Circuit Description

13. Circuit Description
13-1 Overall Block Description
A/V In 3 S-Video 3 HDMI / PC IEEE1394/Anynet Optical / Gemstar-IR RF In(Air,Cable) CableCard A/V In 1,2 S-Video 1,2 Component 1,2 A/V Out USB Service Jack PC/DVI Audio In

Side Board

Speaker

Keypad IR/LED

Detector /A mp

FAN

Signal Power Light Signal

Screen

Actuator

Mirror

Digital Board

Analog Board

DMD Board

DMD Panel

FAN

Color Wheel Motor
AC Input

SMPS Board

Ballast Board

Lamp

Optic System

The DLP TV is largely divided into: Power part, Engine part and Analog + Digital parts. The ass'y that consists of the DMD board, Detect (Actuator) board, lamp, ballast and optical devices is called the Engine. The analog + digital board parts receive the AV signals to output voice signals and process the remote control signals. The engine part displays the video data on the screen, which is generated in the analog + digital boards. The AV signals are input through the analog and digital boards. ADV7401 processes the MUX and decoding while X226 B processes the CPU functions, MPEG and I2S. Finally, the improved DNle image is sent to the DMD engine board. The final data by DNle is processed in DDP1011 of the DMD board to display the image on the DMD panel. This image is created by the light of the lamp through the color wheel which is enlarged and projected onto the screen. This is the DLP of the L3 or L6 type that the actuator operates additionally during this process. The power terminal generates the DC power needed for the product and sends it to the analog board. The analog board supplies the power to the digital and DMD boards. In the meantime, the power source board supplies DC220v - 400v directly to the ballast in order to light the lamp. The ballast is like a stabilizer for lighting the lamp. The ultimate purpose of the TV set is to project an image onto the screen and output the voice signals synchronized with the image. And based on the DMD panel used, a 1-panel TV requires a color wheel while a 3-panel TV does not. The HD4 panel needs an actuator while the HD2 does not. However, the drive mechanism and the overall block structure of the two panels are the same.

Samsung Electronics

13-1

Circuit Description

13-2 Partial Block Description
13-2-1 Power Board Block Description

1. What is SMPS? This is an acronym for Switching Mode Power Supply and this is responsible for receiving AC input voltage (Line frequency: 50HZ~60HZ) and supplying insulated DC output. 2. SMPS Components 1) Standby Power: A combination of ICS801 (SWITCHING IC) and TS801S (TRANS) that supplies STAND-BY 5V for operating the Micom. 2) Multi Power: The voltage supplied when the power is turned on. It is a combination of IC801S and T801S that supplies various voltages including D12V, A6.5V, S14.5V, T30V and A65V. 3. SMPS Operation 1) SMPS System: Uses Fly-Back technology for both standby and multi power. 2) Operation: Fly-Back is one of the most popular power-supply systems and uses less power than 200W as well as being the cheapest of all multi output SMPS systems. Let's have a look at how it operates… a. Converts AC input into DC (HOT) (rectifies to DS801 before smoothing to CS801) b. The converted DC voltage is high, especially compared to ground, so touching it will cause electric shock. Use T801S (Trans) to insulate the secondary voltage and take advantage of the PWM operations of T801S and IC801S to induce it. c. The secondary induced voltage is 66KHz square wave power, which goes through the smoothing cap (CS822) to be generated in the standby 5V. d. Multi power also operates the same way.

13-2

Samsung Electronics

Circuit Description

4. Input&Output voltage 1) Input voltage * Aemrica(AC120V) - OPTION * Korea(AC220V) - OPTION * The others(AC100V~AC240V) - OPTION 2) Output voltage * D12V / 2.5A - 12V , 3.3V , 1.8V : For signal processing * A6.5V / 1A - For driving the tuner * S14.5V / 4A -For driving sound processor * T30V / 5mA - For driving the tuner * A65V / 30mA - For driving the actuator

Samsung Electronics

13-3

Circuit Description

13-2-2 Digital Board Block Description
USB USBAP/USBAN/USBBP/USBBN FLEX_BUS JEDI TSB43DA42 POD NIM Tuner TS_PODin TS_A TS_C Nor Flash 2MB OneNAND Flash 32MB SDRAM * 2EA SDRAM K4D551638D K4S643232 Analog BD Opt. for USA

1394

buffer

MEM_BUS SDRAM * 2EA SDRAM K4H511638B K4S643232 I2C_D

FLEX_BUS CiMAX TS buffer TS_A I2C_M buffer TS_B I2C EXP. I2C EXP. I2C_EEP I2C EXP. I2C_EXP.

