NATO Logistics Handbook

INTRODUCTION
“According to an old military adage ‘Amateurs talk about strategy, generals talk about logistics’.” - George J. Church, 1990 Ths Handbook, publshed under the auspces of the Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC), s ntended as a smple gude to logstcs n NATO. It does not attempt to examne current ssues or provde answers to the problems that logstcans wll face, but t rather ams at ntroducng them to some of the basc prncples, polces, concepts and organsatons wth whch they wll work. Ths s the first update of the Handbook snce 1997. Snce then, NATO and the securty envronment n whch t must operate have undergone profound changes. The logstc support concepts that are requred to ensure the deployablty and sustanablty of NATO forces have changed as well, bearng lttle semblance to those extant n 1997. These new concepts have been reflected n ths new edton. The Allance s an organsaton that contnues to evolve to meet emergng securty challenges and NATO logstc polces and concepts wll need keep pace. Therefore, the contnung usefulness of the Handbook wll depend on the regularty of ts updatng, whch wll be an ongong process. If any reader has suggestons for ts mprovement or amendment, he s asked to forward them to the SNLC Secretarat. The NATO Logstcs Handbook s not a formally agreed document, and should not be quoted as a reference. It does not necessarly represent the offical opnon or poston of NATO, the natons, commands or agences on all the polcy ssues dscussed. SNLC Secretarat Internatonal Staff, Defence Polcy and Plannng Dvson, Logstcs NATO HQ, 1110 Brussels

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1
FUNDAMENTALS OF NATO LOGISTICS

INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 DEFINITIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Producton Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 In-Servce Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Consumer Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Co-operatve Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Multnatonal Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 LOGISTIC FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Materel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Servces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Logstc Informaton Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Equpment Mantenance and Repar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Movement and Transportaton (M&T) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Recepton, Stagng and Onward Movement (RSOM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Petroleum Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Explosve Ordnance Dsposal (EOD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Infrastructure Engneerng for Logstcs (IEL). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Medcal Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Contractng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Host Naton Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 RELATED FUNCTIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton (CIMIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 NATO Standardsaton and Interoperablty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Envronmental Protecton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 ANNEXES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 A Classes of Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 B Acronyms Used n ths Chapter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

—I—

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 The NATO-Ukrane Commsson (NUC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Central European Ppelne Management Organsaton (CEPMO) . . . . . . . . . 27 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . 18 Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS). . . . . . . . . . . 21 Logstc Informaton Management Group (LOG IMG) . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 B-SC Medcal Advsory Group (B-SC MEDAG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 B-SC Movement and Transportaton Forum (B-SC M&T Forum) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 NATO Ppelne Commttee (NPC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 The New NATO Command Structure . . 15 NATO POLITICAL/MILITARY STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Logstc Staff Meetng (LSM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 The Defence Plannng Commttee (DPC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 NATO’S INTEGRATED MILITARY COMMAND STRUCTURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 —II— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Internatonal Staff (IS) . . . . . . . . 15 Decson Makng n NATO . . . . . . . . . . . 22 C ommttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO (COMEDS) 23 NATO-Russa Ad Hoc Workng Group on Logstcs (NRC(LOG)). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Secretary General (SG) . . . . . . . . . 20 NATO LOGISTIC COMMITTEES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER 2 NATO ORGANISATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR LOGISTICS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . 27 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 The Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 B-SC Logstc Co-ordnaton Board (B-SC LCB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 The North Atlantc Councl (NAC or Councl). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 OTHER NATO LOGISTIC BODIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 The NATO-Russa Councl (NRC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton (NAMSO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 T he Medterranean Dalogue (MD) and the Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve (ICI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Movement and Transportaton Group (M&TG) . . . 21 Standng Group of Partner Logstc Experts (SG PLE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 THE NATO HEADQUARTERS STAFF STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . 16 The Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Councl (EAPC) . . . . . . . . . . 16 The Mltary Commttee (MC). . 15 NATO’S Poltcal Goals and Basc Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Logstcs Informaton Management Group (LOG IMG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 The NATO Command Structure (NCS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Stockple Requrements . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 The NATO Logstcs V&O Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 ANNEX . . . . . . . 42 Introducton . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Logstc Sustanablty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Combned Jont Task Force (CJTF) . . . 43 Combat Support/Combat Servce Support (CS/CSS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 NATO MILITARY STRUCTURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 MANAGEMENT OF LOGISTIC INFORMATION. . . . . . . 47 LOGISTIC READINESS AND SUSTAINABILITY . . . . . . . . . 48 NATO STOCKPILE PLANNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 V&O Reportng. . . . . . 34 Graduated Readness Forces (GRF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER 3 T HE ALLIANCE’S NEW STRATEGIC CONCEPT AND FORCE STRUCTURES THE ALLIANCE’S STRATEGIC CONCEPT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 NATO Response Force (NRF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 L ogstc Functonal Servces (LOGFS) Informaton Management Workng Group (LOGFS IM WG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 DEFENCE PLANNING PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Defence Capabltes Intatve (DCI) . . . . . . . . . . . 38 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Prague Capabltes Commtment (PCC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 IMPLICATIONS FOR DEPLOYABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 NATO LOGISTICS VISION AND OBJECTIVES (V&O) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 R egulatory Framework for a Logstcs Informaton System Archtecture (LOGIS) . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 —III— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Logstc Readness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 FORCE PLANNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 CHAPTER 4 D ETERMINATION OF LOGISTIC REQUIREMENTS AND LOGISTIC PLANNING INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . 34 The NATO Force Structure (NFS). . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . 52 CP Definton . . 51 NATO Defence Manpower Commttee (NDMC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 REFERENCES . . . 60 Servce Boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Medcal Plannng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 CP Implementaton . . . . . . . . 53 The Mltary Budget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 —IV— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Senor Resource Board (SRB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre (MJLC) . . . . . 62 CHAPTER 5 OPERATIONAL LOGISTIC PLANNING INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Capablty Packages (CPs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 The Medum-Term Resource Plan (MTRP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 ANNEX . . 51 Mltary Budget Commttee (MBC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Supply and Mantenance Plannng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Definton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Infrastructure Commttee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 LOGISTIC PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 NATO Standardsaton Organsaton (NSO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 NATO MILITARY COMMON FUNDED RESOURCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Infrastructure Plannng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NATO Stockple Plannng Gudance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 NATO Securty Investment Programme. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Prncples of NATO Standardsaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 CP Approval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 KEY PLANNING DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Role of Host Natonal Support (HNS) n Logstc Support Plannng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 CP Development and Submsson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 The NATO Standardsaton Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Am. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 LOGISTICS SUPPORT GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Introducton . . . . . . 57 NATO Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Movement Plannng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 STANDARDISATION AND INTEROPERABILITY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Introducton . . 68 Multnatonal Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 83 Assured Provson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Alled Logstc Publcatons (ALP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Logstc Tactcs. . . . . . . . . 69 Partcpaton of Non-NATO Natons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Phases of the Operaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contractng and Fundng. . . 72 ANNEXES . . 70 Crss Establshment (CE) . . . . . . . . . . . 75 CHAPTER 6 NATO LOGISTIC POLICIES AND CONCEPTS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 C o-ordnaton wth Internatonal Organsatons (IOs) and Non Governmental Organsatons (NGOs) . . . . . . 71 Examples of Potental PB&C Support to Mltary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 —V— . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 HIERARCHY OF LOGISTIC POLICIES AND DOCTRINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Co operaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Recepton. . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Combned Jont Statement Of Requrements (CJSOR). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 NATO POLICY FOR CO-OPERATION IN LOGISTICS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 LOGISTIC REPORT (LOGREP). . . . . . 83 Authorty . . . . . . . . 83 Prmacy of Operatonal Requrements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 CIVIL SUPPORT TO THE MILITARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 NATO Logstc Polcy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 NATO Doctrne. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Concludng the Operaton/Exercses. . . . . . . . 82 NATO PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES FOR LOGISTICS . . . . 82 LOGISTIC PRINCIPLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Co-ordnaton wth NSEs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Sufficency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Co ordnaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 NATO Concept for Co-operaton n Logstcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stagng and Onward Movement (RSOM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Alled Jont Logstc Doctrne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 FORCE GENERATION PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 NATO Logstcs Plannng Gudance. . . . Technques and Procedures (TTPs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 B Jont Staff Structure. . . 83 Collectve Responsblty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 101 Plannng for Contractor Support . . . . . 88 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 MODES OF MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS: AJP-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Advantages of Contractor Support to Operatons . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Vsblty and Transparency . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Redstrbuton of Logstc Resources. . 86 Logstc Command and Control (C2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Responsblty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Co operaton n Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Commonly Funded Logstc Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Fundng / Resources Provson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Local Contractng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Multnatonal Integrated Logstc Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Logstc Plannng n Operatonal Plannng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Logstc Readness and Sustanablty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Multnatonal Logstcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 SUPPORT FOR THE NATO RESPONSE FORCE (NRF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Lead Naton Logstc Support . 94 General . . 95 MC 551 – Medcal Support Concept for NRF Operatons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 CONTRACTOR SUPPORT TO OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Logstc Plannng n Defence Plannng . . 99 Arcraft Cross-Servcng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Flexblty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Cvl Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 LOGISTIC POLICIES. . . . . . . . . . . . 89 CHAPTER 7 MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS NATO’S LOGISTIC SUPPORT CONCEPT . . . . 88 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Lfe Cycle Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 THE MULTINATIONAL JOINT LOGISTIC CENTRE CONCEPT: AJP-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 General . . . . . . . . 99 Multnatonal Support Arrangements. . . . . . . . . . 99 Role Specalst Naton Logstc Support . . . . . 101 —VI— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 MC 525 – Logstc Support Concept for NRF Operatons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Authorty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Efficency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 LEGAL ASPECTS OF HNS ARRANGEMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Status and Use of Contractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Multnatonal Co operaton . 121 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 HNS PLANNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 HNS PRINCIPLES . . 106 Martme Support Concept: ALP-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Responsblty for Plannng Contractor Support . . 123 —VII— . . 106 COMPONENT SUPPORT CONCEPTS – (ALP-4. 108 LOGISTIC SUPPORTTO CRISIS RESPONSE OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . 103 Authorty over Contracted Capabltes . . . . . . . . . . 107 Ar Forces Support Concept: ALP-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Operatonal Plannng Consderaton for Contractor Support . . . . . . . . 105 Integraton of Contractor Capabltes . . . . . 108 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forms of Planned Contractng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. . . . . . . . . 119 Polces Specfic to the NATO Commander. . . . . . . . . . 119 Polces Specfic to the Sendng Naton . . . . . . . 106 Land Forces Support Concept: ALP-4. . 121 CIVIL-MILITARY CO-OPERATION (CIMIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Contract Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Fundng Contractor Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. . . . .3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2. . . . . . . . . . . . 109 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . 117 HNS POLICIES . . . . 120 Polces Specfic to the Host Naton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 CAPABILITY DATABASE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 NATO CONCEPT FOR HNS . 103 Functons That Could Be Performed By Contractors . . . . . . .3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 CHAPTER 8 HOST NATION SUPPORT (HNS) INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . 115 DEFINITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 LOCAL CONTRACTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

134 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 EXPEDITIONARY OPERATIONS . . . . . 130 Polcy on Command. . . . . . . INTEROPERABILITY AND RESEARCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION PRINCIPLES . . . . . 140 AIR BASE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 DEPLOYABLE FUELS HANDING EQUIPMENT (DFHE) – THE MODULAR CONCEPT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NAVAL BASE AND UNIT SUPPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 M&T Plannng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Polcy on Resource Acquston . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Polcy on Mltary Support to Cvl Operatons. . . . . . . . 141 Sngle Fuel Polcy (SFP). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 STANDARDIZATION. . . . . . . 131 NATO Headquarters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INTERCHANGEABILITY. . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 MILITARY FUELS AND THE SINGLE FUEL POLICY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Polcy on Cvl Support to the Mltary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION POLICIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 A ude to the NATO bodes concerned wth the NPS and other petroleum G —VIII— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Strategc Commands (SCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 CHAPTER 10 PETROLEUM SUPPORT INTRODUCTION . . . . 142 ANNEXES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Control and Communcatons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 BULK DISTRIBUTION AND STORAGE OF FUELS IN THE NPS . . . . . . 131 M&T TASKS AND RESPONSIBILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 PETROLEUM PLANNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 General Polces. . . . . . . . .CHAPTER 9 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION SUPPORT INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . 132 The Natons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 REFERENCES . . . 139 CIVIL PREPAREDNESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Multnatonalty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Ftness and Health Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 NATO Commanders Medcal Authorty . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Envronment. . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Medcal Confidentalty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 MEDICAL LOGISTICS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Medcal Ethcs and Legal Constrants . . . . . 156 MILITARY MEDICAL SUPPORT RESPONSES TO DISASTER RELIEF AND CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT SITUATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Standards of Care Provded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Plannng. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 B Ade Memore on Fuels n NATO . . . 152 OPERATIONAL PRINCIPLES . 155 Evacuaton Resources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 C Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Ftness for Evacuaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 NATO and Natonal Co-operaton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Responsblty for the Health of NATO Forces . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Contnuty of Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Treatment Tmelnes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crss or Conflct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 STANDARDS OF HEALTHCARE . . . . . . . . 156 Natonal Medcal Lason Teams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Force Health Protecton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Treatment Phlosophy for Mass Casualty Stuatons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 R eadness of the Medcal Support System and Transton from Peace to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 THE COMMITTEE OF CHIEFS OF MILITARY MEDICAL SERVICES IN NATO —IX— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Prncpal Components of Deployed Health Care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Spectrum of Medcal Responsbltes . . . . . 152 Prmacy of Clncal Needs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Patent Welfare. 155 Roles of Care Capabltes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Moblty . . . 156 Provson of Non-emergency Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .bodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 CHAPTER 11 MEDICAL SUPPORT INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Complance wth the Laws of War and Humantaran Conventons . . . 151 MISSION OF THE MEDICAL SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 NATO-UKRAINE LOGISTIC CO OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Work Programme (EAPWP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 REFERENCES . . . . . 168 —X— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Standng Group for Partner Medcal Experts (SG PME) . . . . . . . 164 General . . . . . . 165 Operatonal Capabltes Concept (OCC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 ISTANBUL CO OPERATION INITIATIVE (ICI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 Istanbul Co operaton Intatve Group (ICIG). . . . . . . . 158 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . 166 MEDITERRANEAN DIALOGUE (MD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 A Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 Medterranean Co operaton Workng Plan (MDWP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 The Partnershp for Peace Plannng and Revew Process (PARP) . . . . . . . . . . 164 Poltcal Mltary Steerng Commttee (PMSC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(COMEDS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 CHAPTER 12 LOGISTIC OUTREACH ACTIVITIES PARTNERSHIPS WITH NATO HQ . . . . . . . . . . 163 Standng Group for Partner Logstc Experts (SG PLE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 PfP Trust Fund . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 Partnershp Co ordnaton Cell (PCC) . . . . . . . 164 PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE . . . . . 157 THE JOINT MEDICAL COMMITTEE (JMC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 NATO-RUSSIA LOGISTIC CO OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 Medterranean Co operaton Group (MCG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . 173 Agreements on Producton . . . . . . 177 A rmaments Programmng: Phased Armaments Programmng System (PAPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 METHODS FOR ARMAMENTS CO-OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 NATO Ar Defence Commttee (NADC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 CHAPTER 14 IN-SERVICE LOGISTICS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Research and Technology Organsaton (RTO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 NATO Logstcs Stock Exchange (NLSE). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 NATO Depot & Support System (NDSS) . . . . . . . . . 187 NAMSA SPECIFIC CO-OPERATIVE LOGISTIC PROJECTS . . . . 177 PARTNERSHIP ACTIVITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 Indvdual Partnershp Programmes (IPAPs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Command and Control Organsaton (NC3O) . 173 CONFERENCE OF NATIONAL ARMAMENTS DIRECTORS (CNAD) – AC/259 CNAD Sub structure . . . . . . . 179 B Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 —XI— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 ANNEXES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 Proposal to Launch CNAD “Partnershp Armaments Projects” . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 NATO PRODUCTION AND LOGISTICS ORGANIZATIONS (NPLO) . . . . . . . . . 176 PROCEDURES FOR ARMAMENTS CO-OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Lfe Cycle Costng (LCC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 Agreements on Standardsaton . . . . . . . . 187 NATO PROJECT STEERING COMMITTEES (NPSCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 NATO Ammunton Databse (NADB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 A NATO Project Steerng Commttees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 NATO MAINTENANCE AND SUPPLY ORGANIZATION (NAMSO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 NATO Project Steerng Commttee (NPSC) . . 185 Logstc Support Analyss (LSA) . . . 174 OTHER NATO COMMITTEES AND BODIES INVOLVED IN ARMAMENTS CO OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .CHAPTER 13 PRODUCTION LOGISTICS INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . 185 Integrated Logstcs Support (ILS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 NATO Consultaton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 REFERENCES . .

. .CO-OPERATIVE LOGISTIC TECHNIQUES . . . . . . . . 188 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 B Acronyms used n ths chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 A NATO Producton Logstc Related Organsatons (NPLOs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 ANNEXES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 NATO Codficaton System (NCS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 —XII— . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS HANDBOOK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 1
FUNDAMENTALS OF NATO LOGISTICS

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FUNDAMENTALS OF NATO LOGISTICS “I don’t know what the hell this ‘logistics’ is … but I want some of it!” - Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King, 1942 INTRODUCTION Durng the Cold War, NATO followed the prncple that logstcs was a natonal responsblty. Accordngly, ts only focus at that tme was the establshment of and complance wth overall logstcs requrements. Ths prncple governed NATO’s plans and actons untl the begnnng of the 1990’s, when t was understood and accepted that the strategc stuaton that had underpnned ths prncple had undergone a fundamental change. As early as n January 1996, NATO logstcans recognsed the new challenges facng the Allance. In partcular, the downszng of mltary resources underscored the necessty of ncreased co-operaton and multnatonalty n logstc support. These new challenges requred the Allance to be able to logstcally sustan and operate n non-artcle 5 / Crss Response Operatons (CRO), possbly at a far dstance from the supportng natonal logstc and ndustral bases and on non NATO sol, where a supportve or functonng host naton was not exstent. All of ths needed to be performed under the legal condtons of peace, wth no access to moblsaton and/or emergency legslaton. Addtonally, there was the need to ntegrate non-NATO mltary forces and ther logstc support. The Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC), as the Allance’s senor body on logstcs, then undertook to translate the Allance’s New Strategc Concept nto responsve, flexble and nteroperable logstc prncples and polces. In ths regard, t first developed a vson for NATO logstcs amed at addressng the challenge of developng collectve responsblty n logstcs between NATO and the natons. Such collectve responsblty s attaned through close co-ordnaton and co operaton between natonal and NATO authortes durng both plannng and executon, and ncludes greater consderaton of the efficent use of cvl resources. As a result of ther experences n NATO led operatons, natons have ganed an apprecaton of the value of a collectve approach to logstc support and have lent ther ardent support to the mplementaton of ths vson. Whle NATO s responsble for co-ordnatng and prortsng the provson of logstc support to deployed NATO forces, each naton s responsble for ensurng, ether ndvdually or through co-operatve arrangements, the provson of the logstc resources requred to support ts own forces. Co-ordnated logstc plannng s therefore an essental aspect of the efficent and economcal use of resources throughout ther lfe cycle, from ntal desgn to ther ultmate dsposal.

CHAPTER 1

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DEFINITIONS Vewed from the lfe cycle perspectve, logstcs s the brdge between the deployed forces and the ndustral base that produces the weapons and materel that the forces need to accomplsh ther msson. NATO therefore defines logstcs as: « Logistics: The scence of plannng and carryng out the movement and mantenance of forces. In ts most comprehensve sense, the aspects of mltary operatons whch deal wth: - esgn and development, acquston, storage, transport, dstrbuton, d mantenance, evacuaton and dsposal of materel1; - transport of personnel; - cquston or constructon, mantenance, operaton and dsposton of a facltes; - acquston or furnshng of servces; and - medcal and health servce support.»

Ths definton covers a wde range of responsbltes that nclude a number of dfferent domans of work wthn NATO. If one consders that logstcs comprses both the buldng up of stocks and capabltes and the sustanment of weapons and forces, then t s clear that a dstncton can be made between three mportant aspects of logstcs, spannng the lfe cycle of logstc resources: producton, n servce support and consumpton. The followng defintons of these aspects enjoy wdespread acceptance wthn the NATO logstcs communty: “ Production Logistics (also known as: acquisition logistics): that part of logstcs concernng research, desgn, development, manufacture and acceptance of materel. In consequence, producton logstcs ncludes: standardsaton and nteroperablty, contractng, qualty assurance, procurement of spares, relablty and defence analyss, safety standards for equpment, specficatons and producton processes, trals and testng (ncludng provson of necessary facltes), codficaton, equpment documentaton, configuraton control and modficatons. At NATO Headquarters the lead authortes are the Internatonal Staff (IS) Defence Investment Dvson (DI) and the Armaments Branch of the Logstcs and Resources Dvson (L&R) n the Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS). The Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors (CNAD) s the senor NATO commttee that s prncpally responsble for the co-ordnaton of ths aspect of logstcs.” “ In-Service Logistics: that part of logstcs that brdges producton and consumer logstcs and comprses those functons assocated wth procurng, recevng, storng, dstrbutng and dsposng of materel that s requred to mantan the equpment and supply the force. The NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton (NAMSO) s the prncpal NATO organsaton responsble for ths area.”
Materiel: equipment in its widest sense including vehicles, weapons, ammunition, fuel, etc.

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Its am s to acheve cost-savngs through economes of scale. harmonsed lfe cycle processes and ncreased efficency n peacetme. the lead authortes are the Logstcs Secton n the IS Defence Polcy and Plannng Dvson (DPP) and the Logstcs Branch n the IMS.” T he three lfe cycle domans and ther lead bodes are portrayed at rght. L&R Dvson. movement control. such as lead naton. but co-operatve L logstcs could be descrbed as follows: « NATO Co-operatve Logstcs s the totalty of blateral and multlateral consumer and producton logstcs arrangements to optmse n a co ordnated and ratonalsed way. In consequence. logstcs must functon as an effectve force multpler. crss and wartme logstcs support. transport. transport and handlng and related tranng. the dmnshng logstc support resources and the prncple of shared logstc responsbltes. logstcs support to NATO forces. partcularly the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) usng modern technques n the field of materel management and procurement. Wth the rsk now omndrectonal. ths functon can be meant as the provson of logstc support to operatons through multnatonal means. role specalsaton and multnatonal ntegrated logstc support. Whereas the three domans have to do wth the relatonshp between the producer and the consumer. Although there s not yet any agreed NATO definton of Multnatonal Logstcs. The SNLC s the senor NATO commttee that s prmarly responsble for consumer logstcs. Multinational Logistics: for multnatonal operatons. based on agreed prncples and mplemented n accordance wth a set of basc gudelnes. relablty and defect reportng.” C o-operaton wthn logstcs should be conducted wthn a comprehensve framework. there are two addtonal aspects that have to do wth the way n whch logstcs functons are performed. Co-operative ogistics: there s no NATO definton yet. “ Consumer Logistics (also known as: operational logistics): that part of logstcs concernng recepton of the ntal product. At NATO Headquarters.» —5— . consumer logstcs ncludes stock control. mantenance (ncludng repar and servceablty). storage. provson or constructon of facltes (excludng any materal element and those facltes needed to support producton logstc facltes). safety standards for storage. operaton and dsposal of materel. the use of multnatonal logstcs as a tool to enhance efficency and effectveness becomes of utmost mportance. Development of NATO Co operatve Logstcs arrangements s largely facltated by the use of NATO Producton and Logstcs Organsatons (NPLOs).

Recepton of the equpment nto servce. Logistic Information Management Logstc Informaton Management couples avalable nformaton technology wth logstc processes and practces to meet the NATO Commander’s and naton’s logstc nformaton requrements. whether they be operatonal. —6— . wll have to apprecate the other’s responsbltes and problems. mantenance and dsposal are clearly a consumer logstc task. The first part of the cycle. logstc and cvl plannng staffs. desgn and producton s clearly a functon of producton logstcs. mltary or cvl. etc. dstrbuton and replenshment. repar. They should cover all logstc functons and nterface between these functons and other functonal areas as requred. ts dstrbuton and storage. and therefore nvolves both dscplnes. labour resources. To be effectve. For example. from the first phase of the lfe cycle to ts final dsposal from the nventory. postal and courer servces. Materiel Producton or acquston logstcs covers materel. manageral and operatonal logstc nformaton. NATO logstc systems need to be nteroperable wth both exstng and emergng natonal and NATO systems. Supply Supply covers all materel and tems used n the equpment. canteen. whch s part of producton logstcs. logstc plannng orgnates n natonal or NATO polcy gudance and has to be co-ordnated wth all the staff branches concerned. A bref examnaton of the man functons of logstcs shows ths clearly. map dstrbuton. laundry and bathng facltes. However. Interfaces wth ndustral systems should also be consdered where practcal and cost effectve.LOGISTIC FUNCTIONS It s mportant to recognse that the varous logstc functons come together to form the totalty of logstcs support. Services The provson of manpower and sklls n support of combat troops or logstc actvtes ncludes a wde range of servces such as combat re-supply. A NATO logstcan of one dscplne wll often work wth a staff officer of another dscplne and. These servces may be provded ether to one’s own natonal forces or to those of another naton and ther effectveness depends on close co operaton between operatonal. from specficaton. The supply functon ncludes the determnaton of stock levels. burals. logstc nformaton systems must facltate the delvery of the rght nformaton to the rght people at the rght tme wth the rght nformaton securty protecton. as a very mnmum. has to take account of the consumer aspects of repar and mantenance. provsonng. NATO and natons have numerous users requrng executve. support and mantenance of mltary forces (classes of supply are lsted at Annex A). admnstratve or logstc. the ntal desgn of the equpment.

M&T. personnel. Damage assessment has to be done rapdly and must not always requre the use of automated test equpment or sophstcated tools. Battle Damage Repar (BDR) s an mportant technque used to mprove materel avalablty durng operatons. BDR must be followed by specalsed mantenance or repar to restore the equpment to fully servceable condton. Fnancal consderatons. markng. n peacetme. renderng safe. of the equpment and assocated materel. locaton. Repar ncludes all measures taken to restore materel to a servceable condton n the shortest possble tme. ntal dentficaton and reportng of suspected unexploded ordnance.Equipment Maintenance and Repair Mantenance means all actons. It also apples to the logstc support necessary to mount and sustan operatons. takng specfically nto account ncreased co operaton between NATO and Partner natons and ther respectve mltary and cvl authortes. determnng the cause of the damage. Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) EOD nvolves the nvestgaton. It s desgned to restore damaged materel to a battle worthy condton. ncludng repar. equpment and materel from arrval at Ports of Debarkaton (PODs) to ther final destnaton. Reception. economes of scale and the need for enhanced nteroperablty make t necessary to contnuously seek new and nnovatve ways of delverng the fuels capablty. to retan the materel n or restore t to a specfied condton. The consderatons are prmarly amed at lmtng the damage. It may also nclude explosve ordnance that has become —7— . followed by the on ste evaluaton. Petroleum Logistics The NATO Petroleum Supply Chan has to be able to respond to the full spectrum of the Allance’s operatonal requrements and to the deployment dstances and dspersons envsaged. establshng a plan for damage repar. rrespectve of the cause of the falure. Staging and Onward Movement (RSOM) RSOM s the phase of the deployment process that transtons unts. and mnmsng the rsk to equpment and operators. naval and ar forces wll depend to a great extent on a hgh standard of preventve mantenance. Although RSOM s an operatonal matter. detecton. and Host Naton Support (HNS) plannng. recovery and final dsposal of unexploded explosve ordnance. Once the operatonal msson has been accomplshed. The operatonal effectveness of land. t requres the provson of a sgnficant degree of logstc support. Movement and Transportation (M&T) It s a requrement that a flexble capablty exsts to move forces n a tmely manner wthn and between theatres to undertake the full spectrum of the Allance’s roles and mssons. as quckly as possble so that t can complete ts msson. RSOM plannng and executon requres therefore consderable ntegraton wth logstc support.

The NATO EOD Techncal Informaton Centre (EODTIC) holds records of all past and present ammunton and explosves. Though medcal support s normally a natonal responsblty. Host Nation Support (HNS) The avalablty of HNS offsets requrements for general and organc mltary support and thereby affects the sze and scope of the Combat Servce Support (CSS) force that must be commtted to an operaton. constructon and operaton of facltes form the bass for the NATO Securty Investment Programme (NSIP). The engneerng msson brdges the gap from logstcs to operatons and s closely related to the ultmate success of both. Medical Support Ths functon entals the provson of an efficent medcal support system to treat and evacuate sck. CRO commanders have to deal wth completely new tasks. Contracting Contractng has become ncreasngly mportant to the conduct of operatons. The new stuaton has brought dfferent requrements and. mnmse man days lost due to njury and llness. whle not exclusvely a logstc functon. partcularly when operatng beyond NATO’s area of responsblty. wll requre close co-ordnaton wth logstcs as ts msson s very closely algned wth logstcs n terms of facltatng the logstc msson of openng lnes of communcaton and constructng support facltes. Ths s the term generally used n NATO for nstallatons and facltes for the support of mltary forces. The degree of multnatonalty wll vary dependng on the crcumstances of the msson. at present. has ganed renewed mpetus snce the end of the cold war. The lessons learned from operatons n the Balkans and wthn the Internatonal Securty Assstance Force (ISAF) n Afghanstan reveal that NATO commanders have to deal wth cvl tasks amed at facltatng —8— . Infrastructure Engineering for Logistics (IEL) Infrastructure Engneerng for Logstcs. and return casualtes to duty. An effectve medcal support system s thus consdered a morale booster and a potental force multpler. The acquston. and be dependent upon the wllngness of natons to partcpate n any aspect of ntegrated medcal support. and provdes an mmedate advsory servce on EOD problems. RELATED FUNCTIONS Civil-Military Co-operation (CIMIC) Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton. It s a sgnficant tool that may be employed to gan fast access to n-country resources by procurng the supples and servces that the commander requres. Medcal care also plays a vtal role n Force Protecton. partcularly n the area of deployments. plannng must be flexble and consder co-ordnated multnatonal approaches to medcal support.hazardous by damage or deteroraton. njured and wounded personnel.

the accomplshment of the msson by makng cvl resources avalable to the mltary. Interoperablty s essental for logstc co-operaton and has a drect mpact on msson sustanablty and combat effectveness of forces. The mnmum requrements for nteroperablty are commonalty of concepts. compatblty of equpment. n partcular non-Artcle 5 CRO. doctrnes and procedures. and nterchangeablty of combat supples. Environmental Protection Natonal and nternatonal legslaton and agreements on envronmental protecton ncreasngly affects mltary operatons. Cvlan standards should be used whenever possble. Natons should strve to adopt the agreed NATO standards. REFERENCES AAP-6 NATO Glossary of Terms and Defintons ANNEXES A Classes of Supply B Acronyms used n ths chapter —9— . NATO Standardisation and Interoperability Standardsaton s a key tool for achevng nteroperablty. The mplcatons of envronmental protecton for the executon of logstc functons have to be taken nto account.

Class III Petroleum. ol and lubrcants (POL) for all purposes. food and forage. e.g. ANNEX A —10— . e. e. whch are consumed by personnel or anmals at an approxmately unform rate.g. fuel ol. except for operatng arcraft or for use n weapons such as flame-throwers. tools. rrespectve of local changes n combat or terran condtons. Normally ncludes fortficaton and constructon materals. weapons. greases coal and coke. clothng. spare parts. gasolne. Class V Ammunton. explosves and chemcal agents of all types. (Class IIIa - avaton fuel and lubrcants) Class IV Supples for whch ntal ssue allowances are not prescrbed by approved ssue tables.g.ANNEX A to Chapter 1 CLASSES OF SUPPLY NATO classes of supply are establshed n the five-class system of dentficaton as follows: Class I Items of subsstence. Class II Supples for whch allowances are establshed by tables of organsaton and equpment. as well as addtonal quanttes of tems dentcal to those authorsed for ntal ssue (Class II) such as addtonal vehcles. vehcles.

Ol and Lubrcants Recepton. Stagng and Onward Movement Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference ANNEX B —11— .ANNEX B to Chapter 1 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER BDR CIMIC CNAD CRO CSS DI EOD EODTIC HNS IEL IMS IS ISAF L&R M&T NAMSA NAMSO NPLOs NSIP PODs POL RSOM SNLC Battle Damage Repar Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors Crss Reponse Operatons Combat Servce Support Defence Investment Dvson Explosve Ordnance Dsposal NATO EOD Techncal Informaton Centre Host Naton Support Infrastructure Engneerng for Logstcs Internatonal Mltary Staff Internatonal Staff Internatonal Securty Assstance Force (Afghanstan) Logstcs and Resources Dvson Movement and Transportaton NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton NATO Producton and Logstcs Organsatons NATO Securty Investment Programme Ports of Debarkaton Petroleum.

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CHAPTER 2 NATO ORGANISATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR LOGISTICS —13— .

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1978 INTRODUCTION NATO’s Political Goals and Basic Tasks The North Atlantc Allance embodes the transatlantc partnershp between Europe and North Amerca. have been endorsed n the new Strategc Concept approved by the Alled Heads of State and/or Government at the Washngton Summt n 1999. Luns. reaffirmng the nherent rght of ndependent states to ndvdual or collectve defence. Secretary General of NATO. As an assocaton of free and ndependent states.M.” . Decision Making in NATO NATO s an nter-governmental organsaton.NATO ORGANISATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR LOGISTICS “Logisticians are a sad. poltcal ndependence or securty s threatened. such as peace support operatons. underpnned by shared defence plannng and mltary co-operaton and by co operaton and consultaton n economc. whch falls wthn the framework of Artcle 51 of the Unted Natons Charter. NATO’s essental purpose s to safeguard the freedom and securty of ts members by poltcal and mltary means n accordance wth the North Atlantc Treaty and the prncples of the Unted Natons Charter. The objectves of the Allance are prmarly poltcal. NATO member states are commtted to the defence of one another by Artcle 5 of the North Atlantc Treaty.H. n whch all member countres retan ther full soveregnty and ndependence. NATO can only mplement a course of acton f all the member countres are n agreement. Decsons taken by NATO are therefore decsons taken by all ts member countres. Artcle 4 of the Treaty provdes for consultatons among the Alles whenever any of them beleves that ther terrtoral ntegrty. embittered race of men. Ths stpulates that an armed attack aganst one or more of them n Europe or North Amerca shall be consdered as an attack aganst them all. after dscusson and consultaton among the member natons.Dr. envronmental and other relevant fields. CHAPTER 2 —15— .A. very much in demand in war who sink resentfully into obscurity in peace. NATO decsons are therefore taken on the bass of consensus. By the same token. J. scentfic. The focus of the Allance s the promoton of stablty through co-operaton and the development of collectve crss management and peacekeepng mechansms. NATO has no supranatonal authorty or polcy makng functon ndependent of ts members. Its ncepton dates back 4 Aprl 1949 wth the sgnature of the North Atlantc Treaty. Non Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons (CRO) that could be approved by the North Atlantc Councl.

whch s also vald for all other NATO commttees and conferences. Other meetngs. Romania. It s composed of the Chefs of Defence Staff of each member country. At other tmes member countres are represented by natonal Mltary Representatves apponted by ther Chefs of Defence Staff. 2) —16— . Latvia. 1) On 29 March 2004. the United Kingdom and the United States). The Councl s composed of the Permanent Representatves of all 26 member countres1. It deals wth most defence matters and subjects related to collectve defence plannng. ether at Ambassadoral or Mnsteral level. Portugal. the Netherlands. seven new countries joined the Alliance: Bulgaria. Iceland. Spain. s the hghest authorty and the most mportant decson-makng body n NATO. France. To assst t n ts work. establshed by Artcle 9 of the Treaty. Germany. Iceland has no military forces but may be represented by a civilian. Lithuania. The MC s the hghest mltary authorty n the Allance under the poltcal authorty of the NAC and DPC. The Chefs of Defence Staff meet at least twce a year. whether cvl or mltary. Canada. The Defence Planning Committee (DPC) The DPC s composed of all NATO member states except from France and meets under the charmanshp of the Secretary General. the Councl has set up a number of commttees that are responsble for mplementng ts decsons or carryng out the tasks t had ordered. Luxembourg. ether at Mnsteral Level (Foregn Affars and Defence) or at the level of Heads of State and/or Government also take place on a regular bass at NATO Headquarters n Brussels or n one of the NATO member states. The Military Committee (MC)2 The Mltary Commttee s responsble for recommendng to NATO poltcal authortes those measures consdered necessary for the common defence of the NATO area and for provdng gudance on mltary matters to the Strategc Commanders (SCs). the Czech Republic. All member countres of NATO have an equal rght to express ther vews and unanmous decsons are requred. Estonia. Poland. has the same functons and attrbutes and the same authorty as the Councl on matters wthn ts competence. Denmark. Norway. Greece. Slovakia and Slovenia.NATO POLITICAL/MILITARY STRUCTURE The North Atlantic Council (NAC or Council) The NAC. The DPC provdes gudance to NATO’s mltary authortes and wthn the area of ts responsbltes. There s no votng or decson by majorty. thus bringing the Alliance to 26 member states (other member nations are: Belgium. act under the authorty of the Councl. It meets weekly under the charmanshp of the Secretary General. Italy. Turkey. Hungary. All these commttees.

