO operations —91— .CHAPTER 7 MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS Strategic Air Transport – An Antonov 124-100.

—92— .

Durng the force plannng and the force generaton process. multnatonal logstc solutons should be pursued at the outset of the logstc plannng process. - naton formally undertakes to provde support or servces to all or a part of the multnatonal force. the benefits of multnatonal logstcs can be the reducton of the overall costs and of the logstc footprnt. Unlateral natonal logstc decsons could adversely mpact on the effectveness of the NATO Commander’s msson.” . necessty and benefits of multnatonal logstcs must be consdered. Wavell. there are three types of multnatonal logstcs. It takes little skill or imagination to see where you would like your army to be and when. the applcablty. Taskng authorty wll be the NATO Commander. CHAPTER 7 Multnatonal logstcs can be ether pre-planned or ntroduced durng an operaton as the stuaton evolves. 1977 NATO’S LOGISTIC SUPPORT CONCEPT Multnatonal logstcs s a tool. dependng on the operatonal requrements and the specfic stuaton. lsted n order of ncreased multnatonalty: - re-planned mutual support. the NATO Commander s well suted to act as broker between natons to facltate such multnatonal arrangements. Ths s usually accomplshed —93— . P. the mprovement of the force’s flexblty.g. it takes much more knowledge and hard work to know where you can place your forces and whether you can maintain them there. NATO and natons can decde to apply multnatonal logstcs where t replaces less effectve or efficent natonal solutons. can enhance efficency and effectveness. and - ne or more natons formally undertake to serve all or part of the o multnatonal force. where ad hoc mutual support may be provded between natons and/or NATO Commanders. whch. but under natonal command. the conservaton of scarce local resources and a better use of specfic natonal expertse. HNS. and contractor support to operatons p that are arranged b- or multlaterally by NATO and/or natons. Therefore. NATO operatonal experence demonstrates that once natonal logstc support structures have been establshed. Retanng the overall operatonal responsblty for the specfic mssons. the more I realize how it all depends on administration and transportation. Multnatonal logstcs s not an am n tself.MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS “The more I see of war. More specfically.General Sir A. Based on the types above. Besdes natonal logstc arrangements to support own forces. MILU). under control of the multnatonal Commander (e. the ablty of natons to contrbute ther far share of support. t s lkely to prove more dfficult to move towards multnatonal logstc solutons. C.

admnstratve. The NRF s NATO‘s prmary force for conductng expedtonary warfare wthn the Allance’s terrtory and beyond. expedtonary operatons beyond NATO’s terrtory have taken on added mportance wth NATO’s ongong engagement n Crss Response Operatons (CROs) n Afrca. ar and specal operatons forces at graduated readness. The NRF s fundamentally brgade szed wth approprate land. and resourcerelated mplcatons of such relatonshps. Whle Artcle 5 mssons wthn NATO terrtory remans the foundaton of Allance collectve defence. ncludng Chemcal. such as: - ntal entry force nto a hostle envronment. - non-combatant evacuaton. the NRF s the engne for NATO’s ongong transformaton. Asa and Europe. The NRF s the first step enablng NATO to better address ths ssue. whch wll not mpar mltary effectveness. capable of standng alone for up to 30 days. and longer f re suppled.(Jaap de Hoop Scheffer. - CROs. ncludng peacekeepng. once deployed. - upport to consequence management operatons. - embargo operatons. martme. The NRF must be robust enough to be employed as ntal entry force n a hostle area and capable of preparng a theatre for follow-on forces. —94— .” . - support to counterterrorsm operatons. SUPPORT FOR THE NATO RESPONSE FORCE (NRF) “The NRF will (…) give us a highly capable quick-reaction force that is ready for operational deployment wherever required. s Bologcal. The NRF could potentally be employed n a number of dfferent mssons. Secretary General of NATO) General The NRF s one of the most ambtous undertakngs that the Allance has ever commtted to. The C2 element and the force are at 5 to 30 days Notce to Move (NTM) and. gvng mpetus to the development of transformatonal concepts and capabltes. wth or wthout Host  Naton Support.through development of approprate Memorandum of Understandng (MOU) or Techncal Agreements detalng the functonal. Further. Radologcal and Nuclear (CBRN) events and humantaran crss stuatons. The force wll be multnatonal. and - emonstratve force package for dplomatc and/or deterrence d purposes.

Logstcs Support Concept for NRF Operatons. To ths end. In addton. wth a vew to provdng natons wth an ndcaton on the type and scale of forces and the capabltes requred: t s the drver for transformaton. Each rotaton s planned for 12 months. ether by ndvdual natons or collectvely by a group of two or more natons. the logstcs support concept underscores the need to mnmse the logstc footprnt. The three Jont HQs at Brunssum. There s a 6 month work-up and tranng perod before takng up the msson. Capabltes are assgned to the NRF through a rotaton cycle. MC 526. Logstcs s a key enabler for the NRF. deployable force wth sufficent operatonal flexblty and reslence. the force package for a humantaran msson wll be dfferent from a hostle Intal Entry Operaton. wth a Jont Logstc Support Group (JLSG) to provde theatre level logstc capablty for the varous components. was developed to complete a sute of concept documents addressng readness reportng. shares burdens and reduces duplcaton. There s only one CJSOR to meet all seven NRF mssons as prescrbed n MC 477. and dstlls a broad range of NATO Logstc Polces and Prncples nto a forward-lookng concept for definng the specfic modaltes requred to most effectvely support NATO expedtonary operatons. For example. In order to acheve the key tenets of deployablty wthn the 30 day tmelne. a certficaton programme ted to the necessary qualfyng crtera and a revew of the capablty packages needed to provde the NRF’s requrements. MC 526 sets the precondtons for the provson of logstc support for the NRF and bulds on a C2 structure. It s therefore very unlkely that the entre NRF would be employed for any gven msson. It s mportant to understand that the Jont Force Command (JFC) selects the forces requred and talors them to the specfic msson at hand. usng multnatonal solutons supports natonal requrements. NATO‘s overarchng NRF Concept. the key element must be able to get there quckly. MC 526. The pulse of the NRF beats around the NRF rotaton plan. jontness and multnatonalty are essental. The CJSOR s the bass for the producton of a credble. MC 526 – Logistic Support Concept for NRF Operations The Logstc Support Concept for NRF Operatons. 12 months for martme forces. but they can only realse benefits from unty of command and proper nformaton management. Naples and Lsbon take t n turn to run a 12 month rotaton and provde the core of the Deployable Jont Task Force (DJTF) HQ that deploys. However. —95— . A generc NRF Combned Jont Statement of Requrements (CJSOR) has been developed and refined through natonal consensus. A raft of enablng ntatves underpns the NRF’s early rotatons. These ntatves broke new ground and moved away from NATO’s statc regonal defence posture to develop NATO’s expedtonary capablty and ts ablty to meet the modern global threats. new command relatonshps. wth assgned forces generally servng 6 months on duty for land and ar forces. complements MC 477.

so that he s able to redrect logstc resources to best sut hs operatonal msson. or are potentally jont n nature. n Kosovo. The key challenge s to establsh the capablty for the applcaton of the requste unty of command over NRF logstcs at theatre level. To llustrate ths. . the logstc footprnt represents just over 50% of the troops on the ground. ‘Thnkng jont’ s necessary. the JLSG HQ. Establshng ths capablty based on the MJLC as a core nucleus becomes a vtal step n the mplementaton of MC 526. Other related benefits nclude efficences n the sustanment of the jont force. supportng and maxmzng the msson effectveness of the jont force by enablng operatonal reach. facltatng the scheme of maneuver and mantanng desred levels of combat power. A natural consequence s the utlzaton of multnatonal logstcs solutons thereby reducng Natonal Support Elements (NSEs). A key feature of MC 526 s ntegrated logstcs wth the man pllars defined as unty of logstc command.e. jontness and the optmum adopton of multnatonal logstc solutons. One of the key tenets s the NATO Commander beng able to control the logstc assets. —96— . even f the msson begns as a sngle component operaton. The mplementaton of MC 526 s the man effort n the ongong transformaton of NATO logstc wthn Alled Command Operatons (ACO) and ts success s consdered as a prerequste to multnatonal logstcs n NATO operatons. MC 526 ncreases the relance on a more centralzed logstc organsaton wth expanded C2 and drect responsblty for the provson of theatre level sustanment. enhanced jontness and mproved vsblty over theatre level logstc assets. Most mltary operatons today wll be jont. Ths has sgnficant logstc mplcatons and all sustanment solutons must therefore apprecate the complextes of the jont dmenson. Although natons fully support MC 526 and acknowledge the logstc operatonal advantages and the sgnficant ncreased efficency that t may brng. Integrated logstcs ams at generatng. ts mplementaton s ncremental rather than ‘Bg Bang’.

6 NATO’s new force structures provde a much hgher degree of multnatonalty than durng the cold war perod. However. capactes and flexblty of NATO medcal unts are beng ncorporated n the NATO force plannng cycle. MC 526 and MC 551 are landmark achevements for the Allance n ts drve to make multnatonal logstc solutons the norm rather than the excepton. tranng and certficaton of assets for the JLSG P CJSOR. lean and deployable force. Ths s the operatonal drver for a more ntegrated and multnatonal logstc construct. n partcular f Multnatonal Medcal Unts are to be acheved. the changes n plannng and conductng medcal support to NRF and NATO operatons are reflected n the complete re wrte of AJP 4. MC 551 concentrates on the composton and preparaton of the Medcal Task Force for a specfic NRF rotaton. MC 551 – Medical Support Concept for NRF Operations NRF operatonal employment prncples also demanded changes n the way n whch NATO provdes medcal support to deployed unts. —97— . pre generaton. and P - hase 2: the provson. Ths apples not only to the number of exstng or emergng multnatonal unts but also to the deeper multnatonal ntegraton at lower levels of command. ACO s responsble for achevng Phase 1 and makng the JLSG HQ a realty.10(A). The specfic demands of the transformed NATO on the capabltes. the logstc support system and structures also needed to be adapted to that process. tranng and certficaton of NRF unts and hgh readness tmelnes are key. the expanson of multnatonal logstc solutons would be more dfficult. Ths requres hgh transparency and co operaton from Troop Contrbutng Natons. The JLSG HQ then becomes the most crtcal enabler n promotng ths ntatve. The SCs have developed the MJLC Doctrne n order to assume the enhanced logstc authortes and responsbltes of NATO Commanders and to enable NATO headquarters at the dfferent levels of command to properly co-ordnate the logstc support wthn ther area of responsblty. the key operatonal drver must be to make the NRF a truly agle. In ths context. Operatonal Medcal Support. An NRF Medcal Support Concept (MC 551) has been developed n lne wth the requrements set by MC 477 and MC 526. Phase 2 requres the efforts of both JFCs and natons. The successful mplementaton of MC 526 rests squarely on the ablty of ACO to establsh a JLSG HQ from wthn the NCS and should ACO fal meetng ths challenge. Overall. THE MULTINATIONAL JOINT LOGISTIC CENTRE CONCEPT: AJP-4. The full mplementaton of MC 526 has two fundamental phases: - hase 1: the establshment and tranng of a certfied JLSG HQ. Consequently. The NRF Logstc Concept offers the natons a real potental for resource savngs. Phase 1 s a crucal step to convnce natons to contrbute logstc elements to the CJSOR.

Ths ncludes organsatonal templates and modular buldng blocks of MJLC functons. It s mproved by modularty and traned and ready staffs. - Training. of the optons used. natonal and NATO Commanders reman responsble for the sustanment of the forces nvolved. - ultnatonal ntegrated logstc support. These must be avalable upon actvaton of an MJLC f the centre s to be ntally effectve. however. parent HQs wll be dentfied to accommodate the MJLC nucleus staff. the followng ponts related to ts formaton are salent and key: - Flexibility. The MJLC s the ogstc pllar of the CJTF (MC 389) whch provdes the structures and procedures that the NATO Commander needs to exercse hs logstc authortes and responsbltes n an effectve and well co-ordnated fashon. especally for non-Artcle 5 operatons. the followng modes of multnatonal logstc support may be mplemented: - lead naton logstc support. Whlst MC 389 provdes a sold foundaton for the establshment of a MJLC. The approprate NATO Commander may serve as a medator between natons and —98— . The partes nvolved wll make a case by case decson as to whch. Normally. the NATO force wll be supported through a combnaton of the varous avalable optons. Flexblty ncreases the organsaton’s ablty to respond to changng needs and reduces the response tme. where and when one of these modes s to be mplemented. In all cases. A modular approach to structurng the MJLC s essental. shfted or deleted as the requrements of an operaton change. - commonly funded logstc resources. and m - contractng support. whch may be quckly added. Regardless. - mutual support arrangements. These modes of support can be mplemented at dfferent levels of command and to dfferent degrees. the logstc support optons used should be talored to meet the msson requrements and adhere to the logstc prncples set forth n MC 319/2. To supplement purely natonal logstc support. - role specalst naton logstc support. Therefore. M - odularity. MODES OF MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS: AJP-4. The gudng prncple for the formaton of a CJTF HQ and a MJLC s flexblty. ease the ndvdual natonal burden and acheve ncreased economes of scale. No substtute exsts for traned and ready staffs.9 Logstc support optons for the NATO Commander range from a totally ntegrated multnatonal logstc force to purely natonal support. arcraft cross servcng.

- communcaton and nformaton system (CIS) assets. These resources may nclude but are not lmted to the followng assets and servces: - nfrastructure and real estate. If one partcpatng naton has a partcular and unque logstc strength. such as depots. agrees to assume the responsblty for procurng and provdng a broad spectrum of logstc support for all or a part of the multnatonal force and/or headquarters. The fundng procedures must be developed and agreed well before the operaton starts and should provde sufficent flexblty and responsveness. - operatng co-ordnatng the use nfrastructure and real estate. headquarters. Compensaton and/or rembursement wll be subject to agreements between the partes nvolved.assume a co ordnatng role f requred. Lead Nation Logistic Support One naton. They can be mplemented for each type of logstc support or servce and wll help avod duplcatons of effort and redundances. All of the above mentoned modes can be used for Artcle 5 and non Artcle 5 operatons and for pre planned contngency operatons. ports and lnes of communcatons (LOC). Role Specialist Nation Logistic Support One naton assumes the responsblty for procurng a partcular class of supply or servce for all or a part of the multnatonal force. as well as for ad hoc operatons and both wthn and beyond NATO’s area of responsblty. based on capabltes. A lead naton may also assume the responsblty to co ordnate logstcs of other natons wthn ts functonal and regonal area of responsblty. Multinational Integrated Logistic Support Two or more natons agree to provde logstc assets to a multnatonal logstc force under operatonal control of a NATO Commander for the logstc —99— . and - logstc engneerng. Commonly Funded Logistic Resources These nclude the assets that have been dentfied as elgble for common fundng and for whch funds have been made avalable. arfields. Multinational Support Arrangements These agreements may be concluded blaterally and/or multlaterally among natons and/or between natons and NATO authortes. In one operaton more than one lead naton can be desgnated to provde a specal range of support wthn a clearly defined functonal and regonal area of responsblty. NATO Commanders may be tasked to medate and co ordnate such arrangements. Compensaton and/or rembursement wll then be subject to agreements between the partes nvolved. They should ease the ndvdual logstc burden and enhance the overall logstc efficency and economy. capablty for common supples and servces should always be consdered.  camps.

re-taskng and msson plannng. Compensaton and/or rembursement are subject to agreements between the partes nvolved. around whch the whole unt can then be formed by other augmentatons and contngents. The Arcraft Cross-Servcng Programme (ACSP) ncludes operatonal tasks such as debrefing. wthout change to the weapon configuraton. Such multnatonal unts can effectvely avod duplcatons of effort and redundances wthn the logstc system of an operaton. accordng to an establshed operatonal arcraft cross-servcng requrement and for whch there may be a charge. however. The use of the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) for contractng assstance should be consdered for NATO operatons. the contractng efforts of the natons. The servcng ncludes all Stage A servce plus the loadng of weapons and/or film/vdeotape and the replenshment of chaff and flares. —100— . The servcng ncludes the nstallaton and removal of weapon system safety devces. not hnder. The servcng of arcraft on aerodrome/shp B whch enables the arcraft to be flown on an operatonal msson. NATO wll. replenshment of fluds and gases. co-ordnate natonal contractng efforts to ensure enhancement of the contract process. - Stage Cross-Servicing. The am of the ACSP s to provde operatonal commanders wth a flexble means of achevng rapd regeneraton of combat ready arcraft through nteroperablty. Arcraft cross servcng s dvded nto two categores: - Stage A Cross-Servicing. Aircraft Cross-Servicing Ths s defined as servces performed on an arcraft by an organsaton other than that to whch the arcraft s assgned. Ths s an especally attractve support opton when one sngle naton s capable of provdng the nucleus of the unt and/or the command structure. The prudent use of contractng coordnatng actvtes and the co-operaton of natons are essental. refuellng. The servcng of an arcraft on an aerodrome/ shp whch enables the arcraft to be flown on another msson. The NATO Commander and natons wll adjust the extent of relance on contractng based on the stuaton. drag chutes startng facltes and ground handlng. most contract acton wll be funded natonally. reducton of competton between natons and realsaton of economes scale. Ths ncludes the processng and nterpretaton of any exposed film/ vdeotape from the prevous msson. Effectve NATO co-ordnaton of the contractng effort wll enhance. Snce NATO common and centralsed fundng s lmted to specfic categores of goods and servces.support of a multnatonal force. Local Contracting The NATO Commander and natons wll use commercal contracts to support the NATO forces when t s economc and keeps mltary assets avalable for hgher prorty tasks.