EEPROM 24C256

I2C_EEP

PCMCIA Slot

NIM Tuner Main NIM Tuner Sub

V_1/2/SIDE

TS_Main CVBS_MainT SIF_Main TS_Sub CVBS_SubT SIF_Sub CVBS_MainT CVBS_SubT CVBS_DTV

buffer

I2C_QAM/DD0 I2C_CH1/POD IO EXPAND. * 4EA buffer

I2C_EMPTY Sub MICOM

X226B
Sub ADC ADV7401 8bit buffer Rx/Tx SERIAL Rx/Tx_ANY Rx/Tx_CTL

I2C_CH2 I2C_M5/PCROM/HDMIROM S3P80B5XZZ GemStar_IR Rx/Tx_GEM Gem-STAR

Video SW TEA6425 3D Comb Y/C_1/2/SIDE MONITOR out COMP. 1/2 Video SW *2 TEA6425 Comp_1 Comp_2 PC HDMI TMDS+/R/G/B

FST3244

CPLD Y/C_Sub Y/C_Main EEPROM 24C02 EEPROM 24C02 Comp SW BA7657 Main ADC ADV7401 8bit or 24bit

74VHC244 Rx/Tx_DBG

Rx/Tx_DM Main Micom

S3F84BB
UART MAX3223 LVDS Tx Anynet /Debug

Rx/Tx_D 74VHC244 Rx/Tx_ANY 24bit DNIe pro

24bit

Y/Pb/Pr

12bit OUT

16374 SDRAM * 2EA SDRAM EM638325 K4S643232

CVBS_DTV buffer RGB_24bit/H/V/CLK HDMI Sil9011 I2S_HDMI I2S_1394 Audio Switch I2S_EXT Audio Switch I2S_IN I2S_NT Optical out 24bit I2S_X226O MONITOR L/R OUT L/R A Decoder MSP4440G I2S OUT

DLP Panel SPDIF out Monitor LR out

DAC PCM1802

CVBS_LR COMP1/2_LR

Audio SW TEA6422

SIF_Main/Sub PC_ L/R EXT_ L/R

Audio AMP STA323W

R Speaker L

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

ADV7401: Analog YPBPR, CVBS, Y/C(SUPER), Input MUXING and Video Decoding X226: CPU, + MPEG Decoder, Audio signals transferred to MSP of the analog board by I2S DNIE: Uses a noise-filtering and picture quality improvement algorithm to implement natural colors. Tuner: Two HD tuners, each taking the role of the analog tuner. HDMI: Receives one input signal and transfers it to X226 in 24 bits. Others: Anynet implementation, Optical Power Port, USB Update Port (not available for MP3)

The L3HD or L6HD digital board contains two HD tuners to implement analog as well as digital signals from air/cable broadcasting. It decodes Y PB PR CVBS, Y/C(SUPER) and HDMI inputs using ADV7400 and silicon chips, which are transferred to X226 (ATI), a combination of the main CPU and the MPEG decoder. All video/audio inputs are transferred to X226 for digital processing and all video output goes through DNle to the DLP DMD board. Audio signals are transferred to the MSP chip of the analog board using I2S and are emitted through the speaker. It also has an Anynet port, a 5.1 channel optical port and a USB port for a S/W update.

