People’s Committee People’s Committee of of BINH DINH Province BINH DINH Province

WATER SUPPLY & SANITATION PPMU WATER SUPPLY & SANITATION PPMU

Project Management Unit
“Improvement of Sanitation and Protection of the Environment in Tuy Hoa City, Phu Yen”

Proposal for performing “Consultancy on Developing ACTION PLAN Plans for the four Solid Waste Management Detailed FOR THE DSWMP Districts of Hoai Nhon, Phu My, An Nhon and Tay Son” (VIE 07 035 11)

TAY SON

EP&T
DECEMBER 2011 SEPTEMBER 2010

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan

Contents
1. 2. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................ 3 MAIN ACTIVITIES .......................................................................................................................................... 3 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 2.6. 2.7. 2.8. 3. ESTABLISH A DISTRICT SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT BOARD .................................................................................... 3 SETTING-UP A WASTE RESOURCE CENTRE ............................................................................................................. 4 OVERALL INTEGRATED AWARENESS RAISING STRATEGY ........................................................................................... 5 ESTABLISHING ORGANIC COMPOSTING AT HOUSEHOLDS AND MARKETS ....................................................................... 5 ESTABLISHING A DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE COLLECTION AND TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM ................................................ 6 BUILDING A WASTE DISPOSAL SITE ....................................................................................................................... 6 ENSURING THAT ALL HEALTHCARE WASTE IS COLLECTED AND TREATED ........................................................................ 6 IMPROVEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE MANAGEMENT ............................................................................................. 7

IMPLEMENTATION AND SCHEDULE .............................................................................................................. 7

ANNEX A: IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE .............................................................................................................11

2

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan

1. INTRODUCTION
The District Action Plan describes the main activities required to implement the District Solid Waste Management Plan. The Action Plan covers a 5‐year period and addresses the following issues:      The set-up a District Solid Waste Management Board; Setting up a Waste Resource Centre The establishment of the Environmental Communication Teams; Taking the necessary decisions by authorities and permitting activities; For the domestic solid waste management system at the source level: Ensure (1) waste generation minimisation at source by reuse and recycling, home composting, etc., (2) dispose of waste on time and in the right place, (3) polluter pays fee for collection and transportation of waste; Improve domestic solid waste collection and transportation system by investing in a sufficient number of good quality waste collection and transportation equipment to ensure a reliable waste collection from the serviced areas; Minimise environmental impacts from any dumpsite and/or use a modern sanitary landfill; For the healthcare waste management system ensure that infectious waste is collected from all sources and treated in accordance with the Ministry of Health regulations; For industrial solid waste management ensure that these are handled properly within the waste generator’s premises.

   

2. MAIN ACTIVITIES
To successfully implement the District Solid Waste Management Plan, a number of activities are required over the coming years. These are discussed in the following sections.

2.1. Establish a District Solid Waste Management Board
A District Solid Waste Management Board will be formed under the District People’s Committee. This Board will be responsible for all aspects of the implementation of the District Solid Waste Management Plan. It is expected that Working Groups will be formed under this Board to execute the various aspects, such as establishing composting at source and establishing a sanitary landfill. The District Solid Waste Management Board should include all stakeholders inclusive of the District People’s Committee (chair), Office of Urban Management, Infrastructure Economics Office, Office of Natural Resources and Environment, waste management company(ies), industrial zones and clusters, District Health authorities, hospitals, Management Unit for Industrial Clusters & Handicraft Villages, town authorities, commune authorities, ward authorities, education department, Women’s Union and the PPMU. The District Solid Waste Management Board will be responsible for ensuring that there are sufficient revenues and funds available to establish and subsequently operate the solid waste management systems in a sustainable manner. The District Solid Waste Management Board is the central authority that ensures that all stakeholders work smoothly together toward the common goal of improving the solid waste management system within the District. It provides the decision making whenever the various parties cannot agree on the distribution of responsibility and financial burdens. The District Solid Waste Management Board also provides the forum that can ensure a close cooperation between the different actors and offers a forum for public participation. The District Solid Waste Management Board can establish working groups covering more specific topics under the District Solid Waste Management Plan. Areas that should be covered by various Working Groups include:  Funding of all activities and Fee Collection 3

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan       Treatment of organic waste at source Waste Collection and Transport Sanitary Landfill Industrial Waste Healthcare Waste Public information, awareness raising and capacity building.