Advantages of Contractor Support to Operations Contractor support s a force multpler that can be partcularly valuable when: - he mltary manpower strength n a natonal contngent or n a Jont t Operatons Area (JOA) s lmted by a poltcal decson. Ad hoc contractng can also respond to unforeseen requrements that may arse durng the course of an operaton. Contractor support to operatons offers a useful force-multpler tool to NATO. Both planned and ad hoc contractng can release mltary manpower for other tasks. - the mltary capablty s requred for other mssons. Planning for Contractor Support Planned contractor support to operatons entals a delberate approach to determnng whch support requrements for an operaton can be effectvely and efficently met by contractng wth a commercal provder. t - he mltary capablty s not avalable n sufficent numbers to sustan t an operaton. t and at certan tmes may be more cost-effectve. ts member natons and Partners. Forms of Planned Contracting Planned contractng can take a number of forms. whch provde for ndustry specalsts to t accompany the force for the purpose of provdng techncal advce or support. from the standpont of operatonal effectveness and cost efficency. - he use of contractors (cvlans or local labour) for certan functons. and/or - he use of local contractors supports an agreed Cvl-Mltary Cot operaton (CIMIC) plan. the planned approach has the greater potental to make the best use of both mltary and cvlan support capabltes.CONTRACTOR SUPPORT TO OPERATIONS Contractor support to operatons enables competent commercal enttes to provde a porton of deployed support so that such support ensures the most efficent and effectve use of resources. the most common of whch are: - echncal support contracts. However. and - here s an operatonal need for contnuty and experence that cannot t be provded by usng mltary manpower on a rotatonal bass. —101— . - he requred capablty has not been made avalable for an operaton. - the requred capablty s not avalable from mltarly sources.

mplement and mantan weapons systems and equpment for part or all of ther lfe cycle. Capabltes that requre a sgnficant captal nvestment could be consdered sutable for lease. Ther dsadvantages nclude the carryng costs assocated wth bndng a contractor to perform at an ndefinte tme and place. B provde a ‘call-off’ capablty n whch multple users can draw on a sngle contractual arrangement wth a partcular suppler. R but whch wll be ssued to potental contractors f and when the requrement occurs. - ystem support contracts. and the operatonal rsks that —102— . mltary functons. RIFBs are more cost-effectve because they ncur no such carryng costs. However. typcally at fixed cost arrangements over the contract duraton. partnerng. - ease contracts. - referred use contracts. p who wll sub-contract ndvdual elements of support as requred. whch are prepared and kept current. - ormant contracts. on a long-term bass. rather than substtute for. whch legally bnd a contractor to provde a a requred capablty when needed. Capabltes that are requred from the onset of an operaton may be consdered sutable for any number of forms of contractng that can be arranged n advance. dormant and assured access contracts have the advantages of tmelness. for pre-defined purposes. as they requre no last-mnute solctaton. - eady Invtatons for Bd (RIFB). - artnerng arrangements wth prme contractors. often provdng the opton to buy. whch provde real property for the exclusve use l of the customer. already n use by NATO Agences. whch declare. the cost advantage of RIFBs must be weghed aganst the addtonal tme needed to solct bds and award a contract. and avalablty. the p wllngness of the contractor to provde the requred capablty after tender when needed. whch are awarded to a firm for specfied goods d and/or servces. - ssured access contracts. whch provde Contractor Logstc Support s (CLS) as part of a contract to delver. Lease. Techncal support and system support contractors normally augment. but whch executon s postponed untl the requrement actually materalses. snce there are legal assurances of performance when they are actvated. and - pot market acquston when goods and servces are readly avalable s on the market and do not requre that arrangements be put n place n advance. - asc Orderng Arrangements (BOA). dormant and assured access contracts. because the captal nvestment would be made by the provder rather than by the customer. by Letter of Intent.

. such as tranng c and deployment. If aggregate natonal requrements are of a sufficently large scale. through pror agreed arrangements. who could play a part n support plannng. terms and condtons lad down n the contract. Authority over Contracted Capabilities The NATO Commander. employ. NATO common fundng. In cases where requred goods and servces are readly avalable from the market. the NATO Commander has full control over the contractors’ actvtes n accordance wth applcable regulatons.e. and the contracted support s for natonal purposes only. natons mght consder developng partnerng arrangements wth a commercal provder. s - osts assocated wth the employment of contractors. However. Funding Contractor Support Contractor support entals meetng three groups of costs: - et-up and management costs for NATO and the natons. put nto place contractual arrangements and share the provson and use of contractor capabltes and resources. as well as n long term delvery of support servces. All contractor support optons are avalable for use by natons and should be consdered where approprate. at the approprate level. Responsibility for Planning Contractor Support Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty for plannng and mplementng contractor support to NATO’s multnatonal operatons. multnatonal fundng ncludng jont and trust fundng and natonal fundng. must be gven sufficent authorty over contracted resources n order to enable hm to receve. Ths collectve responsblty encourages natons and NATO to co operatvely dentfy support requrements that could be met by cvlan contractors. where a naton s the contractng authorty. the NATO Commander’s authorty over the contracted support wll be n accordance wth the TOA or other arrangements agreed between the NATO Commander and the naton. purchases may be arranged on-the-spot through ad hoc contractng wthout pror preparaton. These would have to be met from a p number of sources. sustan and redeploy forces assgned to hm by natons n the most effectve manner. Where NATO s the contractng authorty. —103— . Capabltes that are normally outsourced durng the course of an operaton could be consdered sutable for RIFBs. and - ayment for contractors’ servces. They may also be approprate n the context of contractor support to operatons.ths mght ental. to support the force effectvely and efficently. BOAs are sutable when there s regular sustaned demand for low value tems such as consumables.

NATO and natons engaged n NATO operatons whch nvolve the employment of contractors should clearly define the status of contractor personnel and equpment n all agreements. Contractor personnel. whether cvlans accompanyng the force or local hres. arrangements and other legal documents wth host natons. fuel storage and dstrbuton. whch provde deployment and sustanment support s such as strategc transport. medcal ancllary servces. elements of deployed prmary and secondary health care. nfrastructure engneerng servces. such as that provded by natonal functonal experts and techncal staff of NATO agences. envronmental servces (santaton. Contractor support s not applcable to combat functons. whch may nclude: - echncal servces. should establsh legal jursdcton. contractor support has the potental to enhance support to operatons. salvage). ar— to ar refuellng. n-theatre techncal tranng and expert advce. ar traffic control. such as a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) or Transt Agreement. operaton of sea/ar ports of debarkaton. whch are performed by qualfied experts to support t techncal systems or processes. vsa requrements. strategc aero-medcal evacuaton. refuse. recovery. mantenance and repar. wth less mpact on mltary assets than would be the case wthout t. caterng and local labour. Multinational Co-operation In order to obtan the best possble terms and condtons. release deployed CS/CSS resources for hgher prorty tasks elsewhere. fire fightng. operaton and mantenance of communcatons. ground transportaton. the rghts to tax and customs exemptons. and - upport servces. Whle most TCNs may have ther own deployable contractng staffs and may —104— . movement lmtatons and any other matters whch host natons are wllng to agree. understandngs.Functions that could be Performed by Contractors Properly prepared and funded. base camp constructon and mantenance. are noncombatants. Status and Use of Contractors The force conssts of combatants and non-combatants. These documents. techncal communcatons and nformaton systems (CIS) servces and automated data processng (ADP) support. nstallaton securty servces. certan aspects of support to health servces. natons should consoldate ther requrements nto common Requests for Proposals (RFPs). It s applcable to a lmted number of CS functons and a wde range of CSS functons. provson of food and water. set up and mantenance of weapons systems. regardless of natonalty. are subject to the laws of the naton where they are operatng and may not enjoy the legal status accorded to cvlans accompanyng the force. overcome dentfied CS/CSS shortfalls and provde endurance where needed. Local hres. These could nclude: CLS.

As the envronment stablzes and the rsk s reduced. - hase of the Operaton. Thus the benefits of usng contractors must be weghed aganst the resources requred to ensure ther health and safety. there s a number of consderatons that nfluence decsons whether to employ contractor support. but s hgher n the case of host-country or thrdcountry natonals. who can provde theatre contractng servces on a rembursable bass. efficency. not least n the case of strategc deployment. The latter rsk s consdered low n nstances when the contractor staff conssts of expatrate natonals of the same TCN as the force supported. where commercal provders have long had a sgnficant role. It demands management by securty vettng and montorng of these personnel. the force may need to provde t as well. they should contrbute to the operatonal support plannng process to —105— . plannng and preparaton s necessary to ensure that requrements for contractor support are dentfied early and that ther contrbutons to operatons are fully optmsed.be prepared to act ndependently n theatre. operatonal effectveness and securty. The former s a rsk that NATO natons have accepted prevously. bologcal. Operatons that ental a hgher rsk of combat. Operational Planning Considerations for Contractor Support From an operatonal plannng pont of vew. there are consderable advantages to be ganed from utlsng a collectve approach. F they are non-combatants and the force must therefore provde securty for them and dentfy the requrement for equppng and tranng them for defence aganst chemcal. In areas where local medcal care s not avalable. Command and Control Agency (NC3A). selected support functons can be gradually transferred to contractors and local authortes. Although contractors can be mostly self-sufficent. - peratonal Securty. Natons should therefore take advantage of the Theatre Alled Contractng Office (TACO) and of NATO Agences such as the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) and the NATO Consultaton. These consderatons are the followng: - ype of Operaton. most P support functons are performed by mltary unts for reasons of hgh rsk. are less sutable for outsourcng than lower rsk operatons. T such as to ntal entry operatons. - orce Protecton. Ths rsk apples at two levels - operatonal O (knowledge of mltary plans and ntentons) and tactcal (local survellance of mltary capabltes and actvtes). radologcal and nuclear threats. Integration of Contractor Capabilities Where contractors have already been selected n advance of an operaton to provde support and when operatonal securty requrements have been satsfied. such as peacekeepng and stablzaton operatons. Addtonally. In the early stages of an operaton.

moble and responsve to the requrements of the component commander. however. That s. 4. negotate changes to the contract. Contract Management Commanders wll requre functonal staff expertse to admnster the contract. The deployment of contractors. jontness should be mantaned down to the lowest level practcable. Contractual nstruments shall. A broad synopss of the component support concepts s provded below. whereas responsblty for ashore support s shared between the operatonal and the tactcal commanders because the operatonal commander s the only commander wth the capablty to co-ordnate the flow of personnel. the force C2 structure must provde the requred nterface between the contractors and the echelons supported so that the contractor s nformed of the operatonal pcture as requred. evaluate the performance of the contractor. specfic component elements. In general terms. Durng executon. Where efficences can be ganed. but responsble to the CJTF commander. afloat support s the sole responsblty of the tactcal level (MNMF) commander. be admnstered n such a manner as to ensure that the contractual oblgatons of the contractor and NATO are correctly and promptly fulfilled and that NATO’s rghts under the terms of the contractual nstruments are exercsed lawfully and n the best nterests of the Allance and ts customers. dentfy changes to requrements.1 Support to a deployed Multnatonal Martme Force (MNMF) has two facets: ashore and afloat supports. each component.ensure that ther capabltes are properly ntegrated nto the relevant annexes of the Operaton Plan (OPLAN). on a functonal bass. due to the nature of ts msson.3) Whle NATO’s logstc concept embraces jontness.1. —106— . support elements wll lkely be focused at supportng. the ashore support commander may report drectly to the MJLC. the ashore element must be responsve to the afloat commander (MNMF). In a large operaton. To ensure the approprate focus of the ashore element commander. COMPONENT SUPPORT CONCEPTS – (ALP-4. whether usng ther own resources or not. must be ncluded n the overall NATO deployment plan. Maritime Support Concept: ALP-4. In a jont context. has a slghtly dfferent approach to mplementng the multnatonal logstc concept. mal and cargo from ashore to the task force. ths means that operatonal level support elements may have a geographcal area of responsblty to provde support to a jont force. support elements must be flexble. Although the specfic methods of supportng deployed multnatonal unts do vary. ther support requrements are very smlar.2. At the tactcal level. assess penaltes for non-performance and certfy payment for delvery of servces. 4. and to allow flexblty n the employment of contractors to meet operatonal requrements. the chan of command from the ashore support organsaton may be through a Multnatonal Logstcs Command (Martme) (MNLC(M)) whle n a smaller operaton. under the responsblty of the Contractng Officer.

nfrastructure development. —107— .2 provdes a common NATO Land Forces Logstc Doctrne. contractng. medcal and health servce support and personnel. transportaton. the essental functons of supply. Mltary operatons are conducted at three levels: strategc. stagng and onward movement of unts and personnel. whereas tactcal logstcs s concerned more wth the support of battles and operatons at the land component level and below. Successful tactcal level logstcs provdes unts wth the rght support at the rght tme and n the rght place. located closer to the supported force. S force projecton. campagns and major operatons. Logstcs. dstrbuton and the management of JOA reserves. Land Forces Support Concept: ALP-4.. etc. s a major operatng system at these three levels of warfare. medcal. damage repar. - peratonal level logstcs focuses on establshng and mantanng O LOC and sustanng a force n a JOA. Smaller. supply. more capable ALSS. provson of supples and servces and movement control. These support stes may be jont n nature or may be collocated wth other component support elements. more moble. natonal acquston. admnstratve and field servces are provded to solders to allow them to accomplsh ther specfic msson. - trategc level logstcs deals wth moblsaton. whch gudes NATO and natonal commanders and staff of the land component n optmsng the use of avalable logstc resources n multnatonal operatons. Strategc and operatonal level logstcs are focused on the support of wars. consstent wth the commander’s prortes. - actcal level logstcs sustans the tactcal commander’s ablty to T execute the msson by provdng the tactcal support. are employed as final dstrbuton ponts for personnel. as one of the combat functons that helps commanders buld and sustan combat power. The concept calls for multnatonal Advanced Logstc Support Stes (ALSSs) that provde a varety of lfe support. strategc moblty and the strategc concentraton of logstc assets n a Jont Operatons Area (JOA). mal and cargo flowng from the larger.2 ALP-4. operatonal and tactcal. Operatonal level logstcs encompasses the support of force recepton. Forward Logstc Stes (FLSs). At ths level. Ths connecton s a major area of nterest for logstc command and control n order to ensure the effectve logstc support of deployed forces. It also creates the condtons for convertng strategc level gudance nto success at the tactcal level and therefore provdes the lnkage between strategc and tactcal level logstcs. Strategc level logstcs nterconnects wth operatonal level logstcs at jont force level. mantenance. n support of the entre force. The fundamental precept of the martme logstc support concept s to provde ashore centralsed dstrbuton and support stes for the MNMF. dstrbuton.

land-based flyng and Ground Based Ar Defence (GBAD) unts and ther support elements.3 ALP-4. He co-ordnates logstc operatons wth all partcpatng natons. e. Natons are responsble for plannng and executng the deployment of ther natonal contrbutons to NATO operatons. where approprate. n close contact wth all partcpatng natons. The concept for ar component logstc support s based on the precept that sendng natons wll deploy ther ar forces wth sufficent ndgenous support to ntate operatons and establsh re supply arrangements to sustan them.3 detals the concept of ar component logstc support. The CJFLCC wll exercse co ordnatng authorty on movement and securty matters over those Natonal Support Elements (NSEs) operatng n hs Area of Operatons (AOO). Air Forces Support Concept: ALP-4. as well as dedcated communcatons unts and deployable Ar Command and Control Systems (ACCS). The land component support concept s desgned to ensure the support of ether natonal or multnatonal forces. n the case of an actual full-scale mltary operaton. especally n the forward part of CJFLCC AOR. Whle movement control s prmarly the responsblty of the Host Naton. LOGISTIC SUPPORT TO CRISIS RESPONSE OPERATIONS For all multnatonal operatons. Ar-to-Ar refuellng (AAR) and Ar Transport (AT) forces. Multnatonal Integrated Logstcs Unts (MILU). Ths coordnaton s carred out by the AMCC. —108— . the AMCC s responsble for the preparaton and plannng for the deployment of all NATO owned equpment and NATO HQ.g. ths mght be delegated to the CJFLCC. whch ncludes all partcpatng. These transport mssons are ether handled by natonal contrbutons usng natonal transportaton assets or cvlan arcraft are chartered from the commercal market. Besdes co-ordnatng the multnatonal flow of forces. The prncples of the concept for ar component logstc support are also applcable to NATO Arborne Early Warnng (NAEW). and co-operatve logstc arrangements. The Combned Jont Force Land Component Commander (CJFLCC) establshes requrements and sets prortes for support of forces n accordance wth the overall drecton gven by the JFC. as well as ar assets of other components. for NRF operatons a JLSG. for CJTF operatons a MJLC may be establshed. The level of deployed support takes account of avalable HNS. there s a requrement to co-ordnate the deployment of natonal forces nvolved nto an Area of Operaton. and jont/JOA level logstc structures. mutual support provded by Lead Natons (LN) and Role Specalst Natons (RSN). takng ther dfferent structures and multnatonal composton nto account. For ths.

REFERENCES C M(2007)0004 MC 526 AJP 4(A) AJP-4.2 ALP-4.1 ALP-4. Ar Logstcs ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —109— .6 AJP-4.9 ALP-4.3 L ogstc Support for NATO Response Force (NRF) Operatons Alled Jont Logstc Doctrne Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre Modes of Multnatonal Logstc Support Multnatonal Martme Logstc Doctrne Land Forces Logstc Doctrne Ar Forces Doctrne & Procedures.

ANNEX A to Chapter 7 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER AAR ACCS ACO ACSP ADP ALSSs AMCC AOO AOR AT BOA CBRN CIMIC CIS CJFLCC CJSOR CLS CROs CS/CSS C2 DJTF FLSs GBAD HQ JFC JLSG Ar-to-Ar refuellng Ar Command and Control Systems Alled Command Operatons Arcraft Cross-Servcng Programme Automated Data Processng Advanced Logstc Support Stes Alled Movement Co ordnaton Centre Area of Operatons Area of Responsblty Ar Transport Basc Orderng Arrangements Chemcal. Bologal. Radologcal and Nuclear Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton Communcaton and Informaton System Combned Jont Force Land Component Commander Jont Statement of Requrements Contractor Logstc Support Crss Response Operatons Combat Support / Combat Servce Support Command and Control Deployable Jont Task Force Forward Logstc Stes Ground Based Ar Defence Headquarters Jont Force Command Jont Logstc Support Group —110— ANNEX A .

Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre Multnatonal Logstcs Command (Martme) Multnatonal Martme Force Memorandum of Understandng NATO Arborne Early Warnng NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Command Structure Command and Control Agency NATO Response Force Natonal Support Elements Notce to Move Requests for Proposals Ready Invtatons for Bd Role Specalst Natons Status of Forces Agreement Theatre Alled Contractng Office Troop Contrbutng Naton —111— .JOA LN LOC MILU MJLC MNLC(M) MNMF MOU NAEW NAMSA NCS NC3A NRF NSEs NTM RFPs RIFB RSN SOFA TACO TCN Jont Operatons Area Lead Natons Lnes of Communcaton Multnatonal Integrated Logstcs Unts.

—112— .

CHAPTER 8 HOST NATION SUPPORT (HNS) —113— .

—114— .