13-4

Samsung Electronics

Circuit Description

13-2-3 Analog Board Block Description
Co m p 1- Y/Pb /Pr- In
USB fo r Service (in CN125)

USB-Positive USB-Negative

Tr Buffe r Blo c k

C o m p 1 - Y/ Pb / Pr

Re gul at o r s

DCDCs
1 2 VA 1 2 VB

Co m p 2- Y/Pb /Pr- In

Tr Buffe r Blo c k

C o m p 2 - Y/ Pb / Pr 1 2 VB M a in - Y(V) M a in - C Su b - Y(V) Su b - C
C a p - C VBS Mo n- Vo ut 12VA FAN- SW
MIC39102 (IC104,adj) 78D05 (IC111) 78RM33 (IC100) LM317SX (IC117,adj) LM317SX (IC102,adj)

9 VB

BD106 BD109

MP1583DN
(IC107)

3 .3 V- ATI

DCDC Blo c k MP1583DN
(IC106)

3 0 0 Kh z

SC L- A SDA- A

3 0 0 Kh z

TEA6425 (IC112) Y/C SW Vid e o M a t rix S/ W 6 in , 8 o u t Ad d e r Tri- State

SC L- A SDA- A

M a in - Y(V)- O u t

Tr Buffe r Tr Buffe r Tr Buffe r Tr Buffe r Tr Buffe r Tr Buffe r

1 2 VA

9 VA 1 2 VB
8 VA- FAN

M a in - Y- O u t M a in - C - O u t Su b - YO u t Su b - C O u t Sid e - Y/C

TEA6425 (IC113) Mixe r SW Vid e o M a t rix S/ W 6 in , 8 o u t Ad d e r Tri- Sta te

M a in - C - O u t Su b - Y- O u t Su b - C - O u t C a p - Y- O u t M o n - M ixe d - V- O u t

3 .3 VB- D

DCDC Blo c k

S1/S2- Y S1/S2- C C o m b - Y- O u t C o m b - C - Out

5 .7 VB 5 VA

5 VB 3 .3 VA

1 2 VA

MP1583DN
(IC105)

6 .5 VA- D

DCDC Blo c k

3 0 0 Kh z

SC L- A SDA- A

M TNR- C VBS STNR- C VBS DTV- C VBS
V1/V2 Sid e - V

TEA6425 (IC124) Vid e o SW Vid e o M a t rix S/ W 6 in , 8 o u t Ad d e r Tri- State

M a in - V- O u t

UPD64083 P (IC119) 3D- Co m b
20Mhz

SC L- A 2 0 0 Kh z SDA- A

Su b - V- O u t C a p - V- O u t M o n - V- O u t
AT24C16N

3 0 0 Kh z

6Mh z

(IC101)
1 8 .4 3 2 M h z 5 0 Kh z SC L- A S DA - A 3 0 0 Kh z SC L- A S DA - A

EEPRO M SC L/ SDA/ WC

Po we r- SW
M o n - o u t- m u te

La m p - Erro r
M o n - O u t- M u te Mo n- L/Ro ut
1 2 5 Kh z

SC L/ SDA- M 1
So u n d - M u t e

DDP- Re a d y M D- n RESET DLP- Sy n c va l PWRG O O D PO D- SW
MICOM S3F84BB (IC108)

L1/R1 L2/R2

TEA6422 (IC122) Aud io SW

MSP44XX (IC118)
M a in - L/ R Su b - L/ R

DTV- L/ R
Sid e - L/R Co m p 1- L/R Co m p 2- L/R

So und Pro c esso r

C AP- C VBS

KEY1 / KEY2
Au d io M a t rix S/ W 6 in , 3 o u t

M TNR- SIF STNR- SIF
DVI- L/R Am p - In - L / R
12.288MHz

STA323W (IC110)

KEY- PWR LED1 / 2 / 3 RxDM TxDM IR

C PU - Re se tn C PU - INT

L/R comp MTNR STNR

sound left / right component main tuner sub tuner
4 8 Kh z

PCM1802 IC116

ATI- I2 S- Da t a / C lk/ WS I2 S- Da ta / C lk/ WS

Normal font : Signal in Analog Board

Xille o n CPU o n Dig ita l Bo a rd

S1/S2- DET V1/V2- DET

Co m p 1/2- DET Sid e - V/S- DET G AIN0 / G AIN1

Etalic font : Signal from/to other Boards Bold font : Signal from/to External Devices

FAN- ERRO R

FAN- SW

■ Analog Video Signal Processing ■ Select Sound/Video One is selected from multiple inputs by the switching ID. MICOM decides which port is used for output. For broadcasting signals, sub-outputs are transferred in CVBS and, the main outputs in Y/C through the 3D Comb, to the digital board. Sound signals are selected by the switching IC, of which only one input is transferred to the speaker. ■ Detection Signal Flow When each port is connected to a signal cable, the detection signal is "low" and can be checked by Micom scanning.