Montenegro. In ths Charter. Portugal. jont decson and jont acton. In addton. Note that Turkey recognizes the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name. Alled and Co-operaton Partner Foregn Mnsters naugurated the Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Councl (EAPC) at ther meetng n Sntra. The expanded poltcal dmenson of consultaton and co-operaton whch the EAPC offers. Croatia. regularly every year at the level of Foregn and Defence Mnsters and Chefs of Staff. Turkmenistan.The Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC)3 The Partnershp for Peace s a major ntatve amed at enhancng stablty and securty throughout Europe. It establshes the NRC as a mechansm for consultaton. The “Rome Declaraton” bulds on the goals and prncples of the 1997 NATO-Russa Foundng Act on Mutual Relatons. Russia. Chared by NATO’s Secretary General. at Ambassadoral level n Brussels on a monthly bass. Armenia. sgned the «Charter for a Dstnctve Partnershp between NATO and Ukrane». when approprate. Serbia. Ireland. Finland. Kazakhstan. the EAPC provdes the framework for gvng Partner countres ncreased decson-makng opportuntes relatng to actvtes n whch they partcpate. on 30 May 1997. Switzerland. the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Sweden. The NRC brngs together the 26 Alles and Russa to dentfy and pursue opportuntes for jont acton “at 27”. Kyrgyz Republic. Cooperaton and Securty. Ukraine. The EAPC meets twce a year at both Foregn and Defence Mnsters’ level and. The Partnershp for Peace Invtaton was addressed to all states partcpatng n the North Atlantc Cooperaton Councl (NACC. as a general rule. and occasonally at the level of Heads of State and/or Government. —17— . later to become the EAPC) and other states partcpatng n the Conference for Securty and Co operaton n Europe (later renamed the OSCE. the EAPC consists of the NATO member states and Albania. Georgia. Austria. to develop a drect poltcal relatonshp wth the Allance. allows Partners. The development and enhancement of dalogue and partnershp wth non-NATO member states forms an ntegral part of NATO’s Strategc Concept. The NATO-Ukraine Commission (NUC) At the Madrd Summt on 9 July 1997. Uzbekistan. n whch the ndvdual Alles and Russa wll work as equal partners on a wde spectrum of Euro-Atlantc securty ssues of common nterest. the NATO Alles reaffirm ther support for the 3) As of end 2006. f they wsh. wth a vew to rasng poltcal and mltary co operaton among ther countres to a qualtatvely new level. the NRC meets at least monthly at the level of ambassadors and mltary representatves. It may also meet at the level of Heads of State and/or Government. The EAPC provdes the overarchng framework for poltcal and securty-related consultatons and for enhanced co-operaton under the Partnershp for Peace (PfP). Bosnia and Herzegovina. when approprate. Organsaton for Securty and Co operaton n Europe) able and wllng to contrbute to the programme. The NATO-Russia Council (NRC) The NRC was establshed at the NATO-Russa Summt on 28 May 2002 n Rome. consensus-buldng. Azerbaijan. Moldova. NATO Heads of State and/or Government. Belarus. Tajikistan. co-operaton.

when they underlned ther desre to take the NATO-Ukrane relatonshp forward to a qualtatvely new level. At the Istanbul Summt. as well as an mportant component of the Allance’s polcy of outreach and co-operaton. and as Secretary General of NATO. consstng of personnel from member countres ether recruted drectly by the Organsaton or seconded by ther governments. The Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) and the Istanbul Co-operation Initiative (ICI) Recognsng that securty n Europe s closely lnked to securty and stablty n the Medterranean regon. democratc development. Varous areas for consultaton and cooperaton were developed. the Heads of State and Government decded to develop co-operaton to the broader Mddle East regon by launchng the ICI. as well as the nvolablty of ts fronters. The NUC s chared by the Secretary General and meets as a rule not less than twce a year to assess the mplementaton of the relatonshp and consder ts further development. economc prosperty and status as a non-nuclear weapons state. It s an ntegral part of NATO’s adaptaton to the post-cold war securty envronment. The Medterranean Dalogue’s overall am s to contrbute to regonal securty and stablty. It may also meet at the level of Foregn and Defence Mnsters and Chefs of Staff and occasonally at the level of Heads of State and/ or Government. DPC and of other commttees. Iceland. ncludng through ntensfied consultatons and co-operaton on poltcal. economc and defence ssues. acheve better mutual understandng and dspel any msconceptons about NATO among Dalogue countres.soveregnty and ndependence of Ukrane. He s supported by the Prvate Office n all aspects of hs work. He also acts as prncpal spokesman for the Organsaton both n ts external relatons and n communcatons and contacts between member governments. THE NATO HEADQUARTERS STAFF STRUCTURE Secretary General (SG) The SG s a senor nternatonal statesman nomnated by the member natons both as Charman of the NAC. The IS comprses the Office of the —18— . International Staff (IS) The work of the Councl and ts commttees s supported by the IS. when approprate. The members of the IS are responsble to the Secretary General and owe ther allegance to the Organsaton throughout the perod of ther appontment. ts terrtoral ntegrty. It focuses on those areas of practcal cooperaton where NATO can provde an added value. Ths ntatve s offered to those countres from the regon that are nterested n fosterng mutually renforcng blateral relatonshps wth NATO wth a vew to greater regonal securty and stablty. The poltcal mandate for ths ntatve was gven by Foregn Mnsters at the meetng of the NUC n Reykjavk. the North Atlantc Councl ntated the Medterranean Dalogue n 1994. on 15 May 2002.

and - Executve Management (EM). The NATO HQ C3 Staff s an ntegrated cvl/mltary staff element supportng the IS and the Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS). The sx Dvsons are: - Poltcal Affars and Securty Polcy (PASP). whereas DPP wth ts Logstcs Staff s takng care of Consumer Logstcs matters. - Defence Polcy and Plannng (DPP). - Publc Dplomacy (PDD).Secretary General. Two of them are of drect nterest to logstcans. The Drector s asssted by five Assstant Drectors of flag or general officer rank and the Executve Co-ordnator of the IMS. —19— . Each of the Dvsons s headed by an Assstant Secretary General (ASG). The IMS s organsed n the followng five dvsons: - Intellgence Dvson (INT) - Plans & Polcy Dvson (P&P) - Co-operaton & Regonal Securty Dvson (C&RS) - Operatons Dvson (OPS) - Logstcs & Resources Dvson (L&R) The last Dvson mentoned s of drect nterest to logstcans: t s responsble for both Producton (Armaments Branch) and Consumer (Logstcs Branch) Logstcs. - Defence Investment (DI). - Operatons (OPS). The Dvsons support the work of the commttees n the varous fields of actvty. It s composed of mltary personnel seconded from natonal mltary establshments and of supportng cvlan personnel. Members of the IMS come under the admnstratve authorty of the Drector of the IMS. DI s manly responsble for Producton Logstcs. who s normally the charman of the man commttee dealng wth subjects n hs field of responsblty. and the NATO Office of Securty. The IMS s headed by a Drector of three-star rank who s nomnated by the member natons and s selected by the Mltary Commttee. International Military Staff The IMS supports the Mltary Commttee. sx operatonal Dvsons.

Belgum. The number of commands was thus reduced from 20 to 11. ACO focuses on the plannng and executng of NATO operatons. the structure conssts of sx Jont Force Component Commands (JFCCs). whch reflects the Allance’s new mssons and transton to smaller. flexble forces that can be rapdly deployed to crss and conflct areas. martme. one n Brunssum (Netherlands) and the other n Naples (Italy). and takes over the responsblty for those operatonal elements that formerly came under the Supreme Alled Command Atlantc (SACLANT)4. NATO LOGISTIC COMMITTEES The Senior NATO Logisticians’ Conference (SNLC) The prncpal commttee dealng wth logstcs. meets under the Charmanshp of the Secretary General twce a year. Alled Defence Mnsters agreed to the desgn of a new streamlned mltary command structure. educaton and tranng centres are subordnate to ACT. and responsbltes redefined. Supreme Headquarters of Alled Powers Europe (SHAPE) stands as ACO headquarters stuated n Mons. NATO research. Alled Command Transformaton (ACT) was created to promote transformaton and nteroperablty of Allance mltares n order to ensure that NATO forces are traned and structured to meet the challenges of the new securty envronment. n jont cvl and mltary sessons. contnues to embrace all the NATO commands n Europe. prmarly to deal wth resource and defence plannng ssues. The Supreme Alled Commander Europe (SACEUR) retans hs ttle and assumes strategc command for the preparaton and conduct of all jont operatons. Furthermore. At the component/tactcal level. or ar – expertse to the operatonal level.NATO’S INTEGRATED MILITARY COMMAND STRUCTURE The New NATO Command Structure At ther meetng on 12 June 2003. The new NATO command structure s composed of two commands at the strategc level. —20— . It has two permanent co-Charmen. replacng former Alled Command Europe (ACE). reflectng the dependence of logstcs on both cvl and mltary factors. wth a reducton n the number of headquarters. On the one hand. from whch a deployable sea-based Combned Jont Task Force (CJTF) HQ capablty can be drawn. 4) SACLANT ceases to exist in the new command structure. The Conference reports jontly to both the Councl and the Mltary Commttee. On the other hand. and the Deputy Charman of the Mltary Commttee. Alled Command Operatons (ACO). ACT HQ are co-located wth the Unted States Jont Forces Command n Norfolk. The operatonal level conssts of two standng Jont Force Commands (JFCs). whch provde servce-specfic – land. namely the Assstant Secretary General for Defence Polcy and Plannng. Vrgna (Unted States of Amerca). The levels beneath SHAPE were sgnficantly streamlned. and a robust but more lmted standng Jont Headquarters (JHQ) n Lsbon (Portugal). although an ACT Staff Element has been establshed at SHAPE. the SNLC.

Furthermore. the Head. sustanablty and combat effectveness of the Allance’s forces and to exercse. programmes and ntatves through consultaton and co-operaton among natons. the group provdes a forum for addressng logstc topcs concernng PfP that any member of the LSM wth Partners and the M&TG wth Partners may wsh to rase. and t co-ordnates wth the Movement and Transportaton Group (M&TG) and other specalsed subordnate bodes that may be created and harmonses ther work wth the SNLC’s overall logstc polces and programmes when ther work s part of a broader logstc effort. IS Logstcs. The LSM meets twce a year n the same format as the SNLC. the LSM montors and co-ordnates the mplementaton of logstc polces. The Standing Group of Partner Logistic Experts (SG PLE). whch advses the SNLC on general cvl and mltary logstc matters. under the gudance of the LSM wth Partners and the M&TG wth Partners. an overarchng co-ordnatng authorty across the whole spectrum of logstcs vs-à-vs the other logstc commttees and bodes of NATO. It s co chared by a cvl co Charman. The LSM also develops logstc polces. on behalf of the Councl. dentfies. t provdes a forum for addressng logstc concerns. the Deputy Assstant Drector. Actng on behalf of the SNLC. IMS L&R Dvson. n March and September. IS Logstcs and a mltary co Charman. In addton. and meets twce a year. Representatves of the Strategc Commands. The M&TG advses the SNLC on M&T matters. the Deputy Assstant Drector. The overall mandate of the SNLC s to address consumer logstcs matters wth a vew to enhancng the performance. programmes and ntatves for the SNLC’s consderaton. The prncpal subordnate body s the Logistic Staff Meeting (LSM). develops and promotes the employment of Partner logstc forces and capabltes that Partners are wllng to contrbute to NATO-led operatons. IMS L&R Dvson. the SCs. the SCs and other NATO transportaton and transportaton-related groups and agences. and wth other NATO logstc and logstc-related bodes. programmes and ntatves through consultaton and co-operaton among natons. the Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO (COMEDS) and other sectors of the NATO Headquarters Staff also partcpate n the work of the conference. Membershp of the conference s drawn from senor natonal cvl and mltary representatves of Mnstres of Defence or equvalent bodes wth responsblty for consumer aspects of logstcs n member countres. The SNLC carres out ts work though four subordnate bodes. t montors and co-ordnates the mplementaton of M&T polces. the NATO Standardsaton Agency (NSA). the three Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees (PB&Cs) of the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee (SCEPC) are represented on the M&TG. The Movement and Transportation Group (M&TG) s the SNLC’s subordnate body that deals wth movement and transportaton (M&T). M&TG membershp mrrors that of the SNLC. the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA). The SG PLE also makes recommendatons concernng logstcs pre-arrangements to the Strategc Commands (SCs). The SG PLE meets twce a year under the —21— . LSM membershp mrrors that of the SNLC and s co-chared by a cvl co Charman. n the same format as the SNLC. and by a mltary co Charman. efficency. the Head.

Charmanshp of a Partner naton; the char s assumed for a two year term. SG PLE membershp comprses senor staff officers from NATO and Partner natons, IS, IMS, the SCs and NAMSA. The Logistic Information Management Group (LOG IMG) s NATO’s overarchng logstcs nformaton management body. Subordnate to the LSM, the group revews, assesses and recommends NATO logstc nformaton management requrements and develops logstc nformaton management polcy and gudance for consderaton by the LSM. The LOG IMG s chared by a naton, ts membershp comprses experts from NATO and Partner natons, IS, IMS, SCs and relevant NATO nformaton management commttees and bodes. It meets as often as necessary to carry out ts work. NATO Pipeline Committee (NPC) The NPC, whch s chared by the Head, IS Logstcs s the senor advsory body n NATO on consumer logstcs relatng to petroleum. It acts on behalf of the Councl, n full consultaton wth the NATO Mltary Authortes (NMAs) and other bodes, on all matters of NATO wde concern n connecton wth mltary fuels, lubrcants and assocated products and equpment, the NATO Ppelne System (NPS) and other petroleum nstallatons n support of ACO. Its dutes are to: - evew, assess and evaluate, n conjuncton wth other NATO r authortes, the overall Allance mltary petroleum logstcs organsaton, polcy, plans, procedures and capabltes wth the am to enhance performance, efficency, safety, securty and effectveness of NATO facltes for the storage, handlng, dstrbuton and uplft of mltary fuels; - evelop standardsaton of fuels, lubrcants and assocated products d used by all naval, land and ar assets n order to mprove the effectveness and nteroperablty of NATO and NATO-led forces; - mprove the effectveness of NATO and NATO-led forces through  the standardsaton of the facltes, equpment and procedures for handlng fuels and lubrcants products; - rovde the focal pont and forum for the consderaton of mltary p petroleum matters; - xercse polcy control for the operaton and mantenance of the NPS; e and - evelop, n close co-ordnaton wth other relevant commttees, d gudelnes for greater cvl/mltary co-operaton. The NPC has three permanent Workng Groups, whch have the followng responsbltes: - Working roup No.1 - (AC/112(WG/1) Specal Tasks), whch takes on G specal tasks as drected by the NPC. - NATO Fuels and Lubricants Working Group - (AC/112(NF&LWG)), whch
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provdes the focal pont and forum to revew and develop standardsaton of fuels, ols, lubrcants and assocated products used by all naval, land and ar assets n order to mprove the effectveness and nteroperablty of NATO and NATO-led forces. The NF&LWG s supported by three Workng Partes: o aval Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party - N AC/112(NAVAL F&LWP); o rmy Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party - A AC/112(ARMY F&LWP); and

o vaton Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party - A AC/112(AVIATION F&LWP).

- Petroleum Handling Equipment Working Group - AC/112(PHEWG), whch provdes the focal pont and forum to revew and mprove the effectveness and nteroperablty of NATO and NATO-led forces through the standardsaton of the facltes, equpment (ncludng Deployable Fuels Handlng Equpment (DFHE)) and procedures for handlng fuels and lubrcants products set out n NATO Standardsaton Agreement (STANAG) 1135.

Committee of the Chiefs of Military Medical Services in NATO (COMEDS) The COMEDS advses the Mltary Commttee on mltary medcal matters affectng NATO. The COMEDS also acts as the co-ordnatng body for the Mltary Commttee regardng all mltary medcal polces, procedures and technques wthn NATO. Its meetngs are conducted b-annually. The COMEDS s composed of: - he Chefs of the mltary medcal servces of all natons as represented t n the Mltary Commttee; - he IMS medcal staff officer; t - he ACO and ACT medcal advsors; and t - he Charman of the Jont Medcal Commttee (JMC) (observer). t

COMEDS makes recommendatons consdered necessary concernng the development and assessment of NATO mltary medcal polcy and procedures for medcal support. The Commttee explores and develops ways to mprove and expand exstng arrangements between the member natons n the fields of co-ordnaton, standardsaton and nteroperablty. It fosters and mproves the exchange of nformaton relatng to the organsaton, operatonal prncples and procedures of the mltary medcal servces of NATO natons and the SCs, as well as nformaton relatng to the medcal treatment, research and development between the NATO natons n order to ensure that advances made by one natonal are avalable to all. Lastly, COMEDS undertakes studes of general and partcular nterest such as: prncples and polces of medcal field management, medcal tranng, preventve medcne, mltary pharmacy and medcal materal,
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dental servce, food hygene and food technology, veternary medcne, mltary psychatry, mltary medcal structures, operatons and procedures, co-ordnaton and co-operaton n mltary medcal research. NATO-Russia Ad Hoc Working Group on Logistics (NRC(LOG)) The NRC(LOG) s a jont cvl/mltary group wth the man am to dentfy opportuntes for jont acton n all areas of logstcs, ncludng ar transport and ar-to-ar refuellng and to ntate and mplement cvl and mltary logstc cooperaton programmes and ntatves between NRC Member Natons. The annual Logstc Acton Plan ncorporates all NRC ntatves n logstc co-operaton on both cvlan and mltary sdes. Through a mx of staff-level dscussons, exchanges, workshops and semnars, t focuses n partcular on promotng nformaton sharng n areas such as logstc polces, doctrne, structures and lessons learned wth a vew to establshng a sound foundaton of mutual understandng n the field of logstcs. Its actvtes addresses such dverse topcs as hgh level structures for the development of logstc polces, the logstc support of deployed peacekeepng operatons, HNS, cvl commerce, fuels nteroperablty, medcal support and logstc tranng. OTHER NATO LOGISTIC BODIES NATO Maintenance and Supply Organisation (NAMSO) NAMSO comprses the Board of Drectors as the legslatve body and the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) as ts executve body. The Agency, wth ts man facltes located n Luxembourg, s NATO’s prncpal logstc support management agency. NAMSO’s msson s to provde logstcs support to NATO or to ts member states ndvdually or collectvely. The objectve of the NAMSO msson s to maxmse, both n peacetme and wartme, the effectveness of logstcs support to armed forces of NATO states and to mnmse costs. As the NAC has recognsed a collectve responsblty between NATO and natonal authortes for logstc support n the context of multnatonal operatons, NAMSO may provde logstcs support to ts member states and to groups of some or all of those states. Twenty five member states partcpate n NAMSO actvtes5. The NAC has also authorsed NAMSO to conclude Memoranda of Understandng (MOU) wth PfP natons for co-operatve logstc support. To accomplsh ts msson, NAMSA carres out functons of logstcs management, whch can be performed more effectvely by the Agency than by the natons themselves. Ths often means logstcs functons common to several states. Inter ala, these nclude (common) procurement, supply, mantenance and repar, configuraton management and techncal support for equpment/ weapon systems. NAMSA offers a wde range of logstcs servce actvtes whch nclude codficaton, management of common lne tems (NATO Logstcs Stock Exchange), contractng for transportaton of personnel and materel, managng demltarsaton actvtes such as projects for the dsposal of weapons and mnes,
5) Iceland is not a member as it does not have any military forces that would require NAMSA’s support.

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ste remedaton, producton of electronc manuals and data etc. NAMSA logstc servces also nclude support to the forces deployed n-theatre. Ths last area of support contnues to expand to the benefit of NATO and troop contrbutng natons. As NAMSA s a customer-funded entty, those requestng a servce from the Agency are responsble for the full costs of the servce requested. The majorty of NAMSA’s workforce of around 950 s located n Capellen (Luxembourg). There s also the Southern Operatonal Centre, strategcally located n Taranto (Italy) and the NATO’s HAWK Logstcs Management staff at Ruel-Malmason, Pars (France). NAMSA produces the NATO Ammunton Data Base on a CD-ROM, whch consttutes an authortatve source of NATO ammunton nterchangeablty, techncal and logstc nformaton. It also provdes a DVD wth the NATO Master Catalogue of References for Logstcs wth NATO Stock Numbers (NSNs), part numbers and nformaton about manufacturers and vendors and manages the NATO Malbox System, whch allows transfer of data among member states. Further detals on ths subject are provded n Chapter 14. Central European Pipeline Management Organisation (CEPMO) CEPMO s the management organsaton for the Central Europe Ppelne System (CEPS) and s one of the NATO Producton and Logstcs Organsatons (NPLO). CEPS s the largest element of the NATO Ppelne System (NPS) that encompasses NATO assets for the movement, storage and delvery of fuel n Belgum, France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. These are known as the host natons, wth the Unted States desgnated as a user naton. Collectvely, the host and user natons comprse the Member Natons. CEPS s desgned and managed to meet operatonal requrements n central Europe n peace, crss and conflct tmes, but s also used commercally under strct safeguards. The day to day operaton of CEPS s the task of the Central Europe Ppelne Management Agency (CEPMA) located n Versalles (France). The CEPMO Board of Drectors (BOD) s the governng body actng wth regard to the collectve nterests of all CEPMO Member Natons n accordance wth ts Charter6. It s composed of a representatve of each Member Naton of the CEPMO, who are the only votng members and represent ther naton’s poltcal, mltary, economc, financal and techncal nterests. Representatves of the NMAs, the General Manager of the CEPMA and the desgnated Secretary General’s Lason Officer (SGLO) also partcpate n meetngs of the BOD. CEPMA s organsed n such a way as to cover the core functons of marketng and economc development, as well as techncal, financal and admnstratve support.

6)

C-M(97)64

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NATO natons and desgnated agences. and procedures n support of NATO operatons. NATO natons and desgnated agences. The B SC M&T Forum: - ecommends and/or gves advce on doctrne. When requred. concepts. The B-SC M&T Forum s responsble to the SCs for advce and recommendatons on M&T gudance and doctrne. the NCS and NATO natons and desgnated agences. r plans. and —26— . plans and procedures n support of NATO operatons. - roposes solutons to M&T ssues affectng more than one member p naton. and procedures n support of NATO operatons.Bi-SC Logistic Co-ordination Board (Bi-SC LCB) The B-SC LCB was establshed by the SCs n 1996 as ther senor forum for co ordnatng Allance wde concerns for logstc polcy and plannng between SCs. plans. ACO and Head of the Movement and Transportaton Branch at ACT. The B-SC M&T Forum s the senor forum for co-ordnatng Allancewde concerns for M&T polcy and plannng between SCs. It s co-chared by the two SCs. - the B-SC LCB Doctrne Commttee. Bi-SC Movement and Transportation Forum (Bi-SC M&T Forum) The B-SC M&T Forum was formed n 1996. the co char may nvte partcpaton from other bodes and organsaton. structures. It s responsble to the SNLC for the development of jont logstc doctrnal documents and the revew of other logstc documents wth the am of achevng consstency and harmonsaton of logstc doctrne and procedures throughout the range of NATO publcatons. M&T matters are those ssues that derve from the NATO Commander’s M&T responsbltes and from NATO HQ developed concept and polces. Several bodes support the dutes and functons of the B-SC LCB: - the B-SC LCB Logstc Tranng Commttee. structures. NATO-only plenary or n Exceptonal Plenary sessons. It provdes a forum for M&T ssues between the SCs. - romotes M&T standardsaton and nteroperablty n co-ordnaton p wth NATO Standardsaton Programme. and - the B-SC Logstc Plannng Commttee. - orms commttees and/or workng groups to study and report on f ssues agreed by the B-SC M&T Forum. the Chef of the Alled Movement Co ordnaton Centre (AMCC). f requred. concepts. - ssesses NATO Commanders’ M&T requrements to support a operatonal plans and recommends changes. - the B-SC LCB Stockple Plannng Commttee. The B-SC LCB s responsble to the SCs for advce and recommendatons on logstcs gudance and doctrne. NATO Command Structure (NCS). concepts. structures. The BSC M&T Forum meets twce a year ether n NATO/PfP Plenary.

as agreed s or as drected. REFERENCES NATO Handbook NATO Facts and Fgures MC 324/1 The NATO Mltary Command Structure MC 389/1 MC Polcy on NATO’s Combned Jont Task Force (CJTF) Capablty ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —27— . - ubmts reports to the SNLC and M&TG and to other bodes. Medcal matters are those ssues that derve from the NATO Commander’s medcal responsbltes and from NATO HQ developed concept and polces. Bi-SC Medical Advisory Group (Bi-SC MEDAG) The B-SC MEDAG provdes a forum for medcal ssues between the SCs.

ANNEX A to Chapter 2 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER ACE ACO ACT AMCC ARMY F&LWP ASG AVIATION F&LWP B-SC LCB B-SC MEDAG B-SC M&T Forum BOD CEPMA CEPMO CEPS CJTF COMEDS CRO C&RS CSCE DFHE DI DPC DPP EAPC EM Alled Command Europe Alled Command Operatons Alled Command Transformaton Alled Movement Co ordnaton Centre Army Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party Assstant Secretary General Avaton Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party B-SC Logstc Co-ordnaton Board B-SC Medcal Advsory Group B-SC Movement and Transportaton Forum Board of Drectors Central European Ppelne Management Agency Central European Ppelne Management Organsaton Central Europe Ppelne System Combned Jont Task Force Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO Crss Response Operatons Co-operaton & Regonal Securty Dvson Conference for Securty and Co operaton n Europe Deployable Fuels Handlng Equpment Defence Investment Defence Plannng Commttee Defence Polcy and Plannng Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Councl Executve Management —28— ANNEX A .

HQ JFCs JFCCs JHQ JMC ICI IMS INT IS LOG IMG L&R LSM MC MD MOU M&TG NAC NACC NAMSA NAMSO NAVAL F&LWP NCS NF&LWG NMAs NPC NPLO NPS NRC NSA NSNs NUC Headquarters Jont Force Commands Jont Force Component Commands Jont Headquarters Jont Medcal Commttee Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Internatonal Mltary Staff Intellgence Dvson Internatonal Staff Logstc Informaton Management Group Logstcs & Resources Dvson Logstc Staff Meetng Mltary Commttee Medterranean Dalogue Memorandum of Understandng Movement and Transportaton Group North Atlantc Councl or Councl North Atlantc Co operaton Councl NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton Naval Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party NATO Command Structure NATO Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Group NATO Mltary Authortes NATO Ppelne Commttee NATO Producton and Logstcs Organsatons NATO Ppelne System NATO-Russa Councl NATO Standardsaton Agency NATO Stock Numbers NATO-Ukrane Commsson —29— .

OPS OPS PASP PB&Cs PDD PfP PHEWG P&P OSCE SACEUR SACLANT SCs SCEPC SHAPE SG SGLO SG PLE SNLC STANAG Operatons Operatons Dvson Poltcal Affars and Securty Polcy Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees Publc Dplomacy Partnershp for Peace Petroleum Handlng Equpment Workng Group Plans & Polcy Dvson Organsaton for Securty and Co operaton n Europe Supreme Alled Commander Europe Supreme Alled Command Atlantc Strategc Commanders Senor Cvl EPlannng Commttee Supreme Headquarters of Alled Powers Europe Secretary General Secretary General’s Lason Officer Standng Group of Partner Logstc Experts Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Standardsaton Agreement —30— .

CHAPTER 3 THE ALLIANCE’S NEW STRATEGIC CONCEPT AND FORCE STRUCTURES Infrastructure Engineering for Logistics – Italian troops maintaining a rail line in Kosovo —31— .

—32— .

The concept for —33— . translatng the purposes and tasks of the precedng sectons nto practcal nstructons for NATO force and operatonal planners. - the mantenance of effectve mltary capabltes. was further refined. and nteroperablty - ncludng wth the forces of Partner countres.THE ALLIANCE’S NEW STRATEGIC CONCEPT AND FORCE STRUCTURES “My logisticians are a humourless lot … they know if my campaign fails they are the first I will slay.. reaffirmng the mportance of the transatlantc lnk and of mantanng the Allance’s mltary capabltes. and n terms of new actvtes n the fields of crss management and partnershp that the Allance s undertakng n order to enhance the securty and stablty of the Euro-Atlantc area. survvablty of forces and nfrastructure. sustanablty. desgned to make NATO’s jont mltary assets avalable for wder operatons by NATO natons or by the European Unon.” . It defines the Allance’s fundamental securty tasks. both n terms of collectve defence.Alexander the Great. The drecton set by the Strategc Concept has been ntensfied by subsequent ntatves. The new Strategc Concept provdes overall gudance for the development of detaled polces and mltary plans. and - he development of the European Securty and Defence Identty wthn t the Allance. Among the capabltes hghlghted as partcularly mportant are the ablty to engage opposng forces effectvely. The Concept confirms that the Allance’s essental and endurng purpose s to safeguard the freedom and securty of ts members by poltcal and mltary means. The strategy calls for the contnued development of the mltary capabltes needed for the full range of the Allance’s mssons. the Alles approved a new strategy to equp the Allance for the securty challenges and opportuntes of the 21st century and to gude ts future poltcal and mltary development. whch has been at the centre of NATO’s preoccupatons snce ts establshment. deployablty and moblty. The Prague Capabltes Commtment (PCC) was launched to ensure that NATO would have deployable and sustanable capabltes for expedtonary operatons. from collectve defence to peace support and other crss response operatons. CHAPTER 3 The final part of the Strategc Concept establshes gudelnes for the Allance’s forces. The Concept sets out the Allance’s Approach to Securty n the 21st Century. date unknown THE ALLIANCE’S STRATEGIC CONCEPT At the Washngton Summt n Aprl 1999. The concept of Combned Jont Task Forces (CJTF). The new Strategc Concept comprses the followng essental elements: - the preservaton of the transatlantc lnk.

and by co ordnaton and co operaton agreements. jontness and multnatonalty. The readness of these forces s graduated to take account of operatonal plannng constrants. The GRF approach to readness addresses the warnng tmes assocated wth crss response. These are common funded. Hgh Readness Forces (HRF) are desgned to react quckly and deploy for operatons wthn the Allance’s full range of mssons. In addton. Natons wll need to develop an augmentaton capablty wth Long Term —34— . Forces of Lower Readness (FLR) are requred to rotate or renforce forces to sustan Artcle 5 operatons and non-Artcle 5 CRO. and component levels of command. forces of graduated readness and nteracton wth the NCS) and ncludes Graduated Readness Forces (GRF). put at the Allance’s dsposal on a permanent or temporary bass under specfied readness crtera. wthn agreed TOA arrangements. affordablty. The NATO Command Structure (NCS) The NCS s composed of permanent multnatonal headquarters at the strategc. HRFs and FLRs can be placed under NATO command for Artcle 5 operatons and non Artcle 5 CROs. NATO’s mltary command structure has been further streamlned and the Allance’s defence and operatonal plannng arrangements have been adapted n order to take nto account future requrements for expedtonary Crss Response Operatons (CROs). Wthn the GRF structure.a NATO Response Force (NRF) was ntroduced n 2002 and the first NRF was fielded n October 2003. It also ncludes the CanadaUnted States Regonal Plannng Group. Natonal contrbutons are made avalable to the Allance by agreed mechansms for the Transfer of Authorty (TOA). NATO MILITARY STRUCTURES The Allance’s mltary structures encompass the NATO Command Structure and the NATO Forces Structure. The NATO Force Structure (NFS) The NFS s composed of Alled natonal and multnatonal forces. The NFS s bult on the bass of potental NATO mssons followng the prncples rulng the Allance’s mltary structures (coheson. followng a decson by the NAC. the CJTF and the NATO Response Force (NRF). supplemented n some cases by common funded assets for specfic capabltes and scenaros. as well as ther assocated operatonal headquarters. deployablty requrements. and renforcement) n the event of the worst case large scale Artcle 5 contngency. the need to sustan and/or renforce forces and headquarters and the longer term capablty for force buld-up (reconsttuton. moblsaton. Graduated Readiness Forces (GRF) Readness levels of NATO command and force elements reflect the requrements of the full msson spectrum. jont. MC 400/2 s the Mltary Commttee gudance for the mltary mplementaton of the Allance’s strategy whch provdes the gudance and prncples that shape the NFS.

Martme. The actvaton and deployment of assgned forces follow procedures as lad down n the Operatonal Plannng Process (OPP). forces made avalable must possess approprate operatonal capabltes. Dependng on the msson and avalable resources. The concept satsfies the requrement to conduct two concurrent CJTF operatons. the followng consderatons apply: a CJTF can nclude Jont Force Land. ready to move quckly to wherever needed. Jont Force Component Command (JFCC) HQs are subordnated to the CJTF HQ and used to exercse command and control over assgned forces. subordnated Component Command HQs. Ar. one commanded by a sea based CJTF HQ for the ntal stage of a Major Jont Operaton (MJO).Buld-up Forces (LTBF) n the case of an emergence of a large scale threat to NATO. deployable. nteroperable and sustanable force. Msson talored forces are assgned to COMCJTF or CJTF Component Commanders. Rear Area. talored to a msson. flexblty and deployablty are essental overarchng objectves. Interoperablty. and forces assgned for the operaton. The CJTF concept takes nto account and can buld upon the Deployable Jont Task Force (DJTF) HQ requred for commandng the NRF. They are provded by NATO Natons and. Ths s known as the CJTF Talored Capablty. jont. ncludng assumng command and control over the NRF. ncludng land. —35— . sea and ar elements. NATO Response Force (NRF) At the Prague Summt n 2002. A CJTF s a combned. It asssts the Commander CJTF (COMCJTF) n exercsng command and control over the entre CJTF and can be ether sea or land based. The purpose of a CJTF HQ s to command and control the full range of Allance mltary operatons up to the sze of a MJO that requre deployable C2 capabltes. and one commanded by a land-based CJTF HQ for the ntal and sustanment stages. The CJTF HQ s a deployable. Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF) The Allance Strategc Concept establshed a requrement for the CJTF as a deployable and flexble C2 capablty at the jont level for the full range of the Allance’s mssons. Specal Operatons and Psychologcal Operatons Component Commands. JFCC HQs deploy when requred. flexble. The NRF s also ntended to act as a catalyst for focusng and promotng mprovements n the Allance’s mltary capabltes. fully deployable task force. talored to the msson and formed for the full range of the Allance’ s mltary mssons. and addresses the possble transton from an NRF operaton to a larger CJTF operaton. To successfully accomplsh the full range of CJTF mssons. on a case-by-case bass and subject to the Councl’s approval. Alled Heads of State and/or Government decded to develop the NRF as a technologcally advanced. A CJTF conssts of three layers: the CJTF HQ. by Partner and other non-NATO contrbutng natons. non-permanent combned and jont HQ of varable sze.

The NRF s able to operate as a stand-alone force for up to 30 days usng embedded logstcs capabltes. survvablty of forces and nfrastructure. Combat Support and Combat Servce Support (CS/CSS)1 elements must be capable of beng moved wthn the JOA as requred. —36— . relyng on perodc commtments by natons aganst the Combned Jont Statement of Requrement (CJSOR) and on jont tranng for each rotaton. CSS is defined as the support provided to combat forces. traned and certfied force package. command and control (C3) systems. NATO must have the capablty to project forces nto a non permssve envronment and/or areas wthout approprate nfrastructure and wthout any Host Naton Support (HNS). These requrements are normally addressed as part of the force plannng process. IMPLICATIONS FOR DEPLOYABILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY Deployablty and moblty are requred for both Artcle 5 operatons and non Artcle 5 CROs. Defence Capabilities Initiative (DCI) The DCI was launched at the Washngton Summt and was the first ntatve amed at mprovng the Allance’s capabltes. coverng the areas of Deployablty and Moblty (DM). on the bass that they meet hgh readness crtera set by the strategc commander for operatons. must possess tactcal moblty. The DCI ntatves under the lead of the SNLC dealt wth: 1) CS is defined as fire support and operational assistance provided to combat forces. t wll be talored to a specfic operaton. Deployablty therefore ams at enablng NATO to concentrate ts forces and engagement capablty from permanent locatons to a Jont Operaton Area (JOA) for the conduct of the Allance’s mssons. Ffty-eght decsons were endorsed. or longer f re suppled. jont and combned. Manoeuvre forces and ther C2. when drected to prepare for deployment. primarily in the fields of administration and logistics. The DCI focused on mprovng nteroperablty among Allance forces to ensure the effectveness of multnatonal operatons across the full spectrum of Allance mssons. The NRF concept s ntended to generate a coherent. effectve engagement. The NRF s rotatonal by nature. all NFS headquarters/forces. The mssons of the NRF mrror prmarly the requrements of rapd response n the ntal phase of a crss stuaton. as well as partcpatng n an operaton as part of a larger force. once deployed wthn a JOA. held at very hgh readness. or servng as an ntal entry force that prepares the theatre for follow-on forces. as well as from other forces offered by NATO natons. The SNLC had lead responsblty for 10 of them. However. capable of performng assgned mssons on ts own. Sustanablty and Logstcs (SL). Regardng moblty. The NRF s held at 5 – 30 days readness and. Forces partcpatng n the NRF are deployable HRFs drawn from the entre NCS. specal ntatves by Heads of State and/or Government were requred to speed up consderaton of a number of logstc and other shortcomngs. and NATO consultaton. all n the areas of DM and SL.

- mprovng mltary access to commercal lft assets. The PCC ntatves that are of partcular nterest to logstcs are strategc arlft under the lead of Germany. n June 2002. Overall. and - rapd deployment and sustanment of combat forces. Radologcal and Nuclear d (CBRN) attacks. Therefore. whch has no lead naton. communcatons and nformaton superorty. ncludng shared ndustral contracts for sustanment. Defence Mnsters recognsed that real progress could be made only when ntatves were taken forward by natons rather than by NATO commttees. - xplorng optons for multnatonally owned or leased lft assets. Defence Mnsters agreed that new ntatves focusng on key operatonal capablty areas should be prepared for agreement at the November 2002 Prague Summt and that these should be based on natonal commtments. strategc sealft under the lead of Norway. - command. e - developng arrangements for co-operatve or shared use of lft. REFERENCE MC 317/1 The NATO Force Structure ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —37— . and - evelopng logstcs nformaton systems archtecture and enablers. - uttng n place measures to enhance co-operaton n multnatonal p logstcs. Bologcal. ar to ar refuellng (AAR) under the lead of Span and Combat Support/Combat Servce Support (CS/CSS). - mproved nteroperablty of deployed forces and key aspects of  combat effectveness. - mprovng co-operatve logstcs plannng and management structures  and procedures. DCI fell short of expectatons because the varous ntatves were led by senor NATO commttees largely lackng the authorty to commt the resources necessary to secure the requred capabltes. The followng four acton areas were dentfied as part of the PCC: - efence aganst Chemcal. d Many of the DM and SL measures acheved modest success. however. - xamnng the co-operatve acquston and management of logstc e stocks. Prague Capabilities Commitment (PCC) Based on the DCI experence. Ths ntatve was named the Prague Capabltes Commtment (PCC).

Radologcal and Nuclear Combned Jont Task Forces Combned Jont Statement of Requrement Commander CJTF Combat Support Combat Servce Support Defence Capabltes Intatve Deployable Task Force Deployablty and Moblty Forces of Lower Readness Graduated Readness Forces Host Naton Support Hgh Readness Forces Jont Force Component Command Jont Operaton Area Major Jont Operaton North Atlantc Councl or Councl NATO Command Structure NATO Force Structure NATO Response Force Operatonal Plannng Process Prague Capabltes Commtment Sustanablty and Logstcs Transfer of Authorty —38— ANNEX A . Command and Control Chemcal. Bologcal.ANNEX A to Chapter 3 AAR C2 C3 CBRN CJTF CJSOR COMCJTF CS CSS DCI DJTF DM FLR GRF HNS HRF JFCC JOA MJO NAC NCS NFS NRF OPP PCC SL TOA ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER Ar-to-Ar Refuellng Command and Control Consultaton.

CHAPTER 4 DETERMINATION OF LOGISTIC REQUIREMENTS AND LOGISTIC PLANNING —39— .