HNS facltates the ntroducton of forces nto an area of operatons by provdng essental recepton. ncludng HNS. NATO CONCEPT FOR HNS HNS seeks to provde the NATO Commander and the Sendng Naton (SN) wth support n the form of materel. The NATO Commander’s authortes wth respect to HNS are further defined n MC 334/2. HNS may also reduce the amount of logstc forces and materel otherwse requred by SN to sustan and redeploy forces. Collectve Defence. To acheve ths. stagng and onward movement support. ncludng area securty and admnstratve support n accordance wth negotated arrangements between the SN and/or NATO and the HN government. operatng n or transtng through the HN’s terrtory.Karl von Clausewitz. facltes and servces. consstent wth mantanng or enhancng mltary effectveness. crss and conflct and nclude Artcle 5. In partcular.HOST NATION SUPPORT (HNS) “There is nothing so common as to find consideration of supply affecting the strategic lines of a campaign and a war. The possblty of deployments of a rapd mltary response beyond NATO terrtory has sgnficant mplcatons for NATO HNS polcy and plannng procedures. Ths strategy s workable only f Host Natons make the support avalable. The Strategc Commands (SCs) are responsble to ensure that the HNS agreements fulfil NATO operatonal requrements wthout reducng the combat potental of the HN. NATO Commanders must be nvolved n support plannng and be gven the authorty to co-ordnate plannng where necessary. t s necessary to adopt more rapd and flexble HNS plannng mechansms to ensure that HNS arrangements can be put nto place as early as possble so that the requred support can be assured to the maxmum extent possble. CHAPTER 8 —115— . DEFINITION HNS s cvl and mltary assstance rendered n peace.” . As such. On War. The SNLC produced MC 319/2 that confers upon the NATO Commander key authortes for logstcs. crss and conflct by a Host Naton to alled forces and organsatons whch are located on. and non Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons (CROs). 1832 INTRODUCTION Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty to support NATO operatons and must co-operatvely arrange adequate Host Naton Support (HNS) to the complete range of NATO operatons and exercses durng peace.

The goal s to use NATO HNS arrangements to the greatest extent possble to facltate the negotaton and admnstraton tasks of the HN by creatng a standard process and standard documents that can be used by all partes. governs the status of forces and determnes ther relatonshp wth the HN. whch mples an ntent or responsblty to support alled forces and organsatons. as well as non NATO Natons. Moreover. Therefore. the SOFA may have an mpact on HNS and should be taken nto account n the development of HNS arrangements. the ncreasng requrement to take advantage of economes of scale and to more rapdly and effectvely mplement responsve support concepts dctates that HNS be consdered as an ntegral part of the logstc plannng process and should therefore be addressed n all support plans. To ths end. HNS PRINCIPLES1 The requred moblty. It may contan general provsons regardng support from the HN. A Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA). negotated at the hghest level between SN and/or NATO and the HN authortes. In these cases. one must be concluded wth the utmost prorty. It provdes the mutually agreed mltary-poltcal-legal bass for the development of further mplementng documents wthn the agreed provsons emboded n the MOU. LEGAL ASPECTS OF HNS ARRANGEMENTS Arrangements and agreements concluded between the approprate natonal authortes and NATO form the bass of support for HNS arrangements. a Transt Agreement wll be concluded between NATO HQ and the HN to authorse the transt of alled forces and goods through the HN’s terrtory. flexblty and multnatonalty of NATO forces hghlght the need for commonly agreed prncples of HNS and for the NATO Commander to provde the structure necessary to facltate the development of HNS arrangements. Ths does not preclude blateral arrangements between partes. where t exsts. n regons where NATO deployments may occur. C-M(2000)56-REV1 (also MC 334/2) —116— . An MOU s an nstrument to record n a less formal manner specfic understandngs and oblgatons and s an expresson of the concurrng wllngness of the partes partcpatng n and subscrbng to t. Wthn the context of HNS. the MOU s a wrtten overarchng blateral or multlateral agreed document. the followng prncples wll apply: 1) R - esponsibility. Ths may not be possble n regard to many natons. Where a SOFA wth a HN does not exst. Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty for HNS across the spectrum of NATO-led operatons. The Transt Agreement wll nclude some provsons that make reference to the support needed from the HN and n some cases may permt the development of HNS Techncal Arrangements wthout development of an MOU. In order to realse consstent and effectve HNS plannng and executon. the SCs have mplemented a programme to negotate standng HNS Memorandum of Understandng (MOU) wth NATO and PfP Natons.

exercses conferences or smlar events on ther terrtory. When avalable. efficency and the avodance of competton for resources. - Authority. the Commander also has the authorty to conclude HNS arrangements for NATO multnatonal headquarters and other common-funded enttes. a the co ordnaton and co operaton between NATO and natonal authortes s essental for reasons of operatonal effectveness. For HNS plannng and executon. Plannng and executon of HNS must reflect the most effectve and economc use of resources avalable to fulfil the requrement. HNS s a fundamental supplement to support for deployed forces and once the MOU s concluded. as approprate. V - isibility. crss and conflct. The NATO Commander should also be made aware of other non—117— . HNS PLANNING HNS plannng s an ntegral part of logstc plannng. The Host Naton should not derve profit from the offical actvtes of NATO HQ or forces conductng or partcpatng n operatons. - Co-ordination nd Co-operation. whle the concluson of the HNS MOU s the responsblty of the Host Naton and the NATO Commander. E - conomy. the Sendng Naton and the NATO Commander are responsble for HNS plannng and development. These authortes also apply to nonNATO Commanders of a multnatonal force partcpatng n a NATO led operaton. ncludng negotatons. by co-operatve arrangements or collectvely wth NATO must ensure the provson of adequate resources to support ther forces durng peace. The Host Naton. natonal prortes and the actual capabltes of the HN. When delegated by the SC. wll be provded by the HN to the greatest extent possble on the bass of natonal legslaton. Rembursement for HNS wll be agreed between the Host Naton and the Sendng Naton and/or the NATO Commander. as requred. It must be carred out at approprate levels and may nclude non NATO natons and other relevant organsatons. P - rovision. Informaton concernng HNS arrangements n support of alled forces and organsatons should be avalable to the approprate NATO Commander and to the Sendng Naton. R - eimbursement. Natons ndvdually. to prortse the provson of HNS to assgned forces and to ntate the HNS plannng process.Ths responsblty encourages natons and NATO to co-operatvely plan for and share the provson of HNS to support the force effectvely and efficently wth each naton bearng the ultmate responsblty for ensurng the provson of support for ts forces . The NATO Commander has the authorty to establsh requrements for HNS. but as a key component of operatonal plannng. t requres multdscplnary partcpaton of all the plannng staff.

close co-ordnaton wll have to be mantaned wth all relevant staff from the outset. In terms of efficency. once they are dentfied. The actvtes nvolved n HNS Request and Memorandum Political a staged plannng process are level of Understanding (MOU) found n AJP-4. HNS arrangements should be concluded at the earlest opportunty n the plannng process. An Concept of Requirements Operational overvew of the key aspects level (COR) of each stage and where they fit n the logstc/operatonal Technical Arrangements Operational plannng process s outlned level (TA) below. HNS plannng wll be as detaled as possble to enable the HN to evaluate and adequately respond to requrements. Standng HNS MOU supportng a broad range of potental operatons should be concluded. The NATO Commander’s logstc staff s responsble for the development of HNS arrangements. and because of the legal and financal mplcatons of HNS arrangements. Ths co ordnaton wll be n accordance wth establshed doctrne and procedures. In ether case. NATO Commanders and natons dentfied as Statement of Requirements Tactical potental HN(s) are encouraged level (SOR) to embark on Stages 1.5. whch detals ths plannng framework. the varety of deployment optons may also requre that a contngency approach be taken towards HNS plannng. and the HN. Natons and the NATO Commander should ensure that adequate gudance s provded to non-NATO natons when developng HNS arrangements. contractng and other functons. The NATO Commander should be nvted to partcpate n follow-on blateral HNS negotatons between the Sendng Naton and the Host Naton n order to promote co operaton and assst where necessary. NATO Commander must ensure close co ordnaton between the SN. As far as possble. The procedures should be standardsed to the extent possble to ensure an effectve and flexble response to any operatonal need. These should be kept under revew to ncorporate lessons dentfied from future exercses and operatons.NATO HNS arrangements that are n support of or may mpact on the conduct of NATO-led operatons. Cvl Mltary Co operaton (CIMIC). 5 Stage HNS Planning Process and/or common operatonal pcture(s). NATO co ordnated HNS arrangements should be pursued where approprate. However. —118— . 2 and 3 at the earlest opportunty n Joint Implementation Arrangement Tactical order to develop useful generc level (JIA) HNS arrangements n readness for future operatons/exercses Figure 8-1. Because of the nter-relatonshps between HNS. Durng HNS plannng.

respectvely. - Stage 2. the NATO Commander first dentfies the requrement for HNS n very broad terms to support plans beng drafted. whch oblgate the sgnatores and satsfy the specfic requrements of the Sendng Naton(s). Policies Specific to the NATO Commander The NATO Commander shall negotate and conclude HNS arrangements for NATO multnatonal headquarters and. For each operatonal plan for whch HNS s requred. HNS POLICIES The polces set out n ths document define the responsbltes of NATO Commanders. who may undertake prelmnary reconnassance ahead of submttng ther COR(s). Generally. the NATO Commander shall establsh a process to facltate negotatons between the Host Naton and the Sendng Naton and/or subordnate NATO Commanders n accordance wth NATO’s HNS doctrne and procedures. If a Standng HNS MOU exsts. - Stage 1. —119— . the Host Naton confirms ts ablty to provde the requested HNS and dentfies any shortfalls. whch s convened by the NATO Commander and the Host Naton wth the partcpaton of SN(s). they are executable documents. n conjuncton wth the Host Naton. The Statements of Requrements SOR(s) are developed on the bass of the results of ste surveys co ordnated by the JHNSSC. an HNS MOU s developed wth each Host Naton. - Stage 4. when authorsed. to address common requrements and procedures for the provson of HNS. Once sgned. The Jont Implementaton Arrangements (JIA(s)) represent the S final stage when more detal s requred to effectvely mplement the HNS plan after confirmaton by the Host Naton. t s applcable to all NATO operatons or exercses and does not requre any modficatons. The Techncal Arrangement (TA) s finalsed wthn the Jont HNS Steerng Commttee (JHNSSC). - tage 5. takng nto consderaton the HNS requrements of the Sendng Naton(s) where these can be dentfied. The Sendng Natons are encouraged to take advantage of these arrangements by accedng to the HNS MOU. A Concept of Requrements (COR) s called for and submtted to the HN by the NATO Commander and SN(s). As a product of msson analyss. The NATO Commander shall dentfy HNS requrements and has to coordnate and prortse HNS requrements and the provson of HNS n consultaton wth natons. the Sendng Natons and the Host Naton. Followng consderaton of the SOR(s). for desgnated multnatonal unts and selected theatre-level support. - Stage 3.

The Host Naton shall determne the cost standards to be appled for cost calculatons for HNS. the NATO Commander s requred to nform the Sendng Naton on the avalablty of HNS assets. The Host Naton retans control over ts own HNS resources. The Host Naton shall partcpate n the plannng and executon processes n order to conduct effectve HNS. The NATO Capablty Catalogue for HNS may facltate ths. —120— . for proper HNS plannng and executon. the Host Naton s encouraged to dentfy other HNS capabltes n order to assess ther potental to provde addtonal support. Furthermore. ncludng ponts of contact. wll detal the fundng arrangements to be appled for the payment of HNS for the multnatonal headquarters. the Sendng Naton s responsble to make the necessary arrangements for rembursement. The Sendng Naton shall report the status of HNS negotatons to the approprate NATO Commander. Policies Specific to the Sending Nation The Sendng Naton(s) s encouraged to accede to the HNS MOU concluded by the SCs and the Host Naton. the NATO Commander n conjuncton wth the Host Naton and pror to the recept of HNS. The Sendng Naton may choose to negotate ther own blateral MOU wth the Host Naton. Any outstandng concerns could then be addressed as part of the accesson process. desgnated multnatonal unts and selected theatre-level support. Ultmately and pror to the recept of HNS. The Sendng Naton shall partcpate n the plannng and executon processes n order to conduct effectve HNS. unless control of such resources s released. The NATO Commander shall provde the Host Naton and the Sendng Naton(s) wth the necessary detals. The NATO Commander s authorsed to request reports on HNS assets desgnated and agreed by the Host Naton to support the forces under ther command. If NATO common fundng or approprate exercse fundng s approved. The Sendng Naton shall notfy ts HNS requrements and any sgnficant changes as they occur to the Host Naton and the NATO Commander as early as possble. The Host Naton shall report the status of HNS negotatons to the approprate NATO Commander. Conversely. Policies Specific to the Host Nation The Host Naton shall advse SN and approprate NATO Commander of ts capablty to provde HNS aganst specfic requrements and of sgnficant changes n capablty as they occur.

The NATO Capablty Catalogue for HNS provdes a template for nformaton related to facltes. It s kept n an electronc database wthn Logstc Functonal Area Servce. therefore. t s essental that the NATO Commander establsh a system to montor or co ordnate contracts to lmt competton for scarce resources and establsh HNS prortes when requred. The Host Naton should ensure that. Contractng shall. LOCAL CONTRACTING There s a dstncton between HNS and contractng as the latter s not based on formalsed agreements that consttute the bass of HNS. CIVIL-MILITARY CO-OPERATION (CIMIC) HNS must not be confused wth CIMIC. In such cases. be co ordnated wth or through the Host Naton. Contractng s the commercal acquston of materel and cvl servces by the Sendng Naton and/or the NATO Commander for ther forces n support of NATO-led operatons. nfrastructure and resources that may be made avalable to the NATO Commander n support of hs forces. CAPABILITY DATABASE In order to facltate NATO Commanders’ ablty to assess a Host Naton’s potental to provde support. may contract drectly wth prvate sources wthn the Host Naton. The Host Naton should ensure the requred co-operaton and coordnaton between ts cvlan and mltary sectors n order to make the best use of lmted HNS resources. a Sendng Naton and/or the NATO Commander. —121— . they are encouraged to dentfy other HNS capabltes. ts blateral HNS arrangements and assocated plans are harmonsed wth the requrements of NATO operatonal plannng. The nformaton wll serve for plannng purposes only. as far as possble. The purpose of CIMIC s to establsh and mantan full co-operaton between NATO forces and the cvlan populaton and nsttutons wthn a commander’s area of operatons n order to create the most advantageous cvl-mltary condtons. Contractng from local resources should not nterfere wth HNS and should always take nto account the essental needs of the local populaton. In cases where there s no legtmate HN government wth whom to coordnate HNS. where possble. Co-operaton wth cvlan organsatons n the framework of HNS should always be managed n full consultaton wth approprate mltary and cvlan authortes of the Host Naton.

5(A) Alled Jont Host Naton Support Doctrne and Procedures ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —122— .REFERENCES MC 319/2 NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs MC 334/2 ATO Prncples and Polces for Host Naton Support N MC 411/1 ATO Mltary Polcy on Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton N AJP-4.

ANNEX A to Chapter 8 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER CIMIC COR CROs HN JHNSSC JIAs MOU SCs SN SOFA SOR(s) TA Cvl-Mltary Co operaton Concept of Requrements Crss Response Operatons Host Naton Jont HNS Steerng Commttee Jont Implementaton Arrangements Memorandum of Understandng Strategc Commands Sendng Naton Status of Forces Agreement Statements of Requrements Techncal Arrangement ANNEX A —123— .

—124— .

CHAPTER 9 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION SUPPORT —125— .

—126— .

NATO M&T-related commttees and NATO cvl agences for provdng support to NATO mltary operatons. not competton. 1838 INTRODUCTION Movement and Transportaton (M&T) encompasses the whole spectrum of nfrastructure. CHAPTER 9 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION PRINCIPLES MC 336/2. The greater relance placed upon NATO forces’ ablty to deploy quckly. M&T s the cornerstone of the Allance’s operatonal concept. It comprises the order and details of marches and camps. facltes and equpment. establshes the prncples and polces for M&T. and - he lmted avalablty of transportaton resources underlnes the t contnung need for close co-ordnaton between the NATO Mltary Authortes (NMAs). surface transport. the closer co-ordnaton s requred throughout the Allance. NATO and natons take collectve responsblty for movement and transportaton support to NATO operatons. and of quartering and supplying troops. facltes. - ATO Responsblty. Ths must be done n co-operaton wth natons. for movement and transportaton resources. Specfically: - he multnatonal character of NATO forces requres co ordnaton t and co operaton. Specfic responsbltes are descrbed hereafter.” . - he flexblty nherent to the selecton of NATO forces and the t uncertantes that surround future deployments place a greater relance on movement and transportaton plannng based on generc and ad hoc operatonal plannng requrements.MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION SUPPORT “Logistics is the art of moving armies. They are reprnted n the paragraphs to follow. in a word it is the execution of strategic and tactical enterprises. command and control. The need for co-ordnaton of NATO M&T plannng s a result of the Allance’s new strategy to support expedtonary forces.Antoine Henri Jomini. —127— . Summary of the Art of War. transportaton for sustanment (re supply). NATO Prncples and Polces for Movement and Transportaton. Collective Responsibility. Stagng and Onward Movement (RSOM) of forces. and equpment. N prortsng. NATO Commanders are responsble for ntatng. co ordnatng and deconflctng the deployment (ncludng RSOM). and sealft. whch drectly support the deployment and Recepton. arlft. requrng nvestment n resources. and ther respectve forces redeployment.

Natons exercse prmary responsblty for N obtanng transportaton resources to deploy. Co-ordination. and economy. It apples as much to systems. Such co-operaton can be of a b- or multlateral nature. natonal components of multnatonal forces. sealft. s essental. make resources avalable to NATO for co operatve or shared use. Ths prncple must be tempered by the need for co operaton. Simplicity. sustan and redeploy ther forces. Transportability. co ordnaton. of a multnatonal headquarters group. Co-operation. when possble. and may nclude blateral and/or multlateral co operatve arrangements. Movement and transportaton co-ordnaton between NATO and natonal and cvlan authortes s essental and conducted at all approprate levels. MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION POLICIES General Policies NATO and natonal mltary and cvl authortes are responsble for development of NATO force M&T drectves. equpment and hardware. Desgn equpment. The executon of the natons’ responsblty to provde sufficent M&T resources could be hampered by a requred lft asset shortage. and. Effectiveness. M&T plannng and executon must be capable of reactng n a tmely manner to dynamc changes n the operatonal stuaton and requrement. Flexibility. where a naton accepted lead naton responsblty. Visibility and Transparency. Co-operaton between NATO and natonal authortes. where approprate and possble. M&T data nformaton exchange between NATO and natonal mltary and cvl authortes s essental for the efficent support of movement and transportaton tasks. Efficiency. Ths ncorporates both co operatve and shared use of lft. Consequently. procedures and organsatons. Standardsaton facltates successful M&T. Optmses mltary and cvlan resources’ use. Ths responsblty may nclude plannng and controllng the movement of natonal forces. Take nto consderaton the complementary and ntermodal nature of arlft. compatble wth avalable transport resources for unts and formatons wth a moblty role. natons should. - atons’ Responsblty. Smplfy plans and procedures as much as possble. These should be responsve to NATO’s operatonal requrements and co ordnated at the approprate level. M&T plannng and executon must be talored to satsfy overall NATO operatonal requrements. both mltary and cvlan. and nland surface transport resources. Standardisation. —128— . data and software as t does to procedures.