Samsung Electronics

13-5

Circuit Description

13-2-4 DMD Board Block Description

Cl o c k Generator 1 0 0 M hz CL K - Rx DA T - Rx L V DS Enabl e L V DS Rec ei v er T H C6 3 L V D1 0 4 A DDP1 0 1 1
L620-EP1C20F324C7

SCP

RESET DM D Pow er & RESET Dr i v er DA D1 0 0 0 V i deo Dat a L V DS Rambus DRA M 128M DRCG CDCR8 3

DM D H D4

DA T A Pr o c esso r SDRA M 64M Pow er Go od Reset _M Sy nc nV al i d D DP r eady L amp L i t z I2C 5V - D 12V - D PROM 4M F l ash M e mo r y 8M Co lo r Wheel Driver A8904
Compar at o r L M 393

M D1 M D2 M D3 M D4 CW- I ndex L amp Enabl e B uf f . H CT 1 2 5 L amp L i t z

Signal Power Control Signal

12V

DCDC

3 .3 V

Reg ul at o r

1 .8 V

■ ■ ■ ■

Controls the lamp (ON/OFF) Drives the color wheel motor Drives the panel Controls the sensors

13-6

Samsung Electronics

Circuit Description

13-3 New Circuit Description
13-3-1 Output Voltage States of the DMD Board Parts

L701 Wave

Loc. R534 R531 LAMP EN LAMP LITZ

Characteristics High from DDP1010 High (5V) before the lamp turns on. Low (0V) when the lamp turns on.

Output terminal Wave form for RA701,702,703,704

Samsung Electronics

13-7

Circuit Description

13-3-2 DMD Panel Pin Terminal Characteristics Diagram
※ Remove the heat sink attached to the DMD Board and tighten the screws in four places and then inspect the characteristics of each pin terminal.

The vertical lines, which may occur due to improper connections between the panel and the PCB, occur with intervals of 50 inches(26mm). If vertical lines occur with intervals of more than 26mms, it indicates a failure of the DDP1011 IC itself. If they occur with intervals of less than 26mm, it means that more than two pins have bad connections.

DA,DB output wave [Screen:WHITE]

Pin Name V V2 DA DB NO. G Voltage : 3.3V VCC2 : 8V

Description

Pin Name T ME C P# N# Test Point Mirror Bias Extra Clock

Description

A Channel Data Bus [When measured, there should be a waveform] B Channel Data Bus [When measured, there should be a waveform] MBRST# (Mirror Bias Rest) 26V

A,B Channel Positive A,B Channel Negative

The part from the present position to the GND (The black part is also a GND.)

13-3-3 Description of Terminal Characteristics
Pin Name Description

SCTRL_BN/P DCLK_BN/P SCPDI SCPDO SCPENB SCPCK DMD RESETB MBRST(14:0) MBRST_EXTRA SCR_CLR READOUTA(1:0) READOUTB(1:0) TP(2:0) RSV_A(4:0)/RSV_B(4:0) EVCC VCC2 VCC VSS 13-8

B channel LVDS serial control B channel LVDS CLOCK SERIAL CONTROL DATA INPUT SERIAL CONTROL DATA OUTPUT SERIAL CONTROL ENABLE SERIAL CONTROL CLOCK DMD LOGIC RESET MIRROR BIAS RESET UNUSED MIRROR BIAS RESET TEST CLEAR PINS(NORMAL GND) A-CHANNEL SERIAL DATA OUT DURING SPAM READ TEST OPERATION B-CHANNEL SERIAL DATA OUT DURING SPAM READ TEST OPERATION MANUFACTORING TEST POINT(NO CONNECTED DURING NORMAL CPERATION) RESERVED PINS(NORMAL:GND) REFERENCE VOLTAGE DURING SPAM READ TEST OPERATION(NORMAL GND) MIRROR ELECTRODE VOLTAGE(7.3V) LOGIC SUPPLY LOGIC GROUND Samsung Electronics

