Major findings of Nepal Living Standard Survey III

Key findings of Nepal Living Standard Surveys NLSS I NLSS II Survey year Absolute poverty (% of population) Population aged 0-14 years Population aged 15-59 years Population aged 60+ years 1995/96 2003/04 41.8 30.8 42.4 50.8 6.8 39.6 52.8 7.6

NLSS III 2010 25.2 13 36.7 54.2 9.1 85.6 26.6 89.7 7.8 69.9 83 17.7 56 60.9 26.8 55.8 310 120 208 78.9 4.5 7.1 3.5 2.4 202,374 41,659 27.7

Demography (%)

Sex ratio (male to every 100 female) 95.5 92.3 Female headed households 13.6 19.6 Housing and household facilities (% of household) House owner 93.8 91.6 House renter Access to power Access to drinking water LPG for cooking Access to toilet Education Literacy (6 + years) Attendance in private school/collage Remittances Percentage of househoold receiving remittances Total amount received (Rs billion) From within Nepal From outside Nepal Use of remittance (%) Daily consumption Household property Repay loans Education Capital formation Income Nominal avg household income (Rs) Nominal avg per capita income (Rs) Share of farm income in household income (%) Consumption Nominal per capita consumption (Rs) 37.8 7.5 23.4 13 6 7 43,732 7,690 61 50.6 16.7 31.9 46 11 35 80,111 15,161 47.8 2.2 14.1 70.4 1 21.6 5.4 37.2 81.2 8.2 38.7

housing and education has increased but on other non-food items it decreased. are households with safe drinking water and toilet.1 26 54.3 22. But. My initial comments on the findings are here. Working group population has increased. . (One can guess the supply thought-.152 4.230 62. Only 2.183 9.8 This table is sourced from Republica (2011-08-06).238 102.8 66. those dependent (60+) has also increased.7 15.263 53 15.037 59 9. Dependent population below 14 years has decreased. In the same time period.All Nepal Poorest (first decile) Average (fifth decile) Richest (tenth decile) Consumption expenditure (share of total) Food Housing Education Other non-food items Wage employment Share of agriculture sector in wage employment Mean daily wage (Rs) Agriculture Non-agriculture 6.777 20.and migration-driven.6 20 15. Notice that all the changes are remittance. Access to power has substantially increased.848 4. Households with LPG for cooking has also increased (which explains why the NOC is loosing out the most money on LPG). nominal per capita consumption of the poorest households (first income decile) has increase by 165 percent while that of richest households (tenth income decile) has increased by 66 percent. More remittance money is spent on consumption than in any other heading.772 61.7 Loans from relatives 40. The nominal per capita consumption of median households (fifth decile) increased by 166 percent. Nominal average household income and nominal average per capita income have increased by 153 percent and 175 percent respectively between NLSSII and NLSS III.2 Loans from money lenders 39. Consumption expenditure on food.5 2.prolonged power cuts and taps running dry!).7 37 75 133 68.829 11.802 2.5 34. So. Households that owned houses have decreased while those renting houses have increased.8 28.5 11 5.3 Having standing loans 58.4 percent of remittance money is spent in capital formation.2 35 170 263 65 62.4 Loans from banks 16.1 51.093 24.1 40 74 Loans (% of total household) Borrowing loans 61.

More households are now borrowing from banks and curtailing loans from money lenders. . but that of non-agriculture sector increased by 98 percent only.The average daily wage in agriculture sector has increased by 127 percent between the two surveys.