—129— . The desgnated Jont Force Commander (JFC). M&T Planning M&T plannng s a dstnct but ntegral part of logstc plannng. both NATO and natonal. strategc plannng. M&T plannng must be talored to the respectve forces and ther related employment optons. - Co operative Use. Natonal and NATO M&T plannng must be harmonsed as early as possble durng the Operatonal Plannng Process (OPP). compensaton and/or rembursement wll be subject to arrangements between the partes nvolved. NATO Commanders wll revew the effectveness of mltary arrangements. personnel. NATO and natonal M&T plannng should consder the possblty of prepostonng of stocks. M&T plannng must consder the use of Host Naton Support (HNS) and/or local resources. Movement across nternatonal borders must be supported by standardsed and harmonsed arrangements. f requred. movement plannng and executon plannng) and executon. equpment and materel from arrval at Ports of Debarkaton (PODs) to the final destnaton. When HN authortes are not able or not wllng to provde the requred RSOM support. NATO and natonal mltary authortes are responsble for operatonal support plannng. RSOM s the phase of the deployment processes that transtons unts. partcularly durng the RSOM stage. n support of the Allance’s operatonal M&T requrements. NATO cvl transportaton experts are a valuable asset and provde nformaton and offer assstance to NATO mltary planners. materal and equpment n order to mprove M&T reacton tme. these resources are provded free of charge or under rembursement arrangements. When natons make transportaton resources or ther surplus capacty avalable to other natons. NATO bears responsblty for assgnng an executve authorty or requestng a Lead Naton (LN) to act as HN on behalf of deployng NATO forces. When natons make transportaton resources or ther surplus capacty avalable to NATO. and must be consstent wth force and operatonal plannng. must develop the RSOM plan n accordance wth the Multnatonal Detaled Deployment Plan (MNDDP). seek ther advce and assstance n all phases of deployment plannng (concept development. Strategc Commands (SCs) should. - Shared Use. M&T plannng for NATO operatons must comply wth the prortes set by the NATO Commander. n coordnaton wth the Host Naton (HN) and Sendng Natons (SNs). as requred.

Policy on Military Support to Civil Operations Mltary support to cvl operatons wll be conducted usng the same prncples and polces as descrbed above. whch should extend as approprate to both natonal and non-natonal sources. Natonal operatonal support plannng should nvolve approprate natonal cvl. NATO and NMAs wll ensure that harmonsed casualty evacuaton s ncorporated nto movement plans. NATO natons and. as well as mltary transport authortes. ncludng possble use of both non-NATO natons’ transportaton resources and contractual arrangements operatve under specfic condtons. at the approprate level. Natons may use ADAMS or some other system to do ther nternal. NATO and natons should make arrangements for close and well-structured co operaton between mltary and cvl authortes. to support NATO M&T capabltes. non-NATO natons wll use the Alled Deployment and Movement System (ADAMS) as the NATO plannng tool to facltate multnatonal deployment plannng and nformaton transfer. as approprate. The SCs wll scrutnze ths process and wll montor the development of legslatve and other arrangements made by natons as part of the Annual Defence Revew (ADR) process and the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee (SCEPC). The mltary wll. where approprate. land and ar force packages. as requred. natonal-level deployment. Natons should consder: - nterng nto b- or multlateral agreements wth other natons e concernng M&T resource provson. to assess and define cvl transport support capablty. through the Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees (PB&Cs). requre M&T expertse. Natons are nvted to ensure that natonal legslaton or other arrangements provde sufficently for the acquston of M&T resources for Artcle 5 operatons and non-Artcle 5 CRO. —130— . M&T plannng to support mltary operatons must be carred out and co ordnated on a combned and jont mltary/cvl bass encompassng all modes of transport. wll montor and advse natons on the adequacy of legslaton or other natonal measures. Avod separate M&T plannng for martme. avalablty and feasblty. n the acquston process. m - akng approprate arrangements to gan access to cvl transport resources by usng normal commercal practces to the maxmum extent. Policy on Resource Acquisition Natons are responsble to provde transportaton resources to move ther own forces and materel. Policy on Civil Support to the Military Cvl support to the mltary wll be of crtcal mportance n achevng the desred flexblty n support of the Allance’s objectves.

For the purpose of efficency and smplcty. a thus acqurng resources n accordance wth operatonal prortes and mnmsng natonal competton for resources. movement management s always executed at the hghest practcal level descrbed hereafter. statutory or contractual and may nclude b- or mult-lateral arrangements. - pplyng to the approprate SC for access to transportaton resources a or surplus capacty made avalable by natons for co operatve or shared use. and - eportng to the approprate NATO authortes those mltary and cvl r transportaton resources that may be avalable for co operatve or shared use. natons are to contnue to support the use of ADAMS and communcate M&T data va ths system. NATO s responsble for ensurng the provson of transportaton resources for the movement of multnatonal HQs and other common-funded elements such as NATO owned equpment. unless natons make other arrangements wth NATO authortes. The naton usng a naton’s or an agency’s transportaton resource s responsble for rembursng that resource provdng naton or agency. Policy on Command. whch ensure obtanng quckly and relably sutable cvl resources. f such rembursement s requred. M&T TASKS AND RESPONSIBILITIES The M&T structure must be capable of respondng flexbly to a natonal declaraton of war and Crss Response Operatons and should make best use of NATO and natonal organsatons. Control and Communications M&T resource command and control wll reman wth the ownng natons. avalablty of transportaton resources and status of the lnes of communcaton. - pproachng the cvl transportaton market n a co ordnated manner. —131— . NATO wll provde msson assgnment to natons that wll undertake M&T operatonal command and control and detaled msson taskng. NATO and natonal authortes wll contnue to devse collectve arrangements. - akng arrangements for control or redrecton of cvl transportaton m resources. To be vable. f t appears that the commercal market may be unable to meet requrements. These may be consttutonal. As ADAMS s NATO’s tool for multnatonal M&T plannng. Gven that cvl transportaton resources normally operate n market condtons. the communcatons and Automated Data Processng (ADP) systems must provde commanders wth tmely nformaton concernng status of force deployment.

Specfically. PODs. The Movement and Transportaton Group (M&TG) supports the SNLC wth regard to M&T polces and concepts. —132— . the SCs are responsble to: - evelop the MNDDP based on natonal DDPs. The Internatonal Staff (IS) and the Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS) assst deployment plannng and executon by provdng doctrnal and polcy gudance and clarficaton to support the SCs n ther plannng processes for the transt of deployed forces through natonal terrtores. final destnaton and sets the Commander’s Requred Date (CRD). The MNDDP must be d developed n close co-ordnaton wth the desgnated Jont Force Commander responsble for the RSOM plan and the authorsng HN. supports the NMAs by advsng on the avalablty and use of cvl transportaton resources and related nfrastructure n support of NATO and NATO-led operatons. s responsble to co ordnate and harmonse the development and mplementaton of the Allance’s M&T polces and concepts. by assstng n the acquston of cvl resources. The SCEPC. - onsult. Ths commander gves specfic operatonal gudance by lstng prortes. wth experts from the Transportaton c PB&Cs and other M&T sources. f requested. the Alled Movement Co-ordnaton Centre (AMCC) wll co ordnate strategc movement.NATO Headquarters NATO Headquarters provdes the poltcal and mltary gudance through consultaton wth natons for overall M&T matters. and - o ordnate wth the Supportng Commander. - o ordnate wth the Jont Force Commander who must provde the c Statement of Requrement (SOR) n co-operaton wth the SCs. - ddress strategc lft shortfalls n co-operaton wth the natons. through ts Transport PB&Cs. Strategic Commands (SCs) The SCs are responsble for matters concernng mplementaton of M&T polces and doctrne and development of M&T plans and operatonal procedures. f apponted. - rortse and co ordnate the ntegrated use of M&T resources made p avalable by natons for shared use. transportaton for sustanment (re supply) and redeployment of NATO forces. The co ordnatng authorty for logstcs. and by harmonsng and standardsng cvl procedures relatng to transport for defence purposes. the Senor Natonal Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC). a - dvse and assst n the development of blateral or multlateral a agreements and arrangements. Under the authorty of the SHAPE. when approprate. who c asssts the desgnated commander and ensures the unmpeded flow of renforcng forces through hs Area of Responsblty (AOR).

and - rovde natonal lason/augmentaton to the AMCC and. takng nto account the NATO Commander’s operatonal requrements. AMCC works n close co-operaton wth other co ordnaton centres that provde support to NATO. as necessary. Ths ncludes developng multmodal solutons for strategc movements. The Nations Sending Nations (SNs) are responsble to: - evelop the natonal Detaled Deployment Plan (DDP). both located n Endhoven. It s also responsble for montorng. as requred. prortse. redeployment and transportaton of sustanment supples to NATO and non NATO troop contrbutng natons’ forces durng exercses and operatons. It also supports sustanment. It does not normally acqure transport assets for deployng forces. such as the European Arlft Centre (EAC). and the Athens Multnatonal Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre (AMSCC) n Greece. analyss of potental Lnes of Communcaton (LOCs) and Ports of Debarkaton (PODs). The Allied Movement Co-ordination Centre (AMCC) provdes NATO’s prncpal capablty to plan. although t may be called upon to do so n cases where NATO HQs or NATO-owned assets are beng moved. evaluatng. Concepts of Operaton (CONOPs). —133— . - ontrol the movement of natonal forces and natonal components c of multnatonal forces. Its responsbltes nclude development/coordnaton of the natonal DDPs towards a Multnatonal DDP to support force deployment. alled forces. and montors executon. The AMCC’s plannng focuses normally at the strategc level. and ts responsbltes are multmodal. - ontrol and co ordnate cvl and mltary transportaton resources n c support of natonal and. deconflct and co ordnate movements supportng deployment. and adjustng actual movements once an operaton starts. - espond to requests to develop/execute arrangements for co operatve r use of lft wth other natons. wth the assstance of NAMSA and the PB&Cs where requred. roulement and redeployment of NATO forces and equpment for NATO operatons. or f assstance s specfically sought by natons. n ADAMS d format. The AMCC accomplshes movement plannng as part of operatonal plannng (Statements of Requrements. revew. based on the Alled Dsposton Lst (ADL). - etermne movement requrements and make necessary transportaton d arrangements and then work wth the SCs to dentfy shortfalls and surpluses n natonal M&T resources to meet the Allance’s movement requrements. the Strategc Ar Lft Co-ordnaton Cell (SALCC) and the Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre (SCC). Netherlands. n order to meet overall NATO prortes. whch ncludes the Desgnated NATO Commander’s prortes. P to the HN Natonal Movement Co-ordnaton Centre (NMCC).

c takng nto account the desgnated NATO Commander’s prortes and SNs’ requrements.4 Alled Jont Movement and Transportaton Doctrne ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —134— . nfrastructure) for natonal and NATO support. Lead Nations (LNs) are responsble to: REFERENCES MC 319/2 NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs MC 336/2 NATO Prncples and Polces for Movement and Transportaton (M&T) AJP-4(A) Alled Jont Logstc Doctrne. - stablsh a NMCC and approprate executve movement control e organsaton for M&T co-ordnaton. support and execute ther portons of the RSOM plan. - s requred. personnel. facltes.Host Nations (HN) are responsble to: - ontrol and co ordnate movement of forces. - ontrol and operate natonal cvl and mltary transportaton resources c (e. as necessary. - hen actng as a SN for multnatonal headquarters groups and/or w unts wth a hgh degree of multnatonalty. fulfil all the respectve M&T tasks set out above. whch c has been made n close co-ordnaton wth the desgnated Jont Force Commander and SNs. and - stablsh arrangements for compensaton and/or rembursement for e those LN functons wth all partes nvolved. make and/or mplement necessary arrangements and co a ordnate wth neghbourng natons to facltate border crossngs.g. when actng as a HN. AJP-4. - ontrol. equpment. on ther own terrtores. - dentfy for the SC the status of M&T resources and nfrastructure n  support of an operaton. take the lead n performng specfic M&T tasks as dentfied a by NATO n co-operaton wth the natons. p - onduct ether partally or totally the HN tasks and responsbltes set c out above. - s requred. and - rovde lason/augmentaton to the AMCC.

ANNEX A to Chapter 9 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER ADAMS ADL ADP ADR AMCC AMSCC AOR CRD CRO CONOPs DDP EAC HN HNS HQs IMS IS LN LOCs MNDDP M&T M&TG NMAs NMCC OPP PB&Cs Alled Deployment and Movement System Alled Dsposton Lst Automated Data Processng Annual Defence Revew Alled Movement Co-ordnaton Centre Athens Multnatonal Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre Area of Responsblty Commander’s Requred Date Crss Response Operaton Concepts of Operaton Detaled Deployment Plan European Arlft Centre Host Naton Host Naton Support Headquarters Internatonal Mltary Staff Internatonal Staff Lead Naton Lnes of Communcaton Mult-Natonal Detaled Deployment Plan Movement and Transportaton Movement and Transportaton Group NATO Mltary Authortes Natonal Movement Co-ordnaton Centre Operatonal Plannng Process Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees —135— ANNEX A .

Stagng and Onward Movement Strategc Ar Lft Co-ordnaton Cell Strategc Commands Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee Supreme Alled Headquarters n Europe Sendng Natons Senor Natonal Logstcans’ Conference Statement of Requrement —136— .PODs RSOM SALCC SCs SCC SCEPC SHAPE SNs SNLC SOR Ports of Debarkaton Recepton.

CHAPTER 10 PETROLEUM SUPPORT Deployable Fuel Handling Equipment for Expeditionary Operations Main Bulk Fuel Installation at Kabul International Airport. International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) Fuel Pump and Filter Installation —137— .

—138— .

nterchangeablty. 1) Authority is being sought to change the name of the NATO Pipeline Committee to the NATO Petroleum Committee to better reflect its role and responsibilities. A gude to the NATO bodes concerned wth the NPS and other petroleum bodes s provded at Annex A. nteroperablty and research on s fuels.PETROLEUM SUPPORT «Fuel is the life blood of modern armed forces. e - r base.» – Field Marshal Erwin Rommel. - xpedtonary operatons. - etroleum plannng. 1942 INTRODUCTION Fuel s a commodty that s essental to NATO’s defence plannng and s also necessary for sustanng socal and economc lfe. the plannng crtera and reportng requrements and addresses crss management. and p - tandardsaton. whch can be generally grouped as those concerned wth: - vl preparedness to meet fuel problems wthn NATO. It also descrbes the NATO Ppelne System (NPS). The NPC has determned the organsaton and procedures needed to manage crss stuatons and lases wth the International Energy Agency and wth the AC/98 Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee’s (SCEPC) Plannng Board for Inland Surface Transport (PBIST) and Industral Plannng Commttee (IPC) on matters of common nterest. ols and lubrcants and related products. Further. The MC-473 Drectve provdes gudance to NATO and natonal authortes on the polces. and all type of mltary equpment and vehcles. CHAPTER 10 CIVIL PREPAREDNESS Cvl preparedness n the area of fuel s the responsblty of the AC/112 NATO Pipeline Committee (NPC) followng the demse of the Petroleum Planning Committee (PPC). There are several commttees n NATO assocated wth fuels support and fuels supply plannng. the NATO Ppelne Commttee1 and NATO Mltary Authortes. Without an adequate supply. legslatve and envronmental ssues. nothing can happen. and ther m relatonshp wth weapon systems. c - ulk dstrbuton and storage of fuels for mltary use by the NPS and b other assocated facltes. as well as Petroleum Handlng Equpment (PHE). —139— . naval base and unt support. lubrcants and assocated products. prncples and characterstcs of the NATO Petroleum Supply Chan. t defines the responsbltes of the Natons. a - ltary fuels. ols.

AIR BASE. The networks are controlled by natonal organsatons. Estona. NATO and partcpatng natons should strve to satsfy the operatonal fuel requrement. —140— . Portugal. Natons should use the facltes to the fullest extent practcable for mltary purposes and. In addton to the above elements of the NPS. wth the excepton of the CEPS whch s a multnatonal system. Norway. Such solutons should adhere to the Sngle Fuel Polcy and the modular concept descrbed below. To reduce the demand on strategc lft assets to carry fuel nto a theatre of operaton. The NPS n total conssts of some 14. Span and the new member natons (Bulgara. Romana. and the largest system. Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Poland. the North European Ppelne System (NEPS) located n both Denmark and Germany. the Central Europe Ppelne System (CEPS) n Belgum. The Spansh system s purely natonal. maxmum use should be made of Host Naton Support (HNS) or n country resources. pump statons. Latva. Hungary. The optmum utlsaton of NATO petroleum facltes n peacetme s a prerequste for the proper mantenance of the NPS and the necessary tranng of ts staff. or a Fuels Multnatonal Integrated Logstc Unt as approprate.BULK DISTRIBUTION AND STORAGE OF FUELS IN THE NPS Although collectvely referred to as one system. There are no restrctons on the type of NATO fuel facltes that can be used for commercal purposes provded the mnmum safeguards are respected. the Unted Kngdom. although certan facltes may be provded under the NSIP such as fuel storage on ar bases and connectons to the NPS. connected ar bases. Germany. as avalable. C-M(2001)92. Hungary and Poland are natonal systems. Bulk dstrbuton s acheved usng facltes provded from the common-funded NATO Securty Investment Programme (NSIP). acheve economes of scale and ensure the qualty of fuel provded through multnatonal solutons such as Logstc Lead Naton or Role Specalst Naton. there are also fuel systems n the Czech Republc. Turkey (two separate systems - west and east). Greece. Lthuana. Slovaka and Slovena). Whle those n the Czech Republc. NATO mltary requrements have been ncorporated nto approved Capablty Packages (CPs) and the related projects are beng mplemented. Full detals of the NPS are contaned n the Charter of the Organsaton of the NPS and Assocated Fuel Facltes. A smlar exercse s beng conducted wth regard to the NATO mltary requrements n the new member natons. NAVAL BASE AND UNIT SUPPORT Ths s a user naton responsblty. refineres and entry ponts. thereafter. cvl arports.500 km of ppelne runnng through 12 NATO natons wth ts assocated depots. EXPEDITIONARY OPERATIONS Expedtonary operatons requre NATO forces to operate away from the fixed nfrastructure of the NPS. the NPS conssts of nne separate and dstnct mltary storage and dstrbuton systems: Italy. put spare capacty to commercal use provdng that does not detract from the prmacy of the mltary use of the system. France. Wthout such resources.