Such working groups would in turn have contact persons appointed at the town or commune level. The District Solid Waste Management Board will monitor the implementation of the waste management system. The means that it will monitor process during the implementation phase and provide subsequent follow-up during the operation of the system. The District Solid Waste Management Board will ensure that all actors are executing their activities in a timely manner. Hence each administrative unit (towns/communes) will have a group or committee at their level that reports to the District level board. The Board will receive reports from all actors, allowing it to monitor progress and to take corrective action whenever planned activities are falling behind schedule or now operating as planned. Important areas that will require close attention from the District Solid Waste Management Board include the following:    Ensuring at the waste treatment at source using Toptex, mesophilic units and biopods is implanted and functioning as intended; Making sure that the waste collection equipment is purchased in the most efficient manner possible; that it is distributed equitably between communes, towns and waste managements companies; That the sanitary landfill is tendered in a transparent manner; hereafter the Board must closely monitor the construction work of the selected contractor; and finally when the sanitary landfill is ready for operation; the Board must ensure that a trustworthy management structure is put in place that can run the landfill in an efficient manner; Ensuring that the District stakeholders receive assistance from the Waste Resource Centre when needed; and Following up on all public awareness raising and information programmes, to make sure that these are efficient and have the desired impact. For example, should the treatment of organic waste at source be less successful than anticipated, this will mean that there is an acute need for further awareness raising and capacity building amongst the population and other stakeholders.

 

2.2. Setting-up a Waste Resource Centre
It is proposed that a Waste Resource Centre (WRC) be set up at the provincial level. The WRC can be established either under an existing provincial department, logically either the Department of Construction or the Department of Natural Resources and Environment. Alternatively, it could be established as and independent organisation. The WRC will be financed through a mixture of donors, income generation and support from the Government of Vietnam. The Centre is to be staffed to support the provision of the core services; these shall cover the following areas within solid waste management:       Technical support within waste management systems Operation as a demonstration and research centre Offer contacts between various players within the waste management domain Assisting with obtaining carbon credits (CDM) Social support and training for all workers within waste management Provision of training services

4

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan The WRC will serve as a knowledge centre providing expertise within the abovementioned fields. Rationally it should be based in Quy Nhon and serve the whole province. Furthermore, the centre will most likely endeavour to sell its services further afield. Ideally the centre should seek links to universities, research institutions and other similar organisations to strengthen its work and knowledge base.

2.3. Overall Integrated Awareness Raising Strategy
At provincial level, EPA is the overall supervisor of Awareness Raising for waste management. For every type of waste management (industrial waste management, health care waste management, organic waste treatment at source, collection and transport of domestic waste, landfill construction and operation, agricultural waste management) EPA guides, supports and supervises the working groups under the District Solid Waste Management Board. EPA will work together with all district working groups and with the related departments at provincial level:     Awareness Raising & Training related to industrial waste: EPA works together with the provincial Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the District Working Group “Industrial waste management”; Awareness raising & Training related to health care waste: EPA works together with the Department of Health (DoH) and the District Working Group “Health care waste management”; Awareness raising & Training related to agricultural waste: EPA works together with the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) and the District Working Group “Agricultural waste management”; Awareness raising & Training related to domestic solid waste management: EPA, upon positive evaluation of the pilot phase may continue the implementation of the project’s awareness raising strategy 2010-2014. Therefore, EPA works together with the (already existing through the project) District Task Force – who should work together with the District Working Group “Organic Waste Treatment at source” and with the District Working Group “Domestic Waste Collection and Transport” Awareness raising & Training related to the sanitary landfill construction and operation: EPA works together with the District Working Group “Sanitary Landfill Construction and Operation”

Such working groups would in turn have contact persons or (if relevant) awareness raising teams appointed at the town or commune level. As the above is the overall awareness raising strategy for several areas in solid waste management (health waste, industrial waste, agricultural waste, treatment of organic waste at source, collection and transport, landfill construction and operation), there is a need for specific awareness raising programs per area. Except for the working groups “treatment of organic waste at source” and “collection and transport”, all working groups need to develop their own awareness raising plan and implement it. The working groups “treatment of organic waste at source” and “collection and transport” deal mostly with the public in general and continue the implementation of the project’s awareness raising strategy and plan for 2010-2014, which is described in detail below. To ensure the sustainability of the awareness raising program after WSSP ends, increasing input (HR + budget) from province is needed, complementary to the budget provided by WSSP. Therefore, EPA and the DPCs need to integrate the awareness raising plan and budget in the Social-Economic Development Plan of the province.