—40— .

and general gudelnes for NATO forces.Colonel General Golushko. Taken together. definton and clarficaton as requred. assets and capabltes that the Allance requres to undertake the full range of ts mssons. 1984 INTRODUCTION Ths chapter descrbes the methods by whch the Allance operatonal objectves are decded and ther achevement are measured. The am of defence plannng s to provde a framework wthn whch natonal and NATO defence plannng can be harmonsed so as to meet the Allance’s agreed requrements n the most effectve and efficent way. mltary and resource advantages of collectve defence and other common mltary efforts to enhance securty and stablty. assets and capabltes.DETERMINATION OF LOGISTIC REQUIREMENTS AND LOGISTIC PLANNING “In modern warfare no success is possible unless military units are adequately supplied with fuel. The Comprehensve Poltcal Gudance (CPG) and subsequent Summt or Mnsteral statements have served to provde addtonal gudance. Hence the increasingly important role of logistic continuity aimed at supplying each soldier in good time with everything he needs for fulfilling his combat mission. Defence plannng n the Allance s a fundamental element whch enable ts member countres to enjoy the crucal poltcal. Commttng natonal capabltes to ensure collectvely that the Allance has sufficent capacty and that current operatons have robust support s an oblgaton of membershp and affirms a common purpose. the organsaton’s approach to securty n the 21st Century. whle recognsng natonal soveregnty. The role of defence plannng s to plan for sufficent total capablty n natons of the requred forces. logstc plannng and the NATO Logstcs Vson and Objectves Process are set out n detals below. Chief of Logistic Staff. CHAPTER 4 —41— . It prevents the renatonalsaton of defence polces. these documents help to define the types of forces. Every logstcan n NATO wll find hmself takng part n ths process. Soviet Armed Forces. DEFENCE PLANNING PROCESS The 1999 NATO Strategc Concept sets out the purpose and tasks of the Allance.” . Modern battle is characterized by resolute and dynamic actions and by abrupt changes in the situation which call for greater quantity of supplies than was the case during the Second World War. ammunition and food and their weapons and equipment are maintained. The method by whch NATO goals are agreed through the Defence Plannng Process wth respect to logstcs.

reference n ths document to «takng account of nputs from other approprate bodes and staffs» mplctly ncludes nputs from the EU/NATO Capablty Group as well as EU nternatonal and mltary staffs. force. In ccordance th aragraph 0. the EU/NATO Capablty Group. command and control). nter ala. however. where approprate. These arrangements (ncludng. as applcable. there s also a need to co ordnate and harmonse actvtes. and cross-partcpaton of nternatonal and mltary staffs at relevant meetngs n both organsatons) wll be employed throughout the NATO defence plannng process such as force plannng. or the Nuclear Plannng Group (NPG). a w p 1 ot W S C NATO defence plannng must also am at ncorporatng more comprehensvely the avalablty of forces for European Unon (EU)-led operatons. of other nter-related dscplnes such as standardsaton and ar defence. by dentfyng both the requred and avalable capabltes and forces over a ten year plannng perod. force plannng provdes an essental bass for ths coordnaton and harmonsaton. on behalf of the NAC and the Mltary Commttee (MC). transparent and mutually renforcng development of the capablty requrements common to both organsatons. as well as strengthenng the two-way lnkages between force plannng and operatonal plannng. mplctly ncludes the requrements for EU-led operatons. Each of these dscplnes. «Allance requrements» or equvalents. —42— . any reference n ths document to the «forces and capabltes needed to conduct the full range of the Allance’s mssons». contacts between EU and NATO secretarats and mltary staffs at all levels. They operate under the drecton of the North Atlantc Councl (NAC) or the Defence Plannng Commttee (DPC). ncludng armaments. logstcs. The V&O also ensures that NATO’s broader logstc concerns are taken nto account n defence plannng. In consequence. In 2006. the CPG was agreed n order to mprove the co ordnaton and harmonsaton of the plannng effort. Hence. therefore. or both. Thus. as approprate. a crtcal requrement to co ordnate and harmonse the actvtes between the dscplnes to the maxmum extent possble to ensure that the overall am of defence plannng s acheved efficently. the development and mplementaton of logstc polces and ntatves wthn NATO. f he ashngton ummt ommunqué.d. nuclear and resource plannng. The document enttled «EU and NATO: Coherent and Mutually Renforcng Capablty Requrements» has been approved by the Councl and sets out the basc arrangements to enable the EU and NATO as well as ther member states to ensure the coherent. NATO LOGISTICS VISION AND OBJECTIVES (V&O) Introduction The NATO Logstcs V&O orgnated from an Autumn 1999 SNLC decson to be more nvolved n defence and operatonal plannng. Defence plannng s a comprehensve endeavour and has several plannng dscplnes. C3 (consultaton. s managed by a dfferent NATO body that contrbutes to the overall am dfferently and apples specal procedures. Smlarly. the SNLC developed the NATO Logstc V&O to facltate a coherent NATO approach on logstc ssues by provdng the SNLC wth a mechansm to co ordnate and harmonse. cvl emergency. There s.

The NATO Logstc V&O conssts of three elements: - he overarchng vson for NATO logstcs for the next ten years. The NATO Logistics V&O Process The NATO Logstcs V&O process conssts of three phases. wth a revew takng place after two years. Mnsteral reacton to the Annual Logstc Report should provde valuable drecton to the start of each NATO Logstc V&O cycle. and d tmeframe for completon. V&O Reporting Progress on objectves s reported to the SNLC through ts Annual Logstc Report. whch s also sent to Defence Mnsters for notaton. whle the Force Plannng cycle covers four years wth possble updates to the Defence Mnsteral Gudance and force goals takng place after two years f requred. and s updated every four years. Drawng ts overarchng gudance from the latest CPG. - Plannng Targets. Phase 3 montors and manages the achevement of the requrements. Phase 1 develops and approves of the vson and objectves. and - etaled requrements that dentfy the requred actons. The NATO Logstcs V&O also covers a ten year perod. Fnally. Logstc and logstc-related commttees are nvted to co-operate wth the SNLC n the completon of the NATO Logstcs V&O. The process s based on three sequental man elements. In addton wth complyng wth the SNLC’s Terms of Reference requrement to report annually to Defence Mnsters. Phase 2 develops and approves the ndvdual requrements. agents. each of whch has ts own development cycle: - Poltcal Gudance. FORCE PLANNING The am of force plannng s to ensure the avalablty of natonal forces and capabltes for the full range of the Allance’s mssons by settng targets for mplementaton and assessng the degree to whch these targets are beng met. t - road objectves that are closely algned wth the CPG and other hgher b level gudance. The NATO Defence Plannng perod covers ten years. and —43— . Addtonally. the practce of focusng the report on the accomplshment of the V&O elmnates the need for addtonal reports. f requred. the NATO Logstc V&O s approved by the SNLC pror to the development and approval of the Defence MG so that the Logstc Plannng staff can take t nto account n ther nput to the Defence MG and the development and ssue of the Defence Plannng Questonnare (DPQ).

It also provdes gudance. These elements form the bass for all major actvtes n the force plannng process. The agreement of both the CPG and the Defence MG sets the stage for the elaboraton of plannng targets whch. The NATO defence revew s the collectve scrutny and assessment of each naton’s force and financal plans aganst the background of the assgned NATO Force Goals for a ten-year plannng perod. Also other references in this paper to NATO or the Alliance may. tmelnes and areas of concern to be addressed by the NATO Mltary Authortes (NMAs) and by natons n ther plannng. The force plannng process s essentally cyclcal n nature. t addresses the poltcal. Poltcal Gudance provdes general gudance relevant to all defence plannng fields as well as specfic gudance applcable to the ndvdual defence plannng dscplnes. but when the results of the revews of all natons are compled. t draws on extant poltcal and mltary gudance. the defence revew cycle also presents a comprehensve assessment of the Allance’s mltary capabltes1. but ncludes some non cyclcal elements as well. and provdes an ndcaton of the Allance’s ablty to meet ts requrements. when 1) Excluding those of France which does not participate in collective force planning. lessons learned from operatons as well as concept development and expermentaton and any other relevant factors. economc. The plans for the first two years of the plannng perod consttute a firm commtment to NATO by each country. NATO Force Goals form collectvely agreed targets for ndvdual natons. The determnaton of requrements s lmted to the dentficaton of the mnmum mltary requrement. n terms of the capabltes needed to meet NATO’s Level of Ambton n the predcted securty envronment out to ten years. seekng the forces and capabltes needed to conduct the full range of the Allance’s mssons. for each naton. ncludng hgh-ntensty operatons and operatons far from NATO’s terrtory. —44— . It deals wth plannng for forces and capabltes requred for the full range of the Allance’s mssons. ncludng potental rsks and challenges. where approprate. the results of past analyses. To do so. albet wth a partcular focus on force plannng. technologcal and mltary factors that could affect the development of Alles’ forces and capabltes and sets out the prortes. apply only to the Allies participating in force planning. ncludng ts Level of Ambton. Not only does the defence revew of an ndvdual naton provde the mechansm to assess the degree to whch the targets for that naton are beng met. for that reason. the latest NATO strategc ntellgence estmate. NATO force goals are prortsed and may employ a step by step approach. Each natonal target s translated nto a force proposal and subsequently to a force goal. wth respect to ther contrbuton to collectve defence and an ndcaton of the avalablty of forces and capabltes for other NATO mssons. Takng nto account the current and projected strategc envronment. as approprate. NATO plannng targets n total are allocated to natons based on ther far share allocaton. - Defence Revews. ncludng any shortfalls. on co operaton wth and/ or support to other organsatons.

however. Parallel work on the development of concrete proposals to mprove CS and CSS was therefore delayed untl an ntal assessment could be made on the degree to whch these CS and CSS requrements were lkely to be accepted and mplemented by natons. ncludng ncreased commtment by ndvdual natons. any of the consttuent elements can be conducted on an ad-hoc bass should t be deemed necessary. the results of the Defence Revew feed nto the development of the next poltcal gudance. but need not necessarly. To ths end. the Defence Revew Commttee (DRC) wll montor developments closely2. natons are expected to update ther Alles as soon as possble on any major changes to ther defence structures and plans. NATO force plannng s conducted n a four-year cycle n whch bennal and quadrennal elements consttute a contnuous and seamless process wth work beng carred out at varous levels smultaneously n dfferent phases of process. flexblty to ensure that the process remans responsve to changng crcumstances of the Allance or of Alles. be based on Defence Requrements Revew-type analyss. In turn. Lookng forward to cover a ten-year plannng perod. Based on the mltary assessment of the acceptance by natons of the CS/ CSS requrements concrete proposals were developed to mprove ths stuaton. Furthermore. the use of contractors and the formaton of standng multnatonal logstcs unts. provde the benchmark upon whch the NATO Defence Revew s conducted. especally f they affect ther commtment n the next two years. The NAC(R) tasked the Internatonal Staff (IS) and the NMAs to develop concrete proposals for consderaton on possble ways to mprove capabltes n these areas by explotng role sharng and role specalsaton. For example. to do so wthout necessarly commttng combat forces. The subsequent work of the IS and the NMAs was nfluenced by the fact that for the first tme the majorty of CS and CSS requrements at corps and theatre levels were addressed to the natons concerned. Ths broad approach must also provde the opportunty for natons wllng to specalse n nche support capabltes. Whle the prevous paragraph ndcates the cyclcal nature of the force plannng process and ts man elements n general terms. thereby begnnng the next cycle. role specalsaton. There s. —45— . role sharng. The scope of the problem ndcates that solutons need to take a broader approach. f judged approprate. the dentficaton of crtcal operatonal requrements/shortfalls could. Combat Support/ Combat Service Support (CS/CSS) In May 2003 the Renforced North Atlantc Councl (NAC(R)) endorsed the need for addtonal ntatves to overcome the shortage n jont CS and CSS unts. 2) The need for developing out-of-cycle force goals may also be a consequence of work done by the Executive Working Group or other bodies. unexpected change n the securty envronment could result n an out-of-cycle revew of the extant poltcal gudance or n the promulgaton of adapted NATO Force Goals.complete. Fnally. also result n the promulgaton of out-of-cycle force goals developed by means of an abbrevated staffing procedure whch may. a major. whle not necesstatng an outof-cycle revew.

The LOG IMG mantans close lason wth NATO agences. The group was establshed to revew. by the rght people”. the archtecture should provde easy access to “the rght nformaton. assess and then recommend NATO’s logstcs nformaton requrements to the SNLC. NATO organsatons. Ths has resulted n the need for close co-ordnaton and co-operaton durng NATO multnatonal operatons. 3) 4) MC 319/2 EAPC(SNLC)D(2002)21. NATO bodes. to comply wth the agreed prncple of collectve responsblty for logstcs. crss. NATO agences. Gap analyss s used to determne mssng functonalty. It s the means to develop an nformaton system archtecture to gude development and harmonsaton of exstng and future Allance logstc related systems. 23 August 2002. SNLC Regulatory Framework for a Logistics Information System Architecture —46— . nonNATO-natons. The Regulatory Framework calls for partcpaton on a case-by-case bass from any or all NATO natons. at the rght tme. Its management. Logistics Information Management Group (LOG IMG) The LOG IMG s NATO’s senor logstc nformaton management body. Regulatory Framework for a Logistics Information System Architecture (LOGIS) The Regulatory Framework4 provdes a management envronment for nformaton and communcaton systems and servces that gves the prncples for a logstc nformaton system archtecture. Thus. The LOG IMG s responsble to develop and mantan NATO’s Logstc hgh level busness process model whch s used to map current and emergng NATO nformaton systems to the model. natons and ndustry when applcable. to leverage exstng efforts. harmonsaton and co ordnaton should be part of the responsblty of an Informaton Technology (IT) management body. The LOG IMG works wth natonal mltary authortes. organsatons or ndustry. The Allance’s New Strategc Concept requres tmely and accurate logstc nformaton for efficent management and co-ordnaton of support to NATO forces.MANAGEMENT OF LOGISTIC INFORMATION NATO Logstcs Polcy3 states that Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty for logstc support between NATO and Natons. both wthn NATO boundares and n support of out of area operatons. whch has to be bult up by future partcpants n a LOGIS envronment. NATO has taken a proactve approach to meet current and future nformaton requrements. natons are expected to put n place measures or enablers to enhance co-operaton and multnatonalty n logstcs. and conflct tmes. Natons must ensure that adequate logstc support s provded to ther forces allocated to NATO durng peace. However. Ths document descrbes the key requrements and gudng prncples for the development and mplementaton of a NATO LOGIS archtecture.

Natonal and NATO logstc plans must ensure that sufficent quantty and qualty of logstc resources are avalable at the same readness and deployablty levels to support forces untl such tme as a stable. and provdng oversght for LOGFS related Tranng at Latna (Italy). that t s fully manned. Regardless of ts readness category. wthn the specfied readness tme. equpped and provded wth the requred supples. traned. co-ordnatng nformaton technology aspects of the Scentfic Program of Work (SPOW). Logstc unts may be deployed early as enablng forces to actvate the lnes of communcaton and therefore may need to belong to a hgher readness category than the unts they support. for a unt. The readness assgned to an HQ or unt s defined n MC 317/1 as “the perod of tme measured from an ntaton order to the moment when the HQ or unt s ready to perform ts task from ts peacetme locaton or when t s ready for deployment”. The readness of logstc resources s acheved through establshng the capablty to provde the requred support. Logstc plannng must also take nto account the actvtes undertaken by a force up to the pont when Transfer of Authorty (TOA) occurs. The quantty and qualty of logstc resources requred to provde support to a force must cover the entre msson spectrum that these forces could be expected to perform. The LOGFS IM WG s led by HQ SACT and supported by ACO and others NATO Regonal Command dealng wth Doctrnal/ Operatonal and Techncal aspects of the LOGFS. LOGISTIC READINESS AND SUSTAINABILITY Logistic Readiness Readness s a key prncple of the NATO Force Structure (NFS) to ensure the avalablty of the NFS HQs and forces assgned to the Allance on a permanent or temporary bass for the full range of the Allance’s mssons. ncludng the full provson of stocks and assets.Logistic Functional Services (LOGFS) Information Management Working Group (LOGFS IM WG) The LOGFS IM WG s the Strategc Commands prncple nformaton systems and techncal group. NATO’s readness definton does not nclude the tme to move to and wthn the Jont Operaton Area (JOA) and the tme to be ready to perform ts msson once deployed. ether by stockplng or by other arrangements. robust re-supply system has been establshed. Natons and NATO should apply the same logstc crtera to n-place forces. co ordnaton of logstcs IT experments. beng “ready” means. t admnstrates the relatonshp of the LOGFS user communty wth NC3A and NCSA. Besdes. Natons must pay partcular attenton to Long Lead Tme Items (LLTI) whch cannot otherwse be obtaned —47— . The group also serves as the SCs forum to dscuss and prortse all LOGFS ssues from the varous components of the LOGFS sute to nclude current problems and future developments. or ready for deployment. and s at organsatonal strength at ts peacetme permanent locaton or forward deployed locaton. The group s responsble for managng the LOGFS Capabltes Package (CP). mantanng relatons wth and provdng drecton to NC3A and NCSA.

concurrency. and the sustanablty requrements are met by a mx of: - mantanng adequate stocks. Natons must ensure that. avalable wthn the readness categores. Logstc sustanment starts when force generaton actvtes are ntated and ams at mantanng the combat power of the forces throughout the duraton of the operaton. endurance and readness. natons should mantan approprate sufficent supples. Ths wll nclude medcal support. as dentfied n the Defence Requrement Revew (DRR). stocks. partcularly where supplers may be asked to respond to the needs of more than one naton and/or to the cvl sector. In lne wth the parameters of the new NFS. structures and resources must provde the capablty to project and to sustan combat power for the foreseen duraton of operatons. - ssured access to ndustral capabltes wth adequate surge a capacty. NATO STOCKPILE PLANNING Stockpile Requirements Natons may use a combnaton of methods to acheve stockple —48— .wthn the readness preparaton tme to ensure that sufficent stockples of these tems are held to meet the logstc avalablty and subsequent sustanablty requrements of ther forces. to sustan ther forces commtted to NATO for the full range of potental mssons. Logstc sustanablty requres sufficent deployable and n-place logstc support for all elements of the force structure. A key aspect s sustanng the requred stockple level stated n the specfic Operaton Plan (OPLAN) or by natonal authortes. the readness stockple requrements for forces n those categores. Logistic Sustainability Logstc sustanablty must meet NATO’s level of ambton defined n the Defence Plannng Commttee Mnsteral Gudance. - contngency contracts. and - other means. equpment mantenance. tempered by an agreed level of operatonal rsk and the requred readness and preparaton tme. and logstc nfrastructure. - b-/multlateral agreements. the logstc systems. ncludng contractor support to operatons. wth ncreased emphass on Crss Response Operatons (CRO)s. The overall sustanablty requrement wll be derved from the most logstcally demandng combnaton of scales of effort. Natons relyng on ndustral surge to address requrements must ensure that ndustry has the capacty to respond n the tmescales requred and over the duraton necessary. wthn the preparaton tme of ndvdual readness categores. As stated n MC 55/4. Overall logstc sustanablty requrements wll take nto account the avalablty of readness stocks.

These requrements are based on a target orented approach and modeled n the Alled Command Resource Optmsaton Software System (ACROSS). The requrements for all other classes —49— . the key factor s the tme requred to establsh robust re-supply arrangements.requrements for readness durng the warnng and preparaton tme for unts. ncludng medcal supples. The methods selected wll need to take nto account ndustral and commercal market consderatons. are covered by MC 55/4. whch addresses M readness crtera and sustanablty parameters to be used n force. Ar. addtonal detal s often requred to permt logstcs plannng across ts functonal dscplnes. Through analyss of demandng DRR plannng stuatons. and the ablty of ndustry and commerce to respond wthn the preparaton perod of ndvdual readness categores. The SPG s harmonsed wth the NATO Force Plannng Process and should provde adequate gudance for all classes of supply. In these cases. and Martme Forces. However. natonal plannng factors should apply. All Classes of Supply (COS). procurement lead tmes. acquston n total or part by assured access to ndustral capabltes wth adequate surge capacty. Readness and Sustanablty Polcy. Therefore. for defence plannng purposes. Ar Defence. These nclude routne stockplng of materel that cannot be obtaned durng the preparaton tme of ndvdual readness categores. requrements should be establshed at levels consstent wth these tems covered by gudance. operatonal and logstc plannng. the SCs are responsble for developng stockple requrements n consultaton wth natons and publshng them n the Stockple Plannng Gudance (SPG) to natons. where no such gudance can be gven. and - he NATO Stockple Plannng Gudance (SPG) uses computer modelng t to compute battle decsve muntons for Land. the re-supply cycle tme and pre TOA requrements. NATO Stockpile Planning Guidance Although Mnsteral Gudance and the Force Plannng process can be consdered as the prmary process for NATO capabltes plannng. To determne the necessary stocks to acheve force readness. Ths s acheved by: - C 55/4. a unt basc load. Statements lke “natons should hold a mnmum stock level of ammunton” or “natons should provde sufficent logstc unts to support ther combat forces” mean lttle by themselves. Some standard of measurement s necessary to clarfy what the statement means. To support natonal generc and long term stockple plannng wthn the overall Defence Plannng Process. the SCs have calculated the requrement to be n prncple 30 Standard Days of Supply (SDOS). Where a naton s unable to meet the full 30 SDOS readness requrement. the naton should consult the SCs to determne the optons. unts requre 30 SDOS avalable to be operatonally ready for deployment wthn the unt readness tme. b- or multlateral arrangements and contngency contracts. ncludng the avalablty of strategc lft for logstc sustanablty. strategc transportaton avalablty and wder securty consderatons n respect of access to strategc materel.

5) Ministerial Guidance 1997 —50— . NATO’s mltary common resources consst of the NATO Securty Investment Programme (NSIP). and then report the results n the DPQ. The Mltary Budget funds essentally the common operaton and mantenance costs of NATO’s ntegrated mltary structure. the Mltary Budget and Internatonal Manpower. The NSIP. Internatonal Manpower provdes the necessary mannng of that structure. representatves from the Mltary Commttee (MC). natons compute the optmal muntons effectveness based on current nventores and planned procurement. prmarly from a resource allocaton pont of vew. It s produced by ACT. The SPG s ssued to natons every two years and the results are reported n the DPQ. ACT. Shortfalls n meetng the agreed muntons or other stockple levels are dscussed at the SPC and durng force plannng consultatons wth natons. funds common nvestment projects n support of the Allance’s capabltes. formerly known as the NATO Infrastructure Programme. It s chared by a natonal charman and composed of senor natonal representatves from member countres. NATO MILITARY COMMON FUNDED RESOURCES Introduction Mltary common-funded programmes have always been and must reman an mportant aspect of the co operaton amongst Alles5. management and allocaton of resources. Once receved. whch s based on the level of effort methodology (30 SDOS) and s beng refined to estmate daly consumpton across a varety of operatonal condtons. by natons attendng the Stockple Plannng Commttee. and - o consder and endorse capablty packages for Councl/DPC t approval. - o optmze md- and longer term mltary common-funded resource t management and to provde maxmum flexblty n the resource allocaton process. Mltary Budget Commttee (MBC). Infrastructure Commttee (IC) and the NATO Defence Manpower Commttee (NDMC). Senior Resource Board (SRB) The SRB s a subsdary body of the Councl wth overall responsblty for common-funded mltary resource management.of supply are calculated usng the Sustanment Plannng Module II (SPM II). wth the nput from ACO. - o provde a forum for consderng the resource mplcatons of new t ntatves of common concern. ACO. The SPG s the expresson of the NATO requrement for all classes of supply. The man objectves of the SRB are: - o provde coordnated advce to the Councl/Defence Plannng t Commttee (DPC) on the avalablty.

the MBC: - ssues polcy and gudance to the NATO Mltary Authortes (NMAs)  for the preparaton and submsson of medum term financal plans. for the mplementaton of the NSIP.Infrastructure Committee The IC s chared by the Assstant Secretary General for Defence Investment. modficatons to nternatonal cvlan personnel establshments and reports by the Internatonal Board of Audtors. Military Budget Committee (MBC) The MBC s responsble for managng the Internatonal Mltary Budget. - decdes on procurement ssues. as approved by the Councl/DPC. To ths end. the IC: - creens projects ncluded n the NSIP. and - alls forward payments from contrbutng natons n accordance wth c approved expendture forecasts. - ssues polcy and gudance to the NMAs for the preparaton and  submsson. NATO Defence Manpower Committee (NDMC) The NDMC s an MC sub-commttee wth overall nternatonal manpower management responsblty. the NDMC’s man tasks are: —51— . also takng nto account economcal and poltcal aspects. - anages the programme from a financal pont of vew wthn the m overall lmts set by the SRB and approved by the Councl. wth the Drector of the Securty Investment Drectorate servng as the Permanent Charman. revews these estmates and formulates recommendatons to the Councl for ther approval. (ASG/DI). of annual budget estmates. It s responsble. - ontors the executon of the approved budgets and authorses m adjustments to the authorsed budgets whch exceed the powers of the Fnancal Controllers. ncludng dsputes. such as the grantng of nternatonal status to mltary bodes. revews these plans and formulates recommendatons to the SRB concernng resource allocaton and future plannng parameters. In ths respect. - rants authorzatons to Host Natons to commt funds for such g projects. - formally accepts mplemented projects. takng nto account broad resource polcy gudance of the SRB. In ths respect. wthn the broad polcy gudance provded by the SRB. and - rovdes advce to the Councl on a range of nternatonal mltary p budget matters. prmarly from the techncal s and financal pont of vew. wthn approved resource allocatons. agreeng ther detaled elgblty for common fundng n accordance wth approved gudelnes.

It specfically ntegrates the nvestment. Capability Packages (CPs) The Capablty Package process lnks mltary common fundng wth the broader Allance defence plannng process. However. and ts approval n prncple to those for subsequent years for manpower and financal plannng purposes. - o consder proposals for varatons n mltary establshments t submtted by the NMAs. The Medium-Term Resource Plan (MTRP) The MTRP covers resource plannng for the followng budget year and the four subsequent plannng years. - o screen the NATO Defence Manpower Plan wth a vew to nvtng the t approval of the MC to the proposals for the first year. The SCs. both common-funded and natonal. CP Definition MC Gudance for Defence Plannng amplfies the Prncpal Mltary Requrements (PMR) and dentfies the requred mltary functons. The MTRP addresses ssues whch are of partcular relevance to each of the mltary common resources of NSIP. It s essentally a resource plannng document. for the Allance to have the capabltes to perform ts mssons. t and - to advse the MC on NATO personnel polcy. t s clear —52— . It dentfies the assets needed. mltary budget and nternatonal manpower. n consultaton wth Host Natons. It s forwarded by the SRB to the Councl for decson at the begnnng of each year. Ths forms the bass for the development by the NMAs of ther requred capabltes. develop the CPs that support the requred capabltes wthn ther area of responsblty. the MTRP sets resource allocaton celngs for the NSIP and the mltary budget for the next budget year and provdes plannng celngs for the followng four plannng years. CP approval and CP mplementaton. CP development and submsson. the MTRP establshes the lnk between NATO’s mltary common resources and the Allance’s strategc objectves. - o conduct revews as necessary of nternatonal manpower posts. There are no fixed gudelnes as to what consttutes a properly szed CP. Specfically. Agences and user natons. ncludng manpower. By expressng budgetary requrements wthn the Capablty Package framework. The MTRP provdes an overvew of the medum term feasblty and affordablty of prevously endorsed and future programmes. There are four dstnct phases n the CP process: CP definton. expressng resource requrements n broad quanttatve terms. current and t forecast. operaton and mantenance and nternatonal manpower aspects. - o advse the MC on manpower polces and celngs.

The cost and complexty must be such as to allow package executon wthn a reasonable tmeframe. the SCs dentfy addtonal requrements by comparng requred assets to avalable assets. consequently. and nfrastructure assets) that must be avalable to accomplsh the requred capablty. t logstcs. and - he selecton of those nstallatons avalable to support the requred t capablty together wth the related common-funded Operaton and Mantenance costs and NATO Manpower. NATO Security Investment Programme The IC has overall management responsblty over the NSIP. If exstng NATO or natonal nfrastructure assets are not adequate to support the requred capablty. Both the MBC and the NDMC are nvolved n managng the provson of sufficent operaton and mantenance support and nternatonal manpower. the Infrastructure Commttee s responsble for managng the mplementaton of the common-funded nvestments. armaments.that a CP must be manageable n terms of scope. New nvestment requrements wll be agreed on the bass of the securty needs of the Allance and. For those CPs for whch addtonal nvestment s necessary. CP Implementation Implementaton of CPs s the responsblty of the mplementaton commttees and the host natons. together wth the Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS). The IS. The followng steps can be dentfied: - he dentficaton of those mnmum resources (forces. CP Approval CPs are submtted to NATO HQ for approval. wll be made avalable. cost and mplementablty. The MC consders CPs from a mltary requrement pont of vew. CP Development and Submission At ths stage. mplementablty. - he determnaton of those nstallatons whch currently exst to satsfy t the requred capablty dentfied n the step descrbed above. elgblty for common-fundng and affordablty wthn the agreed MTRP plannng framework. prepares a jont screenng report to be consdered by both the SRB and the MC. normally five to seven years from the tme of approval. The SRB’s prmary focus s on affordablty. ncludng the relaton to common-funded Operaton and Mantenance costs and NATO Manpower. ncludng nternatonal manpower. ether for new nstallaton(s) or to satsfy shortfalls n exstng nstallatons. elgblty for common-fundng wll not consttute —53— . assgnng the mltary prorty on whch bass CPs wll compete for fundng. Ths report wll address the feasblty. ths step must dentfy ether common funded or natonally funded addtonal nvestment requrements. Councl/DPC approval of the CP consttutes a commtment that the necessary resources.

- lled Command Transformaton. reconnassance and ntellgence. ncludng ts network of subsdary A Commands. command and control. The basc prncple of elgblty for common-fundng under the NSIP s that requrements should be over and above those that could reasonably be expected to be made avalable from natonal resources. programmes and agences. - nuclear capabltes. - logstc support and re-supply. the Advsory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD) and the NATO Ar. The Internatonal Mltary Budget provdes for the operatng and mantenance costs (ncludng personnel and operatng costs.any enttlement. - he IMS Groups. - lled Command Operatons. - tranng support and exercse facltes. Partcular emphass wll be placed upon the facltes needed to meet crss management requrements: communcatons. - ar defence. provdng for the operaton of the theatre C headquarters of NATO’s deployed mssons. - ATO Arborne Early Warnng (NAEW) System. provdng for the N operaton and control of the NAEW fleet of arcraft. The current NSIP s based upon NATO’s overall requrements. flexblty of employment. Programmes and Agences. ncludng ts network of subsdary A Commands. nformaton gatherng. whch also ncludes the budgets such as those for the t NATO Defence College. Sx major budgetary groups can be determned: - rss Response Operatons. ar and martme fl forces. survellance. t —54— . Prorty objectves nclude: - support to ongong and planned CROs. and - he NATO Consultaton. and - consultaton. moblty. - control of lnes of communcaton. The Military Budget The MBC has overall management responsblty over the mltary budget. Programmes and Agences. renforcement actvtes and re supply. Command and Control Agency (NC3A). Command and Control System Management Agency (NACMA). - exble and deployable command and control of land. msson operatng expenses and captal expendtures) of the network of NATO nternatonal mltary headquarters.

The ncreasng need for Allance co operaton n the development and mantenance of multnatonal forces for all mssons demands more flexblty to meet broader and less predctable rsks. nteroperablty. The TAs consst of the MC. and to ensure a varety of mltary crss measures. materel and admnstraton. procedures. humantaran operatons and crss management). In partcular. Partnershp for Peace (PfP) and NATO’s enlargement wll necesstate clearly defined standardsaton parameters and wll requre an approprate level of standardsaton to allow collaboratve operatons. The NSA mantans the NATO Standardsaton Programme (NSP). the Alles wll enhance ther capablty to perform the whole range of NATO tasks and mssons. the NATO Ppelne Commttee (NPC). as wll ther nvolvement and ntegraton n the standardsaton process. whch s an automated tool contanng key Allance Standardzaton R(ASRs)requrements and selected objectves for Allance standardsaton objectves. Major changes n the Allance. ncludng wth Partners. the Conference of Natonal Armament Drectors (CNAD). Therefore. search and rescue. the overall mutual co operaton between all forces and unts s essental. Gven the current emphass placed on co operaton n Peace Support Operatons (PSOs). the SNLC and others as requred. n the fields of operatons. procedures and desgns to acheve and mantan the compatblty. —55— . For multnatonal formatons. nvolvng new and more delcate mssons. The producton and mantenance of NATO Standardsaton Agreements (STANAGs) and Alled Publcatons (APs) s largely the responsblty of the NATO Standardsaton Agency (NSA) supported by the Taskng Authortes (TAs). crtera and desgns to enhance the Allance’s operatonal effectveness and mprove the efficency n use of avalable mltary resources. the dentficaton and mplementaton of nteroperablty objectves for PfP natons wll become ncreasngly mportant. standardsaton s the process of developng and mplementng concepts. doctrnes. combned efforts. Definition Wthn NATO. doctrnes. NATO polcy s to encourage natons and NATO authortes to develop. the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee (SCEPC). nterchangeablty or commonalty whch are necessary to attan the requred level of nteroperablty or to optmse the use of resources.STANDARDISATION AND INTEROPERABILITY Introduction Through NATO Standardsaton. should be made n the field of standardsaton. the NATO Consultaton Command and Control Board (NC3B). Ths requres a sgnficant level of standardsaton. tranng and exercses n NATO led non-Artcle 5 operatons (ncludng PSOs. agree and mplement common concepts. the NATO Ar Defence Commttee (NADC). The levels of standardsaton are. nterchangeablty and commonalty. NATO standardsaton also adds a poltcal value as an outward demonstraton of co operaton and soldarty. n ascendng order. compatblty.

and specfically from the Allance Strategc Concept and the Mnsteral Gudance for defence plannng actvtes n NATO. - Unity f effort. Standardsaton s not an end n tself. Principles of NATO Standardisation The followng prncples gude the applcaton of NATO Standardsaton: - General lliance Objectives. - ational commitment. mprovng thereby efficency n the use of avalable resources. - Harmonisation of standardisation with NATO defence planning. In prncple standardsaton s voluntary N for natons that shall mplement standards as applcable and to the maxmum possble extent. Co ordnaton among NATO defence plannng dscplnes s essental for harmonsaton and achevement of nteroperablty. nteroperablty. - Use f civil standards. n ascendng order. consequently. In some nstances. and addtonally between NATO forces and forces of Partners and other natons. A The need for standardsaton s derved from the overall poltcal objectves of the North Atlantc Treaty. Only when no applcable cvl standard s avalable. - Attainment of standardisation level. the achevement of NATO standardsaton s hghly dependent on the poltcal wll of the Alles to commt themselves to the necessary efforts. Full complance wth the force goals for natons partcpatng n force plannng s a key —56— . Natons should acheve the levels of standardsaton ndcated n the Standardsaton Requrement. Partnershp Goals address standardsaton requrements to Natons partcpatng n the PfP Plannng and Revew Process (PARP). For natons concerned. compatblty. Feedback on fulfilment of Standardsaton Requrements and F mplementaton of Standardsaton Agreements s an essental part of the standardsaton process. natons may agree to the mandatory mplementaton of specfic standards. force plannng s a key focus for the standardsaton process through the force goals and defence revew cycles. The Allance wll use sutable cvl standards o to the maxmum practcable extent. Implementaton s then revewed n PARP Assessment. - eedback. SCs and Senor NATO Commttees through the NATO Standardsaton Organsaton.Aim The am of NATO standardsaton s to enhance the Allance’s operatonal effectveness through the attanment of nteroperablty among NATO forces. Unty of effort s enhanced by harmonsaton and co o ordnaton of standardsaton actvtes wth Natons. Industry’s capablty to satsfy mltary requrements belongs entrely to the economc system of the member natons. The levels of standardsaton are. wll a NATO standard be developed. nterchangeablty and commonalty.

together wth other requrements for standardsaton from NATO natons and from TAs. resultng from the approved Standardsaton Objectves. They dentfy the capablty to be acheved and the requred level of standardsaton. The NSP s the Allance’s management tool for standardsaton actvtes. lead to the development and mplementaton of the NATO Standardsaton Programme (NSP). Top-down Allance Standardsaton Requrements. the dentficaton. developng. valdaton and agreement on new standardsaton requrements. ratfyng. - Identifying standardisation requirements/deficiencies. The general steps n the standardsaton process whch fall under the drect responsblty of the TAs are defined n AAP-3. Phase 4: Implementaton of top-down Standardsaton and feedback. whch are valdated by the approprate Taskng Authorty to confirm the requrement before the development of a STANAG starts. Producton and the Updatng of NATO Standardsaton Agreements and Alled Publcatons. —57— . Phase 2: Identficaton. Ths s followed by Standardsaton Proposals. Bottom-up standardsaton s ntated by reportng standardsaton needs and/or deficences. Top-down standardsaton comprses 4 phases: Phase 1: Identficaton. It comprses two complementary elements: the so called «bottom-up» and «topdown» standardsaton. mplementng and updatng NATO standards. Top-down standardsaton s ntated when the SCs dentfy mltary standardsaton requrements as part of force proposals for natons partcpatng n the force plannng process. These mltary standardsaton requrements. Standardsaton requrements are derved from ether the top-down or the bottom-up approaches as descrbed earler. complemented by approprate bottom-up Standardsaton Proposals. consttute the Allance’s Standardsaton Requrements. Procedures for the Development. formulaton and agreement of Standardsaton Objectves based on these requrements. Phase 3: Executon of tasks by the TAs. formulaton and approval of Standardsaton Requrements. promulgatng. Preparaton. formulated by NATO Workng Groups. The NATO Standardisation Process The NATO Standardsaton Process nvolves proposng. agreeng. Steps within the process. Such responsblty ncludes the management and updatng of all exstng STANAGS and APs. It requres a clear formulaton of these requrements and the allocaton of prorty scores based on the B-SCs agreed basc prorty lst. the achevement of natons’ ratficaton and the promulgaton of the agreed documents. T - erminology. NATO documents must use NATO agreed termnology.aspect of natonal commtment to mprove standardsaton.

procedures or formats. reports.Those that form part of the NATO Standardsaton Programme are referred to as Allance Standardsaton Requrements. among other thngs. Verficaton of standardsaton may be carred out n PSOs. - Implementing agreed NATO standards as a matter of national policy. - Promulgating ATO standards. —58— . After sufficent natons have ratfied N the proposed standard t wll be promulgated by the Drector of the NSA. exercses and other operatons. Lkewse. logstcs. montorng and reportng results on a natonby-naton and case by case bass. forms. Valdaton of verficaton nformaton may result n the adaptaton and/or deleton of certan STANAGs. maps and charts. NATO standards are normally classfied nto one of three man areas as follows. Implementaton of agreed NATO standards s a natonal responsblty. A proposed standard may be ratfied and desgnated a NATO Standard f several (not necessarly all) Alles agree that t s acceptable as a goal for mplementaton. - Ratifying NATO standards by Nations individually. doctrne. by observng. NATO Standards NATO Standardsaton s a broad process that may be appled to any NATO actvty. The verficaton should be carred out on the bass of a verficaton plan. NATO strongly encourages mplementaton of ratfied STANAGs. Formulaton of NATO standards can best be accomplshed by multnatonal bodes of natonal experts. organsatons. the formulaton of proposed NATO standards wll normally be decentralsed. prorty standardsaton needs are dentfied and the standardsaton objectves (referred to SOs wthn the NSP) are formulated. - Verifying and validating the implementation of agreed NATO standards. - Formulating and agreeing priority standardisation objectives. - Formulating or updating of NATO standards. tactcs. Based on the agreed requrement. technques. The formulatng or updatng of NATO standards s nherently nternatonal n character and hence must be co ordnated nternatonally n the approprate NATO bodes. although some standards may apply to more than one area: - Operational tandards are those standards whch affect future and/ s or current mltary practce. In vew of the wde range of the Allance’s actvtes for whch standards are desrable. Specfic proposed standards may not be relevant to all Allance natons. tranng. Partner natons can adopt NATO standards as a goal for mplementaton. They may apply to such matters as concepts.