Detals of naton’s mplementaton of the SFP and the experences ganed n the process are promulgated bennally by the NF&LWG. At ts Autumn meetng n 2004. The second stage s the replacement of desel fuel (F-54) wth F-34 n land-based vehcles and equpment wth compresson gnton or turbne engnes deployed on the battlefield. was the replacement of F-40 wth F-34 for use by land-based mltary arcraft. namely F-34. Single Fuel Policy (SFP) The am of the orgnal Sngle Fuel Concept (SFC) was to acheve maxmum equpment nteroperablty through the use of a sngle fuel. Snce ts ncepton as a concept n 1986. ground and naval fuels used n NATO are provded at Annex B. The thrd stage conssts of the elmnaton of gasolne (F-67) from mltary use on the battlefield to the pont that the requrement for gasolne s so small that t could be suppled through natonal or blateral agreements (. a growng requrement for F-67 for Unmanned Aeral Vehcles (UAV) and ths requrement s beng addressed by the NF&LWG and PHEWG wth the approprate UAV commttees. It encompasses Tactcal Fuel Handlng Equpment (TFHE). economc and envronmental factors. whch s concerned wth the more detaled techncal aspects of mltary fuels ncludng the Sngle Fuel Polcy. as reflected n correspondng Force and Partnershp Goals. Detals of avaton. The SFP mplementaton process conssts of three stages. The logstc benefits of a sngle fuel are related to a varety of techncal. The first stage. the NPC adopted the SFC as the NATO Sngle Fuel Polcy. the Drectve for the NATO Petroleum Supply Chan. Moble Ppelne Repar Equpment (MPRE) and the readly deployable components of any equpment system that are ntended to receve and dspense fuel. the adopton of the SFC has been supported by a number of studes and trals n Member and Partner natons. operatonal. Ths stage s stll ongong but could be mplemented before the second stage s completed. There s. —141— . but the major advantage s the smplficaton of the fuel supply chan and the supportng statc or deployable nfrastructure descrbed n MC 473. by the use of jerry cans. however. drums or collapsble tanks).MILITARY FUELS AND THE SINGLE FUEL POLICY The co ordnatng body for mltary fuels. lubrcants and assocated products s AC/112 NATO Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Group (NF&LWG). ols. Ths stage s beng mplemented ndependently by each NATO and Partner naton n accordance wth ther own equpment replacement programmes. now complete. vehcles and equpment. DEPLOYABLE FUELS HANDLING EQUIPMENT (DFHE) – THE MODULAR CONCEPT DFHE s a generc term coverng all specal-purpose.e. on the battlefield for land-based mltary arcraft. moble mltary equpment desgned to enable the supply of fuel quckly and efficently on operatons. The ready and unversal avalablty of F-34 to a worldwde qualty standard has helped to promote the applcaton of the SFP. It excludes all fixed nfrastructure.

but such work s overseen by AC/112 WG/1 whch reports on ts actvtes n ths area to the NPC. also enables both NATO and Partner natons to combne ther capabltes to provde a multnatonal soluton to meet all fuel requrements. The concept. assocated products and petroleum handlng equpment. STANDARDISATION. In order to support the Allance’s new mssons. lubrcants. INTERCHANGEABILITY. The modular concept forms the bass of the Alled Fuels Dstrbuton System model whch has been developed to assst wth the fuels supply plannng for expedtonary operatons usng the Fuel Consumpton Unts detaled n STANAG 2115 to determne requrements.7 NATO Petroleum Crss Management Organsaton and Procedures Logstc Support for NATO Response Force (NRF) Operatons —142— . To ths end. the emphass has shfted away from statc ppelne nfrastructure to the rapdly deployable support of NATO’s expedtonary forces. INTEROPERABILITY AND RESEARCH The NPC s the Taskng Authorty for some 50 STANAGs and Alled Fuels Logstc Publcatons (AFLPs) coverng fuels. store and dstrbute fuel wthn any theatre of operaton. detaled n STANAG 4605/AFLP-7. PETROLEUM PLANNING Petroleum plannng s prmarly the responsblty of the NMAs. The Research and Technology Organsaton (RTO) deals wth varous aspects of fuel through ts Appled Vehcle Technology (AVT) Panel. These STANAGs are lsted n the NATO Standardsaton Agreements and Alled Publcatons Catalogue avalable on the NATO Standardsaton Agency’s webste and are all releasable to Partner natons that are also able to attend all AC/112 meetngs n EAPC format. as approprate. REFERENCES C-M(2001)92 Charter of the Organsaton of the NATO Ppelne System and Assocated Fuel Facltes Drectve for the NATO Petroleum Supply Chan The Sngle Fuel Polcy C-M(2003)30/MC-473 EAPC(NPC)D(2005)0002 EAPC(NPC-NFLWG)D(2005)0002 Implementaton of the NATO Sngle Fuel Polcy STANAG 2536 AC/112-D(2006)0007 MC 526 Alled Jont Petroleum Doctrne – AJP-4. NATO has developed a modular concept whereby all fuel requrements can be satsfied through a combnaton of 13 dscrete but compatble modules of DFHE whch can receve.

ANNEXES A G ude to the NATO bodes concerned wth the NPS and other petroleum bodes B C Ade Memore on fuels wthn NATO Acronyms used n ths chapter —143— .

ANNEX A to Chapter 10 —144— .

Also known as AVGAS. The fuel contans a Fuel System Icng Inhbtor5 (S-1745) and a Lubrcty Improvng Addtve6 (S-1747) F-35 kerosene type avaton turbne fuel for use n land based mltary arcraft a gas turbne engnes7. The fuel contans the Fuel System Icng Inhbtor (S1745) and the Lubrcty Improvng Addtve (S-1747). F-37 is also known as JP-8+100. Only a few natons are stll usng ths type of fuel. F-1747 enhances the lubricity properties of the aviation fuel. hgh flash pont type. for use by  shp borne mltary arcraft gas turbne engne11. F-1745 is an additive which reduces the freezing point of water precipitated from the fuel due to cooling at high altitudes and it prevents the formation of ice crystals which restrict the flow of fuel to the engine. Known commercially as Jet-A1 or AVTUR. —145— .ANNEX B to Chapter 10 AIDE MEMOIRE ON FUELS2 IN NATO AVIATION FUELS NATO Code F-18 s a low leaded avaton gasolne for use n arcraft wth pston engnes. manly for tranng purposes. 11) Also known as JP-5 or AVCAT. F-34 s a kerosene type avaton turbne fuel for use n land based mltary arcraft  gas turbne engnes4. F-1749 is a thermal stability improver needed to inhibit deposit formation in the high temperature areas of the aircraft fuel system. F-37 s equvalent to F-34 but contans a thermal stablty addtve S-17498 9. ANNEX B 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Further details about these fuels appear in Annex C to STANAG 1135.  Ths fuel s stll used by certan natons.  It s only used by certan natons and s not allowed for cross-servcng wthn NATO. 10) Also known as AVTAG. The fuel contans the addtves S-1745 and S 1747. It s also lsted wthn NATO as an emergency substtute for F-34/F-35. F-40 s a wde cut type avaton turbne fuel for use n land based mltary arcraft  gas turbne engnes10. F-44 s a kerosene type avaton turbne fuel. mostly n arcraft meant for tranng purposes3. Ths fuel s equvalent to F-34 but does not contan the addtves S-1745 and S-1747. Also known as JP-8 or AVTUR/FSII.

certan helcopters (for emergency use only) and steam rasng plant n shps. It comples wth European standard EN 590 and s equvalent to smlar US desel known as DF-2 and therefore nterchangeable wth commercal desel fuel. F-63 s a kerosene-type desel engne fuel.1% by volume of mult-purpose addtve. Some natons are usng ths fuel n ground equpment operated by compresson gnton engnes F-76 s the prmary naval dstllate fuel used n hgh and medum speed compresson gnton engnes. gas turbnes. n the context of the Sngle Fuel Polcy. gas turbnes. certan helcopters (for emergency use only) and steam rasng plant n shps. Diesel Fuels F-54 s a mltary desgnaton gven to commercal desel fuel used n compresson gnton engnes. S-1750 whch.GROUND FUELS Gasolne F-67 unleaded gasolne automotve (mnmum 95 RON). NAVAL FUELS F-75 s a naval dstllate fuel wth low pour pont and used n hgh and medum speed compresson gnton engnes. s used to enhance the lubrcty and gnton performance of F-34 when requred. F-76 may requre specal handlng and storage due to low temperature characterstcs. —146— . Ths fuel s ntended for land equpment only and must not be used for arcraft. It comples wth the European Standard EN 228 and s therefore nterchangeable wth commercal gasolne. S-1750 s a combned lubrcty and gnton mprovng addtve for ground fuels. It s F-34 treated wth 0.

ANNEX C to Chapter 10 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER AFLPs AVT CEPS CPs DFHE HNS IPC MPRE NEPS NF&LWG NMAs NPC NPS NSIP PBIST PHE PPC RTO SCEPC SFC SFP STANAG TFHE UAV Alled Fuels Logstc Publcatons Appled Vehcle Technology Central Europe Ppelne System Capablty Packages Deployable Fuels Handlng Equpment Host Naton Support Industral Plannng Commttee Moble Ppelne Repar Equpment North European Ppelne System NATO Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Group NATO Mltary Authortes NATO Ppelne Commttee NATO Ppelne System NATO Securty Investment Programme Plannng Board for Inland Surface Transport Petroleum Handlng Equpment Petroleum Plannng Commttee Research and Technology Organsaton Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee Sngle Fuel Concept Sngle Fuel Polcy Standardsaton Agreement Tactcal Fuel Handlng Equpment Unmanned Aeral Vehcles ANNEX C —147— .

—148— .

CHAPTER 11 MEDICAL SUPPORT —149— .

—150— .

at tmes..Hans Zinsser. health s the ablty to carry out dutes unmpeded by physcal. these prncples define the mnmum acceptable standard.10. wounded or dseased and ther medcal evacuaton and eventual recovery and return to duty. In an operatonal context. njured. the rapd treatment of the njured. —151— .. all enttled sck. The AJP 4. Ths document s complementary to the MC 319/2 and s lnked to other NATO polcy documents n a number of areas. gives cathartic pills.[but].. and makes the water taste bad. 1935 INTRODUCTION MC 326/2 descrbes the NATO prncples and polces of operatonal medcal support. the medcal factors may even become the commander’s man concern and a lmtng factor on operatonal decsons. But health s not merely the absence of njury or dsease. psychologcal or socal problems.CHAPTER 11 MEDICAL SUPPORT “To the average military officer. STANDARDS OF HEALTHCARE Compliance with the Laws of War and Humanitarian Conventions The conduct of medcal actvtes wll comply wth the rules lad down under The Hague and Geneva Conventons. mltary and threat. health becomes a key force multpler of fightng power. In such a way. By the preventon of dseases. the ablty to produce medcal support for war fightng s stll mportant but ths s no longer the only focus due to the ncreasng mportance and broad spectrum of NATO non–Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons. In any case. the “Alled Jont Medcal Support Doctrne” was approved as STANAG 2228 n February 2002 and s currently under revson. Accordng to the NATO 1999 Strategc Concept and the “Mltary Gudance for the Mltary Implementaton of Allance Strategy “(MC 400/2). the military surgeon is an unwillingly tolerated non combatant who clutters up the battlefield...” .. Generals have rarely won wars.. The context n whch mltary medcal support must be provded has also changed due to recent changes n socety. causes transportation difficulties. They more often gain credit for mopping up after the barrages of epidemics have taken their toll. MISSION OF THE MEDICAL SERVICE An effectve and relable mltary medcal support system must contrbute “to preserve the fightng strength” but must also meet the ncreasng publc expectaton of an ndvdual’s rght to health and hgh qualty treatment outcomes. Health and medcal care on operatons have ncreasngly become the responsblty of the Allance’s operatonal commanders and. medcne. Wthout dscrmnaton. the medcal servces make a major contrbuton to force protecton and sustanablty. The medcal servces of each naton must be fully prepared to operate n a truly multnatonal envronment.

the mnmum treatment compatble wth further evacuaton s gven n order to conserve medcal effort and benefit the greatest number of casualtes. tranng. Medical Ethics and Legal Constraints Medcal personnel have addtonal ndvdual responsbltes to the ethcal and natonal legal requrements of ther own clncal professon. socal and sprtual welfare. tmng and means of a patent’s medcal care and evacuaton. Medical Confidentiality Patent medcal nformaton s not to be communcated to any ndvdual or organsaton that does not have a medcal need to know. Primacy of Clinical Needs Clncal needs must be the prncpal factor governng the prorty. tmng. equpment and tranng promotes nteroperablty and multnatonalty. The standards should be acceptable to all partcpatng natons. The qualty of the outcome of the medcal care must be guded by the concepts of Clncal Governance and Evdence Based Medcne. Co-ordnaton by medcal regulatng staff s requred. first ad. psychologcal support. Spectrum of Medical Responsibilities Medcal care s provded on a progressve bass rangng from preventve medcne. —152— . As long as a large flow contnues and s expected.or wounded shall be treated on the bass of ther clncal needs and medcal resources avalable. to evacuaton and defintve specalsed care. means and destnaton of evacuaton. a shft n approach s requred to ensure that the best possble qualty of care s gven to all. Partcular ssues wll be communcaton wth relatves. management of personal effects. emergency resusctaton and stablsaton of vtal functons. Treatment Philosophy for Mass Casualty Situations In operatonal stuatons where large numbers of casualtes are beng sustaned. Fitness for Evacuation The clncal condton of the patent wll govern the prorty. except as requred by natonal polcy for that naton’s patent. Patient Welfare The general welfare of patents s an mportant element of ther health. Standardsaton n procedures. envronment and equpment affect the outcome of the clncal care. Standards of Care Provided Organsaton. The prmary medcal responsblty s to provde such treatment that ensures that the casualty reach the next stage n the chan n a stable condton.

Principal Components of Deployed Health Care A deployed medcal system comprses a command and control structure. However. The approprate NATO Commander. The requred medcal capablty and ther locatons wll be prncpally determned by the tme-related constrants of the medcal care. upon Transfer of Authorty. Fitness and Health Standards Indvduals allocated for NATO operatons must acheve the basc standards of ndvdual fitness and health predetermned by natonal polcy pror to ther deployment. The prncple components of operatonal health care. emergency medcne. The prncple medcal plannng tmelne for deployments should be to provde prmary surgery wthn one hour. when ths s not reasonably practcable. such as martme —153— . where necessary surgery. A hgh percentage of personnel sufferng from serous trauma on operatons wll have an ncreased chance of survval f they receve prompt and approprate care. The gudelne for NATO operatons s that advanced trauma care should be avalable wthn one hour of njury. prmary care.OPERATIONAL PRINCIPLES Responsibility for the Health of NATO Forces Natons retan the ultmate responsblty for the provson of medcal support to ther forces allocated to NATO. However. around whch the medcal system s bult. s responsble for determnng the medcal support requrements (Statement of Requrements). NATO Commanders Medical Authority The NATO Commander s granted co ordnatng authorty over medcal assets to best support hs plans. - urgical Planning Timeline. the commander’s campagn plan and casualty estmates. Prompt medcal evacuaton to a stable S ntensve care envronment and. Valdated contngency plans must be n place for those specfic operatonal stuatons. secondary care and evacuaton. s essental to the survval of severely njured casualtes and ther qualty of outcome. an ntegrated system of treatment and evacuaton and medcal logstcs. - Exceptional Circumstances. are medcal force protecton. the NATO commander shares the responsblty for the health and medcal support of assgned forces. n consultaton wth contrbutng natons and consderng the opnon of hs medcal advsor. the plannng tmelnes may be extended to two hours for the provson of Damage Control Surgery (DCS) and four hours for Prmary Surgery. Multnatonal arrangements may requre more responsblty of the NATO commander. Treatment Timelines - Advanced Trauma Care.

Medcal readness and avalablty must be sufficent to allow for a smooth transton from peacetme to crss or conflct posture. In transt. The defence aganst Weapons of Mass Destructon (WMD) requres an ntegrated approach ncludng vaccnaton. the commander must be gven medcal advce on Restrcton of Movement (ROM). Approprate medcal plannng staff must be supported by an operatonal medcal ntellgence system to estmate the rsk. when the gudelnes above cannot practcably be appled. The prmary responsblty of medcal support s the mantenance of health through the preventon of dsease and njury. Whenever there s a suspected or confirmed outbreak of a contagous dsease.and Specal Forces operatons. operatng procedures must be understood and agreed by all nvolved. chemoprophylaxs. —154— . A medcal staff wth the adequate levels of rank and experence must be functonng at the NATO HQ of the Force Commander from the outset of a contngency plannng process. whch s compatble wth ther role and operatonal stuaton. Environment Medcal unts should provde the best possble clncal envronment for casualty care. and responsve as the forces they support. whch s contnuous. Continuity of Care Patents (wounded. Planning Plannng for medcal support must be part of both contngency and operatonal plans. Readiness of the Medical Support System and Transition from Peace to Crisis or Conflict Medcal elements need to be as well prepared and as avalable for deployment as the forces they support. personal and collectve protecton. structures. The medcal support should ensure a surge capablty to deal wth peak casualty rates n excess of expected daly rates. Medcal support concepts. predct the casualty rates and develop comprehensve plans. relevant and progressve. njured and ll) passng through the medcal system must be gven care. Force Health Protection Dsease and Non-Battle Injury (DNBI) s an ever-present health rsk to personnel. plans. moble. Medcal support plannng must be specfic for each operaton. Mobility Medcal unts must be as strategcally and tactcally dynamc. care must be avalable durng the whole chan of evacuaton.

specalsed first ad. such as varyng clncal protocols. envronmental health and psychatry and psychology. usually allocated at Brgade or larger sze unts. - Role 3 s desgned to provde secondary care wthn the restrctons of the Theatre Evacuaton Polcy. Most of the capabltes of each role are ntrnsc to the next hgher role. Jont multnatonal tranng n peace s necessary for multnatonalty to work well n operatons. —155— . - Role 1 medcal support provdes for routne prmary health care. In many NATO natons. Generally casualtes progress through the system from role 1 upwards. Multinationality Multnatonal medcal solutons have consderable potental to reduce the burden of ther provson upon ndvdual natons. Role 4 s provded for wthn the natonal cvl health system. can make ths complex. Ths ncludes a msson-talored varety of clncal specaltes ncludng prmary surgery and dagnostc support. as well as beng able to perform resusctaton and treatment of shock to a hgher techncal level than Role 1. resusctaton and stablsaton.NATO and National Co-operation Co-ordnaton and co-operaton between NATO and natonal mltary and cvlan authortes s essental and must be carred out at all approprate levels to ensure optmsed medcal support. It s prepared to provde evacuaton from Role 1 facltes. A comprehensve operatonal medcal structure wll normally contan elements of all four roles. progressvely numbered from 1 to 4. It s normally provded n the country of orgn or the home country of another Alled. It s a natonal or lead naton responsblty. dfferent language and legal restrctons. However. the exstence of natonal dfferences. It routnely ncludes Damage Control Surgery (DCS) and may nclude a lmted holdng faclty for the short-term holdng of casualtes untl they can return to duty or evacuated. trage. It s natonal or lead naton responsblty and may be multnatonal. - Role provdes the full spectrum of defintve medcal care that can 4 not be deployed to theatre or s too tme consumng to be conducted there. Roles of Care Capabilities Deployable Medcal Treatment Facltes (MTFs) are classfied accordng to ther treatment capablty n a system of roles. - Role 2 provdes an ntermedate capablty for the recepton and trage of casualtes. Role 3 medcal support s deployed hosptalsaton and the elements requred to support t. Role 2 may also nclude dentstry. It provdes medcal support at Dvson level and above. It s a natonal responsblty and s ntegral or allocated to a small unt.