2.4. Establishing organic composting at households and markets
In order to increase amount of organic waste to be reused and recycled (to produce compost), the following activities should be done: 5

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan For market wastes  Organise demonstration models at a market to prove that it is possible, simple and profitable to reuse organic waste to produce compost even at small-scale;  Finding available area and getting agreement with residents who live close to central composting area of organic wastes from market;  Training workers to operate the composting system of market wastes;  Starting with small amount of wastes to get experience in operation and increase capacity gradually;  Expanding this model wherever possible. For households  Organise demonstration models at several households to prove that it is possible, simple and profitable to reuse organic waste to produce compost even at household-scale;  Organise public information and preparing guideline to instruct the technique;  Organise training for households who are willing to apply this model (mesophilic storage unit);  Installing mesophilic storage units at selected households, monitoring and helping the households during operation of these units;  Organising public campaigns to promote this activity.  Expanding this model in the other residential area wherever possible.

2.5. Establishing a Domestic Solid Waste Collection and Transportation System
Generally, in order to improve the domestic solid waste collection and transportation system for the District, the following activities should be done:      Determine whether there is a need to modify the current waste collection fees or how they are collected; Rearrange waste collection service organisation (if necessary); Tender and purchase garbage trucks, 240 L bins, 660 L containers, 660 L pushcarts and other equipment (as indicated in the DSWMP); Organise the rendezvous points where waste is transferred from the primary to the secondary waste collection system; Adjust waste collection and transportation routes (from transfer points to the landfill). Hire and train waste collection workers, workers and drivers operating waste transportation vehicles.

2.6. Building a waste disposal site
Establishing a sanitary landfill is a costly and long process, during which a number of different activities have to be carried out. Briefly summarised, these include the following main points:  Getting approval of detailed design and EIA of the sanitary landfill;  Organising tender for the landfill construction, equipment purchasing and landfill operation and maintenance;  Construction of the landfill cells and other supporting infrastructure;  Training workers who will be responsible for landfill operation and maintenance;  Operating the landfill and closing the old dumpsites.

2.7. Ensuring that all healthcare waste is collected and treated
The improvement of the healthcare waste management system within the District is relatively simple, given that a treatment system that meets the Ministry of Health’s requirements is already in place and treats infectious waste from large sources. The following activities will be needed:  Determine what institutions generate infections waste that is not treated;  Resolve who will pay for the treatment of the collected waste 6

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan     Plan a collection system and determine what equipment is required (plastic bags, bins, safety equipment, etc.); Purchase any required equipment Training of health station and clinic staff Implement the system

2.8. Improvement of industrial waste management
The first task will be to establish what the present situation is, as it is not fully known what types and quantities of industrial waste are generated within the district at the moment. The main proposed actions are as follows:  Determine the types and characteristics of the industrial waste generated within the District.  Establish a plan for the management of the identified industrial waste.  Determine who will pay for the treatment of the industrial waste.  Purchase any required equipment  Training of all stakeholders as required  Implement the industrial waste management system

3. IMPLEMENTATION AND SCHEDULE
The implementation of this Action Plan will start with the establishment of a District Solid Waste Management Board. The Board (or Working Groups set up under it) will have the necessary authority to make decision, establishing the legal and financial basis for the various activities. These groups will also oversee the implementation of all aspects of the solids waste management systems for domestic waste, healthcare waste and industrial waste. The timing of the various activities is briefly described in tables 3.1 to 3.6.

Table 3.1 Authority Decisions No. Activity 1.1 Approve District Solid Waste Management Plan 1.2 Establish District Solid Waste Management Board 1.3 Approve budgets and establish financing for the solid waste management system 1.4 Decision to establish a Waste Resource Centre 1.5 Amend legislation (if or as required) 1.6 1.7 1.8 Approve solid waste management schemes as required Approve purchases Supervise the implementation of all systems

Dates January 2012 February 2012 March 2012 April 2012 January December 2012 as required as required 2011 - 2015

Table 3.2 Establishing a domestic waste collection and transportation system No. Activity 2.1 Establish a working group under the District Solid Waste Management Board that is responsible for the collection and transportation of domestic waste. 2.2 Determine whether a new tariff system is required for the different users (residents, institutions, markets etc.). 2.3 Determine exactly what equipment should be purchased 2.4 Purchase 240 l bins, 660 l containers and 660 l pushcarts