practces or formats to enhance operatonal nteroperablty of NATO and PfP forces. Objectves for materel standardsaton strve for the development and procurement of compatble. assembles. The full benefits of ncreased materel standardsaton may not be acheved unless there s extensve harmonsaton of operatonal aspects. nterchangeable or common materel for NATO and PfP forces. the Research & Technology Board and the IMS Dvsons also deal wth standardsaton. as requred. spare parts and materals and consumables (ncludng ammunton. procedures and msson needs. collaboraton n equpment programmes wll be consderably enhanced. Operatonal standardsaton strves for the use of common concepts. the NPC. by consderng standardsaton mplcatons n the very early state of development. reportng of economc statstcs). Operatonal and materel standardsaton are nterdependent. Standardsaton must not hnder research and development for new armaments and/or communcatons equpment nor the pursut of more efficent/ approprate processes and procedures. components. stores and consumable spares). wll greatly enhance prospects for standardsaton of materel. Other NATO bodes such as the NATO C3 Board. Standardsaton of termnology s essental for a collectve understandng of all documentaton related to standardsaton actvtes. fuel. data processng and dstrbuton. - Administrative standards prmarly concern termnology - whch apply to both the «operatonal» and the «materel» fields - but ths category also ncludes standards whch facltate Allance admnstraton n fields wthout drect mltary applcaton (e. On the contrary. weapons systems. operatonal standardsaton falls nto the area of responsblty of the NSA whle materel standardsaton falls nto the area of responsblty of the CNAD. supples. The NATO Glossary of Terms and Defintons (AAP-6) s the key NATO reference document that provdes offical terms and defintons to be used. sub systems. Standardsaton n key operatonal areas such as concepts. ncludng command. In turn.g. - Materiel tandards are those standards that affect the characterstcs s of future and/or current materel to nclude telecommuncatons. procedures. —59— . nteroperable. NATO specalst Glossary of Terms and Defintons provde NATO approved termnology for specalsed fields. They may cover producton codes of practce as well as materel specficatons. the SNLC. doctrnes. new technology wll often requre the reformulaton of doctrne and wll almost always result n changes to operatonal procedures. control and communcatons systems. Materel ncludes complete systems. Addtonally. In general. doctrne.

support to TAs’ Workng Groups that develop standards. Jont. wth one member per naton. delegated by the MC. composed of mltary and cvlan staff. lason wth and. wth the authorty to co ordnate ssues between all fields of standardsaton. Tasking Authorities Working Groups – Workng Groups responsble for producng and mantanng the standards as drected by ther parent TA. nter ala.The NATO Standardisation Organisation (NSO) NATO Committee for Standardisation – Senor NATO Commttee. However. and Ar and Admn & Support Branches. each of whch acts as a Taskng Authorty for Operatonal Standardsaton. ncludng doctrne. f requred. Lke other Taskng Authortes. they do ths by developng applcable STANAGs and Alled Publcatons wth the member natons and NATO Mltary Commands. reportng to the Councl. for operatonal standardsaton. wll each act as a TA. NATO Standardisation Staff Group (NSSG) – Staff group subordnate to the NCS. wth ts experts n the dfferent fields. ncludng doctrne. for the staffing of projects assgned to the NSA by the NCS and for preparaton of documentaton contrbutng. centralsed co ordnaton. plannng and executon functons related to standardsaton for applcaton throughout the Allance. The NSSG wll be supported by NSSG Workng Groups to undertake specfic standardsaton tasks. The Servce Branches provde staff support to ther related Boards and are responsble for montorng and harmonsng standardsaton actvtes n ther area of responsblty. The Drector of the NSA s responsble for the day to day work of the Polcy and Requrements. responsble for staff lason. NCSREPs and NSSG meetngs and wll ensure. The Boards. The NSA wll set out procedures. It s responsble for the preparaton of the work for the NCS. Army. The NCSREPs wll address the NSO objectves. The Jont and Sngle Servce Boards. as delegated by the Mltary Commttee. The NSA supports the Jont and the Sngle Servce Boards. to the formulaton of Mltary Standardsaton Requrements by the SCs and draftng of Standardsaton Objectves. —60— . as standardsaton s a voluntary process. agreements may also be based on majorty decsons of the natons that are partcpatng n any partcular Standardsaton Agreement. The NCS s asssted by the Group of NCS representatves wth delegated authorty (NCSREPs) to acheve ts msson. The NCS s the Board of Drectors for the NATO Standardsaton Agency. promote the nteracton between natonal organsatons and NATO and prepare NCS decsons or act on ts behalf. subordnate to the Councl through the NCS. The Servce Boards are responsble for developng operatonal and procedural standardsaton among member natons. Naval. are n permanent sesson and meet formally once a month. NATO Standardisation Agency (NSA) - A sngle. The SCs have a staff representatve on each Board. ntegrated body. Decsons are normally reached on the bass of unanmty. supported by the NSA. wth full authorty and management responsblty for Allance Standardsaton co ordnaton on polcy and decson takng.

naval control of shppng. Decsons are normally reached on the bass of unanmty. ar electrcal and electromagnetc consderatons. avoncs systems. ar armaments. Belgum represents Luxembourg. ar transport. ar reconnassance. search and rescue. nterservce geographc. submarne escape and rescue. The Army Board manages workng groups dealng wth land operatons. Preparaton. artllery. ammunton nterchangeablty. underwater dvng and very shallow water mne countermeasure operatons. arcraft servcng and standard equpment. The Joint Service Board (JSB) deals wth jont and overarchng operatonal standardsaton polcy matters. The Naval Board manages workng groups dealng wth martme operatons. replenshment at sea. as standardsaton s a voluntary process. REFERENCES. affectng two or more Servces. the Netherlands and the Unted Kngdom are based at ther respectve Mnstres of Defence. explosve ordnance dsposal. The Air Board manages workng groups dealng wth ar operatons and all aspects of operatonal doctrne. those from Belgum. mne warfare. arcraft/arcrew ntegraton. logstcs doctrne. flght safety. Whle most Board Members are on the staff of ther Mltary Representatve at NATO HQ. nformaton exchange requrement/message text format harmonzaton. jont ntellgence ssues and envronmental protecton. The Unted States have a separate NSA delegaton at NATO HQ. Denmark. martme logstcs. medcal standardsaton. Producton and the Upgradng of NATO Standardsaton Agreements (STANAGs) and Alled Publcatons (APs) N ATO Standardsaton Agreements and Alled Publcatons AAP-4 ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —61— . helcopter operatons. helcopter operatons from shps other than arcraft carrers. asset trackng. amphbous operatons. agreements may also be based on majorty decsons. rado and radar radaton hazards. movements and transport. It manages workng groups dealng wth alled jont operatons doctrne. However. naval ammunton nterchangeablty. nbc defence operatons and nbc medcal operatons. aeromedcal. range safety. combat engneerng. arfield servces. crash fire-fightng and rescue and. arcraft gaseous systems. C-M(2000)54 NATO Polcy for Standardsaton AAP-3 P rocedures for the Development.Service Boards The three Sngle Servce Boards consst of members of the approprate Servces of the NATO natons and the NATO Strategc Commands. materals handlng/dstrbuton.

ANNEX A to Chapter 4 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER ACCS ACO ACROSS ACT AGARD APs C3 CNAD CP CPs CPG CRO CS CSS DPC DPQ DRC DRR EU HQs IC IMS IS IT JOA Ar. Command and Control System Alled Command Operatons Alled Command Resource Optmsaton Software System Alled Command Transformaton Advsory Group for Aerospace Research and Development Alled Publcatons Consultaton. command and control Conference of Natonal Armament Drectors Capabltes Package Capablty Packages Comprehensve Poltcal Gudance Crss Response Operaton Combat Support Combat Servce Support Defence Plannng Commttee Defence Plannng Questonnare Defence Revew Commttee Defence Requrement Revew European Unon Headquarters Infrastructure Commttee Internatonal Mltary Staff Internatonal Staff Informaton Technology Jont Operaton Area —62— ANNEX A .

JSB LLTI LOGFS LOGFS IM WG LOG IMG LOGIS MBC MC MG MTRP NAC NACMA NAC(R) NADC NAEW NAMs NC3A NC3B NCS NCSA NDMC NFS NPC NPG NSA NSIP NSO NSP NSSG OPLAN Jont Servce Board Long Lead Tme Items Logstc Functonal Servces Logstc Functonal Servces Informaton Management Workng Group Logstcs Informaton Management Group Logstcs Informaton System Mltary Budget Commttee Mltary Commttee Mnsteral Gudance The Medum-Term Resource Plan North Atlantc Councl (or Councl) NATO ACCS Management Agency Renforced North Atlantc Councl NATO Ar Defence Commttee NATO Arborne Early Warnng System NATO Mltary Authortes NATO C3 Agency NATO Consultaton Command and Control Board NATO Commttee for Standardsaton NATO Communcaton and Informaton Systems Servces Agency NATO Defence Manpower Commttee NATO Force Structure NATO Ppelne Commttee Nuclear Plannng Group NATO Standardsaton Agency NATO Securty Investment Programme NATO Standardsaton Organsaton NATO Standardsaton Programme NATO Standardsaton Staff Group Operaton Plan —63— .

PARP PfP PMR PSOs SCEPC SDOS SNLC SPG SPM II SPOW SRB STANAGs TAs TOA V&O PfP Plannng and Revew Process Partnershp for Peace Prncpal Mltary Requrements Peace Support Operatons Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee Standard Days of Supply Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Stockple Plannng Gudance Sustanment Plannng Module II Scentfic Program of Work Senor Resource Board NATO Standardsaton Agreements Taskng Authortes Transfer of Authorty NATO Logstcs Vson and Objectves —64— .

CHAPTER 5 OPERATIONAL LOGISTIC PLANNING Maintenance Afloat – A frigate and an oiler taking advantage of a tender’s maintenance capabilities —65— .

—66— .

The Operatonal Logstcs Plannng Course at the NATO School (Oberammergau) provdes useful tranng on the plannng process.Maurice de Saxe: Mes Rèveries XIII. 1732 INTRODUCTION The logstc operatonal plannng for potental or specfic operatons s part of the overall NATO operatonal plannng process. the Operaton Plan (OPLAN) and the Contngency Plan (COP).nato.” .OPERATIONAL LOGISTIC PLANNING “Every unit that is not supported is a defeated unit.nt/ops-global/Documents/GOP/GOPTOC. —67— . The partcpatng natons must be nvolved n the plannng process as soon as permsson s gven. explaned n general n AJP-1 and descrbed n detaled B-SC Gudelnes for Operatonal Plannng (GOP). Ths process s outlned n MC 133/3. Fgure 5-1 outlnes ths plannng process. The list of Joint Staffs is attached at Annex B. The GOP s avalable on CRONOS at “http://cww. CHAPTER 5 KEY PLANNING DOCUMENTS The key documents produced durng operatonal plannng are the Concept of Operatons (CONOPS). An OPLAN wll contan 1) J4 is the Joint Staff dealing with Logistics.html”. shape. The J41 staff must work closely wth the other J Staff throughout the entre operatonal plannng process to ensure that the man plan and the J4 portons are realstc and properly co ordnated.

Ths concept may nclude: - he major peculartes of the theatre and how they can affect t logstcs. Ths general concept. and - he general requrement for LLN. s developed by the J4 and promulgates the Commander’s ntent of the way n whch to provde logstc support. Multinational Joint Logistic Centre (MJLC) If a MJLC s establshed. and co-ordnaton of major logstcs requrements for both NATO Jont Force Headquarters (HQs) and partcpatng natons. Medical Planning Medcal support s crtcal to all natons and must be co ordnated to avod duplcaton of expensve equpment and hghly traned personnel. - the approxmate logstc forces and capabltes requred. or contractor t support. - the lkelhood of Host Naton Support (HNS). and Engneer Annex EE. - he lkely natons to partcpate and possblty of multnatonal and t jont logstcs. MILUs/MIMUs. t s necessary to study the stuaton. —68— . LOGISTIC PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS Multinational Logistics Early use of multnatonal logstcs can save the cost of deployng and mantanng personnel and equpment. LOGISTIC SUPPORT GUIDELINES At all plannng levels. ths entty wll be the focal pont for dentficaton. Supply and Maintenance Planning The Sustanablty Statement ncludes the Days of Supply (DOS) to be held n theatre. Movements Annex S. and then combne ths wth operatons gudance n order to define the logstc support concept. LRSN. Movement Planning The deployment nto theatre wll place a heavy ntal workload on Movement and Transportaton (M&T) staff that must be kept fully nformed durng the operatonal plannng process.a Logstc Annex R wth Medcal Appendx. especally the poltcal and mltary stuaton and the geography of the theatre. deconflcton. usually contaned n paragraph 4 of the CONOPS and OPLAN. The preservaton of combat strength by emergency medcal and surgcal servces s crucal.

NATO must encourage natons to mnmse the sze of the logstc footprnt caused by large NSEs through sharng logstc capabltes and multnatonal logstc arrangements. Co-ordination with National Support Elements (NSEs) Most natons wll have a NSEs and/or a Natonal Command Element (NCE) provdng specfic natonal logstcs support. repackagng of ammunton.Role of Host Nation Support (HNS) in Logistic Support Planning Gudance on HNS plannng s contaned n MC 334/2 and AJP-4. All negotatons should be conducted by an experenced team of personnel coverng all dscplnes ncludng CIMIC. real estate management. partly through LOGREP and may nvolve logstc evaluaton and assessment pror to deployment. Ths must start wth the plannng process. medcal. Stagng and Onward Movement (RSOM). transportaton and real estate. as requred. stocks and equpment. Concluding the Operation/Exercise Re-deployment may nvolve envronmental ssues. Infrastructure Planning Part of the engneers’ task wll be to establsh base camps and to facltate Recepton. Contracting and Funding J4 wll need to work closely wth J8 to arrange contracts for requred servces not provded by mltary means. purchasng and contractng. The avalablty of exstng HNS arrangement. The certficaton of non-NATO partcpants n any operaton wll be completed as early as possble and non-NATO natons may requre specal assstance to arrange logstc support. Participation of Non-NATO Nations The partcpaton of non-NATO natons n NATO led operatons s lkely to contnue. It wll determne the sze and scope of support requred and wll contrbute sgnficantly to the overall plannng process. Memorandum of Understandng (MOU) and blateral agreements wll need to be consdered n the development of plans. nfrastructure. A hgh level of co-operaton and co-ordnaton s requred to ensure that those natons unfamlar wth NATO procedures are ntegrated as quckly and as fully as prevalng crcumstances permt.5(A). NAC or MC taskng to SCs may nclude full authorsaton for ACO to negotate HNS arrangements. engneerng. HNS plannng should be conducted concurrently wth the preparaton of operatonal plans. It wll be necessary for the NATO logstc commander to have oversght of these organsatons. finance. accountng for and dsposal of NATO owned equpment. The avalablty of HNS s a key factor n Logstc Support Plannng. —69— .

Where a HN does not exst or cannot provde the requred RSOM support. The CJSOR provdes a lst of the troops and key equpment/capablty requred and the naton(s) offerng to fill each seral. LOGISTIC REPORTING (LOGREP) The requrement for SCs to call for logstcs reports s outlned n MC 53/2. whch must each be carefully planned. gves the necessary gudance at the level of the SCs. OSCE or the Red Cross and varous NGOs such as Médecns sans Frontères. Crisis Establishment (CE) The CE provdes the organsaton and the lst of postons requred n the deployed HQ. equpment and materel from arrval at Ports of Debarkaton (PODs) to ther final destnaton. Contrbutng natons are responsble for fundng and arrangng logstc support for ther CJSOR unts. Army and Martme - n peace. Staging and Onward Movement RSOM s the phase of the deployment process that transtons unts. Reception. personnel. Although RSOM s an operatonal matter. the NATO Commander. t requres the provson of a sgnficant degree of logstc support. The NATO Commander wll consder the avalablty of Host Naton Support (HNS). should seek logstc support unts for RSOM support through the force plannng and generaton processes. there s a parallel force generaton process to provde the requred forces from NATO and non-NATO countres. The B-SC Reportng Drectve Volume V. crss. —70— . M&T. n order to ensure that requrements are met. partcularly for small or non-NATO force contrbutons. t may be necessary to work wth IOs such as the UN. or request one or several natons to assume responsblty as Logstc Lead Naton on behalf of deployng NATO forces. FORCE GENERATION PROCESS Combined Joint Statement of Requirements (CJSOR) Whle the OPLAN s beng developed. RSOM plannng and executon requres therefore consderable ntegraton wth logstc support. Logstcs Reports (BI-SCD 80-3 Vol V). Phases of the Operation There are dfferent logstc requrements durng each phase of an operaton. the SCs have ntroduced a logstc reportng system to provde and ensure logstc nformaton and accurate data n tme. and HNS plannng. To that end. ncludng reports pror to Transfer of Authorty (TOA). Its procedures and formats are applcable to all servces - Ar.Co-ordination with International Organisations (IOs) and NonGovernmental Organisations (NGOs) Wth the help of J9. whch can provde nfrastructure and servces to facltate RSOM. J4 staff may become nvolved n helpng to arrange multnatonal logstc support. The Allance provdes logstc support for the CE. Part of the CE costs s supported by the NATO common fundng system.

n consequence. Examples of Potential PB&C Support to Military The Civil Aviation Planning Committee (CAPC) provdes nformaton on commercal ar transport capabltes that could be used n the deployment of NATO forces. Records and Reports) to the OPLAN or n a supplement to the OPLAN usng the B-SCD 80-3 Vol V as the bass. the logstc reportng requrements wll usually be stated n the ANNEX CC (Documentaton. contractor support and the cvl support capabltes provded by NATO Agences such as NAMSA. replaces all former statstcal reports. The Planning Board for Inland Surface Transport (PBIST) can make avalable nformaton on ral transport capabltes that could be used n the deployment of NATO forces. developed a Cvl Capabltes Catalogue n 2004 to nform the NMAs of the cvl expertse that can be made avalable to Commanders through the SCEPC.war and operatons other than war. The majorty of the logstc reports n ths drectve halps a NATO Commander provde an assessment of logstc capabltes and concerns or exchange nformaton wth natons for logstc management purposes. CIVIL SUPPORT TO THE MILITARY Lessons learned from operatons n the Balkans and Afghanstan reveal that NATO Commanders have to be prepared to utlse cvlan capabltes to support the msson. At ts Autumn 2003 Plenary sesson. and also allow easy adopton by non-NATO natons. the SCEPC examned the possblty of cvl support for non-Artcle 5 CROs and. PBOS also supports the NATO Shppng Centre. n general. and suggests optons offerng an efficent and cost effectve approach. The Planning Board for Ocean Shipping (PBOS) serves as the NATO focal pont for advce and assstance on the protecton of cvlan martme assets aganst acts of terrorsm. Subordnate headquarters are authorsed to supplement the BI-SCD 80-3 Vol V for ther operatonal needs. For current operatons. HNS. The LOGUPDATE s a key logstc report n B-SCD 80-3 Vol V whch. as well as specfied equpment and materel held by natons n support of such forces. whch was actvated n October 2001 to support the NATO Naval forces deployed n the Eastern Medterranean by montorng the marne traffic n the Suez Canal. The purpose of the LOGUPDATE s to provde NATO Commanders wth a dynamc update of changes to core database nformaton on stockples of specfic equpment and consumable materel held by natonal forces declared to NATO. The CAPC can also evaluate complex avaton ssues aganst the backdrop of natonal and nternatonal laws and regulatons. Addtonally. useful expertse can be drawn from the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee’s (SCEPC) Plannng Boards and Commttees (PB&Cs). form the bass of the cvl logstc support capabltes from whch the NATO Commander can draw. The PBIST can also ntate studes to examne potental surface transport Lnes of Communcaton (LOCs) to support NATO operatng forces. when requred. —71— .

Moreover. REFERENCES MC 133/3 NATO’s Operatons Plannng System MC 327/2 ATO Mltary Polcy for non Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons N AJP 4 Alled Jont Logstcs Doctrne Functonal Plannng Gude Logstcs FPG(Log) RPG(Log) Regonal Plannng Gude Logstcs ANNEXES A Acronyms used n ths chapter B Jont Staff Structure —72— . settng out arrangements and sources to obtan nformaton on shp movements n the Medterranean and Strats of Gbraltar. PBOS ntated the development of a study n support of Operaton ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR.

ANNEX A to Chapter 5 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER CAPC CE CIMIC CJSOR CONOPS COP CRO DOS GOP HNS HQs IOs LLN LOGREP LRSN MCE MILUs MIMUs MJLC MOU M&T NGOs NMAs NSE OPLAN PB&Cs Cvl Avaton Plannng Commttee Crss Establshment Cvl-Mltary Co operaton Combned Jont Statement Of Requrements Concept of Operatons Contngency Plan Crss Response Operaton Days of Supply Gudelnes for Operatonal Plannng Host Naton Support Headquarters Internatonal Organsatons Logstcs Lead Naton Logstc Reportng Logstcs Role Specalst Naton Multnatonal Command Element Multnatonal Integrated Logstcs Unts Multnatonal Integrated Medcal Unts Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre Memorandum of Understandng Movement and Transportaton Non-Governmental Organsatons NATO Mltary Authortes Natonal Support Element Operaton Plan Plannng Boards and Commttees —73— ANNEX A .

Stagng and Onward Movement Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee’s —74— .PBIST PBOS PODs RSOM SCEPC Plannng Board for Inland Surface Transport Plannng Board for Ocean Shppng Ports of Debarkaton Recepton.

ANNEX B to Chapter 5 JOINT STAFF STRUCTURE J1 J2 J3 J4 J5 J6 J7 J8 J9 Personnel Intellgence Operatons Logstcs Plans & Polcy CIS Exercses BUDFIN CIMIC ANNEX B —75— .

—76— .

CHAPTER 6 NATO LOGISTIC POLICIES AND CONCEPTS —77— .

—78— .

Liddell Hart. Host Naton Support (HNS)3. The B-SC Doctrne Commttee has developed AJP-4(A) as the keystone logstc doctrnal publcaton and. technques and procedures.B. together wth the B-SC M&T Forum and the B-SC Medcal Advsory Group. technques and procedures. whle the Commttee of the Chefs of the Mltary Medcal Servces (COMEDS) has developed polces for medcal support6. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Within the NATO military structure. The Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC) has developed a vson for NATO logstcs desgned to meet the challenge: the prncple of collectve responsblty n logstcs between NATO and the natons. NATO’s Polcy for Co operaton n Logstcs (C M(2001)44) establshes a common vson across the whole spectrum of logstcs to enhance co-operaton and the overall logstc posture of the Allance. NATO’s nvolvement n CROs and an everexpandng range of actvtes brngng Alled and Partner natons nto closer co operaton.H. The figure presented hereafter llustrates the structure of logstc polcy and gudance wthn NATO. flexble and nteroperable logstc support. It also summarses the mportant ponts to be drawn from overarchng logstc polcy and doctrne.NATO LOGISTIC POLICIES AND CONCEPTS “The only thing harder than getting a new idea into the military mind is to get an old one out. Ths chapter descrbes the herarchy of logstc polces. t has elaborated a seres of subordnate level documents coverng specfic areas of logstcs. specfic polces have been developed by the SNLC n the areas of readness and sustanablty2. The MC servce boards have developed sngle servce logstc doctrne and a broad range of logstc tactcs. designated as MC 319/2 DPC-D(2002)2 [MC 0055/4] C-M(2000)56-REV1 [MC 0334/2] C-M(2005)0100 [MC 534] C-M(2002)10 [MC 0336/2] MC 0326/2 CHAPTER 6 —79— . NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs (C M(2003)101)1 s the keystone polcy document that establshes the prncple of collectve responsblty for logstc support between natons and NATO and gves the NATO Commander the necessary authorty for the executon of hs new responsbltes n logstcs. nfrastructure engneerng for logstcs4 and Movement and Transportaton (M&T)5. demand responsve. Based upon these overarchng polcy documents. doctrne. date unknown INTRODUCTION The Allance’s new Strategc Concept and emergng concepts such as the Combned Jont Task Force (CJTF).” . The SCs then develop mplementng drectves and plannng gudance. On the bass of polces for multnatonalty n Allance logstcs. the SCs turned ther attenton to ther mplementaton by developng jont logstc doctrne.

N ATO Prncples and Polces for Movement and Transportaton10. as approprate. such as the SNLC. Generally. N ATO Prncples and Polces for Host Naton Support (HNS)9. and nclude: - C-M(2001)44 NATO Polcy for Cooperaton n Logstcs - C 055/4 M - MC 319/2 - MC 326/2 - MC 334/2 - MC 336/2 NATO Logstc Readness and Sustanablty Polcy7. Strategc level logstc polces are then publshed as Councl Memoranda (C M) and MC documents. NATO Commttees. logstc polces are approved by both the MC and the NAC. submt recommendatons for approval to the Mltary Commttee (MC) followed by notaton or approval by the North Atlantc Councl (NAC).HIERARCHY OF LOGISTIC POLICIES AND DOCTRINE The structure of logstcs polces and doctrnes s dsplayed below: NATO Logistic Policy documents are developed at the hghest NATO levels. N ATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs8. M edcal Support Precepts and Gudance for NATO. 7) 8) 9) DPC-D(2002)2 C-M(2003)101 C-M(2000)56-REV1 10) C-M(2002)10 —80— .

Allied Joint Logistic Doctrine documents are dstrbuted as Allied Joint Publications (AJPs). - MC 343/111 ATO Mltary Assstance to Internatonal Dsaster Relef N Operatons - MC 52612 - MC 53313 L ogstcs Support concept for NATO Response Force Operatons N ATO Prncples and Polces for the Mantenance of Equpment NATO Doctrine s developed under the authorty of the Taskng Authortes (TAs). Regonal Commands HQs.1 - ALP-4. ther Component Commands HQs and the natons to properly perform ths functon. The Standardsaton Servce Boards are the TAs on behalf of the MC for sngle-servce logstcs doctrne. the Movement and Transportaton Forum (M&TF).4 - AJP-4. HQ SACT s the lead SC for developng and mantanng jont logstcs doctrne and SHAPE wll support the development. The AJPs provde foundatonal logstc doctrne. The SNLC s the TA for Jont Logstcs Doctrne. The followng AJPs are presently developed and promulgated: - AJP-4(A) - AJP-4.10 Alled Jont Logstcs Doctrne Alled Jont Movement & Transportaton Doctrne A lled Jont Host Naton Support Doctrne & Procedures Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre POL Doctrne Modes of Multnatonal Logstc Support Alled Jont Medcal Support Doctrne Allied Logistic Publications (ALP) are supportng component/servce to Multnatonal Logstcs Doctrne.5 - AJP-4. the Medcal Advsory Group (MEDAG) and approprate Standarsaton Servce Board Workng Groups to develop ther respectve doctrne.7 - AJP-4. doctrne co-ordnaton meetngs and the draftng of assgned doctrnes. The support requred of NATO HQs and Natons specfically ncludes ther partcpaton n workng groups. The Taskng Authortes task the LCB (Logstcs Co ordnaton Board). under whch more detaled logstc technques and procedures are establshed. Wthn the AJP-4 herarchy of documents the followng seres of Logstc Doctrnal publcatons have been developed or ntated for development as lsted below: - ALP-4. Ar Logstcs 11) C-M(2002)35 12) SG(2005)0478 13) C-M(2005)100 —81— .2 - ALP-4.6 - AJP-4. Support s also requred from NATO HQ.3 Multnatonal Martme Logstc Doctrne Land Forces Logstc Doctrne Ar Forces Doctrne & Procedures.9 - AJP-4.

only MC 0319/2 promulgates broad prncples and polces applcable to all of logstcs. The three basc elements of the concept are ts consoldated conceptual bass14. enablers are put n place and objectves are acheved. 14) The enablers have the requirements in the NATO logistic Vision and Objectives (V&O) process. Whle most focus on a functonal area of logstcs. t actvtes. the dfferent NATO logstcs and logstc related bodes. In consequence. NATO PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES FOR LOGISTICS All of the logstc polcy documents lsted above promulgate prncples and polces for logstcs. - he Co-operaton Enablers whch are the tools (polcy. the remander of ths chapter wll focus on these. —82— . Logstc related STANAGs can be found on the NATO Standardsaton Agency webste. standards. doctrne. The mechansms used to mplement co-operaton wth other bodes have been ntegrated n the NATO Logstcs Vson and Objectves process that s descrbed n detals n Chapter 4. and the plannng processes used by the dfferent NATO logstcs and logstc related bodes. Techniques and Procedures (TTPs) consttute detaled procedural documents that are publshed prmarly as Strategc Command Drectves and NATO Standardsaton Agreements (STANAGs). The framework for the mplementaton of ths polcy. whle respectng the responsbltes of the dfferent NATO logstc and logstc related bodes. and - armonsaton. procedures and capabltes) that facltate and promote co operaton n logstcs. systems. Co-ordnaton and Control Mechansm (HCCM) whch H s the formal mechansm through whch co-operaton objectves and enablers are contnuously dentfied and managed. Logistic Tactics. NATO Logistic Planning Guidance s generally developed at SC’s level and below and nclude the logstc elements of General Operatonal Plans (GOP) and other logstc functonal plannng. s the Concept for Co-operaton n Logstcs. NATO POLICY FOR CO-OPERATION IN LOGISTICS The 2001 NATO Polcy for Co-operaton n Logstcs provdes the bass for enhanced multnatonal co-operaton n logstcs n NATO. whch conssts of: - he Allance’s polcy and gudance documents that drect and nfluence t NATO logstcs n ther own domans. NATO Concept for Co-Operation in Logistics The NATO Concept for Co-operaton n Logstcs provdes the framework for managng co-operaton n logstcs and establshes the lnk between: the natons. such as medcal support or movement and transportaton.

All logstc support efforts. Flexibility. It must be ensured for any NATOled operaton contnuously and for the duraton requred to accomplsh the msson. The responsblty assgned to any NATO Commander must be matched wth the delegaton of authorty by natons and NATO to allow the adequate dscharge of responsbltes. as requred. Co ordination. ncludng between the cvlan and mltary sector wthn and among natons. adaptable and responsve to acheve the objectve. thereby contrbutng to the operatonal success. Primacy of Operational Requirements. Logstcs support must be co-ordnated amongst natons and between NATO and natons at all levels. The same should apply for non-NATO Commanders of multnatonal forces partcpatng n a NATO led operaton. Co-operaton amongst the natons and NATO s essental. crss and conflct. ths co-operaton must be extended to non-NATO natons. Efficiency. It must also be carred out wth non-NATO natons and other relevant organsatons. the provson of logstc resources to support forces allocated to NATO durng peace. Adequate plannng. Co-operaton across the full spectrum of logstcs. at the approprate notce. Generc and standng pre-arranged agreements are the tools to facltate logstc co-ordnaton and co-operaton. The NATO Commander at the approprate level must be gven sufficent authorty over the logstc resources necessary to enable hm to receve. Ths collectve responsblty encourages natons and NATO to co-operatvely share the provson and use of logstc capabltes and resources to support the force effectvely and efficently.LOGISTIC PRINCIPLES Collective Responsibility. as requred. from both mltary and cvl sectors. —83— . Assured Provision. Logstc support must be proactve. sustan and re-deploy forces assgned to hm by natons n the most effectve manner. employ. Standardsaton. should be focused to satsfy the operatonal requrements necessary to guarantee the success of the msson. wll contrbute to the best use of lmted resources. whch consders potentally changng crcumstances. Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty for the logstc support of the Allance’s multnatonal operatons. Sufficiency. Authority. and other relevant organsatons. For non-Artcle 5 CRO. There s an essental nterdependence between responsblty and authorty. Needs must be dentfied n a tmely manner to optmse the efficent provson and effectve use of such resources. Co operation. Logstc resources must be used as efficently and economcally as possble. Logstc support must be avalable n the approprate quantty and qualty. enhances flexblty. ndvdually or collectvely. Natons and NATO must ensure. The overall responsblty for co-ordnaton les wth NATO and should be conducted as a matter of routne. when and where t s requred throughout the full spectrum of the Allance’s possble mssons. co-operaton and multnatonalty n logstcs buld together the bass for flexble and efficent use of logstc support.

FR will report on the situation of units within the multinational chain of command or performing multinational general support (e. Visibility and Transparency. natons have the ultmate responsblty for equppng ther forces and for ensurng. NATO Commanders requre a tmely and accurate exchange of nformaton16 among natons and NATO to prortse consgnment movement nto and wthn the JOA to allow for redrecton n accordance wth agreements between the Commander and Natonal Support Elements (NSEs). The NATO Commander s responsble for establshng the logstc requrements for all phases of an operaton. French formations retained as part of the NRF or High Readiness Forces are submitted to the normal process of certification. ndvdually or by co-operatve arrangements. Ths must nclude approprate arrangements for non-Artcle 5 CRO. the mplementaton of the dfferent modes of logstc support. untl such tme as they are released to NATO by agreed mechansms for the Transfer of Authorty (TOA). Broader authority is not accepted unless special arrangements are in-place. —84— . The NATO Commander also co-ordnates support among contrbutng natons and wth the host naton and retans the responsblty for co ordnatng the overall logstc effort. natons retan control over ther own resources. Responsibility NATO and natons have a collectve responsblty for logstcs. the provson of requred logstc resources to support the forces assgned to NATO durng peace. Specific “technical agreements” are normally established between ACO and CHOD FR on the hand-over conditions of these units to NATO. The NATO Commander s responsble for the development and promulgaton of a logstc support plan that sustans the operatonal plan. Natons are responsble for ensurng that those unts and formatons assgned to NATO are properly supported by an effectve and efficent msson talored logstc structure. The NATO Commander must ensure that the logstc force structure and the approprate Command and Control (C2) arrangements have been establshed and are capable of supportng the operaton. and to effectvely employ logstc assets wthn the Jont Operatons Area (JOA). Ths plan must dentfy the structures and procedures requred to reduce competton for scarce resources by natons and NATO HQs and nclude. 16) With respect to logistic or resources reporting. Wthn ths context. n close co-operaton wth natons. Vsblty and transparency15 of logstc resources are essental for effectve logstc support. and for the co-ordnaton of logstc plannng and support wthn hs area of responsblty. LLN/LRSN). 15) Regarding preliminary inspection and control (“certification”). even when partcpatng natons rely solely on natonal logstcs.g. Lastly. crss and conflct. LOGISTICS POLICIES General Logstc support should be provded by balancng the peacetme provson and locatons of logstc assets and conflct consumables wth the ablty to re supply and renforce to ensure tmely and contnuous support. The NATO Commander assumes control of commonly provded resources as drected and s responsble for ther logstc support. NSEs will not provide reports unless specific arrangements have been established.

wth the pror concurrence of natons. can agree to acqure and provde them to the Allance for ts use durng NATO-led operatons. Hs key authortes allow hm to: - ommand common funded logstc resources and assume operatonal c control of Multnatonal Integrated Logstc Unts (MILUs) and other assgned logstc assets. Approprate responsbltes should also be granted to a non-NATO Commander of a multnatonal force wthn a NATO-led operaton. For non-NATO natons. To support natons’ generc and long term stockple plannng wthn the overall Defence Plannng Process. 18) France is not part of NATO defence planning. Logstc command structures must provde the NATO Commander at the approprate level wth the authorty to support the force by usng n-JOA logstc resources. These key authortes also apply to non-NATO Commanders of a multnatonal force partcpatng n a NATO led operaton. It s the level at whch the cvl and mltary logstc capabltes requred to deploy. The SCs must ensure tmely and proper ncluson of requrements for logstc forces and capabltes n the force plannng process so that natons. the NATO Commanders’ responsbltes wll also apply for non-NATO natons’ troop contngents wthn NATO-led operatons. - edstrbute the logstc assets of natons for the support of the forces r n accordance wth pre-agreed terms and condtons. sustan and re deploy Allance forces s dentfied by the SCs n consultaton wth natons. ncludng PARP natons. ths wll nclude the certficaton of logstc unts pror to the deployment and nspecton as requred of specfied logstc assets. and to establsh a support organsaton to meet the operatonal requrement. —85— . structure and procedures must be talored to the respectve forces and ther related employment optons. Logistic Planning in Defence Planning Logstc plannng s an ntegral part of defence plannng18 through the force plannng process and Partnershp Plannng and Revew Process (PARP). as drected. The resultng logstc support concepts. Vce versa. the SCs are responsble for developng stockple requrements n consultaton wth natons and publshng them n the 17) See footnote 2. Authority MC 319/2 grants the NATO Commander the key authorty enablng hm to ensure that hs force s properly supported. and - nspect17 and requre reports on the quantty and qualty of specfied  logstc assets desgnated to support the forces that wll be under hs command. responsblty and fundng for multnatonal logstc arrangements are to be establshed durng the operatonal plannng process. The authorty.

normally reman under natonal command unless there s a specfic dsposton n the TOA message or specal arrangement related to fundng. Natonal and NATO logstc plans must ensure that sufficent quantty and qualty of logstc resources are avalable at or above the readness and deployablty level of the forces they support. whch ncludes the unts performng Logstc Lead Naton (LLN) and Logstc Role Specalst Naton (LRSN) mssons. Logstc support concepts and structures must be talored to the respectve forces and ther mssons. A framework and further gudelnes formng the bass for co operaton n logstcs —86— . such as MILUs and specfic logstc support unts dentfied and provded by natons through the force generaton process. prortsaton and deconflcton of logstcs and Operatonal Control (OPCON) over logstc unts that are allocated n the JOA. It ncludes co-ordnaton. To acheve the desred level of multnatonalty. pre-postonng. All logstc functons. ndustral contracts. The B-SC SPG s harmonsed wth the NATO force plannng process and should provde adequate gudance for all classes of supply. descrbed later n ths document. natonal and NATO logstc plannng must be harmonsed from the start of the operatonal plannng process. poolng and sharng wth other natons. Logistic Readiness and Sustainability Logstc sustanablty must support NATO’s Level of Ambton as defined n the Defence Plannng Mnsteral Gudance. where no such gudance can be gven. natonal plannng factors should apply. Logistic Command and Control (C2) Logstc support to NATO forces must be as effectve and efficent as possble. The assets belongng to the natonal support chan. common or multnatonal procurement. The force generaton process must take nto consderaton the dfferent levels of standardsaton. The level of detal s related to the plannng category and the level of responsblty. are vtal and ndspensable parts of the plannng process. Logistic Planning in Operational Planning Logstc operatonal plannng s embedded n MC 133/3. Ths wll ensure that effectve logstcs to support the operaton can be planned for and executed. However. Co operation in Logistics Co operaton n logstcs should be consdered as the most efficent means to meet logstc resource requrements.B-SC Stockple Plannng Gudance (SPG). These logstc resources must cover the entre msson spectrum. NATO’s Operatonal Plannng System. leasng. as well as arrangements for the co-operatve acquston and management of certan logstc stocks. Logstc operatonal plannng should consder the contrbutons of non-NATO natons and other organsatons. Therefore. natons must provde NATO Commanders wth the logstc C2 authorty and capabltes they requre assumng ther responsbltes throughout all the phases of an operaton. Measures that enhance the overall efficency of logstc support nclude the whole range of multnatonal support optons.