MILITARY MEDICAL SUPPORT RESPONSES TO DISASTER RELIEF AND CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT SITUATIONS Comprehensve NATO gudance exsts n relaton to dsaster relef operatons. MC 327 provdes polcy on the plannng and conduct of non-Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons. MC 343 outlnes the prncples of mltary assstance n humantaran emergences not connected to any mltary operaton. Whle CM remans the responsblty of natonal —156— . extensve natonal and nternatonal regulatons. tactcal (wthn theatre) and strategc (out-of-theatre) evacuaton. The avalablty of medcal materel whch ncludes supply rates and re supply must be n accordance wth the requred levels of readness and sustanablty durng peace. ncludng mltary support for humantaran emergences. They are forward. wthn the context of other operatons when NATO forces are already deployed or to be deployed. specal handlng requrements. short notce clncal demands and natonal restrctons. land and ar systems.Evacuation Resources The operatonal commander establshes the evacuaton polcy after consultaton wth the medcal plannng staff. evacuaton control cells and the NATO commander’s medcal staff. - contnuty of medcal care throughout the evacuaton. the operatonal and logstc staff and the natons. MC 411 addresses cvl-mltary nterfaces. Provision of Non–Emergency Treatment Polcy must be establshed regardng the enttlement of non–mltary staffs and other authorsed personnel for all non-emergency medcal care. National Medical Liaison Teams Natonal Medcal Lason Teams must be planned n advance to have an efficent lason system between natonal contngents and theatre medcal resources such as hosptals. Alled Medcal Publcaton 15 provdes detaled gudance on Mltary Medcal Support n Dsaster Relef. Blood/blood products and medcal gasses are two supply tems of specal mportance for operatonal purposes. efficent and cost effectve. whch apples to sea. There are three categores of medcal evacuaton. Medcal materel has unque characterstcs such as protected status. crss and conflct. Consequence Management (CM) s the use of reactve measures to mtgate the destructve effects of terrorsm. MEDICAL LOGISTICS The medcal logstc system must be well regulated. and - casualty regulaton of the flow and drecton of ndvdual patents. The medcal evacuaton system requres the followng capabltes: - avalablty 24 hours a day.

whch focus on specalsed fields of mltary medcne. COMEDS has also expanded ts role n the areas of Weapons of Mass Destructon. the COMEDS has expanded ts lasons. Research and Technology Organsaton (RTO) Human Factors and Medcne Panel (HFM). durng crses. The Staff Officer acts as Lason Officer wth the IMS medcal staff. COMEDS has become the prncpal taskng authorty for most NATO medcal standardsaton matters and has been playng an mportant role n promotng new relatonshps wth PfP and Medterranean Dalogue (MD) countres. The COMEDS Plenary meets b annually. Its msson s to carry out nternatonal co-ordnaton of cvl and mltary medcal plannng. THE COMMITTEE OF CHIEFS OF MILITARY MEDICAL SERVICES IN NATO (COMEDS) COMEDS s the hghest mltary medcal authorty wthn NATO. The JMC provdes cvl experts n varous medcal dscplnes to assst n operatonal plannng and crss response. Autumn meetngs are held at NATO HQ. control and communcaton. It was establshed n 1993 as a senor NATO body to gve medcal advce to the Mltary Commttee. The JMC has followed the actons of the medcal part of the Cvl Protecton Acton Plan to defend cvl populaton aganst CBRN acts of terrorsm. the Allance can provde a wde range of support ncludng some crucal capabltes such as command. Currently. The Commttee s composed of the hghest mltary medcal representatves of NATO and Partner natons. Adaptng to the multple medcal challenges of a rapdly changng securty envronment. logstcs. These nclude the Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC). THE JOINT MEDICAL COMMITTEE (JMC) The JMC s one of the commttees and plannng boards subordnated to the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee (SCEPC). decontamnaton. It acts as a central pont and facltator for the development and coordnaton of mltary medcal matters. One of the major areas of emphass has been on the medcal response to crss and dsaster ncludng the cvl hosptal readness to receve large numbers of combat casualtes and the cvl support to aeromedcal evacuaton. through the SCEPC. explosve ordnance dsposal and securty capabltes. —157— . medcal. as well as the senor medcal advsors of the Internatonal Mltary Staff and both Strategc Commands.cvl authortes. Germany provdes the Charman. engneer. the Secretary and the Staff Officer. observer and co operaton arrangements. The Sprng meetng takes place n a NATO naton. and provdes the prmary medcal advce to the North Atlantc Councl. It has currently 10 subordnated Workng Groups. the Weapons of Mass Destructon Centre (WMDC). The Charman of the Jont Medcal Commttee partcpates as an observer. It meets n NATO only and EAPC formats and provdes an annual report to the Mltary Commttee. The secretarat s located wthn NATO Headquarters.

Mltary Assstance to Internatonal Dsaster Relef Operatons (IDRO) MC Gudance for the Mltary Implementaton of Allance Strategy NATO Mltary Polcy on Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton NATO Mltary Prncples and Polces for Envronmental Protecton NATO Mltary Concept for Defence aganst Terrorsm Mltary Concept for the NATO Response Force “Alled Jont Medcal Support Doctrne” NATO Glossary of Medcal Terms and Defintons Medcal Support Prncples . NATO Prncples and Polces for Host Naton Support Establshment of the Chef of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO (COMEDS) NATO Prncples and Polces for Movement and Transportaton NATO. Polces and Plannng Parameters ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —158— .10 AMedP-13 AD 85-8 ACE The Allance’s Strategc Concept NATO Polcy on Co-operaton n Logstcs NATO Logstc Readness and Sustanablty NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs NATO Prncples and Polces of Operatonal Medcal Support. (ncorporatng the Hague Protocols of 1907) “The Addtonal Protocols to the Geneva Conventons of 1997” C-M (1999) 21 C-M (2001) 44 MC 55/4 MC 319/2(MILDEC) MC 326/2 MC 327/2 MC 334/2 MC 335 MC 336/2 MC 343/1 MC 400/2 MC 411/1 MC 469 MC 472 MC 477 AJP 4.REFERENCES “The Geneva Conventons of 1949”. NATO Mltary Polcy for non-Artcle 5 Operatons.

Radologcal and Nuclear Consequence Management Commttee of Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces IN NATO Damage Control Surgery Dsease and Non-Battle Injury Human Factors and Medcne Panel Jont Medcal Commttee Medcal Treatment Facltes Research and Technology Organsaton Restrcton of Movement Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Wapons of Mass Destructon Weapons of Mass Destructon Centre ANNEX A —159— . Bologcal.ANNEX A to Chapter 11 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER CBRN CM COMEDS DCS DNBI HFM JMC MTFs RTO ROM SCEPC SNLC WMD WMDC Chemcal.

—160— .

CHAPTER 12 LOGISTIC OUTREACH ACTIVITIES —161— .

—162— .

The SG PLE s under gudance of the Logstcs Staff Meetng (LSM) wth Partners and the Movement and Transportaton Group (M&TG) wth Partners and s an open forum to address logstc topcs of nterest —163— .C. as a means to facltate regular consultaton and dscusson of securty matters. 401 B.g. Russa and Ukrane substantally enhanced and upgraded to a new level ther relatons wth NATO through establshng a dstnctve Partnershp wth NATO. NATO Codficaton System (NCS). In the last years. CHAPTER 12 Standing Group for Partner Logistic Experts (SG PLE) Wth the establshment of the SG PLE n February 2000. - mprovement of the nteroperablty of the natonal logstc/medcal  capabltes through mplementaton of the Partnershp Goals (PGs) and NATO Standardsaton Agreements (STANAGs). drectve. polces. Other complementary programmes have been set up outsde the PfP. NATO Fuels. the Partners have been well ntegrated nto the actvtes of the Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC) and ts subordnate groups. structures d and database (Capabltes Catalogue -CAPCAT). PARTNERSHIPS WITH NATO The Partnershp for Peace (PfP) has proven a very successful programme for brngng Partner countres nto consultaton wth the Alles and for ntegratng Partner capabltes nto NATO-led operatons. Lfe Cycle Management (LCM) concepts and ntatves. e - armonsaton of natonal logstc/medcal concept. - evelopment of Host Naton Support (HNS) arrangements. New fora were establshed: the NATO Russa Councl (NRC) and the NATO Ukrane Commsson (NUC). technques and procedures. prncples.” . polces. but usng the methodology and workng tools of the PfP ntatve. Integrated Logstc Support (ILS). - ranng personnel for all functonal areas of logstcs. - evelopment of natonal logstc/medcal structures and capabltes d vable.Clearchus of Sparta. ncludng t Command and Control (C2) and Movement and Transportaton (M&T). Its man objectves are: - xchange of nformaton. h doctrne and procedures wth NATO logstc/medcal concepts. prncples. and - amlarsaton wth NATO Logstc Informaton Systems and Tools. Logstc cooperaton s a component of each of these programmes.LOGISTIC OUTREACH ACTIVITIES “Without supplies neither a general nor a soldier is good for anything. f e. affordable and nteroperable. doctrne. Alled Deployment and Movement System (ADAMS).

efficent. The PCC. In co-operaton wth the Strategc Commanders. that provdes an nformal forum for dscussons on future assstance programmes and projects based on nformaton data that should be coherent wth other PfP mechansms. wthout polcy responsbltes. The SG PLE s descrbed n Chapter 2. PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE General The PfP programme was launched n December 1994. . whch s outsde —164— . ether n NATO only or n EAPC format. consstent wth the s open door polcy enshrned n the Washngton Treaty and PfP Invtaton Document. ths wll provde a forum where medcal assets and capabltes. - efence reforms and restructurng of defence nsttutons n order to d establsh modern. effectve.e. Standing Group for Partner Medical Experts (SG PME) In 2001. The PMSC Clearng House s a non-decson makng body. strengthen and extend peace and stablty n the Euro-Atlantc area. It meets n varous configuratons. located at the Supreme Headquarters Alled Powers Europe (SHAPE) n Mons (Belgum). - upport Partners who wth to jon the Allance. The Partnershp plays an mportant role n nternatonal stablty and securty. - reparng nterested Partners for partcpaton n NATO led Artcle 5 p and non Artcle 5 operatons through supportng the Partners’ efforts to transform ther defence and develop mltary nteroperablty and capabltes that provde a hghly valuable contrbuton to NATO. LSM wth Partners and M&TG wth Partners members. the Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO (COMEDS) Plenary Meetng set up a SG PME. affordable and democratcally responsble state defence nsttutons under cvlan and democratc control. n partcular those related to terrorsm and other evolvng threats to securty. Its objectves are: - oltcal dalogue and practcal co-operaton on a broad range of p nternatonal and approprate domestc ssues of common concerns. whch wll be able to support nternatonal securty cooperaton.to PfP natons. n lne wth the basc objectve of the PfP ntatve. Partners have joned and contrbuted greatly to NATO led efforts to ensure securty n Europe and beyond. Political Military Steering Committee (PMSC) The PMSC s the basc workng group wth responsblty for PfP matters. Partnership Co-ordination Cell (PCC) The PCC s a unque PfP structure. PfP goals and medcal pre-arrangements wll be addressed.

It covers a two year perod but s revewed annually. or Partnershp Goals (PGs). Ths may nclude but s not restrcted to projects promotng cvl and democratc reform of the armed forces. retranng of mltary personnel. PfP Trust Fund The PfP Trust Fund am s to assst Partner countres n the safe destructon of ther Ant-personnel Landmnes (APLs) stockples. amed at mprovng the mltary effectveness of multnatonal forces. amed at assstng Partner natons n developng nteroperablty of logstc structures and n contrbutng logstcally to NATO-led operatons. whch s offered to Partners on an optonal bass. It s a pont of contact where Partner countres can lase and actvely contrbute to the co-ordnaton work for PfP. The Partnership for Peace Planning and Review Process (PARP) The PARP s a crucal element n fosterng mltary nteroperablty and preparng prospectve members of NATO accesson. As part of the mplementaton of the OCC. Euro-Atlantic Partnership Work Programme (EAPWP) The EAPWP. unexploded ordnance and Small Arms and Lght Weapons (SALW). surplus muntons. There are many logstc related PGs. nteroperablty standards and related assessments are harmonsed wth respectve NATO mechansms. the framework of the Trust Fund polcy was extended to allow assstng Partner natons to manage the consequences of defence reform. assessment and feedback mechansms and enablng mechansms. ncludes mltary and non-mltary actvtes. followng whch progress made s extensvely measured. The EAPWP s the source of selected actvtes n support of other programmes. whch s the central mechansm of NATO co operaton wth PfP countres. Operational Capabilities Concept (OCC) The OCC represents a more ntegrated approach to mltary co-operaton.the NATO mltary structure co ordnates jont mltary actvtes wthn PfP. whch s lnked to relevant objectves and Mltary Tasks for Interoperablty (MTIs). Other OCC central features are the pool of forces and capabltes database. Its two man components are the overarchng gudance and the lst of supportng actvtes organsed by Area of Co-operaton (AOC). Plannng targets. covers a two year plannng cycle s modelled on NATO’s own forces plannng system. base converson and promotng effectve defence plannng and budgetng under democratc control. —165— . The PARP mechansm. Actually. are negotated wth each partcpatng country. The decson of whether or not permttng the establshment of a Trust Fund s the sole prerogatve of the Alles. It lnks together the normal co operaton n the context of the PfP and NATO force generaton process whch s actvated n crss. carres out the mltary plannng necessary to mplement the mltary aspects of the Euro Atlantc Partnershp Work Programme and partcpates n the evaluaton of such mltary actvtes.

and to reflect Ukrane’s «Strategy on Relatons wth the North Atlantc Treaty Organsaton». co operatng n the fields of border securty and defence reform and contrbutng to the fight aganst terrorsm. NATO-UKRAINE LOGISTIC CO-OPERATION The Charter on a Dstnctve Partnershp between NATO and Ukrane was sgned n July 1997. whch s the central mechansm of NATO co-operaton wth MD countres. Recognsng the ncreasng mportance of logstc co operaton and the need to co ordnate the cvl and mltary aspects of modern defence logstcs. n June 2002 NATO and Russa set up three expert groups on logstcs: Logstcs. It also establshes prncples gudng future ntatves and projects that wll strengthen logstc co-operaton. The MD s composed of seven countres: Algera. ncludes mltary and non-mltary actvtes. whch was establshed n 1997. Morocco. Ar Transport (AT) and Ar-to-Ar Refuellng (AAR) n order to enhance ther practcal co-operaton. enhances the MD ntatve by provdng a forum drectly nvolvng MD and Alled countres n poltcal dscussons. replacng the three expert groups. Accordngly. key logstcs goals and the logstc objectves of those goals. In November 2002. the NRC(LOG). MD countres are authorsed to take part n SG PLE meetngs. Israel. the North Atlantc Councl agreed to the partcpaton of MD countres n carefully selected NATO/PfP exercses. The NRC(LOG) s descrbed n Chapter 2. In May 2001. Jordan. Mediterranean Co-operation Group (MCG) The MCG. achevng nteroperablty. It whch remans the basc foundaton of the NATO Ukrane relatonshp and snce ts sgnature.NATO-RUSSIA LOGISTIC CO-OPERATION Intensfied co-operaton n logstcs was ntated after the 2002 Rome Summt. Ths framework ams at enhancng logstc co operaton by dentfyng the lnkages between key mltary goals. Ukrane has a unque ablty to contrbute logstcally to NATO led operatons and a framework for logstcs co-operaton has therefore been developed to assst wth further progress. pursuant to the decson of the NUC to deepen and broaden the NATO-Ukrane relatonshp. Maurtana and Tunsa. NUC Foregn Mnsters adopted the NATO-Ukrane Acton Plan. Mediterranean Co-operation Working Plan (MDWP) The MDWP. Egypt. NRC Ambassadors at ther meetng on 26 January 2004 establshed an Ad Hoc Workng Group (AHWG) on Logstcs. It covers a two —166— . The MCG focuses on enhancng the Dalogue’s poltcal dmenson. co-operaton wth Ukrane has developed n all areas foreseen under the Charter. MEDITERRANEAN DIALOGUE (MD) General The MD was ntated n 1994 wth a vew to contrbutng to regonal securty and stablty n the Medterranean area.

Bahran.year perod but s revewed annually. Qatar. Ths ntatve ams at promotng practcal co operaton wth nterested countres. Saud Araba and Unted Arab Emrates. Oman. NATO develops and offers a menu of practcal actvtes wthn the agreed prorty areas for possble development wth nterested countres of the regon.e. Kuwat. defence budgetng and plannng. and fightng llegal traffickng. as may be requested. In lne wth ths decson. ISTANBUL CO-OPERATION INITIATIVE (ICI) The ICI was launched at the June 2004 Summt to expand the MD framework whle respectng the MD specficty. It concerns countres n the broader regon of the Mddle East. actvtes and exercses are opened for attendance by representatves of the Medterranean Dalogue and the Istanbul Co operaton Intatve (ICI). It offers talored advce on defence reform. REFERENCES Not avalable. promotng cvl-mltary and mltary to mltary co operaton to contrbute to nteroperablty. t has been agreed that the mandate of the MCG be extended to nclude responsblty for ICI related matters whle mantanng the possblty for ths group to meet ether n ts MCG or ICIG configuraton n order to reflect the specficty of the MD. fightng terrorsm addressng the prolferaton of weapons of mass destructon and ther delvery means. ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —167— . The ICIG ensures the overall co ordnaton of the mplementaton of all aspects of the Istanbul decson. Istanbul Co-operation Initiative Group (ICIG) Followng the launchng of the ICI n 2004. Logstc co operaton focuses on provdng ICI countres wth access to NATO logstc courses and wth talored actvtes. startng wth the countres of the Gulf Co-operaton Countres (GCC). Selected NATO/PfP events. . ether as actve partcpants or as observers.

ANNEX A to Chapter 12 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER AAR ADAMS AHWG AOC APLs AT C2 CAPCAT COMEDS GCC HNS ICI ICIG ILS LCM LSM MCG MD MDWP M&T M&TG MTIs NAC NCS NRC Ar-to-Ar Refuellng Alled Deployment and Movement System Ad Hoc Workng Group Area of Co-operaton Ant-Personnel Landmnes Ar Transport Command and Control Capabltes Catalogue Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO Gulf Co-operaton Countres Host Naton Support Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Group Integrated Logstc Support Lfe Cycle Management Logstcs Staff Meetng Medterranean Co-operaton Group Medterranean Dalogue Medterranean Co-operaton Workng Plan Movement and Transportaton Movement and Transportaton Group Mltary Tasks for Interoperablty North Atlantc Councl NATO Codficaton System NATO-Russa Councl —168— ANNEX A .