Dates March 2012

February – April 2012 April 2012 May – July 2012 7

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan No. 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Activity Purchase waste collection trucks. Purchase personnel equipment for workers Hire new staff: Additional staff will be needed in parallel with the expansion of collection services and the purchase of new equipment. Train all waste collection staff: All staff (waste collectors, street sweepers, drivers, mechanics, etc.) must be properly trained and know what is expected of them in their job situation. Determine the best location for bins, containers and rendezvous points. Decide where pushcarts will be stored when not in use. Review and revise collection routes/collection schemes. New routing plans/schedules for collection trucks must be made in accordance with the increased collection coverage and rendezvous points. Provide training for administrative and operational staff at various levels: Train administrative and operational staff in general solid waste management and in specific issues relevant for the different working areas. Plan and undertake public awareness campaigns. Awareness campaigns must be planned and conducted in parallel with the physical improvements of the waste collection system. Dates May – July 2012 May – July 2012 June – August 2012 June – August 2012 June – September 2012 June – December 2012 June – December 2012

2.9 2.10

2.11

2.12

2012 – 2016

Table 3.3 Actions to implement composting at households and markets No. Activity 3.1 Establish a working group under the District Solid Waste Management Board that is responsible for the treatment of organic waste at source. 3.2 Carrying out demonstration project within the District (under the PPMU at present) 3.3 Prepare guideline instructing how to operate a mesophilic storage unit 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 Organise public information through the Environmental Communication Teams Implement the use of mesophilic storage units in selected areas. Provide technical and financial support to the households. Monitoring and evaluating the results of the mesophilic storage units Preparing plan to expand this composting model among residential areas Preparing project of market waste composting system and get approval Purchase any required equipment

Dates March 2012 March – December 2011 October – December 2011 2012-2013 January 2012 – December 2013 2012 – 2013 2014-2016 March – June 2012 June – September 2012 October 2012 2013 - 2015

3.10 Operating market waste composting system 3.10 Expand system to other markets Table 3.4 Actions to be taken to establish a sanitary landfill for the District No. Activity 4.1 Establish a working group under the District Solid Waste Management Board that is responsible for the construction of the sanitary landfill 4.2 Tender the design of the new sanitary landfill 4.3 4.4 Get Construction and Investment report approved Complete Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Dates: March 2012 January – March 2012 March – June 2012 June – September 2012 8

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan No. 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 Activity Get EIA approved Tender the construction of the new sanitary landfill Construct the sanitary landfill and ancillary systems Tender and purchase of landfill moving equipment Dates: September – October 2012 October – December 2012 January – December 2013 April – December 2013 December 2013

Training of landfill staff in proper landfill operation and maintenance: The training should cover overall landfill aspects (proper disposal techniques, environmental monitoring etc.) and specific training in operation and maintenance of new landfill equipment and facilities 4.10 The landfill starts receiving waste 4.11 Close old dumpsites

January 2014 January – June 2014

Table 3.5 Actions to be taken to ensure all healthcare waste is collected and treated No. Activity 5.1 Establish a working group under the District Solid Waste Management Board that is responsible for healthcare waste management 5.2 Determine what institutions (private clinics, commune health stations, etc.) generate infections waste that is not treated 5.3 Resolve who will pay for the treatment of the collected waste 5.4 5.5 5.6 Plan a collection system and determine what equipment is required (plastic bags, bins, safety equipment, etc.) Purchase any required equipment Training of health station and clinic staff in the labelling, storage, handling and transport of infectious waste. Training in the proper use of safety equipment. Start receiving and treating infectious waste from all sources.

Dates: March 2012 April 2012 May – June 2012 May – June 2012 July – August 2012 September 2012 October 2012

5.7

Table 3.6 Actions to be taken to improve the management of industrial waste No. Activity 6.1 Establish a working group under the District Solid Waste Management Board that is responsible for industrial waste management 6.2 Determine the types and characteristics of the industrial waste generated within the District. Establish a plan for the management of the identified industrial waste. 6.3 If necessary, resolve who will pay for the treatment of the industrial waste 6.4 If needed, draft and have the DPC approve a new decision regarding reporting requirement, as well as the storage, handling and disposal regulations for industrial waste generators. Purchase any required equipment (protective clothing, storage containers, etc.) Training of District staff, industrial cluster staff and waste collection staff in the proper procedures for segregating various waste streams, as well as their storage, transportation and disposal. Implement the industrial waste management system and provision of technical assistance to resolve any issues.