—87— . rembursed. As soon as the operatonal stuaton permts. redstrbuton authorty s lmted to Jont Force Commanders. Natonal logstc resources are procured and mantaned for that purpose at natonal expense. However. Pror to effectng redstrbuton f tme allows or as soon as practcal afterwards. Redstrbuton s not ntended to redress natonal stockple shortages. Ar.are lad down n Reference I. ths does not preclude the NATO Commander from requestng assstance from a natonal contngent (or NSE) commander. Funding / Resources Provision Natons are responsble for the deployment. supples. Logstc resources held by unts under multnatonal OPCON are subject to redstrbuton wthn the lmtatons stated n the TOA message. Logstc resources are capabltes that could be made up of equpment. under exceptonal crcumstances. personnel. stocks and consumable tems. sustanment and redeployment of ther forces. Resources wthn the NSE or any other logstc resources declared unavalable by natons. Whle all NATO Commanders have logstc responsbltes and authortes. whch seeks to enhance co-operaton by establshng a common vson across the full spectrum of logstcs to provde the best support to the Allance. Land and Martme Component Commanders. Multinational Logistics Multnatonal logstcs s descrbed n detals n Chapter 7. and to those Commanders ncludng thos commandng assgned multnatonal unts who have delegatons n lne wth the TOA arrangements. f deemed necessary. Redistribution of Logistic Resources Natons have first call on the logstc resources ntegral to ther forces. the logstc resources transferred under ths authorty wll be replaced by recevng natons or. are not subject to redstrbuton. the NATO Commander may drect the redstrbuton of natonal logstc resources to overcome unantcpated deficences. f agreed by the natons nvolved. although co-operatve multnatonal arrangements should be taken nto consderaton by natons and the NATO Commander. and servces. Personnel are lmted to those n exstng logstc organsatons and should be redstrbuted as a servce. However. Logstc assets are subsumed nto logstc resources and vewed as materel. the NATO Commander shall advse the affected natonal authortes and approprate NATO Commanders of the redstrbuton acton(s). Upon determnaton that redstrbuton s requred. All these may be consdered for redstrbuton by the NATO Commander f deemed essental for operatonal msson accomplshment. spares. Natons are requred to sustan forces as prescrbed n MC 55 seres. the NATO Commander shall drect applcable subordnate commanders of natonal elements to effect the transfer of the logstc resources. The redstrbuton authorty granted to a NATO Commander generally comes nto effect upon TOA.

Ths s especally mportant to facltate the rapd deployment of forces. ncludng any foreseen exceptons to normal procedures. The NATO Commander should establsh resource requrements. Cvl equpment. REFERENCES MC 319/2 NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs AJP 4(A) Alled Jont Logstc Doctrne ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —88— . whch should. Such a strategy ntegrates acquston and consumer logstc processes nto one seamless process. goods and servces can be utlsed to provde tmely and effectve logstc support to any NATO or NATO-led operaton. Support can be based on cvl resources only when they securely meet the operatonal requrements of the assgned forces. ntal deployment and HQ set-up should be defined and ncluded n a package of enablng fundng. whle fundng of Operatons and Mantenance (O&M) costs va the Mltary Budget (MB) should be taken nto consderaton through categorcal budget allocatons. It must start early n the requrement phase to ensure the greatest mpact on desgn and development to maxmse weapon system avalablty at the most economcal total cost. Ths provdes NATO wth a force multpler when appled multnatonally. The SCs must determne the Mnmum Mltary Requrements (MMRs). Centralsed procurement and control of cvl resources should be pursued to acheve better efficency. crss and conflct. Natons should have approprate natonal legslaton and other arrangements to facltate the tmely use of cvl resources n peace. and obtan the requste fundng authorsatons n the context of the plannng documents. be avalable at SC Actvaton of Pre-deployment. n prncple. Strategc nfrastructure may be funded va the NATO Securty Investment Programme (NSIP) dependent on the context of ndvdual projects. Civil Resources Cvl capabltes may complement those of the mltary. Life Cycle Support A NATO Lfe Cycle Support (LCS) strategy should be used to provde equpment and materel support that meets NATO and natons’ operatonal requrements n the most efficent manner. requrements to support reconnassance. In partcular. any common funded contnung actvtes are the responsblty of the NATO HQ. As common fundng of O&M s restrcted to the NATO HQs n the AOR. Those that are consdered as strategc nfrastructure may be elgble for common fundng provson.

ANNEX A to Chapter 6 AJP AOR CJTF COMEDS CROs C2 GOP HCCM HNS JOA LCB LCS LLN LRSN MC MEDAG MILUs MMRs M&TF NRF NSEs NSIP O&M OPCON PARP SACT ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER Alled Jont Publcatons Area of REsponsblty Combned Jont Task Force Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO Crss Response Operatons Command and Control General Operatonal Plans Harmonsaton. Co-ordnaton and Control Mechansm Host Naton Support Jont Operaton Area Logstcs Co ordnaton Board Lfe Cycle Support Logstc Lead Naton Logstc Role Specalst Naton Mltary Commttee Medcal Advsory Group Multnatonal Integrated Logstc Unts Mnmum Mltary Requrements Movement and Transportaton Forum NATO Response Force Natonal Support Elements NATO Securty Investment Program Operatons and Mantenance Operatonal Control Partnershp Plannng and Revew Process Supreme Alled Commander Transformaton —89— ANNEX A .

Technques and Procedures —90— .SCs SHAPE SNLC SPG STANAGs TA TOA TTPs Strategc Commands Supreme Headquarters of Alled Powers n Europe Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Stockple Plannng Gudance Standardsaton Agreements Taskng Authortes Transfer of Authorty Tactcs.

CHAPTER 7 MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS Strategic Air Transport – An Antonov 124-100. the strategic airlift workhouse of ongoing NATO operations —91— .

—92— .

the more I realize how it all depends on administration and transportation. Unlateral natonal logstc decsons could adversely mpact on the effectveness of the NATO Commander’s msson. CHAPTER 7 Multnatonal logstcs can be ether pre-planned or ntroduced durng an operaton as the stuaton evolves. there are three types of multnatonal logstcs. Retanng the overall operatonal responsblty for the specfic mssons. Based on the types above. MILU). lsted n order of ncreased multnatonalty: - re-planned mutual support. the benefits of multnatonal logstcs can be the reducton of the overall costs and of the logstc footprnt. Wavell. the conservaton of scarce local resources and a better use of specfic natonal expertse. the ablty of natons to contrbute ther far share of support.” . Ths s usually accomplshed —93— . the mprovement of the force’s flexblty. dependng on the operatonal requrements and the specfic stuaton. and - ne or more natons formally undertake to serve all or part of the o multnatonal force. can enhance efficency and effectveness. the applcablty. where ad hoc mutual support may be provded between natons and/or NATO Commanders. Multnatonal logstcs s not an am n tself. - naton formally undertakes to provde support or servces to all or a part of the multnatonal force.MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS “The more I see of war.General Sir A. Taskng authorty wll be the NATO Commander. HNS. it takes much more knowledge and hard work to know where you can place your forces and whether you can maintain them there. the NATO Commander s well suted to act as broker between natons to facltate such multnatonal arrangements. Therefore. P.g. t s lkely to prove more dfficult to move towards multnatonal logstc solutons. C. under control of the multnatonal Commander (e. multnatonal logstc solutons should be pursued at the outset of the logstc plannng process. Besdes natonal logstc arrangements to support own forces. Durng the force plannng and the force generaton process. More specfically. 1977 NATO’S LOGISTIC SUPPORT CONCEPT Multnatonal logstcs s a tool. NATO and natons can decde to apply multnatonal logstcs where t replaces less effectve or efficent natonal solutons. It takes little skill or imagination to see where you would like your army to be and when. NATO operatonal experence demonstrates that once natonal logstc support structures have been establshed. whch. but under natonal command. and contractor support to operatons p that are arranged b- or multlaterally by NATO and/or natons. necessty and benefits of multnatonal logstcs must be consdered.

and - emonstratve force package for dplomatc and/or deterrence d purposes. ncludng Chemcal. expedtonary operatons beyond NATO’s terrtory have taken on added mportance wth NATO’s ongong engagement n Crss Response Operatons (CROs) n Afrca. Whle Artcle 5 mssons wthn NATO terrtory remans the foundaton of Allance collectve defence. once deployed. The NRF must be robust enough to be employed as ntal entry force n a hostle area and capable of preparng a theatre for follow-on forces. capable of standng alone for up to 30 days. - non-combatant evacuaton. The force wll be multnatonal. ar and specal operatons forces at graduated readness. - support to counterterrorsm operatons. ncludng peacekeepng. SUPPORT FOR THE NATO RESPONSE FORCE (NRF) “The NRF will (…) give us a highly capable quick-reaction force that is ready for operational deployment wherever required. wth or wthout Host  Naton Support. gvng mpetus to the development of transformatonal concepts and capabltes.(Jaap de Hoop Scheffer. and longer f re suppled. Asa and Europe. The C2 element and the force are at 5 to 30 days Notce to Move (NTM) and. - CROs. - upport to consequence management operatons. The NRF s the first step enablng NATO to better address ths ssue. admnstratve. and resourcerelated mplcatons of such relatonshps. whch wll not mpar mltary effectveness. martme. Radologcal and Nuclear (CBRN) events and humantaran crss stuatons. The NRF could potentally be employed n a number of dfferent mssons. —94— .through development of approprate Memorandum of Understandng (MOU) or Techncal Agreements detalng the functonal.” . Further. the NRF s the engne for NATO’s ongong transformaton. The NRF s fundamentally brgade szed wth approprate land. such as: - ntal entry force nto a hostle envronment. - embargo operatons. Secretary General of NATO) General The NRF s one of the most ambtous undertakngs that the Allance has ever commtted to. The NRF s NATO‘s prmary force for conductng expedtonary warfare wthn the Allance’s terrtory and beyond. s Bologcal.

ether by ndvdual natons or collectvely by a group of two or more natons. To ths end. —95— . was developed to complete a sute of concept documents addressng readness reportng. NATO‘s overarchng NRF Concept. the logstcs support concept underscores the need to mnmse the logstc footprnt. a certficaton programme ted to the necessary qualfyng crtera and a revew of the capablty packages needed to provde the NRF’s requrements. usng multnatonal solutons supports natonal requrements. wth assgned forces generally servng 6 months on duty for land and ar forces. There s a 6 month work-up and tranng perod before takng up the msson. Capabltes are assgned to the NRF through a rotaton cycle. It s mportant to understand that the Jont Force Command (JFC) selects the forces requred and talors them to the specfic msson at hand. the key element must be able to get there quckly. the force package for a humantaran msson wll be dfferent from a hostle Intal Entry Operaton. In addton. shares burdens and reduces duplcaton. and dstlls a broad range of NATO Logstc Polces and Prncples nto a forward-lookng concept for definng the specfic modaltes requred to most effectvely support NATO expedtonary operatons. However. The pulse of the NRF beats around the NRF rotaton plan. but they can only realse benefits from unty of command and proper nformaton management. A generc NRF Combned Jont Statement of Requrements (CJSOR) has been developed and refined through natonal consensus. MC 526 – Logistic Support Concept for NRF Operations The Logstc Support Concept for NRF Operatons. wth a vew to provdng natons wth an ndcaton on the type and scale of forces and the capabltes requred: t s the drver for transformaton. Logstcs Support Concept for NRF Operatons. 12 months for martme forces. In order to acheve the key tenets of deployablty wthn the 30 day tmelne. A raft of enablng ntatves underpns the NRF’s early rotatons. MC 526. It s therefore very unlkely that the entre NRF would be employed for any gven msson. Naples and Lsbon take t n turn to run a 12 month rotaton and provde the core of the Deployable Jont Task Force (DJTF) HQ that deploys. Each rotaton s planned for 12 months. The CJSOR s the bass for the producton of a credble. new command relatonshps. For example. There s only one CJSOR to meet all seven NRF mssons as prescrbed n MC 477. MC 526 sets the precondtons for the provson of logstc support for the NRF and bulds on a C2 structure. The three Jont HQs at Brunssum. These ntatves broke new ground and moved away from NATO’s statc regonal defence posture to develop NATO’s expedtonary capablty and ts ablty to meet the modern global threats. jontness and multnatonalty are essental. complements MC 477. wth a Jont Logstc Support Group (JLSG) to provde theatre level logstc capablty for the varous components. deployable force wth sufficent operatonal flexblty and reslence. Logstcs s a key enabler for the NRF. MC 526.

facltatng the scheme of maneuver and mantanng desred levels of combat power. the logstc footprnt represents just over 50% of the troops on the ground. . supportng and maxmzng the msson effectveness of the jont force by enablng operatonal reach. MC 526 ncreases the relance on a more centralzed logstc organsaton wth expanded C2 and drect responsblty for the provson of theatre level sustanment. Integrated logstcs ams at generatng. ts mplementaton s ncremental rather than ‘Bg Bang’. One of the key tenets s the NATO Commander beng able to control the logstc assets. even f the msson begns as a sngle component operaton. The mplementaton of MC 526 s the man effort n the ongong transformaton of NATO logstc wthn Alled Command Operatons (ACO) and ts success s consdered as a prerequste to multnatonal logstcs n NATO operatons. or are potentally jont n nature. Ths has sgnficant logstc mplcatons and all sustanment solutons must therefore apprecate the complextes of the jont dmenson. the JLSG HQ. n Kosovo.e. jontness and the optmum adopton of multnatonal logstc solutons. enhanced jontness and mproved vsblty over theatre level logstc assets. Other related benefits nclude efficences n the sustanment of the jont force. —96— . Most mltary operatons today wll be jont. A key feature of MC 526 s ntegrated logstcs wth the man pllars defined as unty of logstc command. A natural consequence s the utlzaton of multnatonal logstcs solutons thereby reducng Natonal Support Elements (NSEs). Although natons fully support MC 526 and acknowledge the logstc operatonal advantages and the sgnficant ncreased efficency that t may brng. Establshng ths capablty based on the MJLC as a core nucleus becomes a vtal step n the mplementaton of MC 526. so that he s able to redrect logstc resources to best sut hs operatonal msson. The key challenge s to establsh the capablty for the applcaton of the requste unty of command over NRF logstcs at theatre level. To llustrate ths. ‘Thnkng jont’ s necessary.

MC 551 – Medical Support Concept for NRF Operations NRF operatonal employment prncples also demanded changes n the way n whch NATO provdes medcal support to deployed unts. An NRF Medcal Support Concept (MC 551) has been developed n lne wth the requrements set by MC 477 and MC 526. the key operatonal drver must be to make the NRF a truly agle. The SCs have developed the MJLC Doctrne n order to assume the enhanced logstc authortes and responsbltes of NATO Commanders and to enable NATO headquarters at the dfferent levels of command to properly co-ordnate the logstc support wthn ther area of responsblty. Consequently. the changes n plannng and conductng medcal support to NRF and NATO operatons are reflected n the complete re wrte of AJP 4. ACO s responsble for achevng Phase 1 and makng the JLSG HQ a realty. THE MULTINATIONAL JOINT LOGISTIC CENTRE CONCEPT: AJP-4. n partcular f Multnatonal Medcal Unts are to be acheved. Phase 1 s a crucal step to convnce natons to contrbute logstc elements to the CJSOR. Ths s the operatonal drver for a more ntegrated and multnatonal logstc construct. —97— . MC 526 and MC 551 are landmark achevements for the Allance n ts drve to make multnatonal logstc solutons the norm rather than the excepton. The full mplementaton of MC 526 has two fundamental phases: - hase 1: the establshment and tranng of a certfied JLSG HQ. capactes and flexblty of NATO medcal unts are beng ncorporated n the NATO force plannng cycle. the expanson of multnatonal logstc solutons would be more dfficult. Ths apples not only to the number of exstng or emergng multnatonal unts but also to the deeper multnatonal ntegraton at lower levels of command. the logstc support system and structures also needed to be adapted to that process.6 NATO’s new force structures provde a much hgher degree of multnatonalty than durng the cold war perod. However. and P - hase 2: the provson. In ths context. pre generaton. Operatonal Medcal Support. tranng and certficaton of assets for the JLSG P CJSOR. The NRF Logstc Concept offers the natons a real potental for resource savngs. Ths requres hgh transparency and co operaton from Troop Contrbutng Natons. lean and deployable force. tranng and certficaton of NRF unts and hgh readness tmelnes are key. The JLSG HQ then becomes the most crtcal enabler n promotng ths ntatve.10(A). The specfic demands of the transformed NATO on the capabltes. The successful mplementaton of MC 526 rests squarely on the ablty of ACO to establsh a JLSG HQ from wthn the NCS and should ACO fal meetng ths challenge. MC 551 concentrates on the composton and preparaton of the Medcal Task Force for a specfic NRF rotaton. Overall. Phase 2 requres the efforts of both JFCs and natons.

the followng modes of multnatonal logstc support may be mplemented: - lead naton logstc support. - commonly funded logstc resources. shfted or deleted as the requrements of an operaton change. Ths ncludes organsatonal templates and modular buldng blocks of MJLC functons. Flexblty ncreases the organsaton’s ablty to respond to changng needs and reduces the response tme. The gudng prncple for the formaton of a CJTF HQ and a MJLC s flexblty. the logstc support optons used should be talored to meet the msson requrements and adhere to the logstc prncples set forth n MC 319/2. arcraft cross servcng. M - odularity. of the optons used. especally for non-Artcle 5 operatons. natonal and NATO Commanders reman responsble for the sustanment of the forces nvolved. parent HQs wll be dentfied to accommodate the MJLC nucleus staff. Whlst MC 389 provdes a sold foundaton for the establshment of a MJLC. Normally. These must be avalable upon actvaton of an MJLC f the centre s to be ntally effectve. whch may be quckly added. A modular approach to structurng the MJLC s essental. - ultnatonal ntegrated logstc support. MODES OF MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS: AJP-4. In all cases. The approprate NATO Commander may serve as a medator between natons and —98— . the NATO force wll be supported through a combnaton of the varous avalable optons. To supplement purely natonal logstc support. ease the ndvdual natonal burden and acheve ncreased economes of scale. - Training. The MJLC s the ogstc pllar of the CJTF (MC 389) whch provdes the structures and procedures that the NATO Commander needs to exercse hs logstc authortes and responsbltes n an effectve and well co-ordnated fashon. Therefore. - role specalst naton logstc support. Regardless. where and when one of these modes s to be mplemented. the followng ponts related to ts formaton are salent and key: - Flexibility. and m - contractng support. No substtute exsts for traned and ready staffs.9 Logstc support optons for the NATO Commander range from a totally ntegrated multnatonal logstc force to purely natonal support. however. It s mproved by modularty and traned and ready staffs. The partes nvolved wll make a case by case decson as to whch. - mutual support arrangements. These modes of support can be mplemented at dfferent levels of command and to dfferent degrees.

The fundng procedures must be developed and agreed well before the operaton starts and should provde sufficent flexblty and responsveness. Compensaton and/or rembursement wll be subject to agreements between the partes nvolved. ports and lnes of communcatons (LOC). NATO Commanders may be tasked to medate and co ordnate such arrangements. These resources may nclude but are not lmted to the followng assets and servces: - nfrastructure and real estate.assume a co ordnatng role f requred. and - logstc engneerng. headquarters.  camps. capablty for common supples and servces should always be consdered. They can be mplemented for each type of logstc support or servce and wll help avod duplcatons of effort and redundances. All of the above mentoned modes can be used for Artcle 5 and non Artcle 5 operatons and for pre planned contngency operatons. arfields. Multinational Integrated Logistic Support Two or more natons agree to provde logstc assets to a multnatonal logstc force under operatonal control of a NATO Commander for the logstc —99— . Lead Nation Logistic Support One naton. as well as for ad hoc operatons and both wthn and beyond NATO’s area of responsblty. A lead naton may also assume the responsblty to co ordnate logstcs of other natons wthn ts functonal and regonal area of responsblty. such as depots. They should ease the ndvdual logstc burden and enhance the overall logstc efficency and economy. Multinational Support Arrangements These agreements may be concluded blaterally and/or multlaterally among natons and/or between natons and NATO authortes. Role Specialist Nation Logistic Support One naton assumes the responsblty for procurng a partcular class of supply or servce for all or a part of the multnatonal force. agrees to assume the responsblty for procurng and provdng a broad spectrum of logstc support for all or a part of the multnatonal force and/or headquarters. - communcaton and nformaton system (CIS) assets. based on capabltes. Commonly Funded Logistic Resources These nclude the assets that have been dentfied as elgble for common fundng and for whch funds have been made avalable. Compensaton and/or rembursement wll then be subject to agreements between the partes nvolved. If one partcpatng naton has a partcular and unque logstc strength. In one operaton more than one lead naton can be desgnated to provde a specal range of support wthn a clearly defined functonal and regonal area of responsblty. - operatng co-ordnatng the use nfrastructure and real estate.

drag chutes startng facltes and ground handlng. The servcng ncludes all Stage A servce plus the loadng of weapons and/or film/vdeotape and the replenshment of chaff and flares. Compensaton and/or rembursement are subject to agreements between the partes nvolved. replenshment of fluds and gases. The prudent use of contractng coordnatng actvtes and the co-operaton of natons are essental. Such multnatonal unts can effectvely avod duplcatons of effort and redundances wthn the logstc system of an operaton. Snce NATO common and centralsed fundng s lmted to specfic categores of goods and servces. the contractng efforts of the natons. Aircraft Cross-Servicing Ths s defined as servces performed on an arcraft by an organsaton other than that to whch the arcraft s assgned. The servcng ncludes the nstallaton and removal of weapon system safety devces. Effectve NATO co-ordnaton of the contractng effort wll enhance.support of a multnatonal force. most contract acton wll be funded natonally. The Arcraft Cross-Servcng Programme (ACSP) ncludes operatonal tasks such as debrefing. Arcraft cross servcng s dvded nto two categores: - Stage A Cross-Servicing. accordng to an establshed operatonal arcraft cross-servcng requrement and for whch there may be a charge. however. - Stage Cross-Servicing. wthout change to the weapon configuraton. Ths ncludes the processng and nterpretaton of any exposed film/ vdeotape from the prevous msson. NATO wll. Ths s an especally attractve support opton when one sngle naton s capable of provdng the nucleus of the unt and/or the command structure. reducton of competton between natons and realsaton of economes scale. not hnder. co-ordnate natonal contractng efforts to ensure enhancement of the contract process. The am of the ACSP s to provde operatonal commanders wth a flexble means of achevng rapd regeneraton of combat ready arcraft through nteroperablty. around whch the whole unt can then be formed by other augmentatons and contngents. The use of the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) for contractng assstance should be consdered for NATO operatons. re-taskng and msson plannng. refuellng. The NATO Commander and natons wll adjust the extent of relance on contractng based on the stuaton. Local Contracting The NATO Commander and natons wll use commercal contracts to support the NATO forces when t s economc and keeps mltary assets avalable for hgher prorty tasks. The servcng of arcraft on aerodrome/shp B whch enables the arcraft to be flown on an operatonal msson. The servcng of an arcraft on an aerodrome/ shp whch enables the arcraft to be flown on another msson. —100— .

- the mltary capablty s requred for other mssons. - he requred capablty has not been made avalable for an operaton. the most common of whch are: - echncal support contracts. Both planned and ad hoc contractng can release mltary manpower for other tasks. whch provde for ndustry specalsts to t accompany the force for the purpose of provdng techncal advce or support. Contractor support to operatons offers a useful force-multpler tool to NATO. - the requred capablty s not avalable from mltarly sources. Advantages of Contractor Support to Operations Contractor support s a force multpler that can be partcularly valuable when: - he mltary manpower strength n a natonal contngent or n a Jont t Operatons Area (JOA) s lmted by a poltcal decson. the planned approach has the greater potental to make the best use of both mltary and cvlan support capabltes. from the standpont of operatonal effectveness and cost efficency. t - he mltary capablty s not avalable n sufficent numbers to sustan t an operaton. Forms of Planned Contracting Planned contractng can take a number of forms. and/or - he use of local contractors supports an agreed Cvl-Mltary Cot operaton (CIMIC) plan. and - here s an operatonal need for contnuty and experence that cannot t be provded by usng mltary manpower on a rotatonal bass. However. t and at certan tmes may be more cost-effectve. —101— .CONTRACTOR SUPPORT TO OPERATIONS Contractor support to operatons enables competent commercal enttes to provde a porton of deployed support so that such support ensures the most efficent and effectve use of resources. ts member natons and Partners. Ad hoc contractng can also respond to unforeseen requrements that may arse durng the course of an operaton. - he use of contractors (cvlans or local labour) for certan functons. Planning for Contractor Support Planned contractor support to operatons entals a delberate approach to determnng whch support requrements for an operaton can be effectvely and efficently met by contractng wth a commercal provder.

for pre-defined purposes. - ormant contracts. typcally at fixed cost arrangements over the contract duraton. - asc Orderng Arrangements (BOA). the p wllngness of the contractor to provde the requred capablty after tender when needed. rather than substtute for. whch are awarded to a firm for specfied goods d and/or servces. Capabltes that requre a sgnficant captal nvestment could be consdered sutable for lease. mltary functons. whch are prepared and kept current. - ystem support contracts. - ssured access contracts. because the captal nvestment would be made by the provder rather than by the customer. and the operatonal rsks that —102— . - ease contracts. often provdng the opton to buy. B provde a ‘call-off’ capablty n whch multple users can draw on a sngle contractual arrangement wth a partcular suppler. mplement and mantan weapons systems and equpment for part or all of ther lfe cycle. dormant and assured access contracts have the advantages of tmelness. and avalablty. whch legally bnd a contractor to provde a a requred capablty when needed. by Letter of Intent. Ther dsadvantages nclude the carryng costs assocated wth bndng a contractor to perform at an ndefinte tme and place. but whch executon s postponed untl the requrement actually materalses. whch declare. Techncal support and system support contractors normally augment. and - pot market acquston when goods and servces are readly avalable s on the market and do not requre that arrangements be put n place n advance. R but whch wll be ssued to potental contractors f and when the requrement occurs. - eady Invtatons for Bd (RIFB). already n use by NATO Agences. - artnerng arrangements wth prme contractors. the cost advantage of RIFBs must be weghed aganst the addtonal tme needed to solct bds and award a contract. as they requre no last-mnute solctaton. whch provde Contractor Logstc Support s (CLS) as part of a contract to delver. Capabltes that are requred from the onset of an operaton may be consdered sutable for any number of forms of contractng that can be arranged n advance. on a long-term bass. dormant and assured access contracts. However. snce there are legal assurances of performance when they are actvated. partnerng. p who wll sub-contract ndvdual elements of support as requred. Lease. whch provde real property for the exclusve use l of the customer. - referred use contracts. RIFBs are more cost-effectve because they ncur no such carryng costs.

They may also be approprate n the context of contractor support to operatons. put nto place contractual arrangements and share the provson and use of contractor capabltes and resources. natons mght consder developng partnerng arrangements wth a commercal provder. In cases where requred goods and servces are readly avalable from the market. . employ. Funding Contractor Support Contractor support entals meetng three groups of costs: - et-up and management costs for NATO and the natons. to support the force effectvely and efficently. However. NATO common fundng. Responsibility for Planning Contractor Support Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty for plannng and mplementng contractor support to NATO’s multnatonal operatons. Authority over Contracted Capabilities The NATO Commander. where a naton s the contractng authorty. Capabltes that are normally outsourced durng the course of an operaton could be consdered sutable for RIFBs. at the approprate level. as well as n long term delvery of support servces. If aggregate natonal requrements are of a sufficently large scale. the NATO Commander’s authorty over the contracted support wll be n accordance wth the TOA or other arrangements agreed between the NATO Commander and the naton. These would have to be met from a p number of sources. sustan and redeploy forces assgned to hm by natons n the most effectve manner. s - osts assocated wth the employment of contractors. such as tranng c and deployment. —103— . and the contracted support s for natonal purposes only. multnatonal fundng ncludng jont and trust fundng and natonal fundng. BOAs are sutable when there s regular sustaned demand for low value tems such as consumables. and - ayment for contractors’ servces. purchases may be arranged on-the-spot through ad hoc contractng wthout pror preparaton. Where NATO s the contractng authorty. must be gven sufficent authorty over contracted resources n order to enable hm to receve.ths mght ental. All contractor support optons are avalable for use by natons and should be consdered where approprate.e. who could play a part n support plannng. terms and condtons lad down n the contract. Ths collectve responsblty encourages natons and NATO to co operatvely dentfy support requrements that could be met by cvlan contractors. through pror agreed arrangements. the NATO Commander has full control over the contractors’ actvtes n accordance wth applcable regulatons.

arrangements and other legal documents wth host natons. recovery. the rghts to tax and customs exemptons. It s applcable to a lmted number of CS functons and a wde range of CSS functons. fire fightng. fuel storage and dstrbuton. are subject to the laws of the naton where they are operatng and may not enjoy the legal status accorded to cvlans accompanyng the force. Contractor support s not applcable to combat functons. techncal communcatons and nformaton systems (CIS) servces and automated data processng (ADP) support. and - upport servces. such as a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) or Transt Agreement. regardless of natonalty. n-theatre techncal tranng and expert advce. are noncombatants. envronmental servces (santaton. understandngs. wth less mpact on mltary assets than would be the case wthout t.Functions that could be Performed by Contractors Properly prepared and funded. strategc aero-medcal evacuaton. movement lmtatons and any other matters whch host natons are wllng to agree. should establsh legal jursdcton. salvage). Whle most TCNs may have ther own deployable contractng staffs and may —104— . natons should consoldate ther requrements nto common Requests for Proposals (RFPs). Local hres. These could nclude: CLS. such as that provded by natonal functonal experts and techncal staff of NATO agences. ar traffic control. refuse. Status and Use of Contractors The force conssts of combatants and non-combatants. medcal ancllary servces. caterng and local labour. overcome dentfied CS/CSS shortfalls and provde endurance where needed. ground transportaton. nfrastructure engneerng servces. whch provde deployment and sustanment support s such as strategc transport. whether cvlans accompanyng the force or local hres. certan aspects of support to health servces. operaton and mantenance of communcatons. vsa requrements. base camp constructon and mantenance. release deployed CS/CSS resources for hgher prorty tasks elsewhere. Multinational Co-operation In order to obtan the best possble terms and condtons. whch are performed by qualfied experts to support t techncal systems or processes. ar— to ar refuellng. These documents. contractor support has the potental to enhance support to operatons. elements of deployed prmary and secondary health care. NATO and natons engaged n NATO operatons whch nvolve the employment of contractors should clearly define the status of contractor personnel and equpment n all agreements. whch may nclude: - echncal servces. provson of food and water. set up and mantenance of weapons systems. operaton of sea/ar ports of debarkaton. nstallaton securty servces. mantenance and repar. Contractor personnel.

where commercal provders have long had a sgnficant role. Operatons that ental a hgher rsk of combat. - peratonal Securty. not least n the case of strategc deployment. who can provde theatre contractng servces on a rembursable bass. but s hgher n the case of host-country or thrdcountry natonals. T such as to ntal entry operatons. operatonal effectveness and securty. Ths rsk apples at two levels - operatonal O (knowledge of mltary plans and ntentons) and tactcal (local survellance of mltary capabltes and actvtes). efficency. These consderatons are the followng: - ype of Operaton. - hase of the Operaton. As the envronment stablzes and the rsk s reduced. - orce Protecton. Natons should therefore take advantage of the Theatre Alled Contractng Office (TACO) and of NATO Agences such as the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) and the NATO Consultaton. Although contractors can be mostly self-sufficent. Addtonally. Operational Planning Considerations for Contractor Support From an operatonal plannng pont of vew. The former s a rsk that NATO natons have accepted prevously. Integration of Contractor Capabilities Where contractors have already been selected n advance of an operaton to provde support and when operatonal securty requrements have been satsfied. they should contrbute to the operatonal support plannng process to —105— . Command and Control Agency (NC3A). In areas where local medcal care s not avalable. most P support functons are performed by mltary unts for reasons of hgh rsk. such as peacekeepng and stablzaton operatons. plannng and preparaton s necessary to ensure that requrements for contractor support are dentfied early and that ther contrbutons to operatons are fully optmsed. It demands management by securty vettng and montorng of these personnel. Thus the benefits of usng contractors must be weghed aganst the resources requred to ensure ther health and safety. the force may need to provde t as well. radologcal and nuclear threats. are less sutable for outsourcng than lower rsk operatons. there s a number of consderatons that nfluence decsons whether to employ contractor support. In the early stages of an operaton. The latter rsk s consdered low n nstances when the contractor staff conssts of expatrate natonals of the same TCN as the force supported. selected support functons can be gradually transferred to contractors and local authortes.be prepared to act ndependently n theatre. bologcal. there are consderable advantages to be ganed from utlsng a collectve approach. F they are non-combatants and the force must therefore provde securty for them and dentfy the requrement for equppng and tranng them for defence aganst chemcal.

the ashore support commander may report drectly to the MJLC.3) Whle NATO’s logstc concept embraces jontness. the chan of command from the ashore support organsaton may be through a Multnatonal Logstcs Command (Martme) (MNLC(M)) whle n a smaller operaton. negotate changes to the contract. each component.ensure that ther capabltes are properly ntegrated nto the relevant annexes of the Operaton Plan (OPLAN). but responsble to the CJTF commander. Durng executon. specfic component elements. must be ncluded n the overall NATO deployment plan. whether usng ther own resources or not. COMPONENT SUPPORT CONCEPTS – (ALP-4. due to the nature of ts msson. A broad synopss of the component support concepts s provded below. In a large operaton. support elements must be flexble. on a functonal bass. whereas responsblty for ashore support s shared between the operatonal and the tactcal commanders because the operatonal commander s the only commander wth the capablty to co-ordnate the flow of personnel. the ashore element must be responsve to the afloat commander (MNMF).1 Support to a deployed Multnatonal Martme Force (MNMF) has two facets: ashore and afloat supports. support elements wll lkely be focused at supportng. moble and responsve to the requrements of the component commander. Contract Management Commanders wll requre functonal staff expertse to admnster the contract. The deployment of contractors. jontness should be mantaned down to the lowest level practcable. In general terms. has a slghtly dfferent approach to mplementng the multnatonal logstc concept. 4. mal and cargo from ashore to the task force. Contractual nstruments shall. —106— . and to allow flexblty n the employment of contractors to meet operatonal requrements.2. 4. ths means that operatonal level support elements may have a geographcal area of responsblty to provde support to a jont force. assess penaltes for non-performance and certfy payment for delvery of servces. To ensure the approprate focus of the ashore element commander. Where efficences can be ganed. Maritime Support Concept: ALP-4. however. In a jont context. be admnstered n such a manner as to ensure that the contractual oblgatons of the contractor and NATO are correctly and promptly fulfilled and that NATO’s rghts under the terms of the contractual nstruments are exercsed lawfully and n the best nterests of the Allance and ts customers. the force C2 structure must provde the requred nterface between the contractors and the echelons supported so that the contractor s nformed of the operatonal pcture as requred. ther support requrements are very smlar. At the tactcal level. dentfy changes to requrements.1. Although the specfic methods of supportng deployed multnatonal unts do vary. evaluate the performance of the contractor. That s. under the responsblty of the Contractng Officer. afloat support s the sole responsblty of the tactcal level (MNMF) commander.

medcal. operatonal and tactcal. Mltary operatons are conducted at three levels: strategc. strategc moblty and the strategc concentraton of logstc assets n a Jont Operatons Area (JOA). more moble. s a major operatng system at these three levels of warfare. provson of supples and servces and movement control. whereas tactcal logstcs s concerned more wth the support of battles and operatons at the land component level and below. —107— . as one of the combat functons that helps commanders buld and sustan combat power. The concept calls for multnatonal Advanced Logstc Support Stes (ALSSs) that provde a varety of lfe support. - actcal level logstcs sustans the tactcal commander’s ablty to T execute the msson by provdng the tactcal support. dstrbuton and the management of JOA reserves. mantenance. dstrbuton. These support stes may be jont n nature or may be collocated wth other component support elements. damage repar. etc. Successful tactcal level logstcs provdes unts wth the rght support at the rght tme and n the rght place. Land Forces Support Concept: ALP-4. stagng and onward movement of unts and personnel. are employed as final dstrbuton ponts for personnel. It also creates the condtons for convertng strategc level gudance nto success at the tactcal level and therefore provdes the lnkage between strategc and tactcal level logstcs. - peratonal level logstcs focuses on establshng and mantanng O LOC and sustanng a force n a JOA. medcal and health servce support and personnel.2 provdes a common NATO Land Forces Logstc Doctrne. located closer to the supported force. n support of the entre force. whch gudes NATO and natonal commanders and staff of the land component n optmsng the use of avalable logstc resources n multnatonal operatons. Logstcs.. consstent wth the commander’s prortes. the essental functons of supply. Strategc level logstcs nterconnects wth operatonal level logstcs at jont force level. mal and cargo flowng from the larger. S force projecton. Strategc and operatonal level logstcs are focused on the support of wars. Operatonal level logstcs encompasses the support of force recepton. transportaton. contractng. At ths level. more capable ALSS. campagns and major operatons.2 ALP-4. supply. Smaller. natonal acquston. Forward Logstc Stes (FLSs). - trategc level logstcs deals wth moblsaton. admnstratve and field servces are provded to solders to allow them to accomplsh ther specfic msson. nfrastructure development. Ths connecton s a major area of nterest for logstc command and control n order to ensure the effectve logstc support of deployed forces. The fundamental precept of the martme logstc support concept s to provde ashore centralsed dstrbuton and support stes for the MNMF.