Circuit Description

13-3-4 Engine Failure Inspection Flow Chart for the DMD Board
No. 1 Description 1) When the power cord is plugged in, 2) DC 330V is automatically supplied to the ballast. 1) When the power key is pressed via the remote control, the micom of the analog board outputs high (5V) PWR signals. 2) The power board operates normally. 5V and 12V are supplied to the DMD CN602 terminal. 1) The MTR Reset signal is supplied to the TP713 terminal of the motor IC704 from the micom on the digital board and then the motor starts to drive. 2) If the color wheel rotates for a certain time and then stops, check whether the color wheel sensor is normal. (Check the waveform on the No.2 terminal below CN502.) 1) Check whether the signal (SCI: START CONTROL INPUT) that turns on lamp #2 of CN504 on the DMD board is high (5V). Key Point Check whether the DC 330V power is supplied to the ballast. Check whether 5V and 12V are supplied to the CN602 terminal. After the set is powered on, check whether 5V is detected on pin No.20 of IC704. → After a while, the sound generated by the rotating color wheel is heard. *12V must be supplied to operate the motor. Remark

2

3

*If 5V is not detected, the motor will not operate.

4

5

1) Method for checking whether the DDP1011 IC RESET is normal.

*When SCI is high (5V), the lamp litz Check whether CN504 #2 signal is of CN504 is low (0V). 5V. *CN504 #2 terminal voltage changes to pulse wave form 14 seconds after (for 50 inch TV) the time that the voltage is 5V. * When about 4 seconds have passed If the voltage R204 is 3V, it is after changing to pulse waveform, the normal. screens are displayed on the set.

Samsung Electronics

13-9

Circuit Description

13-3-5 IC Line Up
1. Power Board Items Main SMPS Stand-by SMPS [America] Stand-by SMPS [Korea] 2. Digital Board Items MPEG2 Decoder analog Decoder, ADC HDMI Receiver COMPONENT S/W Video Enhance Program ROM Frame Buffer LVDS Transmitter IEEE1394 Gemstar EPG 3. Analog Board Items Video Switch Audio Switch 3D-Comb Sound Module Sound AMP Micom 4. DMD Board Items DMD Driver Reset, Power Motor Controller Frame Buffer Clock Generator Program ROM Actuator Driver LVDS Receiver Descriptions DDP1011, TI DAD1000, TI A8904, Allegro K4R271669, Samsung CDCR83, TI M29W800BT, ST Cyclone, Altera THC63LVD104, Thine DLP Data Processor DMD Power and Reset Driver 12V VCM/Spindle Pre-Driver 128M(246K x 16 x 32B), Rambus DRAM Direct Rambus Clock Generator 8M(1M x 8 or 512K x 16), Flash Memory Frame Extractor 60Hz(1 frame) → 120Hz(1/2 frame) LVDS Digital Receiver, 75MHz Remarks Descriptions TEA6425, SGS-Thomson TEA6422, SGS-Thomson uD64083, NEC MSP4440, Micronas TPA3001D, TI SDA55xx, Micronas Audio Switch IC for TV 3 Dimensional Y/C Separation LSI Multistandard Sound Processor With TruSorround XT 1 Channel Digital Audio Power Amplifier *2 Micro Controller Remarks Video Switch IC for TV *3 X226B ADV7401 Sil9011 BA7657 SDP32 SAMSUNG AT49BV x 2 192MB DDR, 64M ,Samsung THC63LVDM83R, THINE DTC34LM85A, DOESTEK JEDI(TSB43DA42A) Yamu MICOM(3P8OB5X) Descriptions Remarks CPU(MIPS), TS Demux, MPEG2 Decoder, Format converter, Deinterlacer, Scaler, USB Video Processor, ADC Digital Receiver for HDMI with HDCP COMPONENT S/W, H/V Sync S/W RGB Processor 32M(1M x 16) x 2, Nor-Type Flash Memory Frame Memory DTC34LM85A, DOESTEK IEEE1394 Interface IR Blaster Descriptions FS7M0880, Fairchild KA1M0565, Fairchild KA5M0165, Fairchild Remarks IC-PWM Controller ; Main Power IC-PWM Controller ; Stand-by Power IC-PWM Controller ; Stand-by Power

13-10

Samsung Electronics

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