NUC OCC PARP PCC PfP PGs PMSC SALW SHAPE SG PLE SNLC STANAGs NATO Ukrane Commsson Operatonal Capabltes Concept Partnershp for Peace Plannng and Revew Process Partnershp Co-ordnaton Cell Partnershp for Peace Partnershp Goals Poltcal Mltary Steerng Commttee Small Arms and Lght Weapons Supreme Headquarters Alled Powers Europe Standng Group for Partner Logstc Experts Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference NATO Standardsaton Agreements —169— .

—170— .

CHAPTER 13 PRODUCTION LOGISTICS —171— .

—172— .

producton logstcs largely belongs to the ndustral doman.g. development and producton of equpment s organsed by each country n accordance wth ts natonal requrements and commtments to NATO. such as: Agreements on Production. the horse was lost – For the want of a horse the rider was lost – For the want of a rider the battle was lost. Responsblty for equppng and mantanng mltary forces rests wth the member natons of NATO. one naton undertakes p producton of a short-range weapon. agreements: - o ensure that certan natonal equpments are compatble wth those t of other natons. - o ensure equpments are nteroperable. and p - et up a jont nternatonal producton agency for equpment. agreements to - anufacture dentcal equpment n varous countres m - roduce one part of a «famly of weapons». but other commttees and bodes are also nvolved n armaments related co-operaton wthn the Allance. armaments co-operaton wthn the Allance contrbutes to meetng the NATO Strategc Commanders’ capablty requrements and enablng the nteroperablty of forces n NATO operatons. i. the shoe was lost – For the want of a shoe. In most cases. The Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors (CNAD) has the man responsblty for NATO armaments co-operaton. e. Poor Richard’s Almanac. whlst others produce medum and long-range versons. i. The Defence Investment (DI) Dvson of the Internatonal Staff (IS) s the pont of contact for matters of producton logstcs at NATO Headquarters.Benjamin Franklin. METHODS FOR ARMAMENTS CO-OPERATION There are varous ways n whch co-operaton n armaments can be acheved.PRODUCTION LOGISTICS “For the want of a nail. s CHAPTER 13 Agreements on Standardisation.” . 1790 INTRODUCTION Unlke consumer logstcs. o —173— .e. and t - n the use of nterchangeable components. research. - urchase equpment produced by other natons. whch s concerned wth provdng drect logstc support to mltary forces.e. However.

on behalf of the CNAD. for promotng ammunton safety through the —174— The CNAD Main Groups consst of: . It brngs together the Natonal Armament Drectors of member natons.CONFERENCE OF NATIONAL ARMAMENTS DIRECTORS (CNAD) - AC/259 It s under the aegs of the CNAD that most of the effort amed at dentfyng opportuntes for collaboraton n the research. methods. economc. The level 1 CNAD groups are the followng: CNAD Main Armaments Groups coverng land. Informaton on the CNAD structure s avalable on the Armaments Informaton Management System (AIMS) on the NATO ntranet. use and support of armaments systems to meet NATO lfe cycle. ncludng expanded t technology sharng. - CNAD Ammunition Safety Group – AC/326 - s responsble. and - he development of crtcal technologes. and - NATO Army Armaments Group (NAAG) - AC/225. t - he promoton of essental battlefield nteroperablty. The permanent Charman s the Assstant Secretary General (ASG) for Defence Investment. t - he pursut of co-operatve opportuntes dentfied by the CNAD and t the promoton of mproved transatlantc co-operaton. the charmen of ts man groups and other cvl and mltary authortes wth an nterest n producton logstcs. CNAD Sub structure The CNAD sub structure conssts of Man Groups (level 1). wth supportng level 2 subject area management groups and level 3 expert workng groups. or on the NATO publc webste. whch meets n full sesson twce a year. representatves from the Mltary Commttee (MC) and Strategc Command (SCs). s chared by the Secretary General. - Life Cycle Management Group - AC/327 - s responsble. development and producton of mltary equpment and weapon systems takes place. The prmary focus s the conduct of NIAG studes to provde technology advce for programme development efforts under the CNAD. The CNAD. sea and ar warfare: - NATO Naval Armaments Group (NNAG) - AC/141. management and other relevant aspects of research. techncal. for NATO polces. development and producton of armaments wthn the Allance. qualty and nteroperablty requrements. The CNAD s drectly responsble for the followng four key elements for co-operaton: - he harmonsaton of mltary requrements on an Allance-wde bass. - NATO Ar Force Armaments Group (NAFAG) - AC/224. - NATO Industrial Advisory Group (NIAG) - provdes ndustry advce to the CNAD on ndustral. on behalf of the CNAD.

handlng and storage ncludng n NATO operatons. NATO Air Defence Committee (NADC) The NADC s chared by the Deputy Secretary General and meets twce a year. and - rovson s ncluded for the admsson of other nterested NATO p countres. It has two subordnate panels: - Panel on Ar Defence Phlosophy (PADP). - Group f National Directors on Codification - AC/135. NATO Project Steering Committees (NPSC) A NATO Project s a formal status conferred by the CNAD on an armaments co operaton project that s subject to the followng condtons: - wo or more NATO natons partcpate n the project. It works closely wth. They oversee the CNAD Management Plan and act as the NATO Headquarters’ focal ponts for ther respectve Natonal Armaments Drectors. mplementaton and mantenance of a NATO Codficaton System (NCS) n support of Alled Forces. It advses the North Atlantc Councl and the Defence Plannng Commttee (DPC) on all aspects of ar defence programme development for NATO and the adjacent sea areas. and - Panel on Ar Defence Weapons (PADW). OTHER NATO COMMITTEES AND BODIES INVOLVED IN ARMAMENTS CO OPERATION Other NATO commttees and bodes are also nvolved n certan aspects of armaments co-operaton. the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) whch can be regarded as ts executve arm. and receves secretaral support from. Ths Group o s concerned wth the development. subject to the acceptance of reasonable and equtable condtons to be provded by the partcpatng countres.lfe cycle and provdes standards and gudance for muntons safety desgn. The CNAD Ad Hoc Groups dealng wth specal armaments projects are the followng: - Alliance Ground Surveillance Steering Committee - AC/259(Surv) - Missile Defence Ad Hoc Group - AC/259(MDAHG) National Armaments Directors Representatives (NADREPS) assgned to natonal delegatons to NATO and representng ther Natonal Armaments Drectors. NADREPS meet generally every two weeks and hold regular meetngs wth Partner naton NADREPS. —175— . transportaton. t - there s a commtment to report progress annually to CNAD untl the equpment has been produced or the project otherwse termnated. testng.

and the coordnaton of other R&T actvtes and ssues. A lst of NPSCs s provded at Annex A. The RTO s supported by the Research and Technology Agency (RTA). The Board oversees the work of ts two Agences. the NATO C3 Organsaton (NC3O) came nto beng n July 1996. desgn. The Charman of the RTB reports to both the CNAD and the MC. mplementaton. execute or supervse an equpment procurement programme whch has qualfied as a NATO PROJECT. mltary studes and nformaton exchange actvtes across a wde range of technology dscplnes. ndustry and academa. The RTB has been desgnated by the Councl as the sngle focus wthn NATO for the conduct of nternatonal collaboratve defence Research and Technology (R&T). operaton and p mantenance of common-funded NATO C3 systems. whch s an ntegrated cvlan and mltary staff respondng to both the ASG/DI and the Drector IMS (DIMS). nvolved n collaboratve research projects. and ther facltes n NATO and natonal headquarters. The Board s asssted n ts work by the Natonal C3 Representatves (NC3REPS) who are normally resdent n ther delegaton or mltary representaton n NATO HQ. testng and s procurement of NATO C3 and approprate natonal C3 (ncludng navgaton and dentficaton) equpment and systems. programmng. The work of the NATO C3 Communty s overseen by the NATO C3 Board (NC3B) whch meets twce a year wth representaton from captals. Staff support to the NC3B and ts sub structure s provded by the NATO Headquarters C3 Staff. and - nteroperablty between natonal C3 systems and between those  systems and the common-funded NATO C3 systems. The prmary work of the RTO s conducted by networks of natonal experts. technology and procurement agency. sensor (and warnng nstallatons) systems. and the NATO CIS Operatng and Support Agency (NACOSA). - tandardsaton and co-operatve development. the NATO C3 Agency (NC3A) whch s a plannng. plannng. A number of projects contnue to enjoy formal NATO status under the terms of the CNAD Charter. nformaton systems. Pars (France). NATO Consultation. NATO C3 actvtes n these areas are related to the multnatonal decson makng process whch deals wth: - olcy makng. that are requred for poltcal consultaton. —176— . crss management. development engneerng. The NATO C3 systems that are beng developed encompass the common funded communcatons systems. cvl emergency plannng and mltary command and control. Command and Control Organisation (NC3O) As a result of a Councl decson. Research and Technology Organisation (RTO) The governng body of the NATO Research and Technology Organsaton s the Research and Technology Board (RTB) whch s composed of natonal delegates drawn from government. A NPSC s a body composed of natonal representatves establshed by an ntergovernmental agreement between two or more NATO natons n order to coordnate.

However. - Psychologcal readness for multnatonal operatons (RTB). - Shp desgn (NNAG). n order to gve greater coherence and structure to co-operatve efforts. PARTNERSHIP ACTIVITIES The CNAD s playng an actve and mportant role n mplementng practcal co operaton wthn the PfP framework. by NATO. but not regulated. Because the responsblty for equppng ther forces s a prerogatve of ndvdual member natons. two major Plannng/ programmng systems have been ntroduced n NATO: Conventonal Armaments Plannng System (CAPS) and the Phased Armaments Programmng System (PAPS). ths co-operatve process can be supported and encouraged. There s a finte and farly consstent number of mlestones n the lfe of a weapon system programme where the nature of the programme changes. and - ontnuous Acquston and Lfe Cycle Support techncal standards C (NATO CALS Management Board (NCMB)). It should not be regarded as a set of formal and mandatory steps n the mplementaton of CNAD projects. Partners also need to be provded wth addtonal tranng and assstance n workng wth NATO techncal documentaton and.PROCEDURES FOR ARMAMENTS CO-OPERATION Armaments co-operaton under the CNAD s based essentally on an nformaton exchange process that seeks agreement between natons and the SCs on harmonsed operatonal requrements n order to promote co-operatve equpment programmes. and partcularly wth the NATO Standardsaton Agency (NSA). - Ammunton and nterchangeablty (NAAG). CNAD PfP actvtes are co-ordnated wth related cooperaton n other NATO bodes. s desgned as a tool avalable as requred for conductng programmes on a systematc bass. Some promsng areas have already been dentfied whch provde the substance for future co-operaton actvtes. At these mlestones. To the extent possble. These actvtes are the followng: - Mantanng and upgradng ageng tactcal arcraft (NAFAG). NATO standards. There s therefore no formal or centralsed NATO armaments plannng system. Armaments Programming: Phased Armaments Programming System (PAPS) PAPS. —177— . specfically. whch s publshed as AAP-20. decsons must be made regardng alternatve courses of acton. PAPS s ntended to provde a structured approach to decson-makng at these mlestones for all management levels nvolved n co-operatve research and development and producton programmes wthn NATO.

Ths proposal. nteroperablty between NATO and Partner force. n partcular. as shown n the IPAPs. should gve NATO ndustry an ncentve to assst Partners n the development of realstc proposals for near-term projects to advance. by engagng n selected small-scale co-operatve projects wth NATO natons and ndustry. REFERENCES NATO Handbook NATO Facts and Fgures AAP-20 AAP-27 Handbook on the Phased Armaments Plannng System (PAPS) C onventonal Armaments Plannng System (CAPS) - Users Handbook and Gudance ANNEXES A NATO Project Steerng Commttees B Acronyms used n ths chapter —178— . Proposal to Launch CNAD «Partnership Armaments Projects» The CNAD has developed a further ntatve to offer opportuntes for nterested Partners to reap practcal benefits from PfP co-operaton n the nearterm.Individual Partnership Programmes (IPAPs) Partners demonstrate sgnficant nterest n CNAD-sponsored co operaton actvtes. f endorsed by the NAC.

ANNEX A to Chapter 13 NATO PROJECT STEERING COMMITTEES ADW AGS BICES CSNI DFD F-16 FORACS MIDS-LVT MILAN NCMB NILE NIMIC NLRS NMPA OTO MELARA SEA GNAT SEASPARROW SINS TRIPARTITE MINEHUNTER V/SHORAD Very Short/Short Range Ar Defence Systems Area Defence Weapon Allance Ground Survellance Capablty Battlefield Informaton Collecton & Explotaton System Communcatons Systems Network Interoperablty Data Fuson Demonstrator F-16 Fghter Arcraft NATO Naval Forces Sensors & Weapons Accuracy Check Stes Multnatonal Informaton Dstrbuton System - Low Volume Termnal MILAN Ant-tank Weapon System NATO Contnuous Acquston and Lfe-Cycle Support (CALS) Management Board NATO Improvement Lnk 11 NATO Insenstve Muntons Informaton Centre Multple Launch Rocket System NATO Martme Patrol Arcraft OTO MELARA 76/62 Compact Gun NATO SEA GNAT System NATO SEASPARROW Ar Defence Mssle Low Cost Inertal Navgaton Systems for Shps (self-explanatory) ANNEX A —179— .

ANNEX B to Chapter 13 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER AIMS ASG CALS CAPS CNAD DI DIMS DPC IPAPs IS MC NAAG NAC NADC NADREPS NAFAG NCMB NACOSA NAMSA NCS NC3A NC3B NC3O NC3REPS NIAG Armaments Informaton Management System Assstant Secretary General Contnuous Acquston and Lfe Cycle Support Conventonal Armaments Plannng System Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors Defence Investment Drector IMS Defence Plannng Commttee Indvdual Partnershp Programmes Internatonal Staff Mltary Commttee NATO Army Armaments Group North Atlantc Councl or Councl NATO Ar Defence Commttee Natonal Armaments Drectors Representatves NATO Ar Force Armaments Group NATO CALS Management Board NATO CIS Operatng and Support Agency NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Codficaton System NATO C3 Agency NATO C3 Board NATO Consultaton. Command and Control Organsaton Natonal C3 Representatves NATO Industral Advsory Group —180— ANNEX B .

NNAG NSO PADP PAPS PADW RTA RTB RTO SCs NATO Naval Armaments Group NATO Standardsaton Organsaton Panel on Ar Defence Phlosophy Phased Armaments Programmng System Panel on Ar Defence Weapons Research and Technology Agency Research and Technology Board Research and Technology Organsaton Strategc Command —181— .

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CHAPTER 14
IN-SERVICE LOGISTICS

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IN-SERVICE LOGISTICS “Understand that the foundation of an army is the belly. It is necessary to procure nourishment for the soldier wherever you assemble him and whenever you wish to conduct him.” - Frederick II of Prussia, 1747 INTRODUCTION In-Servce Logstcs s closely related to Producton Logstcs and s an ntegral part of the System Lfe Cycle Management (SLCM). Although n servce support relates to those actvtes requred to assure that weapon system/ equpment s avalable and fit for use, t actually begns wth the decson to brng the new system nto the nventory. In servce logstc plannng starts at the outset of a system desgn. It s crtcal to determne the mantenance and support concepts as early as possble because approxmately 60% to 80% of a defence system’s Total Ownershp Cost (TOC) occur after that system s put nto operaton. More mportantly, the magntude of that cost s determned durng the desgn and development phase. For these reasons, the mantenance and support concepts need to be determned up front. Ths concept s known as Integrated Logstc Support. Integrated Logistic Support (ILS) ILS s the delberate ntegraton of systems/equpment logstc support consderatons nto the system lfe cycle management durng the outset of the programme/project. ILS prescrbes that all elements of logstc support be planned, acqured, tested and provded n a tmely and cost-effectve manner. NATO polcy specfics that all financal and other resources requred to mantan operatonal avalablty receve equal emphass as those requred to acheve performance objectves and tmely equpment delvery. The SNLC developed ALP-10 on Integrated Logstc Support n 1991 to support the Allance’s ambton. ILS s structured around the lfecycle management model detaled n the Phased Armaments Programmng System (PAPS – see chapter 13). Ths model portrays the total lfe span of a system, commencng wth msson-need evaluaton and extends through the n-servce phase to ts eventual dsengagement. The model apples to both common and jontly funded projects. Logistic Support Analysis (LSA) LSA s a structured process ntended to define, analyse and quantfy logstc support requrements and to nfluence desgn for supportablty, throughout system development. LSA stresses smplcty by dentfyng an optmal level of logstc requrements. The objectve of LSA s to enable optmum system performance and avalablty at mnmum lfe cycle cost. LSA s conducted on an nteractve bass throughout the acquston cycle through the use of studes, trade-offs, servce advce and test and evaluaton leadng to successve desgn refinement.
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CHAPTER 14

Durng desgn, the analyss s orented towards assstng the desgn engneerng n ncorporatng logstc requrements nto equpment desgn. Ths ncludes ncorporaton of key logstc-related desgn objectves, relablty, mantanablty and testablty. As the project progresses, the LSA process concentrates on provdng detaled descrptons of specfic resources requred to support a system throughout ts n-servce phase by provdng tmely vald data for all areas of ILS. That data s used to plan, acqure and poston support resources (personnel, fundng and materel) to ensure that deployed systems meet ther avalablty requrements. Durng the later producton and n-servce phases of the project, feedback data are used to revew the contnung valdty of data to ensure that Lfe Cycle Cost (LCC) plans are beng realsed. Life Cycle Costing (LCC) LCC s the total sum of drect, ndrect, recurrng, non-recurrng and other related costs ncurred, or estmated to be ncurred, n the desgn, development, producton, operatons, mantenance and support of a major system over ts antcpated lfe span. LCC analyss s an teratve process that starts at the begnnng of the programme/project lfe cycle and contnues throughout the lfe cycle of the system. NATO PRODUCTION AND LOGISTIC ORGANISATIONS (NPLO) An NPLO s a subsdary body created wthn the framework of NATO for the mplementaton of tasks arsng out of the Treaty, and to whch the North Atlantc Councl (NAC) grants organsatonal, admnstratve and financal ndependence. The NPLO s establshed wth a vew to meetng, to the best advantage, the collectve requrements of partcpatng natons n relevant fields of desgn and development, producton, operatonal logstc support and management under the condtons agreed n ts Charter. An NPLO s open to all NATO natons who become member states by sgnng the Memorandum of Understandng (MOU). An NPLO normally conssts of: - Board of Drectors (BOD), n some cases called a Steerng Commttee a (SC), s the governng body actng wth regard to the collectve nterests of member natons. The representatves of each member naton represent ther naton’s poltcal, mltary, economc, financal and techncal nterests and fully partcpate n the BODs decson-makng process; - ubordnate commttee(s) establshed by the BOD as requred; and s - n Agency that s the executve managng body under the authorty of a a General Manager.