The concept for ar component logstc support s based on the precept that sendng natons wll deploy ther ar forces wth sufficent ndgenous support to ntate operatons and establsh re supply arrangements to sustan them. takng ther dfferent structures and multnatonal composton nto account. Air Forces Support Concept: ALP-4. n close contact wth all partcpatng natons. for NRF operatons a JLSG. The prncples of the concept for ar component logstc support are also applcable to NATO Arborne Early Warnng (NAEW). for CJTF operatons a MJLC may be establshed. Besdes co-ordnatng the multnatonal flow of forces. as well as ar assets of other components. Natons are responsble for plannng and executng the deployment of ther natonal contrbutons to NATO operatons. —108— . For ths.3 detals the concept of ar component logstc support. Ths coordnaton s carred out by the AMCC. LOGISTIC SUPPORT TO CRISIS RESPONSE OPERATIONS For all multnatonal operatons. Whle movement control s prmarly the responsblty of the Host Naton.g. Multnatonal Integrated Logstcs Unts (MILU). These transport mssons are ether handled by natonal contrbutons usng natonal transportaton assets or cvlan arcraft are chartered from the commercal market. and jont/JOA level logstc structures. the AMCC s responsble for the preparaton and plannng for the deployment of all NATO owned equpment and NATO HQ. as well as dedcated communcatons unts and deployable Ar Command and Control Systems (ACCS). The land component support concept s desgned to ensure the support of ether natonal or multnatonal forces. whch ncludes all partcpatng. there s a requrement to co-ordnate the deployment of natonal forces nvolved nto an Area of Operaton. Ar-to-Ar refuellng (AAR) and Ar Transport (AT) forces. where approprate. and co-operatve logstc arrangements. ths mght be delegated to the CJFLCC. e. land-based flyng and Ground Based Ar Defence (GBAD) unts and ther support elements.3 ALP-4. The level of deployed support takes account of avalable HNS. mutual support provded by Lead Natons (LN) and Role Specalst Natons (RSN). The Combned Jont Force Land Component Commander (CJFLCC) establshes requrements and sets prortes for support of forces n accordance wth the overall drecton gven by the JFC. especally n the forward part of CJFLCC AOR. He co-ordnates logstc operatons wth all partcpatng natons. n the case of an actual full-scale mltary operaton. The CJFLCC wll exercse co ordnatng authorty on movement and securty matters over those Natonal Support Elements (NSEs) operatng n hs Area of Operatons (AOO).

REFERENCES C M(2007)0004 MC 526 AJP 4(A) AJP-4.1 ALP-4.9 ALP-4.6 AJP-4.3 L ogstc Support for NATO Response Force (NRF) Operatons Alled Jont Logstc Doctrne Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre Modes of Multnatonal Logstc Support Multnatonal Martme Logstc Doctrne Land Forces Logstc Doctrne Ar Forces Doctrne & Procedures. Ar Logstcs ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —109— .2 ALP-4.

ANNEX A to Chapter 7 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER AAR ACCS ACO ACSP ADP ALSSs AMCC AOO AOR AT BOA CBRN CIMIC CIS CJFLCC CJSOR CLS CROs CS/CSS C2 DJTF FLSs GBAD HQ JFC JLSG Ar-to-Ar refuellng Ar Command and Control Systems Alled Command Operatons Arcraft Cross-Servcng Programme Automated Data Processng Advanced Logstc Support Stes Alled Movement Co ordnaton Centre Area of Operatons Area of Responsblty Ar Transport Basc Orderng Arrangements Chemcal. Bologal. Radologcal and Nuclear Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton Communcaton and Informaton System Combned Jont Force Land Component Commander Jont Statement of Requrements Contractor Logstc Support Crss Response Operatons Combat Support / Combat Servce Support Command and Control Deployable Jont Task Force Forward Logstc Stes Ground Based Ar Defence Headquarters Jont Force Command Jont Logstc Support Group —110— ANNEX A .

JOA LN LOC MILU MJLC MNLC(M) MNMF MOU NAEW NAMSA NCS NC3A NRF NSEs NTM RFPs RIFB RSN SOFA TACO TCN Jont Operatons Area Lead Natons Lnes of Communcaton Multnatonal Integrated Logstcs Unts. Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre Multnatonal Logstcs Command (Martme) Multnatonal Martme Force Memorandum of Understandng NATO Arborne Early Warnng NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Command Structure Command and Control Agency NATO Response Force Natonal Support Elements Notce to Move Requests for Proposals Ready Invtatons for Bd Role Specalst Natons Status of Forces Agreement Theatre Alled Contractng Office Troop Contrbutng Naton —111— .

—112— .

CHAPTER 8 HOST NATION SUPPORT (HNS) —113— .

—114— .

ncludng area securty and admnstratve support n accordance wth negotated arrangements between the SN and/or NATO and the HN government. CHAPTER 8 —115— . NATO Commanders must be nvolved n support plannng and be gven the authorty to co-ordnate plannng where necessary. As such.Karl von Clausewitz. stagng and onward movement support. consstent wth mantanng or enhancng mltary effectveness.” . DEFINITION HNS s cvl and mltary assstance rendered n peace. HNS may also reduce the amount of logstc forces and materel otherwse requred by SN to sustan and redeploy forces. The Strategc Commands (SCs) are responsble to ensure that the HNS agreements fulfil NATO operatonal requrements wthout reducng the combat potental of the HN. HNS facltates the ntroducton of forces nto an area of operatons by provdng essental recepton. ncludng HNS. In partcular. NATO CONCEPT FOR HNS HNS seeks to provde the NATO Commander and the Sendng Naton (SN) wth support n the form of materel. To acheve ths. and non Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons (CROs).HOST NATION SUPPORT (HNS) “There is nothing so common as to find consideration of supply affecting the strategic lines of a campaign and a war. The NATO Commander’s authortes wth respect to HNS are further defined n MC 334/2. Ths strategy s workable only f Host Natons make the support avalable. crss and conflct by a Host Naton to alled forces and organsatons whch are located on. t s necessary to adopt more rapd and flexble HNS plannng mechansms to ensure that HNS arrangements can be put nto place as early as possble so that the requred support can be assured to the maxmum extent possble. 1832 INTRODUCTION Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty to support NATO operatons and must co-operatvely arrange adequate Host Naton Support (HNS) to the complete range of NATO operatons and exercses durng peace. Collectve Defence. operatng n or transtng through the HN’s terrtory. crss and conflct and nclude Artcle 5. facltes and servces. On War. The SNLC produced MC 319/2 that confers upon the NATO Commander key authortes for logstcs. The possblty of deployments of a rapd mltary response beyond NATO terrtory has sgnficant mplcatons for NATO HNS polcy and plannng procedures.

one must be concluded wth the utmost prorty. where t exsts. It may contan general provsons regardng support from the HN. the SCs have mplemented a programme to negotate standng HNS Memorandum of Understandng (MOU) wth NATO and PfP Natons. In these cases. LEGAL ASPECTS OF HNS ARRANGEMENTS Arrangements and agreements concluded between the approprate natonal authortes and NATO form the bass of support for HNS arrangements. the SOFA may have an mpact on HNS and should be taken nto account n the development of HNS arrangements. C-M(2000)56-REV1 (also MC 334/2) —116— . In order to realse consstent and effectve HNS plannng and executon. negotated at the hghest level between SN and/or NATO and the HN authortes. Where a SOFA wth a HN does not exst. An MOU s an nstrument to record n a less formal manner specfic understandngs and oblgatons and s an expresson of the concurrng wllngness of the partes partcpatng n and subscrbng to t. a Transt Agreement wll be concluded between NATO HQ and the HN to authorse the transt of alled forces and goods through the HN’s terrtory. Ths may not be possble n regard to many natons. To ths end. Wthn the context of HNS. Moreover. It provdes the mutually agreed mltary-poltcal-legal bass for the development of further mplementng documents wthn the agreed provsons emboded n the MOU. Natons and NATO authortes have a collectve responsblty for HNS across the spectrum of NATO-led operatons. HNS PRINCIPLES1 The requred moblty. the followng prncples wll apply: 1) R - esponsibility. whch mples an ntent or responsblty to support alled forces and organsatons. as well as non NATO Natons. A Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA). the MOU s a wrtten overarchng blateral or multlateral agreed document. Ths does not preclude blateral arrangements between partes. The Transt Agreement wll nclude some provsons that make reference to the support needed from the HN and n some cases may permt the development of HNS Techncal Arrangements wthout development of an MOU. the ncreasng requrement to take advantage of economes of scale and to more rapdly and effectvely mplement responsve support concepts dctates that HNS be consdered as an ntegral part of the logstc plannng process and should therefore be addressed n all support plans. Therefore. governs the status of forces and determnes ther relatonshp wth the HN. n regons where NATO deployments may occur. flexblty and multnatonalty of NATO forces hghlght the need for commonly agreed prncples of HNS and for the NATO Commander to provde the structure necessary to facltate the development of HNS arrangements. The goal s to use NATO HNS arrangements to the greatest extent possble to facltate the negotaton and admnstraton tasks of the HN by creatng a standard process and standard documents that can be used by all partes.

V - isibility. When delegated by the SC. R - eimbursement. HNS s a fundamental supplement to support for deployed forces and once the MOU s concluded. but as a key component of operatonal plannng. The Host Naton should not derve profit from the offical actvtes of NATO HQ or forces conductng or partcpatng n operatons. crss and conflct. as approprate. The Host Naton. The NATO Commander has the authorty to establsh requrements for HNS. by co-operatve arrangements or collectvely wth NATO must ensure the provson of adequate resources to support ther forces durng peace. t requres multdscplnary partcpaton of all the plannng staff. P - rovision. It must be carred out at approprate levels and may nclude non NATO natons and other relevant organsatons. Natons ndvdually.Ths responsblty encourages natons and NATO to co-operatvely plan for and share the provson of HNS to support the force effectvely and efficently wth each naton bearng the ultmate responsblty for ensurng the provson of support for ts forces . HNS PLANNING HNS plannng s an ntegral part of logstc plannng. Informaton concernng HNS arrangements n support of alled forces and organsatons should be avalable to the approprate NATO Commander and to the Sendng Naton. as requred. - Authority. to prortse the provson of HNS to assgned forces and to ntate the HNS plannng process. exercses conferences or smlar events on ther terrtory. whle the concluson of the HNS MOU s the responsblty of the Host Naton and the NATO Commander. a the co ordnaton and co operaton between NATO and natonal authortes s essental for reasons of operatonal effectveness. - Co-ordination nd Co-operation. efficency and the avodance of competton for resources. the Commander also has the authorty to conclude HNS arrangements for NATO multnatonal headquarters and other common-funded enttes. These authortes also apply to nonNATO Commanders of a multnatonal force partcpatng n a NATO led operaton. When avalable. E - conomy. ncludng negotatons. wll be provded by the HN to the greatest extent possble on the bass of natonal legslaton. Plannng and executon of HNS must reflect the most effectve and economc use of resources avalable to fulfil the requrement. The NATO Commander should also be made aware of other non—117— . natonal prortes and the actual capabltes of the HN. For HNS plannng and executon. Rembursement for HNS wll be agreed between the Host Naton and the Sendng Naton and/or the NATO Commander. the Sendng Naton and the NATO Commander are responsble for HNS plannng and development.

the varety of deployment optons may also requre that a contngency approach be taken towards HNS plannng. An Concept of Requirements Operational overvew of the key aspects level (COR) of each stage and where they fit n the logstc/operatonal Technical Arrangements Operational plannng process s outlned level (TA) below. Because of the nter-relatonshps between HNS. NATO Commander must ensure close co ordnaton between the SN. HNS plannng wll be as detaled as possble to enable the HN to evaluate and adequately respond to requrements. The NATO Commander’s logstc staff s responsble for the development of HNS arrangements. The NATO Commander should be nvted to partcpate n follow-on blateral HNS negotatons between the Sendng Naton and the Host Naton n order to promote co operaton and assst where necessary. Ths co ordnaton wll be n accordance wth establshed doctrne and procedures. and the HN. Standng HNS MOU supportng a broad range of potental operatons should be concluded. and because of the legal and financal mplcatons of HNS arrangements. These should be kept under revew to ncorporate lessons dentfied from future exercses and operatons. NATO Commanders and natons dentfied as Statement of Requirements Tactical potental HN(s) are encouraged level (SOR) to embark on Stages 1. HNS arrangements should be concluded at the earlest opportunty n the plannng process. The actvtes nvolved n HNS Request and Memorandum Political a staged plannng process are level of Understanding (MOU) found n AJP-4. Cvl Mltary Co operaton (CIMIC).5. 2 and 3 at the earlest opportunty n Joint Implementation Arrangement Tactical order to develop useful generc level (JIA) HNS arrangements n readness for future operatons/exercses Figure 8-1. Durng HNS plannng. In ether case. NATO co ordnated HNS arrangements should be pursued where approprate. However. contractng and other functons. 5 Stage HNS Planning Process and/or common operatonal pcture(s). The procedures should be standardsed to the extent possble to ensure an effectve and flexble response to any operatonal need. In terms of efficency. close co-ordnaton wll have to be mantaned wth all relevant staff from the outset. As far as possble.NATO HNS arrangements that are n support of or may mpact on the conduct of NATO-led operatons. once they are dentfied. Natons and the NATO Commander should ensure that adequate gudance s provded to non-NATO natons when developng HNS arrangements. —118— . whch detals ths plannng framework.

If a Standng HNS MOU exsts. takng nto consderaton the HNS requrements of the Sendng Naton(s) where these can be dentfied. Policies Specific to the NATO Commander The NATO Commander shall negotate and conclude HNS arrangements for NATO multnatonal headquarters and. The NATO Commander shall dentfy HNS requrements and has to coordnate and prortse HNS requrements and the provson of HNS n consultaton wth natons. the Host Naton confirms ts ablty to provde the requested HNS and dentfies any shortfalls. The Jont Implementaton Arrangements (JIA(s)) represent the S final stage when more detal s requred to effectvely mplement the HNS plan after confirmaton by the Host Naton. when authorsed. whch oblgate the sgnatores and satsfy the specfic requrements of the Sendng Naton(s). whch s convened by the NATO Commander and the Host Naton wth the partcpaton of SN(s). As a product of msson analyss. the NATO Commander shall establsh a process to facltate negotatons between the Host Naton and the Sendng Naton and/or subordnate NATO Commanders n accordance wth NATO’s HNS doctrne and procedures. Generally. - Stage 3. - Stage 1. - tage 5. who may undertake prelmnary reconnassance ahead of submttng ther COR(s). the NATO Commander first dentfies the requrement for HNS n very broad terms to support plans beng drafted. HNS POLICIES The polces set out n ths document define the responsbltes of NATO Commanders. A Concept of Requrements (COR) s called for and submtted to the HN by the NATO Commander and SN(s). The Statements of Requrements SOR(s) are developed on the bass of the results of ste surveys co ordnated by the JHNSSC. for desgnated multnatonal unts and selected theatre-level support. —119— . the Sendng Natons and the Host Naton. - Stage 2. to address common requrements and procedures for the provson of HNS. n conjuncton wth the Host Naton. they are executable documents. For each operatonal plan for whch HNS s requred. - Stage 4. Once sgned. The Sendng Natons are encouraged to take advantage of these arrangements by accedng to the HNS MOU. Followng consderaton of the SOR(s). an HNS MOU s developed wth each Host Naton. respectvely. t s applcable to all NATO operatons or exercses and does not requre any modficatons. The Techncal Arrangement (TA) s finalsed wthn the Jont HNS Steerng Commttee (JHNSSC).

Furthermore. the Host Naton s encouraged to dentfy other HNS capabltes n order to assess ther potental to provde addtonal support. the NATO Commander s requred to nform the Sendng Naton on the avalablty of HNS assets. The Sendng Naton may choose to negotate ther own blateral MOU wth the Host Naton. The NATO Commander shall provde the Host Naton and the Sendng Naton(s) wth the necessary detals. Any outstandng concerns could then be addressed as part of the accesson process. The NATO Capablty Catalogue for HNS may facltate ths. The Sendng Naton shall partcpate n the plannng and executon processes n order to conduct effectve HNS. Ultmately and pror to the recept of HNS. The Host Naton retans control over ts own HNS resources. the NATO Commander n conjuncton wth the Host Naton and pror to the recept of HNS. The Host Naton shall determne the cost standards to be appled for cost calculatons for HNS. ncludng ponts of contact. The Sendng Naton shall report the status of HNS negotatons to the approprate NATO Commander. The Host Naton shall report the status of HNS negotatons to the approprate NATO Commander. The Sendng Naton shall notfy ts HNS requrements and any sgnficant changes as they occur to the Host Naton and the NATO Commander as early as possble. for proper HNS plannng and executon. desgnated multnatonal unts and selected theatre-level support. wll detal the fundng arrangements to be appled for the payment of HNS for the multnatonal headquarters. —120— . Conversely. If NATO common fundng or approprate exercse fundng s approved. Policies Specific to the Host Nation The Host Naton shall advse SN and approprate NATO Commander of ts capablty to provde HNS aganst specfic requrements and of sgnficant changes n capablty as they occur. The Host Naton shall partcpate n the plannng and executon processes n order to conduct effectve HNS. the Sendng Naton s responsble to make the necessary arrangements for rembursement. unless control of such resources s released. Policies Specific to the Sending Nation The Sendng Naton(s) s encouraged to accede to the HNS MOU concluded by the SCs and the Host Naton. The NATO Commander s authorsed to request reports on HNS assets desgnated and agreed by the Host Naton to support the forces under ther command.

CAPABILITY DATABASE In order to facltate NATO Commanders’ ablty to assess a Host Naton’s potental to provde support. —121— . The nformaton wll serve for plannng purposes only. they are encouraged to dentfy other HNS capabltes. The NATO Capablty Catalogue for HNS provdes a template for nformaton related to facltes. a Sendng Naton and/or the NATO Commander. Contractng s the commercal acquston of materel and cvl servces by the Sendng Naton and/or the NATO Commander for ther forces n support of NATO-led operatons. In cases where there s no legtmate HN government wth whom to coordnate HNS. It s kept n an electronc database wthn Logstc Functonal Area Servce. may contract drectly wth prvate sources wthn the Host Naton. where possble. Contractng shall. be co ordnated wth or through the Host Naton. as far as possble. LOCAL CONTRACTING There s a dstncton between HNS and contractng as the latter s not based on formalsed agreements that consttute the bass of HNS. In such cases. Co-operaton wth cvlan organsatons n the framework of HNS should always be managed n full consultaton wth approprate mltary and cvlan authortes of the Host Naton. CIVIL-MILITARY CO-OPERATION (CIMIC) HNS must not be confused wth CIMIC. The purpose of CIMIC s to establsh and mantan full co-operaton between NATO forces and the cvlan populaton and nsttutons wthn a commander’s area of operatons n order to create the most advantageous cvl-mltary condtons. therefore. ts blateral HNS arrangements and assocated plans are harmonsed wth the requrements of NATO operatonal plannng. nfrastructure and resources that may be made avalable to the NATO Commander n support of hs forces. Contractng from local resources should not nterfere wth HNS and should always take nto account the essental needs of the local populaton. The Host Naton should ensure that. t s essental that the NATO Commander establsh a system to montor or co ordnate contracts to lmt competton for scarce resources and establsh HNS prortes when requred. The Host Naton should ensure the requred co-operaton and coordnaton between ts cvlan and mltary sectors n order to make the best use of lmted HNS resources.

5(A) Alled Jont Host Naton Support Doctrne and Procedures ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —122— .REFERENCES MC 319/2 NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs MC 334/2 ATO Prncples and Polces for Host Naton Support N MC 411/1 ATO Mltary Polcy on Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton N AJP-4.

ANNEX A to Chapter 8 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER CIMIC COR CROs HN JHNSSC JIAs MOU SCs SN SOFA SOR(s) TA Cvl-Mltary Co operaton Concept of Requrements Crss Response Operatons Host Naton Jont HNS Steerng Commttee Jont Implementaton Arrangements Memorandum of Understandng Strategc Commands Sendng Naton Status of Forces Agreement Statements of Requrements Techncal Arrangement ANNEX A —123— .

—124— .

CHAPTER 9 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION SUPPORT —125— .

—126— .

NATO Prncples and Polces for Movement and Transportaton. —127— . M&T s the cornerstone of the Allance’s operatonal concept. Ths must be done n co-operaton wth natons. Summary of the Art of War. The need for co-ordnaton of NATO M&T plannng s a result of the Allance’s new strategy to support expedtonary forces. CHAPTER 9 MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION PRINCIPLES MC 336/2. Specfically: - he multnatonal character of NATO forces requres co ordnaton t and co operaton. 1838 INTRODUCTION Movement and Transportaton (M&T) encompasses the whole spectrum of nfrastructure. co ordnatng and deconflctng the deployment (ncludng RSOM). facltes and equpment. - he flexblty nherent to the selecton of NATO forces and the t uncertantes that surround future deployments place a greater relance on movement and transportaton plannng based on generc and ad hoc operatonal plannng requrements. not competton. Specfic responsbltes are descrbed hereafter. command and control.Antoine Henri Jomini. and of quartering and supplying troops. requrng nvestment n resources. and - he lmted avalablty of transportaton resources underlnes the t contnung need for close co-ordnaton between the NATO Mltary Authortes (NMAs). the closer co-ordnaton s requred throughout the Allance.MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION SUPPORT “Logistics is the art of moving armies. and equpment. Stagng and Onward Movement (RSOM) of forces.” . arlft. surface transport. N prortsng. transportaton for sustanment (re supply). NATO M&T-related commttees and NATO cvl agences for provdng support to NATO mltary operatons. in a word it is the execution of strategic and tactical enterprises. facltes. and ther respectve forces redeployment. It comprises the order and details of marches and camps. establshes the prncples and polces for M&T. and sealft. NATO and natons take collectve responsblty for movement and transportaton support to NATO operatons. They are reprnted n the paragraphs to follow. Collective Responsibility. whch drectly support the deployment and Recepton. for movement and transportaton resources. NATO Commanders are responsble for ntatng. - ATO Responsblty. The greater relance placed upon NATO forces’ ablty to deploy quckly.

and may nclude blateral and/or multlateral co operatve arrangements. s essental. of a multnatonal headquarters group. Smplfy plans and procedures as much as possble. equpment and hardware. both mltary and cvlan. Optmses mltary and cvlan resources’ use. Such co-operaton can be of a b- or multlateral nature. sealft. Ths ncorporates both co operatve and shared use of lft. M&T data nformaton exchange between NATO and natonal mltary and cvl authortes s essental for the efficent support of movement and transportaton tasks. Simplicity. Effectiveness. Ths prncple must be tempered by the need for co operaton. co ordnaton. and nland surface transport resources. and. and economy. —128— . MOVEMENT AND TRANSPORTATION POLICIES General Policies NATO and natonal mltary and cvl authortes are responsble for development of NATO force M&T drectves. Co-operation. Natons exercse prmary responsblty for N obtanng transportaton resources to deploy. Transportability. Co-ordination. Movement and transportaton co-ordnaton between NATO and natonal and cvlan authortes s essental and conducted at all approprate levels. data and software as t does to procedures. The executon of the natons’ responsblty to provde sufficent M&T resources could be hampered by a requred lft asset shortage. Standardisation. natons should. where approprate and possble. These should be responsve to NATO’s operatonal requrements and co ordnated at the approprate level. Standardsaton facltates successful M&T. Efficiency. Take nto consderaton the complementary and ntermodal nature of arlft. Co-operaton between NATO and natonal authortes. make resources avalable to NATO for co operatve or shared use. sustan and redeploy ther forces. procedures and organsatons. M&T plannng and executon must be talored to satsfy overall NATO operatonal requrements. Desgn equpment. Consequently. - atons’ Responsblty. natonal components of multnatonal forces. where a naton accepted lead naton responsblty. M&T plannng and executon must be capable of reactng n a tmely manner to dynamc changes n the operatonal stuaton and requrement. It apples as much to systems. Visibility and Transparency. Flexibility. when possble. compatble wth avalable transport resources for unts and formatons wth a moblty role. Ths responsblty may nclude plannng and controllng the movement of natonal forces.

M&T plannng must be talored to the respectve forces and ther related employment optons. seek ther advce and assstance n all phases of deployment plannng (concept development. as requred. —129— . - Shared Use. both NATO and natonal. movement plannng and executon plannng) and executon. When natons make transportaton resources or ther surplus capacty avalable to other natons. NATO bears responsblty for assgnng an executve authorty or requestng a Lead Naton (LN) to act as HN on behalf of deployng NATO forces. M&T plannng for NATO operatons must comply wth the prortes set by the NATO Commander. M&T plannng must consder the use of Host Naton Support (HNS) and/or local resources. f requred. personnel. NATO and natonal M&T plannng should consder the possblty of prepostonng of stocks. strategc plannng. When HN authortes are not able or not wllng to provde the requred RSOM support. - Co operative Use. RSOM s the phase of the deployment processes that transtons unts. must develop the RSOM plan n accordance wth the Multnatonal Detaled Deployment Plan (MNDDP). Strategc Commands (SCs) should. M&T Planning M&T plannng s a dstnct but ntegral part of logstc plannng. NATO cvl transportaton experts are a valuable asset and provde nformaton and offer assstance to NATO mltary planners. NATO Commanders wll revew the effectveness of mltary arrangements. When natons make transportaton resources or ther surplus capacty avalable to NATO. compensaton and/or rembursement wll be subject to arrangements between the partes nvolved. Movement across nternatonal borders must be supported by standardsed and harmonsed arrangements. Natonal and NATO M&T plannng must be harmonsed as early as possble durng the Operatonal Plannng Process (OPP). The desgnated Jont Force Commander (JFC). n coordnaton wth the Host Naton (HN) and Sendng Natons (SNs). n support of the Allance’s operatonal M&T requrements. these resources are provded free of charge or under rembursement arrangements. NATO and natonal mltary authortes are responsble for operatonal support plannng. and must be consstent wth force and operatonal plannng. partcularly durng the RSOM stage. materal and equpment n order to mprove M&T reacton tme. equpment and materel from arrval at Ports of Debarkaton (PODs) to the final destnaton.

The SCs wll scrutnze ths process and wll montor the development of legslatve and other arrangements made by natons as part of the Annual Defence Revew (ADR) process and the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee (SCEPC). Policy on Military Support to Civil Operations Mltary support to cvl operatons wll be conducted usng the same prncples and polces as descrbed above. as approprate. as well as mltary transport authortes. natonal-level deployment. Natons are nvted to ensure that natonal legslaton or other arrangements provde sufficently for the acquston of M&T resources for Artcle 5 operatons and non-Artcle 5 CRO. through the Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees (PB&Cs). Policy on Resource Acquisition Natons are responsble to provde transportaton resources to move ther own forces and materel. requre M&T expertse. M&T plannng to support mltary operatons must be carred out and co ordnated on a combned and jont mltary/cvl bass encompassng all modes of transport. where approprate. whch should extend as approprate to both natonal and non-natonal sources. —130— . avalablty and feasblty. The mltary wll. as requred. Policy on Civil Support to the Military Cvl support to the mltary wll be of crtcal mportance n achevng the desred flexblty n support of the Allance’s objectves. Natonal operatonal support plannng should nvolve approprate natonal cvl. ncludng possble use of both non-NATO natons’ transportaton resources and contractual arrangements operatve under specfic condtons. non-NATO natons wll use the Alled Deployment and Movement System (ADAMS) as the NATO plannng tool to facltate multnatonal deployment plannng and nformaton transfer. to assess and define cvl transport support capablty. n the acquston process. Natons may use ADAMS or some other system to do ther nternal. NATO and natons should make arrangements for close and well-structured co operaton between mltary and cvl authortes. Natons should consder: - nterng nto b- or multlateral agreements wth other natons e concernng M&T resource provson. land and ar force packages. to support NATO M&T capabltes. NATO natons and. Avod separate M&T plannng for martme. NATO and NMAs wll ensure that harmonsed casualty evacuaton s ncorporated nto movement plans. at the approprate level. wll montor and advse natons on the adequacy of legslaton or other natonal measures. m - akng approprate arrangements to gan access to cvl transport resources by usng normal commercal practces to the maxmum extent.

NATO s responsble for ensurng the provson of transportaton resources for the movement of multnatonal HQs and other common-funded elements such as NATO owned equpment. statutory or contractual and may nclude b- or mult-lateral arrangements. the communcatons and Automated Data Processng (ADP) systems must provde commanders wth tmely nformaton concernng status of force deployment. and - eportng to the approprate NATO authortes those mltary and cvl r transportaton resources that may be avalable for co operatve or shared use. These may be consttutonal. Policy on Command. f t appears that the commercal market may be unable to meet requrements. Gven that cvl transportaton resources normally operate n market condtons. NATO wll provde msson assgnment to natons that wll undertake M&T operatonal command and control and detaled msson taskng. The naton usng a naton’s or an agency’s transportaton resource s responsble for rembursng that resource provdng naton or agency. Control and Communications M&T resource command and control wll reman wth the ownng natons. - pplyng to the approprate SC for access to transportaton resources a or surplus capacty made avalable by natons for co operatve or shared use. f such rembursement s requred. For the purpose of efficency and smplcty. - akng arrangements for control or redrecton of cvl transportaton m resources. natons are to contnue to support the use of ADAMS and communcate M&T data va ths system. NATO and natonal authortes wll contnue to devse collectve arrangements. M&T TASKS AND RESPONSIBILITIES The M&T structure must be capable of respondng flexbly to a natonal declaraton of war and Crss Response Operatons and should make best use of NATO and natonal organsatons. - pproachng the cvl transportaton market n a co ordnated manner. a thus acqurng resources n accordance wth operatonal prortes and mnmsng natonal competton for resources. movement management s always executed at the hghest practcal level descrbed hereafter. avalablty of transportaton resources and status of the lnes of communcaton. whch ensure obtanng quckly and relably sutable cvl resources. As ADAMS s NATO’s tool for multnatonal M&T plannng. unless natons make other arrangements wth NATO authortes. —131— . To be vable.

and by harmonsng and standardsng cvl procedures relatng to transport for defence purposes. s responsble to co ordnate and harmonse the development and mplementaton of the Allance’s M&T polces and concepts. Ths commander gves specfic operatonal gudance by lstng prortes. The Internatonal Staff (IS) and the Internatonal Mltary Staff (IMS) assst deployment plannng and executon by provdng doctrnal and polcy gudance and clarficaton to support the SCs n ther plannng processes for the transt of deployed forces through natonal terrtores. The co ordnatng authorty for logstcs. final destnaton and sets the Commander’s Requred Date (CRD). when approprate. through ts Transport PB&Cs. who c asssts the desgnated commander and ensures the unmpeded flow of renforcng forces through hs Area of Responsblty (AOR). - onsult. - rortse and co ordnate the ntegrated use of M&T resources made p avalable by natons for shared use. the SCs are responsble to: - evelop the MNDDP based on natonal DDPs. —132— . supports the NMAs by advsng on the avalablty and use of cvl transportaton resources and related nfrastructure n support of NATO and NATO-led operatons. wth experts from the Transportaton c PB&Cs and other M&T sources. the Senor Natonal Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC). the Alled Movement Co-ordnaton Centre (AMCC) wll co ordnate strategc movement. Under the authorty of the SHAPE. - ddress strategc lft shortfalls n co-operaton wth the natons. The SCEPC. The MNDDP must be d developed n close co-ordnaton wth the desgnated Jont Force Commander responsble for the RSOM plan and the authorsng HN. and - o ordnate wth the Supportng Commander. PODs. f requested. a - dvse and assst n the development of blateral or multlateral a agreements and arrangements.NATO Headquarters NATO Headquarters provdes the poltcal and mltary gudance through consultaton wth natons for overall M&T matters. transportaton for sustanment (re supply) and redeployment of NATO forces. Specfically. by assstng n the acquston of cvl resources. - o ordnate wth the Jont Force Commander who must provde the c Statement of Requrement (SOR) n co-operaton wth the SCs. The Movement and Transportaton Group (M&TG) supports the SNLC wth regard to M&T polces and concepts. f apponted. Strategic Commands (SCs) The SCs are responsble for matters concernng mplementaton of M&T polces and doctrne and development of M&T plans and operatonal procedures.

roulement and redeployment of NATO forces and equpment for NATO operatons. Concepts of Operaton (CONOPs). It also supports sustanment. The Nations Sending Nations (SNs) are responsble to: - evelop the natonal Detaled Deployment Plan (DDP). Ths ncludes developng multmodal solutons for strategc movements. and the Athens Multnatonal Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre (AMSCC) n Greece. as requred. AMCC works n close co-operaton wth other co ordnaton centres that provde support to NATO. the Strategc Ar Lft Co-ordnaton Cell (SALCC) and the Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre (SCC). revew. —133— . whch ncludes the Desgnated NATO Commander’s prortes. prortse. alled forces. analyss of potental Lnes of Communcaton (LOCs) and Ports of Debarkaton (PODs). n order to meet overall NATO prortes. - etermne movement requrements and make necessary transportaton d arrangements and then work wth the SCs to dentfy shortfalls and surpluses n natonal M&T resources to meet the Allance’s movement requrements. - ontrol the movement of natonal forces and natonal components c of multnatonal forces. evaluatng. based on the Alled Dsposton Lst (ADL). It s also responsble for montorng. both located n Endhoven. or f assstance s specfically sought by natons. Its responsbltes nclude development/coordnaton of the natonal DDPs towards a Multnatonal DDP to support force deployment. redeployment and transportaton of sustanment supples to NATO and non NATO troop contrbutng natons’ forces durng exercses and operatons. - espond to requests to develop/execute arrangements for co operatve r use of lft wth other natons. although t may be called upon to do so n cases where NATO HQs or NATO-owned assets are beng moved. wth the assstance of NAMSA and the PB&Cs where requred. and - rovde natonal lason/augmentaton to the AMCC and. takng nto account the NATO Commander’s operatonal requrements. The AMCC’s plannng focuses normally at the strategc level. - ontrol and co ordnate cvl and mltary transportaton resources n c support of natonal and. P to the HN Natonal Movement Co-ordnaton Centre (NMCC). Netherlands. and montors executon. n ADAMS d format. It does not normally acqure transport assets for deployng forces. and ts responsbltes are multmodal. as necessary. The AMCC accomplshes movement plannng as part of operatonal plannng (Statements of Requrements. such as the European Arlft Centre (EAC). deconflct and co ordnate movements supportng deployment. The Allied Movement Co-ordination Centre (AMCC) provdes NATO’s prncpal capablty to plan. and adjustng actual movements once an operaton starts.

support and execute ther portons of the RSOM plan. when actng as a HN.Host Nations (HN) are responsble to: - ontrol and co ordnate movement of forces. take the lead n performng specfic M&T tasks as dentfied a by NATO n co-operaton wth the natons. on ther own terrtores. personnel. nfrastructure) for natonal and NATO support. as necessary. facltes.4 Alled Jont Movement and Transportaton Doctrne ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —134— . - stablsh a NMCC and approprate executve movement control e organsaton for M&T co-ordnaton. Lead Nations (LNs) are responsble to: REFERENCES MC 319/2 NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs MC 336/2 NATO Prncples and Polces for Movement and Transportaton (M&T) AJP-4(A) Alled Jont Logstc Doctrne. - ontrol and operate natonal cvl and mltary transportaton resources c (e. - dentfy for the SC the status of M&T resources and nfrastructure n  support of an operaton. p - onduct ether partally or totally the HN tasks and responsbltes set c out above. and - stablsh arrangements for compensaton and/or rembursement for e those LN functons wth all partes nvolved. make and/or mplement necessary arrangements and co a ordnate wth neghbourng natons to facltate border crossngs. equpment. - ontrol. - s requred. AJP-4.g. c takng nto account the desgnated NATO Commander’s prortes and SNs’ requrements. whch c has been made n close co-ordnaton wth the desgnated Jont Force Commander and SNs. fulfil all the respectve M&T tasks set out above. - s requred. - hen actng as a SN for multnatonal headquarters groups and/or w unts wth a hgh degree of multnatonalty. and - rovde lason/augmentaton to the AMCC.

ANNEX A to Chapter 9 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER ADAMS ADL ADP ADR AMCC AMSCC AOR CRD CRO CONOPs DDP EAC HN HNS HQs IMS IS LN LOCs MNDDP M&T M&TG NMAs NMCC OPP PB&Cs Alled Deployment and Movement System Alled Dsposton Lst Automated Data Processng Annual Defence Revew Alled Movement Co-ordnaton Centre Athens Multnatonal Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre Area of Responsblty Commander’s Requred Date Crss Response Operaton Concepts of Operaton Detaled Deployment Plan European Arlft Centre Host Naton Host Naton Support Headquarters Internatonal Mltary Staff Internatonal Staff Lead Naton Lnes of Communcaton Mult-Natonal Detaled Deployment Plan Movement and Transportaton Movement and Transportaton Group NATO Mltary Authortes Natonal Movement Co-ordnaton Centre Operatonal Plannng Process Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees —135— ANNEX A .

PODs RSOM SALCC SCs SCC SCEPC SHAPE SNs SNLC SOR Ports of Debarkaton Recepton. Stagng and Onward Movement Strategc Ar Lft Co-ordnaton Cell Strategc Commands Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee Supreme Alled Headquarters n Europe Sendng Natons Senor Natonal Logstcans’ Conference Statement of Requrement —136— .

CHAPTER 10 PETROLEUM SUPPORT Deployable Fuel Handling Equipment for Expeditionary Operations Main Bulk Fuel Installation at Kabul International Airport. International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) Fuel Pump and Filter Installation —137— .

—138— .

whch can be generally grouped as those concerned wth: - vl preparedness to meet fuel problems wthn NATO. 1) Authority is being sought to change the name of the NATO Pipeline Committee to the NATO Petroleum Committee to better reflect its role and responsibilities. Further. prncples and characterstcs of the NATO Petroleum Supply Chan. the plannng crtera and reportng requrements and addresses crss management. ols and lubrcants and related products. nteroperablty and research on s fuels. There are several commttees n NATO assocated wth fuels support and fuels supply plannng. lubrcants and assocated products. - xpedtonary operatons. ols. nterchangeablty. t defines the responsbltes of the Natons. as well as Petroleum Handlng Equpment (PHE). c - ulk dstrbuton and storage of fuels for mltary use by the NPS and b other assocated facltes. the NATO Ppelne Commttee1 and NATO Mltary Authortes. Without an adequate supply. and p - tandardsaton. e - r base. It also descrbes the NATO Ppelne System (NPS). and ther m relatonshp wth weapon systems.» – Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.PETROLEUM SUPPORT «Fuel is the life blood of modern armed forces. —139— . a - ltary fuels. The MC-473 Drectve provdes gudance to NATO and natonal authortes on the polces. 1942 INTRODUCTION Fuel s a commodty that s essental to NATO’s defence plannng and s also necessary for sustanng socal and economc lfe. nothing can happen. - etroleum plannng. naval base and unt support. A gude to the NATO bodes concerned wth the NPS and other petroleum bodes s provded at Annex A. and all type of mltary equpment and vehcles. The NPC has determned the organsaton and procedures needed to manage crss stuatons and lases wth the International Energy Agency and wth the AC/98 Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee’s (SCEPC) Plannng Board for Inland Surface Transport (PBIST) and Industral Plannng Commttee (IPC) on matters of common nterest. legslatve and envronmental ssues. CHAPTER 10 CIVIL PREPAREDNESS Cvl preparedness n the area of fuel s the responsblty of the AC/112 NATO Pipeline Committee (NPC) followng the demse of the Petroleum Planning Committee (PPC).

