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In 460 BC Democritus developed the idea of the atom. atoms are really really tiny and only visible if you use an electron microscope. Dalton found that atoms could mix and combine with others in small whole number ratios; they could be joined chemically or not. Then in 1897 J.J. Thomson discovered electrons, he believed that they were negatively charged particles inside the atom and that these particles were part of every atom (electron). The model of the atom changed and it looked like a positively charged ball stuck full of small negative balls know as the plum pudding model.

Where you paying attention? If you are what is this called?

This is a model of an atom this diagram shows the electrons in an atom. It shows its little negative charges. (Sadly his theory was wrong) Ernest Rutherford adapted a device using it to detect electro-magnetic waves, and in 1896 succeeded in detecting waves over several hundred metres. Rutherford became interested in radioactivity after radioactive atoms were discovered in 1896. He discovered that radioactive atoms gave off two different types of rays, which he named alpha and beta. To be honest Ernest found, discovered and invented quite a lot and that is why he won a noble prize. Sadly Im not going to write a lot to find more you can visit cwaves.

These are the a few pictures to try and describe Alpha and beta.

Then Niels Bohr he made essential contributions to the understanding of atom structure and quantum mechanics. He studied under Rutherford in Manchester. Based on Rutherfords theories, Bohr published his Bohr model about the atom structure in 1913, introducing the theory of electrons travelling on orbits around the atoms nucleus, with the outer orbits holding more electrons than the inner ones. So basically Niels Bohr later made a model which shows electrons travelling only in particular paths with certain particular energies and no energies in between.

In 1909 Niels showed the plum-pudding model of the atom was incorrect

Here is another picture of an atom it shows the different bits that atoms are made from.

Honestly there are like 6-7 people who were involved in the development of the common atom, but Im not going to name every one and what they have achieved. I am going to name most of the people involved though: Democritus John Dalton J.J Thompson Ernest Rutherford Niels Bohr Werner Heisenberg? Atom facts

An atom is a basic unit of mater. Some atoms have more protons, neutrons, and electrons, and some have fewer. Depending on how many protons and electrons an atom has, the atom behaves differently. The simplest atom has just one proton and one electron that's a hydrogen atom.
A nice simple picture just to explain what an atom is. :)

Where everything starts from: (matter to who knows.) - Particles of matter - Atoms - Elements - Molecules - Macromolecules - Cell organelles - Cells - Tissues - Organs - Systems

- Organisms - Populations - Ecosystems - Biospheres - Planets - Planetary Systems with Stars - Galaxies - The Universe The LHC

Recently the large Hadron collider had successfully created a mini big bang by smashing together lead ions instead of protons. The scientists working at the huge machine achieved the unique conditions on the 7th of November. The experiment created temperatures a million times hotter than at the centre of the sun. The large Hadron collider is a round 27 km long under the French-Swiss border near Geneva. Until now, the worlds highest energy particle accelerator has been colliding protons, in a bid to uncover mysteries of the universes formation.