Producton Logstcs Orented NPLOs are lsted at Annex A. Consumer Logstcs Orented NPLOs consst of the NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton (NAMSO and the Central Europe Ppelne Management Organsaton (CEPMO). The latter s addressed n Chapters 2 and 10.
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manufacturer. NAMSA asssts n the nstallaton of the package. The NDSS operates n a clent-server archtecture. Its scalablty allows t to be nstalled n a stand alone workstaton or n a local area network (LAN). techncal and logstc nformaton on CD.NATO MAINTENANCE AND SUPPLY ORGANISATION (NAMSO) NAMSO and ts agency NAMSA are descrbed n Chapter 2. ncrease global asset vsblty n order to determne present and future requrements. - asset poolng to permt common stock management. f requred. ammunton model number. developed and mantaned by NAMSA. Customers wshng to use the NLSE drectly must subscrbe to the provsons of the COMMIT (Common Item Management) Partnershp Agreement – whch establshes the legal framework necessary for the management of common stocks and prescrbes the rules for asset redstrbuton. - reportng of armed forces’ nventores to mprove stock management. NATO Depot and Support System (NDSS) The NDSS s a fully ntegrated software package desgned. Ths agreement has the same legal bass as a weapon system partnershp agreement. arrange for redstrbuton of assets. supply. ncludng the procurement of the necessary hardware. It covers most areas of logstc support such as tem dentficaton. The NLSE nformaton system platform conssts of a set of databases and a webbased nterface whch allows: - reportng and exchangng excess assets. NAMSA also provdes user and operator tranng and the servces of a dedcated help desk. The overall objectve s to mprove logstcs avalablty. user naton and other crtera. —187— . tem name. NATO Ammunition Data Base (NADB) The NADB provdes an authortatve source of NATO ammunton nterchangeablty. Users can search nformaton on NATO Stock Number (NSN). NAMSA SPECIFIC CO-OPERATIVE LOGISTIC PROJECTS NATO Logistic Stock Exchange (NLSE) The NATO Logstc Stock Exchange (NLSE) s a set of tools developed by NAMSA to assst customers and supplers n puttng nto practce co operatve logstc concepts for tem management and acquston. The system allows customers to exchange nformaton on stockholdngs. mantenance and property accountng. acheve economes of scale and smplfy the supply chan processes. weapon. and - processng of NATO-wde mutual emergency support requests.

 —188— . CO-OPERATIVE LOGISTIC TECHNIQUES There are a number of materel management technques whch are prerequstes for or support to the ntroducton of co-operatve logstc arrangements. - ermts users to readly dentfy spares and/or substtutes for a p weapon system thereby reducng downtme and supportng force multplcaton. up to date source. whch smplfies c the techncal dalogue between users. mnmses the supply requrement for spares and consumables for operatonal deployment. NATO Codification System (NCS) The NATO Codficaton System (NCS) s a unform and common system for dentficaton. The NATO Codficaton System provdes accurate nformaton regardng the dentty of an IoS. Chapter 13). - mproved determnaton of materel requrements and budgetng. permts recordng of the sources of supply and provdes other management data. The NCS has been agreed by all Alles and sponsors non NATO natons n dentfyng equpment and supples. desgned to acheve maxmum effectveness n logstcs support and facltate materel data management. by e recordng and revealng the unque characterstcs of IoS. a thus poolng resources and sharng the burden of acqurng spare parts and mantanng common equpment. development and producton of mltary equpment approved by the Councl. The NCS s governed by the NATO Group of Natonal Drectors on Codficaton (AC/135) – see chapter 13 and mplemented by the Natonal Codficaton Bureau (NCB) of each user naton. - ommon supply language understood by all users. There are 20 NPSCs that report to the Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors (CNAD) (see Annex A. - ccess to the full range of nformaton on all IoS n the users’ nventores. The operatonal and economc advantages for users of the NCS are the followng: - nhanced opportuntes for standardsaton and nterchangeablty. - reater economes for the users resultng from avodng the creaton of g new IoS for parts dentfiable through the data base. It helps solve supply management problems by provdng data users wth ready access to a sngle. processng and c transmttal of IoS data n an efficent and user frendly manner. - omputer technology fosterng the recordng. classficaton and stock numberng of Items of Supply (IoS) of user natons.NATO PROJECT STEERING COMMITTEES (NPSCs) NPSCs are establshed n accordance wth procedures for co-operaton n research.

f - ecretaral support. - ffectve co-ordnated procurement by elmnatng concurrent e acquston and dsposal of the same IoS. to carry out central codficaton support actvtes. warehousng. m - anagement of Codficaton data transmsson and data qualty. 31m Part Numbers.2m data concernng Manufacturers and Vendors(NCAGE) and 23m User Regstratons. and m - anagement of the CD-ROM NATO Master Catalogue of References m for Logstcs (NMCRL) whch s a CD-ROM/DVD that comprse 16m NSN. NAMSA also manages the NATO Malbox System (MBS) allowng the transfer of data among the member countres. on a cost recovery bass. reducton of nventores. whch ncludes the followng standng servces: - unctonal and techncal support to AC/135. s - anagement of AC/135 Publcatons and Web Ste. and mproved dsposal of surplus and excess materel. The Group of Natonal Drectors on Codficaton (AC/135) often requests NAMSA.  data mantenance and personnel. 1. ANNEXES A NATO Producton Logstc Related Organstatons (NPLOs) B Acronyms used n ths chapter —189— . consoldatng orders from several users to benefit from prce reductons on bulk purchases and vsblty of several potental sources of supply. and - nterchange/exchange of assets. REFERENCES Not avalable.

Span (EF 2000 only). Denmark. the Netherlands. Other NPLOs that comprse all NATO natons are: NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control Programme Management Organisation (NAPMO) wth ts Agency (NAPMA) located at Brunssum. Belgum and the Hague. Germany. Command and Control (C3) Organisation (NC3O) wth ts Agency (NC3A) at Brussels. Member natons are Belgum. NATO Euro Fighter 2000 (EF 2000) and TORNADO Development. France. NATO HAWK Production and Logistics Organisation (NHPLO) wth ts Management Office located at Ruel-Malmason. Greece. Italy. NATO Consultation. Italy. Belgum. ANNEX A —190— . Production and Logistics Management Organisation (NETMO) wth ts Agency (NETMA) located at Unterlachng. France. Production and Logistics Management Organisation (NAHEMO) wth ts Agency (NAHEMA) located at Ax-en-Provence. Member natons are Germany. Design and Development. and the Unted Kngdom. Italy and the Unted Kngdom. Alabama n the Unted States. Member natons are Germany.ANNEX A to Chapter 14 NATO PRODUCTION LOGISTIC RELATED ORGANISATIONS (NPLOs) NATO Helicopter for the 1990s (NH90) Design and Development. Production and Logistics Management Organisation (NAMEADSMO) wth ts Agency (NAMEADSMA) located at Huntsvlle. Germany. and the Unted States. Italy. Member natons are France. Germany. the Netherlands and Norway. the Netherlands. NATO Air Command and Control System (ACCS) Management Organisation (NACMO) wth ts Agency (NACMA) located at Brussels. NATO Medium Extended Air Defence System. France.

ANNEX B to Chapter 14 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER APM CEPMO CIS COMMIT CNAD HLM ILS IoS LAN LCC LSA MOU NAC NCB NADB NCS NDSS NLSE MBS NAMSA NAMSO NMCRL NPLO NPSCs NSN PAPS Ant-Personnel Mnes Central Europe Ppelne Management Organsaton Communcaton and Informaton Systems Common Item Management Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors. HAWK Logstc Management Integrated Logstc Support Items of Supply Local Area Network Lfe Cycle Cost Logstc Support Analyss Memorandum of Understandng North Atlantc Councl Natonal Codficaton Bureau NATO Ammunton Data Base NATO Codficaton System NATO Depot and Support System NATO Logstc Stock Exchange NATO Malbox System NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton NATO Master Catalogue of References for Logstcs NATO Producton and Logstc Organsatons NATO Project Steerng Commttees NATO Stock Number Phased Armaments Programmng System —191— ANNEX B .

SC SLCM TOC Steerng Commttee System Lfe Cycle Management Total Ownershp Cost —192— .

ACRONYMS USED IN THIS HANDBOOK

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ACRONYMS USED IN THIS HANDBOOK
AAR ACCS ACE ACO ACROSS ACSP ACT ADAMS ADL ADP ADR AFLPs AGARD AHWG AIMS AJP ALSSs AMCC AMSCC AOC AOO AOR AP APLs APM ARMY F&LWP ASG AT Ar-to-Ar Refuellng Ar Command and Control Systems Alled Command Europe Alled Command Operatons Alled Command Resource Optmsaton Software System Arcraft Cross-Servcng Programme Alled Command Transformaton Alled Deployment and Movement System Alled Dsposton Lst Automated Data Processng Annual Defence Revew Alled Fuels Logstc Publcatons Advsory Group for Aerospace Research and Development Ad Hoc Workng Group Armaments Informaton Management System Alled Jont Publcatons Advanced Logstc Support Stes Alled Movement Co-ordnaton Centre Athens Multnatonal Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre Area of Co-operaton Area of Operatons Area of Responsblty Alled Publcaton Ant-Personnel Landmnes Ant-Personnel Mnes Army Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party Assstant Secretary General Ar Transport
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AVIATION F&LWP AVT BDR B-SC LCB B-SC M&T Forum B-SC MEDAG BOA BOD C&RS CALS CAPC CAPCAT CAPS CBRN CE CEPMA CEPMO CEPS CIMIC CIS CJFLCC CJSOR CJTF CLS CM CNAD COMCJTF COMEDS COMMIT CONOP

Avaton Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party Appled Vehcle Technology Battle Damage Repar B-SC Logstc Co-ordnaton Board B-SC Movement and Transportaton Forum B-SC Medcal Advsory Group Basc Orderng Arrangements Board of Drectors Co-operaton & Regonal Securty Dvson Contnuous Acquston and Lfe Cycle Support Cvl Avaton Plannng Commttee Capabltes Catalogue Conventonal Armaments Plannng System Chemcal, Bologcal, Radologcal and Nuclear Crss Establshment Central European Ppelne Management Agency Central European Ppelne Management Organsaton Central Europe Ppelne System Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton Communcaton and Informaton Systems Combned Jont Force Land Component Commander Jont Statement of Requrements Combned Jont Task Force Contractor Logstc Support Consequence Management Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors Commander CJTF Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO Common Item Management Concepts of Operaton
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Command and Control Defence Capabltes Intatve Damage Control Surgery Detaled Deployment Plan Deployable Fuels Handlng Equpment Defence Investment Drector IMS Deployable Jont Task Force Deployablty and Moblty Dsease and Non-Battle Injury Days of Supply Defence Plannng Commttee Defence Polcy and Plannng Defence Plannng Questonnare Defence Revew Commttee Defence Requrement Revew European Arlft Centre Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Councl Executve Management Explosve Ordnance Dsposal NATO EOD Techncal Informaton Centre —197— .COP COR CP CPG CRD CRO CS CSCE CSS C2 C3 DCI DCS DDP DFHE DI DIMS DJTF DM DNBI DOS DPC DPP DPQ DRC DRR EAC EAPC EM EOD EODTIC Contngency Plan Concept of Requrements Capabltes Package Comprehensve Poltcal Gudance Commander’s Requred Date Crss Response Operaton Combat Support Conference for Securty and Co operaton n Europe Combat Servce Support Command and Control Consultaton.

Co-ordnaton and Control Mechansm Human Factors and Medcne Panel HAWK Logstc Management Host Naton Host Naton Support Headquarters Hgh Readness Forces Infrastructure Commttee Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Group Infrastructure Engneerng for Logstcs Integrated Logstc Support Internatonal Mltary Staff Intellgence Dvson Internatonal Organsatons Items of Supply Indvdual Partnershp Programmes Industral Plannng Commttee Internatonal Staff Internatonal Securty Assstance Force (Afghanstan) Informaton Technology Jont Force Command Jont Force Component Command Jont HNS Steerng Commttee —198— .EU FLR FLSs GBAD GCC GOP GRF HCCM HFM HLM HN HNS HQ HRF IC ICI ICIG IEL ILS IMS INT IOs IoS IPAPs IPC IS ISAF IT JFC JFCC JHNSSC European Unon Forces of Lower Readness Forward Logstc Stes Ground Based Ar Defence Gulf Co-operaton Countres General Operatonal Plans Graduated Readness Forces Harmonsaton.

JHQ JIAs JLSG JMC JOA JSB LAN LCB LCC LCM LCS LLN LLTI LN LOC LOG IMG LOGFS LOGFS IM WG LOGIS LOGREP L&R LRSN LSA LSM M&T M&TF M&TG MBC MBS MC Jont Headquarters Jont Implementaton Arrangements Jont Logstc Support Group Jont Medcal Commttee Jont Operatons Area Jont Servce Board Local Area Network Logstcs Co ordnaton Board Lfe Cycle Cost Lfe Cycle Management Lfe Cycle Support Logstcs Lead Naton Long Lead Tme Items Lead Naton Lnes of Communcaton Logstcs Informaton Management Group Logstc Functonal Servces Logstc Functonal Servces Informaton Management Workng Group Logstcs Informaton System Logstc Reportng Logstcs and Resources Dvson Logstcs Role Specalst Naton Logstc Support Analyss Logstcs Staff Meetng Movement and Transportaton Movement and Transportaton Forum Movement and Transportaton Group Mltary Budget Commttee NATO Malbox System Mltary Commttee —199— .

MCE MCG MD MDWP MEDAG MG MIMUs MJLC MJO MMRs MNDDP MNLC(M) MNMF MOU MPRE MTFs MTIs MTRP NAAG NAC NAC(R) NACC NACMA NACOSA NADB NADC NADREPS NAEW NAFAG NAMs NAMSA Multnatonal Command Element Medterranean Co-operaton Group Medterranean Dalogue Medterranean Co-operaton Workng Plan Medcal Advsory Group Mnsteral Gudance Multnatonal Integrated Medcal Unts Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre Major Jont Operaton Mnmum Mltary Requrements Mult-Natonal Detaled Deployment Plan Multnatonal Logstcs Command (Martme) Multnatonal Martme Force Memorandum of Understandng Moble Ppelne Repar Equpment Medcal Treatment Facltes Mltary Tasks for Interoperablty Medum-Term Resource Plan NATO Army Armaments Group North Atlantc Councl or Councl Renforced North Atlantc Councl North Atlantc Co operaton Councl NATO ACCS Management Agency NATO CIS Operatng and Support Agency NATO Ammunton Data Base NATO Ar Defence Commttee Natonal Armaments Drectors Representatves NATO Arborne Early Warnng NATO Ar Force Armaments Group NATO Mltary Authortes NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency —200— .

Command and Control Organsaton Natonal C3 Representatves Natonal Codficaton Bureau NATO CALS Management Board NATO Command Structure NATO Communcaton and Informaton Systems Servces Agency NATO Defence Manpower Commttee NATO Depot and Support System North European Ppelne System NATO Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Group NATO Force Structure Non-Governmental Organsatons NATO Industral Advsory Group NATO Logstc Stock Exchange NATO Mltary Authortes Natonal Movement Co-ordnaton Centre NATO Master Catalogue of References for Logstcs NATO Naval Armaments Group NATO Ppelne Commttee Nuclear Plannng Group NATO Producton and Logstc Organsatons NATO Ppelne System NATO Project Steerng Commttees NATO-Russa Councl NATO Response Force NATO Standardsaton Agency —201— .NAMSO NAVAL F&LWP NC3A NC3B NC3O NC3REPS NCB NCMB NCS NCSA NDMC NDSS NEPS NF&LWG NFS NGOs NIAG NLSE NMAs NMCC NMCRL NNAG NPC NPG NPLO NPS NPSCs NRC NRF NSA NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton Naval Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party NATO C3 Agency NATO C3 Board NATO Consultaton.

NSE NSIP NSN NSO NSP NSSG NTM NUC O&M OCC OPCON OPLAN OPP OPS OSCE P&P PADP PADW PAPS PARP PASP PB&Cs PBIST PBOS PCC PDD PfP PGs PHE PHEWG PMR Natonal Support Element NATO Securty Investment Programme NATO Stock Number NATO Standardsaton Organsaton NATO Standardsaton Programme NATO Standardsaton Staff Group Notce to Move NATO-Ukrane Commsson Operatons and Mantenance Operatonal Capabltes Concept Operatonal Control Operaton Plan Operatonal Plannng Process Operatons Dvson Organsaton for Securty and Co operaton n Europe Plans & Polcy Dvson Panel on Ar Defence Phlosophy Panel on Ar Defence Weapons Phased Armaments Programmng System Partnershp for Peace Plannng and Revew Process Poltcal Affars and Securty Polcy Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees Plannng Board for Inland Surface Transport Plannng Board for Ocean Shppng Prague Capabltes Commtment Publc Dplomacy Partnershp for Peace Partnershp Goals Petroleum Handlng Equpment Petroleum Handlng Equpment Workng Group Prncpal Mltary Requrements —202— .

PMSC PODs POL PPC PSOs RFPs RIFB ROM RSN RSOM RTA RTB RTO SACEUR SACLANT SACT SALCC SALW SC SCC SCEPC SCs SDOS SFC SFP SG SG PLE SGLO SHAPE SL SLCM Poltcal Mltary Steerng Commttee Ports of Debarkaton Petroleum. ol and lubrcants Petroleum Plannng Commttee Peace Support Operatons Requests for Proposals Ready Invtatons for Bd Restrcton of Movement Role Specalst Natons Recepton. Stagng and Onward Movement Research and Technology Agency Research and Technology Board Research and Technology Organsaton Supreme Alled Commander Europe Supreme Alled Command Atlantc Supreme Alled Commander Transformaton Strategc Ar Lft Co-ordnaton Cell Small Arms and Lght Weapons Steerng Commttee Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee’s Strategc Commands Standard Days of Supply Sngle Fuel Concept Sngle Fuel Polcy Secretary General Standng Group of Partner Logstc Experts Secretary General’s Lason Officer Supreme Headquarters Alled Powers Europe Sustanablty and Logstcs System Lfe Cycle Management —203— .

SN SNLC SNs SOFA SOR SPG SPM II SPOW SRB STANAG TA TACO TCN TFHE TOA TOC TTPs UAV V&O WMD Sendng Naton Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Sendng Natons Status of Forces Agreement Statement of Requrement Stockple Plannng Gudance Sustanment Plannng Module II Scentfic Programme of Work Senor Resource Board NATO Standardsaton Agreement Taskng Authortes Theatre Alled Contractng Office Troop Contrbutng Naton Tactcal Fuel Handlng Equpment Transfer of Authorty Total Ownershp Cost Tactcs. Technques and Procedures Unmanned Aeral Vehcles NATO Logstcs Vson and Objectves Weapons of Mass Destructon —204— .

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