Dates: March 2012 May – September 2012 October – December 2012 October – December 2012 January 2013 February – April 2013 April – September 9

6.5 6.6

6.7

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan No. Activity Dates: 2013

10

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan

Annex A: Implementation Schedule

11

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan Implementation Schedule
Activities 2011 Sep. OctDec. JanMar 2012 Apr- JulyJune Sep. OctDec. JanMar 2013 Apr- JulyJune Sep. OctDec. JanMar 2014 Apr- JulyJune Sep. OctDec. JanMar 2015 Apr- JulyJune Sep. OctDec. JanMar 2016 Apr- JulyJune Sep. OctDec.

Authority Decisions Establish District Solid Waste * Management Board Approve District Solid * Waste Management Plan Approve budgets and * establish financing Decision to * establish a provincial WRC Amend *** *** *** *** legislation Supervise *** *** *** *** *** implementation Establishing a domestic waste collection and transportation system Establish * working group Determine whether a new ** * tariff system is required for the different users Determine * equipment to be purchased ** * Purchase bins

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

12

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan
and containers Purchase waste collection trucks Purchase personnel equipment for workers Hire new staff Train all waste collection staff Determine the best location for equipment Revise collection routes Provide training for administrative and operational staff Plan and undertake public awareness campaigns

**

*

** * * *

* ** ** ***

*

***

***

*

***

***

**

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

13

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan
Activities 2011 2012 Sep. Oct- Jan- Apr- July- Oct- JanDec. Mar June Sep. Dec. Mar Actions to implement composting at households and markets * Establish a working group Carrying out *** *** demonstration projects Prepare guideline for *** mesophilic storage unit Organise public information through the *** *** *** *** *** Environmental Communication Teams Implement the use of *** *** *** *** *** mesophilic storage units in selected areas Monitoring and *** *** *** *** *** evaluating the results Preparing plan to expand this composting model among residential areas Preparing project of * *** market waste composting 2013 Apr- JulyJune Sep. 2014 Apr- JulyJune Sep. 2015 Apr- JulyJune Sep. 2016 Apr- JulyJune Sep.

OctDec.

JanMar

OctDec.

JanMar

OctDec.

JanMar

OctDec.

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

14

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan
system and get approval *** Purchase any * required equipment Operating market waste * composting system Expand system *** to other markets Actions to be taken to establish a sanitary landfill for the District * Establish a working group Tender the design of the *** new sanitary landfill Get Construction * *** and Investment report approved Complete Environmental * *** Impact Assessment (EIA) * *** Get EIA approved

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

***

15

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan
Activities 2011 Sep. OctDec. 2012 Apr- JulyJune Sep. 2013 AprJulyJune Sep. 2014 Apr- JulyJune Sep. 2015 Apr- JulyJune Sep. 2016 Apr- JulyJune Sep.

JanMar

OctDec.

JanMar

OctDec.

JanMar

OctDec.

JanMar

OctDec.

JanMar

OctDec.

Tender the construction *** of the new sanitary landfill Construct *** *** the sanitary landfill Purchase of landfill *** moving equipment Training of landfill staff The landfill starts receiving waste Close old dumpsites Actions to be taken to ensure all healthcare waste is collected & treated * Establish a working group * Determine what institutions generate waste that is not treated ** Resolve who will pay for the

***

***

***

***

*

* *** ***

16

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan
treatment of the collected waste Plan a collection system and determine what equipment is required Purchase any required equipment Training of health station and clinic staff Start receiving and treating infectious waste

**

**

*

*

17

Tay Son DSWMP Action Plan

2011 2012 Sep. Oct- Jan- Apr- July- Oct- JanDec. Mar June Sep. Dec. Mar Actions to be taken to improve the management of industrial waste * Establish a working group Determine the characteristics of the ** *** industrial waste and establish a plan If necessary, resolve who will pay *** If needed, draft and have the DPC *** approve a new decision * Purchase any required equipment ** Training of District staff, industrial cluster staff and waste collection staff Implement the industrial waste management system Activities

2013 Apr- JulyJune Sep.

OctDec.

JanMar

2014 Apr- JulyJune Sep.

OctDec.

JanMar

2015 Apr- JulyJune Sep.

OctDec.

JanMar

2016 Apr- JulyJune Sep.

OctDec.

*

*** ***

18

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful