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Section A Bahagian A [ 60 marks ] [ 60 markah ] Answer all questions in this section

Jawab semua soalandalam bahagian ini.

Table 1.1 shows the number of protons, nucleon number and number of electrons for five elements. Jadual 1.1 menunjukkan bilangan proton, nombor nucleon dan bilangan electron untuk lima unsur. Elements Unsur A B C E Number of Protons Bilangan proton 6 8 13 17 Table 1.1 Use information from Table 1.1 to answer the following questions Gunakan maklumat dari Jadual 1.1 untuk menjawab soalan berikut. Nucleon Number Nombor nukleon 12 16 27 35 Number of Electrons Bilangan elektron 6 8 10 17

(a)

(i)

What is the number of neutrons for element C ? Apakah bilangan neutron untuk unsur C ? . [1 mark]

(ii)

State an element which is an isotope to the atom

2 Nyatakan unsur yang merupakan isotop kepada atom . [1 mark] (iii) Draw the electron arrangement of an atom in an element A Lukis susunan elektron dalam atom unsur A.

1(a)(iii)
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(b)

[4 marks] Table 1.2 shows the melting point and boiling point of three substances. Jadual 1.2 menunjukkan takat lebur dan takat didih untuk tiga sebatian. Melting point/ C Boiling point/ C Takat lebur/ C Takat didih/ C -5 67 -105 -38 801 1413 Table 1.2 Use information from Table 1.2 to answer the following questions Gunakan maklumat dari Jadual 1.2 untuk menjawab soalan berikut Substances Bahan P Q S

(i)

What is the physical state of P and S at room temperature?

Apakah keadaan fizikal sebatian P dan S pada suhu bilik ?


P: ......................................................................................................................... S: .........................................................................................................................

1(b)(i)

(ii)

[2 marks] Explain why substance Q has low melting point and boiling point. Terangkan kenapa sebatian Q mempunyai takat lebur dan takat didih yang rendah.
. .

1(b)(ii)
2

3
.

[2 mark] Total A1
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Figure 2.1 shows the apparatus set up used in an experiment to determine the empirical formula for an oxide of lead Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan susunan rajah yang digunakan bagi menentukan formula empirik bagi oksida plumbum oxide of lead oksida plumbum dry hydrogen hidrogen kering

Figure 2.1 Rajah 2.1 The following data was obtained based on the experiment : Data berikut diperolehi berdasarkan suatu ekperimen Mass of an oxide of lead = 4.78 g Jisim oksida plumbum Mass of lead = 4.14 g Jisim plumbum (a) What is meant by empirical formula ? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula empirik ? 2(a) ... ... [ 1 mark ] (b) Name one substance that can be used to dry the hydrogen gas. Namakan bahan yang boleh digunakan untuk mengeringkan gas hidrogen. ............................................................................................................................... [ 1 mark] Why does the hydrogen gas need to be passed through the combustion tube for a few minutes before heating ? Mengapakah gas hidrogen dialirkan ke dalam tiub pembakaran beberapa minit sebelum pemanasan ? 2(c) 2(b)
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(c)

4 ............................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................... [ 1 mark] (d) How to ensure the reaction is complete ? Bagaimana anda memastikan tindak balas adalah lengkap? ............................................................................................................................... [ 2 marks ] Based on the above result, Berdasarkan keputusan di atas, Determine the empirical formula for oxide of lead ? Tentukan formula empirik bagi oksida plumbum ? [Relative atomic mass for O = 16 and Pb = 207] [Jisim atom relatif bagi O = 16 and Pb = 207.] 2(d)
2 1

(e)

2(e) [ 4 marks ] (f) Why does the empirical formula of magnesium oxide cannot be determined using the above method ? Mengapa formula empirik magnesium oksida tidak boleh ditentukan menggunakan kaedah di atas ? ............................................................................................................................... [ 1 mark ] Total A2
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2(f)
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3 Figure 3.1 shows a set up apparatus for reaction between one of the alkali metal with oxygen. Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk tindakbalas antara salah satu logam alkali dengan oksigen.

Sodium burnt Natrium terbakar

Oxygen gas Gas oksigen

Figure 3.1 (a) Write the chemical equation for this reaction. Tulis persamaan kimia untuk tindakbalas ini.
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(b) State your observation when 10 cm3 of water which contained phenolphthalein is poured into the gas jar a Nyatakan pemerhatian anda bila 10 cm3 air mengandungi fenolftalein dimasukkan ke dalam jar gas selepa .

(c) Substance A which is located below sodium in the Periodic Table of Element is used to replace sodium 1 in Unsur A terletak dibawah natrium dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur digunakan menggantikan natrium dalam State your observation. Nyatakan pemerhatian anda.
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(d) Table 3.2 shows the elements in period 3 of the Periodic Table of Elements. Jadual 3.2 menunjukkan unsur-unsur dalam kala 3 Jadual Berkala Unsur. Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar Table 3.2

6 Jadual 3.2 Use information from Table 3.2 to answer the following questions. Gunakan maklumat dari Jadual 3.2 untuk menjawab soalan berikut. (i)
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(ii)

(iii)

Diagram 2 shows part of the Periodic Table of the Element. P,Q,R,S,T and U do not represent the actual symbol of the elements. Rajah 2 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Jadual Berkala Unsur. P,Q,R,S,T dan U tidak mewakili simbul sebenar unsur-unsur. P R Q S U Diagram 2 Rajah 2 Using the letters in the Periodic Table of the elements in Diagram 2, answer the following questions. Menggunakan huruf-huruf dalam jadual Berkala Unsur pada Rajah 2, jawab soalansoalan berikut (a) Write the formula for ion formed from an atom of T

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7 Tuliskan formula ion yang terbentuk dari atom (i) element T. unsur T. [1 mark] (ii) element S. unsur S. [1 mark] (b) State the elements which can be use as a catalyst? Nyatakan unsur yang manakah boleh digunakan sebagai mangkin? ............................................................................................................................... [1 mark] (c) Which element exists as a monoatomic gas ? Unsur yang manakah wujud dalam keadaan gas monoatomik ? ............................................................................................................................... [1 mark] (d) Element R reacts with element T to form a compound. Unsur R bertindak balas dengan unsur T untuk membentuk satu sebatian. (i) Write the chemical formula of this compound Tuliskan formula kimia untuk sebatian ini. ...................................................................................................................... [1 mark] (ii) What type of bond formed in the compound? Apakah jenis ikatan yang terbentuk dalam sebatian ini? ........................................................................................................................ [1 mark] (iii)Draw the diagram of the electron arrangement for the compound formed between R and T . Lukis rajah susunan elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara R dan T 2(d)(ii)
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2(c)
1

2(d)(i)
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[2 marks] (iv) State one condition by which the compound in (d) (i) conducts electricity. Explain your answer. Nyatakan satu keadaan yang mana sebatian dalam 2(d)(i) boleh mengkonduksikan elektrik. Terangkan jawapan anda. ......................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ [2 marks]

ESSAY QUESTION ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS 1. Diagram below shows an atom of element X.

(a) Describe the atom shown in Diagram. (b) Another atom of element X has 2 neutrons. (i) Compare this atom with the atom in Diagram (ii) Write the symbol for this atom in the form of
A Z

( 4 marks )

( 4 marks ) X ( 2 marks )

(c) Graph below shows the heating curve of element X.

Describe Graph above in terms of states of matter, particle arrangements and changes in energy. ( 10 marks )