Whle those n the Czech Republc. Slovaka and Slovena). Turkey (two separate systems - west and east). Span and the new member natons (Bulgara. There are no restrctons on the type of NATO fuel facltes that can be used for commercal purposes provded the mnmum safeguards are respected. Greece. Germany. Estona. NATO mltary requrements have been ncorporated nto approved Capablty Packages (CPs) and the related projects are beng mplemented. Luxembourg and the Netherlands. To reduce the demand on strategc lft assets to carry fuel nto a theatre of operaton. Norway. France. NATO and partcpatng natons should strve to satsfy the operatonal fuel requrement. there are also fuel systems n the Czech Republc. Poland. AIR BASE. put spare capacty to commercal use provdng that does not detract from the prmacy of the mltary use of the system. cvl arports. —140— . or a Fuels Multnatonal Integrated Logstc Unt as approprate. EXPEDITIONARY OPERATIONS Expedtonary operatons requre NATO forces to operate away from the fixed nfrastructure of the NPS. connected ar bases. The NPS n total conssts of some 14. refineres and entry ponts. In addton to the above elements of the NPS. maxmum use should be made of Host Naton Support (HNS) or n country resources. the Central Europe Ppelne System (CEPS) n Belgum. Wthout such resources. the NPS conssts of nne separate and dstnct mltary storage and dstrbuton systems: Italy. Portugal. Such solutons should adhere to the Sngle Fuel Polcy and the modular concept descrbed below. A smlar exercse s beng conducted wth regard to the NATO mltary requrements n the new member natons. The optmum utlsaton of NATO petroleum facltes n peacetme s a prerequste for the proper mantenance of the NPS and the necessary tranng of ts staff. acheve economes of scale and ensure the qualty of fuel provded through multnatonal solutons such as Logstc Lead Naton or Role Specalst Naton. the North European Ppelne System (NEPS) located n both Denmark and Germany. Lthuana.500 km of ppelne runnng through 12 NATO natons wth ts assocated depots. The networks are controlled by natonal organsatons. C-M(2001)92. pump statons. Natons should use the facltes to the fullest extent practcable for mltary purposes and.BULK DISTRIBUTION AND STORAGE OF FUELS IN THE NPS Although collectvely referred to as one system. as avalable. the Unted Kngdom. NAVAL BASE AND UNIT SUPPORT Ths s a user naton responsblty. Bulk dstrbuton s acheved usng facltes provded from the common-funded NATO Securty Investment Programme (NSIP). and the largest system. Hungary. Full detals of the NPS are contaned n the Charter of the Organsaton of the NPS and Assocated Fuel Facltes. Romana. The Spansh system s purely natonal. Hungary and Poland are natonal systems. although certan facltes may be provded under the NSIP such as fuel storage on ar bases and connectons to the NPS. wth the excepton of the CEPS whch s a multnatonal system. thereafter. Latva.

—141— . Moble Ppelne Repar Equpment (MPRE) and the readly deployable components of any equpment system that are ntended to receve and dspense fuel. a growng requrement for F-67 for Unmanned Aeral Vehcles (UAV) and ths requrement s beng addressed by the NF&LWG and PHEWG wth the approprate UAV commttees. ols. The SFP mplementaton process conssts of three stages. however. The second stage s the replacement of desel fuel (F-54) wth F-34 n land-based vehcles and equpment wth compresson gnton or turbne engnes deployed on the battlefield. DEPLOYABLE FUELS HANDLING EQUIPMENT (DFHE) – THE MODULAR CONCEPT DFHE s a generc term coverng all specal-purpose. The logstc benefits of a sngle fuel are related to a varety of techncal. but the major advantage s the smplficaton of the fuel supply chan and the supportng statc or deployable nfrastructure descrbed n MC 473. now complete. It encompasses Tactcal Fuel Handlng Equpment (TFHE).e. The first stage. It excludes all fixed nfrastructure. lubrcants and assocated products s AC/112 NATO Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Group (NF&LWG). operatonal. Single Fuel Policy (SFP) The am of the orgnal Sngle Fuel Concept (SFC) was to acheve maxmum equpment nteroperablty through the use of a sngle fuel. drums or collapsble tanks). the Drectve for the NATO Petroleum Supply Chan.MILITARY FUELS AND THE SINGLE FUEL POLICY The co ordnatng body for mltary fuels. moble mltary equpment desgned to enable the supply of fuel quckly and efficently on operatons. on the battlefield for land-based mltary arcraft. Ths stage s beng mplemented ndependently by each NATO and Partner naton n accordance wth ther own equpment replacement programmes. Snce ts ncepton as a concept n 1986. economc and envronmental factors. Detals of naton’s mplementaton of the SFP and the experences ganed n the process are promulgated bennally by the NF&LWG. ground and naval fuels used n NATO are provded at Annex B. Ths stage s stll ongong but could be mplemented before the second stage s completed. The thrd stage conssts of the elmnaton of gasolne (F-67) from mltary use on the battlefield to the pont that the requrement for gasolne s so small that t could be suppled through natonal or blateral agreements (. the NPC adopted the SFC as the NATO Sngle Fuel Polcy. Detals of avaton. was the replacement of F-40 wth F-34 for use by land-based mltary arcraft. namely F-34. whch s concerned wth the more detaled techncal aspects of mltary fuels ncludng the Sngle Fuel Polcy. The ready and unversal avalablty of F-34 to a worldwde qualty standard has helped to promote the applcaton of the SFP. by the use of jerry cans. the adopton of the SFC has been supported by a number of studes and trals n Member and Partner natons. as reflected n correspondng Force and Partnershp Goals. At ts Autumn meetng n 2004. There s. vehcles and equpment.

detaled n STANAG 4605/AFLP-7. STANDARDISATION. as approprate. also enables both NATO and Partner natons to combne ther capabltes to provde a multnatonal soluton to meet all fuel requrements. To ths end. assocated products and petroleum handlng equpment. The modular concept forms the bass of the Alled Fuels Dstrbuton System model whch has been developed to assst wth the fuels supply plannng for expedtonary operatons usng the Fuel Consumpton Unts detaled n STANAG 2115 to determne requrements. In order to support the Allance’s new mssons. The Research and Technology Organsaton (RTO) deals wth varous aspects of fuel through ts Appled Vehcle Technology (AVT) Panel. INTERCHANGEABILITY. lubrcants. These STANAGs are lsted n the NATO Standardsaton Agreements and Alled Publcatons Catalogue avalable on the NATO Standardsaton Agency’s webste and are all releasable to Partner natons that are also able to attend all AC/112 meetngs n EAPC format. the emphass has shfted away from statc ppelne nfrastructure to the rapdly deployable support of NATO’s expedtonary forces. PETROLEUM PLANNING Petroleum plannng s prmarly the responsblty of the NMAs.7 NATO Petroleum Crss Management Organsaton and Procedures Logstc Support for NATO Response Force (NRF) Operatons —142— . store and dstrbute fuel wthn any theatre of operaton. but such work s overseen by AC/112 WG/1 whch reports on ts actvtes n ths area to the NPC. The concept. INTEROPERABILITY AND RESEARCH The NPC s the Taskng Authorty for some 50 STANAGs and Alled Fuels Logstc Publcatons (AFLPs) coverng fuels. NATO has developed a modular concept whereby all fuel requrements can be satsfied through a combnaton of 13 dscrete but compatble modules of DFHE whch can receve. REFERENCES C-M(2001)92 Charter of the Organsaton of the NATO Ppelne System and Assocated Fuel Facltes Drectve for the NATO Petroleum Supply Chan The Sngle Fuel Polcy C-M(2003)30/MC-473 EAPC(NPC)D(2005)0002 EAPC(NPC-NFLWG)D(2005)0002 Implementaton of the NATO Sngle Fuel Polcy STANAG 2536 AC/112-D(2006)0007 MC 526 Alled Jont Petroleum Doctrne – AJP-4.

ANNEXES A G ude to the NATO bodes concerned wth the NPS and other petroleum bodes B C Ade Memore on fuels wthn NATO Acronyms used n ths chapter —143— .

ANNEX A to Chapter 10 —144— .

hgh flash pont type. It s also lsted wthn NATO as an emergency substtute for F-34/F-35. mostly n arcraft meant for tranng purposes3.  Ths fuel s stll used by certan natons. Only a few natons are stll usng ths type of fuel. F-1747 enhances the lubricity properties of the aviation fuel.ANNEX B to Chapter 10 AIDE MEMOIRE ON FUELS2 IN NATO AVIATION FUELS NATO Code F-18 s a low leaded avaton gasolne for use n arcraft wth pston engnes. F-37 is also known as JP-8+100. F-1749 is a thermal stability improver needed to inhibit deposit formation in the high temperature areas of the aircraft fuel system. Ths fuel s equvalent to F-34 but does not contan the addtves S-1745 and S-1747. 11) Also known as JP-5 or AVCAT. F-40 s a wde cut type avaton turbne fuel for use n land based mltary arcraft  gas turbne engnes10.  It s only used by certan natons and s not allowed for cross-servcng wthn NATO. 10) Also known as AVTAG. for use by  shp borne mltary arcraft gas turbne engne11. The fuel contans the addtves S-1745 and S 1747. The fuel contans a Fuel System Icng Inhbtor5 (S-1745) and a Lubrcty Improvng Addtve6 (S-1747) F-35 kerosene type avaton turbne fuel for use n land based mltary arcraft a gas turbne engnes7. F-37 s equvalent to F-34 but contans a thermal stablty addtve S-17498 9. F-34 s a kerosene type avaton turbne fuel for use n land based mltary arcraft  gas turbne engnes4. The fuel contans the Fuel System Icng Inhbtor (S1745) and the Lubrcty Improvng Addtve (S-1747). Also known as AVGAS. F-44 s a kerosene type avaton turbne fuel. manly for tranng purposes. Known commercially as Jet-A1 or AVTUR. —145— . ANNEX B 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Further details about these fuels appear in Annex C to STANAG 1135. F-1745 is an additive which reduces the freezing point of water precipitated from the fuel due to cooling at high altitudes and it prevents the formation of ice crystals which restrict the flow of fuel to the engine. Also known as JP-8 or AVTUR/FSII.

It s F-34 treated wth 0. It comples wth the European Standard EN 228 and s therefore nterchangeable wth commercal gasolne. s used to enhance the lubrcty and gnton performance of F-34 when requred. Ths fuel s ntended for land equpment only and must not be used for arcraft. Some natons are usng ths fuel n ground equpment operated by compresson gnton engnes F-76 s the prmary naval dstllate fuel used n hgh and medum speed compresson gnton engnes. It comples wth European standard EN 590 and s equvalent to smlar US desel known as DF-2 and therefore nterchangeable wth commercal desel fuel. S-1750 s a combned lubrcty and gnton mprovng addtve for ground fuels. certan helcopters (for emergency use only) and steam rasng plant n shps. gas turbnes. certan helcopters (for emergency use only) and steam rasng plant n shps. F-63 s a kerosene-type desel engne fuel. n the context of the Sngle Fuel Polcy. —146— . Diesel Fuels F-54 s a mltary desgnaton gven to commercal desel fuel used n compresson gnton engnes. NAVAL FUELS F-75 s a naval dstllate fuel wth low pour pont and used n hgh and medum speed compresson gnton engnes. S-1750 whch.1% by volume of mult-purpose addtve. gas turbnes.GROUND FUELS Gasolne F-67 unleaded gasolne automotve (mnmum 95 RON). F-76 may requre specal handlng and storage due to low temperature characterstcs.

ANNEX C to Chapter 10 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER AFLPs AVT CEPS CPs DFHE HNS IPC MPRE NEPS NF&LWG NMAs NPC NPS NSIP PBIST PHE PPC RTO SCEPC SFC SFP STANAG TFHE UAV Alled Fuels Logstc Publcatons Appled Vehcle Technology Central Europe Ppelne System Capablty Packages Deployable Fuels Handlng Equpment Host Naton Support Industral Plannng Commttee Moble Ppelne Repar Equpment North European Ppelne System NATO Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Group NATO Mltary Authortes NATO Ppelne Commttee NATO Ppelne System NATO Securty Investment Programme Plannng Board for Inland Surface Transport Petroleum Handlng Equpment Petroleum Plannng Commttee Research and Technology Organsaton Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee Sngle Fuel Concept Sngle Fuel Polcy Standardsaton Agreement Tactcal Fuel Handlng Equpment Unmanned Aeral Vehcles ANNEX C —147— .

—148— .

CHAPTER 11 MEDICAL SUPPORT —149— .

—150— .

STANDARDS OF HEALTHCARE Compliance with the Laws of War and Humanitarian Conventions The conduct of medcal actvtes wll comply wth the rules lad down under The Hague and Geneva Conventons. all enttled sck. njured. By the preventon of dseases. causes transportation difficulties. 1935 INTRODUCTION MC 326/2 descrbes the NATO prncples and polces of operatonal medcal support.. the ablty to produce medcal support for war fightng s stll mportant but ths s no longer the only focus due to the ncreasng mportance and broad spectrum of NATO non–Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons. Generals have rarely won wars...Hans Zinsser. and makes the water taste bad. —151— . But health s not merely the absence of njury or dsease. mltary and threat.. MISSION OF THE MEDICAL SERVICE An effectve and relable mltary medcal support system must contrbute “to preserve the fightng strength” but must also meet the ncreasng publc expectaton of an ndvdual’s rght to health and hgh qualty treatment outcomes.10.. Ths document s complementary to the MC 319/2 and s lnked to other NATO polcy documents n a number of areas. gives cathartic pills. psychologcal or socal problems. medcne. Accordng to the NATO 1999 Strategc Concept and the “Mltary Gudance for the Mltary Implementaton of Allance Strategy “(MC 400/2). Wthout dscrmnaton. They more often gain credit for mopping up after the barrages of epidemics have taken their toll. the military surgeon is an unwillingly tolerated non combatant who clutters up the battlefield.[but]. In such a way. the medcal factors may even become the commander’s man concern and a lmtng factor on operatonal decsons.CHAPTER 11 MEDICAL SUPPORT “To the average military officer. Health and medcal care on operatons have ncreasngly become the responsblty of the Allance’s operatonal commanders and. at tmes. wounded or dseased and ther medcal evacuaton and eventual recovery and return to duty. the medcal servces make a major contrbuton to force protecton and sustanablty.. The context n whch mltary medcal support must be provded has also changed due to recent changes n socety. health s the ablty to carry out dutes unmpeded by physcal. In an operatonal context. the rapd treatment of the njured. the “Alled Jont Medcal Support Doctrne” was approved as STANAG 2228 n February 2002 and s currently under revson. In any case.. The AJP 4. health becomes a key force multpler of fightng power.” . The medcal servces of each naton must be fully prepared to operate n a truly multnatonal envronment. these prncples define the mnmum acceptable standard.

tmng. The qualty of the outcome of the medcal care must be guded by the concepts of Clncal Governance and Evdence Based Medcne. equpment and tranng promotes nteroperablty and multnatonalty. The standards should be acceptable to all partcpatng natons. Standardsaton n procedures. Medical Ethics and Legal Constraints Medcal personnel have addtonal ndvdual responsbltes to the ethcal and natonal legal requrements of ther own clncal professon. a shft n approach s requred to ensure that the best possble qualty of care s gven to all. Patient Welfare The general welfare of patents s an mportant element of ther health. Medical Confidentiality Patent medcal nformaton s not to be communcated to any ndvdual or organsaton that does not have a medcal need to know. to evacuaton and defintve specalsed care. first ad. Treatment Philosophy for Mass Casualty Situations In operatonal stuatons where large numbers of casualtes are beng sustaned. except as requred by natonal polcy for that naton’s patent. envronment and equpment affect the outcome of the clncal care. —152— . management of personal effects. Primacy of Clinical Needs Clncal needs must be the prncpal factor governng the prorty. psychologcal support. Standards of Care Provided Organsaton. means and destnaton of evacuaton. As long as a large flow contnues and s expected. Fitness for Evacuation The clncal condton of the patent wll govern the prorty. Spectrum of Medical Responsibilities Medcal care s provded on a progressve bass rangng from preventve medcne. the mnmum treatment compatble wth further evacuaton s gven n order to conserve medcal effort and benefit the greatest number of casualtes. emergency resusctaton and stablsaton of vtal functons. The prmary medcal responsblty s to provde such treatment that ensures that the casualty reach the next stage n the chan n a stable condton. socal and sprtual welfare.or wounded shall be treated on the bass of ther clncal needs and medcal resources avalable. tmng and means of a patent’s medcal care and evacuaton. tranng. Partcular ssues wll be communcaton wth relatves. Co-ordnaton by medcal regulatng staff s requred.

Treatment Timelines - Advanced Trauma Care. secondary care and evacuaton. s essental to the survval of severely njured casualtes and ther qualty of outcome. Prompt medcal evacuaton to a stable S ntensve care envronment and. Valdated contngency plans must be n place for those specfic operatonal stuatons. However. However. The approprate NATO Commander. prmary care. upon Transfer of Authorty. the NATO commander shares the responsblty for the health and medcal support of assgned forces. an ntegrated system of treatment and evacuaton and medcal logstcs. the commander’s campagn plan and casualty estmates. NATO Commanders Medical Authority The NATO Commander s granted co ordnatng authorty over medcal assets to best support hs plans. when ths s not reasonably practcable. A hgh percentage of personnel sufferng from serous trauma on operatons wll have an ncreased chance of survval f they receve prompt and approprate care. - urgical Planning Timeline. - Exceptional Circumstances. The prncple components of operatonal health care. n consultaton wth contrbutng natons and consderng the opnon of hs medcal advsor. emergency medcne. The requred medcal capablty and ther locatons wll be prncpally determned by the tme-related constrants of the medcal care. Fitness and Health Standards Indvduals allocated for NATO operatons must acheve the basc standards of ndvdual fitness and health predetermned by natonal polcy pror to ther deployment. The prncple medcal plannng tmelne for deployments should be to provde prmary surgery wthn one hour. such as martme —153— . the plannng tmelnes may be extended to two hours for the provson of Damage Control Surgery (DCS) and four hours for Prmary Surgery. The gudelne for NATO operatons s that advanced trauma care should be avalable wthn one hour of njury. Principal Components of Deployed Health Care A deployed medcal system comprses a command and control structure. s responsble for determnng the medcal support requrements (Statement of Requrements). where necessary surgery. are medcal force protecton. around whch the medcal system s bult. Multnatonal arrangements may requre more responsblty of the NATO commander.OPERATIONAL PRINCIPLES Responsibility for the Health of NATO Forces Natons retan the ultmate responsblty for the provson of medcal support to ther forces allocated to NATO.

—154— . Approprate medcal plannng staff must be supported by an operatonal medcal ntellgence system to estmate the rsk. plans. care must be avalable durng the whole chan of evacuaton. when the gudelnes above cannot practcably be appled. whch s contnuous. whch s compatble wth ther role and operatonal stuaton. operatng procedures must be understood and agreed by all nvolved. Planning Plannng for medcal support must be part of both contngency and operatonal plans. the commander must be gven medcal advce on Restrcton of Movement (ROM). Continuity of Care Patents (wounded. Medcal readness and avalablty must be sufficent to allow for a smooth transton from peacetme to crss or conflct posture. The defence aganst Weapons of Mass Destructon (WMD) requres an ntegrated approach ncludng vaccnaton. Medcal support plannng must be specfic for each operaton. structures.and Specal Forces operatons. Whenever there s a suspected or confirmed outbreak of a contagous dsease. Force Health Protection Dsease and Non-Battle Injury (DNBI) s an ever-present health rsk to personnel. Medcal support concepts. personal and collectve protecton. Environment Medcal unts should provde the best possble clncal envronment for casualty care. relevant and progressve. The medcal support should ensure a surge capablty to deal wth peak casualty rates n excess of expected daly rates. Mobility Medcal unts must be as strategcally and tactcally dynamc. A medcal staff wth the adequate levels of rank and experence must be functonng at the NATO HQ of the Force Commander from the outset of a contngency plannng process. predct the casualty rates and develop comprehensve plans. In transt. chemoprophylaxs. and responsve as the forces they support. The prmary responsblty of medcal support s the mantenance of health through the preventon of dsease and njury. Readiness of the Medical Support System and Transition from Peace to Crisis or Conflict Medcal elements need to be as well prepared and as avalable for deployment as the forces they support. njured and ll) passng through the medcal system must be gven care. moble.

the exstence of natonal dfferences. It s a natonal responsblty and s ntegral or allocated to a small unt. —155— . Ths ncludes a msson-talored varety of clncal specaltes ncludng prmary surgery and dagnostc support. It s normally provded n the country of orgn or the home country of another Alled. dfferent language and legal restrctons. It s natonal or lead naton responsblty and may be multnatonal. Jont multnatonal tranng n peace s necessary for multnatonalty to work well n operatons. In many NATO natons. can make ths complex.NATO and National Co-operation Co-ordnaton and co-operaton between NATO and natonal mltary and cvlan authortes s essental and must be carred out at all approprate levels to ensure optmsed medcal support. trage. Role 2 may also nclude dentstry. - Role 2 provdes an ntermedate capablty for the recepton and trage of casualtes. Multinationality Multnatonal medcal solutons have consderable potental to reduce the burden of ther provson upon ndvdual natons. - Role provdes the full spectrum of defintve medcal care that can 4 not be deployed to theatre or s too tme consumng to be conducted there. It routnely ncludes Damage Control Surgery (DCS) and may nclude a lmted holdng faclty for the short-term holdng of casualtes untl they can return to duty or evacuated. It provdes medcal support at Dvson level and above. It s prepared to provde evacuaton from Role 1 facltes. It s a natonal or lead naton responsblty. resusctaton and stablsaton. such as varyng clncal protocols. Roles of Care Capabilities Deployable Medcal Treatment Facltes (MTFs) are classfied accordng to ther treatment capablty n a system of roles. envronmental health and psychatry and psychology. as well as beng able to perform resusctaton and treatment of shock to a hgher techncal level than Role 1. Role 4 s provded for wthn the natonal cvl health system. progressvely numbered from 1 to 4. Generally casualtes progress through the system from role 1 upwards. specalsed first ad. A comprehensve operatonal medcal structure wll normally contan elements of all four roles. Role 3 medcal support s deployed hosptalsaton and the elements requred to support t. Most of the capabltes of each role are ntrnsc to the next hgher role. However. - Role 3 s desgned to provde secondary care wthn the restrctons of the Theatre Evacuaton Polcy. - Role 1 medcal support provdes for routne prmary health care. usually allocated at Brgade or larger sze unts.

- contnuty of medcal care throughout the evacuaton. They are forward. Provision of Non–Emergency Treatment Polcy must be establshed regardng the enttlement of non–mltary staffs and other authorsed personnel for all non-emergency medcal care. Alled Medcal Publcaton 15 provdes detaled gudance on Mltary Medcal Support n Dsaster Relef. whch apples to sea. MEDICAL LOGISTICS The medcal logstc system must be well regulated. Medcal materel has unque characterstcs such as protected status. Blood/blood products and medcal gasses are two supply tems of specal mportance for operatonal purposes. The avalablty of medcal materel whch ncludes supply rates and re supply must be n accordance wth the requred levels of readness and sustanablty durng peace. crss and conflct.Evacuation Resources The operatonal commander establshes the evacuaton polcy after consultaton wth the medcal plannng staff. MC 411 addresses cvl-mltary nterfaces. specal handlng requrements. and - casualty regulaton of the flow and drecton of ndvdual patents. tactcal (wthn theatre) and strategc (out-of-theatre) evacuaton. MILITARY MEDICAL SUPPORT RESPONSES TO DISASTER RELIEF AND CONSEQUENCE MANAGEMENT SITUATIONS Comprehensve NATO gudance exsts n relaton to dsaster relef operatons. There are three categores of medcal evacuaton. land and ar systems. efficent and cost effectve. wthn the context of other operatons when NATO forces are already deployed or to be deployed. the operatonal and logstc staff and the natons. National Medical Liaison Teams Natonal Medcal Lason Teams must be planned n advance to have an efficent lason system between natonal contngents and theatre medcal resources such as hosptals. evacuaton control cells and the NATO commander’s medcal staff. The medcal evacuaton system requres the followng capabltes: - avalablty 24 hours a day. Consequence Management (CM) s the use of reactve measures to mtgate the destructve effects of terrorsm. MC 327 provdes polcy on the plannng and conduct of non-Artcle 5 Crss Response Operatons. short notce clncal demands and natonal restrctons. MC 343 outlnes the prncples of mltary assstance n humantaran emergences not connected to any mltary operaton. ncludng mltary support for humantaran emergences. extensve natonal and nternatonal regulatons. Whle CM remans the responsblty of natonal —156— .

logstcs. —157— . as well as the senor medcal advsors of the Internatonal Mltary Staff and both Strategc Commands. whch focus on specalsed fields of mltary medcne. explosve ordnance dsposal and securty capabltes. The JMC provdes cvl experts n varous medcal dscplnes to assst n operatonal plannng and crss response. It acts as a central pont and facltator for the development and coordnaton of mltary medcal matters. The Commttee s composed of the hghest mltary medcal representatves of NATO and Partner natons. Research and Technology Organsaton (RTO) Human Factors and Medcne Panel (HFM). the Allance can provde a wde range of support ncludng some crucal capabltes such as command. control and communcaton. The JMC has followed the actons of the medcal part of the Cvl Protecton Acton Plan to defend cvl populaton aganst CBRN acts of terrorsm. durng crses. One of the major areas of emphass has been on the medcal response to crss and dsaster ncludng the cvl hosptal readness to receve large numbers of combat casualtes and the cvl support to aeromedcal evacuaton.cvl authortes. It meets n NATO only and EAPC formats and provdes an annual report to the Mltary Commttee. the COMEDS has expanded ts lasons. The Charman of the Jont Medcal Commttee partcpates as an observer. the Weapons of Mass Destructon Centre (WMDC). engneer. COMEDS has become the prncpal taskng authorty for most NATO medcal standardsaton matters and has been playng an mportant role n promotng new relatonshps wth PfP and Medterranean Dalogue (MD) countres. These nclude the Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC). observer and co operaton arrangements. medcal. Currently. through the SCEPC. decontamnaton. THE COMMITTEE OF CHIEFS OF MILITARY MEDICAL SERVICES IN NATO (COMEDS) COMEDS s the hghest mltary medcal authorty wthn NATO. Autumn meetngs are held at NATO HQ. and provdes the prmary medcal advce to the North Atlantc Councl. It has currently 10 subordnated Workng Groups. Germany provdes the Charman. the Secretary and the Staff Officer. Adaptng to the multple medcal challenges of a rapdly changng securty envronment. THE JOINT MEDICAL COMMITTEE (JMC) The JMC s one of the commttees and plannng boards subordnated to the Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee (SCEPC). It was establshed n 1993 as a senor NATO body to gve medcal advce to the Mltary Commttee. The Sprng meetng takes place n a NATO naton. COMEDS has also expanded ts role n the areas of Weapons of Mass Destructon. Its msson s to carry out nternatonal co-ordnaton of cvl and mltary medcal plannng. The secretarat s located wthn NATO Headquarters. The COMEDS Plenary meets b annually. The Staff Officer acts as Lason Officer wth the IMS medcal staff.

Polces and Plannng Parameters ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —158— . (ncorporatng the Hague Protocols of 1907) “The Addtonal Protocols to the Geneva Conventons of 1997” C-M (1999) 21 C-M (2001) 44 MC 55/4 MC 319/2(MILDEC) MC 326/2 MC 327/2 MC 334/2 MC 335 MC 336/2 MC 343/1 MC 400/2 MC 411/1 MC 469 MC 472 MC 477 AJP 4. Mltary Assstance to Internatonal Dsaster Relef Operatons (IDRO) MC Gudance for the Mltary Implementaton of Allance Strategy NATO Mltary Polcy on Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton NATO Mltary Prncples and Polces for Envronmental Protecton NATO Mltary Concept for Defence aganst Terrorsm Mltary Concept for the NATO Response Force “Alled Jont Medcal Support Doctrne” NATO Glossary of Medcal Terms and Defintons Medcal Support Prncples .REFERENCES “The Geneva Conventons of 1949”. NATO Prncples and Polces for Host Naton Support Establshment of the Chef of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO (COMEDS) NATO Prncples and Polces for Movement and Transportaton NATO. NATO Mltary Polcy for non-Artcle 5 Operatons.10 AMedP-13 AD 85-8 ACE The Allance’s Strategc Concept NATO Polcy on Co-operaton n Logstcs NATO Logstc Readness and Sustanablty NATO Prncples and Polces for Logstcs NATO Prncples and Polces of Operatonal Medcal Support.

ANNEX A to Chapter 11 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER CBRN CM COMEDS DCS DNBI HFM JMC MTFs RTO ROM SCEPC SNLC WMD WMDC Chemcal. Bologcal. Radologcal and Nuclear Consequence Management Commttee of Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces IN NATO Damage Control Surgery Dsease and Non-Battle Injury Human Factors and Medcne Panel Jont Medcal Commttee Medcal Treatment Facltes Research and Technology Organsaton Restrcton of Movement Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Wapons of Mass Destructon Weapons of Mass Destructon Centre ANNEX A —159— .

—160— .

CHAPTER 12 LOGISTIC OUTREACH ACTIVITIES —161— .

—162— .

Lfe Cycle Management (LCM) concepts and ntatves. PARTNERSHIPS WITH NATO The Partnershp for Peace (PfP) has proven a very successful programme for brngng Partner countres nto consultaton wth the Alles and for ntegratng Partner capabltes nto NATO-led operatons. e - armonsaton of natonal logstc/medcal concept. affordable and nteroperable. New fora were establshed: the NATO Russa Councl (NRC) and the NATO Ukrane Commsson (NUC). polces.” .g. doctrne. In the last years. the Partners have been well ntegrated nto the actvtes of the Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference (SNLC) and ts subordnate groups. Logstc cooperaton s a component of each of these programmes. - evelopment of natonal logstc/medcal structures and capabltes d vable. technques and procedures. Alled Deployment and Movement System (ADAMS). - mprovement of the nteroperablty of the natonal logstc/medcal  capabltes through mplementaton of the Partnershp Goals (PGs) and NATO Standardsaton Agreements (STANAGs). CHAPTER 12 Standing Group for Partner Logistic Experts (SG PLE) Wth the establshment of the SG PLE n February 2000. Russa and Ukrane substantally enhanced and upgraded to a new level ther relatons wth NATO through establshng a dstnctve Partnershp wth NATO. and - amlarsaton wth NATO Logstc Informaton Systems and Tools. Integrated Logstc Support (ILS). NATO Fuels. NATO Codficaton System (NCS). but usng the methodology and workng tools of the PfP ntatve. Its man objectves are: - xchange of nformaton.Clearchus of Sparta. drectve. h doctrne and procedures wth NATO logstc/medcal concepts. Other complementary programmes have been set up outsde the PfP.LOGISTIC OUTREACH ACTIVITIES “Without supplies neither a general nor a soldier is good for anything. The SG PLE s under gudance of the Logstcs Staff Meetng (LSM) wth Partners and the Movement and Transportaton Group (M&TG) wth Partners and s an open forum to address logstc topcs of nterest —163— . 401 B. prncples.C. f e. polces. prncples. ncludng t Command and Control (C2) and Movement and Transportaton (M&T). - evelopment of Host Naton Support (HNS) arrangements. - ranng personnel for all functonal areas of logstcs. as a means to facltate regular consultaton and dscusson of securty matters. structures d and database (Capabltes Catalogue -CAPCAT).

n partcular those related to terrorsm and other evolvng threats to securty. The PMSC Clearng House s a non-decson makng body. effectve. efficent. located at the Supreme Headquarters Alled Powers Europe (SHAPE) n Mons (Belgum). - upport Partners who wth to jon the Allance. The Partnershp plays an mportant role n nternatonal stablty and securty. wthout polcy responsbltes. LSM wth Partners and M&TG wth Partners members. ether n NATO only or n EAPC format. whch wll be able to support nternatonal securty cooperaton. the Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO (COMEDS) Plenary Meetng set up a SG PME. The PCC. n lne wth the basc objectve of the PfP ntatve. . The SG PLE s descrbed n Chapter 2. strengthen and extend peace and stablty n the Euro-Atlantc area. affordable and democratcally responsble state defence nsttutons under cvlan and democratc control.e. Standing Group for Partner Medical Experts (SG PME) In 2001. Partnership Co-ordination Cell (PCC) The PCC s a unque PfP structure. PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE General The PfP programme was launched n December 1994. - efence reforms and restructurng of defence nsttutons n order to d establsh modern. that provdes an nformal forum for dscussons on future assstance programmes and projects based on nformaton data that should be coherent wth other PfP mechansms. - reparng nterested Partners for partcpaton n NATO led Artcle 5 p and non Artcle 5 operatons through supportng the Partners’ efforts to transform ther defence and develop mltary nteroperablty and capabltes that provde a hghly valuable contrbuton to NATO. Its objectves are: - oltcal dalogue and practcal co-operaton on a broad range of p nternatonal and approprate domestc ssues of common concerns. Partners have joned and contrbuted greatly to NATO led efforts to ensure securty n Europe and beyond.to PfP natons. consstent wth the s open door polcy enshrned n the Washngton Treaty and PfP Invtaton Document. In co-operaton wth the Strategc Commanders. Political Military Steering Committee (PMSC) The PMSC s the basc workng group wth responsblty for PfP matters. It meets n varous configuratons. PfP goals and medcal pre-arrangements wll be addressed. whch s outsde —164— . ths wll provde a forum where medcal assets and capabltes.

Ths may nclude but s not restrcted to projects promotng cvl and democratc reform of the armed forces. surplus muntons. As part of the mplementaton of the OCC. Plannng targets. It covers a two year perod but s revewed annually. Its two man components are the overarchng gudance and the lst of supportng actvtes organsed by Area of Co-operaton (AOC). the framework of the Trust Fund polcy was extended to allow assstng Partner natons to manage the consequences of defence reform. Actually. unexploded ordnance and Small Arms and Lght Weapons (SALW). whch s the central mechansm of NATO co operaton wth PfP countres. The Partnership for Peace Planning and Review Process (PARP) The PARP s a crucal element n fosterng mltary nteroperablty and preparng prospectve members of NATO accesson. The EAPWP s the source of selected actvtes n support of other programmes. followng whch progress made s extensvely measured. retranng of mltary personnel. It lnks together the normal co operaton n the context of the PfP and NATO force generaton process whch s actvated n crss. Operational Capabilities Concept (OCC) The OCC represents a more ntegrated approach to mltary co-operaton. The decson of whether or not permttng the establshment of a Trust Fund s the sole prerogatve of the Alles. amed at assstng Partner natons n developng nteroperablty of logstc structures and n contrbutng logstcally to NATO-led operatons. whch s offered to Partners on an optonal bass. PfP Trust Fund The PfP Trust Fund am s to assst Partner countres n the safe destructon of ther Ant-personnel Landmnes (APLs) stockples. are negotated wth each partcpatng country. covers a two year plannng cycle s modelled on NATO’s own forces plannng system. The PARP mechansm. amed at mprovng the mltary effectveness of multnatonal forces. There are many logstc related PGs. or Partnershp Goals (PGs). carres out the mltary plannng necessary to mplement the mltary aspects of the Euro Atlantc Partnershp Work Programme and partcpates n the evaluaton of such mltary actvtes. —165— .the NATO mltary structure co ordnates jont mltary actvtes wthn PfP. It s a pont of contact where Partner countres can lase and actvely contrbute to the co-ordnaton work for PfP. ncludes mltary and non-mltary actvtes. base converson and promotng effectve defence plannng and budgetng under democratc control. Other OCC central features are the pool of forces and capabltes database. nteroperablty standards and related assessments are harmonsed wth respectve NATO mechansms. whch s lnked to relevant objectves and Mltary Tasks for Interoperablty (MTIs). Euro-Atlantic Partnership Work Programme (EAPWP) The EAPWP. assessment and feedback mechansms and enablng mechansms.

Accordngly. NATO-UKRAINE LOGISTIC CO-OPERATION The Charter on a Dstnctve Partnershp between NATO and Ukrane was sgned n July 1997. the NRC(LOG). The MCG focuses on enhancng the Dalogue’s poltcal dmenson. In May 2001. Mediterranean Co-operation Working Plan (MDWP) The MDWP. Recognsng the ncreasng mportance of logstc co operaton and the need to co ordnate the cvl and mltary aspects of modern defence logstcs. It covers a two —166— . MD countres are authorsed to take part n SG PLE meetngs. MEDITERRANEAN DIALOGUE (MD) General The MD was ntated n 1994 wth a vew to contrbutng to regonal securty and stablty n the Medterranean area. n June 2002 NATO and Russa set up three expert groups on logstcs: Logstcs. replacng the three expert groups. Morocco. whch was establshed n 1997. key logstcs goals and the logstc objectves of those goals. co-operaton wth Ukrane has developed n all areas foreseen under the Charter. Jordan. and to reflect Ukrane’s «Strategy on Relatons wth the North Atlantc Treaty Organsaton». pursuant to the decson of the NUC to deepen and broaden the NATO-Ukrane relatonshp. It also establshes prncples gudng future ntatves and projects that wll strengthen logstc co-operaton. enhances the MD ntatve by provdng a forum drectly nvolvng MD and Alled countres n poltcal dscussons. achevng nteroperablty. The NRC(LOG) s descrbed n Chapter 2. Ar Transport (AT) and Ar-to-Ar Refuellng (AAR) n order to enhance ther practcal co-operaton. Maurtana and Tunsa. Ukrane has a unque ablty to contrbute logstcally to NATO led operatons and a framework for logstcs co-operaton has therefore been developed to assst wth further progress. co operatng n the fields of border securty and defence reform and contrbutng to the fight aganst terrorsm. ncludes mltary and non-mltary actvtes. NRC Ambassadors at ther meetng on 26 January 2004 establshed an Ad Hoc Workng Group (AHWG) on Logstcs. whch s the central mechansm of NATO co-operaton wth MD countres. Israel. Ths framework ams at enhancng logstc co operaton by dentfyng the lnkages between key mltary goals. In November 2002. It whch remans the basc foundaton of the NATO Ukrane relatonshp and snce ts sgnature.NATO-RUSSIA LOGISTIC CO-OPERATION Intensfied co-operaton n logstcs was ntated after the 2002 Rome Summt. the North Atlantc Councl agreed to the partcpaton of MD countres n carefully selected NATO/PfP exercses. NUC Foregn Mnsters adopted the NATO-Ukrane Acton Plan. Egypt. Mediterranean Co-operation Group (MCG) The MCG. The MD s composed of seven countres: Algera.

Selected NATO/PfP events.e. ANNEX A Acronyms used n ths chapter —167— . Logstc co operaton focuses on provdng ICI countres wth access to NATO logstc courses and wth talored actvtes. Ths ntatve ams at promotng practcal co operaton wth nterested countres. defence budgetng and plannng. ether as actve partcpants or as observers. Oman. fightng terrorsm addressng the prolferaton of weapons of mass destructon and ther delvery means. It offers talored advce on defence reform. The ICIG ensures the overall co ordnaton of the mplementaton of all aspects of the Istanbul decson. t has been agreed that the mandate of the MCG be extended to nclude responsblty for ICI related matters whle mantanng the possblty for ths group to meet ether n ts MCG or ICIG configuraton n order to reflect the specficty of the MD.year perod but s revewed annually. startng wth the countres of the Gulf Co-operaton Countres (GCC). Bahran. promotng cvl-mltary and mltary to mltary co operaton to contrbute to nteroperablty. actvtes and exercses are opened for attendance by representatves of the Medterranean Dalogue and the Istanbul Co operaton Intatve (ICI). Saud Araba and Unted Arab Emrates. NATO develops and offers a menu of practcal actvtes wthn the agreed prorty areas for possble development wth nterested countres of the regon. REFERENCES Not avalable. . and fightng llegal traffickng. Kuwat. ISTANBUL CO-OPERATION INITIATIVE (ICI) The ICI was launched at the June 2004 Summt to expand the MD framework whle respectng the MD specficty. as may be requested. Istanbul Co-operation Initiative Group (ICIG) Followng the launchng of the ICI n 2004. In lne wth ths decson. Qatar. It concerns countres n the broader regon of the Mddle East.

