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there are 4 types of trade unions:1. craft unions-this union represents workers with a particular skill 2.

industrial unions-this union represents all workers in one industries with different skills 3. general unions-this union represents workers with different skills 4. white collar unions-this union represents special skills like engineer or something

importance Of Trade Unions

Industrial Relations Home Importance Of Trade Unions

The existence of a strong and recognized trade union is a pre-requisite to industrial peace. Decisions taken through the process of collective bargaining and negotiations between employer and unions are more influential. Trade unions play an important role and are helpful in effective communication between the workers and the management. They provide the advice and support to ensure that the differences of opinion do not turn into major conflicts. The central function of a trade union is to represent people at work. But they also have a wider role in protecting their interests. They also play an important educational role, organizing courses for their members on a wide range of matters. Seeking a healthy and safe working environment is also prominent feature of union Trade unions help in accelerated pace of economic development in many ways as follows: activity.

by helping in the recruitment and selection of workers. by inculcating discipline among the workforce by enabling settlement of industrial disputes in a rational manner by helping social adjustments. Workers have to adjust themselves to the new working conditions, the new rules and policies. Workers coming from different backgrounds may become disorganized, unsatisfied and frustrated. Unions help them in such adjustment.

Trade unions are a part of society and as such, have to take into consideration the national integration as well. Some important social responsibilities of trade unions include:

promoting and maintaining national integration by reducing the number of industrial disputes incorporating a sense of corporate social responsibility in workers achieving industrial peace

Trade union is a voluntary organization of workers pertaining to a particular trade, industry or a company and formed to promote and protect their interests and welfare by collective action. They are the most suitable organisations for balancing and improving the relations between the employer and the employees. They are formed not only to cater to the workers' demand, but also for inculcating in them the sense of discipline and responsibility. They aim to:-

Secure fair wages for workers and improve their opportunities for promotion and training. Safeguard security of tenure and improve their conditions of service. Improve working and living conditions of workers. Provide them educational, cultural and recreational facilities. Facilitate technological advancement by broadening the understanding of the workers. Help them in improving levels of production, productivity, discipline and high standard of living. Promote individual and collective welfare and thus correlate the workers' interests with that of their industry

Political affiliation in brackets. All India Central Council of Trade Unions (Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation) All India Trade Union Congress (Communist Party of India) All India United Trade Union Centre (Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist)) Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) Indian National Trade Union Congress (Indian National Congress) New Trade Union Initiative (Independent from political parties, but left) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (Communist Party of India (Marxist)) Hind Mazdoor Sabha (socialists) Labour Progressive Federation (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) SEWA Trade Union Coordination Committee (All India Forward Bloc) United Trade Union Congress (Revolutionary Socialist Party)
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Salient Features of the Act

Object

The employers are required to formally define the conditions of employment and to make the said conditions known to the workmen employed by them.

Applicability

This Act applies to industrial establishments employing 10 and more workers (Gujarat amendment) to define formally conditions of employment and make the said conditions known to workmen. Certification of Standing Orders (Conditions of Employment) may be made to the certifying officer, i.e., ACL of the concerned area for certifying Standing Orders. Display of Copy of standing order for the benefit of workers is necessary.

Rules

(1) Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Central Rules, 1946 - Applicable to all Union Territories and to industrial establishments under the control of the Central Government or Railways or Ports, Mines and Oil fields.

(2) The Gujarat Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Rules, 1961 - which applies to all the units in the State of Gujarat. Model Standing Orders are given in schedule 1 of the Rules which can be adopted by the establishment with suitable modifications and the same may be submitted to the certifying officer i.e., ACL of concerned area. New Amendement: In Model Standing Orders Provision of 'Fixed Term Employment ' is inserted. The term ' Sexual Harrassment ' is defined.