ANNEX A to Chapter 12 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER AAR ADAMS AHWG AOC APLs AT C2 CAPCAT COMEDS GCC HNS ICI ICIG ILS LCM LSM MCG MD MDWP M&T M&TG MTIs NAC NCS NRC Ar-to-Ar Refuellng Alled Deployment and Movement System Ad Hoc Workng Group Area of Co-operaton Ant-Personnel Landmnes Ar Transport Command and Control Capabltes Catalogue Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO Gulf Co-operaton Countres Host Naton Support Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Group Integrated Logstc Support Lfe Cycle Management Logstcs Staff Meetng Medterranean Co-operaton Group Medterranean Dalogue Medterranean Co-operaton Workng Plan Movement and Transportaton Movement and Transportaton Group Mltary Tasks for Interoperablty North Atlantc Councl NATO Codficaton System NATO-Russa Councl —168— ANNEX A .

NUC OCC PARP PCC PfP PGs PMSC SALW SHAPE SG PLE SNLC STANAGs NATO Ukrane Commsson Operatonal Capabltes Concept Partnershp for Peace Plannng and Revew Process Partnershp Co-ordnaton Cell Partnershp for Peace Partnershp Goals Poltcal Mltary Steerng Commttee Small Arms and Lght Weapons Supreme Headquarters Alled Powers Europe Standng Group for Partner Logstc Experts Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference NATO Standardsaton Agreements —169— .

—170— .

CHAPTER 13 PRODUCTION LOGISTICS —171— .

—172— .

Poor Richard’s Almanac. s CHAPTER 13 Agreements on Standardisation. In most cases. the horse was lost – For the want of a horse the rider was lost – For the want of a rider the battle was lost. such as: Agreements on Production. The Defence Investment (DI) Dvson of the Internatonal Staff (IS) s the pont of contact for matters of producton logstcs at NATO Headquarters.g. the shoe was lost – For the want of a shoe.Benjamin Franklin. whch s concerned wth provdng drect logstc support to mltary forces. - urchase equpment produced by other natons.” . agreements: - o ensure that certan natonal equpments are compatble wth those t of other natons. one naton undertakes p producton of a short-range weapon. whlst others produce medum and long-range versons. METHODS FOR ARMAMENTS CO-OPERATION There are varous ways n whch co-operaton n armaments can be acheved. Responsblty for equppng and mantanng mltary forces rests wth the member natons of NATO. and t - n the use of nterchangeable components. However. development and producton of equpment s organsed by each country n accordance wth ts natonal requrements and commtments to NATO.PRODUCTION LOGISTICS “For the want of a nail. i. armaments co-operaton wthn the Allance contrbutes to meetng the NATO Strategc Commanders’ capablty requrements and enablng the nteroperablty of forces n NATO operatons. o —173— . but other commttees and bodes are also nvolved n armaments related co-operaton wthn the Allance.e.e. agreements to - anufacture dentcal equpment n varous countres m - roduce one part of a «famly of weapons». The Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors (CNAD) has the man responsblty for NATO armaments co-operaton. research. i. e. producton logstcs largely belongs to the ndustral doman. - o ensure equpments are nteroperable. 1790 INTRODUCTION Unlke consumer logstcs. and p - et up a jont nternatonal producton agency for equpment.

- Life Cycle Management Group - AC/327 - s responsble. economc. Informaton on the CNAD structure s avalable on the Armaments Informaton Management System (AIMS) on the NATO ntranet. wth supportng level 2 subject area management groups and level 3 expert workng groups. The permanent Charman s the Assstant Secretary General (ASG) for Defence Investment. It brngs together the Natonal Armament Drectors of member natons. methods. s chared by the Secretary General. t - he pursut of co-operatve opportuntes dentfied by the CNAD and t the promoton of mproved transatlantc co-operaton. management and other relevant aspects of research. qualty and nteroperablty requrements. representatves from the Mltary Commttee (MC) and Strategc Command (SCs). - NATO Ar Force Armaments Group (NAFAG) - AC/224. for NATO polces. and - he development of crtcal technologes. The level 1 CNAD groups are the followng: CNAD Main Armaments Groups coverng land. The prmary focus s the conduct of NIAG studes to provde technology advce for programme development efforts under the CNAD. CNAD Sub structure The CNAD sub structure conssts of Man Groups (level 1). for promotng ammunton safety through the —174— The CNAD Main Groups consst of: . The CNAD s drectly responsble for the followng four key elements for co-operaton: - he harmonsaton of mltary requrements on an Allance-wde bass. sea and ar warfare: - NATO Naval Armaments Group (NNAG) - AC/141. whch meets n full sesson twce a year. and - NATO Army Armaments Group (NAAG) - AC/225.CONFERENCE OF NATIONAL ARMAMENTS DIRECTORS (CNAD) - AC/259 It s under the aegs of the CNAD that most of the effort amed at dentfyng opportuntes for collaboraton n the research. techncal. the charmen of ts man groups and other cvl and mltary authortes wth an nterest n producton logstcs. use and support of armaments systems to meet NATO lfe cycle. t - he promoton of essental battlefield nteroperablty. development and producton of armaments wthn the Allance. development and producton of mltary equpment and weapon systems takes place. on behalf of the CNAD. The CNAD. ncludng expanded t technology sharng. on behalf of the CNAD. - CNAD Ammunition Safety Group – AC/326 - s responsble. - NATO Industrial Advisory Group (NIAG) - provdes ndustry advce to the CNAD on ndustral. or on the NATO publc webste.

NATO Project Steering Committees (NPSC) A NATO Project s a formal status conferred by the CNAD on an armaments co operaton project that s subject to the followng condtons: - wo or more NATO natons partcpate n the project. They oversee the CNAD Management Plan and act as the NATO Headquarters’ focal ponts for ther respectve Natonal Armaments Drectors. subject to the acceptance of reasonable and equtable condtons to be provded by the partcpatng countres. and - Panel on Ar Defence Weapons (PADW). the NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA) whch can be regarded as ts executve arm. Ths Group o s concerned wth the development. and - rovson s ncluded for the admsson of other nterested NATO p countres. handlng and storage ncludng n NATO operatons. transportaton. The CNAD Ad Hoc Groups dealng wth specal armaments projects are the followng: - Alliance Ground Surveillance Steering Committee - AC/259(Surv) - Missile Defence Ad Hoc Group - AC/259(MDAHG) National Armaments Directors Representatives (NADREPS) assgned to natonal delegatons to NATO and representng ther Natonal Armaments Drectors.lfe cycle and provdes standards and gudance for muntons safety desgn. —175— . and receves secretaral support from. testng. It works closely wth. - Group f National Directors on Codification - AC/135. mplementaton and mantenance of a NATO Codficaton System (NCS) n support of Alled Forces. It advses the North Atlantc Councl and the Defence Plannng Commttee (DPC) on all aspects of ar defence programme development for NATO and the adjacent sea areas. OTHER NATO COMMITTEES AND BODIES INVOLVED IN ARMAMENTS CO OPERATION Other NATO commttees and bodes are also nvolved n certan aspects of armaments co-operaton. NATO Air Defence Committee (NADC) The NADC s chared by the Deputy Secretary General and meets twce a year. It has two subordnate panels: - Panel on Ar Defence Phlosophy (PADP). NADREPS meet generally every two weeks and hold regular meetngs wth Partner naton NADREPS. t - there s a commtment to report progress annually to CNAD untl the equpment has been produced or the project otherwse termnated.

—176— . Pars (France). nvolved n collaboratve research projects. A lst of NPSCs s provded at Annex A. The Board oversees the work of ts two Agences. programmng. The RTO s supported by the Research and Technology Agency (RTA). mplementaton. The Charman of the RTB reports to both the CNAD and the MC. and the coordnaton of other R&T actvtes and ssues. technology and procurement agency. cvl emergency plannng and mltary command and control. whch s an ntegrated cvlan and mltary staff respondng to both the ASG/DI and the Drector IMS (DIMS). Research and Technology Organisation (RTO) The governng body of the NATO Research and Technology Organsaton s the Research and Technology Board (RTB) whch s composed of natonal delegates drawn from government. desgn. A NPSC s a body composed of natonal representatves establshed by an ntergovernmental agreement between two or more NATO natons n order to coordnate. and ther facltes n NATO and natonal headquarters. The Board s asssted n ts work by the Natonal C3 Representatves (NC3REPS) who are normally resdent n ther delegaton or mltary representaton n NATO HQ. mltary studes and nformaton exchange actvtes across a wde range of technology dscplnes. and - nteroperablty between natonal C3 systems and between those  systems and the common-funded NATO C3 systems. NATO Consultation. A number of projects contnue to enjoy formal NATO status under the terms of the CNAD Charter. development engneerng. The NATO C3 systems that are beng developed encompass the common funded communcatons systems. execute or supervse an equpment procurement programme whch has qualfied as a NATO PROJECT. NATO C3 actvtes n these areas are related to the multnatonal decson makng process whch deals wth: - olcy makng. testng and s procurement of NATO C3 and approprate natonal C3 (ncludng navgaton and dentficaton) equpment and systems. that are requred for poltcal consultaton. operaton and p mantenance of common-funded NATO C3 systems. - tandardsaton and co-operatve development. Staff support to the NC3B and ts sub structure s provded by the NATO Headquarters C3 Staff. the NATO C3 Organsaton (NC3O) came nto beng n July 1996. The RTB has been desgnated by the Councl as the sngle focus wthn NATO for the conduct of nternatonal collaboratve defence Research and Technology (R&T). the NATO C3 Agency (NC3A) whch s a plannng. nformaton systems. Command and Control Organisation (NC3O) As a result of a Councl decson. The prmary work of the RTO s conducted by networks of natonal experts. and the NATO CIS Operatng and Support Agency (NACOSA). The work of the NATO C3 Communty s overseen by the NATO C3 Board (NC3B) whch meets twce a year wth representaton from captals. plannng. sensor (and warnng nstallatons) systems. crss management. ndustry and academa.

specfically. —177— . It should not be regarded as a set of formal and mandatory steps n the mplementaton of CNAD projects. and - ontnuous Acquston and Lfe Cycle Support techncal standards C (NATO CALS Management Board (NCMB)). Some promsng areas have already been dentfied whch provde the substance for future co-operaton actvtes. Armaments Programming: Phased Armaments Programming System (PAPS) PAPS. There s therefore no formal or centralsed NATO armaments plannng system. n order to gve greater coherence and structure to co-operatve efforts. two major Plannng/ programmng systems have been ntroduced n NATO: Conventonal Armaments Plannng System (CAPS) and the Phased Armaments Programmng System (PAPS). PARTNERSHIP ACTIVITIES The CNAD s playng an actve and mportant role n mplementng practcal co operaton wthn the PfP framework. whch s publshed as AAP-20. but not regulated. - Ammunton and nterchangeablty (NAAG). s desgned as a tool avalable as requred for conductng programmes on a systematc bass. Partners also need to be provded wth addtonal tranng and assstance n workng wth NATO techncal documentaton and. PAPS s ntended to provde a structured approach to decson-makng at these mlestones for all management levels nvolved n co-operatve research and development and producton programmes wthn NATO. NATO standards. These actvtes are the followng: - Mantanng and upgradng ageng tactcal arcraft (NAFAG). However. - Shp desgn (NNAG). CNAD PfP actvtes are co-ordnated wth related cooperaton n other NATO bodes. Because the responsblty for equppng ther forces s a prerogatve of ndvdual member natons. decsons must be made regardng alternatve courses of acton. ths co-operatve process can be supported and encouraged. - Psychologcal readness for multnatonal operatons (RTB).PROCEDURES FOR ARMAMENTS CO-OPERATION Armaments co-operaton under the CNAD s based essentally on an nformaton exchange process that seeks agreement between natons and the SCs on harmonsed operatonal requrements n order to promote co-operatve equpment programmes. There s a finte and farly consstent number of mlestones n the lfe of a weapon system programme where the nature of the programme changes. by NATO. At these mlestones. To the extent possble. and partcularly wth the NATO Standardsaton Agency (NSA).

should gve NATO ndustry an ncentve to assst Partners n the development of realstc proposals for near-term projects to advance. nteroperablty between NATO and Partner force.Individual Partnership Programmes (IPAPs) Partners demonstrate sgnficant nterest n CNAD-sponsored co operaton actvtes. REFERENCES NATO Handbook NATO Facts and Fgures AAP-20 AAP-27 Handbook on the Phased Armaments Plannng System (PAPS) C onventonal Armaments Plannng System (CAPS) - Users Handbook and Gudance ANNEXES A NATO Project Steerng Commttees B Acronyms used n ths chapter —178— . as shown n the IPAPs. Proposal to Launch CNAD «Partnership Armaments Projects» The CNAD has developed a further ntatve to offer opportuntes for nterested Partners to reap practcal benefits from PfP co-operaton n the nearterm. f endorsed by the NAC. by engagng n selected small-scale co-operatve projects wth NATO natons and ndustry. Ths proposal. n partcular.

ANNEX A to Chapter 13 NATO PROJECT STEERING COMMITTEES ADW AGS BICES CSNI DFD F-16 FORACS MIDS-LVT MILAN NCMB NILE NIMIC NLRS NMPA OTO MELARA SEA GNAT SEASPARROW SINS TRIPARTITE MINEHUNTER V/SHORAD Very Short/Short Range Ar Defence Systems Area Defence Weapon Allance Ground Survellance Capablty Battlefield Informaton Collecton & Explotaton System Communcatons Systems Network Interoperablty Data Fuson Demonstrator F-16 Fghter Arcraft NATO Naval Forces Sensors & Weapons Accuracy Check Stes Multnatonal Informaton Dstrbuton System - Low Volume Termnal MILAN Ant-tank Weapon System NATO Contnuous Acquston and Lfe-Cycle Support (CALS) Management Board NATO Improvement Lnk 11 NATO Insenstve Muntons Informaton Centre Multple Launch Rocket System NATO Martme Patrol Arcraft OTO MELARA 76/62 Compact Gun NATO SEA GNAT System NATO SEASPARROW Ar Defence Mssle Low Cost Inertal Navgaton Systems for Shps (self-explanatory) ANNEX A —179— .

ANNEX B to Chapter 13 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER AIMS ASG CALS CAPS CNAD DI DIMS DPC IPAPs IS MC NAAG NAC NADC NADREPS NAFAG NCMB NACOSA NAMSA NCS NC3A NC3B NC3O NC3REPS NIAG Armaments Informaton Management System Assstant Secretary General Contnuous Acquston and Lfe Cycle Support Conventonal Armaments Plannng System Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors Defence Investment Drector IMS Defence Plannng Commttee Indvdual Partnershp Programmes Internatonal Staff Mltary Commttee NATO Army Armaments Group North Atlantc Councl or Councl NATO Ar Defence Commttee Natonal Armaments Drectors Representatves NATO Ar Force Armaments Group NATO CALS Management Board NATO CIS Operatng and Support Agency NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Codficaton System NATO C3 Agency NATO C3 Board NATO Consultaton. Command and Control Organsaton Natonal C3 Representatves NATO Industral Advsory Group —180— ANNEX B .

NNAG NSO PADP PAPS PADW RTA RTB RTO SCs NATO Naval Armaments Group NATO Standardsaton Organsaton Panel on Ar Defence Phlosophy Phased Armaments Programmng System Panel on Ar Defence Weapons Research and Technology Agency Research and Technology Board Research and Technology Organsaton Strategc Command —181— .

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CHAPTER 14
IN-SERVICE LOGISTICS

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IN-SERVICE LOGISTICS “Understand that the foundation of an army is the belly. It is necessary to procure nourishment for the soldier wherever you assemble him and whenever you wish to conduct him.” - Frederick II of Prussia, 1747 INTRODUCTION In-Servce Logstcs s closely related to Producton Logstcs and s an ntegral part of the System Lfe Cycle Management (SLCM). Although n servce support relates to those actvtes requred to assure that weapon system/ equpment s avalable and fit for use, t actually begns wth the decson to brng the new system nto the nventory. In servce logstc plannng starts at the outset of a system desgn. It s crtcal to determne the mantenance and support concepts as early as possble because approxmately 60% to 80% of a defence system’s Total Ownershp Cost (TOC) occur after that system s put nto operaton. More mportantly, the magntude of that cost s determned durng the desgn and development phase. For these reasons, the mantenance and support concepts need to be determned up front. Ths concept s known as Integrated Logstc Support. Integrated Logistic Support (ILS) ILS s the delberate ntegraton of systems/equpment logstc support consderatons nto the system lfe cycle management durng the outset of the programme/project. ILS prescrbes that all elements of logstc support be planned, acqured, tested and provded n a tmely and cost-effectve manner. NATO polcy specfics that all financal and other resources requred to mantan operatonal avalablty receve equal emphass as those requred to acheve performance objectves and tmely equpment delvery. The SNLC developed ALP-10 on Integrated Logstc Support n 1991 to support the Allance’s ambton. ILS s structured around the lfecycle management model detaled n the Phased Armaments Programmng System (PAPS – see chapter 13). Ths model portrays the total lfe span of a system, commencng wth msson-need evaluaton and extends through the n-servce phase to ts eventual dsengagement. The model apples to both common and jontly funded projects. Logistic Support Analysis (LSA) LSA s a structured process ntended to define, analyse and quantfy logstc support requrements and to nfluence desgn for supportablty, throughout system development. LSA stresses smplcty by dentfyng an optmal level of logstc requrements. The objectve of LSA s to enable optmum system performance and avalablty at mnmum lfe cycle cost. LSA s conducted on an nteractve bass throughout the acquston cycle through the use of studes, trade-offs, servce advce and test and evaluaton leadng to successve desgn refinement.
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CHAPTER 14

Durng desgn, the analyss s orented towards assstng the desgn engneerng n ncorporatng logstc requrements nto equpment desgn. Ths ncludes ncorporaton of key logstc-related desgn objectves, relablty, mantanablty and testablty. As the project progresses, the LSA process concentrates on provdng detaled descrptons of specfic resources requred to support a system throughout ts n-servce phase by provdng tmely vald data for all areas of ILS. That data s used to plan, acqure and poston support resources (personnel, fundng and materel) to ensure that deployed systems meet ther avalablty requrements. Durng the later producton and n-servce phases of the project, feedback data are used to revew the contnung valdty of data to ensure that Lfe Cycle Cost (LCC) plans are beng realsed. Life Cycle Costing (LCC) LCC s the total sum of drect, ndrect, recurrng, non-recurrng and other related costs ncurred, or estmated to be ncurred, n the desgn, development, producton, operatons, mantenance and support of a major system over ts antcpated lfe span. LCC analyss s an teratve process that starts at the begnnng of the programme/project lfe cycle and contnues throughout the lfe cycle of the system. NATO PRODUCTION AND LOGISTIC ORGANISATIONS (NPLO) An NPLO s a subsdary body created wthn the framework of NATO for the mplementaton of tasks arsng out of the Treaty, and to whch the North Atlantc Councl (NAC) grants organsatonal, admnstratve and financal ndependence. The NPLO s establshed wth a vew to meetng, to the best advantage, the collectve requrements of partcpatng natons n relevant fields of desgn and development, producton, operatonal logstc support and management under the condtons agreed n ts Charter. An NPLO s open to all NATO natons who become member states by sgnng the Memorandum of Understandng (MOU). An NPLO normally conssts of: - Board of Drectors (BOD), n some cases called a Steerng Commttee a (SC), s the governng body actng wth regard to the collectve nterests of member natons. The representatves of each member naton represent ther naton’s poltcal, mltary, economc, financal and techncal nterests and fully partcpate n the BODs decson-makng process; - ubordnate commttee(s) establshed by the BOD as requred; and s - n Agency that s the executve managng body under the authorty of a a General Manager.

Producton Logstcs Orented NPLOs are lsted at Annex A. Consumer Logstcs Orented NPLOs consst of the NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton (NAMSO and the Central Europe Ppelne Management Organsaton (CEPMO). The latter s addressed n Chapters 2 and 10.
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supply. developed and mantaned by NAMSA. weapon. and - processng of NATO-wde mutual emergency support requests. NAMSA asssts n the nstallaton of the package. —187— . NATO Depot and Support System (NDSS) The NDSS s a fully ntegrated software package desgned. f requred. techncal and logstc nformaton on CD. Ths agreement has the same legal bass as a weapon system partnershp agreement. NAMSA also provdes user and operator tranng and the servces of a dedcated help desk. ncrease global asset vsblty n order to determne present and future requrements. It covers most areas of logstc support such as tem dentficaton. mantenance and property accountng. NATO Ammunition Data Base (NADB) The NADB provdes an authortatve source of NATO ammunton nterchangeablty. ncludng the procurement of the necessary hardware. manufacturer. The system allows customers to exchange nformaton on stockholdngs. - reportng of armed forces’ nventores to mprove stock management. acheve economes of scale and smplfy the supply chan processes. arrange for redstrbuton of assets. The NLSE nformaton system platform conssts of a set of databases and a webbased nterface whch allows: - reportng and exchangng excess assets. The overall objectve s to mprove logstcs avalablty. ammunton model number. Customers wshng to use the NLSE drectly must subscrbe to the provsons of the COMMIT (Common Item Management) Partnershp Agreement – whch establshes the legal framework necessary for the management of common stocks and prescrbes the rules for asset redstrbuton. Users can search nformaton on NATO Stock Number (NSN). user naton and other crtera. tem name. NAMSA SPECIFIC CO-OPERATIVE LOGISTIC PROJECTS NATO Logistic Stock Exchange (NLSE) The NATO Logstc Stock Exchange (NLSE) s a set of tools developed by NAMSA to assst customers and supplers n puttng nto practce co operatve logstc concepts for tem management and acquston. - asset poolng to permt common stock management.NATO MAINTENANCE AND SUPPLY ORGANISATION (NAMSO) NAMSO and ts agency NAMSA are descrbed n Chapter 2. Its scalablty allows t to be nstalled n a stand alone workstaton or n a local area network (LAN). The NDSS operates n a clent-server archtecture.

NATO Codification System (NCS) The NATO Codficaton System (NCS) s a unform and common system for dentficaton. desgned to acheve maxmum effectveness n logstcs support and facltate materel data management. It helps solve supply management problems by provdng data users wth ready access to a sngle. The operatonal and economc advantages for users of the NCS are the followng: - nhanced opportuntes for standardsaton and nterchangeablty. The NCS has been agreed by all Alles and sponsors non NATO natons n dentfyng equpment and supples. - ermts users to readly dentfy spares and/or substtutes for a p weapon system thereby reducng downtme and supportng force multplcaton. CO-OPERATIVE LOGISTIC TECHNIQUES There are a number of materel management technques whch are prerequstes for or support to the ntroducton of co-operatve logstc arrangements. - reater economes for the users resultng from avodng the creaton of g new IoS for parts dentfiable through the data base. - mproved determnaton of materel requrements and budgetng. The NATO Codficaton System provdes accurate nformaton regardng the dentty of an IoS. There are 20 NPSCs that report to the Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors (CNAD) (see Annex A. whch smplfies c the techncal dalogue between users. processng and c transmttal of IoS data n an efficent and user frendly manner.NATO PROJECT STEERING COMMITTEES (NPSCs) NPSCs are establshed n accordance wth procedures for co-operaton n research. The NCS s governed by the NATO Group of Natonal Drectors on Codficaton (AC/135) – see chapter 13 and mplemented by the Natonal Codficaton Bureau (NCB) of each user naton. mnmses the supply requrement for spares and consumables for operatonal deployment. - ccess to the full range of nformaton on all IoS n the users’ nventores. permts recordng of the sources of supply and provdes other management data.  —188— . a thus poolng resources and sharng the burden of acqurng spare parts and mantanng common equpment. by e recordng and revealng the unque characterstcs of IoS. classficaton and stock numberng of Items of Supply (IoS) of user natons. up to date source. development and producton of mltary equpment approved by the Councl. Chapter 13). - ommon supply language understood by all users. - omputer technology fosterng the recordng.

REFERENCES Not avalable. s - anagement of AC/135 Publcatons and Web Ste. ANNEXES A NATO Producton Logstc Related Organstatons (NPLOs) B Acronyms used n ths chapter —189— . warehousng. m - anagement of Codficaton data transmsson and data qualty. 31m Part Numbers. f - ecretaral support. and - nterchange/exchange of assets. and m - anagement of the CD-ROM NATO Master Catalogue of References m for Logstcs (NMCRL) whch s a CD-ROM/DVD that comprse 16m NSN. 1. on a cost recovery bass. whch ncludes the followng standng servces: - unctonal and techncal support to AC/135. and mproved dsposal of surplus and excess materel. The Group of Natonal Drectors on Codficaton (AC/135) often requests NAMSA. consoldatng orders from several users to benefit from prce reductons on bulk purchases and vsblty of several potental sources of supply.  data mantenance and personnel. to carry out central codficaton support actvtes.2m data concernng Manufacturers and Vendors(NCAGE) and 23m User Regstratons. NAMSA also manages the NATO Malbox System (MBS) allowng the transfer of data among the member countres. reducton of nventores. - ffectve co-ordnated procurement by elmnatng concurrent e acquston and dsposal of the same IoS.

France. ANNEX A —190— . Member natons are France. Italy. and the Unted States. Member natons are Germany. Italy. Other NPLOs that comprse all NATO natons are: NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control Programme Management Organisation (NAPMO) wth ts Agency (NAPMA) located at Brunssum. Alabama n the Unted States. Greece. NATO Air Command and Control System (ACCS) Management Organisation (NACMO) wth ts Agency (NACMA) located at Brussels. Germany. Member natons are Germany. France. NATO HAWK Production and Logistics Organisation (NHPLO) wth ts Management Office located at Ruel-Malmason. Production and Logistics Management Organisation (NAHEMO) wth ts Agency (NAHEMA) located at Ax-en-Provence. Production and Logistics Management Organisation (NAMEADSMO) wth ts Agency (NAMEADSMA) located at Huntsvlle. NATO Euro Fighter 2000 (EF 2000) and TORNADO Development. Design and Development. the Netherlands. the Netherlands. Denmark. NATO Medium Extended Air Defence System. Member natons are Belgum.ANNEX A to Chapter 14 NATO PRODUCTION LOGISTIC RELATED ORGANISATIONS (NPLOs) NATO Helicopter for the 1990s (NH90) Design and Development. and the Unted Kngdom. Belgum. Italy and the Unted Kngdom. Belgum and the Hague. the Netherlands and Norway. Span (EF 2000 only). NATO Consultation. Production and Logistics Management Organisation (NETMO) wth ts Agency (NETMA) located at Unterlachng. Italy. Germany. Germany. Command and Control (C3) Organisation (NC3O) wth ts Agency (NC3A) at Brussels. France.

HAWK Logstc Management Integrated Logstc Support Items of Supply Local Area Network Lfe Cycle Cost Logstc Support Analyss Memorandum of Understandng North Atlantc Councl Natonal Codficaton Bureau NATO Ammunton Data Base NATO Codficaton System NATO Depot and Support System NATO Logstc Stock Exchange NATO Malbox System NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton NATO Master Catalogue of References for Logstcs NATO Producton and Logstc Organsatons NATO Project Steerng Commttees NATO Stock Number Phased Armaments Programmng System —191— ANNEX B .ANNEX B to Chapter 14 ACRONYMS USED IN THIS CHAPTER APM CEPMO CIS COMMIT CNAD HLM ILS IoS LAN LCC LSA MOU NAC NCB NADB NCS NDSS NLSE MBS NAMSA NAMSO NMCRL NPLO NPSCs NSN PAPS Ant-Personnel Mnes Central Europe Ppelne Management Organsaton Communcaton and Informaton Systems Common Item Management Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors.

SC SLCM TOC Steerng Commttee System Lfe Cycle Management Total Ownershp Cost —192— .

ACRONYMS USED IN THIS HANDBOOK

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ACRONYMS USED IN THIS HANDBOOK
AAR ACCS ACE ACO ACROSS ACSP ACT ADAMS ADL ADP ADR AFLPs AGARD AHWG AIMS AJP ALSSs AMCC AMSCC AOC AOO AOR AP APLs APM ARMY F&LWP ASG AT Ar-to-Ar Refuellng Ar Command and Control Systems Alled Command Europe Alled Command Operatons Alled Command Resource Optmsaton Software System Arcraft Cross-Servcng Programme Alled Command Transformaton Alled Deployment and Movement System Alled Dsposton Lst Automated Data Processng Annual Defence Revew Alled Fuels Logstc Publcatons Advsory Group for Aerospace Research and Development Ad Hoc Workng Group Armaments Informaton Management System Alled Jont Publcatons Advanced Logstc Support Stes Alled Movement Co-ordnaton Centre Athens Multnatonal Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre Area of Co-operaton Area of Operatons Area of Responsblty Alled Publcaton Ant-Personnel Landmnes Ant-Personnel Mnes Army Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party Assstant Secretary General Ar Transport
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AVIATION F&LWP AVT BDR B-SC LCB B-SC M&T Forum B-SC MEDAG BOA BOD C&RS CALS CAPC CAPCAT CAPS CBRN CE CEPMA CEPMO CEPS CIMIC CIS CJFLCC CJSOR CJTF CLS CM CNAD COMCJTF COMEDS COMMIT CONOP

Avaton Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party Appled Vehcle Technology Battle Damage Repar B-SC Logstc Co-ordnaton Board B-SC Movement and Transportaton Forum B-SC Medcal Advsory Group Basc Orderng Arrangements Board of Drectors Co-operaton & Regonal Securty Dvson Contnuous Acquston and Lfe Cycle Support Cvl Avaton Plannng Commttee Capabltes Catalogue Conventonal Armaments Plannng System Chemcal, Bologcal, Radologcal and Nuclear Crss Establshment Central European Ppelne Management Agency Central European Ppelne Management Organsaton Central Europe Ppelne System Cvl-Mltary Co-operaton Communcaton and Informaton Systems Combned Jont Force Land Component Commander Jont Statement of Requrements Combned Jont Task Force Contractor Logstc Support Consequence Management Conference of Natonal Armaments Drectors Commander CJTF Commttee of the Chefs of Mltary Medcal Servces n NATO Common Item Management Concepts of Operaton
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COP COR CP CPG CRD CRO CS CSCE CSS C2 C3 DCI DCS DDP DFHE DI DIMS DJTF DM DNBI DOS DPC DPP DPQ DRC DRR EAC EAPC EM EOD EODTIC Contngency Plan Concept of Requrements Capabltes Package Comprehensve Poltcal Gudance Commander’s Requred Date Crss Response Operaton Combat Support Conference for Securty and Co operaton n Europe Combat Servce Support Command and Control Consultaton. Command and Control Defence Capabltes Intatve Damage Control Surgery Detaled Deployment Plan Deployable Fuels Handlng Equpment Defence Investment Drector IMS Deployable Jont Task Force Deployablty and Moblty Dsease and Non-Battle Injury Days of Supply Defence Plannng Commttee Defence Polcy and Plannng Defence Plannng Questonnare Defence Revew Commttee Defence Requrement Revew European Arlft Centre Euro-Atlantc Partnershp Councl Executve Management Explosve Ordnance Dsposal NATO EOD Techncal Informaton Centre —197— .

EU FLR FLSs GBAD GCC GOP GRF HCCM HFM HLM HN HNS HQ HRF IC ICI ICIG IEL ILS IMS INT IOs IoS IPAPs IPC IS ISAF IT JFC JFCC JHNSSC European Unon Forces of Lower Readness Forward Logstc Stes Ground Based Ar Defence Gulf Co-operaton Countres General Operatonal Plans Graduated Readness Forces Harmonsaton. Co-ordnaton and Control Mechansm Human Factors and Medcne Panel HAWK Logstc Management Host Naton Host Naton Support Headquarters Hgh Readness Forces Infrastructure Commttee Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Istanbul Co-operaton Intatve Group Infrastructure Engneerng for Logstcs Integrated Logstc Support Internatonal Mltary Staff Intellgence Dvson Internatonal Organsatons Items of Supply Indvdual Partnershp Programmes Industral Plannng Commttee Internatonal Staff Internatonal Securty Assstance Force (Afghanstan) Informaton Technology Jont Force Command Jont Force Component Command Jont HNS Steerng Commttee —198— .

JHQ JIAs JLSG JMC JOA JSB LAN LCB LCC LCM LCS LLN LLTI LN LOC LOG IMG LOGFS LOGFS IM WG LOGIS LOGREP L&R LRSN LSA LSM M&T M&TF M&TG MBC MBS MC Jont Headquarters Jont Implementaton Arrangements Jont Logstc Support Group Jont Medcal Commttee Jont Operatons Area Jont Servce Board Local Area Network Logstcs Co ordnaton Board Lfe Cycle Cost Lfe Cycle Management Lfe Cycle Support Logstcs Lead Naton Long Lead Tme Items Lead Naton Lnes of Communcaton Logstcs Informaton Management Group Logstc Functonal Servces Logstc Functonal Servces Informaton Management Workng Group Logstcs Informaton System Logstc Reportng Logstcs and Resources Dvson Logstcs Role Specalst Naton Logstc Support Analyss Logstcs Staff Meetng Movement and Transportaton Movement and Transportaton Forum Movement and Transportaton Group Mltary Budget Commttee NATO Malbox System Mltary Commttee —199— .

MCE MCG MD MDWP MEDAG MG MIMUs MJLC MJO MMRs MNDDP MNLC(M) MNMF MOU MPRE MTFs MTIs MTRP NAAG NAC NAC(R) NACC NACMA NACOSA NADB NADC NADREPS NAEW NAFAG NAMs NAMSA Multnatonal Command Element Medterranean Co-operaton Group Medterranean Dalogue Medterranean Co-operaton Workng Plan Medcal Advsory Group Mnsteral Gudance Multnatonal Integrated Medcal Unts Multnatonal Jont Logstc Centre Major Jont Operaton Mnmum Mltary Requrements Mult-Natonal Detaled Deployment Plan Multnatonal Logstcs Command (Martme) Multnatonal Martme Force Memorandum of Understandng Moble Ppelne Repar Equpment Medcal Treatment Facltes Mltary Tasks for Interoperablty Medum-Term Resource Plan NATO Army Armaments Group North Atlantc Councl or Councl Renforced North Atlantc Councl North Atlantc Co operaton Councl NATO ACCS Management Agency NATO CIS Operatng and Support Agency NATO Ammunton Data Base NATO Ar Defence Commttee Natonal Armaments Drectors Representatves NATO Arborne Early Warnng NATO Ar Force Armaments Group NATO Mltary Authortes NATO Mantenance and Supply Agency —200— .

NAMSO NAVAL F&LWP NC3A NC3B NC3O NC3REPS NCB NCMB NCS NCSA NDMC NDSS NEPS NF&LWG NFS NGOs NIAG NLSE NMAs NMCC NMCRL NNAG NPC NPG NPLO NPS NPSCs NRC NRF NSA NATO Mantenance and Supply Organsaton Naval Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Party NATO C3 Agency NATO C3 Board NATO Consultaton. Command and Control Organsaton Natonal C3 Representatves Natonal Codficaton Bureau NATO CALS Management Board NATO Command Structure NATO Communcaton and Informaton Systems Servces Agency NATO Defence Manpower Commttee NATO Depot and Support System North European Ppelne System NATO Fuels and Lubrcants Workng Group NATO Force Structure Non-Governmental Organsatons NATO Industral Advsory Group NATO Logstc Stock Exchange NATO Mltary Authortes Natonal Movement Co-ordnaton Centre NATO Master Catalogue of References for Logstcs NATO Naval Armaments Group NATO Ppelne Commttee Nuclear Plannng Group NATO Producton and Logstc Organsatons NATO Ppelne System NATO Project Steerng Commttees NATO-Russa Councl NATO Response Force NATO Standardsaton Agency —201— .

NSE NSIP NSN NSO NSP NSSG NTM NUC O&M OCC OPCON OPLAN OPP OPS OSCE P&P PADP PADW PAPS PARP PASP PB&Cs PBIST PBOS PCC PDD PfP PGs PHE PHEWG PMR Natonal Support Element NATO Securty Investment Programme NATO Stock Number NATO Standardsaton Organsaton NATO Standardsaton Programme NATO Standardsaton Staff Group Notce to Move NATO-Ukrane Commsson Operatons and Mantenance Operatonal Capabltes Concept Operatonal Control Operaton Plan Operatonal Plannng Process Operatons Dvson Organsaton for Securty and Co operaton n Europe Plans & Polcy Dvson Panel on Ar Defence Phlosophy Panel on Ar Defence Weapons Phased Armaments Programmng System Partnershp for Peace Plannng and Revew Process Poltcal Affars and Securty Polcy Transport Plannng Boards and Commttees Plannng Board for Inland Surface Transport Plannng Board for Ocean Shppng Prague Capabltes Commtment Publc Dplomacy Partnershp for Peace Partnershp Goals Petroleum Handlng Equpment Petroleum Handlng Equpment Workng Group Prncpal Mltary Requrements —202— .

PMSC PODs POL PPC PSOs RFPs RIFB ROM RSN RSOM RTA RTB RTO SACEUR SACLANT SACT SALCC SALW SC SCC SCEPC SCs SDOS SFC SFP SG SG PLE SGLO SHAPE SL SLCM Poltcal Mltary Steerng Commttee Ports of Debarkaton Petroleum. ol and lubrcants Petroleum Plannng Commttee Peace Support Operatons Requests for Proposals Ready Invtatons for Bd Restrcton of Movement Role Specalst Natons Recepton. Stagng and Onward Movement Research and Technology Agency Research and Technology Board Research and Technology Organsaton Supreme Alled Commander Europe Supreme Alled Command Atlantc Supreme Alled Commander Transformaton Strategc Ar Lft Co-ordnaton Cell Small Arms and Lght Weapons Steerng Commttee Sealft Co-ordnaton Centre Senor Cvl Emergency Plannng Commttee’s Strategc Commands Standard Days of Supply Sngle Fuel Concept Sngle Fuel Polcy Secretary General Standng Group of Partner Logstc Experts Secretary General’s Lason Officer Supreme Headquarters Alled Powers Europe Sustanablty and Logstcs System Lfe Cycle Management —203— .

SN SNLC SNs SOFA SOR SPG SPM II SPOW SRB STANAG TA TACO TCN TFHE TOA TOC TTPs UAV V&O WMD Sendng Naton Senor NATO Logstcans’ Conference Sendng Natons Status of Forces Agreement Statement of Requrement Stockple Plannng Gudance Sustanment Plannng Module II Scentfic Programme of Work Senor Resource Board NATO Standardsaton Agreement Taskng Authortes Theatre Alled Contractng Office Troop Contrbutng Naton Tactcal Fuel Handlng Equpment Transfer of Authorty Total Ownershp Cost Tactcs. Technques and Procedures Unmanned Aeral Vehcles NATO Logstcs Vson and Objectves Weapons of Mass Destructon —204— .